fecal incontinence

Summary

Summary: Failure of voluntary control of the anal sphincters, with involuntary passage of feces and flatus.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Prevalence and correlates of fecal incontinence in community-dwelling older adults
    Patricia S Goode
    Birmingham Atlanta Geriatric Research, Education, and Clinical Center, Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, 700 19th Street S, Birmingham, AL 35233, USA
    J Am Geriatr Soc 53:629-35. 2005
  2. pmc Fecal incontinence in US adults: epidemiology and risk factors
    William E Whitehead
    Department of Medicine, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599, USA
    Gastroenterology 137:512-7, 517.e1-2. 2009
  3. ncbi Childhood functional gastrointestinal disorders: child/adolescent
    Andrée Rasquin
    Division of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition, CHU Ste Justine, University of Montreal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Gastroenterology 130:1527-37. 2006
  4. pmc Randomized controlled trial shows biofeedback to be superior to pelvic floor exercises for fecal incontinence
    Steve Heymen
    Department of Medicine Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology and Center for Functional Gastrointestinal and Motility Disorders, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599 7080, USA
    Dis Colon Rectum 52:1730-7. 2009
  5. ncbi Systematic review of dynamic graciloplasty in the treatment of faecal incontinence
    A E Chapman
    Australian Safety and Efficacy Register of New Interventional Procedures Surgical, Royal Australasian College of Surgeons, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia
    Br J Surg 89:138-53. 2002
  6. ncbi Late fecal incontinence after high-dose radiotherapy for prostate cancer: better prediction using longitudinal definitions
    Claudio Fiorino
    Department of Medical Physics, San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Milano, Italy
    Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 83:38-45. 2012
  7. ncbi Artificial anal sphincter: complications and functional results of a large personal series
    Jose M Devesa
    Division of Colon and Rectal Surgery, University Hospital Ramon y Cajal, Madrid, Spain
    Dis Colon Rectum 45:1154-63. 2002
  8. ncbi Health outcomes after prostatectomy or radiotherapy for prostate cancer: results from the Prostate Cancer Outcomes Study
    A L Potosky
    Applied Research Program, Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD 20892 7344, USA
    J Natl Cancer Inst 92:1582-92. 2000
  9. ncbi Prevalence and burden of fecal incontinence: a population-based study in women
    Adil E Bharucha
    Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, Minnesota 55905, USA
    Gastroenterology 129:42-9. 2005
  10. ncbi Risk factors for fecal incontinence after intersphincteric resection for rectal cancer
    Quentin Denost
    Department of Digestive Surgery, CHU Bordeaux, Saint Andre Hospital, Universite Victor Segalen, Bordeaux, France
    Dis Colon Rectum 54:963-8. 2011

Detail Information

Publications329 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Prevalence and correlates of fecal incontinence in community-dwelling older adults
    Patricia S Goode
    Birmingham Atlanta Geriatric Research, Education, and Clinical Center, Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, 700 19th Street S, Birmingham, AL 35233, USA
    J Am Geriatr Soc 53:629-35. 2005
    To determine prevalence and correlates of fecal incontinence in older community-dwelling adults.
  2. pmc Fecal incontinence in US adults: epidemiology and risk factors
    William E Whitehead
    Department of Medicine, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599, USA
    Gastroenterology 137:512-7, 517.e1-2. 2009
    The study aims were to estimate the prevalence of different types and frequencies of fecal incontinence (FI), describe demographic factors, and identify risk factors.
  3. ncbi Childhood functional gastrointestinal disorders: child/adolescent
    Andrée Rasquin
    Division of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition, CHU Ste Justine, University of Montreal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Gastroenterology 130:1527-37. 2006
    ..abdominal migraine, and functional abdominal pain; and (3) functional constipation and non-retentive fecal incontinence. Adolescent rumination and functional constipation are newly defined for this age group, and the previously ..
  4. pmc Randomized controlled trial shows biofeedback to be superior to pelvic floor exercises for fecal incontinence
    Steve Heymen
    Department of Medicine Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology and Center for Functional Gastrointestinal and Motility Disorders, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599 7080, USA
    Dis Colon Rectum 52:1730-7. 2009
    This study aimed to compare manometric biofeedback with pelvic floor exercises for the treatment of fecal incontinence in a randomized controlled trial controlling for nonspecific treatment effects.
  5. ncbi Systematic review of dynamic graciloplasty in the treatment of faecal incontinence
    A E Chapman
    Australian Safety and Efficacy Register of New Interventional Procedures Surgical, Royal Australasian College of Surgeons, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia
    Br J Surg 89:138-53. 2002
    ..The aim of this systematic review was to compare the safety and efficacy of dynamic graciloplasty with colostomy for the treatment of faecal incontinence...
  6. ncbi Late fecal incontinence after high-dose radiotherapy for prostate cancer: better prediction using longitudinal definitions
    Claudio Fiorino
    Department of Medical Physics, San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Milano, Italy
    Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 83:38-45. 2012
    To model late fecal incontinence after high-dose prostate cancer radiotherapy (RT) in patients accrued in the AIROPROS (prostate working group of the Italian Association of Radiation Oncology) 0102 trial using different endpoint ..
  7. ncbi Artificial anal sphincter: complications and functional results of a large personal series
    Jose M Devesa
    Division of Colon and Rectal Surgery, University Hospital Ramon y Cajal, Madrid, Spain
    Dis Colon Rectum 45:1154-63. 2002
    This study was undertaken to evaluate the technique of artificial sphincter for fecal incontinence, with its complications and risk factors, the functional results, and which variables derived from demographic data, preoperative studies, ..
  8. ncbi Health outcomes after prostatectomy or radiotherapy for prostate cancer: results from the Prostate Cancer Outcomes Study
    A L Potosky
    Applied Research Program, Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD 20892 7344, USA
    J Natl Cancer Inst 92:1582-92. 2000
    ..In this study, we compared the effects of two treatments on urinary, bowel, and sexual functions and on general health-related quality-of-life outcomes over a 2-year period following initial treatment...
  9. ncbi Prevalence and burden of fecal incontinence: a population-based study in women
    Adil E Bharucha
    Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, Minnesota 55905, USA
    Gastroenterology 129:42-9. 2005
    The epidemiology of fecal incontinence (FI) is incompletely understood. We report the prevalence, clinical spectrum, health care-seeking behavior, and quality of life (QOL) in community women with FI.
  10. ncbi Risk factors for fecal incontinence after intersphincteric resection for rectal cancer
    Quentin Denost
    Department of Digestive Surgery, CHU Bordeaux, Saint Andre Hospital, Universite Victor Segalen, Bordeaux, France
    Dis Colon Rectum 54:963-8. 2011
    ..Intersphincteric resection allows sphincter preservation in low rectal cancer but may have poor functional results, including frequent bowel movements, urgency, and incontinence...
  11. ncbi Prevalence and risk factors of incontinence after stroke. The Copenhagen Stroke Study
    H Nakayama
    Department of Neurology and Radiology, Bispebjerg Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Stroke 28:58-62. 1997
    ..The purpose of this study was to investigate in a community-based population the prevalence of both urinary (UI) and fecal (FI) incontinence and to analyze risk factors by means of multivariate analysis...
