Summary: An activity in which the body advances at a slow to moderate pace by moving the feet in a coordinated fashion. This includes recreational walking, walking for fitness, and competitive race-walking.

Top Publications

  1. pmc Neighborhood-based differences in physical activity: an environment scale evaluation
    Brian E Saelens
    Division of Psychology, Cincinnati Children s Hospital Medical Center and the University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, MLC 3015, 3333 Burnet Avenue, Cincinnati, Ohio 45229, USA
    Am J Public Health 93:1552-8. 2003
  2. pmc Built environment correlates of walking: a review
    Brian E Saelens
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Washington and Children s Hospital and Regional Medical Center, Seattle, WA, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 40:S550-66. 2008
  3. ncbi Understanding environmental influences on walking; Review and research agenda
    Neville Owen
    Cancer Prevention Research Centre, School of Population Health, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
    Am J Prev Med 27:67-76. 2004
  4. ncbi Lower extremity function and subsequent disability: consistency across studies, predictive models, and value of gait speed alone compared with the short physical performance battery
    J M Guralnik
    Epidemiology, Demography and Biometry Program, National Institute on Aging, Bethesda, Maryland 20892 9205, USA
    J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 55:M221-31. 2000
  5. ncbi Understanding physical activity environmental correlates: increased specificity for ecological models
    Billie Giles-Corti
    School of Population Health, The University of Western Australia, Perth, Australia
    Exerc Sport Sci Rev 33:175-81. 2005
  6. pmc Neighborhood built environment and income: examining multiple health outcomes
    James F Sallis
    Department of Psychology, San Diego State University, San Diego, CA 92103, USA
    Soc Sci Med 68:1285-93. 2009
  7. ncbi Active commuting and cardiovascular risk: a meta-analytic review
    Mark Hamer
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, 1 19 Torrington Place, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    Prev Med 46:9-13. 2008
  8. pmc Objective measures of physical capability and subsequent health: a systematic review
    Rachel Cooper
    MRC Unit for Lifelong Health and Ageing, Division of Population Health, University College London, London, UK
    Age Ageing 40:14-23. 2011
  9. ncbi Combinations of muscle synergies in the construction of a natural motor behavior
    Andrea d'Avella
    Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences and McGovern Institute for Brain Research, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 45 Carleton St, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139, USA
    Nat Neurosci 6:300-8. 2003
  10. ncbi Motor patterns in human walking and running
    G Cappellini
    Department of Neuromotor Physiology, Scientific Institute Foundation Santa Lucia, 306 via Ardeatina, 00179 Rome, Italy
    J Neurophysiol 95:3426-37. 2006

Detail Information

Publications362 found, 100 shown here

  1. pmc Neighborhood-based differences in physical activity: an environment scale evaluation
    Brian E Saelens
    Division of Psychology, Cincinnati Children s Hospital Medical Center and the University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, MLC 3015, 3333 Burnet Avenue, Cincinnati, Ohio 45229, USA
    Am J Public Health 93:1552-8. 2003
    ..This study evaluated a neighborhood environment survey and compared the physical activity and weight status of the residents in 2 neighborhoods...
  2. pmc Built environment correlates of walking: a review
    Brian E Saelens
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Washington and Children s Hospital and Regional Medical Center, Seattle, WA, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 40:S550-66. 2008
    ..To create places that facilitate and encourage walking, practitioners need an understanding of the specific characteristics of the built environment that correlate most ..
  3. ncbi Understanding environmental influences on walking; Review and research agenda
    Neville Owen
    Cancer Prevention Research Centre, School of Population Health, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
    Am J Prev Med 27:67-76. 2004
    ..b>Walking is the most common physical activity behavior of adults; environmental innovations may be able to influence rates ..
  4. ncbi Lower extremity function and subsequent disability: consistency across studies, predictive models, and value of gait speed alone compared with the short physical performance battery
    J M Guralnik
    Epidemiology, Demography and Biometry Program, National Institute on Aging, Bethesda, Maryland 20892 9205, USA
    J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 55:M221-31. 2000
  5. ncbi Understanding physical activity environmental correlates: increased specificity for ecological models
    Billie Giles-Corti
    School of Population Health, The University of Western Australia, Perth, Australia
    Exerc Sport Sci Rev 33:175-81. 2005
    ..This selective review examines whether the predictive capacity of these models could be improved if behavior-specific measures of the environment were used to predict context-specific behaviors...
  6. pmc Neighborhood built environment and income: examining multiple health outcomes
    James F Sallis
    Department of Psychology, San Diego State University, San Diego, CA 92103, USA
    Soc Sci Med 68:1285-93. 2009
    ..Lower- and higher-income groups benefited similarly from living in high-walkability neighborhoods. Adults in higher-income neighborhoods had lower BMI and higher physical QoL...
  7. ncbi Active commuting and cardiovascular risk: a meta-analytic review
    Mark Hamer
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, 1 19 Torrington Place, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    Prev Med 46:9-13. 2008
    ..The present review examines evidence from prospective epidemiological studies of commuting activity and cardiovascular risk...
  8. pmc Objective measures of physical capability and subsequent health: a systematic review
    Rachel Cooper
    MRC Unit for Lifelong Health and Ageing, Division of Population Health, University College London, London, UK
    Age Ageing 40:14-23. 2011
    ..We hypothesised that weaker grip strength, slower walking speed and chair rising and shorter standing balance time, in community-dwelling populations, would be associated ..
  9. ncbi Combinations of muscle synergies in the construction of a natural motor behavior
    Andrea d'Avella
    Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences and McGovern Institute for Brain Research, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 45 Carleton St, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139, USA
    Nat Neurosci 6:300-8. 2003
  10. ncbi Motor patterns in human walking and running
    G Cappellini
    Department of Neuromotor Physiology, Scientific Institute Foundation Santa Lucia, 306 via Ardeatina, 00179 Rome, Italy
    J Neurophysiol 95:3426-37. 2006
    Despite distinct differences between walking and running, the two types of human locomotion are likely to be controlled by shared pattern-generating networks...
  11. ncbi Reliability and validity of the combined heart rate and movement sensor Actiheart
    S Brage
    MRC Epidemiology Unit, Institute of Public Health, University of Cambridge, CB1 9NL, UK
    Eur J Clin Nutr 59:561-70. 2005
    ..The Actiheart, a combined heart rate (HR) and movement sensor, is designed to assess physical activity in populations...
  12. ncbi Walking to public transit: steps to help meet physical activity recommendations
    Lilah M Besser
    Division of Emergency and Environmental Health Services, National Center for Environmental Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Am J Prev Med 29:273-80. 2005
    ..Some transit users may achieve 30 minutes of physical activity daily solely by walking to and from transit...
  13. pmc Modular control of human walking: Adaptations to altered mechanical demands
    Craig P McGowan
    Department of Mechanical Engineering, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX 78712, USA
    J Biomech 43:412-9. 2010
    ..are controlled by common excitation patters, or modules, to simplify the coordination of movement tasks such as walking. A recent computer modeling and simulation study of human walking using experimentally derived modules as the ..
  14. pmc An online community improves adherence in an internet-mediated walking program. Part 1: results of a randomized controlled trial
    Caroline R Richardson
    Department of Family Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48104 1213, United States
    J Med Internet Res 12:e71. 2010
    ..However, the impact of some Internet-mediated programs is limited by high attrition rates. Online communities that allow participants to communicate with each other by posting and reading messages may decrease participant attrition...
  15. pmc The role of executive function and attention in gait
    Galit Yogev-Seligmann
    Movement Disorders Unit, Department of Neurology, Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center, Tel Aviv, Israel
    Mov Disord 23:329-42; quiz 472. 2008
    ..This review discusses the role of executive function and attention in healthy walking and gait disorders while summarizing the relevant, recent literature...
