intravenous substance abuse

Summary

Summary: Abuse, overuse, or misuse of a substance by its injection into a vein.

Top Publications

  1. pmc Longitudinal community plasma HIV-1 RNA concentrations and incidence of HIV-1 among injecting drug users: prospective cohort study
    Evan Wood
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, Vancouver, Canada
    BMJ 338:b1649. 2009
  2. ncbi Global estimates of prevalence of HCV infection among injecting drug users
    Carmen Aceijas
    Centre for Research on Drugs and Health Behaviour, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, University of London, London, UK
    Int J Drug Policy 18:352-8. 2007
  3. pmc Full participation in harm reduction programmes is associated with decreased risk for human immunodeficiency virus and hepatitis C virus: evidence from the Amsterdam Cohort Studies among drug users
    Charlotte Van Den Berg
    Department of Human Retrovirology, Center for Infection and Immunity Amsterdam, Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Addiction 102:1454-62. 2007
  4. ncbi The epidemic behavior of the hepatitis C virus
    O G Pybus
    Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford, OX1 3PS, UK
    Science 292:2323-5. 2001
  5. ncbi Sexual transmission of HIV-1 among injection drug users in San Francisco, USA: risk-factor analysis
    A H Kral
    Urban Health Study, Institute for Health Policy Studies and Departments of Family and Community Medicine, UCSF, 3180 18th Street, San Francisco CA 94110, USA
    Lancet 357:1397-401. 2001
  6. ncbi Overland heroin trafficking routes and HIV-1 spread in south and south-east Asia
    C Beyrer
    Johns Hopkins University School of Hygiene and Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    AIDS 14:75-83. 2000
  7. ncbi Risk of hepatitis C virus infection among young adult injection drug users who share injection equipment
    Lorna E Thorpe
    Division of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 155:645-53. 2002
  8. ncbi Decline in HIV incidence and injecting, but not in sexual risk behaviour, seen in drug users in Amsterdam: a 19-year prospective cohort study
    Catharina E A Lindenburg
    Health Service of Amsterdam, Cluster Infectious Diseases, Department of Research, 1000 CE Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    AIDS 20:1771-5. 2006
  9. ncbi The impact of a police drug crackdown on drug injectors' ability to practice harm reduction: a qualitative study
    Hannah Cooper
    Medical Health and Research Institution National Development and Research Institutes, Inc, 71 West 23rd Street, 8th Floor, New York 10010, USA
    Soc Sci Med 61:673-84. 2005
  10. ncbi The prevalence of hepatitis C virus infection in the United States, 1999 through 2002
    Gregory L Armstrong
    National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Ann Intern Med 144:705-14. 2006

Research Grants

Detail Information

Publications282 found, 100 shown here

  1. pmc Longitudinal community plasma HIV-1 RNA concentrations and incidence of HIV-1 among injecting drug users: prospective cohort study
    Evan Wood
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, Vancouver, Canada
    BMJ 338:b1649. 2009
    ..To examine the relation between plasma HIV-1 RNA concentrations in the community and HIV incidence among injecting drug users...
  2. ncbi Global estimates of prevalence of HCV infection among injecting drug users
    Carmen Aceijas
    Centre for Research on Drugs and Health Behaviour, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, University of London, London, UK
    Int J Drug Policy 18:352-8. 2007
    ..In this paper, we review evidence of HCV prevalence among injecting drug users (IDUs) worldwide...
  3. pmc Full participation in harm reduction programmes is associated with decreased risk for human immunodeficiency virus and hepatitis C virus: evidence from the Amsterdam Cohort Studies among drug users
    Charlotte Van Den Berg
    Department of Human Retrovirology, Center for Infection and Immunity Amsterdam, Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Addiction 102:1454-62. 2007
    ..To investigate the impact of harm-reduction programmes on HIV and hepatitis C virus (HCV) incidence among ever-injecting drug users (DU) from the Amsterdam Cohort Studies (ACS)...
  4. ncbi The epidemic behavior of the hepatitis C virus
    O G Pybus
    Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford, OX1 3PS, UK
    Science 292:2323-5. 2001
    ..Our model builds a bridge between the disciplines of population genetics and mathematical epidemiology by using pathogen gene sequences to infer the population dynamic history of an infectious disease...
  5. ncbi Sexual transmission of HIV-1 among injection drug users in San Francisco, USA: risk-factor analysis
    A H Kral
    Urban Health Study, Institute for Health Policy Studies and Departments of Family and Community Medicine, UCSF, 3180 18th Street, San Francisco CA 94110, USA
    Lancet 357:1397-401. 2001
    ..We aimed to establish whether injection or sexual risk factors, or both, were associated with HIV-1antibody seroconversion of street-recruited IDUs in San Francisco, from 1986 to 1998...
  6. ncbi Overland heroin trafficking routes and HIV-1 spread in south and south-east Asia
    C Beyrer
    Johns Hopkins University School of Hygiene and Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    AIDS 14:75-83. 2000
    ....
  7. ncbi Risk of hepatitis C virus infection among young adult injection drug users who share injection equipment
    Lorna E Thorpe
    Division of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 155:645-53. 2002
    ..5, 95% confidence interval: 1.3, 9.9). The authors conclude that sharing of injection equipment other than syringes may be an important cause of HCV transmission between IDUs...
  8. ncbi Decline in HIV incidence and injecting, but not in sexual risk behaviour, seen in drug users in Amsterdam: a 19-year prospective cohort study
    Catharina E A Lindenburg
    Health Service of Amsterdam, Cluster Infectious Diseases, Department of Research, 1000 CE Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    AIDS 20:1771-5. 2006
    ..Initiated in 1985, the ACS enables us to study changes in trends since HAART became widespread in 1996...
  9. ncbi The impact of a police drug crackdown on drug injectors' ability to practice harm reduction: a qualitative study
    Hannah Cooper
    Medical Health and Research Institution National Development and Research Institutes, Inc, 71 West 23rd Street, 8th Floor, New York 10010, USA
    Soc Sci Med 61:673-84. 2005
    ..Possible strategies include improving access to treatment and establishing safe injection spaces...
  10. ncbi The prevalence of hepatitis C virus infection in the United States, 1999 through 2002
    Gregory L Armstrong
    National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Ann Intern Med 144:705-14. 2006
    ..Defining the primary characteristics of persons infected with hepatitis C virus (HCV) enables physicians to more easily identify persons who are most likely to benefit from testing for the disease...
