Summary: Failing to prevent death from natural causes, for reasons of mercy by the withdrawal or withholding of life-prolonging treatment.
Publications173 found, 100 shown here
- [Euthanasia]Carlos R Gherardi
Division Terapia Intensiva, Hospital de Clinicas Jose de San Martin, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Buenos Aires
Medicina (B Aires) 63:63-9. 2003....
- Ethical principles in end-of-life decisions in different European countriesJean Louis Vincent
Department of Intensive Care, Erasme Hospital, Free University of Brussels, Belgium
Swiss Med Wkly 134:65-8. 2004..Here we will discuss the current situation across Europe, based on the findings from three large international studies...
- Withdrawing life-sustaining treatment: ethical considerationsSharon Reynolds
Joint Centre for Bioethics, University of Toronto, 88 College Street, Toronto, Ontario M5G 1L4, Canada
Surg Clin North Am 87:919-36, viii. 2007..Understanding of the limits of treatment, expertise in palliation of symptoms, skillful communication, and careful orchestration of controllable events can help to manage the withdrawal of life support appropriately...
- Jewish law and end-of-life decision making: a case reportCraig D Blinderman
Palliative Care Service, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, USA
J Clin Ethics 18:384-90. 2007
- Dilemmas surrounding passive euthanasia--a Malaysian perspectiveNorchaya Talib
Faculty of Law, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Med Law 24:605-13. 2005..However due to the advance in technology and its corresponding ability in prolonging life, in Malaysia passive euthanasia presents more of a dilemma...
- Passive euthanasiaE Garrard
Centre for Professional Ethics, Keele University, Keele Hall, Staffordshire, ST5 5BG, UK
J Med Ethics 31:64-8. 2005The idea of passive euthanasia has recently been attacked in a particularly clear and explicit way by an "Ethics Task Force" established by the European Association of Palliative Care (EAPC) in February 2001...
- On acts, omissions and responsibilityJohn Coggon
Centre for Social Ethics and Policy and Institute for Science, Ethics and Innovation, School of Law, University of Manchester, Oxford Road, Manchester M13 9PL, UK
J Med Ethics 34:576-9. 2008
- The ethics of killing and letting die: active and passive euthanasiaH V McLachlan
School of Law and Social Sciences, Glasgow Caledonian University, Cowcaddens Road, Glasgow G4 0BA, UK
J Med Ethics 34:636-8. 2008In their account of passive euthanasia, Garrard and Wilkinson present arguments that might lead one to overlook significant moral differences between killing and letting die. To kill is not the same as to let die...
- The moral distinction between killing and letting die in medical casesJoachim Asscher
School of Philosophy and Bioethics, Monash University, VIC 3800, Australia
Bioethics 22:278-85. 2008..Medical examples are frequently complicated because patients' autonomous choices impact upon medical practitioners' surrounding responsibility...
- Hastening death and the boundaries of the selfLynn A Jansen
The John J Conley Department of Ethics, St Vincent s, Manhattan, 153 West 11th Street, New York, NY 10011, USA
Bioethics 20:105-11. 2006..The constitution of the self is fixed in large measure by our concepts and social conventions, and these do not always provide determinate grounds for delimiting the boundaries of the self...
- To kill is not the same as to let die: a reply to CoggonH V McLachlan
School of Law and Social Sciences, Glasgow Caledonian University, Glasgow, UK
J Med Ethics 35:456-8. 2009Coggon's remarks on a previous paper on active and passive euthanasia elicit a clarification and an elaboration of the argument in support of the claim that there is a moral difference between killing and letting die...
- Withdrawal of care in JapanKaoruko Aita
Department of Social Gerontology, School of Health Sciences and Nursing, The University of Tokyo, 7 3 1 Hongo, Bunkyo ku, Tokyo 113 0033, Japan
Lancet 368:12-4. 2006
- Intentionally hastening death by withholding or withdrawing treatmentGeorg Bosshard
Institute of Legal Medicine, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
Wien Klin Wochenschr 118:322-6. 2006..This study aims to provide empirical data on physicians' intentions in withholding and withdrawing treatment, and to discuss possible implications for the ethical debate...
