Genomes and Genes
Summary: The act or practice of killing or allowing death from natural causes, for reasons of mercy, i.e., in order to release a person from incurable disease, intolerable suffering, or undignified death. (from Beauchamp and Walters, Contemporary Issues in Bioethics, 5th ed)
Publications327 found, 100 shown here
- European public acceptance of euthanasia: socio-demographic and cultural factors associated with the acceptance of euthanasia in 33 European countriesJoachim Cohen
End of Life Care Research Group, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Belgium
Soc Sci Med 63:743-56. 2006..countries, the last decade has been marked by an increasing debate about the acceptability and regulation of euthanasia and other end-of-life decisions in medical practice...
- Trends in end-of-life practices before and after the enactment of the euthanasia law in the Netherlands from 1990 to 2010: a repeated cross-sectional surveyBregje D Onwuteaka-Philipsen
VU University Medical Center, Department of Public and Occupational Health and EMGO Institute for Health and Care Research, VUmc Expertise Center for Palliative Care, Amsterdam, Netherlands
Lancet 380:908-15. 2012In 2002, the euthanasia act came into effect in the Netherlands, which was followed by a slight decrease in the euthanasia frequency...
- Development of palliative care and legalisation of euthanasia: antagonism or synergy?Jan L Bernheim
End of Life Care Research Group, Department of Medical Sociology and Health Sciences, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Laarbeeklaan 103, 1090 Brussels, Belgium
BMJ 336:864-7. 2008
- Attitudes of UK doctors towards euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide: a systematic literature reviewRuaidhrí McCormack
Department of Palliative Medicine, Milford Care Centre, Castletroy, Limerick, Ireland
Palliat Med 26:23-33. 2012To review studies over a 20-year period that assess the attitudes of UK doctors concerning active, voluntary euthanasia (AVE) and physician-assisted suicide (PAS), assess efforts to minimise bias in included studies, determine the effect ..
- Changing attitudes towards euthanasia among medical students in AustriaWillibald J Stronegger
Institute of Social Medicine and Epidemiology, Medical University of Graz, Universitätsstrasse 6 I, A 8010 Graz, Austria
J Med Ethics 37:227-9. 2011In most European countries the attitudes regarding the acceptability of active euthanasia have clearly changed in the population since World War II...
- Cultural differences affecting euthanasia practice in Belgium: one law but different attitudes and practices in Flanders and WalloniaJoachim Cohen
End of Life Care Research Group, Ghent University and Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Laarbeeklaan 103, 1090 Brussels, Belgium
Soc Sci Med 75:845-53. 2012Since 2002, Belgium has had a national law legalising euthanasia. The law prescribes several substantive due care requirements and two procedural due care requirements, i.e...
- [Evaluation of attitude towards euthanasia expressed by first year medical students from Szczecin, Greifswald and Lund medical faculties]Artur Mierzecki
Samodzielna Pracownia Kształcenia Lekarza Rodzinnego Pomorskiej Akademii Medycznej w Szczecinie ul Rybacka 1, 70 204 Szczecin
Ann Acad Med Stetin 54:164-9. 2008Medical students' attitude towards euthanasia is a very important ethical problem because they may grapple with this question as future doctors...
- Attitudes toward euthanasia among Swedish medical studentsMarit Karlsson
Unit of Advanced Palliative Home Care, Linkoping University Hospital, Sweden
Palliat Med 21:615-22. 2007Attitudes toward euthanasia differ between individuals and populations, and in many studies the medical profession is more reluctant than the general public. Our goal was to explore medical students' attitude toward euthanasia...
- Twenty five years of requests for euthanasia and physician assisted suicide in Dutch general practice: trend analysisR L Marquet
Netherlands Institute for Health Services Research NIVEL, Utrecht, Netherlands
BMJ 327:201-2. 2003
- Euthanasia. Historical, ethical, and empiric perspectivesE J Emanuel
Division of Cancer Control and Epidemiology, Dana Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, Mass
Arch Intern Med 154:1890-901. 1994Debates about the ethics of euthanasia date from ancient Greece and Rome. In 1870, S. D. Williams, a nonphysician, proposed that anesthetics be used to intentionally end the lives of patients...
- Reporting of euthanasia in medical practice in Flanders, Belgium: cross sectional analysis of reported and unreported casesTinne Smets
End of Life Care Research Group, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussels, Belgium
BMJ 341:c5174. 2010To estimate the rate of reporting of euthanasia cases to the Federal Control and Evaluation Committee and to compare the characteristics of reported and unreported cases of euthanasia. Design Cross sectional analysis...
- Anesthesia and euthanasia in zebrafishMonte Matthews
University of Oregon, Eugene, OR 97403, USA
ILAR J 53:192-204. 2012..This article outlines some of the current, acceptable methods for providing anesthesia and euthanasia and provides some examples of how performance-based approaches can be used to advance the relatively limited ..
- Nurses' views on their involvement in euthanasia: a qualitative study in Flanders (Belgium)B Dierckx de Casterle
Centre for Health Services and Nursing Research, Faculty of Medicine, Catholic University of Leuven, Kapucijnenvoer 35 4, 3000 Leuven, Belgium
J Med Ethics 32:187-92. 2006Although nurses worldwide are confronted with euthanasia requests from patients, the views of palliative care nurses on their involvement in euthanasia remain unclear.
- Legalisation of euthanasia or physician-assisted suicide: survey of doctors' attitudesC Seale
Centre for Health Sciences, Barts and the London School of Medicine and Dentistry, 2 Newark Street, London, UK
Palliat Med 23:205-12. 2009This study reports UK doctors' opinions about legalisation of medically assisted dying (euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide), comparing this with the UK general public. A postal survey of 3733 UK medical practitioners was done...
- Euthanasia in The NetherlandsG van der Wal
Medical Inspectorate of Health, Province of North Holland, Haarlem, Netherlands
BMJ 308:1346-9. 1994The practice of euthanasia in the Netherlands is often used as an argument in debates outside the Netherlands--hence a clear description of the Dutch situation is important...
