meditation

Summary

Summary: A state of consciousness in which the individual eliminates environmental stimuli from awareness so that the mind can focus on a single thing, producing a state of relaxation and relief from stress. A wide variety of techniques are used to clear the mind of stressful outside interferences. It includes meditation therapy. (Mosby's Medical, Nursing, and Allied Health Dictionary, 4th ed)

Top Publications

  1. pmc Meditation experience is associated with increased cortical thickness
    Sara W Lazar
    Psychiatric Neuroimaging Research Program, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    Neuroreport 16:1893-7. 2005
  2. ncbi Cortical thickness and pain sensitivity in zen meditators
    Joshua A Grant
    Departement de Physiologie, Université de Montréal Centre de recherche en science neurologiques, Montreal, QC, Canada
    Emotion 10:43-53. 2010
  3. ncbi Using self-report assessment methods to explore facets of mindfulness
    Ruth A Baer
    University of Kentucky, Kentucky, USA
    Assessment 13:27-45. 2006
  4. pmc Attention regulation and monitoring in meditation
    Antoine Lutz
    Waisman Laboratory for Brain Imaging and Behavior, Department of Psychology, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53705, USA
    Trends Cogn Sci 12:163-9. 2008
  5. ncbi Age effects on gray matter volume and attentional performance in Zen meditation
    Giuseppe Pagnoni
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Emory University, 101 Woodruff Circle, Suite 4000, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Neurobiol Aging 28:1623-7. 2007
  6. pmc Neural correlates of attentional expertise in long-term meditation practitioners
    J A Brefczynski-Lewis
    W M Keck Laboratory for Functional Brain Imaging and Behavior, Medical College of Wisconsin, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53226, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:11483-8. 2007
  7. ncbi Differential engagement of anterior cingulate and adjacent medial frontal cortex in adept meditators and non-meditators
    Britta K Hölzel
    Bender Institute of Neuroimaging, Justus Liebig University, Giessen, Germany
    Neurosci Lett 421:16-21. 2007
  8. pmc Mechanisms of white matter changes induced by meditation
    Yi Yuan Tang
    Department of Psychology, Texas Tech Neuroimaging Institute, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX 79409, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 109:10570-4. 2012
  9. pmc The underlying anatomical correlates of long-term meditation: larger hippocampal and frontal volumes of gray matter
    Eileen Luders
    Laboratory of Neuro Imaging, Department of Neurology, UCLA School of Medicine, Los Angeles, CA 90095 7334, USA
    Neuroimage 45:672-8. 2009
  10. ncbi Meditation states and traits: EEG, ERP, and neuroimaging studies
    B Rael Cahn
    Department of Neurosciences and Medical School, University of California, San Diego, CA, USA
    Psychol Bull 132:180-211. 2006

Detail Information

Publications333 found, 100 shown here

  1. pmc Meditation experience is associated with increased cortical thickness
    Sara W Lazar
    Psychiatric Neuroimaging Research Program, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    Neuroreport 16:1893-7. 2005
    Previous research indicates that long-term meditation practice is associated with altered resting electroencephalogram patterns, suggestive of long lasting changes in brain activity...
  2. ncbi Cortical thickness and pain sensitivity in zen meditators
    Joshua A Grant
    Departement de Physiologie, Université de Montréal Centre de recherche en science neurologiques, Montreal, QC, Canada
    Emotion 10:43-53. 2010
    Zen meditation has been associated with low sensitivity on both the affective and the sensory dimensions of pain...
  3. ncbi Using self-report assessment methods to explore facets of mindfulness
    Ruth A Baer
    University of Kentucky, Kentucky, USA
    Assessment 13:27-45. 2006
    ..are components of an overall mindfulness construct and that the factor structure of mindfulness may vary with meditation experience...
  4. pmc Attention regulation and monitoring in meditation
    Antoine Lutz
    Waisman Laboratory for Brain Imaging and Behavior, Department of Psychology, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53705, USA
    Trends Cogn Sci 12:163-9. 2008
    b>Meditation can be conceptualized as a family of complex emotional and attentional regulatory training regimes developed for various ends, including the cultivation of well-being and emotional balance...
  5. ncbi Age effects on gray matter volume and attentional performance in Zen meditation
    Giuseppe Pagnoni
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Emory University, 101 Woodruff Circle, Suite 4000, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Neurobiol Aging 28:1623-7. 2007
    Zen meditation, a Buddhist practice centered on attentional and postural self-regulation, has been speculated to bring about beneficial long-term effects for the individual, ranging from stress reduction to improvement of cognitive ..
  6. pmc Neural correlates of attentional expertise in long-term meditation practitioners
    J A Brefczynski-Lewis
    W M Keck Laboratory for Functional Brain Imaging and Behavior, Medical College of Wisconsin, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53226, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:11483-8. 2007
    b>Meditation refers to a family of mental training practices that are designed to familiarize the practitioner with specific types of mental processes...
  7. ncbi Differential engagement of anterior cingulate and adjacent medial frontal cortex in adept meditators and non-meditators
    Britta K Hölzel
    Bender Institute of Neuroimaging, Justus Liebig University, Giessen, Germany
    Neurosci Lett 421:16-21. 2007
    This study investigated differences in brain activation during meditation between meditators and non-meditators. Fifteen Vipassana meditators (mean practice: 7...
  8. pmc Mechanisms of white matter changes induced by meditation
    Yi Yuan Tang
    Department of Psychology, Texas Tech Neuroimaging Institute, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX 79409, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 109:10570-4. 2012
    ..In our work, we found that a form of mindfulness meditation, integrative body-mind training (IBMT), improved FA in areas surrounding the anterior cingulate cortex after 4-..
  9. pmc The underlying anatomical correlates of long-term meditation: larger hippocampal and frontal volumes of gray matter
    Eileen Luders
    Laboratory of Neuro Imaging, Department of Neurology, UCLA School of Medicine, Los Angeles, CA 90095 7334, USA
    Neuroimage 45:672-8. 2009
    Although the systematic study of meditation is still in its infancy, research has provided evidence for meditation-induced improvements in psychological and physiological well-being...
  10. ncbi Meditation states and traits: EEG, ERP, and neuroimaging studies
    B Rael Cahn
    Department of Neurosciences and Medical School, University of California, San Diego, CA, USA
    Psychol Bull 132:180-211. 2006
    Neuroelectric and imaging studies of meditation are reviewed. Electroencephalographic measures indicate an overall slowing subsequent to meditation, with theta and alpha activation related to proficiency of practice...
  11. pmc Investigation of mindfulness meditation practitioners with voxel-based morphometry
    Britta K Hölzel
    Bender Institute of Neuroimaging, Justus Liebig University, 35394 Giessen, Germany
    Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 3:55-61. 2008
    ..were predicted to show greater gray matter concentration in regions that are typically activated during meditation. Results confirmed greater gray matter concentration for meditators in the right anterior insula, which is ..
  12. ncbi Meditation, mindfulness and cognitive flexibility
    Adam Moore
    Liverpool John Moores University, School of Psychology, Liverpool, United Kingdom
    Conscious Cogn 18:176-86. 2009
    This study investigated the link between meditation, self-reported mindfulness and cognitive flexibility as well as other attentional functions...
  13. ncbi One year pre-post intervention follow-up of psychological, immune, endocrine and blood pressure outcomes of mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) in breast and prostate cancer outpatients
    Linda E Carlson
    Department of Psychosocial Resources, Tom Baker Cancer Centre Holy Cross Site, Alberta Cancer Board, 2202 Second St S W, Calgary, Alta, Canada T3B 0W7
    Brain Behav Immun 21:1038-49. 2007
    ....
