gunshot wounds

Summary

Summary: Disruption of structural continuity of the body as a result of the discharge of firearms.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Gunshot wounds to the neck
    G C Tender
    Trauma Program, Charity Hospital, New Orleans, LA, USA
    South Med J 94:830-2. 2001
  2. ncbi Characterization of a new rat model of penetrating ballistic brain injury
    Anthony J Williams
    Department of Applied Neurobiology, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Silver Spring, Maryland 20910, USA
    J Neurotrauma 22:313-31. 2005
  3. ncbi Connexin40 modulates pulmonary permeability through gap junction channel in acute lung injury after thoracic gunshot wounds
    Qiang Li
    Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Xijing Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi an 710032, People s Republic of China
    J Trauma 68:802-9. 2010
  4. ncbi Spine injuries are common among asymptomatic patients after gunshot wounds
    Yoram Klein
    Divisions of Trauma and Surgical Critical Care, University of Miami School of Medicine, Miami, Florida, USA
    J Trauma 58:833-6. 2005
  5. ncbi Prognostic factors and treatment of penetrating gunshot wounds to the head
    Roberto S Martins
    Department of Neurosurgery, Hospital Santa Marcelina, Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil
    Surg Neurol 60:98-104; discussion 104. 2003
  6. ncbi Gunshot wounds to the skull: comparison of entries and exits
    G Quatrehomme
    Maître de Conférences des Universités, Faculté de Médecine de Nice, Laboratoire de Medecine Legale, France
    Forensic Sci Int 94:141-6. 1998
  7. ncbi The role of routine spinal imaging and immobilisation in asymptomatic patients after gunshot wounds
    Joseph DuBose
    Division of Trauma and Critical Care at the Los Angeles County, University of Southern California Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA, USA
    Injury 40:860-3. 2009
  8. ncbi Stability of cervical spine fractures after gunshot wounds to the head and neck
    Ron Medzon
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Emergency Medicine, Boston Medical Center, Boston, MA 02118 2393, USA
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 30:2274-9. 2005
  9. ncbi Bevelling in exit gunshot wounds in bones
    G Quatrehomme
    Department of Anthropology, Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton 33431, USA
    Forensic Sci Int 89:93-101. 1997
  10. ncbi Suicidal gunshot wounds to the head: a retrospective review of 406 cases
    Ryan Blumenthal
    Department of Forensic Medicine, University of Pretoria, PO Box 2034, Pretoria, 0001, South Africa
    Am J Forensic Med Pathol 28:288-91. 2007

Detail Information

Publications266 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Gunshot wounds to the neck
    G C Tender
    Trauma Program, Charity Hospital, New Orleans, LA, USA
    South Med J 94:830-2. 2001
    b>Gunshot wounds to the neck are diagnostically and therapeutically challenging cases. We report such a case with vascular and neurologic injuries and describe the therapeutic options. Initial treatment is aimed at hemodynamic stabilization...
  2. ncbi Characterization of a new rat model of penetrating ballistic brain injury
    Anthony J Williams
    Department of Applied Neurobiology, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Silver Spring, Maryland 20910, USA
    J Neurotrauma 22:313-31. 2005
    ....
  3. ncbi Connexin40 modulates pulmonary permeability through gap junction channel in acute lung injury after thoracic gunshot wounds
    Qiang Li
    Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Xijing Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi an 710032, People s Republic of China
    J Trauma 68:802-9. 2010
    ..Therefore, we determined whether connexin40 affected rabbits' pulmonary microvessel endothelial cells permeability after acute lung injury induced by gunshot trauma...
  4. ncbi Spine injuries are common among asymptomatic patients after gunshot wounds
    Yoram Klein
    Divisions of Trauma and Surgical Critical Care, University of Miami School of Medicine, Miami, Florida, USA
    J Trauma 58:833-6. 2005
    Spine injuries after gunshot wounds are thought to be rare among asymptomatic patients...
  5. ncbi Prognostic factors and treatment of penetrating gunshot wounds to the head
    Roberto S Martins
    Department of Neurosurgery, Hospital Santa Marcelina, Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil
    Surg Neurol 60:98-104; discussion 104. 2003
    ..attempt to evaluate the predictive factors of morbidity and mortality in patients who suffered from civilian gunshot wounds to the head, we reviewed a series of 319 patients admitted to the Hospital Santa Marcelina, São Paulo, Brazil,..
  6. ncbi Gunshot wounds to the skull: comparison of entries and exits
    G Quatrehomme
    Maître de Conférences des Universités, Faculté de Médecine de Nice, Laboratoire de Medecine Legale, France
    Forensic Sci Int 94:141-6. 1998
    ..The aim of this paper is to compare the size of 17 entrance and exit gunshot wounds from a series of 13 forensic cases...
  7. ncbi The role of routine spinal imaging and immobilisation in asymptomatic patients after gunshot wounds
    Joseph DuBose
    Division of Trauma and Critical Care at the Los Angeles County, University of Southern California Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA, USA
    Injury 40:860-3. 2009
    The role of routine dedicated spinal imaging and immobilisation following gunshot wounds (GSW) to the head, neck or torso has been debated...
  8. ncbi Stability of cervical spine fractures after gunshot wounds to the head and neck
    Ron Medzon
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Emergency Medicine, Boston Medical Center, Boston, MA 02118 2393, USA
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 30:2274-9. 2005
    ..Retrospective chart review...
  9. ncbi Bevelling in exit gunshot wounds in bones
    G Quatrehomme
    Department of Anthropology, Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton 33431, USA
    Forensic Sci Int 89:93-101. 1997
    ..The aim of this paper is to analyze bevelling in exit gunshot wounds from a series of 14 cases with 17 exit wounds...
