carotid cavernous sinus fistula
Summary: Laceration of the intracavernous portion of the carotid artery or one of its intracavernous branches resulting in a direct communication between the internal carotid artery and the cavernous sinus. Clinically, this produces a pulsatile exophthalmus and a marked limitation of extraocular motion in the affected eye. CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA, especially basilar skull fractures (SKULL FRACTURE, BASILAR) is the most common cause of this condition, but it may also occur spontaneously or in association with diseases featuring defective connective tissue, such as EHLERS-DANLOS SYNDROME. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p877)
Publications163 found, 100 shown here
- Embolization of indirect carotid-cavernous sinus fistulas using the superior ophthalmic vein approachJ Baldauf
Department of Neurosurgery, Ernst Moritz Arndt University, Sauerbruchstrasse, Greifswald, Germany
Acta Neurol Scand 110:200-4. 2004..Alternative vascular approaches for embolization are required when standard interventional neuroradiological access via arterial or transfemoral venous routes is not feasible...
- Intraconal superior ophthalmic vein embolisation for carotid cavernous fistulaColin C K Chan
Department of Ophthalmology, Royal North Shore Hospital, St Leonards, New South Wales, Australia
Orbit 25:31-4. 2006..Whilst utilising the superior ophthalmic vein is well described in the literature, to our knowledge, needing to access the intraconal portion of the vein has not previously been reported...
- Embolisation of indirect carotid-cavernous sinus dural arterio-venous fistulae using the direct superior ophthalmic vein approachJ W Lee
Department of Neurosurgery, Brain Research Institute, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
Acta Neurochir (Wien) 150:557-61. 2008..This approach is easy, safe, and effective when performed by a multidisciplinary team...
- Superior petrosal sinus catheterization for transvenous embolization of a dural carotid cavernous sinus fistulaCharbel Mounayer
Department of Interventional Neuroradiology, Foundation Rothschild, Paris, France
AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 23:1153-5. 2002..To our knowledge, this retrograde venous route via the superior petrosal sinus has not been previously described...
- Transsphenoidal computer-navigation-assisted deflation of a balloon after endovascular occlusion of a direct carotid cavernous sinus fistulaJ Klisch
Department of Neurosurgery, Section of Neuroradiology, University of Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany
AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 22:537-40. 2001..The previously described symptoms resolved after balloon deflation. This report presents a rare complication of endovascular treatment of direct CCF and a new microsurgical approach to a balloon in a case of nerve compression...
- Return of vision after transarterial coiling of a carotid cavernous sinus fistula: case reportSunit Das
Department of Neurological Surgery, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL 60611, USA
Surg Neurol 66:82-5; discussion 85. 2006..Hypoxic ocular sequelae of carotid-cavernous fistulae: study of the causes of visual failure before and after neurosurgical treatment in a series of 25 cases. Br J Ophthalmol 1969;53:82-97]...
- Carotid cavernous sinus fistula presenting with pulsating exophthalmos and secondary glaucomaSaroj Gupta
Department of Ophthalmology, People s Hospital, People s College of Medical Sciences and Research Centre, Bhopal 462010
J Indian Med Assoc 106:312, 346. 2008b>Carotid cavernous sinus fistula is abnormal communications between the carotid arterial system and the venous cavernous sinus. Carotid cavernous sinus fistula can develop either because of trauma or spontaneous causes...
- Spontaneous subconjunctival haemorrhage secondary to carotid-cavernous fistulaJeffrey Chiu Fai Pong
Clin Experiment Ophthalmol 36:90-1. 2008
- Intractable epistaxis related to cavernous carotid artery pseudoaneurysm: treatment of a case with covered stentGöçer Celil
Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Ankara Numune Hospital, Cemal Gürsel Caddesi No 44 A, Cebeci, Ankara, Turkey
Auris Nasus Larynx 31:275-8. 2004..In differential diagnosis of patients with intractable epistaxis and isolated sphenoid sinus lesions, PICA should be considered. Early treatment with covered stent of aneurysm can be a life saving therapeutic approach...
- Prognostic analysis and complications of traumatic carotid cavernous fistulas after treatment with detachable balloon and/or coil embolizationZhen Jiu Yang
Department of Neurosurgery, People s Hospital of Shenzhen Nanshan, Shenzhen 518052, China
Chin J Traumatol 7:286-8. 2004..To explore the causes of the formation of traumatic carotid-cavernous fistulas and the therapeutic effect of detachable balloon and/or coil embolization and the prevention of its complications...
- Combined transarterial N-butyl cyanoacrylate and coil embolization of direct carotid-cavernous fistulas. Report of two casesNeil A Troffkin
Departments of Neurosurgery, University of Kentucky Chandler Medical Center, Lexington, Kentucky 40356, USA
J Neurosurg 106:903-6. 2007..This technique provides interventionalists with yet another treatment option in these often complex cases...