  16. doi The development of a walkability index: application to the Neighborhood Quality of Life Study
    L D Frank
    School of Community and Regional Planning, University of British Columbia, 231 1933 West Mall, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada V6T 1Z2
    Br J Sports Med 44:924-33. 2010
    ..Validity of the walkability index is examined through travel surveys among areas examined in the Neighborhood Quality of Life Study (NQLS), a study investigating built environment correlates of adults' physical activity...
  17. doi Neighborhood walkability, physical activity, and walking behavior: the Swedish Neighborhood and Physical Activity (SNAP) study
    Kristina Sundquist
    Center for Primary Health Care Research, Lund University, CRC, Building 28, Floor 11, Entrance 72, Malmo University Hospital, S 205 02 Malmo, Sweden
    Soc Sci Med 72:1266-73. 2011
    ..Previous studies on the association between objectively measured neighborhood walkability, physical activity, and walking have been conducted in the U.S...
  18. doi Accelerometry: a technique for quantifying movement patterns during walking
    Justin J Kavanagh
    School of Physiotherapy and Exercise Science, Griffith University, Gold Coast Campus, PMB 50 Gold Coast Mail Centre, Queensland 9726, Australia
    Gait Posture 28:1-15. 2008
    ..include low cost; testing is not restricted to a laboratory environment; accelerometers are small, therefore walking is relatively unrestricted; and direct measurement of 3D accelerations eliminate errors associated with ..
  19. ncbi Characteristics of physical activities in daily life in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
    Fabio Pitta
    Respiratory Rehabilitation and Respiratory Division, University Hospital Gasthuisberg, Herestraat 49, B 3000 Leuven, Belgium
    Am J Respir Crit Care Med 171:972-7. 2005
    ..Patients showed lower walking time (44 +/- 26 vs. 81 +/- 26 minutes/day), standing time (191 +/- 99 vs...
  20. doi Neighborhood SES and walkability are related to physical activity behavior in Belgian adults
    Delfien Van Dyck
    Fund for Scientific Research Flanders FWO, Belgium
    Prev Med 50:S74-9. 2010
    ..To investigate whether neighborhood walkability (higher residential density, land use mix, street connectivity) is positively associated with physical activity in Belgian adults and whether this association is moderated by neighborhood SES...
  21. ncbi Just get out the door! Importance of walking outside the home for maintaining mobility: findings from the women's health and aging study
    Eleanor M Simonsick
    Clinical Research Branch, National Institute on Aging, Baltimore, Maryland 21225, USA
    J Am Geriatr Soc 53:198-203. 2005
    To determine the association between volitional walking behavior and change in walking ability and lower extremity function over 1 year in functionally limited older women.
  22. doi Optimal walking speed following changes in limb geometry
    Françoise Leurs
    Laboratory of Neurophysiology and Movement Biomechanics CP601, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, 1070 Brussels, Belgium
    J Exp Biol 214:2276-82. 2011
    The principle of dynamic similarity states that the optimal walking speeds of geometrically similar animals are independent of size when speed is normalized to the dimensionless Froude number (Fr)...
  23. ncbi Increased joint loads during walking--a consequence of pain relief in knee osteoarthritis
    Marius Henriksen
    The Parker Institute, Frederiksberg Hospital, Ndr Fasanvej 57, DK 2000 Frederiksberg, Denmark
    Knee 13:445-50. 2006
    ..symptom in knee osteoarthritis (OA), but the effect of pain and pain relief on the knee joint mechanics of walking is not clear...
  24. doi Effect of increasing active travel in urban England and Wales on costs to the National Health Service
    James Jarrett
    Norwich Medical School, Health Economics Group, University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK
    Lancet 379:2198-205. 2012
    Increased walking and cycling in urban areas and reduced use of private cars could have positive effects on many health outcomes...
  25. ncbi Reference values for the 6-min walk test in healthy subjects 20-50 years old
    Alfredo Chetta
    Department of Clinical Sciences, Section of Respiratory Diseases, University of Parma, Italy
    Respir Med 100:1573-8. 2006
    ..oxygen saturation (SpO2), pulse rate (PR), respiratory rate (RR), breathlessness perception (VAS) and for the walking distance and body weight product (DW). The mean 6MWD and DW values were 593 +/- 57 and 638+/-44 m (P < 0...
  26. ncbi Physical activity, including walking, and cognitive function in older women
    Jennifer Weuve
    Department of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Mass 02215, USA
    JAMA 292:1454-61. 2004
    ..Physical activity may help maintain cognitive function in older adults...
  27. ncbi How many steps/day are enough? Preliminary pedometer indices for public health
    Catrine Tudor-Locke
    Department of Exercise and Wellness, Arizona State University, Mesa, Arizona 85212, USA
    Sports Med 34:1-8. 2004
    ..A value of 10000 steps/day is gaining popularity with the media and in practice and can be traced to Japanese walking clubs and a business slogan 30+ years ago...
  28. ncbi Neighborhood walkability and the walking behavior of Australian adults
    Neville Owen
    Cancer Prevention Research Centre, School of Population Health, The University of Queensland, Herston Road, Herston QLD 4006, Brisbane, Australia
    Am J Prev Med 33:387-95. 2007
    ..neighborhoods, particularly the connectedness of streets and the proximity of destinations, can influence walking behaviors...
  29. ncbi Walking, cycling, and obesity rates in Europe, North America, and Australia
    David R Bassett
    University of Tennessee Obesity Research Center, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37996, USA
    J Phys Act Health 5:795-814. 2008
    This study was designed to examine the relationship between active transportation (defined as the percentage of trips taken by walking, bicycling, and public transit) and obesity rates (BMI > or = 30 kg . m-2) in different countries.
  30. ncbi Validity of 10 electronic pedometers for measuring steps, distance, and energy cost
    Scott E Crouter
    Department of Health and Exercise Science, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37996, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 35:1455-60. 2003
    This study examined the effects of walking speed on the accuracy and reliability of 10 pedometers: Yamasa Skeletone (SK), Sportline 330 (SL330) and 345 (SL345), Omron (OM), Yamax Digiwalker SW-701 (DW), Kenz Lifecorder (KZ), New ..
  31. ncbi Computer optimization of a minimal biped model discovers walking and running
    Manoj Srinivasan
    Bio robotics and Locomotion Laboratory, Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, Cornell University, 306 Kimball Hall, Ithaca, New York 14853, USA
    Nature 439:72-5. 2006
    ..b>Walking feels easiest when going slowly, and running feels easiest when going faster. More unusual gaits seem more tiring...
  32. ncbi Stepping towards causation: do built environments or neighborhood and travel preferences explain physical activity, driving, and obesity?
    Lawrence Douglas Frank
    University of British Columbia, School of Community and Regional Planning, 235 1933 West Mall, Vancouver, BC, Canada V6T 1Z2
    Soc Sci Med 65:1898-914. 2007
    ..it difficult to evaluate causation among built form, behavior, and associated outcomes and to know how much more walking and less driving could occur through creating environments conducive to active transport...
  33. ncbi Active transportation to school: trends among U.S. schoolchildren, 1969-2001
    Noreen C McDonald
    City and Regional Planning, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
    Am J Prev Med 32:509-16. 2007
    Rising rates of overweight children have focused attention on walking and biking to school as a means to increase children's physical activity levels...
  34. ncbi Influence of exercise, walking, cycling, and overall nonexercise physical activity on mortality in Chinese women
    Charles E Matthews
    Department of Medicine, Division of General Internal Medicine and Public Health, Vanderbilt Epidemiology Center, Vanderbilt University Medical School, Nashville, TN 37203 1738, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 165:1343-50. 2007
    This investigation described the effects of exercise, walking, and cycling for transportation, as well as the effect of overall nonexercise physical activity, on mortality in the Shanghai Women's Health Study (1997-2004)...
