drug prescriptions


Summary: Directions written for the preparation and administration of a drug.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi An evaluation of prescribing errors in primary care in Bahrain
    K A J Al Khaja
    College of Medicine and Medical Sciences, Arabian Gulf University, Kingdom of Bahrain
    Int J Clin Pharmacol Ther 43:294-301. 2005
  2. ncbi Updating the Beers criteria for potentially inappropriate medication use in older adults: results of a US consensus panel of experts
    Donna M Fick
    Department of Medicine, Center for Health Care Improvement, Medical College of Georgia, Augusta 30912, USA
    Arch Intern Med 163:2716-24. 2003
  3. ncbi STOPP (Screening Tool of Older Person's Prescriptions) and START (Screening Tool to Alert doctors to Right Treatment). Consensus validation
    P Gallagher
    Department of Geriatric Medicine, Cork University Hospital, Wilton, Cork, Ireland
    Int J Clin Pharmacol Ther 46:72-83. 2008
  4. pmc Reduction of anti-malarial consumption after rapid diagnostic tests implementation in Dar es Salaam: a before-after and cluster randomized controlled study
    Valérie D'Acremont
    Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, Socinstrasse 57, 4002 Basel, Switzerland
    Malar J 10:107. 2011
  5. pmc The influence of patients' hopes of receiving a prescription on doctors' perceptions and the decision to prescribe: a questionnaire survey
    N Britten
    Department of General Practice, United Medical and Dental School of Guy s, London
    BMJ 315:1506-10. 1997
  6. ncbi Behavior change strategies to influence antimicrobial prescribing in acute care: a systematic review
    Esmita Charani
    The National Centre for Infection Prevention and Management, Imperial College London, London, UK
    Clin Infect Dis 53:651-62. 2011
  7. ncbi The impact of co-payment increases on dispensings of government-subsidised medicines in Australia
    Anna Hynd
    Centre for Health Services Research, School of Population Health, The University of Western Australia, Perth, Australia
    Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf 17:1091-9. 2008
  8. pmc Use of RDTs to improve malaria diagnosis and fever case management at primary health care facilities in Uganda
    Daniel J Kyabayinze
    Malaria Consortium Africa, Plot 2, Sturrock Road, PO Box 8045, Kampala, Uganda
    Malar J 9:200. 2010
  9. pmc Information from pharmaceutical companies and the quality, quantity, and cost of physicians' prescribing: a systematic review
    Geoffrey K Spurling
    University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
    PLoS Med 7:e1000352. 2010
  10. ncbi Potentially inappropriate drug prescriptions and risk of hospitalization among older, Italian, nursing home residents: the ULISSE project
    Carmelinda Ruggiero
    Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Institute of Gerontology and Geriatrics, University of Perugia, Perugia, Italy
    Drugs Aging 27:747-58. 2010

Detail Information

Publications356 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi An evaluation of prescribing errors in primary care in Bahrain
    K A J Al Khaja
    College of Medicine and Medical Sciences, Arabian Gulf University, Kingdom of Bahrain
    Int J Clin Pharmacol Ther 43:294-301. 2005
    ..Prescribing errors are preventable and are considered an important target for improving healthcare. The aim of this study was to identify prescribing errors and their determinants in a primary care setting...
  2. ncbi Updating the Beers criteria for potentially inappropriate medication use in older adults: results of a US consensus panel of experts
    Donna M Fick
    Department of Medicine, Center for Health Care Improvement, Medical College of Georgia, Augusta 30912, USA
    Arch Intern Med 163:2716-24. 2003
    ..The purpose of this initiative was to revise and update the Beers criteria for potentially inappropriate medication use in adults 65 years and older in the United States...
  3. ncbi STOPP (Screening Tool of Older Person's Prescriptions) and START (Screening Tool to Alert doctors to Right Treatment). Consensus validation
    P Gallagher
    Department of Geriatric Medicine, Cork University Hospital, Wilton, Cork, Ireland
    Int J Clin Pharmacol Ther 46:72-83. 2008
    ..e. appropriate, indicated Treatment)...
  4. pmc Reduction of anti-malarial consumption after rapid diagnostic tests implementation in Dar es Salaam: a before-after and cluster randomized controlled study
    Valérie D'Acremont
    Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, Socinstrasse 57, 4002 Basel, Switzerland
    Malar J 10:107. 2011
    ..Presumptive treatment of all febrile patients with anti-malarials leads to massive over-treatment. The aim was to assess the effect of implementing malaria rapid diagnostic tests (mRDTs) on prescription of anti-malarials in urban Tanzania...
  5. pmc The influence of patients' hopes of receiving a prescription on doctors' perceptions and the decision to prescribe: a questionnaire survey
    N Britten
    Department of General Practice, United Medical and Dental School of Guy s, London
    BMJ 315:1506-10. 1997
    ..To measure patients' expectations of receiving prescriptions and general practitioners' perceptions of these expectations and to determine the factors most closely associated with the decision to prescribe...
  6. ncbi Behavior change strategies to influence antimicrobial prescribing in acute care: a systematic review
    Esmita Charani
    The National Centre for Infection Prevention and Management, Imperial College London, London, UK
    Clin Infect Dis 53:651-62. 2011
    ..Inappropriate use of antimicrobials is a major contributing factor to the emergence of multidrug resistance and health care-associated infection. Addressing prescribing behavior is a key component of antimicrobial stewardship...
  7. ncbi The impact of co-payment increases on dispensings of government-subsidised medicines in Australia
    Anna Hynd
    Centre for Health Services Research, School of Population Health, The University of Western Australia, Perth, Australia
    Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf 17:1091-9. 2008
    ..We investigated whether this increase and two related co-payment changes were associated with changes in dispensings of selected subsidised medicines in Australia...
  8. pmc Use of RDTs to improve malaria diagnosis and fever case management at primary health care facilities in Uganda
    Daniel J Kyabayinze
    Malaria Consortium Africa, Plot 2, Sturrock Road, PO Box 8045, Kampala, Uganda
    Malar J 9:200. 2010
    ..This study evaluated the effect of malaria RDTs on health workers' anti-malarial drug (AMD) prescriptions among outpatients at low level health care facilities (LLHCF) within different malaria epidemiological settings in Uganda...
  9. pmc Information from pharmaceutical companies and the quality, quantity, and cost of physicians' prescribing: a systematic review
    Geoffrey K Spurling
    University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
    PLoS Med 7:e1000352. 2010
    ..The objective of this review is to examine the relationship between exposure to information from pharmaceutical companies and the quality, quantity, and cost of physicians' prescribing...
  10. ncbi Potentially inappropriate drug prescriptions and risk of hospitalization among older, Italian, nursing home residents: the ULISSE project
    Carmelinda Ruggiero
    Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Institute of Gerontology and Geriatrics, University of Perugia, Perugia, Italy
    Drugs Aging 27:747-58. 2010
    ..Little information is available about the prevalence of potentially inappropriate drug prescriptions (PIDPs) and the related health adverse outcomes among nursing home (NH) residents.
