communicable diseases

Summary

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Emerging infectious diseases of wildlife--threats to biodiversity and human health
    P Daszak
    Institute of Ecology, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, USA
    Science 287:443-9. 2000
  2. pmc Multiscale mobility networks and the spatial spreading of infectious diseases
    Duygu Balcan
    Center for Complex Networks and Systems Research, School of Informatics and Computing, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN 47408, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:21484-9. 2009
  3. pmc A high-resolution human contact network for infectious disease transmission
    Marcel Salathé
    Department of Biology, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305 5020, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:22020-5. 2010
  4. ncbi Climate change and infectious diseases in Europe
    Jan C Semenza
    Section Future Threats and Determinants, Unit of Scientific Advice, European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control, Stockholm, Sweden
    Lancet Infect Dis 9:365-75. 2009
  5. ncbi Seasonality and the dynamics of infectious diseases
    Sonia Altizer
    Institute of Ecology, University of Georgia, Athens, GA, USA
    Ecol Lett 9:467-84. 2006
  6. ncbi Climate change and human health: present and future risks
    Anthony J McMichael
    National Centre for Epidemiology and Population Health, The Australian National University, Canberra 0200, Australia
    Lancet 367:859-69. 2006
  7. pmc Simulation of an SEIR infectious disease model on the dynamic contact network of conference attendees
    Juliette Stehlé
    Centre de Physique Théorique de Marseille, CNRS UMR 6207, Marseille, France
    BMC Med 9:87. 2011
  8. pmc Identifying reservoirs of infection: a conceptual and practical challenge
    Daniel T Haydon
    University of Edinburgh, Roslin, UK
    Emerg Infect Dis 8:1468-73. 2002
  9. ncbi Climate and vectorborne diseases
    Kenneth L Gage
    Division of Vector Borne Infectious Diseases, National Center for Zoonotic, Vector Borne, and Enteric Diseases, CDC, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Am J Prev Med 35:436-50. 2008
  10. ncbi Where and why are 10 million children dying every year?
    Robert E Black
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Lancet 361:2226-34. 2003

Detail Information

Publications353 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Emerging infectious diseases of wildlife--threats to biodiversity and human health
    P Daszak
    Institute of Ecology, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, USA
    Science 287:443-9. 2000
    ....
  2. pmc Multiscale mobility networks and the spatial spreading of infectious diseases
    Duygu Balcan
    Center for Complex Networks and Systems Research, School of Informatics and Computing, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN 47408, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:21484-9. 2009
    ..The present approach outlines the possibility for the definition of layered computational approaches where different modeling assumptions and granularities can be used consistently in a unifying multiscale framework...
  3. pmc A high-resolution human contact network for infectious disease transmission
    Marcel Salathé
    Department of Biology, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305 5020, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:22020-5. 2010
    ..Immunization strategies based on contact network data were most effective at high vaccination coverage...
  4. ncbi Climate change and infectious diseases in Europe
    Jan C Semenza
    Section Future Threats and Determinants, Unit of Scientific Advice, European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control, Stockholm, Sweden
    Lancet Infect Dis 9:365-75. 2009
    ..Insights from these analyses could then guide adaptation strategies and protect population health from impending threats related to climate change...
  5. ncbi Seasonality and the dynamics of infectious diseases
    Sonia Altizer
    Institute of Ecology, University of Georgia, Athens, GA, USA
    Ecol Lett 9:467-84. 2006
    ..Finally, by focusing on well-studied examples of infectious diseases, we hope to highlight general insights that are relevant to other ecological interactions...
  6. ncbi Climate change and human health: present and future risks
    Anthony J McMichael
    National Centre for Epidemiology and Population Health, The Australian National University, Canberra 0200, Australia
    Lancet 367:859-69. 2006
    ..Evidence and anticipation of adverse health effects will strengthen the case for pre-emptive policies, and will also guide priorities for planned adaptive strategies...
  7. pmc Simulation of an SEIR infectious disease model on the dynamic contact network of conference attendees
    Juliette Stehlé
    Centre de Physique Théorique de Marseille, CNRS UMR 6207, Marseille, France
    BMC Med 9:87. 2011
    ..In this study, we aimed to assess the role of data-driven dynamic contact patterns between individuals, and in particular of their temporal aspects, in shaping the spread of a simulated epidemic in the population...
  8. pmc Identifying reservoirs of infection: a conceptual and practical challenge
    Daniel T Haydon
    University of Edinburgh, Roslin, UK
    Emerg Infect Dis 8:1468-73. 2002
    ..We discuss the practical value of different approaches that may be used to identify reservoirs in the field...
  9. ncbi Climate and vectorborne diseases
    Kenneth L Gage
    Division of Vector Borne Infectious Diseases, National Center for Zoonotic, Vector Borne, and Enteric Diseases, CDC, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Am J Prev Med 35:436-50. 2008
    ....
  10. ncbi Where and why are 10 million children dying every year?
    Robert E Black
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Lancet 361:2226-34. 2003
    ..A better understanding of child health epidemiology could contribute to more effective approaches to saving children's lives...
  11. pmc Global capacity for emerging infectious disease detection
    Emily H Chan
    Division of Health Sciences and Technology, HealthMap, Children s Hospital Informatics Program, Harvard Massachusetts Institute of Technology Boston, MA 02215, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:21701-6. 2010
    ..119 per year, 95% CI (1.025; 1.221)] showed improvement in public communication. These findings provide quantitative historical assessment of timeliness in infectious disease detection and public reporting of outbreaks...
  12. pmc Seasonal variation in host susceptibility and cycles of certain infectious diseases
    S F Dowell
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 7:369-74. 2001
    ..If such physiologic changes underlie human resistance to infectious diseases for large portions of the year and the changes can be identified and modified, the therapeutic and preventive implications may be considerable...
  13. pmc HealthMap: global infectious disease monitoring through automated classification and visualization of Internet media reports
    Clark C Freifeld
    Children s Hospital Informatics Program, Harvard MIT Division of Health Sciences and Technology, 300 Longwood Ave, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    J Am Med Inform Assoc 15:150-7. 2008
    ..Our objective is to address this challenge through the HealthMap.org Web application, an automated system for querying, filtering, integrating and visualizing unstructured reports on disease outbreaks...
  14. ncbi Large-scale spatial-transmission models of infectious disease
    Steven Riley
    Department of Community Medicine and School of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, Special Administrative Region, People s Republic of China
    Science 316:1298-301. 2007
    ..It also demonstrates the need to develop a simple model of household demographics, so that these large-scale models can be extended to the investigation of long-time scale human pathogens, such as tuberculosis and HIV...
  15. pmc Gene expression patterns in blood leukocytes discriminate patients with acute infections
    Octavio Ramilo
    Baylor National Institute of Allergy and Infections Diseases NIAID Cooperative Center for Translational Research on Human Immunology and Biodefense and Baylor Institute for Immunology Research, Dallas, TX 75204, USA
    Blood 109:2066-77. 2007
    ..Thus, microarray analyses of patient peripheral blood leukocytes might assist in the differential diagnosis of infectious diseases...
