whiplash injuries

Summary

Summary: Hyperextension injury to the neck, often the result of being struck from behind by a fast-moving vehicle, in an automobile accident. (From Segen, The Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Fatty infiltrate in the cervical extensor muscles is not a feature of chronic, insidious-onset neck pain
    J Elliott
    Division of Physiotherapy, School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia
    Clin Radiol 63:681-7. 2008
  2. ncbi Are smooth pursuit eye movements altered in chronic whiplash-associated disorders? A cross-sectional study
    A Kongsted
    The Back Research Center, Ringe, Denmark
    Clin Rehabil 21:1038-49. 2007
  3. ncbi Relationship between posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms and the course of whiplash complaints
    Jan Buitenhuis
    Medical Department, Univé Insurance The Netherlands
    J Psychosom Res 61:681-9. 2006
  4. ncbi Characterization of acute whiplash-associated disorders
    Michele Sterling
    Whiplash Research Unit, Department of Physiotherapy, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 29:182-8. 2004
  5. ncbi Treatment of neck pain: noninvasive interventions: results of the Bone and Joint Decade 2000-2010 Task Force on Neck Pain and Its Associated Disorders
    Eric L Hurwitz
    Department of Public Health Sciences, John A Burns School of Medicine, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu, HI 96822, USA
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 33:S123-52. 2008
  6. ncbi Course and prognostic factors of whiplash: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Steven J Kamper
    The George Institute, University of Sydney, NSW, Australia
    Pain 138:617-29. 2008
  7. ncbi Magnetic resonance imaging findings of fatty infiltrate in the cervical flexors in chronic whiplash
    James M Elliott
    Centre for Clinical Research in Spinal Pain, Injury and Health, School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, Division of Physiotherapy, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 35:948-54. 2010
  8. ncbi Validity of the neck disability index, Northwick Park neck pain questionnaire, and problem elicitation technique for measuring disability associated with whiplash-associated disorders
    Jan Lucas Hoving
    Department of Clinical Epidemiology, Cabrini Hospital, Suite 41, Cabrini Medical Centre, 183 Wattletree Road, Victoria 3144, Malvern, Australia
    Pain 102:273-81. 2003
  9. ncbi Compensation claim lodgement and health outcome developmental trajectories following whiplash injury: A prospective study
    Michele Sterling
    Centre for National Research on Disability and Rehabilitation Medicine CONROD, Centre for Clinical Excellence in Spinal Pain, Injury and Health, Division of Physiotherapy, The University of Queensland, Australia
    Pain 150:22-8. 2010
  10. ncbi Sensory hypoaesthesia is a feature of chronic whiplash but not chronic idiopathic neck pain
    Andy Chien
    Division of Physiotherapy and National Health and Medical Research Council Centre for Clinical Research Excellence in Spinal Pain, Injury and Health CCRE Spine, School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, The University of Queensland, Australia
    Man Ther 15:48-53. 2010

Detail Information

Publications261 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Fatty infiltrate in the cervical extensor muscles is not a feature of chronic, insidious-onset neck pain
    J Elliott
    Division of Physiotherapy, School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia
    Clin Radiol 63:681-7. 2008
    ....
  2. ncbi Are smooth pursuit eye movements altered in chronic whiplash-associated disorders? A cross-sectional study
    A Kongsted
    The Back Research Center, Ringe, Denmark
    Clin Rehabil 21:1038-49. 2007
    ..To evaluate whether smooth pursuit eye movements differed between patients with long-lasting whiplash-associated disorders and controls when using a purely computerized method for the eye movement analysis...
  3. ncbi Relationship between posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms and the course of whiplash complaints
    Jan Buitenhuis
    Medical Department, Univé Insurance The Netherlands
    J Psychosom Res 61:681-9. 2006
    ..This study investigates the relationship between posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms (avoidance, reexperiencing, and hyperarousal) and the presence, severity, and duration of neck complaints after motor vehicle accidents...
  4. ncbi Characterization of acute whiplash-associated disorders
    Michele Sterling
    Whiplash Research Unit, Department of Physiotherapy, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 29:182-8. 2004
    ..An experimental study of motor and sensory function and psychological distress in subjects with acute whiplash injury...
  5. ncbi Treatment of neck pain: noninvasive interventions: results of the Bone and Joint Decade 2000-2010 Task Force on Neck Pain and Its Associated Disorders
    Eric L Hurwitz
    Department of Public Health Sciences, John A Burns School of Medicine, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu, HI 96822, USA
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 33:S123-52. 2008
    ..Best evidence synthesis...
  6. ncbi Course and prognostic factors of whiplash: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Steven J Kamper
    The George Institute, University of Sydney, NSW, Australia
    Pain 138:617-29. 2008
    We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies of subjects with acute whiplash injuries. The aim was to describe the course of recovery, pain and disability symptoms and also to assess the influence of ..
  7. ncbi Magnetic resonance imaging findings of fatty infiltrate in the cervical flexors in chronic whiplash
    James M Elliott
    Centre for Clinical Research in Spinal Pain, Injury and Health, School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, Division of Physiotherapy, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 35:948-54. 2010
    ..Retrospective investigation of muscle changes in patients suffering from chronic whiplash-associated disorders (WAD)...