- Barbiturate euthanasia solution-induced tissue artifact in nonhuman primatesJ L Grieves
Veterinary Resources, Southwest National Primate Research Center, Southwest Foundation for Biomedical Research, San Antonio, TX 76227 5301, USA
J Med Primatol 37:154-61. 2008Barbiturate euthanasia solutions are a humane and approved means of euthanasia. Overdosing causes significant tissue damage in a variety of laboratory animals.
- Dealing with requests for euthanasia: a qualitative study investigating the experience of general practitionersJ J Georges
Department of Public and Occupational Health, Institute for Research in Extramural Medicine, VU University Medical Center, Van der Boechorststraat 7, 1081 BT Amsterdam, The Netherlands
J Med Ethics 34:150-5. 2008..Caring for terminally ill patients is a meaningful task, however the patient's suffering can be a considerable burden and cause of frustration...
- Determinants of adoption and euthanasia of shelter dogs spayed or neutered in the university of california veterinary student surgery program compared to other shelter dogsJaime Clevenger
Public Health Program, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA
J Vet Med Educ 30:372-8. 2003Limited economic resources and pet overpopulation force animals shelters to consider euthanasia of adoptable animals every day...
- End-of-life decisions in medical practice in Flanders, Belgium: a nationwide surveyL Deliens
Department of Medical Sociology and Health Sciences, Free University of Brussels, Belgium
Lancet 356:1806-11. 2000..The main objective was to estimate the frequency of euthanasia (the administration of lethal drugs with the explicit intention of shortening the patient's life at the patient'..
- Euthanasia and assisted suicide in selected European countries and US states: systematic literature reviewNicole Steck
Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK University Hospital of Psychiatry, Bern, Switzerland
Med Care 51:938-44. 2013Legal in some European countries and US states, physician-assisted suicide and voluntary active euthanasia remain under debate in these and other countries.
- Process and outcomes of euthanasia requests under the belgian act on euthanasia: a nationwide surveyYanna Van Wesemael
End of Life Care Research Group, Ghent University and Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Jette, Belgium
J Pain Symptom Manage 42:721-33. 2011..The incidence of euthanasia in Belgium has been studied, but the process and outcomes of euthanasia requests have not been investigated.
- The labelling and reporting of euthanasia by Belgian physicians: a study of hypothetical casesTinne Smets
End of Life Care Research Group, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussels, Belgium
Eur J Public Health 22:19-26. 2012Belgium legalized euthanasia in 2002. Physicians must report each euthanasia case to the Federal Control and Evaluation Committee...
- Physician-assisted deaths under the euthanasia law in Belgium: a population-based surveyKenneth Chambaere
End of Life Care Research Group, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussels, Belgium
CMAJ 182:895-901. 2010Legalization of euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide has been heavily debated in many countries...
- Do German general practitioners support euthanasia? Results of a nation-wide questionnaire surveyRobin T Maitra
Department of General Practice Family Medicine Georg August University, Goettingen Germany
Eur J Gen Pract 11:94-100. 2005To learn more about the attitudes of German general practitioners (GPs) concerning euthanasia and the frequency of its performance in Germany.
- "A cold wind coming": Heinrich Gross and child euthanasia in ViennaFlorian P Thomas
Department of Neurology and Molecular Microbiology, Institute for Molecular Virology, Saint Louis Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Saint Louis University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO, USA
J Child Neurol 21:342-8. 2006..This included an involuntary euthanasia program directed at mentally and physically disabled children...
- Establishing specialized health services for professional consultation in euthanasia: experiences in the Netherlands and BelgiumYanna Van Wesemael
End of Life Care Research Group, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussels, Belgium
BMC Health Serv Res 9:220. 2009The Netherlands, Belgium, and Luxembourg have adopted laws decriminalizing euthanasia under strict conditions of prudent practice...
- A post-mortem survey on end-of-life decisions using a representative sample of death certificates in Flanders, Belgium: research protocolKenneth Chambaere
End of Life Care Research Group, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Belgium
BMC Public Health 8:299. 2008....
- A comparison of attitudes toward euthanasia among medical students at two Polish universitiesWojciech Leppert
Chair and Department of Palliative Medicine, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Osiedle Rusa 25 A, 61 245, Poznan, Poland
J Cancer Educ 28:384-91. 2013..palliative medicine courses among 588 medical students at two universities was to compare their attitudes toward euthanasia. Four hundred ninety-two (84.97 %) students were Catholics; 69 (11...
- Organization position statements and the stance of "studied neutrality" on euthanasia in palliative careMegan Jane Johnstone
School of Nursing and Midwifery, Deakin University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
J Pain Symptom Manage 44:896-907. 2012..and related organizations have increasingly adopted a stance of "studied neutrality" on the question of whether euthanasia should be legalized as a bona fide medical regimen in palliative care contexts...
- Implementation of a service for physicians' consultation and information in euthanasia requests in BelgiumYanna Van Wesemael
End of Life Care Research Group Ghent University and Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Laarbeeklaan 103, Brussels, Belgium
Health Policy 104:272-8. 2012..provides access to specially trained physicians to act as the legally required second physician in requests for euthanasia in Flanders and Brussels, Belgium, the use of which has been to shown to be beneficial to the careful practice ..
- On euthanasia: exploring psychological meaning and attitudes in a sample of Mexican physicians and medical studentsAsunción Alvarez Del Río
Departamento de Psiquiatria y Salud Mental, Facultad de Medicina, UNAM Instituto de Investigaciones Psicológicas, Universidad Veracruzana, Mexico
Dev World Bioeth 11:146-53. 2011b>Euthanasia has become the subject of ethical and political debate in many countries including Mexico...
- Continuous sedation until death as physician-assisted suicide/euthanasia: a conceptual analysisSamuel H Lipuma
Cuyahoga Community College, Cleveland, OH, USA
J Med Philos 38:190-204. 2013A distinction is commonly drawn between continuous sedation until death and physician-assisted suicide/euthanasia. Only the latter is found to involve killing, whereas the former eludes such characterization...
- Involvement of nurses in caring for patients requesting euthanasia in Flanders (Belgium): a qualitative studyNele De Bal
Centre for Health Services and Nursing Research, Faculty of Medicine, Catholic University of Leuven, Kapucijnenvoer 35 4, 3000 Leuven, Belgium
Int J Nurs Stud 43:589-99. 2006Although nurses worldwide are confronted with euthanasia requests, how nurses experience their involvement in euthanasia remains unclear.