  12. ncbi Risk factors for obstetric anal sphincter injury: a prospective study
    Vasanth Andrews
    Urogynaecology Unit, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Mayday University Hospital, Croydon, Surrey, United Kingdom
    Birth 33:117-22. 2006
    ..Recognition of risk factors may minimize the development of sphincter injuries. The objective of this study was to identify risk factors for sphincter injuries and measure dimensions of mediolateral episiotomies...
  13. pmc Onset and risk factors for fecal incontinence in a US community
    Enrique Rey
    Enteric Neuroscience Program, Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, Minnesota, USA
    Am J Gastroenterol 105:412-9. 2010
    The natural history of fecal incontinence (FI) in community subjects is uncertain and the onset rate is unknown. The aim of the study is to estimate the prevalence, new-onset rate, and risk factors for FI in community subjects.
  14. pmc Advances in diagnostic assessment of fecal incontinence and dyssynergic defecation
    Satish S C Rao
    Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Iowa Carver College of Medicine, Iowa City, Iowa, USA
    Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol 8:910-9. 2010
    ..This article provides an up-to-date review on the role of diagnostic tests in the evaluation of fecal incontinence and constipation with dyssynergic defecation.
  15. ncbi Long-term results of biofeedback treatment for faecal incontinence: a comparative study with untreated controls
    G Lacima
    Digestive Motility Unit, Digestive Diseases Institut, Hospital Clínic Institut d Investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi i Sunyer IDIBAPS, University of Barcelona, 08036 Barcelona, Spain
    Colorectal Dis 12:742-9. 2010
    ..Moreover, its value compared with standard care has been recently questioned. The study aimed to analyse the long-term efficacy of biofeedback therapy for faecal incontinence to formed stool and to compare it with no treatment...
  16. ncbi Artificial anal sphincter for severe fecal incontinence implanted by a transvaginal approach: experience with 32 patients treated at one institution
    F Michot
    Department of Digestive Surgery, Rouen University Hospital, Rouen, France
    Dis Colon Rectum 53:1155-60. 2010
    ..Our aim was to evaluate medium-term results of transvaginal implantation of an artificial anal sphincter in a large series of patients...
  17. ncbi Management of fecal incontinence in adults
    C Norton
    King s College London, Florence Nightingale School of Nursing and Midwifery, London, UK
    Neurourol Urodyn 29:199-206. 2010
    ..The article summarises the evidence and recommendations from the committee for clinical practice and future research...
  18. ncbi Triple target treatment (3T) is more effective than biofeedback alone for anal incontinence: the 3T-AI study
    Thilo Schwandner
    Clinic for General, Visceral, Thorax, and Transplantation Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Justus Liebig University Giessen, Giessen, Germany
    Dis Colon Rectum 53:1007-16. 2010
    ..Our purpose was to evaluate a novel therapeutic concept, termed triple target treatment, which combines amplitude-modulated medium-frequency stimulation and EMG-biofeedback...
  19. ncbi The safety and efficacy of the artificial bowel sphincter for fecal incontinence: results from a multicenter cohort study
    W Douglas Wong
    Colorectal Service, Department of Surgery, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York 10021, USA
    Dis Colon Rectum 45:1139-53. 2002
    The aim of this trial was to evaluate the safety, efficacy, and impact on quality of life of the Acticon trade mark artificial bowel sphincter for fecal incontinence.
  20. ncbi Complications and functional outcome following artificial anal sphincter implantation
    H Ortiz
    Units of Coloproctology, Departments of Surgery, Hospital Virgen del Camino, Universidad Publica de Navarra, Pamplona, Spain
    Br J Surg 89:877-81. 2002
    ..The postoperative complications and functional outcome following 24 consecutive implantations of an artificial anal sphincter were assessed prospectively...
  21. ncbi Diagnosis and management of fecal incontinence. American College of Gastroenterology Practice Parameters Committee
    Satish S C Rao
    Department of Neurogastroenterology and Motility, University of Iowa Carver College of Medicine, Iowa City, Iowa, USA
    Am J Gastroenterol 99:1585-604. 2004
  22. ncbi Percutaneous tibial nerve stimulation for the treatment of urge fecal incontinence
    Derek J Boyle
    University of London, London, UK
    Dis Colon Rectum 53:432-7. 2010
    ..has been shown to be an effective treatment in patients with urinary disorders, but its benefit in fecal incontinence is uncertain...
  23. ncbi Multicentre retrospective analysis of the outcome of artificial anal sphincter implantation for severe faecal incontinence
    D F Altomare
    Department of General Surgery and Liver Transplantation, University of Bari, Italy
    Br J Surg 88:1481-6. 2001
    ..A new prosthetic device, the Action artificial anal sphincter, has recently been introduced for treating severe faecal incontinence. The results of this procedure in 28 patients are presented...
  24. ncbi Biofeedback for fecal incontinence: a randomized study comparing exercise regimens
    Lynne Bartlett
    School of Public Health, Tropical Medicine and Rehabilitation Science, North Queensland Centre for Cancer Research, James Cook University, Townsville, Australia
    Dis Colon Rectum 54:846-56. 2011
    b>Fecal incontinence affects up to 11% of Australian community-dwelling adults and 72% of nursing home residents...
  25. ncbi Biofeedback and/or sphincter exercises for the treatment of faecal incontinence in adults
    Christine Norton
    Bucks New University and Imperial College HealthcareNHS Trust, Uxbridge, UK
    Cochrane Database Syst Rev 7:CD002111. 2012
    ..However, standards of treatment are still lacking and the magnitude of alleged benefits has yet to be established...
  26. ncbi Anal sphincter damage after vaginal delivery: functional outcome and risk factors for fecal incontinence
    J W De Leeuw
    Department of Obstetrics, Ikazia Hospital, Montessoriweg 1, 3083 AN Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 80:830-4. 2001
    To assess the role of anal sphincter damage following delivery in the development of anorectal complaints and urinary incontinence, and to identify obstetric factors associated with subsequent fecal incontinence.
  27. ncbi Transcutaneous electrical tibial nerve stimulation in the treatment of fecal incontinence: a randomized trial (CONSORT 1a)
    A M Leroi
    INSERM U1073, Service de Physiologie Digestive, Hopital Charles Nicolle, CHU Rouen, Inserm CIC 0204, Rouen, France
    Am J Gastroenterol 107:1888-96. 2012
    The objective of this study was to show that although transcutaneous electrical tibial nerve stimulation (TENS) is being increasingly used to treat fecal incontinence (FI), its efficacy has never been proved using controlled trials.
  28. ncbi Long-term outcome and objective changes of anorectal function after biofeedback therapy for faecal incontinence
    R Ozturk
    Department of Internal Medicine, Section of Neurogastroenterology, Division of Gastroenterology Hepatology, University of Iowa Carver College of Medicine, Iowa City, USA
    Aliment Pharmacol Ther 20:667-74. 2004
    ..In the short-term, biofeedback therapy improves symptoms and anorectal function in patients with faecal incontinence but whether there is long-term improvement is incompletely understood...