- Treatment of extracranial and intracranial aneurysms and arteriovenous fistulae using stent graftsStephan Felber
Klinik für Radiologie und Neuroradiologie, Alfried Krupp Krankenhaus, Essen, Germany
Neurosurgery 55:631-8; discussion 638-9. 2004..Treatment of 11 patients with aneurysms or arteriovenous fistulae of the craniocervical arteries with stent grafts...
- Endovascular treatment of congenital carotid-cavernous fistulas in infancyJose E Cohen
Department of Neurosurgery, Section of Endovascular Neurosurgery and Interventional Neuroradiology, Hadassah Hebrew University Hospital, Jerusalem, Israel
Neurol Res 30:649-51. 2008..We review the literature on congenital carotid cavernous fistulas in infancy focusing on the endovascular treatment of this rare entity and present our experience...
- [Diagnosis and treatment of carotid cavernous fistulas]R H Andres
Institut für Diagnostische und Interventionelle Neuroradiologie, Universität Bern Inselspital, Bern
Rofo 180:604-13. 2008..Progress in this field is constant so that new technical advances are expected to improve the safety and to expand the indications for these procedures in the future...
- Use of gadolinium as an intraarterial contrast agent for pediatric neuroendovascular proceduresMatthew V Burry
Department of Neurological Surgery, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32610, USA
J Neurosurg 100:150-5. 2004..The safety and efficacy of Gd as an intraarterial contrast agent for pediatric neuroendovascular procedures were investigated...
- Endovascular strategies for carotid cavernous and intracerebral dural arteriovenous fistulasPerry P Ng
Division of Interventional Neuroradiology, University of California at San Francisco Medical Center, San Francisco, California 94143 0628, USA
Neurosurg Focus 15:ECP1. 2003..The authors provide review of the clinical features, pathophysiology, and management of intracranial AVFs focusing on contemporary endovascular treatment options...
- [Transvenous occlusion of carotid cavernous fistula]You Xiang Li
Department of Neuro endovascular Treatment, Institute of Neuroscience, CAMS and PUMC, Beijing 100050, China
Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao 27:35-7. 2005..To evaluate the treatment of carotid cavernous fistula with the transvenous approaches...
- Postcarotid endarterectomy pseudoaneurysm treated with combined stent graft and coil embolization--a case reportAlbeir Mousa
New York Presbyterian Hospital, Cornell University, Weill Medical School and Columbia University, College of Physicians and Surgeons, 525 E 68th, New York, NY 10021, USA
Vasc Endovascular Surg 39:191-4. 2005..This case highlights the feasibility and safety of using endovascular techniques in the treatment of post-CEA pseudoaneurysm...
- [Arterio-venous fistula of cavernous sinus. A comparison of iatrogenic direct fistula with low flow dura shunt syndrome]Heinrich Holak
Z Kliniki Okulistycznej w Centrum Medycznym im R Virchowa w Salzgitter
Klin Oczna 107:103-9. 2005..Comparison of symptoms of the low-flow dura shunt syndrome as a small arterial anomaly in the cavernous sinus with the direct, traumatic originated internal carotid artery fistula...
- Life-threatening epistaxis from a rare treatable causeMohammed Iqbal Syed
Southern General Hospital, South Glasgow University Hospitals National Health Service Trust, Glasgow, UK
Am J Emerg Med 25:116-8. 2007
- Isolated ocular motor nerve palsy in dural carotid-cavernous sinus fistulaH C Wu
Department of Neurology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan
Eur J Neurol 13:1221-5. 2006..MRI and MRA are of value in the initial evaluation, but DSA is necessary for the accurate diagnosis and treatment planning...
- Endovascular treatment of direct carotid cavernous fistulae: a pictorial reviewArun K Gupta
Department of Imaging Sciences and Interventional Radiology, Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences and Technology, Trivandrum, 695 011, India
Neuroradiology 48:831-9. 2006..Direct carotid-cavernous fistulae (CCFs) are type A fistulae according to Barrow's classification. Endovascular treatment of these lesions is challenging...
- [Injury of craniocervical arteries: imaging findings and therapy]S Hahnel
Neurologische Klinik, Abt Neuroradiologie, Universitatsklinikum Heidelberg
Rofo 179:119-29. 2007..These traumatic vascular lesions can usually be treated using endovascular techniques. This overview describes neuroradiological findings for traumatic lesions of cervical and cranial vessels as well as endovascular treatment options...
- Transvenous treatment of spontaneous dural carotid-cavernous fistulas using a combination of detachable coils and OnyxS Suzuki
Division of Interventional Neuroradiology, Department of Radiological Sciences, UCLA School of Medicine, University of California Los Angeles, 10833 LeConte Avenue, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 27:1346-9. 2006..This report suggests that the controlled and excellent penetration of Onyx is superb for blocking the intricate communication of dural carotid-cavernous fistulas...
