cesarean section

Summary

Summary: Extraction of the FETUS by means of abdominal HYSTEROTOMY.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Obesity, obstetric complications and cesarean delivery rate--a population-based screening study
    Joshua L Weiss
    Division of Maternal Fetal Medicine, Columbia Presbytrian Medical Center, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 190:1091-7. 2004
  2. ncbi Factors influencing the composition of the intestinal microbiota in early infancy
    John Penders
    Department of Epidemiology, Nutrition and Toxicology Research Institute Maastricht, Maastricht University, PO Box 616, 6200 MD Maastricht, Netherlands
    Pediatrics 118:511-21. 2006
  3. ncbi Cesarean delivery: background, trends, and epidemiology
    Fay Menacker
    Division of Vital Statistics, National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Hyattsville, MD 20782, USA
    Semin Perinatol 30:235-41. 2006
  4. ncbi Method of delivery and pregnancy outcomes in Asia: the WHO global survey on maternal and perinatal health 2007-08
    Pisake Lumbiganon
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Faculty of Medicine, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen, Thailand
    Lancet 375:490-9. 2010
  5. ncbi Inequities in the use of cesarean section deliveries in the world
    Luz Gibbons
    Department of Maternal and Child Health, Institute of Clinical Effectiveness and Health Policy, Buenos Aires, Argentina
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 206:331.e1-19. 2012
  6. ncbi Rates of caesarean section: analysis of global, regional and national estimates
    Ana P Betrán
    Department of Making Pregnancy Safer, World Health Organisation, Geneva, Switzerland
    Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol 21:98-113. 2007
  7. ncbi Effect of treatment of gestational diabetes mellitus on pregnancy outcomes
    Caroline A Crowther
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, Australia
    N Engl J Med 352:2477-86. 2005
  8. pmc Caesarean section without medical indications is associated with an increased risk of adverse short-term maternal outcomes: the 2004-2008 WHO Global Survey on Maternal and Perinatal Health
    J P Souza
    UNDP UNFPA WHO World Bank Special Programme of Research, Development and Research Training in Human Reproduction, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
    BMC Med 8:71. 2010
  9. ncbi Caesarean delivery rates and pregnancy outcomes: the 2005 WHO global survey on maternal and perinatal health in Latin America
    Jose Villar
    UNDP UNFPA WHO World Bank Special Programme of Research, Development and Research Training in Human Reproduction, Department of Reproductive Health and Research, WHO, 1211 Geneva 27, Switzerland
    Lancet 367:1819-29. 2006
  10. ncbi Women's fear of childbirth and preference for cesarean section--a cross-sectional study at various stages of pregnancy in Sweden
    Katri Nieminen
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Motala Hospital, Motala, Sweden
    Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 88:807-13. 2009

Research Grants

  1. Regulation of the Contraction in Human Uterus
    VICTOR FOMIN; Fiscal Year: 2004
  2. Spiral Electrode Sensor for Intrapartum Fetal Oximetry
    JONAS POLOGE; Fiscal Year: 2006
  3. EXPERIMENTAL MODEL FOR CHORIOAMNIONITIS AND PREMATURITY
    Michael Gravett; Fiscal Year: 2005
  4. Predicting Labor Outcomes in Women Attempting VBAC
    David Stamilio; Fiscal Year: 2004
  5. Spiral Electrode Sensor for Intrapartum Fetal Oximetry
    JONAS POLOGE; Fiscal Year: 2003
  6. Antenatal Betamethasone in Late Preterm Gestation Lambs
    SATYANARAYANA LAKSHMINRUSIMHA; Fiscal Year: 2010
  7. Weight management for improved pregnancy outcomes
    Victor J Stevens; Fiscal Year: 2012
  8. Cesarean Section Optimal Antibiotic Prophylaxis (C/SOAP) Trial
    Alan Thevenet N Tita; Fiscal Year: 2013
  9. Hyperglycemia and adverse pregnancy outcome (HAPO)
    Boyd E Metzger; Fiscal Year: 2010
  10. Pre-existing Diabetes and Pregnancy
    Caitlin A Knox; Fiscal Year: 2013

Detail Information

Publications388 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Obesity, obstetric complications and cesarean delivery rate--a population-based screening study
    Joshua L Weiss
    Division of Maternal Fetal Medicine, Columbia Presbytrian Medical Center, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 190:1091-7. 2004
    ..This study was undertaken to determine whether obesity is associated with obstetric complications and cesarean delivery...
  2. ncbi Factors influencing the composition of the intestinal microbiota in early infancy
    John Penders
    Department of Epidemiology, Nutrition and Toxicology Research Institute Maastricht, Maastricht University, PO Box 616, 6200 MD Maastricht, Netherlands
    Pediatrics 118:511-21. 2006
    ..The aim of this study was to examine the contribution of a broad range of external influences to the gut microbiotic composition in early infancy...
  3. ncbi Cesarean delivery: background, trends, and epidemiology
    Fay Menacker
    Division of Vital Statistics, National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Hyattsville, MD 20782, USA
    Semin Perinatol 30:235-41. 2006
    To examine trends in cesarean delivery for the overall population and for women with "no indicated risk" for cesarean section, and to summarize the available literature on "maternal request" cesarean deliveries.
  4. ncbi Method of delivery and pregnancy outcomes in Asia: the WHO global survey on maternal and perinatal health 2007-08
    Pisake Lumbiganon
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Faculty of Medicine, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen, Thailand
    Lancet 375:490-9. 2010
    ....
  5. ncbi Inequities in the use of cesarean section deliveries in the world
    Luz Gibbons
    Department of Maternal and Child Health, Institute of Clinical Effectiveness and Health Policy, Buenos Aires, Argentina
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 206:331.e1-19. 2012
    The purpose of this study was to describe the unequal distribution in the performance of cesarean section delivery (CS) in the world and the resource-use implications of such inequity.
  6. ncbi Rates of caesarean section: analysis of global, regional and national estimates
    Ana P Betrán
    Department of Making Pregnancy Safer, World Health Organisation, Geneva, Switzerland
    Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol 21:98-113. 2007
    ..There is some suggestion of a direct positive association at lower levels of mortality. CS levels may respond primarily to economic determinants...
  7. ncbi Effect of treatment of gestational diabetes mellitus on pregnancy outcomes
    Caroline A Crowther
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, Australia
    N Engl J Med 352:2477-86. 2005
    ..We conducted a randomized clinical trial to determine whether treatment of women with gestational diabetes mellitus reduced the risk of perinatal complications...
  8. pmc Caesarean section without medical indications is associated with an increased risk of adverse short-term maternal outcomes: the 2004-2008 WHO Global Survey on Maternal and Perinatal Health
    J P Souza
    UNDP UNFPA WHO World Bank Special Programme of Research, Development and Research Training in Human Reproduction, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
    BMC Med 8:71. 2010
    ..In this analysis, we aim to further investigate the relationship between caesarean section without medical indication and severe maternal outcomes...