  11. ncbi Hospitalization and death associated with potentially inappropriate medication prescriptions among elderly nursing home residents
    Denys T Lau
    Buehler Center on Aging, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL 60611, USA
    Arch Intern Med 165:68-74. 2005
    ..This study examines the association of potentially inappropriate medication prescribing (PIRx) with hospitalization and death among elderly long-stay nursing home residents...
  12. pmc Malaria diagnostic testing and treatment practices in three different Plasmodium falciparum transmission settings in Tanzania: before and after a government policy change
    Guido J H Bastiaens
    Nijmegen Institute for International Health, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    Malar J 10:76. 2011
  13. pmc Illicit use of specific prescription stimulants among college students: prevalence, motives, and routes of administration
    Christian J Teter
    School of Pharmacy, Northeastern University, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    Pharmacotherapy 26:1501-10. 2006
    ..To explore the illicit use of specific prescription stimulants among college students and add to our understanding of reasons (motives) and routes of administration associated with illicit use of these drugs...
  14. ncbi Literacy and misunderstanding prescription drug labels
    Terry C Davis
    Department of Medicine Pediatrics, Louisiana State University Health Science Center, Shreveport, Louisiana 71104, USA
    Ann Intern Med 145:887-94. 2006
    ..Health literacy has increasingly been viewed as a patient safety issue and may contribute to medication errors...
  15. pmc Trends in antimicrobial prescribing for bronchitis and upper respiratory infections among adults and children
    Arch G Mainous
    Department of Family Medicine, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston 29425, USA
    Am J Public Health 93:1910-4. 2003
    ..This study examined antimicrobial prescribing patterns for adults and children with bronchitis or upper respiratory infections (URIs) before and after release of nationally disseminated pediatric practice recommendations...
  16. ncbi The causes of and factors associated with prescribing errors in hospital inpatients: a systematic review
    Mary P Tully
    School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK
    Drug Saf 32:819-36. 2009
    ..Further rigorous study, seeking potential ways of reducing error, needs to be conducted. Multifactorial interventions across many parts of the system are likely to be required...
  17. ncbi National patterns in antidepressant medication treatment
    Mark Olfson
    Department of Psychiatry, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 66:848-56. 2009
    ..Antidepressants have recently become the most commonly prescribed class of medications in the United States...
  18. ncbi Inappropriate prescribing for the elderly: beers criteria-based review
    R R Aparasu
    College of Pharmacy, South Dakota State University, Brookings 57007, USA
    Ann Pharmacother 34:338-46. 2000
    ..To review currently available literature applying the Beers criteria for inappropriate medication use in the elderly to prescribing practices in various settings...
  19. ncbi Clinical, social and relational determinants of paediatric ambulatory drug prescriptions due to respiratory tract infections in Italy
    Marta Luisa Ciofi degli Atti
    Reparto Malattie Infettive, Centro Nazionale di Epidemiologia, Sorveglianza e Promozione della Salute, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Viale Regina Elena 299, 00161 Rome, Italy
    Eur J Clin Pharmacol 62:1055-64. 2006
    Collecting information on patterns of drug prescriptions and on factors influencing prescribing decisions is fundamental for supporting the rational use of drugs...
  20. ncbi Association between multi-dose drug dispensing and drug treatment changes
    Christina Sjöberg
    Department of Geriatrics, Sahlgrenska University Hospital Molndal, 431 80 Mölndal, Sweden
    Eur J Clin Pharmacol 68:1095-101. 2012
    ..To compare drug treatment changes in older hip fracture patients with and without multi-dose drug dispensing (MDD) after discharge from hospital...
  21. ncbi Validity of the Finnish Prescription Register for measuring psychotropic drug exposures among elderly finns: a population-based intervention study
    Maria Rikala
    Kuopio Research Centre of Geriatric Care, School of Pharmacy, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland
    Drugs Aging 27:337-49. 2010
    ..However, information on the validity of these databases for estimating psychotropic drug exposures in elderly people is scarce...
  22. ncbi Examination of opioid prescribing in Australia from 1992 to 2007
    M Leong
    Drug Health Service, Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, Sydney, NSW, Australia
    Intern Med J 39:676-81. 2009
    ..There is some evidence to support efficacy for chronic non-malignant pain, but community and individual harms are increasingly reported...
  23. ncbi Profiling multiple provider prescribing of opioids, benzodiazepines, stimulants, and anorectics
    B L Wilsey
    VA Northern California Health Care System, Sacramento, CA 95655, USA
    Drug Alcohol Depend 112:99-106. 2010
    ..PMPs monitor the final allocation of controlled substances from pharmacist to patient. The primary purpose of this scrutiny is to diminish the utilization of multiple providers for controlled substances...
  24. ncbi Characteristics of prescribers whose patients shop for opioids: results from a cohort study
    M Soledad Cepeda
    Janssen Pharmaceutical Research and Development, LLC, Titusville, NJ, USA
    J Opioid Manag 8:285-91. 2012
    ..Little is known about the prevalence of opioid shoppers in clinical practices and the relation between prescriber characteristics and the risk of having opioid shoppers...
  25. ncbi Psychotropic drug prescription in nursing home patients with dementia: influence of environmental correlates and staff distress on physicians' prescription behavior
    Sytse U Zuidema
    Department of Primary and Community Care, Centre for Family Medicine, Geriatric Care and Public Health, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    Int Psychogeriatr 23:1632-9. 2011
    ..The aim of the study was to examine whether staff distress and aspects of the nursing home environment were associated with psychotropic drug use (PDU) in patients with dementia...
  26. pmc An analysis of the development and implementation of a smartphone application for the delivery of antimicrobial prescribing policy: lessons learnt
    E Charani
    National Centre for Infection Prevention and Management, Imperial College London, London, UK
    J Antimicrob Chemother 68:960-7. 2013
    ..We report here on the development, adoption and implementation process of the Imperial Antimicrobial Prescribing Application across five teaching hospitals in London...
  27. ncbi Adverse events associated with prescription drug cost-sharing among poor and elderly persons
    R Tamblyn
    McGill University Health Center, Royal Victoria Hospital Site, Ross Pavilion, Room 4-12, 687 Pine Ave W, , Quebec, Canada H3A 1A1
    JAMA 285:421-9. 2001
  28. ncbi Written action plan in pediatric emergency room improves asthma prescribing, adherence, and control
    Francine M Ducharme
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Montreal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Am J Respir Crit Care Med 183:195-203. 2011
    ..An acute-care visit for asthma often signals a management failure. Although a written action plan is effective when combined with self-management education and regular medical review, its independent value remains controversial...
  29. pmc Do educational interventions improve prescribing by medical students and junior doctors? A systematic review
    Sarah Ross
    Division of Medical and Dental Education, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, UK
    Br J Clin Pharmacol 67:662-70. 2009
    ..Although it is based on sound principles, there is a need for further development. Robust methods of assessment are required to show clearly whether particular teaching interventions are successful...
