retained placenta

Summary

Summary: A placenta that fails to be expelled after BIRTH of the FETUS. A PLACENTA is retained when the UTERUS fails to contract after the delivery of its content, or when the placenta is abnormally attached to the MYOMETRIUM.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Risk factors for retained placenta and the effect of retained placenta on the occurrence of postpartum diseases and subsequent reproductive performance in dairy cows
    Ilyeon Kyung Han
    College of Veterinary Medicine, Chungbuk National University, Cheongju 361 763, Korea
    J Vet Sci 6:53-9. 2005
  2. ncbi Comparison of ceftiofur hydrochloride and estradiol cypionate for metritis prevention and reproductive performance in dairy cows affected with retained fetal membranes
    C A Risco
    Department of Large Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32610 0136, USA
    Theriogenology 60:47-58. 2003
  3. ncbi Evaluation of intrauterine antibiotic treatment of clinical metritis and retained fetal membranes in dairy cows
    Tamir Goshen
    The Koret School of Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Agriculture, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, PO Box 12, Rehovot 76100, Israel
    Theriogenology 66:2210-8. 2006
  4. ncbi Clinical application of grey scale and colour Doppler sonography during abnormal third stage of labour
    M Krapp
    Division of Prenatal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University Hospital of Schleswig Holstein, Campus Lubeck
    Ultraschall Med 28:63-6. 2007
  5. ncbi Rectal temperature, calving-related factors, and the incidence of puerperal metritis in postpartum dairy cows
    M E Benzaquen
    Department of Large Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville 32610, USA
    J Dairy Sci 90:2804-14. 2007
  6. ncbi Umbilical vein oxytocin for the treatment of retained placenta (Release Study): a double-blind, randomised controlled trial
    Andrew D Weeks
    School of Reproductive and Developmental Medicine, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK
    Lancet 375:141-7. 2010
  7. ncbi Decreased neutrophil function as a cause of retained placenta in dairy cattle
    Kayoko Kimura
    USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Animal Disease Center, Periparturient Disease of Cattle Research Unit, Ames, IA 50010 0070, USA
    J Dairy Sci 85:544-50. 2002
  8. ncbi Major histocompatibility antigen expression on the bovine placenta: its relationship to abnormal pregnancies and retained placenta
    C J Davies
    Department of Veterinary Microbiology and Pathology and Center for Reproductive Biology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Washington State University, P O Box 647040, Pullman, WA 99164 7040, USA
    Anim Reprod Sci 82:267-80. 2004
  9. ncbi Pregnancies complicated by retained placenta: sex ratio and relation to pre-eclampsia
    T Y Khong
    Department of Pathology, Women s and Children s Hospital, North Adelaide, Australia
    Placenta 19:577-80. 1998
  10. ncbi Intravenous nitroglycerin in the management of retained placenta
    Peter A Chedraui
    Labor Unit of the Enrique C Sotomayor Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital, Institute of Biomedicine, Universidad Catolica de Santiago de Guayaquil, Guayaquil, Ecuador
    Gynecol Obstet Invest 56:61-4. 2003

Research Grants

Detail Information

Publications220 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Risk factors for retained placenta and the effect of retained placenta on the occurrence of postpartum diseases and subsequent reproductive performance in dairy cows
    Ilyeon Kyung Han
    College of Veterinary Medicine, Chungbuk National University, Cheongju 361 763, Korea
    J Vet Sci 6:53-9. 2005
    The objectives of this study were to determine the risk factors for retained placenta by evaluating several reproductive factors in individual cows, and to determine the effects of retained placenta on the occurrence of postpartum ..
  2. ncbi Comparison of ceftiofur hydrochloride and estradiol cypionate for metritis prevention and reproductive performance in dairy cows affected with retained fetal membranes
    C A Risco
    Department of Large Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32610 0136, USA
    Theriogenology 60:47-58. 2003
    ..In addition, administration of ECP did not have beneficial effects on metritis prevention and reproductive performance...
  3. ncbi Evaluation of intrauterine antibiotic treatment of clinical metritis and retained fetal membranes in dairy cows
    Tamir Goshen
    The Koret School of Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Agriculture, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, PO Box 12, Rehovot 76100, Israel
    Theriogenology 66:2210-8. 2006
    ..In conclusion, i.u. chlortetracycline treatment was proven to prevent the detrimental effect of CM on reproductive performance in heifers and cows and on milk production in cows only...
  4. ncbi Clinical application of grey scale and colour Doppler sonography during abnormal third stage of labour
    M Krapp
    Division of Prenatal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University Hospital of Schleswig Holstein, Campus Lubeck
    Ultraschall Med 28:63-6. 2007
    ..The purpose of the study was to investigate whether colour Doppler sonography is helpful in the surveillance of abnormal third stage of labour...
  5. ncbi Rectal temperature, calving-related factors, and the incidence of puerperal metritis in postpartum dairy cows
    M E Benzaquen
    Department of Large Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville 32610, USA
    J Dairy Sci 90:2804-14. 2007
    ..Still, a season effect on first-service conception AOR (warm vs. cool = 0.98; 95% CI = 0.18 to 0.72) and accumulated pregnancy AOR by 150 d postpartum was detected (warm vs. cool = 0.18; 95% CI = 0.10 to 0.33)...
  6. ncbi Umbilical vein oxytocin for the treatment of retained placenta (Release Study): a double-blind, randomised controlled trial
    Andrew D Weeks
    School of Reproductive and Developmental Medicine, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK
    Lancet 375:141-7. 2010
    b>Retained placenta is associated with post-partum haemorrhage. Meta-analysis has suggested that umbilical injection of oxytocin could increase placental expulsion without the need for a surgeon or anaesthetic...