  10. ncbi Suicidal gunshot wounds to the head: a retrospective review of 406 cases
    Ryan Blumenthal
    Department of Forensic Medicine, University of Pretoria, PO Box 2034, Pretoria, 0001, South Africa
    Am J Forensic Med Pathol 28:288-91. 2007
    A retrospective review of 406 suicidal gunshot wounds to the head, investigated at the Medico-Legal Laboratory of Pretoria, between 1997 and 2000 was performed...
  11. ncbi Infection prophylaxis of gunshot wounds using probiotics
    V I Nikitenko
    Department of Trauma Surgery, Orthopaedics and Military Surgery, Orenburg State Medical Academy, Russia
    J Wound Care 13:363-6. 2004
    To report a new method of surgical infection prophylaxis for postoperative gunshot wounds to the extremities.
  12. ncbi Analysis of 107 civilian craniocerebral gunshot wounds
    Umit Ozkan
    Dicle Universitesi Tip Fakültesi, Norosirurji Anabilim Dali, 21280 Diyarbaki, Turkey
    Neurosurg Rev 25:231-6. 2002
    In this study, we present a retrospective analysis of 107 cases due to civilian craniocerebral gunshot wounds that were treated by the medical faculty of Dicle University during a period of 7 years (January 1993 to January 2000)...
  13. ncbi Distribution and extent of involvement in brachial plexopathies caused by gunshot wounds, motor vehicle crashes, and other etiologies: a 10-year electromyography study
    Amy O Bowles
    Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77004, USA
    Arch Phys Med Rehabil 85:1708-10. 2004
    To examine the differences in the extent and distribution of brachial plexopathy involvement caused by gunshot wounds (GSW), motor vehicle crashes (MVCs), and other etiologies, based on electrophysiologic data.
  14. ncbi Reconstruction of through-and-through gunshot wounds to the feet with free gracilis muscle flaps
    Lee L Q Pu
    Division of Plastic Surgery, University of Kentucky, Kentucky Clinic, Lexington, KY 40536 0284, USA
    Ann Plast Surg 50:286-91. 2003
    ..Thus, a free gracilis muscle transfer should be considered first for reconstruction of a through-and-through GSW to the foot, because it can provide reliable soft tissue coverage with excellent contour and minimal donor site morbidity...
  15. ncbi Civilian gunshot wounds to the brain
    Yuang Seng Tsuei
    Department of Neurosurgery, Taichung Veterans General Hospital, Taichung, R O C
    J Chin Med Assoc 68:126-30. 2005
    Civilian gunshot wounds to the brain are relatively rare, and a much-neglected subject in Taiwan...
  16. ncbi Practical pathology of gunshot wounds
    J Scott Denton
    Cook County Medical Examiners Office, Chicago, IL 60612 3705, USA
    Arch Pathol Lab Med 130:1283-9. 2006
    b>Gunshot wounds are the most common cause of homicidal death in the United States. Analysis and interpretation of fatal gunshot wounds is an important and common practice among forensic pathologists...
  17. ncbi Staged reconstruction after gunshot wounds to the abdomen
    M Cohen
    Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, University of Illinois at Chicago, 820 S Wood Street, Chicago, IL 60612 7316, USA
    Plast Reconstr Surg 108:83-92. 2001
    Immediate closure of abdominal incisions after exploration and treatment of gunshot wounds is not always feasible or advisable...
  18. ncbi The effects of removal of bullet fragments retained in the spinal canal. A collaborative study by the National Spinal Cord Injury Model Systems
    R L Waters
    Rancho Los Amigos Medical Center, Downey, California
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 16:934-9. 1991
    ..001) motor recovery in those patients from whom the bullet was removed from than in patients not having bullet removal. Bullet removal from the canal between T1 and T11 had no significant effect on motor recovery...
  19. ncbi Gunshot wounds to the spine
    Christopher M Bono
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Boston Medical Center, Boston University School of Medicine, Dowling 2 North, One Boston Medical Center Place, Boston, MA 02118 2393, USA
    Spine J 4:230-40. 2004
    The incidence of violent crimes has risen over the past decade. With it, gunshot injuries have become increasingly more common in the civilian population. Among the most devastating injuries are gunshot wounds to the spine.
  20. ncbi Air-gun pellet injuries to the head and neck in children
    J F Martinez-Lage
    Unit of Pediatric Neurosurgery, Hospital Universitario Virgen de la Arrixaca, El Palmar, 30120 Murcia, Spain
    Pediatr Surg Int 17:657-60. 2001
    ..The true nature and extent of the lesion in two infants was established only by neuroradiological investigations. We also briefly review the management and prevention of this type of injury...
  21. pmc Air weapon injuries: a serious and persistent problem
    H Ceylan
    Departments of Paediatric Surgery, Leeds Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust, Leeds, UK
    Arch Dis Child 86:234-5. 2002
  22. ncbi Advances in abdominal trauma
    Jennifer L Isenhour
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Carolinas Medical Center, 1000 Blythe Boulevard, Charlotte, NC 28203, USA
    Emerg Med Clin North Am 25:713-33, ix. 2007
    ....
  23. ncbi When to operate on abdominal gunshot wounds
    A Salim
    Department of Surgery, University of Southern California Keck School of Medicine, Los Angeles 90033, USA
    Scand J Surg 91:62-6. 2002
    ..However, gunshot wounds to the abdomen are still treated by mandatory exploration based on an allegedly high incidence of intra-..
  24. ncbi Gunshots to the neck: selective angiography as part of conservative management
    A B Van As
    Trauma Unit, Department of Paediatric Surgery, Red Cross War Memorial Children s Hospital, Groote Schuur Hospital, Rondebosch, 7701 Cape Town, South Africa
    Injury 33:453-6. 2002
    ..While the traditional view is that exploration is mandatory for all gunshot wounds to the neck, this issue is now often debated amongst trauma surgeons...