  29. ncbi Sacral nerve stimulation for fecal incontinence: results of a 120-patient prospective multicenter study
    Steven D Wexner
    Department of Colorectal Surgery, Cleveland Clinic Florida, Fort Lauderdale, FL, USA
    Ann Surg 251:441-9. 2010
    ..for use in treating urinary incontinence in the United States since 1997, and in Europe for both urinary and fecal incontinence (FI) since 1994...
  30. ncbi Relief of fecal incontinence by sacral nerve stimulation linked to focal brain activation
    Lilli Lundby
    Department of Surgery P, Aarhus University Hospital and Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark
    Dis Colon Rectum 54:318-23. 2011
    This study aimed to test the hypothesis that sacral nerve stimulation affects afferent vagal projections to the central nervous system associated with frontal cortex activation in patients with fecal incontinence.
  31. ncbi Rectal hyposensitivity: prevalence and clinical impact in patients with intractable constipation and fecal incontinence
    Marc A Gladman
    Academic Department of Surgery and Gastrointestinal Physiology Unit, Barts and The London, Queen Mary s School of Medicine and Dentistry, United Kingdom
    Dis Colon Rectum 46:238-46. 2003
    ..The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of rectal hyposensitivity and whether the finding of such an abnormality was associated with any clinical impact...
  32. pmc Outcomes of combination treatment of fecal incontinence in women
    Alayne D Markland
    Division of Gerontology, Geriatrics and Palliative Care, Department of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 199:699.e1-7. 2008
    To describe how women with fecal incontinence (FI) respond to combined pharmacologic therapy and pelvic floor muscle exercises (PFME).
  33. pmc Fecal incontinence in females older than aged 40 years: who is at risk?
    Madhulika G Varma
    Department of Surgery, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California 94115, USA
    Dis Colon Rectum 49:841-51. 2006
    This study was designed to estimate the prevalence of, and identify risk factors associated with, fecal incontinence in racially diverse females older than aged 40 years.
  34. ncbi Supplementation with dietary fiber improves fecal incontinence
    D Z Bliss
    School of Nursing, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis 55455, USA
    Nurs Res 50:203-13. 2001
    Human studies have shown that dietary fiber affects stool composition and consistency. Because fecal incontinence has been shown to be exacerbated by liquid stools or diarrhea, management strategies that make stool consistency less loose ..
  35. ncbi Digital rectal examination is a useful tool for identifying patients with dyssynergia
    Kasaya Tantiphlachiva
    Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, University of Iowa Carver College of Medicine, Iowa City, Iowa, USA
    Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol 8:955-60. 2010
    ..It is not known whether digital rectal examination (DRE) can be used to identify dyssynergia. We examined the diagnostic yield of DRE in patients with dyssynergic defecation...
  36. ncbi New-onset fecal incontinence after stroke: prevalence, natural history, risk factors, and impact
    Danielle Harari
    Department of Healthcare of the Elderly, Guy s and St Thomas Hospitals Trust, London, UK
    Stroke 34:144-50. 2003
    b>Fecal incontinence (FI) is a common complication after stroke, yet epidemiological research into this distressing condition is limited...
  37. ncbi Increased prevalence of obesity in children with functional constipation evaluated in an academic medical center
    Dinesh S Pashankar
    Division of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut, USA
    Pediatrics 116:e377-80. 2005
    ..The objectives of this study were to evaluate the prevalence of obesity in a large cohort of children with functional constipation and to compare it with a control group representative of the general population...
  38. ncbi Late side effects of short-course preoperative radiotherapy combined with total mesorectal excision for rectal cancer: increased bowel dysfunction in irradiated patients--a Dutch colorectal cancer group study
    K C M J Peeters
    Department of Surgery, Leiden University Medical Center, PO Box 9600, 2300 RC Leiden, The Netherlands
    J Clin Oncol 23:6199-206. 2005
    ..Also, hospital treatment was recorded for diseases possibly related to late side effects of rectal cancer treatment...
  39. ncbi Rectal bleeding, fecal incontinence, and high stool frequency after conformal radiotherapy for prostate cancer: normal tissue complication probability modeling
    Stephanie T H Peeters
    Department of Radiation Oncology, The Netherlands Cancer Institute Antoni van Leeuwenhoek Hospital, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 66:11-9. 2006
    ..To analyze whether inclusion of predisposing clinical features in the Lyman-Kutcher-Burman (LKB) normal tissue complication probability (NTCP) model improves the estimation of late gastrointestinal toxicity...
  40. ncbi Acute and late gastrointestinal toxicity after radiotherapy in prostate cancer patients: consequential late damage
    Wilma D Heemsbergen
    Department of Radiation Oncology, The Netherlands Cancer Institute Antoni van Leeuwenhoek Hospital, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 66:3-10. 2006
    ..Late gastrointestinal (GI) toxicity after radiotherapy can be partly explained by late effects of acute toxicity (consequential late damage). We studied whether there is a direct relationship between acute and late GI toxicity...
  41. ncbi The prevalence of fecal incontinence in community-dwelling adults: a systematic review of the literature
    Alexandra K Macmillan
    Department of Surgery, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand
    Dis Colon Rectum 47:1341-9. 2004
    Reported prevalence estimates for fecal incontinence among community-dwelling adults vary widely...
  42. ncbi Behavioral therapy for childhood constipation: a randomized, controlled trial
    Marieke Van Dijk
    Psychosocial Department, Emma Children s Hospital, Academic Medical Center, Room G8 224, PO Box 22700, 1100 DE Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Pediatrics 121:e1334-41. 2008
    ..the addition of behavioral interventions to laxative therapy improves continence in children with functional fecal incontinence associated with constipation...
  43. ncbi External anal sphincter defects in patients with fecal incontinence: comparison of endoanal MR imaging and endoanal US
    Annette C Dobben
    Department of Radiology, Academic Medical Center, Meibergdreef 9, 1105 AZ Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Radiology 242:463-71. 2007
    To prospectively compare in a multicenter study the agreement between endoanal magnetic resonance (MR) imaging and endoanal ultrasonography (US) in depicting external anal sphincter (EAS) defects in patients with fecal incontinence.
  44. ncbi The Danish anal sphincter rupture questionnaire: validity and reliability
    Ulla Due
    Department of Physiotherapy, Hvidovre Hospital, Hvidovre, Denmark
    Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 88:36-42. 2009
    ..In relation to that, a non-validated questionnaire about anal and urinary incontinence was to be answered six months after childbirth...
  45. ncbi A randomized, prospective, comparison study of polyethylene glycol 3350 without electrolytes and milk of magnesia for children with constipation and fecal incontinence
    Vera Loening-Baucke
    Division of General Pediatrics, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa, USA
    Pediatrics 118:528-35. 2006
    ..Our aim was to compare 2 laxatives, namely, polyethylene glycol 3350 without electrolytes and milk of magnesia, evaluating the efficacy, safety, acceptance, and 1-year outcomes...
  46. ncbi The strength duration test: a novel tool in the identification of occult neuropathy in women with pelvic floor dysfunction
    K J Telford
    South Manchester University Hospitals NHS Trust, Manchester, UK
    Colorectal Dis 6:442-5. 2004
    ..The purpose of this study was to determine if the SDT could detect denervation of the EAS in women with weak but anatomically intact EAS and normal pudendal nerve terminal motor latency (PNTML)...
