Summary: A term used to describe pregnancies that exceed the upper limit of a normal gestational period. In humans, a prolonged pregnancy is defined as one that extends beyond 42 weeks (294 days) after the first day of the last menstrual period (MENSTRUATION), or birth with gestational age of 41 weeks or more.
Publications169 found, 100 shown here
- Prolonged pregnancyBrian Hollis
St George s Hospital, London, UK
Curr Opin Obstet Gynecol 14:203-7. 2002b>Prolonged pregnancy is defined as any pregnancy that lasts 294 days or more. It is now well recognized that prolonged pregnancy is associated with an increased risk of perinatal mortality and morbidity...
- The value of ultrasonographic examination of the uterine cervix in predicting post-term pregnancyA Vimercati
Institute of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Bari, Bari, Italy
J Perinat Med 29:317-21. 2001..This difference is significant from 39 weeks of gestation onwards. We speculate that targeted transvaginal ultrasound may be useful in predicting the post-term onset of labor and possibly in assisting its active management...
- Influence of labor induction on obstetric outcomes in patients with prolonged pregnancy: a comparison between elective labor induction and spontaneous onset of labor beyond termBarbara Bodner-Adler
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Vienna Medical School, Vienna, Austria
Wien Klin Wochenschr 117:287-92. 2005b>Prolonged pregnancy is the most frequent reason for induction of labor...
- Unpacking sweeping policiesSara Wickham
Pract Midwife 9:30. 2006
- Pregnancies past the estimated date of confinement: labour and delivery outcomeM Al-Taani
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Queen Alia Military Hospital, Amman, Jordan
East Mediterr Health J 9:955-60. 2003..No neonate needed intubation. No perinatal deaths occurred. Perinatal mortality and morbidity are preventable, and induction of labour before 42 weeks is justifiable to prevent adverse outcomes...
- Perinatal and maternal complications related to postterm delivery: a national register-based study, 1978-1993Annette W Olesen
Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Odense University Hospital, Odense, University
Am J Obstet Gynecol 189:222-7. 2003..This study was undertaken to estimate the risk of fetal and maternal complications associated with postterm delivery in Denmark...
- Prolonged pregnancy: when should we intervene?Leo Doherty
Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut 06520, USA
Curr Opin Obstet Gynecol 20:519-27. 2008..Prolonged (postterm) pregnancies are associated with both fetal and maternal complications. A variety of management practices can be utilized to mitigate the risk of these complications...
- Prolonged pregnancy: when should we intervene?Errol R Norwitz
Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06520, USA
Clin Obstet Gynecol 50:547-57. 2007..For these reasons, the authors favor a policy of routine induction of labor for low-risk pregnancies at 41 weeks' gestation...
- Post-term induction of labor revisitedL Rand
Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Biology, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
Obstet Gynecol 96:779-83. 2000..Those findings provide rationale for earlier labor induction in low-risk pregnancies...
- Risk of recurrence of prolonged pregnancyAnnette Wind Olesen
Danish Epidemiology Science Centre, University of Aarhus, DK 8000 Aarhus C, Denmark
BMJ 326:476. 2003
- Cervical length and maternal factors in expectantly managed prolonged pregnancy: prediction of onset of labor and mode of deliveryA Rao
Harris Birthright Research Centre for Fetal Medicine, King s College Hospital, London, UK
Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 32:646-51. 2008....
- A functional definition of prolonged pregnancy based on daily fetal and neonatal mortality ratesM Y Divon
Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 23:423-6. 2004
- The rhetoric of "natural" in natural childbirth: childbearing women's perspectives on prolonged pregnancy and induction of labourRachel Emma Westfall
Department of Anthropology, Box 3050, University of Victoria, Victoria, BC, V8W 3P5, Canada
Soc Sci Med 59:1397-408. 2004It is widely known that the notion of prolonged pregnancy, defined medically as 41+ or 42+ weeks gestation, has been hotly debated within the medical and midwifery communities for many decades...
- The prediction of intra-partum fetal compromise in prolonged pregnancyT Singh
Fetal Medicine Unit, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, St Georges Hospital NHS Trust, London, UK
J Obstet Gynaecol 28:779-82. 2008..ultrasound, Doppler and cardiotocographic (CTG) indices in the prediction of adverse intra-partum events in prolonged pregnancy. Operative delivery for abnormal fetal ECG-ST segment analysis and/or an arterial cord pH < 7...
