fat restricted diet

Summary

Summary: A diet that contains limited amounts of fat with less than 30% of calories from all fats and less than 10% from saturated fat. Such a diet is used in control of HYPERLIPIDEMIA. (From Bondy et al, Metabolic Control and Disease, 8th ed, pp468-70; Dorland, 27th ed)

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Weight loss with a low-carbohydrate, Mediterranean, or low-fat diet
    Iris Shai
    S Daniel Abraham Center for Health and Nutrition, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheva, Israel
    N Engl J Med 359:229-41. 2008
  2. pmc Comparison of weight-loss diets with different compositions of fat, protein, and carbohydrates
    Frank M Sacks
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, USA
    N Engl J Med 360:859-73. 2009
  3. ncbi A low-carbohydrate as compared with a low-fat diet in severe obesity
    Frederick F Samaha
    Philadelphia Veterans Affairs Medical Center, University of Pennsylvania Medical Center, Philadelphia, USA
    N Engl J Med 348:2074-81. 2003
  4. pmc Benefit of low-fat over low-carbohydrate diet on endothelial health in obesity
    Shane A Phillips
    Department of Medicine, Cardiovascular Center, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, USA
    Hypertension 51:376-82. 2008
  5. ncbi Effect of weight loss on LDL and HDL kinetics in the metabolic syndrome: associations with changes in plasma retinol-binding protein-4 and adiponectin levels
    Theodore W K Ng
    School of Medicine and Pharmacology, Metabolic Research Centre, University of Western Australia, New South Wales, Australia
    Diabetes Care 30:2945-50. 2007
  6. ncbi [Long-term followup of primary intestinal lymphangiectasia in the child. Six case reports]
    A Munck
    Service de gastroentérologie et nutrition pédiatriques, Hopital Robert Debre, 48, boulevard Serurier, 75019 Paris, France
    Arch Pediatr 9:388-91. 2002
  7. ncbi Effects of low-carbohydrate vs low-fat diets on weight loss and cardiovascular risk factors: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials
    Alain J Nordmann
    Basel Institute for Clinical Epidemiology, University Hospital Basel, Hebelstrasse 10, CH 4031 Basel, Switzerland
    Arch Intern Med 166:285-93. 2006
  8. ncbi Dietary fat is not a major determinant of body fat
    Walter C Willett
    Department of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    Am J Med 113:47S-59S. 2002
  9. ncbi A randomized trial comparing a very low carbohydrate diet and a calorie-restricted low fat diet on body weight and cardiovascular risk factors in healthy women
    Bonnie J Brehm
    University of Cincinnati and Children s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio 45221 0038, USA
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 88:1617-23. 2003
  10. ncbi A randomized trial of a low-carbohydrate diet for obesity
    Gary D Foster
    University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 19104 3309, USA
    N Engl J Med 348:2082-90. 2003

Detail Information

Publications204 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Weight loss with a low-carbohydrate, Mediterranean, or low-fat diet
    Iris Shai
    S Daniel Abraham Center for Health and Nutrition, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheva, Israel
    N Engl J Med 359:229-41. 2008
    ..Trials comparing the effectiveness and safety of weight-loss diets are frequently limited by short follow-up times and high dropout rates...
  2. pmc Comparison of weight-loss diets with different compositions of fat, protein, and carbohydrates
    Frank M Sacks
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, USA
    N Engl J Med 360:859-73. 2009
    ..The possible advantage for weight loss of a diet that emphasizes protein, fat, or carbohydrates has not been established, and there are few studies that extend beyond 1 year...
  3. ncbi A low-carbohydrate as compared with a low-fat diet in severe obesity
    Frederick F Samaha
    Philadelphia Veterans Affairs Medical Center, University of Pennsylvania Medical Center, Philadelphia, USA
    N Engl J Med 348:2074-81. 2003
    ..The effects of a carbohydrate-restricted diet on weight loss and risk factors for atherosclerosis have been incompletely assessed...
  4. pmc Benefit of low-fat over low-carbohydrate diet on endothelial health in obesity
    Shane A Phillips
    Department of Medicine, Cardiovascular Center, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, USA
    Hypertension 51:376-82. 2008
    ..Despite similar degrees of weight loss and changes blood pressure, LF diets improved brachial artery flow-mediated dilation over LC diets. LF diets may confer greater cardiovascular protection than LC diets...
  5. ncbi Effect of weight loss on LDL and HDL kinetics in the metabolic syndrome: associations with changes in plasma retinol-binding protein-4 and adiponectin levels
    Theodore W K Ng
    School of Medicine and Pharmacology, Metabolic Research Centre, University of Western Australia, New South Wales, Australia
    Diabetes Care 30:2945-50. 2007
    ..The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of weight loss on LDL and HDL kinetics and plasma retinol-binding protein-4 (RBP-4) and adiponectin levels in men with the metabolic syndrome...
  6. ncbi [Long-term followup of primary intestinal lymphangiectasia in the child. Six case reports]
    A Munck
    Service de gastroentérologie et nutrition pédiatriques, Hopital Robert Debre, 48, boulevard Serurier, 75019 Paris, France
    Arch Pediatr 9:388-91. 2002
    ..Only very few studies evaluate the long term follow up of such patients. We reviewed six children diagnosed at 17 +/- 12 months and followed for 11 +/- 4.9 years...
  7. ncbi Effects of low-carbohydrate vs low-fat diets on weight loss and cardiovascular risk factors: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials
    Alain J Nordmann
    Basel Institute for Clinical Epidemiology, University Hospital Basel, Hebelstrasse 10, CH 4031 Basel, Switzerland
    Arch Intern Med 166:285-93. 2006
    ..Low-carbohydrate diets have become increasingly popular for weight loss. However, evidence from individual trials about benefits and risks of these diets to achieve weight loss and modify cardiovascular risk factors is preliminary...
  8. ncbi Dietary fat is not a major determinant of body fat
    Walter C Willett
    Department of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    Am J Med 113:47S-59S. 2002
    ..Diets high in fat do not appear to be the primary cause of the high prevalence of excess body fat in our society, and reductions in fat will not be a solution...
  9. ncbi A randomized trial comparing a very low carbohydrate diet and a calorie-restricted low fat diet on body weight and cardiovascular risk factors in healthy women
    Bonnie J Brehm
    University of Cincinnati and Children s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio 45221 0038, USA
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 88:1617-23. 2003
    ..Based on these data, a very low carbohydrate diet is more effective than a low fat diet for short-term weight loss and, over 6 months, is not associated with deleterious effects on important cardiovascular risk factors in healthy women...
  10. ncbi A randomized trial of a low-carbohydrate diet for obesity
    Gary D Foster
    University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 19104 3309, USA
    N Engl J Med 348:2082-90. 2003
    ..Despite the popularity of the low-carbohydrate, high-protein, high-fat (Atkins) diet, no randomized, controlled trials have evaluated its efficacy...