  47. ncbi Incidence of fecal incontinence after childbirth
    Jeanne Marie Guise
    Departments of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Medical Informatics and Clinical Epidemiology, Center for Biostatistics and Bioinformatics, School of Nursing, Oregon Health and Science University, 3181 SW Sam Jackson Park Road, Portland, OR 97239, USA
    Obstet Gynecol 109:281-8. 2007
    b>Fecal incontinence is an embarrassing and disabling condition of which the epidemiology is poorly understood. Our goal is to estimate the incidence of fecal incontinence after childbirth.
  48. ncbi Randomized clinical trial of intra-anal electromyographic biofeedback physiotherapy with intra-anal electromyographic biofeedback augmented with electrical stimulation of the anal sphincter in the early treatment of postpartum fecal incontinence
    Rhona T Mahony
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University College Dublin, Ireland
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 191:885-90. 2004
    ..biofeedback that was augmented with electrical stimulation of the anal sphincter in the treatment of postpartum fecal incontinence. A secondary aim was to examine the impact of the treatment on continence-related quality of life.
  49. ncbi Efficacy of methylcellulose and loperamide in managing fecal incontinence
    Eddie H M Sze
    Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Sciences, Division of Urogynecology and Reconstructive Pelvic Surgery, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06520, USA
    Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 88:766-71. 2009
    To evaluate the efficacy of methylcellulose (Citrucel) and loperamide (Imodium) in managing fecal incontinence by comparing cure rates with expectant management.
  50. ncbi Health related quality of life in children with constipation-associated fecal incontinence
    Marloes E J Bongers
    Department of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition, Emma Children s Hospital, Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    J Pediatr 154:749-53. 2009
    ..With a disease-specific questionnaire, this study aimed to evaluate health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in children with constipation in association with clinical characteristics...
  51. ncbi Obstetric anal sphincter injury: incidence, risk factors, and management
    Thomas C Dudding
    Physiology Unit, St Mark s Hospital, London
    Ann Surg 247:224-37. 2008
    Obstetric sphincter damage is the most common cause of fecal incontinence in women. This review aimed to survey the literature, and reach a consensus, on its incidence, risk factors, and management.
  52. ncbi Aging and Gi smooth muscle fecal incontinence: Is bioengineering an option
    Khalil N Bitar
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Michigan Medical Center, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 0658, USA
    Exp Gerontol 40:643-9. 2005
  53. ncbi Prevalence of anal incontinence according to age and gender: a systematic review and meta-regression analysis
    S J Pretlove
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Birmingham Women s Hospital, Metchley Park Road, Edgbaston, Birmingham, B15 2TG, UK
    Int Urogynecol J Pelvic Floor Dysfunct 17:407-17. 2006
    ..There is controversy about which population groups are most disadvantaged by this chronic condition...
  54. ncbi The impact paediatric bowel care pathway
    June Rogers
    PromoCon, Disabled Living NW, Manchester
    Nurs Times 104:46-7. 2008
    ..There are increasing numbers of nurse-led clinics for children with continence problems, and nurses need structured systems to guide practice. June Rogers explains how the IMPACT paediatric bowel care pathway was developed...
  55. ncbi Clinical practice. Fecal incontinence in adults
    Arnold Wald
    Section of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, WI 53792, USA
    N Engl J Med 356:1648-55. 2007
  56. ncbi The prevalence of and the related factors for urinary and fecal incontinence among older residing in nursing homes
    Ergul Aslan
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecologic Nursing, Istanbul University, Florence Nightingale Hemsirelik Yuksekokulu, Abide i Hurriyet cad, 34381, Sisli, Istanbul, Turkey
    J Clin Nurs 18:3290-8. 2009
    To determine the prevalence of urinary incontinence and fecal incontinence among older people residing in nursing homes in Istanbul.
  57. pmc A controlled trial of an intervention to improve urinary and fecal incontinence and constipation
    John F Schnelle
    Division of General Internal Medicine and Public Health, Center for Quality Aging, School of Medicine, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee, USA
    J Am Geriatr Soc 58:1504-11. 2010
    To evaluate effects of a multicomponent intervention on fecal incontinence (FI) and urinary incontinence (UI) outcomes.
  58. ncbi Long-term outcomes of anal sphincter repair for fecal incontinence: a systematic review
    Sean C Glasgow
    Department of Surgery, San Antonio Military Medical Center, San Antonio, TX, USA
    Dis Colon Rectum 55:482-90. 2012
    Thorough and objective analysis of long-term results following anal sphincter repair for fecal incontinence will permit the correct application of this operation in the context of newer treatment methods.
  59. ncbi Neuromodulation for voiding dysfunction and fecal incontinence: a urology perspective
    Matthew Fulton
    Department of Urology, Oakland University William Beaumont School of Medicine, Royal Oak, MI, USA
    Urol Clin North Am 39:405-12. 2012
    ..for the management of urinary urgency and frequency, urgency incontinence, nonobstructive urinary retention, and fecal incontinence. This article reviews the physiology of neuromodulation, indications, implantation methods, and outcomes.
  60. ncbi Sacral nerve stimulation for fecal incontinence related to external sphincter atrophy
    Giulio A Santoro
    Pelvic Floor Unit, I Department of Surgery, Regional Hospital, Treviso, Italy
    Dis Colon Rectum 55:797-805. 2012
    Atrophy of the external anal sphincter, a pathologic muscle volume anomaly associated with fecal incontinence, has been shown to be a negative predictor of the outcome of surgery for defects of the external anal sphincter...
  61. ncbi A cross-sectional survey of the relationship between fecal incontinence and constipation
    Eddie H M Sze
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, West Virginia University School of Medicine, Morgantown, WV 26506 9186, USA
    Int Urogynecol J 24:61-5. 2013
    We compared the prevalence of fecal incontinence between constipated and nonconstipated women and correlated its prevalence with the number of Rome III constipation symptoms.
  62. ncbi Detection of anal sphincter defects in female patients with fecal incontinence: a comparison of 3-dimensional transperineal ultrasound and 2-dimensional endoanal ultrasound
    Daniella M J Oom
    Department of Surgery, Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Dis Colon Rectum 55:646-52. 2012
    ..ultrasound is widely used for the detection of external and internal anal sphincter defects in patients with fecal incontinence. Recently, 3-dimensional transperineal ultrasound has been introduced as a noninvasive imaging method for ..
  63. ncbi The effects of an exercise and incontinence intervention on skin health outcomes in nursing home residents
    Barbara M Bates-Jensen
    Division of Geriatrics, University of California at Los Angeles School of Medicine, Los Angeles, CA, USA
    J Am Geriatr Soc 51:348-55. 2003
    ..To examine skin health outcomes of an exercise and incontinence intervention...
  64. ncbi Long-term outcomes of sacral nerve stimulation for fecal incontinence
    Anil T George
    Department of Colorectal Surgery, St Mark s Hospital, Harrow, London, United Kingdom
    Dis Colon Rectum 55:302-6. 2012
    In patients with fecal incontinence who do not benefit from medical or behavioral treatments sacral nerve stimulation is now considered a first-line procedure...