  14. pmc Meditation experience is associated with differences in default mode network activity and connectivity
    Judson A Brewer
    Department of Psychiatry, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06511, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:20254-9. 2011
    ..We investigated brain activity in experienced meditators and matched meditation-naive controls as they performed several different meditations (Concentration, Loving-Kindness, Choiceless ..
  15. ncbi Meditation training increases brain efficiency in an attention task
    Elisa H Kozasa
    Instituto do Cérebro, Instituto Israelita de Ensino e Pesquisa Albert Einstein, Sao Paulo, Brazil
    Neuroimage 59:745-9. 2012
    b>Meditation is a mental training, which involves attention and the ability to maintain focus on a particular object...
  16. pmc Effect of compassion meditation on neuroendocrine, innate immune and behavioral responses to psychosocial stress
    Thaddeus W W Pace
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Emory University School of Medicine, Winship Cancer Institute, 1365C Clifton Road, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Psychoneuroendocrinology 34:87-98. 2009
    b>Meditation practices may impact physiological pathways that are modulated by stress and relevant to disease...
  17. pmc Mental training enhances attentional stability: neural and behavioral evidence
    Antoine Lutz
    Waisman Laboratory for Brain Imaging and Behavior, University of Wisconsin Madison, Madison, Wisconsin 53705, USA
    J Neurosci 29:13418-27. 2009
    ..with dichotic listening task performance and electroencephalography, that training attention, as cultivated by meditation, can improve the ability to sustain attention...
  18. ncbi Enhanced response inhibition during intensive meditation training predicts improvements in self-reported adaptive socioemotional functioning
    Baljinder K Sahdra
    Department of Psychology, University of California, Davis, CA, USA
    Emotion 11:299-312. 2011
    ..Data were collected from participants undergoing 3 months of intensive meditation training in an isolated retreat setting (Retreat 1) and a wait-list control group that later underwent identical ..
  19. pmc Regulation of the neural circuitry of emotion by compassion meditation: effects of meditative expertise
    Antoine Lutz
    University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 3:e1897. 2008
    ..To investigate these questions we assessed brain activity using fMRI while novice and expert meditation practitioners generated a loving-kindness-compassion meditation state...
  20. pmc Short-term meditation training improves attention and self-regulation
    Yi Yuan Tang
    Institute of Neuroinformatics and Laboratory for Body and Mind, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116023, China
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:17152-6. 2007
    Recent studies suggest that months to years of intensive and systematic meditation training can improve attention...
  21. ncbi Mindfulness-based stress reduction for stress management in healthy people: a review and meta-analysis
    Alberto Chiesa
    Institute of Psychiatry, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy
    J Altern Complement Med 15:593-600. 2009
    Mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) is a clinically standardized meditation that has shown consistent efficacy for many mental and physical disorders...
  22. ncbi Alterations in brain and immune function produced by mindfulness meditation
    Richard J Davidson
    Laboratory for Affective Neuroscience, Department of Psychology, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin 53706, USA
    Psychosom Med 65:564-70. 2003
    ..in biological processes that are associated with reported changes in mental and physical health in response to meditation have not been systematically explored...
  23. ncbi Effects of level of meditation experience on attentional focus: is the efficiency of executive or orientation networks improved?
    Davina Chan
    Department of Psychology, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, California, United States
    J Altern Complement Med 13:651-7. 2007
    ..present investigation examined the contributions of specific attentional networks to long-term trait effects of meditation. It was hypothesized that meditation could improve the efficiency of executive processing (inhibits prepotent/..
  24. pmc Intensive meditation training improves perceptual discrimination and sustained attention
    Katherine A MacLean
    Department of Psychology, University of California, Davis, USA
    Psychol Sci 21:829-39. 2010
    ..improvements in sustained attention with training (approximately 5 hr/day for 3 months), which consisted of meditation practice that involved sustained selective attention on a chosen stimulus (e.g., the participant's breath)...
  25. ncbi Long-term meditation is associated with increased gray matter density in the brain stem
    Peter Vestergaard-Poulsen
    Center for Functionally Integrative Neuroscience, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark
    Neuroreport 20:170-4. 2009
    ..evidence of structural differences in the lower brainstem of participants engaged in the long-term practice of meditation. Using magnetic resonance imaging, we observed higher gray matter density in lower brain stem regions of ..
  26. pmc Yogic meditation reverses NF-κB and IRF-related transcriptome dynamics in leukocytes of family dementia caregivers in a randomized controlled trial
    David S Black
    Cousins Center for Psychoneuroimmunology, Semel Institute for Neuroscience and Human Behavior, University of California, Los Angeles, CA, USA
    Psychoneuroendocrinology 38:348-55. 2013
    Although yoga and meditation have been used for stress reduction with reported improvement in inflammation, little is known about the biological mechanisms mediating such effects...
  27. ncbi Mindfulness meditation for oncology patients: a discussion and critical review
    Mary Jane Ott
    Nursing and Patient Care Services, Dana Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Integr Cancer Ther 5:98-108. 2006
    The purpose of this article is to (1) provide a comprehensive over view and discussion of mindfulness meditation and its clinical applicability in oncology and (2) report and critically evaluate the existing and emerging research on ..
  28. ncbi Activation of the anterior prefrontal cortex and serotonergic system is associated with improvements in mood and EEG changes induced by Zen meditation practice in novices
    Xinjun Yu
    Department of Physiology, Toho University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan
    Int J Psychophysiol 80:103-11. 2011
    To gain insight into the neurophysiological mechanisms involved in Zen meditation, we evaluated the effects of focused attention (FA) on breathing movements in the lower abdomen (Tanden) in novices...
  29. ncbi A randomized, wait-list controlled clinical trial: the effect of a mindfulness meditation-based stress reduction program on mood and symptoms of stress in cancer outpatients
    M Speca
    Department of Psychosocial Resources, Tom Baker Cancer Centre, Alberta Cancer Board, Canada
    Psychosom Med 62:613-22. 2000
    The objective of this study was to assess the effects of participation in a mindfulness meditation-based stress reduction program on mood disturbance and symptoms of stress in cancer outpatients.
  30. ncbi Increased default mode network connectivity associated with meditation
    Joon Hwan Jang
    Department of Psychiatry, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea
    Neurosci Lett 487:358-62. 2011
    Areas associated with the default mode network (DMN) are substantially similar to those associated with meditation practice. However, no studies on DMN connectivity during resting states have been conducted on meditation practitioners...
  31. pmc Mental training affects distribution of limited brain resources
    Heleen A Slagter
    Waisman Laboratory for Brain Imaging and Behavior and Department of Psychology, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin, United States of America
    PLoS Biol 5:e138. 2007
    ..Here we show, using performance in an attentional-blink task and scalp-recorded brain potentials, that meditation, or mental training, affects the distribution of limited brain resources...
  32. pmc Mindfulness meditation for the treatment of chronic low back pain in older adults: a randomized controlled pilot study
    Natalia E Morone
    Department of Medicine, Division of General Internal Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
    Pain 134:310-9. 2008
    ..of this pilot study were to assess the feasibility of recruitment and adherence to an eight-session mindfulness meditation program for community-dwelling older adults with chronic low back pain (CLBP) and to develop initial estimates ..
  33. pmc Short-term meditation induces white matter changes in the anterior cingulate
    Yi Yuan Tang
    Institute of Neuroinformatics and Lab for Body and Mind, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024, China
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:15649-52. 2010
    ..Thus IBMT could provide a means for improving self-regulation and perhaps reducing or preventing various mental disorders...