  8. ncbi Validity of the neck disability index, Northwick Park neck pain questionnaire, and problem elicitation technique for measuring disability associated with whiplash-associated disorders
    Jan Lucas Hoving
    Department of Clinical Epidemiology, Cabrini Hospital, Suite 41, Cabrini Medical Centre, 183 Wattletree Road, Victoria 3144, Malvern, Australia
    Pain 102:273-81. 2003
    ..In contrast to the PET, neither instrument captures the full spectrum of disabilities judged to be important by the patient...
  9. ncbi Compensation claim lodgement and health outcome developmental trajectories following whiplash injury: A prospective study
    Michele Sterling
    Centre for National Research on Disability and Rehabilitation Medicine CONROD, Centre for Clinical Excellence in Spinal Pain, Injury and Health, Division of Physiotherapy, The University of Queensland, Australia
    Pain 150:22-8. 2010
    ..However, claim lodgement has no significant association with a more severe pain and disability trajectory...
  10. ncbi Sensory hypoaesthesia is a feature of chronic whiplash but not chronic idiopathic neck pain
    Andy Chien
    Division of Physiotherapy and National Health and Medical Research Council Centre for Clinical Research Excellence in Spinal Pain, Injury and Health CCRE Spine, School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, The University of Queensland, Australia
    Man Ther 15:48-53. 2010
    ..These findings indicate that different pain processing mechanisms underlie these two neck pain conditions and may have implications for their management...
  11. ncbi Sensorimotor disturbances in chronic neck pain--range of motion, peak velocity, smoothness of movement, and repositioning acuity
    Per Sjölander
    Southern Lapland Research Department, Postgatan 7, SE 912 32 Vilhelmina, Sweden
    Man Ther 13:122-31. 2008
    ..The observed individuality in sensorimotor disturbances emphasizes the importance of developing specific rehabilitation programs for specific dysfunctions, and of using objective and quantitative methods for evaluation of rehabilitation...
  12. ncbi Evidence for spinal cord hypersensitivity in chronic pain after whiplash injury and in fibromyalgia
    Borut Banic
    Division of Pain Therapy, Department of Anesthesiology, University Hospital of Bern, Inselspital, 3010 Bern, Switzerland
    Pain 107:7-15. 2004
    ..This can cause exaggerated pain following low intensity nociceptive or innocuous peripheral stimulation. Spinal hypersensitivity may explain, at least in part, pain in the absence of detectable tissue damage...
  13. pmc A research synthesis of therapeutic interventions for whiplash-associated disorder (WAD): part 4 - noninvasive interventions for chronic WAD
    Robert W Teasell
    Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Parkwood Hospital, London, Ontario, Canada
    Pain Res Manag 15:313-22. 2010
    ..Based on the available research, exercise programs were the most effective noninvasive treatment for patients with chronic WAD, although many questions remain regarding the relative effectiveness of various exercise regimens...
  14. pmc The temporal development of fatty infiltrates in the neck muscles following whiplash injury: an association with pain and posttraumatic stress
    James Elliott
    Division of Physiotherapy, School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, Centre for Clinical Research Excellence in Spinal Pain, Injury and Health, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia
    PLoS ONE 6:e21194. 2011
    ..Their association with specific aspects of pain and psychological factors have yet to be explored longitudinally...
  15. ncbi Differential development of sensory hypersensitivity and a measure of spinal cord hyperexcitability following whiplash injury
    Michele Sterling
    Division of Physiotherapy, School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, The University of Queensland, Centre for National Research on Disability and Rehabilitation Medicine and CCRE Spine, Herston, 4006 QLD, Australia
    Pain 150:501-6. 2010
    ..In multivariate analyses only initial NDI scores (p=0.003) were a unique predictor of persistent spinal cord hyperexcitability indicating possible ongoing peripheral nociception following whiplash injury...
  16. ncbi Performance of cervical motion in chronic whiplash patients and healthy subjects: the case of atypical patients
    Tamara Prushansky
    Department of Physical Therapy, Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Israel
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 31:37-43. 2006
    ..A comparative study of cervical motion performance in chronic whiplash (CW) patients and healthy subjects...
  17. ncbi Can exposure and acceptance strategies improve functioning and life satisfaction in people with chronic pain and whiplash-associated disorders (WAD)? A randomized controlled trial
    Rikard K Wicksell
    Pain Treatment Service, Astrid Lindgren Children s Hospital, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden
    Cogn Behav Ther 37:169-82. 2008
    Although 14% to 42% of people with whiplash injuries end up with chronic debilitating pain, there is still a paucity of empirically supported treatments for this group of patients...
  18. ncbi Assessment and validation of prognostic models for poor functional recovery 12 months after whiplash injury: a multicentre inception cohort study
    Michele Sterling
    Centre for National Research on Disability and Rehabilitation Medicine, The University of Queensland, Australia
    Pain 153:1727-34. 2012
    ..89 [95% confidence interval 0.84-0.94], P<.001) which is clinically useful...
  19. ncbi Risk factors for persistent problems following whiplash injury: results of a systematic review and meta-analysis
    David M Walton
    School of Physical Therapy, The University of Westetrn Ontario, 1201 Western Road, London, Ontario, Canada
    J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 39:334-50. 2009
    ..Systematic review and meta-analysis...