  11. ncbi Continued high HIV-1 incidence in a vaccine trial preparatory cohort of injection drug users in Bangkok, Thailand
    S Vanichseni
    Bangkok Metropolitan Administration, Thailand
    AIDS 15:397-405. 2001
    ..There is an urgent need to address this ongoing epidemic, especially in jails and prisons. This study led to the initiation in 1999 of a phase III HIV-1 vaccine efficacy trial in this population...
  12. ncbi The hepatitis C virus epidemic among injecting drug users
    Oliver G Pybus
    Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford, UK
    Infect Genet Evol 5:131-9. 2005
    ..The results provide a baseline for prediction of the future course of the HCV epidemic, and its likely response to transmission control policies...
  13. ncbi Characterization of HIV type 1 heterosexual transmission in Yunnan, China
    Xiao Fang Yu
    Department of Molecular Microbiology and Immunology, Johns Hopkins Univesity Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses 19:1051-5. 2003
    ..The complex pattern of HIV-1 distribution in the high-risk populations in Yunnan may have important implications for HIV transmission as well as vaccine development and evaluation...
  14. pmc Injecting drug users' experiences of policing practices in two Mexican-U.S. border cities: public health perspectives
    Cari L Miller
    University of California School of Medicine, Department of Family and Preventive Medicine, Division of International Health and Cross Cultural Medicine, USA
    Int J Drug Policy 19:324-31. 2008
    ..We undertook a qualitative study of IDUs' experiences of policing practices in two Mexican cities on the U.S. border...
  15. pmc Street policing, injecting drug use and harm reduction in a Russian city: a qualitative study of police perspectives
    Tim Rhodes
    Centre for Research on Drugs and Health Behaviour, Department of Public Health and Policy, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    J Urban Health 83:911-25. 2006
    ..We conclude that facilitating partnerships between policing agencies and HIV prevention initiatives are a critical feature of creating environments conducive for risk reduction...
  16. pmc Retrospective cohort study examining incidence of HIV and hepatitis C infection among injecting drug users in Dublin
    B P Smyth
    Wellcroft Centre, Huyton, UK
    J Epidemiol Community Health 57:310-1. 2003
  17. ncbi Gender and HIV risk behavior among intravenous drug users in Sichuan Province, China
    Susanne Y P Choi
    Department of Sociology, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Sha Tin, NT, Hong Kong
    Soc Sci Med 62:1672-84. 2006
    ..Practical implications of the findings for HIV/AIDS prevention and intervention work in China are discussed...
  18. ncbi Bangladesh moves from being a low-prevalence nation for HIV to one with a concentrated epidemic in injecting drug users
    T Azim
    International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh ICDDR, B Mohakhali, Dhaka, Bangladesh
    Int J STD AIDS 19:327-31. 2008
    ..9%) followed by female street-based sex workers (8.6%). However, rates in female sex workers in Dhaka declined significantly over the years (P < 0.001). Bangladesh has to act urgently to prevent escalation of the epidemic...
  19. ncbi Correlates of HIV status among injection drug users in a border region of southern China and northern Vietnam
    Theodore M Hammett
    Abt Associates, Cambridge, MA 02138 1168, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 38:228-35. 2005
    ..Their greater likelihood of engaging in risk reduction measures may reflect some combination of a belief that risk reduction can slow disease progression and an altruistic desire to avoid infecting others...
  20. ncbi Highly active antiretroviral therapy and survival in HIV-infected injection drug users
    Evan Wood
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    JAMA 300:550-4. 2008
    ..However, long-term evaluations of HIV treatment outcomes among IDUs in comparison with other risk groups are not available...
  21. ncbi Drug use and sexual risk behaviours among female Russian IDUs who exchange sex for money or drugs
    E G Benotsch
    Center for AIDS Intervention Research, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioural Medicine, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee 53202, USA
    Int J STD AIDS 15:343-7. 2004
    ..Effective HIV prevention programmes targeted at this group are urgently needed and are likely to be a cost-effective step in curtailing the spread of HIV in the region...
  22. ncbi Infective endocarditis
    Philippe Moreillon
    Institute of Fundamental Microbiology, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire, University of Lausanne, Switzerland
    Lancet 363:139-49. 2004
    ..New ideas for antimicrobial agents are being developed. These novel insights should help redefine preventive and therapeutic strategies against infective endocarditis...
  23. ncbi Continued improvement in survival among HIV-infected individuals with newer forms of highly active antiretroviral therapy
    Viviane D Lima
    BC Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    AIDS 21:685-92. 2007
    ..To characterize the temporal changes in mortality and life expectancy among HIV-positive individuals initiating antiretroviral therapy in British Columbia, Canada, from 1993 to 2004...
  24. ncbi Estimating the prevalence of syringe-borne and sexually transmitted diseases among injection drug users in St Petersburg, Russia
    Nadia Abdala
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06520 8034, USA
    Int J STD AIDS 14:697-703. 2003
    ..The IDU population studied was young and requires additional interventions to encourage safer sexual behaviours...
  25. ncbi Opiate addiction in China: current situation and treatments
    Yi lang Tang
    Beijing Anding Hospital, Capital University of Medical Sciences, Beijing, China
    Addiction 101:657-65. 2006
    ..Historically, China has had extraordinarily high rates of opiate dependence. These rates declined drastically following the 1949 revolution; however, opiate abuse has re-emerged in the late 1980's and has spread quickly since then...
  26. ncbi Epidemiology of hepatitis C virus infection among injection drug users in China: systematic review and meta-analysis
    Xian Xia
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Nanjing Medical University, No 140, Hanzhong Road, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210029, PR China
    Public Health 122:990-1003. 2008
    ....
  27. ncbi Do needle syringe programs reduce HIV infection among injecting drug users: a comprehensive review of the international evidence
    Alex Wodak
    Alcohol and Drug Service, St Vincent s Hospital, Sydney, Australia
    Subst Use Misuse 41:777-813. 2006
    ....
  28. ncbi Voluntary HIV testing, disclosure, and stigma among injection drug users in Bali, Indonesia
    Kathleen Ford
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, 48104 3028, USA
    AIDS Educ Prev 16:487-98. 2004
    ..There were serious concerns about others being ashamed of them and the impact of HIV on relationships with spouses and sexual partners and on employment...
  29. ncbi Drug use, increasing incarceration rates, and prison-associated HIV risks in Thailand
    Chris Beyrer
    Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    AIDS Behav 7:153-61. 2003
    ..Incarceration is a known risk for HIV infection in Thai drug users. Through the 1990s, incarceration rates for drug-related offenses rose sharply, whereas HIV prevention and drug treatment in prisons remained limited...
