trichomonas vaginitis

Summary

Summary: Inflammation of the vagina, marked by a purulent discharge. This disease is caused by the protozoan TRICHOMONAS VAGINALIS.

Top Publications

  1. pmc Screening for sexually transmitted diseases in rural women in Papua New Guinea: are WHO therapeutic algorithms appropriate for case detection?
    M Passey
    Papua New Guinea Institute of Medical Research, New Guinea
    Bull World Health Organ 76:401-11. 1998
  2. pmc Prevalence of sexually transmitted infections (Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Chlamydia trachomatis, Trichomonas vaginalis and human papillomavirus) in female attendees of a sexually transmitted diseases clinic in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia
    S M Garland
    Department of Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, The Royal Women's Hospital, Melbourne, Australia
    Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol 9:143-6. 2001
  3. ncbi How useful are high vaginal swabs in general practice? Results of a multicentre study
    E Jungmann
    Department of Genitourinary Medicine, Mortimer Market Centre, London, UK
    Int J STD AIDS 15:238-9. 2004
  4. pmc Experience with routine vaginal pH testing in a family practice setting
    Adriana J Pavletic
    Department of Family Medicine, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE, USA
    Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol 12:63-8. 2004
  5. ncbi Trichomonas vaginalis associated with low birth weight and preterm delivery. The Vaginal Infections and Prematurity Study Group
    M F Cotch
    National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, Bethesda, Maryland, USA
    Sex Transm Dis 24:353-60. 1997
  6. ncbi tvcp12: a novel Trichomonas vaginalis cathepsin L-like cysteine proteinase-encoding gene
    Claudia R León-Sicairos
    Departamento de Patologia Experimental, Centro de Investigación y de Estudios Avanzados del IPN CINVESTAV IPN, AP 14 740, Mexico City, 07000, Mexico
    Microbiology 150:1131-8. 2004
  7. ncbi Trichomonas vaginalis: characterization of a 39-kDa cysteine proteinase found in patient vaginal secretions
    Rodolfo Hernandez-Gutierrez
    Departamento de Patologia Experimental, Centro de Investigacion y de Estudios Avanzados del IPN, Apdo Postal 14 740, 07300, Mexico, DF, Mexico
    Exp Parasitol 107:125-35. 2004
  8. ncbi Infection with Trichomonas vaginalis increases the risk of HIV-1 acquisition
    R Scott McClelland
    Department of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98104, USA
    J Infect Dis 195:698-702. 2007
  9. ncbi The prevalence of Trichomonas vaginalis infection among reproductive-age women in the United States, 2001-2004
    Madeline Sutton
    National Center for HIV AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, Sexually Transmitted Disease, and Tuberculosis Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 45:1319-26. 2007
  10. ncbi Cysteine proteinase 30 (CP30) and antibody response to CP30 in serum and vaginal washes of symptomatic and asymptomatic Trichomonas vaginalis-infected women
    M Yadav
    Department of Parasitology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India
    Parasite Immunol 29:359-65. 2007

Detail Information

Publications181 found, 100 shown here

  1. pmc Screening for sexually transmitted diseases in rural women in Papua New Guinea: are WHO therapeutic algorithms appropriate for case detection?
    M Passey
    Papua New Guinea Institute of Medical Research, New Guinea
    Bull World Health Organ 76:401-11. 1998
    ..Simple algorithms and risk assessments are not valid for case detection in this population...
  2. pmc Prevalence of sexually transmitted infections (Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Chlamydia trachomatis, Trichomonas vaginalis and human papillomavirus) in female attendees of a sexually transmitted diseases clinic in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia
    S M Garland
    Department of Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, The Royal Women's Hospital, Melbourne, Australia
    Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol 9:143-6. 2001
    ..Furthermore, detection of oncogenic HPV was common, indicating that it is vital that a strategy to reduce cervical cancer such as a pre-cancer cervical cytology screening program also be introduced...
  3. ncbi How useful are high vaginal swabs in general practice? Results of a multicentre study
    E Jungmann
    Department of Genitourinary Medicine, Mortimer Market Centre, London, UK
    Int J STD AIDS 15:238-9. 2004
    ..22%). There is an urgent need to establish the most cost-effective approach for the management of these women...
  4. pmc Experience with routine vaginal pH testing in a family practice setting
    Adriana J Pavletic
    Department of Family Medicine, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE, USA
    Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol 12:63-8. 2004
    ..Consequently, little information exists on its use in a primary care setting...
  5. ncbi Trichomonas vaginalis associated with low birth weight and preterm delivery. The Vaginal Infections and Prematurity Study Group
    M F Cotch
    National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, Bethesda, Maryland, USA
    Sex Transm Dis 24:353-60. 1997
    ..Compared with whites and Hispanics, T. vaginalis infection accounts for a disproportionately larger share of the low birth weight rate in blacks...
  6. ncbi tvcp12: a novel Trichomonas vaginalis cathepsin L-like cysteine proteinase-encoding gene
    Claudia R León-Sicairos
    Departamento de Patologia Experimental, Centro de Investigación y de Estudios Avanzados del IPN CINVESTAV IPN, AP 14 740, Mexico City, 07000, Mexico
    Microbiology 150:1131-8. 2004
    ..These data suggest that tvcp12 is another gene that is negatively regulated by iron and that the length of the poly(A) tail may be one of the factors involved in the iron-modulated protein expression...
  7. ncbi Trichomonas vaginalis: characterization of a 39-kDa cysteine proteinase found in patient vaginal secretions
    Rodolfo Hernandez-Gutierrez
    Departamento de Patologia Experimental, Centro de Investigacion y de Estudios Avanzados del IPN, Apdo Postal 14 740, 07300, Mexico, DF, Mexico
    Exp Parasitol 107:125-35. 2004
    ..Finally, CP39 was found to be immunogenic, as evidenced by detection on immunoblots with serum of patients with trichomonosis, but not control individuals. These data suggest that CP39 may play a role during trichomonal infection...