  20. pmc The role of tissue damage in whiplash-associated disorders: discussion paper 1
    Michele Curatolo
    University Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Therapy, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 36:S309-15. 2011
    ..Nonsystematic review of cervical spine lesions in whiplash-associated disorders (WAD)...
  21. ncbi Beliefs and expectations for recovery, coping, and depression in whiplash-associated disorders: lessening the transition to chronicity
    Linda J Carroll
    Department of Public Health Sciences and Alberta Centre for Injury Control and Research, School of Public Health, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 36:S250-6. 2011
    ..Literature review and discussion...
  22. pmc A study of the test-retest reliability of the self-perceived general recovery and self-perceived change in neck pain questions in patients with recent whiplash-associated disorders
    Trung Ngo
    Toronto Western Research Institute, University Health Network, Toronto, Canada
    Eur Spine J 19:957-62. 2010
    ..In conclusion, our results suggest that self-perceived recovery questions have adequate reliability for use in epidemiological research of WAD...
  23. ncbi Responsiveness of the cervical Northern American Spine Society questionnaire (NASS) and the Short Form 36 (SF-36) in chronic whiplash
    Felix Angst
    Research Department, Rehabilitation Clinic RehaClinic Zurzach, Bad Zurzach, Switzerland
    Clin Rehabil 26:142-51. 2012
    ..To determine and compare the sensitivity to change of the condition-specific cervical Northern American Spine Society (NASS) and the generic Short Form 36 (SF-36)...
  24. ncbi Widespread sensory hypersensitivity is a feature of chronic whiplash-associated disorder but not chronic idiopathic neck pain
    David Scott
    The Whiplash Research Unit, Department of Physiotherapy, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia
    Clin J Pain 21:175-81. 2005
    ....
  25. ncbi The association between exposure to a rear-end collision and future health complaints
    A Berglund
    Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, Box 12718, SE 112 94, Stockholm, Sweden
    J Clin Epidemiol 54:851-6. 2001
    ..We conclude that rear-end collisions resulting in reported whiplash injuries seem to have a substantial impact on health complaints, even a long time after the collision...
  26. ncbi Fatty infiltration in the cervical extensor muscles in persistent whiplash-associated disorders: a magnetic resonance imaging analysis
    James Elliott
    Division of Physiotherapy, School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 31:E847-55. 2006
    ..Cross-sectional investigation of muscle changes in patients suffering from persistent whiplash-associated disorders (WAD)...
  27. ncbi Education by general practitioners or education and exercises by physiotherapists for patients with whiplash-associated disorders? A randomized clinical trial
    Gwendolijne G M Scholten-Peeters
    Dutch Institute of Allied Health Care, Amersfoort, The Netherlands
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 31:723-31. 2006
    ..Randomized clinical trial...
  28. ncbi Influence of sympathetic nervous system on sensorimotor function: whiplash associated disorders (WAD) as a model
    Magda Passatore
    Department of Neuroscience, Physiology Division, University of Torino Medical School, Corso Raffaello 30, 10125, Torino, Italy
    Eur J Appl Physiol 98:423-49. 2006
    ..The possible involvement of the SNS in the development of WAD is discussed in light of the several positive feedback loops in which it is implicated...
  29. ncbi Magnetic resonance imaging of ligaments and membranes in the craniocervical junction in whiplash-associated injury and in healthy control subjects
    Reidar Dullerud
    Department of Neuroradiology, Ulleval University Hospital, Oslo, Norway
    Acta Radiol 51:207-12. 2010
    ..The pathogenesis and imaging findings in whiplash-associated injury (WAD) are poorly understood and remain debatable...
  30. ncbi Evaluating two implementation strategies for whiplash guidelines in physiotherapy: a cluster randomised trial
    Trudy Rebbeck
    University of Sydney, Lidcombe, NSW, Australia
    Aust J Physiother 52:165-74. 2006
    ..Are implementation strategies involving education any more effective than mere dissemination of clinical practice guidelines in changing physiotherapy practice and reducing patient disability after acute whiplash?..
  31. ncbi The burden and determinants of neck pain in whiplash-associated disorders after traffic collisions: results of the Bone and Joint Decade 2000-2010 Task Force on Neck Pain and Its Associated Disorders
    Lena W Holm
    Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 33:S52-9. 2008
    ..Best evidence synthesis...
  32. ncbi Central hypersensitivity in chronic pain after whiplash injury
    M Curatolo
    Department of Anesthesiology, University Hospital of Bern, Inselspital, Switzerland
    Clin J Pain 17:306-15. 2001
    ..The hypotheses of this study were: (1) chronic whiplash pain is associated with central hypersensitivity; (2) central hypersensitivity is maintained by nociception arising from the painful or tender muscles in the neck...
  33. ncbi Evidence, mechanisms, and clinical implications of central hypersensitivity in chronic pain after whiplash injury
    Michele Curatolo
    Department of Anesthesiology, University Hospital of Bern, Switzerland
    Clin J Pain 20:469-76. 2004
    ....
  34. ncbi Widespread pain following whiplash-associated disorders: incidence, course, and risk factors
    Lena W Holm
    Institute of Environmental Medicine, Division of Epidemiology, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
    J Rheumatol 34:193-200. 2007
    ....
