Genomes and Genes
Summary: Delivery of the FETUS and PLACENTA under the care of an obstetrician or a health worker. Obstetric deliveries may involve physical, psychological, medical, or surgical interventions.
Publications260 found, 100 shown here
- Obesity and mode of delivery in primigravid and multigravid womenC M Lynch
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, National University of Ireland Galway, Clinical Science Institute, University College Hospital Galway, Galway, Ireland
Am J Perinatol 25:163-7. 2008..Obese primigravida should be counseled antenatally about the 30% risk of emergency caesarean section...
- A negative birth experience: prevalence and risk factors in a national sampleUlla Waldenström
Department of Nursing, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
Birth 31:17-27. 2004..The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence and risk factors of a negative birth experience in a national sample...
- Predictors of women's perceptions of the childbirth experienceJanet Bryanton
School of Nursing at the University of Prince Edward Island, Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island, Canada
J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs 37:24-34. 2008..To determine the factors that predict women's perceptions of the childbirth experience and to examine whether these vary with the type of birth a woman experiences...
- Utilization of health facilities and trained birth attendants for childbirth in rural Bangladesh: an empirical studyBimal Kanti Paul
Department of Geography, Kansas State University, Manhattan 66506, USA
Soc Sci Med 54:1755-65. 2002..We conclude that quick response to delivery complications and improved access to hospitals and TTBAs can reduce the risk of infant and maternal mortality and morbidity in rural Bangladesh...
- Maternal and perinatal outcome in varying degrees of anemiaMonika Malhotra
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Maulana Azad Medical College and Lok Nayak Hospital, New Delhi, India
Int J Gynaecol Obstet 79:93-100. 2002..To analyze the maternal and perinatal outcome in varying degrees of anemia...
- Accessibility and utilisation of delivery care within a Skilled Care Initiative in rural Burkina FasoSennen Hounton
Immpact, Centre Muraz, Bobo Dioulasso, Burkina Faso
Trop Med Int Health 13:44-52. 2008..We aimed to evaluate the relationships between accessibility, functioning of health centres and utilisation of delivery care in the SCI intervention district (Ouargaye) and compare this with another district (Diapaga)...
- Barriers to the use of antenatal and obstetric care services in rural Kano, NigeriaY M Adamu
Department of Geography, Bayero University, Kano, Nigeria
J Obstet Gynaecol 22:600-3. 2002..The study recommends that poverty reduction and economic empowerment of rural women are prerequisites for any tangible improvement in the utilisation of antenatal care and obstetric delivery services.
- Utilization of delivery services at the primary health care level in rural VietnamDat V Duong
Program for Appropriate Technology in Health, 5th Floor, 57 Quang Trung Street, Hanoi, Viet Nam
Soc Sci Med 59:2585-95. 2004..It is therefore important to improve the cost-efficiency of the health care network, and delivery services should be provided in a client-oriented manner taking into account economic, social and cultural factors...
- Summary and recommendations of the Fifth International Workshop-Conference on Gestational Diabetes MellitusBoyd E Metzger
Department of Medicine, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois, USA
Diabetes Care 30:S251-60. 2007
- Maternal reporting of prepregnancy weight and birth outcome: consistency and completeness compared with the clinical recordS A Lederman
School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, New York 10027, USA
Matern Child Health J 2:123-6. 1998..We examined whether data obtained by maternal report could be used for research in clinical settings in place of abstraction of the clinical record...
- Effect of prepregnancy body mass index categories on obstetrical and neonatal outcomesHaim A Abenhaim
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, McGill University, Royal Victoria Hospital, Women s Pavillion, 687 Ave des Pins Ouest, F4 46, Montreal, QC, Canada, PQ H3A 1A1
Arch Gynecol Obstet 275:39-43. 2007..To examine the association between body mass index (BMI) and obstetrical and neonatal outcomes...
- Factors associated with the use of maternity services in Enugu, southeastern NigeriaHyacinth Eze Onah
University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Enugu, Enugu, Nigeria
Soc Sci Med 63:1870-78. 2006..Attention to these factors will not only improve maternity utilization but, hopefully, also will reduce the high maternal mortality and improve other maternal health indicators in the study area...
- Postpartum hemorrhage after vaginal birth: an analysis of risk factorsEverett F Magann
School of Women and Infants Health, King Edward Memorial Hospital, Perth, Australia
South Med J 98:419-22. 2005..To determine, in a single tertiary obstetric hospital, the incidence of and risk factors for postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) after a vaginal birth...
- Analysis of malpractice claims with a focus on oxytocin use in labourMaria Jonsson
Department of Women s and Children s Health, Uppsala University Hospital, Uppsala, Sweden
Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 86:315-9. 2007..The objective of this study was to analyse the motives behind disciplinary action in obstetric malpractice cases concerning delivery, and to evaluate the frequency of inappropriate oxytocin use in these cases...
- Why do some women change their opinion about childbirth over time?Ulla Waldenström
Department of Nursing, Karolinska Institutet, Bastugatan 42, 118 25 Stockholm, Sweden
Birth 31:102-7. 2004..The study purpose was to gain some understanding of what factors make some women change their assessment over time...
- Visually estimated and calculated blood loss in vaginal and cesarean deliveryIrene Stafford
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, New Orleans, LA 75390 9032, USA
Am J Obstet Gynecol 199:519.e1-7. 2008..The objective of the study was to compare visually estimated blood loss (vEBL) with calculated estimated blood loss (cEBL) according to mode of delivery and degree of perineal laceration...
- Barriers to the utilization of maternal health care in rural MaliAnastasia J Gage
Tulane University New Orleans, LA, USA
Soc Sci Med 65:1666-82. 2007..Area-level factors explained a greater proportion of the variation in delivery care than in prenatal care However, significant area variation in the utilization of maternal health services remained unexplained...
