traditional medicine

Summary

Summary: Systems of medicine based on cultural beliefs and practices handed down from generation to generation. The concept includes mystical and magical rituals, herbal therapy, and other treatments which may not be explained by modern medicine.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi A review of the plants of the genus Phyllanthus: their chemistry, pharmacology, and therapeutic potential
    J B Calixto
    Department of Pharmacology, CCB, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina UFSC, Florianopolis, Brazil
    Med Res Rev 18:225-58. 1998
  2. ncbi Medicinal and poisonous diversity of the flora of "Cariri Paraibano", Brazil
    M F Agra
    Laboratorio de Tecnologia Farmaceutica, Universidade Federal da Paraiba, Caixa Postal 5009, 58015 970 João Pessoa, Paraiba, Brazil
    J Ethnopharmacol 111:383-95. 2007
  3. ncbi Traditional medicine and gastroprotective crude drugs
    Guillermo Schmeda-Hirschmann
    Instituto de Quimica de Recursos Naturales, Universidad de Talca, Casilla 747, Talca, Chile
    J Ethnopharmacol 100:61-6. 2005
  4. ncbi Snakebites and ethnobotany in the northwest region of Colombia. Part III: neutralization of the haemorrhagic effect of Bothrops atrox venom
    R Otero
    Programa de Ofidismo, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Antioquia, A A 1226, Medellin, Colombia
    J Ethnopharmacol 73:233-41. 2000
  5. ncbi Contribution to the knowledge of Rifian traditional medicine. II: Folk medicine in Ksar Lakbir district (NW Morocco)
    A Merzouki
    Laboratoire d Ethnobotanique, Faculte des Sciences, Universite Abdelmalek Essaadi, BP 2121, Tetouan
    Fitoterapia 71:278-307. 2000
  6. pmc The value of plants used in traditional medicine for drug discovery
    D S Fabricant
    Program for Collaborative Research in the Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Pharmacy, University of Illinois Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60612, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 109:69-75. 2001
  7. ncbi Antimalarial activity of medicinal plants used in traditional medicine in S. Tomé and Príncipe islands
    Maria do Céu de Madureira
    Departamento de Farmacognosia, Faculdade de Farmacia, Universidade de Coimbra, R Norte, 3000 Coimbra, Portugal
    J Ethnopharmacol 81:23-9. 2002
  8. ncbi Ethnobotany of the Alt Empordà region (Catalonia, Iberian Peninsula): plants used in human traditional medicine
    Montse Parada
    Laboratori de Botànica, Facultat de Farmacia, Universitat de Barcelona, Av Joan XXIII, s n 08028 Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain
    J Ethnopharmacol 124:609-18. 2009
  9. ncbi In vitro antiplasmodial activity of plants used in Benin in traditional medicine to treat malaria
    Joanne Bero
    Louvain Drug Research Institute, Universite Catholique de Louvain, UCL 7230, Brussels, Belgium
    J Ethnopharmacol 122:439-44. 2009
  10. ncbi Traditional phytotherapy of the Albanians of Lepushe, Northern Albanian Alps
    Andrea Pieroni
    SCH Group, Department of Social Sciences, Wageningen University and Research Centres, Postbus 8060, NL 6700 DA Wageningen, The Netherlands
    Fitoterapia 76:379-99. 2005

Detail Information

Publications340 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi A review of the plants of the genus Phyllanthus: their chemistry, pharmacology, and therapeutic potential
    J B Calixto
    Department of Pharmacology, CCB, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina UFSC, Florianopolis, Brazil
    Med Res Rev 18:225-58. 1998
    ..Together this data strongly supports the view that the plants belonging to the genus Phyllanthus have potential beneficial therapeutic actions in the management of hepatitis B, nefrolitiase, and in painful disorders...
  2. ncbi Medicinal and poisonous diversity of the flora of "Cariri Paraibano", Brazil
    M F Agra
    Laboratorio de Tecnologia Farmaceutica, Universidade Federal da Paraiba, Caixa Postal 5009, 58015 970 João Pessoa, Paraiba, Brazil
    J Ethnopharmacol 111:383-95. 2007
    ..This study aims at emphasizing the importance of setting up conservation priorities, and sustained development of various medicinal plants of semi-arid area of Northeast of Brazil...
  3. ncbi Traditional medicine and gastroprotective crude drugs
    Guillermo Schmeda-Hirschmann
    Instituto de Quimica de Recursos Naturales, Universidad de Talca, Casilla 747, Talca, Chile
    J Ethnopharmacol 100:61-6. 2005
    ..is how far or close are both the plant preparations and extract amounts from the doses recommended in traditional medicine and what should be considered realistic levels for experimental studies...
  4. ncbi Snakebites and ethnobotany in the northwest region of Colombia. Part III: neutralization of the haemorrhagic effect of Bothrops atrox venom
    R Otero
    Programa de Ofidismo, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Antioquia, A A 1226, Medellin, Colombia
    J Ethnopharmacol 73:233-41. 2000
    ..d. venom injection (10 microg), neutralization of haemorrhage dropped below 25% for all the extracts. Additionally, B. rosademonte and P. percussa extracts were able to inhibit the proteolytic activity of B. atrox venom on casein...
  5. ncbi Contribution to the knowledge of Rifian traditional medicine. II: Folk medicine in Ksar Lakbir district (NW Morocco)
    A Merzouki
    Laboratoire d Ethnobotanique, Faculte des Sciences, Universite Abdelmalek Essaadi, BP 2121, Tetouan
    Fitoterapia 71:278-307. 2000
    ..Quantitative ethnopharmacological data (medicinal plant knowledge and use indices) were also evaluated and discussed...
  6. pmc The value of plants used in traditional medicine for drug discovery
    D S Fabricant
    Program for Collaborative Research in the Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Pharmacy, University of Illinois Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60612, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 109:69-75. 2001
    ..We emphasize the role of information derived from various systems of traditional medicine (ethnomedicine) and its utility for drug discovery purposes...
  7. ncbi Antimalarial activity of medicinal plants used in traditional medicine in S. Tomé and Príncipe islands
    Maria do Céu de Madureira
    Departamento de Farmacognosia, Faculdade de Farmacia, Universidade de Coimbra, R Norte, 3000 Coimbra, Portugal
    J Ethnopharmacol 81:23-9. 2002
    The present study investigates the antimalarial activity of 13 medicinal plants used in traditional medicine in S...
  8. ncbi Ethnobotany of the Alt Empordà region (Catalonia, Iberian Peninsula): plants used in human traditional medicine
    Montse Parada
    Laboratori de Botànica, Facultat de Farmacia, Universitat de Barcelona, Av Joan XXIII, s n 08028 Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain
    J Ethnopharmacol 124:609-18. 2009
    ..This paper provides significant ethnobotanical information on pharmaceutical plant uses from a tourist and industrialised region, where some degree of acculturation exists, so that there is urgency in recording such data...
  9. ncbi In vitro antiplasmodial activity of plants used in Benin in traditional medicine to treat malaria
    Joanne Bero
    Louvain Drug Research Institute, Universite Catholique de Louvain, UCL 7230, Brussels, Belgium
    J Ethnopharmacol 122:439-44. 2009
    ..The aim of the study was to evaluate the in vitro antiplasmodial activity of crude extracts of 12 plant species traditionally used in Benin for the treatment of malaria in order to validate their use...