- Practices of anaesthesiologists with regard to withholding and withdrawal of life support from the critically ill in TurkeyL Iyilikci
Department of Anaesthesiology, School of Medicine, Dokuz Eylul University, Izmir, Turkey
Acta Anaesthesiol Scand 48:457-62. 2004..To determine practices of Turkish anaesthesiologists with regard to withholding and withdrawal of life support from the critically ill...
- The medical provision of hydration and nutrition: two very different outcomes in Victoria and FloridaDanuta Mendelson
School of Law, Deakin University, Burwood, Victoria
J Law Med 11:282-91. 2004..The article analyses the two cases and their outcomes from legal, medical and ethical perspectives...
- A life not worth living?Craig Paterson
Department of Philosophy, Providence College, Rhode Island, USA
Stud Christ Ethics 16:1-20. 2003..It is to the use of such dialectical reasoning, supportive of the status of human life as such a basic human good, that the article is primarily concerned to draw out and articulate...
- Death of John Paul II and the basic human care for the sick and the dyingJuan R Velez G
Ethics Med 21:167-77. 2005..He chose to forego disproportionate medical treatment when there was no reasonable hope of recovery. At that point he continued to receive ordinary medical care, together with basic human and spiritual care...
- Ethics roundtable debate: withdrawal of tube feeding in a patient with persistent vegetative state where the patients wishes are unclear and there is family dissensionTom Buckley
Intensive Care Unit, Princess Margaret Hospital, Lai Chi Kok, Kowloon, Hong Kong
Crit Care 8:79-84. 2004..We examine a case where the State's interests come into play, forcing a controversial resolution...
- [The debate about the right to die]Juan Pablo Beca
Centro de Bioética, Facultad de Medicina, Clinica Alemana, Universidad del Desarrollo, Santiago, Chile
Rev Med Chil 133:601-6. 2005..The physician's duty with the patient at the end of his life is to assist him in dying according to his values and to minimize his distress...
- [Insight into end-of-life decisions in newborns in Flanders, Belgium]A A E Verhagen
Universitair Medisch Centrum Groningen, Beatrix Kinderkliniek, Postbus 30 001, 9700 RB Groningen
Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd 150:355-7. 2006..The advice of the committee to the prosecuting authorities will be crucial. It is expected that this change will increase the willingness to report cases...
- Life support withdrawal: communication and conflictSally A Norton
Center for Clinical Research on Aging, University of Rochester School of Nursing, Rochester, NY, USA
Am J Crit Care 12:548-55. 2003..Yet communication can be particularly difficult during stressful situations such as when a family member is critically ill. This is especially the case when families are faced with choices about forgoing life-sustaining treatment...
- Euthanasia, efficiency, and the historical distinction between killing a patient and allowing a patient to dieJ P Bishop
Peninsula Medical School, Knowledge Spa, Royal Cornwall Hospital, Truro TR1 3HD
J Med Ethics 32:220-4. 2006
- Revisiting the problem of Jewish bioethics: the case of terminal careY Michael Barilan
Department of Internal Medicine B, Meir Hospital, Kfar Saba, Israel
Kennedy Inst Ethics J 13:141-68. 2003..Direct and active actions that kill are prohibited; certain forms of passive euthanasia and contrivances that terminate life support without needing direct human action are accepted.
- End-of-life decisions in Swedish ICUs. How do physicians from the admitting department reason?Mia Svantesson
Department of Anesthesia and Intensive Care, Centre for Caring Sciences, Orebro University Hospital, SE 701 85 Orebro, Sweden
Intensive Crit Care Nurs 19:241-51. 2003..To study how physicians from the admitting department reason during the decision-making process to forego life-sustaining treatment of patients in intensive care units (ICUs)...
- [Death in an intensive care unit. Influence of life support withholding and withdrawal]Carlos Gherardi
Division Terapia Intensiva, Hospital de Clinicas Jose de San Martin, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Argentina
Medicina (B Aires) 66:237-41. 2006..Further research should analyze the influence that moral perception of withdrawal as inconvenient in our society, has over our findings...