- Maternal obesity in early pregnancy and risk of spontaneous and elective preterm deliveries: a retrospective cohort studyGordon C S Smith
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Cambridge University, Rosie Maternity Hospital, Cambridge, England
Am J Public Health 97:157-62. 2007..We sought to determine the association between maternal body mass index and risk of preterm delivery...
- Bargaining power within couples and use of prenatal and delivery care in IndonesiaK Beegle
RAND, 1700 Main Street, P.O. Box 2138, Santa Monica, CA 90407-2138, USA
Stud Fam Plann 32:130-46. 2001..Therefore, both economic and social dimensions of the distribution of power between spouses influence use of services, and conceptualizing power as multidimensional is useful for understanding couples' behavior...
- Deliveries in maternity homes in Norway: results from a 2-year prospective studyNina Schmidt
Alta Maternity home, Norway
Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 81:731-7. 2002..The study aims to report the short-term outcome for the mothers and newborns for all pregnancies accepted for birth at maternity homes in Norway...
- Women's preference on mode of delivery in Southern ItalyAlfredo Mancuso
Department of Gynecological, Obstetrical Sciences and Reproductive Medicine, University of Messina, Italy
Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 85:694-9. 2006..The purpose of this study was to analyze the factors influencing maternal demand in our region and the profile of women preferring this mode of delivery...
- The socio-economic determinants of maternal health care utilization in TurkeyY Celik
School of Health Administration, Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey
Soc Sci Med 50:1797-806. 2000..The results of the model are used to provide insights for both micro- and macro-level planning of maternal health service delivery...
- Evidence-based obstetric care in South Africa--influencing practice through the 'Better Births Initiative'Helen Smith
International Health Research Group, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, UK
S Afr Med J 94:117-20. 2004....
- How do women identify health professionals at birth in Ghana?Julia Hussein
Dugald Baird Centre for Research on Women s Health, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen Maternity Hospital, Cornhill Road, Aberdeen AB25 2ZL, Scotland, UK
Midwifery 21:36-43. 2005..This indicator is based on women's reports of their birth attendant. This study explores how women identify health professionals attending their births...
- Cardiotocography only versus cardiotocography plus ST analysis of fetal electrocardiogram for intrapartum fetal monitoring: a Swedish randomised controlled trialI Amer-Wahlin
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University Hospital Lund, Lund, Sweden
Lancet 358:534-8. 2001....
- Technique for intrapartum administration of surfactant without requirement for an endotracheal tubeJohn Kattwinkel
Department of Pediatrics, University of Virginia, Box 800386, Charlottesville, VA 22908, USA
J Perinatol 24:360-5. 2004....
- Factors influencing the use of maternal healthcare services in EthiopiaYared Mekonnen
Ethio Netherlands AIDS Research Project, Ethiopian Health and Nutrition Research Institute, PO Box 1242, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
J Health Popul Nutr 21:374-82. 2003..However, this cannot detract from the relevance of service-related factors, especially in the rural areas of the country...
- Systematic review of economic aspects of alternative modes of deliveryJ Henderson
National Perinatal Epidemiology Unit, Institute of Health Sciences, Headington, Oxford, UK
BJOG 108:149-57. 2001..Future research should investigate the long term health service costs and the costs that arise outside the health service which are likely to vary according to mode of delivery...
- Vaginal lavage with chlorhexidine during labour to reduce mother-to-child HIV transmission: clinical trial in Mombasa, KenyaP Gaillard
International Centre for Reproductive Health, University of Ghent, Belgium
AIDS 15:389-96. 2001..However, the data suggest that lavage before the membranes are ruptured might be associated with a reduction of MTCT, especially with higher concentrations of chlorhexidine...
- Cancer associated with obstetric delivery: results of linkage with the California cancer registryLloyd H Smith
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of California at Davis, School of Medicine, Sacramento 95817, USA
Am J Obstet Gynecol 189:1128-35. 2003This study provides revised population-based measurements for the occurrence rates of cancer associated with obstetric delivery and examines perinatal and cancer-related outcomes within the group of women with 4,846,505 obstetric ..
- Practical lessons from global safe motherhood initiatives: time for a new focus on implementationLynn P Freedman
Averting Maternal Death and Disability Program, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York 10032, USA
Lancet 370:1383-91. 2007..This implementation effort should focus on specific steps for strengthening the capacity of the district health system to convert inputs into functioning services that are accessible to and used by all segments of the population...
- Changes in maternal characteristics and obstetric practice and recent increases in primary cesarean deliveryK S Joseph
Departments of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Pediatrics, Dalhousie University Faculty of Medicine, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
Obstet Gynecol 102:791-800. 2003....
- Paying the price: the cost and consequences of emergency obstetric care in Burkina FasoKaterini Tagmatarchi Storeng
London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
Soc Sci Med 66:545-57. 2008..In conclusion, we consider the implications of our findings for financing mechanisms for maternity care in low-income settings...
- Clinical and MRI correlates of cerebral palsy: the European Cerebral Palsy StudyMartin Bax
Department of Paediatrics, Imperial College London, Chelsea and Westminster Hospital, London, England
JAMA 296:1602-8. 2006..Further information about the causes of CP could help identify preventive strategies...
- Determinants of skilled birth attendance in rural CambodiaSatoko Yanagisawa
School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Shinshu University, Nagano, Japan
Trop Med Int Health 11:238-51. 2006..To identify the determinants of skilled and unskilled birth attendance...
- Experiences of mothers with antenatal, delivery and postpartum care in rural GambiaMichelle L Telfer
Divisional Health Team, North Bank East and US Peace Corps, The Gambia
Afr J Reprod Health 6:74-83. 2002..Results from this study highlight a number of opportunities for improving the quality of maternal health services that could be implemented relatively easily with existing resources...
