varicose veins

Summary

Summary: Enlarged and tortuous VEINS.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Randomized clinical trial comparing endovenous laser ablation, radiofrequency ablation, foam sclerotherapy and surgical stripping for great saphenous varicose veins
    L H Rasmussen
    Danish Vein Centres, Naestved, Denmark
    Br J Surg 98:1079-87. 2011
  2. ncbi Endovenous obliteration versus conventional stripping operation in the treatment of primary varicose veins: a randomized controlled trial with comparison of the costs
    Tero Rautio
    Department of Surgery, Oulu University Hospital, Kajaanintie 50, SF 90230 Oulu, Finland
    J Vasc Surg 35:958-65. 2002
  3. ncbi Occurrence of CCSVI in patients with MS and its relationship with iron metabolism and varicose veins
    P J van den Berg
    Department of Neurology, St Elisabeth Hospital, Tilburg, The Netherlands
    Eur J Neurol 20:519-26. 2013
  4. ncbi A systematic review and meta-analysis of the treatments of varicose veins
    M Hassan Murad
    Knowledge and Evaluation Research Unit, Division of Preventive Medicine, Department of Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota 55905, USA
    J Vasc Surg 53:49S-65S. 2011
  5. pmc Prolonged standing at work and hospitalisation due to varicose veins: a 12 year prospective study of the Danish population
    F Tuchsen
    Department of Surveillance and Epidemiology, National Institute of Occupational Health, Copenhagen Ø, Denmark
    Occup Environ Med 62:847-50. 2005
  6. ncbi Endovenous therapies of lower extremity varicosities: a meta-analysis
    Renate van den Bos
    Department of Dermatology, Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    J Vasc Surg 49:230-9. 2009
  7. ncbi Radiofrequency endovenous ClosureFAST versus laser ablation for the treatment of great saphenous reflux: a multicenter, single-blinded, randomized study (RECOVERY study)
    Jose I Almeida
    Miami Vein Center, 1501 South Miami Avenue, Miami, FL 33129, USA
    J Vasc Interv Radiol 20:752-9. 2009
  8. ncbi Pathogenesis of primary varicose veins
    C S Lim
    Imperial Vascular Unit, Imperial College London, 4 East, Charing Cross Hospital, Fulham Palace Road, London, UK
    Br J Surg 96:1231-42. 2009
  9. ncbi The care of patients with varicose veins and associated chronic venous diseases: clinical practice guidelines of the Society for Vascular Surgery and the American Venous Forum
    Peter Gloviczki
    Division of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota 55905, USA
    J Vasc Surg 53:2S-48S. 2011
  10. ncbi Randomized clinical trial of radiofrequency ablation or conventional high ligation and stripping for great saphenous varicose veins
    S Subramonia
    Department of General Surgery, King s Mill Hospital, Mansfield, UK
    Br J Surg 97:328-36. 2010

Detail Information

Publications315 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Randomized clinical trial comparing endovenous laser ablation, radiofrequency ablation, foam sclerotherapy and surgical stripping for great saphenous varicose veins
    L H Rasmussen
    Danish Vein Centres, Naestved, Denmark
    Br J Surg 98:1079-87. 2011
    ..This randomized trial compared four treatments for varicose great saphenous veins (GSVs)...
  2. ncbi Endovenous obliteration versus conventional stripping operation in the treatment of primary varicose veins: a randomized controlled trial with comparison of the costs
    Tero Rautio
    Department of Surgery, Oulu University Hospital, Kajaanintie 50, SF 90230 Oulu, Finland
    J Vasc Surg 35:958-65. 2002
    ....
  3. ncbi Occurrence of CCSVI in patients with MS and its relationship with iron metabolism and varicose veins
    P J van den Berg
    Department of Neurology, St Elisabeth Hospital, Tilburg, The Netherlands
    Eur J Neurol 20:519-26. 2013
    ..A new treatable venous disorder, chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency (CCSVI), has been proposed in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). Its relationship with iron metabolism is suggested, but has not been examined prospectively...
  4. ncbi A systematic review and meta-analysis of the treatments of varicose veins
    M Hassan Murad
    Knowledge and Evaluation Research Unit, Division of Preventive Medicine, Department of Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota 55905, USA
    J Vasc Surg 53:49S-65S. 2011
    Several treatment options exist for varicose veins. In this review we summarize the available evidence derived from comparative studies about the relative safety and efficacy of these treatments.
  5. pmc Prolonged standing at work and hospitalisation due to varicose veins: a 12 year prospective study of the Danish population
    F Tuchsen
    Department of Surveillance and Epidemiology, National Institute of Occupational Health, Copenhagen Ø, Denmark
    Occup Environ Med 62:847-50. 2005
    Recent studies suggest that prolonged standing at work is associated with the development of diseases of varicose veins (VV).
  6. ncbi Endovenous therapies of lower extremity varicosities: a meta-analysis
    Renate van den Bos
    Department of Dermatology, Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    J Vasc Surg 49:230-9. 2009
    ..These therapies have not yet been compared with surgical ligation and stripping in large randomized clinical trials...
  7. ncbi Radiofrequency endovenous ClosureFAST versus laser ablation for the treatment of great saphenous reflux: a multicenter, single-blinded, randomized study (RECOVERY study)
    Jose I Almeida
    Miami Vein Center, 1501 South Miami Avenue, Miami, FL 33129, USA
    J Vasc Interv Radiol 20:752-9. 2009
    ....
  8. ncbi Pathogenesis of primary varicose veins
    C S Lim
    Imperial Vascular Unit, Imperial College London, 4 East, Charing Cross Hospital, Fulham Palace Road, London, UK
    Br J Surg 96:1231-42. 2009
    Valvular incompetence and reflux are common features of primary varicose veins, and have long been thought to be their cause. Recent evidence, however, suggests that changes in the vein wall may precede valvular dysfunction.
  9. ncbi The care of patients with varicose veins and associated chronic venous diseases: clinical practice guidelines of the Society for Vascular Surgery and the American Venous Forum
    Peter Gloviczki
    Division of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota 55905, USA
    J Vasc Surg 53:2S-48S. 2011
    ..and the American Venous Forum (AVF) have developed clinical practice guidelines for the care of patients with varicose veins of the lower limbs and pelvis...