- Pre-induction sonographic measurement of cervical length in prolonged pregnancy: the effect of parity in the prediction of the need for Cesarean sectionS M Rane
Harris Birthright Research Centre for Fetal Medicine, King s College Hospital, London, UK
Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 22:45-8. 2003To examine the effect of parity on the relationship between pre-induction cervical length and the risk of Cesarean section in women undergoing induction of labor for prolonged pregnancy.
- Management of prolonged pregnancySamina Iqbal
Department of Obstetric and Gynaecology, Sobhraj Maternity Hospital, City District Government, Karachi
J Coll Physicians Surg Pak 14:274-7. 2004To compare two strategies for management of prolonged pregnancy (> or = 294 days) i.e. induction (intervention) versus expectant management (non-intervention) and evaluate the associated feto-maternal risks.
- Management of prolonged pregnancy: a randomized trial of induction of labour and antepartum foetal monitoringC James
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Christian Medical College Hospital, Vellore 632004, Tamil Nadu, India
Natl Med J India 14:270-3. 2001BACKGROUND: The two methods of management of prolonged pregnancy, induction of labour and expectant management with foetal surveillance, have pros and cons...
- Developmental data in preschool children born after prolonged pregnancyKatarina Lindström
Department of Neuropaediatrics, Children s Hospital, Karolinska University Hospital, Huddinge Stockholm, Sweden
Acta Paediatr 94:1192-7. 2005..To evaluate children born post-term (gestational age>or=42 weeks) with respect to developmental data obtained at the ages of 4 and 5.5 y...
- The usefulness of ultrasound assessment of amniotic fluid in predicting adverse outcome in prolonged pregnancy: a prospective blinded observational studyJ M Morris
Nuffield Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, John Radcliffe Hospital, Headington, Oxford, UK
BJOG 110:989-94. 2003....
- Outcome of pregnancy in a woman with an increased body mass indexT S Usha Kiran
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University Hospital of Wales and Llandough Hospital Trust, Cardiff, UK
BJOG 112:768-72. 2005..To show the increased risk of adverse outcomes in labour and fetomaternal morbidity in obese women (BMI > 30)...
- Bishop score and ultrasound assessment of the cervix for prediction of time to onset of labor and time to delivery in prolonged pregnancyE Strobel
Obstetric, Gynecological and Prenatal Ultrasound Research Unit, Department of Clinical Sciences, Lund University, Malmo, Sweden
Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 28:298-305. 2006To determine the ability of Bishop score and sonographic cervical length to predict time to spontaneous onset of labor and time to delivery in prolonged pregnancy.
- Risk for postterm delivery after previous postterm deliveryZachary A F Kistka
Washington University School of Medicine, Center for Preterm Birth Research, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
Am J Obstet Gynecol 196:241.e1-6. 2007..We examined the hypothesis that the risk for subsequent postterm birth is increased in women with an initial postterm birth...
- Cervical nitric oxide release in women posttermMervi Väisänen-Tommiska
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Helsinki University Central Hospital, Helsinki, Finland
Obstet Gynecol 103:657-62. 2004..Nitric oxide may be a factor in cervical ripening. We compared the nitric oxide metabolite levels in cervical fluid in women going beyond term and in women delivering spontaneously at term...
- [Clinical analysis of the relation between maternal body weight and high risk factors during pregnancy and delivery]X L Zhou
Fifth People s Hospital of Jilin
Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke Za Zhi 28:397-8, 441. 1993The incidence of pregnancy induced hypertension (PIH), prolonged pregnancy, prolonged labor, macrosomia and the rate of operative delivery were analysed in 76 overweight women and in 436 women with normal body weight admitted at the same ..
- Pregnancy risk increases from 41 weeks of gestationJakob Nakling
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Oppland Central Hospital, Lillehammer, Norway
Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 85:663-8. 2006..The aim of this study was to evaluate the mortality and morbidity of conservatively managed post-term pregnancies (gestation 294 days and beyond)...
- Three-dimensional ultrasound assessment of the cervix for predicting time to spontaneous onset of labor and time to delivery in prolonged pregnancyL Rovas
Obstetric, Gynecological and Prenatal Ultrasound Research Unit, Department of Clinical Sciences, Lund University, Malmo University Hospital, Malmo, Sweden
Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 28:306-11. 2006To determine whether three-dimensional (3D) ultrasound including power Doppler examination of the cervix is useful for predicting time to spontaneous onset of labor or time to delivery in prolonged pregnancy.
