Genomes and Genes
Summary: A circumscribed collection of purulent exudate in the brain, due to bacterial and other infections. The majority are caused by spread of infected material from a focus of suppuration elsewhere in the body, notably the PARANASAL SINUSES, middle ear (see EAR, MIDDLE); HEART (see also ENDOCARDITIS, BACTERIAL), and LUNG. Penetrating CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA and NEUROSURGICAL PROCEDURES may also be associated with this condition. Clinical manifestations include HEADACHE; SEIZURES; focal neurologic deficits; and alterations of consciousness. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp712-6)
Publications268 found, 100 shown here
- Brain abscess in 142 patients: factors influencing outcome and mortalityJen Ho Tseng
Division of Neurosurgery, Department of Surgery, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei 100, Taiwan
Surg Neurol 65:557-62; discussion 562. 2006With the introduction of CT, stereotactic techniques, and broad-spectrum antibiotics, the outcome for brain abscess has dramatically improved...
- A review of brain abscess surgical treatment--78 years: aspiration versus excisionThiloka Erandathi Ratnaike
Department of Neurosurgery, Newcastle University, Newcastle General Hospital, Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom
World Neurosurg 76:431-6. 2011The literature regarding surgical treatment of brain abscess was reviewed from 1990 to (and including) 2008 to supplement a previous literature review from 1930 to 1990.
- Strategies for the management of bacterial brain abscessCheng Hsien Lu
Department of Neurology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital Kaohsiung, 123 Ta Pei Road, Niao Sung Hsiang, Kaohsiung Hsien, Taiwan
J Clin Neurosci 13:979-85. 2006We reviewed the medical and surgical management of brain abscess and compared the results of different methods of treatment...
- Brain abscess in infants and children: a retrospective study of 107 patients in northeast ThailandNarong Auvichayapat
Division of Pediatric Neurology, Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen 40002, Thailand
J Med Assoc Thai 90:1601-7. 2007To review the clinical manifestation, predisposing factor location of abscess, causative organism, treatment, and outcome of brain abscess.
- Central nervous system infections: meningitis and brain abscessHitoshi Honda
Division of Infectious Diseases, Washington University of School of Medicine, 660 South Euclid Avenue, Campus Box, 8051 Saint Louis, MO 63110, USA
Infect Dis Clin North Am 23:609-23. 2009Despite advances in antimicrobial and antiviral therapy, meningitis and brain abscess are infections that result in significant morbidity and mortality...
- Brain abscess: clinical experience and analysis of prognostic factorsFuren Xiao
Division of Neurosurgery, Department of Surgery, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan
Surg Neurol 63:442-9; discussion 449-50. 2005Over the past 2 decades, the diagnosis and treatment of brain abscess have been facilitated by a number of technological advancements, which have resulted in a significant improvement of outcome...
- Distinction between pyogenic brain abscess and necrotic brain tumour using 3-tesla MR spectroscopy, diffusion and perfusion imagingI C Chiang
Department of Radiology, Kaohsiung Municipal Hsiao Kang Hospital, 482 San Ming Road, Hsiao Kang District, Kaohsiung, Taiwan
Br J Radiol 82:813-20. 2009..Although the conventional MRI characteristics of cerebral abscesses and necrotic tumours may sometimes be similar, diffusion, perfusion-weighted and spectroscopic MRI enables distinction between the two...
- Intracranial abscesses: changes in epidemiology and management over five decades in MerseysideR Sharma
Department of Medical Microbiology, University Hospital Aintree, Lower Lane, Liverpool, L9 7AL, UK
Infection 37:39-43. 2009....
- Listeria monocytogenes brain abscess: two cases and review of the literatureSamornrod Limmahakhun
Division of Infectious Diseases and Tropical Medicine, Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand
Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health 44:468-78. 2013..Listerial brain abscesses are rare. We report here two brain abscess cases caused by L. monocytogenes in patients receiving immunosuppressive agents...
- Brain abscess and cystic brain tumor: discrimination with dynamic susceptibility contrast perfusion-weighted MRICuneyt Erdogan
Uludag University School of Medicine, Department of Radiology, Bursa, Turkey
J Comput Assist Tomogr 29:663-7. 2005..003). Perfusion MRI may allow the differentiation of pyogenic brain abscess from cystic brain tumors, making it a strong additional imaging modality in the early diagnosis of these two ..
- Clostridium sordellii brain abscess diagnosed by 16S rRNA gene sequencingF Valour
Service des Maladies Infectieuses et Tropicales, Hopital de la Croix Rousse, 103 Grande Rue de la Croix Rousse, 69004 Lyon, France
J Clin Microbiol 48:3443-4. 2010..We describe the first case to our knowledge of a Clostridium sordellii-associated brain abscess, diagnosed by 16S rRNA gene sequencing, expanding the microbiological spectrum of brain abscesses, with ..
- Primary determinants of ischaemic stroke/brain abscess risks are independent of severity of pulmonary arteriovenous malformations in hereditary haemorrhagic telangiectasiaC L Shovlin
NHLI Cardiovascular Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College London, Hammersmith Hospital, Du Cane Road, London W12 0NN, UK
Thorax 63:259-66. 2008..Brain abscesses and ischaemic strokes complicate pulmonary arteriovenous malformations (PAVMs). At risk individuals are poorly recognised. Stroke/abscess risk factors have not been defined...
