Summary: Treatment of chronic, severe and intractable psychiatric disorders by surgical removal or interruption of certain areas or pathways in the brain, especially in the prefrontal lobes.
Publications174 found, 100 shown here
- Psychosurgery for self-injurious behavior in Tourette's disorderSharadamani Anandan
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston, Galveston, Texas 77555 0193, USA
J Child Adolesc Psychopharmacol 14:531-8. 2004..Understandably, there are few reports concerning psychosurgery in children and adolescents for any condition or disorder...
- From psychosurgery to neuromodulation and palliation: history's lessons for the ethical conduct and regulation of neuropsychiatric researchJoseph J Fins
Division of Medical Ethics, Departments of Medicine and Public Health, Weill Medical College of Cornell University, New York Weill Cornell Medical Center, 525 East 68th Street, F 173, New York, NY, USA
Neurosurg Clin N Am 14:303-19, ix-x. 2003..That era of psychosurgery ended with widespread condemnation, congressional calls for a ban, and avow that history should never repeat ..
- Psychosurgery: avoiding an ethical redux while advancing a therapeutic futureJoseph J Fins
Division of Medical Ethics, New York Presbyterian Weill Cornell Medical Center, New York, New York 10021, USA
Neurosurgery 59:713-6. 2006
- 'Psychosurgery' in renaissance artC G Gross
Dept of Psychology, Princeton University, NJ 08540, USA
Trends Neurosci 22:429-31. 1999..As trepanation for head injury and mental disease was actually carried out in Europe at this time, another interpretation of these works is that they are derived from a common medical practice of the day...
- Dr. Gottlieb Burckhardt--the pioneer of psychosurgeryJ L Stone
Division Neurosurgery, Department of Surgery, Cook County Hospital and Hektoen Institute for Medical Research, and Loyola University, Rush Medical College, Chicago, IL, USA
J Hist Neurosci 10:79-92. 2001The first attempt at psychosurgery--intentional damage to the intact brain for the relief of mental illness--was undertaken in 1888 by the Swiss psychiatrist Gottlieb Burckhardt...
- Seizure outcome after temporal lobectomy: current research practice and findingsA M McIntosh
Epilepsy Research Institute, Austin and Repatriation Medical Centre, Heidelberg, Melbourne, Australia
Epilepsia 42:1288-307. 2001..The systematic review of possible risk factors for seizure recurrence provides a basis for planning further research...
- Neural stimulation successfully treats depression in patients with prior ablative cingulotomyJoseph S Neimat
Toronto Western Hospital, 399 Bathurst St, WW4 425, Toronto, Ontario M5T 2S8, Canada
Am J Psychiatry 165:687-93. 2008
- Psychosurgery and deep brain stimulation as ultima ratio treatment for refractory depressionGeorg Juckel
Department of Psychiatry Psychotherapy and Psychosomatic Medicine, Ruhr University, Alexandrinenstr 1, Bochum 44791, Germany
Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 259:1-7. 2009..g., nucleus accumbens, the lateral habenula or cortical areas. Nevertheless, the reticence toward psychosurgery, even for those patients suffering from the most debilitating forms of depression, still prevails, even though ..
- Magnetic resonance imaging-guided stereotactic limbic leukotomy for treatment of intractable psychiatric diseaseAlonso Montoya
Department of Neurology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts 02114, USA
Neurosurgery 50:1043-9; discussion 1049-52. 2002..To assess the efficacy and complication rates of magnetic resonance imaging-guided stereotactic limbic leukotomy for the treatment of intractable major depressive disorder (MDD) and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)...
- Emotion recognition from dynamic emotional displays following anterior cingulotomy and anterior capsulotomy for chronic depressionNathan Ridout
Clinical and Cognitive Neurosciences, School of Life and Health Sciences, Aston University, Aston Triangle, Birmingham B4 7ET, UK
Neuropsychologia 45:1735-43. 2007..It is plausible that the observed deficit in emotion recognition accuracy was a consequence of impaired attentional control, which may have been a result of the surgical lesions to the anterior cingulate cortex...
- From prefrontal leukotomy to deep brain stimulation: the historical transformation of psychosurgery and the emergence of neuroethicsJoshua J Wind
Department of Neurosurgery, The George Washington University School of Medicine, Washington, DC 20037, USA
Neurosurg Focus 25:E10. 2008The history of psychosurgery is described and analyzed. This historical perspective largely begins with analysis of the work of Egas Moniz in the development of the leukotomy, and follows the rise and fall of its popularity in the 1900s...
- Review of long-term results of stereotactic psychosurgeryMoon Chan Kim
Department of Neurosurgery, Kangnam St Mary s Hospital, The Catholic University of Korea, College of Medicine, Seoul, ROK
Neurol Med Chir (Tokyo) 42:365-71. 2002Stereotactic psychosurgery is an effective method for treating some medically intractable psychiatric illnesses. However, it is unfamiliar and the long-term clinical results have not been reported in Asia...
