Genomes and Genes
Summary: The artificial substitution of heart and lung action as indicated for HEART ARREST resulting from electric shock, DROWNING, respiratory arrest, or other causes. The two major components of cardiopulmonary resuscitation are artificial ventilation (RESPIRATION, ARTIFICIAL) and closed-chest CARDIAC MASSAGE.
Publications365 found, 100 shown here
- Chest compression fraction determines survival in patients with out-of-hospital ventricular fibrillationJim Christenson
MSc, Emergency and Health Services Commission of British Columbia, 302 2955 Virtual Way, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada V5M 4X6
Circulation 120:1241-7. 2009Quality cardiopulmonary resuscitation contributes to cardiac arrest survival...
- Prehospital epinephrine use and survival among patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrestAkihito Hagihara
Kyushu University Graduate School of Medicine, Department of Health Services Management and Policy, 3 1 1 Maidashi, Higashi ku, Fukuoka 812 8582, Japan
JAMA 307:1161-8. 2012Epinephrine is widely used in cardiopulmonary resuscitation for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). However, the effectiveness of epinephrine use before hospital arrival has not been established.
- YouTube as a source of information on cardiopulmonary resuscitationKarthik Murugiah
Department of Medicine, AECOM Jacobi Medical Center, Bronx, NY, United States
Resuscitation 82:332-4. 2011Widespread knowledge of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is critical to improving survival in sudden cardiac death...
- Cardiac arrest and cardiopulmonary resuscitation outcome reports: update and simplification of the Utstein templates for resuscitation registries: a statement for healthcare professionals from a task force of the International Liaison Committee on ResusciIan Jacobs
Circulation 110:3385-97. 2004Outcome after cardiac arrest and cardiopulmonary resuscitation is dependent on critical interventions, particularly early defibrillation, effective chest compressions, and advanced life support...
- Predictors of survival from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest: a systematic review and meta-analysisComilla Sasson
Departments of Emergency Medicine and Internal Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes 3:63-81. 2010..factors (event witnessed by a bystander or emergency medical services [EMS], provision of bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation [CPR], initial cardiac rhythm, or the return of spontaneous circulation)...
- Perishock pause: an independent predictor of survival from out-of-hospital shockable cardiac arrestSheldon Cheskes
University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada
Circulation 124:58-66. 2011..Perishock pauses are pauses in chest compressions before and after defibrillatory shock. We examined the relationship between perishock pauses and survival to hospital discharge...
- Quality of cardiopulmonary resuscitation during out-of-hospital cardiac arrestLars Wik
National Competence Center for Emergency Medicine, Ulleval University Hospital, Oslo, Norway
JAMA 293:299-304. 2005b>Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) guidelines recommend target values for compressions, ventilations, and CPR-free intervals allowed for rhythm analysis and defibrillation...
- Cardiopulmonary resuscitation training in high school using avatars in virtual worlds: an international feasibility studyJohan Creutzfeldt
Department of Clinical Science, Intervention and Technology, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
J Med Internet Res 15:e9. 2013..Less than 30% of out-of-hospital victims receive cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) despite the American Heart Association training over 12 million laypersons annually to conduct ..
- Inhaled nitric oxide improves outcomes after successful cardiopulmonary resuscitation in miceShizuka Minamishima
Anesthesia Center for Critical Care Research of the Department of Anesthesia, Critical Care, and Pain Medicine, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium
Circulation 124:1645-53. 2011..Breathing nitric oxide (NO) reduces ischemia/reperfusion injury in animal models and in patients. The objective of this study was to learn whether inhaled NO improves outcomes after CA and cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR).
- Exploring virtual worlds for scenario-based repeated team training of cardiopulmonary resuscitation in medical studentsJohan Creutzfeldt
Department of Clinical Science, Intervention and Technology, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
J Med Internet Res 12:e38. 2010..b>Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is a field within medicine in high demand for new and effective training modalities.
- The incidence of regurgitation during cardiopulmonary resuscitation: a comparison between the bag valve mask and laryngeal mask airwayB J Stone
Department of Resuscitation, Conquest Hospital, Hastings, E Sussex, UK
Resuscitation 38:3-6. 1998..The resuscitation data collection forms of 996 patients who underwent in-hospital cardiopulmonary resuscitation over a 3.5 year period were reviewed...
- Cardiopulmonary resuscitation with assisted extracorporeal life-support versus conventional cardiopulmonary resuscitation in adults with in-hospital cardiac arrest: an observational study and propensity analysisYih Sharng Chen
Department of Surgery, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan
Lancet 372:554-61. 2008..However, there is little evidence about the benefit of the procedure compared with conventional cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), especially when continued for more than 10 min...
- Estimating effectiveness of cardiac arrest interventions: a logistic regression survival modelT D Valenzuela
Department of Surgery, University of Arizona, Tucson, USA
Circulation 96:3308-13. 1997..The study objective was to develop a simple, generalizable predictive model for survival after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest due to ventricular fibrillation...
- Chest compression rates during cardiopulmonary resuscitation are suboptimal: a prospective study during in-hospital cardiac arrestBenjamin S Abella
Emergency Resuscitation Center and Section of Emergency Medicine, University of Chicago Hospitals, Chicago, Ill 60637, USA
Circulation 111:428-34. 2005Recent data highlight a vital link between well-performed cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and survival after cardiac arrest; however, the quality of CPR as actually performed by trained healthcare providers is largely unknown...
- What is the role of chest compression depth during out-of-hospital cardiac arrest resuscitation?Ian G Stiell
Department of Emergency Medicine and Ottawa Hospital Research Institute, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
Crit Care Med 40:1192-8. 2012The 2010 international guidelines for cardiopulmonary resuscitation recently recommended an increase in the minimum compression depth from 38 to 50 mm, although there are limited human data to support this...
- CPR training and CPR performance: do CPR-trained bystanders perform CPR?Robert Swor
Department of Emergency Medicine, Royal Oak William Beaumont Hospital, Royal Oak, MI, USA
Acad Emerg Med 13:596-601. 2006To determine factors associated with cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) provision by CPR-trained bystanders and to determine factors associated with CPR performance by trained bystanders.
- Comparison of the efficacy of nifekalant and amiodarone in a porcine model of cardiac arrestXian Fei Ji
Department of Emergency, Beijing Chaoyang Hospital, Capital Medical University, 8 Baijiazhuang Road, Chaoyang District, Beijing 100020, China
Resuscitation 81:1031-6. 2010..To compare the efficacy of nifekalant and amiodarone in the treatment of cardiac arrest in a porcine model...