- Obligations to treat, personal autonomy, and artificial nutrition and hydrationRaj Mohindra
Freeman Hospital, Newcastle upon Tyne
Clin Med 6:271-3. 2006..The decision of the Court of Appeal in the case of R v General Medical Council (GMC) ex parte Burke (2005) is explored...
- The Schiavo and Korp cases: conceptualising end-of-life decision-makingLoane Skene
Faculty of Law, Faculty of Medicine, Dentistry and Health Sciences, University of Melbourne, Parkville, Vic, Australia
J Law Med 13:223-9. 2005..That deflects attention from the fundamental legal principle that whatever a patient or the relatives want, they are not legally entitled to demand treatment that doctors consider futile in the circumstances...
- Conjoined twins: can the state mandate sacrifice surgery?L Marcel Stewart
Howard University School of Law, Washington, DC, USA
Howard Law J 45:675-96. 2002
- [Allowing a patient in a vegetative state to die in hospital under the direction of a nursing-home physician]J C M Lavrijsen
Stichting De Zorgboog, Postbus 16, 5760 AA Bakel
Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd 149:947-50. 2005..A hopeless vegetative state can be prevented by using these transmural possibilities for cooperation, including an early input of knowledge and experience about the long-term course of a vegetative state...
- Rejecting the Baby Doe rules and defending a "negative" analysis of the Best Interests StandardLoretta M Kopelman
Department of Medical Humanities, Brody School of Medicine, East Carolina University, Greenville, NC 27858, USA
J Med Philos 30:331-52. 2005..In these ways, they are inferior to the older Best Interests Standard. A "negative" analysis of the Best Interests Standard is articulated and defended for decision-making for all incompetent individuals...
- Medical end-of-life decisions for children in the NetherlandsAstrid M Vrakking
Department of Public Health, Erasmus MC and Erasmus MC Sophia, Children s Hospital, University Medical Center Rotterdam, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 159:802-9. 2005..Most end-of-life decision-making studies have, until now, involved either the general population or newborn infants...
- After Schiavo: next issue for nursing ethicsJacqulyn Kay Hall
P O Box 357, Vega, TX 79092, USA
JONAS Healthc Law Ethics Regul 7:94-8. 2005
- [End-of-life decisions and reluctant treatment of newborns on the borderline of viability in the Netherlands]L A A Kollée
Universitair Medisch Centrum St Radboud, Universitair Kinderziekenhuis, Postbus 9101, 6500 HB Nijmegen
Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd 149:2032-4. 2005..Behind the stable frequency of end-of-life decisions, difficult ethical issues remain to be solved...
- Physicians' religiosity and end-of-life care attitudes and behaviorsNeil S Wenger
UCLA Division of General Internal Medicine and Health Services Research, 911 Broxton Plaza, Suite 309, Los Angeles, CA 90095 1736, USA
Mt Sinai J Med 71:335-43. 2004..We surveyed physicians of one religion to describe the relationship between religiosity and end-of-life care...
- [No conspicuous changes in the practice of medical end-of-life decision-making for neonates and infants in the Netherlands in 2001 as compared to 1995]A M Vrakking
Erasmus MC, afd Maatschappelijke Gezondheidszorg, Rotterdam
Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd 149:2047-51. 2005..To establish whether the practice of end-of-life decision-making for neonates and infants under the age of 1 in the Netherlands in 2000 was different from that in 1995...
- [Euthanasia in patients with cancer and the continuous-care providers]Carlos Camps Herrero
Servicio de Oncologia Medica, Consorcio Hospital General Universitario de Valencia, Espana
Clin Transl Oncol 7:278-84. 2005....