- Psychosurgery: past, present, and futureGeorge A Mashour
Department of Anesthesia and Critical Care, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02114, USA
Brain Res Brain Res Rev 48:409-19. 2005b>Psychosurgery, the neurosurgical treatment of psychiatric disease, has a history dating back to antiquity, and involves all of the clinical neurosciences...
- Sixty years of psychosurgery: its present status and its futureP Sachdev
Neuropsychiatric Institute, Prince Henry Hospital, Little Bay, New South Wales, Australia
Aust N Z J Psychiatry 31:457-64. 1997After its introduction 60 years ago, psychosurgery witnessed a remarkable rise followed by a decline. In the 1990s, it is a marginal treatment practised by a few psychiatrists in some specialised centres around the world...
- Psychosurgery for obsessive-compulsive disorder -- concerns remainSusanne Bejerot
Acta Psychiatr Scand 107:241-3. 2003
- Psychosurgery: a historical overviewR P Feldman
Department of Neurological Surgery, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Yeshiva University, New York, New York, USA
Neurosurgery 48:647-57; discussion 657-9. 2001..of the spirit to the millimeter accuracy of stereotactic instruments currently used in the operating room, psychosurgery has enjoyed enthusiastic support as well as experiencing scorn...
- Contemporary psychosurgery and a look to the futureR P Feldman
Department of Neurological Surgery, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Montefiore Medical Center, Bronx, New York, USA
J Neurosurg 95:944-56. 2001Despite a long and controversial history, psychosurgery has persisted as a modern treatment option for some severe, medically intractable psychiatric disorders. The goal of this study was to review the current state of psychosurgery.
- From psychosurgery to neuromodulation: deep brain stimulation for intractable Tourette syndromeIrene Neuner
Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, RWTH Aachen University, Aachen, Germany
World J Biol Psychiatry 10:366-76. 2009..In intractable patients, neuromodulation using deep brain stimulation (DBS) has widely replaced psychosurgery. Three different key structures are defined for DBS, the medial portion of the thalamus, the globus pallidus ..
- Lateralization of epileptic foci by neuropsychological testing in mesial temporal lobe epilepsyHongkeun Kim
Department of Rehabilitation Psychology, Daegu University, Daegu, South Korea
Neuropsychology 18:141-51. 2004..With a stringent cutoff criterion, the multiple neuropsychological predictors considered in combination yielded a sensitivity of 15% and a PPV of 93%, and with a less stringent cutoff criterion, a sensitivity of 37% and a PPV of 83%...
- Memory for faces dissociates from memory for location following anterior temporal lobectomyNancy D Chiaravalloti
Department of Neurology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA
Brain Cogn 54:35-42. 2004..Lesions in the right MTL, adjacent to the cortical structures believed to be specialized for facial recognition, specifically impair the memory encoding of new faces, but not spatial locations...
- Foramen ovale recordings: a presurgical investigation in epilepsyU C Wieshmann
Magnetic Resonance and Image Analysis Research Centre, Walton Centre for Neurology and Neurosurgery, University of Liverpool, UK
Eur Neurol 49:3-7. 2003..No useful localizing information was added with foramen ovale recordings in MRI-negative patients...
- Prognostic implications of seizure recurrence in the first year after anterior temporal lobectomyKurupath Radhakrishnan
Department of Neurology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota 55905, USA
Epilepsia 44:77-80. 2003..Seizure recurrence after anterior temporal lobectomy (ATL) incites concerns of whether seizures will eventually be successfully controlled. Our study evaluated the prognostic significance of seizure recurrence in the first year after ATL...
- Material-specific memory in temporal lobe epilepsy: effects of seizure laterality and language dominanceHongkeun Kim
Department of Rehabilitation Psychology, Daegu University, South Korea
Neuropsychology 17:59-68. 2003..Relative sparing of verbal memory capacity in LTLE patients with NLHLD may reflect interhemispheric reorganization of verbal memory function...
- Lateralized-temporal-lobe-lesion effects on learning and memory: examining the contributions of stimulus novelty and presentation modeMarie Antoinette Redoblado
Department of Psychology, Macquarie University, Sydney, Australia
J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 25:36-48. 2003..written) on word-list learning was examined. We found that novelty enhanced material-specific-side-of lesion effects and that the LTL group had greater difficulty in learning spoken than written words...
- Hamartomas and epilepsy: clinical and imaging characteristicsB Diehl
Department of Neurology, The Cleveland Clinic Foundation, 9500 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, OH 44195, USA
Seizure 12:307-11. 2003..We present the clinical presentation and imaging findings of this rare entity...