- Household costs of healthcare during pregnancy, delivery, and the postpartum period: a case study from Matlab, BangladeshJosephine Borghi
Infectious Disease and Epidemiology Unit, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
J Health Popul Nutr 24:446-55. 2006..The study highlights the regressive nature of the financing of CEOC services and the need for a financing strategy that covers both the costs of referral and BEOC care for those in need...
- Costs of near-miss obstetric complications for women and their families in Benin and GhanaJ Borghi
Infectious Disease and Epidemiology Unit, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
Health Policy Plan 18:383-90. 2003..Should a woman develop severe obstetric complications while in labour, the relatively high costs of hospital care could have a potentially catastrophic impact on the household budget...
- Cesarean vs. vaginal birth for term breech presentation in 2 different study periodsG Daskalakis
First Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Athens, Alexandra Hospital, Athens, Greece
Int J Gynaecol Obstet 96:162-6. 2007..To compare outcomes for fetuses at term in breech presentation during 2 periods when different delivery policies were in effect...
- Delivery-related complications and early postpartum morbidity in Dhaka, BangladeshN Fronczak
ORCMacro, Calverton, MD, USA
Int J Gynaecol Obstet 91:271-8. 2005..To describe delivery-related complications and postpartum morbidity of women living in slum areas of Dhaka, Bangladesh...
- Intrapartum and postpartum care in Sweden: women's opinions and risk factors for not being satisfiedUlla Waldenström
Department of Nursing, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 85:551-60. 2006....
- Risk factors for neonatal tetanus--Busoga region, Uganda, 2002-2003Sheba N Gitta
Makerere University Institute of Public Health, Kampala, Uganda
MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 55:25-30. 2006..The Busoga region has the highest recorded level of NNT incidence in Uganda. To understand the reasons for this high incidence, a study was conducted to identify NNT risk factors...
- Childbirth and pelvic floor traumaH P Dietz
Nepean Campus, Western Clinical School, University of Sydney, Penrith, Australia
Best Pract Res Clin Obstet Gynaecol 19:913-24. 2005..It is much less clear, however, whether such trauma is clinically relevant, and how important it is in the aetiology of pelvic floor morbidity later in life...
- Decreased incidence of bronchopulmonary dysplasia after early management changes, including surfactant and nasal continuous positive airway pressure treatment at delivery, lowered oxygen saturation goals, and early amino acid administration: a historical Cara Geary
Department of Pediatrics, University of Texas Medical Branch, 301 University Boulevard, Route 0526 Galveston, TX 77555 0526, USA
Pediatrics 121:89-96. 2008..The goal was to investigate the clinical impact of 3 early management practice changes for infants of < or = 1000 g...
- The effect of birth in secondary- or tertiary-level hospitals in Finland on mortality in very preterm infants: a birth-register studyLiisi Rautava
Department of Pediatrics, Turku University Hospital, Kiinamyllynkatu 4 8, 20520 Turku, Finland
Pediatrics 119:e257-63. 2007..Our goal was to test the hypothesis that the level of the delivery hospital affects 1-year mortality of very preterm infants in Finland...
- Does a Cesarean section delivery always cost more than a vaginal delivery?Vahé A Kazandjian
LogicQual Research Institute, Elkridge, MD 21075, USA
J Eval Clin Pract 13:16-20. 2007....
- The unmet need for emergency obstetric care in Tanga Region, TanzaniaHelen Prytherch
Tanzanian German Programme to Support Health, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 7:16. 2007..Furthermore, we explore whether this concept can be operationalized at district level...
- Nevirapine and zidovudine at birth to reduce perinatal transmission of HIV in an African setting: a randomized controlled trialTaha E Taha
Department of Epidemiology, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
JAMA 292:202-9. 2004....
- Effect of amnioinfusion for meconium stained amniotic fluid on perinatal outcomeF Ashfaq
Sindh Government Qatar Hospital, Karachi
J Pak Med Assoc 54:322-5. 2004..To see the effect of amnioinfusion on perinatal outcome in cases of meconium staining of liquor...
- Risk of postpartum urinary incontinence associated with pregnancy and mode of deliveryA Foldspang
Department of Epidemiology and Social Medicine, University of Aarhus, Skejby, Denmark
Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 83:923-7. 2004..The aim was to estimate the postpartum urinary incontinence (PP UI) impact of precursory UI during pregnancy (PR UI) and delivery performed by cesarean section (CS) vs. vaginal childbirth (VC)...
- Unmonitored intrapartum oxytocin use in home deliveries: evidence from Uttar Pradesh, IndiaPatricia Jeffery
Centre for South Asian Studies, University of Edinburgh, Scotland
Reprod Health Matters 15:172-8. 2007....
- Indian public-private partnership for skilled birth-attendanceDileep Mavalankar
Indian Institute of Management, Vastrapur, Ahmedabad, 380015 India
Lancet 371:631-2. 2008
- Labor induction with vaginal misoprostol and extra-amniotic prostaglandin F2alpha gelF Majoko
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Zimbabwe Medical School, PO Box A178, Avondale, Harare, Zimbabwe
Int J Gynaecol Obstet 76:127-33. 2002..To compare the effectiveness of vaginally administered misoprostol with extra-amniotic prostaglandin F2alpha (PGF2alpha) gel for induction of labor...
- Is there a place for selective vaginal breech delivery in Malaysian hospitals: experiences from the Ipoh HospitalSivalingam Nalliah
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Clinical School, International Medical University, Jalan Rasah, Seremban, Malaysia
J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 22:129-36. 2009..The 'Term Breech Trial' (TBT) results of 2001 have impacted on the mode of delivery of breech with a low threshold for caesarean delivery (CD) worldwide...