  16. pmc Dynamic social networks and the implications for the spread of infectious disease
    Jonathan M Read
    Mathematics Institute and Department of Biological Sciences, University of Warwick, Coventry CV4 7AL, UK
    J R Soc Interface 5:1001-7. 2008
    ..Our findings have implications for the modelling of human epidemics and planning pandemic control policies based on social distancing methods...
  17. ncbi Monitoring and surveillance of chronic non-communicable diseases: progress and capacity in high-burden countries
    Ala Alwan
    Non Communicable Diseases and Mental Health, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
    Lancet 376:1861-8. 2010
    The burden of chronic, non-communicable diseases in low-income and middle-income countries is increasing...
  18. ncbi Health and demographic surveillance in rural western Kenya: a platform for evaluating interventions to reduce morbidity and mortality from infectious diseases
    Kubaje Adazu
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Kenya Program, Nairobi, Kenya
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 73:1151-8. 2005
    ..9%) and anemia (19.8%) as the most common causes of death in children. These data will provide a basis for generating further research questions, developing targeted interventions, and evaluating their impact...
  19. pmc Measuring the burden of neglected tropical diseases: the global burden of disease framework
    Colin D Mathers
    Information, Evidence and Research Cluster, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 1:e114. 2007
    ..3% of the global burden of disease and injuries. Further research is currently underway to revise and update these estimates...
  20. pmc Unhealthy landscapes: Policy recommendations on land use change and infectious disease emergence
    Jonathan A Patz
    Center for Sustainability and the Global Environment SAGE, Nelson Institute for Environmental Studies and the Department of Population Health Sciences, University of Wisconsin, Madison, 53726 4087, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 112:1092-8. 2004
    ....
  21. ncbi The double burden of communicable and non-communicable diseases in developing countries
    Abdesslam Boutayeb
    UFR Modelling and Data Analysis, Faculty of Sciences, University Mohamed Ier, Oujda, Morocco
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 100:191-9. 2006
    Now, at the dawn of the third millennium, non-communicable diseases are sweeping the entire globe...
  22. pmc Exploiting temporal network structures of human interaction to effectively immunize populations
    Sungmin Lee
    IceLab, Department of Physics, Umea University, Umea, Sweden
    PLoS ONE 7:e36439. 2012
    ....
  23. pmc Models of epidemics: when contact repetition and clustering should be included
    Timo Smieszek
    Institute for Environmental Decisions, Natural and Social Science Interface, ETH Zurich, Universitaetsstrasse 22, 8092 Zurich, Switzerland
    Theor Biol Med Model 6:11. 2009
    ..However, we do not yet completely know under what conditions repetitiveness and clustering should be included for realistically modelling disease spread...
  24. ncbi Predicting epidemics on directed contact networks
    Lauren Ancel Meyers
    Section of Integrative Biology and Institute for Cellular and Molecular Biology, University of Texas at Austin, 1 University Station C0930, Austin, TX 78712, USA
    J Theor Biol 240:400-18. 2006
    ..We furthermore demonstrate that these methods more accurately predict the vulnerability of HCWs and the efficacy of various hospital-based containment strategies during outbreaks of severe respiratory diseases...
  25. ncbi What types of contacts are important for the spread of infections?: using contact survey data to explore European mixing patterns
    Alessia Melegaro
    Modelling and Economics Unit, Health Protection Agency, Centre for Infections, London, UK
    Epidemics 3:143-51. 2011
    ..We observe similar patterns in each of the countries analysed, suggesting that there are consistent biological mechanisms at work...
  26. pmc Effect of hand hygiene on infectious disease risk in the community setting: a meta-analysis
    Allison E Aiello
    Department of Epidemiology, Center for Social Epidemiology and Population Health, University of Michigan School of Public Health, 3659 SPH Tower, 109 Observatory, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 2029, USA
    Am J Public Health 98:1372-81. 2008
    ..Hand hygiene is clearly effective against gastrointestinal and, to a lesser extent, respiratory infections. Studies examining hygiene practices during respiratory illness and interventions targeting aerosol transmission are needed...
  27. ncbi Virtual surveillance of communicable diseases: a 20-year experience in France
    A Flahault
    Réseau Sentinelles, INSERM UMR S707, Paris, France
    Stat Methods Med Res 15:413-21. 2006
    ..diseases, with individual description of cases, and to explore some aspects of the mathematical theory of communicable diseases. We developed user-friendly interfaces for remote data entry and GIS tools providing real-time atlas of ..
  28. pmc Ecology drives the worldwide distribution of human diseases
    Vanina Guernier
    Génétique et Evolution des Maladies Infectieuses, Montpellier, France
    PLoS Biol 2:e141. 2004
    ..When parasites and pathogens are included, estimates of total species diversity may increase by more than an order of magnitude...
  29. ncbi Using time-use data to parameterize models for the spread of close-contact infectious diseases
    Emilio Zagheni
    Department of Demography, University of California, Berkeley, 2232 Piedmont Avenue, Berkeley, CA 94720 2120, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 168:1082-90. 2008
    ..The availability of time-use data for a large number of countries and their potential to supplement contact surveys make the methods developed extremely valuable and suitable for implementation in several different contexts...
  30. pmc The importance of including dynamic social networks when modeling epidemics of airborne infections: does increasing complexity increase accuracy?
    Sally Blower
    BMC Med 9:88. 2011
    ..Specifically, the most detailed contact network and a simplified version of this network generated very similar results. These results are extremely interesting and require further exploration to determine their generalizability...
  31. pmc Use of unstructured event-based reports for global infectious disease surveillance
    Mikaela Keller
    Harvard Massachusetts Institute of Technology Division of Health Sciences and Technology, Boston, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 15:689-95. 2009
    ..Such development would further establish event-based monitoring as an invaluable public health resource that provides critical context and an alternative to traditional indicator-based outbreak reporting...
  32. ncbi Tuberculosis comorbidity with communicable and non-communicable diseases: integrating health services and control efforts
    Ben J Marais
    Sydney Emerging Infections and Biosecurity Institute, and The Children s Hospital at Westmead, Sydney Medical School, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia
    Lancet Infect Dis 13:436-48. 2013
    ..for the global burden of disease reflect major demographic and lifestyle changes, leading to a rise in non-communicable diseases. Most countries with high levels of tuberculosis face a large comorbidity burden from both non-..
  33. pmc Design and descriptive epidemiology of the Infectious Diseases of East African Livestock (IDEAL) project, a longitudinal calf cohort study in western Kenya
    Barend Mark De Clare Bronsvoort
    The Roslin Institute and Royal Dick School of Veterinary Studies, University of Edinburgh, Roslin, UK
    BMC Vet Res 9:171. 2013
    ..Blood and tissue samples were collected in association with all visits and screened using a range of laboratory based diagnostic methods for over 100 different pathogens or infectious exposures...
