Summary: Fractures due to the strain caused by repetitive exercise. They are thought to arise from a combination of muscle fatigue and bone failure, and occur in situations where bone remodeling predominates over repair. The classical stress fracture is the march fracture of military personnel, in which the metatarsal undergoes repeated stress during marching. The most common sites of stress fractures are the metatarsus, fibula, tibia, and femoral neck.
Publications271 found, 100 shown here
- Risk factors for clinical stress fractures in male military recruits: a prospective cohort studyVille Valtteri Välimäki
Department of Medicine, Division of Endocrinology, Helsinki University Central Hospital, FIN 00290 Helsinki, Finland
Bone 37:267-73. 2005This prospective study was aimed at evaluating risk factors for symptomatic stress fractures among 179 Finnish male military recruits, aged 18 to 20 years...
- Calcium and vitamin d supplementation decreases incidence of stress fractures in female navy recruitsJoan Lappe
Creighton University Osteoporosis Research Center, Omaha, Nebraska, USA
J Bone Miner Res 23:741-9. 2008b>Stress fractures (SFx) are one of the most common and debilitating overuse injuries seen in military recruits, and they are also problematic for nonmilitary athletic populations...
- Stress fractures in the female athleteElizabeth A Joy
Department of Family and Preventive Medicine, University of Utah, 375 Chipeta Way, Suite A, Salt Lake City, UT 84108, USA
Curr Sports Med Rep 4:323-8. 2005b>Stress fractures are common among female athletes, especially runners...
- Imaging of stress fractures in runnersJoseph Wall
Desert Valley Radiology, 4045 E Bell Road, Suite 143, Phoenix, AZ 85032, USA
Clin Sports Med 25:781-802. 2006
- Bone adaptation to load: microdamage as a stimulus for bone remodellingT C Lee
Department of Anatomy, Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland, St Stephen s Green, Dublin 2, Ireland
J Anat 201:437-46. 2002..The location and timing of microcracks, resorption cavities and secondary osteons are consistent with the activation-resorption-formation remodelling cycle and suggest that microdamage is a stimulus for bone remodelling...
- Skeletal self-repair: stress fracture healing by rapid formation and densification of woven boneBrian A Uthgenannt
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Washington University, St Louis, Missouri 63110, USA
J Bone Miner Res 22:1548-56. 2007b>Stress fractures of varying severity were created using a rat model of skeletal fatigue loading...
- Exercise-induced rib stress fractures: influence of reduced bone mineral densityAnders Vinther
Department of Medicine Q, Rheumatology and Geriatrics, Herlev University Hospital, University of Copenhagen, Herlev Ringvej 75, DK 2730 Herlev, Denmark
Scand J Med Sci Sports 15:95-9. 2005Exercise-induced rib stress fractures have been reported frequently in elite rowers during the past decade...
- Risk factors for recurrent stress fractures in athletesR Korpelainen
Department of Sports Medicine, Oulu Deaconess Institute, and University of Oulu, Finland
Am J Sports Med 29:304-10. 2001Our aim was to identify factors predisposing athletes to multiple stress fractures, with the emphasis on biomechanical factors...
- Surgical treatment of displaced stress fractures of the femoral neck in military recruits: a report of 42 casesC H Lee
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Tri Service General Hospital, National Defense Medical Center, No 325, ChengKung Rd, Sec 2, Neihu, Taipei, Taiwan, R O C
Arch Orthop Trauma Surg 123:527-33. 2003..Displaced SFFN may result in avascular necrosis of the femoral head (AVNFH). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the results of surgical treatment of the displaced SFFN...
- Stress fractures in athletesMichael Fredericson
Division of Sports Medicine, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA 94305 5336, USA
Top Magn Reson Imaging 17:309-25. 2006..b>Stress fractures account for 0.7% to 20% of all sports medicine clinic injuries...
- Distinguishing stress fractures from pathologic fractures: a multimodality approachLaura M Fayad
The Russell H Morgan Department of Radiology and Radiological Science, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
Skeletal Radiol 34:245-59. 2005Whereas stress fractures occur in normal or metabolically weakened bones, pathologic fractures occur at the site of a bone tumor...
- Bilateral femoral neck stress fractures following total knee arthroplasty: a case report and review of literatureAmite Pankaj
Department of Orthopedics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi 110029, India
Arch Orthop Trauma Surg 127:549-52. 2007..b>Stress fractures of femoral neck occurring simultaneously on both sides following a bilateral total knee replacement is an ..
- Kinetic asymmetry in female runners with and without retrospective tibial stress fracturesRebecca Avrin Zifchock
Motion Analysis Laboratory, University of Delaware, Newark, DE 1976, USA
J Biomech 39:2792-7. 2006..runners who have never sustained a running-related injury to those who have sustained unilateral tibial stress fractures. The symmetry index was used to characterize asymmetry in the kinetics of both subject groups...
- Comparison of stress fractures of male and female recruits during basic training in the Israeli anti-aircraft forcesArnon Gam
Surgeon General Headquarters, Israeli Air Force, Tel Hashomer, Israel
Mil Med 170:710-2. 2005In military basic training, stress fractures are a common orthopedic problem. Female recruits have a significantly higher incidence of stress fractures than do male recruits...