- When vitalism is dead wrong: the discrimination against and torture of incompetent patients by compulsory life-sustaining treatmentAlicia R Ouellette
Albany Law School, USA
Indiana Law J 79:1-55. 2004
- Pacemakers and end-of-life decisionsDavid McQuoid-Mason
University of KwaZulu Natal
S Afr Med J 95:566, 568. 2005
- Strategic ambiguities in the process of consent: role of the family in decisions to forgo life-sustaining treatment for incompetent elderly patientsChun Yan Tse
United Christian Hospital, 130 Hip Wo Street, Kwun Tong, Kowloon, Hong Kong
J Med Philos 29:207-23. 2004..Without embracing relativism, the paper argues that the Hong Kong model offers an instructive example of how strategic ambiguities can both make good sense within particular cultural context and serve important moral goals...
- Charting a course through difficult legislative waters: tribunal decisions on life-sustaining measuresLindy Willmott
Faculty of Law, Queensland University of Technology
J Law Med 12:441-54. 2005....
- Caring for patients and families at the end of life: withdrawal of intensive care in the patient's homeSue Mann
Clinical Charge Nurse, Department of Intensive Care Medicine, Middlemore Hospital, Auckland, New Zealand
N Z Med J 117:U935. 2004..To describe our experience of transporting 17 intensive care patients home to die...
- Ethical issues in the management of geriatric cardiac patients. Special report: Terri's Tale: dispelling the myths in the Terri Schiavo OrdealLofty L Basta
University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, and Project GRACE Guidelines for Resuscitation and Care at End of Life, Clearwater, FL 33756, USA
Am J Geriatr Cardiol 14:265-8. 2005
- End-of-life decisions: ethical principlesJohn Myers
Origins 35:248-53. 2005
- [Assisted dying and the principle of double effect]Martin Klein
Wien Klin Wochenschr 114:415-21. 2002..Therefore the rule of double effect is not applicable. Indirect and direct active euthanasia cannot be ethically distinguished by resorting to the doctrine of double effect...
- Family beliefs about end-of-life decisions: an interpersonal perspectiveRonit D Leichtentritt
Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Isreal
Death Stud 26:567-94. 2002..These family beliefs and communication patterns have practical implications for professionals working with families that are making end-of-life decisions..
- Need to prioritise: end-of-life decision-making in IndiaA Singh
Eur Respir J 31:222-3. 2008
- End-of-life decision-making in respiratory intermediate care units: a European surveyS Nava
Respiratory Intensive Care Unit, Fondazione S Maugeri, I R C C S, Istituto Scientifico di Pavia, Via Maugeri 10, 27100 Pavia, Italy
Eur Respir J 30:156-64. 2007..Withholding of treatment, do-not-intubate/do-not-resuscitate orders and noninvasive mechanical ventilation as the ventilatory care ceiling are the most common procedures. Competent patients are often involved, together with nurses...
- Physician medical decision-making at the end of life in newborns: insight into implementation at 2 Dutch centersA A Eduard Verhagen
Department of Pediatrics, University Medical Center Groningen, PO Box 30 001, 9700 RB, Groningen, The Netherlands
Pediatrics 120:e20-8. 2007..Our purpose was to provide detailed information about how and when the implementation of end-of-life decisions, which are based on quality-of-life considerations, takes place...
- Media coverage of the persistent vegetative state and end-of-life decision-makingE Racine
Neuroethics Research Unit, Institut de Recherches Cliniques de Montreal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Neurology 71:1027-32. 2008..This study examined print media coverage of these features of the case...
- Withholding and withdrawal of therapy in New Zealand intensive care units (ICUs): a survey of clinical directorsK M Ho
Department of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care, North Shore Hospital, Auckland 1309, New Zealand
Anaesth Intensive Care 32:781-6. 2004..Hospice ward or the patient's home was the preferred place for palliative care in 32% of the responses...
- [End-of-life care in a Spanish Pediatric Intensive Care Unit: staff and parental evaluation]A Tagarro García
Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos Hospital Infantil La Paz Madrid España
An Pediatr (Barc) 68:346-52. 2008..To evaluate end-of-life care in a Paediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU)...