  11. ncbi A randomized controlled trial of a moderate-fat, low-energy diet compared with a low fat, low-energy diet for weight loss in overweight adults
    K McManus
    Department of Nutrition, Brigham and Women s Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 25:1503-11. 2001
    ..Long-term success in weight loss with dietary treatment has been elusive...
  12. ncbi Diets and clinical coronary events: the truth is out there
    William S Yancy
    Division of General Medicine, Department of Medicine, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, USA
    Circulation 107:10-6. 2003
  13. ncbi Weight loss and metabolic benefits with diets of varying fat and carbohydrate content: separating the wheat from the chaff
    Bonnie J Brehm
    College of Nursing, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH 45221 0038, USA
    Nat Clin Pract Endocrinol Metab 4:140-6. 2008
    ..Until more support for specific macronutrient combinations is available, practitioners can recommend an array of diets with moderate amounts of macronutrients, tailored to individual needs and preferences...
  14. ncbi Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha protects against obesity-induced hepatic inflammation
    Rinke Stienstra
    Division of Human Nutrition, Wageningen University, 6700 EV Wageningen, The Netherlands
    Endocrinology 148:2753-63. 2007
    ....
  15. ncbi Efficacy and use of an internet-delivered computer-tailored lifestyle intervention, targeting saturated fat intake, physical activity and smoking cessation: a randomized controlled trial
    Anke Oenema
    Department of Public Health, Erasmus MC, University Medical Center, PO Box 2040, 3000 CA Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Ann Behav Med 35:125-35. 2008
    ....
  16. ncbi An isoenergetic very low carbohydrate diet improves serum HDL cholesterol and triacylglycerol concentrations, the total cholesterol to HDL cholesterol ratio and postprandial pipemic responses compared with a low fat diet in normal weight, normolipidemic w
    Jeff S Volek
    Department of Kinesiology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269 1110, USA
    J Nutr 133:2756-61. 2003
    ....
  17. pmc Demonstration of an E-mailed worksite nutrition intervention program
    Gladys Block
    Public Health Nutrition Program, School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley, 94720, USA
    Prev Chronic Dis 1:A06. 2004
    ..S. population intake does not meet recommendations. Interventions are needed that incorporate effective behavior-change principles and that can be delivered inexpensively to large segments of the population...
  18. ncbi Evaluation of an interactive computer-tailored nutrition intervention in a real-life setting
    Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij
    Ghent University, Department of Movement and Sport Sciences, Belgium
    Ann Behav Med 33:39-48. 2007
    ..Studies testing Web-based computer-tailored education in real-life settings are now needed...
  19. ncbi Effect of calcium and dairy foods in high protein, energy-restricted diets on weight loss and metabolic parameters in overweight adults
    J Bowen
    Department of Physiology, JB University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia
    Int J Obes (Lond) 29:957-65. 2005
    ....
  20. ncbi A low-carbohydrate, ketogenic diet versus a low-fat diet to treat obesity and hyperlipidemia: a randomized, controlled trial
    William S Yancy
    Center for Health Services Research in Primary Care, Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, and Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27705, USA
    Ann Intern Med 140:769-77. 2004
    ..Low-carbohydrate diets remain popular despite a paucity of scientific evidence on their effectiveness...
  21. ncbi A case of recurrent gastrointestinal bleeding and protein-losing gastroenteropathy
    Hans Herfarth
    Department of Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
    Nat Clin Pract Gastroenterol Hepatol 4:288-93. 2007
    ..He had recently recovered from a heart operation, which was performed to reconstruct the right ventricular outflow tract...
  22. ncbi The diet-heart hypothesis: a critique
    Sylvan Lee Weinberg
    Medical Education, Dayton Heart Hospital, Dayton, Ohio 45429, USA
    J Am Coll Cardiol 43:731-3. 2004
    ....
  23. ncbi The effects of low-carbohydrate versus conventional weight loss diets in severely obese adults: one-year follow-up of a randomized trial
    Linda Stern
    Philadelphia Veterans Affairs Medical Center, University of Pennsylvania Medical Center, and Drexel University College of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA
    Ann Intern Med 140:778-85. 2004
    ..A previous paper reported the 6-month comparison of weight loss and metabolic changes in obese adults randomly assigned to either a low-carbohydrate diet or a conventional weight loss diet...
  24. ncbi Effect of high-carbohydrate feeding on triglyceride and saturated fatty acid synthesis
    L C Hudgins
    The Rogosin Institute, Rockefeller University, New York, New York 10021, USA
    Proc Soc Exp Biol Med 225:178-83. 2000
    ..The mediators and health consequences of this dietary effect deserve further study...
  25. ncbi The role of dietary fat in the prevention and treatment of obesity. Efficacy and safety of low-fat diets
    A Astrup
    Research Department of Human Nutrition and Centre for Advanced Food Research, The Royal Veterinary and Agricultural University, Rolighedsvej 30, 1958 Frederiksberg C, Denmark
    Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 25:S46-50. 2001
    ..Does dietary fat play a central role in weight gain and development of obesity? Do low-fat diets have adverse effects on blood lipids?..
  26. ncbi Effect of lifestyle changes on atherogenic lipids and endothelial cell adhesion molecules in young adults with familial premature coronary heart disease
    Serena Tonstad
    Department of Preventive Cardiology, Center for Clinical Research, Ulleval University Hospital, Oslo, Norway
    Am J Cardiol 95:1187-91. 2005
    ..05 between groups). These findings indicate that dietary modification and smoking cessation are feasible in young adults with familial premature CHD and document novel mechanisms by which lifestyle modification may reduce CHD risk...
  27. ncbi Comparison of high-fat and high-protein diets with a high-carbohydrate diet in insulin-resistant obese women
    K A McAuley
    Edgar National Centre for Diabetes Research, Medical and Surgical Sciences, University of Otago, PO Box 56, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Diabetologia 48:8-16. 2005
    ..We report on a randomised trial that compared these two alternative approaches with a conventional diet in overweight insulin-resistant women...
  28. ncbi A randomized trial comparing low-fat and low-carbohydrate diets matched for energy and protein
    C J Segal-Isaacson
    Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY 10461, USA
    Obes Res 12:130S-40S. 2004
    ..Compliance was excellent with both diets, and side effects were mild, although participants reported more food cravings and bad breath on the VLC diet and more burping and flatulence on the LF diet...
  29. ncbi The role of energy expenditure in the differential weight loss in obese women on low-fat and low-carbohydrate diets
    Bonnie J Brehm
    R D, University of Cincinnati, P O Box 210038, Cincinnati, Ohio 45221 0038, USA
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 90:1475-82. 2005
    ..The differential weight loss is not explained by differences in REE, TEF, or physical activity and likely reflects underreporting of food consumption by the low-fat dieters...