  8. ncbi Infection with Trichomonas vaginalis increases the risk of HIV-1 acquisition
    R Scott McClelland
    Department of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98104, USA
    J Infect Dis 195:698-702. 2007
    ..52-fold (95% confidence interval, 1.04-2.24-fold) increased risk of HIV-1 acquisition after adjustment for potential confounding factors. Treatment and prevention of T. vaginalis infection could reduce HIV-1 risk in women...
  9. ncbi The prevalence of Trichomonas vaginalis infection among reproductive-age women in the United States, 2001-2004
    Madeline Sutton
    National Center for HIV AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, Sexually Transmitted Disease, and Tuberculosis Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 45:1319-26. 2007
    ..However, there are no data on the prevalence of trichomoniasis among all reproductive-age women. We estimated the prevalence of T. vaginalis infection from a nationally representative sample of women in the United States...
  10. ncbi Cysteine proteinase 30 (CP30) and antibody response to CP30 in serum and vaginal washes of symptomatic and asymptomatic Trichomonas vaginalis-infected women
    M Yadav
    Department of Parasitology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India
    Parasite Immunol 29:359-65. 2007
    ..Although anti-CP30 antibodies do not appear to be protective, detection of antibody to CP30 antigen in serum samples may be used as a diagnostic tool...
  11. ncbi Prevalence of Trichomonas vaginalis infection in women attending a major gynaecological hospital in Greece: a cross-sectional study
    Evangelia Theophano Piperaki
    Department of Microbiology, Medical School, University of Athens, 11527 Athens, Greece
    J Clin Pathol 63:249-53. 2010
    ..The prevalence of Trichomonas vaginalis is not accurately estimated, since it is not a reportable disease...
  12. ncbi Monoclonal antibodies against a 62 kDa proteinase of Trichomonas vaginalis decrease parasite cytoadherence to epithelial cells and confer protection in mice
    H Hernandez
    Parasitology Department, Pedro Kouri Tropical Medicine Institute, Havana, Cuba
    Parasite Immunol 26:119-25. 2004
    ..These studies show that an appropriate antibody against 62 kDa proteinase can help the host resist a challenge by the intraperitoneal route with T. vaginalis...
  13. ncbi Risk factors for prevalent and incident Trichomonas vaginalis among women attending three sexually transmitted disease clinics
    Donna J Helms
    Division of STD Prevention, CDC, Atlanta, Georgia 30329, USA
    Sex Transm Dis 35:484-8. 2008
    ..The purpose of this analysis is to describe the epidemiology of T. vaginalis in Sexually Transmitted Disease clinics and characterize the risk factors associated with prevalent and incident T. vaginalis within the same population...
  14. pmc Prevalence of Trichomonas vaginalis and coinfection with Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae in the United States as determined by the Aptima Trichomonas vaginalis nucleic acid amplification assay
    C C Ginocchio
    North Shore LIJ Health System Laboratories, Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Division of Infectious Disease Diagnostics, Hofstra University North Shore LIJ School of Medicine and Feinstein Institute for Molecular Medicine, Lake Success, New York, USA
    J Clin Microbiol 50:2601-8. 2012
    ..Coinfections were relatively low. High T. vaginalis prevalence in all age groups suggests that women screened for C. trachomatis/N. gonorrhoeae, whether asymptomatic or symptomatic, should be screened for T. vaginalis...
  15. ncbi Sexually transmitted infections and sexual behaviour among youth clients of hotel-based female sex workers in Dhaka, Bangladesh
    F Haseen
    International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh GPO Box 128, Dhaka 1000, Bangladesh
    Int J STD AIDS 23:553-9. 2012
    ..95) for condom use at last sex. Male clients of FSWs, including YCHBFSW, are an important bridge population for HIV transmission in Bangladesh and HIV interventions should be designed and implemented for them...
  16. ncbi Utility of antimicrobial susceptibility testing in Trichomonas vaginalis-infected women with clinical treatment failure
    Elizabeth A Bosserman
    Atlanta Research and Education Foundation, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Sex Transm Dis 38:983-7. 2011
    ..The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention provides drug susceptibility testing and guidance for treatment failures but the efficacy of the alternate recommendations has not been assessed...
  17. ncbi Effects of bacterial vaginosis and other genital infections on the natural history of human papillomavirus infection in HIV-1-infected and high-risk HIV-1-uninfected women
    D Heather Watts
    National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, NIH, Bethesda, Maryland 20892 7510, USA
    J Infect Dis 191:1129-39. 2005
    ..Whether the natural history of human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is affected by bacterial vaginosis (BV) or Trichomonas vaginalis (TV) infection has not been adequately investigated in prospective studies...
  18. ncbi Trichomonas vaginalis prevalence, incidence, risk factors and antibiotic-resistance in an adolescent population
    Jamie W Krashin
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Sex Transm Dis 37:440-4. 2010
    ..To determine the prevalence and incidence of trichomoniasis, risk factors for infection, and the prevalence of metronidazole and tinidazole-resistant Trichomonas vaginalis (T. vaginalis) in female adolescents...
  19. pmc In vitro metronidazole and tinidazole activities against metronidazole-resistant strains of Trichomonas vaginalis
    Andrea L Crowell
    Division of Parasitic Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Public Health Service, U S Department of Health and Human Services, Atlanta, Georgia 30341, USA
    Antimicrob Agents Chemother 47:1407-9. 2003
    ..Increased metronidazole resistance correlated with increased tinidazole resistance. These data support a role for tinidazole in the treatment of trichomoniasis...
  20. pmc Trichomonas vaginalis infection and associated risk factors in a socially-marginalized female population in coastal Peru
    Segundo R Leon
    Laboratorio de Salud Sexual, Laboratorios de Investigación y Desarrollo, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Lima 31, Peru
    Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol 2009:752437. 2009
    ....
  21. ncbi Prevalence of metronidazole-resistant Trichomonas vaginalis in a gynecology clinic
    G Schmid
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and Grady Memorial Hospital, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    J Reprod Med 46:545-9. 2001
    ..To determine the prevalence of in vitro resistance to metronidazole among unselected isolates of Trichomonas vaginalis and correlate in vitro findings with response to metronidazole therapy...