  35. ncbi A novel rodent neck pain model of facet-mediated behavioral hypersensitivity: implications for persistent pain and whiplash injury
    Kathryn E Lee
    Department of Bioengineering, University of Pennsylvania, 120 Hayden Hall, 3320 Smith Walk, Philadelphia, PA 19104 6392, USA
    J Neurosci Methods 137:151-9. 2004
    ..Continued investigation into the relationship between injury mechanics and nociceptive physiology will strengthen insight into painful facet injury mechanisms...
  36. ncbi Delayed temporomandibular joint pain and dysfunction induced by whiplash trauma: a controlled prospective study
    Hanna Salé
    Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, Umea University, Sweden
    J Am Dent Assoc 138:1084-91. 2007
    ..The authors conducted a study that met the design requirements to enhance knowledge about short-term and long-term temporomandibular joint (TMJ) pain, dysfunction or both induced by whiplash trauma...
  37. ncbi Psychologic factors are related to some sensory pain thresholds but not nociceptive flexion reflex threshold in chronic whiplash
    Michele Sterling
    Centre for National Research on Disability and Rehabilitation Medicine, School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia
    Clin J Pain 24:124-30. 2008
    ..However, relationships between these substrates are not clear. This study tested the hypothesis that psychologic distress and catastrophization are correlated with sensory hypersensitivity and NFR responses in chronic whiplash...
  38. ncbi Hypoaesthesia occurs with sensory hypersensitivity in chronic whiplash--further evidence of a neuropathic condition
    Andy Chien
    Division of Physiotherapy, The University of Queensland, QLD, Australia
    Man Ther 14:138-46. 2009
    ..Sensory hypoaesthesia and hypersensitivity co-exist in the chronic whiplash condition. These findings may indicate peripheral afferent nerve fibre involvement but could be a further manifestation of disordered central pain processing...
  39. ncbi Jaw-neck dysfunction in whiplash-associated disorders
    Per Olof Eriksson
    Muscle and Motor Control and MotoRehab Laboratory, Clinical Oral Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, Umea University, Umea, Sweden
    Arch Oral Biol 52:404-8. 2007
    ..We also show preliminary results from implementation of a new approach for rehabilitation of jaw-neck dysfunction and pain in WAD...
  40. ncbi Impaired jaw function and eating difficulties in whiplash-associated disorders
    Johan Grönqvist
    Muscle and Motor Control and MotoRehab Laboratory, Clinical Oral Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, Umea University, Sweden
    Swed Dent J 32:171-7. 2008
    ..A clinical implication is that examination of jaw function should be recommended as part of the assessment and rehabilitation of WAD patients...
  41. ncbi Disturbed jaw behavior in whiplash-associated disorders during rhythmic jaw movements
    B Häggman-Henrikson
    Department of Odontology, Clinical Oral Physiology, Umea University, S 901 87 Umea, Sweden
    J Dent Res 81:747-51. 2002
    ..In conclusion, these results show that neck trauma can derange integrated jaw and neck behavior, and underline the functional coupling between the jaw and head-neck motor systems...
  42. ncbi Differential predictors of pain and disability in patients with whiplash injuries
    Michael J L Sullivan
    Department of Psychologie, Universite de Montreal, Montreal, Canada
    Pain Res Manag 7:68-74. 2002
    The psychological predictors of pain and disability were examined in a sample of people who sustained whiplash injuries during rear-end motor vehicle accidents...
  43. ncbi Variations in the axis of motion during head repositioning--a comparison of subjects with whiplash-associated disorders or non-specific neck pain and healthy controls
    Helena Grip
    Biomedical Engineering and Informatics, University Hospital of Umea, 90185 Umea, Sweden
    Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon) 22:865-73. 2007
    ..The ability to reproduce head position can be affected in patients after a neck injury. The repositioning error is commonly used as a measure of proprioception, but variations in the movement might provide additional information...
  44. ncbi Reduced or painful jaw movement after collision-related injuries: a population-based study
    Linda J Carroll
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Alberta Centre for Injury Prevention and Research, School of Public Health, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada, T6G 2E1
    J Am Dent Assoc 138:86-93. 2007
    ..The authors report the incidence of and factors associated with reduced and/or painful jaw movement after motor vehicle collisions that resulted in whiplash-associated disorders (WADs)...
  45. ncbi Cervical motion in patients with chronic disorders of the cervical spine: a reproducibility study
    Zeevi Dvir
    Department of Physical Therapy, Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Ramat Aviv, Israel
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 31:E394-9. 2006
    ..Test-retest of cervical motion in patients with chronic disorders of the cervical spine...
  46. ncbi Endurance during chewing in whiplash-associated disorders and TMD
    B Häggman-Henrikson
    Department of Odontology, Clinical Oral Physiology, Umea University, S 901 87 Umea, Sweden
    J Dent Res 83:946-50. 2004
    ..From the results, we propose that routine examination of WAD patients should include jaw function and that an endurance test as described in this study could also be a useful tool for non-dental professionals...
  47. pmc Correlation of clinical findings, collision parameters, and psychological factors in the outcome of whiplash associated disorders
    M Richter
    Trauma Department, Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Germany
    J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 75:758-64. 2004
    To determine prognostic factors for the duration and severity of acute symptoms in subjects with grade 1 or 2 whiplash injuries.
  48. ncbi Simulated pain and cervical motion in patients with chronic disorders of the cervical spine
    Zeevi Dvir
    Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel
    Pain Res Manag 9:131-6. 2004
    ....