- Effect of chest compressions on the time taken to insert airway devices in a manikinJ J Gatward
Department of Anaesthesia, Royal United Hospital, Combe Park, Bath BA1 3NG, UK
Br J Anaesth 100:351-6. 2008..This study was designed to evaluate the speed with which different airway devices could be placed with and without interrupting chest compressions...
- Neurologic prognostication and bispectral index monitoring after resuscitation from cardiac arrestMarion Leary
Center for Resuscitation Science and Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
Resuscitation 81:1133-7. 2010..We hypothesized that BIS values within 24 h after resuscitation would correlate with neurologic outcomes at discharge...
- CPR knowledge and attitude to performing bystander CPR among secondary school students in NorwayB K Kanstad
Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Tromsø, 9037 Tromsø, Norway
Resuscitation 82:1053-9. 2011Early bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is essential for survival from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA)...
- Conventional and chest-compression-only cardiopulmonary resuscitation by bystanders for children who have out-of-hospital cardiac arrests: a prospective, nationwide, population-based cohort studyTetsuhisa Kitamura
Kyoto University Health Service, Kyoto, Japan
Lancet 375:1347-54. 2010The American Heart Association recommends cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) by bystanders with chest compression only for adults who have cardiac arrests, but not for children...
- Global incidences of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest and survival rates: Systematic review of 67 prospective studiesJocelyn Berdowski
Department of Cardiology, Academic Medical Centre University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Resuscitation 81:1479-87. 2010..The aim of this investigation was to estimate and contrast the global incidence and outcome of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) to provide a better understanding of the variability in risk and survival of OHCA...
- Cardiac arrest with cardiopulmonary resuscitation reduces dendritic spine density in CA1 pyramidal cells and selectively alters acquisition of spatial memoryGretchen N Neigh
Department of Psychology, Townshend Hall, 1885 Neil Avenue Mall, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210, USA
Eur J Neurosci 20:1865-72. 2004..maze to characterize spatial learning and memory deficits elicited by 8 min of cardiac arrest with cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CA/CPR) in mice, which is associated with a 25-50% decrease in CA1 neurons...
- Identifying potentially shockable rhythms without interrupting cardiopulmonary resuscitationYongqin Li
Weil Institute of Critical Care Medicine, Rancho Mirage, CA, USA
Crit Care Med 36:198-203. 2008..Interruption of chest compressions reduces likelihood of successful resuscitation by as much as 50%. We sought a method to identify a shockable rhythm without interrupting chest compressions during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR).
- How best to teach CPR to schoolchildren: a systematic reviewNina Plant
Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Canada
Resuscitation 84:415-21. 2013Training schoolchildren to perform cardiopulmonary resuscitation is one possible method of increasing bystander CPR rates. We reviewed available literature to identify what methods of training children have been successful.
- Perceived stress and team performance during a simulated resuscitationSabina Hunziker
Department of Medicine, Division of Pulmonary, Critical Care, and Sleep Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, MA, USA
Intensive Care Med 37:1473-9. 2011Barriers to optimal performance of cardiopulmonary resuscitation may partly relate to human factors, such as stress and specific emotions...
- Long-term prognosis after out-of-hospital cardiac arrestTina I Horsted
Department of Anaesthesia, Centre of Head and Orthopaedics 4231, Copenhagen University Hospital, Rigshospitalet, DK 2100 Copenhagen, Denmark
Resuscitation 72:214-8. 2007..In this study we aimed to report survival beyond 6 months, including quality of life, for patients after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) with a physician-based EMS in an urban area...
- Effectiveness of emergency response planning for sudden cardiac arrest in United States high schools with automated external defibrillatorsJonathan A Drezner
Associate Professor, Department of Family Medicine, 4245 Roosevelt Way NE, University of Washington, Box 354775, Seattle, WA 98105, USA
Circulation 120:518-25. 2009..We analyzed the effectiveness of emergency response planning for sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) in a large cohort of US high schools that had onsite AED programs...
- Sports-related sudden death in the general populationEloi Marijon
Paris Cardiovascular Research Center, INSERM U970, Hopital Europeen Georges Pompidou, Paris Cedex 15, France
Circulation 124:672-81. 2011..Although such data are available for young competitive athletes, the prevalence, characteristics, and outcome of sports-related sudden death have not been assessed previously in the general population...
- Incidence of EMS-treated out-of-hospital cardiac arrest in EuropeChristie Atwood
School of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98104, USA
Resuscitation 67:75-80. 2005..The aim of the investigation was to determine a representative European incidence and survival from cardiac arrest in all-rhythms and in ventricular fibrillation treated by the emergency medical services (EMS)...
- Outcome of patients with profound cardiogenic shock after cardiopulmonary resuscitation and prompt extracorporeal membrane oxygenation support. A single-center observational studySheng Ying Chung
Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Kaohsiung Chang Gung Memorial Hospital and Chang Gung University College of Medicine, Kaohsiung, Taiwan
Circ J 76:1385-92. 2012..The in-hospital outcome of patients with profound cardiogenic shock (CS) undergoing extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) and prognostic predictors were analyzed...
- Suppression of the cardiopulmonary resuscitation artefacts using the instantaneous chest compression rate extracted from the thoracic impedanceE Aramendi
Electronics and Telecommunications Department, University of the Basque Country, Alameda Urquijo s n, 48013 Bilbao, Spain
Resuscitation 83:692-8. 2012..demonstrate that the instantaneous chest compression rate can be accurately estimated from the transthoracic impedance (TTI), and that this estimated rate can be used in a method to suppress cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) artefacts.
- Undergraduate nursing students' acquisition and retention of CPR knowledge and skillsCatherine Madden
Department of Nursing, Waterford Institute of Technology, Cork Road, Waterford, Republic of Ireland
Nurse Educ Today 26:218-27. 2006..a cardiac arrest situation rests on nurses being competent in the emergency life-saving procedure of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR)...
- Assessment of BLS skills: optimizing use of instructor and manikin measuresBonnie Lynch
University of Dundee School of Medicine, Dundee, Tayside Centre for General Practice, Mackenzie Building, Kirsty Semple Way, Dundee DD2 4BF, United Kingdom
Resuscitation 76:233-43. 2008..Comparisons of instructors' subjective assessments with objective data from recording manikins provide one means of understanding the magnitude and type of instructor errors in assessment...