  35. doi An optimized Kalman filter for the estimate of trunk orientation from inertial sensors data during treadmill walking
    Claudia Mazzà
    Laboratory of Locomotor Apparatus Bioengineering, Department of Human Movement and Sport Sciences, Università degli Studi di Roma Foro Italico, Piazza Lauro de Bosis, 6, 00135 Rome, Italy
    Gait Posture 35:138-42. 2012
    ..to provide optimal estimates of lower trunk orientation in the frontal and sagittal planes during treadmill walking at different speeds using measured linear acceleration and angular velocity components represented in a local ..
  36. pmc Modular control of human walking: a simulation study
    Richard R Neptune
    Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Texas at Austin, 1 University Station C2200, Austin, TX 78712, USA
    J Biomech 42:1282-7. 2009
    Recent evidence suggests that performance of complex locomotor tasks such as walking may be accomplished using a simple underlying organization of co-active muscles, or "modules", which have been assumed to be structured to perform task-..
  37. pmc Motivations for active commuting: a qualitative investigation of the period of home or work relocation
    Caroline H D Jones
    MRC Epidemiology Unit and UKCRC Centre for Diet and Activity Research CEDAR, Box 296, Institute of Public Health, Forvie Site, Robinson Way, Cambridge, CB2 OSR, UK
    Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 9:109. 2012
    Promoting walking or cycling to work (active commuting) could help to increase population physical activity levels...
  38. pmc Slow walking speed and cardiovascular death in well functioning older adults: prospective cohort study
    Julien Dumurgier
    INSERM, U708, F 75013, Paris, France
    BMJ 339:b4460. 2009
    To study the relation between low walking speed and the risk of death in older people, both overall and with regard to the main causes of death.
  39. ncbi Accumulating short bouts of brisk walking reduces postprandial plasma triacylglycerol concentrations and resting blood pressure in healthy young men
    Masashi Miyashita
    Exercise and Health Research Group, School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, Loughborough University, Loughborough, United Kingdom
    Am J Clin Nutr 88:1225-31. 2008
    ..Physical activity recommendations promote the accumulation of aerobic activity in bouts of >or=10 min. It is important to determine whether shorter bouts of activity can influence health...
  40. doi Functional changes in Duchenne muscular dystrophy: a 12-month longitudinal cohort study
    E Mazzone
    Department of Paediatric Neurology, Catholic University, Rome
    Neurology 77:250-6. 2011
  41. doi Upslope walking with a powered knee and ankle prosthesis: initial results with an amputee subject
    Frank Sup
    Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA 01003, USA
    IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng 19:71-8. 2011
    This paper extends a previously developed level- ground walking control methodology to enable an above knee amputee to walk up slopes using a powered knee and ankle prosthesis...
  42. doi A randomized study of alglucosidase alfa in late-onset Pompe's disease
    Ans T Van der Ploeg
    Department of Pediatrics, Center for Lysosomal and Metabolic Diseases, Erasmus MC University Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    N Engl J Med 362:1396-406. 2010
    ..We conducted a randomized, placebo-controlled trial of alglucosidase alfa, a recombinant human GAA, for the treatment of late-onset Pompe's disease...
  43. pmc Association between walking speed and age in healthy, free-living individuals using mobile accelerometry--a cross-sectional study
    Michaela Schimpl
    Sylvia Lawry Centre for Multiple Sclerosis Research e V The Human Motion Institute, Munich, Germany
    PLoS ONE 6:e23299. 2011
    b>Walking speed is a fundamental parameter of human motion and is increasingly considered as an important indicator of individuals' health status.
  44. doi Age-related modifications of muscle synergies and spinal cord activity during locomotion
    Vito Monaco
    Advanced Robotics Technology and System Laboratory, Scuola Superiore Sant Anna, Pisa, Italy
    J Neurophysiol 104:2092-102. 2010
    ..the activity of 12 ipsilateral leg muscles was analyzed in young and elderly people (7 subjects per group) while walking at six different cadences (40-140 steps/min)...
  45. doi Perceived environmental correlates of physical activity for leisure and transportation in Curitiba, Brazil
    Diana C Parra
    Prevention Research Center in St Louis, George Warren Brown School of Social Work, Washington University in St Louis, 660 S Euclid Avenue, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Prev Med 52:234-8. 2011
    ..Physical activity (PA) has consistently been associated with perceived environmental characteristics...
  46. ncbi Local dynamic stability versus kinematic variability of continuous overground and treadmill walking
    J B Dingwell
    Sensory Motor Performance Program, Rehabiliation Institute of Chicago, IL 60611, USA
    J Biomech Eng 123:27-32. 2001
    ..the relationships between local dynamic stabiliht and variabilitr during continuous overground and treadmill walking. Stride-to-stride standard deviations were computed from temporal and kinematic data...
  47. doi Normal walking speed: a descriptive meta-analysis
    Richard W Bohannon
    Program in Physical Therapy, Department of Kinesiology, Neag School of Education, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06268 2101, USA
    Physiotherapy 97:182-9. 2011
    b>Walking speed has implications for community functioning and is predictive of important outcomes. Determining whether an individual's walking speed is limited requires normal values for comparison.
  48. pmc Correlates of time spent walking and cycling to and from work: baseline results from the commuting and health in Cambridge study
    Jenna Panter
    Medical Research Council Epidemiology Unit, Institute of Metabolic Sciences, Cambridge, UK
    Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 8:124. 2011
    Environmental perceptions and psychological measures appear to be associated with walking and cycling behaviour; however, their influence is still unclear...
  49. ncbi Using pedometers to increase physical activity and improve health: a systematic review
    Dena M Bravata
    Center for Primary Care and Outcomes Research, Stanford University, Stanford, California, USA
    JAMA 298:2296-304. 2007
    ..Without detailed evidence of their effectiveness, pedometers have recently become popular as a tool for motivating physical activity...
  50. ncbi A prospective study of physical activity and cognitive decline in elderly women: women who walk
    K Yaffe
    University of California, San Francisco, Campus Box 111G, 4150 Clement St, San Francisco, CA 94121, USA
    Arch Intern Med 161:1703-8. 2001
    ..We determined whether physical activity is associated with cognitive decline in a prospective study of older women...
  51. doi Determinants of poor 6-min walking distance in patients with COPD: the ECLIPSE cohort
    Martijn A Spruit
    Program Development Centre, CIRO, a centre of excellence for chronic organ failure, Horn, The Netherlands
    Respir Med 104:849-57. 2010
    The 6-min walking test (6MWT) is widely used to assess exercise tolerance in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)...
  52. doi MobileMums: a randomized controlled trial of an SMS-based physical activity intervention
    Brianna S Fjeldsoe
    School of Population School of Psychology, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia
    Ann Behav Med 39:101-11. 2010
    ..Postnatal women (<12 months postpartum) are at increased risk of physical inactivity...
  53. pmc Two-photon calcium imaging from head-fixed Drosophila during optomotor walking behavior
    Johannes D Seelig
    Janelia Farm Research Campus, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Ashburn, Virginia, USA
    Nat Methods 7:535-40. 2010
    ..Here we present a technique for two-photon calcium imaging in the central brain of head-fixed Drosophila walking on an air-supported ball...
  54. ncbi Motor control programs and walking
    Yuri P Ivanenko
    Department of Neuromotor Physiology, IRCCS Fondazione Santa Lucia, Rome, Italy
    Neuroscientist 12:339-48. 2006
    ..As a consequence, the selection of muscle synergies appears to be downstream from the processes that generate activation timings...
  55. doi The built environment, neighborhood crime and constrained physical activity: an exploration of inconsistent findings
    Sarah Foster
    School of Population Health, The University of Western Australia, Crawley, Western Australia, Australia
    Prev Med 47:241-51. 2008
    Personal safety is commonly cited in qualitative research as a barrier to local walking, yet the relationship between safety and constrained physical activity has received mixed support in quantitative studies...
  56. pmc Association of the built environment with physical activity and obesity in older persons
    Ethan M Berke
    Department of Family Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, USA
    Am J Public Health 97:486-92. 2007
    We examined whether older persons who live in areas that are conducive to walking are more active or less obese than those living in areas where walking is more difficult.