- [A case of amebic brain abscess]Akitsugu Morishita
Department of Neurosurgery, Toyooka Hospital, 1094 Tobera, Toyooka shi, Hyogo 668 8501, Japan
No Shinkei Geka 35:919-25. 2007Amebic brain abscess is a rare and usually fatal complication of Entamoeba histolytica infections. We successfully treated a patient with this infection accompanied by brain, liver and pulmonary abscesses...
- Brain abscess due to Panton-Valentine leukocidin-positive Staphylococcus aureusA Ramos
Department of Internal Medicine Infectious Diseases Unit, Spanish Network for Research in Infectious Disease, Hospital Universitario Puerta de Hierro, Universidad Autonoma de Madrid, San Martin de Porres no 4, Madrid, Spain
Infection 37:365-7. 2009..A 34-year-old man admitted for right parietal brain abscess and thickened dura mater in close proximity to a lytic bone lesion is presented...
- Piperacillin/tazobactam in treatment of brain abscessAmeli Javad
Department of Neurology, Baqyatallah University of Medical Science, Tehran, Iran
Scand J Infect Dis 38:224-6. 2006..Successful management of a brain abscess usually requires a combination of antibiotics and surgical drainage for both diagnostic and therapeutic ..
- Brain abscess in which Porphyromonas gingivalis was detected in cerebrospinal fluidYutaka Iida
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Tokyo Medical University, 6 7 1 Nishishinjuku Shinjuku ku, Tokyo 160 0023, Japan
Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg 42:180. 2004In this paper, we report one case of severe brain abscess in which Porphyromonas gingivalis was detected in the spinal fluid.
- Legionella micdadei brain abscessMarthe Charles
Department of Medical Microbiology and Immunology, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
J Clin Microbiol 51:701-4. 2013We describe an immunocompromised patient who developed a large frontal brain abscess caused by Legionella micdadei. This is, to our knowledge, a rare case of culture-proven Legionella central nervous system infection.
- Culture-negative brain abscess with Streptococcus intermedius infection with diagnosis established by direct nucleotide sequence analysis of the 16s ribosomal RNA geneNaoko Saito
Department of Neurology, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Japan
Intern Med 51:211-6. 2012..The patient exhibited complete remission. Thus, 16S rRNA gene analysis was highly useful not only for pathogen identification with negative culture results but also for the appropriate selection of antibiotics...
- Brain abscess secondary to a dental infection in an 11-year-old child: case reportChristine E Hibberd
Faculty of Dentistry, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario
J Can Dent Assoc 78:c49. 2012A primary molar dental abscess was implicated as the cause of a brain abscess in an 11-year-old boy. This case report describes the neurological signs and symptoms, and acute management of a brain abscess in a child...
- Complications of chronic suppurative otitis media: a left otogenic brain abscess and a right mastoid fistulaYok Kuan Chew
Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Hospital Sultanah Aminah, 81000 Johor Bahru, Malaysia
Ear Nose Throat J 91:428, 430. 2012Otogenic brain abscess and postauricular fistula are complications of chronic suppurative otitis media...
- The importance of a proper aetiological diagnosis in the management of patients with invasive mycoses: a case report of a brain abscess by Scedosporium apiospermumGiuseppina Caggiano
Department of Biomedical Science and Human Oncology Hygiene section, University of Bari Aldo Moro, Piazza Giulio Cesare 11, 70124, Bari, Italy
Mycopathologia 172:317-22. 2011..The authors describe a fatal case of a S. apiospermum brain abscess in a 58-year-old female...
- Paradoxical reaction during treatment of tuberculous brain abscess in a patient with AIDSJose E Vidal
Rev Inst Med Trop Sao Paulo 45:177-8. 2003
- A rare presentation of ventriculitis and brain abscess caused by Fusobacterium nucleatumAnneke Kai
Addenbrooke s Hospital, Hills Road, Cambridge CB2 2QW, UK
J Med Microbiol 57:668-71. 2008..We report what we believe to be the first case of ventriculitis and brain abscess due to Fusobacterium nucleatum infection in a man with no significant predisposing factors...
- Clinical characteristics of fusobacterial brain abscessMei Jen Hsieh
Department of Neurology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan
Jpn J Infect Dis 60:40-4. 2007..bacterial brain abscesses (BBA) at our hospital over a period of 20 years and identified seven fusobacterial brain abscess patients...
- Linezolid in the treatment of brain abscess due to PeptostreptococcusFederica Salin
Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, University Hospital, Padova, Italy
Scand J Infect Dis 38:203-5. 2006..We describe a case of brain abscess secondary to anaerobic infection with Peptostreptococcus, which was successfully treated with parenteral and ..
- Brain abscess caused by Gemella morbillorum: case report and review of the literatureSilky Chotai
Korea University Guro Hospital, Department of Neurosurgery, Seoul, Democratic People s Republic of Korea
Turk Neurosurg 22:374-7. 2012..To the best of our knowledge only eight cases of Gemella morbillorum brain abscess have been reported in the literature...
- Apparent diffusion coefficient with higher b-value correlates better with viable cell count quantified from the cavity of brain abscessV Tomar
Department of Radiodiagnosis, Sanjay Gandhi Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, India
AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 32:2120-5. 2011..VCD in the abscess cavity correlates with ADC values. The purpose of this study was to investigate which b-value-derived ADC correlates better with VCD...
- Pyogenic brain abscess, a 15 year surveyJannik Helweg-Larsen
Department of Infectious Diseases, Copenhagen University Hospital, Rigshospitalet, Denmark
BMC Infect Dis 12:332. 2012b>Brain abscess is a potentially fatal disease. This study assesses clinical aspects of brain abscess in a large hospital cohort.