  30. ncbi The national cholesterol education program diet vs a diet lower in carbohydrates and higher in protein and monounsaturated fat: a randomized trial
    Y Wady Aude
    Agatston Research Institute, Miami Beach, FL, USA
    Arch Intern Med 164:2141-6. 2004
    ....
  31. ncbi Effects of a low-fat diet compared with those of a high-monounsaturated fat diet on body weight, plasma lipids and lipoproteins, and glycemic control in type 2 diabetes
    Glenn T Gerhard
    Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Clinical Nutrition, Oregon Health and Science University, 3181 SW Sam Jackson Park Road, Portland, OR 97239 3098, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 80:668-73. 2004
    ..Compared with diets higher in monounsaturated fat, however, eucaloric low-fat diets may increase plasma triacylglycerol concentrations and worsen glycemic control in persons with type 2 diabetes...
  32. ncbi Is Atkins dead (again)?
    M E J Lean
    Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis 14:61-5. 2004
    ....
  33. ncbi Comparison of a low-fat diet to a low-carbohydrate diet on weight loss, body composition, and risk factors for diabetes and cardiovascular disease in free-living, overweight men and women
    Kelly A Meckling
    Department of Human Biology and Nutritional Sciences, University of Guelph, Guelph, N1G 2W1 Ontario, Canada
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 89:2717-23. 2004
    ..These data suggest that energy restriction achieved by a very LC diet is equally effective as a LF diet strategy for weight loss and decreasing body fat in overweight and obese adults...
  34. ncbi Attempting to lose weight: specific practices among U.S. adults
    Judy Kruger
    Center for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Division of Nutrition and Physical Activity, Atlanta, Georgia 30341 3724, USA
    Am J Prev Med 26:402-6. 2004
    ..This paper examines the prevalence of specific weight-loss practices among U.S. adults trying to lose weight...
  35. ncbi Augmenting leptin circadian rhythm following a weight reduction in diet-induced obese rats: short- and long-term effects
    Anne Buison
    Department of Nutrition and Food Science, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI, USA
    Metabolism 53:782-9. 2004
    ..Exogenous leptin treatment may, in the long run, increase leptin resistance in diet-induced obese animals. Hence, long-term leptin treatment may not be beneficial to obese individuals consuming a HF diet...
  36. ncbi Two important exceptions to the relationship between energy density and fat content: foods with reduced-fat claims and high-fat vegetable-based dishes
    Helen A La Fontaine
    School of Health Sciences, Deakin University, 221 Burwood Highway, Melbourne, Victoria 3125, Australia
    Public Health Nutr 7:563-8. 2004
    ..To test the hypothesis that many foods with reduced-fat (RF) claims are relatively energy-dense and that high-fat (HF) vegetable-based dishes are relatively energy-dilute...
  37. ncbi A low-fat intake and greater activity level are associated with lower weight regain 3 years after completing a very-low-calorie diet
    Maureen S Leser
    NIH Clinical Center Nutrition Department, National Institutes of Health, Building 19, B1S234, 10 Center Drive, Bethesda, MD 20892 1078, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 102:1252-6. 2002
    ..To examine the roles of diet, exercise, and lifestyle factors in determining long-term weight regain after weight loss with a very-low-calorie diet (VLCD)...
  38. ncbi Very low-carbohydrate and low-fat diets affect fasting lipids and postprandial lipemia differently in overweight men
    Matthew J Sharman
    Department of Kinesiology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269 1110, USA
    J Nutr 134:880-5. 2004
    ..05)...
  39. ncbi Influence of Lys656Asn polymorphism of leptin receptor gene on leptin response secondary to two hypocaloric diets: a randomized clinical trial
    D A de Luis
    Institute of Endocrinology and Nutrition, Medicine School and Unit of Investigation, Hospital Rio Hortega, University of Valladolid, RD056 0013 Valladolid, Spain
    Ann Nutr Metab 52:209-14. 2008
    ..Human obesity is characterized by high levels of leptin, and it has been suggested that obese patients may be leptin-resistant...
  40. ncbi The effect of liposuction and diet on ghrelin, adiponectin, and leptin levels in obese Zucker rats
    Jeffrey E Schreiber
    Division of Plastic Surgery, The Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Plast Reconstr Surg 117:1829-35. 2006
    ..In addition, they altered the fat and carbohydrate content of the rats' postoperative diets to determine whether diet affects hormonal levels and/or liposuction outcome...
  41. ncbi Efficacy of lifestyle modification for long-term weight control
    Thomas A Wadden
    University of Pennsylvania, 3535 Market Street, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA
    Obes Res 12:151S-62S. 2004
    ..g., low-fat vs. low-carbohydrate diets) on long-term changes in weight and health. Research also is needed on effective methods of providing comprehensive weight loss control to the millions of Americans who need it...
  42. ncbi A reliable, valid questionnaire indicates that preference for dietary fat declines when following a reduced-fat diet
    Jenny H Ledikwe
    Department of Nutritional Sciences, The Pennsylvania State University, 226 Henderson Building, University Park, PA 16802, USA
    Appetite 49:74-83. 2007
    ..The Fat Preference Questionnaire is a stable, easily-administered instrument that can be used in research and clinical settings...
  43. ncbi Responses of inflammatory markers to a low-fat, high-carbohydrate diet: effects of energy intake
    Sidika E Kasim-Karakas
    Division of Endocrinology, Clinical Nutrition and Vascular Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, University of California at Davis, 4150 V Street, PSSB Suite G400, Sacramento, CA 94817, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 83:774-9. 2006
    ..Inflammation contributes to atherogenesis. Dietary fats may be proinflammatory...
  44. ncbi Short-term meal replacements followed by dietary macronutrient restriction enhance weight loss in polycystic ovary syndrome
    Lisa J Moran
    Discipline of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research Centre for Reproductive Health, School of Paediatrics and Reproductive Health, Adelaide, Australia
    Am J Clin Nutr 84:77-87. 2006
    ..Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), a common condition in women, improves with weight loss. Meal replacements in short-term weight loss and strategies for weight maintenance have not been investigated in PCOS...
  45. ncbi Plasma C-reactive protein concentration is not affected by isocaloric dietary fat reduction
    Mikhail S Koren
    University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, Washington, USA
    Nutrition 22:444-8. 2006
    ..However, it remains unclear whether dietary fat has an effect independent from weight change on markers of inflammation...
  46. ncbi Popular weight reduction diets
    Stella Lucia Volpe
    School of Nursing, Division of Biobehavioral and Health Sciences, University of Pennsylvania, Nursing Education Building, 420 Guardian Drive, Philadelphia, PA 19104 6096, USA
    J Cardiovasc Nurs 21:34-9. 2006
    ..In addition, the role that the environment plays on both diet and exercise and how they impact obesity will be addressed. Finally, the National Weight Control Registry will be discussed...
