obstetric delivery

Summary

Summary: Delivery of the FETUS and PLACENTA under the care of an obstetrician or a health worker. Obstetric deliveries may involve physical, psychological, medical, or surgical interventions.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Obesity and mode of delivery in primigravid and multigravid women
    C M Lynch
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, National University of Ireland Galway, Clinical Science Institute, University College Hospital Galway, Galway, Ireland
    Am J Perinatol 25:163-7. 2008
  2. ncbi A negative birth experience: prevalence and risk factors in a national sample
    Ulla Waldenström
    Department of Nursing, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
    Birth 31:17-27. 2004
  3. ncbi Predictors of women's perceptions of the childbirth experience
    Janet Bryanton
    School of Nursing at the University of Prince Edward Island, Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island, Canada
    J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs 37:24-34. 2008
  4. ncbi Utilization of health facilities and trained birth attendants for childbirth in rural Bangladesh: an empirical study
    Bimal Kanti Paul
    Department of Geography, Kansas State University, Manhattan 66506, USA
    Soc Sci Med 54:1755-65. 2002
  5. ncbi Maternal and perinatal outcome in varying degrees of anemia
    Monika Malhotra
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Maulana Azad Medical College and Lok Nayak Hospital, New Delhi, India
    Int J Gynaecol Obstet 79:93-100. 2002
  6. ncbi Accessibility and utilisation of delivery care within a Skilled Care Initiative in rural Burkina Faso
    Sennen Hounton
    Immpact, Centre Muraz, Bobo Dioulasso, Burkina Faso
    Trop Med Int Health 13:44-52. 2008
  7. ncbi Barriers to the use of antenatal and obstetric care services in rural Kano, Nigeria
    Y M Adamu
    Department of Geography, Bayero University, Kano, Nigeria
    J Obstet Gynaecol 22:600-3. 2002
  8. ncbi Utilization of delivery services at the primary health care level in rural Vietnam
    Dat V Duong
    Program for Appropriate Technology in Health, 5th Floor, 57 Quang Trung Street, Hanoi, Viet Nam
    Soc Sci Med 59:2585-95. 2004
  9. doi Summary and recommendations of the Fifth International Workshop-Conference on Gestational Diabetes Mellitus
    Boyd E Metzger
    Department of Medicine, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois, USA
    Diabetes Care 30:S251-60. 2007
  10. ncbi Maternal reporting of prepregnancy weight and birth outcome: consistency and completeness compared with the clinical record
    S A Lederman
    School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, New York 10027, USA
    Matern Child Health J 2:123-6. 1998

Research Grants

Detail Information

Publications260 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Obesity and mode of delivery in primigravid and multigravid women
    C M Lynch
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, National University of Ireland Galway, Clinical Science Institute, University College Hospital Galway, Galway, Ireland
    Am J Perinatol 25:163-7. 2008
    ..Obese primigravida should be counseled antenatally about the 30% risk of emergency caesarean section...
  2. ncbi A negative birth experience: prevalence and risk factors in a national sample
    Ulla Waldenström
    Department of Nursing, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
    Birth 31:17-27. 2004
    ..The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence and risk factors of a negative birth experience in a national sample...
  3. ncbi Predictors of women's perceptions of the childbirth experience
    Janet Bryanton
    School of Nursing at the University of Prince Edward Island, Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island, Canada
    J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs 37:24-34. 2008
    ..To determine the factors that predict women's perceptions of the childbirth experience and to examine whether these vary with the type of birth a woman experiences...
  4. ncbi Utilization of health facilities and trained birth attendants for childbirth in rural Bangladesh: an empirical study
    Bimal Kanti Paul
    Department of Geography, Kansas State University, Manhattan 66506, USA
    Soc Sci Med 54:1755-65. 2002
    ..We conclude that quick response to delivery complications and improved access to hospitals and TTBAs can reduce the risk of infant and maternal mortality and morbidity in rural Bangladesh...
  5. ncbi Maternal and perinatal outcome in varying degrees of anemia
    Monika Malhotra
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Maulana Azad Medical College and Lok Nayak Hospital, New Delhi, India
    Int J Gynaecol Obstet 79:93-100. 2002
    ..To analyze the maternal and perinatal outcome in varying degrees of anemia...
  6. ncbi Accessibility and utilisation of delivery care within a Skilled Care Initiative in rural Burkina Faso
    Sennen Hounton
    Immpact, Centre Muraz, Bobo Dioulasso, Burkina Faso
    Trop Med Int Health 13:44-52. 2008
    ..We aimed to evaluate the relationships between accessibility, functioning of health centres and utilisation of delivery care in the SCI intervention district (Ouargaye) and compare this with another district (Diapaga)...
  7. ncbi Barriers to the use of antenatal and obstetric care services in rural Kano, Nigeria
    Y M Adamu
    Department of Geography, Bayero University, Kano, Nigeria
    J Obstet Gynaecol 22:600-3. 2002
    ..The study recommends that poverty reduction and economic empowerment of rural women are prerequisites for any tangible improvement in the utilisation of antenatal care and obstetric delivery services.
  8. ncbi Utilization of delivery services at the primary health care level in rural Vietnam
    Dat V Duong
    Program for Appropriate Technology in Health, 5th Floor, 57 Quang Trung Street, Hanoi, Viet Nam
    Soc Sci Med 59:2585-95. 2004
    ..It is therefore important to improve the cost-efficiency of the health care network, and delivery services should be provided in a client-oriented manner taking into account economic, social and cultural factors...
  9. doi Summary and recommendations of the Fifth International Workshop-Conference on Gestational Diabetes Mellitus
    Boyd E Metzger
    Department of Medicine, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois, USA
    Diabetes Care 30:S251-60. 2007
  10. ncbi Maternal reporting of prepregnancy weight and birth outcome: consistency and completeness compared with the clinical record
    S A Lederman
    School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, New York 10027, USA
    Matern Child Health J 2:123-6. 1998
    ..We examined whether data obtained by maternal report could be used for research in clinical settings in place of abstraction of the clinical record...
  11. ncbi Effect of prepregnancy body mass index categories on obstetrical and neonatal outcomes
    Haim A Abenhaim
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, McGill University, Royal Victoria Hospital, Women s Pavillion, 687 Ave des Pins Ouest, F4 46, Montreal, QC, Canada, PQ H3A 1A1
    Arch Gynecol Obstet 275:39-43. 2007
    ..To examine the association between body mass index (BMI) and obstetrical and neonatal outcomes...