  22. pmc Trichomonas vaginalis, HIV, and African-Americans
    F Sorvillo
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of California, Los Angeles, 90024, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 7:927-32. 2001
    ..Substantial HIV transmission may be attributable to T. vaginalis in African-American communities of the United States...
  23. ncbi Rapid antigen testing compares favorably with transcription-mediated amplification assay for the detection of Trichomonas vaginalis in young women
    Jill S Huppert
    Division of Adoeslecent Medicine, Cincinnati Children s Hospital Medical Center, and University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, OH 45229 3039, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 45:194-8. 2007
    ..We assessed the sensitivity and specificity of 4 tests for the identification of TV using 3 statistical approaches...
  24. pmc Use of an immunochromatographic assay for rapid detection of Trichomonas vaginalis in vaginal specimens
    Jill S Huppert
    Division of Adolescent Medicine ML 4000, Cincinnati Children s Hospital Medical Center, 3333 Burnet Ave, Cincinnati, OH 45229 3039, USA
    J Clin Microbiol 43:684-7. 2005
    ..The OSOM Trichomonas Rapid Test is a simple, objective test that can be expected to improve the diagnosis of T. vaginalis, especially where microscopy and culture are unavailable...
  25. pmc Lack of evidence for the involvement of rectal and oral trichomonads in the aetiology of vaginal trichomoniasis in Ghana
    Y Adu-Sarkodie
    School of Medical Sciences, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana
    Sex Transm Infect 83:130-2. 2007
    ..To investigate the possible involvement of human trichomonads (Pentatrichomonas hominis and Trichomonas tenax) other than Trichomonas vaginalis in the aetiology of vaginal trichomoniasis...
  26. pmc Evaluation of the OSOM Trichomonas rapid test versus wet preparation examination for detection of Trichomonas vaginalis vaginitis in specimens from women with a low prevalence of infection
    L Campbell
    Calgary Laboratory Services, 9 3535 Research Rd NW, Calgary, Alberta, Canada T2L 2K8
    J Clin Microbiol 46:3467-9. 2008
    ..7, 100, 99.9, 100, and 99.9%, respectively. The implementation of OSOM Trich would decrease labor costs...
  27. ncbi Trichomonas vaginalis infection and human immunodeficiency virus acquisition in African women
    Barbara Van Der Pol
    Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Indiana, USA
    J Infect Dis 197:548-54. 2008
    ..However, its impact as a cofactor for HIV acquisition is poorly understood...
  28. ncbi The effect of treatment of vaginal infections on shedding of human immunodeficiency virus type 1
    C C Wang
    Departments of Medicine and Epidemiology, Division of Infectious Diseases, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98104 2499, USA
    J Infect Dis 183:1017-22. 2001
    ..cells, HIV-1-seropositive women were examined before and after treatment of Candida vulvovaginitis, Trichomonas vaginitis, and bacterial vaginosis. For Candida (n=98), vaginal HIV-1 RNA decreased from 3.36 to 2...
  29. ncbi Investigation of a suspected outbreak of vaginal trichomoniasis among female inmates
    J D Klausner
    STD Prevention and Control Services, San Francisco Department of Public Health, California 94103, USA
    Sex Transm Dis 26:335-8. 1999
    ..We investigated a suspected outbreak of trichomoniasis among female inmates and described the epidemiology of trichomonas infection...
  30. pmc Comparison of culture and different PCR assays for detection of Trichomonas vaginalis in self collected vaginal swab specimens
    T Crucitti
    STD HIV Research and Intervention Unit, Department of Microbiology, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, Belgium
    Sex Transm Infect 79:393-8. 2003
    ..The sensitivity and specificity of five independent primer sets were determined on self collected vaginal specimens obtained from female commercial sex workers...
  31. pmc Trichomonas vaginalis treatment reduces vaginal HIV-1 shedding
    Patricia Kissinger
    Tulane University Health Sciences Center School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, New Orleans, Louisiana 70012, USA
    Sex Transm Dis 36:11-6. 2009
    ..Vaginal HIV-1 shedding has been associated with Trichomonas vaginalis (TV) infection and could play a role in HIV transmission. The purpose of the study was to examine if effective TV treatment reduces the presence of vaginal HIV-1 RNA...
  32. pmc Delayed versus immediate bedside inoculation of culture media for diagnosis of vaginal trichomonosis
    J R Schwebke
    Division of Infectious Diseases, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama 35294 0006, USA
    J Clin Microbiol 37:2369-70. 1999
    ..The sensitivities of the two methods were 100 and 97.4%, respectively. Delayed inoculation of culture medium for women without evidence of trichomonosis on direct microscopic examination is a valid diagnostic procedure...
  33. ncbi The epidemiology of trichomoniasis in women in four African cities
    A Buve
    Department of Microbiology, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, Belgium
    AIDS 15:S89-96. 2001
    ..To describe the epidemiology of Trichomonas vaginalis infection and its association with HIV infection, in women in four African cities with different levels of HIV infection...
  34. ncbi Treatment failure of vaginal trichomoniasis in clinical practice
    Satyajit Das
    Department of Genito Urinary Medicine, Whittall Street Clinic, Whittall Street, Birmingham B4 6DH, UK
    Int J STD AIDS 16:284-6. 2005
    ..A standardized treatment algorithm using a high dose of metronidazole may be useful in the absence of any new, efficacious non-imidazole-based TV therapy in the clinical management of persistent TV infection...
  35. ncbi Trichomonas vaginalis infection: the most prevalent nonviral sexually transmitted infection receives the least public health attention
    Barbara Van Der Pol
    Clin Infect Dis 44:23-5. 2007
  36. pmc Treatment of infections caused by metronidazole-resistant Trichomonas vaginalis
    Sarah L Cudmore
    Division of Biochemistry, Microbiology, and Immunology, Faculty of Mediine, University of Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
    Clin Microbiol Rev 17:783-93, table of contents. 2004
    ..This review describes the mechanisms of metronidazole resistance in T. vaginalis and provides a summary of trichomonicidal and vaccine candidate drugs...