- Intraorbital arteriovenous fistulae of the ophthalmic veins treated by transvenous endovascular occlusion: technical case reportLouis P Caragine
Department of Neurological Surgery, The Ohio State University Medical Center, Columbus, Ohio 43210 1240, USA
Neurosurgery 58:ONS-E170; discussion ONS-E170. 2006..Intraorbital arteriovenous fistulas (AVF) of the ophthalmic veins are an extremely rare phenomenon. This article describes two such cases treated solely by transvenous occlusion and not hitherto described in the literature...
- Transvenous embolization of a dural carotid-cavernous fistula through the contralateral superior petrosal sinusAlexander Andreou
Department of Neurosurgery and Interventional Neuroradiology, Hygeia Hospital, Erythrou Stavrou 4, 15123, Athens, Greece
Neuroradiology 49:259-63. 2007..Cavernous sinus catheterization was achieved through the contralateral superior petrosal sinus, permitting occlusion of the fistula without complications...
- Carotid-cavernous sinus fistula: a case studyGretchen M Gallucci
Riverside Interventional Consultants in Columbus, OH, USA
J Neurosci Nurs 37:200-2, 210. 2005..This case study reports the diagnosis and treatment of a carotid-cavernous sinus fistula that developed several months after a traumatic head injury...
- Transvenous n-butyl-cyanoacrylate infusion for complex dural carotid cavernous fistulas: technical considerations and clinical outcomeAjay K Wakhloo
Department of Radiology, University of Miami, Bascom Palmer Eye Institute, Miami, FL, USA
AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 26:1888-97. 2005..The purpose of this study was to evaluate the technical aspects, efficacy, and safety of transvenous n-butyl cyanoacrylate (n-BCA) infusion in dCCFs as a primary alternative or adjunct to coil embolization...
- Transvenous embolization of a dural carotid-cavernous sinus fistula via the inferior ophthalmic veinKevin S Michels
Department of Ophthalmology, Casey Eye Institute, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, OR 97239, USA
Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg 23:480-2. 2007..Follow-up venograms demonstrated occlusion of the fistula. At 2-month follow-up, there was a residual sixth nerve palsy and resolution of symptoms, including proptosis and periocular swelling...
- An arteriovenous malformation masquerading as a carotid-cavernous sinus fistulaMaria E Gregory
Department of Ophthalmology, University Hospital of Staffordshire, 17 Steel Street, Hartshill, Stoke on Trent, N Staffordshire ST4 7NS, United Kingdom
Am J Ophthalmol 140:548-50. 2005..To describe a case of an occipital arteriovenous malformation (AVM) presenting with unilateral signs mimicking a carotid-cavernous sinus fistula (CCF)...
- Transvenous treatment of carotid cavernous and dural arteriovenous fistulae: results for 31 patients and review of the literatureJoachim Klisch
Department of Neuroradiology, University of Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany
Neurosurgery 53:836-56; discussion 856-7. 2003..To evaluate findings for patients with carotid cavernous fistulae or dural arteriovenous fistulae (AVFs) who underwent transvenous embolization via different transvenous approaches...
- Alcohol embolization of carotid-cavernous indirect fistulaeChristopher J Koebbe
Department of Neurological Surgery, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213, USA
Neurosurgery 52:1111-5; discussion 1115-6. 2003..We present a technique of balloon-assisted ethanol embolization of the cavernous carotid artery supply to indirect CCFs providing immediate reduction in intraocular pressure with symptomatic improvement...
- Transvenous embolisation of dural carotid-cavernous fistulas by multiple venous routes: a series of 27 casesK M Cheng
Department of Neurosurgery, Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Hong Kong, China
Acta Neurochir (Wien) 145:17-29. 2003..Transvenous embolisation is an effective option in the treatment of dural carotid-cavernous fistulas (DCCFs). This can be achieved via a number of venous routes...
- Direct surgery for posttraumatic carotid-cavernous fistula as a result of an intradural pseudoaneurysm: case reportYoshihiko Fu
Department of Neurosurgery, Tsukazaki Hospital, Himeji, Japan
Neurosurgery 51:1071-3; discussion 1073-4. 2002..A rare case of posttraumatic CCF that resulted from an intradural pseudoaneurysm is presented. The patient was treated by direct surgery because an embolization procedure was not suitable...