- In vivo fatigue loading of the rat ulna induces both bone formation and resorption and leads to time-related changes in bone mechanical properties and densityYeou Fang Hsieh
Department of Experimental Surgery, Istituti Ortopedici Rizzoli, Bologna, Italy
J Orthop Res 20:764-71. 2002Fatigue loading triggers bone resorption and is associated with stress fractures. Neither the osteogenic response nor the changes in bone mechanical properties following in vivo fatigue loading have been quantified...
- Equipment modification is associated with fewer stress fractures in female Israel border police recruitsNaama Constantini
Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Hadassah Hebrew University Medical Center, Mount Scopus, P O Box 24035, Jerusalem 91240, Israel
Mil Med 175:799-804. 2010The study was planned to assess whether combat equipment weight reduction would lead to a reduction in the incidence of stress fractures in female border police infantry recruits taking a 4-month course of basic combat training.
- Stress fractures of forearm bones in military recruits of rifle drill trainingChun Lin Kuo
Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Tri Service General Hospital, National Defense Medical Center, Taipei, Taiwan
J Trauma 67:742-5. 2009b>Stress fractures rarely occur in the forearms. These injuries usually occur in healthy young patients, which are usually neglected by patients or physicians...
- Genetic predisposition for femoral neck stress fractures in military conscriptsJohanna Korvala
Oulu Center for Cell Matrix Research, Biocenter and Department of Medical Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
BMC Genet 11:95. 2010b>Stress fractures are a significant problem among athletes and soldiers and may result in devastating complications or even permanent handicap. Genetic factors may increase the risk, but no major susceptibility genes have been identified...
- Comparison of scintigraphy and magnetic resonance imaging for stress injuries of boneYasuyuki Ishibashi
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Hirosaki University School of Medicine, Aomori, Japan
Clin J Sport Med 12:79-84. 2002..To compare findings of radiography, scintigraphy, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in stress injuries of bone and evaluate changes of these findings with time correlated with clinical symptoms...
- The prediction of stress fractures using a 'stressed volume' conceptD Taylor
Mechanical Engineering Department, Trinity College, Ireland
J Orthop Res 19:919-26. 2001This paper addresses an anomaly which exists in the current literature regarding stress fractures. Analysis of the data on fatigue strength of bone samples in vitro would conclude that these fractures should never occur at the strain ..
- Stress fractures: diagnosis and management in the primary care settingDilip R Patel
Department of Pediatrics and Human Development, Michigan State University College of Human Medicine, Kalamazoo, MI 49008, USA
Pediatr Clin North Am 57:819-27. 2010..Most stress fractures at low-risk sites can be managed in the primary care setting with conservative measures...
- Nonunion of olecranon stress fractures in adolescent baseball pitchers: a case series of 5 athletesArthur C Rettig
Methodist Sports Medicine Center, Department of Research and Education, 201 Pennsylvania Parkway, Suite 235, Indianapolis, IN 46280, USA
Am J Sports Med 34:653-6. 2006..Nonunion stress fractures of the olecranon across the epiphyseal plate, however, have received little attention.
- Painful stress fractures of the fabella in patients with total knee arthroplastyStavroula J Theodorou
Department of Radiology, School of Medicine, University of California, San Diego Medical Center, San Diego, CA, USA
AJR Am J Roentgenol 185:1141-4. 2005OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to document a distinct pattern of stress fractures in the fabella of patients with total knee replacement and to call attention to this unusual complication that causes knee pain in postoperative ..
- Bilateral pedicle stress fracture after instrumented posterolateral lumbar fusion: a case reportKee Yong Ha
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Kang Nam St Mary s Hospital, Seoul, Korea
Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 28:E158-60. 2003..A case of bilateral pedicle stress fracture is reported, and the literature is reviewed...
- Athletic stress fractures: part I. History, epidemiology, physiology, risk factors, radiography, diagnosis, and treatmentR B Verma
Northshore Long Island Jewish Medical Center, New Hyde Park, New York, USA
Am J Orthop 30:798-806. 2001This 3-part article is a comprehensive review of the literature on athletically induced (fatigue) stress fractures. As typical signs and symptoms of stress fracture may differ slightly depending on the bone involved, physicians examining ..
- The use of a pneumatic leg brace in soldiers with tibial stress fractures--a randomized clinical trialChristopher S Allen
Bayne Jones Army Community Hospital, Physical Therapy Department, 1585 Third Street, Fort Polk, LA 71459, USA
Mil Med 169:880-4. 2004..Single blind randomized controlled replication study...
- Female athlete triad and stress fracturesDavid Feingold
Division of Sports Medicine, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, The David Geffen University of California Los Angeles School of Medicine, 10833 Le Conte Avenue, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
Orthop Clin North Am 37:575-83. 2006b>Stress fractures are a common occurrence in athletes, and the incidence of stress fractures in female Division 1 collegiate athletes is double that of men...
- Cognitive dietary restraint is associated with stress fractures in women runnersNanci S Guest
University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z4
Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab 15:147-59. 2005..0 +/- 5.4 vs. 8.4 +/- 4.3, P < 0.05). Subclinical menstrual cycle disturbances and increased cortisol levels that are associated with high CDR, might in turn contribute to lowered BMD and increased stress fracture risk...
- Imaging of stress fracturesCarolyn M Sofka
Department of Radiology and Imaging, Hospital for Special Surgery, New York, NY 10021, USA
Clin Sports Med 25:53-62, viii. 2006..MRI, however, provides the most comprehensive evaluation of stress injuries, revealing both functional and morphologic information about the bone...