  12. ncbi Factors associated with the use of maternity services in Enugu, southeastern Nigeria
    Hyacinth Eze Onah
    University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Enugu, Enugu, Nigeria
    Soc Sci Med 63:1870-78. 2006
    ..Attention to these factors will not only improve maternity utilization but, hopefully, also will reduce the high maternal mortality and improve other maternal health indicators in the study area...
  13. ncbi Postpartum hemorrhage after vaginal birth: an analysis of risk factors
    Everett F Magann
    School of Women and Infants Health, King Edward Memorial Hospital, Perth, Australia
    South Med J 98:419-22. 2005
    ..To determine, in a single tertiary obstetric hospital, the incidence of and risk factors for postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) after a vaginal birth...
  14. ncbi Analysis of malpractice claims with a focus on oxytocin use in labour
    Maria Jonsson
    Department of Women s and Children s Health, Uppsala University Hospital, Uppsala, Sweden
    Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 86:315-9. 2007
    ..The objective of this study was to analyse the motives behind disciplinary action in obstetric malpractice cases concerning delivery, and to evaluate the frequency of inappropriate oxytocin use in these cases...
  15. ncbi Why do some women change their opinion about childbirth over time?
    Ulla Waldenström
    Department of Nursing, Karolinska Institutet, Bastugatan 42, 118 25 Stockholm, Sweden
    Birth 31:102-7. 2004
    ..The study purpose was to gain some understanding of what factors make some women change their assessment over time...
  16. ncbi Visually estimated and calculated blood loss in vaginal and cesarean delivery
    Irene Stafford
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, New Orleans, LA 75390 9032, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 199:519.e1-7. 2008
    ..The objective of the study was to compare visually estimated blood loss (vEBL) with calculated estimated blood loss (cEBL) according to mode of delivery and degree of perineal laceration...
  17. ncbi Barriers to the utilization of maternal health care in rural Mali
    Anastasia J Gage
    Tulane University New Orleans, LA, USA
    Soc Sci Med 65:1666-82. 2007
    ..Area-level factors explained a greater proportion of the variation in delivery care than in prenatal care However, significant area variation in the utilization of maternal health services remained unexplained...
  18. pmc Maternal obesity in early pregnancy and risk of spontaneous and elective preterm deliveries: a retrospective cohort study
    Gordon C S Smith
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Cambridge University, Rosie Maternity Hospital, Cambridge, England
    Am J Public Health 97:157-62. 2007
    ..We sought to determine the association between maternal body mass index and risk of preterm delivery...
  19. ncbi Bargaining power within couples and use of prenatal and delivery care in Indonesia
    K Beegle
    RAND, 1700 Main Street, P.O. Box 2138, Santa Monica, CA 90407-2138, USA
    Stud Fam Plann 32:130-46. 2001
    ..Therefore, both economic and social dimensions of the distribution of power between spouses influence use of services, and conceptualizing power as multidimensional is useful for understanding couples' behavior...
  20. ncbi Deliveries in maternity homes in Norway: results from a 2-year prospective study
    Nina Schmidt
    Alta Maternity home, Norway
    Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 81:731-7. 2002
    ..The study aims to report the short-term outcome for the mothers and newborns for all pregnancies accepted for birth at maternity homes in Norway...
  21. ncbi Women's preference on mode of delivery in Southern Italy
    Alfredo Mancuso
    Department of Gynecological, Obstetrical Sciences and Reproductive Medicine, University of Messina, Italy
    Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 85:694-9. 2006
    ..The purpose of this study was to analyze the factors influencing maternal demand in our region and the profile of women preferring this mode of delivery...
  22. ncbi The socio-economic determinants of maternal health care utilization in Turkey
    Y Celik
    School of Health Administration, Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey
    Soc Sci Med 50:1797-806. 2000
    ..The results of the model are used to provide insights for both micro- and macro-level planning of maternal health service delivery...
  23. ncbi Evidence-based obstetric care in South Africa--influencing practice through the 'Better Births Initiative'
    Helen Smith
    International Health Research Group, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, UK
    S Afr Med J 94:117-20. 2004
    ....
  24. ncbi How do women identify health professionals at birth in Ghana?
    Julia Hussein
    Dugald Baird Centre for Research on Women s Health, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen Maternity Hospital, Cornhill Road, Aberdeen AB25 2ZL, Scotland, UK
    Midwifery 21:36-43. 2005
    ..This indicator is based on women's reports of their birth attendant. This study explores how women identify health professionals attending their births...
  25. ncbi Cardiotocography only versus cardiotocography plus ST analysis of fetal electrocardiogram for intrapartum fetal monitoring: a Swedish randomised controlled trial
    I Amer-Wahlin
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University Hospital Lund, Lund, Sweden
    Lancet 358:534-8. 2001
    ....
  26. ncbi Technique for intrapartum administration of surfactant without requirement for an endotracheal tube
    John Kattwinkel
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Virginia, Box 800386, Charlottesville, VA 22908, USA
    J Perinatol 24:360-5. 2004
    ....
  27. ncbi Factors influencing the use of maternal healthcare services in Ethiopia
    Yared Mekonnen
    Ethio Netherlands AIDS Research Project, Ethiopian Health and Nutrition Research Institute, PO Box 1242, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    J Health Popul Nutr 21:374-82. 2003
    ..However, this cannot detract from the relevance of service-related factors, especially in the rural areas of the country...
  28. ncbi Systematic review of economic aspects of alternative modes of delivery
    J Henderson
    National Perinatal Epidemiology Unit, Institute of Health Sciences, Headington, Oxford, UK
    BJOG 108:149-57. 2001
    ..Future research should investigate the long term health service costs and the costs that arise outside the health service which are likely to vary according to mode of delivery...
  29. ncbi Vaginal lavage with chlorhexidine during labour to reduce mother-to-child HIV transmission: clinical trial in Mombasa, Kenya
    P Gaillard
    International Centre for Reproductive Health, University of Ghent, Belgium
    AIDS 15:389-96. 2001
    ..However, the data suggest that lavage before the membranes are ruptured might be associated with a reduction of MTCT, especially with higher concentrations of chlorhexidine...