- Subarachnoid haemorrhage as a cause of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest: a prospective computed tomography studyJoji Inamasu
Department of Emergency Medicine, Saiseikai Utsunomiya Hospital, Utsunomiya, Japan
Resuscitation 80:977-80. 2009..Early identification of SAH-induced OHCA with the use of brain computed tomography (CT) scan obtained immediately after resuscitation may help emergency physicians make therapeutic decision as quickly as they can...
- The impact of a new CPR assist device on rate of return of spontaneous circulation in out-of-hospital cardiac arrestMichael Casner
San Francisco Fire Department, San Francisco, California 94107, USA
Prehosp Emerg Care 9:61-7. 2005..A retrospective chart review was undertaken to determine whether the AutoPulse had altered short-term patient outcome, specifically, return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC)...
- Communication and decision making about life-sustaining treatment: examining the experiences of resident physicians and seriously-ill hospitalized patientsKristy S Deep
Department of Internal Medicine, University of Kentucky College of Medicine, Lexington, KY 40536, USA
J Gen Intern Med 23:1877-82. 2008..Few prior studies have examined these conversations qualitatively to uncover why ineffective communication styles may persist...
- Quality of chest compressions during 10min of single-rescuer basic life support with different compression: ventilation ratios in a manikin modelConrad Arnfinn Bjørshol
Department of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care, Division of Acute Care Medicine, Stavanger University Hospital, Stavanger, Norway
Resuscitation 77:95-100. 2008..As fatigue may reduce BLS performance over time we wanted to examine the quality of chest compressions in a single-rescuer scenario during prolonged BLS with different compression:ventilation ratios (C:V ratios)...
- Rationale, development and implementation of the Resuscitation Outcomes Consortium Epistry-Cardiac ArrestLaurie J Morrison
Prehospital and Transport Medicine Research Program, Sunnybrook and Women s College Health Sciences Centre, 2075 Bayview Avenue, Suite C753, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M4N 3M5
Resuscitation 78:161-9. 2008..To describe the development, design and consequent scientific implications of the Resuscitation Outcomes Consortium (ROC) population-based registry; ROC Epistry-Cardiac Arrest...
- Uniform reporting of measured quality of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR)Jo Kramer-Johansen
Institute for Experimental Medical Research, Ullevaal University Hospital, N 0407 Oslo, Norway
Resuscitation 74:406-17. 2007..This will allow for meaningful comparisons between treatment groups in clinical trials as well as a common system for quality improvement and documentation of this improvement...
- Education in resuscitation: an ILCOR symposium: Utstein Abbey: Stavanger, Norway: June 22-24, 2001Douglas A Chamberlain
Circulation 108:2575-94. 2003
- Improving in-hospital cardiac arrest process and outcomes with performance debriefingDana P Edelson
Section of General Internal Medicine, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, USA
Arch Intern Med 168:1063-9. 2008Recent investigations have documented poor cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) performance in clinical practice...
- A reliable and valid method for evaluating cardiopulmonary resuscitation training outcomesR T Brennan
Harvard University, Graduate School of Education, Department of Administration, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
Resuscitation 32:85-93. 1996..92). We urge standardized reporting of CPR training outcomes in order to achieve comparability across studies...
- Hypothermia and postconditioning after cardiopulmonary resuscitation reduce cardiac dysfunction by modulating inflammation, apoptosis and remodelingPatrick Meybohm
Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine, University Hospital Schleswig Holstein, Kiel, Germany
PLoS ONE 4:e7588. 2009..This study sought to examine whether hypothermia and the combination of hypothermia and pharmacological postconditioning are cardioprotective in a model of cardiopulmonary resuscitation following acute myocardial ischemia.
- Treatment of comatose survivors of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest with induced hypothermiaStephen A Bernard
Intensive Care Unit, Dandenong Hospital, Dandenong, Australia
N Engl J Med 346:557-63. 2002..In a randomized, controlled trial, we compared the effects of moderate hypothermia and normothermia in patients who remained unconscious after resuscitation from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest...
- Chest-compression-only versus standard cardiopulmonary resuscitation: a meta-analysisMichael Hüpfl
Department of Anesthesiology, Critical Care and Pain Therapy, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria
Lancet 376:1552-7. 2010..We aimed to establish the association of chest-compression-only CPR with survival in patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest...
- Manual chest compression vs use of an automated chest compression device during resuscitation following out-of-hospital cardiac arrest: a randomized trialAl Hallstrom
Department of Biostatistics, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98105, USA
JAMA 295:2620-8. 2006High-quality cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) may improve both cardiac and brain resuscitation following cardiac arrest...
- Vasopressin and epinephrine vs. epinephrine alone in cardiopulmonary resuscitationPierre Yves Gueugniaud
Service d Aide Médicale Urgente 69, Hospices Civils de Lyon, University of Lyon 1, Lyon, France
N Engl J Med 359:21-30. 2008....
- Characteristics and outcome among patients having out of hospital cardiac arrest at home compared with elsewhereJ Herlitz
Division of Cardiology, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Goteborg, Sweden
Heart 88:579-82. 2002..To describe the characteristics and outcome of patients who have a cardiac arrest at home compared with elsewhere out of hospital...
- Anxiety after cardiac arrest/cardiopulmonary resuscitation: exacerbated by stress and prevented by minocyclineGretchen N Neigh
Department of Psychology, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 30322, USA
Stroke 40:3601-7. 2009..The goal of this study was to determine the effects of prior exposure to chronic stress on ischemia-induced neuronal death, microglial activation, and anxiety-like behavior...
- Intravenous drug administration during out-of-hospital cardiac arrest: a randomized trialTheresa M Olasveengen
Institute for Experimental Medical Research, Oslo University Hospital, Ullevaal, N 0407 Oslo, Norway
JAMA 302:2222-9. 2009..an independent predictor of poor outcome in a large epidemiological study, possibly due to toxicity of the drug or cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) interruptions secondary to establishing an intravenous line and drug administration.
- Early versus later rhythm analysis in patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrestIan G Stiell
Department of Emergency Medicine and Ottawa Hospital Research Institute, University of Ottawa, Ottawa
N Engl J Med 365:787-97. 2011..on Resuscitation suggested that emergency medical service (EMS) personnel could provide 2 minutes of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) before the first analysis of cardiac rhythm...
- Impact of adding video communication to dispatch instructions on the quality of rescue breathing in simulated cardiac arrests--a randomized controlled studyChih Wei Yang
Department of Emergency Medicine, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan Department of Medical Education, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan
Resuscitation 78:327-32. 2008Both ventilations and compressions are important for victims of prolonged cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and asphyxial arrest...