  57. ncbi Meaningful change and responsiveness in common physical performance measures in older adults
    Subashan Perera
    Division of Geriatric Medicine and Department of Biostatistics, Univeristy of Pittsburgh, 3471 Fifth Avenue, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    J Am Geriatr Soc 54:743-9. 2006
    ..To estimate the magnitude of small meaningful and substantial individual change in physical performance measures and evaluate their responsiveness...
  58. pmc Age and gender differences in physical capability levels from mid-life onwards: the harmonisation and meta-analysis of data from eight UK cohort studies
    Rachel Cooper
    MRC Unit for Lifelong Health and Ageing, Division of Population Health, University College London, London, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 6:e27899. 2011
    ..e. grip strength, chair rising ability, walking speed, timed get up and go, and standing balance performance) and investigated the cross-sectional age and gender ..
  59. ncbi Pedometer measures of free-living physical activity: comparison of 13 models
    Patrick L Schneider
    Department of Health and Exercise Science, University of Tennessee, 1914 Andy Holt Avenue, Knoxville, TN 37996, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 36:331-5. 2004
  60. ncbi Increasing walking: how important is distance to, attractiveness, and size of public open space?
    Billie Giles-Corti
    School of Population Health, University of Western Australia, Crawley, Western Australia, Australia
    Am J Prev Med 28:169-76. 2005
    ..Well-designed public open space (POS) that encourages physical activity is a community asset that could potentially contribute to the health of local residents...
  61. pmc Gait dynamics, fractals and falls: finding meaning in the stride-to-stride fluctuations of human walking
    Jeffrey M Hausdorff
    Laboratory for Gait and Neurodynamics, Movement Disorders Unit, Department of Neurology, Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center, Israel
    Hum Mov Sci 26:555-89. 2007
    Until recently, quantitative studies of walking have typically focused on properties of a typical or average stride, ignoring the stride-to-stride fluctuations and considering these fluctuations to be noise...
  62. doi Gait variability at fast-pace walking speed: a biomarker of mild cognitive impairment?
    O Beauchet
    Department of Neuroscience, Division of Geriatric Medicine, Angers University Hospital, Angers, France
    J Nutr Health Aging 17:235-9. 2013
    ..The interpretation of the increase in stride-to-stride variability of stride time (STV) regarding the evolution of cognitive deficits across the dementia spectrum is matter of debate...
  63. pmc Influence of a locomotor training approach on walking speed and distance in people with chronic spinal cord injury: a randomized clinical trial
    Edelle C Field-Fote
    Department of Physical Therapy, Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami, Florida, USA
    Phys Ther 91:48-60. 2011
    Impaired walking limits function after spinal cord injury (SCI), but training-related improvements are possible even in people with chronic motor incomplete SCI.
  64. pmc Identifying walking trips from GPS and accelerometer data in adolescent females
    Daniel A Rodriguez
    Dept of City and Regional Planning, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, USA
    J Phys Act Health 9:421-31. 2012
    Studies that have combined accelerometers and global positioning systems (GPS) to identify walking have done so in carefully controlled conditions...
  65. pmc Urban residential environments and senior citizens' longevity in megacity areas: the importance of walkable green spaces
    T Takano
    Health Promotion International Health, Division of Public Health, Graduate School of Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Tokyo, Japan
    J Epidemiol Community Health 56:913-8. 2002
    ..To study the association between greenery filled public areas that are nearby a residence and easy to walk in and the longevity of senior citizens in a densely populated, developed megacity...
  66. ncbi Physical activity and hospitalization for exacerbation of COPD
    Fabio Pitta
    Respiratory Rehabilitation and Respiratory Division, University Hospital Gasthuisberg, Herestraat 49, B 3000 Leuven, Belgium
    Chest 129:536-44. 2006
    ..an activity monitor (DynaPort; McRoberts; the Hague, the Netherlands), pulmonary function, muscle force, 6-min walking distance, and arterial blood gas levels in 17 patients (mean age, 69 +/- 9 years [+/- SD]; body mass index, 24 +/-..
  67. pmc Three-dimensional modular control of human walking
    Jessica L Allen
    Department of Mechanical Engineering, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX 78712, USA
    J Biomech 45:2157-63. 2012
    Recent studies have suggested that complex muscle activity during walking may be controlled using a reduced neural control strategy organized around the co-excitation of multiple muscles, or modules...
  68. ncbi The 6-min walk test: a quick measure of functional status in elderly adults
    Paul L Enright
    University of Arizona, USA
    Chest 123:387-98. 2003
    ..To determine the correlates of the total 6-min walk distance (6MWD) in a population sample of adults > or = 68 years old...
  69. pmc Using Geographic Information Systems (GIS) to assess the role of the built environment in influencing obesity: a glossary
    Lukar E Thornton
    Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition Research, School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Deakin University, 221 Burwood Highway, Burwood, Victoria, 3125, Australia
    Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 8:71. 2011
    ..As a case study, we draw on aspects the food and physical activity environments as they might apply to obesity, to define key GIS terms related to data collection, concepts, and the measurement of environmental features...
  70. pmc Synchronized arousal between performers and related spectators in a fire-walking ritual
    Ivana Konvalinka
    Center of Functionally Integrative Neuroscience, Aarhus University, 8000 Aarhus, Denmark
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:8514-9. 2011
    ..Here we show physiological effects of synchronized arousal in a Spanish fire-walking ritual, between active participants and related spectators, but not participants and other members of the ..
  71. doi The foot: still the most important reason for walking incapacity in rheumatoid arthritis: distribution of symptomatic joints in 1,000 RA patients
    Lollo Grondal
    Department of Molecular Medicine and Surgery, Orthopedic Rehabilitation, Karolinska Institute, Red Cross Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden
    Acta Orthop 79:257-61. 2008
    ..Great changes in the treatment of RA may have led to a different situation. We investigated the distribution of joint involvement in RA patients today, with special attention given to the feet and subjective walking ability.
  72. pmc Comparison of four ActiGraph accelerometers during walking and running
    Dinesh John
    University of Tennessee, Department of Exercise, Sport, and Leisure Studies, Knoxville, TN 37996 2700, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 42:368-74. 2010
    ..Currently, researchers can use the ActiGraph 7164 or one of three different versions of the ActiGraph GT1M to objectively measure physical activity...
  73. ncbi Evaluation of the six-minute walk in multiple sclerosis subjects and healthy controls
    Myla D Goldman
    Department of Neurology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22908, USA
    Mult Scler 14:383-90. 2008
    ..To assess the correlation of 6MW to subjective measures of fatigue, health status and ambulation using the modified fatigue impact scale (MFIS), short form-36 Health Questionnaire physical component score and MS walking scale (MSWS).
  74. ncbi Direct decompressive surgical resection in the treatment of spinal cord compression caused by metastatic cancer: a randomised trial
    Roy A Patchell
    Department of Surgery Neurosurgery, University of Kentucky Medical Center, Lexington, KY 40536, USA
    Lancet 366:643-8. 2005
    ..The standard treatment for spinal cord compression caused by metastatic cancer is corticosteroids and radiotherapy. The role of surgery has not been established. We assessed the efficacy of direct decompressive surgery...
  75. ncbi Predictors of success and failure in pulmonary rehabilitation
    R Garrod
    School of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Health and Social Care Sciences, St George s, University of London, UK
    Eur Respir J 27:788-94. 2006
    ..1+/-0.6 L, attended for rehabilitation. Assessments consisted of the following: quadriceps torque, 6-minute walking distance (6MWD), Brief Assessment Depression Cards and St George's Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ)...
  76. doi What factors are associated with physical activity in older people, assessed objectively by accelerometry?
    T J Harris
    Division of Community Health Sciences, St George s, University of London, Cranmer Terrace, Tooting, London, SW17 ORE, UK
    Br J Sports Med 43:442-50. 2009
    ..To assess physical activity (PA) levels measured objectively using accelerometers in community-dwelling older people and to examine the associations with health, disability, anthropometric measures and psychosocial factors...