- Long-term outcome of nonsurgical candidates with medically refractory localization-related epilepsyLinda M Selwa
Department of Neurology, University of Michigan Medical School, 1500 East Medical Center Drive, 1914 0316 Taubman, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 0316, USA
Epilepsia 44:1568-72. 2003..In this study, we evaluated the outcome of medical treatment in patients with medically refractory partial epilepsy who were evaluated for possible epilepsy surgery but deemed to be inadequate surgical candidates...
- Panic attack semiology in right temporal lobe epilepsyMona Sazgar
Krembil Neuroscience Centre, Toronto Western Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada
Epileptic Disord 5:93-100. 2003..We present a case series to demonstrate the association of ictal panic and anxiety symptoms with partial seizures lateralized to the right temporal lobe...
- The goal of epilepsy therapy: no seizures, no side effects, as soon as possibleJerome Engel
Department of Neurology, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of Califorina, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, Califorina, USA
CNS Spectr 9:95-7. 2004
- Stereotactic treatment of refractory obsessive compulsive disorder by bilateral capsulotomy with 3 years follow-upKangyong Liu
Department of Neurology, Affiliated Second Hospital, Soochow University, Suzhou, Jiangsu, China
J Clin Neurosci 15:622-9. 2008..This promising technique may also improve anxiety and depression in addition to OCD. OCD patients who have not responded to medication, psychotherapy or behavioral therapy might benefit from MRI-guided stereotactic bilateral capsulotomy...
- The hypothalamic hamartoma: a model of subcortical epileptogenesis and encephalopathyJohn F Kerrigan
Division of Neurology, Barrow Neurological Institute, St Joseph s Hospital and Medical Center, Phoenix, AZ 85013, USA
Semin Pediatr Neurol 12:119-31. 2005..Refractory epilepsy associated with HH is the premier human model for subcortical epilepsy and an excellent model for secondary epileptogenesis and epileptic encephalopathy...
- Hippocampal transection for treatment of left temporal lobe epilepsy with preservation of verbal memoryHiroyuki Shimizu
Department of Neurosurgery, Tokyo Metropolitan Neurological Hospital, 2 6 1 Musashidai, Fuchu, Tokyo 183 0042, Japan
J Clin Neurosci 13:322-8. 2006..The accumulation of cases and follow-up of greater duration will be necessary to precisely confirm the efficacy of this new technique...
- Tuberous sclerosis complex: a review of the management of epilepsy with emphasis on surgical aspectsMary B Connolly
Division of Pediatric Neurology, Department of Pediatrics, University of British Columbia and British Columbia s Children s Hospital, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
Childs Nerv Syst 22:896-908. 2006..To review the management of epilepsy in patients with tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) with an emphasis on surgical aspects, neuropathology, and pathogenesis...
- Pediatric intractable epilepsy syndromes: reason for early surgical interventionShiyong Liu
Department of Neurosurgery, Xinqiao Hospital, The Third Military Medical University, Chongqing, PR China
Brain Dev 29:69-78. 2007....
- Right hemisphere language mapping in patients with bilateral languageRosette A Jabbour
Minnesota Epilepsy Group, PA, St Paul, MN, USA
Epilepsy Behav 6:587-92. 2005..Herein, we report six patients who underwent electrocortical stimulation (ECS) for language mapping following implantation of a right subdural electrode array (SEA)...
- Memory and intelligence outcome following surgery for intractable temporal lobe epilepsy: relationship to seizure outcome and evaluation using a customized neuropsychological batterySujoy K Sanyal
Department of Neurosurgery, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi 110 029, India
Epilepsy Behav 6:147-55. 2005..The same finding was not observed in patients undergoing left temporal surgery...
- Frontal lobe epilepsyChristoph Kellinghaus
Dept of Neurology, The Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, Ohio 44195, USA
Epileptic Disord 6:223-39. 2004..Patients with frontal lobe epilepsy who do not respond to anticonvulsive medication, and who are not eligible for epilepsy surgery may benefit from alternative approaches such as electrical brain stimulation...
- [Surgical treatment of lesional temporal lobe epilepsy]Li Xin Cai
Beijing Institute of Functional Neurosurgery, Xuanwu Hospital, The Capital University of Medical Sciences, Beijing 100053, China
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi 45:103-5. 2007..To discuss the presurgical evaluation and surgical treatment of lesional temporal lobe epilepsy (LTLE)...
- Personality changes following temporal lobectomy for epilepsy. 1957Denis Hill
Epilepsy Behav 5:603-10. 2004
- Commentary on "Personality changes following temporal lobectomy for epilepsy"Alan B Ettinger
Division of EEG and Epilepsy, Department of Neurology, Long Island Jewish Medical Center, 270 05 76th Avenue, New Hyde Park, NY 11040, USA
Epilepsy Behav 5:601-2. 2004
- Resection extent versus postoperative outcomes of seizure and memory in mesial temporal lobe epilepsyEun Yeon Joo
Department of Neurology, Samsung Medical Center and Center for Clinical Medicine, SBRI, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, 50 Irwon dong, Gangnam Gu, Seoul 135 710, Korea
Seizure 14:541-51. 2005..To investigate the effects of the resection of hippocampus and temporal neocortex on postsurgical seizure and memory outcomes in mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (mTLE) patients...