  30. pmc 'The body gets used to them': patients' interpretations of antibiotic resistance and the implications for containment strategies
    Lucy Brookes-Howell
    South East Wales Trials Unit, Department of Primary Care and Public Health, School of Medicine, Cardiff University, Cardiff, Wales, UK
    J Gen Intern Med 27:766-72. 2012
    ..Interventions promoting evidence based antibiotic prescribing and use frequently build on the concept of antibiotic resistance but patients and clinicians may not share the same assumptions about its meaning...
  31. pmc Methods for estimating confidence intervals in interrupted time series analyses of health interventions
    Fang Zhang
    Department of Ambulatory Care and Prevention, Harvard Medical School and Harvard Pilgrim Health Care, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    J Clin Epidemiol 62:143-8. 2009
    ..We describe and illustrate two methods for estimating confidence intervals (CIs) around absolute and relative changes in outcomes calculated from segmented regression parameter estimates...
  32. pmc The appropriateness of prescribing antibiotics in the community in Europe: study design
    Evelien M E van Bijnen
    NIVEL, Netherlands Institute for Health Services Research, 3500 BN Utrecht, The Netherlands
    BMC Infect Dis 11:293. 2011
    ..We will also evaluate the appropriateness of national antibiotic prescription guidelines in relation to resistance patterns...
  33. ncbi Inappropriate prescribing in an acutely ill population of elderly patients as determined by Beers' Criteria
    Paul F Gallagher
    Geriatric Medicine, Cork University Hospital, Wilton, Cork, Ireland
    Age Ageing 37:96-101. 2008
    ..We used Beers' Criteria to determine the three-month prevalence of IP in a non-selected community-dwelling population of acutely ill older people requiring hospitalisation...
  34. ncbi Prescription of drugs to pregnant women in France: the HIMAGE study
    Marie Nöelle Beyens
    Centre Regional de Pharmacovigilance, Hopital Bellevue, Saint Etienne, France
    Therapie 58:505-11. 2003
    ..These results provide a basis for advising clinicians on the rational and safe use of drugs during pregnancy...
  35. ncbi Nurse prescribing of medicines in Western European and Anglo-Saxon countries: a survey on forces, conditions and jurisdictional control
    Marieke Kroezen
    NIVEL, Netherlands Institute for Health Services Research, PO Box 1568, 3500 BN Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Int J Nurs Stud 49:1002-12. 2012
    ..As the prescribing of medicines has traditionally been the task of the medical profession, nurse prescribing is changing the relationship between the medical and nursing professions...
  36. ncbi An observational study of drug administration errors in a Malaysian hospital (study of drug administration errors)
    S S Chua
    Department of Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
    J Clin Pharm Ther 34:215-23. 2009
    ..Therefore, this study was conducted to determine the frequency and types of drug administration errors in a Malaysian hospital ward...
  37. ncbi The influence of prescription monitoring programs on chronic pain management
    Jing Wang
    Division of Pain Medicine Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Pain Physician 12:507-15. 2009
    ..These databases aid law enforcement agencies in investigations of narcotic trafficking; they also help state regulatory boards to monitor improper prescription practices...
  38. pmc Prescription patterns and appropriateness of NSAID therapy according to gastrointestinal risk and cardiovascular history in patients with diagnoses of osteoarthritis
    Angel Lanas
    University of Zaragoza Medical School, Aragón Health Research Institute, CIBERehd, Zaragoza, Spain
    BMC Med 9:38. 2011
    ..We aimed to assess the GI/CV risk profile and the pharmacological management of patients with osteoarthritis (OA) in clinical practice...
  39. ncbi Agreement between self-reported data on medicine use and prescription records vary according to method of analysis and therapeutic group
    Merete Willemoes Nielsen
    University of Copenhagen, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Department of Pharmacology and Pharmacotherapy, Section for Social Pharmacy, Universitetsparken 2, Copenhagen, Denmark
    J Clin Epidemiol 61:919-24. 2008
    ..This study compared national self-reported data on medicine use and national prescription records at the individual level...
  40. ncbi An antimicrobial stewardship program's impact with rapid polymerase chain reaction methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus/S. aureus blood culture test in patients with S. aureus bacteremia
    Karri A Bauer
    Department of Pharmacy, The Ohio State University Medical Center, Columbus, Ohio 43210, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 51:1074-80. 2010
    ..07) and the mean hospital costs were $21,387 less (P = .02). rPCR allows rapid differentiation of S. aureus bacteremia, enabling timely, effective therapy and is associated with decreased length of stay and health care costs...
  41. ncbi A time-to-prescription-refill measure of antiretroviral adherence predicted changes in viral load in HIV
    Robert Grossberg
    Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 19104 6021, USA
    J Clin Epidemiol 57:1107-10. 2004
    ..The goal of this study was to determine the validity and utility of a pharmacy-based time-to-refill measure of antiretroviral therapy adherence...
  42. pmc Evaluating short-term drug effects using a physician-specific prescribing preference as an instrumental variable
    M Alan Brookhart
    Division of Pharmacoepidemiology and Pharmacoeconomics, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02120, USA
    Epidemiology 17:268-75. 2006
    ..Instrumental variable methods have been proposed as a potential approach to control confounding by indication in nonexperimental studies of treatment effects; however, good instruments are hard to find...
  43. ncbi Excessive antibiotic use for acute respiratory infections in the United States
    R Gonzales
    Department of Medicine, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver, CO, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 33:757-62. 2001
    ..This study documents that the amount and cost of excessive antibiotic use for acute respiratory infections by primary care physicians are substantial and establishes potential target rates for antibiotic treatment of selected conditions...
  44. ncbi Abuse of prescription drugs and the risk of addiction
    Wilson M Compton
    National Institute on Drug Abuse, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, 6001 Executive Blvd, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Drug Alcohol Depend 83:S4-7. 2006
  45. ncbi Do drug samples influence resident prescribing behavior? A randomized trial
    Richard F Adair
    University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minn, USA
    Am J Med 118:881-4. 2005
    ..The purpose of the study was to determine whether access to drug samples influences resident prescribing decisions...
  46. ncbi Impact of publicity concerning pediatric suicidality data on physician practice patterns in the United States
    Charles B Nemeroff
    Department of Psychiatry, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 64:466-72. 2007
  47. ncbi Nonmedical use of prescription stimulants in the United States
    Larry A Kroutil
    RTI International, 3040 Cornwallis Road, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709, USA
    Drug Alcohol Depend 84:135-43. 2006
    ..This study estimated prevalences and correlates of stimulant diversion in the United States and examined relationships between diversion and measures of abuse or dependence...
  48. ncbi The development of a comprehensive risk-management program for prescription opioid analgesics: researched abuse, diversion and addiction-related surveillance (RADARS)
    Theodore J Cicero
    Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri 63110, USA
    Pain Med 8:157-70. 2007
    ..Thus, its major focus was the detection of abuse of OxyContin and other commonly prescribed opioid analgesics at the three-digit ZIP code level across the country utilizing a number of different detection systems...
  49. pmc Trends in prescribing and utilization of statins and other lipid lowering drugs across Europe 1997-2003
    T Walley
    Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, University of Liverpool, 70 Pembrooke Place, Liverpool L69 3GF, UK
    Br J Clin Pharmacol 60:543-51. 2005
    ..To describe trends in utilization and prescribing of statins and other lipid lowering drugs across Europe from data in routine administrative databases...