  9. ncbi Caesarean delivery rates and pregnancy outcomes: the 2005 WHO global survey on maternal and perinatal health in Latin America
    Jose Villar
    UNDP UNFPA WHO World Bank Special Programme of Research, Development and Research Training in Human Reproduction, Department of Reproductive Health and Research, WHO, 1211 Geneva 27, Switzerland
    Lancet 367:1819-29. 2006
    ..Our aim was to assess the association between caesarean delivery and pregnancy outcome at the institutional level, adjusting for the pregnant population and institutional characteristics...
  10. ncbi Women's fear of childbirth and preference for cesarean section--a cross-sectional study at various stages of pregnancy in Sweden
    Katri Nieminen
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Motala Hospital, Motala, Sweden
    Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 88:807-13. 2009
    To investigate Swedish women's level of antenatal fear of childbirth at various gestational ages, and factors associated with intense fear and with preference for cesarean section.
  11. pmc Variation in rates of caesarean section among English NHS trusts after accounting for maternal and clinical risk: cross sectional study
    Fiona Bragg
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    BMJ 341:c5065. 2010
    ..To determine whether the variation in unadjusted rates of caesarean section derived from routine data in NHS trusts in England can be explained by maternal characteristics and clinical risk factors...
  12. ncbi Antenatal fear of childbirth and its association with subsequent caesarean section and experience of childbirth
    U Waldenström
    Department of Woman and Child Health, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
    BJOG 113:638-46. 2006
    ..To investigate the prevalence of fear of childbirth in a nationwide sample and its association with subsequent rates of caesarean section and overall experience of childbirth...
  13. pmc Maternal and neonatal individual risks and benefits associated with caesarean delivery: multicentre prospective study
    Jose Villar
    Nuffield Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Oxford, Oxford OX3 9DU
    BMJ 335:1025. 2007
    ..To assess the risks and benefits associated with caesarean delivery compared with vaginal delivery...
  14. ncbi Disparities in cesarean delivery rates and associated adverse neonatal outcomes in New York City hospitals
    Heather S Lipkind
    Section of Maternal Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, USA
    Obstet Gynecol 113:1239-47. 2009
    ..To examine the primary cesarean delivery rates and associated neonatal outcomes by insurance status in public and private hospitals in New York City...
  15. ncbi Advanced maternal age and the risk of cesarean birth: a systematic review
    Hamideh Bayrampour
    Faculty of Nursing, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada
    Birth 37:219-26. 2010
    ..The objective of this systematic review was to assess the relationship between advanced maternal age and cesarean birth among nulliparous and multiparous women...
  16. pmc Classifications for cesarean section: a systematic review
    Maria Regina Torloni
    Department of Obstetrics, Sao Paulo Federal University and Brazilian Cochrane Centre, Sao Paulo, Brazil
    PLoS ONE 6:e14566. 2011
    Rising cesarean section (CS) rates are a major public health concern and cause worldwide debates. To propose and implement effective measures to reduce or increase CS rates where necessary requires an appropriate classification...
  17. ncbi Obesity as an independent risk factor for elective and emergency caesarean delivery in nulliparous women--systematic review and meta-analysis of cohort studies
    A S Poobalan
    Department of Public Health, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, UK
    Obes Rev 10:28-35. 2009
    ..64 (95% confidence intervals 1.55, 1.73) in overweight and 2.23 (2.07, 2.42) in obese women. Caesarean delivery risk is increased by 50% in overweight women and is more than double for obese women compared with women with normal BMI...
  18. pmc Risk of respiratory morbidity in term infants delivered by elective caesarean section: cohort study
    Anne Kirkeby Hansen
    Perinatal Epidemiology Research Unit, Aarhus University Hospital, Brendstrupgaardsvej 100, Skejby, 8200 Aarhus N, Denmark
    BMJ 336:85-7. 2008
    ..To investigate the association between elective caesarean sections and neonatal respiratory morbidity and the importance of timing of elective caesarean sections...
  19. pmc Epidemiology and trends for Caesarean section births in New South Wales, Australia: a population-based study
    Efty P Stavrou
    Clinical and Population Perinatal Research, Kolling Institute of Medical Research, University of Sydney at Royal North Shore Hospital, St Leonards, NSW, 2065, Australia
    BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 11:8. 2011
    ..This study aimed to investigate trends in CS rates in New South Wales (NSW), including trends in the components of the 10-group classification...
  20. ncbi A meta-analysis of the association between Caesarean section and childhood asthma
    S Thavagnanam
    Royal Belfast Hospital for Sick Children, Belfast, Northern Ireland
    Clin Exp Allergy 38:629-33. 2008
    ..The results of previous studies that have investigated the association between Caesarean section and asthma have been conflicting...
  21. ncbi Cesarean section rates and maternal and neonatal mortality in low-, medium-, and high-income countries: an ecological study
    Fernando Althabe
    Perinatal Research Unit, Hospital de Clinicas, Montevideo, Uruguay
    Birth 33:270-7. 2006
    b>Cesarean section rates show a wide variation among countries in the world, ranging from 0.4 to 40 percent, and a continuous rise in the trend has been observed in the past 30 years...
  22. ncbi Epigenetic modulation at birth - altered DNA-methylation in white blood cells after Caesarean section
    T Schlinzig
    Department of Clinical Science, Intervention and Technology, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden
    Acta Paediatr 98:1096-9. 2009
    ..We hypothesized that mode of delivery affects epigenetic activity in newborn infants...
  23. pmc Maternal mortality and severe morbidity associated with low-risk planned cesarean delivery versus planned vaginal delivery at term
    Shiliang Liu
    Health Surveillance and Epidemiology Division, Centre for Health Promotion, Public Health Agency of Canada, Ottawa, Ont
    CMAJ 176:455-60. 2007
    ..The rate of elective primary cesarean delivery continues to rise, owing in part to the widespread perception that the procedure is of little or no risk to healthy women...
  24. ncbi Impact of labor induction, gestational age, and maternal age on cesarean delivery rates
    Linda J Heffner
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    Obstet Gynecol 102:287-93. 2003
    ..To quantify the impact of labor induction and maternal age on cesarean delivery rates in nulliparous and multiparous women between 36 and 42 weeks' gestation...
  25. ncbi Deliveries, mothers and newborn infants in Sweden, 1973-2000. Trends in obstetrics as reported to the Swedish Medical Birth Register
    Viveca Odlind
    Center for Epidemiology, Swedish National Board of Health and Welfare, Stockholm, Sweden
    Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 82:516-28. 2003
    ..The aim of this report is to present descriptive data from the Swedish Medical Birth Register (MBR) reflecting trends in obstetric and neonatal practices over three decades...
  26. ncbi Labor progression and risk of cesarean delivery in electively induced nulliparas
    Anjel Vahratian
    Division of Epidemiology, Statistics, and Prevention Research, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Obstet Gynecol 105:698-704. 2005
    ..To describe the pattern of labor progression and risk of cesarean delivery in women whose labor was electively induced...
  27. ncbi Can we reduce the caesarean section rate?
    M S Robson
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Wycombe General Hospital, High Wycombe, Buckinghamshire, HP11 2TT, UK
    Best Pract Res Clin Obstet Gynaecol 15:179-94. 2001
    ..Finally, caesarean section rates must no longer be considered in isolation from other changes taking place in society...