  10. ncbi Traditional phytotherapy of the Albanians of Lepushe, Northern Albanian Alps
    Andrea Pieroni
    SCH Group, Department of Social Sciences, Wageningen University and Research Centres, Postbus 8060, NL 6700 DA Wageningen, The Netherlands
    Fitoterapia 76:379-99. 2005
    ..A current common ethnomedical use of P. scolopendrium and L. martagon is recorded for the first time in Europe...
  11. ncbi Traditional phytotherapy and trans-cultural pharmacy among Turkish migrants living in Cologne, Germany
    Andrea Pieroni
    SCH Group, Department of Social Sciences, Wageningen University and Research Centre, Postbus 8060, NL 6700 DA Wageningen, The Netherlands
    J Ethnopharmacol 102:69-88. 2005
    ..This article concludes by suggesting hypotheses on future changes affecting the knowledge and use of medicinal plants within the Turkish community of Cologne...
  12. pmc An ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants in Mana Angetu district, southeastern Ethiopia
    Ermias Lulekal
    Department of Biology, Debre Berhan University, P, O, Box 445, Debre Berhan, Ethiopia
    J Ethnobiol Ethnomed 4:10. 2008
    ..collected using semi structured interviews, field observations, preference and direct matrix ranking with traditional medicine practitioners. The ethnomedicinal use of 230 plant species was documented in the study area...
  13. ncbi Folk phytotherapeutical plants from Maratea area (Basilicata, Italy)
    Paolo Maria Guarrera
    Museo Nazionale Arti e Tradizioni Popolari, Piazza Marconi 8 10, 00144 Rome, Italy
    J Ethnopharmacol 99:367-78. 2005
    ..graeca (coughs) and Ceterach officinarum (malaria), while in the ethnoveterinary field, we have Pteridium aquilinum (wolf bites) and Spartium junceum (fractures of animal limbs)...
  14. ncbi Activity against drug resistant-tuberculosis strains of plants used in Mexican traditional medicine to treat tuberculosis and other respiratory diseases
    Maria Del Rayo Camacho-Corona
    Laboratorio de Quimica de Productos Naturales, Facultad de Ciencias Quimicas, Universidad Autonoma de Nuevo Leon, Mexico
    Phytother Res 22:82-5. 2008
    ..The study evaluated the antimycobacterial activity of nine plants used in Mexican traditional medicine to treat tuberculosis and other respiratory diseases...
  15. ncbi Studies on pharmaceutical ethnobotany in the region of Pallars (Pyrenees, Catalonia, Iberian Peninsula). Part I. General results and new or very rare medicinal plants
    A Agelet
    , , Universitat de Barcelona. Av. Joan XXIII s/n, 08028 Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain
    J Ethnopharmacol 77:57-70. 2001
    ..Further papers will deal with unreported or very uncommon uses for known medicinal plant species and with medicinal non-vascular plants...
  16. ncbi Reconstructed materia medica of the Medieval and Ottoman al-Sham
    Efraim Lev
    Jordan Valley College, University of Haifa, Haifa, Israel
    J Ethnopharmacol 80:167-79. 2002
    ..Finally, our data revealed that the al-Sham region was an independent source of production and marketing of medicinal substances during the medieval and Ottoman periods...
  17. ncbi An inventory of the ethnobotanicals used as anthelmintics in the southern Punjab (Pakistan)
    Abdul Jabbar
    Ethnoveterinary Research and Development Centre, Department of Veterinary Parasitology, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad 38040, Pakistan
    J Ethnopharmacol 108:152-4. 2006
    ..This documentation could provide a foundation for the scientific study and verification of those plants which merit such study...
  18. ncbi Traditional medicine in Turkey X. Folk medicine in Central Anatolia
    E Sezik
    Gazi University, Faculty of Pharmacy, Hipodrom 06330, Ankara, Turkey
    J Ethnopharmacol 75:95-115. 2001
    b>Traditional medicine used in Central Anatolia; Ankara, Kayseri, Niğde and south-eastern parts of Karaman and Konya provinces have been studied...
  19. ncbi Is the body fat of the lizard Tupinambis merianae effective against bacterial infections?
    Felipe S Ferreira
    Universidade Federal da Paraíba UFPB, Centro de Ciências Exatas e da Natureza, Departamento de Sistemática e Ecologia, Campus I, Joao Pessoa, PB, Brazil ferreira
    J Ethnopharmacol 126:233-7. 2009
    ..This work presents the chemical compositions of the body fat of Tupinambis merianae and evaluates the antibacterial activity of the body fat as well as the ecological implications of its use in traditional medicine.
  20. pmc The importance of botellas and other plant mixtures in Dominican traditional medicine
    Ina Vandebroek
    Institute of Economic Botany, The New York Botanical Garden, 2900 Southern Boulevard, Bronx, NY 10458, USA
    J Ethnopharmacol 128:20-41. 2010
    ..Plant mixtures are understudied in ethnobotanical research...
  21. ncbi Traditional pharmacopoeias and medicines among Albanians and Italians in southern Italy: a comparison
    Andrea Pieroni
    Department of Pharmacy, School of Life Sciences, University of Bradford, Richmond Road, Bradford BD7 1DP, UK
    J Ethnopharmacol 101:258-70. 2005
    ..Reasons for this shift, as well as components that have affected cultural adaptation phenomena and transitions among the Albanians are discussed...
  22. pmc Why study the use of animal products in traditional medicines?
    Rômulo R N Alves
    Departamento de Biologia, Universidade Estadual da Paraiba, 58059 970 João Pessoa, PB, Brazil
    J Ethnobiol Ethnomed 1:5. 2005
    ..This paper discusses some related aspects of the use of animals or parts thereof as medicines, and their implications for ecology, culture (the traditional knowledge), economy, and public health...
  23. ncbi Ethnomedicine of Dharwad district in Karnataka, India--plants used in oral health care
    S S Hebbar
    PG Department of Botany, Karnatak University, Dharwad 5800 03, Karnataka, India
    J Ethnopharmacol 94:261-6. 2004
    ....
  24. ncbi Preliminary comparative analysis of medicinal plants used in the traditional medicine of Bulgaria and Italy
    Maria Lucia Leporatti
    Department of Vegetal Biology University La Sapienza, 00185, Roma, Italy
    J Ethnopharmacol 87:123-42. 2003
    ..The remaining 20% have very different uses, several of these being particularly noteworthy. The role played by edible plants, moreover, is important, about 30% being employed as medicine...
  25. pmc Medicinal plants popularly used in the Xingó region - a semi-arid location in Northeastern Brazil
    Cecília De Fátima C B R Almeida
    Departamento de Biologia, Area Botânica, Laboratório de Etnobotânica Aplicada, Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco, Rua Dom Manoel de Medeiros s n, Dois Irmaos, Recife, Pernambuco, 52171 030, Brazil
    J Ethnobiol Ethnomed 2:15. 2006
    ..The body systems that stood out the most were: the respiratory system, the gastrointestinal system, and infectious diseases. Most cited plant parts used for medicinal purposes were flowers, leaves, and inner stem bark...
  26. ncbi Indigenous traditional medicine: in vitro anti-giardial activity of plants used in the treatment of diarrhea
    Clara Lia Costa Brandelli
    Faculdade de Farmacia, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil
    Parasitol Res 104:1345-9. 2009
    ..satureioides for the treatment of diarrhea, revealing the conformity with results obtained in vitro. Bioguided assays are necessary to identify the compounds responsible for the activity of the aqueous extract of A. satureioides...