- Prolonged pregnancy: induction of labor and cesarean birthsJ M Alexander
University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas, 75235 9032 USA
Obstet Gynecol 97:911-5. 2001..To determine the effects of labor induction on cesarean delivery in post-date pregnancies...
- Ultrasound examination at 37 weeks' gestation in the prediction of pregnancy outcome: the value of cervical assessmentG Ramanathan
Harris Birthright Research Centre for Fetal Medicine, King s College Hospital Medical School, London, UK
Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 22:598-603. 2003..To examine the potential value of routine measurement of cervical length in singleton low-risk pregnancies at 37 weeks of gestation in the prediction of onset and outcome of labor...
- Prenatal risk indicators of a prolonged pregnancy. The Danish Birth Cohort 1998-2001Annette W Olesen
Department of Gynaecology and Obstetrics, Odense University Hospital, Odense, Denmark
Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 85:1338-41. 2006Few prenatal risk factors of prolonged pregnancy, a pregnancy of 42 weeks or more, are known...
- Labor induction versus expectant management for postterm pregnancies: a systematic review with meta-analysisLuis Sanchez-Ramos
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Florida, Jacksonville, Florida, USA
Obstet Gynecol 101:1312-8. 2003..To compare routine labor induction with expectant management for patients who reach or exceed 41 weeks' gestation...
- Pre-induction sonographic measurement of cervical length in prolonged pregnancy: the effect of parity in the prediction of induction-to-delivery intervalS M Rane
Harris Birthright Research Centre for Fetal Medicine, King s College Hospital, London, UK
Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 22:40-4. 2003To examine the effect of parity on the relationship between pre-induction cervical length and the induction-to-delivery interval and rate of vaginal delivery within 24 h in women undergoing induction of labor for prolonged pregnancy.
- Significance of fetal fibronectin and cytokine measurement in the cervicovaginal secretions of women at term in predicting term labor and post-term pregnancyM Imai
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Kitasato University School of Medicine, 1-15-1, Kitasato Sagamihara, Kanagawa, Japan
Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 97:53-8. 2001..CONCLUSION: Term labor and post-term pregnancy can be predicted within 7 days of sampling, using FFN and IL-1beta concentrations in cervicovaginal secretions of pregnant women...
- Induction of labor with prostaglandins for medical reasons: determining explanatory variables of the induction to delivery time interval for vaginal deliveries and caesarean sectionGeert Braems
Frauenklinik, Justus Liebig University, Giessen, Germany
Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 135:164-9. 2007..Aim of the study was to examine the influence of the various medical indications on a successful induction of labor by prostaglandins and to determine the explanatory variables...
- Induction of labour for improving birth outcomes for women at or beyond termJames P Neilson
School of Reproductive and Developmental Medicine, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK
Obstet Gynecol 109:753-4. 2007
- First trimester ultrasound screening is effective in reducing postterm labor induction rates: a randomized controlled trialKelly A Bennett
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37212, USA
Am J Obstet Gynecol 190:1077-81. 2004....
- Induction of labor or serial antenatal fetal monitoring in postterm pregnancy: a randomized controlled trialRuna Heimstad
Departments of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Paediatrics, National Center for Fetal Medicine, St Olavs Hospital, Trondheim University Hospital, Trondheim, Norway
Obstet Gynecol 109:609-17. 2007..To compare induction of labor at gestational age 41 weeks with expectant management in regard to neonatal morbidity. Secondary aims were to assess the effect of these managements on mode of delivery and maternal complications...
- [For the routine induction of labor at 41 weeks]J M Gonnet
Polyclinique Jean Villar, Bordeaux Bruges, France
Gynecol Obstet Fertil 32:173-5; discussion 173. 2004
- [Management of postterm pregnancies]G Beucher
Service de gynécologie obstétrique et médecine de la reproduction, CHU de Caen, avenue Clemenceau, 14033 Caen Cedex, France
J Gynecol Obstet Biol Reprod (Paris) 37:107-17. 2008....
- [Against the routine induction of labor at 41 weeks]R Maillet
Clinique universitaire de gynécologie, d obstétrique et de la reproduction, CHU Saint Jacques, Besancon, France
Gynecol Obstet Fertil 32:176-9; discussion 173. 2004
- Reliability of the Bishop score before labour induction at termEllen F Faltin-Traub
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University Hospital Geneva, Geneva 14 1211, Switzerland
Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 112:178-81. 2004..To evaluate the agreement within three pairs of observers regarding the Bishop score and an informal global evaluation of the cervix (favourable/unfavourable)...