- Lumbar isthmic defects in teenagers resulting from stress fracturesCharles A Reitman
Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX, USA
Spine J 2:303-6. 2002..However, etiology remains controversial. There are several reports supporting acquired stress fractures in the etiology of this condition, although radiographic evidence of an acquired fracture in a given ..
- Bilateral femoral supracondylar stress fractures in a cross country runnerKate Ross
Florida State University College of Medicine, 1115 W Call St, Tallahassee, FL 32306, USA
Orthopedics 31:803. 2008Several high-risk factors lead to stress fractures. They include excessive training in athletes leading to overuse injuries, nutritional deficiencies, and endocrine disorders...
- Evaluation and management of stress fractures of the pelvis and sacrumRobert G Hosey
Department of Orthopedics and Sports Medicine, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky 40536 0284, USA
Orthopedics 31:383-5. 2008Most stress fractures of the pelvis and sacrum can be treated nonoperatively with activity modification and thorough assessment of training activities and nutritional factors.
- Fatigue-type stress fractures of the lower limb associated with fibrous cortical defects/non-ossifying fibromas in the skeletally immatureA Shimal
Department of Radiology, Royal Orthopaedic Hospital, Birmingham, UK
Clin Radiol 65:382-6. 2010..To investigate the association of a fatigue-type stress fracture and a fibrous cortical defect/non-ossifying fibroma (FCD/NOF) of the lower limb long bones in skeletally immature patients...
- Femoral neck stress fractures in military personnelA Joshi
Department of Orthopedics, Shree Birendra Hospital, Chhauni, Kathmandu, Nepal
JNMA J Nepal Med Assoc 48:99-102. 2009b>Stress fractures are common during military training but femoral neck stress fractures are uncommon and sometimes pose diagnostic and therapeutic challenges...
- Clinical value of grading the scintigraphic appearances of tibial stress fractures in military recruitsJane Dutton
Department of Nuclear Medicine, Addenbrooke s Hospital, Cambridge, United Kingdom
Clin Nucl Med 27:18-21. 2002..This study evaluated the relation between the scintigraphic appearances of tibial stress fracture in military recruits and the likelihood that they would complete basic military training...
- Bilateral pedicular stress fractures after successful posterior spinal fusion for adult idiopathic scoliosisC B Tribus
Medical Center, University of California, San Francisco
Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 18:1222-5. 1993..Clinical union was achieved in 2 months and the patient was followed with serial computed tomographic scans to confirm union. A review of the current literature is also presented...
- Stress fracture of the lumbar pedicle. Case reports of "pediculolysis" and review of the literatureR Gunzburg
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Trauma, Royal Adelaide Hospital, South Australia
Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 16:185-9. 1991Cases of lumbar pedicle stress fractures are described and the term "pediculolysis" introduced. The condition may be bilateral or, more commonly, may occur in association with contralateral spondylolysis...
- Multiple stress fractures in a young female runnerT Dusek
Department of Pharmacology, Zagreb University School of Medicine, Zagreb, Croatia
Acta Chir Orthop Traumatol Cech 71:308-10. 2004..We report on unusual case of a female runner with low body mass and amenorrhea, who suffered 4 stress fractures. Three of the stress fractures occurred during her sports career, and the fourth occurred 7 years after the ..
- Bilateral pedicle stress fractures in a female athlete: case report and review of the literatureHari K Parvataneni
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Lenox Hill Hospital, New York, New York, USA
Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 29:E19-21. 2004Clinical case report of bilateral stress fractures of the pedicle in a female athlete presenting with back pain.
- The association between hematological and inflammatory factors and stress fractures among female military recruitsDrorit Merkel
Department of Hematology, Sheba Medical Center, Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel
Med Sci Sports Exerc 40:S691-7. 2008..training have found a high prevalence of iron deficiency at recruitment as well as an increased rate of stress fractures (SF) and overuse injuries during training when compared with males...
- 19-year-old male adolescent with bilateral femoral neck stress fractures: a case reportAntonio N Romero
1st Marine Division REIN, 5th Marines Regimental Aid Station, FMF, P O Box 555452, Camp Pendleton, CA 92055 5380, USA
Mil Med 173:711-3. 2008The medical literature describes very few cases of bilateral femoral neck stress fractures in healthy adolescents...
- The effect of oral contraceptives on bone mass and stress fractures in female runnersKristin L Cobb
Department of Health Research and Policy, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA 94305, and Clinical Research Center, Helen Hayes Hospital, West Haverstraw, NY, USA
Med Sci Sports Exerc 39:1464-73. 2007..To determine the effect of oral contraceptives (OC) on bone mass and stress fracture incidence in young female distance runners...
- Polymorphisms of the vitamin D receptor gene and stress fracturesC Chatzipapas
1Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Medical School, Democritus University of Thrace, University General Hospital of Alexandroupolis, Alexandroupolis, Greece
Horm Metab Res 41:635-40. 2009Our aim was to evaluate the association between VDR polymorphisms and calcaneal Stiffness Index (SI) with stress fractures in a case control study including male military personnel...
- Management and return to play of stress fracturesChristopher C Kaeding
Ohio State University Sports Medicine Center, Columbus, OH, USA
Clin J Sport Med 15:442-7. 2005The purpose of this article is to provide the clinician an evidence/experience-based algorithm for the management of stress fractures.