  47. ncbi Randomized, multi-center trial of two hypo-energetic diets in obese subjects: high- versus low-fat content
    M Petersen
    Institute of Human Nutrition, The Royal Veterinary and Agricultural University, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Int J Obes (Lond) 30:552-60. 2006
    ..To investigate whether a hypo-energetic low-fat diet is superior to a hypo-energetic high-fat diet for the treatment of obesity...
  48. ncbi The comparative and cumulative effects of a dietary restriction and exercise on weight loss
    C L Dunn
    Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, 55454, USA
    Int J Obes (Lond) 30:112-21. 2006
    ..To assess the independence of changes made in diet and physical activity for weight loss; and, to examine the comparative and cumulative effects of these behavioral changes on weight loss outcomes...
  49. ncbi A review: which dietary plan is best for your patients seeking weight loss and sustained weight management?
    Christy C Tangney
    Dis Mon 51:284-316. 2005
  50. ncbi The role of dietary fat in obesity
    Arne Astrup
    Department of Human Nutrition, Centre for Advanced Food Studies, The Royal Veterinary and Agricultural University, Frederiksberg, Denmark
    Semin Vasc Med 5:40-7. 2005
    ..Current evidence indicates that the best diet for prevention of weight gain, obesity, type 2 diabetes, and cardiovascular disease is low in fat and sugar-rich beverages and high in carbohydrates, fiber, grains, and protein...
  51. ncbi [Low-carbohydrate, high-fat diets: efficacy and safety]
    Longina Kłosiewicz-Latoszek
    Poradnia Chorób Metabolicznych, Instytutu Zywności i Zywienia, Warszawie
    Pol Arch Med Wewn 112:1505-11. 2004
  52. ncbi [Obese children lipid profile: effects of hypocaloric diet and aerobic physical exercise]
    Erika B Parente
    Departamento de Clinica Medica, Hospital das Clinicas, Faculdade de Medicina, USP, Av Higienpolis 968, 01238 000 São Paulo, SP
    Arq Bras Endocrinol Metabol 50:499-504. 2006
    ....
  53. ncbi Fat simple--a nursing tool for client education
    Jo Janssen
    Nelson Marlborough Institute of Technology, Nelson
    Nurs Prax N Z 22:21-32. 2006
    ..It should provide a way forward in an increasingly contentious area of practice...
  54. ncbi Long-term dietary compensation for added sugar: effects of supplementary sucrose drinks over a 4-week period
    Marie Reid
    Psychology Department, Queen Margaret University College, Edinburgh, UK
    Br J Nutr 97:193-203. 2007
    ..Expectancies influenced mood only during baseline week. It is concluded that sucrose satiates, rather than stimulates, appetite or negative mood in normal-weight subjects...
  55. ncbi Fad diets and obesity--Part IV: Low-carbohydrate vs. low-fat diets
    Mark A Moyad
    University of Michigan Medical Center, Department of Urology, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
    Urol Nurs 25:67-70. 2005
    ..The decision to go on any diet should be made with a health professional who can monitor the patient closely...
  56. ncbi Comparison of the effects on insulin resistance and glucose tolerance of 6-mo high-monounsaturated-fat, low-fat, and control diets
    Anette Due
    Department of Human Nutrition, Centre for Advanced Food Studies, Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Frederiksberg C, Denmark
    Am J Clin Nutr 87:855-62. 2008
    ..The effect of dietary fat and carbohydrate on glucose metabolism has been debated for decades...
  57. ncbi Randomized controlled trial comparing a low-fat diet with a weight-reduction diet in breast cancer-related lymphedema
    Clare Shaw
    Royal Marsden NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK
    Cancer 109:1949-56. 2007
    ..The aim of the study was to compare the effect of 2 dietary interventions on excess arm volume in BCRL...
  58. ncbi Diet, obesity, and cardiovascular risk
    Robert O Bonow
    Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, USA
    N Engl J Med 348:2057-8. 2003
  59. ncbi Effects of advice on dietary intake and/or physical activity on body composition, blood lipids and insulin resistance following a low-fat, sucrose-containing, high-carbohydrate, energy-restricted diet
    Lesley Kirkwood
    Centre for Nutrition and Food Research, Queen Margaret University College, Edinburgh, UK
    Int J Food Sci Nutr 58:383-97. 2007
    ..To determine the effect of dietary advice in conjunction with advice to increase physical activity on the body composition, blood lipid and insulin profiles in overweight women...
  60. ncbi Effects of a vegetarian diet and treatment preference on biochemical and dietary variables in overweight and obese adults: a randomized clinical trial
    Lora E Burke
    University of Pittsburgh School of Nursing, Pittsburgh, PA 15261, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 86:588-96. 2007
    ..A vegetarian diet may lead to numerous health benefits, including weight loss...
  61. pmc Comparison of a low carbohydrate and low fat diet for weight maintenance in overweight or obese adults enrolled in a clinical weight management program
    James D LeCheminant
    Department of Kinesiology and Health Education, Southern Illinois University Edwardsville, Edwardsville, USA
    Nutr J 6:36. 2007
    ..The purpose of this study was to compare body weight (BW) for participants in a clinical weight management program, consuming a LC or LF weight maintenance diet for 6 months following weight loss...
  62. ncbi Carbohydrate quantity and quality in relation to body mass index
    Glenn A Gaesser
    Department of Human Services, University of Virginia, Charlottesville 22904 4407, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 107:1768-80. 2007
    ..Because overall dietary quality tends to be higher for high-carbohydrate diets, a low-fat dietary strategy with emphasis on fiber-rich carbohydrates, particularly cereal fiber, may be beneficial for health and weight control...
  63. ncbi Weight regain after sustained weight reduction is accompanied by suppressed oxidation of dietary fat and adipocyte hyperplasia
    Matthew R Jackman
    University of Colorado Denver, Center for Human Nutrition, PO Box 6511, F 8305, Aurora, CO 80045, USA
    Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 294:R1117-29. 2008
    ..These observations provide evidence of adaptations in the oxidation and trafficking of dietary fat that extend beyond the energy imbalance, which facilitate rapid, efficient regain during the relapse to obesity...
  64. ncbi [Significance of nutrition in obesity]
    J G Wechsler
    Abteilung Innere Medizin, Krankenhaus Barmherzige Brüder München, Romanstrasse 93, 80639, Munchen, Germany
    Internist (Berl) 48:1093-9. 2007
    ..Preventive measures focusing on nutrition should lay the foundation in kindergartens and schools to control the epidemic-like spread of obesity...
  65. ncbi A randomized controlled trial of weight reduction as a treatment for breast cancer-related lymphedema
    Clare Shaw
    Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Royal Marsden National Health Service Foundation Trust, London, United Kingdom
    Cancer 110:1868-74. 2007
    ..The objective of this study was to examine weight reduction as a treatment for breast cancer-related lymphedema...