  30. ncbi 'Social evils' and harm reduction: the evolving policy environment for human immunodeficiency virus prevention among injection drug users in China and Vietnam
    Theodore M Hammett
    Abt Associates Inc, Cambridge, MA 02138 1168, USA
    Addiction 103:137-45. 2008
    ..This paper reviews the evolution of government policies in China and Vietnam regarding harm reduction interventions for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prevention, such as needle/syringe provision and opioid substitution treatment...
  31. ncbi Coinfection with HIV and hepatitis C virus among injection drug users in southern China
    Rebecca J Garten
    Department of Molecular Microbiology and Immunology, Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 41:S18-24. 2005
    ..We sought to examine coinfection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) among injection drug users (IDUs) in Guangxi, China...
  32. pmc Acute hepatitis C virus infection in young adult injection drug users: a prospective study of incident infection, resolution, and reinfection
    Kimberly Page
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of California, San Francisco, 50 Beale St, Ste 1200, San Francisco, CA 94105, USA
    J Infect Dis 200:1216-26. 2009
    ..Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, clearance, and reinfection are best studied in injection drug users (IDUs), who have the highest incidence of HCV and are likely to represent most infections...
  33. ncbi Global epidemiology of injecting drug use and HIV among people who inject drugs: a systematic review
    Bradley M Mathers
    Secretariat of the Reference Group to the UN on HIV and Injecting Drug Use, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
    Lancet 372:1733-45. 2008
    ..Our aim was to determine the prevalence of injecting drug use among individuals aged 15-64 years, and of HIV among people who inject drugs...
  34. pmc Differential effects of migration and deportation on HIV infection among male and female injection drug users in Tijuana, Mexico
    Steffanie A Strathdee
    School of Medicine, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, California, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 3:e2690. 2008
    ..Future studies are needed to elucidate the context of mobility and HIV acquisition in this region, and whether US immigration policies adversely affect HIV risk...
  35. pmc Addressing the "risk environment" for injection drug users: the mysterious case of the missing cop
    Scott Burris
    Temple University, Beasley School of Law, Philadelphia, PA 19122, USA
    Milbank Q 82:125-56. 2004
    ....
  36. pmc The social determinants of emergency department and hospital use by injection drug users in Canada
    A Palepu
    Centre for Health Evaluation and Outcome Sciences, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    J Urban Health 76:409-18. 1999
    ..The aim of this study was to describe the relationship between sociodemographic characteristics and human immunodeficiency (HIV) status of a cohort of injection drug users (IDUs) on their self-reported health service utilization...
  37. ncbi Temporal trends in the incidence of human immunodeficiency virus infection and risk behavior among injection drug users in Baltimore, Maryland, 1988-1998
    Kenrad E Nelson
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 156:641-53. 2002
    ..These data suggest that high-risk behavior and HIV incidence among IDUs have decreased recently in Baltimore. Nevertheless, additional prevention strategies are needed in these populations...
  38. ncbi On-going generation of multiple forms of HIV-1 intersubtype recombinants in the Yunnan Province of China
    Rongge Yang
    Laboratory of Molecular Virology and Epidemiology, AIDS Research Center, National Institute of Infectious Diseases, Toyama 1 23 1, Shinjuku ku, Tokyo 162 8640, Japan
    AIDS 16:1401-7. 2002
    ....
  39. ncbi Sex differences in risk factors for hiv seroconversion among injection drug users: a 10-year perspective
    S A Strathdee
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, 615 N Wolfe St, Room E6010, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Arch Intern Med 161:1281-8. 2001
    ..Prospective studies that investigate both sexual and parenteral HIV risks among injection drug users (IDUs) are needed. We studied factors for HIV seroconversion among male and female IDUs in Baltimore, Md...
  40. ncbi Hepatitis C virus infection among injection drug users: survival analysis of time to seroconversion
    Holly Hagan
    Center for Drug Use and HIV Research, National Development and Research Institutes, New York, New York 10010, USA
    Epidemiology 15:543-9. 2004
    ....
  41. pmc High prevalence of HIV, HIV/hepatitis C virus coinfection, and risk behaviors among injection drug users in Chennai, India: a cause for concern
    Sunil S Solomon
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 49:327-32. 2008
    ..To estimate the prevalence of HIV and hepatitis C virus (HCV) and hepatitis B virus (HBV) coinfections and current risk behaviors among HIV-positive and -negative injection drug users (IDUs) in Chennai, India...
  42. ncbi Molecular epidemiology of the heterosexual HIV-1 transmission in Kunming, Yunnan Province of China suggests origin from the local IDU epidemic
    Xiao Jie Li
    Laboratory of Molecular Virology and Epidemiology, AIDS Research Center, National Institute of Infectious Diseases, 1 23 1 Toyama, Shinjuku ku, Tokyo 162 8640, Japan
    AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses 21:977-80. 2005
    ....
  43. ncbi Incarceration and risk for HIV infection among injection drug users in Bangkok
    Kachit Choopanya
    Bangkok Metropolitan Administration, Bangkok, Thailand
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 29:86-94. 2002
    ..Previous cross-sectional studies have shown strong relationships between incarceration and HIV infection but have not been able to assess potential causal pathways...
  44. pmc HIV prevalence rates among injection drug users in 96 large US metropolitan areas, 1992-2002
    Barbara Tempalski
    National Development and Research Institutes, 71 West 23rd Street, 8th Floor, New York, NY 10010, USA
    J Urban Health 86:132-54. 2009
    ..These results warrant further research into the population dynamics of disease progression, access to health services, and the effects of HIV prevention interventions for IDUs...
  45. ncbi HIV infection associated with drug injecting in the newly independent states, eastern Europe: the social and economic context of epidemics
    T Rhodes
    Department of Social Science and Medicine, Imperial College School of Medicine, University of London, UK
    Addiction 94:1323-36. 1999
    ..We aim to draw attention to the social and economic "risk environments" in which rapid HIV spread among IDUs has occurred...
  46. ncbi Emerging HIV infections with distinct subtypes of HIV-1 infection among injection drug users from geographically separate locations in Guangxi Province, China
    X F Yu
    Department of Molecular Microbiology and Immunology, Johns Hopkins University School of Hygiene and Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 22:180-8. 1999
    ..Designing and implementing effective intervention strategies targeted toward both injection drug use and high risk sexual behavior are urgently needed to further reduce HIV-1 spread in China...