- Re: Oxytocin induction of labour: a comparison of two protocolsShayesteh Parashi
Aust N Z J Obstet Gynaecol 45:540. 2005
- Outcome of post-term pregnancies in southern IranM Yazdani
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, School of Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
Int J Gynaecol Obstet 93:144-5. 2006
- Does a first trimester dating scan using crown rump length measurement reduce the rate of induction of labour for prolonged pregnancy? An uncompleted randomised controlled trial of 463 womenD J Harrington
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, The Women s Centre, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford, UK
BJOG 113:171-6. 2006To evaluate the effect of a first trimester ultrasound dating scan on the rate of induction of labour for prolonged pregnancy.
- Outcomes of pregnancy beyond 37 weeks of gestationRuna Heimstad
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology and National Center for Fetal Medicine, St Olavs Hospital, University Hospital, Trondheim, Norway
Obstet Gynecol 108:500-8. 2006..The aim of the study was to evaluate pregnancy outcomes by weeks of gestation. A second aim was to assess the outcomes in groups with spontaneous or induced labor...
- Comparison of prostaglandin E2 tablets or Foley catheter for labour induction in grand multiparasM I Al-Taani
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Queen Alia Military Hospital, Royal Medical Services, Amman, Jordan
East Mediterr Health J 10:547-53. 2004..For grand multiparas, PGE2 vaginal tablets may be preferable for ripening the cervix as well as for labour induction...
- Nuchal cords in term and postterm deliveries--do we need to know?Marco Scioscia
Obstet Gynecol 106:1417; Author reply 1417-8. 2005
- Women's experiences and attitudes towards expectant management and induction of labor for post-term pregnancyRuna Heimstad
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, St Olavs Hospital, Trondheim University Hospital, Trondheim, Norway
Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 86:950-6. 2007..We aimed to assess the experiences and attitudes among women managed with serial antenatal monitoring or induction of labor, and the effects of post-term pregnancy on self-reports of quality of life...
- Effect of membrane sweeping at term pregnancy on duration of pregnancy and labor induction: a randomized trialMaryam Kashanian
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Gynecol Obstet Invest 62:41-4. 2006..To evaluate the efficacy of sweeping of fetal membranes for induction of labor in uncomplicated term pregnancies...
- Nuchal cord in post-term pregnancy - relationship to suspected intrapartum fetal distress indicating operative interventionGisela S Ghosh
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Malmo University Hospital, Malmo, Sweden
J Perinat Med 36:142-4. 2008..Nuchal cord in post-term pregnancies is not associated with an increased risk for signs of fetal distress and operative intervention during labor and delivery...
- Hyaluronidase versus Foley catheter for cervical ripening in high-risk term and post term pregnanciesF G C Surita
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Campinas, Campinas, SP, Brazil
Int J Gynaecol Obstet 88:258-64. 2005..To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of Foley catheter and hyaluronidase for cervical ripening...
- Induction of labour for post-term pregnancy and risk estimates for intrauterine and perinatal deathRuna Heimstad
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, St Olavs Hospital, Trondheim University Hospital, Norway
Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 87:247-9. 2008..Beyond term there is increased risk of intrauterine fetal death (IUFD) and perinatal death, and we aimed to assess this risk beyond 41 weeks and estimate numbers needed to treat to avoid 1 fetal or neonatal death...
- Suspected amniotic fluid embolism following amniotomy: a case reportJampierre Mato
Anesthesiology Nursing Program, Florida International University, Miami, USA
AANA J 76:53-9. 2008..The patient survived emergency cesarean delivery and hysterectomy with no residual physiologic deficits...
- A randomized trial that compared intravaginal misoprostol and dinoprostone vaginal insert in pregnancies at high risk of fetal distressPatrick Rozenberg
Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Poissy Hospital, University Versailles St Quentin, France
Am J Obstet Gynecol 191:247-53. 2004..The purpose of this study was to compare the safety and efficacy of misoprostol and dinoprostone in pregnancies at high risk of fetal distress...
- Maternal and perinatal outcomes during expectant management of 239 severe preeclamptic women between 24 and 33 weeks' gestationBassam Haddad
CHI Creteil, Creteil, France
Am J Obstet Gynecol 190:1590-5; discussion 1595-7. 2004..This study was undertaken to determine maternal and perinatal outcomes after expectant management of severe preeclampsia between 24 and 33 weeks' gestation...
