rat bite fever

Summary

Summary: A syndrome characterized by recurring fever, rash, and arthralgias occurring days to weeks after a rat bite. The causative agents are either Streptobacillus moniliformis or Spirillum minus.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Streptobacillus moniliformis endocarditis: case report and review
    M E Rupp
    Department of Internal Medicine, Medical College of Virginia, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond 23298 0049
    Clin Infect Dis 14:769-72. 1992
  2. ncbi Rat-bite fever septic arthritis: illustrative case and literature review
    C Dendle
    Department of Infectious Diseases, Monash Medical Centre, 246 Clayton Road, Clayton, Victoria 3168, Australia
    Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis 25:791-7. 2006
  3. pmc Rat bite fever and Streptobacillus moniliformis
    Sean P Elliott
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Arizona Health Sciences Center, 1501 N Campbell Ave, Tucson, AZ 85724 5073, USA
    Clin Microbiol Rev 20:13-22. 2007
  4. pmc A rare and serious consequence of a rat bite
    N D Downing
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Queen s Medical Centre, University Hospital, Nottingham, UK
    Ann R Coll Surg Engl 83:279-80. 2001
  5. ncbi Fatal rat bite fever in a pet shop employee
    Steve Shvartsblat
    Department of Family Medicine, Division of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, California 90024, USA
    Am J Ind Med 45:357-60. 2004
  6. ncbi Rat bite fever
    Wim Gaastra
    Department of Infectious Diseases and Immunology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Vet Microbiol 133:211-28. 2009
  7. ncbi Rat-bite fever (Streptobacillus moniliformis): a potential emerging disease
    M H Graves
    State of California, Department of Health Services, Microbial Diseases Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94704, USA
    Int J Infect Dis 5:151-5. 2001
  8. pmc Rat bite fever without fever
    P Stehle
    Department of Rheumatology, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois, 1011 Lausanne, Switzerland
    Ann Rheum Dis 62:894-6. 2003
  9. ncbi Broad range polymerase chain reaction for diagnosis of rat-bite fever caused by Streptobacillus moniliformis
    C Berger
    Division of Infectious Diseases, University Children s Hospital, Zurich, Switzerland
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 20:1181-2. 2001
  10. ncbi Rat-bite fever in children: case report and review
    Ifeoma C Ojukwu
    Strong Children s Research Center, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, New York, USA
    Scand J Infect Dis 34:474-7. 2002

Scientific Experts

Detail Information

Publications72

  1. ncbi Streptobacillus moniliformis endocarditis: case report and review
    M E Rupp
    Department of Internal Medicine, Medical College of Virginia, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond 23298 0049
    Clin Infect Dis 14:769-72. 1992
    ..Echocardiography demonstrated valvular vegetations in two of the four cases in which it was performed. Embolic phenomena are rare, and therapy with adequate doses of penicillin is usually curative...
  2. ncbi Rat-bite fever septic arthritis: illustrative case and literature review
    C Dendle
    Department of Infectious Diseases, Monash Medical Centre, 246 Clayton Road, Clayton, Victoria 3168, Australia
    Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis 25:791-7. 2006
    ..The diagnosis should be considered when there is arthritis and a high synovial fluid cell count but no apparent organism, especially when the patient has had contact with rats...
  3. pmc Rat bite fever and Streptobacillus moniliformis
    Sean P Elliott
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Arizona Health Sciences Center, 1501 N Campbell Ave, Tucson, AZ 85724 5073, USA
    Clin Microbiol Rev 20:13-22. 2007
    b>Rat bite fever, caused by Streptobacillus moniliformis, is a systemic illness classically characterized by fever, rigors, and polyarthralgias. If left untreated, it carries a mortality rate of 10%...
  4. pmc A rare and serious consequence of a rat bite
    N D Downing
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Queen s Medical Centre, University Hospital, Nottingham, UK
    Ann R Coll Surg Engl 83:279-80. 2001
    ..with rat saliva or faeces can lead to infection with Streptobacillus moniliformis and the condition known as 'rat bite fever'...