  50. ncbi Antithrombotic drug prescription in atrial fibrillation and its rationale among general practitioners, internists and cardiologists in The Netherlands--The EXAMINE-AF study. A questionnaire survey
    T Dinh
    Department of Cardiology, University Hospital Maastricht, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Int J Clin Pract 61:24-31. 2007
    ..Factors for oral anticoagulation prescription are heart failure, physician specialty and contraindications. Availability of guidelines seems instrumental for application of appropriate antithrombotic treatment...
  51. ncbi Utilization of biologic agents in rheumatoid arthritis in the United States: analysis of prescribing patterns in 16,752 newly diagnosed patients and patients new to biologic therapy
    Yusuf Yazici
    New York University School of Medicine, NY, USA
    Bull NYU Hosp Jt Dis 66:77-85. 2008
    ..However, the extent to which these agents are used in current clinical practice in the United States (U.S.) has not been systematically evaluated...
  52. ncbi Prevention of prescription errors by computerized, on-line surveillance of drug order entry
    Arie Oliven
    Department of Medicine B, Bnai Zion Medical Center, Rappaport School of Medicine, Technion, Haifa, Israel
    Int J Med Inform 74:377-86. 2005
  53. ncbi Adherence to multiple drug therapies: refill adherence to concomitant use of diabetes and asthma/COPD medication
    Kristin Krigsman
    Department of Pharmacy, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden
    Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf 16:1120-8. 2007
  54. ncbi Duration and adherence of antidepressant treatment (2003 to 2007) based on prescription database
    M C Serna
    Regional Primary Care Management Office, Catalan Institute of Health, University of Lleida, Lleida, Spain
    Eur Psychiatry 25:206-13. 2010
    ..Many patients discontinue antidepressant therapy long before the six-month minimum duration recommended for the treatment of major depression and many other diagnoses...
  55. ncbi The Diversion of Ultram, Ultracet, and generic tramadol HCL
    James A Inciardi
    University of Delaware Research Center, Coral Gables, FL 33134, USA
    J Addict Dis 25:53-8. 2006
    ..Survey data suggest that the diversion of Ultram and other tramadol products is low, and overall, diversion investigators did not consider tramadol to be a problem in their respective jurisdictions...
  56. ncbi Rational use of drugs: prescribing and dispensing practices at public health facilities in Lao PDR
    Bounxou Keohavong
    Food and Drug Department, Ministry of Health, Simuang Road, Vientiane, Lao PDR
    Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf 15:344-7. 2006
    ..To evaluate the rational use of drug (RUD) patterns with a focus on prescribing and dispensing practices for providing information to the policy makers for further planning and identifying intervention strategies...
  57. pmc Influence of rapid malaria diagnostic tests on treatment and health outcome in fever patients, Zanzibar: a crossover validation study
    Mwinyi I Msellem
    Malaria Control Programme, Ministry of Health and Social Welfare, Zanzibar, Tanzania
    PLoS Med 6:e1000070. 2009
    ..Our objective was to study the influence of RDT-aided malaria diagnosis on drug prescriptions, health outcomes, and costs in primary health care settings.
  58. pmc Randomized controlled trial of an informatics-based intervention to increase statin prescription for secondary prevention of coronary disease
    William T Lester
    Laboratory of Computer Science, Massachusetts General Hospital, and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Mass, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 21:22-9. 2006
    ..Suboptimal treatment of hyperlipidemia in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) is well documented. We report the impact of a computer-assisted physician-directed intervention to improve secondary prevention of hyperlipidemia...
  59. ncbi Prescription practices of public and private health care providers in Attock District of Pakistan
    S Siddiqi
    Multi donor Support Unit, Social Action Programme, World Bank Bldg, Shatirah e Jamhuriyat, Sector G 5 1, Islamabad, Pakistan
    Int J Health Plann Manage 17:23-40. 2002
    ..Improper prescription practices will not improve without consumer targeted interventions that educate and empower communities regarding the hazards of inappropriate drug use...
  60. pmc Multi-dose drug dispensing and inappropriate drug use: A nationwide register-based study of over 700,000 elderly
    Kristina Johnell
    Aging Research Center, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
    Scand J Prim Health Care 26:86-91. 2008
    ..To investigate whether the use of multi-dose drug dispensing is associated with potentially inappropriate drug use (IDU)...
  61. pmc The impact of a closed-loop electronic prescribing and administration system on prescribing errors, administration errors and staff time: a before-and-after study
    Bryony Dean Franklin
    Hammersmith Hospital, London, UK
    Qual Saf Health Care 16:279-84. 2007
  62. ncbi Computerized prescribing alerts and group academic detailing to reduce the use of potentially inappropriate medications in older people
    Steven R Simon
    HMO Research Network Center for Education and Research in Therapeutics, Harvard Medical School and Harvard Pilgrim Healthcare, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    J Am Geriatr Soc 54:963-8. 2006
  63. ncbi Antibiotic use for emergency department patients with upper respiratory infections: prescribing practices, patient expectations, and patient satisfaction
    Samuel Ong
    Olive View University of California Los Angeles Medical Center, Sylmar, CA, USA
    Ann Emerg Med 50:213-20. 2007
    ..We evaluate the factors that physicians in the emergency department (ED) consider when prescribing antibiotics (eg, patient expectations) and the factors associated with patient satisfaction...
  64. ncbi Associations between drug burden index and falls in older people in residential aged care
    Nicholas M Wilson
    Kolling Institute of Medical Research, Institute of Bone and Joint Research, Royal North Shore Hospital, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
    J Am Geriatr Soc 59:875-80. 2011
  65. ncbi Trends in psychotropic medication use among U.S. adults
    Ryne Paulose-Ram
    Division of Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys, National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Hyattsville, Maryland 20782, USA
    Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf 16:560-70. 2007
    ..To examine trends and prevalence of prescription psychotropic medication use among noninstitutionalized US adults...
  66. ncbi Persistence of sulphonamide resistance in Escherichia coli in the UK despite national prescribing restriction
    V I Enne
    Department of Medical Microbiology, St Bartholomew's and the Royal London School of Medicine and Dentistry, E1 2AD, London, UK
    Lancet 357:1325-8. 2001
    ..The main reason seems to be the genetic linkage of the index resistance to other resistance determinants...
  67. ncbi The quality of pharmacologic care for vulnerable older patients
    Takahiro Higashi
    Division of General Internal Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, and the Greater Los Angeles Veterans Affairs Healthcare System, Los Angeles, California 90095, USA
    Ann Intern Med 140:714-20. 2004
    ..To date, research has focused on inappropriate prescribing and policy efforts have aimed at access, but no comprehensive measurement of the quality of pharmacologic management using explicit criteria has been performed...
  68. pmc Prescribers prefer people: The sources of information used by doctors for prescribing suggest that the medium is more important than the message
    P McGettigan
    Discipline of Clinical Pharmacology, University of Newcastle, New South Wales, Australia
    Br J Clin Pharmacol 51:184-9. 2001
  69. ncbi Opioid prescriptions in canadian workers' compensation claimants: prescription trends and associations between early prescription and future recovery
    Douglas P Gross
    Department of Physical Therapy, University of Alberta, Canada
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 34:525-31. 2009
    ..Historical cohort study...