  34. pmc The spread of awareness and its impact on epidemic outbreaks
    Sebastian Funk
    School of Biological Sciences, Royal Holloway, University of London, Egham TW20 0EX, United Kingdom
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:6872-7. 2009
    ..These findings suggest that care needs to be taken both in the interpretation of disease parameters, as well as in the prediction of the fate of future outbreaks...
  35. ncbi Ecological interference between fatal diseases
    P Rohani
    Institute of Ecology, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia 30602 2202, USA
    Nature 422:885-8. 2003
    ..This new ecological null model has important consequences for understanding the multi-strain dynamics of pathogens such as dengue and echoviruses...
  36. pmc Inborn errors of immunity to infection: the rule rather than the exception
    Jean Laurent Casanova
    Laboratory of Human Genetics of Infectious Diseases, University of Paris René Descartes INSERM U550, Necker Medical School, Pediatric Hematology Immunology Unit, Necker Enfants Malades Hospital, Paris, France
    J Exp Med 202:197-201. 2005
    ..We argue here that most individuals retain a natural vulnerability to infectious diseases, reflecting a great diversity of inborn errors of immunity...
  37. pmc How to (or not to) integrate vertical programmes for the control of major neglected tropical diseases in sub-Saharan Africa
    Narcis B Kabatereine
    Vector Control Division, Ministry of Health, Government of Uganda, Kampala, Uganda
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 4:e755. 2010
    ..By sharing experiences from Uganda, Tanzania, Southern Sudan, and Mozambique, this symposium article aims to outlines key challenges and solutions to assist countries in establishing efficient integrated NTD programmes...
  38. ncbi Invasion threshold in heterogeneous metapopulation networks
    Vittoria Colizza
    Complex Networks Lagrange Laboratory, Institute for Scientific Interchange, Torino, Italy
    Phys Rev Lett 99:148701. 2007
    ..The results presented provide a general framework for the understanding of the effect of travel restrictions in epidemic containment...
  39. pmc Genetic susceptibility to infectious diseases: big is beautiful, but will bigger be even better?
    David Burgner
    School of Paediatrics and Child Health, University of Western Australia, Princess Margaret Hospital for Children, Perth, WA, Australia
    Lancet Infect Dis 6:653-63. 2006
    ....
  40. ncbi Epidemic modeling in metapopulation systems with heterogeneous coupling pattern: theory and simulations
    Vittoria Colizza
    Complex Networks Lagrange Laboratory CNLL, Institute for Scientific Interchange ISI, Torino, Italy
    J Theor Biol 251:450-67. 2008
    ..The results can be useful in the understanding of recent data driven computational approaches to disease spreading in large transportation networks and the effect of containment measures such as travel restrictions...
  41. pmc Climate change and infectious diseases in North America: the road ahead
    Amy Greer
    Research Institute of the Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ont
    CMAJ 178:715-22. 2008
    ..g., the Arctic). We provide an overview of the expected nature and direction of such changes, which pose current and future challenges to health care providers and public health agencies...
  42. ncbi Infectious disease surveillance and modelling across geographic frontiers and scientific specialties
    Kamran Khan
    Department of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada
    Lancet Infect Dis 12:222-30. 2012
    ....
  43. ncbi Animal movements and the spread of infectious diseases
    Eric M Fèvre
    Centre for Infectious Diseases and Centre for Tropical Veterinary Medicine, Royal Dick School of Veterinary Studies, University of Edinburgh, Easter Bush, Roslin, Midlothian EH25 9RG, UK
    Trends Microbiol 14:125-31. 2006
    ..Measures based on heightened surveillance are proposed that mitigate the risks of new pathogen introductions...
  44. pmc Invasion threshold in structured populations with recurrent mobility patterns
    Duygu Balcan
    Complex Networks and Systems Lagrange Laboratory, Institute for Scientific Interchange, Torino 10133, Italy
    J Theor Biol 293:87-100. 2012
    ..The results presented here take a step further in offering insight into the fundamental mechanisms controlling the spreading of infectious diseases and other contagion processes across spatially structured communities...
  45. ncbi Emergence and control of infectious diseases in China
    Longde Wang
    Ministry of Health, People s Republic of China, Beijing, China
    Lancet 372:1598-605. 2008
    ..This strategy can serve as a model for worldwide surveillance and response to threats from infectious diseases...
  46. ncbi Communicable diseases in complex emergencies: impact and challenges
    Maire A Connolly
    World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
    Lancet 364:1974-83. 2004
    b>Communicable diseases, alone or in combination with malnutrition, account for most deaths in complex emergencies...
  47. ncbi Illness in travelers visiting friends and relatives: a review of the GeoSentinel Surveillance Network
    Karin Leder
    Victorian Infectious Diseases Service, Centre for Clinical Research Excellence, Royal Melbourne Hospital, Parkville, Victoria, 3052, Australia
    Clin Infect Dis 43:1185-93. 2006
    ..A greater proportion of immigrant VFRs presented with serious, potentially preventable travel-related illnesses than did tourist travelers...
  48. ncbi A role of high impact weather events in waterborne disease outbreaks in Canada, 1975 - 2001
    Kate M Thomas
    Department of Population Medicine, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada
    Int J Environ Health Res 16:167-80. 2006
    ..216 - 4.285). These results suggest that warmer temperatures and extreme rainfall are contributing factors to waterborne disease outbreaks in Canada. This could have implications for water management and public health initiatives...
  49. pmc Mining social mixing patterns for infectious disease models based on a two-day population survey in Belgium
    Niel Hens
    Interuniversity Institute for Biostatistics and Statistical Bioinformatics I BioStat, Hasselt University and Catholic University of Leuven, Agoralaan 1, 3590 Diepenbeek, Belgium
    BMC Infect Dis 9:5. 2009
    ..In contrast to other European surveys conducted simultaneously, each respondent recorded contacts over two days. Special attention was given to holiday periods, and respondents with large numbers of professional contacts...
  50. ncbi Threshold effects for two pathogens spreading on a network
    M E J Newman
    Department of Physics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, 48109 1040, USA
    Phys Rev Lett 95:108701. 2005
    ....
  51. ncbi Social and environmental risk factors in the emergence of infectious diseases
    Robin A Weiss
    Wohl Virion Centre, Division of Infection and Immunity, University College London, W1T 4JF, UK
    Nat Med 10:S70-6. 2004
    ..A better understanding of the evolving social dynamics of emerging infectious diseases ought to help us to anticipate and hopefully ameliorate current and future risks...
  52. ncbi Network analysis of cattle and pig movements in Sweden: measures relevant for disease control and risk based surveillance
    Maria Nöremark
    SVA, National Veterinary Institute, Department of Disease Control and Epidemiology, 751 89 Uppsala, Sweden
    Prev Vet Med 99:78-90. 2011
    ....