  25. ncbi Should airguns be banned?
    P Holland
    Department of Neurosurgery, Royal Liverpool Children s Hospital NHS Trust, Alder Hey, Liverpool, UK
    Br J Neurosurg 18:124-9. 2004
    ..Recent legislation has increased the minimum age at which airguns can be carried in a public place, but we believe that stricter legislation is required to produce a reduction in the number of airgun-related injuries...
  26. ncbi Traumatic pseudoaneurysms of the head and neck: early endovascular intervention
    Mitchell W Cox
    Walter Reed Army Medical Center, Washington, DC 20307, USA
    J Vasc Surg 46:1227-33. 2007
    ..Pseudoaneurysms are the most frequent finding on delayed evaluation and can result in life-threatening episodes of rebleeding...
  27. ncbi Gunshot wounds to the cervical spine
    P C Kupcha
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Thomas Jefferson University Hospital, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 15:1058-63. 1990
    A retrospective review was performed on 28 patients with low-velocity gunshot wounds to the cervical spine. These composed 31% of all spinal gunshot wounds seen during the study period between 1979 and 1988...
  28. ncbi Successful endovascular therapy of a penetrating zone III internal carotid injury
    Jeffrey D McNeil
    Department of General Surgery, Wilford Hall Medical Center, Lackland AFB, Texas 78236 1800, USA
    J Vasc Surg 36:187-90. 2002
    ..Recent literature on the surgical and endovascular management of distal carotid injuries is reviewed...
  29. ncbi Vascular trauma in high-velocity gunshot wounds and shrapnel-blast injuries in Israel
    Yehuda G Wolf
    Department of Vascular Surgery, Hadassah Medical School Hebrew University, Jerusalem, Israel
    Surg Clin North Am 82:237-44. 2002
    ..Early revascularization with temporary shunts, the use of autologous tissue, major venous reconstruction, a low threshold for fasciotomy, and reliable tissue coverage are the mainstays of management...
  30. ncbi Pathomorphological and quantitative bacteriological findings in various forms of primary surgery on gunshot wounds of extremities
    Y D Zhang
    Orthopaedic Center, 304th Hospital of Postgraduate Medical College, Beijing, China
    Arch Orthop Trauma Surg 121:566-70. 2001
    ..Nowadays, the gunshot wounds in peacetime have become prevalent...
  31. ncbi Selective non-operative management of solid organ injury following abdominal gunshot wounds
    Joseph DuBose
    Division of Trauma Surgery and Critical Care, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, United States
    Injury 38:1084-90. 2007
    ..Our hypothesis was that the non-operative management of isolated solid organ injuries is a safe management option for a select group of patients...
  32. ncbi Management of facial gunshot wounds
    Syed Gulzar Sali Bukhari
    Department of Oral Surgery, Armed Forces Institute of Dentistry, Rawalpindi
    J Coll Physicians Surg Pak 20:382-5. 2010
    To determine pattern and presentation in terms of site of injury, airway, associated injuries; and management of facial gunshot wounds.
  33. pmc Suicide acts in 8 states: incidence and case fatality rates by demographics and method
    R S Spicer
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, Landover, MD 20785, USA
    Am J Public Health 90:1885-91. 2000
    ..This study examined incidence rates of medically identified suicide acts (self-inflicted injuries, either fatal or nonfatal) and case fatality rates by age, sex, race, and method used...
  34. ncbi Craniocerebral gunshot wounds: results of less aggressive surgery and complications
    A Cosar
    Department of Anaesthesiology, GATA Medical School, Etlik Ankara, Turkey
    Minim Invasive Neurosurg 48:113-8. 2005
    Four hundreds patients who suffered from cranial gunshot wounds injuries were analyzed...
  35. ncbi Gunshot wounds to the chest with arterial bullet embolization
    Rodolphe Nguyen
    Service de Chirurgie Vasculaire et Thoracique, CHU de la Guadeloupe, Abymes, France
    Ann Vasc Surg 20:780-3. 2006
    This report describes two cases involving small-caliber gunshot wounds to the chest with embolization of the bullet (.22 long rifle). In the first patient, hemodynamic status permitted additional imaging before surgery...
  36. ncbi Early predictors of massive transfusion in patients sustaining torso gunshot wounds in a civilian level I trauma center
    Christopher J Dente
    Department of Surgery, Grady Memorial Hospital and Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia 30303, USA
    J Trauma 68:298-304. 2010
    ..We hypothesized that MT protocol (MTP) utilization would improve by identifying markers for MT (>10 units packed red blood cell [PRBC] in 24 hours) in torso gunshot wounds (GSW) requiring early transfusion and operation.
  37. ncbi Fatal gunshot wounds between 1995 and 2001 in a highly populated region in Finland
    Juha Rainio
    Department of Forensic Medicine, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    Am J Forensic Med Pathol 26:70-7. 2005
    ..This study analyzes fatal gunshot wounds in the region of Uusimaa, Southern Finland, between 1995 and 2001...
  38. ncbi Initial evaluation and management of gunshot wounds to the face
    D Demetriades
    Department of Surgery, University of Southern California, Los Angeles 90033, USA
    J Trauma 45:39-41. 1998
    The literature on early management of gunshot wounds (GSWs) to the face is scant, with only six series reported in the English-language literature in the last 12 years...
  39. ncbi Gunshot wounds to the face--acute management
    J Nicolas McLean
    Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia 30342, USA
    Facial Plast Surg 21:191-8. 2005
    ..The literature on acute management of gunshot wounds to the face is scarce...