  5. ncbi Fatal rat bite fever in a pet shop employee
    Steve Shvartsblat
    Department of Family Medicine, Division of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, California 90024, USA
    Am J Ind Med 45:357-60. 2004
    b>Rat bite fever is a zoonotic disease that has been described in laboratory personnel as well as the general population.
  6. ncbi Rat bite fever
    Wim Gaastra
    Department of Infectious Diseases and Immunology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Vet Microbiol 133:211-28. 2009
    b>Rat bite fever (RBF) is a bacterial zoonosis for which two causal bacterial species have been identified: Streptobacillis moniliformis and Spirillum minus. Haverhill fever (HF) is a form of S...
  7. ncbi Rat-bite fever (Streptobacillus moniliformis): a potential emerging disease
    M H Graves
    State of California, Department of Health Services, Microbial Diseases Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94704, USA
    Int J Infect Dis 5:151-5. 2001
    ..To determine the relative prevalence of human infections attributable to Streptobacillus moniliformis in California over the past 3 decades...
  8. pmc Rat bite fever without fever
    P Stehle
    Department of Rheumatology, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois, 1011 Lausanne, Switzerland
    Ann Rheum Dis 62:894-6. 2003
    b>Rat bite fever is a rarely reported acute febrile bacterial illness caused by Streptobacillus moniliformis or Spirillum minus following a rat bite...
  9. ncbi Broad range polymerase chain reaction for diagnosis of rat-bite fever caused by Streptobacillus moniliformis
    C Berger
    Division of Infectious Diseases, University Children s Hospital, Zurich, Switzerland
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 20:1181-2. 2001
    ....
  10. ncbi Rat-bite fever in children: case report and review
    Ifeoma C Ojukwu
    Strong Children s Research Center, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, New York, USA
    Scand J Infect Dis 34:474-7. 2002
    ..Both responded promptly to antibiotic treatment. An additional 10 cases from a MEDLINE review (1960-2000) are reviewed. RBF must be included in the differential diagnosis of febrile patients with rashes and a history of exposure to rats...
  11. ncbi Rat bite fever: three case reports and a literature review
    Liane K Freels
    University of Arizona Health Sciences Center, Tucson, AZ 85724, USA
    Clin Pediatr (Phila) 43:291-5. 2004
  12. ncbi Rat bite fever mimicking rheumatoid arthritis
    L Legout
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Geneva University Hospital, Geneva, Switzerland
    Scand J Infect Dis 37:532-3. 2005
    ..The outcome was good after surgical debridment and rifampin-clindamycin combination during 4 weeks...
  13. pmc Rat bite fever caused by Streptobacillus moniliformis in a child: human infection and rat carriage diagnosed by PCR
    J M Andre
    Service de Réanimation Pédiatrique, Hopital Debrousse, Hospices Civils de Lyon, 69322 Lyon cedex 5, France
    J Clin Pathol 58:1215-6. 2005
    ..Streptobacillus moniliformis was identified after culture of the child's blister fluid and was detected in rat samples by molecular methods. Such detection in the pet of a human victim of rat bite fever has not been reported previously.
  14. ncbi Rat bite fever (Streptobacillus moniliformis) with septicemia in a child
    M Rygg
    Department of Medical Microbiology, University Hospital, Tromsø, Norway
    Scand J Infect Dis 24:535-40. 1992
    ..There was no history of rat bite. Her condition improved rapidly after treatment with penicillin and chloramphenicol, and she was discharged from hospital after 10 days without sequelae...
  15. pmc Rat bite fever without the bite
    J N Fordham
    Department of Rheumatology, South Cleveland Hospital, Middlesbrough, United Kingdom
    Ann Rheum Dis 51:411-2. 1992
    ..The true diagnosis of rat bite fever due to Streptobacillus moniliformis was delayed because of difficulty in growing the organism, which has ..
  16. ncbi [Unexplained fever after exposure to rats: rat bite fever or Haverhill fever]
    Kim P G M Hurkens
    Maastricht University Medical Centre, afd Algemene Interne Geneeskunde, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd 154:A1365. 2010
    ..caused by a Streptobacillus moniliformis infection, which led to the development of an illness called rat bite fever. S...