  7. ncbi Decreased neutrophil function as a cause of retained placenta in dairy cattle
    Kayoko Kimura
    USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Animal Disease Center, Periparturient Disease of Cattle Research Unit, Ames, IA 50010 0070, USA
    J Dairy Sci 85:544-50. 2002
    ..We hypothesized that impaired neutrophil function causes retained placenta (RP)...
  8. ncbi Major histocompatibility antigen expression on the bovine placenta: its relationship to abnormal pregnancies and retained placenta
    C J Davies
    Department of Veterinary Microbiology and Pathology and Center for Reproductive Biology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Washington State University, P O Box 647040, Pullman, WA 99164 7040, USA
    Anim Reprod Sci 82:267-80. 2004
    ..Our data suggest that bovine MHC-compatible pregnancies provide a unique model for studying regulation of the uterine immune system, as well as immune-mediated placental rejection...
  9. ncbi Pregnancies complicated by retained placenta: sex ratio and relation to pre-eclampsia
    T Y Khong
    Department of Pathology, Women s and Children s Hospital, North Adelaide, Australia
    Placenta 19:577-80. 1998
    ..ascertain the sex ratios in singleton pregnancies and the sex ratios in those pregnancies in which there was retained placenta, hypertension in pregnancy, or pre-eclampsia...
  10. ncbi Intravenous nitroglycerin in the management of retained placenta
    Peter A Chedraui
    Labor Unit of the Enrique C Sotomayor Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital, Institute of Biomedicine, Universidad Catolica de Santiago de Guayaquil, Guayaquil, Ecuador
    Gynecol Obstet Invest 56:61-4. 2003
    Thirty patients in the third stage of delivery complicated by retained placenta were prospectively managed with intravenous nitroglycerin...
  11. ncbi Genetic analysis of clinical mastitis, milk fever, ketosis, and retained placenta in three lactations of Norwegian red cows
    B Heringstad
    Department of Animal and Aquacultural Sciences, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, N 1432 As, Norway
    J Dairy Sci 88:3273-81. 2005
    ..heritability and genetic correlations between clinical mastitis (CM), milk fever (MF), ketosis (KET), and retained placenta (RP) within and between the first 3 lactations and to estimate genetic change over time for these traits...
  12. ncbi Postpartum haemorrhage in nulliparous women: incidence and risk factors in low and high risk women. A Dutch population-based cohort study on standard (> or = 500 ml) and severe (> or = 1000 ml) postpartum haemorrhage
    Joke M J Bais
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 115:166-72. 2004
    ..To determine the incidence and risk factors for standard and severe postpartum haemorrhage (PPH) in vaginally delivering nulliparous women, before and after risk stratification...
  13. ncbi The retained placenta
    Andrew D Weeks
    School of Reproductive and Developmental Medicine, Liverpool Women s Hospital, Crown Street, Liverpool L8 7SS, UK
    Best Pract Res Clin Obstet Gynaecol 22:1103-17. 2008
    The incidence and importance of retained placenta (RP) varies greatly around the world. In less developed countries, it affects about 0.1% of deliveries but has up to 10% case fatality rate...
  14. ncbi Embolization for advanced abdominal pregnancy with a retained placenta. A case report
    Richard J Cardosi
    Divisions of Gynecologic Oncology and Reproductive Endocrinology, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of South Florida, Tampa, USA
    J Reprod Med 47:861-3. 2002
    ..Abdominal pregnancy is not encountered commonly, and management of the placenta is controversial...
  15. ncbi Persistent retained placenta percreta: methotrexate treatment and Doppler flow characteristics
    Remco G W Nijman
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Academic Hospital Groningen, The Netherlands
    BJOG 109:587-8. 2002
  16. ncbi Clinical and bacteriological aspects on the use of oxytetracycline and flunixin in primiparous cows with induced retained placenta and post-partal endometritis
    K Konigsson
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Centre for Reproductive Biology in Uppsala, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, SLU
    Reprod Domest Anim 36:247-56. 2001
    ..not shorten the uterine involution or uterine infection but it did slow down the detachment process of the retained placenta. Oxytetracycline treatment after placental shedding might shorten the uterine infection but otherwise did ..
  17. ncbi Sulprostone reduces the need for the manual removal of the placenta in patients with retained placenta: a randomized controlled trial
    Heleen J van Beekhuizen
    Jeroen Bosch Hospital, s Hertogenbosch, The Netherlands
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 194:446-50. 2006
    The purpose of this study was to determine the extent that the administration of sulprostone reduces the need for manual removal of the placenta in patients with retained placenta.
  18. ncbi Bovine retained placenta: hormonal concentrations in fetal and maternal placenta
    M Takagi
    Department of Theriogenology, Obihiro University of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Obihiro 080 8555, Japan
    Placenta 23:429-37. 2002
    ....
  19. pmc Bacteriological and cytological findings during the late puerperal period after two different treatments of retained placenta followed by acute puerperal metritis
    Julia Jeremejeva
    Department of Therapy, Institute of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Sciences, Estonian University of Life Sciences, Tartu, Estonia
    Acta Vet Scand 52:41. 2010
    ..No differences were found in body temperature on day 14 PP, presence of bacteriological infections and disappearance of uterine inflammatory signs diagnosed by cytological examination between experimental groups...
  20. ncbi Sublingual nitroglycerin seems to be effective in the management of retained placenta
    Erling Ekerhovd
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden
    Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 87:222-5. 2008
    A common approach in the management of retained placenta is administration of oxytocin followed by controlled cord traction...