  27. ncbi Evaluation of the antiedematogenic activity of artemetin isolated from Cordia curassavica DC
    M C Bayeux
    Centro Pluridisciplinar de Pesquisas Qu micas, Biol gicas e Agr colas, Universidade Estadual de Campinas
    Braz J Med Biol Res 35:1229-32. 2002
    ..1 +/- 2.28 (control) to 17.3 +/- 1.34 and 13.2 +/- 1.44, respectively, but had no activity in the hot-plate test...
  28. ncbi Twenty-five years of research on medicinal plants in Latin America: a personal view
    João B Calixto
    Department of Pharmacology, Centre of Biological Sciences, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Campus Universitario, Trindade, 88049 900 Florianopolis, SC, Brazil
    J Ethnopharmacol 100:131-4. 2005
    ....
  29. ncbi Health care-seeking among Latino immigrants: blocked access, use of traditional medicine, and the role of religion
    H Edward Ransford
    Department of Sociology, University of Southern California, Los Angeles 90089 2539, California, USA
    J Health Care Poor Underserved 21:862-78. 2010
    ..Health care for Latino immigrants often involves a blend of mainstream and traditional medicine; the study discusses examples of respondents who navigate between the two systems within the interplay of ..
  30. ncbi Synergy research: approaching a new generation of phytopharmaceuticals
    H Wagner
    Department of Pharmacy, Center of Pharma Research, Ludwig Maximilians University, Butenandtstr 5 13, House B, D 81377 Munich, Germany
    Phytomedicine 16:97-110. 2009
    The longstanding, successful use of herbal drug combinations in traditional medicine makes it necessary to find a rationale for the pharmacological and therapeutic superiority of many of them in comparison to isolated single constituents...
  31. pmc Use and traditional management of Anadenanthera colubrina (Vell.) Brenan in the semi-arid region of northeastern Brazil
    Julio Marcelino Monteiro
    Departamento de Biologia, Área de Botânica, Laboratório de Etnobotânica Aplicada, Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco, Rua Dom Manoel de Medeiros s n, Dois Irmaos, Recife, Pernambuco, 52171 030, Brazil
    J Ethnobiol Ethnomed 2:6. 2006
    ..The study of the population structure of this tree species indicated that management and conservation strategies must include the participation of the local community...
  32. pmc Comparative analysis of medicinal plants used in traditional medicine in Italy and Tunisia
    Maria Lucia Leporatti
    Dipartimento di Biologia Vegetale, Universita La Sapienza Roma, Italy
    J Ethnobiol Ethnomed 5:31. 2009
    ..analysis of the medicinal species present in the respective Floras in order to explore potential analogies and differences in popular phytotherapy that have come out from those reciprocal exchanges having taken place over the centuries..
  33. pmc Screening for antimicrobial activity of ten medicinal plants used in Colombian folkloric medicine: a possible alternative in the treatment of non-nosocomial infections
    Jhon J Rojas
    Department of Pharmacy, Universidad de Antioquia, Cll 67 53 108 of 1 157, Medellin, Colombia
    BMC Complement Altern Med 6:2. 2006
    ..These plants are used in Colombian folk medicine to treat infections of microbial origin...
  34. ncbi Ethnoveterinary practices for the treatment of parasitic diseases in livestock in Cholistan desert (Pakistan)
    Zahid Farooq
    Department of Zoology and Fisheries, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad 38040, Pakistan
    J Ethnopharmacol 118:213-9. 2008
    ..This study was conducted to document the ethnoveterinary medicinal (EVM) practices for the treatment of different parasitic diseases of livestock in Cholistan desert, Pakistan...
  35. pmc Traditional use of medicinal plants among the tribal communities of Chhota Bhangal, Western Himalaya
    Sanjay Kr Uniyal
    Biodiversity Division, Institute of Himalayan Bioresource Technology, P B 6, Palampur 176061, India
    J Ethnobiol Ethnomed 2:14. 2006
    ..Implication of developmental activities and changing socio-economic conditions on the traditional knowledge are also discussed...
  36. ncbi Medicinal plants from the Yanesha (Peru): evaluation of the leishmanicidal and antimalarial activity of selected extracts
    Céline Valadeau
    IFEA UMIFRE 17 CNRS MAEE, Casilla 18 1217, Lima, Peru
    J Ethnopharmacol 123:413-22. 2009
    ....
  37. pmc Dermatological remedies in the traditional pharmacopoeia of Vulture-Alto Bradano, inland southern Italy
    Cassandra L Quave
    Department of Biological Sciences and Center for Ethnobiology and Natural Products, Florida International University, 11200 SW 8th St, HLS 320, Miami, FL 33199, USA
    J Ethnobiol Ethnomed 4:5. 2008
    ..In addition to SSTI remedies for humans, we also discuss certain ethnoveterinary applications...
  38. ncbi A first survey on the medicinal plants of the Chazuta valley (Peruvian Amazon)
    Jaume Sanz-Biset
    Unitat de Farmacologia i Farmacognosia, Facultat de Farmacia, Universitat de Barcelona, Av Diagonal 643, E 08028 Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain
    J Ethnopharmacol 122:333-62. 2009
    ..With the objective of contributing to the ethnopharmacological knowledge of the area, a field survey on the use of medicinal plants was performed in the region...
  39. ncbi Studies on the in vitro and in vivo hypoglycemic activities of some medicinal plants used in treatment of diabetes in Jordanian traditional medicine
    I I Hamdan
    Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Jordan, Queen Rania Street, Amman, Jordan
    J Ethnopharmacol 93:117-21. 2004
    ..The main conclusion of this work was the concern over the unjustified claims of the uses of some herbal medicine in Jordan and possibly in other countries...
  40. ncbi An ethnobotanical study of medicinal and aromatic plants in the Natural Park of "Serra de São Mamede" (Portugal)
    Joana Camejo-Rodrigues
    J Ethnopharmacol 89:199-209. 2003
    ..This is the first study of medicinal and aromatic plants in Portugal to use ethnobotanical methodology...
  41. pmc Knowledge and use of medicinal plants by local specialists in an region of Atlantic Forest in the state of Pernambuco (Northeastern Brazil)
    Luiz Rodrigo Saldanha Gazzaneo
    Departamento de Biologia, Área de Botânica, Laboratório de Etnobotânica Aplicada, Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco, Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil
    J Ethnobiol Ethnomed 1:9. 2005
    ..Despite these restrictions, the species with the highest use-value by this community was Pithecellobium cochliocarpum (Gomez) Macb., a native plant of the Atlantic Forest...
  42. ncbi An ethnobotanical survey of medicinal plants used in Loja and Zamora-Chinchipe, Ecuador
    Vicente Tene
    Planta de Productos Naturales, Universidad Técnica Particular de Loja, Loja, Ecuador
    J Ethnopharmacol 111:63-81. 2007
    ..The present study reports a total of 275 plant species, having 68 different therapeutical uses...
  43. ncbi Acute toxicity and mutagenic activity of Mexican plants used in traditional medicine
    Myrna Deciga-Campos
    Facultad de Farmacia, Universidad Autonoma del Estado de Morelos, Cuernavaca, Morelos, Mexico
    J Ethnopharmacol 110:334-42. 2007
    ..Finally, in the Artemia salina lethality test Brickellia veronicaefolia, Arracacia tolucensis, Poliomintha longiflora and Piper sanctum caused significant mortality of the crustacean larvae with LC(50) in the range of 37-227 microg/mL...
  44. ncbi Contribution to the knowledge of the folk plant medicine in Calabria region (Southern Italy)
    N G Passalacqua
    Museo di Storia Naturale della Calabria ed Orto Botanico, Universita della Calabria, 87030 Arcavacata di Rende, Italy
    Fitoterapia 78:52-68. 2007
    ....