  37. ncbi Opportunities for treating sexually transmitted infections and reducing HIV risk in rural South Africa
    J A Frohlich
    Centre for AIDS Programme of Research in South Africa CAPRISA, School of Nursing, Doris Duke Medical Research Institute, Nelson R Mandela School of Medicine, Congella, South Africa
    J Adv Nurs 60:377-83. 2007
    ..This paper is a report of a study to determine the aetiological distribution of sexually transmitted infections and prevalence of human immunodeficiency virus infection in selected primary health care clinic attendees...
  38. pmc Use of an adaptation of a commercially available PCR assay aimed at diagnosis of chlamydia and gonorrhea to detect Trichomonas vaginalis in urogenital specimens
    Barbara Van Der Pol
    Division of Infectious Diseases, Indiana University Scool of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN 46202, USA
    J Clin Microbiol 44:366-73. 2006
    ..Using samples prepared for, and reagents from, the C. trachomatis-N. gonorrhoeae PCR assay allowed incorporation of T. vaginalis PCR diagnosis into routine clinical testing...
  39. ncbi [Genital discharge in women]
    Ioannis Mylonas
    1 Frauenklinik Klinikum Innenstadt, LMU Munchen
    MMW Fortschr Med 149:42-6; quiz 47. 2007
    ..Due to the variety of causes, a symptomatic treatment should not be prescribed without prior diagnosis...
  40. ncbi [Vulvovaginitis: vaginal pH changes and associated microflora]
    Ana Conceição Ribeiro Dantas Saturnino
    Departamento de Análises Clínicas e Toxicológicas da Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte
    Acta Cir Bras 20:266-9. 2005
    ..To establish a correlation between pH vaginal and the microflora associated in carriers of vulvovaginites...
  41. pmc Clinical evaluation of affirm VPIII in the detection and identification of Trichomonas vaginalis, Gardnerella vaginalis, and Candida species in vaginitis/vaginosis
    Haywood L Brown
    Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Pathology, St Vincent Hospitals and Health Service, Indianapolis, IN, USA
    Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol 12:17-21. 2004
    ..To compare the Affirm VPIII Microbial Identification Test for detection and identification of Candida species, Gardnerella vaginalis and Trichomonas vaginalis to clinical and microscopic criteria commonly used to diagnose vaginitis...
  42. ncbi Is the presence of Trichomonas on a Pap smear associated with an increased incidence of bacterial vaginosis?
    Debra S Heller
    Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, UH E158, UMDNJ New Jersey Medical School, Newark, NJ 07101, USA
    J Low Genit Tract Dis 10:137-9. 2006
    ..It has been postulated that the presence of Trichomonas creates an anaerobic environment that favors BV. Thus, BV should be more frequent in the presence of Trichomonas if Trichomonas is creating a favorable anaerobic environment...
  43. ncbi Association of Trichomonas vaginalis with sociodemographic factors and other STDs among female inmates in Lisbon
    A Garcia
    Faculdade de Farmacia, Universidade de Lisboa, Lisboa, Portugal
    Int J STD AIDS 15:615-8. 2004
    ..Screening for STDs should then be offered to Portuguese inmates, or, at least, these women should be screened for T. vaginalis, as a marker for the other STDs...
  44. ncbi Sociodemographic markers and behavioral correlates of sexually transmitted infections in a nonclinical sample of adolescent and young adult women
    Cherrie B Boyer
    Department of Pediatrics, Division of Adolescent Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94143 0503, USA
    J Infect Dis 194:307-15. 2006
    ..We examined sociodemographic markers and 3-month behavioral correlates of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in a nonclinical cross-section of adolescent and young adult women...
  45. ncbi [Use of arilin (Dr.Wolff) in the treatment of bacterial vaginosis and trichomoniasis during the period of 01.10.2003-31.12.2003]
    N Staikova
    Akush Ginekol (Sofiia) 43:34-5. 2004
  46. ncbi [Research progress on the detection methods of trichomoniasis vaginalis]
    Hui Xie
    Zhongguo Ji Sheng Chong Xue Yu Ji Sheng Chong Bing Za Zhi 22:179-81. 2004
  47. ncbi Targeted screening for Trichomonas vaginalis with culture using a two-step method in women presenting for STD evaluation
    Heidi Swygard
    Department of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 27599 7030, USA
    Sex Transm Dis 31:659-64. 2004
    ..Trichomonas vaginalis is the most common nonviral sexually transmitted pathogen. Wet mount microscopy performs poorly compared with culture; however, universal screening using culture would be cost-prohibitive...
  48. ncbi Comparative in vitro cytotoxic effects of ornidazole, metronidazole and ciprofloxacin against Trichomonas vaginalis trophozoites
    T Inceboz
    Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine, Dokuz Eylul University, Inciralti, 35340, Izmir, Turkey
    J Chemother 16:459-62. 2004
    ..vaginalis trophozoites in terms of MIC and MLC levels. It is interesting to note that ciprofloxacin, although not as effective as the others, also had some cytotoxic effect on T. vaginalis trophozoites...
  49. ncbi Trichomoniasis and its treatment
    Neha Nanda
    Department of Medicine, Oklahoma University Health Science Center, Oklahoma City, OK, USA
    Expert Rev Anti Infect Ther 4:125-35. 2006
    ..Alternatives to nitroimidazole therapy are few, and most have limited efficacy and significant toxicity...
  50. ncbi Trichomonas vaginalis infection in male sexual partners: implications for diagnosis, treatment, and prevention
    Arlene C Sena
    Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 44:13-22. 2007
    ..Nucleic acid amplification tests can increase detection of T. vaginalis in men compared with culture...
  51. pmc The prevalence of chlamydia, gonorrhea, and trichomonas in sexual partnerships: implications for partner notification and treatment
    Ayesha Khan
    Division of Infectious Diseases, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Indiana 46202, USA
    Sex Transm Dis 32:260-4. 2005
    ..However, limited data exists regarding STIs within sexual partnerships (dyads)...
