Genomes and Genes
infectious pregnancy complications
Summary: The co-occurrence of pregnancy and an INFECTION. The infection may precede or follow FERTILIZATION.
Publications294 found, 100 shown here
- Impact of malaria during pregnancy on low birth weight in sub-Saharan AfricaHelen L Guyatt
Kenya Medical Research Institute Wellcome Trust Collaborative Programme, P O Box 43640, Nairobi, Kenya
Clin Microbiol Rev 17:760-9, table of contents. 2004..These estimates imply that around 100,000 infant deaths each year could be due to LBW caused by malaria during pregnancy in areas of malaria endemicity in Africa...
- Combination antiretroviral strategies for the treatment of pregnant HIV-1-infected women and prevention of perinatal HIV-1 transmissionEllen R Cooper
Maxwell Finland Laboratory for Infectious Diseases, Boston Medical Center, Boston University School of Medicine, 774 Albany Street, Suite 506, Boston, MA 02118, U S A
J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 29:484-94. 2002..The Women and Infants Transmission Study is a prospective natural history study that has been enrolling HIV-1-infected pregnant women and their infants since 1989...
- Association between bacterial vaginosis and preterm delivery of a low-birth-weight infant. The Vaginal Infections and Prematurity Study GroupS L Hillier
University of Washington, Seattle, USA
N Engl J Med 333:1737-42. 1995..1; 95 percent confidence interval, 1.5 to 3.0). CONCLUSIONS. Bacterial vaginosis was associated with the preterm delivery of low-birth-weight infants independently of other recognized risk factors...
- Passive immunization during pregnancy for congenital cytomegalovirus infectionGiovanni Nigro
Department of Pediatrics, La Sapienza University, Rome
N Engl J Med 353:1350-62. 2005..Currently, there is no effective intervention for a primary cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection during pregnancy...
- Diagnosis and management of human cytomegalovirus infection in the mother, fetus, and newborn infantMaria Grazia Revello
Servizio di Virologia, IRCCS Policlinico San Matteo, 27100 Pavia, Italy
Clin Microbiol Rev 15:680-715. 2002....
- Emerging infections and pregnancyDenise J Jamieson
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30341, USA
Emerg Infect Dis 12:1638-43. 2006..Pregnant women's altered response to infectious diseases should be considered when planning a response to emerging infectious disease threats...
- Syphilis in pregnancy in Tanzania. II. The effectiveness of antenatal syphilis screening and single-dose benzathine penicillin treatment for the prevention of adverse pregnancy outcomesDeborah Watson-Jones
Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
J Infect Dis 186:948-57. 2002..4-1.4) or low-titer active syphilis (OR, 0.95; 95% CI, 0.6-1.5), compared with seronegative women. Single-dose treatment is effective in preventing adverse pregnancy outcomes attributable to maternal syphilis...
- Breastfeeding plus infant zidovudine prophylaxis for 6 months vs formula feeding plus infant zidovudine for 1 month to reduce mother-to-child HIV transmission in Botswana: a randomized trial: the Mashi StudyIbou Thior
Department of Immunology and Infectious Diseases, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Mass 02115, USA
JAMA 296:794-805. 2006..Postnatal transmission of human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV) via breastfeeding reverses gains achieved by perinatal antiretroviral interventions...
- The burden of co-infection with human immunodeficiency virus type 1 and malaria in pregnant women in sub-saharan AfricaFeiko O Ter Kuile
Child and Reproductive Health Group, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, United Kingdom
Am J Trop Med Hyg 71:41-54. 2004..There is a clear need to strengthen the deployment of existing malaria and HIV prevention and intervention measures for pregnant women...
- Mortality of infected and uninfected infants born to HIV-infected mothers in Africa: a pooled analysisMarie Louise Newell
Centre for Paediatric Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Institute of Child Health, London WC1N 1EH, UK
Lancet 364:1236-43. 2004..With individual data from seven randomised mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) intervention trials, we estimate mortality in African children born to HIV-infected mothers and analyse selected risk factors...
- Cost-effectiveness of nevirapine to prevent mother-to-child HIV transmission in eight African countriesMichael D Sweat
Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
AIDS 18:1661-71. 2004..Most attention has been given to preventing vertical transmission based on analysis showing nevirapine to be inexpensive and cost-effective...
- Vulnerability of women in an African setting: lessons for mother-to-child HIV transmission prevention programmesPhilippe Gaillard
International Centre for Reproductive Health, University of Ghent, Ghent, Belgium
AIDS 16:937-9. 2002..To increase the uptake of interventions to reduce perinatal HIV transmission safely, we recommend the involvement of partners in HIV testing. In addition, the counselling of women has to address methods and skills to deal with violence...
- Mothers infected with HIVJames Mcintyre
Perinatal HIV Research Unit, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
Br Med Bull 67:127-35. 2003..Without such efforts and increased HIV prevention, the gains achieved by safe motherhood programmes will be lost in the future...
- Correlates of mother-to-child human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) transmission: association with maternal plasma HIV-1 RNA load, genital HIV-1 DNA shedding, and breast infectionsG C John
Department of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA
J Infect Dis 183:206-212. 2001..Use of methods that decrease infant exposure to HIV-1 in maternal genital secretions or breast milk may enhance currently recommended perinatal HIV-1 interventions...
- Maternal antibodies enhance or prevent cytomegalovirus infection in the placenta by neonatal Fc receptor-mediated transcytosisEkaterina Maidji
Department of Cell and Tissue Biology, School of Dentistry, University of California San Francisco, 513 Parnassus, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94143 0512, USA
Am J Pathol 168:1210-26. 2006..These findings could explain the efficacy of hyperimmune IgG for treatment of primary CMV infection during gestation and support vaccination...
- An autopsy study of maternal mortality in Mozambique: the contribution of infectious diseasesClara Menendez
Barcelona Center for International Health Research CRESIB and Department of Pathology, Hospital Clinic, Institut d Investigacions Biomediques August Pi i Sunyer IDIBAPS, Universitat de Barcelona, Spain
PLoS Med 5:e44. 2008..The aim of this study was to accurately describe the causes of maternal death in order to contribute to its reduction, in one of the regions of the world with the highest maternal mortality ratios...