- Stress fractures in military men and bone quality related factorsC N Chatzipapas
Department of Orthopaedics, Democritus University of Thrace, University General Hospital of Alexandroupolis, Alexandroupolis, Greece
Int J Sports Med 29:922-6. 2008The aetiology of stress fractures is multifactorial, and many risk factors have been implicated...
- Stress fractures and knee injuries in runnersAnne Z Hoch
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Medical College of Wisconsin, Froedtert East Clinics, Fifth Floor, 9200 West Wisconsin Avenue, Milwaukee, WI 53226, USA
Phys Med Rehabil Clin N Am 16:749-77. 2005..Addressing these dysfunctions in rehabilitation can prevent future injury. Stress fractures often occur in runners who engage in training errors...
- Scintigraphic characteristics of non-ossifying fibroma in military recruits undergoing bone scintigraphy for suspected stress fractures and lower limb painsNir Hod
Institute of Nuclear Medicine, Medical Services and Supply Center, Medical Corps, IDF, Jerusalem, Israel
Nucl Med Commun 28:25-33. 2007..Although the radiographic and histopathological findings of NOF have been well described, the scintigraphic findings of the abnormality have only been incidentally mentioned in the literature...
- Case reports: subtrochanteric femoral stress fractures after prolonged alendronate therapyKaterina Cermak
Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Institut Jules Bordet, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, 1 rue Héger Bordet, 1000, Brussels, Belgium
Clin Orthop Relat Res 468:1991-6. 2010..Its long-term effects remain unclear although several reports describe cases of proximal femur stress fractures associated with long-term alendronate use.
- An emerging pattern of subtrochanteric stress fractures: a long-term complication of alendronate therapy?Ernest Beng Kee Kwek
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Singapore General Hospital, Outram Road, Singapore 169608, Singapore
Injury 39:224-31. 2008..A recent increase in the incidence of such fractures occurring in patients while on alendronate therapy led us to conduct a retrospective review of these patients in our institution...
- Three successive stress fractures at the same vertebral level in an adolescent baseball playerKoichi Sairyo
Department of Orthopedics, The University of Tokushima, Kuramoto Cho, Tokushima, Japan
Am J Sports Med 31:606-10. 2003
- First rib stress fractures in throwing athletesEric E Coris
University of South Florida College of Medicine, Division of Sports Medicine, 12901 Bruce B Downs Boulevard, MDC 13, Tampa, FL 33612, USA
Am J Sports Med 33:1400-4. 2005
- Fatigue stress injuries of the pelvic bones and proximal femur: evaluation with MR imagingMartti J Kiuru
Department of Radiology, Helsinki University Central Hospital, Haartmaninkatu 4, 00029 Helsinki, Finland
Eur Radiol 13:605-11. 2003..For accurate diagnosis of bone stress injuries, and to ensure appropriate treatment, the entire pelvis and both proximal femurs should be studied simultaneously by means of MRI...
- Treatment of stress fractures: the fundamentalsWilliam Glenn Raasch
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI 53226, USA
Clin Sports Med 25:29-36, vii. 2006..Extrinsic and intrinsic factors, that may play a role in the development of stress fractures, are discussed and incorporated as possible treatment options...
- Aetiology of rib stress fractures in rowersStuart J Warden
Centre for Sports Medicine Research and Education, School of Physiotherapy, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Sports Med 32:819-36. 2002Rib stress fractures are a common and significant problem in the rowing population. They occur in approximately 6.1 to 12% of rowers and account for the most time lost from on-water training and competition...
- Stress fracture of the ulna associated with crutch useG Garcia Suarez
Servicio Ortopedia Infantil, Hospital Marques de Valdecilla, Santander, Spain
J Orthop Trauma 15:524-5. 2001b>Stress fractures of the ulna are extremely rare. The purpose of this article is to report one more case of this occurrence in an eleven-year-old girl, who was using adjustable metal crutches, and to discuss the possible cause.
- More on atypical fractures of the femoral diaphysisErnest B K Kwek
N Engl J Med 359:316-7; author reply 317-8. 2008
- Stress fractures in the lower extremity. The importance of increasing awareness amongst radiologistsFerco H Berger
Department of Radiology, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Meibergdreef 9, 1105 AZ Amsterdam ZO, The Netherlands
Eur J Radiol 62:16-26. 2007b>Stress fractures are fatigue injuries of bone usually caused by changes in training regimen in the population of military recruits and both professional and recreational athletes...
- Low-risk stress fracturesB P Boden
Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, The Orthopaedic Center, Rockville, Maryland 20850, USA
Am J Sports Med 29:100-11. 2001b>Stress fractures can occur in almost any bone in the body, with the lower extremity weightbearing bones, especially the tibia, tarsals, and metatarsals, being affected most frequently...
- MR imaging, bone scintigraphy, and radiography in bone stress injuries of the pelvis and the lower extremityM J Kiuru
Department of Radiology, Helsinki University Central Hospital, Finland
Acta Radiol 43:207-12. 2002..To compare MR imaging, radiography and bone scintigraphy in the diagnosis of stress injuries to bones of the pelvis and lower extremity...
- Exercise-induced rib stress fractures: potential risk factors related to thoracic muscle co-contraction and movement patternA Vinther
Department of Medicine Q, Rheumatology and Geriatrics, Herlev University Hospital, Herlev, Denmark
Scand J Med Sci Sports 16:188-96. 2006The etiology of exercise-induced rib stress fractures (RSFs) in elite rowers is unclear. The purpose of the study was to investigate thoracic muscle activity, movement patterns and muscle strength in elite rowers...