  17. pmc Direct detection of indirect transmission of Streptobacillus moniliformis rat bite fever infection
    Joseph R Mackey
    Department of Pediatrics, St Francis Medical Center, Peoria, Illinois, USA
    J Clin Microbiol 52:2259-61. 2014
    ....
  18. pmc Streptobacillus moniliformis endocarditis: case report and review of literature
    M Madhubashini
    Department of Internal Medicine and Diabetology, 439 Cheran Nagar, Perumbakkam, Global Hospitals and Health City, Chennai 600100, Tamil Nadu, India Electronic address
    Indian Heart J 65:442-6. 2013
    b>Rat bite fever is a rare infection and sometimes results in complications. This case report describes native mitral valve endocarditis in a 44-year-old male patient caused by Streptobacillus moniliformis...
  19. pmc Septic arthritis and concern for osteomyelitis in a child with rat bite fever
    Dustin D Flannery
    Alfred I duPont Hospital for Children, Wilmington, Delaware, USA
    J Clin Microbiol 51:1987-9. 2013
    b>Rat bite fever is a rare infection usually caused by Streptobacillus moniliformis. A case of septic arthritis and possible osteomyelitis as sequelae of rat bite fever in a pediatric patient is described.
  20. ncbi Rat bite fever: fever, arthritis, and rash in a 4-year-old boy
    Bethany K H Lewis
    Department of Dermatology, University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City, Utah 84132, USA
    Pediatr Dermatol 29:767-8. 2012
    b>Rat bite fever is a rare but potentially fatal Gram-negative infection that predominantly affects populations with exposure to rats, notably children...
  21. ncbi The acrophysis: a unifying concept for understanding enchondral bone growth and its disorders. II. Abnormal growth
    Alan E Oestreich
    Department of Radiology 5031, Cincinnati Children s Hospital Medical Center, 3333 Burnet Avenue, Cincinnati, OH 45229 3039, USA
    Skeletal Radiol 33:119-28. 2004
    ..Ollier disease, achondroplasia, and osteopetrosis, as well as the family of frostbite, Kashin-Beck disease, and rat bite fever) illustrate the acrophysis principle and in turn their manifestations are explained by that principle.
  22. ncbi Rat bite fever in a pet lover
    B B Cunningham
    Department of Pediatrics, Northwestern University Medical School, Chicago, Illinois, USA
    J Am Acad Dermatol 38:330-2. 1998
    ..Diagnosis was delayed because of difficulty in identifying the pathologic organism. She was successfully treated with 10 days of ceftriaxone...
  23. ncbi Rat bite fever as a presenting illness in a patient with AIDS
    R Chean
    Department of Infectious Diseases, Monash Medical Centre, 246 Clayton Rd, Clayton, Vic, 3168, Australia
    Infection 40:319-21. 2012
    ..We describe the first case of septic arthritis due to the cause of rat bite fever (RBF), Streptobacillus moniliformis, confirmed by 16S rRNA sequence analysis, in a patient with newly ..
  24. pmc Prosthetic valve endocarditis caused by Streptobacillus moniliformis: a case of rat bite fever
    Po Lin Chen
    Department of Internal Medicine, National Cheng Kung University Hospital, No 138, Sheng Li Road, Tainan 704, Taiwan
    J Clin Microbiol 45:3125-6. 2007
    We report a case of rat bite fever caused by Streptobacillus moniliformis in Taiwan. It manifested as prosthetic valve endocarditis, which was cured by cardiac valve replacement and antimicrobial therapy...
  25. pmc A teenager with fever, rash and arthritis
    Saif Albedwawi
    Division of Infectious Diseases, The Ottawa Hospital, Ottawa, Ont
    CMAJ 175:354. 2006
  26. ncbi Rat-bite fever: a cautionary tale
    Renukadas Sakalkale
    Department of Medicine, Waikato Hospital, Hamilton
    N Z Med J 120:U2545. 2007
    ..He had been bitten by a rat a week earlier. Blood cultures grew Streptobacillus moniliformis, thus confirming the diagnosis. The literature on rat-bite fever is also reviewed...