- Pregnancy outcome following infections by coxsackie, echo, measles, mumps, hepatitis, polio and encephalitis virusesAsher Ornoy
The Hebrew University Hadassah Medical School and Jerusalem Institute of Child Development, Israeli Ministry of Health, Jerusalem
Reprod Toxicol 21:446-57. 2006..There is no evidence that immunization in pregnancy against these diseases (with attenuated viruses) may adversely affect pregnancy outcome...
- Comparison of the diagnostic accuracy of a rapid immunochromatographic test and the rapid plasma reagin test for antenatal syphilis screening in MozambiquePablo J Montoya
Health Alliance International, Maputo, Mozambique
Bull World Health Organ 84:97-104. 2006....
- Voluntary counseling and HIV testing for pregnant women in the Kassena-Nankana district of northern Ghana: is couple counseling the way forward?Frank Baiden
Navrongo Health Research Center, Navrongo, Ghana
AIDS Care 17:648-57. 2005..Couple counseling facilitated through couple-friendly ANC services should be explored as strategy for the intended VCT program in this district...
- Characteristics of HIV type 1 (HIV-1) glycoprotein 120 env sequences in mother-infant pairs infected with HIV-1 subtype CRF01_AETanawan Samleerat
Faculty of Associated Medical Sciences, Chiang Mai University, Thailand
J Infect Dis 198:868-76. 2008..This finding was particularly significant for the PNGS at positions N301 and N384...
- Placental infection with human papillomavirus is associated with spontaneous preterm deliveryL M Gomez
Center for Research on Reproduction and Women s Health, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, 2000 Courtyard Building, 3400 Spruce Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
Hum Reprod 23:709-15. 2008..We sought to determine if human papillomavirus (HPV) infection of extravillous trophoblast cells reduces cell invasion and if placental infection is associated with adverse reproductive outcomes attributed to placental dysfunction...
- Modelling the cost-effectiveness of introducing rapid syphilis tests into an antenatal syphilis screening programme in Mwanza, TanzaniaP Vickerman
London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London, WC1E 7HT, UK
Sex Transm Infect 82:v38-43. 2006..This analysis estimates the relative cost-effectiveness of using these POC tests in the Mwanza syphilis screening intervention...
- Hearing loss in children with congenital cytomegalovirus infection born to mothers with preexisting immunityShannon A Ross
Department of Pediatrics, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 35233, USA
J Pediatr 148:332-6. 2006..To define hearing outcomes in children with congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection born to mothers with non-primary CMV infection...
- Antenatal couple counseling increases uptake of interventions to prevent HIV-1 transmissionCarey Farquhar
Department of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98104 249, USA
J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 37:1620-6. 2004..004). Partner participation in VCT and couple counseling increased uptake of nevirapine and formula feeding. Antenatal couple counseling may be a useful strategy to promote HIV-1 prevention interventions...
- High-risk human papillomavirus clearance in pregnant women: trends for lower clearance during pregnancy with a catch-up postpartumM A E Nobbenhuis
Department of Pathology, Vrije Universiteit Medical Center, PO Box 7057, 1007 MB, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Br J Cancer 87:75-80. 2002..3 (0.8-13.7) and 4.6 (1.6-12.8), respectively). These results suggest a lowered immune-response against human papilloma virus during the first two trimesters of pregnancy with a catch-up postpartum...
- Sexually transmitted infections in pregnancy: prevalence, impact on pregnancy outcomes, and approach to treatment in developing countriesS Mullick
The Population Council, Frontiers in Reproductive Health, Hyde Park Lane Manor, EG001 Edinburgh Gate, Box 411744, Craighall 2024, Johannesburg, South Africa
Sex Transm Infect 81:294-302. 2005..This review examines the prevalence and impact on pregnancy outcome of STIs in developing countries and recommends approaches to management of STIs in pregnancy for resource poor settings...
- Microbial invasion and cytokine response in amniotic fluid in a Swedish population of women with preterm prelabor rupture of membranesBo Jacobsson
Perinatal Center, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Institute for the Health of Women and Children, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Goteborg, Sweden
Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 82:423-31. 2003....
- Intimate partner violence against women in eastern Uganda: implications for HIV preventionCharles A S Karamagi
Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda
BMC Public Health 6:284. 2006....
- From effectiveness to impact: contraception as an HIV prevention interventionR Wilcher
Family Health International, P O Box 13950, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709, USA
Sex Transm Infect 84:ii54-60. 2008..This paper reviews international, country and service delivery level opportunities for and obstacles to translating contraceptive efficacy into interventions that will have an impact on the effectiveness of HIV prevention...
- Effect of pregnancy on HIV disease progression and survival among women in rural UgandaVan der Paal Lieve
MRC UVRI Uganda Research Unit on AIDS, Entebbe, Uganda
Trop Med Int Health 12:920-8. 2007..To investigate the effect of pregnancy on HIV disease progression and survival among HIV-infected women in rural Uganda, prior to the introduction of anti-retroviral therapy (ART)...
- The importance of prenatal exposures on the development of allergic disease: a birth cohort study using the West Midlands General Practice DatabaseTricia M McKeever
Division of Respiratory Medicine, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, United Kingdom
Am J Respir Crit Care Med 166:827-32. 2002..Our findings suggest that exposure to antibiotics and to infections in utero is a potentially important risk factor in the development of allergic disease...
- Economic and programmatic aspects of congenital syphilis preventionGeorge Schmid
Research Scientist, Department of HIV AIDS, World Health Organization, 20 Avenue Appia, Geneva 27, Switzerland
Bull World Health Organ 82:402-9. 2004..The prevention of congenital syphilis should be a global priority; international agencies and national programmes should be committed to improving antenatal care (ANC) services including syphilis detection and prevention...
- Time to undetectable viral load after highly active antiretroviral therapy initiation among HIV-infected pregnant womenDeven Patel
Clin Infect Dis 44:1647-56. 2007....