  53. pmc Remote sensing and human health: new sensors and new opportunities
    L R Beck
    California State University, Monterey Bay, California 94035 2424, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 6:217-27. 2000
    ....
  54. pmc The effect of network mixing patterns on epidemic dynamics and the efficacy of disease contact tracing
    Istvan Z Kiss
    Department of Mathematics, University of Sussex, Falmer, Brighton BN1 9RF, UK
    J R Soc Interface 5:791-9. 2008
    ..Multi-step contact tracing is more effective than single-step tracing for assortative mixing, but this effect is smaller for disassortatively mixed networks...
  55. ncbi Epidemic variability in hierarchical geographical networks with human activity patterns
    Zhi Dan Zhao
    Web Sciences Center, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu 610054, People s Republic of China
    Chaos 22:023150. 2012
    ..More importantly, the variabilities of high-layer seeds in HETD are much greater than that in HOTD, which implies the unpredictability of epidemic spreading in hierarchical geographical networks...
  56. ncbi Trends in infectious disease mortality in the United States during the 20th century
    G L Armstrong
    National Foundation for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Atlanta, GA, USA
    JAMA 281:61-6. 1999
    ..Recent increases in infectious disease mortality and concern about emerging infections warrant an examination of longer-term trends...
  57. ncbi Epidemic threshold for the susceptible-infectious-susceptible model on random networks
    Roni Parshani
    Minerva Center and Department of Physics, Bar Ilan University, Ramat Gan, Israel
    Phys Rev Lett 104:258701. 2010
    ....
  58. pmc On the treatment of airline travelers in mathematical models
    Michael A Johansson
    Division of Vector Borne Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, San Juan, Puerto Rico
    PLoS ONE 6:e22151. 2011
    ..Models involving travelers can be improved significantly by relatively simple structural changes but also may require further attention to details of parameterization...
  59. ncbi Continuing challenge of infectious diseases in India
    T Jacob John
    Department of Clinical Microbiology, Christian Medical College, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India
    Lancet 377:252-69. 2011
    ....
  60. ncbi Modelling the epidemiology of infectious diseases for decision analysis: a primer
    Mark Jit
    Modelling and Economics Unit, Centre for Infections, Health Protection Agency, London, UK
    Pharmacoeconomics 29:371-86. 2011
    ....
  61. pmc Forecast and control of epidemics in a globalized world
    L Hufnagel
    Max Planck Institut für Strömungsforschung, Bunsenstrasse 10, 37073 Gottingen, Germany
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 101:15124-9. 2004
    ..The performance of different control strategies is analyzed, and our simulations show that a quick and focused reaction is essential to inhibiting the global spread of epidemics...
  62. pmc Methods for determining disease burden and calibrating national surveillance data in the United Kingdom: the second study of infectious intestinal disease in the community (IID2 study)
    Sarah J O'Brien
    School of Translational Medicine, University of Manchester, Manchester Academic Health Science Centre, Stopford Building, Oxford Road, Manchester, M13 9PL, UK
    BMC Med Res Methodol 10:39. 2010
    ..We will also outline methods to determine whether or not incidence has declined since the mid-1990s...
  63. pmc Burden of disease in Thailand: changes in health gap between 1999 and 2004
    Kanitta Bundhamcharoen
    International Health Policy Program, Ministry of Public Health, Nonthaburi, Thailand
    BMC Public Health 11:53. 2011
    ..It further drew lessons learned from applying the global burden of disease (GBD) methods to the Thai context for other developing country settings...
  64. pmc Communicable diseases prioritized for surveillance and epidemiological research: results of a standardized prioritization procedure in Germany, 2011
    Yanina Balabanova
    Robert Koch Institute, Berlin, Germany
    PLoS ONE 6:e25691. 2011
    ....
  65. ncbi The Australasian Society for Infectious Diseases guidelines for the diagnosis, management and prevention of infections in recently arrived refugees: an abridged outline
    Ronan J Murray
    Royal Perth Hospital and PathWest Laboratory Medicine WA, Perth, WA
    Med J Aust 190:421-5. 2009
    ..The initial assessment should take place over at least two visits: the first for initial assessment and investigation and the second for review of results and treatment or referral...
  66. pmc The impact of economic crises on communicable disease transmission and control: a systematic review of the evidence
    Marc Suhrcke
    Norwich School of Medicine, University of East Anglia, Norwich, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 6:e20724. 2011
    ..Like other emergencies and natural disasters, preparedness for financial crises should include consideration of consequences for communicable disease control...
  67. ncbi Analysis of a stochastic SIR epidemic on a random network incorporating household structure
    Frank Ball
    School of Mathematical Sciences, University of Nottingham, University Park, Nottingham NG7 2RD, UK
    Math Biosci 224:53-73. 2010
    ..The effects of the amount of clustering present in the overall population structure and the infectious period distribution on the outcomes of the model are also explored...
  68. ncbi Use of intravenous immunoglobulin in human disease: a review of evidence by members of the Primary Immunodeficiency Committee of the American Academy of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology
    Jordan S Orange
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia 19104, USA
    J Allergy Clin Immunol 117:S525-53. 2006
    ..Given the potential risks and inherent scarcity of IGIV, careful consideration of the indications for and administration of IGIV is warranted...
  69. pmc Mother's health seeking behaviour during child illness in a rural western Kenya community
    Grace M Mbagaya
    Department of Home Science and Technology, Moi University, Eldoret, Kenya
    Afr Health Sci 5:322-7. 2005
    ..The study describes the prevalence of illness among preschool children in a rural sugarcane growing community and the mother's health seeking behavior...
  70. pmc Burden of infectious diseases in South Asia
    Anita K M Zaidi
    Department of Paediatrics, Aga Khan University, Karachi 74800, Pakistan
    BMJ 328:811-5. 2004
  71. pmc How can infectious diseases be prioritized in public health? A standardized prioritization scheme for discussion
    Gerard Krause
    Department for Infectious Disease Epidemiology at Robert Koch Institute in Berlin, Germany
    EMBO Rep 9:S22-7. 2008
  72. pmc Rumors of disease in the global village: outbreak verification
    T W Grein
    Department of Communicable Disease Surveillance and Response, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
    Emerg Infect Dis 6:97-102. 2000
    ..We describe the context and processes of outbreak verification and information dissemination...
  73. ncbi Causes of death in the Kasekela chimpanzees of Gombe National Park, Tanzania
    J M Williams
    The Jane Goodall Institute s Center for Primate Studies, Department of Ecology, Evolution and Behavior, University of Minnesota, St Paul, Minnesota, USA
    Am J Primatol 70:766-77. 2008
    ..Intercommunity lethal aggression involving the Kasekela community was observed most frequently during two periods. Other less common causes of death included injury, loss of mother, maternal disability, and poaching...
