blast injuries

Summary

Summary: Injuries resulting when a person is struck by particles impelled with violent force from an explosion. Blast causes pulmonary concussion and hemorrhage, laceration of other thoracic and abdominal viscera, ruptured ear drums, and minor effects in the central nervous system. (From Dorland, 27th ed)

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Abdominal trauma after terrorist bombing attacks exhibits a unique pattern of injury
    Miklosh Bala
    Department of General Surgery and Trauma Unit, Hadassah Hebrew University Medical Center, Jerusalem, Israel
    Ann Surg 248:303-9. 2008
  2. ncbi An introductory characterization of a combat-casualty-care relevant swine model of closed head injury resulting from exposure to explosive blast
    Richard A Bauman
    Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Polytrauma and Resuscitation, 502 Robert Grant Avenue, Silver Spring, MD 20910 7500, USA
    J Neurotrauma 26:841-60. 2009
  3. ncbi The pathobiology of blast injuries and blast-induced neurotrauma as identified using a new experimental model of injury in mice
    Ibolja Cernak
    Biomedicine Business Area, National Security Technology Department, Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory JHU APL, Laurel, MD 20723, USA
    Neurobiol Dis 41:538-51. 2011
  4. ncbi Blast exposure in rats with body shielding is characterized primarily by diffuse axonal injury
    Robert H Garman
    Safar Center for Resuscitation Research, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15260, USA
    J Neurotrauma 28:947-59. 2011
  5. ncbi Time-dependent changes of protein biomarker levels in the cerebrospinal fluid after blast traumatic brain injury
    Farid Ahmed
    Department of Anatomy, Physiology and Genetics, Uniformed Services University, Bethesda, MD 20814, USA
    Electrophoresis 33:3705-11. 2012
  6. pmc Traumatic brain injury: an overview of pathobiology with emphasis on military populations
    Ibolja Cernak
    National Security Technology Department, Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory, Laurel, Maryland 20723, USA
    J Cereb Blood Flow Metab 30:255-66. 2010
  7. pmc Cerebrocerebellar hypometabolism associated with repetitive blast exposure mild traumatic brain injury in 12 Iraq war Veterans with persistent post-concussive symptoms
    Elaine R Peskind
    Northwest Network Mental Illness, Research, Education, and Clinical Center, Veterans Affairs Puget Sound Health Care System, Seattle, WA 98108, USA
    Neuroimage 54:S76-82. 2011
  8. ncbi Neuropathology of explosive blast traumatic brain injury
    John Magnuson
    Department of Neuroscience, Uniformed Services University, 4301 Jones Bridge Rd, Bethesda, MD 20814 4799, USA
    Curr Neurol Neurosci Rep 12:570-9. 2012
  9. ncbi Effect of blast exposure on the brain structure and cognition in Macaca fascicularis
    Jia Lu
    Defence Medical and Environmental Research Institute, DSO National Laboratories, Singapore 117510
    J Neurotrauma 29:1434-54. 2012
  10. ncbi Blast overpressure in rats: recreating a battlefield injury in the laboratory
    Joseph B Long
    Division of Military Casualty Research, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, 503 Robert Grant Avenue, Silver Spring, MD 20910, USA
    J Neurotrauma 26:827-40. 2009

Detail Information

Publications258 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Abdominal trauma after terrorist bombing attacks exhibits a unique pattern of injury
    Miklosh Bala
    Department of General Surgery and Trauma Unit, Hadassah Hebrew University Medical Center, Jerusalem, Israel
    Ann Surg 248:303-9. 2008
    ..The recent growth in the volume of civilian blast trauma caused by terrorist bombings warrants special attention to the specific pattern of injury associated with such attacks...
  2. ncbi An introductory characterization of a combat-casualty-care relevant swine model of closed head injury resulting from exposure to explosive blast
    Richard A Bauman
    Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Polytrauma and Resuscitation, 502 Robert Grant Avenue, Silver Spring, MD 20910 7500, USA
    J Neurotrauma 26:841-60. 2009
    ..The polytraumatic nature of blast injuries is evidence of their effectiveness,and brain injury is a frequent and debilitating form of this trauma...
  3. ncbi The pathobiology of blast injuries and blast-induced neurotrauma as identified using a new experimental model of injury in mice
    Ibolja Cernak
    Biomedicine Business Area, National Security Technology Department, Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory JHU APL, Laurel, MD 20723, USA
    Neurobiol Dis 41:538-51. 2011
    Current experimental models of blast injuries used to study blast-induced neurotrauma (BINT) vary widely, which makes the comparison of the experimental results extremely challenging...
  4. ncbi Blast exposure in rats with body shielding is characterized primarily by diffuse axonal injury
    Robert H Garman
    Safar Center for Resuscitation Research, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15260, USA
    J Neurotrauma 28:947-59. 2011
    ..Strikingly, silver staining revealed otherwise undetected abnormalities, and therefore represents a recommended outcome measure in future studies of blast TBI...
  5. ncbi Time-dependent changes of protein biomarker levels in the cerebrospinal fluid after blast traumatic brain injury
    Farid Ahmed
    Department of Anatomy, Physiology and Genetics, Uniformed Services University, Bethesda, MD 20814, USA
    Electrophoresis 33:3705-11. 2012
    ....
  6. pmc Traumatic brain injury: an overview of pathobiology with emphasis on military populations
    Ibolja Cernak
    National Security Technology Department, Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory, Laurel, Maryland 20723, USA
    J Cereb Blood Flow Metab 30:255-66. 2010
    ....
  7. pmc Cerebrocerebellar hypometabolism associated with repetitive blast exposure mild traumatic brain injury in 12 Iraq war Veterans with persistent post-concussive symptoms
    Elaine R Peskind
    Northwest Network Mental Illness, Research, Education, and Clinical Center, Veterans Affairs Puget Sound Health Care System, Seattle, WA 98108, USA
    Neuroimage 54:S76-82. 2011
    ..Given the potential public health implications of these findings, further investigation of brain function in these Veterans appears warranted...