- Feasibility of magnetic resonance electrical impedance tomography (MREIT) conductivity imaging to evaluate brain abscess lesion: in vivo canine modelTong In Oh
Department of Biomedical Engineering, Kyung Hee University, Yongin, Korea
J Magn Reson Imaging 38:189-97. 2013..electrical impedance tomography (MREIT) conductivity imaging in terms of its capability to provide new contrast information of abscess lesion and characterize time-course variations before and after the induction of brain abscess.
- An unusual case of brain abscess by Gemella morbillorumMaria Carla Liberto
Department of Medical Sciences, Institute of Microbiology, University of Catanzaro, Catanzaro, Italy
Jpn J Infect Dis 59:126-8. 2006A case of deep brain abscess by Gemella morbillorum is described...
- Imaging of cerebritis, encephalitis, and brain abscessTanya J Rath
Department of Radiology, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, PA 15213 2582, USA
Neuroimaging Clin N Am 22:585-607. 2012Imaging plays an important role in the diagnosis and treatment of brain abscess, pyogenic infection, and encephalitis. The role of CT and MRI in the diagnosis and management of pyogenic brain abscess and its complications is reviewed...
- Fungal brain abscess in transplant recipients: epidemiologic, microbiologic, and clinical featuresJohn W Baddley
Department of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 35294 0006, USA
Clin Transplant 16:419-24. 2002Fungal brain abscess is an unusual but serious complication associated with solid organ and hematopoietic stem cell transplantation...
- The study of etiologic and demographic characteristics of intracranial brain abscess: a consecutive case series study from PakistanNabeel Manzar
Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi, Pakistan
World Neurosurg 76:195-200; discussion 79-83. 2011....
- Persistent immune activation associated with a mouse model of Staphylococcus aureus-induced experimental brain abscessAaron C Baldwin
Department of Neurobiology and Developmental Sciences, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Slot 510 4301 W Markham Street Little Rock, AR 72205, USA
J Neuroimmunol 151:24-32. 2004We have established a mouse experimental brain abscess model using Staphylococcus aureus where lesion sites are greatly exaggerated compared to the localized area of initial infection, reminiscent of an overactive immune response...
- The intermediate filament GFAP is important for the control of experimental murine Staphylococcus aureus-induced brain abscess and Toxoplasma encephalitisWerner Stenzel
Abteilung für Neuropathologie, Universitat zu Koln, Koln, Germany
J Neuropathol Exp Neurol 63:631-40. 2004..protein glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) in CNS infections was studied in Staphylococcus aureus-induced brain abscess. Compared to wild type (WT) mice, GFAP(0/0) mice developed larger and more poorly demarcated inflammatory ..
- Microbiology and epidemiology of brain abscess and subdural empyema in a medical center: a 10-year experienceTsung Pei Tsou
Department of Pediatrics, National Taiwan University Hospital, and National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei, Taiwan
J Microbiol Immunol Infect 42:405-12. 2009b>Brain abscess and subdural empyema are the 2 most common forms of intracranial pyogenic infections. Predisposing factors and etiological agents may change with time. This study examined the epidemiological features of these conditions.
- Brain abscess--diagnosis and managementAli Akbar Bhand
Department of Neurosurgery, Chandka Medical College, VIP Road, Larkana, Sindh, Pakistan
J Coll Physicians Surg Pak 14:407-10. 2004To evaluate the clinical presentation, diagnosis, sources of infection, surgical management outcome and microorganisms involved in the brain abscess in our locality.
- Treatment of a brain abscess caused by Scedosporium apiospermum and Phaeoacremonium parasiticum in a renal transplant recipientNoppadol Larbcharoensub
Division of Anatomical Pathology, Faculty of Medicine Ramathibodi Hospital Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand
Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health 44:484-9. 2013..Voriconazole may represent a new therapeutic option for these simultaneous infections in the brain...
- Brain abscess: an overviewDattatraya Muzumdar
Department of Neurosurgery, Seth Gordhandas Sunderdas Medical College and King Edward VII Memorial Hospital, Parel, Mumbai, India
Int J Surg 9:136-44. 2011..the advent of newer antibiotics and surgical strategies, the overall outcome and quality of life issues in brain abscess patients still remain a continuous challenge for the neurosurgical community...
- Brain abscess: a cogent clarifier of the confused concept of immunityManu Kothari
Department of Anatomy, King Edward Memorial Hospital, Parel, Mumbai, India
Neurosurg Focus 24:E16. 2008..Brain abscesses tend to stand apart from the host tissue so as to allow easy aspiration and/or ablation. A brain abscess is a dire neurosurgical emergency. The saving grace is that a few quick steps yield excellent results.
- [Brain abscess caused by Nocardia sp in immunosuppressed patient]C H Barata
Disciplina de Doencas Infecciosas e Parasitarias, Faculdade de Medicina do Triangulo Mineiro, Av Getúlio Guaritá s n, 38025 000 Uberaba, MG, Brazil
Rev Soc Bras Med Trop 33:609-12. 2000..purpura (Evans Syndrome), treated with immunosuppressive therapy (prednisone and azathioprine) developed brain abscess unresponsive to antimicrobial therapy, in spite of its 23 days duration...
- Diffusion-weighted MR imaging in the preoperative assessment of brain abscessesEric C Leuthardt
Department of Neurosurgery, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri, USA
Surg Neurol 58:395-402; discussion 402. 2002..Diffusion-weighted MR imaging (DWI) has recently shown promise in differentiating ring-enhancing lesions such as brain abscess and malignant neoplasm...