  30. ncbi Cancer associated with obstetric delivery: results of linkage with the California cancer registry
    Lloyd H Smith
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of California at Davis, School of Medicine, Sacramento 95817, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 189:1128-35. 2003
    This study provides revised population-based measurements for the occurrence rates of cancer associated with obstetric delivery and examines perinatal and cancer-related outcomes within the group of women with 4,846,505 obstetric ..
  31. ncbi Practical lessons from global safe motherhood initiatives: time for a new focus on implementation
    Lynn P Freedman
    Averting Maternal Death and Disability Program, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York 10032, USA
    Lancet 370:1383-91. 2007
    ..This implementation effort should focus on specific steps for strengthening the capacity of the district health system to convert inputs into functioning services that are accessible to and used by all segments of the population...
  32. ncbi Changes in maternal characteristics and obstetric practice and recent increases in primary cesarean delivery
    K S Joseph
    Departments of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Pediatrics, Dalhousie University Faculty of Medicine, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
    Obstet Gynecol 102:791-800. 2003
    ....
  33. ncbi Paying the price: the cost and consequences of emergency obstetric care in Burkina Faso
    Katerini Tagmatarchi Storeng
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Soc Sci Med 66:545-57. 2008
    ..In conclusion, we consider the implications of our findings for financing mechanisms for maternity care in low-income settings...
  34. ncbi Clinical and MRI correlates of cerebral palsy: the European Cerebral Palsy Study
    Martin Bax
    Department of Paediatrics, Imperial College London, Chelsea and Westminster Hospital, London, England
    JAMA 296:1602-8. 2006
    ..Further information about the causes of CP could help identify preventive strategies...
  35. ncbi Determinants of skilled birth attendance in rural Cambodia
    Satoko Yanagisawa
    School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Shinshu University, Nagano, Japan
    Trop Med Int Health 11:238-51. 2006
    ..To identify the determinants of skilled and unskilled birth attendance...
  36. ncbi Experiences of mothers with antenatal, delivery and postpartum care in rural Gambia
    Michelle L Telfer
    Divisional Health Team, North Bank East and US Peace Corps, The Gambia
    Afr J Reprod Health 6:74-83. 2002
    ..Results from this study highlight a number of opportunities for improving the quality of maternal health services that could be implemented relatively easily with existing resources...
  37. pmc Household costs of healthcare during pregnancy, delivery, and the postpartum period: a case study from Matlab, Bangladesh
    Josephine Borghi
    Infectious Disease and Epidemiology Unit, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    J Health Popul Nutr 24:446-55. 2006
    ..The study highlights the regressive nature of the financing of CEOC services and the need for a financing strategy that covers both the costs of referral and BEOC care for those in need...
  38. ncbi Costs of near-miss obstetric complications for women and their families in Benin and Ghana
    J Borghi
    Infectious Disease and Epidemiology Unit, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Health Policy Plan 18:383-90. 2003
    ..Should a woman develop severe obstetric complications while in labour, the relatively high costs of hospital care could have a potentially catastrophic impact on the household budget...
  39. ncbi Cesarean vs. vaginal birth for term breech presentation in 2 different study periods
    G Daskalakis
    First Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Athens, Alexandra Hospital, Athens, Greece
    Int J Gynaecol Obstet 96:162-6. 2007
    ..To compare outcomes for fetuses at term in breech presentation during 2 periods when different delivery policies were in effect...
  40. ncbi Delivery-related complications and early postpartum morbidity in Dhaka, Bangladesh
    N Fronczak
    ORCMacro, Calverton, MD, USA
    Int J Gynaecol Obstet 91:271-8. 2005
    ..To describe delivery-related complications and postpartum morbidity of women living in slum areas of Dhaka, Bangladesh...
  41. ncbi Intrapartum and postpartum care in Sweden: women's opinions and risk factors for not being satisfied
    Ulla Waldenström
    Department of Nursing, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
    Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 85:551-60. 2006
    ....
  42. ncbi Risk factors for neonatal tetanus--Busoga region, Uganda, 2002-2003
    Sheba N Gitta
    Makerere University Institute of Public Health, Kampala, Uganda
    MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 55:25-30. 2006
    ..The Busoga region has the highest recorded level of NNT incidence in Uganda. To understand the reasons for this high incidence, a study was conducted to identify NNT risk factors...
  43. ncbi Childbirth and pelvic floor trauma
    H P Dietz
    Nepean Campus, Western Clinical School, University of Sydney, Penrith, Australia
    Best Pract Res Clin Obstet Gynaecol 19:913-24. 2005
    ..It is much less clear, however, whether such trauma is clinically relevant, and how important it is in the aetiology of pelvic floor morbidity later in life...
  44. ncbi Decreased incidence of bronchopulmonary dysplasia after early management changes, including surfactant and nasal continuous positive airway pressure treatment at delivery, lowered oxygen saturation goals, and early amino acid administration: a historical
    Cara Geary
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Texas Medical Branch, 301 University Boulevard, Route 0526 Galveston, TX 77555 0526, USA
    Pediatrics 121:89-96. 2008
    ..The goal was to investigate the clinical impact of 3 early management practice changes for infants of < or = 1000 g...
  45. ncbi The effect of birth in secondary- or tertiary-level hospitals in Finland on mortality in very preterm infants: a birth-register study
    Liisi Rautava
    Department of Pediatrics, Turku University Hospital, Kiinamyllynkatu 4 8, 20520 Turku, Finland
    Pediatrics 119:e257-63. 2007
    ..Our goal was to test the hypothesis that the level of the delivery hospital affects 1-year mortality of very preterm infants in Finland...
  46. ncbi Does a Cesarean section delivery always cost more than a vaginal delivery?
    Vahé A Kazandjian
    LogicQual Research Institute, Elkridge, MD 21075, USA
    J Eval Clin Pract 13:16-20. 2007
    ....
  47. pmc The unmet need for emergency obstetric care in Tanga Region, Tanzania
    Helen Prytherch
    Tanzanian German Programme to Support Health, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
    BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 7:16. 2007
    ..Furthermore, we explore whether this concept can be operationalized at district level...