- Sacral stress fractures: an unusual cause of low back pain in an athleteMrugeshkumar K Shah
Department of Orthopedics, Division of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Tulane University Institute of Sports Medicine, New Orleans, Louisiana, USA
Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 27:E104-8. 2002..A case report of a sacral stress fracture causing low back pain in an athlete...
- Imaging of stress fractures in the athleteDamon J Spitz
Department of Radiology, New England Baptist Hospital, Boston, MA 02120, USA
Radiol Clin North Am 40:313-31. 2002Osseous stress fractures and stress reactions represent the effect of abnormal repetitive stress on normal bone...
- Biomechanical predictors of retrospective tibial stress fractures in runnersMichael B Pohl
Department of Physical Therapy, University of Delaware, Newark, DE 19716, USA
J Biomech 41:1160-5. 2008..kinematics and kinetics of the lower limb have been shown separately to be related with a history of tibial stress fractures (TSFs) in female runners...
- Upper extremity stress fracturesGrant Lloyd Jones
The Ohio State University Sports Medicine Center, Columbus, OH 43221, USA
Clin Sports Med 25:159-74, xi. 2006Although less common than lower-extremity stress fractures, upper-extremity stress fractures are becoming recognized much more frequently...
- Correlates of stress fractures among preadolescent and adolescent girlsKeith J Loud
Division of Adolescent Young Adult Medicine, Children s Hospital Boston and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
Pediatrics 115:e399-406. 2005Although stress fractures are a source of significant morbidity in active populations, particularly among young female athletes, the causes of stress fractures have not been explored among females <17 years of age or in the general ..
- Stress fractures in rheumatoid arthritis: a case series and case-control studyL J Kay
Musculoskeletal Unit, Freeman Hospital, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK
Ann Rheum Dis 63:1690-2. 2004..To review cases of stress fracture in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) presenting to our service over a 10 year period; to identify possible risk factors and test these in a case-control study...
- Rib stress fracturesLeonard P Connolly
Division of Nuclear Medicine, Children s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
Clin Nucl Med 29:614-6. 2004..Muscular forces are predominantly responsible for these fractures. This article reviews the mechanisms of injury in various activities and illustrates the scintigraphic appearance of rib stress fractures.
- Evaluation and treatment of tibial stress fracturesAndrea J Young
Pacific Sports Medicine at MultiCare, Tacoma, WA 98405 1616, USA
Clin Sports Med 25:117-28, x. 2006Tibial stress fractures are relatively common overuse injuries that can often be difficult to treat. Other comorbid medical conditions, including the female athlete triad, need to be carefully evaluated and treated...
- Incidence of stress fractures of the femoral shaft in women treated with bisphosphonateJörg Schilcher
Department of Orthopedics, AIM IKE, Faculty of Health Science, Linkoping University, Linkoping, Sweden
Acta Orthop 80:413-5. 2009Recent case reports have identified an association between long-term bisphosphonate treatment and stress fractures of the femoral shaft. The risk of such fractures in bisphosphonate users has not been determined.
- Outcomes of stress fractures of the talusMarkus J Sormaala
Centre of Military Medicine, PO Box 50, FIN 00301 Helsinki, Finland
Am J Sports Med 34:1809-14. 2006b>Stress fractures of the talus are rare, and only a few small studies have been published. In the absence of follow-up studies, the outcomes of these injuries are unknown.
- Section modulus is the optimum geometric predictor for stress fractures and medial tibial stress syndrome in both male and female athletesMelanie Franklyn
Centre for Biomedical Engineering, Department of Electrical and Computer Systems Engineering, Monash University, Victoria 3800, Australia
Am J Sports Med 36:1179-89. 2008Various tibial dimensions and geometric parameters have been linked to stress fractures in athletes and military recruits, but many mechanical parameters have still not been investigated.
- Rapid rehabilitation programme following sacral stress fracture in a long-distance running female athleteKarsten Knobloch
Trauma Department, Medical School Hannover, Carl Neuberg Str 1, 30625, Hannover, Germany
Arch Orthop Trauma Surg 127:809-13. 2007b>Stress fractures occur in normal bone due to mechanical overload by cyclic stress increasing the osteoclastic activity, thus facilitating weakening leading to fracture of bones...
- Ulnar stress reaction from crutch use following amputation for tibial osteosarcomaAmit Amin
The Department of Orthopaedic Oncology, The Royal National Orthopaedic Hospital NHS Trust, HA7 4LP, Stanmore, Middlesex, UK
Skeletal Radiol 33:541-4. 2004b>Stress fractures of the ulnar diaphysis occur most commonly in association with upper-limb dominated sports. Their occurrence in association with crutch use is rare...
- The effect of pulsed ultrasound in the treatment of tibial stress fracturesJohn Paul H Rue
Dept of Orthopedic Surgery, The Johns Hopkins University Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center, Baltimore, MD 21224 2780, USA
Orthopedics 27:1192-5. 2004Tibial stress fractures commonly occur in athletes and military recruits. This prospective, randomized, double-blind clinical study sought to determine whether pulsed ultrasound reduces tibial stress fracture healing time...
- Stress fractures in athletes: risk factors, diagnosis, and managementKenneth Tuan
Department of Orthopedics, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
Orthopedics 27:583-91; quiz 592-3. 2004
- Bone stress injuriesM J Kiuru
Department of Radiology, Helsinki University Central Hospital, Helsinki, Finland
Acta Radiol 45:317-26. 2004..Imaging studies are needed to ensure an early and exact diagnosis, because if the diagnosis is not delayed most bone stress injuries heal well without complications...