- What happens after a request for euthanasia is refused? Qualitative interviews with patients, relatives and physiciansH Roeline W Pasman
EMGO Institute for Health and Care Research, Department of Public and Occupational Health, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Patient Educ Couns 92:313-8. 2013Obtaining in-depth information from both patient and physician perspectives about what happens after a request for euthanasia or physician-assisted suicide (EAS) is refused.
- From small beginnings: the euthanasia of children with disabilities in Nazi GermanyLee Hudson
Department of General and Adolescent Paediatrics, UCL Institute of Child Health, and University College London Hospital, London, UK
J Paediatr Child Health 47:508-11. 2011..5000-8000 children with physical and intellectual disabilities were killed in Nazi Germany under a programme of euthanasia. Chronologically, they were a precedent, being the Nazis' first organised and systematic killing programme that ..
- Euthanasia: on slippery slopes and vulnerable patientsLars Johan Materstvedt
Palliat Med 17:650-1. 2003
- Voluntary euthanasia: ethical concepts and definitionsK Sanders
Faculty of Health and Social Care, London South Bank University
Nurs Stand 21:41-4. 2007b>Euthanasia is a highly emotive and contentious subject, giving rise to a great deal of debate...
- Judgement of suffering in the case of a euthanasia request in The NetherlandsJ A C Rietjens
Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
J Med Ethics 35:502-7. 2009..physicians have to be convinced that the patient suffers unbearably and hopelessly before granting a request for euthanasia. The extent to which general practitioners (GPs), consulted physicians and members of the euthanasia review ..
- Euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide among patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis in the NetherlandsJan H Veldink
Department of Neurology, University Medical Center, Utrecht, The Netherlands
N Engl J Med 346:1638-44. 2002..However, it is not known how many patients, if given the option, would actually decide to end their lives by physician-assisted suicide or euthanasia nor at what stage of the disease they would choose to do so.
- Concerns about end-of-life care and support for euthanasiaJane L Givens
Division of Gerontology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center and Hebrew SeniorLife Institute for Aging Research, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
J Pain Symptom Manage 38:167-73. 2009Popular support for euthanasia is known to vary according to sociodemographic characteristics...
- Advance directives for euthanasia in dementia: do law-based opportunities lead to more euthanasia?Marike E De Boer
Department of Nursing Home Medicine, EMGO Institute for Health and Care Research, VU University Medical Center, Van der Boechorststraat 7, 1081 BT Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Health Policy 98:256-62. 2010To obtain insight into current practices regarding compliance with advance directives for euthanasia (ADEs) in cases of incompetent patients with dementia in Dutch nursing homes, in light of the legal possibility offered by the new ..
- [Students' attitudes toward active euthanasia, assisted suicide and proposed amendments to the penal code]P Schioldborg
Psykologisk institutt Universitetet i Oslo, Oslo
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen 120:2283-8. 2000Attitude surveys in the Norwegian population show a majority supporting active euthanasia for patients with terminal disease, while among physicians, only a minority do so.
- Attitudes to euthanasia in ICUs and other hospital departmentsSelma Tepehan
Istanbul University, Istanbul, Turkey
Nurs Ethics 16:319-27. 2009The aim of this study was to reveal doctors' and nurses' attitudes to euthanasia in intensive care units and surgical, internal medicine and paediatric units in Turkey...
- The euthanasia debate: attitudes, practices and psychiatric considerationsH M Chochinov
Department of Psychiatry, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg
Can J Psychiatry 40:593-602. 1995To review the current status of the euthanasia debate by examining public and physician attitudes towards euthanasia, the practice of euthanasia in the Netherlands, recent developments in Canada and other countries, psychosocial ..
- Physician desire for euthanasia and assisted suicide: would physicians practice what they preach?O M Howard
Division of Medical Oncology, Dana Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, MA 02115, USA
J Clin Oncol 15:428-32. 1997b>Euthanasia is a pressing public issue. We sought to assess how frequently physicians could perceive of a desire for euthanasia themselves and whether they would be willing to provide patients the same interventions.
- [Attitudes towards professional euthanasia in the range between grement in the society and personal preferences--results of a representative examination of the German general population]Christina Schroder
Selbständige Abteilung für Medizinische Psychologie und Medizinische Soziologie des Universitätsklinikums Leipzig
Psychother Psychosom Med Psychol 53:334-43. 2003Several surveys of the German population concerning the attitude towards euthanasia in patients with terminal illness yielded contradictory results, ranging from high acquisition to high refusal rates...
- Dealing with delicate issues in continuous deep sedation. Varying practices among Dutch medical specialists, general practitioners, and nursing home physiciansJeroen G J Hasselaar
Department of Anesthesiology, Pain, and Palliative Medicine, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Center, The Netherlands
Arch Intern Med 168:537-43. 2008..The following sensitive issues involved in CDS were investigated: artificial hydration, sedation for nonphysical discomfort, the relationship between CDS and euthanasia, and patient involvement in decision making for CDS.
- Telephone consultations on palliative sedation therapy and euthanasia in general practice in The Netherlands in 2003: a report from insideFlorien B van Heest
Department for Palliative Medicine, Integraal Kankercentrum Noord Oost, 9700 AH Groningen, The Netherlands
Fam Pract 26:481-7. 2009..Each telephone call was formally documented on paper and subsequently evaluated...
- Communication about euthanasia in general practice: opinions and experiences of patients and their general practitionersSander D Borgsteede
VU University Medical Center, Department of Public and Occupational Health, EMGO Institute, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Patient Educ Couns 66:156-61. 2007Public opinion and professional organisations dominate the euthanasia debate, and there is a need to understand the opinions of people confronted with euthanasia...
- Dying cancer patients' own opinions on euthanasia: an expression of autonomy? A qualitative studyMarit Karlsson
Department of Oncology Pathology, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
Palliat Med 26:34-42. 2012Deliberations on euthanasia are mostly theoretical, and often lack first-hand perspectives of the affected persons.