  40. ncbi Treating civilian gunshot wounds to the extremities in a level 1 trauma center: our experience and recommendations
    Alon Burg
    Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Rabin Medical Center Beilinson Campus, Petah Tikva, Israel
    Isr Med Assoc J 11:546-51. 2009
    b>Gunshot wounds impose a continuous burden on community and hospital resources. Gunshot injuries to the extremities might involve complex soft tissue, bone, vascular, musculotendinous, and nerve injuries...
  41. pmc Selective nonoperative management in 1,856 patients with abdominal gunshot wounds: should routine laparotomy still be the standard of care?
    G C Velmahos
    Department of Surgery, Division of Trauma and Critical Care, University of Southern California Keck School of Medicine, Los Angeles, California, USA
    Ann Surg 234:395-402; discussion 402-3. 2001
    To evaluate the safety of a policy of selective nonoperative management (SNOM) in patients with abdominal gunshot wounds.
  42. pmc Necessity breeds invention: a study of outpatient management of low velocity gunshot wounds
    A Byrne
    Accident and Emergency Department, Mater Hospital, Belfast, UK
    Emerg Med J 23:376-8. 2006
    ..Mater Hospital, Belfast, has implemented a policy of treating conservatively patients who sustain low velocity gunshot wounds to the lower limbs. Wounds are cleaned and minimally debrided under local anaesthetic in the ED...
  43. ncbi Substitute ellipse of the permanent cavity in gelatin blocks and debridement of gunshot wounds
    Z Korać
    Department of Surgery, General Hospital Karlovac, Karlovac, Croatia
    Mil Med 166:689-94. 2001
    ..shapes, and an attempt was made to simplify these forms and to link them with surgical debridement of gunshot wounds. An assumption was made that the zone of debridement has the form of an ellipse...
  44. pmc Lethality of firearms relative to other suicide methods: a population based study
    E D Shenassa
    Brown Medical School, Department of Community Health, USA
    J Epidemiol Community Health 57:120-4. 2003
    ..1) To quantify lethality of firearms relative to other suicide methods, (2) to quantify the extent to which suicide mortality may be reduced by limiting access to firearms...
  45. ncbi Nonoperative management of abdominal gunshot wounds
    John P Pryor
    Division of Traumatology and Surgical Critical Care, Department of Surgery, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    Ann Emerg Med 43:344-53. 2004
    Mandatory surgical exploration for gunshot wounds to the abdomen has been a surgical dictum for the greater part of this past century...
  46. ncbi Diagnostic laparoscopy for the evaluation of occult diaphragmatic injury following penetrating thoracoabdominal trauma
    Benjamin S Powell
    Department of Surgery, University of Tennessee Health Science Centre, Memphis, Tennessee
    Injury 39:530-4. 2008
    ....
  47. ncbi Paradoxical bullet embolus from the vena cava: a case report
    Helen Corbett
    Department of Surgery, University of California Davis East Bay, Oakland, CA, USA
    J Trauma 55:979-81. 2003
  48. pmc Association between handgun purchase and mortality from firearm injury
    K M Grassel
    Violence Prevention Research Program, University of California, Davis, Sacramento, CA 95817, USA
    Inj Prev 9:48-52. 2003
    ..To determine the association between mortality from violent or firearm related injury and previous handgun purchase...
  49. pmc Buying a handgun for someone else: firearm dealer willingness to sell
    S B Sorenson
    UCLA School of Public Health, Los Angeles, California, USA
    Inj Prev 9:147-50. 2003
    ..To examine firearm dealer willingness to sell when a handgun is being purchased for another person. US law requires a background check of the purchaser but not the end user of a firearm...
  50. ncbi Abdominal computed tomographic scan for patients with gunshot wounds to the abdomen selected for nonoperative management
    George C Velmahos
    Department of Surgery, Division of Trauma and Critical Care, University of Southern California Keck School of Medicine, Los Angeles County University of Southern California Medical Center, Los Angeles, California 90033, USA
    J Trauma 59:1155-60; discussion 1160-1. 2005
    Computed tomographic (CT) scanning is increasingly used in patients with abdominal gunshot wounds (AGSWs) selected for nonoperative management (NOM). Triple-contrast CT scanning (i.e...
  51. ncbi Penetrating injuries due to gunshot wounds involving the brachial plexus
    Daniel H Kim
    Department of Neurosurgery, Stanford University Medical Center, Stanford, California 94305 5327, USA
    Neurosurg Focus 16:E3. 2004
    The authors review 118 operative brachial plexus gunshot wounds (GSWs), causing 293 element injuries that were managed over a 30-year period at Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center (LSUHSC)...
  52. ncbi Gunshot injuries of the spine--a review of 49 cases managed at the Groote Schuur Acute Spinal Cord Injury Unit
    J C le Roux
    Department of Orthopaedics, Stellenbosch University
    S Afr J Surg 43:165-8. 2005
    ..A large number of these injuries were the result of interpersonal violence, particularly gunshot wounds.
  53. ncbi The clinical, electrophysiologic, and surgical characteristics of peripheral nerve injuries caused by gunshot wounds in adults: a 40-year experience
    Halil Ibrahim Secer
    Department of Neurosurgery, Gulhane Military Medical Academy, 06018 Etlik Ankara, Turkey
    Surg Neurol 69:143-52; discussion 152. 2008
    There are few large-volume studies on the repair of peripheral nerve lesions caused by gunshot wounds. In this study, the results of peripheral nerve repair are analyzed, and the factors influencing the outcome are investigated.
  54. ncbi Gunshot wounds of abdomen: evaluation of stable patients with triple-contrast helical CT
    Felipe Munera
    Department of Radiology, Universidad de Antioquia, Hospital Universitario San Vicente de Paul, Medellin, Colombia
    Radiology 231:399-405. 2004
    ..administered intravenously, orally, and rectally (triple contrast helical CT)) in the prospective evaluation of stable patients with abdominal gunshot wounds in whom there is no clinical indication for immediate exploratory laparotomy.