  34. pmc Brain mechanisms supporting the modulation of pain by mindfulness meditation
    Fadel Zeidan
    Departments of Neurobiology and Anatomy and Biomedical Engineering, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, North Carolina 27157, and Psychology Department, Marquette University, Milwaukee, Wisconsin 53233, USA
    J Neurosci 31:5540-8. 2011
    ..For centuries, meditation has been thought to influence such processes by enabling a nonevaluative representation of sensory events...
  35. pmc Long-term meditators self-induce high-amplitude gamma synchrony during mental practice
    Antoine Lutz
    W M Keck Laboratory for Functional Brain Imaging and Behavior, Waisman Center, and Laboratory for Affective Neuroscience, Department of Psychology, University of Wisconsin, 1500 Highland Avenue, Madison, WI 53705, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 101:16369-73. 2004
    Practitioners understand "meditation," or mental training, to be a process of familiarization with one's own mental life leading to long-lasting changes in cognition and emotion...
  36. ncbi Human anterior and frontal midline theta and lower alpha reflect emotionally positive state and internalized attention: high-resolution EEG investigation of meditation
    L I Aftanas
    Psychophysiology Laboratory, State Research Institute of Physiology, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Medical Sciences, Timakova Str 4, 630117, Novosibirsk, Russia
    Neurosci Lett 310:57-60. 2001
    ..Our results propose selective associations of theta and alpha oscillating networks activity with states of internalized attention and positive emotional experience...
  37. ncbi Attentional processes and meditation
    Holley S Hodgins
    Skidmore College, USA
    Conscious Cogn 19:872-8. 2010
    ..Together, results show that regular meditation is associated with more accurate, efficient, and flexible visual attentional processing across diverse tasks ..
  38. ncbi Mindfulness-based stress reduction in relation to quality of life, mood, symptoms of stress, and immune parameters in breast and prostate cancer outpatients
    Linda E Carlson
    Department Psychosocial Resources, Tom Baker Cancer Centre, Calgary, Alberta, Canada
    Psychosom Med 65:571-81. 2003
    This study investigated the relationships between a mindfulness-based stress reduction meditation program for early stage breast and prostate cancer patients and quality of life, mood states, stress symptoms, lymphocyte counts, and ..
  39. ncbi Influence of a mindfulness meditation-based stress reduction intervention on rates of skin clearing in patients with moderate to severe psoriasis undergoing phototherapy (UVB) and photochemotherapy (PUVA)
    J Kabat-Zinn
    Stress Reduction Clinic, Center for Mindfulness in Medicine, Health Care, and Society, Department of Medicine, University of Massachusetts Medical Center, Worcester 01655 0267, USA
    Psychosom Med 60:625-32. 1998
    This study tests the hypothesis that stress reduction methods based on mindfulness meditation can positively influence the rate at which psoriasis clears in patients undergoing phototherapy or photochemotherapy treatment.
  40. ncbi A pilot study of a yoga and meditation intervention for dementia caregiver stress
    Lynn C Waelde
    Pacific Graduate School of Psychology, Palo Alto, CA 94303, USA
    J Clin Psychol 60:677-87. 2004
    ..patient family caregivers (eight Latinas and four Caucasians) participated in a six-session manualized yoga-meditation program (called Inner Resources) designed to help caregivers cope with stress...
  41. ncbi Catecholamine levels in practitioners of the transcendental meditation technique
    J R Infante
    Nuclear Medicine Service, , Avenida Menendez Pidal s/n, E-14004 Cordoba, Spain
    Physiol Behav 72:141-6. 2001
    With the aim of evaluating the sympathetic-adrenal medulla system in subjects practicing transcendental meditation (TM), their plasma catecholamine levels were determined at two different times of day...
  42. pmc Impact of Transcendental Meditation on cardiovascular function at rest and during acute stress in adolescents with high normal blood pressure
    V A Barnes
    Department of Pediatrics, Georgia Institute for Prevention of Human Diseases and Accidents, Building HS1640, Medical College of Georgia, Augusta, GA 30912, USA
    J Psychosom Res 51:597-605. 2001
    This study examined the impact of the Transcendental Meditation (TM) program on cardiovascular (CV) reactivity in adolescents with high normal BP.
  43. ncbi Mindfulness-based stress reduction in relation to quality of life, mood, symptoms of stress and levels of cortisol, dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEAS) and melatonin in breast and prostate cancer outpatients
    Linda E Carlson
    Department of Psychosocial Resources, Tom Baker Cancer Centre, Alberta Cancer Board, 1331 29 Street NW, Calgary, Alta, Canada T2N 4N2
    Psychoneuroendocrinology 29:448-74. 2004
    This study investigated the relationships between a mindfulness-based stress reduction meditation program for early stage breast and prostate cancer patients and quality of life, mood states, stress symptoms, and levels of cortisol, ..
  44. ncbi Blood pressure response to transcendental meditation: a meta-analysis
    James W Anderson
    Division of Endocrinology and Molecular Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky, USA
    Am J Hypertens 21:310-6. 2008
    Prior clinical trials suggest that the Transcendental Meditation technique may decrease blood pressure of normotensive and hypertensive individuals but study-quality issues have been raised...
  45. ncbi Self-report mindfulness as a mediator of psychological well-being in a stress reduction intervention for cancer patients--a randomized study
    Richard Bränström
    Department of Oncology Pathology, Karolinska Institute, Radiumhemmet, 171 76, Stockholm, Sweden
    Ann Behav Med 39:151-61. 2010
    ..There is increasing recognition of mindfulness and mindfulness training as a way to decrease stress and increase psychological functioning...
  46. ncbi Mindfulness-based stress reduction for chronic pain conditions: variation in treatment outcomes and role of home meditation practice
    Steven Rosenzweig
    Office of Educational Affairs, Drexel University College of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    J Psychosom Res 68:29-36. 2010
    ....
  47. ncbi Intensive meditation training, immune cell telomerase activity, and psychological mediators
    Tonya L Jacobs
    UC Davis Center for Mind and Brain, Davis, CA 95618, USA
    Psychoneuroendocrinology 36:664-81. 2011
    ..2004). Buddhist traditions claim that meditation decreases psychological distress and promotes well-being (e.g., Dalai Lama and Cutler, 2009)...
  48. ncbi Mindfulness-induced changes in gamma band activity - implications for the default mode network, self-reference and attention
    Aviva Berkovich-Ohana
    The Leslie and Susan Gonda Goldschmied Multidisciplinary Brain Research Center, Bar Ilan University, Israel
    Clin Neurophysiol 123:700-10. 2012
    There is a growing scientific interest in mindfulness meditation (MM), yet its underlying neurophysiological mechanism is still uncertain...
  49. ncbi Comparison of cognitive behavioral and mindfulness meditation interventions on adaptation to rheumatoid arthritis for patients with and without history of recurrent depression
    Alex J Zautra
    Department of Psychology, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85287 1104, USA
    J Consult Clin Psychol 76:408-21. 2008
    ..participants and randomly assigned to 1 of 3 treatments: cognitive behavioral therapy for pain (P); mindfulness meditation and emotion regulation therapy (M); or education-only group (E), which served as an attention placebo control...
  50. ncbi Meditation can reduce habitual responding
    Heidi Wenk-Sormaz
    Fresh Yoga, New Haven, Connecticut, USA
    Altern Ther Health Med 11:42-58. 2005
    Although cognitive aspects of meditation underlie much of its clinical application, very little research has examined meditation's cognitive consequences...
  51. pmc BOLD signal in insula is differentially related to cardiac function during compassion meditation in experts vs. novices
    Antoine Lutz
    Laboratory for Functional Brain Imaging and Behavior, Waisman Center, University of Wisconsin, 1500 Highland Avenue, Madison, WI 53705, USA
    Neuroimage 47:1038-46. 2009
    ..Guided by the finding that heart rate increases more during blocks of compassion meditation than neutral states, especially for experts, we examined the interaction between state (compassion vs...