  8. ncbi Neuropathology of explosive blast traumatic brain injury
    John Magnuson
    Department of Neuroscience, Uniformed Services University, 4301 Jones Bridge Rd, Bethesda, MD 20814 4799, USA
    Curr Neurol Neurosci Rep 12:570-9. 2012
    ....
  9. ncbi Effect of blast exposure on the brain structure and cognition in Macaca fascicularis
    Jia Lu
    Defence Medical and Environmental Research Institute, DSO National Laboratories, Singapore 117510
    J Neurotrauma 29:1434-54. 2012
    ....
  10. ncbi Blast overpressure in rats: recreating a battlefield injury in the laboratory
    Joseph B Long
    Division of Military Casualty Research, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, 503 Robert Grant Avenue, Silver Spring, MD 20910, USA
    J Neurotrauma 26:827-40. 2009
    ....
  11. ncbi Blast injuries
    Stephen J Wolf
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Denver Health Medical Center, Denver, CO 80204, USA
    Lancet 374:405-15. 2009
    ..Attributable, in part, to the scene chaos that undoubtedly exists, poor triage and missed diagnosis of blast injuries are substantial concerns because injuries can be subtle or their presentation can be delayed...
  12. ncbi A thoracic mechanism of mild traumatic brain injury due to blast pressure waves
    A C Courtney
    Department of Physics, United States Military Academy, West Point, NY 10996, United States
    Med Hypotheses 72:76-83. 2009
    ..Results have implications for evaluating risk of mTBI due to blast exposure and for developing effective protection...
  13. pmc Amelioration of acute sequelae of blast induced mild traumatic brain injury by N-acetyl cysteine: a double-blind, placebo controlled study
    Michael E Hoffer
    Department of Otolaryngology, Naval Medical Center San Diego, San Diego, California, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 8:e54163. 2013
    ..The goal of this study was to compare the efficacy of N-acetyl cysteine (NAC) versus placebo on the symptoms associated with blast exposure mTBI in a combat setting...
  14. ncbi Case report of a soldier with primary blast brain injury
    Deborah L Warden
    Defense and Veterans Brain Injury Center, Walter Reed Army Medical Center, Building 1, Room B207, 6900 Georgia Avenue NW, Washington DC 20309 5001, USA
    Neuroimage 47:T152-3. 2009
    ..Neuroimaging abnormalities are described together with normalization of the fractional anisotrophy on diffusion tensor imaging after follow-up imaging studies...
  15. pmc Blast-related brain injury: imaging for clinical and research applications: report of the 2008 st. Louis workshop
    Tammie L S Benzinger
    Mallinckrodt Institute of Radiology, Washington University, St Louis, Missouri, USA
    J Neurotrauma 26:2127-44. 2009
    ....
  16. ncbi Simulation of blast-induced early-time intracranial wave physics leading to traumatic brain injury
    Paul A Taylor
    Department of Penetration Systems, Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM 87185, USA
    J Biomech Eng 131:061007. 2009
    ....
  17. ncbi Blast-induced brain injury and posttraumatic hypotension and hypoxemia
    Douglas S DeWitt
    Moody Center for Traumatic Brain and Spinal Cord Injury Research, University of Texas Medical Branch, 301 University Boulevard, Galveston, TX 77555 0830, USA
    J Neurotrauma 26:877-87. 2009
    ..It is clear that further research is necessary to address these critical concerns...
  18. ncbi Traumatic brain injury, shell shock, and posttraumatic stress disorder in the military--past, present, and future
    Sharon B Shively
    Department of Pathology, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, Maryland 20814, USA
    J Head Trauma Rehabil 27:234-9. 2012
    ..Given current circumstance, we propose completing the work envisioned by Dr Mott almost 100 years ago...
  19. ncbi Mechanisms of primary blast-induced traumatic brain injury: insights from shock-wave research
    Atsuhiro Nakagawa
    Department of Neurosurgery, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, Sendai, Japan
    J Neurotrauma 28:1101-19. 2011
    ....
  20. ncbi Biomechanical assessment of brain dynamic responses due to blast pressure waves
    M S Chafi
    Department of Mechanical Engineering and Applied Mechanics, North Dakota State University, Fargo, ND 58105 5285, USA
    Ann Biomed Eng 38:490-504. 2010
    ..The research cannot identify, however, the specific levels of ICP, stress and strain that necessarily lead to traumatic brain injury (TBI) because there is no access to experimental data regarding head-blast interactions...
  21. ncbi Biomarkers of blast-induced neurotrauma: profiling molecular and cellular mechanisms of blast brain injury
    Stanislav I Svetlov
    Center of Innovative Research, Banyan Biomarkers, Inc 12085 Research Drive, Alachua, FL 32615, USA
    J Neurotrauma 26:913-21. 2009
    ..These biomarkers will be effective for triaging and managing both combat and civilian casualities...
  22. ncbi Brain injuries from blast
    Cameron R Bass
    Department of Biomedical Engineering, Duke University, 136 Hudson Hall, Durham, NC 27708, USA
    Ann Biomed Eng 40:185-202. 2012
    ..Principal areas of uncertainty include the need for a more comprehensive injury assessment for mild blast injuries in humans, an improved understanding of blast TBI pathophysiology of blast TBI in animal models and humans, ..
  23. ncbi A multimodal imaging study in U.S. veterans of Operations Iraqi and Enduring Freedom with and without major depression after blast-related concussion
    Scott C Matthews
    Veterans Affairs San Diego Healthcare System, USA
    Neuroimage 54:S69-75. 2011
    ....
  24. ncbi A mouse model of blast injury to brain: initial pathological, neuropathological, and behavioral characterization
    Vassilis E Koliatsos
    Division of Neuropathology, Department of Pathology, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    J Neuropathol Exp Neurol 70:399-416. 2011
    The increased use of explosives in recent wars has increased the number of veterans with blast injuries. Of particular interest is blast injury to the brain, and a key question is whether the primary overpressure wave of the blast is ..
  25. ncbi Relationship between orientation to a blast and pressure wave propagation inside the rat brain
    Mikulas Chavko
    Neurotrauma Department, Naval Medical Research Center, 503 Robert Grant Avenue, Silver Spring, MD 20910, USA
    J Neurosci Methods 195:61-6. 2011
    ..The pattern of the pressure wave inside the brain in the head facing away from blast exposures assumes contribution of the static pressure, similar to hydrodynamic pressure to the pressure wave inside the brain...