- Effect of twin-to-twin delivery interval on umbilical cord blood gas in the second twinsTak Yeung Leung
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Prince of Wales Hospital, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, Hong Kong SAR
BJOG 109:63-7. 2002..To examine the effect of twin-to-twin delivery interval on the umbilical cord blood gas status of the second twin following vaginal delivery...
- An evaluation of isotonic "sport drinks" during laborMark Kubli
Department of Anaesthesia, St Thomas Hospital, London, United Kingdom
Anesth Analg 94:404-8, table of contents. 2002..There was no difference between the groups in any maternal or neonatal outcome of labor. In conclusion, isotonic drinks reduce maternal ketosis in labor without increasing gastric volume...
- Intracervical Foley catheter balloon vs. prostaglandin in preinduction cervical ripeningS Niromanesh
Mirza Kochak Khan Hospital, Medical School, Tehran University of Medical Sciences and Health Services, Tehran, Iran
Int J Gynaecol Obstet 81:23-7. 2003..The aim of this study is to compare the effectiveness of the intracervical Foley balloon catheter and 3 mg prostaglandin E(2) tablet(s) in preinduction cervical ripening...
- The economic costs of alternative modes of delivery during the first two months postpartum: results from a Scottish observational studyStavros Petrou
National Perinatal Epidemiology Unit, Institute of Health Sciences, University of Oxford, UK
BJOG 109:214-7. 2002..001). It is imperative that hospital and community health service providers recognise the economic impact of alternative modes of delivery in their service planning...
- Randomized controlled trial of vaginal misoprostol versus dinoprostone vaginal insert for labor inductionD Garry
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Winthrop University Hospital, Mineola, New York, USA
J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 13:254-9. 2003..To compare the safety and efficacy of vaginal misoprostol versus dinoprostone vaginal inserts for cervical ripening and labor induction...
- An intervention involving traditional birth attendants and perinatal and maternal mortality in PakistanAbdul Hakeem Jokhio
Liaquat University of Medical and Health Sciences, Jamshoro, Sindh, Pakistan
N Engl J Med 352:2091-9. 2005..There are approximately 4 million neonatal deaths and half a million maternal deaths worldwide each year. There is limited evidence from clinical trials to guide the development of effective maternity services in developing countries...
- Maternal health: a case study of RajasthanSharad D Iyengar
Action Research and Training for Health, 772 Fatehpura, Udaipur 313 001, India
J Health Popul Nutr 27:271-92. 2009..The recent scheme of Janani Suraksha Yojana provides an opportunity to improve maternal and neonatal health, provided the quality issues can be adequately addressed...
- Mode of delivery after previous obstetric anal sphincter injuries (OASIS)--a reappraisal?Inka Scheer
Urogynaecology, Mayday University Hospital, 530 London Road, Croydon CR7 7YE, UK
Int Urogynecol J Pelvic Floor Dysfunct 20:1095-101. 2009..To prospectively evaluate anorectal symptoms, quality of life (QoL), sphincter integrity and function after subsequent childbirth following previous obstetric anal sphincter injuries (OASIS)...
- Mode of delivery and postpartum morbidity among HIV-infected women: the women and infants transmission studyJ S Read
Pediatric, Adolescent, and Maternal AIDS Branch, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Bethesda, Maryland 20892 7510, USA
J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 26:236-45. 2001....
- Mode of delivery and the risk of delivery-related perinatal death among twins at term: a retrospective cohort study of 8073 birthsGordon C S Smith
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Cambridge University, UK
BJOG 112:1139-44. 2005..To determine the risk of perinatal death among twins born at term in relation to mode of delivery...
- Prevalence and risk factors for urinary and fecal incontinence four months after vaginal deliverySandra A Baydock
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Alberta, Edmonton AB
J Obstet Gynaecol Can 31:36-41. 2009..To determine the prevalence of and risk factors for urinary and fecal incontinence four months after vaginal delivery...
- Improving skilled attendance at delivery: a preliminary report of the SAFE strategy development toolJacqueline Bell
Dugald Baird Centre for Research on Women s Health, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen Maternity Hospital, Cornhill Road, Aberdeen AB25 2ZL, Scotland, United Kingdom
Birth 30:227-34. 2003..The SAFE Strategy Development Tool is designed to enable policy makers and planners to gather and interpret information systematically to develop strategies for improving skilled attendance at birth...
- Transplacental passage of protease inhibitors at deliveryCatia Marzolini
Division of Clinical Pharmacology, University Hospital of Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland
AIDS 16:889-93. 2002..The aim of this study was to assess the extent of transplacental passage of PI at delivery...
- The economics of elective cesarean sectionJohn A F Zupancic
Division of Newborn Medicine, Harvard Medical School, 300 Longwood Avenue, Enders 9, Boston, MA, USA
Clin Perinatol 35:591-9, xii. 2008....
- Cesarean delivery on demand: what will it cost?Brent W Bost
Department of Economics and Finance, Lamar University, Beauville, Texas 77702, USA
Am J Obstet Gynecol 188:1418-21; discussion 1421-3. 2003..The purpose of this study was to estimate the cost differences between elective cesarean delivery and the alternative of attempted vaginal delivery and to assess the economic impact of cesarean delivery on demand...
- Mode of delivery and risk of respiratory diseases in newbornsE M Levine
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Illinois Masonic Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois 60657, USA
Obstet Gynecol 97:439-42. 2001..To determine whether there is an increased incidence of persistent pulmonary hypertension in neonates delivered by cesarean, with or without labor, compared with those delivered vaginally...