  28. ncbi Caesarean section on request: a comparison of obstetricians' attitudes in eight European countries
    M Habiba
    Reproductive Sciences Section, Department of Cancer Studies and Molecular Medicine, University of Leicester, Leicester, UK
    BJOG 113:647-56. 2006
    ..To explore the attitudes of obstetricians to perform a caesarean section on maternal request in the absence of medical indication...
  29. ncbi Mode of delivery - effects on gut microbiota and humoral immunity
    Anu Huurre
    Department of Pediatrics, Turku University Central Hospital and University of Turku, Turku, Finland
    Neonatology 93:236-40. 2008
    ..The rate of caesarean deliveries has increased 10-fold worldwide during the past decades...
  30. pmc Contemporary cesarean delivery practice in the United States
    Jun Zhang
    Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 203:326.e1-326.e10. 2010
    ..To describe contemporary cesarean delivery practice in the United States...
  31. ncbi Comparative analysis of international cesarean delivery rates using 10-group classification identifies significant variation in spontaneous labor
    Donal J Brennan
    National Maternity Hospital, Dublin, Ireland
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 201:308.e1-8. 2009
    b>Cesarean section (CS) rates continue to rise throughout the developed world. The aim of this study was to highlight variations in obstetric populations and practices and to identify variations in CS rates in different institutions.
  32. ncbi Cesarean section on maternal request: reasons for the request, self-estimated health, expectations, experience of birth and signs of depression among first-time mothers
    Ingela Wiklund
    Division of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
    Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 86:451-6. 2007
    The purpose of this study was to investigate first-time mothers undergoing cesarean section in the absence of medical indication, their reason for the request, self-estimated health, experience of delivery, and duration of breastfeeding...
  33. ncbi Dramatic increase of Cesarean deliveries in the midst of health reforms in rural China
    Lennart Bogg
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Division of Global Health IHCAR, Karolinska Institutet, Nobel s väg 9, 17177 Stockholm, Sweden
    Soc Sci Med 70:1544-9. 2010
    ..Our conclusion is that the design of NCMS, the provider payment systems, and the revenue-related bonus systems for doctors need to be studied to rein in the unhealthy increases in rural CD rates...
  34. pmc Women's preference for caesarean section: a systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies
    A Mazzoni
    Mother and Child s Health Research Department, Institute for Clinical Effectiveness and Health Policy, Buenos Aires, Argentina
    BJOG 118:391-9. 2011
    ..The striking increase in caesarean section rates in middle- and high-income countries has been partly attributed to maternal request. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of women's preferences for caesarean section...
  35. ncbi Effect of fear of litigation on obstetric care: a nationwide analysis on obstetric practice
    Philip Zwecker
    Department of Family Medicine, Saint Mary s Hospital, McGill University, Quebec, Canada
    Am J Perinatol 28:277-84. 2011
    ..Fear of litigation appears to have a marked effect on obstetric practice, particularly total cesarean delivery, vaginal birth after cesarean, and instrumental delivery, when malpractice premiums rise above $100,000 per annum...
  36. ncbi Antimicrobial prophylaxis for cesarean delivery before skin incision
    Stephanie M Owens
    Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Magee Womens Research Institute, 300 Halket Street, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Obstet Gynecol 114:573-9. 2009
    ..To estimate the effect of a hospital-wide change in the timing of antimicrobial prophylaxis in cesarean deliveries on maternal and neonatal infections...
  37. ncbi Gestational weight gain and pregnancy outcomes in obese women: how much is enough?
    Deborah W Kiel
    Department of Community Health, Saint Louis University, St Louis, Missouri, USA
    Obstet Gynecol 110:752-8. 2007
    ..To examine the effect of gestational weight change on pregnancy outcomes in obese women...
  38. pmc Rates for obstetric intervention among private and public patients in Australia: population based descriptive study
    C L Roberts
    NSW Centre for Perinatal Health Services Research, School of Population Health and Health Services Research, University of Sydney 2006, Australia
    BMJ 321:137-41. 2000
    ..To compare the risk profile of women receiving public and private obstetric care and to compare the rates of obstetric intervention among women at low risk in these groups...
  39. ncbi Economic implications of method of delivery
    Victoria M Allen
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Perinatal Epidemiology Research Unit, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 193:192-7. 2005
    ..This study was undertaken to examine the costs of hospital care associated with different methods of delivery...
  40. pmc Reliability of data on caesarean sections in developing countries
    Cynthia K Stanton
    Department of Population and Family Health Sciences, The Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    Bull World Health Organ 83:449-55. 2005
    ..To examine the reliability of reported rates of caesarean sections from developing countries and make recommendations on how data collection for surveys and health facility-based studies could be improved...
  41. ncbi Cesarean scar pregnancy: issues in management
    K M Seow
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Shin Kong Wu Ho Su Memorial Hospital, and School of Medicine, Fu Jen Catholic University, Taipei, Taiwan
    Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 23:247-53. 2004
    ..To evaluate our experience with the diagnosis and treatment of Cesarean scar pregnancy...
  42. ncbi Cesarean delivery after elective induction in nulliparous women: the physician effect
    David A Luthy
    Center for Perinatal Studies, Swedish Medical Center, Seattle, Wash, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 191:1511-5. 2004
    ..The purpose of this study was to assess the contribution of the individual physician to the probability of cesarean delivery among nulliparous women who undergo elective induction...
  43. ncbi Socioeconomic differentials in caesarean rates in developing countries: a retrospective analysis
    Carine Ronsmans
    Infectious Disease Epidemiology Unit, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Lancet 368:1516-23. 2006
    ..We examined population-based caesarean rates by socioeconomic groups in various developing countries...
  44. pmc Unwanted caesarean sections among public and private patients in Brazil: prospective study
    J E Potter
    University of Texas at Austin, Population Research Center, Austin, Texas, USA
    BMJ 323:1155-8. 2001
    ..High or rising rates of caesarean sections do not necessarily reflect demand for surgical delivery...
  45. ncbi Placenta previa, placenta accreta, and vasa previa
    Yinka Oyelese
    Division of Maternal Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Sciences, UMDNJ Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, Robert Wood Johnson University Hospital, New Brunswick, New Jersey 08901 1977, USA
    Obstet Gynecol 107:927-41. 2006
    ..The condition can be diagnosed prenatally by ultrasound examination. Good outcomes depend on prenatal diagnosis and cesarean delivery before the membranes rupture...
  46. ncbi Maternal and neonatal outcomes and time trends of gestational diabetes mellitus in Sweden from 1991 to 2003
    H E Fadl
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Orebro University Hospital, Orebro, Sweden
    Diabet Med 27:436-41. 2010
    ..To determine maternal and neonatal outcomes for women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) in Sweden during 1991-2003, and to compare the outcomes in the two time periods...
  47. ncbi Trends and determinants of caesarean sections births in Queensland, 1997-2006
    Stuart Howell
    Health Statistics Centre, Queensland Health, Forestry House, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
    Aust N Z J Obstet Gynaecol 49:606-11. 2009
    ..The determinants of Queensland's rising caesarean section (CS) rate remain poorly understood because of the historical absence of standard classification methods...