- Advance directives for euthanasia in dementia: how do they affect resident care in Dutch nursing homes? Experiences of physicians and relativesMarike E De Boer
Department of Nursing Home Medicine, EMGO Institute for Health and Care Research, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
J Am Geriatr Soc 59:989-96. 2011To gain insight into how advance directives for euthanasia affect resident care in Dutch nursing homes.
- Nurses' and physicians' views about euthanasiaF Oz
Hacettepe University, School of Nursing, Ankara, Turkey
Clin Excell Nurse Pract 5:222-31. 2001Nurses' and physicians' views about euthanasia were investigated using a questionnaire that was answered by 113 nurses and 83 physicians in the internal medicine and surgery inpatient services of Hacettepe University Adult Hospital, ..
- Causes of death or reasons for euthanasia in military working dogs: 927 cases (1993-1996)G E Moore
Department of Defense Military Working Dog Veterinary Service, Lackland Air Force Base, Texas 78236, USA
J Am Vet Med Assoc 219:209-14. 2001OBJECTIVE: To determine causes of death or reasons for euthanasia in a population of military working dogs. DESIGN: Retrospective study. ANIMALS: 927 military working dogs...
- Public attitudes toward euthanasia and suicide for terminally ill persons: 1977 and 1996M A DeCesare
University of Massachusetts, Department of Sociology, Thompson Hall 536, 200 Hicks Way, Amherst, MA 01003, USA
Soc Biol 47:264-76. 2000This study replicates Singh's (1979) "classic" examination of correlates of euthanasia and suicide attitudes...
- Intensive care unit nurses' opinions about euthanasiaGülşah Kumaş
Cukurova University, Adana Health Sciences School, Nursing Division, Adana, Turkey
Nurs Ethics 14:637-50. 2007This study was conducted to gain opinions about euthanasia from nurses who work in intensive care units...
- Requests for euthanasia made to a tertiary referral teaching hospital in Sydney, Australia in the year 2000Kiran Virik
Department of Palliative Care, Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Support Care Cancer 10:309-13. 2002A request for euthanasia (RFE) in the terminally ill raises concerns that physical and/or mental suffering remain unaddressed and thus mandates a critical appraisal of the physical and psychosocial aspects of the individual concerned...
- Physicians' experiences with demented patients with advance euthanasia directives in the NetherlandsMette L Rurup
Department of Public and Occupational Health, Institute for Research in Extramural Medicine, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
J Am Geriatr Soc 53:1138-44. 2005To estimate the incidence of (compliance with) advance euthanasia directives of patients suffering from dementia in the Netherlands and to gain knowledge about the experiences of physicians.
- How do hospitals deal with euthanasia requests in Flanders (Belgium)? A content analysis of policy documentsJoke Lemiengre
Centre for Biomedical Ethics and Law, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Leuven, Belgium
Patient Educ Couns 71:293-301. 2008To describe the form and content of ethics policies on euthanasia in Flemish hospitals and the possible influence of religious affiliation on policy content.
- Dutch nurses' attitudes towards euthanasia and physician-assisted suicideAda van Bruchem-van de Scheur
Department of Health, Ethics and Society, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
Nurs Ethics 15:186-98. 2008This article presents the attitudes of nurses towards three issues concerning their role in euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide...
- The first five years of euthanasia legislation in Belgium and the Netherlands: description and comparison of casesMette L Rurup
Department of Public and Occupational Health, EMGO Institute for Health and Care Research, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Palliat Med 26:43-9. 2012The Netherlands and Belgium legalized euthanasia in 2002.
- The Dutch Euthanasia Act and related issuesJohan Legemaate
Royal Dutch Medical Association
J Law Med 11:312-23. 2004In 2002 the Dutch Euthanasia Act came into force. This Act is the result of a lengthy developmental process. It codifies the requirements that have evolved in case law and medical ethics since 1973...
- Dealing with requests for euthanasia: interview study among general practitioners in BelgiumKoen Meeussen
End of Life Care Research Group, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussels, Belgium
J Pain Symptom Manage 41:1060-72. 2011In many countries, physicians are confronted with requests for euthanasia. Notwithstanding that euthanasia is legally permitted in Belgium, it remains the subject of intense debate.
- Voices of the terminally ill: uncovering the meaning of desire for euthanasiaYvonne Yi Wood Mak
Bradbury Hospice, A Kung Kok Shan Road, Shatin, New Territories, Hong Kong
Palliat Med 19:343-50. 2005This study aimed to better understand the meaning of desire for euthanasia. An hermeneutic approach was undertaken using a purposively selected sample of advanced cancer patients who desired euthanasia while receiving palliative care...
- 'We are (not) the master of our body': elderly Jewish women's attitudes towards euthanasia and assisted suicideGoedele Baeke
Faculty of Theology, Interdisciplinary Centre for the Study of Religion and World View, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Leuven, Belgium
Ethn Health 16:259-78. 2011..In Belgium, dominant ideological traditions--Christianity and non-religious humanism--have the floor in debates on euthanasia and hardly any attention is paid to the practices and attitudes of ethnic and religious minorities, for instance,..
- Surveys on attitudes to active euthanasia and the difficulty of drawing normative conclusionsT Nilstun
Department of Medical Ethics, Lund University, Sweden
Scand J Public Health 28:111-6. 2000To present surveys on active euthanasia and to discuss what normative conclusions can be drawn.
- Attitudes and experiences of Belgian physicians regarding euthanasia practice and the euthanasia lawTinne Smets
End of Life Care Research Group, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussels, Belgium
J Pain Symptom Manage 41:580-93. 2011Since the legalization of euthanasia, physicians in Belgium may, under certain conditions, administer life-ending drugs at the explicit request of a patient.
- Attitudes of oncologists toward euthanasia in TurkeyAtilla Senih Mayda
Duzce Medical School, Abant Izzet Baysal University, Department of Public Health, Konuralp Duzce, Turkey
Palliat Support Care 3:221-5. 2005There have been intensive debates about euthanasia and attempts to change laws on euthanasia in all countries...
