vision disorders

Summary

Summary: Visual impairments limiting one or more of the basic functions of the eye: visual acuity, dark adaptation, color vision, or peripheral vision. These may result from EYE DISEASES; OPTIC NERVE DISEASES; VISUAL PATHWAY diseases; OCCIPITAL LOBE diseases; OCULAR MOTILITY DISORDERS; and other conditions. Visual disability refers to inability of the individual to perform specific visual tasks, such as reading, writing, orientation, or traveling unaided. (From Newell, Ophthalmology: Principles and Concepts, 7th ed, p132)

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Refractive error and visual impairment in urban children in southern china
    Mingguang He
    Zhongshan Ophthalmic Center, Guangzhou, People s Republic of China
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 45:793-9. 2004
  2. ncbi The association of multiple visual impairments with self-reported visual disability: SEE project
    G S Rubin
    Lions Vision Center, Department of Biostatistics, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 42:64-72. 2001
  3. ncbi Prevalence of blindness and visual impairment in Pakistan: the Pakistan National Blindness and Visual Impairment Survey
    Mohammad Z Jadoon
    Pakistan Institute of Community Ophthalmology, Kyber Institute of Ophthalmic Medical Sciences, Peshawar, Pakistan
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 47:4749-55. 2006
  4. doi An estimation of the worldwide economic and health burden of visual impairment
    Adam Gordois
    Access Economics Pty Ltd, Sydney, NSW, Australia
    Glob Public Health 7:465-81. 2012
  5. ncbi Quantification of metamorphopsia in patients with epiretinal membranes
    Chota Matsumoto
    Department of Ophthalmology, Kinki University School of Medicine, Osaka, Japan
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 44:4012-6. 2003
  6. ncbi Rapid assessment of avoidable blindness in Nakuru district, Kenya
    Wanjiku Mathenge
    Rift Valley Provincial Hospital, Nakuru, Kenya
    Ophthalmology 114:599-605. 2007
  7. pmc Visual impairment among weaving communities in Prakasam district in South India
    Srinivas Marmamula
    Allen Foster Community Eye Health Research Centre, International Centre for Advancement of Rural Eye Care, L V Prasad Eye Institute, Hyderabad, India
    PLoS ONE 8:e55924. 2013
  8. ncbi Depression in older people: visual impairment and subjective ratings of health
    Karen J Hayman
    Department of General Practice and Primary Health Care, School of Population Health, The University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand
    Optom Vis Sci 84:1024-30. 2007
  9. pmc Help needed in medication self-management for people with visual impairment: case-control study
    Roseleen M McCann
    Department of Ophthalmology, Royal Group of Hospitals Belfast and Centre for Public Health Research, Queen s University, Belfast
    Br J Gen Pract 62:e530-7. 2012
  10. pmc Optic nerve head and retinal nerve fiber layer analysis: a report by the American Academy of Ophthalmology
    Shan C Lin
    Ophthalmology 114:1937-49. 2007

Detail Information

Publications291 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Refractive error and visual impairment in urban children in southern china
    Mingguang He
    Zhongshan Ophthalmic Center, Guangzhou, People s Republic of China
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 45:793-9. 2004
    ..To assess the prevalence of refractive error and visual impairment in school-age children in a metropolitan area of southern China...
  2. ncbi The association of multiple visual impairments with self-reported visual disability: SEE project
    G S Rubin
    Lions Vision Center, Department of Biostatistics, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 42:64-72. 2001
    ..This report examines the relationship between psychophysical measures of visual impairment and self-reported difficulty with everyday visual tasks in a population-based sample of individuals 65 years of age and older...
  3. ncbi Prevalence of blindness and visual impairment in Pakistan: the Pakistan National Blindness and Visual Impairment Survey
    Mohammad Z Jadoon
    Pakistan Institute of Community Ophthalmology, Kyber Institute of Ophthalmic Medical Sciences, Peshawar, Pakistan
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 47:4749-55. 2006
    ..To determine the prevalence of blindness and visual impairment in adults aged 30 years and older in Pakistan and to assess socio-demographic risk factors...
  4. doi An estimation of the worldwide economic and health burden of visual impairment
    Adam Gordois
    Access Economics Pty Ltd, Sydney, NSW, Australia
    Glob Public Health 7:465-81. 2012
    ..VI is associated with a considerable disease burden. Unless steps are taken to reduce prevalence through prevention and treatment, this burden will increase alongside global population growth...
  5. ncbi Quantification of metamorphopsia in patients with epiretinal membranes
    Chota Matsumoto
    Department of Ophthalmology, Kinki University School of Medicine, Osaka, Japan
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 44:4012-6. 2003
    ..To quantify the degree of metamorphopsia in patients with idiopathic epiretinal membranes (ERMs), by use of a new metamorphopsia chart (M-CHARTS) developed by the authors...
  6. ncbi Rapid assessment of avoidable blindness in Nakuru district, Kenya
    Wanjiku Mathenge
    Rift Valley Provincial Hospital, Nakuru, Kenya
    Ophthalmology 114:599-605. 2007
    ..To estimate the prevalence of avoidable blindness in > or =50-year-olds in Nakuru district, Kenya, and to evaluate the Rapid Assessment for Avoidable Blindness (RAAB), a new methodology to measure the magnitude and causes of blindness...
  7. pmc Visual impairment among weaving communities in Prakasam district in South India
    Srinivas Marmamula
    Allen Foster Community Eye Health Research Centre, International Centre for Advancement of Rural Eye Care, L V Prasad Eye Institute, Hyderabad, India
    PLoS ONE 8:e55924. 2013
    ..To assess the prevalence and causes of visual impairment in weaving communities in Prakasam district in South India state of Andhra Pradesh...
  8. ncbi Depression in older people: visual impairment and subjective ratings of health
    Karen J Hayman
    Department of General Practice and Primary Health Care, School of Population Health, The University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand
    Optom Vis Sci 84:1024-30. 2007
    ..The aim of this study was to establish the prevalence of depression in a sample of older adults with impaired vision and investigate associations between physical and visual disability and depression...
  9. pmc Help needed in medication self-management for people with visual impairment: case-control study
    Roseleen M McCann
    Department of Ophthalmology, Royal Group of Hospitals Belfast and Centre for Public Health Research, Queen s University, Belfast
    Br J Gen Pract 62:e530-7. 2012
    ..Understanding patients' problems is fundamental to achieving optimal health outcomes but little is known about how VI impacts on self-management of medication...