  10. ncbi Randomized clinical trial of radiofrequency ablation or conventional high ligation and stripping for great saphenous varicose veins
    S Subramonia
    Department of General Surgery, King s Mill Hospital, Mansfield, UK
    Br J Surg 97:328-36. 2010
    This randomized clinical trial compared early outcomes after radiofrequency ablation (RFA) and conventional surgery for varicose veins.
  11. ncbi The epidemiology of chronic venous insufficiency and varicose veins
    Jennifer L Beebe-Dimmer
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Division of Venous Disease University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109, USA
    Ann Epidemiol 15:175-84. 2005
    ..English language, from 1942 to the present, and focuses on the prevalence of chronic venous insufficiency and varicose veins, as well as the involved risk factors...
  12. ncbi Pathogenesis of varicose veins
    Rahmi Oklu
    Division of Vascular Imaging and Intervention, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, 55 Fruit St, 290 Gray Bigelow, Boston, MA 02114, USA
    J Vasc Interv Radiol 23:33-9; quiz 40. 2012
    Despite the high prevalence of varicose veins and the recent surge in research on the condition, the precise mechanisms underlying their development remain uncertain...
  13. ncbi Prevalence, risk factors, and clinical patterns of chronic venous disorders of lower limbs: a population-based study in France
    Patrick H Carpentier
    University Research Center of La Léchère, Grenoble, France
    J Vasc Surg 40:650-9. 2004
    The goals of this study were to document the prevalence of varicose veins, skin trophic changes, and venous symptoms in a sample of the general population of France, to document their main risk factors, and to assess relationships between ..
  14. ncbi Diagnosis of small-bowel varices by capsule endoscopy
    Shou Jiang Tang
    Center for Therapeutic Endoscopy and Endoscopic, Oncology, St Michael s Hospital, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Gastrointest Endosc 60:129-35. 2004
    ..Capsule endoscopy is being used increasingly to investigate GI bleeding of obscure origin and disorders of the small bowel...
  15. pmc Varicose veins and their management
    Bruce Campbell
    Royal Devon and Exeter Hospital and Peninsula Medical School, Exeter EX2 5DW
    BMJ 333:287-92. 2006
  16. ncbi Inhibitory effect of TIMP influences the morphology of varicose veins
    B Aravind
    Department of Surgery and Cancer, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College, and Department of Histopathology, Charing Cross Hospital, London, UK
    Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg 40:754-65. 2010
    ..of matrix metalloproteinase enzymes (MMP) and their inhibitors (TIMPs) may contribute to the development of varicose veins. We hypothesised that, histological changes in varicose vein wall correlate with alterations in expression of ..
  17. ncbi Randomized clinical trial of VNUS ClosureFAST radiofrequency ablation versus laser for varicose veins
    A C Shepherd
    Imperial Vascular Unit, Department of Surgery, Division of Surgery and Cancer, Imperial College, Charing Cross Hospital, London, UK
    Br J Surg 97:810-8. 2010
    ..radiofrequency ablation (RFA) are both associated with excellent technical, clinical and patient-reported outcomes for the treatment of varicose veins. The aim of this study was to compare the techniques in a randomized clinical trial.
  18. pmc Matrix metalloproteinases as potential targets in the venous dilation associated with varicose veins
    Arda Kucukguven
    Vascular Surgery Research Laboratory, Division of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, Brigham and Women s Hospital, and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Curr Drug Targets 14:287-324. 2013
    b>Varicose veins (VVs) are a common venous disease of the lower extremity characterized by incompetent valves, venous reflux, and dilated and tortuous veins...
  19. ncbi Evaluation of transforming growth factor-beta signaling pathway in the wall of normal and varicose veins
    Radoslaw Kowalewski
    Department of Vascular Surgery and Transplantology, Medical University of Bialystok, PL 15 276 Bialystok, Poland
    Pathobiology 77:1-6. 2010
    ..The aim of the study was to assess the TGF-beta signaling pathway including its receptor (TGF-beta RII) and phosphorylated receptor-regulated Smads (p-Smad2/3) in varicose veins.
  20. ncbi Randomised clinical trial, observational study and assessment of cost-effectiveness of the treatment of varicose veins (REACTIV trial)
    J A Michaels
    Academic Vascular Unit, University of Sheffield, UK
    Health Technol Assess 10:1-196, iii-iv. 2006
    To establish the cost-effectiveness of surgery and sclerotherapy for the treatment of varicose veins.
  21. ncbi Radiofrequency endovenous obliteration versus stripping of the long saphenous vein in the management of primary varicose veins: 3-year outcome of a randomized study
    Jukka Perälä
    Department of Radiology, Oulu University Hospital, Oulu, Finland
    Ann Vasc Surg 19:669-72. 2005
    We evaluated the 3-year outcome of a series of patients with primary varicose veins who were randomized to radiofrequency endovenous obliteration vs. stripping of the long saphenous vein (LSV)...
  22. ncbi Enteroscopic cyanoacrylate sclerotherapy of jejunal and gallbladder varices in a patient with portal hypertension
    S Getzlaff
    Dept. of Gastroenterology, City Hospital, Ludwigshafen am Rhein (University of Mainz Medical School, Germany
    Endoscopy 33:462-4. 2001
    ..No clinical signs of gastrointestinal bleeding were observed during a follow-up period of seven months...
  23. ncbi Technical review of endovenous laser therapy for varicose veins
    R R van den Bos
    Department of Dermatology, Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg 35:88-95. 2008
    In the last decade, several new treatments of truncal varicose veins have been introduced...
  24. ncbi Initial experiences in endovenous treatment of saphenous vein reflux
    Johannes E M Sybrandy
    Department of Vascular Surgery, Sint Franciscus Hospital, Kleiweg 500, 3045 PM Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    J Vasc Surg 36:1207-12. 2002
    ..morbidity, which are also cosmetically more acceptable, has resulted in the endovenous treatment for primary varicose veins, developed by VNUS Medical Technologies, Inc (Sunnyvale, Calif)...