- Partial steal phenomenon in the ophthalmic artery due to a direct carotid-cavernous sinus fistula: orbital color Doppler ultrasonographic findingsBahar Yanik
Department of Radiology, Social Security Ankara Hospital, Ankara, Turkey
J Ultrasound Med 22:1107-10. 2003
- Critical cerebral ischemia revealed by magnetic resonance imaging in a traumatic carotid-cavernous fistula without high-risk patterns on angiograms: a case reportKoji Iida
Department of Neurosurgery, Hiroshima University School of Medicine, Hiroshima, Japan
J Trauma 53:109-11. 2002
- Stent-assisted Guglielmi detachable coils embolisation for the treatment of a traumatic carotid cavernous fistulaJung Yong Ahn
Department of Neurosurgery, Pundang CHA Hospital, Pochon University of Medical College, Sungnam, Republic of Korea
J Clin Neurosci 10:96-8. 2003..By applying this technique, we successfully treated a carotid cavernous fistula, without compromise of the parent internal carotid artery when the balloon technique failed...
- Giant cervical internal carotid artery pseudoaneurysm in a child: endovascular treatmentM Koroglu
Hacettepe University, Department of Radiology, 06100 Ankara, Turkey
Neuroradiology 44:864-7. 2002..Rupture of the pseudoaneurysm during treatment occurred, as in one reported case. Prompt endovascular treatment yielded a good outcome...
- A red eye and then a really red eyeM Tariq Bhatti
Departments of Ophthalmology and Neurology, University of Florida College of Medicine, Gainesville, FL, USA
Surv Ophthalmol 48:224-9. 2003..Recognition of arteriolized conjunctival vessels and auscultation of an orbital bruit raises the possibility of a CCF, requiring prompt diagnostic studies...
- Dural carotid cavernous fistula: definitive endovascular management and long-term follow-upPhilip M Meyers
Department of Radiology, Neurointerventional Division, University of California at San Francisco, USA
Am J Ophthalmol 134:85-92. 2002..To describe the endovascular treatment and clinical outcome in patients with indirect carotid cavernous fistulas (CCFs) over a 15-year period. To our knowledge, this is the largest series in the medical literature...
- Surgical transvenous embolization of a carotid-cavernous dural fistula with cortical drainage via a petrosal vein: two technical case reportsTsuyoshi Hara
Department of Neurosurgery, Kumamoto University School of Medicine, Honjo, Kumamoto, Japan
Neurosurgery 50:1380-3; discussion 1383-4. 2002..Transvenous embolization with Guglielmi detachable coils, via the petrosal vein, during surgical exposure completely obliterated the fistulae...
- Successful transarterial Guglielmi detachable coil embolization of posttraumatic posterior communicating artery-cavernous sinus fistula: technical noteKyle D Weaver
Division of Neurosurgery, Department of Surgery, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Medicine, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA
Neurosurgery 52:458-60; discussion 460-1. 2003..The presentation is similar to that of carotid-cavernous fistulae, with ocular pain, chemosis, and proptosis being the common symptoms. The first successful transarterial coil embolization of this type of lesion is described...
- Endovascular access to the meningohypophyseal trunkN M Borden
New Jersey Neuroscience Institute, Seton Hall University, Edison, NJ 08818, USA
AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 22:725-7. 2001..We emphasize the difficulty in accessing the MHT via an ipsilateral approach because of the geometric orientation of this vessel to the parent internal carotid artery...
- Traumatic carotid cavernous fistulaGamal Mostafa
Carolinas Medical Center, Charlotte, NC, USA
J Am Coll Surg 194:841. 2002
- Internal carotid-inferior petrosal sinus fistula complicating foramen ovale telemetry: successful treatment with detachable coils: case report and reviewLaurence A G Marshman
Department of Neurosurgery, King s College Hospital, Denmark Hill, London SE5 9RS, England
Neurosurgery 50:209-12. 2002..We present a case of internal carotid artery-IPS fistula that complicated FO telemetry in which the clinical syndrome was delayed by 4 weeks...
- Uncontrolled glaucoma secondary to an arteriovenous malformation in a Weill-Marchesani patientC J Derose
Eye Care Associates of Nevada, Las Vegas, USA
Optometry 72:641-8. 2001..It is very uncommon to observe ocular complications from an AVM in the area of the straight sinus and vein of Galen. AVMs in any location are unusual with Weill-Marchesani syndrome...
- Orbital syndromesM Tariq Bhatti
Department of Ophthalmology, Division of Neurology, Duke University Eye Center, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27710 3802, USA
Semin Neurol 27:269-87. 2007....
- A complex cavernous sinus dural arteriovenous fistula secondary to covered stent placement for a traumatic carotid artery-cavernous sinus fistula: case reportXian Li Lv
Beijing Neurosurgical Institute and Beijing Tiantan Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, PR China
J Neurosurg 108:588-90. 2008..However, at the 9-month follow-up an angiogram revealed a complex caroticocavernous fistula that was completely obliterated with Onyx 18 transarterially...
- Hemispheric laminar necrosis as a complication of traumatic carotid-cavernous sinus fistulaMasayasu Kato
Advanced Critical Care Center, Gifu University Hospital, Gifu, Japan
Neurol Med Chir (Tokyo) 49:26-9. 2009..Traumatic CCF may be missed in patients with disturbed consciousness, so clinicians should not overlook possibility of the triad of symptoms of CCF in patients with head injury...