- Controversies with the diagnosis and management of HELLP syndromeJohn M O'Brien
Perinatal Diagnostic Center, Central Baptist Hospital, Lexington, Kentucky 40503, USA
Clin Obstet Gynecol 48:460-77. 2005
- Is timing everything? The influence of gestational age, birth weight, route, and intent of delivery on outcome in gastroschisisJohn Boutros
Department of Surgery, Division of Pediatric General Surgery, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
J Pediatr Surg 44:912-7. 2009..Optimal perinatal treatment in gastroschisis remains uncertain. We sought to determine the effect of gestational age (GA), birth weight (BW), and intended and actual route of delivery on outcomes in gastroschisis...
- Intertwin time interval: how it affects the immediate neonatal outcome of the second twinCaprice D McGrail
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, William Beaumont Hospital, Royal Oak, Mich, USA
Am J Obstet Gynecol 192:1420-2. 2005..Customarily 30 minutes is used as the upper limit of intertwin birth times. This study was conducted to define factors that influence the immediate neonatal outcome of the second twin and to assess whether a valid cutoff time is evident...
- Maternal benefit of corticosteroid therapy in patients with HELLP (hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, and low platelet count) syndrome: impact on the rate of regional anesthesiaJ M O'Brien
Department of Maternal Fetal Medicine, Central Baptist Hospital Lexington, KY 40503, USA
Am J Obstet Gynecol 186:475-9. 2002..Our purpose was to assess the impact of glucocorticoid administration on the rate of regional anesthesia in women with hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, and low platelet count (HELLP) syndrome...
- A comparative analysis of the use of maternal health services between teenagers and older mothers in sub-Saharan Africa: evidence from Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS)Monica Akinyi Magadi
Department of Social Sciences Loughborough, Centre for Research in Social Policy CRSP, Loughborough University, Loughborough LE11 3TU, UK
Soc Sci Med 64:1311-25. 2007..This suggests that the observed patterns by maternal age are generalizable across the sub-Saharan Africa region...
- Maternal healthcare financing: Gujarat's Chiranjeevi Scheme and its beneficiariesRamesh Bhat
Indian Institute of Management, Vastrapur, Ahmedabad 380 015, India
J Health Popul Nutr 27:249-58. 2009..Such a financing scheme could be replicated in other states and countries to address the cost barrier, especially in areas where high numbers of private specialists are available...
- Risk of urinary incontinence after childbirth: a 10-year prospective cohort studyDaniel Altman
Pelvic Floor Center, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Karolinska Institutet Danderyd Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden
Obstet Gynecol 108:873-8. 2006..To estimate prospectively the effect of first delivery on subjective bladder function and to assess the influence of subsequent deliveries and obstetric events..
- Introduction of community-based skin-to-skin care in rural Uttar Pradesh, IndiaG L Darmstadt
Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, 615 North Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
J Perinatol 26:597-604. 2006..We describe the acceptability of STSC in rural Uttar Pradesh, India, and measured maternal, newborn, and ambient temperature in the home in order to inform strategies for introduction of STSC in the community...
- Routine ultrasound screening in the third trimester: a population-based studyKerstin Sylvan
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Hospital of Helsingborg, SE 251 87 Helsingborg, Sweden
Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 84:1154-8. 2005..No population-based study has evaluated the effects of third trimester ultrasound screening on prognosis...
- The relationship of intrapartum and antepartum stillbirth rates to measures of obstetric care in developed and developing countriesRobert L Goldenberg
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Drexel University, Philadelphia, PA, USA
Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 86:1303-9. 2007..The objective of this study was to explore the relationship between intrapartum and antepartum stillbirths and various measures of obstetric care in developing and developed countries...
- Labor pains: unraveling the complexity of OB decision makingEmily Hamilton
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Crit Care Nurs Q 29:342-53. 2006..Two case histories are presented to demonstrate the factors promoting medical error and the application of these new technologies...
- Cesarean delivery on maternal request: maternal and neonatal outcomesAnthony G Visco
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599, USA
Obstet Gynecol 108:1517-29. 2006..To review systematically the evidence about maternal and infant outcomes of cesarean delivery on maternal request and planned vaginal delivery...
- Evaluation of World Health Organization partograph implementation by midwives for maternity home birth in Medan, IndonesiaMohammad Fahdhy
Obstetric and Gynecology Department, Faculty of Medicine, North Sumatera University, Medan, Indonesia
Midwifery 21:301-10. 2005..to assess the effectiveness of promoting the use of the World Health Organization (WHO) partograph by midwives for labour in a maternity home by comparing outcomes after birth...
- Evaluation of the effectiveness of a clean delivery kit intervention in preventing cord infection and puerperal sepsis among neonates and their mothers in rural Mwanza Region, TanzaniaF Mosha
National Institute for Medical Research, Mwanza, Tanzania
Tanzan Health Res Bull 7:185-8. 2005..In low resource settings where home birth is common and clean delivery supplies are scarce, disposable kits can be made available through health clinics, markets, pharmacies or other channels to help reduce rates of infection...
- The timing of delivery of infants with gastroschisis influences outcomeOrkan Ergun
Division of Pediatric Surgery, Children s Hospital of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
J Pediatr Surg 40:424-8. 2005..The authors hypothesized that timing of delivery influences outcome in children with gastroschisis, and sought to evaluate the relative impact of factors that predict outcome in this disease...
- Prevalence and persistence of health problems after childbirth: associations with parity and method of birthJane F Thompson
Women and Children s Health, The Canberra Hospital, Australia
Birth 29:83-94. 2002..The aim of this study was to describe changes in the prevalence of maternal health problems in the 6 months after birth and their association with parity and method of birth...
- Gastroschisis: determinants of neonatal outcomeS J Singh
Consultant Paediatric Surgeon, Department of Paediatric Surgery, University Hospital, Queen s Medical Centre, Nottingham, NG7 2UH, UK
Pediatr Surg Int 19:260-5. 2003..Early commencement of feeds decreases the incidence of sepsis, duration of total parenteral nutrition (TPN) and hospital stay. Place of delivery, mode of delivery, time to surgery and type of closure do not influence neonatal outcome...