  49. ncbi Is temporomandibular pain in chronic whiplash-associated disorders part of a more widespread pain syndrome?
    Corine Visscher
    Department of Oral Function, Section of Oral Kinesiology, Academic Center for Dentistry Amsterdam ACTA, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Clin J Pain 21:353-7. 2005
    ..The prevalence of temporomandibular disorder pain in the chronic whiplash-associated disorder pain group was compared with 2 control groups: a chronic neck pain group and a no neck pain group...
  50. pmc A research synthesis of therapeutic interventions for whiplash-associated disorder (WAD): part 2 - interventions for acute WAD
    Robert W Teasell
    Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Parkwood Hospital, London, Ontario, Canada
    Pain Res Manag 15:295-304. 2010
    ..Based on current evidence, activation-based therapy is recommended for the treatment of acute WAD; however, additional research is required to determine the relative effectiveness of various exercise⁄mobilization programs...
  51. ncbi Deranged jaw-neck motor control in whiplash-associated disorders
    Per Olof Eriksson
    Department of Odontology, Clinical Oral Physiology, Umea University, Sweden
    Eur J Oral Sci 112:25-32. 2004
    ..In conclusion, the present results suggest that neck injury is associated with deranged control of mandibular and head-neck movements during jaw opening-closing tasks, and therefore might compromise natural jaw function...
  52. ncbi Frequent jaw-face pain in chronic Whiplash-Associated Disorders
    Birgitta Häggman-Henrikson
    Department of Odontology, Faculty of Medicine, Umea University, Sweden
    Swed Dent J 35:123-31. 2011
    ..A multidisciplinary rehabilitation program including dentists, preferably specialized in the area of orofacial pain, should be advocated after whiplash injury...
  53. ncbi Validity and internal consistency of a whiplash-specific disability measure
    Melanie Pinfold
    School of Physiotherapy, La Trobe University, Victoria, Australia
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 29:263-8. 2004
    ..Cross-sectional study of patients with whiplash-associated disorders investigating the internal consistency, factor structure, response rates, and presence of floor and ceiling effects of the Whiplash Disability Questionnaire (WDQ)...
  54. ncbi Clinical characteristics, pain, and disability in relation to alar ligament MRI findings
    Rigmor Myran
    Faculty of Medicine, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 36:E862-7. 2011
    ..Cross-sectional study...
  55. ncbi Magnetic resonance imaging of the alar and transverse ligaments in acute whiplash-associated disorders 1 and 2: a cross-sectional controlled study
    Nils Vetti
    Department of Radiology, Haukeland University Hospital, Bergen, Norway
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 36:E434-40. 2011
    ..Cross-sectional...
  56. ncbi Symptoms and signs of irritation of the brachial plexus in whiplash injuries
    M Ide
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Kumamoto University School of Medicine, Japan
    J Bone Joint Surg Br 83:226-9. 2001
    We investigated the incidence of evidence of irritation of the brachial plexus in 119 patients with whiplash injuries sustained in road-traffic accidents...
  57. ncbi Handicap after acute whiplash injury: a 1-year prospective study of risk factors
    H Kasch
    Department of Neurology, Aarhus University Hospital, and Danish Pain Research Centre, Aarhus University, Denmark
    Neurology 56:1637-43. 2001
    ..The exact risk for development of chronic whiplash syndrome is not known...
  58. ncbi Systemic immune response in whiplash injury and ankle sprain: elevated IL-6 and IL-10
    J Kivioja
    Karolinska Institutet, Division of Orthopedics, Huddinge University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden
    Clin Immunol 101:106-12. 2001
    ..Relatively minor trauma like WAD and ankle sprain are associated with a systemic dysregulation in numbers of cells secreting pro- as well as anti-inflammatory cytokines...
  59. ncbi The development of sensory hypoesthesia after whiplash injury
    Andy Chien
    Division of Physiotherapy, CCRE Spinal Injury, Pain and Health, The University of Queensland, St Lucia, Australia
    Clin J Pain 26:722-8. 2010
    ....
  60. ncbi Prospective study of trigeminal sensibility after whiplash trauma
    Y Sterner
    Department of Rehabilitation, University Hospital of Northern Sweden, Umea, Sweden
    J Spinal Disord 14:479-86. 2001
    ..Trigeminal sensory impairment can either be explained by dysfunction in the central nervous system or by inhibitory mechanisms secondary to pain...
  61. ncbi Patients with chronic whiplash-associated disorders: relationship between clinical and psychological factors and functional health status
    Maarten A Schmitt
    Institute for Master Education in Manual Therapy, SOMT, Amersfoort and University Medical Center Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Am J Phys Med Rehabil 88:231-8. 2009
    ..To examine the relative contribution of cervical impairments and psychosocial factors to perceived disability among people with chronic whiplash-associated disorders...
  62. ncbi Whiplash around the world
    R W Evans
    Neurology Section, Park Plaza Hospital, Houston, TX 77004, USA
    Headache 35:262-3. 1995
    ..term is used in other languages? Is there a term similar to "whiplash?" To determine terms for whiplash injuries in other languages, members of the American Academy of Neurology living in non-English-speaking countries ..
  63. ncbi On cervical zygapophysial joint pain after whiplash
    Nikolai Bogduk
    Department of Clinical Research, Newcastle Bone and Joint Institute, University of Newcastle, Royal Newcastle Centre, Newcastle, Australia
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 36:S194-9. 2011
    ..Narrative review...