  66. ncbi [Energy and macronutirents intake by overweight and obese children aged 7-12]
    Aneta Czerwonogrodzka
    Zakład Zywienia Człowieka, Akademia Medyczna w Warszawie, 01 445 Warszawa
    Rocz Panstw Zakl Hig 58:53-60. 2007
    ..05). The intakes of energy and fat need to be monitored in this group of population, since their overeating can predispose to diet-related diseases, such as cardiovascular in adulthood...
  67. ncbi Effect of macronutrient composition on postprandial peptide YY levels
    Paulina A Essah
    Departments of Internal Medicine, Virginia Commonwealth University School of Medicine, Richmond, Virginia 23298 0111, USA
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 92:4052-5. 2007
    ..The amount of PYY released is proportional to calories ingested. Fat ingestion has also been reported to stimulate PYY release...
  68. ncbi Low-fat diets are preferred
    Eric Jéquier
    Institute of Physiology, University of Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland
    Am J Med 113:41S-46S. 2002
    ..There is no evidence showing that the small physiologic reduction of plasma highdensity lipoprotein cholesterol levels with a low-fat diet is detrimental...
  69. ncbi Effect of low-fat and/or low-energy diets on anthropometric measures in participants of the women's diet study
    Zora Djuric
    Barbara Ann Karmanos Cancer Institute, Detroit, Michigan 48201, USA
    J Am Coll Nutr 21:38-46. 2002
    ..To compare the effects of low-fat, low-energy and combination low-fat/low-energy intervention on changes in six anthropometric measures in Caucasian and African-American free-living women...
  70. ncbi Low carbohydrate, high fat diet increases C-reactive protein during weight loss
    Janet W Rankin
    Department of Human Nutrition, Foods, and Exercise, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA 24061 0430, USA
    J Am Coll Nutr 26:163-9. 2007
    ..Our objective was to evaluate the effect of weight loss diet composition (low carbohydrate, high fat, LC or high carbohydrate, low fat, HC) on inflammation and to determine whether this was related to oxidative stress...
  71. ncbi Should we recommend low-fat diets for obesity?
    S Pirozzo
    School of Population Health, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia
    Obes Rev 4:83-90. 2003
    ..In overweight or obese individuals who are dieting for the purpose of weight reduction, low-fat diets are as efficacious as other weight-reducing diets for achieving sustained weight loss, but not more so...
  72. ncbi An ad libitum, very low-fat diet results in weight loss and changes in nutrient intakes in postmenopausal women
    Wendy M Mueller-Cunningham
    Department of Family and Consumers Sciences, California State University, Sacramento, 95819 6053, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 103:1600-6. 2003
    ....
  73. ncbi Low-carbohydrate diets, obesity, and metabolic risk factors for cardiovascular disease
    Frederick F Samaha
    University of Pennsylvania Medical Center, Philadelphia VA Medical Center, 3900 Woodland Avenue, 8th Floor Cardiology MC 111C, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Curr Atheroscler Rep 9:441-7. 2007
    ..These studies should take into consideration that patients with insulin resistance syndromes would be the most likely group to benefit from carbohydrate restriction...
  74. ncbi Impact of carbohydrate and fat intake on weight-reducing efficacy of orlistat
    A Ullrich
    Tiefenthal Hospital, Saarbrucken, Germany
    Aliment Pharmacol Ther 17:1007-13. 2003
    ..Orlistat treatment of obesity results in a poor long-term weight loss (< 5%) in about 30% of patients...
  75. ncbi A reduced-glycemic load diet in the treatment of adolescent obesity
    Cara B Ebbeling
    Division of Endocrinology, Department of Medicine, Children s Hospital Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 157:773-9. 2003
    ..The incidence of type 2 diabetes increases markedly for obese children after puberty. However, the effect of dietary composition on body weight and diabetes risk factors has not been studied in adolescents...
  76. ncbi The effect of high-, moderate-, and low-fat diets on weight loss and cardiovascular disease risk factors
    Richard M Fleming
    Section of Preventive Cardiology, The Camelot Foundation at The Fleming Heart and Health Institute, and the Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE 68114, USA
    Prev Cardiol 5:110-8. 2002
    ..Only patients following HF diets showed a worsening of each cardiovascular disease risk factor (LDL-C, TG, TC, HDL-C, TC/HDL ratio, Ho, Lp(a), and fibrinogen), despite achieving statistically significant weight loss...
  77. ncbi [Dietary recommendations for dyslipidemic individuals]
    M Krempf
    Clinique d'Endocrinologie, , , 44093 Nantes Cedex 1
    Ann Med Interne (Paris) 152:198-200. 2001
    ..Long-term education is needed to encourage the patient to comply with this type of diet. Psycho-behavioral strategies can be useful here...
  78. ncbi [The CARMEN trial: increased intake of carbohydrates--simple or complex--and unchanged blood lipids in overweight subjects]
    Anne Raben
    Forskningsinstitut for Human Ernaering, Levnedsmiddelcentret, Den Kgl Veterinaer og Landbohøjskole, Rolighedsvej 30, DK 1958 Frederiksberg C
    Ugeskr Laeger 164:627-31. 2002
    ..The purpose was to investigate the long-term effect of ad libitum low-fat, high-carbohydrate diets with mainly simple or complex carbohydrates on body weight and blood lipids...
  79. ncbi Low-fat diets and energy balance: how does the evidence stand in 2002?
    Arne Astrup
    The Research Department of Human Nutrition and The Centre for Advanced Food Studies, The Royal Veterinary and Agricultural University, Rolighedsvej 30, DK 1958 Frederiksberg C, Denmark
    Proc Nutr Soc 61:299-309. 2002
    ..The evidence strongly supports the low-fat diet as the optimal choice for the prevention of weight gain and obesity, while the use of a normal-fat high-monounsaturated fatty acid diet is unsubstantiated...
  80. ncbi Fatty acid desaturase regulation in adipose tissue by dietary composition is independent of weight loss and is correlated with the plasma triacylglycerol response
    Lara M Mangravite
    Children s Hospital Oakland Research Institute, Oakland, CA 94609, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 86:759-67. 2007
    ..Atherogenic dyslipidemia associated with elevated plasma triacylglycerol concentrations and reduced HDL is improved by both caloric restriction and reduced carbohydrate consumption...
  81. ncbi Pilot study of dietary fat restriction and flaxseed supplementation in men with prostate cancer before surgery: exploring the effects on hormonal levels, prostate-specific antigen, and histopathologic features
    W Demark-Wahnefried
    Division of Urologic Surgery, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina, USA
    Urology 58:47-52. 2001
    ..Further study is needed to determine the benefit of this dietary regimen as either a complementary or preventive therapy...
  82. ncbi Influences of fat restriction and lipase inhibition on gastric emptying in obesity
    E M H Mathus-Vliegen
    Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Int J Obes (Lond) 30:1203-10. 2006
    ..The aim was to investigate the role of fat restriction and lipase inhibition in CCK release and gastric emptying...