- Experimental infection of pregnant ewes with bovine viral diarrhea virus type-2 (BVDV-2): effects on the pregnancy and fetusC F Scherer
, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria (UFSM, 97105-900, RS, Santa Maria, Brazil
Vet Microbiol 79:285-99. 2001..These features make this species an attractive animal model for studying the pathogenesis of congenital BVDV-2 infection...
- HIV transmission through breastfeeding: a study in MalawiP G Miotti
Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
JAMA 282:744-9. 1999..Understanding the risk of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) transmission through breastfeeding is essential for advising HIV-infected mothers and formulating public health policy recommendations...
- Contraception to prevent HIV-positive births: current contribution and potential cost savings in PEPFAR countriesH W Reynolds
Family Health International, P O Box 13950, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709, USA
Sex Transm Infect 84:ii49-53. 2008....
- Highly active antiretroviral therapy started during pregnancy or postpartum suppresses HIV-1 RNA, but not DNA, in breast milkRoger L Shapiro
Department of Immunology and Infectious Diseases, Harvard School of Public Health, and Division of Infectious Diseases, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA
J Infect Dis 192:713-9. 2005..The ability of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) to reduce human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) RNA and DNA in breast milk has not been described...
- Pandemic influenza and pregnant womenSonja A Rasmussen
National Center of Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Road, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
Emerg Infect Dis 14:95-100. 2008..Finally, healthcare facilities need to develop plans to minimize exposure of pregnant women to ill persons, while ensuring that women receive necessary care...
- Antiretroviral therapy and premature delivery in diagnosed HIV-infected women in the United Kingdom and IrelandClaire L Townsend
Centre for Paediatric Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Institute of Child Health, University College London, London, UK
AIDS 21:1019-26. 2007..To explore the association between antiretroviral therapy in pregnancy and premature delivery, birthweight, stillbirth and neonatal mortality, in pregnancies in HIV-infected women delivering between 1990 and 2005...
- Antiretroviral therapy in pregnant women with advanced HIV disease and pregnancy outcomes in Abidjan, Côte d'IvoireDidier K Ekouevi
ANRS 1201 1202 DITRAME PLUS Project, PACCI Collaboration, Abidjan, Cote d Ivoire, France
AIDS 22:1815-20. 2008..Pregnancy outcomes in women receiving highly active antiretroviral treatment (HAART) in Africa are not well described...
- Diagnosis of Plasmodium falciparum malaria in pregnancy in sub-Saharan Africa: the challenges and public health implicationsC J Uneke
Department of Medical Microbiology Parasitology, Faculty of Clinical Medicine, Ebonyi State University, PMB 053 Abakaliki, Nigeria
Parasitol Res 102:333-42. 2008..Increased allocation of resources to development and application of accurate diagnostics will improve malaria diagnosis in pregnancy...
- Is antiretroviral therapy during pregnancy associated with an increased risk of preterm delivery, low birth weight, or stillbirth?Amanda M Cotter
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Division of Maternal Fetal Medicine, University of Miami, Miami, Florida 33101, USA
J Infect Dis 193:1195-201. 2006..Our objective was to investigate whether antiretroviral therapy was associated with adverse pregnancy outcome at a single site...
- A randomized trial of multivitamin supplements and HIV disease progression and mortalityWafaie W Fawzi
Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
N Engl J Med 351:23-32. 2004..Results from observational studies suggest that micronutrient status is a determinant of the progression of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disease...
- Approaches for scaling up human immunodeficiency virus testing and counseling in prevention of mother-to-child human immunodeficiency virus transmission settings in resource-limited countriesOmotayo O Bolu
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for HIV, Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention, Global AIDS Program, Prevention of Mother to Child HIV Transmission Team, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
Am J Obstet Gynecol 197:S83-9. 2007..This paper will review best practices needed for expansion of testing and counseling in PMTCT settings in resource-limited countries...
- Influenza and pneumonia in pregnancyVanessa R Laibl
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas, 5323 Harry Hines Boulevard, Dallas, TX 75390 9032, USA
Clin Perinatol 32:727-38. 2005..Pregnant patients who have either of these conditions require a higher level of surveillance and intervention...
- Prevention of mother-to-child HIV transmission in resource-poor countries: translating research into policy and practiceK M De Cock
Division of HIV AIDS Prevention Surveillance and Epidemiology, National Center for HIV, STD and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
JAMA 283:1175-82. 2000..Successful implementation of available perinatal HIV interventions could substantially improve global child survival...
- Effect of a syphilis control programme on pregnancy outcome in Nairobi, KenyaM Temmerman
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Ghent, Belgium
Sex Transm Infect 76:117-21. 2000..To assess the impact of a syphilis control programme of pregnant women on pregnancy outcome in Kenya...
- Antenatal syphilis in sub-Saharan Africa: missed opportunities for mortality reductionS Gloyd
Department of Health Services, Box 357660, University of Washington School of Public Health and Community Medicine, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
Health Policy Plan 16:29-34. 2001..DISCUSSION: Syphilis testing and treatment is a cost-effective intervention that deserves much greater attention, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa and other countries where syphilis infection is high...
- Voluntary counseling and testing for couples: a high-leverage intervention for HIV/AIDS prevention in sub-Saharan AfricaT M Painter
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for HIV, STD and TB Prevention, Division of HIV AIDS Prevention Surveillance and Epidemiology, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
Soc Sci Med 53:1397-411. 2001..It also identifies areas where applied social/behavioral research is needed to improve knowledge about how couples in sub-Saharan Africa deal with the risks of HIV infection...
- Challenges in the concurrent management of malaria and HIV in pregnancy in sub-Saharan AfricaPaula E Brentlinger
Department of Health Services, School of Public Health and Community Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 7660, USA
Lancet Infect Dis 6:100-11. 2006....
- Modelling HIV/AIDS epidemics in Botswana and India: impact of interventions to prevent transmissionNico J D Nagelkerke
Department of Public Health, Erasmus University Rotterdam, The Netherlands
Bull World Health Organ 80:89-96. 2002..To describe a dynamic compartmental simulation model for Botswana and India, developed to identify the best strategies for preventing spread of HIV/AIDS...