  47. pmc Estimating numbers of injecting drug users in metropolitan areas for structural analyses of community vulnerability and for assessing relative degrees of service provision for injecting drug users
    Samuel R Friedman
    Institute for AIDS Research, National Development and Research Institutes, Inc, New York, NY 10010, USA
    J Urban Health 81:377-400. 2004
    ..Although service provision levels varied considerably, few if any metropolitan areas seemed to be providing adequate levels of services...
  48. ncbi Variability in the incidence of human immunodeficiency virus, hepatitis B virus, and hepatitis C virus infection among young injecting drug users in New York City
    Don C Des Jarlais
    Baron Edmond de Rothschild Chemical Dependency Institute, Beth Israel Medical Center, New York, NY 10003, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 157:467-71. 2003
    ..0/100 person-years) at the Lower East Side site. Results show that high rates of HBV and HCV transmission do not imply high rates of HIV transmission, even within an area of high HIV seroprevalence...
  49. ncbi A micro-environmental intervention to reduce the harms associated with drug-related overdose: evidence from the evaluation of Vancouver's safer injection facility
    Thomas Kerr
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, Canada
    Int J Drug Policy 18:37-45. 2007
    ..Safer injection facilities (SIFs) constitute one such intervention, although little is known about the impact of such facilities on factors that mediate risk for overdose...
  50. ncbi Septic deep venous thrombosis in intravenous drug users
    Franz Fäh
    Clinic of Internal Medicine, Bürgerspital, Solothurn, Switzerland
    Swiss Med Wkly 132:386-92. 2002
    ..To review diagnostic and therapeutic experience in seven patients with septic deep vein thrombosis (DVT) after intravenous use of illicit drugs...
  51. ncbi Paradoxes in antiretroviral treatment for injecting drug users: access, adherence and structural barriers in Asia and the former Soviet Union
    Daniel Wolfe
    International Harm Reduction Development Program of the Open Society Institute, New York, NY 10019, United States
    Int J Drug Policy 18:246-54. 2007
    ....
  52. pmc Case-reporting of acute hepatitis B and C among injection drug users
    Holly Hagan
    National Development and Research Institutes, New York, New York, USA
    J Urban Health 79:579-85. 2002
    ..7%, and for hepatitis B, it was 7.5%. In this study, reporting of acute hepatitis in IDUs was extremely low, raising questions regarding the use of community surveillance data to estimate underlying incidence in that population group...
  53. ncbi The association between knowledge of hepatitis C virus status and risk behaviors in injection drug users
    Carol F Kwiatkowski
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Denver, CO 80206, USA
    Addiction 97:1289-94. 2002
    ....
  54. pmc Incidence of hepatitis C virus infection among injection drug users during an outbreak of HIV infection
    D M Patrick
    University of British Columbia Centre for Disease Control, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC
    CMAJ 165:889-95. 2001
    ..The objectives of this study were to measure the prevalence and incidence of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in this context and to examine factors associated with HCV seroconversion among IDUs...
  55. ncbi High prevalence of abscesses and cellulitis among community-recruited injection drug users in San Francisco
    I A Binswanger
    Urban Health Study, Institute for Health Policy Studies, School of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94143 1304, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 30:579-81. 2000
    ..Abscesses are extremely prevalent among IDUs in San Francisco. Skin-popping is a major risk factor, and self-treatment is common...
  56. ncbi Situational factors influencing drug injecting, risk reduction and syringe exchange in Togliatti City, Russian Federation: a qualitative study of micro risk environment
    Tim Rhodes
    Department of Social Science and Medicine, The Centre for Research on Drugs and Health Behaviour, University of London, Reynolds Building, St Dunstan s Road, SW6 8RP, London, UK
    Soc Sci Med 57:39-54. 2003
    ..We note the role of policing practices in influencing risk reduction and the potential role of policing agencies in supporting HIV prevention initiatives among IDUs...
  57. pmc Racial and ethnic changes in heroin injection in the United States: implications for the HIV/AIDS epidemic
    Dita Broz
    Division of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Illinois at Chicago, School of Public Health, 1603 W Taylor Street M C 923, Chicago, IL 60612, USA
    Drug Alcohol Depend 94:221-33. 2008
    ..We examine trends in the demographic characteristics of heroin injection drug users (IDUs) that may impact future HIV rates...
  58. ncbi The effect of syringe exchange use on high-risk injection drug users: a cohort study
    R N Bluthenthal
    Drug Policy Research Center and Health Program, RAND, Santa Monica, California 90407 2138, USA
    AIDS 14:605-11. 2000
    ..To determine whether syringe exchange program use is associated with cessation of syringe sharing among high-risk injection drug users...
  59. ncbi Treating hepatitis C virus infection in active substance users
    Diana L Sylvestre
    Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 40:S321-4. 2005
    ..This overview presents preliminary data on the impact of these potential barriers on outcomes of treatment for HCV infection...
  60. ncbi Networks, resources and risk among women who use drugs
    M Miller
    Center for Drug Use and HIV Research, National Development and Research Institutes, Inc, Two World Trade Center, New York, NY 10048, USA
    Soc Sci Med 52:967-78. 2001
    ....
  61. pmc Risk-taking behaviors among injecting drug users who obtain syringes from pharmacies, fixed sites, and mobile van needle exchanges
    Cari L Miller
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, Vancouver, Canada
    J Urban Health 79:257-65. 2002
    ..Use of distribution beyond fixed sites will improve such outreach, thereby increasing program effectiveness and further preventing the transmission of blood-borne infections...
  62. pmc HIV prevalence, risk behaviors, and high-risk sexual and injection networks among young women injectors who have sex with women
    Samuel R Friedman
    National Development and Research Institutes Inc, New York, NY 10010, USA
    Am J Public Health 93:902-6. 2003
  63. pmc Patterns of HIV prevalence among injecting drug users in the cross-border area of Lang Son Province, Vietnam, and Ning Ming County, Guangxi Province, China
    Don C Des Jarlais
    Baron Edmond de Rothschild Chemical Dependency Institute, Beth Israel Medical Center, New York, NY, USA
    BMC Public Health 5:89. 2005
    ..To assess patterns of injecting drug use and HIV prevalence among injecting drug users (IDUs) in an international border area along a major heroin trans-shipment route...