- Interictal triple ECoG characteristics of temporal lobe epilepsies: An intraoperative ECoG analysis correlated with surgical outcomeH Stefan
Epilepsy Center, Department of Neurology, University Hospital Erlangen, Schwabachanlage 6, 91054 Erlangen, Germany
Clin Neurophysiol 119:642-52. 2008..We have systematically investigated different characteristic epileptiform activities in intraoperative ECoG and correlated them to postoperative outcome...
- Temporal lobotomy in the surgical management of epilepsy: technical reportJoseph R Smith
Department of Neurosurgery, Medical College of Georgia, Augusta, 30912, USA
Neurosurgery 54:1531-4; discussion 1534-6. 2004..To describe the technique of temporal lobotomy and demonstrate that it may produce results equivalent to anterior temporal lobectomy in the control of drug-resistant complex partial seizures of anterior temporal lobe origin...
- Extratemporal resection for childhood epilepsyD Barry Sinclair
Comprehensive Epilepsy Program, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
Pediatr Neurol 30:177-85. 2004..A wide range of developmental pathology was observed including focal cortical dysplasia, brain tumors, and lesions with neurocutaneous syndromes. Many families reported improvement in behavior and psychosocial function after surgery...
- Frontal lobe epilepsy in childhoodD Barry Sinclair
Comprehensive Epilepsy Program, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
Pediatr Neurol 30:169-76. 2004..The condition is often misdiagnosed as a sleep disorder or psychiatric problem. Seizures are difficult to control but may respond to carbamazepine, valproic acid, or epilepsy surgery...
- Remifentanil-induced spike activity as a diagnostic tool in epilepsy surgeryL Grønlykke
Deaprtment of Clinical Neurophysiology, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen University Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark
Acta Neurol Scand 117:90-3. 2008..To assess the value of remifentanil in intraoperative evaluation of spike activity in patients undergoing surgery for mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (MTLE)...
- Hemifacial motor and crying seizures of temporal lobe onset: case report and review of electro-clinical localisationR E Hogan
Department of Neurology, Saint Louis University School of Medicine, Epilepsy Offices, St Louis, MO 63104, USA
J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 77:107-10. 2006..To report a case of temporal lobe epilepsy with clinical presentation of paroxysmal episodes of "tightness" over the right hemiface, and ictal crying, and review electroclinical localisation of this phenomenon...
- Surgical versus medical treatment for severe epilepsy: consequences for intellectual functioning in children and adults. A follow-up studyHelge Bjørnaes
The National Centre for Epilepsy, Sandvika, Norway
Seizure 11:473-82. 2002....
- [Localizing and prognosis value of 99Tcm-ECD spect in patients with refractory temporal lobe epilepsies]A Crespel
Service Explorations Neurologiques et Epileptologie, , Montpelier
Rev Neurol (Paris) 157:639-48. 2001..Unilateral mesial temporal hyperperfusion associated with hypoperfusion of contralateral mesial structures evidenced by ictal SPECTs appear to be preoperative criteria for a successful outcome after surgery...
- The effects of remifentanil on epileptiform discharges during intraoperative electrocorticography in patients undergoing epilepsy surgeryC T Wass
Department of Anesthesiology, Mayo Clinic and Mayo Medical School, Rochester, Minnesota 55905, USA
Epilepsia 42:1340-4. 2001..Should this be the case, we envision remifentanil has the potential to supplant other opioids (e.g., alfentanil) during ECoG-guided ES...
- Material-specific deficits in "remembering" in patients with unilateral temporal lobe epilepsy and excisionsDavid A Moscovitch
Department of Psychology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
Neuropsychologia 40:1335-42. 2002..We offer this as a novel interpretation of the "remember-know" literature...
- Seizures in family members of patients with hippocampal sclerosisR S Briellmann
Epilepsy Research Institute, Austin and Repatriation Medical Center, University of Melbourne, Australia
Neurology 57:1800-4. 2001..CONCLUSION: FH of seizures, particularly febrile convulsions, are a risk factor for TLE with HS. These data suggest that a variety of genes contributing to epilepsy phenotypes in relatives may be involved in the pathogenesis of HS...
- A selective deficit for living things after temporal lobectomy for relief of epileptic seizuresL Luckhurst
University of Kent, Canterbury, Kent, United Kingdom
Brain Lang 79:266-96. 2001..We argue that damage to the temporal lobe impairs lexical retrieval most strongly for living things and that the anterior temporal cortices are convergence zones particularly necessary for retrieving the names of living things...