- Use of an automated, load-distributing band chest compression device for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest resuscitationMarcus Eng Hock Ong
Department of Epidemiology and Community Health, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, USA
JAMA 295:2629-37. 2006..Only 1% to 8% of adults with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest survive to hospital discharge...
- Effect of continuous compressions and 30:2 cardiopulmonary resuscitation on global ventilation/perfusion values during resuscitation in a porcine modelShuo Wang
Department of Emergency Medicine, Beijing Chaoyang Hospital affiliated with Capital Medical University, Beijing, China
Crit Care Med 38:2024-30. 2010..was undertaken to analyze the global ventilation/perfusion values of continuous compressions and 30:2 cardiopulmonary resuscitation to determine the effectiveness for each approach in a porcine model of prolonged bystander ..
- Quality of out-of-hospital cardiopulmonary resuscitation with real time automated feedback: a prospective interventional studyJo Kramer-Johansen
Institute for Experimental Medical Research, University of Oslo, N 0407 Oslo, Norway
Resuscitation 71:283-92. 2006..To compare quality of CPR during out-of-hospital cardiac arrest with and without automated feedback...
- Observations and warning signs prior to cardiac arrest. Should a medical emergency team intervene earlier?J Nurmi
Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine, Uusimaa Emergency Medical Services, Helsinki University Hospital, FI 00100 Helsinki, Finland
Acta Anaesthesiol Scand 49:702-6. 2005..Our aim was to analyze the effectiveness of observation practice to detect abnormalities in vital signs prior to cardiac arrest and to determine the need for a MET system in Finnish hospitals...
- Predictors of cardiopulmonary resuscitation and automated external defibrillator skill retentionBarbara Riegel
School of Nursing, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104 6096, USA
Am Heart J 150:927-32. 2005Few data exist regarding the retention of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and automated external defibrillator (AED) skills over time in relationship to characteristics of lay volunteer responders, training, or risk of exposure to ..
- Long-term prognosis after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest and primary percutaneous coronary interventionB Bendz
Department of Cardiology, Ulleval University Hospital, N 0407 Oslo, Norway
Resuscitation 63:49-53. 2004To study the long-term survival after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest and successful cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in patients with acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) treated with primary percutaneous coronary ..
- European nursing organizations stand up for family presence during cardiopulmonary resuscitation: a joint position statementPhilip Moons
Center for Health Services and Nursing Research, Catholic University of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium
Prog Cardiovasc Nurs 23:136-9. 2008Empirical evidence suggests that family presence during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) has beneficial effects...
- Mechanical chest compressions and simultaneous defibrillation vs conventional cardiopulmonary resuscitation in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest: the LINC randomized trialSten Rubertsson
Department of Surgical Sciences Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden
JAMA 311:53-61. 2014..A strategy using mechanical chest compressions might improve the poor outcome in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest, but such a strategy has not been tested in large clinical trials...
- Impedance-based ventilation detection during cardiopulmonary resuscitationMartin Risdal
Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Stavanger, Stavanger 4036, Norway
IEEE Trans Biomed Eng 54:2237-45. 2007It has been suggested to develop automated external defibrillators with the ability to monitor cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) performance online and give corrective feedback in order to improve the resuscitation quality...
- Dispatcher assisted CPR: implementation and potential benefit. A 12-year studyAlfred P Hallstrom
Department of Biostatistics, Clinical Trial Center, University of Washington, 1107 N E 45th St, Suite 505, Seattle, WA 98105 4689, USA
Resuscitation 57:123-9. 2003Our objectives are to describe details of the dispatcher assisted cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) instruction program we implemented during a 12 years study and to provide estimates of the potential number of out-of-hospital cardiac ..
- A comparison of 2 types of chest compressions in a porcine model of cardiac arrestJun Yuan Wu
Emergency Department, affiliated Chao Yang Hospital of Capital Medical University, Chao Yang District, Beijing 100020, China
Am J Emerg Med 27:823-9. 2009..This study was designed to compare the effects of these clinical quality chest compressions with standard manual chest compressions in a porcine model of cardiac arrest...
- Coagulopathy after successful cardiopulmonary resuscitation following cardiac arrest: implication of the protein C anticoagulant pathwayChristophe Adrie
Intensive Care Unit, Delafontaine Hospital, Saint Denis, France
J Am Coll Cardiol 46:21-8. 2005..We investigated coagulation abnormalities in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) patients, with special attention to the protein C anticoagulant pathway...
- The impact of increased chest compression fraction on return of spontaneous circulation for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest patients not in ventricular fibrillationChristian Vaillancourt
University of Ottawa, Ottawa Hospital Research Institute, Ottawa, ON, Canada
Resuscitation 82:1501-7. 2011..We evaluated the effect of CCF on return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) in OOHCA patients with non-VF ECG rhythms in the Resuscitation Outcomes Consortium Epistry...
- Apolipoprotein E polymorphism: survival and neurological outcome after cardiopulmonary resuscitationM Schiefermeier
Department of Clinical Neurology, University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria
Stroke 31:2068-73. 2000..The aim of this study was to determine whether the apoE 3/3 genotype has an impact on survival and neurological outcome after cardiopulmonary resuscitation.
- Monitoring intervention programmes for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest in a mixed urban and rural settingAndrea Fabbri
Dipartimento dell Emergenza, Azienda USL Forlì, Italy
Resuscitation 71:180-7. 2006....
- Hypothermia for neuroprotection in adults after cardiopulmonary resuscitationJasmin Arrich
Department of Emergency Medicine, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria
Cochrane Database Syst Rev 9:CD004128. 2012..Experimental evidence suggests that therapeutic hypothermia is beneficial, and a number of clinical studies on this subject have been published. This review was originally published in 2009...
- Poor quality teaching in lay person CPR coursesMelinda M Parnell
Department of Surgery and Anaesthetics, Wellington School of Medicine, Wellington, New Zealand
Resuscitation 73:271-8. 2007Recent studies have found that poor cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is commonly performed in resuscitation attempts, both by health professionals and lay people...
- Optimal oxygenation during and after cardiopulmonary resuscitationRobert W Neumar
Center for Resuscitation Science and Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
Curr Opin Crit Care 17:236-40. 2011Reversal of tissue hypoxia, particularly in the heart and brain, is a fundamental goal of cardiopulmonary resuscitation. However, a growing body of evidence suggests that hyperoxia, especially after return of spontaneous circulation (..