  64. ncbi Surviving the sex trade: a comparison of HIV risk behaviours among street-involved women in two Canadian cities who inject drugs
    P M Spittal
    BC Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, 608 1081 Burrard Street, Vancouver, BC, Canada V6Z 1Y6
    AIDS Care 15:187-95. 2003
    ..7), smokeable crack cocaine (adjusted OR = 3.3) and borrowing used syringes (adjusted OR = 2.0). Creative, client-driven interventions are urgently needed for women who trade sex for money or for drugs...
  65. ncbi The social context of HIV risk behaviour by drug injectors in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
    N T Hien
    Faculty of Public Health, Hanoi Medical University, Dong da, Hanoi, Vietnam
    AIDS Care 12:483-95. 2000
    ..Co-ordination between ministries and agencies involved in HIV/AIDS and drugs programmes is needed to create policies for supportive environments to bring about changes in both drug use and HIV risk behaviours...
  66. pmc Needle-exchange attendance and health care utilization promote entry into detoxification
    S A Strathdee
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    J Urban Health 76:448-60. 1999
    ..Creating and sustaining these linkages may facilitate entry into drug abuse treatment and serve the important public health goal of increasing the number of drug users in treatment...
  67. ncbi Hepatitis C risk factors in Iranian volunteer blood donors: a case-control study
    Seyed Moayed Alavian
    Tehran Hepatitis Center, Tehran, Iran
    J Gastroenterol Hepatol 17:1092-7. 2002
    ..In order to evaluate some possible risk factors for the spread of hepatitis C infection a case-control study was undertaken...
  68. ncbi Molecular epidemiology of HIV-1 subtypes in southern China
    Oliver Laeyendecker
    Laboratory of Immunoregulation, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 38:356-62. 2005
    ....
  69. ncbi High-risk sexual behaviours among drug users in Pakistan: implications for prevention of STDs and HIV/AIDS
    N Haque
    Department of Epidemiology, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, 615 N Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Int J STD AIDS 15:601-7. 2004
    ..These data attest to the urgent need for effective and specific interventions in Pakistan to prevent transmission of HIV and STDs among drug users and their sex partners...
  70. pmc Correlates of injection drug use among female sex workers in two Mexico-U.S. border cities
    Steffanie A Strathdee
    School of Medicine, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA, USA
    Drug Alcohol Depend 92:132-40. 2008
    ..To characterize the overlap between injection drug use and sex work by women in Tijuana and Cd. Juarez, situated on the Mexico-U.S. border...
  71. ncbi Prevalence of needle sharing, commercial sex behaviors and associated factors in Chinese male and female injecting drug user populations
    Jing Gu
    Centre for Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China
    AIDS Care 21:31-41. 2009
    ..Drug dosage and reduced sexual drive were relevant but did not stop commercial sex behaviors. More supportive social environment is required to prevent female IDUs to enter sex work...
  72. ncbi Cost-effectiveness of syringe exchange as an HIV prevention strategy
    F N Laufer
    Division of HIV Prevention, AIDS Institute, New York State Department of Health, Albany, New York 12237, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 28:273-8. 2001
    ..To analyze the cost-effectiveness of New York State-approved syringe exchange programs (SEPs) and estimate the cost-saving potential of these programs...
  73. pmc Infrequent reinfection after successful treatment for hepatitis C virus infection in injection drug users
    Markus Backmund
    Department of Addiction Medicine, General Hospital Munich Schwabing, Munich, Germany
    Clin Infect Dis 39:1540-3. 2004
    ..1 cases per 100 person-years (cumulative incidence, 0%-12.6% at 48 months after completion of treatment). Of 50 patients originally treated, 15 (30%) were HCV RNA-negative 3 years later...
  74. ncbi Social factors related to syringe sharing among injecting partners: a focus on gender
    S G Sherman
    Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Subst Use Misuse 36:2113-36. 2001
    ..Results from this study demonstrate the usefulness of examining relationship characteristics of injecting dyads related to syringe sharing as they differ between men and women...
  75. ncbi Treatment of chronic hepatitis C in injecting drug users: 5 years' follow-up
    O Dalgard
    Department of Medicine, Aker University Hospital, Oslo, Norway
    Eur Addict Res 8:45-9. 2002
    ..To assess the long-term hepatitis C (HCV) treatment outcome in former injecting drug users (IDUs)...
  76. pmc Antiretroviral HIV treatment and care for injecting drug users: an evidence-based overview
    France Lert
    INSERM U687, Saint Maurice, France
    Int J Drug Policy 18:255-61. 2007
    ..The available evidence strongly suggests the need for the large-scale implementation of comprehensive treatment and care strategies for IDUs that include both treatment of drug dependence and HAART...
  77. ncbi High prevalence of HIV infection associated with incarceration among community-based injecting drug users in Tehran, Iran
    Saman Zamani
    Department of Global Health and Socio Epidemiology, Kyoto University School of Public Health, Kyoto, Japan
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 42:342-6. 2006
    ..To determine the prevalence and correlates of HIV-1 infection among community-based injecting drug users (IDUs) in Tehran, Iran...
  78. pmc Summary of findings from the evaluation of a pilot medically supervised safer injecting facility
    Evan Wood
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, and the Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC
    CMAJ 175:1399-404. 2006
    ..These findings should be useful to other cities considering supervised injecting facilities and to governments considering regulating their use...
  79. ncbi Recent trends in drug abuse in China
    Yu Xia Fang
    Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics Branch, Intramural Research Program, National Institute on Drug Abuse, National Institutes of Health, Baltimore, MD 21224, USA
    Acta Pharmacol Sin 27:140-4. 2006
    ..However, changing the public's attitudes toward drug abusers and breaking the link between drug use and HIV spread are equally important...
  80. ncbi Correlates of HIV, HBV, and HCV infections in a prison inmate population: results from a multicentre study in Italy
    S Babudieri
    Istituto Malattie Infettive, Universita di Sassari, Sassari, Italy
    J Med Virol 76:311-7. 2005
    ..Although it is possible that the study population is not representative of Italy's prison inmate population, the results stress the need to improve infection control measures users was prisons...
  81. ncbi Precise mapping of recombination breakpoints suggests a common parent of two BC recombinant HIV type 1 strains circulating in China
    F E McClutchan
    Henry M Jackson Foundation, Rockville, Maryland 20850, USA
    AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses 18:1135-40. 2002
    ..Both CRFs are broadly distributed from north to south in western China and have maintained low interpatient diversity...