  83. ncbi Peritoneovenous shunting for intractable chylous ascites complicated with lymphangioleiomyomatosis
    Yuko Makino
    Department of Respiratory Medicine, Juntendo University, School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan
    Intern Med 47:281-5. 2008
    ..Peritoneovenous shunt should be considered in LAM patients whose chylous ascites can not be managed with conservative treatments...
  84. ncbi Lower-extremity lymphedema following neck dissection--an uncommon complication after cervical ligation of the thoracic duct
    Jan D Raguse
    Clinic for Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Charité Universitätsmedizin Berlin CVK Augustenburger Platz 1, 13353 Berlin, Germany
    Oral Oncol 43:835-7. 2007
    ..Management of these injuries can be conservative or operative. Conservative treatment consists of fat restricted diet or total parenteral nutrition reducing the volume of chyle production...
  85. ncbi Gallbladder disease in Shetland Sheepdogs: 38 cases (1995-2005)
    Ale L Aguirre
    Departments of Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
    J Am Vet Med Assoc 231:79-88. 2007
    ..To determine risk, clinical features, and treatment responses for gallbladder disorders in Shetland Sheepdogs...
  86. ncbi Glycogen storage disease type III with hypoketosis
    Maria Clemente
    Pediatric Endocrine Service, Children s Hospital Vall d Hebron, Autonomous University of Barcelona and Center for Biomedical Research on Rare Diseases, Barcelona, Spain
    J Pediatr Endocrinol Metab 23:833-6. 2010
    ..The diagnosis of glycogenosis type III was established. Echocardiography performed at that time showed non-obstructive ventricular hypertrophy. Until now hypoketosis during hypoglycemia has only been described in glycogenosis type I...
  87. ncbi [Nutritional management in pancreatoduodenectomy patients]
    Seiji Haji
    Hepato Biliary Pancreatic Division, Department of Surgery, Kinki University School of Medicine, Osakasayama, Japan
    Nihon Geka Gakkai Zasshi 111:27-30. 2010
    ..Oral supplementation of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids can be used in postoperative pancreatic cancer patients...
  88. ncbi Minor long-term changes in weight have beneficial effects on insulin sensitivity and beta-cell function in obese subjects
    A M Rosenfalck
    Department of Endocrinolgy, Hvidovere University Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Diabetes Obes Metab 4:19-28. 2002
    ..To evaluate the long-term effect of changes in body composition induced by weight loss on insulin sensitivity (SI), non-insulin mediated glucose disposal, glucose effectiveness (SG)and beta-cell function...
  89. ncbi Prognostic factors in canine exocrine pancreatic insufficiency: prolonged survival is likely if clinical remission is achieved
    Daniel J Batchelor
    Small Animal Hospital, Department of Veterinary Clinical Science, University of Liverpool, UK
    J Vet Intern Med 21:54-60. 2007
    ..Response to therapy in canine exocrine pancreatic insufficiency (EPI) varies considerably, making it difficult to determine prognosis for individual patients...
  90. ncbi Pandemic obesity and the contagion of nutritional nonsense
    David L Katz
    Yale Prevention Research Center, 130 Division St, Derby, CT 06418, USA
    Public Health Rev 31:33-44. 2003
    ....
  91. ncbi [3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaraturia. Clinical aspects, follow-up and therapy in a young child]
    E Plöchl
    Kinderspital der Landeskrankenanstalten Salzburg
    Klin Padiatr 202:76-80. 1990
    ..A protein and fat restricted diet, but also carnitine supplement was introduced...
  92. ncbi Dyslipidaemia in a boy with recurrent abdominal pain, hypersalivation and decreased lipoprotein lipase activity
    D Matern
    Universitäts Kinderklinik, Freiburg, Germany
    Eur J Pediatr 155:660-4. 1996
    ..Treatment including a fat-restricted diet, omega-3 fatty acids, and nicotinic acid led to long symptoms-free intervals. Symptoms recurred however when the diet was not strictly adhered to...
  93. ncbi Severe hypertriglyceridemia with a history of treatment failure
    Warren H Capell
    Division of Endocrinology, Metabolism, and Diabetes at the University of Colorado at Denver and Health Sciences Center, CO, USA
    Nat Clin Pract Endocrinol Metab 1:53-8; quiz 59. 2005
    ..Once serum triglycerides were controlled, attention was turned to lowering LDL-cholesterol concentration according to The National Cholesterol Education Program, Adult Treatment Panel III guidelines...
  94. ncbi Changes in body weight and metabolic indexes in overweight breast cancer survivors enrolled in a randomized trial of low-fat vs. reduced carbohydrate diets
    Cynthia A Thomson
    University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona 85721, USA
    Nutr Cancer 62:1142-52. 2010
    ..1 ± 36.6; P = 0.01). Significant improvements in weight and metabolic indexes can be demonstrated among overweight breast cancer survivors adherent to either a carbohydrate- or fat-restricted diet...
  95. ncbi Prevention of mouse skin tumor promotion by dietary energy restriction requires an intact adrenal gland and glucocorticoid supplementation restores inhibition
    Jeanne W Stewart
    Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011, USA
    Carcinogenesis 26:1077-84. 2005
    ..However, CCS was more effective in preventing papillomas and carcinomas in DER/ADX mice than in AL/ADX mice, suggesting that other factors may also be involved in the DER prevention of tumor formation...
  96. ncbi The women's health initiative: lessons learned
    Ross L Prentice
    Division of Public Health Sciences, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA 98109 1024, USA
    Annu Rev Public Health 29:131-50. 2008
    ..A specimen repository and quality-controlled outcome data for a range of diseases are among the resources that support the ongoing research program. WHI clinical trial contributions and challenges are reviewed and discussed...
  97. ncbi Dietary strategies for patients with type 2 diabetes in the era of multi-approaches; review and results from the Dietary Intervention Randomized Controlled Trial (DIRECT)
    Sivan Ben-Avraham
    The S Daniel Abraham Center for Health and Nutrition, Department of Epidemilogy, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheva, Israel
    Diabetes Res Clin Pract 86:S41-8. 2009
    ..Furthermore special features of the Mediterranean diet have apparent additional favorable effects for patients with T2DM...
  98. ncbi Adding cognitive behavioural treatment to either low-carbohydrate or low-fat diets: differential short-term effects
    Heriberto Rodriguez-Hernandez
    Mexican Social Security Institute, Predio Canoas No 100, Col Los Angeles, 34067 Durango, Dgo, Mexico
    Br J Nutr 102:1847-53. 2009
    ..These finding support the efficacy of CBT in breaking previous dietary patterns and in developing healthier attitudes that reinforce a healthier lifestyle...
  99. ncbi Rationale and design of the Optimal Macro-Nutrient Intake Heart Trial to Prevent Heart Disease (OMNI-Heart)
    Vincent J Carey
    Channing Laboratory, Harvard Medical School, 181 Longwood Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Clin Trials 2:529-37. 2005
    ..Whether partial replacement of some carbohydrate (C) with either protein (P) or unsaturated fat (U) can further improve these and other cardiovascular (CVD) risk factors is unknown...