  55. ncbi Civilian duodenal gunshot wounds: surgical management made simpler
    Peep Talving
    Department of Molecular Medicine and Surgery, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, 171 76 Sweden
    World J Surg 30:488-94. 2006
    Low-velocity gunshot wounds cause most civilian duodenal injuries...
  56. ncbi Current orthopaedic treatment of ballistic injuries
    David A Volgas
    Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 950 Faculty Office Tower, 510 South 20th Street, Birmingham, AL 35294 3409, USA
    Injury 36:380-6. 2005
    The purpose of this review is to examine current orthopaedic treatment of gunshot wounds. Surgeons are increasingly confronted by gunshot wounds that occur in both military and civilian settings...
  57. ncbi Gunshot wounds to the spine in adolescents
    Henry E Aryan
    Division of Neurosurgery, University of California, San Diego, California, USA
    Neurosurgery 57:748-52; discussion 748-52. 2005
    The incidence of spinal instability after penetrating gunshot wounds to the spine in adolescents is unknown. We describe our experience over a 15-year period.
  58. ncbi [Treatment strategies for gunshot wounds of the extremities]
    P Kobbe
    Klinik für Unfallchirurgie, Städtisches Klinikum Braunschweig, Freisestrasse 9, 38118, Braunschweig, Deutschland
    Unfallchirurg 111:247-54; quiz 255. 2008
    The incidence of gunshot wounds is increasing also in Europe and surgeons in urban trauma centers are more frequently confronted with this type of injury...
  59. ncbi Penetrating ballistic-like brain injury in the rat: differential time courses of hemorrhage, cell death, inflammation, and remote degeneration
    Anthony J Williams
    Department of Applied Neurobiology, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Silver Spring, Maryland 20910, USA
    J Neurotrauma 23:1828-46. 2006
    ..The similarities/differences of PBBI to other focal brain injury models are discussed...
  60. ncbi [Penetrating gunshot injuries to the head and brain. Diagnosis, management and prognosis]
    C A Kuhne
    Klinik für Unfallchirurgie, Universitatsklinikum Essen, Hufelandstrasse 55, 45122, Essen, Germany
    Unfallchirurg 110:341-9; quiz 350. 2007
    ..Debridement of the bullet's path and removal of the projectile are more controversial. Mortality is extremely high after such injuries; if the victim does survive the prognosis is comparable to that following closed cranial injuries...
  61. ncbi Gunshot wounds and other injuries of nerves. 1864
    S Weir Mitchell
    Clin Orthop Relat Res 458:35-9. 2007
  62. pmc Urban-rural shifts in intentional firearm death: different causes, same results
    Charles C Branas
    Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, University of Pennsylvania, 829 Blockley Hall, 423 Guardian Drive, Philadelphia, PA 19104 6021, USA
    Am J Public Health 94:1750-5. 2004
    ..We analyzed urban-rural differences in intentional firearm death...
  63. ncbi Long-term clinical manifestations of retained bullet fragments within the intervertebral disk space
    Gaetano J Scuderi
    Parkway Regional Medical Center, North Miami Beach, Florida 33179, USA
    J Spinal Disord Tech 17:108-11. 2004
    ....
  64. ncbi Gunshot wounds to the head and neck
    Vishal S Doctor
    Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, UC Davis Medical Center, Sacramento, California, USA
    Curr Opin Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 15:213-8. 2007
    b>Gunshot wounds to the head and neck result in significant bone and soft tissue loss. These defects pose a challenge to the facial reconstructive surgeon...
  65. ncbi Complete paraplegia following gunshot injury without direct trauma to the cord
    Yigal Mirovsky
    Spine Unit, Assaf Harofeh Medical Center, Zerifin, Israel
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 30:2436-8. 2005
    A retrospective review of all patients with neurologic deficit following gunshot wounds that did not penetrate the spinal canal.
  66. ncbi Gunshot wounds: reconstruction of the lower face by osteogenic distraction
    D Labbe
    Department of Maxillofacial and Plastic Surgery, University Hospital, Caen, France
    Plast Reconstr Surg 116:1596-603. 2005
    ..miniaturized, and made lighter, more flexible, and more adaptable for mandibular reconstruction in adults with gunshot wounds. The authors successively used unidirectional and bidirectional devices, followed by a bone transporter with a ..
  67. ncbi Gunshot injuries to the extremities: experience of a U.K. trauma centre
    I J Persad
    Kings College Hospital, Denmark Hill, London, UK
    Injury 36:407-11. 2005
    ..We conducted a retrospective analysis of extremity gunshot injuries over a five-year period. Our aim is to report on our (1) incidence, (2) complications and (3) experience in treating these injuries...
  68. pmc Rates of household firearm ownership and homicide across US regions and states, 1988-1997
    Matthew Miller
    Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Mass 02115, USA
    Am J Public Health 92:1988-93. 2002
    ..In this study we explored the association between rates of household firearm ownership and homicide across the United States, by age groups...
  69. ncbi Fractures with major vascular injuries from gunshot wounds: implications of surgical sequence
    Timothy P McHenry
    Joint Trauma Training Center, Ben Taub General Hospital, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas 77030, USA
    J Trauma 53:717-21. 2002
    ..The sequence of surgical repair for penetrating extremity injuries requiring both vascular repair and fracture fixation is controversial. The optimal determination of repair order and its consequences is the purpose of this study...
  70. ncbi The management of urinary tract injuries after gunshot wounds of the anterior and posterior abdomen
    G C Velmahos
    Department of Surgery, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, USA
    Injury 28:535-8. 1997
    b>Gunshot wounds of the urinary tract are seen with increasing frequency due to the widespread use of firearms...