  77. pmc Interventions to promote walking: systematic review
    David Ogilvie
    Medical Research Council Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, Glasgow G12 8RZ
    BMJ 334:1204. 2007
    To assess the effects of interventions to promote walking in individuals and populations.
  78. doi Relationship between the physical environment and physical activity in older adults: a systematic review
    Jelle Van Cauwenberg
    Department of Human Biometry and Biomechanics, Faculty of Physical Education and Physical Therapy, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Pleinlaan 2, B 1050 Brussel, Belgium
    Health Place 17:458-69. 2011
    ..More studies in different contexts utilizing longitudinal designs, standardized, reliable and validated PA and environmental measurements and investigating possible moderating effects are definitely warranted...
  79. doi Cognitive motor interference while walking: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Emad Al-Yahya
    Movement Science Group, School of Life Sciences, Oxford Brookes University, Headington, Oxford OX3 0BP, UK
    Neurosci Biobehav Rev 35:715-28. 2011
    Dual-task methodology has been increasingly used to assess cognitive motor interference while walking. However, whether the observed dual-task-related gait changes are systematically related to methodological variations remains unclear ..
  80. doi Everyday walking with Parkinson's disease: understanding personal challenges and strategies
    D Jones
    School of Health, Community and Education Studies, Northumbria University, Newcastle upon Type, UK
    Disabil Rehabil 30:1213-21. 2008
    This qualitative study was designed to explore the personal experience of everyday walking with Parkinson's disease (PD), the challenges and the strategies employed to compensate for difficulties, to help contextualise the scientific ..
  81. pmc The relation between neighborhood built environment and walking activity among older adults
    Corey L Nagel
    School of Nursing, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, OR, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 168:461-8. 2008
    The association of neighborhood built environment with walking activity has received growing attention, although most studies have relied upon subjective measures of the built environment and few have examined the relation between built ..
  82. pmc Walking modulates speed sensitivity in Drosophila motion vision
    M Eugenia Chiappe
    Janelia Farm Research Campus, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, 19700 Helix Drive, Ashburn, VA 20147, USA
    Curr Biol 20:1470-5. 2010
    ..Here we report state-dependent activity modulations during walking in a visual-motor pathway of Drosophila...
  83. pmc How many steps/day are enough? For older adults and special populations
    Catrine Tudor-Locke
    Walking Behaviour Laboratory, Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Baton Rouge, LA, USA
    Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 8:80. 2011
    ..Those living with disability and/or chronic illness (that limits mobility and or/physical endurance) display lower levels of background daily activity, and this will affect whole-day estimates of recommended physical activity...
  84. ncbi Cardiorespiratory fitness and walking ability in subacute stroke patients
    Joanna O Kelly
    Rehabilitation Research Centre, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Sydney, Lidcombe, Sydney, NSW 1825, Australia
    Arch Phys Med Rehabil 84:1780-5. 2003
    ..To evaluate the cardiorespiratory fitness of subacute stroke patients and to determine whether reduced fitness is associated with gait performance...
  85. pmc Walking and cycling to health: a comparative analysis of city, state, and international data
    John Pucher
    Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ 08901, USA
    Am J Public Health 100:1986-92. 2010
    ..We sought to determine the magnitude, direction, and statistical significance of the relationship between active travel and rates of physical activity, obesity, and diabetes...
  86. ncbi Control of foot trajectory in human locomotion: role of ground contact forces in simulated reduced gravity
    Y P Ivanenko
    Sezione di Fisiologia Umana, Istituto Scientifico Fondazione Santa Lucia, 00179 Rome, Italy
    J Neurophysiol 87:3070-89. 2002
    ..BWS was set at 0, 35, 50, 75, 95, or 100% of body weight. Walking speed was 0.7, 1.1, 2, 3, or 5 km/h...
  87. doi Translating physical activity recommendations into a pedometer-based step goal: 3000 steps in 30 minutes
    Simon J Marshall
    School of Exercise and Nutritional Sciences, San Diego State University, San Diego, California 92182 7251, USA
    Am J Prev Med 36:410-5. 2009
    ..Translating current physical activity recommendations into a pedometer-based guideline could increase the public health impact of physical activity interventions...
  88. pmc In search of causality: a systematic review of the relationship between the built environment and physical activity among adults
    Gavin R McCormack
    Population Health Intervention Research Centre, Department of Community Health Sciences, University of Calgary, Alberta, Canada
    Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 8:125. 2011
  89. ncbi The 6-min walk distance: change over time and value as a predictor of survival in severe COPD
    V M Pinto-Plata
    Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, St Elizabeth s Medical Center, Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, MA 02135, USA
    Eur Respir J 23:28-33. 2004
    ..Its measurement is useful in the comprehensive evaluation of patients with severe disease...
  90. doi Active transport, physical activity, and body weight in adults: a systematic review
    Miriam Wanner
    Physical Activity and Health Unit, Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine, University of Zurich, Switzerland
    Am J Prev Med 42:493-502. 2012
    ..This review summarizes published evidence on associations of active transport, general physical activity, and body weight in adults...
  91. doi Biomechanical energy harvesting: generating electricity during walking with minimal user effort
    J M Donelan
    School of Kinesiology, Simon Fraser University SFU, Burnaby, BC V5A 1S6, Canada
    Science 319:807-10. 2008
    We have developed a biomechanical energy harvester that generates electricity during human walking with little extra effort...
  92. pmc Aging in neighborhoods differing in walkability and income: associations with physical activity and obesity in older adults
    Abby C King
    Division of Epidemiology, Department of Health Research and Policy, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA 94305 5405, USA
    Soc Sci Med 73:1525-33. 2011
    ..Measurements included reported walking or bicycling for errands (i.e...
  93. ncbi Assessment of spatio-temporal gait parameters from trunk accelerations during human walking
    Wiebren Zijlstra
    Institute of Human Movement Sciences, University of Groningen, PO Box 196, 9700 AD Groningen, The Netherlands
    Gait Posture 18:1-10. 2003
    ..Based on model predictions of the body's centre of mass trajectory during walking, algorithms were developed to determine spatio-temporal gait parameters from trunk acceleration data...
  94. pmc Walking, cycling and driving to work in the English and Welsh 2011 census: trends, socio-economic patterning and relevance to travel behaviour in general
    Anna Goodman
    Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 8:e71790. 2013
    Increasing walking and cycling, and reducing motorised transport, are health and environmental priorities...
  95. ncbi Age- and gender-related test performance in community-dwelling elderly people: Six-Minute Walk Test, Berg Balance Scale, Timed Up & Go Test, and gait speeds
    Teresa M Steffen
    Program in Physical Therapy, Concordia University Wisconsin, 12800 N Lake Shore Dr, Mequon, WI 53097, USA
    Phys Ther 82:128-37. 2002
    ..The purpose of this study was to provide data for 4 common clinical tests in a sample of community-dwelling older adults...
  96. doi Acute effects of walking in forest environments on cardiovascular and metabolic parameters
    Qing Li
    Department of Hygiene and Public Health, Nippon Medical School, 1 1 5 Sendagi, Bunkyo ku, Tokyo, 113 8602, Japan
    Eur J Appl Physiol 111:2845-53. 2011
    ..In the present study, we investigated the effects of walking under forest environments on cardiovascular and metabolic parameters. Sixteen healthy male subjects (mean age 57...
  97. ncbi Acceleration patterns of the head and pelvis when walking are associated with risk of falling in community-dwelling older people
    Hylton B Menz
    Prince of Wales Medical Research Institute, University of New South Wales, High Street, Randwick, NSW 2031, Australia
    J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 58:M446-52. 2003
    A large proportion of falls in older people occur when walking, however the mechanisms underlying impaired balance during gait are poorly understood...