  45. ncbi Medicinal plants used by the Criollos of Northwestern Argentine Chaco
    Gustavo F Scarpa
    Instituto de Botánica Darwinion, Casilla de correo 22, B1642HYD, San Isidro, Provincia de Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, Argentina
    J Ethnopharmacol 91:115-35. 2004
    ..5% of total uses); skin affections (14.6%); respiratory disorders (9.1%); reproductive disorders (8.4%) and affections of the circulatory system (7.7%); and as antipyretics (7.5% of total uses)...
  46. ncbi The rainbow hurts my skin: medicinal concepts and plants uses among the Yanesha (Amuesha), an Amazonian Peruvian ethnic group
    Céline Valadeau
    Institut Français d Etudes Andines IMIFRE 17 MAEE Av Arequipa n degrees 4595, Miraflores, Lima 18, Peru
    J Ethnopharmacol 127:175-92. 2010
    ..The Yanesha culture is vivid to this day, and people strongly rely on traditional medicine in their everyday life...
  47. ncbi Ethnomedicobotany of Uttara Kannada District in Karnataka, India--plants in treatment of skin diseases
    V H Harsha
    PG Department of Botany, Karnatak University, Dharwad 580 003, Karnataka, India
    J Ethnopharmacol 84:37-40. 2003
    ..This also includes 17 new claims to the ethnomedical knowledge. The parts used and methods of preparation are discussed along with the family and local name for all the plants...
  48. ncbi Medicinal plant diversity and use in the highlands of Dolakha district, Nepal
    Prasanna M Shrestha
    Department of Biology and Nature Conservation, Agricultural University of Norway, P O Box 5014, N 1432 As, Norway
    J Ethnopharmacol 86:81-96. 2003
    ....
  49. ncbi The use and safety of non-allopathic Indian medicines
    N J Gogtay
    Department of Clinical Pharmacology, Seth GS Medical College and KEM Hospital, Parel, Mumbai Bombay, India
    Drug Saf 25:1005-19. 2002
    ..The Indian traditional medicine industry has come a long way from the times when it was considered unnecessary to test these formulations ..
  50. pmc Anti-tumour promoter activity in Malaysian ginger rhizobia used in traditional medicine
    S Vimala
    Medicinal Plant Division, Forest Research Institute Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur
    Br J Cancer 80:110-6. 1999
    Zingiberaceae rhizomes commonly used in the Malaysian traditional medicine were screened for anti-tumour promoter activity using the short-term assay of inhibition of 12-O-tetradecanoyl phorbol-13-acetate (TPA)-induced Epstein-Barr virus ..
  51. ncbi Is traditional medicine better off 25 years later?
    Anna K Jäger
    Department of Medicinal Chemistry, The Danish University of Pharmaceutical Sciences, 2 Universitetsparken, 2100 Copenhagen O, Denmark
    J Ethnopharmacol 100:3-4. 2005
  52. ncbi Characterisation of the anti-inflammatory potential of Vitex trifolia L. (Labiatae), a multipurpose plant of the Pacific traditional medicine
    Mariko Matsui
    Laboratoire des Biotoxines, Institut Pasteur de Nouvelle Caledonie, BP61, 98845 Noumea, New Caledonia
    J Ethnopharmacol 126:427-33. 2009
    ....
  53. ncbi Observations on the traditional phytotherapy among the inhabitants of Parvati valley in western Himalaya, India
    Parveen Kumar Sharma
    Dr YS Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry, Nauni, Solan 173230, Himachal Pradesh, India
    J Ethnopharmacol 92:167-76. 2004
    ..Information on traditional uses and commercial uses as well as biological activities of the related species is included on the basis of the existing relevant literature so as to present a comprehensive account...
  54. ncbi A search for natural bioactive compounds in Bolivia through a multidisciplinary approach. Part VI. Evaluation of the antimalarial activity of plants used by Isoceño-Guaraní Indians
    G Bourdy
    Institut de Recherche pour le Développement BP 165, 97300 Cayenne, Guyane, France
    J Ethnopharmacol 93:269-77. 2004
    ..Results are discussed in relation with Isoceño-Guaraní traditional medicine. Further studies to be undertaken in relation with these results are also highlighted.
  55. ncbi A comparison of traditional healers' medicinal plant knowledge in the Bolivian Andes and Amazon
    Ina Vandebroek
    Faculty of Agriculture and Applied Biological Sciences, Ghent University, Coupure Links 653, Ghent B 9000, Belgium
    Soc Sci Med 59:837-49. 2004
    ..It is hypothesised that social factors underlying traditional medical practices (background of extensive family in traditional medicine) play an important role in transmission--and hence survival of knowledge on medicinal plants.
  56. ncbi In vitro cytotoxic activity of nine plants used in Mayan traditional medicine
    G Mena-Rejon
    Facultad de Quimica, Laboratorio de Química Orgánica de Investigación, Universidad Autonoma de Yucatan, Calle 41 No 421, Col Industrial, C P 97150, Merida, Yuc, Mexico
    J Ethnopharmacol 121:462-5. 2009
    ..Plants have been used in folk medicine by Mayan ancient people from the Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico, to treat some diseases considered as cancer diseases such as chronic wounds or tumors...
  57. ncbi [Traditional medicine in the treatment of enteroparasitosis]
    R A Giove Nakazawa
    Centro Médico Servicio Popular de Salud, Takiwasi, Peru
    Rev Gastroenterol Peru 16:197-202. 1996
    ..We didn't observe any significant difference relative to age or sex.A review of other popular methods used in this region is done...
  58. pmc Analyzing factors that influence the folk use and phytonomy of 18 medicinal plants in Navarra
    Silvia Akerreta
    Departamento de Biología Vegetal Sección Botánica, Universidad de Navarra, C Irunlarrea s n, Pamplona, 31080, Navarra, Spain
    J Ethnobiol Ethnomed 3:16. 2007
    ..high blood pressure (Rhamnus alaternus, Olea europaea...) or skin diseases (Hylotelephium maximum, H. telephium, Anagallis arvensis, A. foemina)...
  59. pmc Health of indigenous people: traditional medicine is being practised successfully
    Elizabeth S Mattock
    BMJ 327:989. 2003
  60. pmc Animal-based folk remedies sold in public markets in Crato and Juazeiro do Norte, Ceará, Brazil
    Felipe S Ferreira
    Universidade Regional do Cariri, Departamento de Quimica Biologica, Crato, CE, Brazil
    BMC Complement Altern Med 9:17. 2009
    ..The present work prepared an inventory of the animals sold in public markets in the cities of Crato and Juazeiro do Norte, Ceará State, Brazil...
  61. ncbi In vitro inhibitory activities of plants used in Lebanon traditional medicine against angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) and digestive enzymes related to diabetes
    Monica R Loizzo
    Faculty of Pharmacy, Nutrition and Health Sciences, Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Calabria, I 87036 Rende CS, Italy
    J Ethnopharmacol 119:109-16. 2008
    ....
  62. ncbi Antifungal activities of five Combretaceae used in Togolese traditional medicine
    K Batawila
    Laboratory of Botany and Plant Ecology, Research and Education Centre for Medicinal Plants, University of Lome, P O Box 1515, Lome, Togo
    Fitoterapia 76:264-8. 2005
    ..25 mg/ml to 4 mg/ml. The results confirm the traditional therapeutic properties of these plants...