- Human "memories" can be evoked by stimulation of the lateral temporal cortex after ipsilateral medial temporal lobe resectionJ L Moriarity
Department of Neurosurgery, Meyer Building 7-113, Johns Hopkins Hospital, 600 North Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21287-7713, USA
J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 71:549-51. 2001..To our knowledge, this is the first documented case of experiential phenomena evoked by cortical stimulation in the absence of the ipsilateral medial temporal lobe...
- Effect of age of onset of temporal lobe epilepsy on the severity and the nature of preoperative memory deficitsVéronique Lespinet
Laboratoire de Sciences Cognitives, Universite Victor Segalen Bordeaux 2, Bordeaux, France
Neuropsychologia 40:1591-600. 2002..These results may be interpreted in the framework of ontogenesis theories of hemispheric specialization...
- Category-specific naming deficits for objects and actions: semantic attribute and grammatical role hypothesesLisa H Lu
Department of Psychology, Chung Yuan Christian University, Chung Li, Taiwan, TOC
Neuropsychologia 40:1608-21. 2002..These connections may mediate activation of action-related information (i.e. movement plan and/or motor use) that facilitates the retrieval of names for tools/implements and human actions...
- [Memory disorders after unilateral cerebral lesions]P Metzler
Unfallkrankenhaus Berlin, Klinik für Neurologie mit Stroke Unit und Frührehabilitation, Warener Strasse 7, 12683 Berlin
Nervenarzt 73:355-63. 2002..Possible reasons for these differing results with visual-spatial memory deficits are still under discussion...
- Quantitative and qualitative interpretation of neuropsychological data in the assessment of temporal lobectomy candidatesM Ogden-Epker
University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Neurospychology, Dallas, TX 75390-8898, USA
Clin Neuropsychol 15:183-95. 2001....
- Quantification of F-18 FDG PET images in temporal lobe epilepsy patients using probabilistic brain atlasK W Kang
Department of Nuclear Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Korea
Neuroimage 14:1-6. 2001..The asymmetric indices obtained by taking the product of the statistical probability anatomical map and FDG PET, correlated well with visual assessment in mTLE patients. SPAM is useful for the quantification of VOIs in functional images...
- Spanish language mapping using MEG: a validation studyFernando Maestu
Magnetoencephalography Center, Dr Pérez Modrego, Cognitive Process, Universidad Complutense Madrid, Madrid, Spain
Neuroimage 17:1579-86. 2002..These results suggests that MEG-based language mapping can play an important role in presurgical clinical evaluation...
- Surgical treatment of epilepsiesJ Zentner
Department of Neurosurgery, University of Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany
Acta Neurochir Suppl 84:27-35. 2002..Major problems include the definition of the epileptogenic area with respect to optimal seizure control and minimum neurological and neuropsychological impairment after surgery...
- Lateralizing ability of single-voxel proton mr spectroscopy in hippocampal sclerosis: comparison with mr imaging and positron emission tomographyS W Park
Department of Radiology, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Korea
AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 22:625-31. 2001..CONCLUSION: MRS may be used as an adjunct tool in the evaluation of hippocampal sclerosis, like PET, although its sensitivity has to be improved and the clinical significance of bilateral abnormality is still to be determined...
- Detection of mesial temporal lobe hypoperfusion in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy by use of arterial spin labeled perfusion MR imagingR L Wolf
Department of Radiology, University of Pennsylvania Medical Center, 3400 Spruce Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 22:1334-41. 2001..This technique is readily combined with routine structural assessment and potentially offers an inexpensive and noninvasive means of screening for asymmetries in interictal mesial temporal lobe function...
- Therapeutic options for treatment-resistant depressionRichard C Shelton
Department of Psychiatry, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee, USA
CNS Drugs 24:131-61. 2010..Other nonpharmacological options, such as repetitive transcranial stimulation, deep brain stimulation or psychosurgery, remain experimental and are not widely available...
- A patient with a resistant major depression disorder treated with deep brain stimulation in the inferior thalamic peduncleFiacro Jiménez
Functional Neurosurgery and Radiosurgery, General Hospital of Mexico, National Medical Center, Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, Mexico City, Mexico
Neurosurgery 57:585-93; discussion 585-93. 2005..The present report explored the effect of electrical stimulation on the inferior thalamic peduncle in a patient with resistant major depression disorder (MDD)...
- Amygdaloid neurosurgery for aggressive behaviour, Sydney, 1967-1977: societal, scientific, ethical and other factorsRichard White
Discipline of Psychological Medicine, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia
Australas Psychiatry 17:410-6. 2009In 1967, despite escalating international hostility towards psychosurgery, a program of amygdaloid neurosurgery for the reduction of aggressive and self-harming behaviour commenced in Sydney...