  82. ncbi Bacterial infections in drug users
    Rachel J Gordon
    Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, NY 10032, USA
    N Engl J Med 353:1945-54. 2005
  83. ncbi Limited effectiveness of antiviral treatment for hepatitis C in an urban HIV clinic
    Shruti H Mehta
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, USA
    AIDS 20:2361-9. 2006
    ..To evaluate predictors and trends of referral for hepatitis C virus (HCV) care, clinic attendance and treatment in an urban HIV clinic...
  84. ncbi Changing patterns in causes of death in a cohort of injecting drug users, 1980-2001
    Lorraine Copeland
    Muirhouse Medical Group, Department of Community Health Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland
    Arch Intern Med 164:1214-20. 2004
    ..Patients known to have ever injected drugs were recruited into a cohort study from 1980 until 2001...
  85. ncbi HIV prevention for injecting drug users: the first 25 years and counting
    Don C Des Jarlais
    Baron Edmond de Rothschild Chemical Dependency Institute, Beth Israel Medical Center, New York, New York 10038, USA
    Psychosom Med 70:606-11. 2008
    ..Programs that provide these services need to be implemented on a public health scale for IDU populations at risk for HIV infection...
  86. ncbi Comparing HIV-related syringe-sharing behaviors among female IDU engaging versus not engaging in commercial sex
    Joseph T F Lau
    Centre for Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, 5 F, School of Public Health, Prince of Wales Hospital, Shatin, NT, Hong Kong, China
    Drug Alcohol Depend 97:54-63. 2008
    ....
  87. pmc HIV seroprevalence in a sample of Tanzanian intravenous drug users
    Mark L Williams
    School of Public Health, University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, USA
    AIDS Educ Prev 21:474-83. 2009
    ..The factors associated with increased risk of HIV infection suggest further research is needed on the needle use and sexual networks of IDUs...
  88. pmc The unique HCV genotype distribution and the discovery of a novel subtype 6u among IDUs co-infected with HIV-1 in Yunnan, China
    Xueshan Xia
    Faculty of Life Science and Technology, Kunming University of Science and Technology, Kunming, Yunnan, China
    J Med Virol 80:1142-52. 2008
    ..Routes of drug trafficking and the resulting high prevalence of HIV-1 infection may have contributed to this pattern of HCV genotype distribution...
  89. pmc Effectiveness of respondent-driven sampling for recruiting drug users in New York City: findings from a pilot study
    Abu S Abdul-Quader
    Behavioral and Clinical Surveillance Branch, Division of HIV AIDS Prevention Surveillance and Epidemiology, National Center for HIV, STD and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, 30333, USA
    J Urban Health 83:459-76. 2006
    ..The findings indicate that RDS is an effective sampling method for recruiting diversified drug users to participate in HIV-related behavioral surveys...
  90. ncbi Risk factors for hepatitis C virus infection in United States blood donors. NHLBI Retrovirus Epidemiology Donor Study (REDS)
    E L Murphy
    University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94143 0884, USA
    Hepatology 31:756-62. 2000
    ..Weaker associations with incarceration, religious scarification, being stuck or cut with a bloody object, pierced ears or body parts, and immunoglobulin injection must be interpreted with caution...
  91. ncbi Dynamic analysis of genetic diversity of gag and env regions of HIV-1 CRF07_BC recombinant in intravenous drug users in Xinjiang Uvghur Autonomous Region, China
    Shengya Liu
    State Key Laboratory for Infectious Diseases Prevention and Control, National Center for AIDS STD Control and Prevention, Beijing, China
    Arch Virol 153:1233-40. 2008
    ..In addition, env and gag gene diversity increased over time. The observed patterns and associations may enhance our understanding of HIV-1 evolution...
  92. ncbi Community-based survey of HIV transmission modes among intravenous drug users in Sichuan, China
    Yuhua Ruan
    Division of Virology and Immunology, National Center for AIDS STD Control and Prevention, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, China
    Sex Transm Dis 31:623-7. 2004
    ..The goal of this study was to investigate the prevalence and different transmission risk factors of HIV among intravenous drug users (IDUs) in the Liangshan Yizu Autonomous Region of Sichuan province, China...
  93. ncbi Explosive spread and high prevalence of HIV infection among injecting drug users in Togliatti City, Russia
    Tim Rhodes
    Department of Social Science and Medicine, Imperial College Faculty of Medicine, University of London, London, UK
    AIDS 16:F25-31. 2002
    ..To establish the prevalence of antibodies to HIV (anti-HIV) and associated risk factors among injecting drug users (IDU) in Togliatti City, Samara Oblast, Russian Federation...
  94. pmc Syringe possession arrests are associated with receptive syringe sharing in two Mexico-US border cities
    Robin A Pollini
    Department of Family and Preventive Medicine, School of Medicine, University of California, San Diego, CA 92093, USA
    Addiction 103:101-8. 2008
    ..To identify factors associated with receptive syringe sharing among injection drug users (IDUs) and elucidate the association between syringe possession arrests and syringe sharing...
  95. ncbi High prevalence of HIV-1 and hepatitis C virus coinfection among injection drug users in the southeastern region of Yunnan, China
    Chiyu Zhang
    Molecular and Cell Immunology Laboratory, Kunming Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming, Yunnan, China
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 29:191-6. 2002
    ..Needle/syringe sharing is the major high risk factor for the spread of HIV-1 and HCV infections. Large-scale educational campaigns are urgently needed to reduce the spread of HIV and HCV infection in these regions...
  96. pmc Sexual and injection risk among women who inject methamphetamine in San Francisco
    Jennifer Lorvick
    Urban Health Program, RTI International, 28 2nd Street, Suite 300, San Francisco, CA 94105, USA
    J Urban Health 83:497-505. 2006
    ..In addition, existing interventions for drug-injecting women may need to be adapted to better meet the risks of female MA injectors...
  97. ncbi Longitudinal predictors of injection cessation and subsequent relapse among a cohort of injection drug users in Baltimore, MD, 1988-2000
    Nina G Shah
    Epidemiology and Response Division, New Mexico Department of Health, 1190 St Francis Drive, P O Box 26110, Santa Fe, NM 87502 6110, USA
    Drug Alcohol Depend 83:147-56. 2006
    ..To determine predictors of injection drug use cessation and subsequent relapse among a cohort of injection drug users (IDUs)...
  98. ncbi Buprenorphine use: the international experience
    Maria Patrizia Carrieri
    INSERM U379, Marseilles, France
    Clin Infect Dis 43:S197-215. 2006
    ....
