carotid cavernous sinus fistula

Summary

Summary: Laceration of the intracavernous portion of the carotid artery or one of its intracavernous branches resulting in a direct communication between the internal carotid artery and the cavernous sinus. Clinically, this produces a pulsatile exophthalmus and a marked limitation of extraocular motion in the affected eye. CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA, especially basilar skull fractures (SKULL FRACTURE, BASILAR) is the most common cause of this condition, but it may also occur spontaneously or in association with diseases featuring defective connective tissue, such as EHLERS-DANLOS SYNDROME. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p877)

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Embolization of indirect carotid-cavernous sinus fistulas using the superior ophthalmic vein approach
    J Baldauf
    Department of Neurosurgery, Ernst Moritz Arndt University, Sauerbruchstrasse, Greifswald, Germany
    Acta Neurol Scand 110:200-4. 2004
  2. ncbi Intraconal superior ophthalmic vein embolisation for carotid cavernous fistula
    Colin C K Chan
    Department of Ophthalmology, Royal North Shore Hospital, St Leonards, New South Wales, Australia
    Orbit 25:31-4. 2006
  3. ncbi Embolisation of indirect carotid-cavernous sinus dural arterio-venous fistulae using the direct superior ophthalmic vein approach
    J W Lee
    Department of Neurosurgery, Brain Research Institute, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
    Acta Neurochir (Wien) 150:557-61. 2008
  4. ncbi Superior petrosal sinus catheterization for transvenous embolization of a dural carotid cavernous sinus fistula
    Charbel Mounayer
    Department of Interventional Neuroradiology, Foundation Rothschild, Paris, France
    AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 23:1153-5. 2002
  5. ncbi Transsphenoidal computer-navigation-assisted deflation of a balloon after endovascular occlusion of a direct carotid cavernous sinus fistula
    J Klisch
    Department of Neurosurgery, Section of Neuroradiology, University of Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany
    AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 22:537-40. 2001
  6. ncbi Return of vision after transarterial coiling of a carotid cavernous sinus fistula: case report
    Sunit Das
    Department of Neurological Surgery, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL 60611, USA
    Surg Neurol 66:82-5; discussion 85. 2006
  7. ncbi Carotid cavernous sinus fistula presenting with pulsating exophthalmos and secondary glaucoma
    Saroj Gupta
    Department of Ophthalmology, People s Hospital, People s College of Medical Sciences and Research Centre, Bhopal 462010
    J Indian Med Assoc 106:312, 346. 2008
  8. doi Spontaneous subconjunctival haemorrhage secondary to carotid-cavernous fistula
    Jeffrey Chiu Fai Pong
    Clin Experiment Ophthalmol 36:90-1. 2008
  9. ncbi Intractable epistaxis related to cavernous carotid artery pseudoaneurysm: treatment of a case with covered stent
    Göçer Celil
    Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Ankara Numune Hospital, Cemal Gürsel Caddesi No 44 A, Cebeci, Ankara, Turkey
    Auris Nasus Larynx 31:275-8. 2004
  10. ncbi Prognostic analysis and complications of traumatic carotid cavernous fistulas after treatment with detachable balloon and/or coil embolization
    Zhen Jiu Yang
    Department of Neurosurgery, People s Hospital of Shenzhen Nanshan, Shenzhen 518052, China
    Chin J Traumatol 7:286-8. 2004

Detail Information

Publications163 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Embolization of indirect carotid-cavernous sinus fistulas using the superior ophthalmic vein approach
    J Baldauf
    Department of Neurosurgery, Ernst Moritz Arndt University, Sauerbruchstrasse, Greifswald, Germany
    Acta Neurol Scand 110:200-4. 2004
    ..Alternative vascular approaches for embolization are required when standard interventional neuroradiological access via arterial or transfemoral venous routes is not feasible...
  2. ncbi Intraconal superior ophthalmic vein embolisation for carotid cavernous fistula
    Colin C K Chan
    Department of Ophthalmology, Royal North Shore Hospital, St Leonards, New South Wales, Australia
    Orbit 25:31-4. 2006
    ..Whilst utilising the superior ophthalmic vein is well described in the literature, to our knowledge, needing to access the intraconal portion of the vein has not previously been reported...
  3. ncbi Embolisation of indirect carotid-cavernous sinus dural arterio-venous fistulae using the direct superior ophthalmic vein approach
    J W Lee
    Department of Neurosurgery, Brain Research Institute, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
    Acta Neurochir (Wien) 150:557-61. 2008
    ..This approach is easy, safe, and effective when performed by a multidisciplinary team...
  4. ncbi Superior petrosal sinus catheterization for transvenous embolization of a dural carotid cavernous sinus fistula
    Charbel Mounayer
    Department of Interventional Neuroradiology, Foundation Rothschild, Paris, France
    AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 23:1153-5. 2002
    ..To our knowledge, this retrograde venous route via the superior petrosal sinus has not been previously described...
  5. ncbi Transsphenoidal computer-navigation-assisted deflation of a balloon after endovascular occlusion of a direct carotid cavernous sinus fistula
    J Klisch
    Department of Neurosurgery, Section of Neuroradiology, University of Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany
    AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 22:537-40. 2001
    ..The previously described symptoms resolved after balloon deflation. This report presents a rare complication of endovascular treatment of direct CCF and a new microsurgical approach to a balloon in a case of nerve compression...
