spinal manipulation

Summary

Summary: Adjustment and manipulation of the vertebral column.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Chronic spinal pain: a randomized clinical trial comparing medication, acupuncture, and spinal manipulation
    Lynton G F Giles
    National Unit for Multidisciplinary Studies of Spinal Pain, The University of Queensland, The Townsville Hospital, Australia
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 28:1490-502; discussion 1502-3. 2003
  2. ncbi Manual therapy and exercise therapy in patients with chronic low back pain: a randomized, controlled trial with 1-year follow-up
    Olav Frode Aure
    Larvik Fysioterapi, Norway
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 28:525-31; discussion 531-2. 2003
  3. ncbi Neurophysiological effects of spinal manipulation
    Joel G Pickar
    Palmer Center for Chiropractic Research, 1000 Brady Street, Davenport, IA 52803, USA
    Spine J 2:357-71. 2002
  4. ncbi A review of the evidence for the effectiveness, safety, and cost of acupuncture, massage therapy, and spinal manipulation for back pain
    Daniel C Cherkin
    Group Health Cooperative and University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98101, USA
    Ann Intern Med 138:898-906. 2003
  5. ncbi A Cochrane review of manipulation and mobilization for mechanical neck disorders
    Anita R Gross
    McMaster University, Faculty of Health Sciences, School of Rehabilitation Sciences, Institute of Applied Health Sciences, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 29:1541-8. 2004
  6. ncbi The audible pop is not necessary for successful spinal high-velocity thrust manipulation in individuals with low back pain
    Timothy W Flynn
    US Army Baylor University Graduate Program in Physical Therapy, San Houston, Texas, 78234 6138, USA
    Arch Phys Med Rehabil 84:1057-60. 2003
  7. pmc A systematic review of systematic reviews of spinal manipulation
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter EX2 4NT, UK
    J R Soc Med 99:192-6. 2006
  8. ncbi Which subgroups of patients with non-specific neck pain are more likely to benefit from spinal manipulation therapy, physiotherapy, or usual care?
    Jasper Mattijs Schellingerhout
    Department of General Practice, Erasmus Medical Centre, CA Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Pain 139:670-80. 2008
  9. ncbi Comparison of posteroanterior spinal stiffness measures to clinical and demographic findings at baseline in patients enrolled in a clinical study of spinal manipulation for low back pain
    Edward F Owens
    Palmer Center for Chiropractic Research, Davenport, Iowa 52803, USA
    J Manipulative Physiol Ther 30:493-500. 2007
  10. pmc Validation of the cat as a model for the human lumbar spine during simulated high-velocity, low-amplitude spinal manipulation
    Allyson Ianuzzi
    Department of Biomedical Engineering, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY 11794, USA
    J Biomech Eng 132:071008. 2010

Detail Information

Publications194 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Chronic spinal pain: a randomized clinical trial comparing medication, acupuncture, and spinal manipulation
    Lynton G F Giles
    National Unit for Multidisciplinary Studies of Spinal Pain, The University of Queensland, The Townsville Hospital, Australia
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 28:1490-502; discussion 1502-3. 2003
    ..A randomized controlled clinical trial was conducted...
  2. ncbi Manual therapy and exercise therapy in patients with chronic low back pain: a randomized, controlled trial with 1-year follow-up
    Olav Frode Aure
    Larvik Fysioterapi, Norway
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 28:525-31; discussion 531-2. 2003
    ..A multicenter, randomized, controlled trial with 1-year follow-up...
  3. ncbi Neurophysiological effects of spinal manipulation
    Joel G Pickar
    Palmer Center for Chiropractic Research, 1000 Brady Street, Davenport, IA 52803, USA
    Spine J 2:357-71. 2002
    Despite clinical evidence for the benefits of spinal manipulation and the apparent wide usage of it, the biological mechanisms underlying the effects of spinal manipulation are not known...
  4. ncbi A review of the evidence for the effectiveness, safety, and cost of acupuncture, massage therapy, and spinal manipulation for back pain
    Daniel C Cherkin
    Group Health Cooperative and University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98101, USA
    Ann Intern Med 138:898-906. 2003
    ..Conventional treatments, although widely used, have had limited success. Dissatisfied patients have, therefore, turned to complementary and alternative medical therapies and providers for care for back pain...
  5. ncbi A Cochrane review of manipulation and mobilization for mechanical neck disorders
    Anita R Gross
    McMaster University, Faculty of Health Sciences, School of Rehabilitation Sciences, Institute of Applied Health Sciences, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 29:1541-8. 2004
    ..Our systematic review of randomized trials assessed whether manipulation and mobilization relieve pain or improve function/disability, patient satisfaction, and global perceived effect in adults with mechanical neck disorders...
  6. ncbi The audible pop is not necessary for successful spinal high-velocity thrust manipulation in individuals with low back pain
    Timothy W Flynn
    US Army Baylor University Graduate Program in Physical Therapy, San Houston, Texas, 78234 6138, USA
    Arch Phys Med Rehabil 84:1057-60. 2003
    To determine the relationship between an audible pop and symptomatic improvement with spinal manipulation in patients with low back pain (LBP).
  7. pmc A systematic review of systematic reviews of spinal manipulation
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter EX2 4NT, UK
    J R Soc Med 99:192-6. 2006
    To systematically collate and evaluate the evidence from recent systematic reviews of clinical trials of spinal manipulation.
  8. ncbi Which subgroups of patients with non-specific neck pain are more likely to benefit from spinal manipulation therapy, physiotherapy, or usual care?
    Jasper Mattijs Schellingerhout
    Department of General Practice, Erasmus Medical Centre, CA Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Pain 139:670-80. 2008
    ..subgroups of patients with non-specific neck pain who are more likely to benefit from either physiotherapy, spinal manipulation therapy, or usual care, on the short- and long-term...
  9. ncbi Comparison of posteroanterior spinal stiffness measures to clinical and demographic findings at baseline in patients enrolled in a clinical study of spinal manipulation for low back pain
    Edward F Owens
    Palmer Center for Chiropractic Research, Davenport, Iowa 52803, USA
    J Manipulative Physiol Ther 30:493-500. 2007
    ..The current report is an analysis of the baseline PAS data, with particular emphasis on relationships between PAS and clinical and demographic characteristics...
  10. pmc Validation of the cat as a model for the human lumbar spine during simulated high-velocity, low-amplitude spinal manipulation
    Allyson Ianuzzi
    Department of Biomedical Engineering, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY 11794, USA
    J Biomech Eng 132:071008. 2010
    High-velocity, low-amplitude spinal manipulation (HVLA-SM) is an efficacious treatment for low back pain, although the physiological mechanisms underlying its effects remain elusive...