  21. ncbi Non-enzymatic antioxidative defence mechanisms against reactive oxygen species in bovine-retained and not-retained placenta: vitamin C and glutathione
    M Kankofer
    Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Agricultural University, Lublin, Poland
    Reprod Domest Anim 36:203-6. 2001
    ..section before term and at term, and 6 groups were formed as follows: (A) pre-term caesarean section without retained placenta; (B) pre-term caesarean section with retained placenta; (C) term caesarean section without retained placenta;..
  22. ncbi Sublingual nitroglycerin for management of retained placenta
    M Bullarbo
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Goteborg, Sweden
    Int J Gynaecol Obstet 91:228-32. 2005
    The aim of the study was to investigate the effect of sublingual nitroglycerin for management of retained placenta and to assess possible adverse effects of the treatment.
  23. ncbi Occult acute uterine inversion
    J Eckhart
    Division of Women s and Children s Health, Taunton and Somerset Hospital, Taunton, UK
    J Obstet Gynaecol 26:470-1. 2006
  24. ncbi [Curettage of uterine cavity in late puerperal bleeding]
    Andrzej Mutrynowski
    II Katedra i Klinika Połoznictwa i Ginekologii, Akademii Medycznej w Warszawie
    Med Wieku Rozwoj 7:313-20. 2003
    ..The disturbances in natural process of decidua excretion were rarely diagnosed in ultrasonographic pictures (3%) when puerperal bleeding required curettage of uterine cavity...
  25. ncbi Ceftiofur derivatives in serum, uterine tissues, cotyledons, and lochia after fetal membrane retention
    M Drillich
    Clinic for Reproduction, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Free University of Berlin, Königsweg 65, D 14163 Berlin, Germany
    J Dairy Sci 89:3431-8. 2006
    ..Only in single samples did concentrations decrease temporarily below the reported minimum drug concentrations required to inhibit the growth of 90% of isolates...
  26. ncbi [Retrospective study of the fertility outlook in cows after caesarean section]
    D Gschwind
    Klinik für Fortpflanzungsmedizin der Universität Zürich
    Schweiz Arch Tierheilkd 145:161-7. 2003
    ..Only 30% of subsequent inseminations were successful in cows which had suffered from endometritis. The probability of being affected by endometritis was twice as high after birth of a dead calf than after a living calf...
  27. ncbi Genetic selection for health traits using producer-recorded data. I. Incidence rates, heritability estimates, and sire breeding values
    N R Zwald
    University of Wisconsin Madison, Department of Dairy Science, Madison, 53706, USA
    J Dairy Sci 87:4287-94. 2004
    ..03, 0.10, 0.20, 0.10, 0.08, and 0.21 for DA, KET, MAST, LAME, CYST, and MET (including retained placenta), respectively...
  28. ncbi Genetic selection for health traits using producer-recorded data. II. Genetic correlations, disease probabilities, and relationships with existing traits
    N R Zwald
    University of Wisconsin Madison, Department of Dairy Science, Madison, 53706, USA
    J Dairy Sci 87:4295-302. 2004
    ..These traits can be incorporated into selection indices directly, or they can be combined into composite traits, such as "reproductive disorders", "metabolic disorders", or "early lactation disorders"...
  29. ncbi Effect of injecting collagenase into the uterine artery during a caesarean section on the placental separation of cows induced to calve with dexamethasone
    P Guerin
    Unité Biologie de la Reproduction, Ecole Nationale Veterinaire de Lyon, BP 83, 69280 Marcy l Etoile cedex, France
    Vet Rec 154:326-8. 2004
    ..001). At 36 hours after the surgery six of the treated cows (40 per cent) but all 15 of the control cows had retained fetal membranes. The collagenase-treated cows showed no abnormal clinical signs during the 10 days after the operation...
  30. ncbi [Haemorrhage delivery. About 65 cases]
    Rim Ben Hmid
    Service C Centre de la maternité et de néonatologie de Tunis
    Tunis Med 84:286-90. 2006
    ..use of oxytocin during labour (34%), induction (21.5%). Etiologists in our set are: atone in 63% of cases, retained placenta in 31.2% des cases, coagulopathie (9.2%), placenta previa (1.5%), uterine inversion (1.5%)...
  31. ncbi Comparison of two protocols for the treatment of retained fetal membranes in dairy cattle
    Marc Drillich
    Clinic for Reproduction, Section of Production Medicine and Quality Management, Free University of Berlin, Königsweg 63, 14163 Berlin, Germany
    Theriogenology 59:951-60. 2003
    ..05). Results indicate that treatment of retained fetal membranes without intrauterine manipulation and treatment can be as effective as conventional treatment including detachment and local antibiotic treatment...
  32. ncbi 8-iso-prostaglandin F2alpha as a marker of tissue oxidative damage in bovine retained placenta
    Marta Kankofer
    Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Agricultural University, Lublin, Poland
    Prostaglandins Other Lipid Mediat 70:51-9. 2002
    ..The results indicate that oxidative tissue damage, which may be the result of ROS imbalance, appears during RFM. However, the dynamics of this damage requires further elucidation...
  33. ncbi Theriogenology question of the month. Acute metritis secondary to retained fetal membranes and a retained nonviable fetus
    Sophie A Grundy
    Department of Medicine and Epidemiology, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA
    J Am Vet Med Assoc 224:844-7. 2004
  34. ncbi Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase in bovine retained and not retained placenta
    Marta Kankofer
    Departments of Biochemistry and Fish Diseases and Biology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Agricultural University, Lublin, Poland
    Reprod Domest Anim 38:390-3. 2003
    ..Further experiments on detailed relationship between PARP activity and the process of releasing and retaining of bovine placenta are necessary...