  27. ncbi [Pet-rat bite fever and septic arthritis: molecular identification of Streptobacillus moniliformis]
    S Mignard
    Laboratoire de Bacteriologie, Centre Hospitalier Lyon Sud, Chemin du Grand Revoyet, 69495 Pierre Benite, France
    Med Mal Infect 37:293-4. 2007
    Pet-rat bite fever is a relatively rare disease consecutive to a rat bite or scratch. The authors report a case of septic arthritis following a pet rat bite...
  28. pmc Rat-bite fever, Canada
    Michael E Schachter
    Emerg Infect Dis 12:1301-2. 2006
  29. ncbi A 26-year-old woman with a rash on her extremities
    Richa Tandon
    Department of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases, Boston Medical Center, Boston, MA, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 43:1585-6, 1616-7. 2006
  30. ncbi Fulminant endocarditis caused by Streptobacillus moniliformis in a young man
    Markus Kondruweit
    Center of Cardiac Surgery, Friedrich Alexander University, Erlangen Nuremberg, Germany
    J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 134:1579-80. 2007
  31. ncbi Dogs as vectors of Streptobacillus moniliformis infection?
    Erik G H Wouters
    Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Utrecht University, Yalelaan 2, 3584 CM Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Vet Microbiol 128:419-22. 2008
    b>Rat bite fever is a bacterial zoonosis transmitted through the bite of rats. One of the two etiological agents that cause rat bite fever is Streptobacillus moniliformis...
  32. pmc The rise of the rats: A growing paediatric issue
    Karine Khatchadourian
    Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Paediatrics, Centre hospitalier universitaire Sainte Justine, Universite de Montreal, Montreal, Quebec
    Paediatr Child Health 15:131-4. 2010
    b>Rat bite fever (RBF), a systemic infection of Streptobacillus moniliformis or Spirillum minus characterized by fever, arthralgias and petechial-purpuric rash on the extremities, carries a mortality rate of 7% to 10% if untreated...
  33. ncbi Rat bite fever, a fatal case of Streptobacillus moniliformis infection in a 14-month-old boy
    Priya Banerjee
    Office of the Chief Medical Examiner, State of Maryland, 111 Penn St, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA
    J Forensic Sci 56:531-3. 2011
    Streptobacillus moniliformis is the primary cause of rat bite fever in North America. Children under 12 years of age are primarily infected, presenting with an acute syndrome of fever, rash, and polyarthritis...
  34. pmc Shell vial cell culture as a tool for Streptobacillus moniliformis "resuscitation"
    Severine Loridant
    Unite de Recherche sur le Maladies Infectieuses et Tropicales Emergentes, Centre National de Recherche Scientifique, UMR 6236, Institut Federatif de Recherche 48, Faculte de Medecine, Universite de la Mediterranee, Marseille, France
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 84:306-7. 2011
    ..We describe here the first report of this disease in la Réunion and the first isolation using shell vial cell culture from a blood culture bottle with a bacterium suspected to be dead...
  35. pmc A case of septic arthritis from rat-bite fever in Hawai'i
    Jonathan Dworkin
    University of Hawai i John A Burns School of Medicine, Honolulu, HI, USA
    Hawaii Med J 69:65-7. 2010
    ..Streptobacillus moniliformis is a zoonotic organism identified in the 20th century as the causative agent of most cases of rat bite fever outside of mainland Asia. There are no previously published cases of this pathogen in Hawai'i.
  36. ncbi North American zoonoses
    Jay M Lieberman
    Quest Diagnostics Nichols Institute, San Juan Capistrano, California, USA
    Pediatr Ann 38:193-8. 2009
    ....
  37. ncbi [Clinical and epidemiological analysis of rat bites in Buenos Aires]
    Alfredo Seijo
    Servicio de Zoonosis Hospital Francisco J Muñiz, Buenos Aires
    Medicina (B Aires) 69:259-64. 2009
    ..In 79% of the cases the rat bite was in the limbs and in 16% in the face. Five patients developed clinical manifestations of rat bite fever. We discuss the value of post exposition prophylaxis with antibiotics.
  38. ncbi Rat-bite fever identified by polymerase chain reaction detection of Streptobacillus moniliformis DNA
    Daiki Nakagomi
    Department of Dermatology, University of Yamanashi, Chuo shi, Yamanashi, Japan
    J Dermatol 35:667-70. 2008
    ..Although clinical symptoms initially remitted with minocycline therapy, they relapsed. Subsequent administration of piperacillin sodium resulted in complete disappearance of the high fever and arthralgia...