- Development and communication of written ethics policies on euthanasia in Catholic hospitals and nursing homes in Belgium (Flanders)Chris Gastmans
Centre for Biomedical Ethics and Law, Faculty of Medicine, Catholic University of Leuven, Belgium
Patient Educ Couns 63:188-95. 2006To describe whether and how Catholic hospitals and nursing homes in Belgium (Flanders) have developed written ethics policies on euthanasia and communicated these policies to their employees, patients, and patient's relatives.
- Accusations of murder and euthanasia in end-of-life careLewis Cohen
J Palliat Med 8:1096-104. 2005
- Euthanasia in palliative care journalsMaaike A Hermsen
Department of Ethics, Philosophy, and History of Medicine, University Medical Center Nijmegen, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
J Pain Symptom Manage 23:517-25. 2002..The controversial issue of euthanasia significantly provokes moral reflection on the care for dying patients...
- Euthanasia, therapeutic obstinacy or something else? An Italian caseSalvatore Maurizio Maggiore
Intensive Care Med 31:997-8. 2005
- Attitudes toward end-of-life situations other than euthanasia and assisted suicide among Portuguese oncologistsJosé António Ferraz Gonçalves
Instituto Portugues de Oncologia, UCP R, Rua Dr Antonio Bernardino de Almeida, Porto, Portugal
Support Care Cancer 18:1271-7. 2010The aim of this study was to determine the attitude of Portuguese oncologists toward end-of-life situations other than euthanasia and assisted suicide.
- What people close to death say about euthanasia and assisted suicide: a qualitative studyA Chapple
DIPEx, Department of Primary Health Care, University of Oxford, Old Road Campus, Headington, Oxford OX3 7LF, UK
J Med Ethics 32:706-10. 2006To explore the experiences of people with a "terminal illness", focusing on the patients' perspective of euthanasia and assisted suicide.
- Palliative care nurses' views on euthanasiaCharlotte Verpoort
Centre for Health Services and Nursing Research, Faculty of Medicine, Catholic University of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium
J Adv Nurs 47:592-600. 2004In debates on euthanasia legalization in Belgium, the voices of nurses were scarcely heard. Yet studies have shown that nurses are involved in the caring process surrounding euthanasia...
- Euthanasia and palliative care in The Netherlands: an analysis of the latest developmentsBert Gordijn
Department of Ethics, Philosophy and History of Medicine, University of Nijmegen, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
Health Care Anal 12:195-207. 2004This article discusses the latest developments regarding euthanasia and palliative care in The Netherlands. On the one hand, a legally codified practice of euthanasia has been established...
- Surveys on attitudes towards legalisation of euthanasia: importance of question phrasingJ Hagelin
Synalsvagen 10, SE 757 57 Uppsala, Sweden
J Med Ethics 30:521-3. 2004To explore whether the phrasing of the questions and the response alternatives would influence the answers to questions about legalisation of euthanasia.
- French hospital nurses' opinion about euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide: a national phone surveyM K Bendiane
INSERM U, Universite Aix Marseille, IRD, UMR, ORS PACA, Observatoire Régional de la Santé Provence Alpes Côte d Azur, France
J Med Ethics 35:238-44. 2009Hospital nurses are frequently the first care givers to receive a patient's request for euthanasia or physician-assisted suicide (PAS)...
- Role of nurses in institutional ethics policies on euthanasiaChris Gastmans
Centre for Biomedical Ethics and Law, Catholic University of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium
J Adv Nurs 54:53-61. 2006This paper reports the findings of a survey that investigated whether Flemish Catholic hospitals and nursing homes had developed written ethics policies on euthanasia and how the role of nurses was described in these policies.
- Palliative options of last resort: a comparison of voluntarily stopping eating and drinking, terminal sedation, physician-assisted suicide, and voluntary active euthanasiaT E Quill
Program for Biopsychosocial Studies, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, NY, USA
JAMA 278:2099-104. 1997..face of ethical and legal controversy about the acceptability of physician-assisted suicide and voluntary active euthanasia, voluntarily stopping eating and drinking and terminal sedation have been proposed as ethically superior ..
- Doctors' opinions on euthanasia, end of life care, and doctor-patient communication: telephone survey in FranceP Peretti-Watel
Regional Center for Disease Control of South Eastern France, 13006 Marseille, France
BMJ 327:595-6. 2003
- The actuality and the historical background of covert Euthanasia in AlbaniaGëzim Boçari
Faculty of Medicine, Tirana, Albania
J Med Ethics 36:842-4. 2010b>Euthanasia is not legal in Albania, yet there is strong evidence that euthanising a terminally ill patient is not an unknown concept for the Albanians...
- Living to the bitter end? A personalist approach to euthanasia in persons with severe dementiaChris Gastmans
Centre for Biomedical Ethics and Law, Faculty of Medicine, Catholic University of Leuven, Kapucijnenvoer 35, B 3000 Leuven, Belgium
Bioethics 24:78-86. 2010..In this context, some people consider euthanasia as a way to avoid total deterioration...
- Medical ethics and double effect: the case of terminal sedationJoseph Boyle
Department of Philosophy, University of Toronto, St Michael s College, Ontario, Canada
Theor Med Bioeth 25:51-60. 2004..worry that the requirements of established palliative care are incompatible with moral and legal opposition to euthanasia. This paper explains how the doctrine of double effect can be relied on to distinguish terminal sedation from ..
- Attitudes toward palliative care, conceptions of euthanasia and opinions about its legalization among French physiciansP Peretti-Watel
Regional Center for Disease Control of South Eastern France, Marseille, France
Soc Sci Med 60:1781-93. 2005..that actors of the professionalization process of palliative care make a special effort to demarcate it from euthanasia, and that such an effort has a significant impact on beliefs and attitudes toward euthanasia among the whole ..
- Religion and nurses' attitudes to euthanasia and physician assisted suicideJoris Gielen
Interdisciplinary Centre for the Study of Religion and World View, Leuven, Belgium
Nurs Ethics 16:303-18. 2009..of empirical studies we aimed to assess the influence of religion and world view on nurses' attitudes towards euthanasia and physician assisted suicide...
- Euthanasia: an overview and the jewish perspectiveBenjamin Gesundheit
Unit of Bone Marrow Transplantation, Cancer Immunotherapy and Immunobiology Research Center, Hadassah Hebrew University Medical Center, Jerusalem
Cancer Invest 24:621-9. 2006End-of-life care poses fundamental ethical problems to clinicians. Defining euthanasia is a difficult and complex task, which causes confusion in its practical clinical application...
- Euthanasia, assisted suicide and psychiatry: a Pandora's boxBrendan D Kelly
Br J Psychiatry 181:278-9. 2002
- End-of-life decision-making in six European countries: descriptive studyAgnes van der Heide
Erasmus MC, University Medical Center Rotterdam, Department of Public Health, Rotterdam, Netherlands
Lancet 362:345-50. 2003..We aimed to investigate frequency and characteristics of end-of-life decision-making practices in six European countries: Belgium, Denmark, Italy, the Netherlands, Sweden, and Switzerland...
- Morphine prescription in end-of-life care and euthanasia: French home nurses' opinionsMarc Karim Bendiane
Southeastern Health Regional Observatory, ORS PACA, Marseilles, France
J Opioid Manag 3:21-6. 2007This study aimed to investigate factors that might lead French homecare nurses to consider the prescription of high-dose morphine to terminally ill patients to be euthanasia.
- Opinions concerning euthanasia, life-sustaining treatment and acceleration of death: results of an Italian Association of Medical Oncology (AIOM) surveyC Catania
New Drugs Development Unit, Medical Oncology Division, European Institute of Oncology, Milan, Italy
Ann Oncol 19:1947-54. 2008Advance directives, acceleration of death, euthanasia and 'life-sustaining treatment' have sparked much heated debate among the media, the public, doctors and political leaders...
- Physicians' labelling of end-of-life practices: a hypothetical case studyH M Buiting
Department of Public Health, Erasmus MC, PO Box 2040, 3000 CA Rotterdam, The Netherlands
J Med Ethics 36:24-9. 2010To investigate why physicians label end-of-life acts as either 'euthanasia/ending of life' or 'alleviation of symptoms/palliative or terminal sedation', and to study the association of such labelling with intended reporting of these acts.
- Voluntary euthanasia in Northern Ireland: general practitioners' beliefs, experiences, and actionsK J McGlade
Dept of Psychology, Queen s University Belfast
Br J Gen Pract 50:794-7. 2000There has been much recent interest in the press and among the profession on the subject of euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide...
- Doctors' and nurses' attitudes towards and experiences of voluntary euthanasia: survey of members of the Japanese Association of Palliative MedicineA Asai
Kyoto University Graduate School of Medicine, Konoe-cho, Yoshida, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, Japan
J Med Ethics 27:324-30. 2001OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate Japanese doctors' and nurses' attitudes towards and practices of voluntary euthanasia (VE) and to compare their attitudes and practices in this regard...
- A nation-wide study on the practice of euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide in community and hospital pharmacies in The NetherlandsH S Lau
Department of Pharmacoepidemiology and Pharmacotherapy, Utrecht Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, The Netherlands
Pharm World Sci 22:3-9. 2000In recent years the attitudes and practices of euthanasia (E) and physician-assisted suicide (PAS) among health care workers have been evaluated in different countries...
- Terminal sedation: source of a restless ethical debateJohannes J M van Delden
J Med Ethics 33:187-8. 2007
- When is physician assisted suicide or euthanasia acceptable?S Frileux
Centre for Research in Psychopathology, Mirail University, Toulouse, France
J Med Ethics 29:330-6. 2003To discover what factors affect lay people's judgments of the acceptability of physician assisted suicide and euthanasia and how these factors interact.
- Attitudes on euthanasia, physician-assisted suicide and terminal sedation--a survey of the members of the German Association for Palliative MedicineH C Müller-Busch
Department of Anesthesiology, Pain Therapy and Palliative Care, GK Havelhöhe, D 14089 Berlin, Germany
Med Health Care Philos 7:333-9. 2004Due to recent legislations on euthanasia and its current practice in the Netherlands and Belgium, issues of end-of-life medicine have become very vital in many European countries...
- Origins of the desire for euthanasia and assisted suicide in people with HIV-1 or AIDS: a qualitative studyJ V Lavery
University of Toronto Joint Centre for Bioethics, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Lancet 358:362-7. 2001b>Euthanasia and assisted suicide, and policies to address them are the subjects of contentious debate in many countries. However, the question of why people desire euthanasia or assisted suicide has not been coherently answered...
- Terminal sedation in palliative medicine--definition and review of the literatureJ D Cowan
Palliative Medicine of East Tennessee, Blount Memorial Hospital, Maryville 37804-5016, USA
Support Care Cancer 9:403-7. 2001..A good response--defined as adequate sedation--ranged between 75% and 100%. The median time to death following the introduction of terminal sedation was greater than 1 day. No agent appears to have superior efficacy or limiting toxicity...
- Being "tired of life" is not grounds for euthanasiaTony Sheldon
BMJ 326:71. 2003
- Euthanasia revisitedD V K Chao
Department of Family Medicine, United Christian Hospital, Hong Kong
Fam Pract 19:128-34. 2002b>Euthanasia is a debatable issue. It is illegal all over the world...
- Novel, Rapidly Translatable Technologies for Healing Long Bone Segmental DefectsChristopher H Evans; Fiscal Year: 2010..In these two Specific Aims, healing will be monitored by weekly X-ray until euthanasia at week 8...
- PARP Inhibitor and Redox Catalyst for Ventilatory TraumaPrakash Jagtap; Fiscal Year: 2013..by bronchoalveolar lavage (BALF) of the left lung will be undertaken 4 h after the onset of MV, directly before euthanasia, allowing for determination of gas exchange and the PCO2/Minute Volume Ratio...
- Sleep in Rats: From Conceptualization to Measurement, Analysis and InterpretationGayle Giboney Page; Fiscal Year: 2010..plain water preference is monitored daily from 1 week prior to social defeat / novel cage exposure through euthanasia to indicate anhedonia...
- College of Medicine Phoenix Campus Vivarium Phase I ConstructionWilliam M Crist; Fiscal Year: 2010..In addition, areas will be dedicated to clean and dirty cage, food and bedding storage;animal receiving;euthanasia and veterinary procedures;surgical facilities, and procedure rooms for physiological measurement, telemetry, ..