- Postterm pregnancy: practice patterns of contemporary obstetricians and gynecologistsJane Cleary-Goldman
Division of Maternal Fetal Medicine, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, New York 10032, USA
Am J Perinatol 23:15-20. 2006....
- The impact of induced labour on postpartum blood lossH Phillip
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of the West Indies, Mona, Kingston, Jamaica
J Obstet Gynaecol 24:12-5. 2004..01), but not the length of the first stage of labour. Induction of labour with oxytocic agents is associated with greater blood loss. However, increased blood loss is not due to precipitate labour alone...
- [Misoprostol and oxytocin in induction of labour in women with prolonged pregnancy--safety and effectiveness comparison]M Wilk
Wiad Lek 54:662-7. 200116 women with prolonged pregnancy and indications to induction of labour were involved into prospective analysis. Sixty of them were given 50 micrograms of Mizoprostol straight into posterior vaginal fornix (only once)...
- [Comparison of vaginal misoprostol and oxytocin for labor induction in post-term pregnancy]J Pajak
Ginekol Pol 72:1300-4. 2001..In misoprostol group induction failed in only 12% whereas in oxytocin group in 32%. There were no serious side effects in both groups. In misoprostol treated group patients required less analgetics then in oxytocin treated group...
- Predictors of cesarean section following elective post-dates induction of labor in nullipara with uncomplicated singleton vertex pregnanciesFawaz E Edris
University of Western Ontario, 202 665 Windermere Rd, London, Ontario, Canada
Saudi Med J 27:1167-72. 2006..The high cesarean rate in our institution for this group of women triggered us to assess different induction practices to elicit potential causes...
- Induction policy and missed post-term pregnancies: a mathematical modelM Mongelli
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, National University of Singapore, Singapore
Aust N Z J Obstet Gynaecol 41:38-40. 2001..Timing of elective delivery is the most important variable affecting the detection rate for post-maturity There is no advantage in using menstrual dates when ultrasound biometry is available...
- Routine induction of labour at 41 weeks gestation: nonsensus consensusSavas M Menticoglou
Department of Obstetrics, Gynaecology and Reproductive Sciences, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Canada
BJOG 109:485-91. 2002
- Does sweeping of membranes beyond 40 weeks reduce the need for formal induction of labour?S F Wong
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Princess Margaret Hospital, Hong Kong, SAR, People s Republic of China
BJOG 109:632-6. 2002..To assess the efficacy of sweeping of membranes beyond 40 weeks of gestation in reducing the incidence of induction of labour, when induction was planned at 42 weeks...
- Post-term pregnancy: should induction of labor be considered before 42 weeks?M Treger
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Soroka Medical Center, Faculty of Health Science, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheva, Israel
J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 11:50-3. 2002..To determine the occurrence of maternal and fetal complications in low-risk pregnancies beyond 39 weeks and to re-evaluate the acceptable cut-off (42 weeks) for induction of labor...
- Induction of labor with vaginal prostaglandin E2Y Yogev
Perinatal Division and WHO Collaborating Center, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Rabin Medical Center, Beilinson Campus, Petah Tiqva, Israel
J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 14:30-4. 2003..To determine the effects of labor induction with vaginal prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) on mode of delivery in post-term pregnancies and to identify possible predictors of successful vaginal delivery...
- [Amniotic fluid analysis as a screening test in term and post-term pregnancy]L Pasquini
Dipartimento di Ginecologia, Perinatologia e Riproduzione Umana, Universita degli Studi di Firenze, Firenze, Italy
Minerva Ginecol 55:69-73. 2003..To verify the hypothesis that isolated oligohydramnios in low-risk term or post-term pregnancy does not increase the risk of trauma to the fetus compared with a control group...
- Incidence of pelvic organ prolapse in Nigerian womenJ E N Okonkwo
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital, Nnewi, Nigeria
J Natl Med Assoc 95:132-6. 2003..To establish the incidence and types of utero-vaginal prolapse...
- The effects of cervical application of inhibitors of inducible nitric oxide synthase, cyclooxygenase-1, and cyclooxygenase-2 on delivery in ratsR Bukowski
Division of Maternal Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, The University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX 77555 0587, USA
Am J Obstet Gynecol 185:959-65. 2001....