- Brain abscess: clinical aspects of 100 patientsEva Tonon
Infectious Diseases Division, Ca Foncello Regional Hospital, Piazza Ospedale, 31100 Treviso, Italy
Int J Infect Dis 10:103-9. 2006To verify if, in the last two decades, there have been any changes in epidemiological, clinical, diagnostic, therapeutic and prognostic aspects of patients with brain abscess.
- The experiences of non-operative treatment in patients with bacterial brain abscessS Y Hsiao
Departments of Emergency Medicine, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital Kaohsiung Medical Center, Chang Gung University College of Medicine, Kaohsiung, Taiwan
Clin Microbiol Infect 17:615-20. 2011Although treatment of brain abscess requires a combination of antimicrobials and surgical intervention for the infected foci, nonsurgical, empirical treatment is possible and efficient in selected groups of patients...
- Brain abscess in childrenMehnaz Atiq
Department of Paediatrics, The Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan
Indian J Pediatr 73:401-4. 2006b>Brain abscess is a serious life-threatening complication of several diseases...
- Treatment of brain abscess caused by Listeria monocytogenes in a patient with allergy to penicillin and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazoleOtto Leiti
Clin Infect Dis 40:907-8. 2005
- Community-acquired brain abscess in Taiwan: etiology and probable source of infectionYuen Hua Ni
Division of Infectious Diseases and Tropical Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Tri Service General Hospital, National Defense Medical Center, Taipei, Taiwan, ROC
J Microbiol Immunol Infect 37:231-5. 2004b>Brain abscess is a life-threatening infection caused by spread from infected parameningeal or remote foci...
- TLR2 deficiency leads to increased Th17 infiltrates in experimental brain abscessesJessica R Nichols
Department of Pediatrics, Arkansas Children s Hospital, Little Rock, AR 72205, USA
J Immunol 182:7119-30. 2009..role in recognizing Staphylococcus aureus, a common etiologic agent of CNS parenchymal infections, such as brain abscess. We previously reported that brain abscesses of TLR2 knockout (KO) mice exhibited elevated IL-17 levels, ..
- Solitary Nocardia farcinica brain abscess in an immunocompetent adult mimicking metastatic brain tumor: rapid diagnosis by pyrosequencing and successful treatmentChristopher A Iannotti
Brain Tumor Institute and the Department of Neurological Surgery, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH 44195, USA
Surg Neurol 72:74-9; discussion 79. 2009Nocardia brain abscess carries a higher morbidity and mortality rate than other bacterial cerebral abscesses, with reported mortality rates of 55% and 20% in immunocompromised and immunocompetent patients, respectively...
- A case of delayed brain abscess due to a retained intracranial wooden foreign body: a case report and review of the last 20 yearsY Nishio
Department of Neurosurgery, Toyama Medical and Pharmaceutical University, Toyama, Japan
Acta Neurochir (Wien) 146:847-50. 2004..She visited our department with fever and headache, and a brain abscess and an intracranial foreign body were found on computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance image (MRI) 7 ..
- Diffusion-weighted MRI features of brain abscess and cystic or necrotic brain tumors: comparison with conventional MRIShih Chin Chang
Department of Radiology, Veterans General Hospital Kaohsiung, National Yang Ming University, National Sun Yat Sen University, 386 Ta Chung First Road, Kaohsiung, Taiwan, ROC
Clin Imaging 26:227-36. 2002....
- Taming an old enemy: a profile of intracranial suppurationNarendra Nathoo
Department of Neurosurgery, Wentworth Hospital, University of KwaZulu Natal, Durban, KwaZulu Natal, South Africa
World Neurosurg 77:484-90. 2012Intracranial suppurative disorders (ICSDs; brain abscess, empyema, and purulent ventriculitis), have been a scourge through the ages and attempts at curative surgery, as for cranial trauma, are considered to be one of the first true ..
- Cystic metastasis versus brain abscess: role of MR imaging in accurate diagnosis and implications on treatmentPrakash Shetty
Department of Surgical Oncology, Neurosurgery Services, Tata Memorial Centre, Parel, Mumbai, India
J Cancer Res Ther 6:356-8. 2010..We discuss this case and review the literature regarding the role of newer MRI sequences and the ramifications on patient treatment...
- Brain abscess caused by Phaeoacremonium parasiticum in an immunocompromised patientCandice J McNeil
Stanford University School of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases and Geographic Medicine, 300 Pasteur Drive, Grant S 101, Stanford, CA 94305 5107, USA
J Clin Microbiol 49:1171-4. 2011..We report the first documented case of central nervous system involvement with brain abscess formation in a patient with chronic granulomatous disease and review the literature on Phaeoacremonium ..
- Roles of Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2) and superantigens on adaptive immune responses during CNS staphylococcal infectionDebbie Vidlak
Department of Pathology and Microbiology, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE 68198, USA
Brain Behav Immun 25:905-14. 2011..aureus recognition. However, the interplay between TLR2, SAG, and adaptive immunity during brain abscess formation has not yet been investigated and could reveal novel insights into host-pathogen interactions for ..
- Are dental infections a cause of brain abscess? Case report and review of the literatureM A Corson
Newcastle upon Tyne NHS Trust, Dental Hospital and School, Richardson Road, Newcastle upon Tyne, NE2 4AZ, UK
Oral Dis 7:61-5. 2001..In order to confirm the role of odontogenic infection in the pathogenesis of brain abscess, modern sampling techniques should be used to precisely identify the isolates...