  48. ncbi Nevirapine and zidovudine at birth to reduce perinatal transmission of HIV in an African setting: a randomized controlled trial
    Taha E Taha
    Department of Epidemiology, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    JAMA 292:202-9. 2004
    ....
  49. ncbi Effect of amnioinfusion for meconium stained amniotic fluid on perinatal outcome
    F Ashfaq
    Sindh Government Qatar Hospital, Karachi
    J Pak Med Assoc 54:322-5. 2004
    ..To see the effect of amnioinfusion on perinatal outcome in cases of meconium staining of liquor...
  50. ncbi Risk of postpartum urinary incontinence associated with pregnancy and mode of delivery
    A Foldspang
    Department of Epidemiology and Social Medicine, University of Aarhus, Skejby, Denmark
    Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 83:923-7. 2004
    ..The aim was to estimate the postpartum urinary incontinence (PP UI) impact of precursory UI during pregnancy (PR UI) and delivery performed by cesarean section (CS) vs. vaginal childbirth (VC)...
  51. ncbi Unmonitored intrapartum oxytocin use in home deliveries: evidence from Uttar Pradesh, India
    Patricia Jeffery
    Centre for South Asian Studies, University of Edinburgh, Scotland
    Reprod Health Matters 15:172-8. 2007
    ....
  52. doi Indian public-private partnership for skilled birth-attendance
    Dileep Mavalankar
    Indian Institute of Management, Vastrapur, Ahmedabad, 380015 India
    Lancet 371:631-2. 2008
  53. ncbi Labor induction with vaginal misoprostol and extra-amniotic prostaglandin F2alpha gel
    F Majoko
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Zimbabwe Medical School, PO Box A178, Avondale, Harare, Zimbabwe
    Int J Gynaecol Obstet 76:127-33. 2002
    ..To compare the effectiveness of vaginally administered misoprostol with extra-amniotic prostaglandin F2alpha (PGF2alpha) gel for induction of labor...
  54. ncbi Is there a place for selective vaginal breech delivery in Malaysian hospitals: experiences from the Ipoh Hospital
    Sivalingam Nalliah
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Clinical School, International Medical University, Jalan Rasah, Seremban, Malaysia
    J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 22:129-36. 2009
    ..The 'Term Breech Trial' (TBT) results of 2001 have impacted on the mode of delivery of breech with a low threshold for caesarean delivery (CD) worldwide...
  55. ncbi Effect of twin-to-twin delivery interval on umbilical cord blood gas in the second twins
    Tak Yeung Leung
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Prince of Wales Hospital, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, Hong Kong SAR
    BJOG 109:63-7. 2002
    ..To examine the effect of twin-to-twin delivery interval on the umbilical cord blood gas status of the second twin following vaginal delivery...
  56. ncbi An evaluation of isotonic "sport drinks" during labor
    Mark Kubli
    Department of Anaesthesia, St Thomas Hospital, London, United Kingdom
    Anesth Analg 94:404-8, table of contents. 2002
    ..There was no difference between the groups in any maternal or neonatal outcome of labor. In conclusion, isotonic drinks reduce maternal ketosis in labor without increasing gastric volume...
  57. ncbi Intracervical Foley catheter balloon vs. prostaglandin in preinduction cervical ripening
    S Niromanesh
    Mirza Kochak Khan Hospital, Medical School, Tehran University of Medical Sciences and Health Services, Tehran, Iran
    Int J Gynaecol Obstet 81:23-7. 2003
    ..The aim of this study is to compare the effectiveness of the intracervical Foley balloon catheter and 3 mg prostaglandin E(2) tablet(s) in preinduction cervical ripening...
  58. ncbi The economic costs of alternative modes of delivery during the first two months postpartum: results from a Scottish observational study
    Stavros Petrou
    National Perinatal Epidemiology Unit, Institute of Health Sciences, University of Oxford, UK
    BJOG 109:214-7. 2002
    ..001). It is imperative that hospital and community health service providers recognise the economic impact of alternative modes of delivery in their service planning...
  59. ncbi Randomized controlled trial of vaginal misoprostol versus dinoprostone vaginal insert for labor induction
    D Garry
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Winthrop University Hospital, Mineola, New York, USA
    J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 13:254-9. 2003
    ..To compare the safety and efficacy of vaginal misoprostol versus dinoprostone vaginal inserts for cervical ripening and labor induction...
  60. ncbi An intervention involving traditional birth attendants and perinatal and maternal mortality in Pakistan
    Abdul Hakeem Jokhio
    Liaquat University of Medical and Health Sciences, Jamshoro, Sindh, Pakistan
    N Engl J Med 352:2091-9. 2005
    ..There are approximately 4 million neonatal deaths and half a million maternal deaths worldwide each year. There is limited evidence from clinical trials to guide the development of effective maternity services in developing countries...
  61. pmc Maternal health: a case study of Rajasthan
    Sharad D Iyengar
    Action Research and Training for Health, 772 Fatehpura, Udaipur 313 001, India
    J Health Popul Nutr 27:271-92. 2009
    ..The recent scheme of Janani Suraksha Yojana provides an opportunity to improve maternal and neonatal health, provided the quality issues can be adequately addressed...
  62. ncbi Mode of delivery after previous obstetric anal sphincter injuries (OASIS)--a reappraisal?
    Inka Scheer
    Urogynaecology, Mayday University Hospital, 530 London Road, Croydon CR7 7YE, UK
    Int Urogynecol J Pelvic Floor Dysfunct 20:1095-101. 2009
    ..To prospectively evaluate anorectal symptoms, quality of life (QoL), sphincter integrity and function after subsequent childbirth following previous obstetric anal sphincter injuries (OASIS)...
  63. ncbi Mode of delivery and postpartum morbidity among HIV-infected women: the women and infants transmission study
    J S Read
    Pediatric, Adolescent, and Maternal AIDS Branch, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Bethesda, Maryland 20892 7510, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 26:236-45. 2001
    ....
  64. ncbi Mode of delivery and the risk of delivery-related perinatal death among twins at term: a retrospective cohort study of 8073 births
    Gordon C S Smith
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Cambridge University, UK
    BJOG 112:1139-44. 2005
    ..To determine the risk of perinatal death among twins born at term in relation to mode of delivery...
  65. ncbi Prevalence and risk factors for urinary and fecal incontinence four months after vaginal delivery
    Sandra A Baydock
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Alberta, Edmonton AB
    J Obstet Gynaecol Can 31:36-41. 2009
    ..To determine the prevalence of and risk factors for urinary and fecal incontinence four months after vaginal delivery...
  66. ncbi Improving skilled attendance at delivery: a preliminary report of the SAFE strategy development tool
    Jacqueline Bell
    Dugald Baird Centre for Research on Women s Health, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen Maternity Hospital, Cornhill Road, Aberdeen AB25 2ZL, Scotland, United Kingdom
    Birth 30:227-34. 2003
    ..The SAFE Strategy Development Tool is designed to enable policy makers and planners to gather and interpret information systematically to develop strategies for improving skilled attendance at birth...
  67. ncbi Transplacental passage of protease inhibitors at delivery
    Catia Marzolini
    Division of Clinical Pharmacology, University Hospital of Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland
    AIDS 16:889-93. 2002
    ..The aim of this study was to assess the extent of transplacental passage of PI at delivery...
  68. ncbi The economics of elective cesarean section
    John A F Zupancic
    Division of Newborn Medicine, Harvard Medical School, 300 Longwood Avenue, Enders 9, Boston, MA, USA
    Clin Perinatol 35:591-9, xii. 2008
    ....
  69. ncbi Cesarean delivery on demand: what will it cost?
    Brent W Bost
    Department of Economics and Finance, Lamar University, Beauville, Texas 77702, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 188:1418-21; discussion 1421-3. 2003
    ..The purpose of this study was to estimate the cost differences between elective cesarean delivery and the alternative of attempted vaginal delivery and to assess the economic impact of cesarean delivery on demand...
  70. ncbi Mode of delivery and risk of respiratory diseases in newborns
    E M Levine
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Illinois Masonic Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois 60657, USA
    Obstet Gynecol 97:439-42. 2001
    ..To determine whether there is an increased incidence of persistent pulmonary hypertension in neonates delivered by cesarean, with or without labor, compared with those delivered vaginally...
  71. ncbi Controversies with the diagnosis and management of HELLP syndrome
    John M O'Brien
    Perinatal Diagnostic Center, Central Baptist Hospital, Lexington, Kentucky 40503, USA
    Clin Obstet Gynecol 48:460-77. 2005
  72. ncbi Is timing everything? The influence of gestational age, birth weight, route, and intent of delivery on outcome in gastroschisis
    John Boutros
    Department of Surgery, Division of Pediatric General Surgery, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    J Pediatr Surg 44:912-7. 2009
    ..Optimal perinatal treatment in gastroschisis remains uncertain. We sought to determine the effect of gestational age (GA), birth weight (BW), and intended and actual route of delivery on outcomes in gastroschisis...
  73. ncbi Intertwin time interval: how it affects the immediate neonatal outcome of the second twin
    Caprice D McGrail
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, William Beaumont Hospital, Royal Oak, Mich, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 192:1420-2. 2005
    ..Customarily 30 minutes is used as the upper limit of intertwin birth times. This study was conducted to define factors that influence the immediate neonatal outcome of the second twin and to assess whether a valid cutoff time is evident...
  74. ncbi Maternal benefit of corticosteroid therapy in patients with HELLP (hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, and low platelet count) syndrome: impact on the rate of regional anesthesia
    J M O'Brien
    Department of Maternal Fetal Medicine, Central Baptist Hospital Lexington, KY 40503, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 186:475-9. 2002
    ..Our purpose was to assess the impact of glucocorticoid administration on the rate of regional anesthesia in women with hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, and low platelet count (HELLP) syndrome...
  75. ncbi A comparative analysis of the use of maternal health services between teenagers and older mothers in sub-Saharan Africa: evidence from Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS)
    Monica Akinyi Magadi
    Department of Social Sciences Loughborough, Centre for Research in Social Policy CRSP, Loughborough University, Loughborough LE11 3TU, UK
    Soc Sci Med 64:1311-25. 2007
    ..This suggests that the observed patterns by maternal age are generalizable across the sub-Saharan Africa region...
  76. pmc Maternal healthcare financing: Gujarat's Chiranjeevi Scheme and its beneficiaries
    Ramesh Bhat
    Indian Institute of Management, Vastrapur, Ahmedabad 380 015, India
    J Health Popul Nutr 27:249-58. 2009
    ..Such a financing scheme could be replicated in other states and countries to address the cost barrier, especially in areas where high numbers of private specialists are available...
  77. ncbi Risk of urinary incontinence after childbirth: a 10-year prospective cohort study
    Daniel Altman
    Pelvic Floor Center, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Karolinska Institutet Danderyd Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden
    Obstet Gynecol 108:873-8. 2006
    ..To estimate prospectively the effect of first delivery on subjective bladder function and to assess the influence of subsequent deliveries and obstetric events..
  78. ncbi Introduction of community-based skin-to-skin care in rural Uttar Pradesh, India
    G L Darmstadt
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, 615 North Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    J Perinatol 26:597-604. 2006
    ..We describe the acceptability of STSC in rural Uttar Pradesh, India, and measured maternal, newborn, and ambient temperature in the home in order to inform strategies for introduction of STSC in the community...
  79. ncbi Routine ultrasound screening in the third trimester: a population-based study
    Kerstin Sylvan
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Hospital of Helsingborg, SE 251 87 Helsingborg, Sweden
    Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 84:1154-8. 2005
    ..No population-based study has evaluated the effects of third trimester ultrasound screening on prognosis...
  80. ncbi The relationship of intrapartum and antepartum stillbirth rates to measures of obstetric care in developed and developing countries
    Robert L Goldenberg
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Drexel University, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 86:1303-9. 2007
    ..The objective of this study was to explore the relationship between intrapartum and antepartum stillbirths and various measures of obstetric care in developing and developed countries...
  81. ncbi Labor pains: unraveling the complexity of OB decision making
    Emily Hamilton
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Crit Care Nurs Q 29:342-53. 2006
    ..Two case histories are presented to demonstrate the factors promoting medical error and the application of these new technologies...
  82. ncbi Cesarean delivery on maternal request: maternal and neonatal outcomes
    Anthony G Visco
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599, USA
    Obstet Gynecol 108:1517-29. 2006
    ..To review systematically the evidence about maternal and infant outcomes of cesarean delivery on maternal request and planned vaginal delivery...