  64. ncbi Cervical muscle dysfunction in chronic whiplash-associated disorder grade 2: the relevance of the trauma
    Marc J Nederhand
    Roessingh, Research and Development, Enschede, The Netherlands
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 27:1056-61. 2002
    ..Surface electromyography measurements of the upper trapezius muscles were performed in patients with a chronic whiplash-associated disorder Grade 2 and those with nonspecific neck pain...
  65. ncbi Treatment of whiplash-associated disorders--part I: Non-invasive interventions
    Anne Conlin
    St Joseph s Health Centre, Parkwood Hospital, London, Canada
    Pain Res Manag 10:21-32. 2005
    ..In 1995, the Quebec Task Force published a report that contained evidence-based recommendations regarding the treatment of WAD based on studies completed before 1993 and consensus-based recommendations...
  66. ncbi No stress--no whiplash? Prevalence of "whiplash" symptoms following exposure to a placebo rear-end collision
    W H Castro
    Orthopaedisches Forschungsinstitut Münster, Germany
    Int J Legal Med 114:316-22. 2001
    ..Certain psychological profiles place an individual at higher risk for phenomenon...
  67. pmc Whiplash injuries in Finland: the situation 3 years later
    Timo Miettinen
    Department of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, Kuopio University Hospital, POB 1777, 70211 Kuopio, Finland
    Eur Spine J 13:415-8. 2004
    The aim of this study was to define the influence of whiplash injuries on the perceived condition of health 3 years after injury. We evaluated remaining symptoms and the use of health services...
  68. ncbi The Whiplash Disability Questionnaire (WDQ)
    Ken Niere
    La Trobe University
    Aust J Physiother 52:151. 2006
  69. ncbi Does early management of whiplash-associated disorders assist or impede recovery?
    Pierre Cote
    Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, and Toronto Western Research Institute, Toronto Western Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 36:S275-9. 2011
    ..Narrative review of the literature and commentary...
  70. ncbi Prospective ten-year follow-up study comparing patients with whiplash-associated disorders and asymptomatic subjects using magnetic resonance imaging
    Morio Matsumoto
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Keio University, Tokyo, Japan
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 35:1684-90. 2010
    ..A prospective 10-year follow-up study of patients with whiplash-associated disorders (WAD) and asymptomatic volunteers...
  71. ncbi Fear avoidance and illness beliefs in post-traumatic neck pain
    Jan Buitenhuis
    Medical Department, Univé Insurance and Department of Health Sciences, University Medical Center Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 36:S238-43. 2011
    ..A descriptive overview of the relevant literature and the introduction of a new psychological model...
  72. ncbi Persistent post-traumatic headache, postconcussion syndrome, and whiplash injuries: the evidence for a non-traumatic basis with an historical review
    Randolph W Evans
    Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX, USA
    Headache 50:716-24. 2010
    ..and then the non-organic explanations for postconcussion syndrome, headaches after head injury, and chronic whiplash injuries and headaches will be explored including the following: psychogenic, psychosocial, sociocultural, base rate ..
  73. ncbi What influences positive return to work expectation? Examining associated factors in a population-based cohort of whiplash-associated disorders
    Dejan Ozegovic
    Alberta Centre for Injury Control and Research, School of Public Health, University of Alberta, Alberta, Canada
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 35:E708-13. 2010
    ..Cross-sectional study of population-based traffic cohort...
  74. ncbi The nosologic status of the whiplash syndrome: a critical review based on a methodological approach
    L J Stovner
    Department of Neurology, Trondheim University Hospital, Norway
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 21:2735-46. 1996
    ..CONCLUSIONS: Carefully conducted studies designed to assess the degree to which head and nec trauma contribute to the development of chronic pain, particularly head and neck pain, are urgently needed...
  75. ncbi Optimal designs for prediction studies of whiplash
    Steven J Kamper
    The George Institute for Global Health, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 36:S268-74. 2011
    ..Commentary...
  76. ncbi Whiplash disorders--a review
    M E Lovell
    Department of Orthopaedics, South Manchester University Hospitals Healthcare Trust, Withington Hospital, Nell Lane, West Didsbury, Manchester M20 2LR, UK
    Injury 33:97-101. 2002
  77. pmc The potential contribution of stress systems to the transition to chronic whiplash-associated disorders
    Samuel A McLean
    Department of Anesthesiology, N2201 UNC Hospitals, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 7010, USA
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 36:S226-32. 2011
    ..A narrative description highlighting preclinical and clinical evidence that physiologic stress systems contribute to whiplash-associated disorders (WAD) pathogenesis...
  78. ncbi Whiplash injuries in Finland: a prospective 1-year follow-up study
    T Miettinen
    Department of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, Kuopio University Hospital, Finland
    Clin Exp Rheumatol 20:399-402. 2002
    The aim of the study was to define how many whiplash injuries occur in Finland in traffic accidents and the degree of severity of these injuries using the whiplash-associated disorders (WAD) classification presented by the Quebec Task ..
  79. ncbi Predicting central sensitisation - whiplash patients
    Robert Ferrari
    Department of Medicine, Research Transition Facility, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada
    Aust Fam Physician 39:863-6. 2010
    ..Central sensitisation is associated with chronic pain in whiplash patients. Predicting which patients will develop central sensitisation is difficult but patient expectations of recovery predict a variety of outcomes in whiplash patients...