  48. ncbi Cesarean birth in the United States: epidemiology, trends, and outcomes
    Marian F MacDorman
    Reproductive Statistics Branch, Division of Vital Statistics, National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 3311 Toledo Road, Room 7318, Hyattsville, MD 20782, USA
    Clin Perinatol 35:293-307, v. 2008
    ..Several studies note an increased risk for neonatal and maternal mortality for medically elective cesareans compared with vaginal births...
  49. ncbi Caesarean section is associated with an increased risk of childhood-onset type 1 diabetes mellitus: a meta-analysis of observational studies
    C R Cardwell
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, School of Medicine and Dentistry, Queen s University Belfast, Grosvenor Road, Belfast, BT12 6BJ, UK
    Diabetologia 51:726-35. 2008
    ....
  50. ncbi The epidemiology of postpartum hemorrhage in a large, nationwide sample of deliveries
    Brian T Bateman
    Department of Anesthesia and Critical Care, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02114, USA
    Anesth Analg 110:1368-73. 2010
    ..In this study, we sought to (1) define trends in the incidence of postpartum hemorrhage (PPH), and (2) elucidate the contemporary epidemiology of PPH focusing on risk factors and maternal outcomes related to this delivery complication...
  51. pmc Consumer demand for caesarean sections in Brazil: informed decision making, patient choice, or social inequality? A population based birth cohort study linking ethnographic and epidemiological methods
    Dominique P Behague
    Department of Social Medicine, Federal University of Pelotas, CP 464 96001 970, Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
    BMJ 324:942-5. 2002
    ..To investigate why some women prefer caesarean sections and how decisions to medicalise birthing are influenced by patients, doctors, and the sociomedical environment...
  52. ncbi Maternal outcomes associated with planned primary cesarean births compared with planned vaginal births
    Eugene Declercq
    Department of Maternal and Child Health, Department of Biostatistics, Data Coordinating Center, Boston University School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts 02118, USA
    Obstet Gynecol 109:669-77. 2007
    ..To compare the outcomes and costs associated with primary cesarean births with no labor (planned cesareans) to vaginal and cesarean births with labor (planned vaginal)...
  53. ncbi Risks of adverse outcomes in the next birth after a first cesarean delivery
    Robyn Kennare
    Pregnancy Outcome Unit and Health Statistics Unit, Epidemiology Branch, Department of Health, Rundle Mall, Adelaide, SA 5000, Australia
    Obstet Gynecol 109:270-6. 2007
    ..To estimate the risks of cesarean first birth, compared with vaginal first birth, for adverse obstetric and perinatal outcomes in the second birth...
  54. ncbi Risk factors for suboptimal infant breastfeeding behavior, delayed onset of lactation, and excess neonatal weight loss
    Kathryn G Dewey
    Department of Nutrition, University of California, Davis 95616 8669, USA
    Pediatrics 112:607-19. 2003
    ....
  55. pmc Distribution of birth weight for gestational age in Japanese infants delivered by cesarean section
    Ritei Uehara
    Department of Public Health, Jichi Medical University, Tochigi, Japan
    J Epidemiol 21:217-22. 2011
    ..However, the relationship between delivery mode and neonatal anthropometric data has not been investigated in Japan or other countries...
  56. ncbi Nulliparous term singleton vertex cesarean delivery rates: institutional and individual level predictors
    Dean V Coonrod
    Department of Obstetrics, Maricopa Integrated Health System MedPro, Phoenix, AZ, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 198:694.e1-11; discussion 694.e11. 2008
    ..This study was undertaken to determine individual and institutional level variables predictive of variations in nulliparous term singleton vertex cesarean delivery rates...
  57. ncbi Methods of achieving and maintaining an appropriate caesarean section rate
    Michael Robson
    National Maternity Hospital, Holles Street, Dublin 2, Ireland
    Best Pract Res Clin Obstet Gynaecol 27:297-308. 2013
    ..Women will always choose the type of delivery that seems safest to them and their babies. Professionals need to monitor the quality of their practice continuously in a standardised way to ensure that women can make the right choice...
  58. ncbi Pelvic arterial pseudoaneurysm-a rare complication of Cesarean section: diagnosis and novel treatment
    M Kovo
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Edith Wolfson Medical Center, Holon and Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel
    Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 30:783-5. 2007
    ..We describe two cases of late postpartum hemorrhage following Cesarean section, attributed to pelvic arterial pseudoaneurysm, that were successfully treated by direct thrombin injection ..
  59. ncbi When should we perform prophylactic antibiotics in elective cesarean cases?
    Gokhan Yildirim
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Istanbul Bakirkoy Women and Children Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey
    Arch Gynecol Obstet 280:13-8. 2009
    ..The aim of this study was to determine whether the timing of prophylactic antibiotics at cesarean delivery influences maternal and neonatal infectious morbidity...
  60. ncbi Cesarean delivery on maternal request in southeast China
    Jun Zhang
    National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892, USA
    Obstet Gynecol 111:1077-82. 2008
    ..To estimate the incidence of overall cesarean delivery and cesarean delivery on maternal request in southeast China in the past decade...
  61. ncbi Neonatal outcome following elective cesarean section beyond 37 weeks of gestation: a 7-year retrospective analysis of a national registry
    Freke A Wilmink
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Sint Franciscus Gasthuis, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 202:250.e1-8. 2010
    ..We sought to evaluate number and timing of elective cesarean sections at term and to assess perinatal outcome associated with this timing...
  62. ncbi Measurement of intra-abdominal pressure in term pregnancy: a pilot study
    R Chun
    Department of Anesthesia, Foothills Medical Center, AlbertaHealth Services, Calgary, Alberta, Canada
    Int J Obstet Anesth 21:135-9. 2012
    ..This study was conducted to assess the feasibility of measuring intra-abdominal pressure in term parturients under spinal anesthesia...
  63. pmc Cesarean section and risk of obesity in childhood, adolescence, and early adulthood: evidence from 3 Brazilian birth cohorts
    Fernando C Barros
    Postgraduate Program in Health and Behavior, Catholic University of Pelotas, Brazil
    Am J Clin Nutr 95:465-70. 2012
    ..Because CS-born individuals do not make contact at birth with maternal vaginal and intestinal bacteria, the authors proposed that this could lead to long-term changes in the gut microbiota that could contribute to obesity...
  64. ncbi Cross-cultural comparison of levels of childbirth-related fear in an Australian and Swedish sample
    Helen Haines
    School of Rural Health The University of Melbourne, 49 Graham St, Shepparton, Victoria, Australia
    Midwifery 27:560-7. 2011
    ..This study aimed to examine the prevalence of CBRF in two rural populations (Sweden and Australia) and to pilot a short, easy-to-administer measurement tool...
  65. pmc Cesarean section rates and indications in sub-Saharan Africa: a multi-country study from Medecins sans Frontieres
    Kathryn Chu
    Medecins Sans Frontieres, Johannesburg, South Africa
    PLoS ONE 7:e44484. 2012
    The World Health Organization considers Cesarean section rates of 5-15% to be the optimal range for targeted provision of this life saving intervention...
  66. ncbi Childhood overweight after establishment of the gut microbiota: the role of delivery mode, pre-pregnancy weight and early administration of antibiotics
    T A Ajslev
    Institute of Preventive Medicine, Copenhagen University Hospital, Øster Søgade 18, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Int J Obes (Lond) 35:522-9. 2011
    ....