  52. ncbi A 15O-H2O PET study of meditation and the resting state of normal consciousness
    H C Lou
    Kennedy Institute, Glostrup, Denmark
    Hum Brain Mapp 7:98-105. 1999
    The aim of the present study was to examine whether the neural structures subserving meditation can be reproducibly measured, and, if so, whether they are different from those supporting the resting state of normal consciousness...
  53. ncbi A randomized controlled trial of mindfulness meditation versus relaxation training: effects on distress, positive states of mind, rumination, and distraction
    Shamini Jain
    SDSU UCSD Joint Doctoral Program, Clinical Psychology, San Diego, CA 92103 0804, USA
    Ann Behav Med 33:11-21. 2007
    Although mindfulness meditation interventions have recently shown benefits for reducing stress in various populations, little is known about their relative efficacy compared with relaxation interventions.
  54. pmc "I felt like a new person." the effects of mindfulness meditation on older adults with chronic pain: qualitative narrative analysis of diary entries
    Natalia E Morone
    Department of Medicine, Division of General Internal Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA
    J Pain 9:841-8. 2008
    To identify the effects of mindfulness meditation on older adults with chronic low back pain (CLBP), we conducted a qualitative study based on grounded theory and used content analysis of diary entries from older adults who had ..
  55. pmc A pilot study of yogic meditation for family dementia caregivers with depressive symptoms: effects on mental health, cognition, and telomerase activity
    H Lavretsky
    Department of Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences, University of California, Los Angeles, USA
    Int J Geriatr Psychiatry 28:57-65. 2013
    This study examined the effects of brief daily yogic meditation on mental health, cognitive functioning, and immune cell telomerase activity in family dementia caregivers with mild depressive symptoms.
  56. pmc Can meditation slow rate of cellular aging? Cognitive stress, mindfulness, and telomeres
    Elissa Epel
    University of California San Francisco, Department of Psychiatry, San Francisco, California 94143, USA
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1172:34-53. 2009
    ..In contrast, mindfulness meditation techniques appear to shift cognitive appraisals from threat to challenge, decrease ruminative thought, and ..
  57. ncbi Effectiveness of mindfulness-based stress reduction in mood, breast- and endocrine-related quality of life, and well-being in stage 0 to III breast cancer: a randomized, controlled trial
    Caroline J Hoffman
    The Haven, Effie Rd, London SW6 1TB, United Kingdom
    J Clin Oncol 30:1335-42. 2012
    ..To assess the effectiveness of mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) for mood, breast- and endocrine-specific quality of life, and well-being after hospital treatment in women with stage 0 to III breast cancer...
  58. pmc Mindfulness-based stress reduction versus pharmacotherapy for chronic primary insomnia: a randomized controlled clinical trial
    Cynthia R Gross
    College of Pharmacy, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA
    Explore (NY) 7:76-87. 2011
    ..The aim of this study was to investigate the potential of mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) as a treatment for chronic primary insomnia...
  59. pmc Open hearts build lives: positive emotions, induced through loving-kindness meditation, build consequential personal resources
    Barbara L Fredrickson
    Department of Psychology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 95:1045-62. 2008
    ..with working adults (n = 139), half of whom were randomly-assigned to begin a practice of loving-kindness meditation. Results showed that this meditation practice produced increases over time in daily experiences of positive ..
  60. ncbi The effects of mindfulness-based stress reduction on sleep disturbance: a systematic review
    Nicole Y Winbush
    Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA
    Explore (NY) 3:585-91. 2007
    ....
  61. pmc Compassion meditation enhances empathic accuracy and related neural activity
    Jennifer S Mascaro
    Department of Anthropology, Emory University, 207 Anthropology Building, 1557 Dickey Drive, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 8:48-55. 2013
    ..randomized, controlled and longitudinal design to investigate the effect of a secularized analytical compassion meditation program, cognitive-based compassion training (CBCT), on empathic accuracy...
  62. pmc Mindfulness meditation training alters cortical representations of interoceptive attention
    Norman A S Farb
    Rotman Research Institute at Baycrest, 3560 Bathurst Street, Toronto, ON, Canada M6A 2E1
    Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 8:15-26. 2013
    ..Furthermore, meditation practice compliance predicted greater posterior insula and reduced visual pathway recruitment during IA...
  63. pmc "Thinking about not-thinking": neural correlates of conceptual processing during Zen meditation
    Giuseppe Pagnoni
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia, Untied States of America
    PLoS ONE 3:e3083. 2008
    ..Zen meditation, in particular, is traditionally associated with a mental state of full awareness but reduced conceptual content,..
  64. pmc Effectiveness of transcendental meditation on functional capacity and quality of life of African Americans with congestive heart failure: a randomized control study
    Ravishankar Jayadevappa
    Department of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, 224, Ralston Penn Center, 3615 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104 2676, USA
    Ethn Dis 17:72-7. 2007
    To evaluate the effectiveness of a Transcendental Meditation (TM) stress reduction program for African Americans with congestive heart failure (CHF).
  65. ncbi Cerebral blood flow changes associated with different meditation practices and perceived depth of meditation
    Danny J J Wang
    Almanson Lovelace Brain Mapping Center, University of California at Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, USA
    Psychiatry Res 191:60-7. 2011
    Our goal in this study was to advance the understanding of the neural pathways of meditation by addressing the cerebral blood flow (CBF) responses associated with two different meditation practices performed by the same individuals and ..
  66. pmc Coherence between emotional experience and physiology: does body awareness training have an impact?
    Jocelyn A Sze
    Department of Psychology, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 1650, USA
    Emotion 10:803-14. 2010
    ..The present study poses a question bridging the two domains; namely, whether training in Vipassana meditation or dance, both of which promote attention to certain kinds of bodily sensations, is associated with greater ..
  67. ncbi The Toronto Mindfulness Scale: development and validation
    Mark A Lau
    Centre for Addiction and Mental Health and the University of Toronto
    J Clin Psychol 62:1445-67. 2006
    ..In Study 1, participants were individuals with and without meditation experience. Results showed good internal consistency and two factors, Curiosity and Decentering...
  68. ncbi Mindfulness meditation and cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia: a naturalistic 12-month follow-up
    Jason C Ong
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA
    Explore (NY) 5:30-6. 2009
    A unique intervention combining mindfulness meditation with cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) has been shown to have acute benefits at posttreatment in an open label study...
  69. ncbi Effects of mindfulness meditation training on anticipatory alpha modulation in primary somatosensory cortex
    Catherine E Kerr
    Harvard Osher Research Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    Brain Res Bull 85:96-103. 2011
    ..Here, we investigated whether alpha modulation can be enhanced by "mindfulness" meditation (MM), a program training practitioners in sustained attention to body and breath-related sensations...
  70. pmc Differential effects on pain intensity and unpleasantness of two meditation practices
    David M Perlman
    Department of Psychology, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53705, USA
    Emotion 10:65-71. 2010
    ..We compared the regulatory qualities of two different meditation practices during noxious thermal stimuli: Focused Attention, directed at a fixation cross away from the ..
  71. pmc A randomized controlled trial on effects of the Transcendental Meditation program on blood pressure, psychological distress, and coping in young adults
    Sanford I Nidich
    Center for Natural Medicine and Prevention, Maharishi University of Management Research Institute, Maharishi Vedic City, Iowa, USA
    Am J Hypertens 22:1326-31. 2009
    ..Psychological distress contributes to the development of hypertension in young adults. This trial assessed the effects of a mind-body intervention on blood pressure (BP), psychological distress, and coping in college students...