- Stress fracture injury in young military men and womenDavid W Armstrong
National Naval Medical Center, Bethesda, MD 20889, USA
Bone 35:806-16. 2004..We conclude that significant, acute weight loss combined with regular daily physical training among young military recruits may be a significant contributing risk factor for stress fracture injuries in young military men and women...
- Fractures associated with computer-navigated total knee arthroplasty. A report of two casesHo Joong Jung
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Medical Center of Chung Ang University, 224 1 Heukseok dong, Dongjak Gu, Seoul 156 755, Republic of Korea
J Bone Joint Surg Am 89:2280-4. 2007
- Concurrent bilateral femoral neck stress fractures and osteonecrosis of the hip. A case reportJoseph D Zuckerman
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, New York University Hospital for Joint Diseases, 301 East 17th Street, New York, NY 10003, USA
J Bone Joint Surg Am 88:857-60. 2006
- The pathophysiology of stress fracturesMichelle Pepper
Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI, USA
Clin Sports Med 25:1-16, vii. 2006b>Stress fractures can occur in any active individual, from the weekend warrior to the elite athlete. As these injuries occur, it is important to understand how bones respond to the stresses placed on them...
- Stress fractures of the femoral shaft in women's college lacrosse: a report of seven cases and a review of the literatureL Kang
Hospital for Special Surgery, New York, USA
Br J Sports Med 39:902-6. 2005b>Stress fractures do not often occur in the shaft of the femur. They are more common in the femoral neck, the tibial shaft, the metatarsals, and other bones of the foot...
- A case-control study of factors associated with pelvic and tibial stress fractures in Thoroughbred racehorses in training in the UKK L P Verheyen
Animal Health Trust, Epidemiology Unit, Lanwades Park, Kentford, Newmarket CB8 7UU, UK
Prev Vet Med 74:21-35. 2006..from a nested case-control study investigating factors associated with the occurrence of pelvic and tibial stress fractures in our study population...
- In vivo skeletal imaging of 18F-fluoride with positron emission tomography reveals damage- and time-dependent responses to fatigue loading in the rat ulnaMatthew J Silva
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine, 1 Barnes Jewish Hospital Plaza, Suite 11300 WP, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
Bone 39:229-36. 2006....
- Stress fractures and related disorders in foot and ankle: plain films, scintigraphy, CT, and MR ImagingThillainayagam Muthukumar
Department of Radiology, The Robert Jones and Agnes Hunt Orthopaedic Hospital, Oswestry, Shropshire, United Kingdom
Semin Musculoskelet Radiol 9:210-26. 2005..An early diagnosis reached by judicious use of imaging techniques is the cornerstone of appropriate management, with a high probability of a full recovery, a low risk of complications, and a return to pre-disease activity...
- Femoral stress fracture after computer navigated total knee arthroplastyChristian Ossendorf
Balgrist University Hospital, Department of Orthopedics, University of Zurich Forchstr 340, 8008 Zurich, Switzerland
Knee 13:397-9. 2006..However, every new technique is associated with its own complications. Here, we report on a patient who developed a distal femoral stress fracture after two attempts at fixing the navigation tracker...
- Age-dependent microdamage removal following mechanically induced microdamage in trabecular bone in vivoErik I Waldorff
Orthopaedic Research Laboratories, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Michigan, BSRB Room 2003, 109 Zina Pitcher Place, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 2200, USA
Bone 40:425-32. 2007..The damage-inducing capabilities of the animal model were demonstrated using double fluorochrome labeling in vivo for detection of microcracks. The results indicate that removal of microdamage is altered with age...
- Bone formation after damaging in vivo fatigue loading results in recovery of whole-bone monotonic strength and increased fatigue lifeMatthew J Silva
Orthopaedic Research Laboratory, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Washington University, St Louis, Missouri 63110, USA
J Orthop Res 25:252-61. 2007..002). We conclude that woven bone "repair" of a bone damaged by fatigue loading restores whole-bone strength and enhances resistance to further damage by repetitive loading...
- Stress fractures in the spine and sacrumLyle J Micheli
Division of Sports Medicine, Department of Orthopedics, Children s Hospital Boston, Boston, MA 02115, USA
Clin Sports Med 25:75-88, ix. 2006b>Stress fractures of the pars, pedicle, and sacrum are important considerations in the differential diagnosis of lower back pain in the child or adolescent athlete...
- Stress fractures and rehabilitationSheila A Dugan
Rush Medical College, Rush University Medical Center, 1725 West Harrison Street, 970, Chicago, IL 60612, USA
Phys Med Rehabil Clin N Am 18:401-16, viii. 2007..discussing the demographics, risk factors, anatomic distribution, diagnostic evaluation, and treatment of stress fractures. However, the literature contains a void regarding the rehabilitation and preventive aspects of this frequent ..
- Overuse injuries: tendinopathies, stress fractures, compartment syndrome, and shin splintsRobert P Wilder
Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, The University of Virginia, 545 Ray C Hunt Drive, Suite 240, P O Box 801004, Charlottesville, VA 22908 1004, USA
Clin Sports Med 23:55-81, vi. 2004..This article discusses common overuse injuries of the lower leg, ankle, and foot: tendinopathies, stress fractures, chronic exertional compartment syndrome, and shin splints.