  10. pmc Optic nerve head and retinal nerve fiber layer analysis: a report by the American Academy of Ophthalmology
    Shan C Lin
    Ophthalmology 114:1937-49. 2007
    ..To evaluate the current published literature on the use of optic nerve head (ONH) and retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) measurement devices in diagnosing open-angle glaucoma and detecting progression...
  11. doi Vision self-management for older adults: a randomised controlled trial
    Sonya J Girdler
    Centre for Research into Disability and Society within the Curtin Health Innovation Research Institute, Curtin University of Technology, Perth, Australia
    Br J Ophthalmol 94:223-8. 2010
    ..Self-management models improve health outcomes and reduce healthcare costs; however, the principles have rarely been applied in low vision services...
  12. ncbi Observation alone after transsphenoidal surgery for nonfunctioning pituitary macroadenoma
    O M Dekkers
    Department of Endocrinology and Metabolic Diseases, Leiden University Medical Center, P O Box 9600, 2300 RC Leiden, The Netherlands
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 91:1796-801. 2006
    ..In this study we evaluated the long-term effects of a treatment strategy in which postoperative radiotherapy was not routinely applied to patients with NFMA...
  13. doi Blindness prevalence and cataract surgical coverage in Lumbini Zone and Chetwan District of Nepal
    A Sherchan
    Lumbini Eye Institute, Bhairahawa, Nepal
    Br J Ophthalmol 94:161-6. 2010
    ..To determine the prevalence of blindness, visual impairment and the cataract surgical coverage for people aged 50 years and older in the Lumbini Zone and the Chitwan District (Narayani Zone) of Nepal...
  14. ncbi Development of efficient threshold strategies for frequency doubling technology perimetry using computer simulation
    Andrew Turpin
    Discoveries in Sight, Devers Eye Institute, Legacy Clinical Research and Technology Center, Portland, Oregon, USA
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 43:322-31. 2002
    ..To develop new test procedures for frequency-doubling technology (FDT) perimetry that improve performance beyond those currently used...
  15. ncbi Depression, visual acuity, comorbidity, and disability associated with age-related macular degeneration
    B L Brody
    Department of Ophthalmology, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093-0946, USA
    Ophthalmology 108:1893-900; discussion 1900-1. 2001
    ..Over and above depression, visual acuity aided in predicting vision-specific disability. Treatment strategies that teach patients to cope with vision loss should be developed and evaluated...
  16. ncbi The prevalence of retinopathy in an unselected population of type 2 diabetes patients from Arhus County, Denmark
    Marianne N Hove
    Department of Ophthalmology, Arhus University Hospital, Arhus, Denmark
    Acta Ophthalmol Scand 82:443-8. 2004
    ..To determine the prevalence of diabetic retinopathy and the causes of visual impairment in an unselected population of type 2 diabetes patients, and to describe the risk factors for developing diabetic retinopathy in this population...
  17. pmc Vision impairment and hearing loss among community-dwelling older Americans: implications for health and functioning
    John E Crews
    National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Road, F 35, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Am J Public Health 94:823-9. 2004
    ..We investigated the health, activity, and social participation of people aged 70 years or older with vision impairment, hearing loss, or both...
  18. ncbi Effect of depression on vision function in age-related macular degeneration
    Barry W Rovner
    Department of Psychiatry, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    Arch Ophthalmol 120:1041-4. 2002
    ..To report the prevalence rate of depression in older patients with recent vision loss due to age-related macular degeneration (AMD) and to describe the effect of depression on self-reported vision function during 6 months...
  19. ncbi Visual risk factors for crash involvement in older drivers with cataract
    C Owsley
    Department of Ophthalmology, Clinical Research Unit, School of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 700 S 18th St, Suite 609, Birmingham, AL 35294 0009, USA
    Arch Ophthalmol 119:881-7. 2001
    ..The Impact of Cataracts on Mobility project has previously demonstrated that older drivers with cataract have an elevated risk of motor vehicle collision...
  20. ncbi Visual risk factors for falls in older people
    S R Lord
    Prince of Wales Medical Research Institute, Sydney, Australia
    J Am Geriatr Soc 49:508-15. 2001
    ..Adequate depth perception and distant-edge-contrast sensitivity, in particular, appear to be important for maintaining balance and detecting and avoiding hazards in the environment...
  21. ncbi Prevalence of diabetic eye disease in patients entering a systematic primary care-based eye screening programme
    N Younis
    Department of Diabetes and Endocrinology, Royal Liverpool University Hospital, Liverpool, UK
    Diabet Med 19:1014-21. 2002
    ..We report the prevalence of all grades of retinopathy at entry into a systematic primary care-based diabetic eye screening programme...
  22. ncbi Replacing the Amsler grid: a new method for monitoring patients with age-related macular degeneration
    Anat Loewenstein
    Department of Ophthalmology, Tel Aviv Medical Center, Tel Aviv, Israel
    Ophthalmology 110:966-70. 2003
    ..To investigate a method that uses hyperacuity, the Macular Computerized Psychophysical Test (MCPT), to evaluate the central macular visual field in patients with age-related macular degeneration (AMD)...
  23. ncbi Refractive error and visual impairment in school-age children in Gombak District, Malaysia
    Pik Pin Goh
    Department of Ophthalmology, Hospital Selayang, Selangor, Malaysia
    Ophthalmology 112:678-85. 2005
    ..To assess the prevalence of refractive error and visual impairment in school-age children in Gombak District, a suburban area near Kuala Lumpur city...
  24. ncbi Threshold and variability properties of matrix frequency-doubling technology and standard automated perimetry in glaucoma
    Paul H Artes
    Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 46:2451-7. 2005
    ..Specifically, to examine the relationship between visual field sensitivity and test-retest variability and to compare total and pattern deviation probability maps between both techniques...
  25. ncbi Prevalence and causes of visual field loss as determined by frequency doubling perimetry in urban and rural adult Chinese
    Yaxing Wang
    Beijing Institute of Ophthalmology, Beijing Tongren Eye Center, Capital University of Medical Science, China
    Am J Ophthalmol 141:1078-1086. 2006
    ..To determine prevalence and causes of visual field loss (VFL) as determined by frequency doubling perimetry in elderly Chinese individuals...
  26. doi Prediction of visual field deficits by diffusion tensor imaging in temporal lobe epilepsy surgery
    Xiaolei Chen
    Department of Neurosurgery, University Erlangen Nurnberg, Schwabachanlage 6, 91054 Erlangen, Germany
    Neuroimage 45:286-97. 2009
    ..Intra-operative visualization of the optic radiation may help in avoiding post-operative visual field deficits...