  25. ncbi Treatment of recurrent varicose veins of the great saphenous vein by conventional surgery and endovenous laser ablation
    Laura van Groenendael
    Department of Surgery, Division of Vascular Surgery, Alysis Zorggroep, Location Rijnstate, Arnhem, The Netherlands
    J Vasc Surg 50:1106-13. 2009
    ..The aim of the study was to assess feasibility of endovenous laser ablation (EVLA) in recurrent varicose veins of the GSV and to compare this technique with conventional surgical reintervention.
  26. pmc Outcomes of elective surgery undertaken in independent sector treatment centres and NHS providers in England: audit of patient outcomes in surgery
    J Chard
    Clinical Effectiveness Unit, Royal College of Surgeons of England, London WC2A 3PE, UK
    BMJ 343:d6404. 2011
    ..To compare characteristics of patients and outcomes after elective surgery in independent sector treatment centres (ISTCs) and NHS providers...
  27. ncbi Great saphenous vein radiofrequency ablation versus standard stripping in the management of primary varicose veins-a randomized clinical trial
    Khaled Helmy ElKaffas
    Department of Radiodiagnosis, Cairo University, Egypt
    Angiology 62:49-54. 2011
    ..Chronic venous insufficiency is the most common vascular disease in the adult population. However, randomized clinical trials (RCTs) comparing therapeutic options are limited...
  28. ncbi Effect of portal hypertension in the small bowel: an endoscopic approach
    Pedro Figueiredo
    Department of Gastroenterology, Hospitais da Universidade de Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal
    Dig Dis Sci 53:2144-50. 2008
    ..The effects of portal hypertension in the small bowel are largely unknown. The aim of the study was to prospectively assess portal hypertension manifestations in the small bowel...
  29. ncbi Mutations in FOXC2 are strongly associated with primary valve failure in veins of the lower limb
    Russell H Mellor
    Cardiac and Vascular Sciences, St George s, University of London, Cranmer Terrace, London, SW17 0RE, UK
    Circulation 115:1912-20. 2007
    ..cause lymphedema distichiasis, an inherited primary lymphedema in which a significant number of patients have varicose veins. Because lymphedema distichiasis is believed to be caused by lymphatic valve failure (reflux), and FOXC2 is ..
  30. ncbi Lifestyle factors and the risk of varicose veins: Edinburgh Vein Study
    Amanda J Lee
    Wolfson Unit for Prevention of Peripheral Vascular Diseases, Public Health Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Teviot Place, Edinburgh EH8 9AG, United Kingdom
    J Clin Epidemiol 56:171-9. 2003
    ..of this study was to determine the inter-relationships between a range of lifestyle factors and risk of varicose veins to identify which factors may be implicated in the etiology...
  31. ncbi Smooth muscle cell modulation and cytokine overproduction in varicose veins. An in situ study
    C Badier-Commander
    INSERM U460, UFR X Bichat, 16 rue H Huchard, 75870 Paris Cedex 18, France
    J Pathol 193:398-407. 2001
    ..of the present work was to study, in situ, the morphology and composition of cellular and matrix components in varicose veins compared with control veins and to identify factors that could contribute to varicose remodelling...
  32. pmc Prolonged increases in vein wall tension increase matrix metalloproteinases and decrease constriction in rat vena cava: Potential implications in varicose veins
    Joseph D Raffetto
    VA Boston Healthcare System, West Roxbury, Mass, USA
    J Vasc Surg 48:447-56. 2008
    Increased venous hydrostatic pressure plays a role in the pathogenesis of varicose veins. Increased expression of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) has been identified in varicose veins...
  33. ncbi Mathematical coupling may account for the association between baseline severity and minimally important difference values
    John Patrick Browne
    Health Services Research Unit, Department of Public Health and Policy, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    J Clin Epidemiol 63:865-74. 2010
    ....
  34. ncbi Endovenous laser treatment for uncomplicated varicose veins
    R J Darwood
    Leeds Vascular Institute, The General Infirmary at Leeds, Leeds, UK
    Phlebology 24:50-61. 2009
    ..of incompetent truncal veins has been proposed as a minimally invasive alternative to conventional surgery for varicose veins. Various strategies have been proposed for successful treatment and this study reviews the evidence for these.
  35. ncbi Neurovascular compression of the common peroneal nerve by varicose veins
    N Yamamoto
    Department of Surgery, Hamaoka Municipal Hospital, 2060 Ikesinnden, Hamaoka, Shizuoka, Japan 437 1696
    Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg 28:335-8. 2004
    Compression of the common peroneal nerve occurs sometimes, but compression caused by varicose veins has not been reported before. We report a case of common peroneal nerve compression syndrome which was confirmed and treated surgically...
  36. ncbi Sclerotherapy treatment of telangiectasias and varicose veins
    Steven E Zimmet
    Zimmet Vein and Dermatology Clinic, Austin, TX 78701, USA
    Tech Vasc Interv Radiol 6:116-20. 2003
    Telangiectasias and/or varicose veins are present in about 33% of adult women and 15% of adult men...
  37. ncbi Minimally invasive techniques in the treatment of saphenous varicose veins
    Tamar Nijsten
    Department of Dermatology, Erasmus MC Rotterdam, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    J Am Acad Dermatol 60:110-9. 2009
    ..Dermatologists have played an important role in the development of these new therapies of truncal varicose veins. Of the new therapies, ultrasound-guided foam sclerotherapy, endovenous laser therapy, and radiofrequency ..
  38. ncbi Epidemiological study on varicose veins in Budapest
    I Bihari
    Semmelweis University, Budapest Hungary
    Phlebology 27:77-81. 2012
    To analyse the prevalence and risk factors of varicose veins and chronic venous disease in Budapest.
  39. ncbi Microfoam ultrasound-guided sclerotherapy treatment for varicose veins in a subgroup with diameters at the junction of 10 mm or greater compared with a subgroup of less than 10 mm
    John M Barrett
    Palm Clinic, Auckland, New Zealand
    Dermatol Surg 30:1386-90. 2004
    ....