  67. pmc Patterns of deliveries in a Brazilian birth cohort: almost universal cesarean sections for the better-off
    Aluisio J D Barros
    Programa de Pós Graduação em Epidemiologia, Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Pelotas, RS, Brasil
    Rev Saude Publica 45:635-43. 2011
    To describe the patterns of deliveries in a birth cohort and to compare vaginal and cesarean section deliveries.
  68. pmc Leptin and interferon-gamma as possible predictors of cesarean section among women with hypertensive disorders of pregnancy
    Krzysztof Rytlewski
    Department of Obstetrics and Perinatology, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Cracow, Poland
    Med Sci Monit 18:CR506-511. 2012
    This study was designed to evaluate maternal levels of leptin and interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) in pregnancy complicated with hypertension and to assess the role of cytokines in predicting the risk of cesarean section.
  69. ncbi Labor induction and the risk of a cesarean delivery among nulliparous women at term
    Deborah B Ehrenthal
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Internal Medicine Christiana Care Health System, Newark, Delaware, USA
    Obstet Gynecol 116:35-42. 2010
    ..To estimate the association of labor induction with the risk of a cesarean delivery for nulliparous women presenting at term at a regional hospital...
  70. ncbi Caesarean section: the paradox
    Fernando Althabe
    Perinatal Research Unit, Montevideo, Uruguay
    Lancet 368:1472-3. 2006
  71. ncbi Timing of perioperative antibiotics for cesarean delivery: a metaanalysis
    Maged M Costantine
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX 77555 0587, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 199:301.e1-6. 2008
    ..The purpose of this study was to summarize the available evidence on timing of perioperative antibiotics for cesarean delivery...
  72. ncbi Understanding the factors associated with differences in caesarean section rates at hospital level: the case of Latin America
    Monica Taljaard
    Ottawa Health Research Institute and University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Canada
    Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol 23:574-81. 2009
    ..The involvement of local quality control departments is an essential component in achieving success. Our results can be used to identify institutions that can be targets for further interventions to reduce CS rates...
  73. ncbi High Caesarean section rate in rural China: is it related to health insurance (New Co-operative Medical Scheme)?
    Qian Long
    Department of Public Health, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    Soc Sci Med 75:733-7. 2012
    ..Further studies are needed to develop appropriate interventions to reduce non-medically indicated CS, focussing on payment mechanisms, healthcare provider practice patterns, and maternal requests...
  74. ncbi Abnormal placentation: twenty-year analysis
    Serena Wu
    Division of Maternal Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Chicago, Ill, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 192:1458-61. 2005
    ..This study was undertaken to determine whether the rate of abnormal placentation is increasing in conjunction with the cesarean rate and to evaluate incidence, risk factors, and outcomes...
  75. ncbi Neonatal blood glucose concentrations in caesarean and vaginally delivered term infants
    Ronella Marom
    Department of Neonatology, Lis Maternity Hospital, Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center, Israel
    Acta Paediatr 99:1474-7. 2010
    ..Little is known about the glucose concentrations at and after birth of infants delivered by caesarean section (CS), when compared with infants born vaginally (VD)...
  76. pmc Increase in caesarean deliveries after the Australian Private Health Insurance Incentive policy reforms
    Kristjana Einarsdóttir
    Telethon Institute for Child Health Research, Centre for Child Health Research, University of Western Australia, Perth, Western Australia, Australia
    PLoS ONE 7:e41436. 2012
    ..We aimed to investigate the effect of the PHII policy introduction on birth characteristics in Western Australia (WA)...
  77. ncbi Pineal melatonin and the innate immune response: the TNF-alpha increase after cesarean section suppresses nocturnal melatonin production
    Gerlândia N Pontes
    Laboratory of Chronopharmacology, Department of Physiology, Institute of Bioscience, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil
    J Pineal Res 43:365-71. 2007
    ..days 10, 15, 20 and 30) obtained at midday and midnight from mothers who gave birth by vaginal or cesarean section were compared...
  78. ncbi Analgesia after caesarean delivery
    N J McDonnell
    Department of Anaesthesia and Pain Medicine, King Edward Memorial Hospital for Women, Perth, Western Australia, Australia
    Anaesth Intensive Care 37:539-51. 2009
    ..Areas of promising research are also discussed...
  79. pmc Risk adjustment for inter-hospital comparison of caesarean delivery rates in low-risk deliveries
    Elisa Stivanello
    Department of Medicine and Public Health Alma Mater Studiorum University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy
    PLoS ONE 6:e28060. 2011
    ..The objective of this study is to determine the extent to which risk adjustment for clinical and socio-demographic variables is needed for inter-hospital comparisons of CD rates in women without previous CD and in NTCS deliveries...
  80. ncbi Comparison of transversus abdominis plane block vs spinal morphine for pain relief after Caesarean section
    R C N McMorrow
    Department of Anesthesia, Rotunda Hospital, Parnell Square, Dublin 1, Ireland
    Br J Anaesth 106:706-12. 2011
    ..We compared the analgesic efficacy of the TAP block with and without spinal morphine after Caesarean section in a prospective, randomized, double-blinded placebo-controlled trial...
  81. ncbi Incidence and risk factors for amniotic-fluid embolism
    Marian Knight
    National Perinatal Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
    Obstet Gynecol 115:910-7. 2010
    ..To estimate the incidence of amniotic-fluid embolism and to describe risk factors, management, and outcomes...
  82. ncbi Measuring the quality of inpatient obstetrical care
    Jennifer L Bailit
    Division of Maternal Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Center for Health Care Research and Policy, MetroHealth Medical Center, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio, USA
    Obstet Gynecol Surv 62:207-13. 2007
    ....
  83. ncbi Cesarean scar ectopic pregnancies: etiology, diagnosis, and management
    Michael A Rotas
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Maimonides Medical Center, Brooklyn, New York 11219, USA
    Obstet Gynecol 107:1373-81. 2006
    ..To clarify the appropriate way to diagnose and treat an ectopic pregnancy in the uterine scar of a prior cesarean delivery...
  84. ncbi Mothers' reports of postpartum pain associated with vaginal and cesarean deliveries: results of a national survey
    Eugene Declercq
    Department of Maternal and Child Health, Boston University School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02118 2526, USA
    Birth 35:16-24. 2008
    ..This study examines mothers' reports of their postpartum experiences with pain stratified by method of delivery...
  85. ncbi Evidence-based surgery for cesarean delivery
    Vincenzo Berghella
    Division of Maternal Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Jefferson Medical College, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 193:1607-17. 2005
    ..The purpose of this study was to provide evidenced-based guidance for surgical decisions during cesarean delivery...
  86. ncbi Indications for caesarean section
    Z Penn
    Department of Obstetrics, Chelsea and Westminster Hospital, 369 Fulham Road, London, SW10 9NH, UK
    Best Pract Res Clin Obstet Gynaecol 15:1-15. 2001
    ..The obstetrician is under an obligation to share the evidence that caesarean section is the optimum mode of delivery with the pregnant woman and her birth attendants to allow the woman to make wise decisions about her management...