  63. pmc Role of traditional healers in psychosocial support in caring for the orphans: a case of Dar-es Salaam City, Tanzania
    Edmund J Kayombo
    Institute of Traditional Medicine, Muhimbili University College of Health Sciences, Dar es Slaam, Tanzania
    J Ethnobiol Ethnomed 1:3. 2005
    ....
  64. ncbi Ethnopharmacy of the ethnic Albanians (Arbëreshë) of northern Basilicata, Italy
    Andrea Pieroni
    Centre for Pharmacognosy and Phytotherapy, The School of Pharmacy, University of London, 29 39 Brunswick Square, WC1N 1AX, London, UK
    Fitoterapia 73:217-41. 2002
    ..Ethnopharmacological and anthropological considerations about these usages are discussed...
  65. ncbi Evaluation of anti-HSV-2 activities of Barleria lupulina and Clinacanthus nutans
    C Yoosook
    Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Science, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand
    J Ethnopharmacol 67:179-87. 1999
    ..When the activities were verified by yield reduction assay, anti-HSV-2 activities of B. lupulina extract were observed against HSV-2 (G) as well. The results suggest a therapeutic potential of B. lupulina but not C. nutans against HSV-2...
  66. ncbi The health transition, global modernity and the crisis of traditional medicine: the Tibetan case
    C R Janes
    Department of Anthropology, University of Colorado Denver, 80217 3364, USA
    Soc Sci Med 48:1803-20. 1999
    ..Analyzing the case of Tibetan medicine and other Asian medical systems, I show how this process occurs and how it is resisted. I conclude by discussing the policy dimensions of this problem...
  67. ncbi Essential oil composition of Piper guineense and its antimicrobial activity. Another chemotype from Nigeria
    O A Oyedeji
    Department of Chemistry, Lagos State University, Lagos State, Nigeria
    Phytother Res 19:362-4. 2005
    ..The essential oil inhibited the growth of Pseudomonas aeruginosa UCH 655 strain at 5 mg/mL on which standard antibiotic drugs were ineffective...
  68. ncbi The Maasai ethnodiagnostic skill of livestock diseases: a lead to traditional bioprospecting
    J O Ole-Miaron
    Department of Animal Physiology, University of Nairobi, PO Box 30197, Nairobi, Kenya
    J Ethnopharmacol 84:79-83. 2003
    ..The Ilkisonko Maasai use 18 medicinal plant species to combat the diseases positively diagnosed. It is concluded that, the Maasai ethnodiagnostic skill is the bases of their traditional bioprosecting techniques...
  69. ncbi A focused ethnography about treatment-seeking behaviour and traditional medicine in the Nasioi area of Bougainville
    Joan E Macfarlane
    Centre for International Health, Curtin University of Technology, GPO Box U1987, Perth, WA 6845, Australia
    P N G Med J 51:29-42. 2008
    ..ethnographic study examining knowledge, behaviour and attitudes related to treatment-seeking behaviour and traditional medicine was conducted in the Nasioi area of Bougainville...
  70. ncbi Traditional medicine, delays and hospital mortality of children under five years of age in the rural district of Kigoma, western Tanzania: an observational hospital-based study
    Christoph H Blanke
    Medizinische Klinik II, St Marienkrankenhaus Siegen, Siegen, Germany
    Trop Doct 38:150-2. 2008
    The use of traditional medicine in the treatment of 596 children aged 0-60 months before admission was common (41.4 %). Children were more likely to die if they had first been treated with traditional medicine (50/244; 20.5% vs 29/342; 8...
  71. ncbi Ethnobotanical inventory of medicinal plants in Bulgaria
    S Ivancheva
    Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Institute of Botany, Sofia
    J Ethnopharmacol 69:165-72. 2000
    ..Some of the plants are applied in practice for the treatment of cardiovascular, gastrointestinal, respiratory, urogenital and other disorders. The popular plants used for treatment are growing in 20 forested regions in Bulgaria...
  72. ncbi Traditional medicine in Sakarya province (Turkey) and antimicrobial activities of selected species
    Ergin Uzun
    Scientific and Technical Research Centre of Traditional Medicine, Istanbul University, 34116 Istanbul, Turkey
    J Ethnopharmacol 95:287-96. 2004
    b>Traditional medicine in North-West of Turkey (Sakarya province) were studied during a 2 months field study by interviewing local informants from several villages...
  73. ncbi Evaluation of biological activity of crude extracts from plants used in Yucatecan traditional medicine part I. Antioxidant, antimicrobial and beta-glucosidase inhibition activities
    A Sanchez-Medina
    Grupo de Química Orgánica, Unidad de Biotecnología, Centro de Investigación Científica de Yucatán, A C, Merida, Mexico
    Phytomedicine 8:144-51. 2001
    Bioactivity of extracts from leaves, stems and roots of twelve plants commonly used in Yucatecan traditional medicine were evaluated in four bioassays...
  74. ncbi Country development does not presuppose the loss of forest resources for traditional medicine use
    E J Buenz
    Complementary and Integrative Medicine Program, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
    J Ethnopharmacol 100:118-23. 2005
    There are challenges in using ethnobotany as a research technique. Foremost, there is a generational loss of traditional medicine knowledge and a loss of plant resources as raw material for medicinal use...
  75. ncbi Cytotoxicity of plants used in traditional medicine in Yemen
    M Al-Fatimi
    Department of Pharmacognosy, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Aden University, P O Box 5411 Maalla, Aden, Yemen
    Fitoterapia 76:355-8. 2005
    Twenty-five extracts obtained from 14 plant species used in the traditional medicine in Yemen have been screened for cytotoxic activity against human ECV-304 cells...
  76. pmc From traditional medicine to witchcraft: why medical treatments are not always efficacious
    Mark M Tanaka
    Evolution and Ecology Research Centre, School of Biotechnology and Biomolecular Sciences, University of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
    PLoS ONE 4:e5192. 2009
    ..These models also illuminate a broader range of phenomena, including the spread of innovations, medical treatment of animals, foraging behaviour, and self-medication in non-human primates...
  77. ncbi Traditional healing with animals (zootherapy): medieval to present-day Levantine practice
    Efraim Lev
    Department of Eretz Israel Studies, Jordan Valley College and University of Haifa, Israel
    J Ethnopharmacol 85:107-18. 2003
    ..Intensive research into the phenomenon of zootherapy in the Levant from early medieval to present-day traditional medicine yielded 99 substances of animal origin which were used medicinally during that long period...
  78. ncbi Intellectual property rights and traditional medicine: policy dilemmas at the interface
    Karin Timmermans
    World Health Organization, PO Box 1302, Jakarta 10350, Indonesia
    Soc Sci Med 57:745-56. 2003
    ..b>Traditional medicine usually involves biological resources and the knowledge of local and indigenous peoples and/or healers ..
  79. ncbi Inhibitory effect of the Cree traditional medicine wiishichimanaanh (Vaccinium vitis-idaea) on advanced glycation endproduct formation: identification of active principles
    Louis Philippe Beaulieu
    Canadian Institute of Health Research Team in Aboriginal Anti diabetic Medicines, Department of Pharmacology, Universite de Montreal, QC, Canada
    Phytother Res 24:741-7. 2010
    ..These results demonstrate that the flavonoid components of the berry extract are potent antiglycation agents and provide pharmacological validation for the traditional use of V. vitis-idaea as an antidiabetic remedy...