  65. ncbi The prevalence and determinants of health care-seeking behavior for fecal incontinence in multiparous United Arab Emirates females
    D E Rizk
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Tawam Hospital, United Arab Emirates University, P.O. Box 17666, Al-Ain, United Arab Emirates
    Dis Colon Rectum 44:1850-6. 2001
    PURPOSE: This study was designed to determine the prevalence and sociodemographics of fecal incontinence in United Arab Emirates females...
  66. pmc A taboo within a stigma? a qualitative study of managing incontinence with people with dementia living at home
    Vari M Drennan
    Faculty of Health and Social Care Sciences, Kingston University, UK
    BMC Geriatr 11:75. 2011
    ..The purpose of this study was to investigate carers' perceptions of the range of incontinence problems they helped their relative with and the strategies they employed to manage these...
  67. ncbi The effect of sacral nerve modulation on cerebral evoked potential latency in fecal incontinence and constipation
    Iacopo Giani
    Colorectal Eporediensis Centre Gruppo Policlinico di Monza, Divisione di Chirurgia Colorettale, Clinica Santa Rita, Vercelli, Italy
    Ann Surg 254:90-6. 2011
    ..Influence of sacral nerve modulation (SNM) on cerebral somatosensory evoked potentials (SEP) was determined in patients with incontinence and constipation...
  68. ncbi Postoperative issues of sacral nerve stimulation for fecal incontinence and constipation: a systematic literature review and treatment guideline
    Yasuko Maeda
    Sir Alan Parks Physiology Unit, St Mark s Hospital, Harrow, United Kingdom
    Dis Colon Rectum 54:1443-60. 2011
    There is a lack of knowledge on the incidence and management of suboptimal therapeutic effect and the complications associated with sacral nerve stimulation for fecal incontinence and constipation.
  69. ncbi Long-term efficacy of dynamic graciloplasty for fecal incontinence
    Steven D Wexner
    Cleveland Clinic Florida, Weston, FL, USA
    Dis Colon Rectum 45:809-18. 2002
    Patients with end-stage fecal incontinence in whom all standard medical and surgical treatment has failed or is not expected to be effective can be treated by dynamic graciloplasty...
  70. ncbi Fecal incontinence and spinal cord abnormalities in seven dogs
    Annie V Chen
    Department of Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Washington State University, Pullman 99164 7060, USA
    J Am Vet Med Assoc 227:1945-51, 1928. 2005
    Seven dogs with fecal incontinence and abnormal gaits were evaluated. Fecal incontinence was characterized as defecation of normal stools without posturing. Duration of clinical signs prior to evaluation ranged from 5 months to 3 years...
  71. ncbi Biofeedback for fecal incontinence
    Arnold Wald
    Gastroenterology 125:1533-5. 2003
  72. ncbi Myoblast transplantation to defecation muscles in a rat model: a possible treatment strategy for fecal incontinence after the repair of imperforate anus
    Ryoko Saihara
    Department of Pediatric Surgery, Graduate School of Comprehensive Human Sciences, University of Tsukuba, 1 1 1 Tennodai, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, 305 8575, Japan
    Pediatr Surg Int 25:981-6. 2009
    Infants with higher anorectal anomalies often develop fecal incontinence after surgical reconstruction mainly due to the incomplete development of defecation muscles...
  73. ncbi A practical approach to the management of pediatric fecal incontinence
    Andrea Bischoff
    Hospital Regional da Asa Sul, Brasilia, Brazil
    Semin Pediatr Surg 19:154-9. 2010
    ..the rationale and key aspects for success of a bowel management program for the treatment of pediatric fecal incontinence. A retrospective review was done of the medical strategies used for the treatment of over a 1000 patients ..
  74. ncbi Assessment of sonographic quality of anal sphincter muscles in patients with faecal incontinence
    I Pinsk
    Department of Surgery B, Soroka Medical Center, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheva, Israel
    Colorectal Dis 11:933-40. 2009
    ....
  75. ncbi Sacral nerve stimulation as a treatment for fecal incontinence
    H R Rosen
    Department of Surgery and Ludwig Boltzmann Research Institute for Surgical Oncology, Danube Hospital SMZ Ost, Vienna, Austria
    Gastroenterology 121:536-41. 2001
    Sacral nerve stimulation is a proven therapeutic option for the treatment of some forms of urinary incontinence. Very recently, preliminary reports have given evidence for its efficacy in fecal incontinence (FI) too.
  76. ncbi Transcutaneous posterior tibial nerve stimulation for fecal incontinence in inflammatory bowel disease patients: a therapeutic option?
    Veronique Vitton
    Hospices Civils de Lyon, Digestive Physiology, Hopital Edouard Herriot, Lyon, France
    Inflamm Bowel Dis 15:402-5. 2009
    b>Fecal incontinence associated with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) may be particularly difficult to treat. Two recent studies showed that transcutaneous posterior tibial nerve stimulation may improve fecal continence...
  77. pmc Fecal incontinence in older women: are levator ani defects a factor?
    Christina Lewicky-Gaupp
    Division of Gynecology, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Pelvic Floor Research Group, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 202:491.e1-6. 2010
    We sought to compare pelvic floor structure and function between older women with and without fecal incontinence (FI) and young continent (YC) women.
  78. ncbi Validity and reliability of a Turkish version of the Fecal Incontinence Quality of Life Scale
    Ozden Dedeli
    Department of Internal Medicine, Celal Bayar University Manisa School of Health, 45020 Manisa, Turkey
    J Wound Ostomy Continence Nurs 36:532-8. 2009
    Anorectal disorders, including fecal incontinence, are a significant healthcare problem that produce bothersome symptoms and adversely affect quality of life...
  79. ncbi Fecal incontinence after obstetric anal sphincter injuries
    Markus Huebner
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Tuebingen, Tuebingen, Germany
    Int J Gynaecol Obstet 121:74-7. 2013
    To determine obstetric variables associated with the long-term prevalence of flatal and/or fecal incontinence among women who sustained obstetric anal sphincter injuries (OASIS).
  80. ncbi Perinatal urinary and fecal incontinence: suffering in silence
    Marsha Marecki
    School of Nursing, University at Buffalo, State University of New York, NY 14214 8013, USA
    J Perinat Neonatal Nurs 24:330-40. 2010
    This article focuses on the prevention, identification, and management of urinary and fecal incontinence in the perinatal period...
  81. ncbi Three-dimensional endoanal ultrasonography of external anal sphincter defects in patients with faecal incontinence: correlation with symptoms and manometry
    N Wasserberg
    Department of Surgery, Division of Colorectal and Pelvic Floor Surgery, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, USA
    Colorectal Dis 13:449-53. 2011
    ..Anal sphincter anatomy on two-dimensional endoanal -ultrasonography (EUS) does not always correlate with the clinical data. The purpose of this study was to determine whether three-dimensional (3D) measurements yield a better correlation...
  82. pmc Conservative treatment of patients with faecal soiling
    S J van der Hagen
    NPBC Nederlands Proctologisch Bekkenbodem Centrum, Assen, The Netherlands
    Tech Coloproctol 15:291-5. 2011
    ..A prospective evaluation of fifty patients with faecal soiling but normal sphincter function treated by a conservative treatment algorithm...