  87. ncbi Estimating the rate of cesarean section by maternal request: anonymous survey of obstetricians in Australia
    Stephen J Robson
    Australian National University s Medical School in Canberra, Canberra, Australia
    Birth 36:208-12. 2009
    The rate of cesarean section in Australia now exceeds 30 percent, and evidence from population studies indicates that maternal requests for elective cesarean delivery might make an important contribution...
  88. ncbi The transversus abdominis plane block, when used as part of a multimodal regimen inclusive of intrathecal morphine, does not improve analgesia after cesarean delivery
    Joseph F Costello
    Department of Anesthesia and Pain Management, Mount Sinai Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Reg Anesth Pain Med 34:586-9. 2009
    ..The transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block has been shown to provide analgesia for lower abdominal wall incisions. We evaluated the efficacy of the TAP block for post-cesarean delivery (CD) patients used as a part of a multimodal regimen...
  89. ncbi Caesarean section rate for maternal indication in sub-Saharan Africa: a systematic review
    A Dumont
    Epidemiological Research Unit on Women and Children s Health, National Institute of Health and Medical Research INSERM, Paris, France
    Lancet 358:1328-33. 2001
    ..We estimated the need for caesarean section for maternal indication in a population of pregnant women in west Africa (MOMA survey)...
  90. pmc Systematic review of the incidence and consequences of uterine rupture in women with previous caesarean section
    Jeanne Marie Guise
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Oregon Health and Science University, UHN 50, 3181 SW Sam Jackson Park Road, Portland, OR 97239 3098, USA
    BMJ 329:19-25. 2004
    ..To evaluate the incidence and consequences of uterine rupture in women who have had a delivery by caesarean section...
  91. ncbi Comparison of maternal mortality and morbidity between trial of labor and elective cesarean section among women with previous cesarean delivery
    Shi Wu Wen
    Division of Health Surveillance and Epidemiology, Centre for Healthy Human Development, Health Canada, 501 Smyth Road, Ottawa, Ontario K1H 8L6, Canada
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 191:1263-9. 2004
    ..This study was undertaken to assess the safety of trial of labor after previous cesarean delivery...
  92. ncbi Trends in postpartum hemorrhage: United States, 1994-2006
    William M Callaghan
    Division of Reproductive Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 202:353.e1-6. 2010
    ..The purpose of this study was to estimate the incidence of postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) in the United States and to assess trends...
  93. pmc The risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes in women who are overweight or obese
    Chaturica Athukorala
    Discipline of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide 5005, South Australia
    BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 10:56. 2010
    ..The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence and impact of mothers being overweight and obese in early to mid-pregnancy on maternal, peripartum and neonatal outcomes...
  94. ncbi Probiotics prevent IgE-associated allergy until age 5 years in cesarean-delivered children but not in the total cohort
    Mikael Kuitunen
    Skin and Allergy Hospital, Helsinki University Central Hospital, Helsinki, Finland
    J Allergy Clin Immunol 123:335-41. 2009
    ..Allergic children have a different fecal microflora, with less lactobacilli and bifidobacteria. Beneficial effects regarding the development of allergy have been suggested to come through probiotic supplementation...
  95. ncbi Psychosocial sequelae of cesarean delivery: review and analysis of their causes and implications
    Marci Lobel
    Department of Psychology, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY 11794 2500, USA
    Soc Sci Med 64:2272-84. 2007
    A growing number of children around the world are being born by surgical delivery, or cesarean section. Concerns over rising rates of cesareans have focused on the risk of death and medical complications associated with surgical delivery ..
  96. ncbi Risk of cesarean delivery with elective induction of labor at term in nulliparous women
    S T Seyb
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Northwestern University Medical School, Northwestern Memorial Hospital, Chicago, Illinois, USA
    Obstet Gynecol 94:600-7. 1999
    ..To quantify the risk of cesarean delivery associated with elective induction of labor in nulliparous women at term...
  97. pmc Epidemiology of and surveillance for postpartum infections
    D S Yokoe
    Channing Laboratory, Brigham and Women s Hospital, and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 7:837-41. 2001
    ..The overall postpartum infection rate was 6.0%, with rates of 7.4% following cesarean section and 5.5% following vaginal delivery...
  98. ncbi Reducing infections among women undergoing cesarean section in Colombia by means of continuous quality improvement methods
    M Weinberg
    Mayo Clinic, 200 First St SW, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
    Arch Intern Med 161:2357-65. 2001
    ..OBJECTIVE: To reduce infection rates after cesarean section by optimizing systems of obstetric care for low-income women in Colombia by means of quality improvement ..
  99. ncbi Birth by cesarean section, allergic rhinitis, and allergic sensitization among children with a parental history of atopy
    Michael Pistiner
    Division of Immunology, Children s Hospital Boston, Boston, Mass, USA
    J Allergy Clin Immunol 122:274-9. 2008
    ..Studies of the relation between cesarean delivery and allergic diseases in children not selected on the basis of a family history of atopy have yielded inconsistent findings...
  100. ncbi Elective induction of labor as a risk factor for cesarean delivery among low-risk women at term
    A S Maslow
    Department of Clinical Outcomes and Quality Improvement, Franciscan Health System, Tacoma, Washington, USA
    Obstet Gynecol 95:917-22. 2000
    ..To determine the effects of elective induction on the risk of cesarean delivery in a cohort of women with low-risk term pregnancies and to evaluate the costs of elective induction services within our hospital system...
  101. ncbi Caesarean delivery and risk of atopy and allergic disease: meta-analyses
    P Bager
    Department of Epidemiology Research, Statens Serum Institut, Artillerivej 5, DK 2300 Copenhagen S, Denmark
    Clin Exp Allergy 38:634-42. 2008
    ..However, previous studies have reported inconsistent findings...

Research Grants62

  1. Regulation of the Contraction in Human Uterus
    VICTOR FOMIN; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..contractions or insufficient contractile activity during labor result either in miscarriage or in emergency cesarean section. A proper understanding of the mechanisms of uterine contraction and its cellular regulation is essential in ..
  2. Spiral Electrode Sensor for Intrapartum Fetal Oximetry
    JONAS POLOGE; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..monitoring are subject to a high incidence of false positives, resulting in more than 200,000 unnecessary cesarean section deliveries in the U.S. each year with an associated cost of over $1 billion per year...
  3. EXPERIMENTAL MODEL FOR CHORIOAMNIONITIS AND PREMATURITY
    Michael Gravett; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Samples of the decidua, fetal membranes, tissues, and brain will be obtained at cesarean section for microbiologic, histopathologic studies, immunohistochemistry for cytokines, localization and quantitation ..
  4. Predicting Labor Outcomes in Women Attempting VBAC
    David Stamilio; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..This clinical predictive index will help clinicians decide whether or not to offer a patient with a prior cesarean section an attempt at a vaginal delivery, based on the risk of a failed attempt at a vaginal delivery to that patient...
  5. Spiral Electrode Sensor for Intrapartum Fetal Oximetry
    JONAS POLOGE; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..monitoring are subject to a high incidence of false positives, resulting in more than 200,000 unnecessary cesarean section deliveries in the U.S. each year with an associated cost of over $1 billion per year...