- The interaction of delirium and seizuresM Fink
Research Department, Hillside Hospital, Long Island Jewish Medical Center, Glen Oaks, NY, USA
Semin Clin Neuropsychiatry 5:93-7. 2000..delirium is a feature of modern electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), and was a feature of insulin coma therapy and psychosurgery. Case material explores the relationship between psychosis, mania, seizures, and electroencephalogram...
- Amygdaloid neurosurgery for aggressive behaviour, Sydney, 1967-1977: chronological narrativeRichard White
Discipline of Psychological Medicine, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia
Australas Psychiatry 17:405-9. 2009..In this paper, this is denoted the Amygdaloid Neurosurgery Project (ANP). The goal of the project was to ameliorate aggressive or self-harming behaviour by selective ablative surgery on the amygdaloid nucleus...
- Neurosurgeons' perspectives on psychosurgery and neuroenhancement: a qualitative study at one centerDaniel Mendelsohn
Division of Neurosurgery, Toronto Western Hospital, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada
J Neurosurg 113:1212-8. 2010..The authors sought to gauge the opinions of neurosurgical staff and trainees toward various uses of neuromodulation technology including psychosurgery and neuroenhancement.
- Bilateral stereotactic amygdalotomy for self-mutilation disorder. Case report and review of the literatureKostas N Fountas
Department of Neurosurgery, Medical College of Georgia, Augusta, USA
Stereotact Funct Neurosurg 85:121-8. 2007..The advances of psychopharmacology along with the existent skepticism of the medical community in regards to psychosurgery have resulted in a dramatic decrease in the number of amygdalotomies performed worldwide...
- Ethical issues in neuroscienceThomas Fuchs
Psychiatric Department, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany
Curr Opin Psychiatry 19:600-7. 2006..The study gives an overview of ethical questions raised by the progress of neuroscience in identifying and intervening in neural correlates of the mind...
- Deep brain stimulation as a new therapeutic approach in therapy-resistant mental disorders: ethical aspects of investigational treatmentJens Kuhn
Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University of Cologne, Kerpener Strasse 62, 50924 Cologne, Germany
Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 259:S135-41. 2009..psychiatric patients raise ethical considerations not only based on the disreputable experiences of the era of psychosurgery. Therefore, it is necessary to implement transparent and well-defined regulations for the protection of the ..
- [Intervening between brain and mind: an ethical analysis of the new possibilities of the neurosciences]M Synofzik
Institut für Ethik und Geschichte in der Medizin, Universitat Tubingen
Fortschr Neurol Psychiatr 73:596-604. 2005..neuroethical fields: neuroscientific research, neural grafting, psychopharmacology, neuroimaging, neuro- and psychosurgery, and allocation in neuroscience...
- Dr William Sargant (1907-88) and the emergence of physical treatments in British psychiatryJohn A S Beard
University of Oxford
J Med Biogr 17:23-9. 2009..Sargant was a flag-bearer for the new treatment methods of insulin coma, electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), psychosurgery and intensive drug therapy...
- [Two Nobel prizes for psychiatry]Aleksandar Knezevic
Institut za psihijatriju, Klinicki centar Vojvodine Novi Sad
Med Pregl 61:651-2. 2008..Modern achievements in psychiatry have suppresed both psychosurgery of Egas Moniz and malaria treatment of Wagner-Jauregg as methods in the treatment of mental diseases.
- Stereotactic lesioning for mental illnessM C Kim
Department of Neurosurgery, College of Medicine, Kangnam St Mary s Hospital, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea
Acta Neurochir Suppl 101:39-43. 2008..The authors report stereotactically created lesioning by radiofrequency or Cyberknife radiosurgery for patients with mental illness...
- Deep brain stimulation: from neurology to psychiatry?Paul Krack
Movement Disorders Unit, Department of Psychiatry and Neurology, University Hospital Grenoble, France
Trends Neurosci 33:474-84. 2010..The advent of neuroleptics led to a drastic decline in psychosurgery for several decades...
- [Stereotactic multi-target operation for patients with affective disorder]Lian Zhong Wang
Institute of Psychosurgery of Chinese People s Liberation Army, Department of Neurosurgery, No 463 Hospital of People s Liberation Army, Shenyang 110042, China
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi 45:1676-8. 2007..To explore the efficacy and complication of bilateral multi-target radiofrequency lesion operation in patients with affective disorder...
- Lennart Heimer: concepts of the ventral striatum and extended amygdalaW Jeff Elias
Department of Neurosurgery, University of Virginia Health System, Charlottesville, Virginia 22908, USA
Neurosurg Focus 25:E8. 2008..of Swedish descent, died last year but left a legacy that will impact the neurosciences and potentially psychosurgery for years to come...
- [Change, transformation, evolution]J M Barthélémy
Universite de Savoie
Bull Soc Sci Med Grand Duche Luxemb . 2010..and pathological development throughout childhood or at the critical moment of the adolescence period, in psychosurgery or psychobiological practices, then in cases of appearing and disappearing of delusional processes, in the ..