  27. ncbi Refractive error and visual impairment in school children in rural southern China
    Mingguang He
    Key Laboratory of Ophthalmology and Zhongshan Ophthalmic Center, Sun Yat Sen University, Guangzhou, China
    Ophthalmology 114:374-82. 2007
    ..To assess the prevalence of refractive error and visual impairment in school children in a rural area of southern China...
  28. ncbi The impact of age-related macular degeneration on health status utility values
    Mireia Espallargues
    Health Economics and Decision Science, University of Sheffield, UK
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 46:4016-23. 2005
    ..To estimate health status utility values in patients with age-related macular degeneration (ARMD) associated with visual impairments, by using preference-based measures of health...
  29. ncbi Subclinical visual involvement in multiple sclerosis: a study by MRI, VEPs, frequency-doubling perimetry, standard perimetry, and contrast sensitivity
    Dario Sisto
    Department of Ophthalmology and Otorhinolaringology, Neurological and Psychiatric Sciences, University of Bari, Bari, Italy
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 46:1264-8. 2005
    ....
  30. ncbi Age-related eye disease, visual impairment, and survival: the Beaver Dam Eye Study
    Michael D Knudtson
    Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison 53726 2336, USA
    Arch Ophthalmol 124:243-9. 2006
    ..To investigate the relationship of age-related maculopathy, cataract, glaucoma, visual impairment, and diabetic retinopathy to survival during a 14-year period...
  31. ncbi Prevalence and causes of visual field loss in the elderly and associations with impairment in daily functioning: the Rotterdam Study
    R S Ramrattan
    Department of Epidemiology, Erasmus University Medical School, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Arch Ophthalmol 119:1788-94. 2001
    ..Glaucoma is the leading cause in all age groups. Other high-ranking causes, some of which are partly preventable, vary by age...
  32. ncbi Visual impairment, age-related cataract, and mortality
    J J Wang
    Save Sight Institute, Department of Ophthalmology, the University of Sydney Eye Clinic, Westmead Hospital, Westmead, New South Wales, Australia
    Arch Ophthalmol 119:1186-90. 2001
    ..CONCLUSION: Visual impairment and age-related cataract may be independent risk factors for increased mortality in older persons...
  33. pmc Severity of visual field loss and health-related quality of life
    Roberta McKean-Cowdin
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, USA
    Am J Ophthalmol 143:1013-23. 2007
    ..To examine the association between severity of visual field loss (VFL) and self-reported health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in a population-based sample...
  34. ncbi Nine-year incidence of open-angle glaucoma in the Barbados Eye Studies
    M Cristina Leske
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, New York 11794 8036, USA
    Ophthalmology 114:1058-64. 2007
    ..To determine the 9-year incidence of open-angle glaucoma (OAG) in African-descent participants of the Barbados Eye Studies...
  35. pmc Prevalence and causes of blindness and visual impairment in Bangladeshi adults: results of the National Blindness and Low Vision Survey of Bangladesh
    B P Dineen
    International Centre for Eye Health, Clinical Research Unit, Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Br J Ophthalmol 87:820-8. 2003
    ..To determine the age, sex, and cause specific prevalences of blindness and visual impairment in adults 30 years of age and older in Bangladesh...
  36. ncbi Improving outcome in stroke patients with visual problems
    Sally A Jones
    Department of Elderly Medicine, Birmingham Heartlands Hospital, Birmingham, UK
    Age Ageing 35:560-5. 2006
    ....
  37. doi Health-related and subjective quality of life of older adults with visual impairment
    Judith Renaud
    Universite de Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke, Quebec, Canada
    Disabil Rehabil 32:899-907. 2010
    ..To document health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and subjective quality of life (SQOL) and explore their correlates in older adults seeking services for visual impairment (VI)...
  38. ncbi Epidemiological aspects of referral to TIA clinics in Glasgow
    S Murray
    Greater Glasgow Health Board, 350 St Vincent Street, Glasgow
    Scott Med J 52:4-8. 2007
    ..These were hyperlipidaemia, age over 64 years, hypertension, smoking and ex-smoking. In the model for clinical features, five factors were also significant. These were visual field defect, speech defact, facial weakness and hemiparesis...
  39. doi Evaluation of quality of life and priorities of patients with glaucoma
    Peter A Aspinall
    Visual Impairment Research Group, School of the Built Environment, Heriot Watt University, Edinburgh, Scotland, UK
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 49:1907-15. 2008
    ..To investigate the quality of life and priorities of patients with glaucoma...
  40. ncbi Quantification of metamorphopsia in a macular hole patient using M-CHARTS
    Eiko Arimura
    Department of Ophthalmology, Kinki University School of Medicine, Osaka, Japan
    Acta Ophthalmol Scand 85:55-9. 2007
    ..We investigated the relationship between the degree of metamorphopsia and the morphological appearance of macular holes...
  41. doi The Amsler grid in modern clothes
    L Frisén
    Neuro Ophthalmology Unit, Blue S 7 5, SU S, SE 413 45 Goteborg, Sweden
    Br J Ophthalmol 93:714-6. 2009
    ..Abnormal results are easily recognised but are not directly accessible to quantitative analysis. Negative results may be misleading, because it is never known how good an observer the subject is...
  42. pmc Retinal ganglion cell layer thickness and local visual field sensitivity in glaucoma
    Ali S Raza
    Department of Psychology, Columbia University, 1190 Amsterdam Ave, 405 Schermerhorn Hall, Room 301, New York, NY 10027 7004, USA
    Arch Ophthalmol 129:1529-36. 2011
    ..To compare loss in sensitivity measured using standard automated perimetry (SAP) with local retinal ganglion cell layer (RGC) thickness measured using frequency-domain optical coherence tomography in the macula of patients with glaucoma...
  43. pmc Changing pattern of childhood blindness in Maharashtra, India
    P Gogate
    H V, Desai Eye Hospital, Survey number 93, Tarawade Vasti, Mohammadwadi, Hadapsar, Pune 411028, India
    Br J Ophthalmol 91:8-12. 2007
    ..To determine the causes of severe visual impairment and blindness in children in schools for the blind in Maharashtra, India...
  44. pmc Cataract visual impairment and quality of life in a Kenyan population
    Sarah Polack
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, UK
    Br J Ophthalmol 91:927-32. 2007
    ....
  45. pmc Understanding disparities among diagnostic technologies in glaucoma
    Carlos Gustavo V De Moraes
    Einhorn Clinical Research Center, The New York Eye and Ear Infirmary, and Department of Ophthalmology, New York University School of Medicine, New York, New York 10003, USA
    Arch Ophthalmol 130:833-40. 2012
    ..To investigate causes of disagreement among 3 glaucoma diagnostic techniques: standard automated achromatic perimetry (SAP), the multifocal visual evoked potential technique (mfVEP), and optical coherence tomography (OCT)...