- Are all brachial plexus injuries caused by shoulder dystocia?Stergios K Doumouchtsis
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, St George s University of London, United Kingdom
Obstet Gynecol Surv 64:615-23. 2009..risk factors include birth weight >4 kg, maternal diabetes mellitus, obesity or excessive weight gain, prolonged pregnancy, prolonged second stage of labor, persistent fetal malposition, operative delivery, and breech extraction ..
- [Indication for labor induction by prostaglandin E2 vaginal gel. Retrospective study of a continuous series of 170 patients]Lionel Carbillon
Service de Gynécologie Obstétrique Hôpital Jean Verdier Assistance Publique Hôpitaux de Paris Avenue du 14 Juillet 93143 Bondy
Presse Med 31:594-600. 2002..To assess the factors of efficacy, side effects and complications following vaginal application of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2)...
- Adaptation of pancreatic islet B-cells during the last third of pregnancy: regulation of B-cell function and proliferation by lactogenic hormones in ratsM Kawai
Developmental Research Laboratories, Shionogi and Co Ltd, Futaba cho 3 1 1, Toyonaka, Osaka 561 0825, Japan
Eur J Endocrinol 141:419-25. 1999..These results suggest that, in the last third of pregnancy, B-cell proliferation is no longer stimulated by lactogenic hormones in contrast to the insulin secretory response which is sustained...
- Loss of cannabinoid receptor CB1 induces preterm birthHaibin Wang
Department of Pediatrics, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee, USA
PLoS ONE 3:e3320. 2008..Since our previous studies demonstrated that loss of CB1 defers the normal implantation window in mice, we surmised that CB1 deficiency would influence parturition events...
- Induction of labour at the start of the new millenniumI Z MacKenzie
Reader in Obstetrics and Gynaecology University of Oxford, John Radcliffe Hospital
Reproduction 131:989-98. 2006..was the only indication for labour induction centuries ago, while this is now a very rare indication, with prolonged pregnancy and maternal hypertensive disorders being the major indications for the last 50-60 years...
- Methods of induction of labour at the University of Maiduguri Teaching Hospital, Maiduguri: a 4-year reviewB G Bako
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Maiduguri Teaching Hospital, P M B 1414, Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria
Niger J Med 17:139-42. 2008..Induction of labour is an important intervention in obstetrics. Misoprostol is increasingly being used for induction of labour in many obstetric units and it may replace the traditional Foleys catheter/oxytocin protocol...
- Modulation of immunity in mice with latent toxoplasmosis--the experimental support for the immunosuppression hypothesis of Toxoplasma-induced changes in reproduction of mice and humansSárka Kaňková
Department of Philosophy and History of Science, Faculty of Science, Charles University in Prague, Vinicna 7, 128 44, Prague 2, Czech Republic
Parasitol Res 107:1421-7. 2010..in mice and women with latent toxoplasmosis, retarded embryonic growth in the early phases of pregnancy, prolonged pregnancy of Toxoplasma-infected women, and increased prevalence of toxoplasmosis in mothers of children with Down ..
- Misoprostol use for cervical ripening and induction of labour in a Nigerian teaching hospitalB A Ekele
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital, Sokoto, Nigeria
Niger J Clin Pract 10:234-7. 2007..Induction of labor is always a challenge to many an obstetrician more so when the cervix is unfavorable...
- Emergency cerclage versus bed rest for amniotic sac prolapse before 27 gestational weeks. A retrospective, comparative study of 161 womenJens H Stupin
Department of Obstetrics, Charite Universitatsmedizin, Berlin, Germany
Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 139:32-7. 2008..The objective of the study is to compare outcomes after conservative management alone versus conservative management with cerclage in the treatment of amniotic sac prolapse in the second trimester...
- Are the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality obstetric trauma indicators valid measures of hospital safety?William A Grobman
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL, USA
Am J Obstet Gynecol 195:868-74. 2006....
- Outpatient induction -- how safeWerner H Rath
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine University RWTH Aachen, Aachen, Germany
J Perinat Med 37:461-7. 2009There is a world-wide interest in outpatient care. Induction of labor is commonly offered to women with prolonged pregnancy, and evidence from randomized controlled studies suggest that inpatient and outpatient induction achieve ..
- Effect of prolongation of pregnancy on perinatal mortalityH E Onah
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Enugu, Nigeria
Int J Gynaecol Obstet 80:255-61. 2003..1) To determine the distribution of singleton and twin births according to gestational age in a Nigerian obstetric population; and (2) to compare their perinatal outcomes according to gestational age...