- Listeria monocytogenes traffics from maternal organs to the placenta and backAnna I Bakardjiev
Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, University of California Berkeley, Berkeley, California, USA
PLoS Pathog 2:e66. 2006..Once colonized, the placenta becomes a nidus of infection resulting in massive reseeding of maternal organs, where L. monocytogenes cannot be cleared until trafficking is interrupted by expulsion of the infected placental tissues...
- Growth of Listeria monocytogenes in the guinea pig placenta and role of cell-to-cell spread in fetal infectionAnna I Bakardjiev
Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 3202, USA
J Infect Dis 191:1889-97. 2005..We concluded that cell-to-cell spread facilitates maternal-to-fetal transmission. Furthermore, the placenta provides a protective niche for growth of L. monocytogenes...
- Field efficacy of zidovudine, lamivudine and single-dose nevirapine to prevent peripartum HIV transmissionFrancois Dabis
Unité INSERM 593, Institut de Santé Publique, Epidémiologie et Développement ISPED, Universite Victor Segalen, 146 rue Leo Saignat, 33076 Bordeaux, France
AIDS 19:309-18. 2005..We evaluated the 6-week field efficacy of two more PMTCT drug combinations...
- Persistence of nevirapine-resistant HIV-1 in women after single-dose nevirapine therapy for prevention of maternal-to-fetal HIV-1 transmissionS Palmer
HIV Drug Resistance Program, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Frederick, MD 21702 1201, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103:7094-9. 2006..These findings highlight the urgent need for studies assessing the impact of sdNVP on the efficacy of subsequent antiretroviral therapy containing NVP or other nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors...
- Impact of influenza exposure on rates of hospital admissions and physician visits because of respiratory illness among pregnant womenLinda Dodds
Canadian Centre for Vaccinology, Halifax, NS
CMAJ 176:463-8. 2007..We evaluated the impact of exposure during nonpandemic influenza seasons on the rates of hospital admissions and physician visits because of respiratory illness among pregnant women...
- Two-dose versus monthly intermittent preventive treatment of malaria with sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine in HIV-seropositive pregnant Zambian womenDavidson H Hamer
Center for International Health and Development, Boston University School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02118, USA
J Infect Dis 196:1585-94. 2007..However, the optimal dosing regimen in settings in which human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is highly prevalent among pregnant women remains controversial...
- Maternal influenza infection is likely to alter fetal brain development indirectly: the virus is not detected in the fetusLimin Shi
Biology Division, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA
Int J Dev Neurosci 23:299-305. 2005..Thus, the effects of maternal infection on fetal brain development are likely to be indirect, probably involving the maternal inflammatory response...
- Prevalence of resistance to nevirapine in mothers and children after single-dose exposure to prevent vertical transmission of HIV-1: a meta-analysisElise Arrive
Unité INSERM 593, Bordeaux, France
Int J Epidemiol 36:1009-21. 2007..This systematic review and meta-analysis of summarized data aimed to estimate the proportion of mothers and children with NVP resistance mutations detected in plasma samples 4-8 weeks postpartum after single-dose NVP use for PMTCT...
- Probable mother to infant transmission of Pneumocystis jiroveci from an HIV-infected woman to her HIV-uninfected infantLisa M McNally
AIDS 19:1548-9. 2005
- Periodontal disease and upper genital tract inflammation in early spontaneous preterm birthAlice R Goepfert
The Center for Research in Women s Health and the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, The University of Alabama at Birmingham, 619 19th Street, Birmingham, AL 35249 7333, USA
Obstet Gynecol 104:777-83. 2004..To estimate the relationship between maternal periodontal disease and both early spontaneous preterm birth and selected markers of upper genital tract inflammation...
- Impact of round-the-clock, rapid oral fluid HIV testing of women in labor in rural IndiaNitika Pant Pai
Division of Infectious Diseases and Immunodeficiency Service, Montreal Chest Institute, McGill University Health Center, Montreal, Canada
PLoS Med 5:e92. 2008..In this context, we investigated the impact of introducing round-the-clock, rapid, point-of-care HIV testing and counseling in a busy labor ward at a tertiary care hospital in rural India...
- Symptomatic congenital cytomegalovirus infection in infants born to mothers with preexisting immunity to cytomegalovirusS B Boppana
Department of Pediatrics, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, USA
Pediatrics 104:55-60. 1999..To determine the frequency of symptomatic congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection in the offspring of women with a recurrent maternal CMV infection and to characterize the demographic and newborn findings...
- Maternal mortality associated with tuberculosis-HIV-1 co-infection in Durban, South AfricaM Khan
Medical Research Council, South Africa
AIDS 15:1857-63. 2001..Any attempt to improve maternal health must also include careful screening and investigation for tuberculosis in high-risk pregnant women...
- Epidemiology of invasive group B streptococcal disease in the United States, 1999-2005Christina R Phares
Epidemic Intelligence Service Program, Office of Workforce and Career Development, Division of Bacterial Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
JAMA 299:2056-65. 2008..Guidelines for prevention of perinatal disease through intrapartum chemoprophylaxis were revised in 2002. Candidate vaccines are under development...
- Prevention of mother-to-child transmission and voluntary counseling and testing programme data: what is their utility for HIV surveillance?Wolfgang Hladik
Global AIDS Program, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
AIDS 19:S19-24. 2005....
- Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation for 2009 Influenza A(H1N1) Acute Respiratory Distress SyndromeAndrew Davies
FRACP, FJFICM, Intensive Care Unit, Alfred Hospital, Commercial Road, Melbourne, Victoria 3004, Australia
JAMA 302:1888-95. 2009..It caused an epidemic of critical illness and some patients developed severe acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) and were treated with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO)...
- Neonatal herpes simplex virus infectionRichard Whitley
University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama 35233, USA
Curr Opin Infect Dis 17:243-6. 2004..This review considers recent advances that impact on disease management...
- Maternal and fetal outcomes in pregnant women with acute hepatitis E virus infectionSharda Patra
G B Pant Hospital and Lady Hardinge Medical College, New Delhi, India
Ann Intern Med 147:28-33. 2007..Hepatitis E virus (HEV) infection is known to cause severe liver disease in pregnant women. It is unclear whether obstetric and fetal outcomes are worse in pregnant women with HEV infection than in women with other forms of viral hepatitis...