  6. ncbi Return of vision after transarterial coiling of a carotid cavernous sinus fistula: case report
    Sunit Das
    Department of Neurological Surgery, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL 60611, USA
    Surg Neurol 66:82-5; discussion 85. 2006
    ..Hypoxic ocular sequelae of carotid-cavernous fistulae: study of the causes of visual failure before and after neurosurgical treatment in a series of 25 cases. Br J Ophthalmol 1969;53:82-97]...
  7. ncbi Carotid cavernous sinus fistula presenting with pulsating exophthalmos and secondary glaucoma
    Saroj Gupta
    Department of Ophthalmology, People s Hospital, People s College of Medical Sciences and Research Centre, Bhopal 462010
    J Indian Med Assoc 106:312, 346. 2008
    b>Carotid cavernous sinus fistula is abnormal communications between the carotid arterial system and the venous cavernous sinus. Carotid cavernous sinus fistula can develop either because of trauma or spontaneous causes...
  8. doi Spontaneous subconjunctival haemorrhage secondary to carotid-cavernous fistula
    Jeffrey Chiu Fai Pong
    Clin Experiment Ophthalmol 36:90-1. 2008
  9. ncbi Intractable epistaxis related to cavernous carotid artery pseudoaneurysm: treatment of a case with covered stent
    Göçer Celil
    Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Ankara Numune Hospital, Cemal Gürsel Caddesi No 44 A, Cebeci, Ankara, Turkey
    Auris Nasus Larynx 31:275-8. 2004
    ..In differential diagnosis of patients with intractable epistaxis and isolated sphenoid sinus lesions, PICA should be considered. Early treatment with covered stent of aneurysm can be a life saving therapeutic approach...
  10. ncbi Prognostic analysis and complications of traumatic carotid cavernous fistulas after treatment with detachable balloon and/or coil embolization
    Zhen Jiu Yang
    Department of Neurosurgery, People s Hospital of Shenzhen Nanshan, Shenzhen 518052, China
    Chin J Traumatol 7:286-8. 2004
    ..To explore the causes of the formation of traumatic carotid-cavernous fistulas and the therapeutic effect of detachable balloon and/or coil embolization and the prevention of its complications...
  11. ncbi Combined transarterial N-butyl cyanoacrylate and coil embolization of direct carotid-cavernous fistulas. Report of two cases
    Neil A Troffkin
    Departments of Neurosurgery, University of Kentucky Chandler Medical Center, Lexington, Kentucky 40356, USA
    J Neurosurg 106:903-6. 2007
    ..This technique provides interventionalists with yet another treatment option in these often complex cases...
  12. ncbi Treatment of extracranial and intracranial aneurysms and arteriovenous fistulae using stent grafts
    Stephan Felber
    Klinik für Radiologie und Neuroradiologie, Alfried Krupp Krankenhaus, Essen, Germany
    Neurosurgery 55:631-8; discussion 638-9. 2004
    ..Treatment of 11 patients with aneurysms or arteriovenous fistulae of the craniocervical arteries with stent grafts...
  13. ncbi Endovascular treatment of congenital carotid-cavernous fistulas in infancy
    Jose E Cohen
    Department of Neurosurgery, Section of Endovascular Neurosurgery and Interventional Neuroradiology, Hadassah Hebrew University Hospital, Jerusalem, Israel
    Neurol Res 30:649-51. 2008
    ..We review the literature on congenital carotid cavernous fistulas in infancy focusing on the endovascular treatment of this rare entity and present our experience...
  14. ncbi [Diagnosis and treatment of carotid cavernous fistulas]
    R H Andres
    Institut für Diagnostische und Interventionelle Neuroradiologie, Universität Bern Inselspital, Bern
    Rofo 180:604-13. 2008
    ..Progress in this field is constant so that new technical advances are expected to improve the safety and to expand the indications for these procedures in the future...
  15. ncbi Use of gadolinium as an intraarterial contrast agent for pediatric neuroendovascular procedures
    Matthew V Burry
    Department of Neurological Surgery, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32610, USA
    J Neurosurg 100:150-5. 2004
    ..The safety and efficacy of Gd as an intraarterial contrast agent for pediatric neuroendovascular procedures were investigated...
  16. ncbi Endovascular strategies for carotid cavernous and intracerebral dural arteriovenous fistulas
    Perry P Ng
    Division of Interventional Neuroradiology, University of California at San Francisco Medical Center, San Francisco, California 94143 0628, USA
    Neurosurg Focus 15:ECP1. 2003
    ..The authors provide review of the clinical features, pathophysiology, and management of intracranial AVFs focusing on contemporary endovascular treatment options...
  17. ncbi [Transvenous occlusion of carotid cavernous fistula]
    You Xiang Li
    Department of Neuro endovascular Treatment, Institute of Neuroscience, CAMS and PUMC, Beijing 100050, China
    Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao 27:35-7. 2005
    ..To evaluate the treatment of carotid cavernous fistula with the transvenous approaches...
  18. ncbi Postcarotid endarterectomy pseudoaneurysm treated with combined stent graft and coil embolization--a case report
    Albeir Mousa
    New York Presbyterian Hospital, Cornell University, Weill Medical School and Columbia University, College of Physicians and Surgeons, 525 E 68th, New York, NY 10021, USA
    Vasc Endovascular Surg 39:191-4. 2005
    ..This case highlights the feasibility and safety of using endovascular techniques in the treatment of post-CEA pseudoaneurysm...
  19. ncbi [Arterio-venous fistula of cavernous sinus. A comparison of iatrogenic direct fistula with low flow dura shunt syndrome]
    Heinrich Holak
    Z Kliniki Okulistycznej w Centrum Medycznym im R Virchowa w Salzgitter
    Klin Oczna 107:103-9. 2005
    ..Comparison of symptoms of the low-flow dura shunt syndrome as a small arterial anomaly in the cavernous sinus with the direct, traumatic originated internal carotid artery fistula...