- Influence of prolonged pregnancy on infant developmentJ Shime
Women s College Hospital, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada
J Reprod Med 33:277-84. 1988Although prolonged pregnancy has been associated with a twofold to sevenfold increase in perinatal morbidity and mortality, few investigators have addressed the question of long-term outcome for postterm infants...
- Prostaglandin treatment is associated with a withdrawal of progesterone and androgen at the receptor level in the uterine cervixYlva Vladic-Stjernholm
Division for Obstetrics and Gynecology, Department of Women s and Children s Health, Karolinska University Hospital and Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
Reprod Biol Endocrinol 7:116. 2009..of the progesterone (PR), androgen (AR) and glucocorticoid (GR) receptors in human uterine cervix in prolonged pregnancy. The study groups were postterm nulliparous women with unripe cervices undergoing cervical priming with PG-..
- When to be born? Prolonged pregnancy or incubation enhances locomotor performance in neonatal lizards (Scincidae)R Shine
School of Biological Sciences A08, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia
J Evol Biol 16:823-32. 2003..We suggest that embryonic reptiles control their date of hatching or birth and thus, their stage of development at this critical life-history transition...
- Prolonged gestation in two Holstein cows: transabdominal ultrasonographic findings in late pregnancy and pathologic findings in the fetusesS Buczinski
Clinique Ambulatoire Bovine, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vétérinaire, Departement des Sciences Cliniques, Faculte de Medecine Veterinaire, Universite de Montreal, 3200 rue Sciotte, Saint Hyacinthe, QC J2S 7C6, Canada
J Vet Med A Physiol Pathol Clin Med 54:624-6. 2007b>Prolonged pregnancy in cattle is a rare condition that is commonly accompanied with fetal adenohypophyseal hypoplasia. The final diagnosis is often challenging as breeding date error remains possible in virtually all situations...
- Rising rates of obstetric interventions: exploring the determinants of induction of labourT Humphrey
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Dugald Baird Centre for Research on Women s Health, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, UK
J Public Health (Oxf) 31:88-94. 2009....
- Factors predicting failure of labour inductionV O Oboro
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology Teaching Hospital, Osogbo, Osun State, Nigeria
Niger Postgrad Med J 14:137-9. 2007..65-9.90), Bishop's score < 6 (OR 3.47; CI 1.75 - 6.85), nulliparity (OR 3.91; CI 1.92 - 7.99). Prolonged pregnancy independently reduced failure rate (OR 0.44: CI 0.24 - 0.81)...
- Severe early onset preeclampsia secondary to bilateral ureteral obstruction reversed by stentingJ A Thorp
Obstetrix of Missouri and Kansas, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Saint Luke s Hospital of Kansas City, Missouri, USA
Obstet Gynecol 94:806-7. 1999..Severe early onset preeclampsia might be reversed by correction of an underlying pathophysiologic condition...
- Hypothyroidism prolongs corpus luteum function in the pregnant ratMaría Belén Hapon
Laboratorio de Reproduccion y Lactancia, IMBECU CONICET, Mendoza, Argentina
Reproduction 133:197-205. 2007..analysis) expression, which in the presence of unchanged expression of the factors involved in P4 synthesis results in elevated luteal and circulating P4 that prolonged pregnancy and also may favor longer survival of the corpus luteum.
- Comparison between subjective and objective assessments of the cervix before induction of labourM R M Elghorori
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Queen Elizabeth Hospital, King s Lynn, UK
J Obstet Gynaecol 26:521-6. 2006..3% compared with 30%) in prediction of IDI at a cut-off value of >3.5 cm. In conclusion, transvaginal ultrasound cervical length assessment is better than Bishop's score in predicting the IDI and the success of induction of labour...
- Duration of pregnancy in relation to seafood intake during early and mid pregnancy: prospective cohortSjurdur F Olsen
Maternal Nutrition Group, Danish Epidemiology Science Centre, Statens Serum Institut, Artillerivej 5, DK 2300, Copenhagen S, Denmark
Eur J Epidemiol 21:749-58. 2006..We conclude that never consuming fish in the first two trimesters of pregnancy was an extremely strong risk factor for preterm delivery but was also associated with reduced risks of elective delivery and postterm delivery...