- Contraceptive use, protected sexual intercourse and incidence of pregnancies among African HIV-infected women. DITRAME ANRS 049 Project, Abidjan 1995-2000Annabel Desgrées-du-Lou
Institut de Recherche pour le Développement IRD and Ecole Nationale de Statistiques et d Economie Appliquée, ENSEA, Abidjan, Cote d Ivoire, France
Int J STD AIDS 13:462-8. 2002..The most educated women who cannot easily adopt this strategy are particularly exposed to unwanted pregnancies...
- HIV testing among pregnant women in Brazil: rates and predictorsValdilea G Veloso
Instituto de Pesquisa Clinica Evandro Chagas, Fundacao Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil
Rev Saude Publica 42:859-67. 2008..To assess rates of offering and uptake of HIV testing and their predictors among women who attended prenatal care...
- Sociodemographic factors associated with participation by HIV-1-positive pregnant women in an intervention to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV in Cote d'IvoireT M Painter
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for HIV, STD and TB Prevention, Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
Int J STD AIDS 16:237-42. 2005..Greater attention to mitigating the effects of broader structural factors on women's participation in interventions may increase the effectiveness of MTCT prevention in Africa...
- Forgotten but not gone: the continuing scourge of congenital syphilisDamian G Walker
Health Policy Unit, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
Lancet Infect Dis 2:432-6. 2002..A task-force approach to defining the most appropriate interventions together with support for some research should be a priority for support under the Global Health Fund...
- Antenatal syphilis screening in sub-Saharan Africa: lessons learned from TanzaniaDeborah Watson-Jones
London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
Trop Med Int Health 10:934-43. 2005....
- Declines in low birth weight and preterm birth among infants who were born to HIV-infected women during an era of increased use of maternal antiretroviral drugs: Pediatric Spectrum of HIV Disease, 1989-2004Joann Schulte
Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
Pediatrics 119:e900-6. 2007..Our goal was to determine trends in low birth weight and preterm birth among US infants born to HIV-infected women...
- Maternal and congenital syphilis programmes: case studies in Bolivia, Kenya and South AfricaBidia D Deperthes
Technical Officer, Department of Reproductive Health and Research, World Health Organization, 1211 Geneva 27, Switzerland
Bull World Health Organ 82:410-6. 2004....
- Is antenatal syphilis screening still cost effective in sub-Saharan AfricaF Terris-Prestholt
London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
Sex Transm Infect 79:375-81. 2003..To compare this intervention with other antenatal and child health interventions, specifically the prevention of mother to child transmission of HIV (PMTCT)...
- Multidisciplinary prospective study of mother-to-child chikungunya virus infections on the island of La RéunionPatrick Gerardin
Neonatal and Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, pôle Mère Enfant, Groupe Hospitalier Sud Reunion, Saint Pierre, La Reunion, France
PLoS Med 5:e60. 2008....
- Determinants of low birth weight among HIV-infected pregnant women in TanzaniaM L Dreyfuss
Departments of Nutrition, Biostatistics, and Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA
Am J Clin Nutr 74:814-26. 2001..Low birth weight (LBW) increases the risk of infant death, but little is known about its causes among HIV-infected populations in sub-Saharan Africa...
- Listeriosis during pregnancy: a case series and review of 222 casesEleftherios Mylonakis
Division of Infectious Diseases, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA 02114, USA
Medicine (Baltimore) 81:260-9. 2002
- Pregnancy outcomes in HIV-infected and uninfected women in rural and urban South AfricaNigel C Rollins
Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, Nelson R Mandela School of Medicine, University of KwaZulu Natal, Congella 4013, South Africa
J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 44:321-8. 2007..To describe pregnancy outcomes among clade C HIV-infected and uninfected women in South Africa...
- Association of HIV and malaria with mother-to-child transmission, birth outcomes, and child mortalityHeena Brahmbhatt
Department of Population and Family Health Sciences, Johns Hopkins University, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 47:472-6. 2008..To assess the impact of HIV and malaria coinfection on mother-to-child HIV transmission (MTCT) and adverse birth outcomes...
- Maternal syphilis: pathophysiology and treatmentStuart M Berman
Division of STD Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA 30306, USA
Bull World Health Organ 82:433-8. 2004....
- Prevalence of colonisation with group B Streptococci in pregnant women of a multi-ethnic population in The NetherlandsArijaan W Valkenburg-van den Berg
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Medisch Centrum Haaglanden MCH, Westeinde Hospital, PO Box 432, 2501 CK The Hague, The Netherlands
Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 124:178-83. 2006..We calculated predictive values of cultures in pregnancy for intrapartum GBS carriage...
- Use of antiretroviral therapy in pregnant HIV-infected women and the risk of premature delivery: a meta-analysisAthena P Kourtis
Division of Reproductive Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30341, USA
AIDS 21:607-15. 2007..The use of antiretroviral agents in pregnant HIV-infected women has been reported to increase the risk of premature delivery in some studies. We performed a meta-analysis on relevant studies to address this question...
- Prevalence and clinical course of chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection and rate of HCV vertical transmission in a cohort of 15,250 pregnant womenD Conte
Cattedra di Gastroenterologia, IRCCS Ospedale Maggiore, Milan, Italy
Hepatology 31:751-5. 2000....
- Washing our hands of the congenital cytomegalovirus disease epidemicMichael J Cannon
National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
BMC Public Health 5:70. 2005..More children are affected by serious CMV-related disabilities than by several better-known childhood maladies, including Down syndrome, fetal alcohol syndrome, and spina bifida...
- Insensitivity of paediatric HIV-1 subtype C viruses to broadly neutralising monoclonal antibodies raised against subtype BElin Solomonovna Gray
AIDS Virus Research Unit, National Institute for Communicable Diseases, Johannesburg, South Africa
PLoS Med 3:e255. 2006..To assess the suitability of such an approach, we determined the sensitivity of paediatric HIV-1 subtype C viruses to the broadly neutralising MAbs IgG1b12, 2G12, 2F5, and 4E10...