  46. doi Bayesian machine learning classifiers for combining structural and functional measurements to classify healthy and glaucomatous eyes
    Christopher Bowd
    Hamilton Glaucoma Center, Department of Ophthalmology, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92037 0946, USA
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 49:945-53. 2008
    ....
  47. doi 'Hemispherical asymmetry in the Meyer's Loop': a prospective study of visual-field deficits in 105 cases undergoing anterior temporal lobe resection for epilepsy
    N u Owase Jeelani
    Department of Neurosurgery, Great Ormond Street Hospital, London, UK
    J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 81:985-91. 2010
    ....
  48. pmc Burden of illness, visual impairment and health resource utilisation of patients with neovascular age-related macular degeneration: results from the UK cohort of a five-country cross-sectional study
    Andrew Lotery
    University of Southampton, Southampton Eye Unit, Southampton General Hospital, Tremona Road, Southampton SO16 6YD, UK
    Br J Ophthalmol 91:1303-7. 2007
    ..Quantitative data regarding the impact of neovascular age-related macular degeneration (NV-AMD) on individuals and society is a prerequisite for rational decision-making processes when evaluating alternative treatments for the disease...
  49. ncbi Sine Amsler Charts: a new method for the follow-up of metamorphopsia in patients undergoing macular pucker surgery
    M Dimitri Bouwens
    Vitreoretinal Department, The Rotterdam Eye Hospital, Schiedamsevest 180, 3011 BH, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol 241:89-93. 2003
    ..To evaluate our new method for the follow-up of metamorphopsia in patients with a macular pucker...
  50. doi Factors affecting the use of health examinations by the elderly in Taiwan
    Wen Chiung Chang
    Institute of Population Health Sciences, National Health Research Institutes, 35 Keyan Road, Zhunan Town, Miaoli County 350, Taiwan
    Arch Gerontol Geriatr 50:S11-6. 2010
    ..Furthermore, the factors found in the study may be further used for promoting health examinations...
  51. doi The adaptation dynamics of chronic functional impairment: what we can learn from older adults with vision loss
    Oliver K Schilling
    Department of Psychological Aging Research, Institute of Psychology, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany
    Psychol Aging 26:203-13. 2011
    ....
  52. doi Correlations between M-CHARTS and PHP findings and subjective perception of metamorphopsia in patients with macular diseases
    Eiko Arimura
    Department of Ophthalmology, Kinki University Faculty of Medicine, Sakai Hospital, Osaka, Japan
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 52:128-35. 2011
    ..To assess the correlations between a patient's subjective perception of metamorphopsia and the clinical measurements of metamorphopsia by M-CHARTS and PreView PHP (PHP)...
  53. doi Evaluating loss of visual function in multiple sclerosis as measured by low-contrast letter acuity
    Laura J Balcer
    Department of Neurology, 3 East Gates Building, 3400 Spruce Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Neurology 74:S16-23. 2010
    ..Lesions associated with these impairments frequently involve the afferent visual pathway...
  54. doi Sustained motion perception deficit following optic neuritis: Behavioral and cortical evidence
    N Raz
    Department of Neurology, Hadassah Hebrew University Hospital, Jerusalem, Israel
    Neurology 76:2103-11. 2011
    ..To assess the recovery process in patients after an acute optic neuritis (ON) attack, comparing static and dynamic visual functions...
  55. doi Abnormal achromatic and chromatic contrast sensitivity in neurofibromatosis type 1
    Maria Jose Ribeiro
    Visual Neuroscience Laboratory, Institute of Biomedical Research in Light and Image, Faculty of Medicine, University of Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 53:287-93. 2012
    ..However, low-level visual processing has not been previously investigated. Our aim was to study contrast perception in these patients to assess the function of early visual areas...
  56. ncbi Correctable visual impairment in an elderly Chinese population in Taiwan: the Shihpai Eye Study
    Tung Mei Kuang
    Department of Ophthalmology, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 48:1032-7. 2007
    ..To investigate the prevalence and risk factors of correctable visual impairment and the quality of life of persons with correctable visual impairment in a metropolitan senior population...
  57. ncbi Retinal contraction and metamorphopsia scores in eyes with idiopathic epiretinal membrane
    Eiko Arimura
    Department of Ophthalmology, Kinki University School of Medicine, Osaka, Japan
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 46:2961-6. 2005
    ....
  58. doi Assessment of functional vision and its rehabilitation
    August Colenbrander
    Smith Kettlewell Eye Research Institute, San Francisco, California, USA
    Acta Ophthalmol 88:163-73. 2010
    ..The Low Vision Intervention Trial (LOVIT) is an example of a properly designed randomized control study, and has demonstrated the remarkable effectiveness of vision rehabilitation. It is hoped that further similar studies will follow...
  59. doi Stroke and visual rehabilitation
    Shamrozé Khan
    Illinois College of Optometry, Chicago, Illinois, USA
    Top Stroke Rehabil 15:27-36. 2008
    ..Many of these impairments can be addressed by simple yet effective techniques. As a result, vision rehabilitation specialists are becoming an important part of the multidisciplinary stroke rehabilitation team...
  60. ncbi Systemic and ocular findings in 100 patients with optic nerve hypoplasia
    M Lourdes Garcia
    Department of Ophthalmology, Cole Eye Institute, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, OH 44195, USA
    J Child Neurol 21:949-56. 2006
    ..Patients with unilateral and bilateral optic nerve hypoplasia frequently have a wide range and common occurrence of concomitant neurologic, endocrine, and systemic abnormalities...
  61. ncbi Frequency-doubling threshold perimetry in predicting glaucoma in a population-based study: The Beijing Eye Study
    Ya Xing Wang
    Beijing Institute of Ophthalmology, Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital University of Medical Science, Beijing, China
    Arch Ophthalmol 125:1402-6. 2007
    ..To determine the predictive value of frequency-doubling threshold perimetry for glaucoma in a population-based study...
  62. doi Diabetes mellitus and visual impairment: national health and nutrition examination survey, 1999-2004
    Xinzhi Zhang
    Division of Diabetes Translation, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30341 3727, USA
    Arch Ophthalmol 126:1421-7. 2008
    ..To examine the prevalence and correlates of visual impairment (VI) among US adults with and without diabetes mellitus...
  63. doi Parietal modules for reaching
    A Blangero
    INSERM U864, Espace et Action, Bron, France
    Neuropsychologia 47:1500-7. 2009
    ....