  40. ncbi Cost-effectiveness of traditional and endovenous treatments for varicose veins
    M S Gohel
    Imperial Vascular Unit, Charing Cross Hospital, London, UK
    Br J Surg 97:1815-23. 2010
    The aim of this study was to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of traditional and endovenous treatments for patients with primary great saphenous varicose veins.
  41. ncbi Imaging mass spectrometry reveals unique lipid distribution in primary varicose veins
    H Tanaka
    Division of Vascular Surgery, Hamamatsu University School of Medicine, 1 20 1 Handayama, Higashi ku, Hamamatsu 431 3192, Japan
    Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg 40:657-63. 2010
    The lipid metabolism of varicose veins (VVs) remains unknown. To elucidate the pathogenesis of VV, we utilized the novel technique of imaging mass spectrometry (IMS).
  42. ncbi Surgical management of varicose veins: meta-analysis
    Ranjeet Brar
    St George s Vascular Institute, St George s Hospital, London, UK
    Vascular 18:205-20. 2010
    ..randomized controlled trials reviews the current evidence base, comparing open and endovascular treatment of varicose veins. Systematic review of studies reporting duplex scan follow-up after open surgical, laser (endovenous laser ..
  43. ncbi Patterns of saphenous reflux in women with primary varicose veins
    Carlos Alberto Engelhorn
    Santa Casa de Misericordia, Pontificia Universidade Catolica do Parana, Brazil
    J Vasc Surg 41:645-51. 2005
    b>Varicose veins have been linked to great saphenous vein (GSV) reflux and in particular, with reflux at the saphenofemoral junction (SFJ)...
  44. ncbi Foam sclerotherapy--a possible option in therapy of varicose veins
    Michael Kendler
    Department of Dermatology, Venereology and Allergy, University of Leipzig, Germany
    J Dtsch Dermatol Ges 5:648-54. 2007
    The therapy of varicose veins is multimodal and depends on the individual clinical findings...
  45. ncbi Comparing endovenous laser ablation, foam sclerotherapy, and conventional surgery for great saphenous varicose veins
    Anke A M Biemans
    Department of Dermatology, Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    J Vasc Surg 58:727-34.e1. 2013
    Many case series have been published on treatments of varicose veins, but comparative randomized controlled trials remain sparse.
  46. ncbi Endovenous laser: a new minimally invasive method of treatment for varicose veins--preliminary observations using an 810 nm diode laser
    L Navarro
    Vein Treatment Center and Beth Israel Medical Center, New York, New York 10021, USA
    Dermatol Surg 27:117-22. 2001
    ..Minimally invasive alternatives in the treatment of varicose veins with SFJ and GSV incompetence have been tried over the years to increase patient comfort, reduce cost and risk,..
  47. ncbi Hemorrhoids and varicose veins: a review of treatment options
    D Mackay
    Thorne Research, 4616 SE 30th, Portland, OR 97202, USA
    Altern Med Rev 6:126-40. 2001
    Hemorrhoids and varicose veins are common conditions seen by general practitioners. Both conditions have several treatment modalities for the physician to choose from. Varicose veins are treated with mechanical compression stockings...
  48. ncbi Structural changes in the tunica intima of varicose veins: a histopathological and ultrastructural study
    A A Khan
    Department of Anatomy, College of Medicine and Medical Sciences, King Khalid University, Abha, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
    Pathology 32:253-7. 2000
    Many factors have been implicated in the aetiology of varicose veins; however, there is ample evidence implicating that the defect is in the wall of the lower limb veins...
  49. ncbi Quantitative proteomics analysis of varicose veins: identification of a set of differentially expressed proteins related to ATP generation and utilization
    Chao Jen Kuo
    Graduate Institute of Medicine, College of Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan Center for Research Resources and Development, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan
    Kaohsiung J Med Sci 29:594-605. 2013
    Although morphological and anatomical studies indicate that varicose veins are characterized by venous wall weakening and subendothelial fibrosis, the exact underlying biochemical mechanism of their development remains unknown...
  50. ncbi Management of varicose veins and venous insufficiency
    Allen Hamdan
    Department of Surgery, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, 110 Francis St, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA
    JAMA 308:2612-21. 2012
    ..by a spectrum of signs and symptoms, including cosmetic spider veins, asymptomatic varicosities, large painful varicose veins, edema, hyperpigmentation and lipodermatosclerosis of skin, and ulceration...
  51. ncbi Comparison of collagen subtype I and III presence in varicose and non-varicose vein walls
    Z Haviarova
    Institute of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, Comenius University, Bratislava, Slovakia
    Bratisl Lek Listy 109:102-5. 2008
    ..The connective tissue alterations in varicose vein wall are supposed to be one of the main causes of primary varicose vein (main sign of human lower limbs chronic venous insufficency)...
  52. ncbi Histopathological changes in the wall of varicose veins
    M A Wali
    Department of Surgery, Asir Central Hospital and College of Medicine, King Khalid University, Abha, Saudi Arabia
    Int Angiol 22:188-93. 2003
    Vein wall distensibility is controlled by collagen, elastin and smooth muscle cells. However, contradicting evidence exists on the connective tissue concentration and smooth muscle pathology in varicose veins.
  53. ncbi Varicose veins are a risk factor for deep venous thrombosis in general practice patients
    Uwe Müller-Bühl
    Department of General Practice and Health Services Research, University Hospital, Heidelberg, Germany
    Vasa 41:360-5. 2012
    The role of varicose veins (VV) as a risk factor for development of deep venous thrombosis (DVT) is still controversial...
  54. ncbi Mechanisms of increased vascular superoxide production in human varicose veins
    Bartłomiej Guzik
    Department of Internal and Agricultural Medicine, Jagiellonian University, Medical College, Krakow, Poland
    Pol Arch Med Wewn 121:279-86. 2011
    ..Recent studies have shown that oxidative stress is increased in varicose veins (VV) and venous insufficiency. However, the exact mechanisms of oxidative stress in VV remain unknown.