  80. ncbi Plants used as remedies antirheumatic and antineuralgic in the traditional medicine of Lebanon
    Marc El Beyrouthy
    Faculty of Agronomy, Holly Spirit University, Kaslik, Lebanon
    J Ethnopharmacol 120:315-34. 2008
    ..In the present investigation, ethnobotanical and ethnopharmacological research of the traditional use of plants to cure antirheumatic and antineuralgic diseases was carried out in Lebanon...
  81. ncbi Patented antiinflammatory plant drug development from traditional medicine
    S Darshan
    National Institute of Science Communication and Information Resources NISCAIR, Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, Dr K S Krishnan Marg, New Delhi 110 012, India
    Phytother Res 18:343-57. 2004
    ..Plants containing polysaccharides are the most potent in curing inflammatory diseases...
  82. ncbi Cytotoxic activity of Brazilian Cerrado plants used in traditional medicine against cancer cell lines
    Mariana Laundry de Mesquita
    Laboratorio de Farmacognosia, Universidade de Brasilia, Brasilia, Brazil
    J Ethnopharmacol 123:439-45. 2009
    ..The search for new anti-cancer drugs is one of the most prominent research areas of natural products. Numerous active compounds isolated from Brazilian Cerrado plant species have been studied with promising results...
  83. ncbi Toxicological investigation of aqueous-methanolic extract of the calyces of Hibiscus sabdariffa L
    A A Akindahunsi
    Department of Biochemistry, Federal University of Technology, Akure, Nigeria
    J Ethnopharmacol 89:161-4. 2003
    ..Though the average consumption of 150-180 mg/kg per day appears safe, the extract should be taken with caution bearing in mind that higher doses could affect the liver...
  84. pmc Assessing elemental mercury vapor exposure from cultural and religious practices
    D M Riley
    Picker Engineering Program, Smith College, Northampton, Massachusetts 01063, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 109:779-84. 2001
    ..We recommend an outreach and education program involving religious and community leaders, botanica personnel, and other mercury users...
  85. pmc Termite usage associated with antibiotic therapy: enhancement of aminoglycoside antibiotic activity by natural products of Nasutitermes corniger (Motschulsky 1855)
    Henrique D M Coutinho
    Universidade Regional do Cariri, Laboratório de Microbiologia e Biologia Molecular, Crato CE, 63105 000, Brazil
    BMC Complement Altern Med 9:35. 2009
    ..Among these species, the termite Nasutitermes corniger is commonly used in traditional medicine in Northeast Brazil...
  86. ncbi Inhibition of human P450 enzymes by natural extracts used in traditional medicine
    Idania Rodeiro
    Laboratorio de Farmacologia, Centro de Química Farmacéutica, 200 y 21, Atabey, Playa, Ciudad de La Habana, Cuba
    Phytother Res 23:279-82. 2009
    ..inhibitory effects on the P450 system of herbal products commonly used by people in Cuba and Mexico in traditional medicine for decades. Experiments were conducted in human liver microsomes...
  87. pmc Fauna used in popular medicine in Northeast Brazil
    Rômulo R N Alves
    Departamento de Biologia, Universidade Estadual da Paraiba, Bodocongo, 58109 753, Campina Grande Pb, Brazil
    J Ethnobiol Ethnomed 5:1. 2009
    Animal-based remedies constitute an integral part of Brazilian Traditional Medicine. Due to its long history, zootherapy has in fact become an integral part of folk medicine both in rural and urban areas of the country...
  88. ncbi Antileishmanial and antifungal activity of plants used in traditional medicine in Brazil
    Fernanda G Braga
    Departamento de Parasitologia, Microbiologia e Imunologia, ICB, Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora, Juiz de Fora, MG, Brazil
    J Ethnopharmacol 111:396-402. 2007
    ..and antifungal activity of 24 methanol extracts from 20 plants, all of them used in the Brazilian traditional medicine for the treatment of several infectious and inflammatory disorders, were evaluated against promastigotes ..
  89. ncbi The use of medicinal plants in self-care in rural central Ethiopia
    Teferi Gedif
    Institute of Pharmacoepidemiology and Pharmaco Economics, School of Pharmacy, Martin Luther University, Wolfgang Langenbeck Street 4, Room 107, 06120, Halle Saale, Germany
    J Ethnopharmacol 87:155-61. 2003
    Medicinal plants are an important element of Ethiopian traditional medicine. This questionnaire survey examined the extent and type of medicinal plants used in self-care by rural Ethiopian community...
  90. ncbi Folk pharmaceutical knowledge in the territory of the Dolomiti Lucane, inland southern Italy
    Andrea Pieroni
    School of Pharmacy School of Life Sciences, University of Bradford, Richmond Road, West Yorkshire, Bradford BD7 1DP, UK
    J Ethnopharmacol 95:373-84. 2004
    ....
  91. pmc Biodiversity, traditional medicine and public health: where do they meet?
    Rômulo R N Alves
    Departamento de Biologia, Universidade Estadual da Paraiba, Av, das Baraúnas, 351 Campus Universitário, Bodocongo, 58109 753, Campina Grande Pb, Brazil
    J Ethnobiol Ethnomed 3:14. 2007
    ..This paper discusses some of the links between biodiversity and traditional medicine, and addresses their implications to public health...
  92. pmc Ethnobotanical remarks on Central and Southern Italy
    Paolo Maria Guarrera
    Dipartimento di Biologia Vegetale Università La Sapienza Roma, Italy
    J Ethnobiol Ethnomed 3:23. 2007
    ..These different cultural contributions left certain traces, both in the toponyms and in the vernacular names of the plants and, more generally, in the culture as a whole...
  93. pmc Traditional knowledge on zootherapeutic uses by the Saharia tribe of Rajasthan, India
    Madan Mohan Mahawar
    Department of Zoology, Government Post Graduate College, Sawai Madhopur, Rajasthan, India
    J Ethnobiol Ethnomed 3:25. 2007
    ..Further studies are required for experimental validation to confirm the presence of bioactive compounds in these traditional remedies and also to emphasize more sustainable use of these resources...
  94. ncbi Plants and animals utilized as medicines in the Jaú National Park (JNP), Brazilian Amazon
    Eliana Rodrigues
    Department of Psychobiology, Universidade Federal de Sao Paulo, Brazil
    Phytother Res 20:378-91. 2006
    ..Furthermore, another six plants cited by the JNP caboclos belonging to the categories pain and inflammatory processes, are under investigation by groups of researchers in two Brazilian federal universities...
  95. ncbi Ethnobotany of medicinal plants used by Assamese people for various skin ailments and cosmetics
    Abinash Pratim Saikia
    Department of Biotechnology, Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati, North Guwahati 781039, Assam, India
    J Ethnopharmacol 106:149-57. 2006
    ..Herbal remedies were also available for skin burns, prickly heat and pimples. Information on nine plants used for managing dry skin also emerged from this study...
  96. ncbi Antimalarial compounds isolated from plants used in traditional medicine
    Joanne Bero
    Universite Catholique de Louvain, Louvain Drug Research Institute, Analytical Chemistry, Drug Analysis and Pharmacognosy Unit, Brussels, Belgium
    J Pharm Pharmacol 61:1401-33. 2009
    ..Details are given for substances with IC50 values < or = 11 microm...
  97. ncbi Traditional phytotherapy in Central Italy (Marche, Abruzzo, and Latium)
    Paolo Maria Guarrera
    Museo Nazionale Arti e Tradizioni Popolari, Piazza Marconi 8 10, Roma, 00144, Italy
    Fitoterapia 76:1-25. 2005
    ..arvense (emergency haemostatic), P. diffusa (insect bites), and Scrophularia canina (antiseptic and cicatrizing agent for wounds in bovines and sheep)...