  11. ncbi Spinal reflex excitability changes after cervical and lumbar spinal manipulation: a comparative study
    J Donald Dishman
    Department of Anatomy, New York Chiropractic College, 2360 SR 89, Seneca Falls, NY 13148, USA
    Spine J 3:204-12. 2003
    b>Spinal manipulation (SM) is a commonly employed nonoperative treatment modality in the management of patients with neck, low back or pelvic pain...
  12. ncbi Atherosclerosis in the vertebral artery: an intrinsic risk factor in the use of spinal manipulation?
    Barbara Cagnie
    Department of Rehabilitation Sciences and Physiotherapy, Ghent University, De Pintelaan 185, 6K3, 9000, Ghent, Belgium
    Surg Radiol Anat 28:129-34. 2006
    ..plaques and their influence on the vertebral artery is of clinical importance within the scope of spinal manipulation. Manipulation may stimulate the development of atherosclerotic plaques, could detach an embolus with ..
  13. ncbi Active range of motion in the cervical spine increases after spinal manipulation (toggle recoil)
    W Whittingham
    Plymouth Chiropractic Clinic, Plymouth, UK
    J Manipulative Physiol Ther 24:552-5. 2001
    BACKGROUND: It has generally been assumed that spinal manipulation has the biomechanical effect of increasing spinal range of motion...
  14. ncbi Psychological response in spinal manipulation (PRISM): a systematic review of psychological outcomes in randomised controlled trials
    Nefyn H Williams
    Department of General Practice, Cardiff University, Centre for Health Services Research North Wales Clinical School, Gwenfro Building, Wrecsam Technology Park, Wrecsam LL13 7YP, United Kingdom
    Complement Ther Med 15:271-83. 2007
    The most important risk factors for back and neck pain are psychosocial. Nevertheless, systematic reviews of spinal manipulation have concentrated on pain and spine related disability, and ignored psychological outcomes.
  15. ncbi Spinal reflex attenuation associated with spinal manipulation
    J D Dishman
    Department of Anatomy, New York Chiropractic College, Seneca Falls, New York 13148, USA
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 25:2519-24;discussion 2525. 2000
    This study evaluated the effect of lumbosacral spinal manipulation with thrust and spinal mobilization without thrust on the excitability of the alpha motoneuronal pool in human subjects without low back pain.
  16. ncbi [Spinal manipulation: survey of French medical physicians who graduated with the national diploma of osteopathy from Strasbourg University]
    G Egizii
    Service de médecine physique et réadaptation, Hopitaux Universitaires de Strasbourg, 67098 Strasbourg Cedex, France
    Ann Readapt Med Phys 48:623-31. 2005
    The use of spinal manipulation (SM) is widespread, particularly in English-speaking countries, where many studies are published showing its popularity...
  17. ncbi Spinal manipulation force and duration affect vertebral movement and neuromuscular responses
    Christopher J Colloca
    Biomechanics Laboratory, Exercise and Sport Research Institute, Department of Kinesiology, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ, USA
    Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon) 21:254-62. 2006
    ..Previous study in human subjects has documented biomechanical and neurophysiological responses to impulsive spinal manipulative thrusts, but very little is known about the neuromechanical effects of varying thrust force-time profiles...
  18. ncbi Comparison of effects of spinal manipulation and massage on motoneuron excitability
    J D Dishman
    Department of Anatomy, New York Chiropractic College, Seneca Falls, New York, USA
    Electromyogr Clin Neurophysiol 41:97-106. 2001
    ..of this study was to compare the magnitude and duration of motoneuron inhibition occurring as a sequel to spinal manipulation or paraspinal and limb massage...
  19. ncbi Does the evidence for spinal manipulation translate into better outcomes in routine clinical care for patients with occupational low back pain? A case-control study
    Julie M Fritz
    Division of Physical Therapy, University of Utah, 520 Wakara Way, Salt Lake City, Utah, 84119, USA
    Spine J 6:289-95. 2006
    ..The application of this evidence and its effect on clinical outcomes among patients with occupational low back pain has not been examined...
  20. pmc Comparison of human lumbar facet joint capsule strains during simulated high-velocity, low-amplitude spinal manipulation versus physiological motions
    Allyson Ianuzzi
    Department of Biomedical Engineering, Stony Brook University, Health Sciences Center, T18 030, Stony Brook, NY 11794, USA
    Spine J 5:277-90. 2005
    b>Spinal manipulation (SM) is an effective treatment for low back pain (LBP), and it has been theorized that SM induces a beneficial neurophysiological effect by stimulating mechanically sensitive neurons in the lumbar facet joint capsule (..
  21. ncbi Procedural skills in spinal manipulation: do prerequisites matter?
    John J Triano
    Texas Back Institute, 6300 West Parker Road, Suite 102, Plano, TX 75093, USA
    Spine J 4:557-63. 2004
    b>Spinal manipulation has undergone a resurgence of interest. Developing evidence suggests a relationship between safety, skill and clinical outcome...
  22. ncbi Paraspinal cutaneous temperature modification after spinal manipulation at L5
    Richard A Roy
    Département de kinanthropologie, Universite du Quebec a Montreal, CP 8888, Succursale Centre Ville, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    J Manipulative Physiol Ther 33:308-14. 2010
    ..The purpose of this study was to investigate local paraspinal cutaneous temperature (CT) modifications after spinal manipulative therapy at L5...
  23. ncbi Medication-assisted spinal manipulation
    Frank J Kohlbeck
    Health Services Department, School of Public Health, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, USA
    Spine J 2:288-302. 2002
    The acceptance of spinal manipulation as a reasonable method of treating certain patients with spinal pain over the past decade has led to a renewed interest and increased use of these techniques performed in conjunction with commonly ..
  24. ncbi Nonvascular complications following spinal manipulation
    Jeffrey S Oppenheim
    Section of Neurosurgery, Good Samaritan Hospital, 255 Lafayette Avenue, Suffern, NY 10901, USA
    Spine J 5:660-6; discussion 666-7. 2005
    b>Spinal manipulation is associated with various vascular and nonvascular complications. Most prior studies have focused on the vascular complications.
  25. ncbi Cervical intradural disc herniation after spinal manipulation therapy in a patient with ossification of posterior longitudinal ligament: a case report and review of the literature
    Jung Hao Hsieh
    Department of Neurosurgery, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Change Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan, Republic of China
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 35:E149-51. 2010
    ..Case report and review of the literature...