  71. ncbi Gunshot wounds to the spine: literature review and report on a migratory intrathecal bullet
    Edward Moon
    University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA
    Am J Orthop (Belle Mead NJ) 37:E47-51. 2008
    ..Intrathecal migratory missiles represent a very rare subset of the gunshot wounds to the spine, and their treatment should be individualized...
  72. ncbi Penetrating chest injuries in the firearm era
    T E Madiba
    Department of Surgery, University of Natal and King Edward VIII Hospital, Private Bag 7, Congella, 4013, Durban, South Africa
    Injury 32:13-6. 2001
    ..firearm wounds of the chest are now common at our institution. The management algorithm for firearm wounds has not been evaluated for this mode of injury...
  73. ncbi Facial gunshot wounds: a 4-year experience
    L Hollier
    Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030, USA
    J Oral Maxillofac Surg 59:277-82. 2001
    Facial gunshot wounds can result in devastating functional and aesthetic consequences for patients...
  74. ncbi Gunshot wounds to the ureter: a 40-year experience at Grady Memorial Hospital
    M R Perez-Brayfield
    Department of Urology, Emory University Hospital, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    J Urol 166:119-21. 2001
    ..Furthermore, a predefined trauma protocol, as defined in our algorithm, decreases the number of missed ureteral injuries that may potentially complicate the outcome of an already critical case...
  75. ncbi Firearm availability and unintentional firearm deaths, suicide, and homicide among 5-14 year olds
    Mathew Miller
    Harvard School of Public Health, Department of Health Policy and Management, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    J Trauma 52:267-74; discussion 274-5. 2002
    ..This national study attempts to determine whether firearm prevalence is related to rates of unintentional firearm deaths, suicides, and homicides among children...
  76. ncbi Lodox/Statscan provides rapid identification of bullets in multiple gunshot wounds
    Chih Yuan Fu
    Trauma and Emergency Center, China Medical University Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan 404, ROC
    Am J Emerg Med 26:965.e5-7. 2008
    ..As a result, it serves as a valuable adjunct in providing rapid identification of metal projectiles in multiple gunshot wounds.
  77. ncbi [Gunshot wounds, firearms and wound ballistics]
    E J M M Verleisdonk
    Universitair Medisch Centrum Utrecht, afd Heelkunde, Postbus 85 500, 3508 GA Utrecht
    Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd 146:1271-5. 2002
    In the Netherlands the majority of gunshot wounds are caused by hand guns with a low firing velocity, such as pistols and revolvers, in which the severity of the injuries caused is primarily determined by whether or not vital structures ..
  78. ncbi Trans-mediastinal gunshot wounds: are "stable" patients really stable?
    Kimberly K Nagy
    Department of Trauma, Cook County Hospital, 1835 W Harrison Street, Room M3241, Chicago, Illinois 60612, USA
    World J Surg 26:1247-50. 2002
    b>Gunshot wounds that traverse the mediastinum frequently cause serious injury to the cardiac, vascular, pulmonary, and digestive structures contained within...
  79. ncbi The rural-urban continuum: variability in statewide serious firearm injuries in children and adolescents
    Michael L Nance
    Department of Pediatric Surgery, Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 156:781-5. 2002
    ..To compare rates of serious firearm injuries among children and adolescents treated in a statewide trauma system...
  80. pmc Firearm availability and suicide, homicide, and unintentional firearm deaths among women
    Matthew Miller
    Department of Health Policy and Management, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    J Urban Health 79:26-38. 2002
    ..In the United States, more than 45,000 women died from gun violence over the last decade...
  81. ncbi Problem fractures associated with gunshot wounds in children
    Huseyin Arslan
    Department of Orthopedic and Trauma Surgery, School of Medicine, University of Dicle, Diyarbakir, Turkey
    Injury 33:743-9. 2002
    Twenty-seven fractures in 22 children (14 female, 8 male; average age: 10.5) who suffered gunshot wounds were retrospectively evaluated...
  82. ncbi Use of antibiotics in penetrating craniocerebral injuries. "Infection in Neurosurgery" Working Party of British Society for Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
    R Bayston
    Division of Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, University of Nottingham Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, UK
    Lancet 355:1813-7. 2000
    ..Broad-spectrum antibiotic prophylaxis is recommended for both military and civilian PCCI, Including those due to sports or recreational injuries...
  83. ncbi Paradoxical bullet embolism: case report and literature review
    M Schurr
    Department of Surgery, Presley Regional Trauma Center, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, USA
    J Trauma 40:1034-6. 1996
    ..Paradoxical emboli are even more unusual. We present a case of a paradoxical bullet embolism from the left external iliac vein to the left common iliac artery via a patent foramen ovale...
  84. ncbi Comparison of intravenous and oral antibiotic therapy in the treatment of fractures caused by low-velocity gunshots. A prospective, randomized study of infection rates
    T P Knapp
    Orthopaedic Trauma Service, Los Angeles County University of Southern California Medical Center, USA
    J Bone Joint Surg Am 78:1167-71. 1996
    ..We concluded that oral and intravenous administration of antibiotics were equally effective for prophylaxis against infection after an extra-articular fracture from a low-velocity gunshot...
  85. ncbi Case-study of fatal gunshot wounds from non-lethal projectiles
    Czesław Chowaniec
    Department of Forensic Medicine, Medical University of Silesia, Katowice, Poland
    Forensic Sci Int 178:213-7. 2008
    ..The post-mortem examination revealed that death had been due to gunshot wounds in the chest which had caused heart and lung damage with subsequent massive internal haemorrhaging.
  86. ncbi Intraoperative ultrasound-guided retrieval of an airgun pellet from the tongue: a case report
    P K Sharma
    Barts and The Royal London Hospital, London, UK
    Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg 40:153-5. 2002
    ..Diagnostic ultrasound was crucial in clarifying the positional relation between the foreign body and the instrument used, enabling safe, precise and rapid retrieval during a potentially hazardous surgical operation...