  83. ncbi Role of fecal incontinence in contamination of the environment with vancomycin-resistant enterococci
    Richard A Mayer
    Division of Infectious Diseases, University Hospitals of Cleveland, Cleveland, Ohio, USA
    Am J Infect Control 31:221-5. 2003
    ..We tested the hypothesis that patients with vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus (VRE) stool colonization who are continent of feces contaminate the environment less frequently than patients who are colonized and incontinent...
  84. ncbi Comparison of anorectal manometry to endoanal ultrasound in the evaluation of fecal incontinence
    Savio C Reddymasu
    Department of Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, Kansas 66160, USA
    Am J Med Sci 337:336-9. 2009
    b>Fecal incontinence (FI) is a common clinical condition with a negative impact on the quality of life. Commonly performed tests to evaluate FI include anorectal manometry (ARM) and endoanal ultrasonography (EAU)...
  85. ncbi Surgical treatment of patients with constipation and fecal incontinence
    Marc A Gladman
    Centre for Academic Surgery, Institute of Cell and Molecular Science, Barts, London, UK
    Gastroenterol Clin North Am 37:605-25, viii. 2008
    Patients with constipation and fecal incontinence usually come to the attention of the surgeon when conservative measures have failed to alleviate sufficiently severe symptoms...
  86. ncbi Diagnostic evaluation of patients with faecal incontinence at a specialist institution
    Toshiki Mimura
    Department of Gastro intestinal Surgery, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan
    Dig Surg 21:235-41; discussion 241. 2004
    ..Evaluation of the anorectal function, clinically, structurally, and functionally, in patients with faecal incontinence should ensure appropriate and individual treatment...
  87. ncbi Biofeedback therapy in fecal incontinence and constipation
    P Enck
    University Hospital, Department of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, Tubingen, Germany
    Neurogastroenterol Motil 21:1133-41. 2009
    ..001) but equal efficacy of EMG BFT to other BF applications (OR: 1.436; CI: 0.692-3.089; P = 0.319). For fecal incontinence, a total of 11 trials were identified, of which six compared BFT to other treatment options (sensory ..
  88. ncbi Urinary and fecal incontinence after bariatric surgery
    Erica N Roberson
    University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, WI 53705, USA
    Dig Dis Sci 55:2606-13. 2010
    Morbidly obese women have markedly high rates of urinary and fecal incontinence. Weight loss reduces prevalence and severity of urinary incontinence; however, the effect of weight loss on fecal incontinence is unknown.
  89. ncbi Endoanal ultrasound compared to anorectal manometry for the evaluation of fecal incontinence: a study of the effect these tests have on clinical outcome
    Keri Hill
    Department of Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology Hepatology, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, 972339 3098, USA
    Dig Dis Sci 51:235-40. 2006
    ..purpose of this study was to compare these 2 techniques to determine which is more predictive of outcome for fecal incontinence. Thirty-five unselected patients with fecal incontinence were prospectively studied with EUS and anorectal ..
  90. ncbi Correlation between anal manometry and endosonography in females with faecal incontinence
    M A Titi
    Department of Surgical Gastroenterology, Gartnavel General Hospital, Glasgow, UK
    Colorectal Dis 10:131-7. 2008
    ..Sphincter assessment aims to identify surgically correctable defects. We aimed to identify endoanal ultrasonography (EAUS) parameters that correlate with sphincter function...
  91. ncbi Comparison of vector symmetry index and endoanal ultrasonography in the diagnosis of anal sphincter disruption
    D N Samarasekera
    Department of Coloproctology, The Norfolk and Norwich University Hospital, Norwich, UK
    Tech Coloproctol 12:211-5. 2008
    ....
  92. ncbi Adaptation to Spanish language and validation of the fecal incontinence quality of life scale
    Miguel Minguez
    Department of Gastroenterology, Hospital Clinico Universitario, Valencia, Spain
    Dis Colon Rectum 49:490-9. 2006
    The aim of this study was to perform a psychometric evaluation of the Fecal Incontinence Quality of Life Scale in the Spanish language.
  93. pmc Bowel management for the treatment of pediatric fecal incontinence
    Andrea Bischoff
    Colorectal Center for Children, Cincinnati Children s Hospital Medical Center, 3333 Burnet Avenue, ML 2023, Cincinnati, OH 45229, USA
    Pediatr Surg Int 25:1027-42. 2009
    b>Fecal incontinence is a devastating underestimated problem, affecting a large number of individuals all over the world. Most of the available literature relates to the management of adults...
  94. pmc Fecal incontinence in primary care: prevalence, diagnosis, and health care utilization
    Gena C Dunivan
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, School of Medicine, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 7080, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 202:493.e1-6. 2010
    We sought to estimate the frequency of self-reported fecal incontinence (FI), identify what proportion of these patients have a diagnosis of FI in their medical record, and compare health care costs and utilization in patients with ..
  95. ncbi Anal incontinence improvement after silicone injection may be related to restoration of sphincter asymmetry
    Lucia C C Oliveira
    Department of Anorectal Physiology, Policlinica Geral do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
    Surg Innov 16:155-61. 2009
    ..This study aimed to evaluate manometric parameters that may explain improvement in anal incontinence using a silicone bulking agent...
  96. ncbi Validation of the French version of the Fecal Incontinence Quality-of-Life (FIQL) scale
    Eric Rullier
    Fédération Médico Chirurgicale d Hépato Gastroentérologie, Hôpital Saint André, Bordeaux
    Gastroenterol Clin Biol 28:562-8. 2004
    The aim of this multicenter study was to validate the French version of the fecal incontinence quality-of-life scale (FIQL scale) developed in the Unites States of America.
  97. ncbi Evaluation of the use of posterior tibial nerve stimulation for the treatment of fecal incontinence: preliminary results of a prospective study
    Fernando de la Portilla
    Coloproctology Unit, Department of General Surgery, Hospital Juan Ramon Jimenez, Huelva, Spain
    Dis Colon Rectum 52:1427-33. 2009
    Neuromodulation therapies have been used with success in patients with fecal incontinence. Intermittent percutaneous tibial nerve stimulation is a new, minimally invasive treatment option for these patients...
  98. ncbi A systematic review of etiological factors for postpartum fecal incontinence
    Esther M J Bols
    Department of Epidemiology, Maastricht University CAPHRI School for Public Health and Primary Care, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 89:302-14. 2010
    Conflicting results are reported about the contribution of maternal, obstetric and fetal characteristics to postpartum fecal incontinence (FI), which is hampering prevention and management of FI.
  99. doi Are you worried about bowel accidents? Quality of life in fecal incontinence
    David Pares
    Dis Colon Rectum 51:1432-3; author reply 1434. 2008
  100. ncbi Sacral nerve stimulation for treatment of fecal incontinence: a novel approach for intractable fecal incontinence
    E Ganio
    Colorectal Epordienisis Center, Ivrea, Italy
    Dis Colon Rectum 44:619-29; discussion 629-31. 2001
    PURPOSE: Many patients with fecal incontinence demonstrate a functional deficit of the internal anal sphincter or the external sphincter muscles without any apparent structural defects...