- I guideline for cardiopulmonary resuscitation and emergency cardiovascular care -- Brazilian Society of Cardiology: executive summaryMaria Margarita Gonzalez
Sociedade Brasileira de Cardiologia, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil
Arq Bras Cardiol 100:105-13. 2013..mainly in the pre-hospital environment, with emphasis on the early recognition and delivery of cardiopulmonary resuscitation maneuvers focused on high-quality thoracic compressions and rapid defibrillation by means of the ..
- Ventricular tachyarrhythmias after cardiac arrest in public versus at homeMyron L Weisfeldt
Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA
N Engl J Med 364:313-21. 2011..We conducted a study to determine whether the location of the arrest, the type of arrhythmia, and the probability of survival are associated...
- Direct evaluation of the effect of filtering the chest compression artifacts on the uninterrupted cardiopulmonary resuscitation timeJesus Ruiz
Department of Communications Engineering, University of the Basque Country UPV EHU, 48013 Bilbao, Spain
Am J Emerg Med 31:910-5. 2013Filtering the cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) artifact has been a major approach to minimizing interruptions to CPR for rhythm analysis. However, the effects of these filters on interruptions to CPR have not been evaluated...
- Normoxic resuscitation after cardiac arrest protects against hippocampal oxidative stress, metabolic dysfunction, and neuronal deathViktoria Vereczki
Department of Anesthesiology, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21201, USA
J Cereb Blood Flow Metab 26:821-35. 2006..Moreover, these findings indicate the need for clinical trials comparing the effects of different ventilatory oxygen levels on neurologic outcome after cardiac arrest...
- Prognosis of coma after therapeutic hypothermia: a prospective cohort studyAline Bouwes
Department of Intensive Care, Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Ann Neurol 71:206-12. 2012..reliability of neurologic examination, neuron-specific enolase (NSE), and median nerve somatosensory-evoked potentials (SEPs) to predict poor outcome in patients treated with mild hypothermia after cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR).
- Cardiopulmonary resuscitation feedback improves the quality of chest compression provided by hospital health care professionalsCharles N Pozner
STRATUS Center for Medical Simulation, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Boston, MA 02115, USA
Am J Emerg Med 29:618-25. 2011..Suboptimal in-hospital CC are commonly reported. Skill degradation and fatigue have been implicated. We assessed the effect of a handheld feedback device on the measured and perceived quality of CC and rescuer physiologic response...
- CPR with chest compression alone or with rescue breathingThomas D Rea
Emergency Medical Services Division of Public Health for Seattle and King County, Seattle, Washington, USA
N Engl J Med 363:423-33. 2010The role of rescue breathing in cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) performed by a layperson is uncertain...
- Methylene blue protects the cortical blood-brain barrier against ischemia/reperfusion-induced disruptionsAdriana Miclescu
Department of Surgical Sciences Anaesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden
Crit Care Med 38:2199-206. 2010..the effects of cardiac arrest and the reperfusion syndrome on blood-brain barrier permeability and evaluate whether methylene blue counteracts blood-brain barrier disruption in a pig model of controlled cardiopulmonary resuscitation.
- Survey of junior hospital doctors' attitudes to cardiopulmonary resuscitationR Morgan
Wirral Hospital NHS Trust, Arrowe Park Hospital, Wirral, Merseyside, UK
Postgrad Med J 78:413-5. 2002Most cardiac arrest teams are made up of junior doctors. The stressful effect of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) on doctors has not previously been established...
- The chain of survivalJerry Nolan
Department of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care Medicine, Royal United Hospital, Combe Park, Bath, Banes BA1 3NG, United Kingdom
Resuscitation 71:270-1. 2006
- In-hospital cardiac arrest: survival depends mainly on the effectiveness of the emergency responseClaudio Sandroni
Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care, Catholic University School of Medicine, Largo Gemelli 8, 00168 Rome, Italy
Resuscitation 62:291-7. 2004..To evaluate the factors affecting the outcome of in-hospital cardiac arrest...
- In-hospital cardiac arrest: incidence, prognosis and possible measures to improve survivalClaudio Sandroni
Intensive Care Unit, Catholic University School of Medicine, Rome, Italy
Intensive Care Med 33:237-45. 2007..Review...
- The quality of chest compressions during cardiopulmonary resuscitation overrides importance of timing of defibrillationGiuseppe Ristagno
Weil Institute of Critical Care Medicine, 35100 Bob Hope Dr, Rancho Mirage, CA 92270, USA
Chest 132:70-5. 2007..We address the quality of chest compressions and the impact on initial defibrillation or initial chest compressions after sudden death...
- Effects of rescuer position on the kinematics of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and the force of delivered compressionsChih Hsien Chi
Department of Emergency Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan 70403, Taiwan
Resuscitation 76:69-75. 2008..The rescuer position may affect workload, and hence rate of fatigue and quality of CPR...
- Evaluating the quality of prehospital cardiopulmonary resuscitation by reviewing automated external defibrillator records and survival for out-of-hospital witnessed arrestsPatrick Chow In Ko
Department of Emergency Medicine, National Taiwan University Hospital, College of Medicine, National Taiwan University, No 7, Chung Shan S Rd, Taipei 100, Taiwan, ROC
Resuscitation 64:163-9. 2005Without an easy method to monitor the performance of prehospital cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), earlier studies have not been able to assess the quality of CPR...
- Feedback during cardiopulmonary resuscitationAndreas Bohn
Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine, University Hospital Munster, Munster, Germany
Curr Opin Anaesthesiol 21:200-3. 2008Current cardiopulmonary resuscitation guidelines emphasize that providing high-quality basic life support is the single most important contribution to successful resuscitation...
- How well are cardiopulmonary resuscitation and automated external defibrillator skills retained over time? Results from the Public Access Defibrillation (PAD) TrialBarbara Riegel
School of Nursing, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104 6096, USA
Acad Emerg Med 13:254-63. 2006The current standard for cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and automated external defibrillator (AED) retraining for laypersons is a four-hour course every two years...
- Major bleeding complications in cardiopulmonary resuscitation: the place of thrombolytic therapy in cardiac arrest due to massive pulmonary embolismKarin Janata
Department of Emergency Medicine, Vienna General Hospital, Waehringer Guertel 18 20, 6D, A 1090, Vienna, Austria
Resuscitation 57:49-55. 2003Thrombolytic therapy in patients with massive pulmonary embolism (MPE) and prolonged cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is subject to debate...
- Adverse hemodynamic effects of interrupting chest compressions for rescue breathing during cardiopulmonary resuscitation for ventricular fibrillation cardiac arrestR A Berg
University of Arizona College of Medicine, Steele Memorial Children s Research Center, Department of Pediatrics, Sarver Heart Center, Tucson, Arizona, USA
Circulation 104:2465-70. 2001Despite improving arterial oxygen saturation and pH, bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) with chest compressions plus rescue breathing (CC+RB) has not improved survival from ventricular fibrillation (VF) compared with chest ..