  20. ncbi Life-threatening epistaxis from a rare treatable cause
    Mohammed Iqbal Syed
    Southern General Hospital, South Glasgow University Hospitals National Health Service Trust, Glasgow, UK
    Am J Emerg Med 25:116-8. 2007
  21. ncbi Isolated ocular motor nerve palsy in dural carotid-cavernous sinus fistula
    H C Wu
    Department of Neurology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan
    Eur J Neurol 13:1221-5. 2006
    ..MRI and MRA are of value in the initial evaluation, but DSA is necessary for the accurate diagnosis and treatment planning...
  22. ncbi Endovascular treatment of direct carotid cavernous fistulae: a pictorial review
    Arun K Gupta
    Department of Imaging Sciences and Interventional Radiology, Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences and Technology, Trivandrum, 695 011, India
    Neuroradiology 48:831-9. 2006
    ..Direct carotid-cavernous fistulae (CCFs) are type A fistulae according to Barrow's classification. Endovascular treatment of these lesions is challenging...
  23. ncbi [Injury of craniocervical arteries: imaging findings and therapy]
    S Hahnel
    Neurologische Klinik, Abt Neuroradiologie, Universitatsklinikum Heidelberg
    Rofo 179:119-29. 2007
    ..These traumatic vascular lesions can usually be treated using endovascular techniques. This overview describes neuroradiological findings for traumatic lesions of cervical and cranial vessels as well as endovascular treatment options...
  24. ncbi Transvenous treatment of spontaneous dural carotid-cavernous fistulas using a combination of detachable coils and Onyx
    S Suzuki
    Division of Interventional Neuroradiology, Department of Radiological Sciences, UCLA School of Medicine, University of California Los Angeles, 10833 LeConte Avenue, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
    AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 27:1346-9. 2006
    ..This report suggests that the controlled and excellent penetration of Onyx is superb for blocking the intricate communication of dural carotid-cavernous fistulas...
  25. ncbi Intraorbital arteriovenous fistulae of the ophthalmic veins treated by transvenous endovascular occlusion: technical case report
    Louis P Caragine
    Department of Neurological Surgery, The Ohio State University Medical Center, Columbus, Ohio 43210 1240, USA
    Neurosurgery 58:ONS-E170; discussion ONS-E170. 2006
    ..Intraorbital arteriovenous fistulas (AVF) of the ophthalmic veins are an extremely rare phenomenon. This article describes two such cases treated solely by transvenous occlusion and not hitherto described in the literature...
  26. ncbi Transvenous embolization of a dural carotid-cavernous fistula through the contralateral superior petrosal sinus
    Alexander Andreou
    Department of Neurosurgery and Interventional Neuroradiology, Hygeia Hospital, Erythrou Stavrou 4, 15123, Athens, Greece
    Neuroradiology 49:259-63. 2007
    ..Cavernous sinus catheterization was achieved through the contralateral superior petrosal sinus, permitting occlusion of the fistula without complications...
  27. ncbi Carotid-cavernous sinus fistula: a case study
    Gretchen M Gallucci
    Riverside Interventional Consultants in Columbus, OH, USA
    J Neurosci Nurs 37:200-2, 210. 2005
    ..This case study reports the diagnosis and treatment of a carotid-cavernous sinus fistula that developed several months after a traumatic head injury...
  28. ncbi Transvenous n-butyl-cyanoacrylate infusion for complex dural carotid cavernous fistulas: technical considerations and clinical outcome
    Ajay K Wakhloo
    Department of Radiology, University of Miami, Bascom Palmer Eye Institute, Miami, FL, USA
    AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 26:1888-97. 2005
    ..The purpose of this study was to evaluate the technical aspects, efficacy, and safety of transvenous n-butyl cyanoacrylate (n-BCA) infusion in dCCFs as a primary alternative or adjunct to coil embolization...
  29. ncbi Transvenous embolization of a dural carotid-cavernous sinus fistula via the inferior ophthalmic vein
    Kevin S Michels
    Department of Ophthalmology, Casey Eye Institute, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, OR 97239, USA
    Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg 23:480-2. 2007
    ..Follow-up venograms demonstrated occlusion of the fistula. At 2-month follow-up, there was a residual sixth nerve palsy and resolution of symptoms, including proptosis and periocular swelling...
  30. ncbi An arteriovenous malformation masquerading as a carotid-cavernous sinus fistula
    Maria E Gregory
    Department of Ophthalmology, University Hospital of Staffordshire, 17 Steel Street, Hartshill, Stoke on Trent, N Staffordshire ST4 7NS, United Kingdom
    Am J Ophthalmol 140:548-50. 2005
    ..To describe a case of an occipital arteriovenous malformation (AVM) presenting with unilateral signs mimicking a carotid-cavernous sinus fistula (CCF)...
  31. ncbi Transvenous treatment of carotid cavernous and dural arteriovenous fistulae: results for 31 patients and review of the literature
    Joachim Klisch
    Department of Neuroradiology, University of Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany
    Neurosurgery 53:836-56; discussion 856-7. 2003
    ..To evaluate findings for patients with carotid cavernous fistulae or dural arteriovenous fistulae (AVFs) who underwent transvenous embolization via different transvenous approaches...