  52. ncbi Vaginal swabs versus lavage for detection of Trichomonas vaginalis and bacterial vaginosis among HIV-positive women
    Patricia J Kissinger
    Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, New Orleans, Louisiana 70112, USA
    Sex Transm Dis 32:227-30. 2005
    ..Cervicovaginal lavage (CVL) is often used for research and may be easier and more accurate than vaginal swabs as a specimen collection method...
  53. ncbi Diagnosis of sexually transmitted infections (STI) using self-collected non-invasive specimens
    Suzanne M Garland
    Department of Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, The Royal Women s Hospital of Women s and Children s Health, 132 Grattan Street, Carlton, VIC 3053, Australia
    Sex Health 1:121-6. 2004
    ....
  54. ncbi Is the presence of Trichomonas vaginalis a reliable predictor of coinfection with Chlamydia trachomatis and/or Neisseria gonorrhoeae in female ED patients?
    Michael J White
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Eastern Virginia Medical School, Norfolk, 23507, USA
    Am J Emerg Med 23:127-30. 2005
    ....
  55. ncbi Evaluation of the effect of a plant alkaloid (berberine derived from Berberis aristata) on Trichomonas vaginalis in vitro
    S A Soffar
    Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt
    J Egypt Soc Parasitol 31:893-904 + 1p plate. 2001
    ..Results showed that berberine sulphate was comparable to metronidazole as regards potency with the advantage of being more safe and possible replacement in metronidazole resistant cases...
  56. ncbi Premature with trichomoniasis: report of one case
    Jeng Jye Wang
    Department of Pediatrics, Cardinal Tien Hospital, 362, Jhongjheng Rd, Hsintian City, Taipei Hsien 231, Taiwan, ROC
    Acta Paediatr Taiwan 46:219-21. 2005
    ..Infants with recurrent vaginal discharge presenting beyond the neonatal period may be attributed to T. vaginalis infection...
  57. ncbi The association between Trichomonas vaginalis infection and level of vaginal lactobacilli, in nonpregnant women
    Michelle R Torok
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
    J Infect Dis 196:1102-7. 2007
    ..6 [95% CI, 2.2-9.5]) but not in women with a lower educational level (OR, 1.6 [95% CI, 0.7-3.4]). Vaginal lactobacilli may be associated with trichomoniasis in women with higher levels of education or a related behavioral factor...
  58. ncbi [Prevalence of Trichomonas vaginalis Donné in women of Lódź population in 1955-1999 years]
    A Kurnatowska
    Katedra Biologii i Parazytologii Lekarskiej AM w Lodzi, ,
    Wiad Parazytol 47:9-12. 2001
    ..The prevalence of T. vaginalis in women population of Lódź region was high (from 26.6% still 78.0%); on the last ten years in about half of the sample examined women were infected of T. vaginalis...
  59. ncbi Alternative drugs against Trichomonas vaginalis
    N K Mahdi
    Department of Microbiology, University of Basra, Iraq
    East Mediterr Health J 12:679-84. 2006
    ..5 mL medium. Extract of Myrtus communis caused death of T. vaginalis at pH 4.65, but failed to do so at pH 6.00. Extract of Eucalyptus comaldensis (50 mg in 0.1 mL medium) at pH 5.35 caused death of T. vaginalis after 24 hours...
  60. ncbi Molecular characterization of Egyptian Trichomonas vaginalis clinical isolates by HSP70 restriction fragment length polymorphism
    Eman M Hussien
    Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine, Suez Canal University, Ismailia, Egypt
    J Egypt Soc Parasitol 35:699-710. 2005
    ..T. vaginalis virus (TVV) was present in 7 isolates (35%). Only one isolate was considered resistant to Metronidazole. There were no relations between TVV infection or Metronidazole susceptibility and RFLP subtypes...
  61. ncbi Treatment of metronidazole-resistant Trichomonas vaginalis with tinidazole: case reports of three patients
    W David Hager
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky, USA
    Sex Transm Dis 31:343-5. 2004
    ..vaginalis, a more prolonged duration of action, and improved patient tolerability. This report describes the successful use of tinidazole in 3 cases of clinically metronidazole-resistant trichomoniasis...
  62. ncbi [Association between Mycoplasma genitalium and preterm labor]
    E Kovachev
    Departament of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Medical Universiti Varna
    Akush Ginekol (Sofiia) 41:26-9. 2002
    ..genitalium. The occurrence of M. genitalium in posterior vaginal fornix at midtrimester is infrequent in pregnant women and unlikely to be a contributing factor for spontaneous preterm birth...
  63. ncbi Resistance of Trichomonas vaginalis infections to metronidazole in Auckland sexual health clinics: report of two cases
    Min Lo
    Auckland Sexual Health Service, Auckland District Health Board, Auckland, New Zealand
    N Z Med J 115:U147. 2002
  64. pmc The diagnosis of chlamydia, gonorrhoea, and trichomonas infections by self obtained low vaginal swabs, in remote northern Australian clinical practice
    S C Garrow
    Kimberley Public Health Unit, PMB 912, Derby, WA, 6728 Australia
    Sex Transm Infect 78:278-81. 2002
    ....
  65. ncbi Trichomonas vaginalis polymerase chain reaction compared with standard diagnostic and therapeutic protocols for detection and treatment of vaginal trichomoniasis
    Karen A Wendel
    Division of Infectious Diseases, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 35:576-80. 2002
    ..02). TV is significantly undertreated using standard algorithms for metronidazole therapy. Given the association of trichomoniasis with perinatal morbidity and HIV transmission, women in high-risk groups may benefit from TV PCR...
  66. ncbi Clinical impact of identifying Trichomonas vaginalis on cervicovaginal (Papanicolaou) smears
    I T Burja
    Department of Pathology, East Tennessee State University, College of Medicine, Johnson City 37614-0568, USA
    Diagn Cytopathol 24:195-9. 2001
    ..Despite the fact that most patients were asymptomatic, the majority received treatment and/or evaluation after the Pap smear report was received...