  26. ncbi Observed changes in lateral abdominal muscle thickness after spinal manipulation: a case series using rehabilitative ultrasound imaging
    Nicole H Raney
    Physical Medicine Flight, Wilford Hall Medical Center, San Antonio, TX, USA
    J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 37:472-9. 2007
    ..Case series...
  27. ncbi An investigation into the production of intra-articular gas bubbles and increase in joint space in the zygapophyseal joints of the cervical spine in asymptomatic subjects after spinal manipulation
    Vincenzo Cascioli
    Welsh Institute of Chiropractic, Wales, UK
    J Manipulative Physiol Ther 26:356-64. 2003
    ..The data obtained before the manipulation were compared with data obtained after the manipulation to determine if significant alterations occurred...
  28. ncbi A clinical prediction rule to identify patients with low back pain most likely to benefit from spinal manipulation: a validation study
    John D Childs
    Wilford Hall Medical Center, Lackland Air Force Base, San Antonio, Texas, USA
    Ann Intern Med 141:920-8. 2004
    Conflicting evidence exists about the effectiveness of spinal manipulation.
  29. ncbi Risks associated with spinal manipulation
    Clare Stevinson
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Sport and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, Exeter, United Kingdom
    Am J Med 112:566-71. 2002
    The aim of this systematic review was to summarize the evidence about the risks of spinal manipulation. Articles were located through searching three electronic databases (MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Library), contacting experts (n =9), ..
  30. ncbi Cervical mobilisation: concurrent effects on pain, sympathetic nervous system activity and motor activity
    M Sterling
    Department of Physiotherapy, University of Queensland, St Lucia, Australia
    Man Ther 6:72-81. 2001
    ..The combination of all findings would support the proposal that SMT may, at least initially, exert part of its influence via activation of the PAG...
  31. ncbi Methodological quality of randomized controlled trials of spinal manipulation and mobilization in tension-type headache, migraine, and cervicogenic headache
    César Fernández-de-Las-Peñas
    Department of Physical Therapy, Occupational Therapy, Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Universidad Rey Juan Carlos, Alcorcon, Madrid, Spain
    J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 36:160-9. 2006
    ..Literature review of quality of clinical trials...
  32. ncbi Spinal manipulation alters electromyographic activity of paraspinal muscles: a descriptive study
    James W Devocht
    Palmer Center for Chiropractic Research, Davenport, Iowa 52803, USA
    J Manipulative Physiol Ther 28:465-71. 2005
    To examine the effect of spinal manipulation on electromyographic (EMG) activity in areas of localized tight muscle bundles of the low back.
  33. pmc The influence of expectation on spinal manipulation induced hypoalgesia: an experimental study in normal subjects
    Joel E Bialosky
    University of Florida Department of Physical Therapy, Gainesville, Florida, USA
    BMC Musculoskelet Disord 9:19. 2008
    ..The purpose of the current study was to determine the effect of subject expectation on hypoalgesia associated with SMT...
  34. pmc Immediate effects of spinal manipulation on thermal pain sensitivity: an experimental study
    Steven Z George
    Department of Physical Therapy, Brooks Center for Rehabilitation Studies, PO Box 100154, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32610 0154, USA
    BMC Musculoskelet Disord 7:68. 2006
    The underlying causes of spinal manipulation hypoalgesia are largely unknown...
  35. ncbi Efficacy of cervical endplay assessment as an indicator for spinal manipulation
    Mitchell Haas
    Division of Research, Western States Chiropractic College, Portland, Oregon 97230, USA
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 28:1091-6; discussion 1096. 2003
    ..Double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial...
  36. ncbi Efficacy of spinal manipulative therapy for low back pain of less than three months' duration
    Manuela L Ferreira
    School of Physiotherapy, University of Sydney, Australia
    J Manipulative Physiol Ther 26:593-601. 2003
    To review the efficacy of spinal manipulation for low back pain of less than 3 months duration...
  37. ncbi A randomized clinical trial of exercise and spinal manipulation for patients with chronic neck pain
    G Bronfort
    Northwestern Health Sciences University, Bloomington, Minnesota, USA
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 26:788-97; discussion 798-9. 2001
    ..A randomized, parallel-group, single-blinded clinical trial was performed. After a 1-week baseline period, patients were randomized to 11 weeks of therapy, with posttreatment follow-up assessment 3, 6, and 12 months later...
  38. pmc Pragmatic application of a clinical prediction rule in primary care to identify patients with low back pain with a good prognosis following a brief spinal manipulation intervention
    Julie M Fritz
    Division of Physical Therapy, University of Utah, 520 Wakara Way, Salt Lake City, UT 84108, USA
    BMC Fam Pract 6:29. 2005
    ..One sub-group that has been identified is patients who respond rapidly to spinal manipulation. The purpose of this study was to examine the association between two factors (duration and distribution of ..
  39. ncbi Training primary care physicians to give limited manual therapy for low back pain: patient outcomes
    P Curtis
    University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599 7595, USA
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 25:2954-60; discussion 2960-1. 2000
    ..Randomized controlled study of standard manual therapy given by 31 generalist physicians to 295 patients, in primary care practice...
  40. ncbi Comparison of short-term response to two spinal manipulation techniques for patients with low back pain in a military beneficiary population
    Thomas G Sutlive
    U S Army Baylor University Doctoral Program in Physical Therapy, 3151 Scott Road, Suite 1303, Fort Sam Houston, TX 78234, USA
    Mil Med 174:750-6. 2009
    ..whether military health care beneficiaries with low back pain (LBP) who are likely to respond successfully to spinal manipulation experience a difference in short-term clinical outcomes based on the manipulation technique that is used.
  41. ncbi Effects of spinal manipulation on trunk proprioception in subjects with chronic low back pain during symptom remission
    Kenneth E Learman
    Department of Physical Therapy, Youngstown State University, Youngstown, Ohio, USA
    J Manipulative Physiol Ther 32:118-26. 2009
    ..The purpose of this study was to examine the immediate effects of spinal manipulative therapy (SMT) on trunk proprioception in subjects with asymptomatic chronic low back pain (CLBP) and determine if those effects lasted 1 week...
  42. ncbi A perspective for considering the risks and benefits of spinal manipulation in patients with low back pain
    John D Childs
    US Army Baylor University Doctoral Program in Physical Therapy, 3151 Scott Rd, Rm 2307, Fort Sam Houston, TX 78234, USA
    Man Ther 11:316-20. 2006
    ..2, 219.2). The results of this study offer an additional perspective for considering the risks and benefits of spinal manipulation and help to inform the integration of current evidence for spinal manipulation into healthcare policy.