  26. ncbi Evidence of disrupted functional connectivity in the brain after combat-related blast injury
    Scott R Sponheim
    Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Minneapolis, MN 55417, USA
    Neuroimage 54:S21-9. 2011
    ..post-traumatic stress and depression) and commonly prescribed medications. Results provide evidence for poor coordination of frontal neural function after blast injury that may be the consequence of damaged anterior white matter tracts...
  27. ncbi Explosions and blast injuries
    J M Wightman
    Center for Disaster and Humanitarian Assistance Medicine, Department of Military and Emergency Medicine, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, MD 20814 4799, USA
    Ann Emerg Med 37:664-78. 2001
    ..Knowledge of the potential mechanisms of injury, early signs and symptoms, and natural courses of these problems will greatly aid the management of blast-injured patients...
  28. ncbi Combat ocular trauma visual outcomes during operations iraqi and enduring freedom
    Eric D Weichel
    Walter Reed Army Medical Center, Washington, District of Columbia 20307, USA
    Ophthalmology 115:2235-45. 2008
    ..To report the visual and anatomic outcomes as well as to predict the visual prognosis of combat ocular trauma (COT) during Operations Iraqi and Enduring Freedom...
  29. ncbi Contribution of systemic factors in the pathophysiology of repeated blast-induced neurotrauma
    Manojkumar Valiyaveettil
    Blast Induced Neurotrauma Branch, Center for Military Psychiatry and Neuroscience, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Silver Spring, MD 20910, USA
    Neurosci Lett 539:1-6. 2013
    ..Platelet/leukocyte targeted therapies can be evaluated as potential acute treatment strategies to mitigate blast-induced neurotrauma...
  30. ncbi Compressed air injury of the orbit in the absence of external trauma
    R Caesar
    Eye (Lond) 17:661-2. 2003
  31. ncbi Morphological changes of the neural cells after blast injury of spinal cord and neuroprotective effects of sodium beta-aescinate in rabbits
    Yuqing Wang
    Institute of Orthopaedics, Xijing Hospital, The Fourth Military Medical University, Xi an 710033, PR China
    Injury 41:707-16. 2010
    ....
  32. ncbi Neurobehavioral, cellular, and molecular consequences of single and multiple mild blast exposure
    Alaa Kamnaksh
    Department of Anatomy, Physiology and Genetics, Uniformed Services University, Bethesda, MD 20814, USA
    Electrophoresis 33:3680-92. 2012
    ..We infer that at this blast frequency, a potential conditioning phenomenon counteracts with and reduces the extent of subsequent damage in MI rats...
  33. ncbi Development of a rat model for studying blast-induced traumatic brain injury
    Jingmin Cheng
    Department of Neurosurgery, General Hospital of People s Liberation Army Chengdu Military Region, Chengdu, Sichuan 610083, China
    J Neurol Sci 294:23-8. 2010
    ..Capillary damage and enlarged intercellular and vascular space in the cortex, along with a tattered nerve fiber were observed. These findings demonstrate that we have provided a reliable and reproducible blast-induced TBI model in rats...
  34. ncbi Diffuse and spatially variable white matter disruptions are associated with blast-related mild traumatic brain injury
    Nicholas D Davenport
    Minneapolis VA Medical Center, 1 Veterans Dr, Minneapolis, MN 55417, USA
    Neuroimage 59:2017-24. 2012
    ..The reported pattern of effects supports the conclusion that the neurological effects of blast mTBI are diffuse, widespread, and spatially variable...
  35. ncbi Mild neurotrauma indicates a range-specific pressure response to low level shock wave exposure
    Pamela J VandeVord
    Department of Biomedical Engineering, Wayne State University, 818 W Hancock, Detroit, MI 48201, USA
    Ann Biomed Eng 40:227-36. 2012
    ..Further investigation into the biomechanical aspects of shock wave exposure is required to elucidate this pressure range-specific phenomenon...
  36. pmc Induction of oxidative and nitrosative damage leads to cerebrovascular inflammation in an animal model of mild traumatic brain injury induced by primary blast
    P M Abdul-Muneer
    Department of Pharmacology and Experimental Neuroscience, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE 68198, USA
    Free Radic Biol Med 60:282-91. 2013
    ..Thus, induction of oxidative stress and activation of matrix metalloproteinases by shock wave underlie the mechanisms of cerebral vascular BBB leakage and neuroinflammation...
  37. ncbi Tympanic membrane perforation and hearing loss from blast overpressure in Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedom wounded
    Amber E Ritenour
    United States Army Institute of Surgical Research, San Antonio, Texas, USA
    J Trauma 64:S174-8; discussion S178. 2008
    ..We wanted to determine the severity of perforation and its effect on hearing and combat readiness...
  38. ncbi Brain injury risk from primary blast
    Karin A Rafaels
    Army Research Laboratory, 328 Hopkins Rd, ATTN RDRL SLB W, Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD 21005, USA
    J Trauma Acute Care Surg 73:895-901. 2012
    ..However, there is little information on the intensity and duration of blast necessary to cause brain injury...
  39. ncbi Suicidal bus bombing of French Nationals in Pakistan: physical injuries and management of survivors
    Hasnain Zafar
    Department of Surgery, The Aga Khan University Hospital, PO Box 3500, Karachi 74800, Pakistan
    Eur J Emerg Med 12:163-7. 2005
    ..In this paper, we present an epidemiologic description of the physical injuries of patients who survived the suicidal bombing attack in the context of the limited medical resources of a developing nation...
  40. ncbi Tightly coupled repetitive blast-induced traumatic brain injury: development and characterization in mice
    Ying Wang
    Blast Induced Neurotrauma Branch, Center for Military Psychiatry and Neuroscience, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Silver Spring, Maryland 20910, USA
    J Neurotrauma 28:2171-83. 2011
    ..These data suggest that repeated blast exposures lead to increased impairment severity in multiple neurological parameters of TBI in mice...