  39. ncbi [Animal bites and infection]
    N Boillat
    Centre de maladies infectieuses et épidémiologie, Institut central des hôpitaux valaisans 86, avenue Grand Champsec, 1950, Sion
    Rev Med Suisse 4:2149-52, 2154-5. 2008
    ..The management of bite wounds includes prophylactic (antimicrobial prophylaxis, tetanus and rabies immunization) and therapeutic aspects (local treatment and antimicrobial therapy)...
  40. ncbi [What the practicing veterinarian should know about rat bite fever]
    Roland Abma
    Universiteit Utrecht
    Tijdschr Diergeneeskd 133:668-70. 2008
  41. ncbi Isolation of Streptobacillus moniliformis from a pet rat
    Nobuhito Hayashimoto
    ICLAS Monitoring Center, Central Institute for Experimental Animals, Miyamae ku, Kanagawa, Japan
    J Vet Med Sci 70:493-5. 2008
    ..8%, respectively, to those of S. moniliformis in GenBank. Therefore, the isolate was identified as S. moniliformis. These results suggested the potential risk of rat-bite fever arising from pet rats in Japan...
  42. ncbi [Pathology of inoculation]
    Antoine Chaillon
    Service de Medecine Interne et Maladies Infectieuses, Centre Hospitalier Regional et Universitaire, 37044 Tours
    Rev Prat 58:213-21. 2008
  43. ncbi Detection of Streptobacillus spp. in feral rats by specific polymerase chain reaction
    Masanobu Kimura
    Department of Veterinary Science, National Institute of Infectious Diseases, Tokyo, Japan
    Microbiol Immunol 52:9-15. 2008
    ..rattus (30/52). The nucleotide sequence analysis of the 16S rRNA gene of Streptobacillus spp. isolated from oral swabs of feral rats showed at least two different types of bacteria among isolates from R. norvegicus and R. rattus...
  44. ncbi Rat-bite fever presenting with rash and septic arthritis
    Rajyani Kanechorn Na Ayuthaya
    Department of Dermatology, Phramongkutklao Hospital, Bangkok, Thailand
    J Med Assoc Thai 88:S247-51. 2005
    ..Here, the authors will provide details on the etiology, clinical manifestations, diagnosis, and management to aid prompt detection and treatment of the disease...
  45. ncbi Streptobacillus moniliformis: case report and review of the literature
    J Frans
    Department of Microbiology, Imeldaziekenhuis Bonheiden, Leuven, Belgium
    Acta Clin Belg 56:187-90. 2001
    Streptobacillus moniliformis is one of the causes of rat bite fever. The clinical and microbiological diagnosis of this rare infectious disease is often quite problematic...
  46. ncbi Streptobacillus moniliformis endocarditis in an HIV-positive patient
    T Rordorf
    Dept of Medicine, Cantonal Hospital, Olten, Switzerland
    Infection 28:393-4. 2000
    Streptobacillus moniliformis is the causative agent of rat bite fever, with endocarditis being a rare but well-documented complication. We report the case of an HIV-positive man who acquired S. moniliformis endocarditis through a rat bite...
  47. ncbi [Rat bite fever after a bite from a tame pet rat]
    B Schuurman
    afd Interne Geneeskunde, Twee Stedenziekenhuis, Tilburg
    Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd 142:2006-9. 1998
    ..There was also severe arthralgia and asymmetric arthritis. The diagnosis was rat bite fever. The disease became manifest eight days after she was bitten by a pet rat...
  48. ncbi Streptobacillus moniliformis infection: 2 cases and a literature review
    L Hagelskjaer
    Department of Clinical Microbiology, Viborg Hospital, Denmark
    Scand J Infect Dis 30:309-11. 1998
    ..One patient had a subcutaneous abscess requiring surgical treatment and the other streptobacillary rat bite fever. Streptobacillus moniliformis was isolated from pus and blood, respectively...