  101. ncbi Risk factors for fecal incontinence: a population-based study in women
    Adil E Bharucha
    Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, Minnesota 55905, USA
    Am J Gastroenterol 101:1305-12. 2006
    In women with "idiopathic" fecal incontinence (FI), consensus guidelines recommend anal sphincter imaging and surgical repair, when feasible, of anal sphincter defects believed to cause FI...

Research Grants62

  1. MALE UROGENITAL FUNCTION AND CHRONIC SPINAL CORD INJURY
    Charles Hubscher; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..In many patients, conscious control of defecation is also lost resulting in fecal incontinence and chronic constipation...
  2. Stem Cell Homing for Treatment of Female Pelvic Floor Disorders
    Margot S Damaser; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..S. experience female pelvic floor disorders (FPFD): stress urinary incontinence (SUI), fecal incontinence, and pelvic organ prolapse (POP)...
  3. Implantation of physiologically functional bioengineered innervated IAS construct
    Khalil N Bitar; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..b>Fecal incontinence is a condition with ramifications that extend well beyond the physical manifestations...
  4. Epigenetic regulation of stem cell senescence in aging
    DAVID TOCHUKWU ASUZU; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..in the GI tract include increased gastroesophageal reflux, irritable bowel syndrome, constipation and fecal incontinence, as well as more subtle dysfunctions such as inability to consume large volumes of food...
  5. Mid Career Award in Patient Oriented Pelvic Floor Research
    Holly E Richter; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..a randomized behavioral intervention trial in primiparous women sustaining an anal sphincter tear with fecal incontinence symptoms that will be the focus of her research plan (NICHD);furthermore, it will provide valuable time to ..
  6. Pelvic Floor Disorders Network - Duke University Clinical Site
    Anthony G Visco; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..in both surgical and non-surgical management of urinary incontinence (Ul), pelvic organ prolapse (POP), fecal incontinence, and defecatory dysfunction...
  7. Control of motility in the internal anal sphincter
    Kathleen D Keef; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Reduced and increased anal tone contribute to fecal incontinence and defecatory disorders respectively...
  8. Pittsburgh Pelvic Floor Research Program
    Halina M Zyczynski; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Our site has a longstanding track record of successful contribution to multicenter studies of urinary and fecal incontinence, and pelvic organ prolapse...
  9. Restoration of Fecal Continence in Aging IAS
    Khalil N Bitar; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..muscle of the IAS results in decreased closure pressure of the sphincter, thus greatly contributing to fecal incontinence which is disproportionately prevalent in the elderly...
  10. Architectural Design of the Pelvic Floor Skeletal Muscles
    Marianna Alperin; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..by applicant): Pelvic floor disorders (PFD) include pelvic organ prolapse (POP), urinary incontinence, and fecal incontinence. Their impact on women is significant, causing pelvic pain, sexual dysfunction, social isolation, depression,..
  11. Patient-Reported Outcomes in Functioning for Female Pelvic Floor Disorders
    Vivian W Sung; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..TOPIC: Female PFDs, including urinary incontinence, pelvic organ prolapse and fecal incontinence, are chronic conditions with a significant impact on multiple aspects of a woman's life...
  12. Brown/WIH Pelvic Floor Disorders Network Site
    Vivian W Sung; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..RELEVANCE: Female pelvic floor disorders including urinary incontinence, pelvic organ prolapse and fecal incontinence are common, disabling conditions and are a significant public health issue...
  13. Development & Psychometric Evaluation of the ICIQ-B
    ALAYNE DENISE MARKLAND; Fiscal Year: 2011
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Fecal incontinence (FI) occurs in 8-15% of older adults and has an extremely negative impact on quality of life (QOL)...
  14. Cesarean and vaginal birth: cohort study of the impact on pelvic floor disorders
    VICTORIA LYNN HANDA; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..by applicant): Despite the very high prevalence of female pelvic floor disorders (urinary incontinence, fecal incontinence, and pelvic organ prolapse), the biological mechanisms underlying these disorders are uncertain...
  15. Generating Human Intestinal Organoids with an ENS.
    James M Wells; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Common intestinal motility disorders include Irritable Bowel Syndrome and Fecal Incontinence, whereas more rare forms such as Hirschsprung's Disease have a genetic basis and are associated with ..
  16. Conservative Treatment of Fecal Incontinence in the Elderly: Effectiveness T
    William E Whitehead; Fiscal Year: 2013
    b>Fecal incontinence (FI) affects 9% of U.S. adults and occurs weekly or more often in 2.7%. Prevalence increases with age reaching 15% by 70 years...
  17. 3T Pelvic MRI Measures After Childbirth: Pre-Pregnancy and 6 Months Postpartum (R
    Holly E Richter; Fiscal Year: 2010
    Urinary and fecal incontinence (UI, FI) after first childbirth is a significant, yet underreported, problem. A recent large prospective cohort trial of primiparous women revealed a prevalence of UI of approximately 33...
  18. Pelvic floor Disorders Network-Data Coordinating Center
    CATHERINE A SPINO; Fiscal Year: 2010
    Pelvic floor disorders, such as urinary incontinence, pelvic organ prolapse, and fecal incontinence, are common and significant health-related problems for women in the United States...
  19. Perioperative Pelvic Floor Rehab: A Rrandomized Trial
    Holly E Richter; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..clinical approach to the evaluation and treatment of women with pelvic floor disorders including urinary and fecal incontinence as well as pelvic organ prolapse...
  20. Website for Self-Management of Fecal Incontinence
    William E Whitehead; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Fecal incontinence (FI), affects 9% of non-institutionalized U.S. adults (15% of those over age 70)...
  21. Clinical and Translational Resaerch in the Pelvic Floor Disorders Network
    Linda Brubaker; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..women are affected by pelvic floor disorders, including urinary incontinence, pelvic organ prolapse and fecal incontinence, yet there is insufficient clinical and translational science to provide effective, durable treatment...
  22. Anal Sphincter Morphology &Function Assessed with Novel MR Imaging Techniques
    Ravinder K Mittal; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..EAS is most commonly affected muscle in patient with fecal incontinence, the reason being that it gets injured fairly frequently during vaginal child birth...
  23. Injectable, biocompatible poly (vinyl alcohol) hydrogels for tissue bulking
    Gavin Braithwaite; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..describes the continued development of a material suitable for tissue bulking to treat stress urinary or fecal incontinence. The existing principle technology is a novel method that uses existing biocompatible materials to form a ..
  24. Vulvovaginal Skin Symptoms in Postmenopausal Women
    Elisabeth A Erekson; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..We hypothesize that postmenopausal women with vulvovaginal skin symptoms will have increased urinary and fecal incontinence compared with women without symptoms...
  25. SYNAPTIC TRANSMISSION IN DIABETIC ENTERIC NERVOUS SYSTEM
    KATHY LEPARD; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..experience a wide range of GI discomforts including heartburn, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, constipation, fecal incontinence and abdominal pain...