- Differences in the fetal interleukin-6 response to microbial invasion of the amniotic cavity between term and preterm gestationB H Yoon
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Korea
J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 13:32-8. 2003..The purpose of this study was to compare the umbilical cord plasma interleukin-6 (IL-6) concentrations in term and preterm neonates in the presence or absence of MIAC...
- Use of antenatal services and delivery care in Entebbe, Uganda: a community surveyCarolyn J Tann
London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London, WC1E 7HT, UK
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 7:23. 2007....
- Effect of different partogram action lines on birth outcomes: a randomized controlled trialTina Lavender
University of Central Lancashire, Preston, United Kingdom
Obstet Gynecol 108:295-302. 2006..We assessed the effect of different action line positioning on birth outcomes...
- Economic implications of home births and birth centers: a structured reviewJane Henderson
National Perinatal Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
Birth 35:136-46. 2008..This structured review examines the literature relating to the economic implications of home births and birth center care compared with hospital maternity care...
- Factors associated with non-use of maternal health services in BotswanaGobopamang Letamo
Department of Population Studies, University of Botswana, Private Bag 0022, Gaborone, Botswana
J Health Popul Nutr 21:40-7. 2003..More focussed investigation is needed, but understanding the differentials of the use of maternal services allows policy-makers to identify problem areas that need attention...
- Risk of maternal postpartum readmission associated with mode of deliveryShiliang Liu
Health Surveillance and Epidemiology Division, Centre for Healthy Human Development, Public Health Agency of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario
Obstet Gynecol 105:836-42. 2005..To determine whether cesarean and operative vaginal deliveries are associated with an increased risk of maternal rehospitalization compared with spontaneous vaginal delivery...
- Pelvic floor trauma following vaginal deliveryHans Peter Dietz
Nepean Campus, Western Clinical School, University of Sydney, Penrith, Australia
Curr Opin Obstet Gynecol 18:528-37. 2006..Recent years have seen a steady increase in the information available regarding pelvic floor trauma in childbirth. A review of this information is timely in view of the ongoing discussion concerning elective caesarean section...
- Doppler application in the delivery timing of the preterm growth-restricted fetus: another step in the right directionA A Baschat
Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences, University of Maryland, Baltimore, Baltimore, MD 21201 1703, USA
Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 23:111-8. 2004..Randomized management trials are necessary to verify that delivery timing based on venous Doppler will impact on outcome in preterm IUGR...
- Fetal cortisol in relation to labour, intrapartum events and mode of deliveryKatrina Mears
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, National University of Ireland Galway, Ireland
J Obstet Gynaecol 24:129-32. 2004..Fetal cortisol is significantly elevated in association with spontaneous human parturition and is highest Its among babies born by instrumental delivery...
- Inflammation in preterm and term labour and deliveryRoberto Romero
Perinatology Research Branch, NICHD, NIH, DHHS, Bethesda, MD, USA
Semin Fetal Neonatal Med 11:317-26. 2006..It is possible that modulation of inflammation using anti-inflammatory cytokines, corticoids, antioxidants and/or other factors may complement antibiotic therapy and limit fetal injury...
- What to do after a failed attempt of vacuum delivery?Oscar Sadan
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Edith Wolfson Medical Center, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel
Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 107:151-5. 2003..To determine whether there is a difference in maternal and neonatal outcomes if a sequential operative vaginal or cesarean delivery follows failed vacuum delivery...
- Birth order of twins and risk of perinatal death related to delivery in England, Northern Ireland, and Wales, 1994-2003: retrospective cohort studyGordon C S Smith
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Cambridge University, Box 223, The Rosie Hospital, Cambridge CB2 2QQ
BMJ 334:576. 2007..To determine the effect of birth order on the risk of perinatal death in twin pregnancies...
- New insights into fatigue and health-related quality of life after deliveryA J Gerard Jansen
Sanquin Blood Bank South West Region, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 86:579-84. 2007..The objectives were to investigate fatigue and HRQoL in women after vaginal delivery (VD), elective caesarean section (CS) and emergency CS, and its relationship with postpartum hemoglobin (Hb) levels during the first 6 weeks postpartum...
- Pregnancy-related deaths in rural Rajasthan, India: exploring causes, context, and care-seeking through verbal autopsyKirti Iyengar
Action Research and Training for Health, 772 Fatehpura, Udaipur 313 004, Rajasthan, India
J Health Popul Nutr 27:293-302. 2009..Improved access to emergency obstetric care facilities in rural areas and steps to eliminate costs at public hospitals would be crucial to prevent pregnancy-related deaths...
- The Epidemiology of Fecal Incontinence after ChildbirthJeanne Marie Guise; Fiscal Year: 2004Fecal incontinence is thought to be a common condition with profound social impact. Obstetric delivery is thought to be the leading contributor to development of fecal incontinence in women...
- Prevention Unintentional Mechanical Birth InjuriesEdith Gurewitsch; Fiscal Year: 2006..to conduct a small, randomized clinical trial comparing clinician-applied forces following McRoberts' maneuver (a maternal manipulation) and following Rubin's maneuver (a fetal manipulation). ..
- Mechanisms of myometrial healing and regenerationCatalin Buhimschi; Fiscal Year: 2006....
- MOLECULAR PHARMACOLOGY OF GLUTAMATE RECEPTORSKeith Williams; Fiscal Year: 2008..abstract_text> ..
- Patient-Oriented Models for Urinary Function in WomenLinda Brubaker; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] b. To model urinary storage in health and disease [unreadable] c. To model urinary emptying in health and diseas [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- URINE LOSS AND PROLAPSE IN NUNS AND THEIR PAROUS SISTERSGUNHILDE BUCHSBAUM; Fiscal Year: 2003..A matched pair logistic regression will be performed to obtain an adjusted estimate of the impact of familiality and vaginal delivery in UT and POP, taking into account other risk factors. ..