- Not just a 'simple stroke'Wendy Russell
MBChB Ed, MRCP StR4 in General Internal Medicine Acute Monklands Hospital Monkscourt Avenue, Airdrie, ML6 0JS
Acute Med 10:35-7. 2011..He was transferred for urgent craniotomy and evacuation of a Streptococcus milleri abscess. Following several weeks of neurosurgical care and antibiotics he made a near full recovery...
- First report of a brain abscess caused by Nocardia veteranaJ E Arends
Department of Internal Medicine and Infectious Diseases, University Medical Center Utrecht, Heidelberglaan 100, P O Box 85500, F 02 126, 3508 GA Utrecht, The Netherlands
J Clin Microbiol 49:4364-5. 2011..This is the first presentation of a case of brain abscess attributable to an N. veterana infection in a patient with type 2 diabetes...
- Haemophilus aphrophilus brain abscess: a case reportPao Tsuan Kao
Department of Internal Medicine, Mackay Memorial Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan, ROC
J Microbiol Immunol Infect 35:184-6. 2002..Craniotomy was performed, abscess was drained, and H. aphrophilus was isolated. Following the surgical procedure and further antibiotic treatment, the patient recovered completely...
- Management outcome of NPC-related and non-NPC-related brain abscess in Hong KongMandy Ho Man Tam
Division of Neurosurgery, Prince of Wales Hospital, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
Clin Neurol Neurosurg 114:560-3. 20121) To review the patient profile, management outcome and prognostic factors of brain abscess; (2) To compare the neurological outcome of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC)-related brain abscess with non-NPC related brain abscess.
- Brevibacterium casei as a cause of brain abscess in an immunocompetent patientV Anil Kumar
Department of Microbiology, Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences, Ponekkara, Kochi, Kerala 682041, India
J Clin Microbiol 49:4374-6. 2011..We report the first case of B. casei brain abscess in an immunocompetent patient successfully treated by surgery and antimicrobial therapy.
- Streptococcus sanguinis brain abscess as complication of subclinical endocarditis: emphasizing the importance of prompt diagnosisHayah Kassis
Department of Internal Medicine, Northeastern Ohio Universities College of Medicine and Pharmacy, Rootstown, OH, USA
South Med J 103:559-62. 2010A 19-year-old male patient was diagnosed with S. sanguinis brain abscess of unknown etiopathology as a complication of subclinical endocarditis. While viridans streptococci are implicated in dental seeding to the heart, S...
- Central nervous system infections in the intensive care unitBenjamin M Greenberg
Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Johns Hopkins Encephalitis Center, 600 North Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA
Semin Neurol 28:682-9. 2008..When certain infections are suspected, such as bacterial meningitis or viral encephalitis, empiric therapy should be initiated immediately. Outcomes for these conditions are linked to how quickly appropriate therapies are initiated...
- Improved diagnosis of a temporal lobe abscess in a post-irradiated nasopharyngeal carcinoma patient using diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imagingW C Wong
Department of Radiology, Queen Mary Hospital, Hong Kong
Clin Radiol 57:1040-3. 2002
- Balamuthia mandrillaris brain abscess successfully treated with complete surgical excision and prolonged combination antimicrobial therapyJoseph S Doyle
Infectious Diseases Unit, The Alfred Hospital, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
J Neurosurg 114:458-62. 2011..This case describes successful treatment of a Balamuthia mandrillaris brain abscess using prolonged antimicrobial agents with complete excision...
- Optimization of bacterial diagnosis yield after needle aspiration in immunocompetent adults with brain abscessesVictoire de Lastours
Internal Medicine Department, Beaujon Hospital, Assistance Publique Hopitaux de Paris, Clichy, France
Neurosurgery 63:362-7; discussion 367-8. 2008..Our purpose was to evaluate the efficacy of a strategy aimed at obtaining a microbiological diagnosis in immunocompetent patients presenting with suspected BAs...
- Fusobacterial brain abscess: a review of five cases and an analysis of possible pathogenesisXiang Y Han
Department of Laboratory Medicine, The University of Texas M D Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas 77030, USA
J Neurosurg 99:693-700. 2003The cases of five patients with fusobacterial brain abscess are presented. The authors discuss their attempt to determine the pathogenesis.
- Encephalitozoon cuniculi genotype I as a causative agent of brain abscess in an immunocompetent patientOleg Ditrich
Biology Centre of the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, vvi, Institute of Parasitology, Branisovska 31, 37005 Ceske Budejovice, Czech Republic
J Clin Microbiol 49:2769-71. 2011A brain abscess caused by Encephalitozoon cuniculi genotype I together with Streptococcus intermedius occurred in a patient without major immunocompromise and with diabetes. The distinguishing clinical signs were hemiparesis and epilepsy...
- Evaluation of capsular and acapsular strains of S. aureus in an experimental brain abscess modelNilufer Esen
Department of Neurology, Holtom Garrett Program in Neuroimmunology, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, United States
J Neuroimmunol 218:83-93. 2010..In the present study, we aimed to compare potential changes in brain abscess pathogenesis induced by two different strains of S...
- Bacterial brain abscesses: an evaluation of 96 casesTayfun Hakan
Neurosurgery Department, Haydarpasa Numune Education and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey
J Infect 52:359-66. 2006Although the decline of the morbidity and mortality in recent years, brain abscess is still one of the most important problems in Neurosurgery.