  41. ncbi Chronic traumatic encephalopathy in an Iraqi war veteran with posttraumatic stress disorder who committed suicide
    Bennet Omalu
    Brain Injury Research Institute, Morgantown, West Virginia, USA
    Neurosurg Focus 31:E3. 2011
    ....
  42. ncbi Primary blast injuries to the eye: a review of the evidence
    R Abbotts
    Biomedical Sciences, Defence Science and Technology Laboratory, Porton, Salisbury, SP4 0JQ
    J R Army Med Corps 153:119-23. 2007
    ..The aim of this review is to consider the evidence in the literature for true primary blast injury to the eye...
  43. ncbi Injuries from roadside improvised explosive devices
    Arul Ramasamy
    Academic Department of Military Surgery and Trauma, ICT Centre, Birmingham, United Kingdom
    J Trauma 65:910-4. 2008
    ..The improvised explosive device (IED) has been widely used by the insurgents and is the leading cause of death and injury among Coalition troops in the region...
  44. ncbi Safety preparedness of urban community for New Year fireworks in Tehran
    Soheil Saadat
    Sina Trauma and Surgery Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
    Burns 35:719-22. 2009
    ..Restriction of the use of fireworks and banning firecrackers lacking appropriate insertions on safety instructions are other solutions to be considered...
  45. ncbi Lung injury and recovery after exposure to blast overpressure
    Mikulas Chavko
    Trauma and Resuscitative Medicine Department, Naval Medical Research Center, Silver Spring, Maryland 20910, USA
    J Trauma 61:933-42. 2006
    ..The objective of this study was to characterize the progression of oxidative and inflammatory responses in lungs as well as the activation of consequent protective mechanisms after exposure to medium intensity BOP...
  46. ncbi Mechanisms of blast induced brain injuries, experimental studies in rats
    M Risling
    Department of Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm S 171 77, Sweden
    Neuroimage 54:S89-97. 2011
    ..These experiments indicate that rotational acceleration may be a critical factor for DAI and other acute changes after blast TBI. The further exploration of the mechanisms of blast TBI will have to include a search for long-term effects...
  47. ncbi Injuries from explosions: physics, biophysics, pathology, and required research focus
    Howard R Champion
    Department of Surgery, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, MD, USA
    J Trauma 66:1468-77; discussion 1477. 2009
    ....
  48. pmc Hemorrhagic shock after experimental traumatic brain injury in mice: effect on neuronal death
    Alia Marie Dennis
    Department of Critical Care Medicine, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, 3434 Fifth Avenue, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA
    J Neurotrauma 26:889-99. 2009
    ..Our data suggest a critical time window for exacerbation of neuronal death by HS after CCI and may have implications for blast injury victims in austere environments where definitive management is delayed...
  49. ncbi Combat ocular trauma and systemic injury
    Eric D Weichel
    Walter Reed Army Medical Center, Washington, District of Columbia 20307, USA
    Curr Opin Ophthalmol 19:519-25. 2008
    ....
  50. ncbi Inflammatory leukocytes and iron turnover in experimental hemorrhagic lung trauma
    Nikolai V Gorbunov
    Division of Military Casualty Research, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Silver Spring, MD 20910 7500, USA
    Exp Mol Pathol 80:11-25. 2006
    ....
  51. ncbi [Firework injuries in Denmark in the period 1995/1996 to 2006/2007]
    Thomas Foged
    Odense Universitetshospital, Ulykkes Analyse Gruppen og Håndkirurgisk Sektor, ortopaedkirurgisk afdeling
    Ugeskr Laeger 169:4271-5. 2007
    ..The purpose of this study was to observe the occurrence and character of firework injuries on the two days around New Year in Denmark over the last decade...
  52. ncbi Pediatric fireworks-related injuries in the United States: 1990-2003
    Rachel J Witsaman
    Center for Injury Research and Policy, Columbus Children s Research Institute, Children s Hospital, 700 Children s Dr, Columbus, Ohio 43205, USA
    Pediatrics 118:296-303. 2006
    ..Our goal was to describe the epidemiology of pediatric fireworks-related injuries among children aged 19 years and younger by using a nationally representative sample...
  53. ncbi Tympanic-membrane perforation as a marker of concussive brain injury in Iraq
    Michael S Xydakis
    N Engl J Med 357:830-1. 2007
  54. ncbi Blast injury of the ear: clinical update from the global war on terror
    Kara M Cave
    Army Research Laboratory, Human Research and Engineering Directorate, Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD 21005, USA
    Mil Med 172:726-30. 2007
    ..Results from this study underline the need for documentation of pre-and postdeployment hearing tests and prompt otologic evaluation for the blast-exposed population...
  55. ncbi Mechanisms of injury by explosive devices
    Jeff Garner
    Northern General Hospital, Herries Road, Sheffield, S5 7AU, UK
    Anesthesiol Clin 25:147-60, x. 2007
    ..The pathophysiology of the various mechanisms of injury is described, and the implications for translating a knowledge of mechanism of injury to clinical management is discussed...
  56. ncbi Terror-related open-globe injuries: a 10-year review
    Gungor Sobaci
    Ophthalmology Department, GATA Gulhane Military Medical Academy and Medical School, 06018 Etlik, Ankara, Turkey
    Am J Ophthalmol 139:937-9. 2005
    ..To describe mechanisms and injury characteristics influencing visual outcomes in eyes with open-globe injuries sustained in terrorist acts...
  57. pmc A mouse model of ocular blast injury that induces closed globe anterior and posterior pole damage
    Jessica Hines-Beard
    Hamilton Eye Institute, Department of Ophthalmology, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, 930 Madison Ave, Ste 731, Memphis, TN 38163, USA
    Exp Eye Res 99:63-70. 2012
    ..This is an important new model for testing the short-term and long-term spectrum of closed globe blast injuries and potential therapeutic interventions.
  58. ncbi Interplay between high energy impulse noise (blast) and antioxidants in the lung
    Nabil M Elsayed
    Department of Respiratory Research, Division of Military Casualty Research, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Silver Spring, MD, USA
    Toxicology 189:63-74. 2003
    ..In addition, it suggests a role for endogenous nitric oxide in the injury. This report reviews experimental evidence of BLAST-induced antioxidant depletion, and the potential benefit from antioxidant supplementation before exposure...