  74. ncbi Time variations in the generation time of an infectious disease: implications for sampling to appropriately quantify transmission potential
    Hiroshi Nishiura
    PRESTO, Japan Science and Technology Agency JST, 4 1 8 Honcho Kawaguchi, Saitama 332 0012, Japan
    Math Biosci Eng 7:851-69. 2010
    ..Mathematical properties of the generation time distribution in a heterogeneously mixing population need to be clarified further...
  75. pmc Large-scale spatial population databases in infectious disease research
    Catherine Linard
    Biological Control and Spatial Ecology, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, CP 160 12, Avenue FD Roosevelt 50, B 1050 Brussels, Belgium
    Int J Health Geogr 11:7. 2012
    ....
  76. pmc A high resolution spatial population database of Somalia for disease risk mapping
    Catherine Linard
    Spatial Ecology and Epidemiology Group, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Tinbergen Building, South Parks Road, Oxford, OX1 3PS, UK
    Int J Health Geogr 9:45. 2010
    ..In a low-income country such as Somalia, population data are lacking, are of poor quality, or become outdated rapidly. Modelling methods are therefore needed for the production of contemporary and spatially detailed population data...
  77. pmc Traffic-driven epidemic spreading in finite-size scale-free networks
    Sandro Meloni
    Department of Informatics and Automation, University of Rome Roma Tre, Via della Vasca Navale 79, Rome 00146, Italy
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:16897-902. 2009
    ..Our results provide a general conceptual framework for the understanding of spreading processes on complex networks...
  78. pmc The guinea pig as a model of infectious diseases
    Danielle J Padilla-Carlin
    School of Pharmacy, Division of Molecular Pharmaceutics, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, USA
    Comp Med 58:324-40. 2008
    ..Future studies of immune regulation of these diseases, novel therapies, and preventative measures require the development of new immunologic reagents designed specifically for the guinea pig...
  79. pmc Health transition in Africa: practical policy proposals for primary care
    D Maher
    Medical Research Council Uganda Virus Research Institute, Uganda Research Unit on AIDS, Plot 51 59 Nakiwogo Road PO Box 49, Entebbe, Uganda
    Bull World Health Organ 88:943-8. 2010
    ..Rates of communicable diseases such as HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria in Africa are the highest in the world...
  80. pmc Mobile phone-based infectious disease surveillance system, Sri Lanka
    Colin Robertson
    Department of Geography, University of Victoria, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada
    Emerg Infect Dis 16:1524-31. 2010
    ..However, any system implementation plan must consider the time needed to garner support for novel surveillance methods among users and stakeholders...
  81. ncbi The ecology of climate change and infectious diseases
    Kevin D Lafferty
    Western Ecological Research Center, U S Geological Survey, Marine Science Institute, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106, USA
    Ecology 90:888-900. 2009
    ..Many factors can affect infectious disease, and some may overshadow the effects of climate...
  82. doi Mathematical models of infectious disease transmission
    Nicholas C Grassly
    Medical Research Council Centre for Outbreak Analysis and Modelling, Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Imperial College London, London W2 1PG, UK
    Nat Rev Microbiol 6:477-87. 2008
  83. pmc Frequent travelers and rate of spread of epidemics
    T Deirdre Hollingsworth
    Medical Research Council Centre for Outbreak Analysis and Modelling, Department of Infectious Disease and Epidemiology, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom
    Emerg Infect Dis 13:1288-94. 2007
    ....
  84. ncbi A robustness-based approach to systems-oriented drug design
    Hiroaki Kitano
    Sony Computer Science Laboratories Inc, 3 14 13 Higashi Gotanda, Shinagawa, Tokyo 141 0022, Japan
    Nat Rev Drug Discov 6:202-10. 2007
    ....
  85. ncbi Indigenous health part 1: determinants and disease patterns
    Michael Gracey
    Unity of First People of Australia, Perth, WA, Australia
    Lancet 374:65-75. 2009
    ..Indigenous people should be encouraged, trained, and enabled to become increasingly involved in overcoming these challenges...
  86. ncbi Climate change and human health: impacts, vulnerability, and mitigation
    A Haines
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Lancet 367:2101-9. 2006
    ..Mitigation of climate change by reducing the use of fossil fuels and increasing the use of a number of renewable energy technologies should improve health in the near term by reducing exposure to air pollution...
  87. pmc The potential impacts of climate variability and change on health impacts of extreme weather events in the United States
    G Greenough
    Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Johns Hopkins University School of Hygiene and Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 109:191-8. 2001
    ..Epidemiologic studies of health effects beyond the direct impacts of disaster will provide a more accurate measure of the full health impacts and will assist in planning and resource allocation...
  88. pmc MosquitoMap and the Mal-area calculator: new web tools to relate mosquito species distribution with vector borne disease
    Desmond H Foley
    Division of Entomology, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, 503 Robert Grant Avenue, Silver Spring, MD 20910, USA
    Int J Health Geogr 9:11. 2010
    ....
  89. pmc Intervening to reduce inequalities in infections in Europe
    Jan C Semenza
    Unit of Scientific Advice, European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control ECDC, Tomtebodavägen 11A, S 17183 Stockholm, Sweden
    Am J Public Health 98:787-92. 2008
    ..We present examples of communicable diseases with inequitable distribution among those with poor educational attainment, low income, or other ..
  90. pmc Spatial dynamics and genetics of infectious diseases on heterogeneous landscapes
    Leslie A Real
    Department of Biology and the Center for Disease Ecology, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    J R Soc Interface 4:935-48. 2007
    ....
  91. ncbi The genomics and genetics of human infectious disease susceptibility
    A V Hill
    Wellcome Trust Centre for Human Genetics, University of Oxford, Oxford OX3 7BN, United Kingdom
    Annu Rev Genomics Hum Genet 2:373-400. 2001
    ..These studies indicate a highly polygenic basis for susceptibility to many common infectious diseases, with some emerging examples of interaction between variants of specific polymorphic host and pathogen genes...
  92. pmc Interleukin-12 in infectious diseases
    L Romani
    Department of Experimental Medicine and Biochemical Sciences, University of Perugia, Italy
    Clin Microbiol Rev 10:611-36. 1997
    ..Continued investigation into the possible application of IL-12 therapy to human infections is warranted by the role of the cytokine in inflammation, immunopathology, and autoimmunity...
  93. pmc Disease evolution on networks: the role of contact structure
    Jonathan M Read
    Mathematics Institute, University of Warwick, Gibbet Hill Road, Coventry CV4 7AL, UK
    Proc Biol Sci 270:699-708. 2003
    ..By contrast, global networks select for moderate transmission rates because direct competition between progeny is minimal and a premium is placed upon persistence. All networks show a very slow but steady rise in the infectious period...
  94. pmc Predictability and epidemic pathways in global outbreaks of infectious diseases: the SARS case study
    Vittoria Colizza
    Complex Networks Lagrange Laboratory CNLL, Institute for Scientific Interchange ISI Foundation, Turin, Italy
    BMC Med 5:34. 2007
    ..The introduction of extensive transportation data sets is therefore an important step in order to develop epidemic models endowed with realism...