  83. ncbi Evaluation of World Health Organization partograph implementation by midwives for maternity home birth in Medan, Indonesia
    Mohammad Fahdhy
    Obstetric and Gynecology Department, Faculty of Medicine, North Sumatera University, Medan, Indonesia
    Midwifery 21:301-10. 2005
    ..to assess the effectiveness of promoting the use of the World Health Organization (WHO) partograph by midwives for labour in a maternity home by comparing outcomes after birth...
  84. ncbi Evaluation of the effectiveness of a clean delivery kit intervention in preventing cord infection and puerperal sepsis among neonates and their mothers in rural Mwanza Region, Tanzania
    F Mosha
    National Institute for Medical Research, Mwanza, Tanzania
    Tanzan Health Res Bull 7:185-8. 2005
    ..In low resource settings where home birth is common and clean delivery supplies are scarce, disposable kits can be made available through health clinics, markets, pharmacies or other channels to help reduce rates of infection...
  85. ncbi The timing of delivery of infants with gastroschisis influences outcome
    Orkan Ergun
    Division of Pediatric Surgery, Children s Hospital of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    J Pediatr Surg 40:424-8. 2005
    ..The authors hypothesized that timing of delivery influences outcome in children with gastroschisis, and sought to evaluate the relative impact of factors that predict outcome in this disease...
  86. ncbi Prevalence and persistence of health problems after childbirth: associations with parity and method of birth
    Jane F Thompson
    Women and Children s Health, The Canberra Hospital, Australia
    Birth 29:83-94. 2002
    ..The aim of this study was to describe changes in the prevalence of maternal health problems in the 6 months after birth and their association with parity and method of birth...
  87. ncbi Gastroschisis: determinants of neonatal outcome
    S J Singh
    Consultant Paediatric Surgeon, Department of Paediatric Surgery, University Hospital, Queen s Medical Centre, Nottingham, NG7 2UH, UK
    Pediatr Surg Int 19:260-5. 2003
    ..Early commencement of feeds decreases the incidence of sepsis, duration of total parenteral nutrition (TPN) and hospital stay. Place of delivery, mode of delivery, time to surgery and type of closure do not influence neonatal outcome...
  88. ncbi Differences in the fetal interleukin-6 response to microbial invasion of the amniotic cavity between term and preterm gestation
    B H Yoon
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Korea
    J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 13:32-8. 2003
    ..The purpose of this study was to compare the umbilical cord plasma interleukin-6 (IL-6) concentrations in term and preterm neonates in the presence or absence of MIAC...
  89. pmc Use of antenatal services and delivery care in Entebbe, Uganda: a community survey
    Carolyn J Tann
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London, WC1E 7HT, UK
    BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 7:23. 2007
    ....
  90. ncbi Effect of different partogram action lines on birth outcomes: a randomized controlled trial
    Tina Lavender
    University of Central Lancashire, Preston, United Kingdom
    Obstet Gynecol 108:295-302. 2006
    ..We assessed the effect of different action line positioning on birth outcomes...
  91. ncbi Economic implications of home births and birth centers: a structured review
    Jane Henderson
    National Perinatal Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
    Birth 35:136-46. 2008
    ..This structured review examines the literature relating to the economic implications of home births and birth center care compared with hospital maternity care...
  92. ncbi Factors associated with non-use of maternal health services in Botswana
    Gobopamang Letamo
    Department of Population Studies, University of Botswana, Private Bag 0022, Gaborone, Botswana
    J Health Popul Nutr 21:40-7. 2003
    ..More focussed investigation is needed, but understanding the differentials of the use of maternal services allows policy-makers to identify problem areas that need attention...
  93. ncbi Risk of maternal postpartum readmission associated with mode of delivery
    Shiliang Liu
    Health Surveillance and Epidemiology Division, Centre for Healthy Human Development, Public Health Agency of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario
    Obstet Gynecol 105:836-42. 2005
    ..To determine whether cesarean and operative vaginal deliveries are associated with an increased risk of maternal rehospitalization compared with spontaneous vaginal delivery...
  94. ncbi Pelvic floor trauma following vaginal delivery
    Hans Peter Dietz
    Nepean Campus, Western Clinical School, University of Sydney, Penrith, Australia
    Curr Opin Obstet Gynecol 18:528-37. 2006
    ..Recent years have seen a steady increase in the information available regarding pelvic floor trauma in childbirth. A review of this information is timely in view of the ongoing discussion concerning elective caesarean section...
  95. ncbi Doppler application in the delivery timing of the preterm growth-restricted fetus: another step in the right direction
    A A Baschat
    Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences, University of Maryland, Baltimore, Baltimore, MD 21201 1703, USA
    Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 23:111-8. 2004
    ..Randomized management trials are necessary to verify that delivery timing based on venous Doppler will impact on outcome in preterm IUGR...
  96. ncbi Fetal cortisol in relation to labour, intrapartum events and mode of delivery
    Katrina Mears
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, National University of Ireland Galway, Ireland
    J Obstet Gynaecol 24:129-32. 2004
    ..Fetal cortisol is significantly elevated in association with spontaneous human parturition and is highest Its among babies born by instrumental delivery...
  97. ncbi Inflammation in preterm and term labour and delivery
    Roberto Romero
    Perinatology Research Branch, NICHD, NIH, DHHS, Bethesda, MD, USA
    Semin Fetal Neonatal Med 11:317-26. 2006
    ..It is possible that modulation of inflammation using anti-inflammatory cytokines, corticoids, antioxidants and/or other factors may complement antibiotic therapy and limit fetal injury...
  98. ncbi What to do after a failed attempt of vacuum delivery?
    Oscar Sadan
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Edith Wolfson Medical Center, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel
    Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 107:151-5. 2003
    ..To determine whether there is a difference in maternal and neonatal outcomes if a sequential operative vaginal or cesarean delivery follows failed vacuum delivery...
  99. pmc Birth order of twins and risk of perinatal death related to delivery in England, Northern Ireland, and Wales, 1994-2003: retrospective cohort study
    Gordon C S Smith
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Cambridge University, Box 223, The Rosie Hospital, Cambridge CB2 2QQ
    BMJ 334:576. 2007
    ..To determine the effect of birth order on the risk of perinatal death in twin pregnancies...