- Treatment-resistant depression: clinical significance, concept and managementP Sharan
Department of Psychiatry, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India
Natl Med J India 11:69-79. 1998..Somatotherapy should be combined in all cases with depression-specific psychotherapy. Psychosurgery should be considered only in truly intractable cases...
- Mental health legislation and psychiatric treatments in NSW: electroconvulsive therapy and deep brain stimulationColleen Loo
School of Psychiatry, University of NSW, St George Hospital, Gray Street, Kogarah, NSW 2217, Australia
Australas Psychiatry 18:417-25. 2010..of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) to the treatment of psychiatric disorders and the prohibition of psychosurgery and deep brain stimulation (DBS) in the NSW Mental Health Act 2007 (MHA), and to examine these restrictions ..
- Neurosurgery for obsessive-compulsive disorder: contemporary approachesRenee E Bear
School of Psychology, Deakin University, Burwood, Victoria, Australia
J Clin Neurosci 17:1-5. 2010..and non-destructive technique known as deep brain stimulation has coincided with a resurgence in interest in psychosurgery. Contemporary approaches to the surgical management of obsessive-compulsive disorder are discussed, together ..
- A review of the treatment for refractory obsessive-compulsive disorder: from medicine to deep brain stimulationDavid S Husted
Department of Psychiatry, University of Florida College of Medicine, Gainesville, FL 32610 0256, USA
CNS Spectr 9:833-47. 2004..magnetic stimulation, invasive but the potentially reversible deep brain stimulation, and irreversible lesioning with ablative psychosurgery. A discussion of the role of psychotherapy in the treatment of OCD is also included.
- Sing the mind electric - principles of deep brain stimulationMorten L Kringelbach
University of Oxford, Department of Psychiatry, Warneford Hospital, Oxford OX3 7JX, UK
Eur J Neurosci 32:1070-9. 2010..At the same time, it is important to proceed with caution and not repeat the errors from the era of psychosurgery.
- Anterior motor strip displacement in a boy with right frontal gray matter heterotopia undergoing epilepsy surgeryAndrew S Little
Division of Neurological Surgery, Barrow Neurological Institute, St Joseph s Hospital and Medical Center, Phoenix, AZ 85013, USA
Epilepsy Behav 11:241-6. 2007..In addition, he is one of the few reported cases of focal cortical dysplasia resection with resultant improved behavior. These observations of unusual cortical representations have implications in epilepsy surgery planning...
- Gottlieb Burckhardt and Egas Moniz--two beginnings of psychosurgeryZbigniew Kotowicz
Department of History, Goldsmiths College, University of London, New Cross, UK
Gesnerus 62:77-101. 2005This article compares the repercussions of the two attempts at psychosurgery, the first in 1888 by the Swiss psychiatrist Gottlieb Burckhardt and the second by the Portuguese neurologist Egas Moniz...
- Comparability of the expanded WMS-III standardization protocol to the published WMS-III among right and left temporal lobectomy patientsR C Doss
Section of Neuropsychology, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, OH, USA
Clin Neuropsychol 14:468-73. 2000..The current study indicates that temporal lobectomy patients obtained comparable scores on the two versions of the WMS-III...
- Stereotactic lesions for the treatment of psychiatric disordersJames W Leiphart
Department of Neurological Surgery, The George Washington University School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Washington, DC 20037, USA
J Neurosurg 113:1204-11. 2010....
- [Rasnmussen syndrome. 7 years' follow-up. Aspects related to cerebral plasticity in epilepsy]Francisco Aguilar Rebolledo
Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico
Rev Invest Clin 54:209-17. 2002..This patient is a good example of neuronal plasticity in epilepsy surgery...
- Stereotactic neurosurgical treatment of drug addictionLin Lu
National Institute on Drug Dependence, Peking University, 38, Xue Yuan Road, Beijing 100083, China
Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse 35:391-3. 2009..Stereotactic neurosurgery is a well-developed and accepted treatment for movement disorders like Parkinson's disease...
- Chapter 35: the frontal lobesChristopher M Filley
Behavioral Neurology Section, Departments of Neurology and Psychiatry, University of Colorado Denver School of Medicine and Denver Veterans Medical Center, Denver, CO 80045, USA
Handb Clin Neurol 95:557-70. 2010..In the 20th century, progress came with Luria's observations of frontal lobe injuries and from the psychosurgery era, followed by contributions of behavioral neurology, neuroimaging, and neuroanatomy, which helped delineate ..
- Pediatric facial burns: Is facial transplantation the new reconstructive psychosurgery?Mark D Hanson
The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario
Can J Plast Surg 16:205-10. 2008..The present paper addresses the question "Could facial transplantation be of therapeutic benefit in the treatment of pediatric burns associated with facial disfigurement?"..
