abbreviated injury scale
Summary: Classification system for assessing impact injury severity developed and published by the American Association for Automotive Medicine. It is the system of choice for coding single injuries and is the foundation for methods assessing multiple injuries or for assessing cumulative effects of more than one injury. These include Maximum AIS (MAIS), Injury Severity Score (ISS), and Probability of Death Score (PODS).
Publications229 found, 100 shown here
- Pedestrian crashes: higher injury severity and mortality rate for light truck vehicles compared with passenger vehiclesB S Roudsari
Harborview Injury Prevention and Research Center, Seattle, Washington, USA
Inj Prev 10:154-8. 2004..Due to the dynamic nature of the pedestrian crashes biomechanical aspects of collisions can be better evaluated in field studies...
- