prenatal care

Summary

Summary: Care provided the pregnant woman in order to prevent complications, and decrease the incidence of maternal and prenatal mortality.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Strategies for reducing maternal mortality: getting on with what works
    Oona M R Campbell
    Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London WC1E 7HT, UK
    Lancet 368:1284-99. 2006
  2. ncbi Evidence-based, cost-effective interventions: how many newborn babies can we save?
    Gary L Darmstadt
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Lancet 365:977-88. 2005
  3. ncbi Effect of community-based newborn-care intervention package implemented through two service-delivery strategies in Sylhet district, Bangladesh: a cluster-randomised controlled trial
    Abdullah H Baqui
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Lancet 371:1936-44. 2008
  4. ncbi Factors affecting the utilization of antenatal care in developing countries: systematic review of the literature
    Bibha Simkhada
    Public Health Department and Dugald Baird Centre, University of Aberdeen, UK
    J Adv Nurs 61:244-60. 2008
  5. ncbi Effect of a participatory intervention with women's groups on birth outcomes in Nepal: cluster-randomised controlled trial
    Dharma S Manandhar
    Mother and Infant Research Activities MIRA, PO Box 921, Kathmandu, Nepal
    Lancet 364:970-9. 2004
  6. ncbi Effect of community-based behaviour change management on neonatal mortality in Shivgarh, Uttar Pradesh, India: a cluster-randomised controlled trial
    Vishwajeet Kumar
    International Center for Advancing Neonatal Health, Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Lancet 372:1151-62. 2008
  7. pmc Antenatal couple counseling increases uptake of interventions to prevent HIV-1 transmission
    Carey Farquhar
    Department of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98104 249, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 37:1620-6. 2004
  8. ncbi Socio-economic disparities in pregnancy outcome: why do the poor fare so poorly?
    M S Kramer
    Department of Pediatrics, McGill University, Canada
    Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol 14:194-210. 2000
  9. pmc Utilization of maternal health services among young women in Kenya: insights from the Kenya Demographic and Health Survey, 2003
    Rhoune Ochako
    African Population and Health Research Center APHRC, P, O, Box 10787, 00100 Nairobi, Kenya
    BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 11:1. 2011
  10. pmc A systematic review of inequalities in the use of maternal health care in developing countries: examining the scale of the problem and the importance of context
    Lale Say
    UNDP UNFPA WHO World Bank Special Programme of Research, Development and Research Training in Human Reproduction, Department of Reproductive Health and Research, WHO, Geneva, Switzerland
    Bull World Health Organ 85:812-9. 2007

Detail Information

Publications323 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Strategies for reducing maternal mortality: getting on with what works
    Oona M R Campbell
    Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London WC1E 7HT, UK
    Lancet 368:1284-99. 2006
    ..Further delays in getting on with what works begs questions about the commitment of decision-makers to this goal...
  2. ncbi Evidence-based, cost-effective interventions: how many newborn babies can we save?
    Gary L Darmstadt
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Lancet 365:977-88. 2005
    ..Simultaneous expansion of clinical care for babies and mothers is essential to achieve the reduction in neonatal deaths needed to meet the Millennium Development Goal for child survival...
  3. ncbi Effect of community-based newborn-care intervention package implemented through two service-delivery strategies in Sylhet district, Bangladesh: a cluster-randomised controlled trial
    Abdullah H Baqui
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Lancet 371:1936-44. 2008
    ..Therefore the project for advancing the health of newborns and mothers (Projahnmo) implemented a community-based intervention package through government and non-government organisation infrastructures to reduce neonatal mortality...
  4. ncbi Factors affecting the utilization of antenatal care in developing countries: systematic review of the literature
    Bibha Simkhada
    Public Health Department and Dugald Baird Centre, University of Aberdeen, UK
    J Adv Nurs 61:244-60. 2008
    ..This paper is a report of a systematic review to identify and analyse the main factors affecting the utilization of antenatal care in developing countries...
  5. ncbi Effect of a participatory intervention with women's groups on birth outcomes in Nepal: cluster-randomised controlled trial
    Dharma S Manandhar
    Mother and Infant Research Activities MIRA, PO Box 921, Kathmandu, Nepal
    Lancet 364:970-9. 2004
    ..90% of deliveries in the poorest quintile of households happen at home. We postulated that a community-based participatory intervention could significantly reduce neonatal mortality rates...
  6. ncbi Effect of community-based behaviour change management on neonatal mortality in Shivgarh, Uttar Pradesh, India: a cluster-randomised controlled trial
    Vishwajeet Kumar
    International Center for Advancing Neonatal Health, Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Lancet 372:1151-62. 2008
    ..We developed an intervention of behaviour change management, with a focus on prevention of hypothermia, aimed at modifying practices and reducing neonatal mortality...
  7. pmc Antenatal couple counseling increases uptake of interventions to prevent HIV-1 transmission
    Carey Farquhar
    Department of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98104 249, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 37:1620-6. 2004
    ..004). Partner participation in VCT and couple counseling increased uptake of nevirapine and formula feeding. Antenatal couple counseling may be a useful strategy to promote HIV-1 prevention interventions...
  8. ncbi Socio-economic disparities in pregnancy outcome: why do the poor fare so poorly?
    M S Kramer
    Department of Pediatrics, McGill University, Canada
    Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol 14:194-210. 2000
    ....
  9. pmc Utilization of maternal health services among young women in Kenya: insights from the Kenya Demographic and Health Survey, 2003
    Rhoune Ochako
    African Population and Health Research Center APHRC, P, O, Box 10787, 00100 Nairobi, Kenya
    BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 11:1. 2011
    ....
  10. pmc A systematic review of inequalities in the use of maternal health care in developing countries: examining the scale of the problem and the importance of context
    Lale Say
    UNDP UNFPA WHO World Bank Special Programme of Research, Development and Research Training in Human Reproduction, Department of Reproductive Health and Research, WHO, Geneva, Switzerland
    Bull World Health Organ 85:812-9. 2007
    ..These findings emphasize the need to investigate and assess context-specific causes of varying use of maternal health care, if safe motherhood is to become a reality in developing countries...
  11. ncbi WHO antenatal care randomised trial for the evaluation of a new model of routine antenatal care
    J Villar
    UNDP UNFPA WHO World Bank Special Programme of Research, Development, and Research Training in Human Reproduction, Department of Reproductive Health and Research, World Health Organisation, Geneva, Switzerland
    Lancet 357:1551-64. 2001
    ..We undertook a multicentre randomised controlled trial that compared the standard model of antenatal care with a new model that emphasises actions known to be effective in improving maternal or neonatal outcomes and has fewer clinic visits...
  12. ncbi Antenatal corticosteroids for accelerating fetal lung maturation for women at risk of preterm birth
    D Roberts
    Liverpool Women s NHS Foundation Trust, Crown Street, Liverpool, Merseyside, UK L8 7SS
    Cochrane Database Syst Rev 3:CD004454. 2006
    ..Respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) is a serious complication of preterm birth and the primary cause of early neonatal mortality and disability...
  13. pmc Risk factors for depressive symptoms during pregnancy: a systematic review
    Christie A Lancaster
    University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, 48109 5604, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 202:5-14. 2010
    ..Our results demonstrate several correlates that are consistently related to an increased risk of depressive symptoms during pregnancy...
  14. pmc Male antenatal attendance and HIV testing are associated with decreased infant HIV infection and increased HIV-free survival
    Adam Aluisio
    Stony Brook University Medical Center, Stony Brook, NY, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 56:76-82. 2011
    ..To investigate the relationship between male involvement in prevention of mother-to-child HIV transmission services and infant HIV acquisition and mortality, a prospective cohort study was undertaken between 1999 and 2005 in Nairobi, Kenya...
  15. pmc High ANC coverage and low skilled attendance in a rural Tanzanian district: a case for implementing a birth plan intervention
    Moke Magoma
    Infectious Diseases Epidemiology Unit, Department of Epidemiology and Population, Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, UK
    BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 10:13. 2010
    ..The perspectives of health care providers and traditional birth attendants on childbirth and the factors determining where women deliver were also investigated...
  16. ncbi Interventions during pregnancy to reduce excessive gestational weight gain: a systematic review assessing current clinical evidence using the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) system
    A K Ronnberg
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Orebro University Hospital, Orebro, Sweden
    BJOG 117:1327-34. 2010
    ..Interventions to reduce excessive gestational weight gain have previously not been systematically evaluated using the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) system...
  17. pmc Acceptability of evidence-based neonatal care practices in rural Uganda - implications for programming
    Peter Waiswa
    Makerere University School of Public Health, Kampala, Uganda
    BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 8:21. 2008
    ..A key concern is whether these internationally recommended practices are acceptable and will be demanded by the target community. We explored the acceptability of these interventions in two rural districts of Uganda...
  18. ncbi Two million intrapartum-related stillbirths and neonatal deaths: where, why, and what can be done?
    Joy E Lawn
    Saving Newborn Lives Save the Children USA, Cape Town 7405, South Africa
    Int J Gynaecol Obstet 107:S5-18, S19. 2009
    ....
  19. ncbi Preventing excessive weight gain during pregnancy through dietary and lifestyle counseling: a randomized controlled trial
    Shelly M Asbee
    Carolinas Medical Center, Charlotte, North Carolina, USA
    Obstet Gynecol 113:305-12. 2009
    ..To estimate whether an organized, consistent program of dietary and lifestyle counseling prevents excessive weight gain in pregnancy...
  20. ncbi Randomized controlled trial to prevent excessive weight gain in pregnant women
    B A Polley
    University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA
    Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 26:1494-502. 2002
    ..8-11.4 kg). A significant number of normal-weight women and an even greater proportion of overweight women exceed these guidelines, which increases postpartum weight retention and may contribute to the development of obesity...
  21. pmc Risk factors for pre-eclampsia at antenatal booking: systematic review of controlled studies
    Kirsten Duckitt
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford OX3 9DU
    BMJ 330:565. 2005
    ..To determine the risk of pre-eclampsia associated with factors that may be present at antenatal booking...
  22. ncbi Reaching the Abuja target for intermittent preventive treatment of malaria in pregnancy in African women: a review of progress and operational challenges
    Jenny Hill
    Child and Reproductive Health Group, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, UK
    Trop Med Int Health 11:409-18. 2006
    ....
  23. pmc Prenatal care effectiveness and utilization in Brazil
    George L Wehby
    Dept of Health Management and Policy, University of Iowa, E204, GH, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA
    Health Policy Plan 24:175-88. 2009
    The impact of prenatal care use on birth outcomes has been understudied in South American countries...
  24. ncbi Opt-out HIV testing during antenatal care: experiences of pregnant women in rural Uganda
    Elin C Larsson
    Division of Global Health IHCAR, Department of Public Health Sciences, Karolinska Institutet, Nobelsv 9, 171 77, Stockholm, Sweden
    Health Policy Plan 27:69-75. 2012
    ..Moreover, to achieve the desired outcomes of the PMTCT programme, monitoring and evaluation should be built into the programme...
  25. pmc Linking families and facilities for care at birth: what works to avert intrapartum-related deaths?
    Anne C C Lee
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Int J Gynaecol Obstet 107:S65-85, S86-8. 2009
    ..Delays in receiving effective care during labor and at birth may be fatal for the mother and fetus, contributing to 2 million annual intrapartum stillbirths and intrapartum-related neonatal deaths each year...
  26. pmc The use of antenatal and postnatal care: perspectives and experiences of women and health care providers in rural southern Tanzania
    Mwifadhi Mrisho
    Ifakara Health Institute formerly Ifakara Health Research and Development Centre, PO Box 78373, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
    BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 9:10. 2009
    ..We describe the perspectives and experiences of women and health care providers on the use of antenatal and postnatal services...
  27. ncbi Stillbirths: the way forward in high-income countries
    Vicki Flenady
    Mater Medical Research Institute, South Brisbane, QLD, Australia
    Lancet 377:1703-17. 2011
    ..Identification of ways to reduce maternal overweight and obesity is a high priority for high-income countries...
  28. pmc Intermittent screening and treatment versus intermittent preventive treatment of malaria in pregnancy: a randomised controlled non-inferiority trial
    Harry Tagbor
    Department of Community Health, School of Medical Sciences, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana
    PLoS ONE 5:e14425. 2010
    ..Therefore, we have investigated whether screening with a rapid diagnostic test and treatment of those who are positive (IST) at routine antenatal clinic attendances is as effective and as safe as SP-IPTp in pregnant women...
  29. pmc Antenatal care in practice: an exploratory study in antenatal care clinics in the Kilombero Valley, south-eastern Tanzania
    Karin Gross
    Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, Basel, Switzerland
    BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 11:36. 2011
    ..Potential implications for improving antenatal care provision in Tanzania are discussed...
  30. pmc Effectiveness of community based Safe Motherhood promoters in improving the utilization of obstetric care. The case of Mtwara Rural District in Tanzania
    Declare Mushi
    Department of Community Health, Tumaini University Kilimanjaro Christian Medical Centre, P O Box, 2240, Moshi, Kilimanjaro, Tanzania
    BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 10:14. 2010
    ....
  31. ncbi Rise in maternal mortality in the Netherlands
    J M Schutte
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Isala Klinieken Zwolle, Dr van Heesweg 2, Zwolle, The Netherlands
    BJOG 117:399-406. 2010
    ..To assess causes, trends and substandard care factors in maternal mortality in the Netherlands. Design Confidential enquiry into the causes of maternal mortality...
  32. ncbi Comparing couples' and individual voluntary counseling and testing for HIV at antenatal clinics in Tanzania: a randomized trial
    Stan Becker
    Population, Family, and Reproductive Health Department, Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, 615 North Wolfe Street, E4148, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    AIDS Behav 14:558-66. 2010
    ..24%) and their infants (55 vs. 22%) as compared to women randomized to IVCT. Uptake of CVCT is low in the antenatal clinic setting. Community mobilization and couple-friendly clinics are needed to promote CVCT...
  33. ncbi High HIV incidence during pregnancy: compelling reason for repeat HIV testing
    Dhayendre Moodley
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of KwaZulu Natal, Congella, South Africa
    AIDS 23:1255-9. 2009
    ..To determine the incidence of HIV during pregnancy as defined by seroconversion using a repeat HIV rapid testing strategy during late pregnancy...
  34. ncbi Newborn survival in low resource settings--are we delivering?
    J E Lawn
    Saving Newborn Lives Save the Children USA, Cape Town 7405, South Africa
    BJOG 116:49-59. 2009
    ..There are promising models that have been tested mainly in research studies in Asia that are now being adapted and evaluated at scale including through a network of African implementation research trials...
  35. pmc The forgotten half of the equation: randomized controlled trial of a male invitation to attend couple voluntary counselling and testing
    Boshishi K F Mohlala
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Imperial College London, UK
    AIDS 25:1535-41. 2011
    ..Increased male participation in antenatal care and uptake of couple voluntary counselling and testing (VCT) for HIV could reduce horizontal and vertical HIV transmission in sub-Saharan Africa...
  36. ncbi Access to health: women's status and utilization of maternal health services in Nepal
    Sharad Kumar Sharma
    Institute for Population and Social Research, Mahidol University, Thailand
    J Biosoc Sci 39:671-92. 2007
    ..Socioeconomic and demographic variables such as household economic status, number of living children and place of residence showed stronger association with use of maternal health services then did intervention programmes...
  37. pmc Male partner attendance of skilled antenatal care in peri-urban Gulu district, Northern Uganda
    Raymond Tweheyo
    Makerere University School of Public Health, Department of Health Policy Planning, and Management, PO Box, 7072 Kampala, Uganda
    BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 10:53. 2010
    ..This study investigated the level, perceived benefits and factors associated with male partner attendance of skilled ANC in a peri-urban community recovering from two decades of civil conflict...
  38. ncbi Reasons for loss to follow-up among mothers registered in a prevention-of-mother-to-child transmission program in rural Malawi
    L D Bwirire
    Medecins Sans Frontieres, Thyolo District, Malawi
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 102:1195-200. 2008
    ..Mothers attending antenatal services need to be better informed and supported, at both community and health-provider level...
  39. pmc Economic inequalities in maternal health care: prenatal care and skilled birth attendance in India, 1992-2006
    Praveen Kumar Pathak
    International Institute for Population Sciences, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
    PLoS ONE 5:e13593. 2010
    ..However, there is no clear perspective about how socioeconomic differences over time have contributed towards the use of maternal health care in India...
  40. ncbi Determinants of utilisation of maternal care services after the reduction of user fees: a case study from rural Burkina Faso
    Manuela De Allegri
    Institute of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, University of Heidelberg, INF 324, Heidelberg, Germany
    Health Policy 99:210-8. 2011
    ..To identify determinants of utilisation for antenatal care (ANC) and skilled attendance at birth after a substantial reduction in user fees...
  41. ncbi Antenatal care: provision and inequality in rural north India
    Saseendran Pallikadavath
    Opportunities and Choices Programme of Reproductive Health Research and School of Nursing and Midwifery, University of Southampton, Southampton SO16 5YA, UK
    Soc Sci Med 59:1147-58. 2004
    ..The findings indicate substantial limitations of the health services in overcoming socio-economic and cultural barriers to access...
  42. ncbi Successful introduction of routine opt-out HIV testing in antenatal care in Botswana
    Tracy L Creek
    Global AIDS Program, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 45:102-7. 2007
    ..Uptake of antenatal HIV testing was low from 1999 through 2003. In 2004, Botswana's President declared that HIV testing should be "routine but not compulsory" in medical settings...
  43. pmc Maternal obesity support services: a qualitative study of the perspectives of women and midwives
    Penny J Furness
    Faculty of Health and Wellbeing, Sheffield Hallam University, Collegiate Crescent, Sheffield, S10 2BP, UK
    BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 11:69. 2011
    ..This qualitative study explored the experiences and perceptions of pregnant women and midwives regarding existing support for weight management in pregnancy and their ideas for service development...
  44. ncbi Comparison of midwifery, family medicine, and obstetric patients' understanding of weight gain during pregnancy: a minority of women report correct counselling
    Sarah D McDonald
    Division of Maternal Fetal Medicine, McMaster University, Hamilton ON
    J Obstet Gynaecol Can 34:129-35. 2012
    ..Our objective was to compare what women reported being advised about weight gain during pregnancy and the risks of inappropriate weight gain according to their type of health care provider...
  45. pmc Antenatal and postnatal care service utilization in southern Ethiopia: a population-based study
    N Regassa
    Institute of Environment, Gender and Development, Hawassa Univerity, SNNPR, Ethiopia
    Afr Health Sci 11:390-7. 2011
    ....
  46. ncbi Despite 2009 guidelines, few women report being counseled correctly about weight gain during pregnancy
    Sarah D McDonald
    Division of Maternal Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 205:333.e1-6. 2011
    ..The purpose of this study was to determine the information that pregnant women report receiving when being counseled about weight gain and the risks of inappropriate gain...
  47. ncbi Compliance with focused antenatal care services: do health workers in rural Burkina Faso, Uganda and Tanzania perform all ANC procedures?
    PAUL CONRAD
    Institute of Public Health, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany
    Trop Med Int Health 17:300-7. 2012
    ....
  48. pmc Women's and care providers' perspectives of quality prenatal care: a qualitative descriptive study
    Wendy Sword
    School of Nursing and Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Faculty of Health Sciences, McMaster University, 1280 Main Street West, Hamilton, Ontario L8S 4K1, Canada
    BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 12:29. 2012
    Much attention has been given to the adequacy of prenatal care use in promoting healthy outcomes for women and their infants. Adequacy of use takes into account the timing of initiation of prenatal care and the number of visits...
  49. ncbi Evaluation of a 5-year programme to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV infection in Northern Uganda
    Laurence Ahoua
    Epicentre, Paris, France
    J Trop Pediatr 56:43-52. 2010
    ..Mother-to-child HIV cumulative transmission rate was 8.3%, and 15.5% when HIV-related deaths were considered. Improved tracking of HIV-exposed infants is needed in PMTCT programmes where access to early infant diagnosis is still limited...
  50. ncbi Utilization of maternal health care services in Southern India
    K Navaneetham
    Asian MetaCentre for Population and Sustainable Development Analysis, Institute for Asian Research, National University of Singapore, AS7 Shaw Foundation Building, 117570, Singapore
    Soc Sci Med 55:1849-69. 2002
    ..The findings of this study provide insights for planning and implementing appropriate maternal health service delivery programs in order to improve the health and well-being of both mother and child...
  51. ncbi Syphilis in pregnancy in Tanzania. II. The effectiveness of antenatal syphilis screening and single-dose benzathine penicillin treatment for the prevention of adverse pregnancy outcomes
    Deborah Watson-Jones
    Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
    J Infect Dis 186:948-57. 2002
    ..4-1.4) or low-titer active syphilis (OR, 0.95; 95% CI, 0.6-1.5), compared with seronegative women. Single-dose treatment is effective in preventing adverse pregnancy outcomes attributable to maternal syphilis...
  52. pmc Pregnancy: a "teachable moment" for weight control and obesity prevention
    Suzanne Phelan
    Department of Kinesiology, California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo, CA 93407 0386, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 202:135.e1-8. 2010
    ..Providers have the potential to prevent high postpartum weight retention and future obesity by monitoring weight gain during pregnancy and giving appropriate advice about recommended amounts of gestational weight gain...
  53. pmc Use of antenatal services and delivery care in Entebbe, Uganda: a community survey
    Carolyn J Tann
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London, WC1E 7HT, UK
    BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 7:23. 2007
    ....
  54. ncbi Stillbirths: how can health systems deliver for mothers and babies?
    Robert Pattinson
    Medical Research Council Maternal and Infant Health Care Strategies Research Unit, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa
    Lancet 377:1610-23. 2011
    ....
  55. ncbi Health care-seeking practices of pregnant women and the role of the midwife in Cape Town, South Africa
    N Abrahams
    Gender and Health Research Group, Medical Research Council, Tygerberg, Cape Town, South Africa
    J Midwifery Womens Health 46:240-7. 2001
    ..The findings highlight the importance of women's perceptions of quality of care in influencing their health seeking practices. The study suggests that considerably more attention needs to be given to this aspect of maternity services...
  56. ncbi Skilled care at birth in the developing world: progress to date and strategies for expanding coverage
    Cynthia Stanton
    Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    J Biosoc Sci 39:109-20. 2007
    ..Specific interventions are also needed to encourage older and high parity mothers to seek professional care at delivery...
  57. pmc Women's experiences and views about costs of seeking malaria chemoprevention and other antenatal services: a qualitative study from two districts in rural Tanzania
    Godfrey M Mubyazi
    National Institute for Medical Research, Centre for Enhancement of Effective Malaria Interventions, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
    Malar J 9:54. 2010
    ..Little emphasis has been paid to investigate the ability of pregnant women to access and effectively utilize these services...
  58. pmc Male perspectives on incorporating men into antenatal HIV counseling and testing
    David A Katz
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA
    PLoS ONE 4:e7602. 2009
    ..We aimed to identify methods for increasing male involvement in antenatal VCT and determine male correlates of accepting couple counseling in these settings...
  59. pmc Assessing the role and effectiveness of prenatal care: history, challenges, and directions for future research
    G R Alexander
    Department of Maternal and Child Health, School of Public Health, University of Alabama at Birmingham, RPHB 320, 1530 3rd Avenue South, Birmingham, AL 35294, USA
    Public Health Rep 116:306-16. 2001
    Despite the widespread use of prenatal care, the evidence for its effectiveness remains equivocal and its primary purpose and effects continue to be a subject of debate...
  60. pmc Iron and folic acid supplements and reduced early neonatal deaths in Indonesia
    Christiana R Titaley
    Sydney School of Public Health, Edward Ford Building A27, University of Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia
    Bull World Health Organ 88:500-8. 2010
    ..To examine the relationship between antenatal care, iron and folic acid supplementation and tetanus toxoid vaccination during pregnancy in Indonesia and the risk of early neonatal death (death in days 0-6 of life)...
  61. pmc Do women change their health behaviours in pregnancy? Findings from the Southampton Women's Survey
    Sarah R Crozier
    MRC Epidemiology Resource Centre, University of Southampton, Southampton General Hospital, Southampton, SO16 6YD, UK
    Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol 23:446-53. 2009
    ..Although there is encouraging evidence of changed health behaviours in pregnancy, young women and those with few educational qualifications may particularly benefit from targeted health initiatives...
  62. ncbi A comparison of four prenatal care indices in birth outcome models: comparable results for predicting small-for-gestational-age outcome but different results for preterm birth or infant mortality
    Tyler J VanderWeele
    University of Chicago, Department of Health Studies, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
    J Clin Epidemiol 62:438-45. 2009
    Several different indices of prenatal care have been used in birth outcome models to analyze the relationship between the adequacy of prenatal care and low birthweight, preterm birth, and infant mortality...
  63. ncbi The impact of including husbands in antenatal health education services on maternal health practices in urban Nepal: results from a randomized controlled trial
    Britta C Mullany
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Health Educ Res 22:166-76. 2007
    ..These data provide evidence that educating pregnant women and their male partners yields a greater net impact on maternal health behaviors compared with educating women alone...
  64. ncbi Use of antenatal care services and intermittent preventive treatment for malaria among pregnant women in Blantyre District, Malawi
    Timothy H Holtz
    Malaria Epidemiology Branch, Division of Parasitic Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Trop Med Int Health 9:77-82. 2004
    ..2, 95% CI 1.02-1.5, P=0.03). A substantial effort to improve the delivery and use of SP/IPT in Malawi will be necessary, but the Roll Back Malaria 2005 goal appears achievable...
  65. ncbi Extended antenatal use of triple antiretroviral therapy for prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV-1 correlates with favorable pregnancy outcomes
    Maria C Marazzi
    LUMSA University, Rome, Italy
    AIDS 25:1611-8. 2011
    ..To evaluate pregnancy outcomes in a cohort of HIV-infected women receiving triple antiretroviral therapy (ART) for prevention of mother-to-child-transmission...
  66. ncbi Preventing Low Birthweight: 25 years, prenatal risk, and the failure to reinvent prenatal care
    Elizabeth E Krans
    Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Clinical Scholars Program, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 5604, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 206:398-403. 2012
    ..one of the most influential policy statements ever issued regarding obstetric health care delivery, linked prenatal care to a reduction in low birthweight (LBW)...
  67. pmc Factors associated with underutilization of antenatal care services in Indonesia: results of Indonesia Demographic and Health Survey 2002/2003 and 2007
    Christiana R Titaley
    Sydney School of Public Health, Edward Ford Building A27, University of Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia
    BMC Public Health 10:485. 2010
    ..In Indonesia, at least four antenatal visits are recommended during pregnancy. However, this service has been underutilized. This study aimed to examine factors associated with underutilization of antenatal care services in Indonesia...
  68. ncbi Determinants of time of start of prenatal care and number of prenatal care visits during pregnancy among Nepalese women
    Subas Neupane
    School of Health Sciences, University of Tampere, 33014, Tampere, Finland
    J Community Health 37:865-73. 2012
    This study is aimed at investigating the factors determining the timing of first prenatal care (PNC) visit and the number of PNC visits among a national representative sample of Nepali women...
  69. pmc Trends in prenatal care use and low birthweight in southeast Brazil
    Marcelo Z Goldani
    Department of Paediatrics and Puericulture, Faculty of Medicine, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
    Am J Public Health 94:1366-71. 2004
    We investigated trends in prenatal care use and its association with low birthweight in a developing country.
  70. pmc How much time is available for antenatal care consultations? Assessment of the quality of care in rural Tanzania
    Moke Magoma
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Bugando Medical Centre and Teaching Hospital, Mwanza, Tanzania
    BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 11:64. 2011
    ....
  71. pmc Syphilis test availability and uptake at medical facilities in southern China
    Li Gang Yang
    Guangdong Provincial Center for STI Control and Prevention, Division of STD Control, No 10 Xian Lie Dong Heng Rd, Guangzhou 510500, China
    Bull World Health Organ 89:798-805. 2011
    ..To examine syphilis testing capacity, screening coverage rates and types of syphilis tests used in medical facilities in southern China...
  72. ncbi First-time fathers' experiences of childbirth--a phenomenological study
    Asa Premberg
    Institute of Health and Care Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy at Goteborg University, Box 457, 40530 Goteborg, Sweden
    Midwifery 27:848-53. 2011
    ..To describe fathers' experiences during childbirth...
  73. pmc Maternal care practices among the ultra poor households in rural Bangladesh: a qualitative exploratory study
    Nuzhat Choudhury
    Research and Evaluation Division, BRAC Centre, 75 Mohakhali, Dhaka 1212, Bangladesh
    BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 11:15. 2011
    ..This is expected to assist the designing of the health education messages programme in an effort to improve maternal morbidity and survival towards achieving the UN millennium Development Goal 5...
  74. ncbi Lifestyle intervention on diet and exercise reduced excessive gestational weight gain in pregnant women under a randomised controlled trial
    A Hui
    Department of Internal Medicine, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada
    BJOG 119:70-7. 2012
    ..To examine the effect of an exercise and dietary intervention during pregnancy on excessive gestational weight gain (EGWG), dietary habit and physical activity in pregnant women...
  75. ncbi Antenatal interventions for overweight or obese pregnant women: a systematic review of randomised trials
    J M Dodd
    The University of Adelaide, Women s and Children s Hospital, North Adelaide, SA, Australia
    BJOG 117:1316-26. 2010
    ..Overweight and obesity during pregnancy is an increasing health problem...
  76. ncbi Effect of maternal multiple micronutrient supplementation on fetal loss and infant death in Indonesia: a double-blind cluster-randomised trial
    A H Shankar
    Helen Keller International, Jakarta, Indonesia Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Lancet 371:215-27. 2008
    ..We assessed the effect of maternal supplementation with MMN, compared with IFA, on fetal loss and infant death in the setting of routine prenatal care services.
  77. ncbi Fetal programming of adult disease: implications for prenatal care
    Christopher Lau
    Toxicity Assessment Division, National Health and Environmental Effects Research Laboratory, Office of Research and Development, U S Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina, USA
    Obstet Gynecol 117:978-85. 2011
    ..b>Prenatal care is transitioning to incorporate goals of optimizing maternal, fetal, and neonatal health to prevent or reduce ..
  78. pmc Dramatic and sustained increase in HIV-testing rates among antenatal attendees in Eastern Uganda after a policy change from voluntary counselling and testing to routine counselling and testing for HIV: a retrospective analysis of hospital records, 2002-20
    Robert Byamugisha
    Referral Hospital, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Mbale Regional Referral Hospital, Mbale, Uganda
    BMC Health Serv Res 10:290. 2010
    ....
  79. pmc Physical activity counseling in maternity and child health care - a controlled trial
    Minna Aittasalo
    The UKK Institute for Health Promotion Research, Tampere, Finland
    BMC Womens Health 8:14. 2008
    ..The purpose of the study is to examine the effects and feasibility of individual physical activity (PA) counseling in maternity and child health clinics in Finland...
  80. ncbi Acceptability of routine HIV testing ("opt-out") in antenatal services in two rural districts of Zimbabwe
    Freddy Perez
    Institut de Santé Publique, d Epidémiologie et de Développement ISPED, Universite Victor Segalen, Bordeaux 2, France
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 41:514-20. 2006
    ..Issues regarding, stigma, quality of post-testing counseling and staffing must be considered, however...
  81. ncbi Economic transition and maternal health care for internal migrants in Shanghai, China
    Zhan Shaokang
    School of Public Health, Fudan University, Shanghai, China, Health Bureau of Minhang District, Shanghai, China
    Health Policy Plan 17:47-55. 2002
    ....
  82. pmc Timing of intermittent preventive treatment for malaria during pregnancy and the implications of current policy on early uptake in north-east Tanzania
    Katherine Anders
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, WC1E 7HT, UK
    Malar J 7:79. 2008
    ..This study investigated the timing of delivery of IPTp to pregnant women attending antenatal clinics (ANC), and the potential determinants of timely uptake...
  83. pmc Measuring trends in prevalence and incidence of HIV infection in countries with generalised epidemics
    P D Ghys
    Joint United Nations Programme on AIDS UNAIDS, Avenue Appia 20, Geneva CH 1211, Switzerland
    Sex Transm Infect 82:i52-6. 2006
    ..Review of recent data and practice to derive guidance on questions relating to the measurement and analysis of trends in HIV prevalence and incidence...
  84. ncbi How important are individual, household and commune characteristics in explaining utilization of maternal health services in Vietnam?
    Ardeshir Sepehri
    Department of Economics, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada
    Soc Sci Med 67:1009-17. 2008
    ..the influence of individual, household and commune-level characteristics on a woman's decision to seek prenatal care, on the number of prenatal visits, and on the choice between giving birth at a health facility or at home...
  85. pmc Promising outcomes of a national programme for the prevention of Mother-to-Child HIV transmission in Addis Ababa: a retrospective study
    Alemnesh H Mirkuzie
    Centre for International Health, University of Bergen, Bergen 5020, Norway
    BMC Health Serv Res 10:267. 2010
    ..In the present study we have examined trends in PMTCT service utilization and assessed the rate of MTCT in relation to policy changes in the national PMTCT programme...
  86. ncbi Antiretroviral therapy in antenatal care to increase treatment initiation in HIV-infected pregnant women: a stepped-wedge evaluation
    William P Killam
    Department of Ob Gyn, University of Alabama at Birmingham School of Medicine, Birmingham, Alabama 35294 0024, USA
    AIDS 24:85-91. 2010
    ..Adjusted odds ratios (AORs) and confidence intervals (CIs) for enrollment and initiation proportions were estimated through a logistic regression model accounting for clinical site cluster and time effects...
  87. pmc Antenatal care in The Gambia: missed opportunity for information, education and communication
    Samuel E Anya
    Reproductive Health Research Unit, School of Medicine and Allied Health Sciences, University of The Gambia, MDI Road, Kanifing, The Gambia
    BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 8:9. 2008
    ..We examined the provision of information and education in antenatal clinics from the perspective of pregnant women attending these clinics...
  88. ncbi Ethnographic study of factors influencing compliance to intermittent preventive treatment of malaria during pregnancy among Yao women in rural Malawi
    Annika Launiala
    School of Public Health, FIN 33014 University of Tampere, Tampere, Finland
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 101:980-9. 2007
    ....
  89. pmc Monitoring and evaluation of malaria in pregnancy - developing a rational basis for control
    Bernard J Brabin
    Child and Reproductive Health Group, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, UK
    Malar J 7:S6. 2008
    ..Large-scale operational research is required to further evaluate the validity of currently proposed indicators, and in order to clarify the breadth and scale of implementation to be deployed...
  90. ncbi Impact of perinatal corticosteroids on neuromotor development and outcome: review of the literature and new meta-analysis
    E S Shinwell
    Department of Neonatology, Kaplan Medical Center, Rehovot and Hebrew University, Jerusalem, Israel
    Semin Fetal Neonatal Med 14:164-70. 2009
    ....
  91. ncbi The effect of an antenatal physical exercise programme on maternal/perinatal outcomes and quality of life in overweight and obese pregnant women: a randomised clinical trial
    S L Nascimento
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Unicamp Medical School, Campinas, Brazil
    BJOG 118:1455-63. 2011
    ..To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of physical exercise in terms of maternal/perinatal outcomes and the perception of quality of life (QoL) in pregnant obese and overweight women...
  92. pmc Women's experience of group prenatal care
    Gina Novick
    Yale University, School of Nursing, New Haven, Connecticut 06536 0740, USA
    Qual Health Res 21:97-116. 2011
    Group prenatal care (GPNC) is an innovative alternative to individual prenatal care...
  93. ncbi A cluster-randomized trial of enhanced labor ward-based PMTCT services to increase nevirapine coverage in Lusaka, Zambia
    Karen M Megazzini
    University of Alabama at Birmingham, Schools of Public Health and Medicine, Birmingham, Alabama, USA
    AIDS 24:447-55. 2010
    ..Determine whether enhanced labor ward-based services for prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT) would improve nevirapine (NVP) coverage...
  94. ncbi Quality of antenatal and delivery care before and after the implementation of a prevention of mother-to-child HIV transmission programme in Côte d'Ivoire
    Thérèse Delvaux
    Department of Microbiology, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, Belgium
    Trop Med Int Health 13:970-9. 2008
    ..To assess whether implementation of a prevention of mother-to-child HIV transmission (PMTCT) programme in Côte d'Ivoire improved the quality of antenatal and delivery care services...
  95. pmc Getting more than they realized they needed: a qualitative study of women's experience of group prenatal care
    Deborah A McNeil
    Public Health Innovation and Decision Support, Population and Public Health, Alberta Health Services, Southport Atrium, 10101 Southport Road SW, Calgary, Alberta T2W 3N2, Canada
    BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 12:17. 2012
    Pregnant women in Canada have traditionally received prenatal care individually from their physicians, with some women attending prenatal education classes...
  96. pmc Adolescence as risk factor for adverse pregnancy outcome in Central Africa--a cross-sectional study
    Florian Kurth
    Medical Research Unit, Albert Schweitzer Hospital, Lambarene, Gabon
    PLoS ONE 5:e14367. 2010
    ..The present study aimed to investigate the influence of maternal adolescence on pregnancy outcomes in the Central African country Gabon...
  97. pmc Delivery of maternal health care in Indigenous primary care services: baseline data for an ongoing quality improvement initiative
    Alice R Rumbold
    Discipline of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide, SA, Australia
    BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 11:16. 2011
    ..The aim of this study was to describe patterns of delivery of maternity care and service gaps in primary care services in Australian Indigenous communities...
  98. ncbi A randomized clinical trial of group prenatal care in two military settings
    Holly Powell Kennedy
    Yale University, 100 Church Street South, Box 9740, New Haven, CT 06536, USA
    Mil Med 176:1169-77. 2011
    ..health behaviors, perinatal and infant health outcomes, and family health outcomes for women receiving group prenatal care (GPC) when compared to those receiving individual prenatal care...
  99. pmc The role of mothers-in-law in antenatal care decision-making in Nepal: a qualitative study
    Bibha Simkhada
    School of Medicine and Dentistry, Division of Applied Health Sciences, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, Scotland, UK
    BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 10:34. 2010
    ..This paper aims to explore the mother-in-law's role in (a) her daughter-in-law's ANC uptake; and (b) the decision-making process about using ANC services in Nepal...
  100. pmc The influence of maternal weight and glucose tolerance on infant birthweight in Latino mother-infant pairs
    Edith C Kieffer
    Department of Health Behavior and Health Education, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 1106, USA
    Am J Public Health 96:2201-8. 2006
    ..We assessed the influence of maternal anthropometric and metabolic variables, including glucose tolerance, on infant birthweight...
  101. ncbi Providing information on pregnancy complications during antenatal visits: unmet educational needs in sub-Saharan Africa
    Béatrice Nikiema
    GRIS, Faculte de Medecine, Departement de Medecine sociale et preventive, Universite de Montreal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Health Policy Plan 24:367-76. 2009
    ....

Research Grants81

  1. Flame Retardant and Adverse Perinatal Outcome (FRAPO)
    Morgan R Peltier; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..may enhance the risk for preterm birth in women, we propose to collect blood samples from a women receiving prenatal care in southern California at each trimester of pregnancy...
  2. NICHD Maternal Fetal Medicine Units Network
    Geeta K Swamy; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..With 14 faculty, 6 fellows, 9 midwives, and 8 nurse clinicians, Duke MFM provides full service high-risk prenatal care and delivery, prenatal diagnosis, and consultative services for the Duke University Health System (DUHS)...
  3. Reducing Preterm Births in Underserved Pregnant Women
    JAMES G CHRISTIAN; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..can reduce risks using a balanced prospective randomized controlled multi-site trial with 452 patients during prenatal care clinic visits beginning during the 1st trimester...
  4. Pregnancy and EARly Lifestyle improvement Study (PEARLS)
    Kaumudi J Joshipura; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..improving: (1) physical activity levels, (2) diet quality and calori intake, (3) behavioral imprinting and (4) prenatal care. The intervention will be delivered through six intensive core group sessions (10 participants per group), ..
  5. Predictors of Prenatal Care Providers Counseling Women on Tobacco Use/Exposure
    BETH LEONG PINELES; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..With the variety of tools and datasets obtained and compiled for this project, we will gain a better understanding of which physicians follow PHS, USPSTF, and ACOG guidelines, and how to identify those who do not. ..
  6. Prenatal exposure to high-fat diets promotes alcohol preference in the offspring
    Miriam E Bocarsly; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..the causation, as well as the mechanism of alcohol prone behavior, we will be better able to advise in optimal prenatal care, as well as prevention and treatment for alcohol-prone individuals...
  7. Optimizing Treatment of Mental Illness during Pregnancy:Improving Infant Outcomes
    Katherine L Wisner; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Gestational MDD is associated with lack of prenatal care, poor nutrition, smoking, alcohol and drug use and suicide...
  8. Iowa PRAMS Surveillance Program
    Gretchen Hageman; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..maternal-child health (MCH) priorities are to reduce infant mortality, address racial disparities in access to prenatal care and birth outcomes, reduce maternal smoking during pregnancy, determine the prevalence of perinatal depression,..
  9. Fetal Programming and Environmental Exposures: Implications for Prenatal Care and
    Jeffrey A Whitsett; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ....
  10. Malaria in Pregnancy: Nutrition and Immunologic Effects
    Wafaie W Fawzi; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..All women will receive daily folate and iron supplements as per standard prenatal care. Women, and after delivery babies, will be followed up until 6 weeks after delivery...
  11. Economic Evaluation of Drug Abuse Treatment and HIV Prevention Services for Pregn
    Jennifer Prah Ruger; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Therapy with Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (MET-CBT) as compared to standard Brief Advice (BA) within prenatal care to decrease use of a full range of substances (e.g...
  12. Household air pollution in Tanzania, placental health and pregnancy outcome
    BLAIR JOHNSON WYLIE; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..on a prevalent environmental exposure, household air pollution, and to shift environmental interventions to prenatal care packages...
  13. Mechanisms &Effects of Prenatal Maternal Affect on Pregnancy &Infant Development
    Christine Dunkel Schetter; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Despite improvements in prenatal care, the rate of poor pregnancy outcomes such as preterm birth (PTB;<37 weeks gestation) and low birth weight (LBW) remains high in the United States...
  14. Birth Outcomes Among Adolescents
    EMILY WHEELER HARVILLE; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..levels, and 3) To examine the relationship between these resources and potential intermediates such as prenatal care and health behaviors...
  15. Prenatal Events-Postnatal Consequences
    James C Rose; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): A significant development in prenatal care over the last 30 years is the treatment of pregnant women at risk for premature delivery with synthetic corticosteroids to facilitate fetal lung maturation...
  16. Research on the Scope and Causes of Stillbirth in the US
    Carol Hogue; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..7 stillbirths per 1,000 deliveries >20 wks). Data on prenatal care, maternal race, gestational age, cause of death are presented and compared to the entire 3-County area, the 5-..
  17. Penn Center for ELSI Research in Emerging Genetic Technologies in Health Care
    Reed E Pyeritz; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..through a collaboration between historians of science, medical anthropologists, reproductive geneticists, prenatal care providers and women of reproductive age;2) To utilize the Penn Center of Excellence for Hereditary Hemorrhagic ..
  18. Project REACH: Preventing Postpartum Depression in Adolescent Mothers
    Maureen G Phipps; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..careful evaluation and refinement, Project REACH has been tailored for collaboration with an integrated prenatal care program;and, if found to be efficacious, REACH has the potential for broad dissemination and acceptability in ..
  19. QuitAdvisorOB: A tool for delivering smoking cessation guidance to pregnant women
    Jamie L Studts; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..the 5 A's (ask, advise, assess, assist, and arrange), and Stages of Change, QuitAdvisorOB will assist prenatal care givers in providing patient-tailored smoking cessation counseling, while facilitating provider adherence to ..
  20. Peri-Conceptional Biomonitoring
    Christina Porucznik; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..of conception would also be missed in this type of design, as couples who fail to conceive will not enter into prenatal care. SPECIFIC AIMS 1...
  21. Arsenic Contaminated Water Consumption &Spontaneous Pregnancy Loss in Romania
    Michael S Bloom; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Moreover, prenatal care is compulsory and government funded in Romania facilitating nearly complete ascertainment of the proposed ..
  22. Consequences of Unwanted Childbearing for Women and Children
    Michelle J Hindin; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..childbearing on perinatal, neonatal, post-neonatal, and 1-2 year mortality, on the timing and utilization of prenatal care, on early childhood immunization and on maternal depression and mental health...
  23. Residential Air Pollution and Preeclampsia
    Gregory A Wellenius; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..study (1000 cases/1000 controls) nested within this cohort with detailed review of medical records from prenatal care to delivery to obtain, for the first time, data on: a) maternal residential histry throughout the pregnancy, ..
  24. Preterm Birth in Nulliparous Women: An Understudied Population at Great Risk
    Hyagriv N Simhan; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Approximately 10,000 women deliver per year at Magee-Womens Hospital, and 85% of these women initiate prenatal care in our system at <10 weeks...
  25. Maternal Fetal Medicine Units Network
    George R Saade; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..RMCHP clinics, following protocols set by the Maternal-Fetal Medicine Division, provided prenatal care for more than 12,000 multiethnic pregnant women in 2009...
  26. Exploratory Trial of Choline Supplementation for Fetal Alcohol Syndrome
    Sandra W Jacobson; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Sixty heavy drinking pregnant women from the Cape Coloured community who initiate prenatal care at or before 20 weeks gestation will receive either choline supplementation (n = 30) or placebo (n = 30) twice ..
  27. Decision making in complicated pregnancies
    Jennifer Kerns; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..1, 2) Screening for fetal anomalies in pregnancy has become a routine part of prenatal care (1 ) and most women choose to terminate a pregnancy if fetal abnormalities are detected...
  28. Improvements in Health Outcomes form Health Insurance Coverage
    BRADLEY JAMES HERRING; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..conditions will be examined using the National Health Interview Survey, and infant mortality and access to prenatal care will be examined using the Vital Statistics Natality data...
  29. Perinatal Loss and Bereavement in Non-Hispanic Black Adolescents
    KIMBERLY H FENSTERMACHER; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..in infant mortality rates exist between white and non-Hispanic black females despite improved access to prenatal care. In 2004 the preterm related infant mortality rate for non-Hispanic black women was 3...
  30. Community Intervention to Reduce Tobacco Use among Pregnant Alaska Native Women
    Christi A Patten; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Enrollment will occur at the time of a positive pregnancy test which is the earliest point of prenatal care, enhancing the intervention's potential reach...
  31. Preterm Birth in Nulliparous Women: An Understudied Population at Great Risk
    Deborah A Wing; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Most of our patients receive prenatal care in the first trimester...
  32. Oral Health Promotion During Prenancy in a Group Prenatal Care Model
    SALLY HENDERSON ADAMS; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..maternal and infant OH status, knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors for low-income women attending a group prenatal care program, CenteringPregnancy (CP(R)), in the San Francisco Bay Area...
  33. Biobehavioral Determinants of the Microbiome and Preterm Birth in Black Women
    Anne Lang Dunlop; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..them through delivery, collecting data at three time points: twice via direct participant contact during prenatal care appointments (at 10-14 and 26-30 weeks'gestation), and once via review of the medical records from the ..
  34. Early Pesticide Exposure and Neurodevelopmental Outcomes in a Thai Birth Cohort
    P Barry Ryan; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..We will also extract routine maternal and birth outcome data from prenatal care and labor and delivery records and administer a simple neurological examination among infants born to these ..
  35. Transvaginal probe for fetal magnetocardiography
    DOUGLAS N PAULSON; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..in the assessment of fetal heart conditions in patients with high- risk cardiac conditions in specific, and in prenatal care management in general...
  36. Computer-delivered SBIRT for alcohol use in pregnancy: Planning a Stage II trial
    Steven J Ondersma; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Brief screening and intervention for maternal alcohol use in prenatal care settings has been shown to be helpful, but is often not implemented...
  37. PREGNANCY RISK ASSESSMENT MONITORING SYSTEM
    Alyson Shupe; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..asked to complete the PRAMS questionnaire, which addresses a variety of health and psychosocial issues such as prenatal care, maternal use of alcohol and cigarettes, breastfeeding, stress, and infant health...
  38. Category B Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS)
    Trang Q Nguyen; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..and ongoing measures of New York's progress in addressing priorities including access and barriers to prenatal care, oral health during pregnancy, low birthweight and infant mortality, substance abuse (alcohol/tobacco) during ..
  39. Nebraska Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS)
    Jennifer Severe-Oforah; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..0 infants per 1,000 live births. Prenatal care initiated during the first trimester of pregnancy for all racial/ethnic groups are below the HP 2020 goal of ..
  40. The Fetal Adrenal Gland as a Predictor of Spontaneous Preterm Birth
    Ronald Wapner; Fiscal Year: 2012
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Despite advancements in prenatal care, preterm birth continues to rise in the United States, with rates now exceeding 12.7%...
  41. Personal Health Information Needs and Practices for Maternal Fetal Care
    Gretchen P Jackson; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Adequately addressing such needs can improve prenatal care and maternal and fetal outcomes...
  42. Indirect screening: Enhancing identification of illicit drug use during pregnancy
    COURTNEY ELIZABETH SMITH; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This will be accomplished in a two part study involving women attending their first prenatal care visit at the Women's OB/Gyn Clinic, part of the VCU Health System...
  43. Demonstration of a Community System of Care for Medicaid Insured Pregnant Women
    LeeAnne Roman; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..time consuming, and often exhausting task of enrolling and participating in Medicaid, WIC, managed care plans, prenatal care and other community programs;all embedded in a fragmented, costly, inefficient "non-system" of care...
  44. Clinical Trial of Behavioral Modification to Prevent Congenital Cytomegalovirus
    Brenna L Anderson; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..that will be both acceptable to clinic staff and feasible to implement as part of routine clinical prenatal care, and to test whether behavioral intervention for susceptible women can effect behavioral change that is likely ..
  45. Category B Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS)
    Melissa A Baker; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..was showing little change and (3) maternal behaviors such as alcohol and tobacco use and limited use of prenatal care were contributing to the slow rate of decline in both infant mortality rates and low birthweight prevalence...
  46. Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System Survey
    MARY ALICE MCGEHEE; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The survey contains questions about such topics as pregnancy intention, prenatal care, birth control, breastfeeding, insurance coverage, well-child care, and pregnancy intention, physical abuse ..
  47. Promoting Health During Pregnancy: A Multiple Behavior Computer Tailored Interven
    LEANNE MARIE MAURIELLO; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..intervention is acceptable to pregnant women, feasible to disseminate in health clinics in conjunction with prenatal care, and has initial efficacy with multiple behaviors...
  48. Comparative Effectiveness of Group Prenatal Care on Women's Psychosocial Health
    EMILY HEBERLEIN; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Group prenatal care (GPNC), where health care is bundled with education and group support, has demonstrated improved rates of ..
  49. A clinic-based behavioral intervention to reduce CMV transmission in pregnancy
    Karen B Fowler; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Pregnant women who are enrolled in prenatal care will be selected to participate in the behavioral intervention group or a comparison group which will receive ..
  50. Detection and Care for Depression in the Peripartum
    James C Coyne; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..of depression in a sample of high-risk women recruited during their first prenatal visit at one of two prenatal care sites chosen for diversity...
  51. Effects of State Medicaid Policies On Prenatal Smoking and Infant Health Outcomes
    MARIAN PATRICIA JARLENSKI; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..will evaluate the effects of two optional state Medicaid enrollment policies to promote early initiation of prenatal care on smoking status during pregnancy and birth outcomes...
  52. Treating South African Pregnant Women for Methamphetamine
    Wendee M Wechsberg; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..maternal outcomes, including (a) methamphetamine use, (b) frequency of unprotected sex acts, and (c) number of prenatal care visits;and neonatal outcomes, including (d) length of hospital stay, (e) birth weight, and (f) gestational age ..
  53. Community Child Health Network: District of Columbia
    Sharon Landesman Ramey; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..to help build a citywide network to promote the establishment and sharing of computerized databases related to prenatal care, labor and delivery, interconceptional care, and early childhood health and family social services...
  54. Pregnancy Outcomes in Women with Disabilities: Exploratory Research
    Beth A Mueller; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..and factors related to care access and social support (prenatal care, health insurance, marital status, etc.) will be measured. The occurrence of pregnancy conditions (e.g...
  55. Osteopathic Manipulative Medicine in Pregnancy: Physiologic and Clinical Effects
    KENDI LEE HENSEL; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..If OMM is found to be efficacious in the treatment of the selected outcomes of pregnancy, labor, and delivery, it should be considered a complementary part of routine prenatal care as a way to improve maternal-fetal health.
  56. Integrating Prenatal Care to Reduce HIV/STDs Among Teens: A Translational Study
    JONATHAN N N TOBIN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..diseases (STDs) during and after pregnancy among adolescents and young women (aged 14-19) receiving prenatal care in 14 Community Health Centers (CHCs) serving predominantly Black and Latina communities in the New York City ..
  57. PS07-003 Minority HIV/AIDS Research Initiative (MARI)
    Myriam E Torres; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..to explore more in-depth factors and possible barriers related to a Latina's decision to seek early prenatal care (during the first trimester) and to take the HIV test during her pregnancy...
  58. Parent Education about Newborn Screening and Bloodspot Retention
    JEFFREY ROBERT BOTKIN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Specific Aim 2) To create multimedia educational tools to be used in the prenatal care environment that will provide basic information about NBS and the core information determined through Specific ..
  59. Birth Weight, Postnatal Growth, Blood Pressure and Subclinical Cardiovascular Dis
    Wei Chen; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..growth, hemodynamics and subclinical C-V disease later in life has important implications for improving prenatal care and developing strategies beginning early in life to prevent adult C-V disease from hypertension...
  60. The Economics of Natural Disasters and Epidemics
    Ashlesha Datar; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..test whether natural disasters affect health investments in children such as immunizations, breastfeeding, and prenatal care. This project will examine each of several aspects of the relationship between natural disasters and these ..
  61. PREPARATION FOR AIDS/HIV VACCINE EVALUATIONS
    Susan Allen; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..virus (HIV) infection in urban adults now exceeds 30% and is increasing at a rate of 3-5% per year in prenatal care clinics...
  62. PARENTAL EMPLOYMENT AND CHILD DEVELOPMENT
    CHRISTOPHER RUHM; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The following questions will be addressed. Does parental employment during pregnancy affect the receipt of prenatal care, other maternal inputs into fetal development, birth weight, gestational age, or infant health? Does parental ..
  63. Texas PRAMS: Category B (Existing)
    DOROTHY MANDELL; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..It provides up-to-date information regarding birth and pregnancy trends, covering topics such as prenatal care and substance use...
  64. Intimate Partner Violence Among Low-Income Pregnant Women: Multilevel Analysis
    Qing Li; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..b>Prenatal care visit data is used because of its potentially practical strength as a window of opportunity within health care ..
  65. EPIDEMIOLOGY OF EXERTION, STRESS, AND PRETERM DELIVERY
    David Savitz; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..We will enroll a cohort of 2,650 women who obtain prenatal care at Wake County Human Services Department/Wake Medical Center before the end of the 24th week of gestation...
  66. IRON, ZINC AND FOLATE AND PRETERM DELIVERY
    David Savitz; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..This nested case-control study will be conducted within the cohort of 8,000 women who obtain prenatal care at three high- volume clinics affiliated with the University of North Carolina Hospitals and two clinics ..
  67. Altered endothelial heparan sulfate causes diaphragmatic hernias resembling CDH
    Jeffrey Esko; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..CDH strikes 1 in every 2500 births independently of race, religion, socioeconomic background, and prenatal care, and is a significant cause of pediatric mortality. Its etiology is heterogeneous and poorly understood...
  68. EXTENDED CASE MANAGEMENT OF COCAINE ADDICTED PREGNANCY
    Farrokh Alemi; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..Subjects in all three group have access to the Ohio Medicaid benefits for prenatal care, pediatric visits, and inpatient detoxification...
  69. CESAREAN SECTION REDUCTION IN PRIMIGRAVID PATIENTS
    Fredric Frigoletto; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..Nine hundred patients will be randomized to receive routine prenatal care, education, and obstetric management in labor...
  70. USE OF PERINATAL/INFANT SERVICES BY HISPANICS IN AHCCCS
    Patricia Moore; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..Studies in recent years indicate that Mexican-American women are less likely to seek prenatal care in the critical first trimester of pregnancy and to average fewer prenatal visits than white non- Hispanic ..
  71. COMMUNITY AND FAMILY EFFECTS ON CHILD HEALTH
    Elizabeth Frankenberg; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..size at birth, prematurity, mortality risks of infants and children, and children's nutritional status, use of prenatal care, and choice of delivery site...
  72. THE IMPACT OF SPECIALTY ON CESAREAN SECTION RATES
    William Hueston; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..that non-clinical factors such as a patient's socio-economic status, the type of clinic where she receives her prenatal care, and whether she is delivered by an attending obstetricians or a resident influence the likelihood that she ..
  73. DESIGN OF A MULTI-USE DIABETES REGISTRY
    BARBARA COHN; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..One unexplored use of diabetes registry data is the improvement of preconception and prenatal care for diabetic women, It has been recently demonstrated that preconception care is associated with a 12-fold ..
  74. CLINICAL OUTCOMES OF CHILDREN BORN TO HIV INFECTED WOMEN
    Barbara Turner; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..Yet our current NIDA-funded study of the influence of HIV-infected women's prenatal care and illicit drug use on the clinical outcomes of their children raises serious concerns about translating the ..
  75. Effects of Prenatal Care on Pediatric Health Care
    Nancy Reichman; Fiscal Year: 2009
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Despite the received wisdom that early and comprehensive prenatal care improves birth outcomes, many studies have found small or no effects...
  76. A TRAIL OF MICRONUTRIENTS AND ADVERSE PREGNACY OUTCOMES
    Wafaie Fawzi; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Women who are no more than 27 weeks pregnant will receive standard prenatal care and daily doses of one of two regimens between baseline and delivery: multivitamins including all B, C, E, A, ..
  77. Immune System Gene Polymorphisms and Preterm Delivery
    Claudia Holzman; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..S. has stimulated investigations into potential explanatory factors that are outside the current realm of prenatal care. These include factors at the micro'level, such as genes, and factors that are 'upstream'such ..
  78. The West Virginia Smoking Cessation or Reduction in Pregnancy Treatment Trial
    RICHARD ANTHONY WINDSOR; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..In addition to their regular OB-MD/RN prenatal care, about 56% (5000/9000) of eligible patients chose to enroll in RFTS each year: 46% or 2,300 are smokers...
  79. THE EFFECTS OF RURAL OBSTETRIC CARE PROVIDER SHORTAGES
    Wayne Ray; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..to test the hypothesis that women residing in rural areas with obstetric care provider shortages receive less prenatal care and have more adverse pregnancy outcomes than other women...
  80. RACIAL AND NEIGHBORHOOD DISPARITIES IN INFANT HEALTH
    Irma Elo; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..A second set of analyses addresses the effectiveness of publicly funded health services on prenatal care use, infant health, and costs for low-income women...
  81. High Throughput Rare Cell Isolation System
    CAROLYN CONANT; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Targeted cell isolations are important to numerous fields such as cancer research, stem cell biology, prenatal care and immunological disorders...