- The effect of a cellular-phone video demonstration to improve the quality of dispatcher-assisted chest compression-only cardiopulmonary resuscitation as compared with audio coachingJi Sook Lee
Department of Emergency Medicine, Ajou University School of Medicine, Suwon, Republic of Korea
Resuscitation 82:64-8. 2011Bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) has shown to significantly improve the survival of cardiac-arrest victims...
- Effect of the AutoPulse automated band chest compression device on hemodynamics in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest resuscitationFrancois Xavier Duchateau
Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care, Beaujon University Hospital, 100 bd du Général Leclerc, 92110, Clichy, France
Intensive Care Med 36:1256-60. 2010..arrest (CA) emphasize continuous and effective chest compressions as one of the main factors of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) success...
- Pre-hospital cardiac arrest in Prague, Czech Republic--the Utstein-style reportOndrej Franek
EMS Prague, Korunní 98, Prague 10, Czech Republic
Resuscitation 81:831-5. 2010This study aimed to report results of pre-hospital cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in the city of Prague in accordance with 'Utstein-style' recommendations.
- Out-of-hospital airway management by paramedics and emergency physicians using laryngeal tubesRichard Schalk
Clinic of Anaesthesiology, Intensive Care Medicine, and Pain Therapy, J W Goethe University Hospital Frankfurt, Theodor Stern Kai 7, D 60590 Frankfurt, Germany
Resuscitation 81:323-6. 2010..We prospectively evaluated the feasibility of laryngeal tubes used by paramedics and emergency physicians for out-of-hospital airway management...
- Instructor retraining and poster retraining are equally effective for the retention of BLS and AED skills of lifeguardsWiebe de Vries
Department of Education and Development, Doczero, Uden, The Netherlands
Eur J Emerg Med 17:150-7. 2010..This cluster-randomized study compared two refresher training methods for basic life support and use of an automated external defibrillation: a traditional instructor-led course, and self-instruction by poster...
- The association between intra-arrest therapeutic hypothermia and return of spontaneous circulation among individuals experiencing out of hospital cardiac arrestJohn S Garrett
Carolinas Medical Center, Department of Emergency Medicine, Charlotte, NC, USA
Resuscitation 82:21-5. 2011..Animal data suggest intra-arrest induction of therapeutic hypothermia (IATH) improves frequency of return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC). Our objective was to evaluate the association between IATH and ROSC...
- Changing incidence of out-of-hospital ventricular fibrillation, 1980-2000Leonard A Cobb
Department of Medicine, University of Washington and Harborview Medical Center, 325 Ninth Ave, Seattle, WA 98104, USA
JAMA 288:3008-13. 2002..Recent reports from 2 European cities and an earlier observation from Seattle, Wash, suggest that the number of patients treated for out-of-hospital ventricular fibrillation (VF) has declined...
- Postresuscitation care with mild therapeutic hypothermia and coronary intervention after out-of-hospital cardiopulmonary resuscitation: a prospective registry analysisJan Thorsten Gräsner
Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine, University Hospital Schleswig Holstein, Campus Kiel, Schwanenweg 21, Kiel 24105, Germany
Crit Care 15:R61. 2011Mild therapeutic hypothermia (MTH) has been shown to result in better neurological outcome after cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) may also be beneficial in patients after out-of-hospital cardiac ..
- Performance and skill retention of intubation by paramedics using seven different airway devices--a manikin studyKurt Ruetzler
Department of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia and Intensive Care Medicine, Medical University of Vienna, Austria
Resuscitation 82:593-7. 2011..This study investigates the usability of supraglottic airway devices compared to ETI and the skill retention of 41 previously inexperienced paramedics following training using a manikin model...
- Good outcome in every fourth resuscitation attempt is achievable--an Utstein template report from the Stavanger regionThomas Werner Lindner
Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care, Stavanger University Hospital, Norway
Resuscitation 82:1508-13. 2011..Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) is a major cause of death in the western world. We wanted to study changes in survival over time and factors linked to this in a region which have already reported high survival rates...
- Epidemiology and outcomes from non-traumatic out-of-hospital cardiac arrest in Korea: A nationwide observational studyKi ok Ahn
Center for Education and Training of EMS and Rescue, Seoul Fire Academy, Seoul, Republic of Korea
Resuscitation 81:974-81. 2010..We aimed to describe the epidemiological features and to determine the predictors for survival to discharge of non-traumatic out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) in Korea...
- Development of a Pre-Hospital Ultra-Wide Band Radar Cardiac Function MonitorGregory Walcott; Fiscal Year: 2007..determination of the presence or absence of a carotid pulse by healthcare personnel when performing cardiopulmonary resuscitation, yet performance of pulse checks is time consuming and the results are often incorrect...
- SK2 Channels as Novel Neuroprotective Targets Against Cerebral IschemiaPaco S Herson; Fiscal Year: 2012DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Cardiac arrest/cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CA/CPR) causes ischemia, neuronal excitotoxicity and cognitive decline. Despite intensive efforts, outcome remains poor...
- CaMKII in global cerebral ischemiaPaco S Herson; Fiscal Year: 2013..applicant): Each year in the United States ~600,000 people suffer from cardiac arrest (CA) and receive cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), resulting in hypoxia-ischemia (HI) of the brain and consequently in severe neurological ..
- Pyruvate: Powerful Brain Protection after Cardiac ArrestRobert T Mallet; Fiscal Year: 2013..Moreover, intravenous pyruvate infusion during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) prevented subsequent neurological impairment and neuronal apoptosis 3 days after cardiac arrest...
- IMPACT OF HYDROGEN SULFIDE ON OUTCOME OF CARDIAC ARREST AND CARDIOPULMONARY RESUSFumito Ichinose; Fiscal Year: 2013..Despite advances in cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) methods, 60-80% of these arrests result in immediate death, and of the remaining, only about 5 ..
- SIMLAB: Using Patient Simulation for Student Exploration of Community Health IssuPATRICIA LEAH WARD; Fiscal Year: 2013..An Advisory Committee, consisting of experts from public health, academic medicine, education, technology, and industry, will guide the development and implementation of the Project. ..
- 12/15-Lipoxygenase and neurovascular damage following cardiac arrestKlaus van Leyen; Fiscal Year: 2013..Severe ischemia and reperfusion injury is associated with cardiac arrest and subsequent cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Elucidating the role of 12/15-LOX in mediating ischemic damage may lead to novel therapeutic options ..