  98. pmc Gait event detection on level ground and incline walking using a rate gyroscope
    Paola Catalfamo
    Centre for Biomedical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Physical Sciences, University of Surrey, Guildford, Surrey, GU2 7XH, UK
    Sensors (Basel) 10:5683-702. 2010
    ..This paper describes the evaluation of a gyroscope placed on the shank for determination of IC and FO in subjects walking outdoors on level ground, and up and down an incline...
  99. ncbi Speed related changes in muscle activity from normal to very slow walking speeds
    A R Den Otter
    SMK Research, Sint Maartenskliniek, P O Box 9011, 6500 GM Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    Gait Posture 19:270-8. 2004
    The study of neuromuscular activity at very slow walking speeds may lead to a better understanding of the mechanisms underlying speed regulation during walking, and may aid the interpretation of gait data in patients who walk slowly...
  100. ncbi Advancing science and policy through a coordinated international study of physical activity and built environments: IPEN adult methods
    Jacqueline Kerr
    University of San Diego, California, USA
    J Phys Act Health 10:581-601. 2013
    ..Because some environment and policy changes could have generalizable effects and others may depend on each country's context, only international studies using comparable methods can identify the relevant differences...
  101. ncbi Walking speed, cadence and step length are selected to optimize the stability of head and pelvis accelerations
    Mark D Latt
    Department of Geriatric Medicine, Westmead Hospital, Westmead, NSW, Australia
    Exp Brain Res 184:201-9. 2008
    The aim of this study was to evaluate the hypothesis that an individual's preferred or usual walking speed, step length and cadence optimize the stability of head and pelvic accelerations in vertical (V), anterior-posterior (AP) and ..

Research Grants90

  1. Interneuronal mechanisms for the control of walking
    Jianguo Cheng; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..This study thus focuses on the control of walking by interneurons within the recently identified flexor and extensor centers of the mudpuppy (Necturus Maculatus)...
  2. Robotic Prosthesis for Biomimetic Locomotion in Transfemoral Amputees
    Michael Goldfarb; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..joint power significantly impairs the ability of these prostheses to restore many locomotive functions, including walking upstairs and up slopes, running, and jumping, all of which require significant net positive power at the knee ..
  3. Smart Knee Brace
    Katherine Rudolph; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..If motor function is completely lost, rehabilitation of walking function may be delayed until the patient is able move actively...
  4. Influence of Ankle Motion on Bilateral Amputee Gait
    Steven Gard; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..in prosthetic componentry because of their increased energy demand as they walk and their low speed of walking. Prosthetic performance during gait is easier to evaluate in bilateral amputees because they have fewer ..
    Paul Williams; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..fitness guidelines state that: 1) the majority of the health benefits from physical activity can be obtained by walking 2 miles briskly on most days of the week; and 2) the health benefits of physical activity depend principally on ..
  6. Personalized Clinical Diagnostics and Beyond: Integrated Ring Resonator Arrays
    Ryan Bailey; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..This technology promises to broadly impact the landscape of the biomedical sciences, both meeting the clinical diagnostic challenges of today and pioneering the paradigm-shifting discoveries of tomorrow. ..
  7. Hypothalamic Orexin Role in Menopause-Associated Hot Flashes and Mood/Sleep Disru
    PHILIP LEE JOHNSON; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Truitt and one floor up from Dr. Rusyniak, and within walking distance of my other mentors, making this an ideal mentoring and collaborative setting...
  8. MR Monitoring of PTC124 Treatment in DMD
    KRISTA H VANDENBORNE; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..diseases and is characterized by the absence of dystrophin, resulting in progressive muscle weakness, loss of walking ability and premature death...
  9. Computer/Electrical Engineering
    Theodore Raphan; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..With the ME Core, devise a controller to lift the back of the linear treadmill to test subjects for downhill walking. 2. Build a video system that records the top, side and back while walking;embed the video into the data files. 3...
  10. Radiation-Induced Osteoporosis in Women with Cancer: Mechanisms and Prevention
    Ted A Bateman; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Of those who do survive, 85% will not be walking unaided at one year, and most survivors will never return to pre-fracture quality of life...
  11. PARP inhibitor and Redox Catalyst Conjugate for Traumatic Brain Injury
    Kanneganti Murthy; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Neurobehavioral monitoring will include assessment of motor tasks (beam balance, beam walking, Morris water maze) on day 14, and post-mortem analysis of brain tissue for morphologic and biochemical evidence ..
  12. A Culturally Tailored LIfestyle Intervention to Prevent Diabetes in South Asians:
    KABAYAM M VENKAT NARAYAN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..DVD include exercises based on culturally appropriate activities, including traditional folk dances, yoga, and walking, and use South Asian music and instructors...
  13. Characterizing Ankle Function During Sloped Locomotion For Prosthesis Development
    Alena Grabowski; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..first time in history, people with a lower limb amputation have regained normative function during level-ground walking due to the development of a new powered ankle-foot prosthesis...
  14. A Pilot Study of Yoga for Breathing and Quality of Life of Lung Cancer Patients
    ..The LE sessions will include light exercises using resistance bands, stretching and gentle walking;the session will be provided by a trained research assistant...
  15. RCT of exercise on aromatase inhibitor side effects in breast cancer survivors
    Melinda L Irwin; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..In the proposed trial, we plan to evaluate the ability of a walking and strength training exercise program to attenuate side effects of AI therapy...
  16. Predictors of Immunologic Failure in Older Adults
    David H Canaday; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The criteria of measuring a Frailty Index include: unintentional weight loss, exhaustion, loss of strength, slow walking speed, and low level of activity...
  17. Bifunctional Redox Catalyst &Organic Nitrate for Limb Reperfusion
    ANDREW LURIE SALZMAN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..flow), nerve conduction velocity ("NCV", per electromyography, "EMG"), and muscle strength (by foot pressure on a walking surface) with simultaneous plasma concentrations of CM in order to construct a PD profile...
  18. The Role of Long Non-coding RNAs in EMT and Cancer Stem Cells
    Jason I Herschkowitz; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..BCM is located in the heart of the Texas Medical Center and is walking distance to several outstanding research and clinical institutions including M.D...
  19. Rocker Shoes for Natural Immobilization of the Ankle during Single Limb Support
    Andrew H Hansen; Fiscal Year: 2012
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Immobilization of the ankle using a walking cast or boot is a common treatment to relieve pain...
  20. Chondroitin Sulfate Proteoglycan and Myelination in Intraventricular Hemorrhage
    Praveen Ballabh; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..we seek to determine the mechanism of brain injuries in these infants with hemorrhage that leads to impairment in walking, reading and writing...
  21. Improving ambulatory community access after paralysis
    Rudi Kobetic; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..multichannel functional electrical stimulation (FES) gait system is to correct gait instability and increase walking speed to improve ambulatory community access of persons with lower extremity paralysis due to incomplete spinal ..
  22. Study of Energy and Aging
    Steven Cummings; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..of components of the 'energetics system'from muscle oxygen delivery to the energy efficiency of walking. These assessments include phosphorous spectroscopy for in-vivo muscle ATP generation, muscle biopsies with ..
  23. Muscle viscosity as a protective mechanism for absorbing mechanical shock
    Armen Sarvazyan; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..by cartilage pads between joints which cushion the moderate impacts accompanying mundane activities such as walking. We hypothesize that dissipation of mechanical energy of external impacts to absorb mechanical shock is a ..
  24. Biological Pathways of Acute and Chronic Stress in Aged Hip Fracture Caregivers
    Lisa Fredman; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Functional status will be based on walking speed, chair stands and self-reported ADLs/IADLs...
  25. Human Aging, Exercise &FMD: Translational Physiology
    Douglas R Seals; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..following tightly focused set of working hypotheses: 1) regular moderate-intensity aerobic exercise (daily brisk walking) increases peripheral conduit artery flow-mediated dilation (FMD), a measure of endothelium-dependent ..