  49. ncbi [Rat-bite--an infant bitten by a rat]
    T Mathiasen
    Børneafdelingen, Aalborg Sygehus Nord
    Ugeskr Laeger 155:1475-6. 1993
    ..She became seriously ill, but responded well to treatment with benzylpencillin. In the light of our case and previous publications, we recommend prophylactic penicillin to be given to infants after rat-bites...
  50. ncbi An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for monitoring rodent colonies for Streptobacillus moniliformis antibodies
    R Boot
    Department of Laboratory Animal Microbiology, National Institute of Public Health and Environmental Protection, Bilthoven, The Netherlands
    Lab Anim 27:350-7. 1993
    ..These studies and observations in naturally infected feral rats, confirmed that S. moniliformis is difficult to grow on primary isolation, and that the ELISA for S. moniliformis antibodies revealed more contaminated animals than culture...
  51. ncbi Streptobacillus moniliformis--a zoonotic pathogen. Taxonomic considerations, host species, diagnosis, therapy, geographical distribution
    M Wullenweber
    Central Institute for Laboratory Animal Breeding, Dept Bacteriology and Hygiene, Hannover, Germany
    Lab Anim 29:1-15. 1995
    ....
  52. pmc Rat-bite fever as a cause of septic arthritis: a diagnostic dilemma
    R L Rumley
    Section of Infectious Diseases, East Carolina University School of Medicine, Greenville, North Carolina 27858 4354
    Ann Rheum Dis 46:793-5. 1987
    ..The diagnosis was delayed, however, owing to the lack of an exposure history, atypical clinical presentation, and the unusual microbiologic characteristics shown by this organism...
  53. ncbi Rat-bite fever in a gerbil breeder
    E G Wilkins
    Public Health Laboratory, St Mary s Hospital, Portsmouth, U K
    J Infect 16:177-80. 1988
    ..A case of rat-bite fever caused by Streptobacillus moniliformis in a gerbil-breeder is described. Such a case has not been previously recorded...
  54. ncbi Fatal Streptobacillus moniliformis infection in a two-month-old infant
    M A Sens
    Department of Pathology, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston
    Am J Clin Pathol 91:612-6. 1989
    ..To the authors' knowledge, this is the first report of the autopsy pathology findings of this agent...
  55. ncbi [Arthritis caused by Streptobacillus moniliformis: a case of fever induced by a rat bite]
    A Anglada
    Servicio de Medicina Interna, Hospital General de Vic, Barcelona
    Med Clin (Barc) 94:535-7. 1990
    ..In our opinion, this is the first case of that condition reported in this country. We review the literature, and we insist on the need to inform the microbiologist of the clinical suspicion to achieve the etiological diagnosis...
  56. ncbi Rat bite fever in a Greek child
    K Konstantopoulos
    Department of Medicine, Amaliada General Hospital, Greece
    Scand J Infect Dis 24:531-3. 1992
    b>Rat bite fever was diagnosed in a 10-year-old boy in a rural area of south-west Greece...
  57. ncbi Rat bite fever: a case report of a Kenyan
    K M Bhatt
    Department of Medicine, College of Health Sciences, University of Nairobi
    East Afr Med J 69:542-3. 1992
    b>Rat bite fever has not been reported from Kenya previously. A case of 17 year old Kenyan male who was diagnosed to have rat bite fever after a bite of domestic rat is described...
  58. ncbi [Rat-bite fever]
    N Grude
    Telelab, Postboks 1868 Gulset, 3703 Skien
    Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen 121:3057-8. 2001
    b>Rat bite fever and Haverhill fever are caused by Streptobacillus moniliformis which is part of the natural oral flora of rats and other rodents. Fever accompanied by headache, nausea and myalgia develops within ten days...
  59. ncbi Haverhill fever with spine involvement
    Hani Abdulaziz
    Division of Rheumatology, The Ottawa Hospital, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
    J Rheumatol 33:1409-10. 2006
    ..Diagnosis can be particularly difficult in the absence of fever or obvious exposure to rodents, as in our case. A high degree of awareness is necessary to make the diagnosis of this potentially fatal infection, which is easily treatable...