  59. ncbi Study of protective effect on rat cochlear spiral ganglion after blast exposure by adenovirus-mediated human β-nerve growth factor gene
    Jian Wu
    Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Shanghai Changzheng Hospital, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai, China
    Am J Otolaryngol 32:8-12. 2011
    ..To study whether adenovirus-mediated human β-nerve growth factor (Ad-hNGFβ) gene has any protective effect on rat cochlear spiral ganglion after blast exposure...
  60. ncbi Tympanic membrane rupture in the survivors of the July 7, 2005, London bombings
    Peter Radford
    Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Barts and The London NHS Trust, London, UK
    Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 145:806-12. 2011
    ..this study was to analyze the prevalence of tympanic membrane rupture in the survivors of the London bombings of July 2005 and to assess whether tympanic membrane rupture provides a useful biomarker for underlying primary blast injuries.
  61. ncbi Serum neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin in ballistic injuries: a comparison between blast injuries and gunshot wounds
    Adrian J Mellor
    Surg Cdr RN, Defence Medical Services, UK
    J Crit Care 27:419.e1-5. 2012
    ..For this reason, we hypothesized that levels of NGAL might be expressed at higher levels after blast injury compared with other ballistic injury...
  62. ncbi Eye and visual function in traumatic brain injury
    Glenn C Cockerham
    Ophthalmology Section 112 B1, Department of Veterans Affairs Palo Alto Health Care System, 3801 Miranda Avenue, Palo Alto, CA 94304, USA
    J Rehabil Res Dev 46:811-8. 2009
    ....
  63. pmc Blast wave exposure impairs memory and decreases axon initial segment length
    Kelli L Baalman
    Department of Neuroscience, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas 77030, USA
    J Neurotrauma 30:741-51. 2013
    ..These results support the conclusion that exposure to a single blast wave can lead to mTBI with accompanying cognitive impairment and subcellular changes in the molecular organization of neurons...
  64. ncbi Blast exposure: vestibular consequences and associated characteristics
    Michael E Hoffer
    Spatial Orientation Center, Department of Otolaryngology, Naval Medical Center San Diego, CA 92134 2200, USA
    Otol Neurotol 31:232-6. 2010
    ..To characterize vestibular and related symptoms seen after blast exposure...
  65. ncbi Blast lung injury: clinical manifestations, treatment, and outcome
    Vered Avidan
    Department of Surgery, Sharee Zedek Medical Center, Jerusalem, Israel
    Am J Surg 190:927-31. 2005
    ..Yet, many surgeons and intensivists have little experience treating BLI. Jerusalem sustained 31 TBAs since 1983, resulting in a local expertise in treating BLI...
  66. ncbi Hemoconcentration caused by microvascular dysfunction after blast injuries to the chest and abdomen of rabbits
    Bo Zhang
    Department of Orthopedics, Daping Hospital, Third Military Medical University, Chongqing, China
    J Trauma 71:694-701. 2011
    One of the important causes of death after blast injuries is reduced blood volume, which typically results from hemorrhage but may also result from nonhemorrhagic causes...
  67. ncbi Ocular injuries in blast victims
    Mumtaz Alam
    Department of Ophthalmology, Khyber Teaching Hospital, Peshawar
    J Pak Med Assoc 62:138-42. 2012
    ..To study the type and severity of ocular injuries in blast victims...
  68. ncbi The Persian Wednesday Eve Festival "Charshanbe-Soori" fireworks eye injuries: a case series
    Mohammad Reza Mansouri
    Eye Research Center, Farabi Eye Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
    Ophthalmic Epidemiol 14:17-24. 2007
    ..To describe the clinical spectrum and severity of eye injuries sustained during the Persian Wednesday Eve Festival "Charshanbe-Soori" and to identify the fireworks devices involved...
  69. ncbi The pattern of thoracic trauma after suicide terrorist bombing attacks
    Miklosh Bala
    Department of General Surgery and Trauma Unit, Hadassah Hebrew University Medical Center, Jerusalem, Israel
    J Trauma 69:1022-8; discussion 1028-9. 2010
    ..The goal of this study was to characterize thoracic injuries inflicted by terrorist-related explosions and compare pattern of injury to penetrating and blunt thoracic trauma...
  70. ncbi Blast eye injuries: a review for first responders
    Michael G Morley
    Department of Ophthalmology, Tufts University School of Medicine, USA
    Disaster Med Public Health Prep 4:154-60. 2010
    ..Secondary blast injuries, resulting from flying fragments and debris, cause the majority of eye injuries among blast victims...
  71. ncbi Fractures of the thoracolumbar spine sustained by soldiers in vehicles attacked by improvised explosive devices
    Brian T Ragel
    Department of Neurosurgery, David Grant Medical Center, Travis Air Force Base, CA, USA
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 34:2400-5. 2009
    ..Retrospective analysis...
  72. ncbi Multiple casualty terror events: the anesthesiologist's perspective
    Micha Y Shamir
    Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, Hadassah Hebrew University Medical Center, POB 12000, Jerusalem 91120, Israel
    Anesth Analg 98:1746-52, table of contents. 2004
    ..Therefore, anesthesiology departments are greatly impacted by such events and must plan for them to maximize the use of available personnel and to have the appropriate equipment and supplies available...
  73. ncbi [Blast injuries of the hands. Patterns of trauma and plastic surgical treatment]
    G A Giessler
    Berufsgenossenschaftliche Unfallklinik Ludwigshafen, Plastische und Handchirurgie der Universität Heidelberg, Ludwig Guttmann Strasse 13, 67071 Ludwigshafen, Deutschland
    Unfallchirurg 109:956-63. 2006
    b>Blast injuries of the hand represent a demanding surgical emergency for the reconstructive hand surgeon...