  43. ncbi A true blind for subjects who receive spinal manipulation therapy
    Gregory N Kawchuk
    Department of Physical Therapy, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
    Arch Phys Med Rehabil 90:366-8. 2009
    ..To determine if short-duration anesthesia (propofol and remifentanil) can blind subjects to the provision or withholding of spinal manipulative therapy (SMT)...
  44. ncbi Motor-evoked potentials recorded from lumbar erector spinae muscles: a study of corticospinal excitability changes associated with spinal manipulation
    J Donald Dishman
    Department Structure Anatomy, Palmer College of Chiropractic Florida, 477 City Center Pkwy, Port Orange, FL 32129, USA
    J Manipulative Physiol Ther 31:258-70. 2008
    The purpose of this study was to determine if high-velocity, low-amplitude spinal manipulation (SM) altered the effects of corticospinal excitability on motoneuron activity innervating the paraspinal muscles...
  45. ncbi A randomized controlled trial comparing 2 types of spinal manipulation and minimal conservative medical care for adults 55 years and older with subacute or chronic low back pain
    Maria A Hondras
    Palmer Center for Chiropractic Research, Davenport, Iowa 52803, USA
    J Manipulative Physiol Ther 32:330-43. 2009
    ..older patients for low back pain (LBP), but there are no published results of randomized trials examining spinal manipulation (SM) for older adults...
  46. pmc UK Back pain Exercise And Manipulation (UK BEAM) trial--national randomised trial of physical treatments for back pain in primary care: objectives, design and interventions [ISRCTN32683578]
    S Brealey
    Institute of Community Health Sciences, Barts and The London, Queen Mary s School of Medicine and Dentistry, Mile End, London, UK
    BMC Health Serv Res 3:16. 2003
    ..It aims to establish if, when added to best care in general practice, a defined package of spinal manipulation and a defined programme of exercise classes (Back to Fitness) improve participant-assessed outcomes...
  47. ncbi Central neuronal plasticity, low back pain and spinal manipulative therapy
    Robert W Boal
    Basic Science Department, Western States Chiropractic College, Portland, Ore 97230, USA
    J Manipulative Physiol Ther 27:314-26. 2004
    ..Brief descriptions of LTP and LTD and elaboration of the key roles of calcium, glutamate, and glutamate receptors in LTP/LTD are provided as separate appendices...
  48. ncbi Risk factors and precipitating neck movements causing vertebrobasilar artery dissection after cervical trauma and spinal manipulation
    S Haldeman
    Department of Neurology, University of California, Irvine, USA
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 24:785-94. 1999
    ..Potential precipitating events and risk factors for vertebrobasilar artery dissection were reviewed in an analysis of the English language literature published before 1993...
  49. ncbi Manipulation of the cervical spine: risks and benefits
    R P Di Fabio
    Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University of Minnesota, UMHC, Minneapolis 55455, USA
    Phys Ther 79:50-65. 1999
    ..The literature does not demonstrate that the benefits of MCS outweigh the risks. Several recommendations for future studies and for the practice of MCS are discussed...
  50. ncbi First Prize: Central motor excitability changes after spinal manipulation: a transcranial magnetic stimulation study
    J Donald Dishman
    Department of Anatomy, New York Chiropractic College, Seneca Falls, NY, USA
    J Manipulative Physiol Ther 25:1-9. 2002
    The physiologic mechanism by which spinal manipulation may reduce pain and muscular spasm is not fully understood...
  51. pmc Adverse effects of spinal manipulation: a systematic review
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Exeter, UK
    J R Soc Med 100:330-8. 2007
    To identify adverse effects of spinal manipulation.
  52. ncbi Efficacy of spinal manipulation and mobilization for low back pain and neck pain: a systematic review and best evidence synthesis
    Gert Bronfort
    Department of Research, Wolfe Harris Center for Clinical Studies, Northwestern Health Sciences University, 2501 W, 84th Street Bloomington, MN 55431, USA
    Spine J 4:335-56. 2004
    ..clinical trials (RCTs), a substantial number of reviews and several national clinical guidelines, much controversy still remains regarding the evidence for or against efficacy of spinal manipulation for low back pain and neck pain.
  53. ncbi Spinal manipulation for asthma: a systematic review of randomised clinical trials
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter EX2 4NT, UK
    Respir Med 103:1791-5. 2009
    Some clinicians believe that spinal manipulation is an effective treatment for asthma. The aim of this systematic review was to critically evaluate the evidence for or against this claim...
  54. ncbi Factors related to the inability of individuals with low back pain to improve with a spinal manipulation
    Julie M Fritz
    Department of Physical Therapy, University of Pittsburgh, 6035 Forbes Tower, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA
    Phys Ther 84:173-90. 2004
    Although spinal manipulation is one of the few interventions for low back pain supported by evidence, it appears to be underutilized by physical therapists, possibly due to therapists' concerns that a patient may not benefit from the ..
  55. pmc Dose response and efficacy of spinal manipulation for chronic cervicogenic headache: a pilot randomized controlled trial
    Mitchell Haas
    Center for Outcomes Studies, Western States Chiropractic College, 2900 NE 132nd Ave, Portland, OR 97230, USA
    Spine J 10:117-28. 2010
    ..Systematic reviews of randomized controlled trials suggest that spinal manipulative therapy (SMT) is efficacious for care of cervicogenic headache (CGH). The effect of SMT dose on outcomes has not been studied...
  56. pmc A preliminary path analysis of expectancy and patient-provider encounter in an open-label randomized controlled trial of spinal manipulation for cervicogenic headache
    Mitchell Haas
    Dean of Research, Center for Outcomes Studies, Western States Chiropractic College, Portland, OR 97230, USA
    J Manipulative Physiol Ther 33:5-13. 2010
    ..The purpose of this article was to present a preliminary model to identify the effects of expectancy of treatment success and the patient-provider encounter (PPE) on outcomes in an open-label randomized trial...
  57. ncbi Causes of complications from cervical spine manipulation
    T Mann
    Corrimal Physiotherapy, Corrimal, New South Wales 2518
    Aust J Physiother 47:255-66. 2001
    ..It is recommended that the procedures described in the APA guidelines be applied prior to every manipulation, and that manipulation be avoided in the presence of any signs of vertebrobasilar insufficiency...