  100. ncbi New insights into fatigue and health-related quality of life after delivery
    A J Gerard Jansen
    Sanquin Blood Bank South West Region, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 86:579-84. 2007
    ..The objectives were to investigate fatigue and HRQoL in women after vaginal delivery (VD), elective caesarean section (CS) and emergency CS, and its relationship with postpartum hemoglobin (Hb) levels during the first 6 weeks postpartum...
  101. pmc Pregnancy-related deaths in rural Rajasthan, India: exploring causes, context, and care-seeking through verbal autopsy
    Kirti Iyengar
    Action Research and Training for Health, 772 Fatehpura, Udaipur 313 004, Rajasthan, India
    J Health Popul Nutr 27:293-302. 2009
    ..Improved access to emergency obstetric care facilities in rural areas and steps to eliminate costs at public hospitals would be crucial to prevent pregnancy-related deaths...

Research Grants63

  1. The Epidemiology of Fecal Incontinence after Childbirth
    Jeanne Marie Guise; Fiscal Year: 2004
    Fecal incontinence is thought to be a common condition with profound social impact. Obstetric delivery is thought to be the leading contributor to development of fecal incontinence in women...
  2. Prevention Unintentional Mechanical Birth Injuries
    Edith Gurewitsch; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..to conduct a small, randomized clinical trial comparing clinician-applied forces following McRoberts' maneuver (a maternal manipulation) and following Rubin's maneuver (a fetal manipulation). ..
  3. Mechanisms of myometrial healing and regeneration
    Catalin Buhimschi; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ....
  4. MOLECULAR PHARMACOLOGY OF GLUTAMATE RECEPTORS
    Keith Williams; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  5. Patient-Oriented Models for Urinary Function in Women
    Linda Brubaker; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] b. To model urinary storage in health and disease [unreadable] c. To model urinary emptying in health and diseas [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  6. URINE LOSS AND PROLAPSE IN NUNS AND THEIR PAROUS SISTERS
    GUNHILDE BUCHSBAUM; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..A matched pair logistic regression will be performed to obtain an adjusted estimate of the impact of familiality and vaginal delivery in UT and POP, taking into account other risk factors. ..
  7. The Role of Inflammation and Parity on GDM and Type 2 DM
    Wanda Nicholson; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..This award will give Dr. Nicholson the dedicated time and experience she needs to develop into an independent clinical investigator [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  8. Clinical Measures to Lower Genital Tract Trauma at Birth
    Leah Albers; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  9. HIV PREVENTION TRIALS UNIT - MALAWI
    Taha Taha; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..We intend to continue these studies and to expand to additional sites. ..
  10. Fetal Swallowing: Central Dipsogenic Mechanisms
    Michael Ross; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Furthermore, these studies represent a model to examine the development and function of neuronal pathways and mechanisms regulating fetal physiology. ..
  11. Health Disparities: Leaders, Providers and Patients(RMI)
    Timothy Johnson; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  12. International Collaborative HNC Research
    Elaine Smith; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This aim is to determine whether there is an easily administered, sensitive biomarker that can predict HPV-HR status in HNC tumors prior to therapy.. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  13. Developmental Psychobiology Symposia
    April Ronca; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  14. Sleep Disruption in New Parents: An intervention Trial
    Kathryn Lee; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..More generalizable results from this targeted sample will be used to develop an educational intervention package for distribution to all adults preparing for parenthood. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  15. CONCEPTS OF RACE & ETHNICITY IN GENETICS RESEARCH
    Linda Hunt; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..3) Explore how research findings and clinical experiences regarding the relevance of race and ethnicity are interpreted and applied by genetic scientists and clinicians. ..
  16. SHIV Transmission Through Oral Versus Other Mucosae
    Ruth Ruprecht; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  17. Biomarkers of Insomnia and Fatigue in HIV/AIDS
    Kathryn Lee; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..It is hypothesized that the set of biomarkers that best predict the onset of initiation insomnia may differ from the variables that predict maintenance insomnia or daytime quality of life measures. ..
  18. Antecedent Risk Factors Associated with Cerebral Palsy
    William Gilbert; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This project will allow us to link the databases and start initial data analysis. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  19. Engineered Hematopoietic Cell Self-renewal and Death
    Larry Lasky; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..In addition to marrow replacement, the cells may be usable for the production of other cells and tissues, especially given recent discoveries regarding stem cell plasticity. ..
  20. Intrauterine Inflammation & Adverse Neurological Outcome
    Michal A Elovitz; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..abstract_text> ..
  21. Hyperglycemia and adverse pregnancy outcome (HAPO)
    Boyd E Metzger; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This application requests 4 years of additional funding for the CCC, to allow HAPO to achieve its recruitment goal of 25,000 women, complete all data collection on all enrolled women, and complete all data analyses. ..
  22. Pelvic Floor Changes Before and After Birth
    REBECCA GLENN ROGERS; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This project will provide fundamental data to guide future decisions about labor interventions to prevent PF changes as well as data-based decisions regarding maternal request cesarean. ..
  23. Endocrine Disruptors and Fetal Development
    Vasantha Padmanabhan; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  24. Risk factors for medically indicated preterm birth in a Latin American population
    CLAUDIO GERARDO SOSA; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The long-term goal of this research program is to develop intervention strategies that are based on the risk factors identified in the proposed study resulting in decreased morbidity and mortality. ..
  25. Sensation and behavior of fetus and newborn
    APRIL ELIZABETH RONCA; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  26. Using Social Risk to Guide Coronary Heart Disease (CHD) Preventive Treatment
    Kevin Fiscella; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Implementation of such a global risk tool could ultimately help justify implementation of more intensive behavioral interventions focusing on diet, exercise, smoking cessation and medication adherence for those at highest social risk. ..