  60. ncbi Rat-bite fever
    E van Nood
    Department of Internal Medicine, Flevoziekenhuis, Almere, The Netherlands
    Neth J Med 63:319-21. 2005
    ..She possessed nine pet rats, and denied that she had been bitten. Blood culture was positive for Streptobacillus moniliformis, which can cause rat-bite fever. The patient fully recovered after treatment with clarithromycin...
  61. ncbi Spontaneous rat bite fever in non-human primates: a review of two cases
    C R Valverde
    Department of Surgery and Radiology Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA
    J Med Primatol 31:345-9. 2002
    b>Rat bite fever is a worldwide zoonotic, non-reportable disease. This entity encompasses similar, yet distinct, disease syndromes caused by Streptobacillus moniliformis or Spirillum minus...
  62. ncbi Inappropriate footwear and rat-bite fever in an international traveler
    Liana Signorini
    J Travel Med 9:275-6. 2002
  63. pmc Suppurative polyarthritis following a rat bite
    B Yu Hor Thong
    Southampton General Hospital, Tremona Road, Southampton SO16 6YD, UK
    Ann Rheum Dis 62:805-6. 2003
  64. pmc Systemic vasculitis following an unreported rat bite
    R S Tattersall
    Department of Rheumatology, Chesterfield and North Derbyshire Royal Hospital NHS Trust, UK
    Ann Rheum Dis 62:605-6. 2003
  65. ncbi [Sodoku--a case report]
    S L Hinrichsen
    Serviço de Doenças Infecciosas e Parasitárias, Hospital das Clínicas da Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Recife
    Rev Soc Bras Med Trop 25:135-8. 1992
    ..The organism was identified in darkfield examination of the ulcer exudate. Penicillin was the drug used with clinical improvement of symptoms...
  66. ncbi Human Tula virus infection or rat-bite fever?
    J Clement
    Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis 22:332-3; author reply 334-5. 2003
  67. ncbi Bacteremia by Streptobacillus moniliformis: first case described in Spain
    L Torres
    Department of Microbiology, Miguel Servet University Hospital, paseo Isabel la Catolica 1 3, 50009 Zaragoza, Spain
    Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis 22:258-60. 2003
    ..Streptobacillus moniliformis was isolated in two sets of blood cultures. This case represents what is believed to be the first report of bacteremia due to Streptobacillus moniliformis in Spain...
  68. ncbi [Digital purpura revealing septicaemical rat-bite fever]
    V Georgescu
    Service de Dermatologie, Hôpital Porte Madeleine, CHR, 45032 Orleans
    Ann Dermatol Venereol 129:1156-8. 2002
    ..Infection with Streptobacillus moniliformis is an uncommon illness which can lead to death if untreated. We report the case in which initially cutaneous signs permitted diagnosis and further identification of the organism...
  69. ncbi A case of rat-bite fever
    D Kadan
    Clinical School of Medicine, Flinders University, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia
    Intern Med J 32:193-4. 2002
  70. ncbi PCR for the detection of Streptobacillus moniliformis
    R Boot
    Section of Laboratory Animal Microbiology, Diagnostic Laboratory for Infectious Diseases and Screening, National Institute of Public Health and the Environment, PO Box 1, 3720 BA Bilthoven, The Netherlands
    Lab Anim 36:200-8. 2002
    ..moniliformis is a Gram-negative bacterium found in various laboratory animal species and is the cause of rat bite fever and Haverhill fever in man...
  71. ncbi [Intermittent fever of infectious origin]
    Vincent Le Moing
    Service des maladies infectieuses et tropicales Hôpital Gui de Chauliac 34295 Montpellier
    Rev Prat 52:139-44. 2002
    ..Careful anamnesis and clinical examination as well as a few simple complementary investigations, preferably performed during a febrile episode, are often sufficient to set the limits of possible further more complex investigations...
  72. pmc Streptobacillus moniliformis septic arthritis: a clinical entity distinct from rat-bite fever?
    Teresa K F Wang
    Department of Microbiology, Research Centre of Infection and Immunology, The University of Hong Kong, Queen Mary Hospital, Hong Kong
    BMC Infect Dis 7:56. 2007
    ..Streptobacillus moniliformis is a zoonotic agent associated with rodent contacts. Although it is more commonly reported to cause rat-bite fever with reactive arthritides, it can also lead to pyogenic infection of the joints...