  55. ncbi Injection of polidocanol foam (PF) in varicose veins as a trigger for attacks of migraine with visual aura
    H Ratinahirana
    Cephalalgia 23:850-1. 2003
  56. ncbi Recurrent varicose veins: incidence, risk factors and groin anatomy
    L Blomgren
    Department of Surgery, St Gorans Hospital, Stockholm
    Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg 27:269-74. 2004
    ..the recurrence rate after sapheno-femoral junction (SFJ) ligation and great saphenous vein (GSV) stripping for varicose veins (VV), to evaluate risk factors for recurrence and to classify the anatomy of the recurrence in the groin...
  57. ncbi Preliminary experience with a new sclerosing foam in the treatment of varicose veins
    L Tessari
    Glauco Bassi Foundation, Trieste, Italy
    Dermatol Surg 27:58-60. 2001
    ..We present a pilot study of a new technique for producing the sclerosing foam (Tessari's method) (SFT) and its use in sclerotherapy of major and minor varicosities...
  58. ncbi Clinical and technical outcomes from a randomized clinical trial of endovenous laser ablation compared with conventional surgery for great saphenous varicose veins
    D Carradice
    Academic Vascular Surgical Unit, University of Hull, Hull, UK
    Br J Surg 98:1117-23. 2011
    This report describes the clinical effectiveness and recurrence rates from a randomized trial of endovenous laser ablation (EVLA) and surgery for varicose veins.
  59. ncbi Imbalance in the synthesis of collagen type I and collagen type III in smooth muscle cells derived from human varicose veins
    P Sansilvestri-Morel
    Division of Angiology, Servier Research Institute, Suresnes, France
    J Vasc Res 38:560-8. 2001
    b>Varicose veins have a thickening wall. Their smooth muscle cells are disorganized as regards proliferation and production of extracellular matrix protein...
  60. ncbi Venous hypoxia: a poorly studied etiological factor of varicose veins
    C S Lim
    Imperial Vascular Unit, Department of Surgery and Cancer, Faculty of Medicine, Charing Cross Hospital, Imperial College London, London, UK
    J Vasc Res 48:185-94. 2011
    ..There was no evidence that differences exist between oxygen content of blood from varicose and non-varicose veins, although the former demonstrated larger fluctuations with postural changes...
  61. ncbi Identification of differentially expressed genes in human varicose veins: involvement of matrix gla protein in extracellular matrix remodeling
    Chrystelle Cario-Toumaniantz
    INSERM, U533, Universite de Nantes, Faculte des Sciences et Techniques, l institut du thorax, Nantes, France
    J Vasc Res 44:444-59. 2007
    This study was designed to identify the global pattern of differentially expressed genes in human varicose veins. Using suppressive subtractive hybridization, we identified overexpression of genes known to be associated with extracellular ..
  62. ncbi Pain following 980-nm endovenous laser ablation and segmental radiofrequency ablation for varicose veins: a prospective observational study
    Amanda C Shepherd
    Imperial Vascular Unit, Imperial College, Charing Cross Hospital, London, United Kingdom
    Vasc Endovascular Surg 44:212-6. 2010
    ..The aim of this study was to evaluate postoperative pain following endovenous laser ablation (EVLA) and radiofrequency ablation (RFA) and identify risk factors for increased pain...
  63. ncbi [New advances in the treatment of varicose veins: endovenous radiofrequency VNUS Closure®]
    Cesar Garcia-Madrid
    Angiologia, Cirugia Vascular y Endovascular, Institut Vascular Sala Planell Centro Médico Teknon, Barcelona, Espana
    Cir Esp 89:420-6. 2011
    Lower limb varicose veins are often secondary to greater saphenous vein (GSV) insufficiency. Technological development has led to the appearance of new minimally invasive treatments, such as endovenous radiofrequency ablation (ERFA)...
  64. ncbi Standing at work and varicose veins
    F Tuchsen
    Department of Surveillance and Epidemiology, National Institute of Occupational Health, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Scand J Work Environ Health 26:414-20. 2000
    This study attempts to determine whether or not prolonged standing at work involves an excess risk for the occurrence of varicose veins.
  65. ncbi Overexpression of transforming growth factor-beta1 correlates with increased synthesis of nitric oxide synthase in varicose veins
    Theresa Jacob
    Division of Vascular Surgery, Maimonides Medical Center, 4802 10th Avenue, Brooklyn, NY 11219, USA
    J Vasc Surg 41:523-30. 2005
    ..inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) mediates signal transduction in vascular wall during the development of varicose veins. Currently, we investigated the expression and correlation of TGF-beta 1 , iNOS, monocyte/macrophage ..
  66. ncbi Persistent sciatic vessels, varicose veins, and lower limb hypertrophy: an unusual case or discrete clinical syndrome?
    Duncan J Parry
    Department of Vascular Surgery, Huddersfield Royal Infirmary
    J Vasc Surg 36:396-400. 2002
    ..We present the case of a 27-year-old woman with atypical left-sided varicose veins and soft tissue hypertrophy. Imaging showed persistence of both sciatic artery and vein...
  67. ncbi In vitro differences between smooth muscle cells derived from varicose veins and normal veins
    Ying Xiao
    Research Center of Vascular Surgery, Department of Vascular Surgery, First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat sen University, Guangzhou, Peoples Republic of China
    J Vasc Surg 50:1149-54. 2009
    ..many studies have investigated the role of the main components of the venous wall in the development of varicose veins, the leading cause remains unknown...
  68. ncbi A prospective randomised controlled trial of VNUS closure versus surgery for the treatment of recurrent long saphenous varicose veins
    R J Hinchliffe
    Department of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, University Hospital, Nottingham, UK
    Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg 31:212-8. 2006
    This study aimed to assess the outcome of endoluminal thermal ablation (VNUS) and traditional redo groin surgery (RGS) and long saphenous vein (LSV) stripping in patients with bilateral recurrent long saphenous varicose veins.