  80. ncbi Catastrophizing and perceived injustice: risk factors for the transition to chronicity after whiplash injury
    Michael J L Sullivan
    Department of Psychology, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 36:S244-9. 2011
    ..The article will summarize research that has supported the role of pain catastrophizing and perceived injustice as risk factors for problematic recovery after whiplash injury...
  81. pmc Maintaining a balance: a focus group study on living and coping with chronic whiplash-associated disorder
    Kariann Krohne
    Faculty of Health Sciences, Oslo University College, Oslo, Norway
    BMC Musculoskelet Disord 11:158. 2010
    ..This study seeks to identify the symptoms persons with Whiplash-Associated Disorder describe as dominating and explore their self-initiated coping strategies...
  82. ncbi Clinical assessment of prognostic factors for long-term pain and handicap after whiplash injury: a 1-year prospective study
    H Kasch
    Danish Pain Research Center, Department of Neurology, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark
    Eur J Neurol 15:1222-30. 2008
    ..This study prospectively examined the role of active neck mobility, cervical and extra-cervical pains, as well as non-painful complaints after a whiplash injury as predictors for subsequent handicap...
  83. pmc Pre-injury health-related factors in relation to self-reported whiplash: longitudinal data from the HUNT study, Norway
    Hanne Gro Wenzel
    Department of Public Health and General Practice, Faculty of Medicine, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway
    Eur Spine J 21:1528-35. 2012
    ..To examine if pre-injury health-related factors are associated with the subsequent report of whiplash, and more specifically, both whiplash and neck pain...
  84. ncbi How well are you recovering? The association between a simple question about recovery and patient reports of pain intensity and pain disability in whiplash-associated disorders
    Linda J Carroll
    Department of Public Health Sciences, School of Public Health, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
    Disabil Rehabil 34:45-52. 2012
    ..Our goal was to investigate the association between a one-item global self-assessment of recovery and commonly used measures of recovery status...
  85. ncbi Why blame is a factor in recovery from whiplash injury
    R Ferrari
    Department of Rheumatic Diseases, University of Alberta, 562 Heritage Medical Research Centre, Edmonton, Alberta, T6G 2S2, Canada
    Med Hypotheses 56:372-5. 2001
    ..Recent research lends further support to the hypothesis that a biopsychosocial model best explains this phenomenon...
  86. ncbi Derivation of a clinical decision rule for whiplash associated disorders among individuals involved in rear-end collisions
    Lisa Hartling
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Queen s University, Kingston General Hospital, Ont, Canada
    Accid Anal Prev 34:531-9. 2002
    ..5% (95% confidence interval: 86.5, 96.6) and a specificity of 51.4% (44.7, 58.1). This study confirmed the importance of several risk factors for whiplash associated disorder following rear-end motor vehicle collisions...
  87. ncbi Reverse causality in the association between whiplash and symptoms of anxiety and depression: the HUNT study
    Arnstein Mykletun
    Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Division of Mental Health, Oslo, Norway
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 36:1380-6. 2011
    ..Longitudinal population-based cohort study...
  88. ncbi Potential processes involved in the initiation and maintenance of whiplash-associated disorders: discussion paper 3
    Michele Sterling
    Centre of National Research on Disability and Rehabilitation Medicine, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 36:S322-9. 2011
    ..Nonsystematic review and discussion of the etiological processes involved in whiplash-associated disorders (WAD)...
  89. pmc Neck sprain in patients injured in car accidents: a retrospective study covering the period 1970-1994
    G J Versteegen
    Pain Centre, Department of Anaesthesiology, University Hospital Groningen, The Netherlands
    Eur Spine J 7:195-200. 1998
    ..No direct relation was observed between seat belt legislation and the increase in neck sprain injuries. The effect of the media on awareness of the consequences of car accidents is discussed...
  90. ncbi Use of botulinum toxin in chronic whiplash-associated disorder
    Brian J Freund
    The Crown Institute, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Clin J Pain 18:S163-8. 2002
    ..Additional study is needed to identify the subset of patients with WAD who are most likely to respond to treatment with botulinum toxin...
  91. pmc The clinical presentation of chronic whiplash and the relationship to findings of MRI fatty infiltrates in the cervical extensor musculature: a preliminary investigation
    James Elliott
    School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, Division of Physiotherapy, Centre for Clinical Research Excellence in Spinal Pain, Injury and Health, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD, Australia
    Eur Spine J 18:1371-8. 2009
    ..Future research investigations aimed at accurate identification, sub-classification, prediction, and management of patients with acute and chronic whiplash is warranted and underway...
  92. ncbi Psychosocial factors related to return to work following rehabilitation of whiplash injuries
    Heather Adams
    University Centre for Research on Pain and Disability, 5595 Fenwick Street, Suite 314, Halifax, NS, Canada, B3H 4M2
    J Occup Rehabil 17:305-15. 2007
    The present study examined the effects of pain chronicity on the responsiveness of psychosocial variables to intervention for whiplash injuries.
  93. ncbi Is a lifetime history of neck injury in a traffic collision associated with prevalent neck pain, headache and depressive symptomatology?
    P Cote
    Institute for Work and Health, Toronto, Ont, Canada
    Accid Anal Prev 32:151-9. 2000
    ..However, the results should not be used to infer a causal relationship between whiplash and chronic neck pain and headaches...