- [Withholding and withdrawing life-prolonging treatment--from the bioethical and legal viewpoints]Masako Minooka
Dept of Biomedical Ethics, School of Health Science and Nursing, The University of Tokyo Graduate School of Medicine
Gan To Kagaku Ryoho 33:267-9. 2006..5) To deliberate the difference between ethical and legal judgment, an interdisciplinary approach should be carried out. (6) To achieve consensus among the people, the importance of an Advanced-Directive should prevail widely...
- Translating psychosocial insight into ethical discussions supportive of families in end-of-life decision-makingLarry W Foster
Department of Social Work, Cleveland State University, OH 44115, USA
Soc Work Health Care 35:37-51. 2002..Contributions of a social worker and bioethicist are illustrated...
- End stage renal disease by patients with malignancy--ethical problemsK Marczewski
Department of Ethics, Skubiszewski Medical University of Lublin, Poland
Adv Med Sci 51:127-32. 2006..It is more than desired that the decision acquires the approval of the patient's family but in the situation when it is not possible the doctor decide. In the doubtful cases we should take decisions "towards life"...
- How should Christians make judgments at the edge of life and death?Mark J Cherry
Department of Philosophy, Campus Mailbox 844, St Edward s University, 3001 South Congress Avenue, Austin, TX 78704, USA
Christ Bioeth 12:1-10. 2006
- Withholding the artificial administration of fluids and food from elderly patients with dementia: ethnographic studyAnne Mei The
Department of Social Medicine, Institute for Research in Extramural Medicine, Vrije University Medical Centre, 1081 BT, Amsterdam, Netherlands
BMJ 325:1326. 2002..To clarify the practice of withholding the artificial administration of fluids and food from elderly patients with dementia in nursing homes...
- Shared decision making about withdrawing treatmentStephen Workman
JAMA 289:981; author reply 981. 2003
- The best interests test at the end of life on PICU: a plea for a family centred approachD Inwald
Paediatric Intensive Care Unit, 7th Floor, QEQM Building, St Mary s Hospital, Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust, Praed Street, London W2 1NY, UK
Arch Dis Child 93:248-50. 2008..These criticisms could be largely addressed by taking into account the interests of others, particularly the interests of close family members...
- Position of the American Dietetic Association: ethical and legal issues in nutrition, hydration, and feedingJulie O Sullivan Maillet
School of Health Related Professions, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, Newark, USA
J Am Diet Assoc 102:716-26. 2002....
- [Ethical decisions at the end of life: principles, uncertainties, perspectives]M Weber
Universitätskliniken Mainz, III Medizinische Klinik, Germany
Dtsch Med Wochenschr 127:2689-93. 2002
- Voluntary euthanasia in Northern Ireland: general practitioners' beliefs, experiences, and actionsK J McGlade
Dept of Psychology, Queen s University Belfast
Br J Gen Pract 50:794-7. 2000..Any surveys to date have addressed a variety of specialties; however, no recent surveys have looked at general practitioner (GP) attitudes and experiences...
- [Physician assistance in dying or help to die--a line of legal demarcation (from the lawyer's perspective)]Klaus Ulsenheimer
Z Evid Fortbild Qual Gesundhwes 102:176-83; discussion 184. 2008..The so-called passive euthanasia which is characterised by withholding/withdrawing treatment measures is associated with the most difficult ..
- Euthanasia: an overview and the jewish perspectiveBenjamin Gesundheit
Unit of Bone Marrow Transplantation, Cancer Immunotherapy and Immunobiology Research Center, Hadassah Hebrew University Medical Center, Jerusalem
Cancer Invest 24:621-9. 2006..Over the course of history, abuse of the term has led to medical atrocities. Familiarity with the relevant bioethical issues and the development of practical guidelines might improve clinical performance...
- The cultural context of patient's autonomy and doctor's duty: passive euthanasia and advance directives in Germany and IsraelSilke Schicktanz
Department of Medical Ethics and History of Medicine, University Medical Center Gottingen, Gottingen, Germany
Med Health Care Philos 13:363-9. 2010..ambivalence of the cultural reasons for this difference and its expression in various dissenting views on passive euthanasia and advance directives, and conclude with a comment on the difficulty in classifying either stance as more ..