  26. Effects of Non-Exercise Activity on Cognitive Function in the Elderly
    Teresa J Buracchio; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..strategically installed throughout subjects'homes and allow unobtrusive measurement of physical activity and walking. Biomarkers of interest that will be analyzed in this proposal include leptin, orexin, brain-derived neurotrophic ..
  27. Randomized Lifestyle Intervention in Overweight and Obese Pregnant Hispanic Women
    Lisa Chasan-Taber; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Medicine Guidelines for GWG and postpartum weight loss;ACOG guidelines for physical activity through increasing walking and developing a more active lifestyle;and reduction in total calories by following a balanced healthy diet in ..
  28. Robotic Interventions to Enhance Locomotor Stability Following Spinal Cord Injury
    KEITH EDWARD GORDON; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..body weight supported treadmill training (BWSTT) into a dynamic environment where balance-specific components of walking are measured and adaptively challenged, thereby enhancing locomotor training outcomes. Candidate: Dr...
  29. Magnetic Resonance Imaging and Biomarkers for Muscular Dystrophy
    KRISTA H VANDENBORNE; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..diseases and is characterized by the absence of dystrophin, resulting in progressive muscle weakness, loss of walking ability and premature death...
  30. Regulation of Sensory-Motor Connectivity by Semaphorin-Plexin Signaling
    Yutaka Yoshida; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..are a group of progressive disorders that destroy cells that control essential muscle activity such as speaking, walking, breathing, and swallowing...
  31. Skin Temperature Perception and Prosthetic Thermoregulation
    GLENN KLUTE; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Activities, such as walking, cause substantial increases in skin temperatures such that additional bouts of activity, even when interspersed ..
  32. An RCT of telemedicine interventions for OSA
    DAVID W SPARROW; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The physical activity intervention is a 6-month progressive walking regimen with heart rate monitoring and real-time feedback using Windows Mobile computer technology, permitting ..
  33. Improving the Management of Obesity in Primary Care Practice
    Thomas A Wadden; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..g., nursing assistant) who will review participants'progress in consuming a 1200-1500 kcal/d diet and walking 180 minutes/week. Twelve additional contacts, on-site or by telephone, will be provided the second year...
  34. Genetics and biology of a viable mutant mouse with dystonic movements
    Kathleen J Sweadner; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Although the symptoms are severe, a key feature is that the mice are capable of normal walking and running on a wheel, functions that are largely mediated by spinal pattern generators and spinal sensorimotor ..
  35. Spinal cord injury: Targeting local inhibition to improve outcome
    Linda J Noble; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..treatments used in medically intractable cases include intrathecal baclofen, which can cause loss of residual walking ability, tolerance, withdrawal syndrome, and infectious and other complications related to indwelling catheters;..
  36. Tai Chi after Pulmonary Rehabilitation in Patients with COPD: A Randomized Trial
    Gloria Y Yeh; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..trial in patients with COPD (N=126) to evaluate the benefits of six months of tai chi exercise, versus group walking, versus general recommendations for self-exercise (standard care) in maintaining clinical improvements after the ..
  37. Musculoskeletal Biomechanics of Gradient Walking in Obese Adults
    ..Brisk walking is a recommended and popular form of exercise but weight bearing exercise may be the source of the biomechanical ..
  38. Rapid-onset Dystonia Parkinsonism (DYT12 Dystonia): Pathophysiology &Atp1a3 Mice
    Yuqing Li; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..exhibit disrupted motor control, balance, and sensory perception, we will test mice in open field apparatus, beam-walking, rotarod for motor coordination and balance, pole test mainly for striatum-specific motor deficits, tail flick ..
  39. Modifying Physical Activity and Sedentary Behavior via Mobile Phone Technology
    Abby C King; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..and easy to use behavioral programs, delivered by state-of-the-art mobile phone technologies, for increasing walking and decreasing prolonged television viewing...
  40. Effectiveness of an Automated Walking Program Targeting Veterans with COPD
    Caroline R Richardson; Fiscal Year: 2013
    TITLE: EFFECTIVENESS OF AN AUTOMATED WALKING PROGRAM TARGETING VETERANS WITH COPD Anticipated Impact: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is a common disabling chronic condition that is more prevalent in veterans than in the ..
  41. Longitudinal Impact of Antihypertensive Polypharmacy on Geriatric Syndromes
    Joseph T Hanlon; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..by four alternative approaches detailed below) will have worse performance on the 3MS, CLOX1, the SPPB, and usual walking pace over six meters after propensity score matching and adjusting for important covariates (e.g...
  42. Metabolic and Immunologic Effects of Meditation
    Frederick M Hecht; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The exercise component of CALMM+ focuses on moderate exercise, primarily through increased daily walking as well as through structured exercise time...
  43. Examining the Effects of High Protein Diet on Outcomes in Heart Failure Patients
    Lorraine S Evangelista; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Patients will be encouraged to engage in 20-30 minutes of physical activity, such as walking, three to five days per week and gradually increase to 30-60 minutes daily to promote energy deficit and ..
  44. Sex-specific movement differences in young adults with and without hip pain
    CARA L LEWIS; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..for these differences, we will assess movement patterns using kinematic data collected during movements including walking, stepping down, supine straight leg raise and prone hip extension on subjects with FAI and subjects without hip ..
  45. Effect of Prosthetic Foot-Ankle Stiffness on Amputee Function
    GLENN KLUTE; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..date the majority of research evaluating the effectiveness of ESAR feet has been performed during straight line walking. However, non-sagittal plane activities such as turning are prevalent in daily living and create a different set ..
  46. Development of a Low Cost, Real-time Biofeedback Gait Retraining System
    SAUNDERS WHITTLESEY; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The product will be a commercial system for gait (walking and running) retraining, consisting of a treadmill, streaming 3D Motion Capture and biomechanical analyses, and a ..
  47. Role of Thromboxane in the Exercise Pressor Reflex in Peripheral Artery Disease
    ANNA KATHERINE LEAL; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Exercise has been proven to improve walking economy in patients with peripheral artery disease by increasing collateral blood flow and microcirculation ..
  48. Use Of Adipose Derived Stem Cells For Engineering Of Ligament Tissue
    David McAllister; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..such as golf and softball and in some patients it is necessary for activities of daily living including walking. When injured, its absence leads to knee instability and often necessitates activity modifications in order to ..
  49. Physical Telerahabilitation in Veterans with Multiple Sclerosis
    MITCHELL TAYLOR WALLIN; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The functional status will also be assessed using the 6-minute walk, MS Walking Scale, the MS Functional Composite, and the EDSS...
  50. Using Community Based Participatory Research to Improve Health in Children
    LUISA contact SEIJO MALDONADO; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..policies favoring the use of private automobiles instead of multiple transportation options, which include walking or biking, (2) advertisements by multinational companies which create a globally shared consensus of what ..
  51. Paraspinal Denervation in Low Back Pain
    Andrew J Haig; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Electromyography (EMG) was shown to be a useful test. However the study did not look claudication (leg pain on walking), an extreme symptom of stenosis. Claudication can also occur in vascular disease...
  52. Chiang Mai University HIV/AIDS Clinical Trials Unit
    Thira Sirisanthana; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Clinical facilities within walking distance are located at the Faculty of Medicine, CMU...
  53. Retraining Spinal Circuits With Robot-Assisted Functional Electrical Stimulation
    Deborah Won; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..powers leg orthoses to move a spinal cord injury (SCI) patient's legs in a trajectory designed to mimic walking while the body weight is supported by a harness...
  54. Changing a reflex to improve locomotion
    Aiko Thompson; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Normally, spinal reflexes are modulated from standing to walking, and during walking reflexes are further modulated between different phases of the gait cycle...
  55. Ankle dorsiflexion splinting enhances endothelial function of aged leg muscles
    JUDY M DELP; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Following 4 wks of daily splinting, hindlimb muscle blood flow will be measured at rest, and during walking exercise...