  74. ncbi The health and economic impact of fireworks-related injuries in Iran: a household survey following the New Year's Festival in Tehran
    Soheil Saadat
    Sina Trauma and Surgery Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
    Injury 41:e28-33. 2010
    ..The aim of this study was to determine the incidence and risk factors of fireworks-related injuries associated with the Last Wednesday Eve Festival, in Tehran, Iran...
  75. pmc In-hospital resource utilization during multiple casualty incidents
    Sharon Einav
    Intensive Care Unit, Shaare Zedek Medical Center, Jerusalem, Israel
    Ann Surg 243:533-40. 2006
    ..To suggest guidelines for hospital organization during terror-related multiple casualty incidents (MCIs) based on the experience of 6 level I trauma centers...
  76. ncbi Modulation of cholinergic pathways and inflammatory mediators in blast-induced traumatic brain injury
    Manojkumar Valiyaveettil
    Blast Induced Neurotrauma Branch, Center for Military Psychiatry and Neuroscience, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Silver Spring, MD 20910, USA
    Chem Biol Interact 203:371-5. 2013
    ..Acute changes in molecules involved in the modulation of cholinergic and inflammatory pathways after blast TBI can cause long-term central and peripheral pathophysiological changes...
  77. pmc Blast injuries to the lung: epidemiology and management
    Iain M J Mackenzie
    Queen Elizabeth Hospital Birmingham, Mindelsohn Way, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2WB, UK
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 366:295-9. 2011
    ..Of those casualties who survived to be received by the role 4 facility, none subsequently died as a consequence of lung injury...
  78. ncbi Injuries of the thoracolumbar spine from tertiary blast injury in Thai military personnel during conflict in southern Thailand
    Sompob Poopitaya
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Phramongkutklao Hospital and College of Medicine, Bangkok, Thailand
    J Med Assoc Thai 92:S129-34. 2009
    There were higher numbers of tertiary blast injuries from terrorist bombing in southern Thailand. There was no previous report about spinal trauma in tertiary blast injury.
  79. ncbi Visual system degeneration induced by blast overpressure
    J M Petras
    Department of Neurobehavioral Assessment, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Washington, D C 20307 5100, USA
    Toxicology 121:41-9. 1997
    ..These findings suggest that the retina should be investigated for the presence of traumatic or ischemic cellular injury, hemorrhages, scotomas, and retinal detachment...
  80. ncbi Clinical analysis of firework-related ocular injuries during Spring Festival 2009
    Yuan Jing
    Department of Ophthalmology, Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University, Jie Fang Road 238, Wuhan, 430072, China
    Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol 248:333-8. 2010
    ..To document the clinical features, management and visual outcome of fireworks-related ocular injuries during the Spring Festival...
  81. ncbi Antioxidant loading reduces oxidative stress induced by high-energy impulse noise (blast) exposure
    N M Elsayed
    Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Washington, DC, USA
    Toxicology 155:91-9. 2000
    ..These observations, suggest that brief antioxidant loading with pharmacological doses can reduce blast-induced oxidative stress, and may have occupational and clinical implications...
  82. ncbi Blast-induced neurotrauma: surrogate use, loading mechanisms, and cellular responses
    Geoffrey T Desmoulin
    Department of Biomedical Engineering, Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan, USA
    J Trauma 67:1113-22. 2009
    ..The data presented and literature reviewed formed the fundamentals of a successful grant from the U.S. Office of Naval Research to Wayne State University...
  83. pmc Suicide bombers form a new injury profile
    Limor Aharonson-Daniel
    Gertner Institute for Epidemiology and Health Policy Research, Tel Hashomer, Israel
    Ann Surg 244:1018-23. 2006
    ..Explosives frequently included small metal parts, increasing severity of injuries, challenging both physicians and healthcare systems. Timely detonation in crowded and confined spaces further increased explosion effect...
  84. ncbi Retinal sequelae of primary ocular blast injuries
    K Chalioulias
    Vitreoretinal Unit, Birmingham and Midland Eye Centre, Dudley Road Birmingham B18 7QH
    J R Army Med Corps 153:124-5. 2007
    ..in the use of improvised explosive devices by insurgent terrorists in Iraq is increasing the number of primary blast injuries being seen by the Defence Medical Services...
  85. pmc Color changing photonic crystals detect blast exposure
    D Kacy Cullen
    Center for Brain Injury and Repair, Dept of Neurosurgery, School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, 105 Hayden Hall, 3320 Smith Walk, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Neuroimage 54:S37-44. 2011
    ..Importantly, with future refinement this technology may be deployed to identify soldiers exposed to blast at levels suggested to be supra-threshold for non-impact blast-induced mild TBI...
  86. ncbi Bomb explosions in acts of terrorism--detonation, wound ballistics, triage and medical concerns
    Yoram Kluger
    Division of Trauma, Department of Surgery, Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center, Tel Aviv, Israel
    Isr Med Assoc J 5:235-40. 2003
  87. ncbi The modern "deck-slap" injury--calcaneal blast fractures from vehicle explosions
    Arul Ramasamy
    Imperial Blast Biomechanics and Biophysics Group, Imperial College London, United Kingdom
    J Trauma 71:1694-8. 2011
    ..Therefore, the aim of this study is to determine the pattern of injury, medical management, and functional outcome of UK Service Personnel sustaining calcaneal injuries from under-vehicle explosions...
  88. pmc Suicide bombing attacks: Can external signs predict internal injuries?
    Gidon Almogy
    Department of Surgery and Trauma Unit, Hadassah Medical Center, Jerusalem, Israel
    Ann Surg 243:541-6. 2006
    ..To report the distribution and types of injuries in victims of suicide bombing attacks and to identify external signs that would guide triage and initial management...
  89. ncbi Vascular trauma in high-velocity gunshot wounds and shrapnel-blast injuries in Israel
    Yehuda G Wolf
    Department of Vascular Surgery, Hadassah Medical School Hebrew University, Jerusalem, Israel
    Surg Clin North Am 82:237-44. 2002
    ..Early revascularization with temporary shunts, the use of autologous tissue, major venous reconstruction, a low threshold for fasciotomy, and reliable tissue coverage are the mainstays of management...