  6. Antenatal Betamethasone in Late Preterm Gestation Lambs
    SATYANARAYANA LAKSHMINRUSIMHA; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..of pregnancy dating with margins of error up to 3 wk in the third trimester, inductions of labor and elective cesarean section performed at "presumed term" might inadvertently contribute to the increasing incidence of late preterm birth...
  7. Weight management for improved pregnancy outcomes
    Victor J Stevens; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..complications include increased risk of miscarriage, stillbirth, having a fetus that is too large leading to cesarean section or birth injuries for mom and baby from vaginal delivery, and death of the infant in the newborn period...
  8. Cesarean Section Optimal Antibiotic Prophylaxis (C/SOAP) Trial
    Alan Thevenet N Tita; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by investigator): The Cesarean Section Optimal Antibiotic Prophylaxis (C/SOAP) study is a large pragmatic multi-center randomized clinical trial designed to evaluate the comparative effectiveness and safety of ..
  9. Hyperglycemia and adverse pregnancy outcome (HAPO)
    Boyd E Metzger; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This application requests 4 years of additional funding for the CCC, to allow HAPO to achieve its recruitment goal of 25,000 women, complete all data collection on all enrolled women, and complete all data analyses. ..
  10. Pre-existing Diabetes and Pregnancy
    Caitlin A Knox; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..classes of oral anti-diabetic agents (ADA) exposure in the first trimester of pregnancy in terms of risk of cesarean section deliveries, other maternal morbidities and preterm birth...
  11. Impact of Obstetric Unit Closures on Pregnancy Outcomes
    Scott A Lorch; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..increase in neonatal and all fetal mortality, an initial and late decline in the number of deliveries via Cesarean section. This observation raises multiple questions about the impact of even a small number of obstetric unit ..
  12. NEURAL REGULATION OF PREPARTUM CERVICAL RIPENING
    Steven M Yellon; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..progress, often related to incomplete ripening of the cervix, and contributes to an alarming increase in the Cesarean section rate of more than 30% of all deliveries in the USA...
  13. Development of Mental Health Treatment for Obstetric Fistula Patients
    Melissa H Watt; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..a hole between the bladder or rectum and the vagina, which develops when obstructed labor is not relieved by cesarean section and results in uncontrollable leaking of urine and/or feces...
  14. New Jersey Pregnancy Risks Assessment and Monitoring System (PRAMS)- a surveillan
    INGRID MORTON; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..breastfeeding hospital policies and practice, post-partum depression and prevalence and decisions regarding cesarean section delivery in addition to the dissemination of PRAMS briefs and data...
  15. A Study of the Factors Influencing Women's Decision about Childbirth
    MARY J REGAN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Abstract Cesarean section (CS) is currently used at over twice the rate recommended by the World Health Organization (CDC, 2006);use of the procedure has almost doubled in the last two decades for ..
  16. Cellular Mechanisms for Insulin Resistance in Human Gestational Diabetes Mellitus
    KRISTEN ELIZABETH BOYLE; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Repeat muscle biopsies will be collected at the time of elective cesarean section and again at 6-8 weeks post-partum in order to examine whether or not impairments in insulin signaling and ..
  17. A link between parity, trunk muscle function, and degenerative spondylolisthesis
    Lawrence W Mysliwiec; Fiscal Year: 2011
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): This study will examine relationships between pregnancy, cesarean section (CS) and other abdominal surgery, trunk and abdominal muscle deficiency, and degenerative spondylolisthesis (DS) in older ..
  18. Multicenter Trial of Fetal Myelomeningocele Repair
    Diana L Farmer; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..which case they will return to their assigned FSU at 32 weeks gestation for delivery at 37 weeks gestation by cesarean section. Patients assigned to the postnatal surgery group will return home and at 37 weeks, return to their assigned ..
  19. UTERINE RELAXING FACTORS: MOLECULAR ASPECTS OF ACTION
    BARBARA SANBORN; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..the transition from contractures to contractions and in myometrial tissues from women obtained at the time of cesarean section before or after the onset of labor...
  20. Identification of Pre-eclampsia Susceptibility Genes
    Eric Moses; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  21. A Social History of Cesarean Section in the United States
    JACQUELINE HELENE WOLF; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Between 1965 and 1987 the cesarean section rate in the U.S. rose 455 percent, from 4.5 percent to 25 percent of births...
  22. Minimally Invasive Vaginal Prolapse Repair
    WALTER VON PECHMANN; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..a relatively large abdominal incision is made to access the area in a manner similar to that performed for a cesarean section or abdominal hysterectomy...
  23. ROLE OF UREAPLASMA INTRA-AMNIOTIC INFECTION IN IUGR
    Gail Cassell; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..Amniotic fluid and placenta will be quantitatively cultured for U. urealyticum at the time of cesarean section in women whose membranes are intact. Because U...
  24. Improved Surgical Treatment of Pelvic Organ Prolapse
    KEITH LIPFORD; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..a relatively large abdominal incision is made to access the area in a manner similar to that performed for a cesarean section or abdominal hysterectomy...
  25. INCIDENCE AND RISK FACTORS FOR UTERINE RUPTURE
    George Macones; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..that as many as 150,000 women per year in the United States undergo a trial of labor after a previous cesarean section. With continuing efforts to reduce the cesarean section rate in the United States, this number is likely to ..
  26. Use of Mechanism of Injury for the Identification of Severely Injured Children
    E Brooke Lerner; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The primary outcome for determining which children need a trauma team activation will be placement of a surgical airway, cesarean section, thoracotomy, non-orthopedic surgery, or death within four hours of arriving at the trauma center.
  27. Building the Science of Public Reporting - Activating Consumer Interest
    MARCO HUESCH; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..to activate their interest, drive awareness of and access to hospital maternity care information such as cesarean section rates...
  28. Metabolomic profiling in the prediction of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus
    Rhonda Bentley-Lewis; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Our Specific Aims 2-4 will examine the cohort of women within the Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) with a history of GDM for the development of T2DM while examining the effects of study intervention and race on the outcome. ..
  29. PHYSICIAN CESAREAN RATE AND RISK-ADJUSTED BIRTH OUTCOMES
    Tong Li; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..The primary objectives of this proposed study are to evaluate the effectiveness of frequent use of cesarean section in reducing perinatal mortality, and, if it is effective, to estimate the cost per infant/fetus saved as ..
  30. PREGNANCY OUTCOME AFTER TREATMENT OF CERVICAL DYSPLASIA
    Lynn Sadler; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..is associated with infertility, low birthweight, prelabor rupture of membranes at term, duration of labor and cesarean section rate; and 4) whether severity of dysplasia, length of cone, number of cervical treatments and interval ..
  31. CESAREAN SECTION REDUCTION IN PRIMIGRAVID PATIENTS
    Fredric Frigoletto; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..prospective study of the efficacy of a protocol of "active management of labor" to reduce the incidence of cesarean section in primigravidae is proposed...
  32. ALPHA-CONOPEPTIDES: NOVEL RAPID-ACTING MUSCLE RELAXANTS
    RICHARD LAYER; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..intubation is necessary to ensure adequate ventilation in emergency situations including trauma, emergency cesarean section, crises in intensive care, and unconscious patients at risk for vomiting and aspiration...