  58. ncbi A biomechanical model for mechanically efficient cavitation production during spinal manipulation: prethrust position and the neutral zone
    David W Evans
    School of Health and Rehabilitation, Keele University, Staffordshire, UK
    J Manipulative Physiol Ther 29:72-82. 2006
  59. ncbi A comparison of osteopathic spinal manipulation with standard care for patients with low back pain
    G B Andersson
    Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Rush Presbyterian St Luke s Medical Center, Chicago, IL 60612, USA
    N Engl J Med 341:1426-31. 1999
    The effect of osteopathic manual therapy (i.e., spinal manipulation) in patients with chronic and subchronic back pain is largely unknown, and its use in such patients is controversial...
  60. ncbi Efficacy of spinal manipulation for chronic headache: a systematic review
    G Bronfort
    Department of Research, Wolfe Harris Center for Clinical Studies, Northwestern Health Sciences University, Bloomington, MN 55431, USA
    J Manipulative Physiol Ther 24:457-66. 2001
    ..Complementary or alternative therapies are increasingly being used by patients to treat headache pain, and spinal manipulative therapy (SMT) is among the most common of these...
  61. ncbi Spinal manipulative therapy for low back pain. A meta-analysis of effectiveness relative to other therapies
    Willem J J Assendelft
    The Cochrane Back Review Group, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Ann Intern Med 138:871-81. 2003
    ..Low back pain is a costly illness for which spinal manipulative therapy is commonly recommended. Previous systematic reviews and practice guidelines have reached discordant results on the effectiveness of this therapy for low back pain...
  62. ncbi Sources of bias in reviews of spinal manipulation for back pain
    Peter H Canter
    Peninsula Medical School, Complementary Medicine, University of Plymouth, Exeter, UK
    Wien Klin Wochenschr 117:333-41. 2005
    The effectiveness of spinal manipulation as a treatment for back pain remains uncertain and controversial...
  63. ncbi Spinal manipulation: are the benefits worth the risks?
    E Ernst
    Expert Rev Neurother 7:1451-2. 2007
  64. ncbi The effectiveness of spinal manipulation for the treatment of headache disorders: a systematic review of randomized clinical trials
    J A Astin
    California Pacific Medical Center Research Institute, USA
    Cephalalgia 22:617-23. 2002
    To carry out a systematic review of the literature examining the effectiveness of spinal manipulation for the treatment of headache disorders, computerized literature searches were carried out in Medline, Embase, Amed and CISCOM...
  65. ncbi Improved contraction of the transversus abdominis immediately following spinal manipulation: a case study using real-time ultrasound imaging
    Norman W Gill
    US Army Baylor University Post Professional Doctoral Program in Orthopaedic and Manual Physical Therapy, Brooke Army Medical Center, San Antonio, TX 78233, USA
    Man Ther 12:280-5. 2007
  66. ncbi Adverse events associated with pediatric spinal manipulation: a systematic review
    Sunita Vohra
    CARE Program, Department of Pediatrics, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada T6G 2E1
    Pediatrics 119:e275-83. 2007
    b>Spinal manipulation is a noninvasive manual procedure applied to specific body tissues with therapeutic intent. Although spinal manipulation is commonly used in children, there is limited understanding of the pediatric risk estimates.
  67. ncbi Qualitative review of studies of manipulation-induced hypoalgesia
    H Vernon
    Canadian Memorial Chiropractic College, Toronto, Ontario
    J Manipulative Physiol Ther 23:134-8. 2000
    The number of studies that have investigated the direct analgesic effect of a spinal manipulation on spinal or referred pain is small, making knowledge of this crucial aspect of manipulation sparse...
  68. ncbi How common are side effects of spinal manipulation and can these side effects be predicted?
    Barbara Cagnie
    Department of Rehabilitation Sciences and Physiotherapy, Ghent University, DePintelaan 185, 6K3, Ghent 9000, Belgium
    Man Ther 9:151-6. 2004
    Little scientific support is available concerning usual and unusual reactions after spinal manipulation although such reactions are very common in clinical practice...
  69. ncbi Assessment of published reliability studies for cervical spine range-of-motion measurement tools
    K Jordan
    Research Fellow, Centre for Health Planning and Management and Department of Mathematics, Keele University, United Kingdom
    J Manipulative Physiol Ther 23:180-95. 2000
    ..To assess the reliability of tools to measure cervical spine range of motion in clinical settings and discuss the necessary components for reliability studies...
  70. ncbi Spinal manipulation for low-back pain: a treatment package agreed to by the UK chiropractic, osteopathy and physiotherapy professional associations
    E Harvey
    Department of Health Sciences, Alcuin College, University of York, York, UK
    Man Ther 8:46-51. 2003
    ..This paper describes a spinal manipulation package agreed by the UK professional bodies that represent chiropractors, osteopaths and physiotherapists...
  71. ncbi Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis treated by spinal manipulation: a case study
    Kao Chang Chen
    Division of Acupuncture and Chinese Traumatology, Department of TCM, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital Kaohsiung Medical Center, Chang Gung University College of Medicine, Kaohsiung, Taiwan, Republic of China
    J Altern Complement Med 14:749-51. 2008
    ..This report of one case illustrates the potential effect of chiropractic manipulative therapy on back pain and curve progression in the at-risk, skeletally immature patient with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis...
  72. ncbi Spinal manipulation in physical therapist professional degree education: A model for teaching and integration into clinical practice
    Timothy W Flynn
    Department of Physical Therapy, Regis University, Denver, CO 80221 1099, USA
    J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 36:577-87. 2006
    b>Spinal manipulation for low back complaints is an intervention supported by randomized clinical trials and its use recommended by clinical practice guidelines...
  73. pmc United Kingdom back pain exercise and manipulation (UK BEAM) trial: is manipulation the most cost effective addition to "best care"?
    Torill H Tveito
    BMJ 330:674; author reply 674. 2005
  74. ncbi Spinal manipulation for primary and secondary dysmenorrhoea
    M L Proctor
    Cochrane Database Syst Rev . 2006
    ..One possible treatment is spinal manipulation therapy...
  75. ncbi Early intervention for the management of acute low back pain: a single-blind randomized controlled trial of biopsychosocial education, manual therapy, and exercise
    Benedict M Wand
    School of Physiotherapy, University of Notre Dame, Fremantle, WA, Australia
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 29:2350-6. 2004
    ..A single blind randomized controlled trial comparing two models of care for patients with acute simple low back pain...
  76. ncbi Improved activation of lumbar multifidus following spinal manipulation: a case report applying rehabilitative ultrasound imaging
    Alexander K Brenner
    Physical Training and Rehabilitation Program, 46th Adjutant General Battalion Reception, Fort Knox, KY, USA
    J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 37:613-9. 2007
    ..Case report...