  69. ncbi Bloodstain pattern analysis in a case of fatal varicose vein rupture
    Anny Sauvageau
    Laboratoire de Sciences Judiciaires et de Médecine Légale, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Am J Forensic Med Pathol 28:35-7. 2007
    ..Until now, the bloodstain patterns in these fatal cases have not been described. An examination of the bloodstain pattern in a case of fatal varicose vein rupture in an 84-year-old man is here reported...
  70. ncbi Role of the endothelium and blood stasis in the development of varicose veins
    C Michiels
    Laboratoire de Biochimie et Biologie Cellulaire, University of Namur, Namur, Belgium
    Int Angiol 21:18-25. 2002
    ..Additionally, the mechanism of the occurrence of varicose veins is not understood...
  71. ncbi Whole-leg duplex mapping for varicose veins: observations on patterns of reflux in recurrent and primary legs, with clinical correlation
    J K F Wong
    Department of General Surgery, Raigmore Hospital, Inverness, Scotland
    Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg 25:267-75. 2003
    ..the variability of venous reflux patterns complicate the management of venous disease. Our study investigates specific variations in venous anatomy and patterns of reflux in varying clinical situations...
  72. ncbi Radiofrequency ablation for uncomplicated varicose veins
    M S Gohel
    Imperial Vascular Unit, Charing Cross Hospital, London W6 8RF, UK
    Phlebology 24:42-9. 2009
    ..The scientific principles behind RFA and technical procedural considerations are discussed and standards of care for the delivery of endovenous RFA are proposed...
  73. ncbi The incidence and characteristic features of fatal hemorrhage due to ruptured varicose veins: a 10-year autopsy study
    Roger W Byard
    Forensic Science SA, Adelaide, Australia
    Am J Forensic Med Pathol 28:299-302. 2007
    Death due to hemorrhage from ruptured peripheral varicose veins is an uncommon event...
  74. ncbi Neovascularization and recurrent varicose veins: more histologic and ultrasound evidence
    Andre M Van Rij
    Department of Surgery, Dunedin School of Medicine, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    J Vasc Surg 40:296-302. 2004
    The recurrence of varicose veins is a common and costly consequence of varicose vein surgery. Despite the long history and vast experience of varicose vein surgery, the exact cause of recurrence is still unknown...
  75. ncbi Recurrent varicose veins after surgery: a new appraisal of a common and complex problem in vascular surgery
    T Kostas
    Division of Vascular Surgery, University Hospital of Heraklion, Heraklion, Crete, Greece
    Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg 27:275-82. 2004
    ..To assess the true incidence, the reflux patterns and the mechanisms responsible for recurrent varicose vein disease according to current definitions and guidelines...
  76. ncbi Varicose veins: newer, better treatments available
    John R Bartholomew
    Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Section of Vascular Medicine, The Cleveland Clinic Foundation, OH, 44195, USA
    Cleve Clin J Med 72:312-4, 319-21, 325-8. 2005
    b>Varicose veins are not only a cosmetic annoyance: they can lead to complications that result in lost time from work and lost wages...
  77. ncbi A prospective double-blind randomized controlled trial of radiofrequency versus laser treatment of the great saphenous vein in patients with varicose veins
    Ian M Nordon
    St George s Vascular Institute, St James Wing, St George s Hospital, London, United Kingdom
    Ann Surg 254:876-81. 2011
    Endovenous ablation of varicose veins using radiofrequency ablation (RFA) and endovenous laser therapy (EVLT) has reported advantages over traditional open surgical treatment...
  78. ncbi Proof-of-principle study of steam ablation as novel thermal therapy for saphenous varicose veins
    Renate R van den Bos
    Department of Dermatology, Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    J Vasc Surg 53:181-6. 2011
    ..laser ablation have been challenging the position of traditional surgery for the treatment of saphenous varicose veins. The newest method of thermal ablation is pulsated steam, which works by heating the vein with steam at 120°C...
  79. ncbi Increased activation of the hypoxia-inducible factor pathway in varicose veins
    Chung S Lim
    Academic Section of Vascular Surgery, Department of Surgery and Cancer, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom
    J Vasc Surg 55:1427-39. 2012
    ..demonstrated that the average minimum oxygen tensions were significantly lower in VVs compared with non-varicose veins (NVVs)...
  80. ncbi The role of postoperative neovascularisation in recurrence of varicose veins: from historical background to today's evidence
    M G R De Maeseneer
    Department of Thoracic and Vascular Surgery, University Hospital Antwerp, Belgium
    Acta Chir Belg 104:283-9. 2004
    Recurrence of varicose veins at the sapheno-femoral or sapheno-popliteal junction can not always be explained by technical inadequacy of the original intervention...
  81. ncbi [Diagnosis and treatment of varicose veins: part 2: therapeutic procedures and results]
    H Nüllen
    Gemeinschaftspraxis für Gefässmedizin in Mönchengladbach GPG MG, Rheydter Str 276, 41065, Mönchengladbach, Deutschland
    Chirurg 81:1125-37; quiz 1138. 2010
    This is the second of two articles on the diagnosis and treatment of varicose veins. Primary varicosis is a congenital degenerative disease of the peripheral venous system of the lower extremities...
  82. ncbi Endovenous ablation of the great saphenous vein may avert phlebectomy for branch varicose veins
    Harold J Welch
    Department of Vascular Surgery, Lahey Clinic and Tufts University School of Medicine, MA, USA
    J Vasc Surg 44:601-5. 2006
    ..ablation of the great saphenous vein (GSV) may be performed simultaneously with stab phlebectomy of branch varicose veins or as a stand-alone procedure...
  83. ncbi Dysregulated apoptosis in primary varicose veins
    E Ducasse
    Unit of Vascular Surgery, Clinic Umberto I, University La Sapienza, Rome, Italy
    Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg 29:316-23. 2005
    ..To investigate its possible pathogenic role in primary varicose veins we studied histological changes in surgical specimens from human varicose veins...
  84. ncbi Unusual sudden death: two case reports of hemorrhage by rupture of varicose veins
    Stephanie Racette
    Laboratoire de Sciences Judiciaires et de Médecine Légale, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Am J Forensic Med Pathol 26:294-6. 2005
    Although varicose veins are frequent, they are rarely considered lethal. Still, rupture of a varicosity can result in significant and even fatal hemorrhage. External hemorrhage is an unusual complication of this common venous pathology...