  32. ncbi Alcohol embolization of carotid-cavernous indirect fistulae
    Christopher J Koebbe
    Department of Neurological Surgery, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213, USA
    Neurosurgery 52:1111-5; discussion 1115-6. 2003
    ..We present a technique of balloon-assisted ethanol embolization of the cavernous carotid artery supply to indirect CCFs providing immediate reduction in intraocular pressure with symptomatic improvement...
  33. ncbi Transvenous embolisation of dural carotid-cavernous fistulas by multiple venous routes: a series of 27 cases
    K M Cheng
    Department of Neurosurgery, Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Hong Kong, China
    Acta Neurochir (Wien) 145:17-29. 2003
    ..Transvenous embolisation is an effective option in the treatment of dural carotid-cavernous fistulas (DCCFs). This can be achieved via a number of venous routes...
  34. ncbi Direct surgery for posttraumatic carotid-cavernous fistula as a result of an intradural pseudoaneurysm: case report
    Yoshihiko Fu
    Department of Neurosurgery, Tsukazaki Hospital, Himeji, Japan
    Neurosurgery 51:1071-3; discussion 1073-4. 2002
    ..A rare case of posttraumatic CCF that resulted from an intradural pseudoaneurysm is presented. The patient was treated by direct surgery because an embolization procedure was not suitable...
  35. ncbi Partial steal phenomenon in the ophthalmic artery due to a direct carotid-cavernous sinus fistula: orbital color Doppler ultrasonographic findings
    Bahar Yanik
    Department of Radiology, Social Security Ankara Hospital, Ankara, Turkey
    J Ultrasound Med 22:1107-10. 2003
  36. ncbi Critical cerebral ischemia revealed by magnetic resonance imaging in a traumatic carotid-cavernous fistula without high-risk patterns on angiograms: a case report
    Koji Iida
    Department of Neurosurgery, Hiroshima University School of Medicine, Hiroshima, Japan
    J Trauma 53:109-11. 2002
  37. ncbi Stent-assisted Guglielmi detachable coils embolisation for the treatment of a traumatic carotid cavernous fistula
    Jung Yong Ahn
    Department of Neurosurgery, Pundang CHA Hospital, Pochon University of Medical College, Sungnam, Republic of Korea
    J Clin Neurosci 10:96-8. 2003
    ..By applying this technique, we successfully treated a carotid cavernous fistula, without compromise of the parent internal carotid artery when the balloon technique failed...
  38. ncbi Giant cervical internal carotid artery pseudoaneurysm in a child: endovascular treatment
    M Koroglu
    Hacettepe University, Department of Radiology, 06100 Ankara, Turkey
    Neuroradiology 44:864-7. 2002
    ..Rupture of the pseudoaneurysm during treatment occurred, as in one reported case. Prompt endovascular treatment yielded a good outcome...
  39. ncbi A red eye and then a really red eye
    M Tariq Bhatti
    Departments of Ophthalmology and Neurology, University of Florida College of Medicine, Gainesville, FL, USA
    Surv Ophthalmol 48:224-9. 2003
    ..Recognition of arteriolized conjunctival vessels and auscultation of an orbital bruit raises the possibility of a CCF, requiring prompt diagnostic studies...
  40. ncbi Dural carotid cavernous fistula: definitive endovascular management and long-term follow-up
    Philip M Meyers
    Department of Radiology, Neurointerventional Division, University of California at San Francisco, USA
    Am J Ophthalmol 134:85-92. 2002
    ..To describe the endovascular treatment and clinical outcome in patients with indirect carotid cavernous fistulas (CCFs) over a 15-year period. To our knowledge, this is the largest series in the medical literature...
  41. ncbi Surgical transvenous embolization of a carotid-cavernous dural fistula with cortical drainage via a petrosal vein: two technical case reports
    Tsuyoshi Hara
    Department of Neurosurgery, Kumamoto University School of Medicine, Honjo, Kumamoto, Japan
    Neurosurgery 50:1380-3; discussion 1383-4. 2002
    ..Transvenous embolization with Guglielmi detachable coils, via the petrosal vein, during surgical exposure completely obliterated the fistulae...
  42. ncbi Successful transarterial Guglielmi detachable coil embolization of posttraumatic posterior communicating artery-cavernous sinus fistula: technical note
    Kyle D Weaver
    Division of Neurosurgery, Department of Surgery, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Medicine, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA
    Neurosurgery 52:458-60; discussion 460-1. 2003
    ..The presentation is similar to that of carotid-cavernous fistulae, with ocular pain, chemosis, and proptosis being the common symptoms. The first successful transarterial coil embolization of this type of lesion is described...
  43. ncbi Endovascular access to the meningohypophyseal trunk
    N M Borden
    New Jersey Neuroscience Institute, Seton Hall University, Edison, NJ 08818, USA
    AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 22:725-7. 2001
    ..We emphasize the difficulty in accessing the MHT via an ipsilateral approach because of the geometric orientation of this vessel to the parent internal carotid artery...
  44. ncbi Traumatic carotid cavernous fistula
    Gamal Mostafa
    Carolinas Medical Center, Charlotte, NC, USA
    J Am Coll Surg 194:841. 2002
  45. ncbi Internal carotid-inferior petrosal sinus fistula complicating foramen ovale telemetry: successful treatment with detachable coils: case report and review
    Laurence A G Marshman
    Department of Neurosurgery, King s College Hospital, Denmark Hill, London SE5 9RS, England
    Neurosurgery 50:209-12. 2002
    ..We present a case of internal carotid artery-IPS fistula that complicated FO telemetry in which the clinical syndrome was delayed by 4 weeks...