  67. ncbi Prevalence of trichomonas vaginalis in patients with vaginal discharge in Lagos, Nigeria
    R I Anorlu
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, College of Medicine of University of Lagos, Idi-Araba
    Niger Postgrad Med J 8:183-6. 2001
    ..In 47 (31.5%) the amine test was negative. The prevalence of T vaginalis among women with vaginal discharge is high. Women complaining of vaginal discharge should be thoroughly screened for T. vaginalis using all available methods...
  68. ncbi Vitamin A deficiency and genital tract infections in women living in Central Africa
    Laurent Belec
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 29:203-4. 2002
  69. ncbi Consideration for Empiric Trichomonas vaginalis treatment among selected high-risk HIV-infected female populations with concurrent Neisseria gonorrhea or Chlamydia trachomatis cervical infections
    Rebecca A Clark
    Sex Transm Dis 33:124-5. 2006
  70. ncbi Drug resistance in the sexually transmitted protozoan Trichomonas vaginalis
    Rebecca L Dunne
    The Queensland Institute of Medical Research, The Australian Centre for International and Tropical Health and Nutrition, Brisbane, Queensland 4029, Australia
    Cell Res 13:239-49. 2003
    ..Drug resistance incidence in T. vaginalis appears to be on the increase and improved surveillance of treatment failures is urged...
  71. ncbi Vaginitis in a gynecologic practice in Israel: causes and risk factors
    Michael Dan
    Infectious Diseases Unit, Wolfson Hospital, Holon, Israel
    Isr Med Assoc J 5:629-32. 2003
    ..Vaginal symptoms are a leading reason for a patient to visit her gynecologist. Little is known about the prevalence of the different causes of vaginitis and the risk factors for this entity in Israel...
  72. ncbi Predictive value of the clinical diagnosis of lower genital tract infection in women
    Daniel V Landers
    Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences, School of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh and Magee Women s Research Institute, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 190:1004-10. 2004
    ..We hypothesized that diagnostic approaches to lower genital tract infections are inaccurate and proposed this study to evaluate typical approaches...
  73. ncbi Metronidazole-resistant strains of Trichomonas vaginalis display increased susceptibility to oxygen
    D Rasoloson
    Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Science, Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic
    Parasitology 123:45-56. 2001
    ..The increased levels of intracellular oxygen, beneficial to resistant parasites when they interact with the drug, may have adverse effects on their fitness as shown by their increased sensitivity to oxidative stress...
  74. ncbi Factors associated with the prevalence and incidence of Trichomonas vaginalis infection among African American women in New York city who use drugs
    Maureen Miller
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, New York Medical College, Valhalla, New York 10595, USA
    J Infect Dis 197:503-9. 2008
    ..Trichomoniasis vaginalis, the most prevalent nonviral sexually transmitted infection, is associated with negative reproductive outcomes and increased HIV transmission and may be overrepresented among African Americans...
  75. ncbi Temporal associations with declining Trichomonas vaginalis diagnosis rates among women in the state of Victoria, Australia, 1947 to 2005
    John Marrone
    School of Population Health, University of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
    Sex Transm Dis 35:572-6. 2008
    ....
  76. ncbi The polymicrobial hypothesis of bacterial vaginosis causation: a reassessment
    W E Josey
    Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Int J STD AIDS 19:152-4. 2008
    ..e., primary causation by a specific agent, with secondary anaerobic activation and resultant amine production...
  77. ncbi Treatment of Trichomonas in pregnancy and adverse outcomes of pregnancy: a subanalysis of a randomized trial in Rakai, Uganda
    Godfrey G Kigozi
    Rakai Project, Uganda Virus Research Institute, Entebbe and Kampala, Uganda
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 189:1398-400. 2003
    ..The purpose of this study was to assess the association of presumptive Trichomonas vaginalis treatment during pregnancy and birth outcomes...
  78. ncbi Sexual risk behaviors and sexually transmitted infection prevalence in an outpatient psychiatry clinic
    Cynthia King
    Department of Medicine, The University of Alabama at Birmingham, School of Medicine, Birmingham, Alabama 35294 0007, USA
    Sex Transm Dis 35:877-82. 2008
    ..Few data describe the prevalence of risk behaviors or STI among persons with SPMI. We aim to quantitate STI/human immunodeficiency virus risk and determine the STI prevalence amongst outpatient psychiatric clinic attendees...
  79. ncbi Study on the transmission of Toxoplasma gondii by semen in rabbits
    Shi Guo Liu
    Department of Parasitology, Xinxiang Medical College, Xinxiang 453003, China
    Zhongguo Ji Sheng Chong Xue Yu Ji Sheng Chong Bing Za Zhi 24:166-70. 2006
    ..To confirm the transmission of Toxoplasma gondii by semen and to investigate the impact of vaginal status on the transmission of T. gondii in female rabbits...
  80. ncbi Over-the-counter antifungal drug misuse associated with patient-diagnosed vulvovaginal candidiasis
    Daron G Ferris
    Department of Family Medicine, Medical College of Georgia, Augusta, Georgia 30912, USA
    Obstet Gynecol 99:419-25. 2002
    ..To estimate what proportion of symptomatic women purchasing over-the-counter antifungal products for immediate treatment of presumed vulvovaginal candidiasis have vulvovaginal candidiasis or other genitourinary conditions...
  81. ncbi Prevalence of reproductive tract infections amongst ever married women and sociocultural factors associated with it
    Monika Rathore
    Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, SMS Medical College, Jaipur 302004
    J Indian Med Assoc 105:71-2, 74, 78. 2007
    ..Out of 263 cases, 43% had cervicitis, 26% had bacterial vaginitis, 14% had fungal infection, 8% had trichomonas vaginitis, 22% had pelvic inflammatory disease and 19% had cervical erosion...
  82. ncbi Detection and identification of amines in bacterial vaginosis
    T Kubota
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Juntendo Urayasu Hospital, Chiba, Japan
    J Obstet Gynaecol (Tokyo 1995) 21:51-5. 1995
    ..6%. No specific bacteria was found in BV. 2) The positive rate was 80.0% for the patients with trichomonas vaginitis (n: 5). 3) The positive rate of detection was 20.0% in the candida group (n: 5), and 28...