- Improving Outcomes in Cardiac Arrest/CPR with Inhaled Nitric OxideFumito Ichinose; Fiscal Year: 2013..Despite advances in cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) methods, 60-80% of these arrests result in immediate death, and of the remaining, only about 5 ..
- Hypothermia in Cardiac Arrest: Akt Preservation of Mitochondrial IntegrityWILLARD WILLIAM SHARP; Fiscal Year: 2013..Although promising, the effective and rapid implementation of TH during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) particularly in the out of hospital setting is technically challenging...
- Community-based End-of-life Intervention for African American Dementia CaregiversGLORIA J BONNER; Fiscal Year: 2013..EduAct) intervention for AA family caregiver healthcare proxies (HCPs) to make EOL decisions on cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), mechanical ventilation (MV), and tube feeding (TF)...
- Sex Difference in Renal Injury After Cardiac Arrest:Mechanisms of Estrogen ActionMichael P Hutchens; Fiscal Year: 2013..1 will determine whether glomerular endothelial and renal functional injury after cardiac arrest and cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CA/CPR) is sexually dimorphic and mediated by estrogen...
- Nanoparticle scavengers for in vivo sequestration of overdosed drug moleculesZhiguo Zhou; Fiscal Year: 2013..S. in 2005 alone, and the number is growing rapidly. General rescue therapies such as cardiopulmonary resuscitation, intravenous catecholamines to support homeostasis are used to treat drug intoxications in emergency ..
- Reperfusion Injury Protection Strategies During Basic Life SupportDemetri Yannopoulos; Fiscal Year: 2013..More than 350,000 patients die or have severe neurological deficits each year despite best efforts in cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR)...
- Effect of Pulmonary Vasodilation on the Efficacy of Cardiopulmonary ResuscitationGregory P Walcott; Fiscal Year: 2012..We believe that manipulating the pulmonary vasculature will lead to a paradigm shift in resuscitation protocols and lead to an increased survival from cardiac arrest. ..
- Fibrillation and DefibrillationPeng Sheng Chen; Fiscal Year: 2010..Spontaneous VF episodes are known to occur frequently during cardiopulmonary resuscitation and in patients with VF storms...
- Ventricular Fibrillation in a Globally Ischemic Heart: From Cell to ECGAlexey V Zaitsev; Fiscal Year: 2012..It should also provide a scientific basis for the interpretation of VF ECG. This should help to optimize defibrillation and cardio-pulmonary resuscitation in the setting of out-of-hospital sudden cardiac arrest. ..
- Implementation of cardiopulmonary resuscitation training for at-risk familiesBenjamin S Abella; Fiscal Year: 2013DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Prompt delivery of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) increases survival from sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) by 2-3 fold, yet most bystander-witnessed victims still die without an initial CPR attempt...
- Sodium nitroprusside and mechanical CPR adjuncts for cardio-cerebral resuscitatioDemetri Yannopoulos; Fiscal Year: 2013..patients suffer cardiac arrest each year in the United States, average survival rates following Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) have averaged <5% for the last 5 decades...
- Cardiac Arrest: Improving CPR Quality and SurvivalBenjamin S Abella; Fiscal Year: 2010Cardiac arrest remains the number one killer in the developed world, despite the introduction of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and defibrillation over 50 years ago. In the U.S...
- Extending Emergency Response Skills to Limited English Proficiency CommunitiesHendrika Meischke; Fiscal Year: 2011....
- Pediatric Critical Care Research Network at Children's Hospital of PhiladelphiaRobert Allen Berg; Fiscal Year: 2013..Many lives can be saved with effective cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), yet CPR for children typically does not comply with life-saving CPR guidelines...
- Induced hypothermic arrest in traumatic shockHasan Alam; Fiscal Year: 2005..shock that leads to cardiovascular collapse does not respond well to conventional methods of cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Even when the source of bleeding can be controlled and circulation restored, cerebral ischemia ..
- Novel device for improving standard CPR outcomesKeith Lurie; Fiscal Year: 2007..Phase 2 research is primarily intended to further develop a manual active compression decompression cardiopulmonary resuscitation (ACD CPR) device that can be easily used by lay and professional rescuers so that it can be ..
- CONTROL OF CEREBRAL REPERFUSION AFTER CARDIAC ARRESTPeter Safar; Fiscal Year: 1990..After cardiac arrest (CA) of more than 5 min and cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), however, the "post- resuscitation syndrome" of multiple organ systems normally precludes ..
- CEREBRAL BLOOD FLOW AND METABOLISM DURING INFANT CPRCharles Schleien; Fiscal Year: 1990..Pediatric Critical Care Medicine, during which he was instrumental in developing an infant pediatric cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) model in piglets...
- EARLY ACCESS TO DEFIBRILLATION FOR VICTIMS OF OOH-CAAlfred Hallstrom; Fiscal Year: 2000..involved training lay persons to recognize cardiac arrest, to access the 911 system, and to perform cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Existing methods of emergency resuscitation have inherent time delays for a trained responder with ..
- PORTABLE EXTRACORPOREAL RESUSCITATION CONSOLEScott Merz; Fiscal Year: 1999..its traditional function in cardiac surgery and hemodialysis, and now is being used for emergency cardiopulmonary resuscitation in the emergency room and cardiac catheterization laboratories, rapid warming for hypothermia victims, ..
- COGNITIVE RETRAINING IN SUDDEN CARDIAC ARREST SURVIVORSMARY SAUVE; Fiscal Year: 2000Despite advances in cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) procedures, on average, fewer than 30 percent of the victims of sudden cardiac death in whom CPR is attempted live to hospital discharge...
- ADVANCE DIRECTIVE DISCUSSIONS WITH ELDERLY OUTPATIENTSPETER DITTO; Fiscal Year: 1993..The AD discussion included the provision of scripted information about ADs, cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), and artificial nutrition and hydration (ANH)...
- FIRST RESPONDER DEFIBRILLATION IN AN URBAN EMS SYSTEMArthur Kellermann; Fiscal Year: 1990..All will be trained to operate an AED and all will receive refresher training in cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR)...
- Pyruvate-enhanced cardiopulmonary resuscitationRobert Mallet; Fiscal Year: 2004..efficacy of pyruvate to protect myocardium and cerebral cortex during cardiac arrest and closed chest cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR)...
- High Efficiency Hypo/Hyperthermia SystemWilliam Ohley; Fiscal Year: 2003..Furthermore, they are not well suited to being used during administration of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR)...