  70. ncbi Prevalence and trends of benzodiazepine use among Veterans Affairs patients with posttraumatic stress disorder, 2003-2010
    Eric J Hawkins
    Health Services Research and Development, VA Puget Sound Health Care System, Seattle, WA 98108, United States
    Drug Alcohol Depend 124:154-61. 2012
  71. ncbi Development and validation of a score to assess risk of adverse drug reactions among in-hospital patients 65 years or older: the GerontoNet ADR risk score
    Graziano Onder
    Department of Geriatrics, Policlinico A Gemelli, Catholic University of the Sacred Heart, Rome, Italy
    Arch Intern Med 170:1142-8. 2010
    ..The aim of the present study was to develop and validate a method of identifying elderly patients who are at increased risk for an adverse drug reaction (ADR)...
  72. ncbi Prospective validation of eight different adherence measures for use with administrative claims data among patients with schizophrenia
    Sudeep Karve
    Department of Pharmacy Administration, College of Pharmacy, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA
    Value Health 12:989-95. 2009
  73. ncbi Potential drug interactions and duplicate prescriptions among cancer patients
    Rachel P Riechelmann
    Department of Medical Oncology and Hematology, Princess Margaret Hospital, 610 University Ave, Toronto, ON, M5G 2M9, Canada
    J Natl Cancer Inst 99:592-600. 2007
    ..Cancer patients receive numerous medications, including antineoplastic agents, drugs for supportive care, and medications for comorbid illnesses. Therefore, they are at risk for drug interactions and duplicate prescribing...
  74. ncbi Drug prescriptions to outpatient children: a review of the literature
    Antonio Clavenna
    Laboratory for Mother and Child Health, Department of Public Health, Mario Negri Institute for Pharmacological Research, Via Giuseppe La Masa 19, Milan 20156, Italy
    Eur J Clin Pharmacol 65:749-55. 2009
    ..To evaluate the drug prescription pattern in outpatient children...
  75. ncbi How complete are drug history profiles that are based on public drug benefit claims?
    J Michael Paterson
    Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences, Toronto, Canada
    Can J Clin Pharmacol 15:e108-16. 2008
    ..The completeness of these latter profiles is unknown...
  76. ncbi Use of anticholinergic drugs in patients with schizophrenia in Asia from 2001 to 2009
    Y T Xiang
    Department of Psychiatry, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, People s Republic of China
    Pharmacopsychiatry 44:114-8. 2011
    ..The aim of this study was to survey the use of anticholinergic medication (ACM) in Asia between 2001 and 2009 and examine its demographic and clinical correlates...
  77. ncbi Active surveillance of abused and misused prescription opioids using poison center data: a pilot study and descriptive comparison
    Alice A Hughes
    Rocky Mountain Poison and Drug Center Denver Health and Hospital Authority, Denver, Colorado 80204, USA
    Clin Toxicol (Phila) 45:144-51. 2007
  78. ncbi Suboptimal medication adherence in Parkinson's disease
    Katherine A Grosset
    Institute of Neurological Sciences, Southern General Hospital, Glasgow, United Kingdom
    Mov Disord 20:1502-7. 2005
    ..In conclusion, poorer compliance is associated with younger age, depression, and more tablets per day, and one-fifth of PD patients underuse medication. Consideration of drug therapy adherence has implications in the management of PD...
  79. ncbi Identification of asthmatic children using prescription data and diagnosis
    Grete Moth
    Danish Paediatric Asthma Centre, Aarhus University Hospital Skejby Sygehus, Aarhus N, Denmark
    Eur J Clin Pharmacol 63:605-11. 2007
    ..The aim of the study was to develop and validate a method for identifying asthmatic children between 6 and 14 years of age based on prescription data on anti-asthmatic drugs and diagnostic data...
  80. pmc Evaluation of the quality of drug therapy among elderly patients in nursing homes
    Asa Bergman
    Apoteket AB, Goteborg, Sweden
    Scand J Prim Health Care 25:9-14. 2007
    ..To evaluate drug therapy quality among elderly nursing home residents. Secondary aims were to compare quality in young and old elderly and to determine whether number of prescribers affected quality of drug therapy...
  81. ncbi "Save 30% if you buy today". Online pharmacies and the enhancement of peripheral thinking in consumers
    Grazia Orizio
    Section of Hygiene Epidemiology and Public Health, Department of Experimental and Applied Medicine, University of Brescia, Brescia, Italy
    Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf 19:970-6. 2010
    ..The aim of the study was to assess the strategies of argumentation that OPs adopt in their marketing...
  82. pmc Enhancing prescription drug innovation and adoption
    G Caleb Alexander
    University of Chicago Hospitals, University of Chicago, University of Chicago Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois 60637, USA
    Ann Intern Med 154:833-7, W-301. 2011
    ..Despite the challenges of policy implementation, the United States has a long history of successfully improving the societal value and safe use of prescription medicines...
  83. ncbi Outpatient antibiotic prescriptions from 1992 to 2001 in the Netherlands
    Marijke M Kuyvenhoven
    Julius Center for Health Sciences and Primary Care, University Medical Center Utrecht, PO Box 85060, 3508 AB Utrecht, The Netherlands
    J Antimicrob Chemother 52:675-8. 2003
  84. pmc Dirt cheap and without prescription: how susceptible are young US consumers to purchasing drugs from rogue internet pharmacies?
    Lana Ivanitskaya
    The Herbert H and Grace A Dow College of Health Professions, Central Michigan University, Mount Pleasant, MI, USA
    J Med Internet Res 12:e11. 2010
    ..This study examined how well students enrolled in a U.S. higher education institution could identify clearly unsafe pharmacies...
  85. pmc Changes in antidepressant medications prescribing trends in children and adolescents in Hawai'i following the FDA black box warning
    Hanan Hassanin
    Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Forest Hills, NY 11375, USA
    Hawaii Med J 69:17-9. 2010
    ..We also explored relationships between changes in prescribing trends and patient and provider characteristics...
  86. ncbi Prospective audit and feedback on antibiotic prescription in an adult hematology-oncology unit in Singapore
    C L Yeo
    Department of Pharmacy, National University Health System, 1E Kent Ridge Road, NUHS Tower Block, Singapore, 119228, Singapore
    Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis 31:583-90. 2012
    ..Adverse outcomes-the majority unavoidable-occurred following 5.5% of accepted ASP recommendations. Safe and effective ASPs can be implemented in the complex setting of hematology-oncology inpatients...
  87. ncbi Antibiotic policy
    Inge C Gyssens
    Nijmegen Institute for Infection, Inflammation, and Immunity N4i and Department of Medicine, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    Int J Antimicrob Agents 38:11-20. 2011
    ..Special emphasis is placed on urinary tract infections. The value and support of antibiotic committees, guidelines, ID consultants and/or antimicrobial stewardship teams to prolong the efficacy of available antibiotics will be discussed...