  64. ncbi Auditory and visual impairments in patients with blast-related traumatic brain injury: Effect of dual sensory impairment on Functional Independence Measure
    Henry L Lew
    Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Service, Department of Veterans Affairs VA Boston Healthcare System, Boston, MA, USA
    J Rehabil Res Dev 46:819-26. 2009
    ..25) and motor ( t = -2.50) FIM scores ( p < 0.05). Understanding the long-term consequences of sensory impairments in the functional recovery of patients with blast-related TBI requires further research...
  65. doi Neuroplasticity predicts outcome of optic neuritis independent of tissue damage
    Thomas M Jenkins
    Department of Brain Repair and Rehabilitation, University College London UCL Institute of Neurology, University College London, London, UK
    Ann Neurol 67:99-113. 2010
    ..To investigate the reasons behind good recovery following ON, despite residual optic nerve demyelination and neuroaxonal damage...
  66. doi Dissecting structure-function interactions in acute optic neuritis to investigate neuroplasticity
    Thomas Jenkins
    Department of Brain Repair and Rehabilitation, UCL Institute of Neurology, Queen Square, London, United Kingdom
    Hum Brain Mapp 31:276-86. 2010
    ..Longitudinal studies will clarify whether different extra-striate cortical regions play a role in adaptive plasticity in the acute and chronic stages of injury...
  67. doi Cortical neuroplasticity in patients recovering from acute optic neuritis
    Kirsten Korsholm
    Danish Research Centre for Magnetic Resonance, Copenhagen University Hospital, Hvidovre, Denmark
    Neuroimage 42:836-44. 2008
    ..This method is sensitive to the processes of neuroplasticity whilst the generalisation of inferences makes the method suitable for future studies of treatment...
  68. pmc Co-morbidity and visual acuity are risk factors for health-related quality of life decline: five-month follow-up EQ-5D data of visually impaired older patients
    Ruth M A van Nispen
    VU University Medical Center, Department of Ophthalmology, PO Box 7057, 1007 MB Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Health Qual Life Outcomes 7:18. 2009
    ..Our aim was to present a risk profile of characteristics and conditions which predict deterioration of QOL in visually impaired older patients...
  69. ncbi The results of screening frequency doubling technology perimetry in different locations of the community
    Steven L Mansberger
    Devers Eye Institute Discoveries In Sight, Portland, OR 97210, USA
    J Glaucoma 16:73-80. 2007
    ..To determine the effect of screening location on the frequency of abnormal test results with Frequency Doubling Technology (FDT) perimetry...
  70. doi Nonarteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy: clinical characteristics in diabetic patients versus nondiabetic patients
    Sohan Singh Hayreh
    Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, College of Medicine, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa, USA
    Ophthalmology 115:1818-25. 2008
    ..To investigate various aspects of nonarteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (NA-AION) in patients with diabetes mellitus and to compare them with those in patients without diabetes mellitus...
  71. ncbi Long-term results of the surgical treatment of craniopharyngioma: the experience at the Policlinico Gemelli, Catholic University, Rome
    M Caldarelli
    Section of Pediatric Neurosurgery, Institute of Neurosurgery, Catholic University Medical School, Rome, Italy
    Childs Nerv Syst 21:747-57. 2005
    ..In order to avoid such complications, some authors have suggested to renounce to radical resection and to rely on post-operative radiation therapy to minimise the risk of residual tumour progression...
  72. ncbi Craniopharyngioma in children: Marseille experience
    Gabriel Lena
    Department of Pediatric Neurosurgery, hôpital des Enfants La Timone, 264, rue Saint Pierre, 13385, Marseille, Cedex 05, France
    Childs Nerv Syst 21:778-84. 2005
    ....
  73. ncbi Congruency in homonymous hemianopia
    Sachin Kedar
    Department of Ophthalmology, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, USA
    Am J Ophthalmol 143:772-80. 2007
    ..To evaluate the value of congruency in the localization of brain lesions in patients with homonymous hemianopia (HH)...
  74. ncbi Preliminary FMRI evidence of visual system dysfunction in Parkinson's disease patients with visual hallucinations
    Suzanne Holroyd
    Department of Psychiatric Medicine, University of Virginia Health System, Box 800623, Charlottesville, VA 22908, USA
    J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci 18:402-4. 2006
    ....
  75. pmc Rapid assessment of avoidable blindness in Negros Island and Antique District, Philippines
    Cristina Eusebio
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, UK
    Br J Ophthalmol 91:1588-92. 2007
    ..To conduct rapid assessments of avoidable blindness to estimate the magnitude and causes of blindness in people aged >/=50 years in Negros Island and Antique district, Philippines...
  76. ncbi Visual impairment in infancy: impact on neurodevelopmental and neurobiological processes
    Patricia M Sonksen
    Institute of Child Health, University College, London, UK
    Dev Med Child Neurol 44:782-91. 2002
  77. ncbi Contrast sensitivity and color vision in HIV-infected individuals without infectious retinopathy
    Kayur H Shah
    Ocular Inflammatory Disease Center, Jules Stein Eye Institute, UCLA, Los Angeles, California 90095, USA
    Am J Ophthalmol 142:284-92. 2006
    ....
  78. ncbi Assessment of visual function in chronic progressive external ophthalmoplegia
    C Y Yu Wai Man
    Department of Ophthalmology, Royal Victoria Infirmary, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK
    Eye (Lond) 20:564-8. 2006
    ..To identify discriminatory questions that reflect visual disability in mitochondrial ocular myopathies. To investigate the relationship between visual impairment and the ocular parameters routinely measured in clinical practice...
  79. ncbi Psychophysical investigation of ganglion cell loss in early glaucoma
    Paul G D Spry
    Discoveries in Sight, Devers Eye Institute, Portland, Oregon, USA
    J Glaucoma 14:11-9. 2005
    ..To evaluate ganglion cell loss in early glaucoma using a variety of psychophysical tests and to identify optimal perimetric technique(s) for detection of early glaucomatous visual function loss...
  80. ncbi Refractive error and visual impairment in African children in South Africa
    Kovin S Naidoo
    Department of Optometry, University of Durban Westville, Durban, South Africa
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 44:3764-70. 2003
    ..To assess the prevalence of refractive error and visual impairment in school-aged African children in South Africa...
  81. doi Visual morbidity due to inaccurate spectacles among school children in rural China: the See Well to Learn Well Project, report 1
    Mingzhi Zhang
    Joint Shantou International Eye Center, Shantou, People s Republic of China
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 50:2011-7. 2009
    ..The prevalence and visual impact of spectacle inaccuracy were studied among rural, secondary-school children, to determine the optimal timing for updating of refraction...