  85. ncbi Treatment options for primary varicose veins--a review
    R J Beale
    Vascular Surgical Unit, The General Infermary at Leeds, Great George Street, Leeds LS1 3EX, UK
    Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg 30:83-95. 2005
  86. ncbi Smooth muscle cell hypertrophy in varicose veins is associated with expression of estrogen receptor-beta
    Michiel W M Knaapen
    HistoGeneX, Edegem, Belgium
    J Vasc Res 42:8-12. 2005
    b>Varicose veins are characterized by dilated and thickened vein walls. This study examined whether the changes that occur in varicose veins are associated with smooth muscle cell (SMC) hypertrophy, cellular proliferation or apoptosis...
  87. ncbi Percutaneus treatment of varicose veins with bipolar radiofrequency ablation
    R Boon
    Department of Surgery, Spaarne Hospital, Hoofddorp, The Netherlands
    Eur J Radiol 75:43-7. 2010
    ..Linear endovenous energy density (LEED) describes the amount of energy used for vein closure...
  88. ncbi Foam and liquid sclerotherapy for varicose veins
    Philip Coleridge Smith
    London Vein Institute, London WIG 6 LF, UK
    Phlebology 24:62-72. 2009
    ..The objective of this study is to review the methods and outcome of ultrasound-guided foam sclerotherapy (UGFS) for the treatment of superficial venous incompetence...
  89. ncbi Varicose veins show enhanced chemokine expression
    L del Rio Solá
    Vascular Surgery Division, Hospital Clinico Universitario, Valladolid, Spain
    Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg 38:635-41. 2009
    Leucocyte infiltration in the wall of varicose veins has been reported previously...
  90. ncbi Recurrent varicose veins following surgical treatment: our experience with five years follow-up
    C Allegra
    Department of Angiology, S Giovanni Hospital, Rome, Italy
    Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg 33:751-6. 2007
    To report the 5 year outcome of varicose veins surgery and to establish the factors determining recurrence.
  91. ncbi Bladder varices--rare cause of painless hematuria in idiopathic retroperitoneal fibrosis
    C George Koshy
    Department of Radiology, Christian Medical College, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India
    Urology 73:58-9. 2009
    ..No recurrence of the hematuria was noted on follow-up. We have described a unique presentation of hematuria due to vesical varices in a patient with idiopathic retroperitoneal fibrosis...
  92. ncbi Arterioportal fistula causing jejunal variceal hemorrhage
    Levent Filik
    Turkiye Yuksek Ihtisas Hospital, Gastroenterology Clinics, Ankara, Turkey
    Turk J Gastroenterol 14:266-9. 2003
    ..Hemorrhage was controlled with medical treatment. Since he refused any surgical intervention he was discharged and advised to continue follow-up...
  93. ncbi A case of fatal spontaneous varicose vein rupture--an example of incorrect first aid
    Petr Hejna
    Institute of Legal Medicine, Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic
    J Forensic Sci 54:1146-8. 2009
    ..Death was caused by a hypovolemic shock because of external hemorrhage from a varicose vein...
  94. ncbi Radiofrequency ablation vs conventional surgery for varicose veins - a comparison of treatment costs in a randomised trial
    S Subramonia
    General Surgery, King s Mill Hospital, Mansfield, UK
    Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg 39:104-11. 2010
    To compare the costs involved (from procedure to recovery) following radiofrequency ablation and conventional surgery for lower limb varicose veins in a selected population.
  95. ncbi Incidence of varicose veins in Finland
    L A Mäkivaara
    Tampere School of Public Health, Tampere University, Finland
    Vasa 33:159-63. 2004
    Incidence of varicose veins in the population is unknown. The study aimed at estimating the incidence of varicose veins in complete cohorts of 40-60 year-olds in a general population.
  96. ncbi Systematic review of treatments for varicose veins
    Deanne Leopardi
    Australian Safety and Efficacy Register of New Interventional Procedures Surgical, Royal Australasian College of Surgeons, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia
    Ann Vasc Surg 23:264-76. 2009
    ..Evidence suggests conservative therapy is less effective than sclerotherapy and surgery for the treatment of varicose veins. Ligation with stripping plus phlebectomy is generally regarded as the "gold standard" for treating primary ..
  97. ncbi Elastic fibers in saphenous varicose veins
    Luis Cristovao Porto
    Department of Histology and Embryology, Instituto de Biologia Roberto Alcantara Gomes, and Angiology service of the State University of Rio de Janeiro, Iguaçu University, Brazil
    Angiology 53:131-40. 2002
    ..In the media, the elastic network around smooth muscle cell bundles is disrupted and the Dem diminishes as the media becomes sclerotic...
  98. ncbi HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors reduce matrix metalloproteinase-9 activity in human varicose veins
    S Nomura
    Department of Medical Bioregulation, Yamaguchi University School of Medicine, Ube, Japan
    Eur Surg Res 37:370-8. 2005
    Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) have been implicated in tissue degradation in varicose veins. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase inhibitors (statins) on the activity of ..
  99. ncbi Incomplete removal of great saphenous vein is the most common cause for recurrent varicose veins
    Dhiraj Joshi
    Department of General and Vascular Surgery, Watford General Hospital, Watford, UK
    Angiology 62:198-201. 2011
    Hie-tie and great saphenous vein (GSV) stripping decreases recurrence of varicose veins (VVs). However, varying lengths of residual-GSV are observed in patients with previous GSV stripping. This may explain high recurrence rates of VVs...
  100. pmc Linkage to the FOXC2 region of chromosome 16 for varicose veins in otherwise healthy, unselected sibling pairs
    M Y M Ng
    Twin Research and Genetic Epidemiology Unit, St Thomas Hospital, London SE1 7EH
    J Med Genet 42:235-9. 2005
    The FOXC2 gene on 16q24 is mutated in lymphoedema distichiasis (LD), in which varicose veins (VV) are a common feature...