  95. ncbi Humanized mice in translational biomedical research
    Leonard D Shultz
    The Jackson Laboratory, 600 Main Street, Bar Harbor, Maine 04609, USA
    Nat Rev Immunol 7:118-30. 2007
    ....
  96. ncbi Persistence in seasonally forced epidemiological models
    Carlota Rebelo
    Departamento de Matemática e Centro de Matemática e Aplicações Fundamentais, Faculdade de Ciencias da Universidade de Lisboa, Campo Grande, Edificio C6, Piso 2, 1749 016 Lisboa, Portugal
    J Math Biol 64:933-49. 2012
    ..In this paper we address the persistence of a class of seasonally forced epidemiological models. We use an abstract theorem about persistence by Fonda. Five different examples of application are given...
  97. pmc The origin and prevention of pandemics
    Brian L Pike
    Global Viral Forecasting Initiative, San Francisco, California, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 50:1636-40. 2010
    ..Because there exists no comprehensive global surveillance system to monitor zoonotic disease emergence, the intervention measures discussed herein may prove effective temporary alternatives...
  98. ncbi Origins of major human infectious diseases
    Nathan D Wolfe
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of California, Los Angeles 90095 1772, USA
    Nature 447:279-83. 2007
    ..We propose an initiative to resolve disputed origins of major diseases, and a global early warning system to monitor pathogens infecting individuals exposed to wild animals...
  99. pmc Use of mobile phones in an emergency reporting system for infectious disease surveillance after the Sichuan earthquake in China
    Changhong Yang
    State Key Laboratory of Remote Sensing Science, Institute of Remote Sensing Applications, Chinese Academy of Sciences and Beijing Normal University, Beijing, China
    Bull World Health Organ 87:619-23. 2009
    ..However, the existing public health communication system in Sichuan province, China, was severely damaged by the earthquake...
  100. pmc Future infectious disease threats to Europe
    Jonathan E Suk
    European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control, Stockholm, Sweden
    Am J Public Health 101:2068-79. 2011
    ..Preemptive measures to be taken by the public health community to counteract these threats were identified...
  101. ncbi Pathogens, personality, and culture: disease prevalence predicts worldwide variability in sociosexuality, extraversion, and openness to experience
    Mark Schaller
    Department of Psychology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    J Pers Soc Psychol 95:212-21. 2008
    ..Alternative explanations are addressed, and possible underlying mechanisms are discussed...

Research Grants68

  1. Quick Placement EEG Electrode and Installation Tool
    Benjamin Lane; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..the electrode will be disposable, a desirable attribute with the current concern to control the spread of communicable diseases. The project goals, through Phase III, are to design, prototype, validate, market, manufacture, and ..
  2. Maternal One Carbon Metabolism and Low Birth Weight Infant
    Satish C Kalhan; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..A strong association has been shown in adulthood between LBW and non-communicable diseases, such as type 2 diabetes, hypertension and coronary heart disease...
  3. Mesonephric Model of Podocyte Injury and Regeneration
    Weibin Zhou; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Being a postdoctoral research fellow in the Department of Pediatrics and Communicable Diseases, University of Michigan, I am committed to develop zebrafish mesonephros into a new animal model system ..
  4. Training in Environmental Health to Reduce Chronic Disease in Latin America
    Philip J Landrigan; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Environmental exposures early in life contribute significantly to some of the most common, chronic non-communicable diseases in children and can have an effect throughout the lifespan...
  5. Fogarty Global Health Fellows Coordinating Center
    CHARLES MICHAEL VAN DER HORST; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..are consistent with the NIH Fogarty 2008-2012 Strategic Plan, recognizing the growing importance of non- communicable diseases while continuing the commitment to infectious diseases...
  6. Mesonephric Model of Podocyte Injury and Regeneration
    Weibin Zhou; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Being a postdoctoral research fellow in the Department of Pediatrics and Communicable Diseases, University of Michigan, I am committed to develop zebrafish mesonephros into a new animal model system ..
  7. Plan for Cardiovascular Research Training in Advanced Biostatistics, Aging, and H
    Dorairaj Prabhakaran; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..health and aging, 3) cardiovascular health policy modeling in order to apply for the Chronic, Non-Communicable Diseases and Disorders Across the Lifespan: Fogarty International Research Training Award (NCD-LIFESPAN) (D43) ..
  8. Systems Biology for Molecular Analysis of Tuberculosis in Ethiopia
    Gobena Ameni; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..gaining importance in tracking strains and addressing key public health challenges to prevent and control communicable diseases in Ethiopia, including tuberculosis (TB)...
  9. Nucleic Acid Enzymes and Nucleic Acids Studied at the Molecular Level
    Steven M Block; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Furthermore, many communicable diseases, especially those caused by human viruses, typically involve disruptions of gene regulation produced by ..
  10. Deconvolution of adaptive metabolic responses of the endoplasmic reticulum
    Gokhan S Hotamisligil; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Our research is inspired by recently emerging evidence strongly supporting that these chronic non-communicable diseases, as well as many age-related metabolic and degenerative disorders, all feature dysfunction of cellular ..
  11. Vanderbilt-Emory-Cornell-Duke Consortium for Global Health Fellows (VECDor)
    Sten H Vermund; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..areas of interest to trainees and NIH Institutes and Centers, emphasizing both communicable and non-communicable diseases. We will document the Program's impact through a long-term monitoring and evaluation (M&E) plan ..
  12. Inducible Gene Regulation in Mycobacteria
    JESSICA CHUANG SEELIGER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Tuberculosis (TB) is the second leading cause of death among communicable diseases worldwide...
  13. International Partnership for Interdisciplinary Research Training
    OLUFUNMILAYO F OLOPADE; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The proposed "International Partnership for Interdisciplinary Research Training in Chronic Non-Communicable Diseases and Disorders across the Lifespan" program will deepen research methods skills amongst trainees in ..
  14. Building Research Capacity to Improve Mental Health in China across the Lifespan
    Arthur M Kleinman; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..disorders constitute over 14% of all disability adjusted life years in China - among the greatest for non-communicable diseases. However, most parts of China lack a basic framework for an effective mental health care system...
  15. Multilevel determinants of cardiovascular disease risk in African Americans
    Katherine L Tucker; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..CVD, like most non-communicable diseases, is multifactorial in nature- determined by biologic, behavioral and environmental factors...
  16. Environmental Health Programs through the Environmental Health Specialists Networ
    Guthrie S Birkhead; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..More than 60 statutorily reportable communicable diseases and all outbreaks are reported to the NYSDOH...
  17. A Comparison of Methadone Treatment Systems in California and British Columbia
    Bohdan Nosyk; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..opioid addicts are at elevated risk of mental health conditions, premature mortality, and HIV and other communicable diseases. Methadone Maintenance Treatment (MMT) has been found to be the most effective form of treatment for ..