  87. ncbi A method of determining peritoneal penetration in gunshot wounds to the abdomen
    K K Nagy
    Department of Trauma, Cook County Hospital, Chicago, Illinois, USA
    J Trauma 43:242-5; discussion 245-6. 1997
    It has previously been shown that 98% of gunshot wounds that penetrate the peritoneal cavity cause injuries that require surgical repair...
  88. ncbi Low-velocity gunshot wounds of the proximal phalanx: treatment by early stable fixation
    M H Gonzalez
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Illinois at Chicago, 60612, USA
    J Hand Surg Am 23:150-5. 1998
    Twenty-eight proximal phalangeal fractures secondary to low-velocity gunshot wounds in 27 patients treated by stable fixation were retrospectively reviewed. Definitive fixation was performed within 1 week of injury...
  89. ncbi Radiographic assessment of cranial gunshot wounds
    Paul E Kim
    Division of Neuroradiology, Department of Radiology, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, 1200 North State Street, Room 3740, Los Angeles, CA 90033, USA
    Neuroimaging Clin N Am 12:229-48. 2002
    ..Thus, only a brief summary of the many varied aspects of this complex problem is presented here as a review of the more salient issues...
  90. ncbi Penetrating civilian craniocerebral gunshot wounds: a protocol of delayed surgery
    W Adriaan Liebenberg
    Department of Neurosurgery, Hurstwood Park Neurological Centre, West Sussex, England
    Neurosurgery 57:293-9; discussion 293-9. 2005
    ..Several factors have led to our unique approach of delayed definitive débridement. We wanted to evaluate the effectiveness of our management and compare it with the existing data in the literature...
  91. ncbi Accidental firearm fatalities. Forensic and preventive implications
    B Karger
    Institute of Legal Medicine, University of Munster, Röntgenstrasse 23, 48149 Munster, Germany
    Int J Legal Med 116:350-3. 2002
    ..It is recommended that a case should always be considered to be non-accidental in the beginning of an investigation...
  92. ncbi [Injuries inflicted by non-barrel self-defense guns]
    V D Isakov
    Sud Med Ekspert 48:32-4. 2005
  93. ncbi [Suicidal shot in the mouth with an unmodified blank cartridge pistol]
    Nikola Bungardt
    Aus dem Institut für Rechtsmedizin der Universität Bonn
    Arch Kriminol 216:1-6. 2005
    ..The immediate cause of death was deep aspiration of chyme with concurrent aspiration of blood...
  94. ncbi Rifle wounds: a review of range and location as pertaining to manner of death
    D Kimberley Molina
    Bexar County Medical Examiner s Office, San Antonio, TX, USA
    Am J Forensic Med Pathol 29:201-5. 2008
    ..b>Gunshot wounds, in general, have been extensively studied with articles focusing on the types of injuries, weapons used, ..
  95. ncbi [Suicide with multiple graze shots]
    Markus Grosse Perdekamp
    Institut für Rechtsmedizin der Universität Freiburg
    Arch Kriminol 216:150-9. 2005
    ..The injury pattern is presented and discussed in relation to the results of the technical investigation of the weapon and the findings at the scene...
  96. ncbi Social and racial correlates of Russian roulette
    Steven Stack
    Department of Psychiatry, Wayne State University, USA
    Suicide Life Threat Behav 38:436-41. 2008
    ..Russian roulette victims were entirely male, significantly younger, and less apt to be married than the control group...
  97. ncbi [Fatal chest injury from a shotgun slug: homicide, accident or suicide?]
    Birol Aydin
    Institut für Rechtsmedizin des Universitätsklinikums Hamburg Eppendorf
    Arch Kriminol 219:89-97. 2007
    ..One of the triggers interlocked with the button of a camping chair's cushion and a shot was fired. Furthermore the morphology of wounds from shotgun slugs is discussed on the basis of the autopsy findngs...
  98. pmc An evaluation of state firearm regulations and homicide and suicide death rates
    M Rosengart
    University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Inj Prev 11:77-83. 2005
    ....
  99. ncbi A case of suicide-by-cop
    Jens Falk
    Institute of Legal Medicine, University Hospital of Cologne, Melatenguertel 60 62, Cologne 50823, Germany
    Leg Med (Tokyo) 6:194-6. 2004
    ..The man had expressed suicidal thoughts several times and had taken conspicuous leave of his wife on the day of the incident...
  100. ncbi Firearm death rates and association with level of firearm purchase background check
    Steven A Sumner
    Injury Research Center, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin 53226 0509, USA
    Am J Prev Med 35:1-6. 2008
    ..The information potentially available to checking agencies at different levels of government varies; the consequence of this variation is not known...
  101. ncbi Gunshot residue testing in suicides: Part I: Analysis by scanning electron microscopy with energy-dispersive X-ray
    D Kimberley Molina
    Bexar County Medical Examiner s Office, San Antonio, Texas 78229, USA
    Am J Forensic Med Pathol 28:187-90. 2007
    ..The low sensitivity, along with the low percentage of cases with a discernible pattern, limits the usefulness of GSR test results by SEM-EDX in differentiating self-inflicted from non-self-inflicted wounds...

Research Grants40

  1. Mechanisms and translation of lipid resuscitation
    Guy L Weinberg; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..cause of accidental death in the United States contributing to 36,000 fatalities in 2007 placing it ahead of gunshot wounds and just behind motor vehicle accidents...
  2. Antimicrobial Biodegradable Bone Graft for Craniofacial/Maxillofacial Application
    Arash Aslani; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..There are reports of local complications and wound infection rates as high as 100% in civilians suffering gunshot wounds to the face...
  3. TESTING A DECISION AID FOR THE MANAGEMENT OF INJURIES
    John Clarke; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..for the initial definitive management of patients, currently confined to those with stab wounds and gunshot wounds of the chest and abdomen...