  27. Diabetes and Drug-Associated Hyperkalemia: Effect of Laboratory Monitoring
    Marsha Raebel; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The findings will also assist in developing a framework for future studies to evaluate the effects and costs of medication-laboratory monitoring among patients with diabetes. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  28. Prospective Investigation for Pulmonary Embolism Dx III
    Paul Stein; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  29. Methods for in vivo behavioral observation of the mouse fetus
    April Ronca; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Ultimately, the application of these methods will increase our knowledge about developmental disabilities that will allow their prevention, prenatal detection, and cure. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  30. Transcripitonal and Genetic Profiles in HNSCCs
    Elaine Smith; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  31. Bilirubin-induced Auditory Neuropathy in Preterms
    SANJIV AMIN; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  32. INTEGRATE/PHARMACOKINETIC/ANTIRETROVIRUS RESISTANCE TEST
    Edward Acosta; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  33. Bisphenol-A and the Reproductive Dysfunction
    Vasantha Padmanabhan; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The findings will be relevant to research on fetal origin of infertility and the threat estrogenic environmental disruptors at current exposure levels pose to human health. ..
  34. First Int'l Symposium on Childhood and Adolescent NHL
    Mitchell Cairo; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  35. PROSPECTIVE INVESTIGATION OF PULMONARY EMBOLISM DX-II
    Paul Stein; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..4) The team of investigators is strong, and has collaborated previously in successful research in PE. ..
  36. Nonablative AlloSCT in Refractory Autoimmune Disease
    Mitchell Cairo; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....
  37. New DHFR Deletion Polymorphism - A Risk Factor for SB?
    William Johnson; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Forms of foliate that are already reduced could be preferable as foliate supplements during pregnancy for prevention of SB. ..
  38. MECHANISMS OF ORAL SIV TRANSMISSION
    Ruth Ruprecht; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The data generated will help in formulating strategies to decrease the risks of oral HIV-1 transmission, including late virus transmission during breast feeding. transport and the roles of TC10 in cellular growth. ..
  39. HISTOMETRIC ANALYSIS OF PREMALIGNANT ENDOMETRIAL LESIONS
    Francisco Garcia; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  40. MOLECULAR AND BIOCHEMICAL STUDY OF COLLAGEN IN PROLAPSE
    Anthony Visco; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..This study would be the first large-scale comprehensive description of collagen cross-linking, lysine hydroxylation, and of genes coding for enzymes involved in the cross-linking process, in patients with pelvic organ prolapse. ..
  41. LENTIVIRUS INFECTION OF NEONATAL DENDRITIC CELLS
    Ruth Ruprecht; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The overall approach is designed to shed light on the basic biology of how DC generate immune responses in neonates to viral infections generally, and to dissemination of HIV-1 in particular. ..
  42. SENSATION AND BEHAVIOR IN FETUS AND NEWBORN
    April Ronca; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Studies of early development can provide a framework for interpreting and integrating new data, and can help direct future investigations in basic science and in applied science. ..
  43. PREVENTION AND TREATMENT OF HUMAN OLIGOHYDRAMNIOS
    Michael Ross; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..e., failure to reset osmolality threshold). This proposal will aid in the development of markers of prediction and therapeutic approaches to the prevention and treatment of human oligohydramnios. ..
  44. NEUROENDOCRINE CONTROL OF FSH
    Vasantha Padmanabhan; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ....
  45. FETAL IMMUNOPROPHYLAXIS AGAINST A PRIMATE LENTIVIRUS
    Ruth Ruprecht; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Data generated from this work can be translated into human clinical trials aimed at preventing maternal HIV-1 transmission. ..
  46. Randomized Control Trial of Mifepristone for Fibroids
    Kevin Fiscella; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The study may also offer valuable insight into a mechanism by which mifepristone reduces fibroid size. ..
  47. ESTIMATING EFFICACY OF A MEDICAL INTERVENTION
    James Trussell; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ....
  48. Mentored Patient-Oriented Research Career Development Award
    Ruey Kang Chang; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The principal investigator will take advanced courses to enhance knowledge and skills needed for patient-oriented research and work with the mentors to conduct the proposed project during the award period. ..
  49. Aging: Effects on Infection, Inflammation and Disease
    Michael Novak; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The long-term implications are that diet control may be considered as an effective public healthcare measure for improving the oral and general health and welfare of the population as a whole. ..
  50. Mentored Patient Oriented Career Development Award
    James Nicholson; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  51. The Role of CD4 on Natural Killer Cells
    HELENE BERNSTEIN; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ....
  52. Dynamics of SHIV clade C and S mansoni coinfection
    Ruth Ruprecht; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..These studies will provide valuable information whether parasitic helminth infections significantly alter HIV/AIDS pathogenesis and/or immunogenicity and efficacy of two different AIDS vaccine strategies. ..
  53. Outcomes in congenital toxoplasmic retinochoroiditis
    Ruth Gilbert; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  54. ETHICAL AND POLICY CHALLENGES IN THE STUDY AND USE OF DB
    Dorothy Vawter; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..In addition, a national conference will conclude the project - diss3eminating the project's ethical and policy findings, tools, and recommendations in a forum intended to influence the regulatory and policy environment (Aim 4). ..
  55. Do Reporting Biases Mitigate Disparity Estimates?
    Kevin Fiscella; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  56. Reproductive Risk Factors for Pelvic Organ Prolapse
    Jeanette Brown; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Identification of risk factors for prolapse will help guide the development of preventive intervention trials to test the efficacy of modifying risk factors for pelvic organ prolapse. ..
  57. Fetal Adaptation of Chronic Uterine Blood Flow Reduction
    David Boyle; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..These data will be crucial in the design of potential interventions in humans to prevent and/or mitigate fetal growth restriction and its lifelong consequences. ..
  58. Reproductive Consequences of Prenatal Androgenization
    Vasantha Padmanabhan; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Specifically it will establish that discrete, experimentally induced androgen excess of fetal sheep provides the first clear etiology for hyperandrogenic anovulation in adulthood. ..
  59. Genital Ulcer Disease and HIV Transmission
    Jeanne Sheffield; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The pursuit of these aims will further elucidate the cellular and molecular bases of the interrelationship between GUD and HIV-1 transmission, particularly in women. ..
  60. GENETIC TESTING AND THE ECONOMICS OF LIFE INSURANCE
    David Asch; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..abstract_text> ..
  61. Female Pelvic Floor Disorders and Sexual Functions
    Victoria Handa; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This powerful combination will provide the candidate with the necessary skills and experience to become a successful, independently funded investigator. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  62. Improving Transfusion Practices Using Decision Support
    Jeffrey Rothschild; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..We will also examine whether improvements in appropriate transfusion ordering behavior among clinicians using decision support tools will be greater than improvements achieved by educational programs alone. ..