- First-year college students' attitudes about end-of-life decision-makingGregory L Weiss
Dept of Sociology, Roanoke College, Salem, Virginia 24153, USA
Omega (Westport) 60:143-63. 2009..Students clearly make distinctions in the propriety of active euthanasia, passive euthanasia, and physician-assisted death...
- [Legislative initiatives concerning euthanasia]Hans Ludwig Schreiber
Institut für Kriminalwissenschaften, Abt für Arzt und Arzneimittelrecht des Juristischen Seminars, Universitat Gottingen
Z Evid Fortbild Qual Gesundhwes 102:208-14. 2008..The drafts suggest that the so-called passive euthanasia and the indirect euthanasia be regulated through provisions for the termination and/or limitation of life-..
- Euthanasia and related practices worldwideM J Kelleher
National Suicide Research Foundation, Cork, Ireland
Crisis 19:109-15. 1998..In 12 of the 49 countries active euthanasia is said to occur while a general acceptance of passive euthanasia was reported to be widespread...
- Euthanasia: a need for reformJanis Moody
Napier University, School of Acute and Continuing Care Nursing, Edinburgh
Nurs Stand 17:40-4. 2003..cases have served to heighten the confusion surrounding euthanasia, particularly in relation to active and passive euthanasia. It is apparent that the underlying philosophical basis of the active-passive distinction has led to ..
- Medical killing--an Evangelical perspectiveThomas Schirrmacher
Martin Bucer Theological Seminary, Friedrichstr 38, D 53111, Bonn, Germany
Christ Bioeth 9:227-44. 2003..Indirect euthanasia is seen as simply belonging to the risks inherent in any medical intervention. Passive euthanasia is accepted if used in order to save the dignity of the dying and is seen as merely ceasing to interfere ..
- Nancy B and Nancy FL Burkholder
Department of Philosophy, University of British Columbia, Vancouver V6T 1Z1, Canada
J Appl Philos 18:193-6. 2001..At the top of the slope is an example of passive euthanasia; at the bottom, an example of active euthanasia...
- Attitudes toward euthanasia in Hong Kong--a comparison between physicians and the general publicAlice Ming Lin Chong
Department of Applied Social Studies, City University of Hong Kong, Tat Chee Avenue, Kowloon, Hong Kong
Death Stud 29:29-54. 2005..general public was found to agree with active euthanasia and non-voluntary euthanasia and was neutral about passive euthanasia. On the other hand, physicians agreed with passive euthanasia, were neutral about non-voluntary euthanasia, ..
- [Overtreatment in advanced tumors of the head and neck]F Marzetti
Divisione di Otorinolaringoiatria e Chirurgia Cervico Facciale, Istituto Regina Elena di Roma
Acta Otorhinolaryngol Ital 13:193-244. 1993..important points of the problem: the definition of overtreatment, the limits of treatment, nontreatment, passive euthanasia, informed consent and quality of life...
- [The different ways of dying. Ethical reflections]A Azulay Tapiero
Servicio de Medicina Interna, Hospital Dr Moliner, Serra, Valencia
An Med Interna 21:355-8. 2004..Sometimes the death is produced as consequence of an action or omission, which raises ethical important dilemmas difficult to resolve. The similarities and differences between active euthanasia and passive euthanasia are analysed.
- Euthanasia: a summary of the law in England and WalesConstantinos Simillis
School of Law, MA Health Care Ethics and Law by Distance Learning, University of Manchester, Department of General Surgery, Peterborough Hospital NHS Foundation Trust
Med Sci Law 48:191-8. 2008..This paper explores the law in England and Wales regarding the different categories of euthanasia: voluntary euthanasia, nonvoluntary euthanasia, passive euthanasia, and active euthanasia.