  46. ncbi Uncontrolled glaucoma secondary to an arteriovenous malformation in a Weill-Marchesani patient
    C J Derose
    Eye Care Associates of Nevada, Las Vegas, USA
    Optometry 72:641-8. 2001
    ..It is very uncommon to observe ocular complications from an AVM in the area of the straight sinus and vein of Galen. AVMs in any location are unusual with Weill-Marchesani syndrome...
  47. ncbi Orbital syndromes
    M Tariq Bhatti
    Department of Ophthalmology, Division of Neurology, Duke University Eye Center, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27710 3802, USA
    Semin Neurol 27:269-87. 2007
    ....
  48. ncbi A complex cavernous sinus dural arteriovenous fistula secondary to covered stent placement for a traumatic carotid artery-cavernous sinus fistula: case report
    Xian Li Lv
    Beijing Neurosurgical Institute and Beijing Tiantan Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, PR China
    J Neurosurg 108:588-90. 2008
    ..However, at the 9-month follow-up an angiogram revealed a complex caroticocavernous fistula that was completely obliterated with Onyx 18 transarterially...
  49. ncbi Hemispheric laminar necrosis as a complication of traumatic carotid-cavernous sinus fistula
    Masayasu Kato
    Advanced Critical Care Center, Gifu University Hospital, Gifu, Japan
    Neurol Med Chir (Tokyo) 49:26-9. 2009
    ..Traumatic CCF may be missed in patients with disturbed consciousness, so clinicians should not overlook possibility of the triad of symptoms of CCF in patients with head injury...
  50. ncbi Retrobulbar blood flow in idiopathic dilated episcleral veins and glaucoma
    M C Grieshaber
    Department of Ophthalmology, University Hospital Basel, Basel, Switzerland
    Klin Monbl Augenheilkd 224:320-3. 2007
    Dilated episcleral veins may occur in the presence of orbital tumors, carotid cavernous sinus fistula and other orbital obstructive lesions.
  51. ncbi Venous anatomy of the orbit
    Ning Cheung
    University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 44:988-95. 2003
    ..To define the normal and variant venous anatomy in the human orbit...
  52. pmc Posttraumatic intradural internal carotid artery-cavernous sinus fistula associated with ipsilateral carotid dissection. Transarterial embolization with detachable coils
    I Oran
    Department of Radiology, Ege University Medical School, Izmir Turkey
    Interv Neuroradiol 10:63-8. 2004
    ..Endovascular therapy could be accomplished by use of detachable coils transarterially. Awareness of an unusual intradural origin of a carotid-cavernous sinus fistula and the possibility of an embolization should be kept in mind...
  53. ncbi [The complications of traumatic optic neuropathy]
    Na Li
    Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, the Affiliated Hospital of Medical College, Qingdao University, Qingdao, 266003, China
    Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 23:743-5. 2009
    ..To investigate the complications of traumatic optic neuropathy and to call the surgeons attention to precaution...
  54. ncbi Air in the carotid canal as a predictor of distal internal carotid artery laceration
    D R Buis
    Department of Neurosurgery, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Acta Neurochir (Wien) 148:1201-3; discussion 1203. 2006
    ..The combination of severe oronasal bleeding, with air in the carotid canal should alarm the treating physician to the presence of a distal internal carotid artery laceration...
  55. ncbi Superior ophthalmic vein cannulation through a lateral orbitotomy for embolization of a cavernous dural fistula
    Jaime Badilla
    Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of British Columbia, Eye Care Centre, 2550 Willow St, Vancouver, BC V5Z 3N9, Canada
    Arch Ophthalmol 125:1700-2. 2007
    ..Herein, we describe a case of a cavernous dural fistula in which an anteriorly narrowed and thrombosed superior ophthalmic vein was cannulated in the deep orbit through a lateral orbitotomy...
  56. ncbi [Post-traumatic unilateral vision loss caused by carotid-cavernous fistula]
    Lidia Puchalska-Niedbał
    Z Katedry i Kliniki Okulistyki Pomorskiej Akademii Medycznej w Szczecinie
    Klin Oczna 107:351-3. 2005
    ..We show the subject with unilateral vision loss after head trauma. The carotid-cavernous fistula was a cause of one eye blindness recognized after 2 months...
  57. ncbi Diagnosis and management of dural carotid-cavernous sinus fistulas
    Neil R Miller
    Department of Ophthalmology, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Neurosurg Focus 23:E13. 2007
    ..In this paper, the author discusses the anatomy, pathogenesis, clinical manifestations, diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis of dural CCFs...
  58. ncbi Transvenous treatment of a complex cavernous sinus dural arteriovenous fistula secondary to balloon embolization of a traumatic carotid-cavernous fistula
    Jian Hai
    Department of Neurosurgery, Tongji Hospital, Tongji University, Shanghai 200065, China
    Chin Med J (Engl) 119:1846-8. 2006
  59. ncbi [Bilateral hyposphagma]
    S Pedak
    Augenabteilung, Augenklink der Barmherzigen Brüder Linz, Osterreich
    Ophthalmologe 107:270-3. 2010
    ..Our strong suspicion of carotid-cavernous sinus fistula was confirmed through a computed tomographic perfusion study; the previously conducted magnetic resonance examination of the cerebrum was without result...
  60. pmc Communicating carotid-cavernous sinus fistula following minor head trauma
    Joshua B Kaplan
    Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Florida College of Medicine, 1329 SW 16th Street, PO Box 100186, Gainesville, FL 32610, USA
    Int J Emerg Med 5:10. 2012
    ..abstract:..