  101. ncbi Three-Dimensional CT venography of varicose veins of the lower extremity: image quality and comparison with doppler sonography
    Whal Lee
    Department of Radiology, Institute of Radiation Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul National University Medical Research Center, Clinical Research Institute, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Republic of Korea
    AJR Am J Roentgenol 191:1186-91. 2008
    The purpose of this study was to verify the imaging quality of CT venography in the clinical evaluation of the lower extremity superficial venous system and to correlate the CT and duplex sonographic findings about varicose veins.

Research Grants27

  1. Endovascular Laser Treatment of Varicose Veins
    DILIP PAITHANKAR; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..wavelength for photothermal coagulation and destruction of the greater saphenous vein (GSV) for treatment of varicose veins. Varicose veins are a significant medical and cosmetic problem with high incidence, especially among women...
  2. Mechano-Sensitive Hypoxia-Inducible Factor-MMP Pathway in Venous Insufficiency
    Raouf A Khalil; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Chronic venous insufficiency (CVI) is a common and costly disease characterized by excessive vein dilation and varicose veins. CVI commonly occurs in the lower extremity, suggesting a role of venous pressure and vein wall stretch...
  3. The Incidence and Progression of Peripheral Venous Disease
    Michael H Criqui; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..a multi-ethnic population the presence or absence, and degree of concordance, of visible disease -normal (NL), varicose veins (W), trophic changes (TCS), and functional disease (reflux or obstruction) by Duplex ultrasound -normal, ..
  4. PROTEASE MODULATING WOUND DRESSINGS FOR THE TREATMENT OF VENOUS ULCERS
    DAVID VACHON; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The major causes of venous insufficiency, potentially leading to non-healing stasis ulcers, include varicose veins, deep venous thrombosis, neoplastic obstructions, and congenital or acquired arterio-venous fistulae...
  5. Pycnogenol for Treatment of Arm Lymphedema
    Paul Hutson; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Pycnogenol(r) is widely used in Europe for lymphedema of the leg and varicose veins, and is thought to act by several mechanisms including vascular permeability and vascular constriction...
  6. Mechanisms of Varicose Vein Formation
    Mark D Iafrati; Fiscal Year: 2010
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Varicose veins are focal vessel dilitations present in up to 30% of the adult population and clearly associated with significant morbidity...
  7. GENES FOR VASCULAR MORPHOGENESIS: A GENETIC APPROACH
    Qing Wang; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..us to understand the molecular mechanisms underlying KTS as well as other common vascular disorders such as varicose veins and venous malformations...
  8. SEVERE MALARIAL ANEMIA AND ALTERED IMMUNE FUNCTION
    Victor Gordeuk; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The nutritional status, underlying parasitic infections, and genotypes and numbers of infecting P. falciparum strains will also be characterized. ..
  9. Howard-CNMC Sickle Cell Disease Clinical Center
    Victor Gordeuk; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..A major feature of both sickle cell programs has always been continuity of care and participation in collaborative research. ..
  10. Pulmonary Hypertension and the Hypoxic Response in SCD
    Victor Gordeuk; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Aim 3. Using micro array analysis and high throughput genotyping, examine patterns of gene expression and candidate gene polymorphisms of the HIF-mediated hypoxic response in SCD and CP patients with and without PHTN. ..
  11. MANAGEMENT OF PATIENTS WITH SUSPECTED PULMONARY EMBOLISH
    Suman Rathbun; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  12. ESTROGEN STATUS AND THE FUNCTION OF CORONARY ARTERIES
    VIRGINIA MILLER; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The experiments of this proposal take such an approach using molecular to integrated whole animal physiology. ..
  13. Individual Propensity to Venous Thrombosis
    John Heit; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..However, the incidence of VTE has remained relatively constant at about 1 per 1000 since 1980. Clearly, better methods of targeting VTE prophylaxis are needed. ..
  14. Integrated Photothermal Nanoprobes
    Vladimir Zharov; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The results of these studies will also make it possible to formulate recommendations on the desired properties of new, clustered nanomaterials for medical applications. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  15. MECHANISMS OF ENDOTHELIAL DYSFUNCTION IN DIABETICS
    Joshua Beckman; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  16. Photothermal Evaluation of Drug Toxicity at Cell Level
    Vladimir Zharov; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  17. BREATH HOLD 3D MRA OF THE CORONARY ARTERIES
    Robert Edelman; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The goal is to optimize the MRA method and to determine if the use of contrast agents provides any clinical benefit. ..
  18. Smash Contrast-Enhanced 3D MR Angiography
    Robert Edelman; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  19. Smash Contrast-Enhanced 3D MR Angiography
    Robert Edelman; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....
  20. Gene Delivery to the Trabecular Meshwork
    Douglas Rhee; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..These studies would set the foundation for future evaluations of the function of MIF in the TM and MIF?s potential as a candidate for gene therapy for the treatment of glaucoma. ..
  21. Photothermal Imaging of Live Cells
    Vladimir Zharov; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The technical realization of PTI is relatively simple, requiring the combination of conventional optical phase-contrast microscopy and the already routinely used nanosecond laser. ..
  22. MULTICENTER RANDOMIZED TRIAL OF DSRS VERSUS TIPS
    John Henderson; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The extension of this trial, will provide the most comprehensive and longest follow-up for these two shunt procedures for control of variceal bleeding. ..
  23. Integrated optical imaging rat of mesentery
    Vladimir Zharov; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The technical realization of this new imaging system is relatively simple, combining transmission microscopy and laser technique already routinely in use. ..
  24. Neurite density in skin as a marker for neuropathic pain
    Anne Louise Oaklander; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  25. Activation of clotting & cell adhesion: gas embolism
    David M Eckmann; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This work is the basis for neuroprotection in gas embolism-induced stroke, a persistent, growing health threat without treatment. ..
  26. H. PYLORI AND IL-1Beta IN ESOPHAGEAL ONCOGENESIS
    Fritz Francois; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..From these studies, both the microbial contribution and the host genotype contribution to adenocarcinoma risk should be able to be assessed, as well as to begin to define relevant cellular pathways. ..