- Choosing between therapies: a painful dilemmaJ David Bleich
Tradition 38:96-102. 2004
- Sedation without hydration can seriously damage your healthGillian Craig
Int J Palliat Nurs 11:333-4; discussion 334-7. 2005
- Hyperammonemia: are the burdens too grave? Case studyMendel Tuchman
Center for Clinical Research and Experimental Therapeutics, Children s Research Institute, Children s National Medical Center, 111 Michigan Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20010 2970, USA
Ethics Intellect Disabil 8:1, 3. 2004
- Framing euthanasiaJ P Bishop
Peninsula Medical School, Knowledge Spa, Royal Cornwall Hospital, Truro TR1 3HD
J Med Ethics 32:225-8. 2006
- Canadian nurses' and respiratory therapists' perspectives on withdrawal of life support in the intensive care unitGraeme M Rocker
Department of Medicine, Queen Elizabeth II Health Sciences Center, Halifax, Nova Scotia
J Crit Care 20:59-65. 2005..To describe perspectives of nurses (RNs) and respiratory therapists (RTs) related to end-of-life care for critically ill patients...
- Life support and euthanasia, a perspective on Shaw's new perspectiveJacob Busch
Department of Philosophy, University of Aarhus, Denmark
J Med Ethics 37:81-3; discussion 123-5. 2011..such as giving a patient a lethal overdose with the intention of ending that patient's life, and voluntary passive euthanasia, such as removing a patient from a ventilator, is much less obvious than is commonly acknowledged in the ..
- [Assisted dying in Germany: possibilities and where to draw the line--the legal view]K Kutzer
Vorsitzender Richter am Bundesgerichtshof a D, Karlsbad
MMW Fortschr Med 148:39-41. 2006..If the process of dying has already begun, such a decision may be taken even when the expressed will of the patient is not known...
- A pilot audit of the process of end-of-life decision-making in the intensive care unitMartina Zib
Department of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care, John Hunter Hospital, Newcastle, NSW, Australia
Crit Care Resusc 9:213-8. 2007..Until recently, quality improvement activities have been hampered by the absence of a clear sense of "best practice" in this complex area...
- Determining the value of life: discrimination, advance directives, and the right to die with dignityPaul T Menzel
Pacific Lutheran University, USA
Free Inq 25:39-41. 2005
- Are physicians' recommendations to limit life support beneficial or burdensome? Bringing empirical data to the debateDouglas B White
Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA
Am J Respir Crit Care Med 180:320-5. 2009..Although there is a growing belief that physicians should routinely provide a recommendation to surrogates during deliberations about withdrawing life support, there is a paucity of empirical data on surrogates' perspectives on this topic...
- Necessary decisionsAllen Verhey
Duke Divinity School, USA
Christ Century 122:9-10. 2005
- [Considerations apropos of a survey on the ending of life]D Lossignol
Service de Medecine Interne, Clinique du traiternent de la douleur, Institut J Bordet
Rev Med Brux 28:201-2. 2007
- Nutrition and hydration: should they be considered medical therapy?Kevin T McMahon
Saint Charles Borromeo Seminary, Overbrook, USA
Linacre Q 72:229-39. 2005
- [New version of recommendation no. 024-019 "premature birth at the boundary of infant viability"]C Roll
Abt für Neonatologie und Pädiatrische Intensivmedizin, Vestische Kinder und Jugendklinik Datteln, Universitat Witten Herdecke
Z Geburtshilfe Neonatol 212:114-5. 2008
- Withdrawal of ventilation in anticipation of death and caring for the dying in intensive careD Phelan
Ir Med J 98:197-8. 2005
- Best interests, dementia, and end of life decision-making: the case of Mrs SRosalind McDougall
Oxford University, UK
Monash Bioeth Rev 24:36-46. 2005....
- Deciding for others at the end of life: storytelling and moral agencyMark Yarborough
Center for Bioethics and Humanities, Department of Preventive Medicine and Biometrics, University of Colorado, Denver, USA
J Clin Ethics 16:127-43. 2005
- Finding agreement to limit life-sustaining treatment for children who are in state custodyT Savage
University of Illinois at Chicago College of Nursing, Rehabilitation Institute, Chicago, IL, USA
Pediatr Nurs 27:594-7. 2001..This article discusses the procedural as well as ethical issues involved in the process of finding agreement to limit life-sustaining treatment for children who are in state custody...