  56. Identification of Responders to the FES Interventions in Stroke Population
    Rakesh Pilkar; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..assistance with foot drop, these devices have showed significant improvements in biomechanical variables such as walking speed, distance, stride length and physiological cost for individuals with stroke [2-6, 8]...
    Robert D Gregg; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..I will test this hypothesis by observing the response of human joints to perturbations of the COP while walking over a robotic platform...
  58. Testerone Trial
    Peter J Snyder; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Primary end points for these four trials will be six minute walking distance (mobility disability), paragraph recall by the Wechsler Memory Scale Revised (age-associated memory ..
  59. (PQA4) GPS exposure to environments &relations with biomarkers of cancer risk
    Jacqueline Kerr; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..g. walking, biking, riding in a car, screen time etc...
  60. Risk Factors for Osteoporosis in Children &Adolescents with Myelomeningocele
    Tishya A L Wren; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..children, it is hypothesized that bone mass may be maximized in children with MM by maintaining upright mobility (walking) as long as possible through adolescence...
  61. Physical Activity and Diet in the Prevention of Obesity in Men and Women
    Howard D Sesso; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..We will also examine the type (e.g. walking and other common forms of exercise), frequency, and intensity (e.g. moderate, vigorous) of physical activity...
  62. Developing a brain-machine interface for an ankle robot
    Larry Forrester; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..shown the first use of noninvasive (EEG) to decode and reconstruct lower extremity joint kinematics for treadmill walking in nondisabled subjects...
  63. The Treatment of Depression with Yoga and Walking
    CHRIS CONWAY STREETER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..2: To obtain four MRS scans in MDD subjects: Baseline (Scan 1);After 12- week yoga or walking interventions (Scan 2);Immediately after Scan 2, subjects will complete a 60-minute intervention (yoga or walking)..
  64. Exercise training and cognitive and physical function in CKD
    Daniel E Weiner; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..functions, and memory/learning;2) Aerobic capacity (peak V02);3) Physical performance including sub maximal walking speed, timed get up and go test, knee extensor strength, and short physical performance battery;4) HRQoL (Short ..
  65. Effect of ethanol on Bergmann glia Ca2+ dynamics during motor behavior
    Martin Paukert; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..GCaMP3 selectively in all BGs, and Ca2+ responses will be analyzed with two-photon imaging while the animal is walking or resting on a linear treadmill...
  66. Increased Plasma Nitrite, Tissue Oxygenation and Functional Changes in PAD
    Jason David Allen; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..yrs, one third of which suffer from intermittent claudication (IC), defined as ischemic leg pain that occurs with walking and improves with rest...
  67. Promoting Physical Activity in Older Adults with Comorbidity
    ELIZABETH ANN SCHLENK; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..to address comorbid HBP, affects lower extremity exercise (flexibility, strengthening, and balance), fitness walking, functional status, BP, quadriceps strength, pain, and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in a convenience ..
  68. ZeroG: Dynamic Over-Ground Body-Weight Support System
    Joseph Hidler; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..provided by applicant): Successfully delivering intensive yet safe gait therapy to individuals with significant walking deficits presents the greatest challenges to even the most skilled therapists...
  69. Research meets practice: Human-animal interaction in obesity across the lifespan
    Rebecca Johnson; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Dog-walking, found to positively influence physical activity, is a focus of the proposed one-day symposium aiming to foster ..
  70. Applications of FES Artificial Walking for Cerebral Palsy
    Jessica Rose; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..of the proposed conference is to create a research network on functional electrical stimulation (FES) assisted walking in cerebral palsy (CP)...
  71. Exploring New ED Intake Strategies
    Shari Welch; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Thus, ED inefficiencies and delays translate into almost 4 million patients walking away from healthcare after presenting for help...
  72. Cues from touch to aid posture and gait in individuals with Parkinson's disease
    Ely Rabin; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..compare gait parameters, stride-to-stride variance of gait parameters, and timing of EMG activity of unassisted walking vs...
  73. Symmetrical walking enhanced neuroplasticity post-stroke
    JAMES STINEAR; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..proposed study is to assess the feasibility of combining lower limb motor cortical plasticity with symmetrical walking training to enhance walking recovery in stroke survivors...
    John Fink; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Beginning in childhood, adolescence, or adulthood, walking becomes progressively impaired, wheelchairs are often required, and urinary bladder disturbance and other ..
  75. Nutritional Restriction and Activity Thermogenesis
    James Levine; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Specifically, we will study the effects of negative energy balance on, sitting, standing, walking, changing posture and fidgeting thermogenesis...
  76. Polestriding versus Walking for PAD Rehabilitation
    Eileen Collins; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Gait changes such as reduced stride length, cadence and walking speed are reported in patients with PAD...
  77. Analytical Tools for Optimizing Neurorehabilitation of Gait
    W Selbie; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..training, following spinal cord injury and stroke, showed improved EMG activation patterns, more natural walking characteristics, and were able to bear more weight on their legs and had higher returns in functional walking ..
  78. Robotic Orthoses for Gait Rehabilitation
    DANIEL FERRIS; Fiscal Year: 2009
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): We have developed a powered ankle-foot orthosis that can assist human walking. The ankle-foot orthosis has an artificial pneumatic muscle providing plantar flexor torque in response to soleus muscle ..
  79. Exercise training in Parkinson's disease: Neural and functional benefits
    Narayanan Krishnamurthi; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..with Parkinson's disease (PD), symptoms such as tremor, rigidity, poor balance and difficulties in walking often limit their participation in physical activities...
  80. Ergonomic backpacks for children and adults
    MARTIN BELCHER; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..forces can lead to back, neck, shoulder and knee pain &injury which may discourage or prevent people from walking or prevent them from participating in recreational activities (such as hiking)...
    STEPHEN ELLEDGE; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..a set of YAC vectors that will allow several different types of genetic manipulation of YACs including chromosome walking using a genetic strategy...
  82. The Effect of Aging and Vascular Occlusion on Gait Variability
    Sara A Myers; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..to determine the effect of age and restricted blood flow on gait parameters by examining gait variability during walking. The specific mechanisms that contribute to gait dysfunction in peripheral arterial disease (PAD) patients are ..
  83. Effects of Albuterol on Muscle Protein Synthesis
    Charles Lambert; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Frailty has been defined as consisting of low muscle strength, slow walking speed, weight loss, and low physical activity...
  84. Adherence to Self-Paced vs Prescribed Intensity PA: Exploring Mechanisms via EMA
    David M Williams; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Alternatively, when overweight adults choose their own walking pace, it results in a more positive affective response than when a specific intensity is prescribed...
    Virginia Carrieri Kohlman; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..The overall objective of this study is to determine whether dyspnea decreases as much with home walking as it does with short exposure to the symptom in a monitored environment or with typical high-intensity pulmonary ..
    YUEN FUNG; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..The approach of chromosomal walking with DNA probes in the vicinity of the Rb gene will be used for its isolation...
  87. Effect of Integrated Mental Practice on Post-stroke Gait and Self Efficacy
    Ruth Dickstein; Fiscal Year: 2009
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Stroke patients have substantial long term disability, particularly in walking. Motor and motivational imagery ("Integrated mental practice") is a safe and inexpensive exercise routine for improving ..
  88. A Device to Monitor Toe Walking in Children with Cerebral Palsy
    Richard Greenwald; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..There is a clinical need for objective, quantitative data to assess the severity of toe walking and its progression over time as the child develops and intervention strategies are implemented to improve his/..
    DOUGLAS LARISH; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..project is: Age-related changes in musculoskeletal function produce modifications in gait that affect economy of walking. Economy is operationally defined as the amount of oxygen consumed (per kilogram of body mass) to walk a given ..
  90. Measurement and Simulation of Biarticular Muscle Function During Human Walking
    Darryl G Thelen; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The objective of this research is to measure and simulate the function of biarticular muscles during human walking. The clinical treatment of locomotor impairments often includes targeted surgical and rehabilitative ..