  82. ncbi A role for the 'magnocellular advantage' in visual impairments in neurodevelopmental and psychiatric disorders
    R Laycock
    School of Psychological Science, La Trobe University, Bunndoora, VIC 3086, Australia
    Neurosci Biobehav Rev 31:363-76. 2007
    ..Such organisation is argued to be important for future research highlighting visual aspects of impairment in disorders as diverse as schizophrenia and autism...
  83. ncbi The impact of modest prematurity on visual function at age 6 years: findings from a population-based study
    Dana Robaei
    Department of Ophthalmology, Centre for Vision Research, University of Sydney, Westmead Hospital, Westmead, New South Wales, Australia
    Arch Ophthalmol 124:871-7. 2006
    ..To determine the effects of modest low birth weight and prematurity on visual function of children predominantly aged 6 years...
  84. ncbi Asymptomatic visual loss in multiple sclerosis
    J Lycke
    Institute of Clinical Neuroscience, Department of Neurology, Goteborg University, Sahlgren s University Hospital, Sweden
    J Neurol 248:1079-86. 2001
    ....
  85. pmc Defining Meyer's loop-temporal lobe resections, visual field deficits and diffusion tensor tractography
    M Yogarajah
    Department of Clinical and Experimental Epilepsy, UCL Institute of Neurology, Queen Square, London, UK
    Brain 132:1656-68. 2009
    ..In view of this, diffusion tensor tractography of the optic radiation is a potentially useful method to assess an individual patient's risk of postoperative VFDs following anterior temporal lobe resection...
  86. ncbi Using a single test to measure human contrast sensitivity from early childhood to maturity
    Russell J Adams
    Department of Psychology, Faculty of Science, Memorial University, St John s, Nfld, Canada A1 B 3 X9, Canada
    Vision Res 42:1205-10. 2002
    ..Also notable is that the method shows clinical potential due to its relative speed, ease of use, and consistent results across such a broad age range...
  87. ncbi Preventing depression in age-related macular degeneration
    Barry W Rovner
    Department of Psychiatry, Jefferson Hospital for Neuroscience, 900 Walnut St, 4th Floor, Philadelphia, PA 19107, USA
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 64:886-92. 2007
    ..Age-related macular degeneration is a prevalent disease of aging that may cause irreversible vision loss, disability, and depression. The latter is rarely recognized or treated in ophthalmologic settings...
  88. doi Vision- and health-related quality of life in patients with visual field loss after postchiasmatic lesions
    Carolin Gall
    Otto von Guericke University of Magdeburg, Medical Faculty, Institute of Medical Psychology, Magdeburg, Germany
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 50:2765-76. 2009
    ....
  89. ncbi Reversal of severe methanol-induced visual impairment: no evidence of retinal toxicity due to fomepizole
    M L Sivilotti
    University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, USA
    J Toxicol Clin Toxicol 39:627-31. 2001
    ..The potential for fomepizole to inhibit retinol dehydrogenase, an isoenzyme of alcohol dehydrogenase essential to vision, did not appear to be clinically significant in this symptomatic methanol-poisoned patient...
  90. ncbi A nationwide population-based survey on visual acuity, near vision, and self-reported visual function in the adult population in Finland
    Arja Laitinen
    Department of Health and Functional Capacity, National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Finland
    Ophthalmology 112:2227-37. 2005
    ..To estimate the prevalence rates of habitual visual acuity (VA) levels and visual impairment in Finland and to assess their correlation with self-reported visual function...
  91. ncbi Vision loss in Australia
    Hugh R Taylor
    Centre for Eye Research Australia, Locked Bag 8, East Melbourne, Vic
    Med J Aust 182:565-8. 2005
    ..To assess the prevalence and causes of vision loss in Australia and to project these data into the future...
  92. pmc What is the global burden of visual impairment?
    Lalit Dandona
    Health Studies Area, Centre for Human Development, Administrative Staff College of India, Hyderabad, India
    BMC Med 4:6. 2006
    ..This estimate is quoted widely, but because it is based on definitions using best-corrected visual acuity, uncorrected refractive error as a cause of visual impairment is excluded...
  93. pmc Moderate visual impairment in India: the Andhra Pradesh Eye Disease Study
    R Dandona
    International Centre for Advancement of Rural Eye Care, LV Prasad Eye Institute, Hyderabad, India
    Br J Ophthalmol 86:373-7. 2002
    ..To assess the prevalence and demographic associations of moderate visual impairment in the population of the southern Indian state of Andhra Pradesh...
  94. ncbi Goldmann perimetry in acromegaly: a survey of 307 cases from 1951 through 1996
    O Rivoal
    Service d ophtalmoloige, Hopital Cochin, Paris, France
    Ophthalmology 107:991-7. 2000
    ..Because visual pathway lesions are a common complication of pituitary tumors, visual field examinations in patients with acromegaly were studied. Proportion and outcome of visual field defects in patients with acromegaly were evaluated...
  95. ncbi Can Swedish interactive thresholding algorithm fast perimetry be used as an alternative to goldmann perimetry in neuro-ophthalmic practice?
    Gabriella Szatmáry
    Neuro Ophthalmology Unit, Emory Eye Center, 1365 B Clifton Rd NE, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Arch Ophthalmol 120:1162-73. 2002
    ....
  96. ncbi Optic neuritis in adults and children
    Jeffrey A Boomer
    Dean A McGee Eye Institute, Department of Ophthalmology, University of Oklahoma School of Medicine, Oklahoma City, OK 73104, USA
    Semin Ophthalmol 18:174-80. 2003
    ..With the advent of immunomodulating therapy to minimize both the subsequent incidence and severity of MS, early diagnosis and appropriate management by the ophthalmologist has become even more critical...
  97. ncbi Scleritis and other ocular side effects associated with pamidronate disodium
    Frederick W Fraunfelder
    Casey Eye Institute, Oregon Health Sciences University, Portland, Oregon, USA
    Am J Ophthalmol 135:219-22. 2003
    ..To evaluate reported cases of scleritis and other ocular side effects associated with pamidronate disodium, with emphasis on previously unreported cases of scleritis...
  98. ncbi Acute severe visual acuity decrease after photodynamic therapy with verteporfin: case reports from randomized clinical trials-TAP and VIP report no. 3
    Jennifer J Arnold
    Am J Ophthalmol 137:683-96. 2004
    ....
  99. doi Personal and social resources and adaptation to chronic vision impairment over time
    Joann P Reinhardt
    Research Institute on Aging, Jewish Home Lifecare, New York, NY 10025, USA
    Aging Ment Health 13:367-75. 2009
    ....