  26. Epidemiology of Female Pelvic Floor Disorders
    Kristen Kjerulff; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..disorders including vaginal vault prolapse, uterine prolapse, uterovaginal prolapse, vaginal enterocele, fecal incontinence, and urinary incontinence in the NHDS and NIS data sets, 2...
  27. Acetylcholine in Diabetic Enteric Nervous System
    KATHY LEPARD; Fiscal Year: 2004
    Diabetics report a greater frequency of constipation, diarrhea, urgency, and fecal incontinence than the general population that may reflect alterations in gastrointestinal (GI) motility due to neuropathy of autonomic nerves...
  28. Reproductive Risk Factors for Pelvic Organ Prolapse
    Jeanette Brown; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..are preventable or modifiable; and to describe the associations of pelvic organ prolapse with urinary and fecal incontinence and to compare risk factors for each of these conditions...
  29. Novel Applications of Sarcomere Length to Improve Anal Continence
    RAVINDER MITTAL; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..b>Fecal incontinence is reported approximately, 7-10% of women over the age of 60...
  30. NEUROTROPHINS, HORMONES AND POSTPAROUS INCONTINENCE
    Peter Smith; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..childbirth can produce permanent dysfunction of the pelvic musculature, in many cases leading to urinary and fecal incontinence. Damage to the pelvic nerves and failure to achieve complete reinnervation account for much of the deficit...
  31. Population Base Multi-Ethnic Study of Pelvic Disorders
    Firouz Daneshgari; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..study is proposed to examine risk factors of Female Pelvic Floor Disorders (FPFD: urinary incontinence, fecal incontinence, and pelvic organ prolapse) in conjunction with an on-going case-control study of breast cancer now underway...
  32. BIOFEEDBACK SYSTEM FOR URINARY AND FECAL INCONTINENCE
    EDWARD MC GOWAN; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..A pre-production model will be assigned, constructed, and clinically evaluated. Production documentation and preparation for FDA submission will conclude Phase II...
  33. BEHAVIORAL VS. DRUG INTERVENTION FOR URINARY INCONTINENC
    Kathryn Burgio; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..focused her research on the development and testing of behavioral methods for the treatment of urinary and fecal incontinence. In her new position as Director of Research at the Benedum Geriatric Center at the University of Pittsburgh,..
  34. FECAL-INCONTINENCE MONITOR
    David Putnam; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  35. FECAL-INCONTINENCE MONITOR
    David Putnam; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..There are additional applications for this gas sensing technique in other biomedical applications and in general industry. ..
  36. AUTOMATICALLY SENSING FECAL INCONTINENCE IN BED
    Mark Friedman; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..vicinity of the bed and automatically signal a caregiver when the occupant of the bed has had an episode of fecal incontinence. In nursing homes substantial proportions of frail elderly residents are incontinent of stool, this system ..
  37. ANORECTAL MANIFESTATIONS OF FEMALE PELVIC FLOOR DISORDER
    Adil Bharucha; Fiscal Year: 2002
    Pelvic floor disorders in females include two under recognized, yet potentially devastating manifestations, fecal incontinence (FI) and obstructed defecation (OD)...
  38. CONTROL OF RECTOANAL MOTILITY
    Kathleen Keef; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Millions of Americans suffer from diseases of the rectoanal region which lead to either constipation or fecal incontinence. The experiments outlined in this proposal will provide important new information regarding the anatomical ..
  39. Epidemiology and Mechanisms of Fecal Incontinence
    Adil Bharucha; Fiscal Year: 2005
    b>Fecal incontinence (FI) is a socially devastating symptom in older women and may contribute to institutionalization. The epidemiology and pathophysiology of "idiopathic" FI is incompletely understood...
  40. Raising Literacy and Capacity for Incontinence and Skin Care in Dementia
    Donna Bliss; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Americans are providing informal caregiving for persons with AD, and 32 % provide help for urinary and/or fecal incontinence. Yet people are reluctant to inform their healthcare provider about incontinence, and providers rarely ..
  41. Impact of Fiber Fermentation on Fecal Incontinence
    Donna Bliss; Fiscal Year: 2007
    unreadable] DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Fecal incontinence (FI), the involuntary leakage of feces, is a chronic problem with debilitating effects on health and well-being...
  42. Female Pelvic Floor Disorders and Sexual Functions
    Victoria Handa; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Pelvic floor disorders (PFDs), including urinary incontinence, fecal incontinence, and pelvic organ prolapse, affect one-third of adult women...
  43. Advancing the Treatment of Fecal & Urinary Incontinence
    William Whitehead; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..b>Fecal incontinence affects 2...
  44. Gastrointestinal Biopsychosocial Research Center
    William Whitehead; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..research on the pathophysiology and treatment of functional GI disorders including irritable bowel syndrome, fecal incontinence, and pelvic floor dyssynergia...
  45. Pelvic Floor Changes Before and After Birth
    REBECCA GLENN ROGERS; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This project will provide fundamental data to guide future decisions about labor interventions to prevent PF changes as well as data-based decisions regarding maternal request cesarean. ..
  46. BOTULINUM TOXIN THERAPY FOR INTERSTITIAL CYSTITIS/CHRON*
    Mary FitzGerald; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  47. A new tool to diagnose female urinary incontinence
    Catherine Bradley; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Bradley's research career development. Dr. Bradley has the enthusiastic support of the Colleges of Medicine and Public Health, the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecologv and her mentors and collaborators. ..
  48. Function of the Urethra in Continent Women
    Kimberly Kenton; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Normative ranges will be calculated for EMG, current perception thresholds, and urethral pressures for Caucasian and African American women. These data can then be used by other centers as reference data. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  49. Integrating Interventions to Improve Fecal Incontinence
    John Schnelle; Fiscal Year: 2008
    unreadable] DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Fecal incontinence (FI) is a common and costly problem among this country's 1.5 million nursing home (NH) residents...
  50. Research Symposium on Functional Abdoninal Pain in Children
    Samuel Nurko; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..7. To educate the NASPGHAN membership on the state of the art of functional abdominal pain and IBS in children. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  51. PLACEBO CONTROLLED STUDY OF BACLOFEN FOR GERD IN CHILDREN WITH CEREBRAL PALSY
    Samuel Nurko; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..This study will serve as a basis to test the medication in otherwise healthy children with GERD. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  52. Providing Choice to Nursing Home Residents: A Quality of Life Intervention
    John F Schnelle; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Such observations-and the data they generate-are essential for effective staff training and management. ..
  53. Sensory Testing in Subjects with Interstitial Cystitis
    Mary FitzGerald; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  54. Primary Care Clinics for Estimating Prevalence & Incidence of Elder Mistreatment
    Terry Fulmer; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..We will develop and test effective strategies for screening for elder mistreatment that can be replicated nationally. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  55. HSP27 Association with Thin Filaments in Colonic Muscle
    KHALIL BITAR; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..abstract_text> ..
  56. MSMW: Pathways, Motives and Behaviors
    Karolynn Siegel; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The study's finding will offer novel and important information about a high risk subpopulation of MSMW, and will yield important information that can guide the development of preventive interventions. ..
  57. One Step Incontinence Management System
    Nahla Al Samarrai; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Thus in order to make the One Step system available, we will be contracting with manufacturers and distributors. ..