  72. ncbi Lower lipid peroxide levels in practitioners of the Transcendental Meditation program
    R H Schneider
    Center for Health and Aging Studies, Maharishi University of Management, Fairfield, Iowa 52557 1028, USA
    Psychosom Med 60:38-41. 1998
    ..stress has been shown to increase oxidative stress, we conducted an exploratory study to investigate the effects of stress reduction with the Transcendental Meditation program on serum lipid peroxide levels in elderly subjects.
  73. ncbi Changes in EEG and autonomic nervous activity during meditation and their association with personality traits
    Tetsuya Takahashi
    Department of Neuropsychiatry, Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of Fukui, Matsuoka cho, Fukui 910 1193, Japan
    Int J Psychophysiol 55:199-207. 2005
    b>Meditation is the attainment of a restful yet fully alert physical and mental state practiced by many as a self-regulatory approach to emotion management, but the psychophysiological properties and personality traits that characterize ..
  74. ncbi Short-term autonomic and cardiovascular effects of mindfulness body scan meditation
    Blaine Ditto
    Department of Psychology, McGill University, Montreal, QC, Canada
    Ann Behav Med 32:227-34. 2006
    ..Recent research suggests that the Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction program has positive effects on health, but little is known about the immediate physiological effects of different components of the program...
  75. ncbi Brief meditation training can improve perceived stress and negative mood
    James D Lane
    Department of Psychiatry, Duke University Medical Center in Durham, NC, USA
    Altern Ther Health Med 13:38-44. 2007
    To test a brief, non-sectarian program of meditation training for effects on perceived stress and negative emotion, and to determine effects of practice frequency and test the moderating effects of neuroticism (emotional lability) on ..
  76. pmc Impact of transcendental meditation on ambulatory blood pressure in African-American adolescents
    Vernon A Barnes
    Georgia Institute for Prevention of Human Diseases and Accidents, Department of Pediatrics, Medical College of Georgia, Augusta, Georgia 30912, USA
    Am J Hypertens 17:366-9. 2004
    ..was to determine the impact of stress reduction on blood pressure (BP) in adolescents by the Transcendental Meditation (TM) program. African-American adolescents (aged 16.2 +/- 1...
  77. ncbi Loving-kindness meditation increases social connectedness
    Cendri A Hutcherson
    Department of Psychology, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305 2130, USA
    Emotion 8:720-4. 2008
    ..Is it possible to self-generate these feelings? In this study, the authors used a brief loving-kindness meditation exercise to examine whether social connection could be created toward strangers in a controlled laboratory ..
  78. ncbi Frontal midline theta rhythm is correlated with cardiac autonomic activities during the performance of an attention demanding meditation procedure
    Y Kubota
    Department of Neuropsychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Kyoto University, Shogoin Kawaharacho, 606 8507, Kyoto, Japan
    Brain Res Cogn Brain Res 11:281-7. 2001
    ..In the present study, a standard procedure of Zen meditation requiring sustained attention and breath control was employed as the task to provoke Fm theta, and simultaneous ..
  79. ncbi Effects of mindful and non-mindful exercises on people with depression: a systematic review
    Hector W H Tsang
    Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom, Hong Kong
    Br J Clin Psychol 47:303-22. 2008
    ..The purpose of this study is to examine the effectiveness of mindful and non-mindful physical exercises as an intervention in managing depression or depressive symptoms based on a systematic literature review...
  80. pmc Enhanced brain connectivity in long-term meditation practitioners
    Eileen Luders
    Department of Neurology, UCLA School of Medicine, Los Angeles, CA 90095 7334, USA
    Neuroimage 57:1308-16. 2011
    Very little is currently known about the cerebral characteristics that underlie the complex processes of meditation as only a limited number of studies have addressed this topic...
  81. ncbi Impact of mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) on sleep, mood, stress and fatigue symptoms in cancer outpatients
    Linda E Carlson
    Department of Oncology, Department of Psychology, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada
    Int J Behav Med 12:278-85. 2005
    ..Mindfulness meditation has demonstrated clinical benefits for a variety of patient populations in other areas of functioning...
  82. pmc Central and autonomic nervous system interaction is altered by short-term meditation
    Yi Yuan Tang
    Institute of Neuroinformatics and Laboratory for Body and Mind, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024, China
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:8865-70. 2009
    ..This changed state probably reflects training in the coordination of body and mind given in the IBMT but not in the control group. These results could be useful in the design of further specific interventions...
  83. pmc Loving-kindness and compassion meditation: potential for psychological interventions
    Stefan G Hofmann
    Department of Psychology, Boston University, MA 02215 2002, United States
    Clin Psychol Rev 31:1126-32. 2011
    Mindfulness-based meditation interventions have become increasingly popular in contemporary psychology...
  84. pmc Effects of mindfulness-based stress reduction intervention on psychological well-being and quality of life: is increased mindfulness indeed the mechanism?
    Ivan Nyklicek
    CoRPS, Department of Psychology and Health, Tilburg University, P O Box 90153, 5000, LE Tilburg, The Netherlands
    Ann Behav Med 35:331-40. 2008
    ..Although several studies have reported positive effects of mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) intervention on psychological well-being, it is not known whether these effects are attributable to a change in mindfulness...
  85. ncbi Effects of meditation on frontal alpha-asymmetry in previously suicidal individuals
    Thorsten Barnhofer
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Oxford, Warneford Hospital, Oxford, UK
    Neuroreport 18:709-12. 2007
    This study investigated the effects of a meditation-based treatment for preventing relapse to depression, mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT), on prefrontal alpha-asymmetry in resting electroencephalogram (EEG), a biological ..
  86. ncbi Effects of a randomized controlled trial of transcendental meditation on components of the metabolic syndrome in subjects with coronary heart disease
    Maura Paul-Labrador
    Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Cedars Sinai Research Institute, Cedars Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles 90048, USA
    Arch Intern Med 166:1218-24. 2006
    ..The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of transcendental meditation (TM) on components of the metabolic syndrome and CHD.
  87. ncbi Meditation with yoga, group therapy with hypnosis, and psychoeducation for long-term depressed mood: a randomized pilot trial
    Lisa D Butler
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA 94305 571, USA
    J Clin Psychol 64:806-20. 2008
    This randomized pilot study investigated the effects of meditation with yoga (and psychoeducation) versus group therapy with hypnosis (and psychoeducation) versus psychoeducation alone on diagnostic status and symptom levels among 46 ..
  88. ncbi Effects of yoga and meditation on clinical and biochemical parameters of metabolic syndrome
    Deepali Khatri
    Diabetes Res Clin Pract 78:e9-10. 2007
  89. ncbi Increased dopamine tone during meditation-induced change of consciousness
    Troels W Kjaer
    John F Kennedy Institute, Gl Landevej 7, 2600, Glostrup, Denmark
    Brain Res Cogn Brain Res 13:255-9. 2002
    ..PET we demonstrated increased endogenous dopamine release in the ventral striatum during Yoga Nidra meditation. Yoga Nidra is characterized by a depressed level of desire for action, associated with decreased blood flow in ..
  90. ncbi I think therefore I om: cognitive distortions and coping style as mediators for the effects of mindfulness meditation on anxiety, positive and negative affect, and hope
    Sharon Sears
    Fort Lewis College, CO USA
    J Clin Psychol 65:561-73. 2009
    This study examined cognitive distortions and coping styles as potential mediators for the effects of mindfulness meditation on anxiety, negative affect, positive affect, and hope in college students...
  91. ncbi Evaluating distance education of a mindfulness-based meditation programme for chronic pain management
    Jacqueline Gardner-Nix
    Department of Anaesthesia, St Michael s Hospital, Toronto, Canada
    J Telemed Telecare 14:88-92. 2008
    ..05) than the Distant site group. The results suggest that videoconferencing is an effective mode of delivery for the Mindfulness course and may represent a new way of helping chronic pain patients in rural areas manage their suffering...