  33. Mode of First Delivery and Subsequent Child-Bearing
    KRISTEN HAWTHORNE KJERULFF; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..studies, conducted both in the US and other countries, have found that women who deliver their first child by cesarean section are less likely to bear subsequent children and bear fewer subsequent children than women who deliver their ..
  34. MULTICENTER NETWORK OF MATERNAL-FETAL MEDICINE UNITS
    Richard Depp; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..Maternal infections morbidity and incidence of cesarean section will also be compared...
  35. THE IMPACT OF SPECIALTY ON CESAREAN SECTION RATES
    William Hueston; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..delivered by an attending obstetricians or a resident influence the likelihood that she will be delivered by Cesarean section. There is also some suggestion that the specialty of the physician from whom she receives her care will ..
  36. ULTRASOUND SCREENING AND RISK ASSESSMENT OF PREGNANCY
    Fredric Frigoletto; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..including fetal or neonatal death, neonatal seizures, low birth weight, shoulder dystocia, low apgars, cesarean section, newborn admission to special care, and maternal length of stay will be determined by calculating rate ratios ..
  37. STERILIZATION, CESAREANS AND CONTRACEPTIVE CHOICE
    JOSEPH POTTER; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..the influences that lead Brazilian doctors to perform, and Brazilian women to demand, sterilizations during a cesarean section delivery...
  38. MATERNAL ANESTHESIA AND FETAL CEREBRAL OXYGENATION
    James Reynolds; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..encourages the use of general anesthesia for such procedures as non-obstetric related surgery and emergent cesarean section. However, relatively little is known about the effects of inhalational agents (e.g...
  39. PATHOGENESIS AND THERAPY OF B19-INDUCED HYDROPS FETALIS
    Cathy Carlson; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..Complete necropsies (including histopathology) will be carried out on fetuses recovered by cesarean section, dead or hydropic fetuses, and viable offspring...
  40. MEDICAL MALPRACTICE EFFECTS ON THE PRODUCTIVITY OF OBG'S
    CAROLE KEELS; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..Tort reforms are determined simultaneously with both the frequency and severity of claims and the cesarean section rate...
  41. Population Study of Pregnancy and Pelvic Floor Disorders
    Karl Luber; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..women of all ages and various reproductive histories, specifically nulliparas, those delivered by elective cesarean section alone and those with a history of vaginal delivery, are needed...
  42. MOLECULAR MECHANISM FEMALE STRESS URINARY INCONTINENCE
    Tom Lue; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..during pregnancy and after spontaneous delivery, b) after oxytocin-induced delivery and c) after delivery by cesarean section. 2...
  43. Regular Exercise Among Women at Risk for Preeclampsia
    SeonAe Yeo; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..A blood sample will be collected again during labor (Outcome II). Subjects who undergo cesarean section for obstetrical reasons will provide a small amount of subcutaneous tissue at the time of incision to measure ..
  44. DEVELOPMENTAL POTENTIAL OF MARMOSET ES CELLS
    James Thomson; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..vitro will provide an alternative for some developmental studies to using intact primate embryos recovered by cesarean section. Determining the frequency of germ line transmission by marmoset ES cells in chimeras is a prerequisite to ..
  45. A RHESUS MONKEY MODEL OF MALARIA IN PREGNANCY
    Billie Davison; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Infants will be delivered by cesarean section so that placental tissues can be collected from all animals...
  46. Cesarean After Sphincter Tear (CAST) RCT Planning Grant
    Anthony Visco; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Tear (CAST) trial - a multicenter randomized clinical trial that will quantify the effect of planned Cesarean section compared to a trial of vaginal delivery on the risk of developing anal incontinence among women that ..
  47. RANDOMIZED TRIAL OF ROUTINE PRENATAL ULTRASOUND
    Bernard Ewigman; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..The results of this trial should have generalizibility to the pregnant population of the United States...
  48. THE IMPACT OF LITIGATION RISK ON CESAREAN SECTION RATES
    ARTHUR LOCALIO; Fiscal Year: 1990
    The 1980's have witnessed a dramatic increase in cesarean section rates and medical malpractice premiums for obstetricians and family practitioners...
  49. HOSPITAL & REGIONAL FACTORS IN C-SECTION RATE VARIATIONS
    Laura Gardner; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..time-series data to assess the relationship between hospital and regional characteristics and variations in cesarean section rates in California...
  50. DETERMINANTS OF CESAREAN SECTION: EXPLAINING RECENT CHAN
    A Tussing; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..The two stages consist of determinants of use of the labels fetal distress and dystocia as indications for cesarean section; and (using predicted values of these indications among the regressors), determinants of the probability of ..
  51. MECHANISMS OF EGF ACTION IN THE FETUS AND NEONATE
    Dennis Styne; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..All fetuses will be delivered by cesarean section at 78% of gestation; some will be used for tissue collection while other infants will be supported in a pri- ..
  52. HAPO: DATA COORDINATING CENTER
    Alan Dyer; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This application requests 4 years of additional funding for the DCC, to allow HAPO to achieve its recruitment goal of 25,000 women complete all data collection on all enrolled women, and complete all data analyses. ..
  53. Isolation of Human Paracrine Factor for Labor Inhibition
    VANESSA D SOUZA; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..preterm labor, and continued release at term would produce dysfunctional labor or post dates culminating in cesarean section and its attendent morbidity and costs. We propose 3 specific aims for a Phase I study...
  54. ELECTRONIC FETAL MONITORING AND THE APGAR SCORE
    Raymond Neutra; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..has already been used to assess the relationship of Electronic Fetal Monitoring to neo-natal death and to the cesarean section rate...
  55. MAGNESIUM SULFATE EFFECTS ON PREGNANT HUMAN UTERUS
    WILLIAM HURD; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..For these studies strips of myometrium and cultured uterine myocytes will be obtained from pregnant women undergoing cesarean section deliveries, which are uncomplicated by infection or pharmacologic treatment for premature labor.
  56. Mentored Patient Oriented Career Development Award
    James Nicholson; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..a prospective randomized controlled trial, adequately powered to identify an eight percentage point drop in cesarean section rates, to measure the impact of AMOR-IPAT on population cesarean section rates...
  57. FACTORS RESPONSIBLE FOR THE CONTROL OF HUMAN LABOR
    ROGER YOUNG; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..postdates pregnancy, and dysfunctional labor, which correlate directly with prematurity, fetal distress, and cesarean section rates...
  58. Assessment of Uterine Contractility and Cervical Ripening During Pregnancy
    Robert Garfield; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..preterm labor, improvement in maternal and perinatal outcome, better selection of treatments, a decrease in cesarean section rate, and improvement in obstetrical research...
  59. Gap Junction Blockage Attenuates Brain Ischemic Injury
    Renato Rozental; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  60. DEVELOPING AND IMPROVING INSTITUTIONAL ANIMAL RESOURCES
    Thomas Clarkson; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..at high risk for poor pregnancy outcome; 2) a neonatal intensive care unit for orphans, newborns delivered by cesarean section, and infants rejected by their mothers; and 3) a nursery equipped to allow care, socialization, and ..