  35. ncbi Direct-fed microbial supplementation on ruminal digestion, health, and performance of pre- and postpartum dairy cattle
    J E Nocek
    Spruce Haven Farm and Research Center, Union Springs, NY 13160, USA
    J Dairy Sci 89:260-6. 2006
    ..Cows consuming DFM, however, experienced a lower, but not depressed, fat percentage compared with nonsupplemented cows...
  36. ncbi Strategies to improve the therapy of retained fetal membranes in dairy cows
    M Drillich
    Clinic for Reproduction, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Free University of Berlin, Königsweg 65, 14163 Berlin, Germany
    J Dairy Sci 89:627-35. 2006
    ..Systemic treatment alone based on elevated rectal temperature was effective and reduced use of antibiotics compared with therapies that included intrauterine antibiotics...
  37. ncbi Risk of complications in a second pregnancy following caesarean section in the first pregnancy: a population-based study
    Lee K Taylor
    New South Wales Department of Health, Locked Bag 961, North Sydney, NSW 2059, Australia
    Med J Aust 183:515-9. 2005
    ..To estimate the risks of maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality in a second pregnancy, attributable to caesarean section in a first pregnancy...
  38. ncbi Using activity and milk yield as predictors of fresh cow disorders
    J L Edwards
    Department of Dairy and Animal Science, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park 16802, USA
    J Dairy Sci 87:524-31. 2004
    ..Metabolic disorders were ketosis, retained placenta, and milk fever...
  39. ncbi Poly(ADP-ribose) glycohydrolase in bovine retained and not retained placenta
    M Kankofer
    Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Agricultural University, Lublin, Poland
    Reprod Domest Anim 39:39-42. 2004
    ..Further experiments on PARG activity in bovine foetal membranes with respect to proper and improper placental release are necessary...
  40. ncbi Peripartum serum vitamin E, retinol, and beta-carotene in dairy cattle and their associations with disease
    S J LeBlanc
    Department of Population Medicine, University of Guelph, Ontario, Canada N1G 2W1
    J Dairy Sci 87:609-19. 2004
    ..Their associations with the risk of retained placenta or clinical mastitis were modeled separately with logistic regression, and the factors associated with the ..
  41. ncbi Major advances in our understanding of nutritional influences on bovine health
    J P Goff
    National Animal Disease Center, USDA Agricultural Research Service, Ames, IA 50010, USA
    J Dairy Sci 89:1292-301. 2006
    ..Other disorders, such as retained fetal membranes, udder edema, and displacement of the abomasum are not easily categorized as to their cause, but nutritional strategies have been developed to help prevent these disorders as well...
  42. ncbi Comparison of two strategies for systemic antibiotic treatment of dairy cows with retained fetal membranes: preventive vs. selective treatment
    M Drillich
    Clinic for Reproduction, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Free University of Berlin, Königsweg 65, D 14163 Berlin, Germany
    J Dairy Sci 89:1502-8. 2006
    ..0 vs. 38.9 vs. 36.2%). In this trial, a preventive systemic antibiotic treatment of all cows having RFM was not superior to a selective antibiotic treatment of cows only in case of fever...
  43. ncbi Collagen types I, III and IV in the placentome and interplacentomal maternal and fetal tissues in normal cows and in cattle with retention of fetal membranes
    A Boos
    Institute of Veterinary Anatomy, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
    Cells Tissues Organs 174:170-83. 2003
    ..These may additionally be influenced by the stage of pregnancy, thus reflecting the dynamic processes at the stromal level...
  44. ncbi Is poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase involved in bovine placental retention?
    M Kankofer
    Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Agricultural University, Lubartowska 58 a, Lublin 20 123, Poland
    Domest Anim Endocrinol 25:61-7. 2003
    ..Western blotting technique showed different intensities in the staining of bands which might suggest different activities of the enzyme...
  45. ncbi [Curettage immediately after delivery]
    Marek Marcyniak
    II Katedry i Kliniki Połoznictwa i Ginekologii Akademii Medycznej w Warszawie
    Ginekol Pol 73:1213-7. 2002
    ..Residences indications of the suspected retained placenta were wrong in 70% cases...
  46. ncbi Reduced phagocytotic activity of macrophages in the bovine retained placenta
    M Miyoshi
    Veterinary Clinical Center, Minami Sorachi Agricultural Mutual Aid Association, Hokkaido, Japan
    Reprod Domest Anim 37:53-6. 2002
    ..cells in the bovine placenta during the postpartum period and to compare these cells between normal and retained placenta. Within 1 h after normal calving, biopsy samples of placentomes were collected from 10 cows...
  47. ncbi 15-Ketodihydro-PGF(2 alpha), progesterone and uterine involution in primiparous cows with induced retained placenta and post-partal endometritis treated with oxytetracycline and flunixin
    K Konigsson
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Centre for Reproductive Biology in Uppsala, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences SLU, Uppsala, Sweden
    Reprod Domest Anim 37:43-51. 2002
    ..The aim of this study was to investigate the PG-metabolite profiles in cows with retained placenta and post-partal endometritis treated with the prostaglandin synthesis inhibitor flunixin (F), either alone ..
  48. ncbi Supplementing Holstein cows with low doses of bovine somatotropin prepartum and postpartum reduces calving-related diseases
    M S Gulay
    Department of Physiology, Veterinary Faculty, Mehmet Akif Ersoy University, Burdur, Turkey
    J Dairy Sci 90:5439-45. 2007
    ..Importantly, no negative effects of bST supplementation on postpartum calving diseases were detected compared with nonsupplemented cows...