  92. ncbi Mindfulness meditation alleviates depressive symptoms in women with fibromyalgia: results of a randomized clinical trial
    Sandra E Sephton
    University of Louisville and James Graham Brown Cancer Center, Louisville, Kentucky 40202, USA
    Arthritis Rheum 57:77-85. 2007
    ..The objective of this study was to test the effects of the Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) intervention on depressive symptoms in patients with fibromyalgia...
  93. pmc Distinct neural activity associated with focused-attention meditation and loving-kindness meditation
    Tatia M C Lee
    Laboratory of Neuropsychology, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China
    PLoS ONE 7:e40054. 2012
    This study examined the dissociable neural effects of ānāpānasati (focused-attention meditation, FAM) and mettā (loving-kindness meditation, LKM) on BOLD signals during cognitive (continuous performance test, CPT) and affective (..
  94. pmc Meditation programs for psychological stress and well-being: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Madhav Goyal
    Department of Medicine, The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland
    JAMA Intern Med 174:357-68. 2014
    Many people meditate to reduce psychological stress and stress-related health problems. To counsel people appropriately, clinicians need to know what the evidence says about the health benefits of meditation.
  95. pmc Meditation or exercise for preventing acute respiratory infection: a randomized controlled trial
    Bruce Barrett
    Department of Family Medicine, University of Wisconsin Madison, 1100 Delaplaine Ct, Madison, WI 53715, USA
    Ann Fam Med 10:337-46. 2012
    This study was designed to evaluate potential preventive effects of meditation or exercise on incidence, duration, and severity of acute respiratory infection (ARI) illness.
  96. pmc The effect of meditation on brain structure: cortical thickness mapping and diffusion tensor imaging
    Do Hyung Kang
    Department of Psychiatry, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul 110 744, Republic of Korea
    Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 8:27-33. 2013
    A convergent line of neuroscientific evidence suggests that meditation alters the functional and structural plasticity of distributed neural processes underlying attention and emotion...
  97. pmc Meditation experience predicts introspective accuracy
    Kieran C R Fox
    Department of Psychology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    PLoS ONE 7:e45370. 2012
    ..It has been hypothesized that introspective accuracy may be heightened in persons who engage in meditation practices, due to the highly introspective nature of such practices...
  98. ncbi The contribution of mindfulness practice to a multicomponent behavioral sleep intervention following substance abuse treatment in adolescents: a treatment-development study
    Willoughby B Britton
    Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Brown University Medical School, Providence, Rhode Island 02906, USA
    Subst Abus 31:86-97. 2010
    ..Within the context of a multicomponent, mindfulness-based sleep intervention that included mindfulness meditation (MM) for adolescent outpatients with SUDs (n = 55), this analysis assessed the contributions of MM practice ..
  99. ncbi Polysomnographic and subjective profiles of sleep continuity before and after mindfulness-based cognitive therapy in partially remitted depression
    Willoughby B Britton
    Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Warren Alpert Medical School at Brown University, 185 Brown St, Providence, RI 02906, USA
    Psychosom Med 72:539-48. 2010
    To examine whether mindfulness meditation (MM) was associated with changes in objectively measured polysomnographic (PSG) sleep profiles and to relate changes in PSG sleep to subjectively reported changes in sleep and depression within ..
  100. ncbi Mind wandering and attention during focused meditation: a fine-grained temporal analysis of fluctuating cognitive states
    Wendy Hasenkamp
    Emory University, Department of Psychology, 36 Eagle Row, Suite 270, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Neuroimage 59:750-60. 2012
    ..fluctuations between mind wandering and attentional states derived from the practice of focused attention meditation. This model proposes four intervals in a cognitive cycle: mind wandering, awareness of mind wandering, shifting ..
  101. pmc Developing an observing attitude: an analysis of meditation diaries in an MBSR clinical trial
    Catherine E Kerr
    Harvard Osher Research Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA
    Clin Psychol Psychother 18:80-93. 2011
    ..Progress in MBSR may rely less on the valence of participants' experiences and more on the way participants describe and relate to their own inner experience...

Research Grants76

  1. Neural mechanisms by which chronic stress regulates inflammation in asthma
    Melissa A Rosenkranz; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Training in mindfulness meditation will be evaluated for its ability to impact the effects of chronic stress on the factors that underlie asthma ..
  2. Iyengar yoga for adolescents and young adults with irritable bowel syndrome
    Subhadra Evans; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..I have a long-standing interest in mind-body techniques such as yoga and meditation, and intend to scientifically examine the benefits I have noted in my personal practice...
  3. A Mindfulness-Based Approach to the Treatment of Obesity and Diabetes
    Carla K Miller; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Therefore, the purpose of this study is to evaluate the impact of a mindfulness meditation-based intervention compared to a standard diabetes education intervention among overweight/obese adults aged 35-..
  4. Feasibility and Preliminary Efficacy of Yoga in Head and Neck Cancer Survivors
    Sheila H Ridner; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Hatha Yoga includes basic practices of postures (asanas), breathing (pranayama), relaxation (pratyahara), and meditation (dhyana)...
  5. RCT of Stress Reduction in the Secondary Prevention of CHD in African Americans
    Robert Schneider; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Previous controlled clinical studies have demonstrated that stress reduction with the Transcendental Meditation (TM) program is associated with reductions in CHD risk factors, surrogate CHD endpoints and clinical ..
  6. Meditation and Exercise for Prevention of Acute Respiratory Infection
    Bruce P Barrett; Fiscal Year: 2010
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Background: Preliminary evidence suggests that meditation and exercise may work through interacting psychological and physiological pathways to stimulate the immune system and reduce infectious ..
  7. MBSR Symptom Cluster Trial for Breast Cancer Survivors
    Cecile A Lengacher; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This study will formally evaluate an intensive meditation- based stress reduction intervention to determine if it is efficacious in improving psychological and physical ..
  8. TLR4 Signaling in alcoholic liver disease
    Gyongyi Szabo; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Identification of the specific elements and cell-specificity of the TLR4 signaling pathways in meditation of alcoholic liver disease will provide novel therapeutic targets for future drug development...
  9. Development of a Yoga Intervention for Antenatal Depression
    Cynthia L Battle; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..other forms of hatha yoga, prenatal yoga involves breath control (pranayama), physical postures (asanas), and meditation (dhyana)...
  10. Metabolic and Immunologic Effects of Meditation
    Frederick M Hecht; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The overall goal of this project is to test whether a meditation based intervention that can shift stress hormone patterns, when added to a diet and exercise program, improves ..
  11. Administrative Supplement: MBSR and Anxiety: Therapeutic and Neuroendocrine Effec
    Elizabeth A Hoge; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Research Career Development Award with a focus on developing expertise in the study of mindfulness meditation for the treatment of Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD), in addition to identifying neuroendocrine and ..
  12. Treatment of Cocaine Addiction with Integrative Meditation
    Kevin W Chen; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Our clinical experience and pilot studies suggest that Integrative Meditation (IM) from Chinese medicine may help clients engage in treatment, reduce cravings/ withdrawal symptoms, and ..
  13. Meditation and Exercise for Preventing Acute Respiratory Infection (MEPARI-2)
    Bruce P Barrett; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Preliminary evidence suggests that 8-week training programs in meditation and exercise lead to reductions in incidence, duration and severity of acute respiratory infection (ARI) illness...
  14. Effects of Mind-Body Interventions on Metabolic Syndrome Risk
    JENNIFER JOAN DAUBENMIER; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Dr. Daubenmier's research has shown that yoga and meditation practices are associated with greater psychological well-being, less disordered eating, greater weight loss, and ..