- Single-dose perinatal nevirapine plus standard zidovudine to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV-1 in ThailandMarc Lallemant
EpidÃ©miologie Clinique, SantÃ© Maternelle et Infantile et Sida, Institut de Recherche pour le DÃ©veloppement, Paris
N Engl J Med 351:217-28. 2004..We hypothesized that the administration, in addition to zidovudine, of a single dose of oral nevirapine to mothers during labor and to neonates would further reduce transmission of HIV...
- Efficacy of treatment for syphilis in pregnancyJ M Alexander
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas 75235 9032, USA
Obstet Gynecol 93:5-8. 1999..To evaluate prospectively the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommended regimens for the treatment of antepartum syphilis and prevention of congenital syphilis...
- Quantitative analysis of HBV DNA level and HBeAg titer in hepatitis B surface antigen positive mothers and their babies: HBeAg passage through the placenta and the rate of decay in babiesZhanhui Wang
Department of Infectious Disease, Nanfang Hospital, The First Medical College of PLA, Guangzhou 510 515, China
J Med Virol 71:360-6. 2003..HBV DNA levels in hepatitis B carrier mothers are associated with the failure of HBIG and vaccine immunization, and the additional influence of transmitted HBeAg cannot be excluded...
- Role of maternal autologous neutralizing antibody in selective perinatal transmission of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 escape variantsRuth Dickover
Department of Pediatrics, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, University of California Los Angeles, 10833 LeConte Ave, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
J Virol 80:6525-33. 2006..These data indicate that maternal autologous neutralizing antibody can exert powerful protective and selective effects in perinatal HIV-1 transmission and therefore has important implications for vaccine development...
- Prevention and treatment of influenza in high-risk groups: children, pregnant women, immunocompromised hosts, and nursing home residentsRichard J Whitley
University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, 35233 1711, USA
J Infect Dis 194:S133-8. 2006..The development of additional antiviral drugs is an important recommendation for the future, so that antiviral resistance can be circumvented. Similarly, availability of drugs for children <1 year of age is mandatory...
- Managing Q fever during pregnancy: the benefits of long-term cotrimoxazole therapyXavier Carcopino
Service de Gynecologie Obstetrique, Hopital Nord, Chemin des Bourrely, France
Clin Infect Dis 45:548-55. 2007..During pregnancy, it may result in obstetric complications, such as spontaneous abortion, intrauterine growth retardation, intrauterine fetal death, and premature delivery. Pregnant women are exposed to the risk of chronic Q fever...
- Intrapartum and neonatal single-dose nevirapine compared with zidovudine for prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV-1 in Kampala, Uganda: 18-month follow-up of the HIVNET 012 randomised trialJ Brooks Jackson
Department of Pathology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA
Lancet 362:859-68. 2003..Safety and efficacy data are now presented for all babies followed up to 18 months of age...
- Women in couples antenatal HIV counseling and testing are not more likely to report adverse social eventsKatherine Semrau
Center for International Health and Development at the Boston University School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts 02118, USA
AIDS 19:603-9. 2005..Couple counseling has been promoted as a strategy to improve uptake of interventions to prevent mother-to-child HIV transmission (pMTCT) and to minimize adverse social outcomes associated with disclosure of HIV status...
- Routine intrapartum HIV counseling and testing for prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV in a rural Ugandan hospitalJaco Homsy
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CDC Uganda, Global AIDS Program, National Center for HIV, STD, and TB Prevention, CDC, and Uganda Virus Research Institute, Entebbe, Uganda
J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 42:149-54. 2006..Routine HIV counseling and testing (HCT) during labor has been proposed as a way to increase PMTCT uptake, but little data exist on the impact of such intervention in a programmatic context in Africa...
- A sonographic short cervix as the only clinical manifestation of intra-amniotic infectionSonia Hassan
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Division of Maternal Fetal Medicine, Wayne State University, Hutzel Women s Hospital, 3990 John R, 7 Brush North, MFM Mail Drawer 163, Detroit, MI 48201, USA
J Perinat Med 34:13-9. 2006..This study was conducted to determine the rate of MIAC and intra-amniotic inflammation in patients with a cervical length < 25 mm in the mid-trimester...
- Measuring trends in prevalence and incidence of HIV infection in countries with generalised epidemicsP D Ghys
Joint United Nations Programme on AIDS UNAIDS, Avenue Appia 20, Geneva CH 1211, Switzerland
Sex Transm Infect 82:i52-6. 2006..Review of recent data and practice to derive guidance on questions relating to the measurement and analysis of trends in HIV prevalence and incidence...
- Maternal antiretroviral drugs during pregnancy and infant low birth weight and preterm birthEdgardo G Szyld
Hosp Diego Paroissien, Brazil
AIDS 20:2345-53. 2006..The a priori hypothesis was that protease inhibitor (PI)-containing regimens are associated with an increased risk of LBW and preterm birth...
- Consequences of maternal anaemia on outcome of pregnancy in a malaria endemic area in Papua New GuineaB J Brabin
Institute of Medical Research, Madang, Papua New Guinea
Ann Trop Med Parasitol 84:11-24. 1990..The extent to which malaria control, using drug treatment and chemoprophylaxis, can reduce the risk of low birthweight will vary in relation to the prevalence and causes of anaemia in women...
- NUTRITION, IMMUNOLOGY, AND EPIDEMIOLOGY OF TBWafaie Fawzi; Fiscal Year: 2004..abstract_text> ..
- Partnership on Nutrition and HIV/AIDS Research in Tanza*Wafaie Fawzi; Fiscal Year: 2006..The program will be carried out as a collaborative effort between Muhimbili University College of Health Sciences, Dar-es-Salaam, Tanzania and the Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA. ..
- Genital Ulcer Disease and HIV TransmissionJeanne Sheffield; Fiscal Year: 2005..The pursuit of these aims will further elucidate the cellular and molecular bases of the interrelationship between GUD and HIV-1 transmission, particularly in women. ..