  88. ncbi Pattern of prescription drug use in Nigerian army hospitals
    E T Adebayo
    Army Dental Centre, Military Hospital, Ikoyi, Nigeria
    Ann Afr Med 9:152-8. 2010
    ..This study presents the pooled data of the pattern of prescription drug use from three Nigerian Army hospitals using some WHO criteria, and the knowledge and attitude underlying doctors' prescribing practices in these hospitals...
  89. ncbi Are physicians with better clinical skills on licensing examinations less likely to prescribe antibiotics for viral respiratory infections in ambulatory care settings?
    Genevieve Cadieux
    Department of Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Occupational Health, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Med Care 49:156-65. 2011
    ..Effective patient-physician communication is critical to address this problem. Recognizing the importance of physician communication skills, licensure examinations were reformed in the United States and Canada to evaluate these skills...
  90. pmc The development and evaluation of an integrated electronic prescribing and drug management system for primary care
    Robyn Tamblyn
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, McGill University, Morrice House, 1140 Pine Avenue West, Montreal, Quebec, Canada H3A 1A3
    J Am Med Inform Assoc 13:148-59. 2006
    ..To develop and evaluate the acceptability and use of an integrated electronic prescribing and drug management system (MOXXI) for primary care physicians...
  91. ncbi Do general practitioners' consultation rates influence their prescribing patterns of antibiotics for acute respiratory tract infections?
    Svein Gjelstad
    Department of General Practice Family Medicine, Institute of Health and Society, University of Oslo, PO Box 1130, Blindern, N 0318 Oslo, Norway
    J Antimicrob Chemother 66:2425-33. 2011
    ..To examine general practitioners' (GPs') antibiotic prescribing patterns for acute respiratory tract infections (ARTIs) as compared with national guidelines. We also wanted to explore possible predictors of antibiotic prescription patterns...
  92. pmc Taking stock: provider prescribing practices in the presence and absence of ACT stock
    Bernadette Hensen
    Clinical Research Department, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Malar J 10:218. 2011
    ..The aim of this review was to assess evidence from health facility surveys on malaria prescribing practices using ACT, in the presence and absence of ACT stock, at time and place where treatment was sought...
  93. ncbi Patterns of abuse among unintentional pharmaceutical overdose fatalities
    Aron J Hall
    Epidemic Intelligence Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    JAMA 300:2613-20. 2008
    ..The effect of this pharmacoepidemic has been most pronounced in rural states, including West Virginia, which experienced the nation's largest increase in drug overdose mortality rates during 1999-2004...
  94. ncbi Persisting decline in depression treatment after FDA warnings
    Anne M Libby
    School of Public Health, University of Colorado Denver, 13055 E 17th Ave, Nighthorse Campbell Native Health Building, Campus Box F800, Aurora, CO 80045, USA
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 66:633-9. 2009
  95. ncbi Influence of physicians' management and communication ability on patients' persistence with antihypertensive medication
    Robyn Tamblyn
    Department of Medicine, McGill University, 1140 Pine Ave W, Montreal, QC, H3A 1A3 Canada
    Arch Intern Med 170:1064-72. 2010
    ..The purpose of this study was to determine whether a physician's medical management and communication ability influence persistence with antihypertensive treatment...
  96. ncbi Exploring chronic myeloid leukemia patients' reasons for not adhering to the oral anticancer drug imatinib as prescribed
    Lina Eliasson
    Centre for Medication Safety and Service Quality, Department of Practice and Policy, The School of Pharmacy, University of London, London, UK
    Leuk Res 35:626-30. 2011
    ..This study forms a basis on which to build future adherence research and may help to develop interventions designed to ensure that patients with CML and other cancers adhere optimally to their oral drugs treatment...
  97. ncbi Better Prescribing Project: a randomized controlled trial of the impact of case-based educational modules and personal prescribing feedback on prescribing for hypertension in primary care
    Carol P Herbert
    University of Western Ontario, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, Health Sciences Addition, London, Ontario N6A 5C1, Canada
    Fam Pract 21:575-81. 2004
    ..The purpose of this study was to assess the impacts of individualized prescribing feedback and interactive small group education aimed at encouraging evidence-based prescribing in family/general practice...
  98. ncbi Nurse prescribing: reflections on safety in practice
    Eleanor Bradley
    Staffordshire University, Faculty of Health and Sciences, Blackhealth Lane, Stafford ST 18 OAD, UK
    Soc Sci Med 65:599-609. 2007
    ..g. older adult nursing and learning disability) would benefit in particular from ongoing mentoring relationships with experienced prescribers and the development of individual formularies...
  99. pmc Trends in antihypertensive drug prescriptions and physician visits in Canada between 1996 and 2006
    Brenda R Hemmelgarn
    Department of Community of Health Sciences, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta
    Can J Cardiol 24:507-12. 2008
    ..In 1999, the Canadian Hypertension Education Program (CHEP) was launched to develop and implement evidence-based hypertension guidelines...
  100. ncbi Anti-asthmatic drug prescriptions to an Italian paedriatic population
    Marina Bianchi
    Laboratory for Mother and Child Health, Mario Negri Pharmacological Research Institute, 20156, Milan, Italy
    Pediatr Allergy Immunol 20:585-91. 2009
    To estimate the prevalence and evaluate the appropriateness of anti-asthmatic drug prescriptions in an Italian paediatric population, drug prescriptions involving 24,407 children <18 years old, dispensed during 2003 by the retail ..
  101. ncbi Impact of antibiotic restriction on broad spectrum antibiotic usage in the ICU of a developing country
    Shahla Siddiqui
    Department of Anaesthesia, Aga Khan University, Karachi
    J Pak Med Assoc 57:484-7. 2007
    ..To reduce rates of nosocomial pneumonia and cost of antibiotic therapy...

Research Grants82

  1. Modulation of immune senescence by androgen treatment in aged male macaques
    Henryk F Urbanski; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..These efforts have the potential to provide a new therapeutic approach to improve immunity in the growing elderly population. ..
  2. Effectivenss of a New Non-Invasive Erectile Support System in Aging Populations
    S ALEXANDER WEINSTOCK; Fiscal Year: 2012
  3. Optimizing Chronic Disease Prevention and Management in Advanced Dementia
    Jennifer Tjia; Fiscal Year: 2010
  4. Chicago Community-Acquired Pneumonia Consortium
    Richard G Wunderink; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This information is critical to design appropriate future prevention and treatment plans. ..
  5. Acupuncture for Aromatase Inhibitor-Related Arthralgias in Breast Cancer Patients
    Dawn Hershman; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This study will be the first large multi-center center intervention trial looking at the effects of acupuncture on AI induced arthragia in women with breast cancer. ..
  6. Pregnancy Folate Status &Early Childhood Respiratory &Atopic Disease Outcomes
    KECIA NICOLE CARROLL; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This study has potential to inform prenatal recommendations and identify modifiable risk factors for asthma and atopy. ..