  98. pmc Medicinal plants used by traditional healers in Kancheepuram district of Tamil Nadu, India
    Chellaiah Muthu
    Entomology Research Institute, Loyola College, Chennai 600 034, India
    J Ethnobiol Ethnomed 2:43. 2006
    ..The traditional healers are dwindling in number and there is a grave danger of traditional knowledge disappearing soon since the younger generation is not interested to carry on this tradition...
  99. ncbi Zootherapeutic practices among fishing communities in North and Northeast Brazil: a comparison
    Rômulo R N Alves
    Departamento de Biologia, Universidade Estadual da Paraiba, Av das Baraúnas, 351 Campus Universitário, Bodocongo, Campina Grande, PB, Brazil
    J Ethnopharmacol 111:82-103. 2007
    ..Results suggest that similarities in the repertoire of medicinal resources chosen by the surveyed communities reflects both a geographic/cultural continuum and the local accessibility/availability of the resources...
  100. ncbi Traditional knowledge of Kani tribals in Kouthalai of Tirunelveli hills, Tamil Nadu, India
    M Ayyanar
    Entomology Research Institute, Loyola College, Chennai 600034, India
    J Ethnopharmacol 102:246-55. 2005
    ..The medicinal plants used by kanis are arranged alphabetically followed by family name, local name, major chemical constituents, parts used, mode of preparation and medicinal uses...
  101. ncbi Analgesic activity of some Indian medicinal plants
    P Malairajan
    S R M College of Pharmacy, Kattankulathur 603203, Kancheepuram District, Tamilnadu, India
    J Ethnopharmacol 106:425-8. 2006
    ..Analgesic activity was significant with Toona ciliata (heart wood) ethanolic extract when compared with other extracts and its activity was confirmed by tail immersion method...

Research Grants62

  1. ENDOMETRIOSIS :TRADITIONAL MEDICINE VS HORMONE THERAPY
    Richard Hammerschlag; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Data obtained from this study, on treatment effectiveness, side effect profiles, recurrence of symptoms, compliance with therapy and drop-out rates, will be used to design a large-scale clinical trial. ..
  2. SYNTHESIS OF BIOACTIVE ALKALOIDS
    James White; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..of the toxic Gelsemium family, is of interest on account of its extensive lore as a therapy in Chinese traditional medicine. An approach to koumine is proposed which makes use of a recently discovered photochemical synthesis of ..
  3. Dietary prevention of prostate cancer
    CHENDIL DAMODARAN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..WA), a bioactive compound of Withania somnifera, which is extensively used in Asian and African traditional medicine. WA displays impressive and selective activity against androgen- dependent and androgen-independent ..
  4. Morgan State University-Public Health Program-CAM Research Training Program (Inst
    YVONNE LAFAYETTE BRONNER; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..psychologist, sociologists, and both quantitative and qualitative methodologists to explore CAM/traditional medicine practices in their natural environments...
  5. Mechanisms of Triterpenoids in Prevention of Prostate Cancer
    Subhash C Gautam; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Oleanolic acid and ursolic acid are naturally occurring triterpenoids that have been used in traditional medicine as antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, and anti-cancer agents...
  6. Targeting AR and Akt for the Treatment of Prostate Cancer
    CHENDIL DAMODARAN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..In this proposal we will further characterize the therapeutic merit of WA, which is used in traditional medicine for the prevention and treatment of cancer.
  7. Centrally Co-ordinated Bioethics Education for India
    Sanjay M Mehendale; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..sensitive, and gives importance to topics relevant to India such as genetics, drug development including traditional medicine and social sciences as also international research ethics...
  8. Drug Discovery for Mental Disorders: Preclinical Studies of Peruvian Botanicals
    ABRAHAM JAIME VAISBERG; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..and less secondary effects;4) the pharmacological information obtained will help to further understand the traditional medicine conceptualization of mental disorders in Peru...
  9. Anti-Tubercular Plants from Traditional Medicines of Laos
    BETHANY GWEN ELKINGTON; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Coupled to this are the increasing threats of loss of traditional medicine knowledge (TMK), passed orally between generations of contemporary healers, and the loss of plant species ..
  10. Modulation of NK cell activity by dietary product for prostate cancer prevention
    Dev Karan; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..agent, withaferin-A is a non-toxic, bioactive compound derived from the plant Withania somnifera, and is traditional medicine widely used in Asia and Africa to boost the immune system...
  11. Building Health Services Research Capacity for Tribes in Montana and Wyoming
    Gordon M Belcourt; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Increase support for culturally-appropriate health programs and for the role of traditional medicine practitioners within those programs...
  12. Exploratory Planning for a Proposed GEOHealth Hub in the Alto Mayo Region: - USA
    Paula E North; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Strong local traditional medicine remains pervasive, dating back millennia;modern medical care is developing...
  13. TICIPS: HIV/AIDS, Secondary Infections and Immune Modul*
    WILLIAM ROBERT FOLK; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..L frutescens is thought to be among the most efficacious plants used in southern African traditional medicine. The plant has been used in indigenous settings to treat serious microbial infections, especially HIV ..
  14. GOVERNMENT COVERAGE OF TRADITIONAL INDIGENOUS MEDICINE
    J OLSON GAREWAL; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..abstract_text> ..
  15. SYNTHESIS OF THE DANSHENGDIOLS
    John Snyder; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..These abietanoid type pigments from the roots of the Chinese traditional medicine, Dan-Sheng, Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge, have been identified as active constituents of the tanshinone ..
  16. AUTOMATED ARCHIVE OF AMERICAN TRADITIONAL MEDICINE
    Michael Jones; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..will computerize archival holdings of approximately 210,000 cards containing information on American traditional medicine, a term that covers folk medicine, home remedies, self treatment, alternative medicine (chiropractic, ..
  17. BENEFICIAL EFFECTS OF GINKGO BILOBA IN CANCER
    Vassilios Papadopoulos; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Ginkgo biloba is one of the most ancient trees and extracts from its leaves have been used in traditional medicine for several hundred years...
  18. HEALTH STATUS OF MULTIETHNIC PERIMENOPAUSALS
    TERESE MAITLAND; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..5. Compare inter- ethnic/cultural differences in the use of traditional medicine (e.g. HRT) and alternative therapies (herbs, bushes and tinctures) to treat perimenopausal symptoms. 6...
  19. ZUNI PUEBLO VETERAN PROJECT
    Michael Villanueva; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Center on Alcohol, Substance Abuse and Addictions (CASAA) with the cdgnitive-behavioral teachings found in traditional medicine as practiced by the Zuni Medicine people, this study will develop a hybrid protocol for alcohol and PTSD ..
  20. Triterpenoid Modulators of Inflammatory Driven Carcinogenesis
    Gregory P Tochtrop; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The described aims will synthesize and isolate known and novel triterpenoids from traditional medicine sources to be tested as chemopreventives in inflammation driven models of carcinogenesis.
  21. Development of Research Grade Goldenseal
    RANDY BEAVERS; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..commonly known as goldenseal. Even though Hydrastis has been used extensively in traditional medicine and goldenseal is currently one of the top 20 herbal products sold in the US, both as a single species ..
  22. CURCUMIN AS AN INHIBITOR OF PROSTATE CANCER BONE METASTASIS
    Thambi Dorai; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..turmeric", isolated from the rhizome of the plant curcuma longa L, this material is well known in Indian traditional medicine and cuisine for centuries for its anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory properties...