- Stress fracture of the ulna in a male competitive polo playerRussell J Clark
Department of Orthopedics, Texas Tech University, Health Sciences Center, Lubbock, Texas 79430 9436, USA
Am J Sports Med 30:130-2. 2002
- Longitudinal stress fracture: patterns of edema and the importance of the nutrient foramenJoseph G Craig
Department of Radiology, Henry Ford Hospital, Detroit, MI 48202, USA
Skeletal Radiol 32:22-7. 2003..We reviewed the MR appearances of six cases of longitudinal stress fracture of the lower extremity...
- Stress fractures of the sacrum. An atypical cause of low back pain in the female athleteA W Johnson
Lafayette College, Bailey Health Center, Easton, Pennsylvania 18042-1768, USA
Am J Sports Med 29:498-508. 2001..The most significant risk factor for fatigue-type sacral stress fractures was an increase in impact activity due to a more vigorous exercise program...
- The impact of lifestyle factors on stress fractures in female Army recruitsJ M Lappe
Osteoporosis Research Center, Department of Medicine, Creighton University, 601 North 30th Street #4820, Omaha, NE 68131, USA
Osteoporos Int 12:35-42. 2001Estimates are that stress fractures during basic training (BT) occur in as many as 14% of US female military recruits. Injuries of this type lead to morbidity ranging from minor pain to serious lifetime disability...
- Femoral neck stress fractures: outcome analysis at minimum five-year follow-upJoseph K Weistroffer
Department of Orthopedics, Naval Medical Center San Diego, San Diego, California, USA
J Orthop Trauma 17:334-7. 2003The complications associated with misdiagnosed or undertreated femoral neck stress fractures in young, active adults have been well documented in the orthopaedic literature...
- Sacral stress fracturesJulie T Lin
Physiatry Department, Hospital for Special Surgery and Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Weill Medical College of Cornell University, 353 East 70th Street, New York, NY 10021, USA
J Womens Health (Larchmt) 12:879-88. 2003b>Stress fractures result from skeletal failure resulting from submaximal repetitive forces over time. Sacral stress fractures may represent an underdiagnosed cause of low back and buttock pain...
- Hypophosphatemic rickets presenting as recurring pedal stress fractures in a middle-aged womanR Linde
Department of Endocrinology, Palo Alto Medical Foundation, CA 94301, USA
J Foot Ankle Surg 40:101-4. 2001b>Stress fractures frequently occur from overtraining. When stress fractures recur, underlying metabolic abnormalities should be ruled out...
- Stress fractures of the upper limbP Brukner
Olympic Park Sports Medicine Centre, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Sports Med 26:415-24. 1998b>Stress fractures are commonly found in the lower limb, but also occur in the upper limb, and are particularly associated with upper limb-dominated sports such as tennis and swimming and those involving throwing activities...
- Stress fractures of the tibia: can personality traits help us detect the injury-prone athlete?I Ekenman
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Huddinge University Hospital, Sweden
Scand J Med Sci Sports 11:87-95. 2001One of the few serious drawbacks associated with running is overuse injuries such as stress fractures of the tibia, which cause local pain and swelling, often resulting in a temporary cessation of training...
- Bilateral distal fibular and tibial stress fractures associated with heavy smokingS Mpofu
Ann Rheum Dis 62:273-4. 2003An unusual case of simultaneous bilateral stress fractures of the distal tibia and fibula in a 45 year old white woman is described...
- Abnormalities of the thoracic bellows: stress fractures of the ribs and hiatal herniaE M Hardie
College of Veterinary Medicine, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27607, USA
J Vet Intern Med 12:279-87. 1998..Abnormalities of the bellows, specifically stress fractures of the ribs and hiatal hernia, were found in 21 dogs and cats with underlying cardiopulmonary disease, ..
- Correlating and Quantifying Mechanically-induced Bone Cell MicrodamageMarnie M Saunders; Fiscal Year: 2012..is a theme central to many bone-related conditions such as osteoporosis, osteonecrosis of the jaw, stress fractures and osteolysis...
- Regulation of sclerostin expression by hypoxia: A proposed mechanism to explain hDamian C Genetos; Fiscal Year: 2012..On a smaller scale, stress fractures that locally disrupt the lacunar-canalicular space within bone, and, therefore, interrupt the movement of ..
- IBMS Sun Valley Workshop on Musculoskeletal BiologyDavid B Burr; Fiscal Year: 2013..A session on Bone Fatigue, Stress Fractures and Bone Repair cuts across both themes by addressing osteocyte signaling in the repair of stress fractures, ..
- Real-time Gait Retraining to Reduce Loading in RunnersIrene Davis; Fiscal Year: 2009..However, due to its repetitive nature, overuse injuries are common. Stress fractures are among the most serious overuse injuries a runner sustains...
- OSTEOCONDUCTIVE SCAFFOLD FOR CORTICAL BONE ALLOGRAFTSDEBRA TRANTOLO; Fiscal Year: 2000..About a quarter of the total group require reoperations such as autologous grafting or replating for stress fractures delayed unions...
- BIOBEHAVIORAL RISK FACTORS FOR BONE LOSS IN ATHLETESKenneth Ward; Fiscal Year: 2002..First, a low bone mineral level is a primary risk factor for stress fractures in athletes and young adults...