- A Novel Monkey Model for Parkinson's Drug DiscoveryHoward J Federoff; Fiscal Year: 2010..At euthanasia brains will be harvested for histological analysis of neuropathology, neurochemistry and gene expression...
- Aspirin-PC for Chemoprevention of Colorectal CancerLenard M Lichtenberger; Fiscal Year: 2013..At euthanasia we will measure aberrant crypt formation (ACF) of the colonic mucosa as an index of dysplasia and of the test ..
- Caliper Life Sciences IVIS Lumina II imaging systemBrad T Cookson; Fiscal Year: 2012..kinetics and distribution of replicating infectious agents within individual living animals without the need for euthanasia. This system dramatically increases the amount of data that can be collected from individual animals and reduces ..
- Novel emulsion-based formulation of the anti-glaucoma MSH-1001 for improved topicRonald A Wassel; Fiscal Year: 2011..At different time points (0.25, 0.5, 1, 2, 4, and 8hrs), eyes will be enucleated following euthanasia. Aqueous humor will then carefully be dissected and The MSH- 1001 quantified by LC-MS...
- HYALURONIC ACID/TGF-B COMPOSITE TO TREAT OSTEOARTHRITISSTEVEN KINCAID; Fiscal Year: 1991..Injections will be given at 4-day intervals for 28 days. After euthanasia of all dogs on day 88, articular cartilage will be analyzed for proteoglycan content and rate of synthesis by ..
- Oral administration of TeaMemTM inhibits Alzheimer's disease pathogenesisJun Tan; Fiscal Year: 2009..Furthermore, following more long-term TeaMemTM administration, cognitive testing will be done prior to euthanasia. In Aim 2, we will employ oral administration of TeaMemTM in the presence or absence of piperine to Tg2576 mice ..
- Noninvasive Monitoring of Tissue-engineered Constructs by US Elasticity ImagingKang Kim; Fiscal Year: 2012..Current analysis methods are destructive, requiring animal euthanasia and explanting the construct for histological and direct mechanical characterization...
- PC-NSAIDs for Chemoprevention of Colorectal CancerLenard M Lichtenberger; Fiscal Year: 2013..Measures of GI bleeding and injury will be assessed at euthanasia to assess the GI safety of the test formulations...
- MSKCC VivariumThomas J Kelly; Fiscal Year: 2010..changing stations;biological safety cabinets;and specialized IVCS designed for safe and efficient rodent CO2 euthanasia. The requested funds will be used entirely in support of American jobs...
- FAILURE MECHANISMS OF REVISION JOINT REPLACEMENTJoan Bechtold; Fiscal Year: 2000..At euthanasia, anteroposterior and lateral radiographs will be obtained and bacterial cultures will be taken, and the block of ..
- Development and Improvement of an Animal Resource CoreDale Bredesen; Fiscal Year: 2007..for induction of specific transgenic lines, ovarian transfer surgeries, breeding colony maintenance, euthanasia training and services, perfusions, necropsy services, routine serology monitoring and testing, quarantine ..
- Enabling ACL Repair Using Proprietary Collagen DeviceEmma Wright; Fiscal Year: 2009..with less medial meniscus tears and chondromalacia on medial femoral condyle and medial tibial plateau at euthanasia. Our goal is met when 80% <lameness of 3...
- NURSES AND THE NAZI EUTHANASIA PROGRAMSSusan Benedict; Fiscal Year: 2000The purpose of this project about the role of nurses in the euthanasia programs of Nazi Germany is to continue research using primary source documents and to develop a book length manuscript...
- NURSES AND THE NAZI EUTHANASIA PROGRAMSSusan Benedict; Fiscal Year: 1999The purpose of this project about the role of nurses in the euthanasia programs of Nazi Germany is to continue research using primary source documents and to develop a book length manuscript...
- GENE EXPRESSION-ENVIRONMENT LINK IN CEREBRAL ISCHEMIATERESITA BRIONES; Fiscal Year: 2006..Animals in the behavioral group will be tested in cognitive and sensory motor function before euthanasia. Sensory motor function will be tested using rope climbing and rotating rode tests while cognitive function will ..
- Preservation of ejaculated mouse spermatozoaMONIKA WARD; Fiscal Year: 2006..The collection of spermatozoa from mice is limited to techniques that involve euthanasia and result in a death of the male, precluding him from further breeding...
- A THERAPEUTIC MODEL FOR CEREBRAL ISCHEMIATERESITA BRIONES; Fiscal Year: 2003..Animals in the behavior group will be tested in the water maze for 18 days before euthanasia. Electron microscopy and the physical dissector method will be used to assess neuron damage while ..
- Smoking and Ethanol-Induced Defects in Pneumonia DefenseMARTHA GENTRY NIELSEN; Fiscal Year: 2004..Bacteremia will be correlated with mortality for 10-days post-infection with the use of a hypothermia model to predict death and determine the appropriate time for euthanasia.
- ADVANCED MR SPECTROSCOPY OF SIV BRAIN INJURYRamon Gonzalez; Fiscal Year: 2001..with a neurovirulent SIV strain will be studied with MRS at regular and frequent intervals, until death or euthanasia. The gray and white matter volumes will be measured and compared with those of age- and sex-matched macaque ..
- Induction of breast cancer in MMTVneu miceWilliam Baldwin; Fiscal Year: 2002..Once a month during the study and following euthanasia, blood will be drawn and circulating estradiol levels will be examined for alterations caused by 4- nonylphenol...
- IMPROVED BARRIER HOUSING FOR BIOMEDICAL RESEARCH BLDGGlen Gaulton; Fiscal Year: 2004..These outbreaks have had a devastating effect on the research activities of the faculty and resulted in euthanasia of numerous animals...
- Novel Technologies For Skin-Specific Gene ExpressionJOHN KLEMENT; Fiscal Year: 2003..Secondly, the skin is accessible, permitting easy tissue sampling without euthanasia or surgery and also visual inspection for phenotypic changes...
- OVARIAN STEROID REGULATION OF SEROTONIN IN PRIMATESCYNTHIA LOUISE BETHEA; Fiscal Year: 2010..Altogether, we will show that ovarian steroids support serotonin neuron survival and we will provide pivotal underlying genomic mechanisms. ..