- The Role of Inflammation and Parity on GDM and Type 2 DMWanda Nicholson; Fiscal Year: 2008..This award will give Dr. Nicholson the dedicated time and experience she needs to develop into an independent clinical investigator [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Clinical Measures to Lower Genital Tract Trauma at BirthLeah Albers; Fiscal Year: 2004....
- HIV PREVENTION TRIALS UNIT - MALAWITaha Taha; Fiscal Year: 2006..We intend to continue these studies and to expand to additional sites. ..
- Fetal Swallowing: Central Dipsogenic MechanismsMichael Ross; Fiscal Year: 2007..Furthermore, these studies represent a model to examine the development and function of neuronal pathways and mechanisms regulating fetal physiology. ..
- Health Disparities: Leaders, Providers and Patients(RMI)Timothy Johnson; Fiscal Year: 2006..unreadable] [unreadable]..
- International Collaborative HNC ResearchElaine Smith; Fiscal Year: 2007..This aim is to determine whether there is an easily administered, sensitive biomarker that can predict HPV-HR status in HNC tumors prior to therapy.. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Developmental Psychobiology SymposiaApril Ronca; Fiscal Year: 2007..abstract_text> ..
- Sleep Disruption in New Parents: An intervention TrialKathryn Lee; Fiscal Year: 2006..More generalizable results from this targeted sample will be used to develop an educational intervention package for distribution to all adults preparing for parenthood. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- CONCEPTS OF RACE & ETHNICITY IN GENETICS RESEARCHLinda Hunt; Fiscal Year: 2005..3) Explore how research findings and clinical experiences regarding the relevance of race and ethnicity are interpreted and applied by genetic scientists and clinicians. ..
- SHIV Transmission Through Oral Versus Other MucosaeRuth Ruprecht; Fiscal Year: 2007..abstract_text> ..
- Biomarkers of Insomnia and Fatigue in HIV/AIDSKathryn Lee; Fiscal Year: 2007..It is hypothesized that the set of biomarkers that best predict the onset of initiation insomnia may differ from the variables that predict maintenance insomnia or daytime quality of life measures. ..
- Antecedent Risk Factors Associated with Cerebral PalsyWilliam Gilbert; Fiscal Year: 2007..This project will allow us to link the databases and start initial data analysis. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Engineered Hematopoietic Cell Self-renewal and DeathLarry Lasky; Fiscal Year: 2006..In addition to marrow replacement, the cells may be usable for the production of other cells and tissues, especially given recent discoveries regarding stem cell plasticity. ..
- Intrauterine Inflammation & Adverse Neurological OutcomeMichal A Elovitz; Fiscal Year: 2010..abstract_text> ..
- Hyperglycemia and adverse pregnancy outcome (HAPO)Boyd E Metzger; Fiscal Year: 2010..This application requests 4 years of additional funding for the CCC, to allow HAPO to achieve its recruitment goal of 25,000 women, complete all data collection on all enrolled women, and complete all data analyses. ..
- Pelvic Floor Changes Before and After BirthREBECCA GLENN ROGERS; Fiscal Year: 2010..This project will provide fundamental data to guide future decisions about labor interventions to prevent PF changes as well as data-based decisions regarding maternal request cesarean. ..
- Endocrine Disruptors and Fetal DevelopmentVasantha Padmanabhan; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- Risk factors for medically indicated preterm birth in a Latin American populationCLAUDIO GERARDO SOSA; Fiscal Year: 2010..The long-term goal of this research program is to develop intervention strategies that are based on the risk factors identified in the proposed study resulting in decreased morbidity and mortality. ..
- Sensation and behavior of fetus and newbornAPRIL ELIZABETH RONCA; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- Using Social Risk to Guide Coronary Heart Disease (CHD) Preventive TreatmentKevin Fiscella; Fiscal Year: 2009..Implementation of such a global risk tool could ultimately help justify implementation of more intensive behavioral interventions focusing on diet, exercise, smoking cessation and medication adherence for those at highest social risk. ..
- Diabetes and Drug-Associated Hyperkalemia: Effect of Laboratory MonitoringMarsha Raebel; Fiscal Year: 2008..The findings will also assist in developing a framework for future studies to evaluate the effects and costs of medication-laboratory monitoring among patients with diabetes. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Prospective Investigation for Pulmonary Embolism Dx IIIPaul Stein; Fiscal Year: 2008..abstract_text> ..
- Methods for in vivo behavioral observation of the mouse fetusApril Ronca; Fiscal Year: 2008..Ultimately, the application of these methods will increase our knowledge about developmental disabilities that will allow their prevention, prenatal detection, and cure. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Transcripitonal and Genetic Profiles in HNSCCsElaine Smith; Fiscal Year: 2008..abstract_text> ..
- Bilirubin-induced Auditory Neuropathy in PretermsSANJIV AMIN; Fiscal Year: 2008..abstract_text> ..
- INTEGRATE/PHARMACOKINETIC/ANTIRETROVIRUS RESISTANCE TESTEdward Acosta; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- Bisphenol-A and the Reproductive DysfunctionVasantha Padmanabhan; Fiscal Year: 2008..The findings will be relevant to research on fetal origin of infertility and the threat estrogenic environmental disruptors at current exposure levels pose to human health. ..
- First Int'l Symposium on Childhood and Adolescent NHLMitchell Cairo; Fiscal Year: 2003..abstract_text> ..
- PROSPECTIVE INVESTIGATION OF PULMONARY EMBOLISM DX-IIPaul Stein; Fiscal Year: 2003..4) The team of investigators is strong, and has collaborated previously in successful research in PE. ..
- Nonablative AlloSCT in Refractory Autoimmune DiseaseMitchell Cairo; Fiscal Year: 2003....