- Previously-treated nasopharyngeal carcinoma with cystic lesions in the temporal lobeT Rajendra
Department of Neurosurgery, National Neuroscience Institute SGH Campus, Outram Road, Singapore 169608
Singapore Med J 45:590-3. 2004..The three cases presented consist of radiation necrosis, pyogenic abscess, and a case with both infection with tumour recurrence. The methodology of both clinical and radiological diagnosis are presented...
- Never go to sleep on undrained pus: a retrospective review of surgery for intraparenchymal cerebral abscessS J Smith
Department of Neurosurgery, Queen s Medical Centre, Nottingham University Hospitals, Nottingham, United Kingdom
Br J Neurosurg 23:412-7. 2009..Delay had an adverse affect, so operation should be as expeditious as possible whenever the differential diagnosis includes abscess, diagnosis of which may be aided by advanced magnetic resonance imaging techniques...
- A k2A-positive Klebsiella pneumoniae causes liver and brain abscess in a Saint Kitt's manMelissa S Doud
Department of Biological Sciences, College of Arts and Sciences, Florida International University, Miami, Florida 33199, USA
Int J Med Sci 6:301-4. 2009..The K2 serotype has also been strongly associated with hypervirulence. We report the isolation of non-magA, K2 K. pneumoniae strain from a liver abscess of a Saint Kitt's man who survived the invasive syndrome...
- Prodromal signs and clinical factors influencing outcome in patients with intraventricular rupture of purulent brain abscessM Takeshita
Department of Neurosurgery, Neurological Institute, Tokyo Women s Medical University, Japan
Neurosurgery 48:310-6; discussion 316-7. 2001To elucidate prodromal signs and clinical factors influencing the prognosis in patients with intraventricular rupture of brain abscess (IVROBA) to prevent and manage this catastrophic condition.
- Meropenem monotherapy is as effective as and safer than imipenem to treat brain abscessesG Martin-Canal
Department of Infectious Diseases, Hospital Universitario Central de Asturias, Oviedo University School of Medicine, Celestino Villamil s n, 33006 Oviedo, Spain
Int J Antimicrob Agents 35:301-4. 2010..5-2g/day) [combined standard chemotherapy (CSC)] for the treatment of brain abscess was compared...
- Diagnosis and management of brain abscess and subdural empyemaGary L Bernardini
Departments of Neurology and Neurosurgery, Albany Medical Center, 47 New Scotland Avenue, MC 70, Albany, NY 12208, USA
Curr Neurol Neurosci Rep 4:448-56. 2004Advances in the diagnosis and treatment of brain abscess and subdural empyema with neuroimaging techniques such as computerized tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, magnetic resonance spectroscopy, the availability of new ..
- [A complicated case of Nocardia brain abscess for differential diagnosis]Daisuke Wakui
Department of Neurosurgery, St Marianna University School of Medicine, 2 16 1 Sugao, Miyamae ku, Kawasaki shi, Kanagawa 216 8511, Japan
No Shinkei Geka 36:1011-6. 2008Nocardia brain abscess is rare and has uncertain clinical features. Radiological differential diagnosis based on the metabolic feature of Nocardia is discussed.
- Brain abscess due to Gemella haemolysansMi Ra Lee
Division of Infectious Diseases, Gil Medical Center, Gachon Medical School, Incheon, Korea
J Clin Microbiol 42:2338-40. 2004We present a case of brain abscess due to Gemella haemolysans and Bacteroides species in a 60-year-old-immunocompetent man who underwent dental procedures...
- Brain abscess associated with Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans: case report and review of literatureJanette C Rahamat-Langendoen
Department of Microbiology, Izore Centre for Infectious Diseases Friesland, Leeuwarden, The Netherlands
J Clin Periodontol 38:702-6. 2011..We report a patient with multiple brain abscesses due to infection with A. actinomycetemcomitans and review the English language literature related to this subject...
- Management of brain abscess in childrenMiguel Gelabert-Gonzalez
Department of Surgery, Service of Neurosurgery, Clinic Hospital of Santiago, University of Santiago de Compostela, Spain
J Paediatr Child Health 44:731-5. 2008..The objective of this paper is to report the treatment of 28 children with the diagnosis of brain abscess.
- [Brain abscess in a third-level hospital: epidemiology and prognostic factors related to mortality]M Gutiérrez-Cuadra
Unidad de Enfermedades Infecciosas, Hospital Universitario Marques de Valdecilla, Universidad de Cantabria, Avda Valdecilla, S N, 39008 Santander, Cantabria, Spain
Rev Esp Quimioter 22:201-6. 2009To document the epidemiology, causes, treatment and prognostic factors associated with mortality of patients with brain abscess in a tertiary medical center.
- Undiagnosed amebic brain abscessParnpen Viriyavejakul
Department of Tropical Pathology, Faculty of Tropical Medicine, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand
Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health 40:1183-7. 2009We report a case of amebic brain abscess due to Entamoeba histolytica. The patient was a 31-year-old man who presented with amebic liver abscess. His clinical course deteriorated in spite of proper drainage and treatment...
- Tuberculous temporal brain abscess mimicking otogenic pyogenic abscessD Muzumdar
Department of Neurosurgery, Seth Gordhandas Sunderdas Medical College and King Edward VII Memorial Hospital, Mumbai, India
Pediatr Neurosurg 45:220-4. 2009Tuberculous brain abscess is a rare manifestation of central nervous system tuberculosis. We report the case of a tuberculous temporal lobe abscess in a 14-year-old female child that mimicked an otogenic pyogenic brain abscess...