- Treatment strategies in a rat model of cardiac arrestJoseph LaManna; Fiscal Year: 2005A significant number of individuals die soon after a successful cardiopulmonary resuscitation form cardiac arrest, and of those that survive a significant fraction have residual neurological deficit...
- Brain Injury During CPR Prevented by Vascular NitroxideCARLETON HSIA; Fiscal Year: 2003..Fewer than 10% of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) attempts result in survival without brain damage when treatment occurs in pre-hospital or a non-..
- IN VIVO EPR IMAGING OF FREE RADICALS AT 300 MHZJay Zweier; Fiscal Year: 2001....
- BLACK CAREGIVERS OF OLDER ADULTS: TRUST AND HEALTH CAREGloria Bonner; Fiscal Year: 2002..and personal characteristics of African- American family caregivers on health care decisions regarding cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), mechanical ventilation (MV), tube feeding (TF), and intravenous hydration (IV) for elderly ..
- TCD Post-Resuscitation Blood Flow & Edema MonitorMARK MOEHRING; Fiscal Year: 2006The aim of this project is to contribute a tool towards accomplishing improved outcomes following cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). It is submitted in response to NIH program announcement PA-04-059...
- Unit-dose Intraosseous Auto-injector for ResuscitationLarry Miller; Fiscal Year: 2004..a chain of survival, which includes 1) early access to the emergency medical system (EMS), 2) early cardiopulmonary resuscitation, and 3) early advanced cardiac care, including the administration of resuscitative cardiac drugs...
- Pulse Doppler Ultrasound Imaging SystemJOAN CARROLL; Fiscal Year: 2004..therapy on myocardial contractile performance and cerebral perfusion following cardiac arrest and cardiopulmonary resuscitation (v) skeletal muscle vascular conductance and cardiac output to assist in assessing arterial baroreflex ..
- Effects of social factors on cardiac arrest outcomeANNE DEVRIES; Fiscal Year: 2009..to social stress on the histological, physiological and behavioral consequences of cardiac arrest and cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR)...
- Home Automatic external Defibrillator TrainingThomas Rea; Fiscal Year: 2007..Alternatively, if nominal video-based approaches achieve comparable outcomes, training efforts can be streamlined at considerable cost savings with fewer impediments for distribution and dissemination. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Ischemic Arrest, Cytokines, and Organ DysfunctionJames Niemann; Fiscal Year: 2008..In aim 3, the effect of anti-TNF therapy on long-term survival and neurologic outcome will be evaluated. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- OPTIMAL PREHOSPITAL CARE OF CHILDHOOD CARDIAC ARRESTIan Stiell; Fiscal Year: 2004..The PIs propose to conduct a large feasibility review in five urban areas and to conduct four study planning workshops. ..
- Transducer for indirect blood pressure& O2 saturationLeslie Geddes; Fiscal Year: 2005..The neonatologist, the premature infant physician and the small-infant pediatrician have no single instrument that provides all of these vital signs. ..
- Hypothermia and Gene Expression After Cardiac ArrestClifton Callaway; Fiscal Year: 2005..These pathways will be blocked and stimulated during hypothermic reperfusion, and behavioral and histological outcome for cardiac arrest will be measured. ..
- New Technologies in Electrophysiology InterventionHenry Halperin; Fiscal Year: 2005..His work has been primarily in the fields of cardiopulmonary resuscitation and electrophysiology, where he continues to apply scientifically-based technology development to ..
- HIGH RESOLUTION MRI OF MYOCARDIAL DEFORMATIONHenry Halperin; Fiscal Year: 2001....
- MAGNETIC RESONANCE GUIDED ELECTROPHYSIOLOGY INTERVENTIONHenry Halperin; Fiscal Year: 2008..Irvine Biomedical is supplying non-magnetic electrode catheters for use in the MRI scanner. ..
- Impact of sleepiness on heart failure self-careBarbara Riegel; Fiscal Year: 2009..This study is expected to expand existing knowledge and clarify our understanding of the mechanisms linking EDS, failed self-care, poor HRQL, and unplanned hospitalizations in persons with heart failure. ..
- BRAIN ISCHEMIA AND MAP KINASE ACTIVATIONClifton Callaway; Fiscal Year: 2003..The conduct of this project will provide extensive opportunities for collaboration with other basic scientists at the University of Pittsburgh, and promote the candidate's growth as an independent researcher. ..
- Red Blood Cells, Nitric Oxide and Pulmonary CirculationSteven Deem; Fiscal Year: 2008..abstract_text> ..
- Calpain mediated injury in post ischemic neuronsROBERT NEUMAR; Fiscal Year: 2008..The results will provide fundamental insights into the mechanism of delayed post-ischemic neuronal necrosis, and facilitate the development of effective therapies for patients suffering from cardiac arrest and stroke. ..
- PSYCHOSOCIAL FACTORS IN SUDDEN CARDIAC DEATHSue Thomas; Fiscal Year: 2002..The combination of data from PFOS and SCD-HeFT will provide a holistic assessment of HF patients. ..
- IMMUNOPROBES FOR LUBRICIN FROM HUMAN SYNOVIAL FLUIDGregory Jay; Fiscal Year: 2003..This principal goal of this investigation is to develop new immunological probes and with these identify the concentration of lubricin in synovial fluid extracted from healthy and arthritic human joints. ..
- CARDIOVASCULAR RESEARCH TRAININGDouglas Zipes; Fiscal Year: 2003..In addition, the program is ideally suited to effectively recruit under-represented minorities. We proposed to train 3 postdoctoral Fellows each year for 2 years as part of this grant. ..
- SERVICE OUTREACH TO HOMELESS DRUG USERSStephen Magura; Fiscal Year: 2003..3) To determine the client characteristics and service process variables which predict entry to and retention in treatment/interventions for drug addiction, as well as other differences in outcomes. ..
- An Implantable Wireless Myoelectric Sensor for Prosthetic ControlPatrick Lichter; Fiscal Year: 2006..The proposed implanted technology will allow prosthetic limb manufacturers to provide products with increased performance, capability, and patient-comfort. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Post-Countershock CPR After Prolonged VFRobert Berg; Fiscal Year: 2005..The results of this study should translate into a more successful new therapeutic strategy to restore heart function and preserve neurological function after prolonged VF. ..
- Oral Care and Respiratory Pathogen ColonizationOzan Akca; Fiscal Year: 2004..Reducing respiratory pathogen colonization in the mouth could significantly reduce the morbidity and cost of VAP. ..