- Surgery of the mind and mood: a mosaic of issues in time and evolutionA Chris Heller
Department of Neurological Surgery, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, USA
Neurosurgery 59:720-33; discussion 733-9. 2006..Eventual coupling of cellular and molecular biology and nanotechnology with surgical enterprise is on the horizon...
- Differentiating between benign and less benign: epilepsy surgery in symptomatic frontal lobe epilepsy associated with benign focal epileptiform discharges of childhoodDirk Matthias Altenmüller
Epilepsy Center, University of Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany
J Child Neurol 22:456-61. 2007..In symptomatic frontal lobe epilepsy, epilepsy surgery may yield an excellent outcome despite the presence of concurrent benign focal epileptiform discharges of childhood...
- Quality of life after surgery for temporal lobe epilepsy: a 5-year follow-upInês Cunha
Centro Hospitalar Psiquiátrico de Lisboa and Centro Hospitalar Lisboa Ocidental Egas Moniz Hospital, Lisbon, Portugal
Epilepsy Behav 17:506-10. 2010..Engels class I patients demonstrated statistically better results in the fourth and fifth years of follow-up. Neither years of disease nor patient age at surgery seemed to influence QOL...
- Psychosurgery: the past and present of ablation proceduresMarek Harat
Department of Neurosurgery and Head Surgery, 10th Military Clinical Hospital, Bydgoszcz, Poland
Neuro Endocrinol Lett 29:105-22. 2008Surgical intervention to the brain has a long history, but contemporary psychosurgery started in the mid-1930s. The first psychosurgical operation was a prefrontal leucotomy...
- Lesion analysis for cingulotomy and limbic leucotomy: comparison and correlation with clinical outcomesJimmy C Yang
Departments of Neurosurgery
J Neurosurg 120:152-63. 2014....
- Correlation of quantitative MRI and neuropathology in epilepsy surgical resection specimens--T2 correlates with neuronal tissue in gray matterS H Eriksson
Department of Clinical and Experimental Epilepsy, Institute of Neurology, University College London, Queen Square, Box 29, London WC1N 3BG, UK
Neuroimage 37:48-55. 2007..This will enable better identification and delineation of the structural causes of refractory focal epilepsy, and will be of particular benefit in patients in whom current optimal MRI does not identify a relevant abnormality...
- Stereotactic neurosurgical treatment of addiction: minimizing the chances of another 'great and desperate cure'Wayne Hall
Addiction 101:1-3. 2006
- [Surgical treatment of patients with therapy-resistant obsessive-compulsive disorder. Review]Katalin Csigo
Nyiro Gyula Korhaz, II Pszichiátria
Psychiatr Hung 23:94-108. 2008..Two techniques, namely anterior capsulotomy and deep brain stimulation will be discussed in greater detail. Finally, we review the results of neuropsychological and personality changes associated with anterior capsulotomy...
- The painless brain: lobotomy, psychiatry, and the treatment of chronic pain and terminal illnessMical Raz
TheVan Leer Institute, Jabotinsky 43, Jerusalem, Israel
Perspect Biol Med 52:555-65. 2009..What normalizing social function does the use of psychiatric interventions in pain treatment fulfill? This approach leads to a reexamination of perceptions of dualism in pain medicine...
- PHYSIOLOGIC STUDIES OF ANGER IN DEPRESSED PATIENTSDarin Dougherty; Fiscal Year: 2002..abstract_text> ..
- BRAIN ACTIVATION PROFILES IN DYSLEXIA--A MEG STUDYAndrew Papanicolaou; Fiscal Year: 2003..abstract_text> ..
- CONTRIBUTIONS OF MEG TO THE SURGICAL MGMT OF EPILEPSYAndrew Papanicolaou; Fiscal Year: 2003....
- Integration of MSI/fMRI Studies of ReadingAndrew Papanicolaou; Fiscal Year: 2004..Together these efforts will expand the interpretability of imaging data by direct comparison and integration of the techniques and lead to a more elaborated theory of the cerebral mechanisms underlying reading. ..
- Pharmacotherapy for Minor DepressionRobert Howland; Fiscal Year: 2004..The results of this study will have profound public health implications by improving our understanding of the efficacy of SJW and standard antidepressants for the treatment of MinorD. ..
- DISORDERS OF NEURONAL MIGRATION AND EPILEPSYSTEVEN ROPER; Fiscal Year: 2005..These experiments will advance our understanding of cortical dysplasia and epilepsy and give greater insight the mechanisms that produce long-term impairment of inhibition after an isolated in utero injury. ..
- Semantic Memory and MRI Volumetrics in EpilepsyBrian Bell; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- Improving Learning in MS: A Randomized Clinical TrialNancy Chiaravalloti; Fiscal Year: 2008..In addition, we will be able to draw conclusions regarding the impact of this particular memory remediation program on everyday life from questionnaires completed by the participant and a significant other. [unreadable] [unreadable]..