  77. ncbi Recruitment and accrual of women in a randomized controlled trial of spinal manipulation
    J A Cambron
    Research Department, National University of Health Sciences, Lombard, Ill 60148, USA
    J Manipulative Physiol Ther 24:79-83. 2001
    ..To report on recruitment efforts and accrual rates for a nonmusculoskeletal chiropractic clinical trial...
  78. pmc Randomised controlled trial of infantile colic treated with chiropractic spinal manipulation
    E Olafsdottir
    Department of Paediatrics, University of Bergen, 5021 Bergen, Norway
    Arch Dis Child 84:138-41. 2001
    To investigate the efficacy of chiropractic spinal manipulation in the management of infantile colic.
  79. ncbi A clinical prediction rule for classifying patients with low back pain who demonstrate short-term improvement with spinal manipulation
    Timothy Flynn
    U S Army Baylor University Graduate Program in Physical Therapy, San Antonio, Texas, USA
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 27:2835-43. 2002
    ..A prospective, cohort study of patients with nonradicular low back pain referred to physical therapy...
  80. ncbi Neuromechanical characterization of in vivo lumbar spinal manipulation. Part II. Neurophysiological response
    Christopher J Colloca
    State of the Art Chiropractic Center, Pheonix, AZ, USA
    J Manipulative Physiol Ther 26:579-91. 2003
    ..To simultaneously quantify vertebral motions and neuromuscular and spinal nerve root responses to mechanical force, manually assisted, short-lever spinal manipulative thrusts...
  81. ncbi Professional responsibility in relation to cervical spine manipulation
    Kathryn M Refshauge
    School of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Health Sciences, The University of Sydney, Lidcombe, NSW
    Aust J Physiother 48:171-9; discussion 180-5. 2002
    ..By taking such measures, we could ensure that our profession exercises wisdom in its monitoring and use of cervical manipulation...
  82. ncbi Two-year follow-up of a randomized clinical trial of spinal manipulation and two types of exercise for patients with chronic neck pain
    Roni Evans
    Northwestern Health Sciences University, Bloomington, Minnesota 55431, USA
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 27:2383-9. 2002
    ..Randomized clinical trial...
  83. ncbi Chiropractic manipulation and stroke: a population-based case-control study
    D M Rothwell
    Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Stroke 32:1054-60. 2001
    ..The rarity of VBAs makes this association difficult to study despite high volumes of chiropractic treatment. Because of the popularity of spinal manipulation, high-quality research on both its risks and benefits is recommended.
  84. ncbi Spinal manipulation causes variable spine kinematic and trunk muscle electromyographic responses
    G J Lehman
    Faculty of Applied Health Sciences, UW Canadian Memorial Chiropractic College Research Clinic, University of Waterloo, Ont, Canada
    Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon) 16:293-9. 2001
    ..Analytic cohort with a convenience sample in a research clinic...
  85. ncbi The short-term effect of spinal manipulation in the treatment of infantile colic: a randomized controlled clinical trial with a blinded observer
    J M Wiberg
    Center for Biomechanics, Odense University, Denmark
    J Manipulative Physiol Ther 22:517-22. 1999
    To determine whether there is a short-term effect of spinal manipulation in the treatment of infantile colic.
  86. ncbi The efficacy of spinal manipulation, amitriptyline and the combination of both therapies for the prophylaxis of migraine headache
    C F Nelson
    Center for Clinical Studies, Northwestern College of Chiropractic, Bloomington, MN 55431, USA
    J Manipulative Physiol Ther 21:511-9. 1998
    Migraine headache affects approximately 11 million adults in the United States. Spinal manipulation is a common alternative therapy for headaches, but its efficacy compared with standard medical therapies is unknown.
  87. ncbi Determining cavitation location during lumbar and thoracic spinal manipulation: is spinal manipulation accurate and specific?
    J Kim Ross
    Spine Biomechanics Laboratory, Faculty of Applied Health Sciences, Department of Kinesiology, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 29:1452-7. 2004
    ..Twenty-eight different clinicians performed thoracic and lumbar spinal manipulative procedures. The range of clinical experience was 1 to 43 years...
  88. ncbi A preliminary investigation into the relationship between cervical snags and sympathetic nervous system activity in the upper limbs of an asymptomatic population
    Andrea Moulson
    School of Paramedic Sciences, Physiotherapy and Radiography, Faculty of Health and Human Science, University of Hertfordshire, College Road, Hatfield, Hertfordshire AL10 9AB, UK
    Man Ther 11:214-24. 2006
    ..The importance of this sympathoexcitatory effect in relation to potential mechanisms for manipulation induced analgesia are discussed, and further areas of research proposed...
  89. ncbi Manual therapy provided by physical therapists in a hospital-based setting: a retrospective analysis
    Chad Cook
    Department of Surgery, Center for Excellence in Surgical Outcomes, Durham, NC, USA
    J Manipulative Physiol Ther 31:338-43. 2008
    ....
  90. ncbi Stretching exercises vs manual therapy in treatment of chronic neck pain: a randomized, controlled cross-over trial
    Jari Ylinen
    Department of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, Jyvaskyla Central Hospital, Keskussairaalantie 19, Jyvaskyla, Finland
    J Rehabil Med 39:126-32. 2007
    ..To compare the effects of manual therapy and stretching exercise on neck pain and disability...
  91. ncbi Thoraco lumbar junction syndrome: a case report
    Deepak Sebastian
    Institute of Manual Physical Therapy, Alternative Rehab Inc, Livonia, MI 48152, USA
    Physiother Theory Pract 22:53-60. 2006
    ..The anatomical and clinical relevance to this scenario is described. The thoracolumbar junction is described as a predominant contributor to the symptomatology. Its complementary role to the lumbosacral junction is enumerated...
  92. ncbi Foraminal stenosis with radiculopathy from a cervical disc herniation in a 33-year-old man treated with flexion distraction decompression manipulation
    Sharina Gudavalli
    Private Practice, Naperville, Ill, USA
    J Manipulative Physiol Ther 31:376-80. 2008
    ..The purpose of this report was to describe the use of Cox flexion distraction decompression manipulation on a patient with radiculopathy from a C6/C7 disc herniation...
  93. ncbi Treatments for back pain: can we get past trivial effects?
    Richard A Deyo
    Ann Intern Med 141:957-8. 2004
  94. ncbi Relation between changes in posteroanterior stiffness and active range of movement of the cervical spine following manual therapy treatment
    Neil Tuttle
    From the School of Physiotherapy and Exercise Science, Griffith University, Gold Coast Campus, Queensland, Australia
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 33:E673-9. 2008
    ..Repeated measures study of active and passive movements in patients with neck pain...