  90. ncbi Blast injuries
    Ralph G DePalma
    Medical Surgical Group, Office of Patient Care Services, Veterans Health Administration, Washington, DC 20420, USA
    N Engl J Med 352:1335-42. 2005
  91. ncbi The experience of one institution dealing with terror: the El Aqsa Intifada riots
    Yoav Mintz
    Hadassah University Hospital, Hebrew University Medical School, Jerusalem, Israel
    Isr Med Assoc J 4:554-6. 2002
    ....
  92. pmc Suicide bombing attacks: update and modifications to the protocol
    Gidon Almogy
    Trauma Unit and Department of Surgery, Hadassah University Hospital, Jerusalem, Israel
    Ann Surg 239:295-303. 2004
    ..To review the experience of a large-volume trauma center in managing and treating casualties of suicide bombing attacks...
  93. ncbi Predictors of mortality in close proximity blast injuries during Operation Iraqi Freedom
    Thomas J Nelson
    Department of Surgery, Naval Hospital Camp Pendleton, Marine Corps Base, Camp Pendleton, CA 92055, USA
    J Am Coll Surg 202:418-22. 2006
    ..Because of urban terrorism worldwide, blast injury is becoming more common in the civilian sector as well. Blast injuries are often devastating and can overwhelm medical resources...
  94. pmc Gunshot and explosion injuries: characteristics, outcomes, and implications for care of terror-related injuries in Israel
    Kobi Peleg
    Center for Trauma and Emergency Medicine Research, Gertner Institute, Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer, Israel
    Ann Surg 239:311-8. 2004
    ..An increase of terror-related activities may necessitate treatment of mass casualty incidents, requiring a broadening of existing skills and knowledge of various injury mechanisms...
  95. ncbi Patterns of injury in hospitalized terrorist victims
    Kobi Peleg
    Israel National Center for Trauma and Emergency Medicine Research, Gertner Institute for Epidemiology and Health Policy Research, Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer, Israel 52621
    Am J Emerg Med 21:258-62. 2003
    ..Further studies of the special injury pattern associated with terror are necessary to enhance secondary management and tertiary prevention when occurring...
  96. ncbi Ocular firework injuries at New Year's eve
    Stefan Sacu
    Department of Ophthalmology, University of Vienna Medical School, Vienna, Austria
    Ophthalmologica 216:55-9. 2002
    ..To prospectively study mechanisms and injury characteristics of ocular firework burns...
  97. ncbi Severe tyre blast injuries during servicing
    Ashraf F Hefny
    Department of Surgery, Al Ain Hospital, Al Ain, United Arab Emirates
    Injury 40:484-7. 2009
    ..We aimed to review the relevant literature on tyre blast injuries so as to define the mechanism of injury, outcome, and its methods of prevention.
  98. ncbi Medical management of disasters and mass casualties from terrorist bombings: how can we cope?
    Eric R Frykberg
    Department of Surgery, University of Florida Health Science Center, and Division of General Surgery, Shands Jacksonville Medical Center, Jacksonville, Florida, USA
    J Trauma 53:201-12. 2002
  99. ncbi Ocular fireworks injuries. Clinical features and visual outcome
    S K Arya
    Department of Ophthalmology, Govt Medical College, Chandigarh, India
    Indian J Ophthalmol 49:189-90. 2001
    ..Twenty two (52%) patients had to be admitted for the management of their ocular injuries...
  100. ncbi Firework injuries: a ten-year study
    Vinita Puri
    Department of Plastic, Reconstructive Surgery and Burns, Seth G S Medical College, King Edward Memorial Hospital, Parel, Mumbai, India
    J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg 62:1103-11. 2009
    ..chemicals with jute strings/coir in layers) and rockets (aerial device that zooms upwards and bursts) caused blast injuries, leading to soft tissue disruption and bony injuries...
  101. ncbi Not another 4th of July report: uncommon blast injuries to the hand
    M Frank
    Trauma and Orthopedic Surgery, Department of Handsurgery, Ernst Moritz Arndt University Greifswald, Germany
    Emerg Med J 25:93-7. 2008
    b>Blast injuries to the hand are rare during peacetime and are mainly caused by fireworks. The injury patterns combine a variety of tissue destruction (laceration, dissemination, avulsion, blast, crush and burns)...

Research Grants37

  1. RCT Methylphenidate & Memory/Attention Training in Traumatic Brain Injury
    Thomas McAllister; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Further, it will help to clarify underlying neural mechanisms and suggest additional treatment possibilities. ..
  2. Frontal Lobe Injury and Executive Control of Cognition and Emotion
    Diane Swick; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..deployed military personnel have sustained TBIs during their service in OEF and OIF, primarily due to blast injuries. The majority of these injuries can be classified as mild TBI or concussion...
  3. Clinical and Molecular Biology of Acute and Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathies
    JAMES WAVELL AIKEN; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..high-contact sports (initially boxing, and more recently, American football);and 3) modern warfare, especially blast injuries, with recognition of TBI as a "signature injury" currently affecting over half of those who survive blast ..
  4. Improved manufacture of bone transport plates
    TIMOTHY MULONE; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Furthermore, segmental bone loss may result from blast injuries, high impact trauma, or repeated surgical debridement for treatment of chronic osteomyelitis of the mandible...
  5. Ameliorating systemic gentamicin uptake by sensory hair cells
    PETER STEPHEN STEYGER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..more judiciously and personalize gentamicin therapy for individual cases prior to treatment for life-threatening bacterial sepsis, tuberculosis and for prophylaxis in premature babies, and casualties with severe burns and blast injuries.
  6. Frontal Lobe Neuroimaging as a Biomarker of Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy
    JULIE MARIE STAMM; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..sports across all levels as well as military personnel who have experienced repetitive brain trauma from blast injuries, an improved understanding of frontal lobe dysfunction in CTE and other factors that influence the progression ..
  7. Cochlear trafficking and hair cell uptake of aminoglycosides
    PETER STEPHEN STEYGER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..uptake of aminoglycosides will allow clinicians to use aminoglycosides more aggressively for treating life-threatening bacterial sepsis, specific agents of bioterrorism, and for prophylaxis in combat, severe burns and blast injuries.