  4. Prescription Opioid Use and the Risk of Injury among Elderly Americans
    Matthew Miller; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Since many older Americans benefit from opioids, a null finding or a finding that risk is concentrated (e.g., in some but not other specific preparations) would also be clinically relevant. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  5. Longitudinal Analysis of Health-Related Quality of Life in an Aging Population
    Mark Kaplan; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  6. Short & Long Term Suicide Risk Factors
    Mark Kaplan; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The results of this epidemiologic study, will help us better understand proximal and distal suicide risk factors. ..
  7. Geocoding, Census Data & Social Disparities in Health
    Nancy Krieger; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  8. AREA-BASED SOCIOECONOMIC MEASURES FOR HEALTH DATA
    Nancy Krieger; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....
  9. Race & Breast Cancer Estrogen Receptor Status: Impact of Class and Missing Data
    Nancy Krieger; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  10. Major Depression Following Minor Injury
    Therese Richmond; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Further, this design, using comprehensive psychiatric evaluation, will allow a critical analysis of the influence of major depression and related psychiatric disorders on outcomes following minor injury. ..
  11. Alcohol, firearms, and adolescent gunshot injury risk
    DOUGLAS WIEBE; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..This study will help to identify how adolescents are restricted in time and space by their daily activities, thereby identifying particular locations and times of enhanced, and reduced, assaultive injury risk. ..
  12. Breast Cancer After The Women?s Health Initiative Study: Declining Incidence?
    Nancy Krieger; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The knowledge gained will lead to new insights about the causes of breast cancer and ways its incidence can be reduced. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  13. Assessing Child Report of Asthma Health Status
    Lynn Olson; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..With these data we will examine the reliability and validity of reports from children across age groups. Relevant covariates, such as type of domain assessed, will also be examined. ..
  14. Racial Discrimination and Risk of Chronic Disease
    Nancy Krieger; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  15. Socioeconomic Trends in Breast Cancer Incidence
    Nancy Krieger; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Results of this investigation will provide new insights into social determinants of and secular changes in breast cancer incidence, with implications for breast cancer surveillance, screening and control. ..
  16. Reducing the Disproportionate Burden of Orofacial Injury
    Vivek Shetty; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  17. PS06-011, HIV Prevention Research with HIV+ Incarcerated Populations
    Frederick Altice; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  18. MEDICALLY TREATED AND FATAL SUICIDE ACTS: NUMBER & COST
    Ted Miller; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..We expect the model to suggest the estimated annual US suicide death toll is 5%-7% above reported levels. (5) To modify an existing injury cost model to more accurately cost suicide acts and apply the model to national data. ..
  19. UNDERSTANDING VIOLENT INJURY
    John Rich; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..D. (urban street culture). The applicant will also complete course work in research methods in epidemiology, field methods, survey research methods and crime and delinquency in the graduate schools of Boston University. ..
  20. DIRECTLY OBSERVED ANTI RETROVIRAL THERAPY AMONG ACTIVE D
    Frederick Altice; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Secondary measures of interest include quality of life measures, health care utilization and entry into drug treatment. ..
  21. Vestibular Compensation During Volitional Head Movements
    SHAWN NEWLANDS; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..This work is an extension and supplementation of the P.I.'s ongoing career development award project (K-08-DC00182). ..
  22. VESTIBULAR NUCLEUS ACTIVITY IN VESTIBULAR COMPENSATION
    SHAWN NEWLANDS; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  23. Breast Cancer Risk Assessment with Bayesian Networks
    Omolola Ogunyemi; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  24. Directly Observed Therapy for Community-Released HIV-positive Prisoners
    Frederick Altice; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..It is therefore likely that the stated aim will be successfully accomplished, despite the challenges of working with prisoners and drug-using populations. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  25. Improving Health Outcomes for Released HIV+ Prisoners
    Frederick Altice; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  26. High School Sports Injury Surveillance-Incidence/exposur
    R Comstock; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..This directly addresses the CDC's mission to promote physical activity and prevent injuries and both directly and indirectly addresses several Healthy People 2010 injury prevention objectives. ..
  27. UNDERSTANDING OCCUPATIONAL INJURY AND ILLNESS TRENDS
    Ted Miller; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..We also will pilot test use of an input-output model to assess the impact of occupational injury/illness on the economy. ..
  28. Quality of Care for Adolescent Suicide Attempters
    Jeffrey Bridge; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Together, these projects will inform the design of a future R01 proposal aimed at studying quality of care factors and outcome for at-risk youth across a broader range of service providers and treatment settings. ..
  29. Costs of Occupational Injury and Illness
    J Leigh; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..But reported national injury rates have been fallen since 1992. Moreover, Workers'Compensation costs fell from 1993 to 1998 but have risen since 1999. Current and comprehensive estimates are needed. ..
  30. Homocysteine/Hypertension & Vascular Lesion Formation
    Peter Lin; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  31. Child Psychopathology, Adversity & Developing Drug Abuse
    BETH MOLNAR; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  32. Are Volume Standards Accurate Measures of Quality?
    Laurent Glance; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  33. APPLIED REGIONALIZATION OF EMERGENCY CARE
    Charles Branas; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  34. CHLDRENS INJURIES ON KENTUCKY BEEF CATTLE FARMS
    Steven Browning; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..g., headgates) and confinement facilities for these farms. ..
  35. Case Control Study of Alcohol Outlets & Firearm Violence
    Charles Branas; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..In this way, health policies to change the numbers and locations of alcohol outlets can become more certain, more effective, and more politically admissible. ..
  36. ACTIVITY-DEPENDENT PLASTICITY AFTER SPINAL CORD INJURY
    Andrea Behrman; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..