- PERITONEAL DELIVERY OF ANTINEOPLASTIC MACROMOLECULESMICHAEL FLESSNER; Fiscal Year: 2004....
- Measuring hopelessness at the end of lifeBarry Rosenfeld; Fiscal Year: 2007....
- Rhesus Embryonic Stem Cell-Derived Serotonin NeuronsCYNTHIA BETHEA; Fiscal Year: 2007..The knowledge obtained from this work will lead to novel treatments for psychoneuropathologies. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Effects of Hyaluronan on Interstitial ConvectionMICHAEL FLESSNER; Fiscal Year: 2007..The results of this research project will provide a basis for future work designed to preserve or enhance the transport characteristics of peritoneal tissue during chronic dialysis. ..
- Dialectical Behavior Therapy for Stalking OffendersBarry Rosenfeld; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- AN INTEGRATED MODEL OF INTERVERTEBRAL DISC FUNCTIONIan Stokes; Fiscal Year: 2006..and the local conditions that can influence its metabolism, eventual composition and function in three-dimensions. ..
- Development of West Nile virus surveillance systems andLarry Clark; Fiscal Year: 2005..This study will provide both a risk management simulation model and empirical surveillance system. ..
- A Program for Expanding ELSI Undergraduate PedagogyRonald Green; Fiscal Year: 2005..This proposal represents a logical next step in the employment of the skills and resources we have developed at Dartmouth for undergraduate ELSI education. ..
- Role of Leucine Metabolism in Leucine SignalingCHRISTOPHER JOHN LYNCH; Fiscal Year: 2010..The implication of our ongoing research is that blocking the first step in BCAA metabolism with a drug, or to a less extent increasing dietary BCAAs, will promote weight loss. ..
- Managing Incidental Findings and Research Results in Genomic Biobanks and ArchiveSusan M Wolf; Fiscal Year: 2010..abstract_text> ..
- Impact of Puberty on the Kidney in DiabetesPASCALE LANE; Fiscal Year: 2005..Health implications: New treatments to prevent diabetic kidney disease, the most important cause of kidney failure in the US, may emerge from a better understanding of a naturally protected state such as the prepubertal animal. ..
- PanAmerican Society for Pigment Cell Research (PASPCR)Frank Meyskens; Fiscal Year: 2004..abstract_text> ..
- Toward Optimal End-of-Life Care in the PICURobert Truog; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- INTERDISCIPLINARY RESEARCH PROGRAM FOR UNDERGRADUATESClinton Rubin; Fiscal Year: 2004..Indeed, it is hoped that the most successful of these students will enter our own graduate training programs in the biomedical sciences. ..
- A Female Mouse Model to Study Recurrent Genital HerpesMargaret Parr; Fiscal Year: 2002..abstract_text> ..
- Non-invasive assessment of murine intraocular pressureJohn Danias; Fiscal Year: 2003....
- DESIRE FOR DEATH AMONG TERMINALLY ILL PATIENTS WITH AIDSWilliam Breitbart; Fiscal Year: 2001....
- Improving Care for Children with Advanced CancerJoanne Wolfe; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- Complement activation in glaucomaJohn Danias; Fiscal Year: 2008..Findings from this work will have wider implications for other neurodegenerative disease. ..
- End of Life Nursing Education through Graduate ProgramsBetty Ferrell; Fiscal Year: 2006..This proposal includes extensive evaluation planned to monitor individual and institutional dissemination. ..
- DEVELOPING AND IMPROVING INSTITUTIONAL ANIMAL RESOURCESSamuel Cartner; Fiscal Year: 2008..The requested equipment will be a part of the infrastructure needed to maintain and support the growth of a nationally and internationally recognized interdisciplinary research program. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Liposomal Opioids Extend Analgesia in Laboratory AnimalsLisa Krugner Higby; Fiscal Year: 2008..If proven efficacious, these analgesic regimens would lead to a significant change in the post-surgical care of animals used in biomedical research and veterinary medicine. ..
- Canine Multiple System Degeneration: A Novel Animal Model of ParkinsonismDENNIS O BRIEN; Fiscal Year: 2008..This research will develop a novel animal model of the disease which can be used to test theories about the cause and develop new therapies. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Progressive scoliosis deformity in intervertebral discIan Stokes; Fiscal Year: 2009..These approaches may include improvements in brace design, new possibilities for muscle rehabilitation, and surgical procedures aimed at early, minimally invasive modification of spinal growth. ..
- DEVELOPING AND IMPROVING INSTITUTIONAL ANIMAL RESOURCESSamuel Cartner; Fiscal Year: 2006..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Intervention with High-Risk, Runaway YouthElizabeth Arnold; Fiscal Year: 2007..abstract_text> ..
- MRI, MIT, and MRS of MPS VII and Krabbe DiseaseCharles Vite; Fiscal Year: 2003..x0a; ..
- A Canine Model for Human X-Linked Ectodermal DysplasiaMargret Casal; Fiscal Year: 2007..Furthermore, the HED dogs will be examined to demonstrate that a specific immune deficiency is responsible for pulmonary disease rather than the previously thought lack of respiratory mucoid glands. ..
- Chemoprevention of Oral Cancer with BBICFrank Meyskens; Fiscal Year: 2007..abstract_text> ..
- Ultrasound contrast agent enhances ultarsound assisted thrombolysis in strokeAzita Soltani; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- ETHANOL METABOLISM IN PREGNANCY--ROLE OF DIETMartin Ronis; Fiscal Year: 2005....
- ETHANOL EFFECTS ON BONE FORMATION IN PREGNANCYMartin Ronis; Fiscal Year: 2006..The role of CYP2E1 and free radicals in the skeletal toxicity of ethanol during these periods will also be studied. ..
- Reducing Barriers to Pain and Fatigue ManagementBetty Ferrell; Fiscal Year: 2009....
- Role of Cytokines in Two Hit Organ InjuryJean Nemzek; Fiscal Year: 2006..Successful completion of these aims could impact current two hit theories and use of immune therapy in septic patients exposed to additional inflammatory insults. ..