- Retrobulbar blood flow in idiopathic dilated episcleral veins and glaucomaM C Grieshaber
Department of Ophthalmology, University Hospital Basel, Basel, Switzerland
Klin Monbl Augenheilkd 224:320-3. 2007Dilated episcleral veins may occur in the presence of orbital tumors, carotid cavernous sinus fistula and other orbital obstructive lesions.
- Venous anatomy of the orbitNing Cheung
University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 44:988-95. 2003..To define the normal and variant venous anatomy in the human orbit...
- Posttraumatic intradural internal carotid artery-cavernous sinus fistula associated with ipsilateral carotid dissection. Transarterial embolization with detachable coilsI Oran
Department of Radiology, Ege University Medical School, Izmir Turkey
Interv Neuroradiol 10:63-8. 2004..Endovascular therapy could be accomplished by use of detachable coils transarterially. Awareness of an unusual intradural origin of a carotid-cavernous sinus fistula and the possibility of an embolization should be kept in mind...
- [The complications of traumatic optic neuropathy]Na Li
Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, the Affiliated Hospital of Medical College, Qingdao University, Qingdao, 266003, China
Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 23:743-5. 2009..To investigate the complications of traumatic optic neuropathy and to call the surgeons attention to precaution...
- Air in the carotid canal as a predictor of distal internal carotid artery lacerationD R Buis
Department of Neurosurgery, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Acta Neurochir (Wien) 148:1201-3; discussion 1203. 2006..The combination of severe oronasal bleeding, with air in the carotid canal should alarm the treating physician to the presence of a distal internal carotid artery laceration...
- Superior ophthalmic vein cannulation through a lateral orbitotomy for embolization of a cavernous dural fistulaJaime Badilla
Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of British Columbia, Eye Care Centre, 2550 Willow St, Vancouver, BC V5Z 3N9, Canada
Arch Ophthalmol 125:1700-2. 2007..Herein, we describe a case of a cavernous dural fistula in which an anteriorly narrowed and thrombosed superior ophthalmic vein was cannulated in the deep orbit through a lateral orbitotomy...
- [Post-traumatic unilateral vision loss caused by carotid-cavernous fistula]Lidia Puchalska-Niedbał
Z Katedry i Kliniki Okulistyki Pomorskiej Akademii Medycznej w Szczecinie
Klin Oczna 107:351-3. 2005..We show the subject with unilateral vision loss after head trauma. The carotid-cavernous fistula was a cause of one eye blindness recognized after 2 months...
- Diagnosis and management of dural carotid-cavernous sinus fistulasNeil R Miller
Department of Ophthalmology, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
Neurosurg Focus 23:E13. 2007..In this paper, the author discusses the anatomy, pathogenesis, clinical manifestations, diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis of dural CCFs...
- Transvenous treatment of a complex cavernous sinus dural arteriovenous fistula secondary to balloon embolization of a traumatic carotid-cavernous fistulaJian Hai
Department of Neurosurgery, Tongji Hospital, Tongji University, Shanghai 200065, China
Chin Med J (Engl) 119:1846-8. 2006
- [Bilateral hyposphagma]S Pedak
Augenabteilung, Augenklink der Barmherzigen Brüder Linz, Osterreich
Ophthalmologe 107:270-3. 2010..Our strong suspicion of carotid-cavernous sinus fistula was confirmed through a computed tomographic perfusion study; the previously conducted magnetic resonance examination of the cerebrum was without result...
- Communicating carotid-cavernous sinus fistula following minor head traumaJoshua B Kaplan
Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Florida College of Medicine, 1329 SW 16th Street, PO Box 100186, Gainesville, FL 32610, USA
Int J Emerg Med 5:10. 2012..abstract:..
- Primary treatment of an indirect carotid cavernous fistula by injection of N-butyl cyanoacrylate in the dural wall of the cavernous sinusAli Shaibani
Department of Radiology, Feinberg School of Medicine of Northwestern University, Chicago, IL 60611, USA
Surg Neurol 67:403-8; discussion 408. 2007..Endovascular treatment is the treatment of choice, but because of their heterogeneous etiology and anatomy, an appropriate treatment plan must be tailored for each patient...
- Carotid cavernous fistula in CNS choriocarcinomaCynthia Tallent Lawton
Medical University of South Carolina School of Medicine, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, South Carolina, USA
Pediatr Blood Cancer 50:893-5. 2008..Computed tomography angiography revealed a CCF, which was endovascularly embolized with detachable coils. There may be a direct cause-and-effect relationship between choriocarcinoma and development of CCFs...