  95. ncbi Changes in neck pain and active range of motion after a single thoracic spine manipulation in subjects presenting with mechanical neck pain: a case series
    César Fernández-de-Las-Peñas
    Escuela de Osteopatía de Madrid, Madrid, Spain
    J Manipulative Physiol Ther 30:312-20. 2007
    ..Our aim was to report changes in neck pain at rest, active cervical range of motion, and neck pain at end-range of cervical motion after a single thoracic spine manipulation in a case series of patients with mechanical neck pain...
  96. ncbi Sick leave reductions from a comprehensive manual therapy programme for low back pain: the Gotland Low Back Pain Study
    J Bogefeldt
    Uppsala University, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Family Medicine Section, Uppsala, Sweden
    Clin Rehabil 22:529-41. 2008
    ..To evaluate if a comprehensive manual therapy programme reduces sick leave due low back pain and facilitates return to work more than the conventional optimized activating care...
  97. ncbi Predictors for immediate and global responses to chiropractic manipulation of the cervical spine
    Haymo W Thiel
    Anglo European College of Chiropractic, Bournemouth, BH5 2DF England, UK
    J Manipulative Physiol Ther 31:172-83. 2008
    ..Patients with nonspecific musculoskeletal disorders may vary in their response to treatment. This study set out to identify the predictors for either improvement or worsening in symptoms for which cervical spine manipulation is indicated...
  98. ncbi [Use of local injections of tolperisone (midocalm) in combination with tractional therapy in the treatment of vertebral static syndrome]
    Ia Iu Zakharov
    Zh Nevrol Psikhiatr Im S S Korsakova 107:30-4. 2007
    ..A quantitative assessment revealed that in the indexed group treatment efficacy was 1,56 times higher and the effect achieved sooner than in the comparison group...
  99. pmc Efficacy of manipulation for non-specific neck pain of recent onset: design of a randomised controlled trial
    Andrew M Leaver
    Back Pain Research Group, Discipline of Physiotherapy, University of Sydney, PO Box 170 Lidcombe NSW 1825 Australia
    BMC Musculoskelet Disord 8:18. 2007
    ..The primary aim of this study is to determine whether neck manipulation provides more rapid resolution of an episode of neck pain than mobilisation...
  100. ncbi Comparison of general exercise, motor control exercise and spinal manipulative therapy for chronic low back pain: A randomized trial
    Manuela L Ferreira
    School of Physiotherapy, Pontificia Universidade Catolica de Minas Gerais, Brazil
    Pain 131:31-7. 2007
    ....
  101. ncbi Efficacy of a C1-C2 self-sustained natural apophyseal glide (SNAG) in the management of cervicogenic headache
    Toby Hall
    School of Physiotherapy, Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia
    J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 37:100-7. 2007
    ..Randomized, double-blind, placebo controlled trial...

Research Grants45

  1. CENTRAL MECHANISMS OF MANIPULATIVE AND BODY-BASED INTERVENTIONS: TRAINING PROGRAM
    Charles W Gay; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..during and after a transient state of pain hypersensitivity, and (2) Measure the immediate effect of spinal manipulation on the synchronized neural activity...
  2. Cost effectiveness of spinal manipulative therapy for seniors with neck pain
    Brent Leininger; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..to become an independent clinical research scientist investigating the clinical and cost effectiveness of spinal manipulation therapy (SMT) for neck and back pain conditions...
  3. Novel Analytical Tools for 3 Dimensional Imaging Studies on Spinal Manipulation
    Nozomu Inoue; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..which have been developed for spine biomechanics, will also be adapted for clinical studies on spinal manipulation. The analyses will include: 3D spinal alignment, 3D kinematics of the spinal motion segment during flexion, ..
  4. Effect of Lumbar Hypo &Hypermobility on Sensory Responses to Spinal Manipulation
    WILLIAM RAY REED; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..For example, individuals with low back pain and spinal hypomobility have been shown to respond better to spinal manipulation than those with spinal joint hypermobility...
  5. Dose-Response of Manipulation for Cervicogenic Headache
    Mitchell Haas; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): There have been a number of studies supporting the efficacy of spinal manipulation, the signature therapy of chiropractic care, for cervicogenic headache (CGH)...
  6. Dose-Response/Efficacy of Manipulation for Chronic LBP
    Mitchell Haas; Fiscal Year: 2010
    There have been a number of studies supporting the efficacy of spinal manipulation, the signature therapy of chiropractic care, for low back pain (LBP)...
  7. Yoga Therapy to Improve Function among Veterans with Chronic Low Back Pain
    Erik J Groessl; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Existing treatments for CLBP such as medication, physical therapy, exercise, and spinal manipulation have been shown to have small to moderate effects...
  8. Automated Connective Tissue Torque Sensor
    Robert T Davis; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..A major obstacle to the incorporation of manual therapies such as massage and spinal manipulation into our health care system is the lack of methods to objectively measure the effect of treatments...
  9. A Comparison of Manual VS. Mechanical Chiropractic Manipulation Methods
    Michael J Schneider; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Systematic reviews of the literature have described at least 42 randomized trials using spinal manipulation as a treatment for LBP, the majority of which utilized some variety of MTM but no high quality studies ..
  10. Utilization and Safety of Chiropractic Care in Older Adults
    James M Whedon; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Specific Aim #2 will evaluate the incidence of stroke and certain stroke subtypes following chiropractic spinal manipulation among adults over 65...
  11. The RELIEF Study
    James S Thomas; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Participants with chronic low back pain will be randomly assigned to one of the three treatment arms: 1) spinal manipulation, 2) spinal mobilization, or 3) sham ultrasound therapy (n=54/treatment arm)...
  12. Automated Connective Tissue Torque Sensor
    Robert Davis; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..A major obstacle to the incorporation of manual therapies such as massage and spinal manipulation into our health care system is the lack of methods to objectively measure the effect of treatments...
  13. Developmental Center to Study Mechanisms & Effects of Chiropractic Manipulation
    Joel G Pickar; Fiscal Year: 2010
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Spinal manipulation is a form of body-based therapy patients often seek for treatment of musculoskeletal complaints...
  14. Developmental Center for Clinical and Translational Science in Chiropractic
    CHRISTINE MARIE GOERTZ; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The central scientific theme of this DCRC I application is to evaluate non-rotary chiropractic spinal manipulation (SM) for cervical spine and related dysfunctions...