  15. Biobehavioral Effects of Tai Chi Chih Among Elderly Breast Cancer Survivors
    Anita Y Kinney; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..to be a moderate- intensity aerobic exercise that consists of a combination of slow, deliberate movements and meditation. Despite the widespread popularity of Tai Chi throughout the world, its efficacy has never been scientifically ..
  16. Smartphone Delivered Meditation for BP Control Among Prehypertensives
    Frank A Treiber; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Psychological stress is a risk factor for future EH and CVD. Stress reduction via meditation has shown promise in reducing blood pressure (BP) but adult studies have not determined optimal dosage level nor ..
  17. Mindfulness Based Weight Loss Maintenance
    RUTH QUILLIAN WOLEVER; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Interventions utilizing mindfulness meditation show promise in treating unhealthy eating behaviors and other obesity related problems, including mood, blood ..
  18. THE BAROREFLEX MECHANISM: TRANSLATION TO AUD TREATMENT AND PROGNOSTIC MODELS
    Marsha E Bates; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..is to use data from four ongoing clinical trials to evaluate the efficacy of two established (aerobic exercise, meditation) and one new (heart rate variability biofeedback) intervention and determine whether the BAR is a common ..
  19. Yoga for women with breast cancer undergoing radiotherapy
    Lorenzo Cohen; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..ancient Indian science, incorporates stress-reduction techniques including regulated breathing, visual imagery, meditation, and various gentle stretching postures...
  20. Molecular effects of mind-body intervention on GC sensitivity and immune function
    JEFFREY MILUSH; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: Mind-body interventions, such as meditation and yoga, may have important effects on the immune system in part through the effects of these interventions on ..
  21. Effectiveness of Yoga on Ambulatory Blood Pressure in Patients with Pre- and Stag
    MARSHALL A HAGINS; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..the most common yoga practice is defined by three integrated elements: physical postures, breath control, and meditation. Yoga adherents suggest that the integration of these elements produces greater health outcomes than would be ..
  22. Portable Mantram Meditation for Veterans with Military Related PTSD
    Jill E Bormann; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..We have developed and tested a method of portable, concentrative meditation called the Mantram Repetition Program (MRP) in Veterans with PTSD and found it effective for symptom management ..
  23. Efficacy of Yoga as an Alternative Therapy for Smoking Cessation
    Beth C Bock; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..10-13 Moreover, features of yoga, including a focus on breathing, mental concentration, meditation, stress reduction and enhanced mood are likely to have special relevance for smokers who are trying to quit...
  24. A Multisite Randomized Controlled Trial of Mindfulness Meditation Therapy for PTS
    Mark B Hamner; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Complementary and Alternative Medicine practices, such as meditation, may fill this void...
  25. Biobehavioral Effects of Qigong During Treatment for Rectal Cancer
    Lorenzo Cohen; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..or spiritual health incorporates stress-reduction techniques including regulated breathing, visual imagery, meditation, and various gentle movements...
  26. Quantification of Outcome Measures for Mind Body Interventions
    Herbert Benson; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The original proposal consists of a randomized, controlled trial of meditation and yoga compared with an attention control group in stressed but otherwise healthy subjects...
  27. Research Training: Complementary &Integrative Medicine
    Gloria Y Yeh; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The training program focuses on mind-body therapies (including yoga, tai chi, meditation, and placebo phenomenon), Asian medicine (including acupuncture and Ayurveda) and dietary supplements (including ..
  28. MBSR for fibromyalgia: A dose-finding study
    Ather Ali; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..MBSR is a standardized mind-body intervention that involves meditation, patient education, and group support. The eight-week MBSR protocol involves 2...
  29. Skills to Enhance Positivity in Suicidal Adolescents
    Shirley Yen; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..transient) PA in community and depressed adults: meditation, gratitude, and savoring...
  30. Neuroimaging biomarkers of Mind-Body treatment response in chronic visceral pain
    Kirsten Tillisch; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Mind-Body treatments such as meditation, yoga or hypnosis have been shown to improve subjective symptoms in several persistent pain disorders including Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)...
  31. Meditation Interventions for Treatment of PTSD in Veterans
    Kelvin O Lim; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..MVAHCS) has taught Mindfulness Based Stress Reduction (MBSR), a group-based intervention focused on mindfulness meditation, to veteran clinical populations since 2001, and pilot data from veterans diagnosed with PTSD is promising...
  32. Reducing Stress in HIV-infected Youth Through Mindfulness Training
    ERICA MARIA SMIT SIBINGA; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) is a structured 8-week program of instruction in mindfulness meditation that has been shown to improve psychological and quality of life outcomes in adults with chronic diseases...
  33. Urban Mindfulness and Addictions Research
    Thomas M Lyons; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Mindfulness-based meditation and other contemplative practices have been the focus of intensive research at the intersection of neuroscience, clinical psychology, and addiction research...
  34. Mind and health: developing a neural marker for mindfulness, a pathway to health
    Jean A King; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): A recent review commissioned by NCCAM concluded that the research on meditation practices is characterized by poor methodological quality and that more rigorous science is needed before firm ..
  35. Dismantling Mindfulness: Contributions of Attention vs. Acceptance
    Willoughby Britton; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Meditation, particularly mindfulness meditation, is one of the most popular Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) therapies for alleviating emotional stress, depression and anxiety that are ..
  36. Mindfulness: a novel approach for the management of diabetes-related distress
    Laura A Young; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..hypothesis guiding this proposal is that modulation of the stress reaction through training in mindfulness meditation will lead to Improvements In physiologic and psychological outcomes in patients with T2DM...
  37. Training Researchers in Clinical Integrative Medicine (TRIM)
    Judith T Moskowitz; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Integrative medicine approaches, including meditation, yoga, tai chi, massage, and other practices are widely used by Americans in the hope of obtaining health benefits...
  38. Imaging Cerebral and Sub-cerebral Correlates of Meditative States
    ERIC LEE SCHWARTZ; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Our first project area is to assess and compare the dose-response relationships of mindfulness and compassion meditation, studying subjects that are part of a large (N=360) research trial (NIH 1R01AT004698-01) beginning at Emory ..
  39. Tai Chi Effects on Chronic Insomnia in Breast Cancer Survivors: Immune Mechanisms
    Michael R Irwin; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Preliminary studies show that TCC, a slow moving meditation, contributes to improvements in subjective sleep quality, sleep amounts and sleep efficiency...
  40. Brain Activation in Women Treated with Mindfulness-Based Relapse Prevention
    M Kathleen B Lustyk; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..MBRP is an innovative treatment that incorporates mindfulness meditation with traditional cognitive- behavioral relapse prevention (Bowen et al., in press)...
  41. Brain Connectivity and Mindfulness Training in Youth with Bipolar Disorder NOS
    Kiki D Chang; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Mindfulness Based Stress Reduction for Teens (MBSR-T) intervention, designed to increase daily mindfulness, meditation skills, and awareness of emotional dysregulation in response to stressors...
  42. Wisconsin Center for the Neuroscience and Psychophysiology of Meditation
    Richard J Davidson; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CERC)-The Wisconsin Center for the Neuroscience and Psychophysiology of Meditation-for a second five-year period...
  43. Mechanic pathways of mindfulness meditation in post-traumatic stress disorder.
    HELANE O WAHBEH; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..neuroscience and collecting and analyzing electrophysiological data, 3) biostatistics, and 4) mindfulness meditation. The long term goal of the research training plan is to discover the mechanism of action of meditation therapy ..
  44. Executive Function Development in Preschool Children
    Sandra A Wiebe; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Structural equation modeling will be used to test the a priori direct and meditation relations among preschool executive control, behavior in the 5->7 shift, and functional outcome...