  99. ncbi HIV testing within at-risk populations in the United States and the reasons for seeking or avoiding HIV testing
    Scott E Kellerman
    National Center for HIV, STD, and TB Prevention, Division of HIV AIDS Prevention Surveillance and Epidemiology, Surveillance Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 31:202-10. 2002
    ..We determined proportions of high-risk persons tested for HIV, the reasons for testing and not testing, and attitudes and perceptions regarding HIV testing, information that is critical for planning prevention programs...
  100. ncbi Prevalence of HIV, hepatitis C and syphilis among injecting drug users in Russia: a multi-city study
    Tim Rhodes
    Centre for Research on Drugs and Health Behaviour and Unit for International Public Health and Development, Imperial College London, UK
    Addiction 101:252-66. 2006
    ..To estimate the prevalence of HIV, hepatitis C virus (HCV) and syphilis in injecting drug users (IDUs) in Russia...
  101. ncbi Sexually transmitted infections and sexual practices in injection drug users and their regular sex partners in Chennai, India
    Samiran Panda
    National Institute of Epidemiology, Indian Council of Medical Research, Chennai, India
    Sex Transm Dis 34:250-3. 2007
    ..Measuring sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and sexual practices in injection drug users (IDUs) and their regular sex partners...

Research Grants63

  1. INCIDENCE OF HIV INFECTION IN A COHORT OF IV DRUG USERS
    Shruti H Mehta; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Given the scientific rigor of the proposed methods, existing infrastructure, experienced investigators and multiple NIH-funded ancillary studies, we anticipate continued success and substantial scientific contribution. ..
  2. INCIDENCE OF HIV INFECTION IN A COHORT OF IV DRUG USERS
    Shruti H Mehta; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Given the scientific rigor of the proposed methods, existing infrastructure, experienced investigators and multiple NIH-funded ancillary studies, we anticipate continued success and substantial scientific contribution. ..
  3. Impact of HIV-1 Fitness on Disease Progression
    Eric J Arts; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..We propose that the majority of HIV-1 transmitted from donor to recipient is trapped in the mucosal tissue (e.g. cervix) due to lectin binding and other barriers that effectively "keep pathogens out". ..
  4. NK Cell Activation and Function in HIV-1 Exposed Uninfected IV Drug Users
    David W Speicher; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  5. HIV-1 Fitness and Recombination
    Eric J Arts; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Based on strong reviewer encouragement from the last funding period, we will continue our modeling studies with our collaborators, Drs. Thomas Leitner and Alan Perelson at Los Alamos National Laboratories (aim 3). ..
  6. HIB/STD Prevention Among Young Migrants in China
    Xiaoming Li; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....
  7. CARBAMAZEPINE IN THE TREATMENT OF COCAINE ABUSE
    JAMES HALIKAS; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..The research will provide information as to the effectiveness and feasibility of carbamazepine as an adjunct to traditional treatment activities...
  8. A BEHAVIORAL TREATMENT FOR IV COCAINE DEPENDENCE
    Stephen Higgins; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ....
  9. AIDS OUTREACH TO IV DRUG USERS, SEX PARTNER'S & RUNAWAYS
    Fen Rhodes; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..Program effectiveness will be assessed through followup interviews and repeat HIV-antibody testing. Special pre-post evaluations will be conducted of the enhanced programs for individual subpopulations...
  10. DETERMINANTS OF CONDOM USE TO PREVENT AIDS
    Daniel Montano; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..Further analyses will be conducted to compare those groups on the identified key variables and to assess changes in those variables over time...
  11. SELENOPROTEINS, NF-KB, AND HIV DISEASE IN IV DRUG USERS
    ETHAN TAYLOR; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The long- term goal is to establish a molecular basis for the use of Se supplements as a chemoprotectant in HIV+ drug users. ..
  12. MEASUREMENT AND PREDICTION OF AIDS RISK IN IV DRUG USERS
    David Gibson; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..The measure will be used to estimate regression models of high-risk behavior to guide preventive efforts with IV drug users...
  13. CONTROL OF AIDS THROUGH COMMUNITY HEALTH OUTREACH
    Robert Wood; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..This rate analysis will be the basis for deciding if one intervention is superior to the other...
  14. STATISTICAL METHODS IN AIDS RESEARCH
    Ronald Brookmeyer; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..The methods will be applied to the ALIVE study. ..
  15. COUNSELING/HIV TESTING FOR AT RISK MINORITY WOMEN
    Adeline Nyamathi; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..In addition, an increase in the number of trained ethnic minority women in the community will enhance community involvement and strengthen the goals of the program...
  16. Best Practices in Adolescent HIV VCT
    Beatrice Krauss; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Changes in technology, e.g., rapid-result testing of finger-stick blood samples, adds to the importance of the current study. ..
  17. A PHASE II COMMUNITY BASED AIDS RISK REDUCTION PROJECT
    JAMES HALIKAS; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..Process and outcome evaluations are planned. Descriptive, bivariate and multivariate statistical strategies will be used to document change and assess the efficacy and effectiveness of the interventions...
  18. PHYSICIANS, NURSES AND AIDS: A NATIONAL STUDY
    JOHN COLOMBOTOS; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..Methods. Data will be collected from national samples of 1,500 physicians in "patient care" and 1.500 nurses by telephone interview and mail questionnaire, respectively. The samples will be stratified geographically...
  19. ROLE OF NONPROFIT PROVIDERS: POLICY IMPACTS
    David Salkever; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..Models of the determinants of some of these variables will also be estimated as the first stage of two-stage estimation process...
  20. SINGLE USE NON-REUSABLE RETRACTABLE SYRINGE
    Thomas Shaw; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..They have also concluded that device designs utilizing lessor amounts of spring energy are unlikely to prove reliable. This proposal fully addresses the problems of design, materials selection for reliability, cost and manufacturability...
  21. AIDS RESEARCH AND EDUCATION CENTER
    Marc Weiner; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ....
  22. PEER INTERVENTION EFFECT ON HIV RISK IN DRUG USING WOMEN
    Judith Cohen; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ....
  23. PREDICTIVE VALUE OF SURROGATE SERUM MARKERS AZT THERAPY
    Mohan Reddy; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ....
  24. HIV TRANSMISSION AMONG IV DRUG USERS BE SLOWED
    Neil Flynn; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..S. with similar demographics. Success of this program shall be measured not only by evidence of slower spread of HIV but also by the large number of Government dollars and lives saved...