  100. ncbi Alteration of dietary fat intake to prevent weight gain: Jayhawk Observed Eating Trial
    Joseph E Donnelly
    Energy Balance Laboratory and Center for Physical Activity, Nutrition, and Weight Management, Schiefelbusch Institute for Lifespan Studies, University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas, USA
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 16:107-12. 2008
    ..To examine the effects of ad libitum diets with three distinct levels of fat intake for the prevention of weight gain in sedentary, normal-weight and overweight men and women...
  101. ncbi Effects of high fruit-vegetable and/or low-fat intervention on breast nipple aspirate fluid micronutrient levels
    Zora Djuric
    Department of Family Medicine, University of Michigan, Room 2150 Cancer and Geriatrics Center, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 0930, USA
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 16:1393-9. 2007
    ..A change in diet is known to affect micronutrient levels in blood but to what extent diet can affect micronutrient levels in the breast is not yet well established...

Research Grants64

  1. DIETARY COMPOSITION, OBESITY, AND CARDIOVASCULAR RISK
    ERNST SCHAEFER; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  2. Plant-Based Dietry Intervention in Type 2 Diabetes
    Neal Barnard; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Glycosylated hemoglobin, insulin concentrations, 24-hour urinary albumin, body weight, blood pressure, serum lipids, and related cardiovascular risk factors will be measured at baseline, 22 weeks, and 74 weeks. ..
  3. Long-term changes in weight and adipokines and the associations with genetic vari
    Lora E Burke; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The proposed study and mentoring strategies will be placed in the context of an area of NINR emphasis - promoting health and preventing disease as it addresses a highly prevalent chronic disorder - overweight and obesity. ..
  4. Improving Self-Monitoring in Weight Loss with Technology
    Lora E Burke; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Subjects will complete assessments at baseline, 6, 12, 18, and 24 months. This innovative study will provide information on the efficacy of combining technological advances with proven behavioral strategies. ..
  5. TREATMENT PREFERENCE AND VEGETARIAN DIET IN WEIGHT LOSS
    Lora Burke; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Additionally, the study will provide information on the role of treatment preference, its effect on behavioral and clinical outcomes, and participants' characteristics by treatment preference. ..
  6. NUTRITION ACADEMIC AWARD
    Robert Knopp; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..It is time to begin aggressive, substantive nutrition educational programs in cardiovascular disease prevention. ..
  7. Parenting To Prevent Problem Behaviors
    John Pierce; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  8. DIETS FOR DYSLIPIDEMIA IN THE METABOLIC SYNDROME
    Robert Knopp; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..reasoning suggest the following hypothesis: Higher fat intake is more beneficial than conventional fat restricted diet in MetS for;1) managing dyslipidemia, 2) reducing inflammatory stress and 3) correcting endothelium-..
  9. Translating ATP III Cholesterol Management Guidelines *
    Charles Eaton; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  10. Oxidative Damage in Smokers and Passive Smokers
    Gladys Block; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..smokers 6) To determine the level of vitamin C required by smokers to attain the plasma vitamin C levels of non-smokers 7) To study the effect of supplemental vitamin C or antioxidant cocktail on other plasma antioxidants ..
  11. LINKING RESOURCES FOR BROWN MEDICAL NUTRITION EDUCATION
    Charles Eaton; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  12. DIETARY INTERVENTION--WOMEN HIGH RISK FOR BREAST CANCER
    Zora Djuric; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The use of biomarkers will allow to evaluate the cancer-protective effects of dietary modulation over a relatively short period of time. ..
  13. RENEW Research-out to Enhance Wellness Older Survivors
    Wendy Demark Wahnefried; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  14. PROMOTING HEALTH IN PROSTATE & BREAST CANCER
    Wendy Demark Wahnefried; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..If effective, this program could be modified, easily disseminated & used in a variety of health care settings, thus having broad public health impact. ..
  15. Prostate Cancer: Impact of Fat & Flaxseed Modified Diet
    Wendy Demark Wahnefried; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..This research has the potential to expand the scope of complementary treatment offered for prostate cancer, and may provide a solid foundation for efforts aimed at prevention. ..
  16. WEIGHT LOSS IN OBESE BREAST CANCER SURVIVORS
    Zora Djuric; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..This study should be useful to determine certain psychosocial are associated with extent of weight loss, and in turn whether weight loss is associated with changes in selected markers of breast cancer risk. ..
  17. ALA & EPA/DHA (w-3) Effects On Inflammatory Markers in Insulin Resistant Adults
    Christopher Gardner; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The adults with the metabolic syndrome selected for this study are those that are at increased risk of heart disease, and those most likely to be benefit from the different therapies tested. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  18. Enhancing Long-Term 5-a-Day Behavior Change in Worksites
    Shirley Beresford; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  19. EFFECTS OF CHANGING SEDENTARY BEHAVIOR IN OBESE CHILDREN
    Leonard Epstein; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Developing a better understanding of why obese youth increase physical activity or decrease energy intake when sedentary behaviors are reduced is important for the treatment of pediatric obesity. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  20. Telehealth for Weight Maintenance of African-American Women
    Ben Gerber; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  21. WORKSITE PROGRAM TO INCREASE FRUIT AND VEGETABLE INTAKE
    Shirley Beresford; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..This rigorous study has the potential to produce an intervention to increase fruit and vegetable intake of demonstrated efficacy, thereby contributing to cancer prevention. ..
  22. Effect of Antioxidants on Inflammatory Markers and FMVD
    Christopher Gardner; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  23. Chromium Effects in Imparied Glucose Tolerance
    David Katz; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..By contributing to knowledge related to potential diabetes prevention strategies, this study addresses one of the more pressing public health issues in the US today. ..
  24. Effect of high dairy, high non-dairy and low calcium diet on weight and fat loss
    JANET WHATLEY BLUM; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  25. Physical Activity Energy Expenditure and Adolescent Obesity
    Maciej Buchowski; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  26. DIETARY OBESITY
    George Bray; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..We now propose these well founded, important and exciting studies which will provide critical new insights into anatomical, physiological and molecular mechanisms by which high levels of dietary fat induce obesity. ..
  27. Dairy Foods and Blood Pressure in Multi-Ethnic Children
    Debra Sullivan; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..If successful, this trial will illustrate a simple, minimal interventions strategy that can be easily disseminated and will diminish health risk in children. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  28. Lifetime body weight and premenopausal breast cancer
    KARIN MICHELS; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  29. Adolescent Diet, Hormones & Breast Cancer Susceptibility
    Joanne Dorgan; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Because diet is a modifiable risk factor, results of this proposed study could be used to develop strategies for prevention. ..