- ESTROGEN REPLACEMENT AND COMPLICATIONS OF AMENORRHEAMichelle Warren; Fiscal Year: 1992..premenopausal exercising women would radically alter attitudes towards the importance of therapy to prevent injury and would lead to the formulation of effective treatment to prevent stress fractures, particularly in a young population.
- INTERFACIAL PROPERTIES OF HAVERSIAN BONELANNY GRIFFIN; Fiscal Year: 2002..Microcracks are an important manifestation of fatigue damage and are clinically associated with stress fractures, bone fragility, and remodeling...
- DEVELOPMENT OF A TREATMENT FOR OSTEOGENESIS IMPERFECTAR Martin; Fiscal Year: 2002..abstract_text> ..
- Black Bear Parathyroid Hormone as an Anabolic Agent for BoneSETH DONAHUE; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Physical Activity during Pregnancy, Fetal Growth, and Toddler Body SizeLanay Mudd; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Sun Valley Workshop on Skeletal BiologyDavid Burr; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- CALCIUM AND VITAMIN D MALNUTRITION IN ELDERLY WOMENJoan Lappe; Fiscal Year: 2003..This is a valid method to determine compliance, far superior to the traditional pill counts, and thus a substantial aid to measure the anti-fracture efficacy of calcium alone or calcium plus vitamin D interventions. ..
- Collagen Crosslinking Effects on Bone FragilityDeepak Vashishth; Fiscal Year: 2009..abstract_text> ..
- Safety and Efficacy of Patient Controlled Analgesia in the Emergency DepartmentPolly Bijur; Fiscal Year: 2009..It represents a novel approach to managing pain in this busy and demanding setting. ..
- The Interaction of Mechanical Load and Inflammation in Tendon-Bone HealingScott A Rodeo; Fiscal Year: 2010..The results of our studies will allow a scientific basis for the design of post- operative rehabilitation prescription. ..
- Aging and Fatigue Crack Growth in DentinDWAYNE DALE AROLA; Fiscal Year: 2010..These achievements should reduce the incidence of restorative failures associated with tooth fracture, resulting in billions of dollars in savings of health care costs, as well as a reduction in human suffering. ..
- Fatigue Crack Morphology in Cemented HipsAmos Race; Fiscal Year: 2002....
- Sun Valley Workshop on Skeletal BiologyDavid Burr; Fiscal Year: 2007..There are plans to advertise and distribute a summary of the workshop, partly using Web-based resources. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Sun Valley Workshop on Skeletal BiologyDavid Burr; Fiscal Year: 2006..There are plans to advertise and distribute a summary of the workshop, partly using Web-based resources. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Calcium Foods and Bone Health of Adolescent GirlsJoan Lappe; Fiscal Year: 2007..Lack of a calcium effect would provide support for further research into other methods or concomitant methods of maximizing skeletal development. ..
- Fatigue and the Endurance Strength of DentinDwayne Arola; Fiscal Year: 2003..Therefore, results from this study could have tremendous impact on the clinical techniques and procedures used for restorative dentistry. ..
- CERVICAL SPINE INJURIES IN FRONT, REAR AND SIDE IMPACTSManohar Panjabi; Fiscal Year: 2004....
- Sun Valley Workshop on Skeletal BiologyDavid Burr; Fiscal Year: 2004..An Advisory Panel is formed of session chairs. There are plans to advertise and distribute a summary of the workshop, partly using Web-based resources. ..
- TWO X-LINKED GENES THAT REGULATE MINERAL HOMEOSTASISMichael Whyte; Fiscal Year: 2002....
- Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Acute Pain ControlPolly Bijur; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- Sun Valley Workshop on Skeletal BiologyDavid Burr; Fiscal Year: 2005..An Advisory Panel is formed of session chairs. There are plans to advertise and distribute a summary of the workshop, partly using Web-based resources. ..
- TISSUE STRESS VARIABILITY AND STRENGTH IN VERTEBRAL BONEYener Yeni; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- MECHANOTRANSDUCTION IN BONEDavid Burr; Fiscal Year: 2003..Data generated by this Program are intended to define some mechanisms by which fluid forces can regulate gene expression, and will attempt to validate these mechanisms by in vivo studies. ..
- MUSCULOSKELETAL TRAINING GRANTDavid Burr; Fiscal Year: 2006..Two presentations were nominated for Young Investigator Awards by the ASBMR and the ORS. ..
- EXERCISE AND CALCIUM EFFECT ON PUBERTAL BONE GAINJoan Lappe; Fiscal Year: 2006..If these findings hold, they would provide strong support for the essential role of calcium in addition to exercise in maximizing bone mass in growing females. ..
- Effect of Femoral Stem Design om Cement Mantle FailureAmos Race; Fiscal Year: 2006..Should these aims be met, the proposed model will be of great use in pre-clinical testing of novel cemented stem designs. ..
- Spectroscopic X-ray Bone DensitometryThomas Beck; Fiscal Year: 2008..The disease is characterized by low bone mass, leading to enhanced bone fragility and a significant increase in the risk of fractures, which is typically diagnosed by bone densitometer [1,2]. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Inducing Skeletal Repair by Mechanical StimulationElise Morgan; Fiscal Year: 2009..Taken together, these experiments represent the first steps in defining the mechano-regulated processes involved in the postnatal formation of functional hyaline cartilage. ..
- High-Resolution Desktop Micro-Computed Tomograpy SystemElise Morgan; Fiscal Year: 2005....