  7. Development of A Novel Anti-Hyperglycemic Agent
    Zhaoping Li; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..We believe that Cyclo-Z will be effective and safe in the prevention and treatment of diabetes and that this novel drug will be beneficial to the health of many diabetic veteran patients. ..
  8. Comparative Effectiveness of Dialysis Modalities
    Rajnish Mehrotra; Fiscal Year: 2013
  9. Chemical Biology of Nuclear Receptor Action in the Macrophage
    Willa A Hsueh; Fiscal Year: 2010
  10. Cardiovascular and Prostatic Safety of Testosterone Therapy in Aging Males
    Stephen K Van Den Eeden; Fiscal Year: 2013
  11. Musculoskeletal Biomechanics of Gradient Walking in Obese Adults
    ..g. knee) osteoarthritis. The benefits of this research will be more informed, safer and more effective prescriptions of walking as exercise for weight management and cardiovascular health. ..
  12. Preserving beta-lactam utility against pathogens producing all classes of beta-la
    LUIGI XERRI; Fiscal Year: 2012
  13. Primary care eHealth intervention for improved outcomes in chronic kidney disease
    Veronica Yank; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The eHealth intervention has the potential to improve the health of millions of patients with CKD not yet receiving effective medications and to be expanded to related diseases. ..
  14. Pathogenesis of Virus-Induced Acute Otitis Media
    Tasnee Chonmaitree; Fiscal Year: 2013
  15. Innate Immunity in Otitis Media Pathogenesis
    David J Lim; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..abstract_text> ..
  16. Aqueous Humor Dynamic Components that Determine Intraocular Pressure Variance
    Sayoko E Moroi; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..medications based on a patient's profile of drug response will eliminate time wasted on ineffective drug prescriptions and result in more efficient medical management with fewer follow-up office visits to assess poor efficacy.
  17. Oregon's Coordinated Care Organizations Integrate Care for Drug Use Disorders
    Dennis McCarty; Fiscal Year: 2013
  18. Cross-platform remote monitoring technologies to monitor and improve adherence to
    BARBARA ANN RAPCHAK; Fiscal Year: 2013
  19. Drug Cost Containment Changes and Quality of Care for Mentally Ill Dual Enrollees
    Stephen B Soumerai; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..the plan formulary and can employ utilization management approaches such as prior authorization (PA) for any drug prescriptions. Because each state determined its own Medicaid coverage policies, dual beneficiaries faced a range of drug ..
  20. Medication Use, Cormobidity and Outcomes in Aging Populations
    Robert J Glynn; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..These studies are intended to advance methodologic strategies for evaluation of drug use and its effects in older people and to lay the foundation for interventions to improve prescribing in this population. ..
  21. Role of the Supraspinal Opioidergic Circuit in Prefrontal TMS-Induced Analgesia
    JOSEPH JEFFREY TAYLOR; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This study uses rTMS as an interventional tool to study pain circuitry while simultaneously evaluating its potential as an adjunctive therapy for pain. ..
  22. Evaluation of the Washington State Guidelines on Opioid Dosing for Chronic Pain
    Gary M Franklin; Fiscal Year: 2011
  23. Prolonged Clopidogrel Use After Drug-Eluting and Bare-Metal Coronary Stenting
    Scott Kinlay; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..These data may also inform future randomized trials to address the value of prolonged clopidogrel therapy. ..
  24. Comparative Resistance Exercise Effects on Knee Osteoarthritis Pain, Functional I
    KEVIN ROBERT VINCENT; Fiscal Year: 2012
  25. Exercise training and insulin resistance in overweight children and adolescents
    SHANA ERIN MCCORMACK; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..We hope that a better understanding of how exercise helps will lead to insights into obesity and its consequences in children and adolescents, as well as more effective exercise prescriptions for our pediatric patients. ..
  26. Impact of Information Prescriptions on Medication Adherence in ED Patients
    Nancy K Roderer; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This study will evaluate whether giving people more information about their health and prescribed drug through an information prescription results in an improvement in medication adherence and health. ..
  27. Sinusitis in Children and the Nasopharyngeal Microbiome
    Ellen Wald; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Finally, defining the mechanisms by which respiratory viruses cause changes in the nasopharyngeal microbiome will lead to new preventative and therapeutic measures which may be instituted long before the bacterial infection evolves. ..
  28. Promoting Adherence to Improve Effectiveness of Cardiovascular Disease Therapies
    WILLIAM MARION VOLLMER; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This research should also be broadly applicable to other diseases and treatments. ..
  29. A Novel Diet-Phenotype Interaction Affecting Body Weight
    David S Ludwig; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Metabolomic profiling and molecular analysis of identified metabolites will be conducted to characterize phenotype and explore potential physiological mechanisms. ..
  30. Acceptance-based behavioral treatment for obesity: Maintenance and Mechanisms.
    Evan M Forman; Fiscal Year: 2013
  31. Risk Factors for Asymptomatic Diverticulosis
    Robert S Sandler; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The proposed study is a first step in understanding the cause of diverticulosis with the hope of preventing the disease and its complications ..
  32. Evaluating Changes in Biopharmaceutical Therapies for Medicare and other Payers
    Ernst R Berndt; Fiscal Year: 2013
  33. Factors Associated with Warfarin Use in Dialysis Patients w/ Atrial Fibrillation
    JAMES BACON WETMORE; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..abstract_text> ..
  34. Community Intervention Research on Prescription Drug Safety in Older Rural Adults
    Faika Zanjani; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Establishing an effective PDS intervention will reduce adversities related to prescription drug and alcohol interactions for older adults and consequently improve their quality of life. ..
  35. Risk-Informed Interventions in Community Pharmacy: Implementation and Evaluation
    Michael R Cohen; Fiscal Year: 2010
  36. Milk-based nano-delivery system for hydrophobic drugs in infants and children
    Tomas Martin-Jimenez; Fiscal Year: 2012
  37. Imaging the Human Reward System Across the Adult Life Span
    GREGORY R SAMANEZ LARKIN; Fiscal Year: 2012
  38. Scholarship &Mentoring Core
    Barbara Daly; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..The resources provided by a center can directly address this need. ..
  39. Development, Implementation and Evaluation of Novel Strategies to Reduce Inapprop
    JOSHUA P contact METLAY; Fiscal Year: 2010
  40. Safe &Effective Yoga Prescription for Older Adults: Biomechanical Considerations
    George J Salem; Fiscal Year: 2011
  41. Dx Ear: An automated tool for diagnosis of otitis media
    JELENA KOVACEVIC; Fiscal Year: 2010
  42. Feeling States and Heart Rates: A Translational Study
    Margaret L Schneider; Fiscal Year: 2013
  43. Developing Flexible EHR Plug-ins to Re-Engineer Clinical Care and Research Workflows
    Chunhua Weng; Fiscal Year: 2013
  44. Promoting Evidence-Based Pharmacotherapy for PTSD in CBOCs
    Michele R Spoont; Fiscal Year: 2013
  45. Overdose Risk Assessment, Counseling and Naloxone Prescription in Health Care
    Ingrid A Binswanger; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Together, these aims will lead to the development of a novel intervention which has the potential to reduce fatalities from pharmaceutical opioid overdoses. ..