  25. A Network & Dyad HIV Prevention Intervention for Intravenous Drug User
    Carl Latkin; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Main outcome measures will be self-reported sex and injection risk behaviors. Self-reports will be cross-validated by urinalysis of STIs. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  26. HIV Prevention and Adherence Intervention for HIV Positives and Partners in India
    CARL A contact LATKIN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: This proposal has high public relevance due to the low rates of HIV medication adherence found in many impoverished communities domestically and internationally. ..
  27. Network HIV Prevention Intervention for Drug Users
    Carl Latkin; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  28. RCT of Russian IDU Peer Network HIV Prevent Intervention
    Carl Latkin; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  29. THE LONG-TERM IMPACT OF A NETWORK OUTREACH INTERVENTION
    Carl Latkin; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The data will also used to examine associations between characteristics of sex partners and personal networks to describe sexual mixing patterns of this population. ..
  30. DRUG USE AND COGNITIVE DEFICIT IN HIV INFECTION
    Robert Bornstein; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..It is hypothesized that in addition to significant effects for severity of drug use and stage of infection, there will also be a significant interaction with the effects of drug use being greater with increasing severity of HIV illness. ..
  31. CLINICAL TRAINING IN HIV
    Richard Chaisson; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..The program is designed to further train clinicians who have completed their training in a general medical specialty to perform clinical studies in various aspects of AIDS. ..
  32. REDUCING HIV RISK BEHAVIORS IN IV DRUG USERS
    SANDRA AVANTS; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..The career development plan includes formal course work and mentoring in psychotherapy development and process research, biostatistics, chronic disease and HIV/AIDS epidemiology, and neuropharmacology. ..
  33. ALCOHOL USE AND COGNITIVE DYSFUNCTION IN HIV INFECTION
    Robert Bornstein; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ....
  34. AIDS COMMUNITY OUTREACH DEMONSTRATION PROJECT
    W Wiebel; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..Grant administration as well as authority over the demonstration's Community Outreach and Evaluation Research functions will reside with the University of Illinois at Chicago, School of Public Health...
  35. Reduce Transmission Risks & Improve HCV Treatment Access
    Steffanie Strathdee; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  36. Impact of Drug Policy Reform on the HIV Risk Environment among IDUs in Tijuana
    Steffanie A Strathdee; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  37. Risks for HIV and STIs among Moscow Sex Workers
    Chris Beyrer; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  38. BALTIMORE NEEDLE EXCHANGE PROGRAM EVALUATION
    Steffanie Strathdee; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..In meeting the above specific aims, the proposed study will have an important impact on policies surrounding NEP in the United States and elsewhere. ..
  39. An Intervention for Migrant Puerto Rican Drug Users
    Sherry Deren; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The results of this study will have implications for conducting interventions with migrant drug users, and will enhance our knowledge regarding multi-level interventions to reduce HIV risk. ..
  40. Reducing HCV/HIV risks comparing two interventions
    Robert Booth; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  41. 7th International Conference on Urban Health
    David Vlahov; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..In particular, the environmental health impacts urbanization and urban areas affect a growing proportion of the world's population. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  42. The HIV Risk Behavior and the Urban Environment
    David Vlahov; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  43. Interventions with HIV+ and HIV- IDUs in Ukraine
    Robert Booth; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Analyses will also evaluate differences between IDUs who are HIV infected (estimated at 42%) and those who are not infected. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  44. RAPID VACCINATION OF HARD TO REACH POPULATI0NS
    David Vlahov; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Phase 3 of this project will identify the promising elements of the program and develop materials to allow generalizability to other urban areas and to other vaccines (e.g., HIV, HBV, etc). [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  45. ICUH - 4th Annual Conference
    David Vlahov; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  46. HIV RISK IN DRUG USERS--RELAPSE AND MAINTENANCE BEHAVIOR
    Robert Booth; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The impact of contextual factors (in particular, the street addict role) and psychological co-morbidity (anxiety, depression and anti-social personality disorder), on risk behaviors will also be assessed. ..
  47. EVALUATING SUPERVISED HAART IN LATE STAGE HIV IN IDUS
    David Vlahov; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..abstract_text> ..
  48. Prevalence/Correlates: Psychological Impact of WTC
    David Vlahov; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..We will use multivariable analyses and hierarchical modeling to address key research hypotheses in this proposal. ..
  49. Expanded Syringe Access Program--NY Evaluation
    David Vlahov; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  50. Mental health in NYC after WTC disaster
    David Vlahov; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..e., n=2000 for final cohort). We will use multivariable analyses and hierarchical modeling to address key research hypotheses in this proposal. ..
  51. A TRIAL TO REDUCE HEPATITIS C AMONG INJECTION DRUG USERS
    Michael Stein; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  52. ANTIDEPRESSANT TREATMENT TO REDUCE HIV RISK AMONG IDUS
    Michael Stein; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..abstract_text> ..
  53. INSOMNIA AND DRUG RELAPSE RISK
    Michael Stein; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Our research team is highly experienced in drug research, sleep disorders, and clinical trials in substance abusing populations. ..
  54. A BRIEF ALCOHOL INTERVENTION FOR INCARCERATED WOMEN
    Michael Stein; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..If effective, this brief alcohol intervention can be readily integrated into existing programs for incarcerated women who will soon be reintegrating into the community. ..
  55. Adapting to HIV Disease--A Family Intervention
    Michael Stein; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Given the significance of families in the AIDS epidemic, it is important to study as well as support families and patients to optimize care of those affected by HIV disease. ..
  56. Smoking Cessation Among Methadone Maintained Patients
    Michael Stein; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..A3. To test the effects of the treatments on methadone treatment outcomes including methadone dose changes and continued use of illicit drugs, as measured by urine toxicologies. ..
  57. MAINTAINING HIV RISK REDUCTION AMONG NEEDLE EXCHANGERS
    Michael Stein; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Our results will have policy implications for needle exchange programs where many IDUs have initiated HIV risk reduction. ..
  58. Antidepressants During Office-based Buprenorphine
    Michael Stein; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The focus of this study, the evaluation of combinations of medications, to treat substance-related disorders, fits squarely within the emphasis of this RFA. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  59. A Brief Marijuana Intervention for Adolescent Women
    Michael Stein; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..If effective, this brief marijuana intervention can be readily integrated into existing women's primary care sites. ..
  60. Informal Caregiving & Medical Adherence Among HIV+ IDUs
    Amy Knowlton; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Study findings will contribute to the identification of appropriate targets and approaches for the behavioral adherence intervention. ..
  61. ADJUNCT VITAMIN A THERAPY FOR TUBERCULOSIS AND HIV/AIDS
    Richard Semba; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....