  61. ncbi Primary treatment of an indirect carotid cavernous fistula by injection of N-butyl cyanoacrylate in the dural wall of the cavernous sinus
    Ali Shaibani
    Department of Radiology, Feinberg School of Medicine of Northwestern University, Chicago, IL 60611, USA
    Surg Neurol 67:403-8; discussion 408. 2007
    ..Endovascular treatment is the treatment of choice, but because of their heterogeneous etiology and anatomy, an appropriate treatment plan must be tailored for each patient...
  62. ncbi Carotid cavernous fistula in CNS choriocarcinoma
    Cynthia Tallent Lawton
    Medical University of South Carolina School of Medicine, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, South Carolina, USA
    Pediatr Blood Cancer 50:893-5. 2008
    ..Computed tomography angiography revealed a CCF, which was endovascularly embolized with detachable coils. There may be a direct cause-and-effect relationship between choriocarcinoma and development of CCFs...
  63. ncbi Acute stroke secondary to internal carotid artery pseudoaneurysm: MRI findings and treatment with endovascular coiling
    Mohammad Wasay
    Aga Khan University, Karachi, Turkey
    J Pak Med Assoc 57:377-8. 2007
    ..Vessel was obliterated by fibercoiling and gluing by endovascular technique to diminish risk of further embolization. MRI characteristics of carotid pseudoaneurysms and role of endovascular treatment are discussed...
  64. ncbi Successful transarterial embolization of a Barrow type D dural carotid-cavernous fistula with ethylene vinyl alcohol copolymer (Onyx)
    Dheeraj Gandhi
    Department of Radiology, Division of Interventional Neuroradiology DG, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland 21287, USA
    J Neuroophthalmol 29:9-12. 2009
    ..Transarterial Onyx embolization could be a valuable option in transarterial treatment of CCFs when venous access is difficult...
  65. pmc Transarterial embolization of traumatic carotid-superior hypophyseal arterial cavernous fistula. A case report
    Q Wang
    Department of Neurosurgery, Fudan University, Shanghai, China
    Interv Neuroradiol 16:278-81. 2010
    ..We hereby demonstrate an effective, minimally invasive method of occluding a rare fistula by transarterial embolization...
  66. ncbi Endovascular embolization of traumatic carotid cavernous fistulas
    Z Wu
    Department of Neuroradiology, Beijing Neurosurgical Institute, Beijing 100050, China
    Chin Med J (Engl) 112:433-7. 1999
    ..To analyze the effectiveness of endovascular embolization on treatment of traumatic carotid-cavernous fistula (TCCF)...
  67. ncbi Cavernous carotid origin aneurysm rupture with intracerebral intraparenchymal hemorrhage after treatment of a traumatic Barrow type A cavernous carotid artery fistula
    M Horowitz
    Department of Neurosurgery and Radiology, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, USA
    AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 27:524-6. 2006
    ..Although these lesions rarely cause intraparenchymal hemorrhage, the risk for such an event must be taken into consideration when patients are treated for the initial lesion...
  68. ncbi High spatial resolution and high contrast visualization of brain arteries and veins: impact of blood pool contrast agent and water-selective excitation imaging at 3T
    E Spuentrup
    Radiologie, Klinikum Saarbrücken, Germany
    Rofo 182:1097-104. 2010
    ..To investigate a blood pool contrast agent and water-selective excitation imaging at 3 T for high spatial and high contrast imaging of brain vessels including the veins...
  69. ncbi Pseudoaneurysm of the internal carotid artery in an infant aged 8 months
    Ravi Meher
    Himalayan Institute of Medical Sciences, Jollygrant, Dehradun, India
    N Z Med J 119:U1815. 2006
    ..Emergency carotid artery ligation was performed and the infant recovered well without any neurological sequelae...
  70. ncbi Absence of orbito-ocular signs in dural carotid-cavernous sinus fistula with a prominent anterior venous drainage
    Kazuyo Ikeda
    Third Department of Internal Medicine, Kagawa University School of Medicine, 1750 1 Ikenobe, Miki cho, Kita gun, Kagawa 761 0793, Japan
    J Neurol Sci 236:81-4. 2005
    ..These findings suggest that the absence of orbito-ocular signs in dural CCF with an anterior venous drainage could be attributed to the relief of venous hypertension of the SOV...
  71. ncbi Cavernous sinus fistula treated through the transvenous approach: report of four cases
    F Bing
    Service de Neuroradiologie, CHU de Grenoble, 38043 Grenoble Cedex 09, France
    J Neuroradiol 36:265-9. 2009
    ..To describe transvenous embolization in four patients with indirect dural carotid cavernous fistulas (CCFs) via the inferior petrosal sinus (IPS) or superior ophthalmic vein (SOV), and their clinical outcomes...
  72. ncbi Direct carotid-cavernous fistula causing brainstem venous congestion
    Miguel Bussière
    Division of Neuroradiology, Department of Diagnostic Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, London Health Sciences Centre, London, Ontario, Canada
    J Neuroophthalmol 29:21-5. 2009
    ..This is the fifth reported case of brainstem complications of a direct CCF. It highlights potentially serious complications of this condition and their reversibility with prompt treatment...
  73. ncbi Retrospective study on the endovascular embolization for traumatic carotid cavernous fistula
    Li Zhao Chen
    Department of Neurosurgery, Daping Hospital, Third Military Medical University, Chongqing, China
    Chin J Traumatol 13:20-4. 2010
    ..To retrospectively analyze 95 cases of traumatic carotid cavernous fistula treated by endovascular embolization...