- HIV PREVENTION TRIALS UNITWafaie Fawzi; Fiscal Year: 2004..S., the commitment of the authorities in Tanzania to HIV research, and the political stability in Tanzania, would make this collaboration a valuable addition to the HPTN. ..
- Trial of Vitamins among Children of HIV-infected MothersWafaie Fawzi; Fiscal Year: 2007..The study will be carried out as a collaborative effort between the Harvard School of Public Health and Muhimbili University College of Health Sciences, Dar-es-Salaam, Tanzania. ..
- A TRAIL OF MICRONUTRIENTS AND ADVERSE PREGNACY OUTCOMESWafaie Fawzi; Fiscal Year: 2003..To examine potential mechanisms of action of the supplements or dietary patterns and intake of individual nutrients, they will assess the following secondary outcomes among women: hemoglobin levels, T cell counts, and placental weight. ..
- Trial of Vitamins in HIV Progression and TransmissionWafaie Fawzi; Fiscal Year: 2009..The study is a collaborative effort between Harvard School of Public Health and Muhimbili University College of Health Sciences, Dar-es-Salaam, Tanzania. ..
- Serologic Studies of Prenatal Factors in SchizophreniaAlan Brown; Fiscal Year: 2002..For this purpose, we shall quantify levels of these cytokines in 100 SSD cases and their respective matched controls, and compare these levels between the groups. ..
- Prenatal Factors and Risk of Bipolar DisorderALAN STEWART BROWN; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- Novel Strategy for Animal Model Testing of HCMV VaccinesMark Schleiss; Fiscal Year: 2007..These studies will represent the first efficacy test of a human CMV subunit vaccine in a small animal model of congenital CMV infection. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Protective cellular immune responses in HIV-1 discordant couplesCarey Farquhar; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- Protective Immune Responses in HIV-1 Exposed InfantsCarey Farquhar; Fiscal Year: 2006..Kreiss and John, will prepare her for the complex data analysis required by this study and contribute substantially to the development of her career as an independent clinical investigator. ..
- Safety Pharmacokinetics & Efficacy of Artemether & Lumefantrine in Pregnant WomenMark Mirochnick; Fiscal Year: 2008..The data from this planned study will provide the information needed to ensure that pregnant women receive the appropriate doses of these anti-malaria drugs. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- VACCINES FOR PREVENTION OF EXPERIMENTAL CONGENITAL CMVMark Schleiss; Fiscal Year: 2009..We anticipate that these subunit vaccine studies in this small animal model will clarify which strategies may be of value for vaccination against congenital HCMV infection. ..
- Pathogenesis of Essential Tremor: Cerebellar MetabolismElan Louis; Fiscal Year: 2008..abstract_text> ..
- Clinical Relevance of Transient Nevirapine ResistanceLouise Kuhn; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable]..
- EFFECT OF CHRONIC INFECTION ON PLACENTAL DEVELOPMENTKim Boggess; Fiscal Year: 2005..Understanding of these mechanisms may assist in the development of interventions to protect the fetus and placenta from damage as a result of chronic maternal infection with oral pathogens. ..
- Mechanisms of myometrial healing and regenerationCatalin Buhimschi; Fiscal Year: 2006....
- DEVELOPMENTAL INSULT AND BRAIN ANOMALY IN SCHIZOPHRENIAAlan Brown; Fiscal Year: 2004....
- HIV Protective Immunity and Perinatal ExposureLouise Kuhn; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- Antiretroviral Pharmacology/Lactating Mother/InfantsMark Mirochnick; Fiscal Year: 2006..This information is needed for the safe and effective use of antiretrovirals in nursing women, and will pioneer a novel approach to the study of breast milk drug transfer. ..
- Transgenic Plant-Derived CMV Glycoprotein B VaccineMark Schleiss; Fiscal Year: 2007..These studies will advance the fields of plant and CMV vaccines. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Understanding Barriers to Oral Health Care In Pregnancy: The First Step to ImprovKim Boggess; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Prenatal factors and risk of autism in a Finnish national birth cohortALAN STEWART BROWN; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- CCR5 and CXCR4 Binding Chemokines and Oral HIV InfectionGrace John Stewart; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- Mechanisms for Racial Disparity in Preterm BirthJane Hitti; Fiscal Year: 2006....
- HIV-1 Specific Cytotoxic T Lymphocytes in BreastmilkGrace John Stewart; Fiscal Year: 2003..The resulting findings will be relevant to development of vaccines for prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV-1. ..
- VIOLENCE AND SPONTANEOUS ABORTION IN INNER CITY WOMENDeborah Nelson; Fiscal Year: 2002....
- Developmental Disabilities in a Time of AIDSADHIKARI MIRIAM; Fiscal Year: 2004..abstract_text> ..
- Maternal Viral Infection and Fetal Brain DevelopmentPaul Patterson; Fiscal Year: 2008..We will also use cytokine injections of non-infected mothers to help identify cytokines that may mediate the effects of maternal viral infection. ..
- Prevention of Cytomegalovirus InfectionStuart Adler; Fiscal Year: 2007..The results of this study will establish if prevention of CMV infections is possible. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Early Diagnosis of Neonatal CandidiasisDaniel Benjamin; Fiscal Year: 2008..abstract_text> ..
- Vertical transmission of Listeria monocytogenesAnna Bakardjiev; Fiscal Year: 2007..The proposed research will provide important training which will prove crucial for the applicant when she becomes an independent physician scientist, her long-term goal. ..
- Maternal and Infant Health and HAART Outcomes in the Mashi PMTCT Study, BotswanaShahin Lockman; Fiscal Year: 2010..placebo exposure;and pediatric neurodevelopmental and growth outcomes, by infant feeding modality and antiretroviral exposure history. ..
- Clinical Predictors of Antiretroviral FailureDaniel Benjamin; Fiscal Year: 2003..abstract_text> ..