  49. ncbi Pregnancy-specific protein B (bPSPB) and progesterone monitoring of post-partum dairy cows with placental retention
    N Tefera
    Department of Animal Science, Mekelle University, Ethiopia
    J Vet Med A Physiol Pathol Clin Med 48:331-6. 2001
    ..The positive relationship between bPSPB concentrations and calf birth weight and their association with post-partum pathological events may be useful in monitoring animals presenting high concentrations at calving...
  50. ncbi Protein peroxidation processes in bovine retained and not-retained placenta
    M Kankofer
    Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Agricultural University, 20-123 Lublin, Lubartowska 58 a, Poland
    J Vet Med A Physiol Pathol Clin Med 48:207-12. 2001
    ..Further experiments are necessary to determine the oxidative status of other biologically active substances in cases of retained bovine placenta...
  51. ncbi Decreased concentration of serum apolipoprotein C-III in cows with fatty liver, ketosis, left displacement of the abomasum, milk fever and retained placenta
    M Yamamoto
    The Fukushima Kenchu Livestock Hygiene Service Center, Kooriyama, Japan
    J Vet Med Sci 63:227-31. 2001
    ..01) decreased in cows with fatty liver, ketosis, left displacement of the abomasum, milk fever and retained placenta. Concentrations of apoC-III in the HDL fractions from diseased cows were also lower than in controls...
  52. ncbi Postpartum uterine disease and dairy herd reproductive performance: a review
    Stephen J LeBlanc
    Population Medicine, Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON, Canada N1G 2W1
    Vet J 176:102-14. 2008
    This paper reviews the causes, impact, treatment, and prevention of retained placenta (RP), metritis, and endometritis in dairy cows. The occurrence of each of these diseases largely depends on immune function in the transition period...
  53. ncbi [Placental and postpartum hemorrhage]
    P Dinov
    Akush Ginekol (Sofiia) 47:25-6. 2008
  54. ncbi Risk factors for retained placenta in southwestern Nigeria
    A T Owolabi
    Department of Obstetrics, College of Health Sciences, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile Ife, Osun 220005, Nigeria
    Singapore Med J 49:532-7. 2008
    This study aimed to determine the incidence of, and identify independent risk factors to retained placenta in Ile-Ife, southwestern Nigeria.
  55. ncbi Effect of calcium-energy supplements on calving-related disorders, fertility and milk yield during the transition period in cows fed anionic diets
    P Melendez
    College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Florida, P O Box 100136, Gainesville, FL 32610 0136, USA
    Theriogenology 60:843-54. 2003
    ..RFM and displacement of the abomasum were associated with ketosis. Ketosis and age were related to displacement of the abomasum. Parity, BCS, ovarian cysts, RFM and metritis were associated with fertility...
  56. ncbi Prepartum monensin for the reduction of energy associated disease in postpartum dairy cows
    T Duffield
    Department of Population Medicine, University of Guelph, Ontario
    J Dairy Sci 85:397-405. 2002
    ..There was a numerical but nonsignificant decrease in the incidence of retained placenta in cows receiving a monensin CRC...
  57. ncbi Reduced incidence of retained fetal membranes in dairy herds supplemented with iodine, selenium and cobalt
    J G Cook
    Paragon Veterinary Group, Carlisle House, Dalston, Carlisle, UK
    Vet Rec 161:625-6. 2007
  58. ncbi Results and evaluation of thirty years of health recordings in the Norwegian dairy cattle population
    O Østerås
    Department of The Norwegian Cattle Health Services, TINE Norwegian Dairies BA, 1431 As, Norway
    J Dairy Sci 90:4483-97. 2007
    ..to moderate) clinical mastitis, chronic (mild) clinical mastitis, ketosis, milk fever, teat injuries, retained placenta, silent heat or anestrous, indigestion, cystic ovaries, and metritis. Clinical mastitis increased from 0...
  59. ncbi Relationships of efficiency to reproductive disorders in Danish milk production: a stochastic frontier analysis
    L G Lawson
    Department of Animal Science and Animal Health, The Royal Veterinary and Agricultural University, Copenhagen, Denmark
    J Dairy Sci 87:212-24. 2004
    ..There were moderate positive relationships between milk production efficiency and retained placenta, induction of estrus, uterine infections, ovarian cysts, and induction of birth...
  60. ncbi Comparison of two management strategies for retained fetal membranes on small dairy farms in Germany
    M Drillich
    Clinic for Animal Reproduction, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Freie Universitat Berlin, Königsweg 65, 14163 Berlin, Germany
    J Dairy Sci 90:4275-81. 2007
    ....
  61. ncbi Cervical diameter in relation to uterine and cervical EMG activity in early postpartum dairy cows with retained placentas after PGF2alpha induced calving
    E van Engelen
    Department of Pathobiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Utrecht University, P O Box 80 158, 3508 TD Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Theriogenology 68:213-22. 2007
    ..These contractions of the uterus and cervix were accompanied by and correlated with transient dilatations of the caudal cervix. This could have functional relevance in the evacuation of the uterus...
  62. ncbi The effect of prepartum injection of vitamin E on health in transition dairy cows
    Stephen J LeBlanc
    Department of Population Medicine, University of Guelph, Ontario, Canada
    J Dairy Sci 85:1416-26. 2002
    ..Overall, there were no significant differences between treatment groups in the incidence of retained placenta, clinical mastitis, metritis, endometritis, ketosis, displaced abomasum, or lameness...
  63. ncbi Selection responses for disease resistance in two selection experiments with Norwegian red cows
    B Heringstad
    Department of Animal and Aquacultural Sciences, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, P O Box 5003, N 1432 As, Norway
    J Dairy Sci 90:2419-26. 2007
    Genetic trends for clinical mastitis (CM), ketosis (KET), retained placenta (RP), and 305-d protein yield (PY305) were calculated for 2 Norwegian dairy cattle selection experiments...