  74. ncbi Transvenous coil treatment of a type a carotid cavernous fistula in association with transarterial trispan coil protection
    Luca Remonda
    Department of Neuroradiology, University of Bern, Inselspital, Bern, Germany
    AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 25:611-3. 2004
    ....
  75. ncbi Management of carotid injuries in a hostile neck using endovascular grafts
    Mark C Wyers
    Section of Vascular Surgery, Dartmouth Hitchcock Medical Center, One Medical Center Drive, Lebanon, NH 03756, USA
    J Vasc Surg 39:1335-9. 2004
    ..In the second case, an endovascular graft was used to treat an intraoperative common carotid injury in a re-operated, radiated neck. These cases demonstrate the utility of endovascular graft treatment of emergent carotid injuries...
  76. ncbi Onyx embolization of carotid-cavernous fistulas
    Mohamed Samy Elhammady
    Department of Neurological Surgery, Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Florida 33136, USA
    J Neurosurg 112:589-94. 2010
    ..The authors conducted a study to determine the safety and efficacy of embolization of carotid-cavernous fistulas (CCFs) with the ethylene vinyl alcohol copolymer, Onyx...
  77. ncbi Carotid-cavernous fistula in a child after minimal orbital trauma
    Pamela J Bekendam
    Loma Linda University Medical Center, Loma Linda, CA, USA
    J AAPOS 8:401-3. 2004
  78. ncbi Endovascular treatment of carotid-cavernous fistulas: review of 12 cases
    S B P Siqueira
    Department of Neurosurgery, Hospital de Força Aérea do Galeão, HFAG, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
    Minim Invasive Neurosurg 51:1-5. 2008
    ..The patients were treated by endovascular approaches and the CCFs were occluded. From our evaluation, we concluded that the endovascular procedure is safe, effective and minimally invasive in patients with CCF...
  79. ncbi Ruptured petrous carotid pseudoaneurysm complicating malignant otitis externa
    Laila M Telmesani
    Department of Otolaryngology, King Fahd Hospital of the University, Al Khobar, Saudi Arabia
    J Otolaryngol 33:278-80. 2004
  80. ncbi Hath David once again slayed Goliath?
    Robert M Schainfeld
    Division of Vascular Medicine, St Elizabeth s Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    Catheter Cardiovasc Interv 62:69-70. 2004
  81. ncbi [Development and question about interventional therapy for cerebrovascular disease]
    Da Ming Wang
    Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi 45:217-9. 2007
  82. ncbi Diagnosis and follow-up study of carotid cavernous fistulas with color Doppler ultrasonography: analysis of 33 cases
    Yunyou Duan
    Department of Ultrasound Diagnostics, Tangdu Hospital, The Fourth Military Medical University, Xi an 710038, China
    J Ultrasound Med 24:739-45. 2005
    ..The purpose of this study was to observe image characteristics and hemodynamic changes of carotid-cavernous sinus fistulas (CCFs) and to evaluate the efficacy of interventional treatment for CCFs by color Doppler ultrasonography (CDUS)...
  83. ncbi Cerebellar hemorrhage and subsequent venous infarction followed by incomplete transvenous embolization of dural carotid cavernous fistulas: a rare complication: case report
    Reng Jye Lee
    Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital Kaohsiung Medical Center, Chang Gung University College of Medicine, Taiwan
    J Neurosurg 108:1245-8. 2008
    ..Early recognition of redistributed drainage and preventive placement of coils at the origin of draining veins during the procedure could avert this rare complication...
  84. ncbi Traumatic carotid cavernous fistula with bilateral carotid artery and vertebral artery dissections
    R L Yong
    Division of Neurosurgery, Department of Surgery, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
    Acta Neurochir (Wien) 147:1109-13; discussion 1113. 2005
    ..Her vascular injuries resolved without need for surgical or endovascular intervention...
  85. ncbi Carotid artery pseudoaneurysm with Horner's syndrome: delayed complication of internal jugular venous cannulation
    M Mastan
    Department of Anaesthesia, Rochdale Infirmary, Rochdale, Lancashire OL12 0NB
    Hosp Med 66:314-5. 2005
  86. ncbi Endovascular treatment of high-flow carotid cavernous fistulas by stent-assisted coil placement
    Fanny E Moron
    Department of Radiology, The Methodist Hospital, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030, USA
    AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 26:1399-404. 2005
    ..We report our experience using stent-assisted coil placement for treatment of patients with high-flow fistulas that are associated with severe laceration of the internal carotid artery...
  87. ncbi Internal carotid artery pseudoaneurysms: treatment with the Wallgraft endoprosthesis
    Stephen M Kubaska
    Department of Vascular Surgery, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, Ohio 44195, USA
    J Endovasc Ther 10:182-9. 2003
    ..To report several cases illustrating the feasibility and mid-term efficacy of deploying a self-expanding stent-graft to treat traumatic ruptures, pseudoaneurysms, and a spontaneous dissection of the internal carotid artery (ICA)...
  88. ncbi Carotid-cavernous fistula with brainstem congestion mimicking tumor on MRI
    S Shintani
    Departments of Neurology, Toride Kyodo General Hospital, Toride City, Ibaraki, Japan
    Neurology 55:1929-31. 2000
    ..Right hemiplegia ensued 1 week later. Venous congestion of the brainstem with hemiplegia resulting from shunting of blood flow from both carotid arteries is an extremely rare complication of carotid-cavernous fistula...