  46. A randomized trial of influenza vaccination of Hutterite children
    Mark Loeb; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..We believe that the trial we propose will lead to important data that can inform policy on influenza immunization strategy. ..
    VESTA BRUE; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Consistent with NIH's mission to promote innovative approaches to combat obesity, we propose a scalable tele-health program to improve adherence, promote smart behavior, and assure healthy weight loss management. ..
  48. A Pragmatic Trial of Lumbar Image Reporting with Epidemiology (LIRE)
    Jeffrey G Jarvik; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..g. other imaging tests, laboratory tests, genetic testing). If our study is positive, adding epidemiologic benchmarks to diagnostic test reporting could become the dominant paradigm for communicating all diagnostic information. ..
  49. Prescribed Opioid Safety in Children
    Wayne A Ray; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..These data on the risks of opioid medications increasingly used by children will provide a sound basis for altering pediatric practice to address a novel threat to the safety of this vulnerable population. ..
  50. Heat Effect on Generic Transdermal Drug Delivery Systems
    Audra L Stinchcomb; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Future years of this project could include examination of the heat effect on additional drug patches, on special patient populations, and on skin with compromised barrier. ..
  51. Overcoming Tramadol Resistance In CYP2D6 Poor Metabolizers
    John A Zebala; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..S. population is resistant to Tramadol analgesic effects. This project aims to overcome Tramadol resistance for pain medication by developing a new therapeutic, and corresponding Phase I clinical trial. ..
  52. The process of long term abstinence from opioid use among HIV+ respondents
    Nelson Jose Tiburcio; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..This study holds promise for informing future interventions and sketching a roadmap to maintenance of recovery and wellness as demonstrated by HIV+ people with lived experience/s of abstinence from substance use. ..
  53. Assessing Clinical Equivalence for Generic Drugs Approved By Innovative Methods
    Aaron Seth Kesselheim; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..abstract_text> ..
  54. Liver Selective AMPK Activator to Treat Type 2 Diabetes
    KEN W BATCHELOR; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..These encouraging results argue for a successful outcome (i.e. a markedly improved metformin, both in efficacy and safety) in a drug class that has not experienced any significant innovation in over 40 years. ..
  55. Internet Delivery of Animated Rehabilitation Exercises
    John Beaulieu; Fiscal Year: 2009
  56. Prescription Opioid Therapy in Maine: Geographic Determinants and Variation in a
    CHRISTINA T HOLT; Fiscal Year: 2012
  57. Using the Default Effect to Promote Healthy Behavior
    Gretchen B Chapman; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Simple and subtle changes in the way that health options are presented can have important influences on the health behaviors that individuals choose and hence on public health outcomes. ..
  58. Motivational Antidepressant Therapy for Hispanics
    Roberto Lewis-Fernandez; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..If MADT is found to be more efficacious than standard ADT in this stage II trial, the mixed- method data will allow us to further develop MADT for a stage III effectiveness trial in community settings. ..
  59. Computer Assisted Medication and Patient Information Interface (CAMPII)
    David C Ziemer; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Time will be assessed by program timers and direct observation. Utility will be assessed by measuring patient medication self-efficacy, adherence and medication errors in a small randomized controlled trial of CAMPII vs. controls. ..
  60. Change in Opioid use and overdose after a medicaid lock-in program
    Asheley C Skinner; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The results of this study have the potential to substantially reduce the cost of CS abuse in terms of human lives and financial resources. ..
  61. Drug-Related Risk for Death After Release from Prison
    Ingrid A Binswanger; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..These findings will be used to develop interventions aimed at reducing the risk of death during the transition from prison to the community. ..
  62. 99mTc-DTB-Antifol-Pteroyls (RadioDAPs): Theranostics for Rheumatoid Arthritis
    John A Zebala; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..The proposed RadioDAP technology will be used to simultaneously improve RA therapy and diagnosis. ..
    JENNIFER MIGLIONICO; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..abstract_text> ..
  64. CYLD as a negative regulator for MUC5AC in NTHi-induced otitis media
    Erika Szymanski; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Understanding how mucus production is controlled in the middle ear will lay the foundation for new drugs that decrease mucus production and make ear infections less harmful. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  65. Changes in Control of Movement Timing and Stability With Muscle Fatigue
    JONATHAN DINGWELL; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Therefore, it is important to better understand how muscle fatigue and muscle imbalances caused by localized muscle fatigue affect how humans control the timing and dynamic stability of repetitive movements. ..
  66. Enabling Electronic Prescribing and Enhanced Management of Controlled Medications
    Grant Carrow; Fiscal Year: 2009
  67. Rural Trial of Clinic Order Entry with Decision Support
    Matthew Samore; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The cost impact of the intervention will be measured to allow a comprehensive assessment of the value of this HIT. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  68. Evaluating Patient Information Prescriptions
    NANCY RODERER; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  69. Family Processes in Chinese Americans with Diabetes
    Catherine Chesla; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This application addresses a National Institute of Nursing Research priority, to investigate cultural and ethnic considerations in health and illness. ..
  70. Isomeric HRT estrogen-DNA adducts: Structure and Repair
    Nicholas Geacintov; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..abstract_text> ..
  71. Prospective effects of psychosocial factors on bariatric surgical success
    Erin E Martinez; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Findings will also inform behavioral interventions designed to optimize post-surgical outcome. ..
  72. Promoting Health Literacy for Newly Prescribed Medications via the EMR
    Michael Wolf; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Results from this line of research will directly inform clinical care and state and federal policies associated with drug labeling and prescribing. ..
  73. Ultrasound Characterization of Otitis Media
    Arne Voie; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Otitis media accounts for the majority of all pediatric clinical visits and drug prescriptions. However, only a minority of these cases actually benefit from therapeutic intervention...
  74. The Effect of Specialty Tier Placement on Enrollment and Utilization in Medicare
    Erin A Taylor; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..likelihood of initiating treatment based on the tier placement decision and the total number of specialty drug prescriptions filled as a function of tier placement...
  75. Personal digital assistant devices and medication error
    Kimberly Galt; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  76. Aerobic Exercise Intervention for Knee Osteoarthritis
    Kenton Kaufman; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Hypothesis: A effective exercise prescription for adults with degenerative joint disease is dependent on knee compartment involvement, CIA stage, BMI, and type of exercise prescribed. ..
  77. Ambulatory Patient Safety of Clients in Treatment for Substance Abuse
    Bentson McFarland; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The proposed planning project will set the stage for interventions as well as methodology to determine whether they are successful. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
    Jacques Tremblay; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..Patient mixes (age, sex and diagnosis) and manpower levels will be accounted for the analysis. The cost-effectiveness of a quality assurance method, ambulatory DUR, may thus be assessed for policy-making...
    Paul Vezina; Fiscal Year: 2001
    Meharvan Singh; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  81. Data Evaluation for Early Disease Outbreak Detection
    Kenneth Kleinman; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..department[unreadable] visits, laboratory test requests and results, radiology tests, hospitalizations, drug prescriptions and drug[unreadable] dispensings...
    David Cohen; Fiscal Year: 2009