- Until life support do us part: a spouse's limited ability to terminate life support for an incompetent spouse with no hope of recoveryMarybeth Herald
Thomas Jefferson School of Law, USA
Thomas Jefferson Law Rev 24:207-16. 2002
- Withholding and withdrawal of life support in intensive-care units in France: a prospective survey. French LATAREA GroupE Ferrand
Surgical Unit, Henri Mondor University Hospital, Creteil, France
Lancet 357:9-14. 2001..In France, there are no guidelines available on withholding and withdrawal of life-sustaining treatments, and information on the frequency of such decisions is scarce...
- Artificial nutrition and hydration in the patient with advanced dementia: is withholding treatment compatible with traditional Judaism?M R Gillick
Hebrew Rehabilitation Center for Aged, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
J Med Ethics 27:12-5. 2001....
- Parental role in medical decision-making: fact or fiction? A comparative study of ethical dilemmas in French and American neonatal intensive care unitsKristina Orfali
MacLean Center for Clinical Medical Ethics, The University of Chicago, 5841 S Maryland Avenue, MC 6098, Chicago, IL 6098, USA
Soc Sci Med 58:2009-22. 2004..The study provides an analysis of the making of "ethics", with an emphasis on how decisions are conceptualized as ethical dilemmas. The final conclusion is that the ongoing medical authority on ethics remains the key issue...
- Deciding for imperilled newborns: medical authority or parental autonomy?H E McHaffie
University of Edinburgh, Simpson Memorial Maternity Pavilion, Edinburgh
J Med Ethics 27:104-9. 2001..The results of these empirical studies provide both aids to ethical reflection and guidance for clinicians dealing with these vulnerable families. They demonstrate the value of empirical data in the philosophical debate...
- [Withholding and withdrawing treatment in the perinatal period: importance of a coherent attitude between gyneco-obstetricians and pediatricians]M Dehan
, , Paris
J Gynecol Obstet Biol Reprod (Paris) 30:133-8. 2001..These guidelines present: definitions, clinical situations, ethical principles, obligations of the medical and nursing staff, and specific conditions where dilemmas occur. These guidelines focus on the obstetrico-pediatrics relationship...
- Is there a moral duty to die?J A Corlett
Department of Philosophy, San Diego State University, 5500 Companile Drive, San Diego, CA 92182 8142, USA
Health Care Anal 9:41-63. 2001..More precisely, I concur with his claim that there is a moral duty to die inexpensively in health care contexts. Then I provide and defend a philosophical analysis of the conditions in which such a duty could exist...
- [Ethical decision making in neonatology: questioning until answers appear]Claudia Schulz
Klinik für Neonatologie am Universitätspital Zürich
Pflege Z 57:44-8. 2004
- When is deactivation of artificial pacing and AICD illegal, immoral, and unethical?Maria J Silveira
Am J Geriatr Cardiol 12:275-6. 2003
- THE ROLE OF LYMPHOCYTES IN CEREBRAL ISCHEMIC INJURYKyra Becker; Fiscal Year: 2004....
- Clinical Versus Experiential Views of Genetic DisabilityCAROL GILL; Fiscal Year: 2005....
- MECHANISMS OF ENZYMIC AND HYDRIDE TRANSFERSGregory Petsko; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- Decisionmaking in Pediatric Palliative CareJOHN FEUDTNER; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Hospice Intervention for Older Adults With End Stage Renal DiseaseLewis Cohen; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Partnering to Empower Near East Side Family CaregiversMARY MEEKER; Fiscal Year: 2008..The long term objective of these efforts is to provide culturally appropriate supportive interventions for African American caregivers throughout our community. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- CNS antigen sensitization in stroke.Kyra Becker; Fiscal Year: 2009..Data derived from this study will be used to plan future trials of immunomodulation in patients with stroke. ..