- Middle and posterior fossa aspergillomaJacob P Alapatt
Department of Neurosurgery, Medical College Hospital, Thrissur, Kerala 680001, India
Surg Neurol 66:75-8; discussion 78-9. 2006..Because of its rarity in immunocompetent patients and the difficulty in preoperative diagnosis, we have illustrated this case and its presentation and management...
- Successful treatment of sellar aspergillus abscessWenke Liu
Department of Neurosurgery, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Wuhou District, Chengdu 610041, China
J Clin Neurosci 17:1587-9. 2010..Early and correct diagnosis via surgery can improve the prognosis. A combination of surgical resection and antifungal therapy has a good outcome. The importance of early treatment for sellar aspergillus abscesses is emphasised...
- Cerebellar aspergillosis: case report and literature reviewErsin Erdogan
Department of Neurosurgery, Gulhane Military Medical School, Ankara, Turkey
Neurosurgery 50:874-6; discussion 876-7. 2002..An unusual, but not unique, case of cerebellar aspergillosis associated with autologous peripheral blood stem cell transplantation for breast cancer is presented...
- Brain abscess due to Listeria monocytogenes: first case report in ThailandPornpit Treebupachatsakul
Division of Infectious Diseases and Tropical Medicine, Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand
J Med Assoc Thai 89:1516-20. 2006b>Brain abscess with bacteremia caused by Listeria monocytogenes in a young woman with immune thrombocytopenic purpura was reported. The clinical features included fever, headache, and left-side weakness...
- Pyogenic brain abscess: findings from in vivo 1.5-T and 11.7-T in vitro proton MR spectroscopyPing H Lai
Department of Radiology, Veterans General Hospital Kaohsiung, National Yang Ming University, 386 Ta Chung First Road, Taiwan 813, Republic of China
AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 26:279-88. 2005..We compared the findings of in vivo with those of in vitro MR spectroscopy and categorized the MR spectral patterns with respect to the causative organisms and abscess size...
- Preoperative antifungal therapy may improve survival in patients with Aspergillus brain abscessMohammad Wasay
Department of Neurology, Medicine, Infectious Diseases and Community Health, Aga Khan University, Karachi 74800, Pakistan
Clin Neurol Neurosurg 111:565-7. 2009The objective of this study was to determine if the preoperative use of antifungal therapy positively influences clinical outcome in patients with Aspergillus brain abscess.
- Brain abscess due to Entamoeba histolyticaC Sundaram
Department of Pathology, Nizam s Institute of Medical Sciences, Hyderabad
J Assoc Physicians India 52:251-2. 2004..A patient of cerebral amoebiasis due to Entamoeba histolytica with no evidence of disease elsewhere is described. He made a complete recovery after surgical excision of the abscess along with metronidazole therapy...
- Brain abscess complicating cerebral infarctYichayaou Beloosesky
Department of Geriatrics, Rabin Medical Center, Golda Campus, Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Petach Tikva 49372, Israel
Age Ageing 31:477-80. 2002..We report a case of a 68-year-old man who suffered ischemic strokes in the left middle cerebral artery territory and three months later, following urosepsis, developed a cerebral abscess in the infarcted area...
- Staphylococcus massiliensis sp. nov., isolated from a human brain abscessMouhamad Al Masalma
Laboratoire de Bacteriologie virologie, Hopital de la Timone, URMITE CNRS IRD UMR 6236, IFR48, 264 rue Saint Pierre, 13385 Marseille, Cedex 05, France
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 60:1066-72. 2010..coagulase-negative, non-motile, non-fermentative and novobiocin-susceptible cocci were isolated from a human brain abscess sample (strain 5402776(T)). This novel strain was analysed by a polyphasic taxonomic approach...
- Kocuria varians infection associated with brain abscess: a case reportCheng Yu Tsai
Division of Neurosurgery, Department of Surgery, Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan
BMC Infect Dis 10:102. 2010..previously was classified into Micrococcus. Only two species, K. rosea and K. kristinae are reported to be associated as pathogenic and found with catheter-related bacteremia and acute cholecystitis...
- Brain abscess caused by Cladophialophora Bantiana in an immunocompetent host: need for a novel cost-effective antifungal agentS A Borkar
Department of Neurosurgery, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi 110 029, India
Indian J Med Microbiol 26:271-4. 2008..Radiological evaluation was suggestive of brain abscess. He underwent gross total excision of the cerebral abscess...
- Propionibacterium acnes brain abscess appearing 10 years after neurosurgerySarah M Kranick
Hospital of University of Pennsylvania, Department of Neurology, 3 W Gates, 3400 Spruce St, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
Arch Neurol 66:793-5. 2009..To describe a case of Propionibacterium acnes infection arising 10 years after neurosurgery and to review the literature regarding similar cases and their treatment...
- Delayed postoperative intracerebral abscess caused by Proprionibacterium acnes: case report and review of the literatureS A Barazi
Department of Neurosurgery, Charing Cross Hospital, London, UK
Br J Neurosurg 17:336-9. 2003..We propose the inclusion of cerebral abscess by P. acnes in the differential diagnosis of lesions that mimic tumour recurrences, after clean craniotomies...
- Alternaria infectoria brain abscess in a child with chronic granulomatous diseaseE Hipolito
Hospital Pediátrico de Coimbra, Portugal
Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis 28:377-80. 2009In the present report, we describe the first case of a phaeohyphomycotic brain abscess in a 5-year-old boy with chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) admitted to hospital with seizures...