  83. pmc Unique vaginal microbiota that includes an unknown Mycoplasma-like organism is associated with Trichomonas vaginalis infection
    David H Martin
    Section of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, 1542 Tulane Ave, New Orleans, LA 70112, USA
    J Infect Dis 207:1922-31. 2013
    ..The prevalence of Trichomonas vaginalis infection is highest in women with intermediate Nugent scores. We hypothesized that the vaginal microbiota in T. vaginalis-infected women differs from that in T. vaginalis-uninfected women...
  84. pmc A prospective study of vaginal trichomoniasis and HIV-1 shedding in women on antiretroviral therapy
    Linnet N Masese
    Department of Epidemiology, Box 357236, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195, USA
    BMC Infect Dis 11:307. 2011
    ..We tested the hypothesis that T. vaginalis infection would increase vaginal HIV-1 RNA shedding in women on ART, and that successful treatment would reduce vaginal HIV-1 RNA levels...
  85. ncbi Trichomonas vaginalis and associated factors among women living with HIV/AIDS in Amazonas, Brazil
    Leila Cristina Ferreira Silva
    Programa de Pós Graduação em Medicina Tropical, Universidade do Estado Amazonas, Manaus, AM, Brazil Electronic address
    Braz J Infect Dis 17:701-3. 2013
    ..Our goal was to determine the prevalence of Trichomonas vaginalis and its associated factors among women living with HIV attending an AIDS clinic in Manaus, Amazonas, Brazil...
  86. ncbi Impact of increased access to emergency contraceptive pills: a randomized controlled trial
    Elizabeth G Raymond
    Family Health International, Research Triangle Park, PO Box 13950, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709, USA
    Obstet Gynecol 108:1098-106. 2006
    ..To assess how a strategy to maximize access to emergency contraceptive pills would affect rates of pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections...
  87. ncbi Modified Field stain - rapid viability test for Trichomonas vaginalis
    M Y Afzan
    Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
    J Appl Microbiol 112:132-7. 2012
    ..We previously reported that Modified Field Stain (MF) can be used as a rapid stain for diagnosis. In the present study we extend the observation to include the stain as an alternative method to assess viability of the cells...
  88. ncbi Counteraction during movement of spermatozoa by Trichomonas vaginalis observed by visual image analysis: a possible cause of female infertility
    Viroj Wiwanitkit
    Department of Laboratory Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand
    Fertil Steril 90:528-30. 2008
    ..To use new medical imaging technology to predict the motility pattern of Trichomonas vaginalis within the vagina...
  89. ncbi Perinatal transmission of Trichomonas vaginalis: a case report
    Anita Schwandt
    Department of Medicine, MetroHealth Medical Center, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Cleveland, Ohio, USA
    J Reprod Med 53:59-61. 2008
    ..Trichomonas vaginalis infection is associated with increased risks of adverse pregnancy outcome. Perinatal transmission of T vaginalis from an infected, untreated, pregnant woman to her female neonate can occur...
  90. ncbi Prevalence of cervical-vaginal infections in the pap-smear samples in Iran
    Cheraghi Maria
    Health Center of Dashte Azadegan, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences
    Glob J Health Sci 6:201-6. 2014
    ..Cervical-vaginal infection is one of the most common problems in clinical medicine .We aimed to determine the prevalence of cervical-vaginal infections in pap-smear samples from women in urban and rural areas...
  91. ncbi Prevalence of vulvovaginitis and bacterial vaginosis in patients with koilocytosis
    Ana Claudia Camargo Campos
    Breast and Gynecology Service, Hospital Araujo Jorge, Associação de Combate ao Câncer em Goiás, Goiania, Goias, Brazil
    Sao Paulo Med J 126:333-6. 2008
    ..Thus, the objective of this study was to assess the prevalence of microorganisms associated with bacterial vaginosis and vulvovaginitis in women with and without koilocytosis...
  92. ncbi Longitudinal examination of alcohol use: a predictor of risky sexual behavior and Trichomonas vaginalis among African-American female adolescents
    Puja Seth
    Department of Behavioral Sciences and Health Education, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Sex Transm Dis 38:96-101. 2011
    ..This study examined high quantity of alcohol as a longitudinal predictor of risky sexual behavior and sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) among African-American female adolescents, a high-risk population for STDs...
  93. ncbi Non-monogamy and risk of infection with Chlamydia trachomatis and Trichomonas vaginalis among young adults and their cohabiting partners in Peru
    Fredy A Canchihuaman
    Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Peru
    Sex Transm Infect 86:iii37-44. 2010
    ..Men provided urine and women vaginal swabs or urine for molecular testing for Chlamydia trachomatis and Trichomonas vaginalis; both genders provided blood for serological testing...
  94. pmc Non-sexual transmission of Trichomonas vaginalis in adolescent girls attending school in Ndola, Zambia
    Tania Crucitti
    HIV STI Reference Laboratory, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, Belgium
    PLoS ONE 6:e16310. 2011
    ..To identify risk factors for trichomoniasis among young women in Ndola, Zambia...
  95. pmc Bacterial vaginosis and risk for Trichomonas vaginalis infection: a longitudinal analysis
    Sujit D Rathod
    School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
    Sex Transm Dis 38:882-6. 2011
    ..Few studies have examined this relationship longitudinally to better understand the direction and temporality of this association...
  96. pmc Codetection of Trichomonas vaginalis and Candida albicans by PCR in urine samples in a low-risk population attended in a clinic first level in central Veracruz, Mexico
    A López-Monteon
    LADISER Inmunología y Biología Molecular, Facultad de Ciencias Quimicas, Universidad Veracruzana, 94340 Orizaba, Ver, Mexico Centro de Investigaciones Biomédicas, Universidad Veracruzana, 91000 Xalapa, Ver, Mexico
    Biomed Res Int 2013:281892. 2013
    ..36-48.98). The results of this study provide evidence that the majority of positive cases observed in the studied population are presented in an asymptomatic form and usually are not associated with any risk factor. ..