  15. Implementing Evidence-Based Treatments for Persistent Back Pain into Primary Care
    Daniel C Cherkin; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..e., spinal manipulation, acupuncture, massage, yoga, cognitive behavioral therapy, progressive relaxation)...
  16. Generalizing a valid control procedure for cervical manipulation to a multiple op
    HOWARD TERRY VERNON; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The largest number of trials involves spinal manipulation as the primary therapy...
  17. Care Choices and Costs for Low Back Pain
    Sylvia Kuo; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..evidence-based guidelines for its treatment recommend both traditional and alternative therapies - such as spinal manipulation - prescribed by medical doctors (MDs) and doctors of chiropractic (DCs), respectively...
  18. A Comparison of Manual VS. Mechanical Chiropractic Manipulation Methods
    Michael Schneider; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The relevance of this research to public health is that chiropractors provide the vast majority of spinal manipulation treatments used for the treatment of low back pain, yet there is a paucity of data on the comparison of the ..
  19. Internal tissues affected by spinal manipulation
    GREGORY KAWCHUK; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..This information will not only help to reduce the tremendous cost and morbidity of back pain, but lead us toward understanding the causes of back pain itself. ..
  20. PILOT STUDY OF SPINAL MANIPULATION FOR CHRONIC NECK PAIN
    Rand Swenson; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..While chiropractors employ several types of treatment, spinal manipulation is the most important and unique of these therapies...
  21. Efficacy of Instrument-Assisted Manipulation Determined by an Animal Model
    ARLAN FUHR; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..of varying times of delivery and force settings of a commercially available instrument used to achieve spinal manipulation, known as the Activator...
  22. Evaluating Yoga for Chronic Low Back Pain
    Karen Sherman; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Although there have been numerous randomized trials evaluating the effectiveness of spinal manipulation and acupuncture for back pain, no trials could be identified that evaluated yoga...
  23. Biomechanics of spinal manipulation using a cat model
    Allyson Ianuzzi; Fiscal Year: 2006
    b>Spinal manipulation (SM) is an effective treatment for low back pain, though the mechanisms by which it is effective remain elusive...
  24. IMPAIRED VERTEBRAL MOBILITY AND BONE MINERAL DENSITY
    KAREN SNIDER; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..of palpatory diagnosis of segmental mobility; and 3) to develop methodology for defining outcomes of spinal manipulation. The major hypotheses to be tested are: 1) Impairment of segmental vertebral mobility is associated with ..
  25. Chiropractic, Medication, and Self-care for Neck Pain
    Gert Bronfort; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..are increasingly seeking relief through complementary and alternative medicine therapies, like chiropractic spinal manipulation. Little is known, however, about the short- and long-term relative efficacy of these therapies and how they ..
  26. Does spinal manipulation speed determine neural response
    Joel Pickar; Fiscal Year: 2002
    The goal of this R21 PROJECT is two-fold: 1) to increase our understanding regarding the effects of spinal manipulation on the nervous system and 2) to seek a scientific basis for the continued investigation of the role of proprioceptors ..
  27. VERTEBRAL POSITION ALTERS MUSCLE SPINDLE SENSITIVITY
    Joel Pickar; Fiscal Year: 2006
    Idiopathic low back pain and the therapeutic use of spinal manipulation make a significant impact clinically, socially, and financially...
  28. NEUROPHYSIOLOGICAL CONSEQUENCES OF LUMBAR FACET MOVEMENT
    Joel Pickar; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..mechanisms that contribute to lumbar spine function; the second is to understand the mechanisms by which spinal manipulation affects low back pain...
  29. Z Joint Changes in Low Back Pain Following Adjusting
    Gregory Cramer; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The results of this study will be used to increase understanding of the mechanism of action of lumbar side posture adjusting and side-posture positioning in acute LBP patients. ..
  30. Dose-Response of Manipulation for Chronic Headache
    Mitchell Haas; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): There have been a number of studies suggesting the efficacy of spinal manipulation, the signature therapy of chiropractic (DC) care, for chronic headache (HA)...
  31. Validation of a novel sham cervical spinal manipulation procedure.
    Howard Vernon; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The largest number of trials involves spinal manipulation as the primary therapy...
  32. Mechanisms of Neural Mobilization for Chronic Pain
    STEVEN GEORGE; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..These data may also provide support for a future clinical trial investigating the efficacy of median nerve NMT for patients with CTS. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  33. Behavioral Interventions for Low Back Pain
    STEVEN GEORGE; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ....
  34. Evaluating Reversible Spinal Fixation in Biped Rats
    Charles Henderson; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..needed to evaluate outcomes that are predicted by current theoretical models explaining the mechanism of spinal manipulation. Our group has recently designed and collected data on a quadruped rat model of the manipulable lesion that ..
  35. Osteopuncture for OA-Associated Knee Pain & Disability
    Debra Weiner; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..In addition, mechanisms of action will be explored, and the impact of osteopuncture on health care costs determined. ..
  36. Motor Control Deficit in Low Back Pain: Cause or Effect?
    Jacek Cholewicki; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The results of the proposed research will have a significant clinical relevance for designing more effective prevention, diagnosis, and rehabilitation strategies for LBP. ..
  37. Functional Impact of PENS for 65+ Chronic Low Back Pain
    Debra Weiner; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ....
  38. Mechanisms and Effects of Chiropractic Manipulation
    William Meeker; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The central scientific theme of the Center is focused on spinal manipulation (SM), low back pain (LBP), and the mechanisms of action of SM...
  39. SERCA2a and Cardiac Alternans: Insights from Gene Therapy
    MICHAEL CUTLER; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Moreover, this will be one of the first investigations of cardiac alternans in HF, the most common setting for SCD. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  40. MECHANICALLY-BASED IMPAIRMENT MEASURES OF LOW BACK PAIN
    Linda Van Dillen; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The proposed experiments are designed to determine the nature of the movement impairments in MLBP and to relate these impairments to specific, everyday activities the persons perform repeatedly. ..
  41. The Mechanism and Function of Lumbosacral Orthoses
    Jacek Cholewicki; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..In addition, data generated from the proposed research will also carry-over into advancing our understanding of the mechanisms and function of ergonomic lumbar supports. ..
  42. Academic Career Developmet Award in CAM
    RALPH GAY; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..This Academic Career Award will provide Dr. Gray with the opportunities and resources necessary to achieve his goal of becoming a respected and recognized expert in CAM treatment of musculoskeletal disorders. ..
  43. Mechanics of non-contact ACL injuries in female athletes
    Christopher Powers; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..