  45. Paradigm and attentional manipulations to improve P300-based BCI
    Eric Sellers; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Second, we will use mindfulness meditation and induction (MMI) to increase users'attentional focus...
  46. Enhancing HIV treatment adherence in Bangalore: The Chetana study
    MARIA L EKSTRAND; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..other culturally-relevant topics designed to enhance physical and mental health among PLHA, including yoga/meditation, nutrition, legal services, and assistance accessing local resources...
  47. A New Translational Tool for Studying the Role of Breathing in Meditation.
    Margaret Ann Chesney; Fiscal Year: 2013
    Abstract Breathing exercises, alone or as a component of mind-body interventions such as meditation and yoga, have potential for amelioration of a wide range of acute and chronic disorders...
  48. Effects of Mindfulness Training on Impulsivity &Inhibitory Control in Smokers
    ZEV DAVID SCHUMAN OLIVIER; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Data from mindfulness-oriented treatment studies suggest at-home formal meditation practice is the most important variable in attaining positive clinical outcomes...
  49. Improving Treatment Adherence in HIV-Positive Youth Through Mindfulness Training
    ERICA MARIA SMIT SIBINGA; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..MBSR is a program of meditation techniques to enhance participants'mindfulness, or present-focused, non-judgmental awareness...
  50. Mechanisms of Meditation
    Charles Raison; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The increasingly widespread use of meditation for stress-related emotional and medical conditions highlights the urgent need to rigorously evaluate mechanisms through which the benefits of practice ..
  51. The Effects and Mechanisms of MBCT on Depressive Symtoms and Depression Relapse
    AMANDA SHALLCROSS; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Some research on CAM treatments for depression suggests meditation to be a promising intervention...
  52. Applying Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy to Treatment-Resistant Depression
    STUART JAMES EISENDRATH; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..MBCT is a group-based, 8-week intervention that uses mindfulness meditation as its core therapeutic ingredient...
  53. Integrating Behavioral Skills with a Mobile Biosensor for At-Risk Teen Mothers
    Noelle R Leonard; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..positive parenting and includes innovative mobile technology components: PSP trains AMARs in mindfulness meditation and social cognitive skills in group sessions and integrates a state-of-the-art biosensor wrist band and smart ..
  54. Longitudinal effects of mediation on empathic behavior and neural activity
    JENNIFER STREIFFER MASCARO; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..and controlled, longitudinal paradigm to assess whether a program that trains mindfulness and attention (MAT) meditation affects empathy...
  55. RCT of hatha yoga for persistent depression
    Lisa A Uebelacker; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Yoga involves breath control (pranayama), physical postures (asanas), and meditation (dhyana). Yoga may be appealing, relatively inexpensive, and easy to access for many depressed patients...
  56. Adaptation and Evaluation of a Family-Based Mindful Eating Intervention for Overw
    Jeanne Dalen; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..b>Meditation-based mindful eating programs may represent a unique and novel scientific approach to the current adolescent ..
  57. Research and Mentoring in AA-related Mechanisms of Change
    J Scott Tonigan; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Our work indicates that increased prayer and meditation "drive" the salutary actions of spiritual practices although the underlying reasons for this effect have yet to ..
  58. Advancing Physiological Signal Analysis for Mind-Body Research
    Barry S Oken; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The analysis techniques will aid development of: a physiologic measure of adherence to and quality of meditation interventions;a measure of interelectrode EEG correlation based on information theory that is likely more valid ..
  59. Effects of mindfulness meditation on somatosensory cortical maps in chronic pain
    Catherine E Kerr; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Mindfulness Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) is a protocolized CAM therapy based on Buddhist meditation practices: practitioners cultivate non-judgmental attention to the breath and sensory feelings as a way of ..
  60. Effectiveness of a Mind-Body Program for Older Adults with Chronic Low Back Pain
    Natalia E Morone; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..increasing function and reducing pain among older adults with CLBP, and 2) to evaluate the impact of mindfulness meditation on NP in older adults with CLBP...
  61. Brain Mechanisms Supporting the Modulation of Pain by Meditation and Placebo
    Robert C Coghill; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Mindfulness meditation has been found to significantly improve pain symptoms in experimental and clinical settings, but lack of ..
  62. Augmenting Mindfulness Training Through Experience-driven Neurofeedback Devices (
    Judson A Brewer; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..b>Meditation is the second most frequently used mind-body therapy in the US, with demonstrated clinical benefits for stress, ..
  63. Mechanisms of Meditation in Hypertension in Blacks
    Robert Schneider; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..conducted by the Center team have demonstrated that stress reduction intervention with the Transcendental Meditation (TM) program is associated with reduced blood pressure levels compared to health education control (HE) ..
  64. Cardiovascular Effects of lyengar Yoga
    Raymond Townsend; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..this country, as well as because its multimodal approach, combining postures (asanas), breathing (pranayama) and meditation, lyengar yoga is a particular form of classical therapeutic yoga which relies on tightly scripted asanas which ..
  65. MBSR Intervention to reduce stress in AD caregivers
    Lisa Fredman; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..by applicant): Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) is a mind-body technique that incorporates mindfulness meditation, yoga, and cognitive reappraisal with the goal of self-managing the psychological and physical distress ..
  66. A Wireless Wearable System to Measure Adherence to Mind-Body Protocols
    Paul Gibson; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..In a study protocol that uses mind body interventions such as meditation, yoga and tai chi, the small wireless sensor packages are worn on the body...
  67. A Culturally-Tailored Weight Loss Program
    Michael Simon; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The tools used to achieve this will include meditation, readings, and the recording of thoughts...
  68. Biobehavioral Effects of Yoga During Cancer Treatment
    Lorenzo Cohen; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..ancient Indian science, incorporates stress-reduction techniques including regulated breathing, visual imagery, meditation, and various gentle stretching postures...
  69. Coping with Breast Cancer and Treatment: An E-Learning Course for Skills and Stra
    KELLY CARPENTER; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..CBSM interventions use well-validated cognitive behavioral techniques such as relaxation and meditation training, cognitive restructuring, and communication skills training to increase active, adaptive coping and are ..
  70. Meditation for High Blood Pressure
    James Lane; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Among these interventions, meditation training has shown the greatest promise as an adjunctive behavioral treatment for lowering blood pressure...
  71. Yoga, Health, and Meditation
    Frederick Hecht; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Yoga and related meditation practices represent one of the most important complementary and alternative medicine systems used in Asia and ..
  72. RACIAL/ETHNIC DIFFERENCES AND THE ECONOMIC OF CAM USE
    Ke Xu; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..chiropractics, massage therapy, herbal remedies, spiritual healings or prayers, nutritional advice, acupuncture, meditation/imagery/relaxation, homeopathy, traditional medicine, biofeedback training, hypnosis and others. [unreadable]
  73. MIEL: Meditation and Massage in End of Life
    David Katz; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..On the basis of prior literature, meditation, and specifically Metta meditation, is promising as an intervention uniquely suited to meet spiritual needs at ..
  74. Mindfulness Based Stress Reduction & Myocardial Ischemia
    David Sheps; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Further, some studies have reported positive results with coronary risk factors using meditation and yoga...
  75. Analysis of Nitric Oxide During Meridian Practices
    Sheng Xing Ma; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..theory and guiding principle for therapies related to mind-body interactions such as acupuncture, Qi Gong and meditation. Investigators have demonstrated in both humans and animals that acupoints/meridians possess characteristics of ..
  76. BEHAVIORAL INTERVENTION FOR HERPES ZOSTER RISK IN AGING
    Michael Irwin; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..TCC is a slow moving meditation comprised of twenty separate standardized movements for use in elderly populations...