- Brain abscess due to Arcanobacterium haemolyticum after dental extractionJair Vargas
Clin Infect Dis 42:1810-1. 2006
- A rare but fatal case of granulomatous amebic encephalitis with brain abscess: the first case reported from TurkeyFeyzi Birol Sarica
Baskent University, School of Medicine, Neurosurgery Department, Ankara, Turkey
Turk Neurosurg 19:256-9. 2009..This paper presents a case of GAE with abscess formation in a 75-year-old male patient...
- Vertically acquired neonatal citrobacter brain abscess - case report and review of the literatureDeepak Agrawal
Department of Neurosurgery, Neurosciences Center, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi 110029, India
J Clin Neurosci 12:188-90. 2005..An aggressive surgical approach combined with intravenous antibiotics (including imipenems, to which the organism is very sensitive) for a minimum of 4 weeks appears to improve the outcome of infection with this virulent organism...
- Brain abscess caused by Nocardia cyriacigeorgica in a patient with human immunodeficiency virus infectionG Barnaud
Service de Microbiologie, Hopital Louis Mourier, Colombes, France
J Clin Microbiol 43:4895-7. 2005Nocardia cyriacigeorgica is a recently characterized species within the genus of Nocardia. We report a brain abscess, following a primary pulmonary colonization, due to this species in a human immunodeficiency virus-infected patient...
- CYTOKINE INFLAMMATORY MEDIATORS AND MUCIN REGULATION IN MIDDLE EAR EPITHELIUMJoseph E Kerschner; Fiscal Year: 2013..in young children [4,7-8], and is associated with life-threatening complications such as meningitis and brain abscess formation [9- 10]...
- Role of T cells during central nervous system (CNS) bacterial infectionMONICA MARIE MARIANI; Fiscal Year: 2012DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Brain abscess formation is consequent of pyogenic bacterial infection, and can elicit inflammation, edema, neuronal toxicity, and often long-term health problems such as seizures...
- Effects of Neuroinflammation on Gap Junction Communication in GliaTAMMY L KIELIAN; Fiscal Year: 2010..junction communication (GJC) is parenchymal infection with pyogenic bacteria leading to the establishment of brain abscess. Recent studies have revealed that several proinflammatory mediators detected in developing brain abscesses ..
- The Pathogenesis of Brain AbscessTAMMY L KIELIAN; Fiscal Year: 2013The host anti-bacterial immune response that ensues during brain abscess development not only neutralizes pathogens but also contributes to the destruction of surrounding normal brain parenchyma...
- Receptors Involved in Microglial Responses to S. aureusTAMMY L KIELIAN; Fiscal Year: 2010..aureus-induced brain abscess model leads to the heightened expression of IL-17, a cytokine that has been implicated in anti-bacterial ..
- VASCULAR PERMEABILITY AND BRAIN EDEMA IN BRAIN ABSCESSWarren Lo; Fiscal Year: 1992..The project will employ a rat model of a staphylococcal brain abscess to test the hypothesis that bacterial products increase the permeability of the blood-brain barrier, and ..
- Microglial Cell Activation by Thrombin in StrokeJonathan Weinstein; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable]..
- ADHERENCE BLOCKING VACCINE FOR AMEBIASISWilliam Petri; Fiscal Year: 2003..In Project 3, the applicants will attempt to develop a novel adjuvant, based on the ricin B subunit to improve the immunogenicity of proteins in plants. ..
- Toll-Like Receptor 3 Activation in AstrocytesGREGORY KONAT; Fiscal Year: 2006..Moreover, because TLR3 can also be activated by RNA released from damaged cells, the outcomes of this study will also be applicable to neurodegenerative conditions of non-viral etiology. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Hippocampus/Pituitary Ratio: an AD Brain Injury Marker?Thomas Beresford; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- Rapid Diagnostics for Category B EnteropathogensWilliam Petri; Fiscal Year: 2007..Successful completion of these studies will yield high throughput diagnostic tests that target multiple enteropathogens simultaneously in a single sample. ..
- GENE EXPRESSION IN ENTAMOEBA HISTOLYTICAWilliam Petri; Fiscal Year: 2008..Successful completion of these studies will provide insight into transcription regulation of virulence factors by the novel mechanism of direct calcium control of an EF-hand containing transcription factor. ..
- SUBSTANCE P, NO & MICROGLIA IN CNS INFLAMMATIONBarnett Nathan; Fiscal Year: 2003..SP and NO modulate their effects in CNS inflammation via these cells. Hypothesis 4: The ultimate site for the effects of SP and NO may be the mitochondrial respiratory chain enzymes of these phagocytic cells. ..
- Hindbrain Herniation in Sheep Model of MyelomeningoceleCornelia von Koch; Fiscal Year: 2002..Furthermore, we will characterize in lambs gross pathological and axonal pathfinding anomalies usually seen in the human disease. ..
- Genetic Virulence Markers in Respiratory Syncytial VirusRICHARD MARTINELLO; Fiscal Year: 2006..A committee consisting of established basic scientists, clinical researchers and hospital epidemiology mentors has been established to provide scientific guidance and training oversight. ..
- Prevention of Catheter-Associated Blood Stream InfectionsDavid Warren; Fiscal Year: 2007..I will build on the experience outlined in this proposal to establish myself an independent investigator in healthcare epidemiology, studying nosocomial infections and developing interventions to prevent them. [unreadable] [unreadable]..