  97. ncbi Recalcitrant Trichomonas vaginalis infection--a case series
    L J Waters
    Camden Primary Care Trust, Department of Genitourinary Medicine, The Mortimer Market Centre, Mortimer Market, off Capper Street, London WC1E 6AU, UK
    Int J STD AIDS 16:505-9. 2005
    ..Based on these results, an algorithm for treatment of rTV is presented, although clinical trials will be needed to elucidate the best clinical approaches to this problem...
  98. ncbi Trichomonas vaginalis infection activates cells through toll-like receptor 4
    M Reza Zariffard
    Department of Immunology Microbiology, Rush University, Chicago, IL 60612, USA
    Clin Immunol 111:103-7. 2004
    ..These studies show that T. vaginalis infection results in the appearance in the genital tract of substance(s) that stimulate cells through TLR4, suggesting a mechanism for the inflammation caused by this infection...
  99. ncbi Epidemiological features of women with trichomoniasis in Auckland sexual health clinics: 1998-99
    Min Lo
    Auckland Sexual Health Service, Auckland District Health Board, Auckland, New Zealand
    N Z Med J 115:U119. 2002
    ..To determine some epidemiological features of female sexually transmitted disease (STD) clinic attendees with Trichomonas vaginalis infection...
  100. ncbi [Survival of Trichomonas vaginalis in the environmental media]
    N I Hued
    Laboratorio de Parasitologia, Hospital Nacional de Clinicas, Universidad Nacional de Cordoba, Santa Rosa 1564, 5000 Cordoba, Argentina
    Rev Argent Microbiol 35:113-5. 2003
    ..1% and 9.1%, respectively). Ability of T. vaginalis to remain viable under external conditions is discussed in relation to its non venereal transmission...
  101. ncbi Effect of Anapsos in a murine model of experimental trichomoniasis
    J J Nogal-Ruiz
    Departamento de Parasitologia, Facultad de Farmacia, Universidad Complutense, Pza Ramón y Cajal s n, 28040 Madrid, Spain
    Parasite 10:303-8. 2003
    ..These assays have shown the usefulness of the murine model of experimental trichomoniasis for the study of immunomodulator activity of natural or synthetic drugs...

Research Grants21

  1. REDUCING HIV RISK IN FEMALE TEENS: A TAILORED APPROACH
    Ralph DiClemente; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  2. GU Infection Self-Diagnosis for Deployed Military Women
    Nancy Ryan Wenger; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Untreated or inadequately treated symptoms of bacterial vaginosis, trichomonas vaginitis, candida vaginitis, and UTI are miserable, embarrassing, distracting and significantly interfere with ..
  3. Urinary Symptoms in Adolescent Females: STI or UTI?
    Jill Huppert; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The findings of this study will strengthen the evidence base for symptom-based STI testing of SA adolescent females and will promote care that addresses both individual patient and public health needs. ..
  4. Antiretroviral Therapy and HIV-1 Infectivity in Women
    RAYMOND SCOTT MCCLELLAND; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  5. Teens and Exposure to HIV Risk on the Web
    Ralph DiClemente; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Given the controversy surrounding teens' exposure to sexual content on the Web, there is a compelling need to examine the impact of these exposures on teens' sexual health. ..
  6. Improved Macaque Safety Model for Topical Microbicides: Post-coital Assessments
    Dorothy Patton; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..In addition, we will collect parallel assessments, when mating has occurred with a placebo gel (HEC universal placebo) in place. These studies will provide urgently needed data regarding topical microbicide use with coital activity. ..
  7. Preventing Violence Against Women: A Web-Based Approach
    Laura Salazar; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..These outcomes[unreadable] will be assessed via web-administered interviews at baseline, postintervention, and at 6 months. ..
  8. Mechanisms for Racial Disparity in Preterm Birth
    Jane Hitti; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ....
  9. Proteomics of Staphylococcus aureus nasal carriage
    Alexander Cole; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....
  10. STDS, FERTILITY, MARRIAGE AND DEMOGRAPHIC PROJECTION
    Ronald Gray; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..In collaboration with the U.S. Bureau of Census, data from the proposed study will be used to revise demographic projections of the effects of HIV on population growth, composition and AIDS orphanhood. ..
  11. DEPRESSION AND HIV RISK BEHAVIOR IN AN STD CLINIC
    Emily Erbelding; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..abstract_text> ..
  12. Genotyping of the parasite Trichomonas vaginalis
    Peter Upcroft; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  13. Male Circumcision Trial for HIV Prevention, Rakai-Uganda
    Ronald Gray; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Control arm men will be offered circumcision as a service in Years 4-5, contingent on DSMB approval. ..
  14. Effects of Artemisinin on Leishmania SERCA pump
    JOHN MEADE; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..cruzi and T. brucei SERCAs. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  15. IMMUNODOMINANT TARGETS OF CMI TO CRYPTOSPORIDIUM
    Jan Mead; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..This will be accomplished by immunizing mice with a DNA construct of these antigens, assessing their ability to elicit immune responses, and challenging mice with C. parvum to determine the degree of protection achieved. ..
  16. Nasal carriage of S. aureus: host-pathogen interactions
    Alexander M Cole; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..abstract_text> ..
  17. Retrocyclins: Circular Defensins Active Against HIV-1
    Alexander M Cole; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Availability of such agents, in the form of a cream or gel, would empower vulnerable sexual partners by providing them with an invisible, effective means of protection. ..
  18. LOCAL IMMUNE RESPONSE IN CHLAMYDIA SALPINGITIS
    Dorothy Patton; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..trachomatis- induced PID. If one chlamydial antigen is the major cause of the DTH response in PID, diagnostic or immunomodulatory efforts can be directed towards that antigen. ..
  19. Non-parenteral transmission of hepatitis C
    Chia Wang; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  20. Increased Access to Emergency Contraceptive Pills
    Elizabeth Raymond; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..These secondary analyses should help explain the primary biologic outcomes and should be useful in the development of counseling messages and service protocols in the future. ..