- Vitamins, Breast Milk HIV Shedding and Child HealthEduardo Villamor; Fiscal Year: 2006..unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Placental Immunopathology in the FIV-infected Cat ModelKAREN COATS; Fiscal Year: 2006..The production of immunomodulators will be examined in infected and uninfected pregnant cats. We hope to identify immune parameters promoting in utero viral transmission and fetal damage. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- BEHAVIORAL INTERVENTION FOR CONGENITAL CMV DISEASEStuart Adler; Fiscal Year: 2001..The results of this trial will determine the effectiveness of behavioral intervention and the motivation necessary to adhere to recommendations and prevent child-to-mother transmission of CMV. ..
- The Role of NFkB in Huntington's DiseasePaul Patterson; Fiscal Year: 2005..These reagents will be injected into the brains of HD mice in tests of their efficacy in inhibiting mutant Htt toxicity and aggregation. They will also be tested on brain slices from HD mice, in the presence and absence of NMDA. ..
- HCV Treatment Cost-Effectiveness in 3 IDU PopulationsBRUCE SCHACKMAN; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Mobilizing Adult Neural Stem Cells and Disease ModelsPaul H Patterson; Fiscal Year: 2010..abstract_text> ..
- Burden of Malaria in Pregnancy in IndiaDavidson Hamer; Fiscal Year: 2007..The information generated by the study will also be instrumental in the development of new programs for preventing and mitigating the impact of MIP in India. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- HIV PREVENTION TRIALS UNIT - MALAWITaha Taha; Fiscal Year: 2006..We intend to continue these studies and to expand to additional sites. ..
- 10th International CMV WorkshopStuart Adler; Fiscal Year: 2005..The purpose is to keep everybody up to date and current about what's going on in all areas and stimulate new research projects and collaborations. We anticipate between 300 and 500 attendees. ..
- Peer Intervention as Pedagogic Paradigm in Kinshasa SPHFrieda Behets; Fiscal Year: 2006..Main outcome measures will be self reported sexual risk behaviors and STI/HIV incidence. The work will inform HIV prevention policy and strengthen research and training at KSPH ..
- RESPIRATORY DISEASES/BSI STUDYShahin Lockman; Fiscal Year: 2004....
- COLUMBIA-ADARC-CORNELL AIDS CLINICAL TRIALS UNITScott Hammer; Fiscal Year: 2006..Thus, the Columbia-ADARC ACTU will be an active participant in the Group's mission to improve the health of HIV infected individuals and set standards for treatment of HIV disease. ..
- Drug Resistance in Non-Subtype B HIV-1Susan Eshleman; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- EPIDEMIOLOGY OF CMVStuart Adler; Fiscal Year: 2007..The results of this study will establish if immunization of mothers against CMV infection is possible. ..
- Neighborhood, Race and Alcohol Use /Abuse TrajectoriesStephen Buka; Fiscal Year: 2004..In addition, this study will also support the development of advanced statistical techniques needed to simultaneously estimate school and neighborhood contributions to race/ethnic disparities in alcohol use. ..
- ROLE OF CMV ENVELOPE GLYCOPROTEINS IN POLARIZED CELLSLenore Pereira; Fiscal Year: 2003....
- Metabolic Consequences of Thymidine Sparing RegimensGrace A McComsey; Fiscal Year: 2010..at the top of each printed page and each continuation page. RESEARCH GRANT TABLE OF CONTENTS Page Numbers Face Page 1 Description, ..
- AIDS CLINICAL TRIALSLisa Frenkel; Fiscal Year: 2002..The PACTG site reports and regulatory evaluations of the UW PACTU which have generally been excellent are discussed. This proposal requests funds for the continuation of the successful UW PACTU. ..
- Mechanisms of Vascular Injury in the preterm lungSuhas Kallapur; Fiscal Year: 2006..The experimental design in this proposal incorporates challenging but, particularly in this environment achievable goals that will provide important knowledge in the pathogenesis of bronchopulmonary dysplasia. ..
- Viral and Placental Determinants of HIV-1 Subtype C Mother-to-Child TransmissionJesse Kwiek; Fiscal Year: 2008..The results of this project will provide a comprehensive description of the HIV-1 C envelope genes and the placental environment conducive to HIV-1 subtype C MTCT. ..
- Short Tandem Repeat Polymorphisms in CytomegalovirusJames Bale; Fiscal Year: 2003..Characterizing HCM' strains by STR analysis will facilitate future studies of HCMV evolution and will provide a novel means t to fingerprint HCMV strains. ..
- Vulvar Disease and Bladder and Bowel SymptomsColleen Kennedy; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Transcripitonal and Genetic Profiles in HNSCCsElaine Smith; Fiscal Year: 2008..abstract_text> ..
- Risk and Resilience in Youth with HIV+ MothersClaude Mellins; Fiscal Year: 2003..At the end of Phase 2, we aim to have a feasible, culturally sensitive, effective prevention intervention that can be tested in a larger clinical trial with early adolescents affected by maternal HIV disease. ..
- Topical virucides to prevent oral transmissionKoen van Rompay; Fiscal Year: 2004..If topical tenofovir administration were effective, then this simple strategy would be highly affordable for developing countries. ..
- Intrauterine Inflammation & Adverse Neurological OutcomeMichal A Elovitz; Fiscal Year: 2010..abstract_text> ..
- Microcredit and Health Services Experiment in BangladeshStan Becker; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- HIV counseling & testing among pregnant women, TanzaniaAmy Medley; Fiscal Year: 2007..Information from this study will help elucidate important barriers to the acceptance of VCT and allow the design of appropriate interventions. ..
- Dietary Glycemic Load, Obesity, and Birth Defect RisksMartha Werler; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Fas/FasL System In Normal Mammary Gland DevelopmentGil Mor; Fiscal Year: 2003..With an improved foundation of the normal mammary physiology, we can advance the understanding of breast cancer, allowing the development of effective strategies for its treatment and prevention. ..
- DETECTING NEONATAL SEPSIS USING MOLECULAR TECHNIQUESJEANNE JORDAN; Fiscal Year: 2003....
- Fas-Mediated Neutrophil Function in NeonatesJOYCE KOENIG; Fiscal Year: 2003..The studies outlined in this proposal will further our understanding of neutrophil biology in the developing human, and are critical to the design of future mechanistic studies. ..