  30. IGNITE Investigation to Guide New Insights for Translational Effectiveness
    DIANE LOUISE ELLIOT; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Once the roadmap for translation is established, extending it broadly to the 30,000 fire departments across the U.S. would allow almost $1 billion dollars a year to be saved and channeled into providing other jobs and services. ..
  31. Promoting Healthy Living: Assessing More Effects
    Diane Elliot; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..We welcome the opportunity to continue our collaborations with other health promotion researchers in address compelling questions and advancing these critical aspects of our nation's health. ..
  32. Food reinforcement-genotype interactions and eating
    Leonard H Epstein; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The findings are relevant to a greater understanding of behavioral and genetic factors related to obesity, as well as providing ideas that may be relevant for treatment interventions for those high in food reinforcement. ..
  33. Older Adults and Specialty Care Use in Managed Care
    Maureen Smith; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The proposed research will provide valuable information to clinicians, policymakers and researchers interested in the effects of managed care and health care providers (i.e., hospitals) on acutely-ill older patients. ..
  34. Promoting Colon Cancer Screening in High-Risk Families
    Dennis Ahnen; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..When completed, this would be the first study to target these high-risk populations for CRC screening and the first study to target colonoscopy as the screening test of choice. ..
  35. Long-term Exercise, Weight Loss and Energy Balance
    Joseph Donnelly; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..We believe the findings from this study could have important implications for exercise guidelines for weight loss. ..
  36. Reducing Risk in Cardiac Rehabilitation: Partners Together in Health (PaTH) Inter
    Bernice Yates; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  37. Validation of an Integrated Heart Rate/Activity Monitor
    Glenn Gaesser; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The PAM system will also be of benefit in sleep studies gait studies, pain management, geriatric stability assessment and fall monitoring, and diagnosis of ADHD, to name lust a few applications. ..
  38. Pilot Study of Genetic and Psychosocial Determinants of HPA Responsivity
    Joanne Dorgan; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  39. Oxidant induced gene expression in vitamin E deficient *
    Kishorchandra Gohil; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..These molecular data may provide the basis for designing more effective protocols for dietary interventions with antioxidants that might ameliorate lung diseases induced by environmental oxidants. ..
  40. Texas ICAN! Initial Evaluation of an Active Curriculum
    John Bartholomew; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..If shown to impact children's physical activity, the resulting curriculum will provide an easy to disseminate tool to aid in the battle against childhood obesity. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  41. Impact of feeding on brain response to food stimuli in lean and obese subjects
    Marie Pierre St Onge; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  42. Assessing African American Adolescent Food Intakes
    Jennifer Di Noia; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The fully developed measure is intended for use as a self-monitoring tool in health promotion programs designed to increase fruit and vegetable consumption among economically disadvantaged Black adolescents. ..
  43. Cancer Risk Reduction through Dietary Intervention
    Jennifer Di Noia; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  44. GLYCEMIC INDEX/GLYCEMIC LOAD AND BLOOD LIPIDS IN THE WHI
    James Shikany; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Existing WHI FFQs will then be reanalyzed to calculate each participant's mean dietary GI and GL. Existing blood glucose, insulin, and lipid data for these WHI participants will be used in the data analyses. ..
  45. Apo A2, C1 and C2 and Diet in human apoB Metabolism
    Frank Sacks; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  46. Dietary Glycemic Load, Body Weight, and Blood Lipids
    Yunsheng Ma; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  47. TAILORING NUTRITION EDUCATION FOR LOW INCOME AUDIENCES
    Kim Gans; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The effectiveness of these interventions will be compared using two dietary assessment tools--a Food Habits Questionnaire and two 24 hour recalls. In addition, the investigators will compare the costs of the different interventions. ..
  48. TEACHING NUTRITION TO PREVENT CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES
    Francine Welty; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..This career award will establish Dr. Walker as a leader in medical education in nutrition, his long-term career goal. ..
  49. PREVENTION OF OBESITY BY ALTERATION OF DIETARY FAT
    Joseph Donnelly; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The results of this study should advance our understanding of the role of dietary fat in the prevention of obesity and weight re-gain. ..
  50. HIV Prevention Among Adolescent Women
    Jennifer Di Noia; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  51. Macronutrients and Cardiovascular Risk
    Lawrence Appel; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  52. Prostate Cancer Development & Growth
    Christina Wang; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The results will provide the important missing link between diet fat and CaP growth and development. ..
  53. MOLECULAR & CLINICAL EVALUATION OF LOW HDL SYNDROMES
    Michael Miller; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Further understanding of the molecular basis of isolated low HDL-C and its potential clinical sequelae (e.g., CAD), may therefore aid in the development of therapeutic strategies to effectively treat this disorder. ..
  54. PREMIER Maintenance Trial(MAINTENANCE)
    Laura Svetkey; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The purpose of this proposal is to develop and test two such interventions, which, if effective, should complement ongoing efforts to stem the obesity epidemic and ultimately prevent obesity-related CVD. ..
  55. WEIGHT LOSS MAINTENANCE TRIAL
    Lawrence Appel; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The purpose of this proposal is to develop and test two such interventions, which, if effective, should complement ongoing efforts to stem the obesity epidemic and ultimately prevent obesity-related CVD. ..
  56. PREMIER--LIFESTYLE INTERVENTION BLOOD PRESSURE CONTROL
    Laura Svetkey; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Results from PREMIER will provide the scientific rationale for routinely implementing comprehensive lifestyle intervention programs to control BP and ultimately prevent BP related cardiovascular disease. ..
  57. Perinatal Infection and Memory
    STACI BILBO; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The duration of memory impairment will also be measured, and a number of memory paradigms will be tested. ..
  58. Pharmacogenetics of the Statin Response
    ERNST SCHAEFER; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..These results can be used to formulate guidelines for identifying elderly subjects for statin treatment to prevent future CHD. ..
  59. Hostility, Race, and Glucose Metabolism
    Richard Surwit; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..These studies will further our understanding of the differences in the etiology of diabetes in these ethnic groups and may help explain the racial disparity in this disease. ..
  60. BEHAVIORAL CORRELATES OF RECURRENCE IN BREAST CANCER
    Bette Caan; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..It will also establish a resource for future studies where predictors of long term survival can be examined ..
  61. COMPARATIVE GENOMIC ANALYSIS OF CARDIOVASCULAR GENE REGU
    Ronald Krauss; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..6) The establishment of an educational program for cardiovascular researchers in the use of genomic databases and tools. ..
  62. Diet, genetics, and CVD risk factor response in Blacks
    Michael Lefevre; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..This information will guide the design of future dietary and lifestyle interventions to combat CVD. ..
  63. ApoB and ApoA-I Kinetics in the ApoB-67 Mutation
    Francine Welty; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The apoB-67 mutation may provide insights into mechanisms of low LDL-C and high HDL-C levels and new and better therapies to lower cholesterol. ..