  64. ncbi Spontaneous oxidative DNA damage in bovine retained and nonretained placental membranes
    M Kankofe
    Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Agricultural University, Lublin, Poland
    Theriogenology 57:1929-38. 2002
    ..placental tissues showed increased levels of 8-OH-dG in comparison to the respective tissues of the retained placenta group...
  65. pmc Ethnoveterinary medicines used for ruminants in British Columbia, Canada
    Cheryl Lans
    School of Environmental Studies, University of Victoria, British Columbia, V8W 3P5, Canada
    J Ethnobiol Ethnomed 3:11. 2007
    ..The use of medicinal plants is an option for livestock farmers who are not allowed to use allopathic drugs under certified organic programs or cannot afford to use allopathic drugs for minor health problems of livestock...
  66. ncbi [Induced termination of second and third trimester pregnancy in women with scarred uterus]
    Li Ying Zou
    Department of Obstetrics, Beijing Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100026, China
    Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke Za Zhi 45:17-21. 2010
    ..To investigate the suitable mode of induced termination of pregnancy at second and third trimester for women with scarred uterus...
  67. ncbi Milk fever and subclinical hypocalcaemia--an evaluation of parameters on incidence risk, diagnosis, risk factors and biological effects as input for a decision support system for disease control
    H Houe
    Research Centre for the Management of Animal Production and Health, CEPROS Foulum, P O Box 50, DK 8830 Tjele, Denmark
    Acta Vet Scand 42:1-29. 2001
    ..The reproductive disorders included most importantly dystocia, uterine prolapse, retained placenta, metritis and repeat breeding, and occurrence of other diseases included ketosis, displaced abomasum and ..
  68. ncbi Culling of dairy cows. Part I. Effects of diseases on culling in Finnish Ayrshire cows
    P J Rajala-Schultz
    Department of Population Medicine and Diagnostic Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
    Prev Vet Med 41:195-208. 1999
    ..The diseases studied were: dystocia, milk fever, retained placenta, displacement of the abomasum, metritis, non-parturient paresis, ketosis, rumen disorders, acute mastitis, ..
  69. ncbi Pathology of brucellosis in bison from Yellowstone National Park
    J C Rhyan
    U S Department of Agriculture, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, Veterinary Services, National Wildlife Research Center, Fort Collins, Colorado 80521, USA
    J Wildl Dis 37:101-9. 2001
    ..One adult animal with a retained placenta had recently aborted. Serum samples from the 35 juvenile and adult bison were tested for Brucella spp...
  70. ncbi Chemotactic activity of cotyledons for mononuclear leukocytes related to occurrence of retained placenta in dexamethasone induced parturition in cattle
    L Benedictus
    Department of Farm Animal Health, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Theriogenology 76:802-9. 2011
    ..A negative side effect of induction of parturition with glucocorticosteroids is the high incidence of retained placenta that occurs after these calvings...
  71. ncbi Mifepristone-induced abortion and placental complications in subsequent pregnancy
    Qian Xi Zhu
    Department of Reproductive Epidemiology and Social Science, National Population and Family Planning Key Laboratory of Contraceptive Drugs and Devices, Shanghai Institute of Planned Parenthood Research, Shanghai 200032, China
    Hum Reprod 24:315-9. 2009
    ..The aim of the study was to explore the effect of first-trimester mifepristone-induced abortion (MA) on placental complications in subsequent pregnancy...
  72. ncbi Uterine rupture secondary to placenta percreta in a near-term pregnant woman with a history of hysterotomy
    Ching Hui Chen
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Taipei Medical University and Taipei Medical University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan
    J Obstet Gynaecol Res 37:71-4. 2011
    ..She was treated 2 years ago with bilateral uterine artery ligation and hysterotomy for removal of the retained placenta. An aggravation of abdominal pain occurred suddenly 4 h after hospitalization...
  73. ncbi Randomized clinical trial of antibiotic and prostaglandin treatments for uterine health and reproductive performance in dairy cows
    J Dubuc
    Department of Population Medicine, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, N1G 2W1, Canada
    J Dairy Sci 94:1325-38. 2011
    ..were classified at being at high risk of uterine disease (HRUD; n=1,017) if they had twins, dystocia, or retained placenta. All remaining cows were classified as being at low risk of uterine disease (LRUD; n=1,161)...
  74. ncbi Postpartum MR diagnosis of retained placenta accreta
    Yumiko Oishi Tanaka
    Department of Radiology, Institute of Clinical Medicine, University of Tsukuba, 1 1 1 Tennodai, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305 8575, Japan
    Eur Radiol 14:945-52. 2004
    b>Retained placenta accreta can cause catastrophic postpartum hemorrhage. This study aims to determine whether MR imaging can differentiate retained placenta accreta from postpartum hemorrhage caused by other conditions...
  75. pmc A comparative study of vaginal misoprostol and intravenous oxytocin for induction of labour in women with intra uterine fetal death in Mulago Hospital, Uganda
    N Nakintu
    Department of Obstetrics and Gyneacology, Makerere University, P O Box 7072, Kampala, Uganda
    Afr Health Sci 1:55-9. 2001
    ..Intrauterine fetal death is a major problem in obstetrics particularly in developing countries such as Uganda. Induction of labour in cases of fetal death using the available method of oxytocin is often difficult, expensive and frustrating...