- Acute stroke secondary to internal carotid artery pseudoaneurysm: MRI findings and treatment with endovascular coilingMohammad Wasay
Aga Khan University, Karachi, Turkey
J Pak Med Assoc 57:377-8. 2007..Vessel was obliterated by fibercoiling and gluing by endovascular technique to diminish risk of further embolization. MRI characteristics of carotid pseudoaneurysms and role of endovascular treatment are discussed...
- Successful transarterial embolization of a Barrow type D dural carotid-cavernous fistula with ethylene vinyl alcohol copolymer (Onyx)Dheeraj Gandhi
Department of Radiology, Division of Interventional Neuroradiology DG, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland 21287, USA
J Neuroophthalmol 29:9-12. 2009..Transarterial Onyx embolization could be a valuable option in transarterial treatment of CCFs when venous access is difficult...
- Transarterial embolization of traumatic carotid-superior hypophyseal arterial cavernous fistula. A case reportQ Wang
Department of Neurosurgery, Fudan University, Shanghai, China
Interv Neuroradiol 16:278-81. 2010..We hereby demonstrate an effective, minimally invasive method of occluding a rare fistula by transarterial embolization...
- Endovascular embolization of traumatic carotid cavernous fistulasZ Wu
Department of Neuroradiology, Beijing Neurosurgical Institute, Beijing 100050, China
Chin Med J (Engl) 112:433-7. 1999..To analyze the effectiveness of endovascular embolization on treatment of traumatic carotid-cavernous fistula (TCCF)...
- Cavernous carotid origin aneurysm rupture with intracerebral intraparenchymal hemorrhage after treatment of a traumatic Barrow type A cavernous carotid artery fistulaM Horowitz
Department of Neurosurgery and Radiology, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, USA
AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 27:524-6. 2006..Although these lesions rarely cause intraparenchymal hemorrhage, the risk for such an event must be taken into consideration when patients are treated for the initial lesion...
- High spatial resolution and high contrast visualization of brain arteries and veins: impact of blood pool contrast agent and water-selective excitation imaging at 3TE Spuentrup
Radiologie, Klinikum Saarbrücken, Germany
Rofo 182:1097-104. 2010..To investigate a blood pool contrast agent and water-selective excitation imaging at 3 T for high spatial and high contrast imaging of brain vessels including the veins...
- Pseudoaneurysm of the internal carotid artery in an infant aged 8 monthsRavi Meher
Himalayan Institute of Medical Sciences, Jollygrant, Dehradun, India
N Z Med J 119:U1815. 2006..Emergency carotid artery ligation was performed and the infant recovered well without any neurological sequelae...
- Absence of orbito-ocular signs in dural carotid-cavernous sinus fistula with a prominent anterior venous drainageKazuyo Ikeda
Third Department of Internal Medicine, Kagawa University School of Medicine, 1750 1 Ikenobe, Miki cho, Kita gun, Kagawa 761 0793, Japan
J Neurol Sci 236:81-4. 2005..These findings suggest that the absence of orbito-ocular signs in dural CCF with an anterior venous drainage could be attributed to the relief of venous hypertension of the SOV...
- Cavernous sinus fistula treated through the transvenous approach: report of four casesF Bing
Service de Neuroradiologie, CHU de Grenoble, 38043 Grenoble Cedex 09, France
J Neuroradiol 36:265-9. 2009..To describe transvenous embolization in four patients with indirect dural carotid cavernous fistulas (CCFs) via the inferior petrosal sinus (IPS) or superior ophthalmic vein (SOV), and their clinical outcomes...
- Direct carotid-cavernous fistula causing brainstem venous congestionMiguel Bussière
Division of Neuroradiology, Department of Diagnostic Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, London Health Sciences Centre, London, Ontario, Canada
J Neuroophthalmol 29:21-5. 2009..This is the fifth reported case of brainstem complications of a direct CCF. It highlights potentially serious complications of this condition and their reversibility with prompt treatment...
- Retrospective study on the endovascular embolization for traumatic carotid cavernous fistulaLi Zhao Chen
Department of Neurosurgery, Daping Hospital, Third Military Medical University, Chongqing, China
Chin J Traumatol 13:20-4. 2010..To retrospectively analyze 95 cases of traumatic carotid cavernous fistula treated by endovascular embolization...
- Transvenous coil treatment of a type a carotid cavernous fistula in association with transarterial trispan coil protectionLuca Remonda
Department of Neuroradiology, University of Bern, Inselspital, Bern, Germany
AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 25:611-3. 2004....
- Management of carotid injuries in a hostile neck using endovascular graftsMark C Wyers
Section of Vascular Surgery, Dartmouth Hitchcock Medical Center, One Medical Center Drive, Lebanon, NH 03756, USA
J Vasc Surg 39:1335-9. 2004..In the second case, an endovascular graft was used to treat an intraoperative common carotid injury in a re-operated, radiated neck. These cases demonstrate the utility of endovascular graft treatment of emergent carotid injuries...