  18. INDO - US TRAINING PROGRAM IN BEHAVIORAL HEALTH ACROSS THE LIFESPAN
    Linda B Cottler; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): This proposal, responding to the Chronic Non-Communicable Diseases and Disorders Across the Lifespan (CNCD) Fogarty initiative, focuses on three locations in India that are experiencing acute, ..
  19. Global TravEpiNet: Global Travelers' Health National Research Center Consortium
    Edward T Ryan; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..VRFs), and travelers to areas of the world at high risk for malaria, yellow fever, dengue or other communicable diseases. #3: To assess the attitudes and beliefs of international travelers regarding preventative health ..
  20. Genomic Tools For Studying The Ecology Of The Human Vaginal Microflora
    Jacques Ravel; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..an essential prerequisite for comprehending how the normal microflora reduces the risk of acquiring these communicable diseases and for defining the factors determining disease susceptibility. The specific hypotheses are that 1...
  21. Relating multiple dimensions of stress to CVD risk in Filipino adults collaborati
    Linda S Adair; Fiscal Year: 2010
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Cardiovascular disease (CVD) and other non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are rapidly becoming leading causes of morbidity and mortality in developing and transitional countries worldwide...
  22. Development of Evidence Based Programs: Translational Interventions
    Melanie Dee Sabado; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Advisory Groups and (4) Promotion of sustainable community benefits towards the reduction of chronic, non-communicable diseases associated with PI cancer health disparities...
  23. Capacity building in chronic non-communicable diseases at the American University
    GHADA ELHAJJ FULEIHAN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  24. Occupational exposure and the developmental-basis of AD
    NASSER HUSSEIN ZAWIA; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..These data arise primarily from epidemiological observations that have shown that some adult chronic non-communicable diseases are not only influenced by genetic and life-style factors but by environmental factors acting in the ..
  25. Building novel vaccines on a borrowed coat
    F Nina Papavasiliou; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..In recent years, passive immunization against non-communicable diseases has also shown great promise...
  26. The MGH Global Psychiatric Clinical Research Training Program
    David C Henderson; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..As communicable diseases are supplanted by non-communicable, chronic, and neuro- and psychiatric diseases, the academic medicine ..
  27. Research Training in Gene-Environment Interaction in China
    Jiang He; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..in chronic diseases across the lifespan in China in response to Program Announcement: Chronic, Non-Communicable Diseases and Disorders Across the Lifespan: Fogarty International Research Training Award (NCD-LIFESPAN) (D43)...
  28. Multilevel &Lifecourse Approaches to NCD Prevention in Latin America
    Eduardo Villamor; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..overall aim of this proposal is to strengthen the capacity of Latin American countries to address the non- communicable diseases (NCD) epidemic through a comprehensive training program that integrates multilevel and life course ..
  29. Occupational Health for All: From Research to Practice
    BONNIE M ROGERS; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..substances, musculoskeletal diseases, respiratory diseases, hearing loss, circulatory diseases and communicable diseases caused by exposure to pathogens...
  30. Planning Grant for Chronic Non-Communicable Diseases and Disorders Across the Lif
    Benjaporn Rajataramya; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..planning grant will be used to set up and apply for a full research training program grant on chronic non-communicable diseases research for early- and mid-career nursing scientists and public health faculty in the MoPH's ..
  31. Designing Research Training for Rwandans in Emerging HIV &Drug Therapy
    Eugene Mutimura; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..potential higher rates of obesity, and will potentially be affected by two separate epidemics of non- communicable diseases and effects HIV and ART treatment...
  32. SHARE India University Pittsburgh Population and Intervention Research Training
    Clareann H Bunker; Fiscal Year: 2013
    India is facing epidemics of non-communicable diseases, particularly diabetes, cardiovascular disease and stroke. The need for public health researchers is critical. Health research training has primarily been obtained abroad...
  33. Interdisciplinary research training: NCD epidemiology and prevention in India
    KABAYAM M VENKAT NARAYAN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..faculty research capacity in India, with no postdoctoral programs in epidemiology and prevention of non-communicable diseases (NCDs)...
  34. Emory-Ethiopia Global Interdisciplinary Partnership
    Carlos del Rio; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Strong programs exist in infectious diseases (including HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria);chronic non-communicable diseases (including diabetes, obesity and tobacco);undernutrition and micronutrient deficiencies;women and children&..
  35. Enhancing Training for Implementation Research in Chronic Diseases: CITE/KENYA
    THOMAS SPENCER INUI; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Moi University in the health sciences by training in-country experts to conduct research on chronic, non-communicable diseases and disorders across the lifespan, with the goal of implementing evidence-based practices in the AMPATH-..
  36. Pediatric Immune Correlates of Early Anti-HIV Therapy
    Luis J Montaner; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The University of Witswatersrand, the HIV perinatal unit of the Chris Hani-Baragwanath Hospital, Tygerberg Children's Hospital, the South African National Institute for Communicable Diseases, and the University of Pennsylvania.
  37. Training Program in Nigeria for NCD Research (TRAPING - NCD)
    CLEMENT ADEBAYO ADEBAMOWO; Fiscal Year: 2013
    Summary There is now an epidemic of Non-Communicable Diseases (NCD) occurring in parallel with persistent epidemic of Communicable diseases in developing countries...
  38. Wits Non-communicable Disease Research Leadership Program
    Karen Sliwa; Fiscal Year: 2013
    The need for an integrated Research Training Program in non-communicable diseases in developing countries has arisen out of the need to understand the nature, extent and pace of the transition to the emerging diseases of lifestyle...
  39. Drug Dependence Through the Lifespan: US-Thai Training Program
    Robert T Malison; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Drug Dependence Through the Lifespan: Thai-Yale Training Program Drug dependence is a set of chronic, non-communicable diseases that constitute a global public health problem of enormous economic, social, and medical cost to the ..
  40. Enhanced collaboration between US NIH and WHO on biomedical research
    Mohamed Jama; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Covering programs on communicable and non-communicable diseases, endemic, epidemic as well as emerging health threats, WHO addresses a research portfolio with broad ..
  41. Building the Asian NCoD Research Network for Regional Research Capacity
    KAVUMPURATHU RAMAN THANKAPPAN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..with the capacity to conduct appropriate, high quality research into the prevention of chronic non-communicable diseases. A total of 39 trainees will be recruited over three cohort intakes (n=13) to participate in an 18-month ..
  42. Nutritional antecedents of chronic diseases and disorders in low-income populatio
    Kathryn G Dewey; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..by applicant): UC Davis Program in International and Community Nutrition Proposal Chronic and Non-communicable Diseases Across the Lifespan Training Award: "Nutritional antecedents of chronic diseases and disorders in low-..