  76. ncbi [Results of pregnancy termination for foetal congenital or chromosomal disorders or intrauterine foetal death by oral mifepristone and/or intravaginal misoprostol; results of a retrospective study]
    M T P G Verhulsdonk
    Amphia Ziekenhuis, locatie Langendijk, afd Verloskunde en Gynaecologie, RL Breda
    Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd 151:815-20. 2007
    ..The primary outcome measure was time to delivery. Secondary outcomes included: complication registration, need for pain relief and side effects...
  77. ncbi Effect of clinical mastitis on the lactation curve: a mixed model estimation using daily milk weights
    D J Wilson
    Department of Population Medicine and Diagnostic Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14850, USA
    J Dairy Sci 87:2073-84. 2004
    ..mastitis as well as for 8 other diseases defined using standardized case definitions (dystocia, milk fever, retained placenta, metritis, ketosis, displaced abomasum, lameness, and cystic ovarian disease) during the study period of ..
  78. ncbi Vaginal misoprostol versus concentrated oxytocin and vaginal PGE2 for second-trimester labor induction
    Patrick S Ramsey
    Center for Research in Women s Health, Division of Maternal Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics Gynecology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama 35249 7333, USA
    Obstet Gynecol 104:138-45. 2004
    ..To compare the efficacy, side effects, and complications of high-dose vaginal misoprostol with concentrated intravenous oxytocin plus low-dose vaginal prostaglandin (PGE(2)) for second-trimester labor induction...
  79. ncbi Effects of diseases on reproductive performance in Swedish Red and White dairy cattle
    D O Maizon
    Department of Animal Science, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
    Prev Vet Med 66:113-26. 2004
    ..Days open increased in cows with dystocia, stillbirth, retained placenta, metritis, or other diseases occurring in the first 45 d after calving, and in cows with metritis, mastitis, ..
  80. ncbi Child birth in squatting position
    Ayesha Nasir
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Centre, Karachi
    J Pak Med Assoc 57:19-22. 2007
    ..To assess the risks and benefits of squatting position during second stage of labour and its comparison with the supine position...
  81. ncbi Major obstetric hemorrhage
    Frederic J Mercier
    Department of Anesthesia and Intensive Care, Hopital Antoine Beclere, APHP and Universite Paris Sud, Clamart Cedex BP 405, France
    Anesthesiol Clin 26:53-66, vi. 2008
    ..of hemorrhage are abruptio placenta, placenta previa/accreta, uterine rupture in the antepartum period and retained placenta, uterine atony, and genital-tract trauma in the postpartum period...
  82. ncbi Simulated effects on dairy cattle health of extending the voluntary waiting period with recombinant bovine somatotropin
    H G Allore
    Department of Population Medicine and Diagnostic Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
    Prev Vet Med 46:29-50. 2000
    ..metabolic (left-displaced abomasum, ketosis, milk fever) and reproductive (cystic ovarian disease, dystocia, retained placenta, twinning, uterine infection) disorders in dairy herds was used...
  83. ncbi Medicinal plant use in the practice of midwifery in rural Honduras
    Tamara Ticktin
    Department of Botany, University of Hawaii at Manoa, 3190 Maile Way, Honolulu, HI 96822, USA
    J Ethnopharmacol 96:233-48. 2005
    ..used or knew of plant remedies for treatment of miscarriages, postpartum abdominal pain and hemorrhages, retained placenta, and for speeding up contractions during labor...
  84. ncbi Effects of disease on milk production in the dairy cow: a review
    C Fourichon
    Unit of Animal Health Management, Veterinary School INRA, Nantes, France
    Prev Vet Med 41:1-35. 1999
    Estimates of milk losses consequent to dystocia, stillbirth, milk fever, retained placenta, metritis, cystic ovaries, ketosis, displaced abomasum and locomotor disorders were reviewed...
  85. ncbi Effects of clinical mastitis caused by gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria and other organisms on the probability of conception in New York State Holstein dairy cows
    J A Hertl
    Section of Epidemiology, Department of Population Medicine and Diagnostic Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
    J Dairy Sci 93:1551-60. 2010
    ..Inseminations occurring in the summer were least likely to be successful. Retained placenta decreased the probability of conception. Conception was also less likely with each successive AI...
  86. ncbi Screening for high fertility in high-producing dairy cows
    F Lopez-Gatius
    Departamento de Produccion Animal, Universidad de Lleida, Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingeniería Agraria, Avda Alcalde Rovira Roure 191, 25198 Lleida, Spain
    Theriogenology 65:1678-89. 2006
    ..parity (primiparous versus multiparous), previous twinning, reproductive disorders following calving (retained placenta, primary metritis) and at postpartum gynecological examination (incomplete uterine involution, pyometra and ..
  87. ncbi Re-usable low density polyethylene arm glove for puerperal intrauterine exploration
    O N Makinde
    Department of Obstetrics, Gynaecology and Perinatology, College of Health Sciences, Obafemi Awolowo University, P O Box 2073, Ile Ife, Nigeria
    East Afr Med J 85:355-61. 2008
    ..The designed long arm glove should be cheap (affordable) and readily available in low resource centres and must have proven sterility assurance and tensile strength to confer protection for the health worker...
  88. ncbi A randomized comparison of misoprostol to intrauterine instillation of hypertonic saline plus a prostaglandin F2alpha analogue for second-trimester induction termination in Uzbekistan
    Nathalie Kapp
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA 02118, USA
    Contraception 76:461-6. 2007
    ....
  89. ncbi A meta-analysis of the impact of monensin in lactating dairy cattle. Part 3. Health and reproduction
    T F Duffield
    Department of Population Medicine, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada N1G 2W1
    J Dairy Sci 91:2328-41. 2008
    ..91). No significant effects of monensin were found for milk fever, lameness, dystocia, retained placenta, or metritis. Monensin had no effect on first-service conception risk (RR = 0...