  100. ncbi Causes of incident visual field loss in a general elderly population: the Rotterdam study
    Elisa Skenduli-Bala
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Erasmus University Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Arch Ophthalmol 123:233-8. 2005
    ..To determine the incidence and causes of visual field loss (VFL) in a general elderly population...
  101. pmc Unsupervised machine learning with independent component analysis to identify areas of progression in glaucomatous visual fields
    Pamela A Sample
    Visual Function, Department of Ophthalmology, University of California, La Jolla, 92093, USA
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 46:3684-92. 2005
    ..To determine whether a variational Bayesian independent component analysis mixture model (vB-ICA-mm), a form of unsupervised machine learning, can be used to identify and quantify areas of progression in standard automated perimetry fields...

Research Grants74

  1. Clinical Vision Research Unit at UAB
    Cynthia Owsley; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Furthermore, UAB has already established many community relations and research infrastructure contacts with these subpopulations that will immediately facilitate our research efforts. ..
  2. Planning a Clinical Trial on Low Vision Rehabilitation
    Cynthia Owsley; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  3. RETINAL ARTERIOLAR ABNORMALITIES AND CV MORTALITY
    Ronald Klein; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Data from this study will improve the understanding of the association between microvascular characteristics and cardiovascular mortality. ..
  4. Retinal Microvascular Characteristics/Vascular Disorders
    Ronald Klein; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  5. Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis-Eye Study
    Ronald Klein; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..insights into the relative contribution of microvascular disease to the pathophysiology and natural history of subclinical and clinical cardiovascular disease, in representative populations of men and women of diverse ethnicities ..
  6. WISCONSIN EPIDEMIOLOGICAL STUDY OF CARDIOVASCULAR DISEAS
    Ronald Klein; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  7. Microvascular - Macrovascular Disease in Type 2 Diabetes
    Ronald Klein; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  8. Novel Risk Factors for Chronic Kidney Disease
    Ronald Klein; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The new data may provide insights into the relative protective value of low levels of these markers on the incidence CKD in an aging population. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  9. Visual outcomes & quality of life in CMV retinitis
    Jennifer Thorne; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  10. Preschool Vision Screening in Primary Care Settings
    Alex Kemper; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ....
  11. PREVENTING DEPRESSION IN MACULAR DEGENERATION
    Barry Rovner; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Although depressive disorder is the primary outcome, we will also assess the impact of PST on levels of disability and vision-related quality of life. ..
  12. COLLABORATIVE INITIAL GLAUCOMA TREATMENT STUDY
    Rohit Varma; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....
  13. PREVALENCE AND IMPACT OF GLAUCOMA AMONG THE VERY ELDERLY
    David Friedman; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Finally, the interactions between comorbidities (including cognitive deficits) and visual field loss will be explored. ..
  14. Retinal Microvascular Signs and CVD in Older Persons
    Tien Wong; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..This may ultimately lead to improved identification, and preventive and therapeutic strategies for the most common causes of morbidity, disability and mortality affecting elderly people in the United States. ..
  15. Novel Clinical and Ocular Imaging Outcomes with Long-Term Follow-Up in MS
    Laura Balcer; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Aim 3: Determine how low-contrast letter acuity, RNFL thickness, and total macular volume impact vision specific and overall health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in longitudinal studies of MS and ON. ..
  16. Early-onset retinal degenerations
    Samuel Jacobson; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  17. Diabetic Retinopathy Clinical Research Network
    Lloyd Aiello; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..This proposal details the manner in which the specific goals of the network will be fostered under the guidance of the Study Chair. ..
  18. DATA COORDINATING CENTER FOR EARLY GLAUCOMA TRIAL
    M Leske; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  19. OCULAR HYPERTENSION TREATMENT STUDY (OHTS)
    Anne L Coleman; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ....
  20. Longitudinal Assessment of Visual Function in MS
    Laura Balcer; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ....
  21. Epidemiology of Visual Impairment: The 1986-2002 NHIS
    David Lee; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  22. Incidence of late macular degeneration in older women
    Anne Coleman; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..This will allow the identification of women in SOF who have had progression of their ARM and developed late ARM since 1997 and 1998...
  23. Short-term Training Students-Health Professional Schools
    KENNETH CIUFFREDA; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Trainees will consist of optometry students who have just completed either their first or second professional years, and have done well academically (3.5 gpa or better). All will have an undergraduate degree, generally in the sciences. ..
  24. Sensory Impairment, Functional Status and Mortality
    David Lee; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  25. EYE DISEASE, DISABILITY AND MORTALITY RISK IN US ADULTS
    David Lee; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Unfortunately, the epidemiology of vision disorders in adults remains poorly characterized in subgroups such as minorities and those residing in lower ..
  26. COLLABORATIVE INITIAL GLAUCOMA TREATMENT STUDY
    Philip Chen; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  27. Visual Dysfunction and Quality of Life in MS
    Laura Balcer; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..This proposal will provide a crucial foundation for future studies of vision in MS that will involve longitudinal assessment. ..
  28. PATHOGENESIS OF RETINAL DEGENERATIONS
    Samuel Jacobson; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..The results of this research will lead to the formulation of hypotheses about the underlying molecular events in these diseases and may evolve into recommendations for treatment paradigms in these blinding retinal degenerations. ..
  29. Melanopsin-based form vision in photoreceptor disease
    MICHAEL SANDBERG; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  30. CONVERGENCE INSUFFICIENCY TREATMENT TRIAL
    Marjean Kulp; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..S. The Study Chair is located at the [unreadable] Pennsylvania College of Optometry and the national Data Coordinating Center is located at The Ohio State University Optometry Coordinating Center. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  31. Parent Care Transitions, Marital Relationships, and Health Outcomes
    Jamila Bookwala; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  32. Predicting Driver Safety in Parkinson's Disease
    Ergun Uc; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Fair and accurate means of detecting unfit drivers with PD will help mitigate the tragedy of motor vehicle crashes caused by these impaired individuals. ..
  33. Quan11tification of Glaucomatous Optic Neuropathy
    Christopher Girkin; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ....
  34. Efficacy of a Health Intervention for People with Intellectual Disabilities
    Willi Horner Johnson; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  35. Translational Research on NCR Interventions for Behavior Disorders
    ISER DELEON; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..This project will determine the extent to these side effects occur as a first step towards determining how they can be avoided. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  36. Effects of Visual Signal Strength on Alzheimer Cognition
    Alice Cronin Golomb; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  37. Rehabilitation of Spinal Cord Injury-Related Pain
    Mark Jensen; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  38. Biochemical and Genetic Analysis of the Visual Cycle
    GABRIEL TRAVIS; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  39. Development and Maintenance of Binocular Vision (EY005236)
    EILEEN ELIZABETH BIRCH; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  40. Vision Loss, Coping Tendencies, and Mental Health
    Kathrin Boerner; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..50-middle aged and 50 older adults will be recruited from a community- based rehabilitation agency. Regression analyses will be conducted to test the effects of independent variables on mental health outcomes. ..