- New DHFR Deletion Polymorphism - A Risk Factor for SB?William Johnson; Fiscal Year: 2003..Forms of foliate that are already reduced could be preferable as foliate supplements during pregnancy for prevention of SB. ..
- MECHANISMS OF ORAL SIV TRANSMISSIONRuth Ruprecht; Fiscal Year: 2003..The data generated will help in formulating strategies to decrease the risks of oral HIV-1 transmission, including late virus transmission during breast feeding. transport and the roles of TC10 in cellular growth. ..
- HISTOMETRIC ANALYSIS OF PREMALIGNANT ENDOMETRIAL LESIONSFrancisco Garcia; Fiscal Year: 2003..abstract_text> ..
- MOLECULAR AND BIOCHEMICAL STUDY OF COLLAGEN IN PROLAPSEAnthony Visco; Fiscal Year: 2002..This study would be the first large-scale comprehensive description of collagen cross-linking, lysine hydroxylation, and of genes coding for enzymes involved in the cross-linking process, in patients with pelvic organ prolapse. ..
- LENTIVIRUS INFECTION OF NEONATAL DENDRITIC CELLSRuth Ruprecht; Fiscal Year: 2002..The overall approach is designed to shed light on the basic biology of how DC generate immune responses in neonates to viral infections generally, and to dissemination of HIV-1 in particular. ..
- SENSATION AND BEHAVIOR IN FETUS AND NEWBORNApril Ronca; Fiscal Year: 2001..Studies of early development can provide a framework for interpreting and integrating new data, and can help direct future investigations in basic science and in applied science. ..
- PREVENTION AND TREATMENT OF HUMAN OLIGOHYDRAMNIOSMichael Ross; Fiscal Year: 2001..e., failure to reset osmolality threshold). This proposal will aid in the development of markers of prediction and therapeutic approaches to the prevention and treatment of human oligohydramnios. ..
- NEUROENDOCRINE CONTROL OF FSHVasantha Padmanabhan; Fiscal Year: 2001....
- FETAL IMMUNOPROPHYLAXIS AGAINST A PRIMATE LENTIVIRUSRuth Ruprecht; Fiscal Year: 2001..Data generated from this work can be translated into human clinical trials aimed at preventing maternal HIV-1 transmission. ..
- Randomized Control Trial of Mifepristone for FibroidsKevin Fiscella; Fiscal Year: 2004..The study may also offer valuable insight into a mechanism by which mifepristone reduces fibroid size. ..
- ESTIMATING EFFICACY OF A MEDICAL INTERVENTIONJames Trussell; Fiscal Year: 2001....
- Mentored Patient-Oriented Research Career Development AwardRuey Kang Chang; Fiscal Year: 2006..The principal investigator will take advanced courses to enhance knowledge and skills needed for patient-oriented research and work with the mentors to conduct the proposed project during the award period. ..
- Aging: Effects on Infection, Inflammation and DiseaseMichael Novak; Fiscal Year: 2005..The long-term implications are that diet control may be considered as an effective public healthcare measure for improving the oral and general health and welfare of the population as a whole. ..
- Mentored Patient Oriented Career Development AwardJames Nicholson; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- The Role of CD4 on Natural Killer CellsHELENE BERNSTEIN; Fiscal Year: 2006....
- Dynamics of SHIV clade C and S mansoni coinfectionRuth Ruprecht; Fiscal Year: 2005..These studies will provide valuable information whether parasitic helminth infections significantly alter HIV/AIDS pathogenesis and/or immunogenicity and efficacy of two different AIDS vaccine strategies. ..
- Outcomes in congenital toxoplasmic retinochoroiditisRuth Gilbert; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- ETHICAL AND POLICY CHALLENGES IN THE STUDY AND USE OF DBDorothy Vawter; Fiscal Year: 2005..In addition, a national conference will conclude the project - diss3eminating the project's ethical and policy findings, tools, and recommendations in a forum intended to influence the regulatory and policy environment (Aim 4). ..
- Do Reporting Biases Mitigate Disparity Estimates?Kevin Fiscella; Fiscal Year: 2004..abstract_text> ..
- Reproductive Risk Factors for Pelvic Organ ProlapseJeanette Brown; Fiscal Year: 2004..Identification of risk factors for prolapse will help guide the development of preventive intervention trials to test the efficacy of modifying risk factors for pelvic organ prolapse. ..
- Fetal Adaptation of Chronic Uterine Blood Flow ReductionDavid Boyle; Fiscal Year: 2006..These data will be crucial in the design of potential interventions in humans to prevent and/or mitigate fetal growth restriction and its lifelong consequences. ..
- Reproductive Consequences of Prenatal AndrogenizationVasantha Padmanabhan; Fiscal Year: 2005..Specifically it will establish that discrete, experimentally induced androgen excess of fetal sheep provides the first clear etiology for hyperandrogenic anovulation in adulthood. ..
- Genital Ulcer Disease and HIV TransmissionJeanne Sheffield; Fiscal Year: 2005..The pursuit of these aims will further elucidate the cellular and molecular bases of the interrelationship between GUD and HIV-1 transmission, particularly in women. ..
- GENETIC TESTING AND THE ECONOMICS OF LIFE INSURANCEDavid Asch; Fiscal Year: 2002..abstract_text> ..
- Female Pelvic Floor Disorders and Sexual FunctionsVictoria Handa; Fiscal Year: 2007..This powerful combination will provide the candidate with the necessary skills and experience to become a successful, independently funded investigator. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Improving Transfusion Practices Using Decision SupportJeffrey Rothschild; Fiscal Year: 2004..We will also examine whether improvements in appropriate transfusion ordering behavior among clinicians using decision support tools will be greater than improvements achieved by educational programs alone. ..