  43. China-Rochester Suicide Research Training Program (CRSRT)
    Eric D Caine; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The current proposal is written in response to PAR-10-257 for a Chronic, Non-Communicable Diseases and Disorders Across the Lifespan: Fogarty International Research Training Award (NCD-LIFESPAN)...
  44. Occupational Health: A Basic Right at Work ? An Asset to Society
    Bonnie Rogers; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..substances, musculoskeletal diseases, respiratory diseases, hearing loss, circulatory diseases and communicable diseases caused by exposure to pathogens...
  45. Improving Food Protection Through EHS-Net Research
    ERNEST MAURICE JULIAN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..this statewide effort will be three segments of the HEALTH: the Office of Food Protection, the Office of Communicable Diseases, and the RI Department of Health Laboratories, as well as the Rhode Island Food Safety Task Force, the ..
  46. Tufts-CMC Framework Program for Global Health Innovation
    Honorine D Ward; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..program will build on our collective, interdisciplinary strengths, which encompass both infectious and non-communicable diseases (NCDs) relevant to global health in low and middle-income countries (LMIC)...
  47. Renewing a Century of Committment to a Healthy, Safe & Prod Working Life
    M E BONNIE ROGERS; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..substances, musculoskeletal diseases, respiratory diseases, hearing loss, circulatory diseases and communicable diseases caused by exposure to pathogens...
  48. ADDRESSING EMERGIN INFECTIOUS DISEASE &RELATED PUBLIC HEALTH CONCERNS IN INDIA
    L S Chauhan; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Surveillance of communicable diseases and outbreak investigations also forms a part of its activities, as well as developing reliable and cost-..
  49. STRENGTHENING STROKE PREVENTION SERVICES IN UGANDA
    Edward Ddumba; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..to plan and develop research training in collaboration with Duke University Medical Center to address the serious issue of cerebrovascular disease, as an example of the growing burden of chronic non-communicable diseases In East Africa.
  50. HIV Therapy & Interruption RCT in Resource Poor Clinic
    Luis J Montaner; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..at the University of the Witwatersrand, the AIDS Virus Research Unit at the National Institute for Communicable Diseases in Johannesburg, and the University of Pennsylvania's Center for Clinical Epidemiology and ..
  51. HIV Therapy & Interruption RCT in Resource Poor Clinic
    Luis Montaner; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..at the University of the Witwatersrand, the AIDS Virus Research Unit at the National Institute for Communicable Diseases in Johannesburg, and the University of Pennsylvania's Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics...
  52. Multidisciplinary approaches to emerging global health issues
    HALA AZZAM; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..from infectious diseases, salient health issues in these nations include a rise in death toll from non-communicable diseases such as cardiovascular disease, cancer and injury, superseding in many cases death from infectious ..
  53. Predicting Impacts of Infectious Disease on Structure and Dynamics of Populations
    Samuel J Clark; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..sexually transmitted infection and TB epidemics, and swift increases in the prevalence of chronic non-communicable diseases. With the following specific aims, this career development application fits into my long-term goal to ..
  54. Models and Tools for Dynamic Health-Relevant Diffusion over Complex Networks
    PETER JOHN MUCHA; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Health and health behavior depend crucially on diffusion processes over social networks;both the spread of communicable diseases, such as HIV, and the diffusion of beliefs and practices that shape health behavior, such as dietary risk ..
  55. Reduction of Risk Factor Associated w/ Foodborne Illness
    ERNEST MAURICE JULIAN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..in the Environmental Health Specialist Network (EHS-Net), the Office of Food Protection, the Office of Communicable Diseases, and the Division of Laboratories will work closely with the Environmental Health Risk Specialist (EHS) to ..
  56. Argentine Doctoral Training in Implementation Research across the Lifespan
    Pierre Buekens; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..It also includes a multi-disciplinary approach to understand the determinants of non-communicable diseases and the cultural, socio-economic, and behavioral barriers to implementation of effective interventions...
  57. Clinical Research Training for NCD Studies in India
    O Dale Williams; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Broad in terms of program content, which has been expanded to include most major non-communicable diseases, and in terms of the types of training offered, which includes short-term training in the US, a national ..
  58. Initiation of Nucleocapsid Assembly in Ebola virus
    SHARON CRARY; Fiscal Year: 2004
    Ebola hemorrhagic fever is among the deadliest of communicable diseases. Its causative agent, Ebola virus, is categorized as both an emerging infectious disease, a Class A biological agent with potential for use in bioterrorism, and a ..
  59. Human Genetic Polymorphisms in Malaria-endemic Areas
    CAIRA WOODS; Fiscal Year: 2009
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Malaria is one of the most prevalent communicable diseases, resulting in over 500 million clinical cases and at least 1 million deaths per year...
  60. Predictors of Smoking Among Adolescents and Young Adults
    Lorena Siqueira; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Tobacco has become a major health problem in Latin America and more people die there of non-communicable diseases, many of which are caused by tobacco, than of communicable diseases...
  61. Training in HIV-related Non-communicable Disease Complications in Malawi
    Taha E Taha; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..program will increase skills in the following concentrations which are essential to research in non-communicable diseases (NCDs): the science and epidemiology of HIV-related and treatment-related complications;the design of ..
  62. MULTIMEDIA HIV/STD PREVENTION CURRICULUM-MIDDLE SCHOOLS
    Richard Goldsworthy; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..are a serious health problem among adolescents, causing serious damage to more teenagers than do all other communicable diseases combined (Yarber, 1983)...
  63. HIV Risk & Migration -Young Yi Minority - Sichuan China
    Michael Clatts; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..urbanization that has paralleled this economic transformation has brought with it an increased spread of communicable diseases, often in areas with limited public health resources...
  64. COEXISTENCE OF PREGNANCY AND HOMELESSNESS
    Cheryl Killion; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..also diminish the social and economic cost to the general population, particularly within the realm of prevention of communicable diseases and in diminishing the amount of tax monies spent on health care service for indigent population.
  65. Research in Cardiovascular Disease Prevention: A History
    Henry Blackburn; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..will deal with the unique contributions of CVD prevention research to the "epidemiologic transition" from communicable diseases, the departures from the norm by the clinical and bench investigators involved, the impact of the risk ..
  66. Quick Placement EEG Electrode and Installation Tool
    Michael Abbott; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..the electrodes will be disposable; a desirable attribute with the current concern to control the spread of communicable diseases. The goals, through Phase III, are to design, prototype, validate, market, manufacture, and commercialize ..
  67. MUCHS PLANNING GRANT FOR FRAMEWORK PROGRAMS FOR GLOBAL *
    Ephata Kaaya; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The patterns of disease are also very different from the Western world. While non-communicable diseases dominate in the developed world, preventable infectious diseases takes a terrible toll in the developing ..
  68. Live Smart Live Safe: Emergency Prep. for People with Intellectual Disabilities
    Jennifer Wells; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..an interactive CD-ROM computer-based training program that addresses the transmission and avoidance of communicable diseases such as influenza...