- Onyx embolization of carotid-cavernous fistulasMohamed Samy Elhammady
Department of Neurological Surgery, Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Florida 33136, USA
J Neurosurg 112:589-94. 2010..The authors conducted a study to determine the safety and efficacy of embolization of carotid-cavernous fistulas (CCFs) with the ethylene vinyl alcohol copolymer, Onyx...
- Carotid-cavernous fistula in a child after minimal orbital traumaPamela J Bekendam
Loma Linda University Medical Center, Loma Linda, CA, USA
J AAPOS 8:401-3. 2004
- Endovascular treatment of carotid-cavernous fistulas: review of 12 casesS B P Siqueira
Department of Neurosurgery, Hospital de Força Aérea do Galeão, HFAG, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Minim Invasive Neurosurg 51:1-5. 2008..The patients were treated by endovascular approaches and the CCFs were occluded. From our evaluation, we concluded that the endovascular procedure is safe, effective and minimally invasive in patients with CCF...
- Ruptured petrous carotid pseudoaneurysm complicating malignant otitis externaLaila M Telmesani
Department of Otolaryngology, King Fahd Hospital of the University, Al Khobar, Saudi Arabia
J Otolaryngol 33:278-80. 2004
- Hath David once again slayed Goliath?Robert M Schainfeld
Division of Vascular Medicine, St Elizabeth s Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
Catheter Cardiovasc Interv 62:69-70. 2004
- [Development and question about interventional therapy for cerebrovascular disease]Da Ming Wang
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi 45:217-9. 2007
- Diagnosis and follow-up study of carotid cavernous fistulas with color Doppler ultrasonography: analysis of 33 casesYunyou Duan
Department of Ultrasound Diagnostics, Tangdu Hospital, The Fourth Military Medical University, Xi an 710038, China
J Ultrasound Med 24:739-45. 2005..The purpose of this study was to observe image characteristics and hemodynamic changes of carotid-cavernous sinus fistulas (CCFs) and to evaluate the efficacy of interventional treatment for CCFs by color Doppler ultrasonography (CDUS)...
- Cerebellar hemorrhage and subsequent venous infarction followed by incomplete transvenous embolization of dural carotid cavernous fistulas: a rare complication: case reportReng Jye Lee
Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital Kaohsiung Medical Center, Chang Gung University College of Medicine, Taiwan
J Neurosurg 108:1245-8. 2008..Early recognition of redistributed drainage and preventive placement of coils at the origin of draining veins during the procedure could avert this rare complication...
- Traumatic carotid cavernous fistula with bilateral carotid artery and vertebral artery dissectionsR L Yong
Division of Neurosurgery, Department of Surgery, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
Acta Neurochir (Wien) 147:1109-13; discussion 1113. 2005..Her vascular injuries resolved without need for surgical or endovascular intervention...
- Carotid artery pseudoaneurysm with Horner's syndrome: delayed complication of internal jugular venous cannulationM Mastan
Department of Anaesthesia, Rochdale Infirmary, Rochdale, Lancashire OL12 0NB
Hosp Med 66:314-5. 2005
- Endovascular treatment of high-flow carotid cavernous fistulas by stent-assisted coil placementFanny E Moron
Department of Radiology, The Methodist Hospital, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030, USA
AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 26:1399-404. 2005..We report our experience using stent-assisted coil placement for treatment of patients with high-flow fistulas that are associated with severe laceration of the internal carotid artery...
- Internal carotid artery pseudoaneurysms: treatment with the Wallgraft endoprosthesisStephen M Kubaska
Department of Vascular Surgery, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, Ohio 44195, USA
J Endovasc Ther 10:182-9. 2003..To report several cases illustrating the feasibility and mid-term efficacy of deploying a self-expanding stent-graft to treat traumatic ruptures, pseudoaneurysms, and a spontaneous dissection of the internal carotid artery (ICA)...
- Carotid-cavernous fistula with brainstem congestion mimicking tumor on MRIS Shintani
Departments of Neurology, Toride Kyodo General Hospital, Toride City, Ibaraki, Japan
Neurology 55:1929-31. 2000..Right hemiplegia ensued 1 week later. Venous congestion of the brainstem with hemiplegia resulting from shunting of blood flow from both carotid arteries is an extremely rare complication of carotid-cavernous fistula...
- False aneurysm of cavernous carotid artery and carotid cavernous fistula: complications following transsphenoidal surgeryR Kachhara
Department of Neurosurgery, Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences and Technology, Trivandrum 695011, India
Neurol India 51:81-3. 2003..The management options are discussed and relevant literature is reviewed. We emphasize the importance of an early cerebral angiography to know the status of the injured carotid artery and formation of false aneurysm / fistula...