  41. The Role of Visual Skills in Reading
    MAUREEN KENNEDY POWERS; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Moreover, if visual skills training proves to be effective in improving reading scores, then new, efficient and economically powerful classroom techniques may emerge. ..
  42. TREATMENT OF CIRCADIAN SLEEP DISORDERS WITH BRIGHT LIGHT
    Steven W Lockley; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  43. Reading Enhancement for Patients with Visual Field Loss
    MICHAEL SANDBERG; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  44. Epidemiology of Venous Thromboembolism
    Robert Glynn; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The results of this work may lead to new strategies for VTE preventio. ..
  45. Epigenesis of Cerebral Asymmetry in Twins
    Mark Eckert; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  46. OCULAR MELANOMA
    Paul Finger; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Standardized clinical and data collection procedures will be employed, and standardized forms will be used in all centers. Central training and certification of all study staff will be required. ..
  47. COGNITIVE AND PHYSICAL BASIS OF DISABLEMENT
    Steven Albert; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..g., mild disabled) than others. This finding would suggest that disability may be reduced through remediation of motor and cognitive/process skills, as well as by efforts to reduce impairment. ..
  48. Beta-B1 Crystallin - a New Candidate Uveitis Autoantigen
    Lynn Gordon; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  49. Trends in Use of Eye Care Services for Children
    Michael Ganz; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..We will use data from the 1996 through the 2000 Medical Expenditure Panel Surveys (MEPS), supplemented with information from the 1995 though the 1999 National Health Interview Surveys (NHIS), to pursue these goals. ..
  50. OMEGA-3 FATTY ACIDS IN NORMAL VISUAL DEVELOPMENT
    Eileen Birch; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..By relating long-term outcomes to visual cortical function during infancy, we will directly evaluate the predictive of early visual tests for long-term cognitive outcomes. ..
  51. CIGTS-2 Optic Disc Reading Center
    Richard Parrish; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..To provide the Coordinating Center with optic disc progression rates ..
  52. FUNCTION /INTERACTION OF RDS/PERIPHERIN IN PHOTORECEPTOR
    GABRIEL TRAVIS; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Further, valuable tools will have been created to study the biochemical etiologies of human retinal dystrophies caused by mutations in the RDS gene. ..
  53. Medical Advice from Glaucoma Informatics (MAGI)
    Michael Goldbaum; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..In an effort to discover new and use useful information with unsupervised learning, we will mine our data in visual function and structural tests for glaucoma and in specific combinations of population groups. ..
  54. Anti-Adenosine Therapy of Neonatal Brain Injury
    Scott Rivkees; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..It is anticipated that these studies will lead to novel and practical strategies for directly preventing brain injury. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  55. Access to Care: Children with Special Health Care Needs
    Alex Chen; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Phase II is the development of an access-to-care survey instrument and limited-scope primary data collection to further examines factors impacting access to care for CSHCN. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  56. A-1 Adenosine Receptor Action in Developing Heart
    Scott Rivkees; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..We anticipate that these studies will identify Rho and ROCK as critical signaling molecules in heart development and reveal that cardiac GTPase activity transduces the effects of adenosine. ..
  57. Radioactive Iodide Therapy of Pediatric Graves' Disease
    Scott A Rivkees; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  58. CB1 Receptor Action on the Developing Hippocampus
    Scott Rivkees; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..We anticipate that these studies will result in new insights into the potential effects of cannabinoid action on the developing brain. ..
  59. The Role of Adenosine in Hypoglycemic Brain Injury
    Scott Rivkees; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..We anticipate that these studies will yield new insights into the mechanisms of hypoglycemic brain injury and may lead to the development of practical strategies for reducing hypoglycemic brain injury. ..
  60. Vaccine therapy of congenital adrenal Hyperplasia
    Scott Rivkees; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..We also anticipate being able to extend this novel approach to the treatment of other receptor-mediated endocrine disorders, such as hyperthyroidism. ..
  61. DEVELOPING CIRCADIAN RHYTHMICITY
    Scott Rivkees; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..These studies may also lead to the development of new care practices in Neonatal Intensive Care Units and extend the field of developmental chronobiology to the bedside. ..
  62. PROGRESSION OF NUCLEAR DENSITY OVER A 10-YEAR INTERVAL
    Barbara Klein; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  63. A1-ADENOSINE RECEPTOR ACTION IN HIPPOCAMPUS
    Scott Rivkees; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..We anticipate these studies will lead to new insights into the mechanisms of A1AR action. We also anticipate that these studies will identify A1ARs as an important regulator of axon growth. ..
  64. MIPS XII Conference
    Elizabeth Krupinski; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  65. Moderators of Depressive Symptoms for Older Adults with Dual Sensory Loss
    MICHELE MCDONNALL; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  66. OPTIMIZING SOFTCOPY DISPLAYS FOR DIGITAL MAMMOGRAPHY
    Elizabeth Krupinski; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The JND metrix model will then be used to systematically explore and optimize CRT design tradeoffs for current and future digital-mammography display systems. ..
  67. Medical Image Perception Society Confrence XI
    Elizabeth Krupinski; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  68. Optimized Compression for Telepathology Virtual Slides
    Elizabeth Krupinski; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  69. EARLY TMT RETINOPATHY OF PREMATURITY HEADQUARTER GRANT
    WILLIAM GOOD; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Outcome will be determined at a 6 month post-term ophthalmologic examination and at a 9 month post-term visual assessment examination. ..
  70. The Effects of Prematurity on Visual Development
    WILLIAM GOOD; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..A comparison of head ultrasound and DTI findings will demonstrate whether DTI should replace ultrasound for the diagnosis of neurological injury in the newborn nursery. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  71. OPTIMIZING SOFTCOPY DISPLAYS FOR DIGITAL MAMMOGRAPHY
    Elizabeth Krupinski; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The JND metrix model will then be used to systematically explore and optimize CRT design tradeoffs for current and future digital-mammography display systems. ..
  72. PEDIATRIC LOW VISION
    WILLIAM GOOD; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Do strabismus and anisometropia affect different visual functions differentially? Is the combination of risk-factors more amblyogenic? ..
  73. Conference--Medical Image Perception
    Elizabeth Krupinski; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..This grant will be used to provide financial support for about 12 graduate students and residents, as well as logistic support for publicity and program printing. ..