  8. Molecular targets of Corneal Anti-fibrosis
    Royce Mohan; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The exposed cornea is first to also become involved in ocular infections, chemical or blast injuries, and rapidly develops angiogenesis and fibrosis, which ultimately leads to scarring and corneal blindness...
  9. Biomarker for liver ischemia/reperfusion-induced injury
    MONIKA OLI; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Etiologies of liver injury includes multiple and abdominal trauma from gunshot and blast injuries, drug and alcohol toxicity, hemorrhagic and septic shock, and graft failure after liver transplantation...
  10. Vestibular Consequences of Blast-related Mild Traumatic Brain Injury
    FAITH AKIN; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..June 2007, the Department of Defense (DoD) reported over 3,000 OEF/OIF soldiers suffering from TBI caused by blast injuries, falls, or vehicular accidents...
  11. Allocating attention to complex auditory stimuli
    Frederick Gallun; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..By again employing the dual-task, the attentional resources used by hearing-impaired listeners will be compared with those used by normal-hearing listeners in the same tasks. ..
  12. Role of Candidate Alleles in Cognitive Outcome After TBI
    Thomas McAllister; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  13. Effect of Biomechanical Force Exposure on Cognition & Brain Activation in Student
    Thomas McAllister; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Impact parameters will be directly measured using helmet-based accelerometer units. ..
  14. Extremity War Injuries: Current, State of the Art
    Andrew Pollak; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Advances in the management of extremity injuries will lead to quicker recovery times from blast injuries, better response rates to infection, and new advances in amputee care, benefiting both military and civilian ..
  15. DOPAMINERGIC MODULATION WORKING MEMORY TBI--FMRI STUDY
    Thomas McAllister; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Performance and fMRI visualized activation of WM circuitry will be characterized at baseline (on placebo) and following administration of a dopamine agonist. ..
  16. Temporal Transcriptomes of TBI and OGD for Dissemination (T3OD)
    Barclay Morrison; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  17. ADENOSINE AND TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURY
    Patrick Kochanek; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..These studies explore the most promising adenosine-based therapy for TBI-A2a receptor antagonists. Our bench to bedside track record ensures translation to the clinic. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  18. Proteomic Profiles in Human Temporal Lobe Epilepsy
    Nihal de Lanerolle; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..These studies are essential to identify molecules unique to TLE, which will be the candidates for study in future research that explores their role(s) in seizure mechanisms. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  19. Patient-Centered Depression Care in the Public Sector
    Isabel Lagomasino; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  20. Genetic Signatures in Human Temporal Lobe Epilespy
    Nihal de Lanerolle; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  21. Number Processing in Fronto-Striatal Disorders
    YELENA BOGDANOVA; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..This distinction will guide further research leading to interventions to improve daily function in these cognitive domains in HIV. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  22. Self-Management of Depression and Medical Illness
    Isabel Lagomasino; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Third, an expert panel uses study findings to adapt the programs as necessary and develops a manualized program protocol in preparation for a future randomized trial. ..
  23. Elastomeric microeletrode array for in vitro brain
    Barclay Morrison; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Added benefits include reduced cost, higher throughput for screening compounds, and reduced animal use compared to in vivo models of TBI. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  24. Hearing Therapies for the Future
    Gabrielle Saunders; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..S. population over the age of 65 years, and most (83%) individuals over the age of 70 years. By targeting NIHL, therefore, this conference has potential to benefit all Americans. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  25. BRAIN-INJURY MEMORY DISORDERS RESEARCH CENTER
    Mieke Verfaellie; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The interactions between the investigators from the five investigative components supported by the core programs constitute the fabric of our Center. ..
  26. IMPAIRED AND PRESERVED MEMORY PROCESSES IN AMNESIA
    Mieke Verfaellie; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  27. AD LENS PATHOLOGY: BIOCHEMISTRY & DIAGNOSTIC IMAGING
    Lee E Goldstein; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The resulting data may provide insights into fundamental mechanisms of AD-associated protein aeration and support development of novel AD diagnostic and monitoring technology. ..
  28. TRANSYNAPTIC CORTICAL APOPTOSIS--MECHANISMS & THERAPIES
    Vassilis Koliatsos; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..We expect that these carefully controlled investigations will shed light on critical intermediate mechanisms of cortical degenerations and will suggest clinically advantageous methods to treat these disorders. ..
  29. An fMRI Study of Executive Functioning after TBI
    Harvey Levin; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Analyses will test TBI-related alterations in brain activation at 3 months postinjury, changes on reimaging at 1 year, relationship to EFs, and MPH effects. ..
  30. Structural/Trophic Hypothesis for Antidepressant Actions
    Vassilis Koliatsos; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  31. Lymphoid Transcription Factor in Striatal Development
    DENES AGOSTON; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Our studies will advance our knowledge about the molecular requirements for normal striatal development and contribute to a better understanding of developmental brain disorders. ..
  32. 2006 National Neurotrauma Symposium
    DOUGLAS DEWITT; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  33. Child & Family Disaster Research Training & Education
    Betty Pfefferbaum; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..6) To design a modular, multidisciplinary research-training curriculum on child and family disaster mental health incorporating modern principles of public mental health and a scientifically informed developmental psychopathology model. ..
  34. Models of Motor Neuron Disease: Stem Cell Therapies
    Vassilis Koliatsos; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..In concert, we propose to examine the essential preclinical parameters for the consideration of NSCs as therapeutic tools for motor neuron disease. ..
  35. Marrow stromal cell deliver to repair the spinal cord
    Jeffery Kocsis; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  36. Incidence, risk factors, and consequences of neonatal hypothermia in Nepal
    LUKE MULLANY; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Examination of alternate cutoffs for defining hypothermia severity may improve design of low-cost technologies for identification and subsequent management of hypothermic infants in the community. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  37. EFFECTS OF O2 RADICALS AND PERIVASCULAR NERVES IN TRAUMA
    DOUGLAS DEWITT; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Specific Aim IV is to measure GJ communication (using FRAP) and Cx mRNA expression in cerebral arteries harvested from rats subjected to traumatic brain injury and treated with SOD, L-NAME, FeTPPS or penicillamine. ..