- [Hematoma of the abdominal wall. A case report: pitfall of Seldinger method via femoral artery]Hisaya Hiramatsu
Department of Neurosurgery, Hamamatsu University School of Medicine, 1 20 1 Handayama, Hamamatsu shi, Shizuoka 431 3192, Japan
No Shinkei Geka 37:167-71. 2009..To prevent a vascular injury, it is very important to manipulate a guide wire under fluoroscopic control and to select a J-shaped guide wire instead of an angle-shaped one...
- Endovascular trapping of traumatic carotid-cavernous fistulaeStuart C Coley
Department of Radiology, Royal Hallamshire Hospital, Sheffield, England
AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 24:1785-8. 2003..The latter was achieved following retrograde catheterization of the distal parent vessel via the contralateral carotid or ipsilateral vertebral artery...
- [Choroidal effusion syndrome after embolization of an indirect cavernous sinus fistula via the superior ophthalmic vein]K Karim-Zade
Augenklinik, Universitat Tubingen, Schleichstrasse 12, 72076 Tubingen
Ophthalmologe 103:609-11. 2006..It is not possible to assess the capacity and time of opening of the venous collateral system before surgery. Therefore a transient outflow disturbance should be considered...
- [Two cases of idiopathic carotid-cavernous fistula with headache and ophthalmoplegia]Go Ogawa
Division of Neurology, Department of Internal Medicine 3, National Defense Medical College
Rinsho Shinkeigaku 47:516-8. 2007..Our cases showed a dilated superior ophthalmic vein in enhanced CT and an abnormal signal around the cavernous sinus in CTA. Therefore, CTA may be useful as a relatively non-invasive method that can provide diagnostic clues for CCF...
- Spontaneous carotid-cavernous fistula in a patient with Ehlers-Danlos syndrome type IV--case reportTakashi Mitsuhashi
Department of Neurosurgery, Juntendo University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan
Neurol Med Chir (Tokyo) 44:548-53. 2004..Currently, there is no ideal treatment for CCF in patients with EDS type IV. Since CCF is rarely life-threatening, the investigative approach and course of treatment must consider the associated vascular fragility...
- Unilateral vision impairment from a carotid-cavernous fistula after a monobloc osteotomy in a patient with Apert syndromeRaj M Vyas
University of California Los Angeles UCLA, David Geffen School of Medicine UCLA, Los Angeles, California, USA
J Craniofac Surg 18:960-5. 2007..Successful embolization was used to treat the fistula. Precaution should be taken by craniofacial surgeons in performing similar procedures in patients with Apert syndrome because of their unique skull abnormalities...
- [Traumatic carotid-cavernous fistula]Lovro Bojić
Klinika za ocne bolesti, Klinicka bolnica Split, Split, Hrvatska
Acta Med Croatica 61:207-9. 2007..Posttraumatic carotid-cavernous fistula may be treated successfully with the use of transarterial coil embolization...
- Isolated bilateral abducens nerves palsy due to traumatic delicate arteriovenous fistulaJae Hyeok Chang
Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Pusan National University Hospital, Pusan National University School of Medicine, Seo Gu, Busan, Republic of Korea
Brain Inj 24:46-9. 2010..However, isolated bilateral abducens nerve palsy is extremely rare...
- Brainstem congestion caused by direct carotid-cavernous fistula--case reportHidetoshi Murata
Department of Neurosurgery, Yokohama City University School of Medicine, Yokohama, Kanagawa, Japan
Neurol Med Chir (Tokyo) 43:255-8. 2003..Brainstem congestion caused by direct CCF is very rare, but it can be life-threatening. Good outcome can be expected if the CCF is completely occluded before congestive hemorrhage occurs...
- Obliteration of carotid-cavernous fistulas using direct surgical and coil-assisted embolization: technical case reportCarlos A Guerrero
Department of Neurosurgery, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock 72205, USA
Neurosurgery 58:E382; discussion E382. 2006..A case of combined pretemporal approach to the cavernous sinus and direct coiling of CCF is presented as well as treatment options in cases of recurrent and intractable fistulas...
- A noisy zygoma fracture--complication of carotid-cavernous sinus fistula: total recovery of monocular blindness and frozen-eye after endoarterial coil embolizationF Bierenbroodspot
Department of Oral and Cranio Maxillofacial Surgery, University Medical Centre Nijmegen, PO Box 9101, 6500 HB Nijmegen, The Netherlands
Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg 34:214-9. 2005..In this case, careful analysis of the MRA's showed that the CCSF most likely developed in the posttraumatic phase...
- Necrotic nasopharyngeal mucosa: an ominous MR sign of a carotid artery pseudoaneurysmShy Chyi Chin
Department of Radiology, Tri Service General Hospital, National Defense Medical Center, Taipei, Taiwan
AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 26:414-6. 2005..With the aid of these studies, clinicians may be able to manage this condition with more confidence...