  94. ncbi Long-term labour-market performance of whiplash claimants
    Søren Leth-Petersen
    University of Copenhagen, Department of Economics, Øster Farimagsgade 5, Copenhagen K, Denmark
    J Health Econ 28:996-1011. 2009
    ..This suggests that lower initial health capital increases the risk that a whiplash causes persistent WAD...
  95. ncbi [Chronic whiplash syndrome--an overview]
    Harald Schrader
    Avdeling for nevrologi og klinisk nevrofysiologi St Olavs Hospital 7006 Trondheim
    Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen 122:1296-9. 2002
    ..When assessing litigation claims, it is emphasised that a causal relation between common whiplash injuries and chronic complaints has not been demonstrated; a causal relationship can be accepted in exceptional cases ..
  96. ncbi The development of psychological changes following whiplash injury
    Michele Sterling
    The Whiplash Research Unit, Department of Physiotherapy, The University of Queensland, St Lucia, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia
    Pain 106:481-9. 2003
    ..Whiplash participants who reported persistent moderate/severe symptoms at 6 months continue to be psychologically distressed and are also characterised by a moderate post-traumatic stress reaction...
  97. pmc A re-examination of the whiplash associated disorders (WAD) as a systemic illness
    R Ferrari
    Department of Medicine, Room 2G2 06, 8440 112 Street, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada, T6G 2B7
    Ann Rheum Dis 64:1337-42. 2005
    ..To describe the systemic nature of the illness reported after motor vehicle collisions using data from a large, population based cohort of individuals making an injury insurance claim...
  98. ncbi Relationship between symptoms and psychological factors five years after whiplash injury
    Britt Marie Stålnacke
    Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation Rehabilitation Medicine, Bldg 9A, Umea University Hospital, Umea University, SE 90185 Umeå, Sweden
    J Rehabil Med 41:353-9. 2009
    ....
  99. ncbi Magnetic resonance imaging assessment of the alar ligaments in whiplash injuries: a case-control study
    Rigmor Myran
    Department of Neuroscience, Faculty of Medicine, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 33:2012-6. 2008
    ..Case-control study...
  100. ncbi Whiplash injuries in Finland--the possibility of some sociodemographic and psychosocial factors to predict the outcome after one year
    Timo Miettinen
    Department of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, Kuopio University Hospital, Kuopio, Finland
    Disabil Rehabil 26:1367-72. 2004
    ....
  101. ncbi Incidence and predictors of chronic headache attributed to whiplash injury
    M Obermann
    Department of Neurology, University of Duisburg Essen, Essen, Germany
    Cephalalgia 30:528-34. 2010
    ..024), and depression (OR 3.3, 95% CI 1.2, 9.4; P = 0.024). The lack of a control group limits the conclusions that can be drawn from this study. Identified predictors closely resemble those found in chronic primary headache disorders...

Research Grants12

  1. CERVICAL SPINE INJURIES IN FRONT, REAR AND SIDE IMPACTS
    Manohar Panjabi; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  2. A Novel Model of TMJ Osteoarthritis to Define Glial Reactivity in Chronic Pain
    Beth Winkelstein; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..It also identifies the time course of physiologic mechanisms of these disorders, and will provide the basis for future studies to investigate potential pharmacologic therapies for chronic TMJ pain. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  3. Safety of Lumbar Fusion Surgery for Chronic Back Pain
    Sohail Mirza; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..end-results of spinal disorders in general, and define outcomes for treated and untreated back pain and whiplash injuries in particular...
  4. Gender-Specific Neck Musculoskeletal Trait for Whiplash
    ANITA VASAVADA; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..project is under Injury Biomechanics: Identify the modifiable risk factors for and mechanisms of nonfatal whiplash injuries of the neck and back...
  5. Prevention of Neck Injuries in Older Adults During Rear Motor Vehicle Collsions
    PAUL IVANCIC; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The proposed project will provide important research-based data that may form the basis for future safety standards and help to decrease the frequency and severity of neck injuries in older adults, thus benefiting society. ..
  6. ROLE OF BIOMECHANICS/NEURAL PLASTICITY IN RADICULAR PAIN
    Beth Winkelstein; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..age analysis will be used to determine the local strain tensor for particular tissue components. Tissue bins will be correlated with mechanical allodynia and neuroimmune mediators of persistent pain. ..
  7. Local Tissue Biomechanics in Low Back & Radicular Pain
    Beth Winkelstein; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..To accomplish this, in vivo tissue strains will be correlated with mechanical allodynia and neuroimmune mediators of persistent pain. ..
  8. 2006 Summer Bioengineering Conference
    Vijay Goel; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..This should help create the necessary work force of varied interests in the health care field. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  9. PREVENTING CHRONIC WHIPLASH PAIN: BIOBEHAVIORAL APPROACH
    DENNIS TURK; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The data from this trial will provide important information about the potential of early interventions to prevent chronic problems that afflict millions of MVA victims. ..
  10. SUBGROUPS OF FMS--SYMPTOMS, BELIEFS & TAILORED TREATMENT
    DENNIS TURK; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..COMB treatment potentially produces the best overall outcome, since it incorporates both CR+ST, which is relevant to all participants, and ET, which is relevant to high fear participants. ..