- Information for women after CS: are they getting enough?Angela Lucas
Bell College, NHS Lanarkshire
RCM Midwives 7:472-5. 2004..These include the durability of the uterine incision performed at the primary CS, prolonged pregnancy and individual obstetrician and women's preferences (Enkin et al, 1995)...
- Conception, complicated pregnancy, and labour of gods and heroes in Greek mythologyChristos Iavazzo
Alfa Institute of Biomedical Sciences AIBS, Athens, Greece
Reprod Biomed Online 17:11-4. 2008..descriptions of extracorporeal fertilization, superfecundation, ectopic pregnancy, preterm labour, prolonged pregnancy and Caesarean section...
- Amniotic fluid volume at 41 weeks and infant outcomeHelena Lam
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Hong Kong, Queen Mary Hospital, Hong Kong SAR
J Reprod Med 51:484-8. 2006..To assess the usefulness of amniotic fluid index (AFI) in the assessment of postdate pregnancies...
- The use of fetal Doppler cerebroplacental blood flow and amniotic fluid volume measurement in the surveillance of postdated pregnanciesH Lam
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Hong Kong, Queen Mary Hospital, 102 Pokfulam Road, Hong Kong, China
Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 84:844-8. 2005..The correlation with incidence of passage of thick meconium-stained liquor in labor was analyzed to decide which parameter would be useful in the surveillance of postdated pregnancies...
- Comparison of induction of labour and expectant management in postterm pregnancy: a matched cohort studyMarieke A A Hermus
Ockenburg 8, 4901CW Oosterhout, The Netherlands
J Midwifery Womens Health 54:351-6. 2009..Because epidemiologic studies suggest an increased risk of perinatal death and birth injury beyond 42 weeks' gestation, induction of labour should be offered to all women who are postterm...
- Postdates and antenatal testingMichael Y Divon
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Lenox Hill Hospital, New York, NY 10075, USA
Semin Perinatol 32:295-300. 2008The standard definition of a prolonged pregnancy is 42 completed weeks of gestation. The incidence of prolonged pregnancy varies depending on the criteria used to define gestational age at birth...
- [Elastography in the examination of the uterine cervix before labor induction]Krzysztof Preis
Klinika Połoznictwa, Katedra Perinatologii, Gdanski Uniwersytet Medyczny
Ginekol Pol 81:757-61. 2010..The authors of the following work have attempted to assess the usefulness of elastography in the uterine cervix examination before induction of labor..
- Overdue choices: how information and role in decision-making influence women's preferences for induction for prolonged pregnancyGabrielle Stevens
Queensland Centre for Mothers and Babies, School of Psychology, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
Birth 39:248-57. 2012..The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of specific variations in health caregiver communication on women's preferences for induction of labor for prolonged pregnancy.
- A randomised controlled trial of simple compared with complex antenatal fetal monitoring after 42 weeks of gestationZ Alfirevic
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Liverpool, UK
Br J Obstet Gynaecol 102:638-43. 1995..The use of amniotic fluid index as a test of fetal wellbeing in prolonged pregnancy may lead to more obstetric interventions with, as yet, unclear impact on the perinatal outcome.
- Abdominal pregnancy and lithopaedionPeter Noble
J R Soc Med 96:423. 2003
- Prediction of prolonged pregnancy in nulliparous women by transvaginal ultrasonographic measurement of cervical length at 20-24 weeks and 37 weeksYoung Hoon Suh
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seongnam, Korea
J Korean Med Sci 22:89-93. 2007..ultrasonographic measurement of cervical length at 20 to 24 weeks and 37 weeks as a predictor of prolonged pregnancy (defined as a pregnancy that extended beyond 41+2 weeks of gestation [289 days]) in nulliparous women...
- The impact of prenatal care on neonatal deaths in the presence and absence of antenatal high-risk conditionsAnthony M Vintzileos
Division of Maternal Fetal Medicine, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey Robert Wood Johnson Medical School Saint Peter s University Hospital, New Brunswick, USA
Am J Obstet Gynecol 186:1011-6. 2002..The purpose of this study was to determine the association between prenatal care in the United States and the neonatal death rate in the presence and absence of antenatal high-risk conditions...
- EOSINOPHIL MAJOR BASIC PROTEIN IN HUMAN PREGNANCYGerald Gleich; Fiscal Year: 1991..We also will test whether pMBP is useful in the management of prolonged pregnancy and whether a subset of patients with recurrent abortions may have abnormalities in the plasma levels of ..