  89. ncbi False aneurysm of cavernous carotid artery and carotid cavernous fistula: complications following transsphenoidal surgery
    R Kachhara
    Department of Neurosurgery, Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences and Technology, Trivandrum 695011, India
    Neurol India 51:81-3. 2003
    ..The management options are discussed and relevant literature is reviewed. We emphasize the importance of an early cerebral angiography to know the status of the injured carotid artery and formation of false aneurysm / fistula...
  90. ncbi [Hematoma of the abdominal wall. A case report: pitfall of Seldinger method via femoral artery]
    Hisaya Hiramatsu
    Department of Neurosurgery, Hamamatsu University School of Medicine, 1 20 1 Handayama, Hamamatsu shi, Shizuoka 431 3192, Japan
    No Shinkei Geka 37:167-71. 2009
    ..To prevent a vascular injury, it is very important to manipulate a guide wire under fluoroscopic control and to select a J-shaped guide wire instead of an angle-shaped one...
  91. ncbi Endovascular trapping of traumatic carotid-cavernous fistulae
    Stuart C Coley
    Department of Radiology, Royal Hallamshire Hospital, Sheffield, England
    AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 24:1785-8. 2003
    ..The latter was achieved following retrograde catheterization of the distal parent vessel via the contralateral carotid or ipsilateral vertebral artery...
  92. ncbi [Choroidal effusion syndrome after embolization of an indirect cavernous sinus fistula via the superior ophthalmic vein]
    K Karim-Zade
    Augenklinik, Universitat Tubingen, Schleichstrasse 12, 72076 Tubingen
    Ophthalmologe 103:609-11. 2006
    ..It is not possible to assess the capacity and time of opening of the venous collateral system before surgery. Therefore a transient outflow disturbance should be considered...
  93. ncbi [Two cases of idiopathic carotid-cavernous fistula with headache and ophthalmoplegia]
    Go Ogawa
    Division of Neurology, Department of Internal Medicine 3, National Defense Medical College
    Rinsho Shinkeigaku 47:516-8. 2007
    ..Our cases showed a dilated superior ophthalmic vein in enhanced CT and an abnormal signal around the cavernous sinus in CTA. Therefore, CTA may be useful as a relatively non-invasive method that can provide diagnostic clues for CCF...
  94. ncbi Spontaneous carotid-cavernous fistula in a patient with Ehlers-Danlos syndrome type IV--case report
    Takashi Mitsuhashi
    Department of Neurosurgery, Juntendo University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan
    Neurol Med Chir (Tokyo) 44:548-53. 2004
    ..Currently, there is no ideal treatment for CCF in patients with EDS type IV. Since CCF is rarely life-threatening, the investigative approach and course of treatment must consider the associated vascular fragility...
  95. ncbi Unilateral vision impairment from a carotid-cavernous fistula after a monobloc osteotomy in a patient with Apert syndrome
    Raj M Vyas
    University of California Los Angeles UCLA, David Geffen School of Medicine UCLA, Los Angeles, California, USA
    J Craniofac Surg 18:960-5. 2007
    ..Successful embolization was used to treat the fistula. Precaution should be taken by craniofacial surgeons in performing similar procedures in patients with Apert syndrome because of their unique skull abnormalities...
  96. ncbi [Traumatic carotid-cavernous fistula]
    Lovro Bojić
    Klinika za ocne bolesti, Klinicka bolnica Split, Split, Hrvatska
    Acta Med Croatica 61:207-9. 2007
    ..Posttraumatic carotid-cavernous fistula may be treated successfully with the use of transarterial coil embolization...
  97. ncbi Isolated bilateral abducens nerves palsy due to traumatic delicate arteriovenous fistula
    Jae Hyeok Chang
    Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Pusan National University Hospital, Pusan National University School of Medicine, Seo Gu, Busan, Republic of Korea
    Brain Inj 24:46-9. 2010
    ..However, isolated bilateral abducens nerve palsy is extremely rare...
  98. ncbi Brainstem congestion caused by direct carotid-cavernous fistula--case report
    Hidetoshi Murata
    Department of Neurosurgery, Yokohama City University School of Medicine, Yokohama, Kanagawa, Japan
    Neurol Med Chir (Tokyo) 43:255-8. 2003
    ..Brainstem congestion caused by direct CCF is very rare, but it can be life-threatening. Good outcome can be expected if the CCF is completely occluded before congestive hemorrhage occurs...
  99. ncbi Obliteration of carotid-cavernous fistulas using direct surgical and coil-assisted embolization: technical case report
    Carlos A Guerrero
    Department of Neurosurgery, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock 72205, USA
    Neurosurgery 58:E382; discussion E382. 2006
    ..A case of combined pretemporal approach to the cavernous sinus and direct coiling of CCF is presented as well as treatment options in cases of recurrent and intractable fistulas...
  100. ncbi A noisy zygoma fracture--complication of carotid-cavernous sinus fistula: total recovery of monocular blindness and frozen-eye after endoarterial coil embolization
    F Bierenbroodspot
    Department of Oral and Cranio Maxillofacial Surgery, University Medical Centre Nijmegen, PO Box 9101, 6500 HB Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg 34:214-9. 2005
    ..In this case, careful analysis of the MRA's showed that the CCSF most likely developed in the posttraumatic phase...
  101. ncbi Necrotic nasopharyngeal mucosa: an ominous MR sign of a carotid artery pseudoaneurysm
    Shy Chyi Chin
    Department of Radiology, Tri Service General Hospital, National Defense Medical Center, Taipei, Taiwan
    AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 26:414-6. 2005
    ..With the aid of these studies, clinicians may be able to manage this condition with more confidence...