  23. EPIDEMIOLOGY AND SERVICE UTILIZATION--AMERICAN INDIANS
    Spero Manson; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..services including those provided by the Indian Health Service, other biomedical service providers, and by traditional medicine men and healers; 3) To examine the impact on psychiatric morbidity of selected risk factors including ..
  24. PHARMACEUTICALS FROM ZIMBABWEAN TRADITIONAL MEDICINE
    EPHRAIM GWEBU; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..project will involve the collection of plant materials which already have a history of applications in the traditional medicine of the Ndebele people from Matabeleland, Zimbabwe...
  25. NATURAL PRODUCT DERIVATIVES THAT POTENTLY INHIBIT HIV1
    Graham Allaway; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..that block HIV infection, by focusing on specific plant families with a history of application in traditional medicine. This project proposal will characterize the six most potent drug candidates discovered in the ..
  26. RACIAL/ETHNIC DIFFERENCES AND THE ECONOMIC OF CAM USE
    Ke Xu; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..chiropractics, massage therapy, herbal remedies, spiritual healings or prayers, nutritional advice, acupuncture, meditation/imagery/relaxation, homeopathy, traditional medicine, biofeedback training, hypnosis and others. [unreadable]
  27. Effects of Reiki on Physiological Consequences of Acute Stress
    Joan Fox; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Should Reiki decrease stress pathways or reduce physiological responses to stressful situations, it could be a powerful adjunct to traditional medicine and have enormous health and economic impact.
  28. Anti-inflammatory actions of the natural plant product, Honokiol
    GAIL BISHOP; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Its long prior use in traditional medicine also suggests that it can be effective without dangerous side effects...
  29. DRUG DISCOVERY AND BIODIVERSITY AMONG THE MAYA OF MEXICO
    BRENT BERLIN; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..who possess a complex ethnopharmacopoeia comprised of hundreds of species of plants in an ancient system of traditional medicine. The efficacy of the most important plant species employed in Maya medicine, as well the pharmaceutically ..
  30. UCLA Center for Minority Health Disparities
    Vickie Mays; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..with the Shared Resources Core, will examine the role of provider behavior as well as the use of traditional medicine in minority health...
  31. Synthesis of Natural and Unnatural Inhibitors of ftsZ
    JARED SHAW; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..These natural products are derived from plant extracts that are currently used for traditional medicine, so it is likely that there mammalian toxicity is quite low...
  32. African Herbal Medicines: Infectious & Chronic Diseases
    Maurice Iwu; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..target scientist, clinical researchers, industry and academia for a scientific discussion on African traditional medicine in the context of the treatment of modern disease...
  33. Toward a clinical trial of care integration in NM
    Robert Williams; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..This is especially important in communities where traditional medicine concepts continue to have an important role...
  34. ALTERNATIVE MEDICINE FOR PREVENTING FRAILTY IN ELDERS
    William Haskell; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..network"; (b) conduct workshops or seminars on alternative medicine research methods for alternative and traditional medicine clinicians/scientists; and (c) publish an alternative medicine research newsletter for distribution to ..
  35. Smoking Intervention Among Minnesota Ojibwe Indians
    Roxanne Struthers; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The study reflects Healthy People 2010 priorities on tobacco and NCI goals to reduce cancer-related health disparities and address the devastating effects of tobacco. ..
  36. Breast Cancer Prevention and Treatment with Noni juice
    Mian Ying Wang; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The latency, multiplicity, volume of tumors, and the survivor rate of animals at the end of experiment will be evaluated in different groups. ..
  37. LONGITUDINAL ORAL HEALTH OUTCOMES IN HIGH-RISK ADULTS
    GREGG GILBERT; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....
  38. ETHNOGRAPHY OF THERAPEUTIC PROCESS IN RELIGIOUS HEALING
    CSORDAS THOMAS; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ....
  39. Alabama Dental Practice Research Network Development
    GREGG GILBERT; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  40. Complex Isopathic Drug Development for Neuroprotection
    Wayne Jonas; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....
  41. Botanicals for Chlamydia pneumonia infections-Revision 1
    Gail Mahady; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Data and active standardized extracts developed during this work will be used as the basis for future clinical trials. ..
  42. Farmwoker Environmental Health Research Comparable Data
    Thomas Arcury; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The purpose of limiting the size of the conference is to facilitate active interaction, discussion and debate among leaders in the field. ..
  43. Toothache Pain: Sources of Care and Self-Remedies
    Leonard Cohen; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The instrument will be pretested on poor White, Black, Hispanic subjects (both individuals who sought relief from dentists and those who did not) who have experienced toothache pain during the preceding six months. ..
  44. Casa A Campo: Pesticide Safety for Farmworkers' Families
    Thomas Arcury; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  45. Conference on Emerging Research Technologies
    Gail Mahady; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  46. Oral Health/OHRQOL among low-SES rural adults
    GREGG GILBERT; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  47. Ethnic Variation in CAM Use and Health Self Management among Rural Older Adults
    Thomas Arcury; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  48. Botanicals from Central America for Menopause
    Gail Mahady; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Successful validation and standardization of traditional plant-based medicines used to treat menopause has great significance not only for the women of Central America but the rest of the world as well. ..
  49. Culturally Congruent Program of MDD Care for Hispanics
    Roberto Lewis Fernandez; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..If successful, CCP-MDD could then be tested against usual care in a larger randomized, controlled trial. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  50. African American Men Prostate & Colorectal Cancer Belief
    Thomas Arcury; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..A preliminary framework of the intervention strategy for this R01 application will be developed and evaluated as part of this project. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  51. Health Survey of Two-Spirited Native Americans
    Karina Walters; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ....
  52. Osteoporotic fractures in Chinese men: MrOs Hong Kong
    PING LEUNG; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  53. Pacific Region Diabetes Education Program
    Healani Chang; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Hawaii's geographically isolated location heightens the value of such research experiences for the Pride students who will be making decisions on post-high school and post-baccalaureate careers [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  54. Training in Alternative Tropical Botanical Medicine
    BRADLEY BENNETT; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Our training prepares researchers for careers devoted to the study of tropical botanical medicines and our research focuses examines many of the poorly known plants that are widely used in the region. ..
  55. HARVARD OLDER AMERICANS INDEPENDENCE CENTER
    Lewis Lipsitz; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  56. Intervention Development for Traumatized American Indian Adolescents
    Douglas Novins; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This work will also allow us to start developing this intervention for testing and use in this and other Al communities. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  57. Pentecostalism & Utilization of HIV/AIDS Treatment Services in Central Mozambique
    JAMES T PFEIFFER; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..This exploratory research will also provide evidence for how church expansion is making an impact on AID stigma and is affecting behavior change for HIV/AIDS prevention. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  58. Nutrient Flavonoids and Lung Cancer Prevention
    Yong Lin; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  59. The Influence of Companions and Socio-Demographic Characteristics on Patients' In
    Susan Eggly; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  60. HRCA/HARVARD RESEARCH NURSING HOME
    Lewis Lipsitz; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Our institutional commitments, longstanding collaboration among investigators, track record of productivity, administrative structure, and proven leadership all assure that this program will achieve its stated goals. ..
  61. Dominican Herbal Medicine: Plants Used for Inflammation
    Michael Balick; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..In order to evaluate the botanical treatments used in Dominican traditional medicine, an integrative, multidisciplinary approach will be utilized that incorporates biology, chemistry, clinical ..