  90. ncbi Obstetric risk factors and outcome of pregnancies complicated with early postpartum hemorrhage: a population-based study
    Eyal Sheiner
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Soroka University Medical Center, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheva, Israel
    J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 18:149-54. 2005
    ..The study was aimed to identify obstetric risk factors for early postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) in singleton gestations and to evaluate pregnancy outcome...
  91. ncbi Assessing the role of the non-pneumatic anti-shock garment in reducing mortality from postpartum hemorrhage in Nigeria
    Oladosu A Ojengbede
    Center for Population and Reproductive Health, College of Medicine University College Hospital, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria
    Gynecol Obstet Invest 71:66-72. 2011
    ..Postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) is the leading cause of maternal mortality. The non-pneumatic anti-shock garment (NASG), a first-aid lower-body pressure device, may decrease mortality...
  92. ncbi Prevention and management of postpartum hemorrhage
    Janice M Anderson
    Forbes Family Medicine Residency Program, Western Pennsylvania Hospital Forbes Regional Campus, Monroeville, Pennsylvania 15221, USA
    Am Fam Physician 75:875-82. 2007
    ..b>Retained placenta is a less common cause and requires examination of the placenta, exploration of the uterine cavity, and ..
  93. ncbi Use of corticosteroids alone or combined with glucose to treat ketosis in dairy cows
    N Y Shpigel
    Koret School of Veterinary Medicine, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot, Israel
    J Am Vet Med Assoc 208:1702-4. 1996
    ..To compare relative efficacy of dexamethasone and flumethasone alone or in combination with rapid IV infusion of glucose for treatment of ketosis in cattle...
  94. ncbi Placental tissue enhances uterine relaxation by nitroglycerin
    S Segal
    Department of Anesthesia, Harvard Medical School, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts 02115 6110, USA
    Anesth Analg 86:304-9. 1998
    ..anesthesia for facilitating acute uterine relaxation in the treatment of obstetric emergencies such as retained placenta. Laboratory investigations, however, have consistently found the uterus insensitive to clinically used doses ..
  95. ncbi Risk factors for postpartum uterine diseases in dairy cows
    J Dubuc
    Department of Population Medicine, University of Guelph, Ontario N1G 2W1, Canada
    J Dairy Sci 93:5764-71. 2010
    ..Risk factors for metritis included increased nonesterified fatty acid prepartum (≥ 0.6 mmol/L), dystocia, retained placenta, and increased Hapto in the first week postpartum (≥ 0.8 g/L)...
  96. ncbi Pregnancy-related mortality in Guatemala, 1993-1996
    E Kestler
    Epidemiologic Research Center in Reproductive Health, Hospital General San Juan de Dios, Guatemala
    Rev Panam Salud Publica 7:41-6. 2000
    ..nonmedical personnel, delivery-related maternal deaths from hemorrhage were most frequently associated with retained placenta. Developing countries are called on to implement systems that can provide continuous and systematic data ..
  97. ncbi The significance of peripartum fever in women undergoing vaginal deliveries
    Adi Bensal
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Health Sciences, Soroka University Medical Center, Ben Gurion University of Negev, Israel
    Am J Perinatol 25:567-72. 2008
    ..stage, suspected fetal distress, meconium-stained amniotic fluid, postpartum hemorrhage, manual lysis of a retained placenta, and revision of the uterine cavity and cervix were found to be independently associated with PPF by ..
  98. ncbi Effect of source of supplemental selenium on uterine health and embryo quality in high-producing dairy cows
    R L A Cerri
    School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California Davis, Tulare, CA 93274, USA
    Theriogenology 71:1127-37. 2009
    ..43 to 0.56 mg/kg of dry matter. Incidence of retained placenta, fever, ketosis, mastitis, acute puerperal metritis, clinical endometritis, and subclinical endometritis ..
  99. ncbi The associations between culling due to clinical Johne's disease or the detection of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis fecal shedding and the diagnosis of clinical or subclinical diseases in two dairy herds in Minnesota, USA
    Eran A Raizman
    Department of Veterinary Population Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Minnesota, St Paul, MN 55108, United States
    Prev Vet Med 80:166-78. 2007
    ..signs, ketosis, lameness, mastitis, displacement abomasum, injury, metritis, milk fever, pneumonia, and retained placenta) was recorded. Sixty-six cows were culled because of JD clinical signs (CCDJ) with average DIM of 209...
  100. ncbi Optimizing replacement of dairy cows: modeling the effects of diseases
    Y T Grohn
    Department of Population Medicine and Diagnostic Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
    Prev Vet Med 61:27-43. 2003
    ..were considered significant: mastitis and lameness, any time during lactation; dystocia, milk fever and retained placenta, 0-4 days of lactation; displaced abomasum, 5-30 days; ketosis and metritis, 5-60 days; and cystic ovaries, ..
  101. ncbi Risk factors for hypospadias in Norwegian boys - association with testicular dysgenesis syndrome?
    Elin Leirvoll Aschim
    Andrology Laboratory, Department of Gynaecology and Obstetrics, Rikshospitalet University Hospital, Oslo, Norway
    Int J Androl 27:213-21. 2004
    ..39) during index pregnancy, and (pre)eclampsia (OR = 1.84); (ii) complications during delivery, e.g. retained placenta (OR = 1.67) or Caesarean section (OR = 1.36); (iii) characteristics of the newborn, e.g...

Research Grants1

  1. Risk factors for medically indicated preterm birth in a Latin American population
    CLAUDIO GERARDO SOSA; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The long-term goal of this research program is to develop intervention strategies that are based on the risk factors identified in the proposed study resulting in decreased morbidity and mortality. ..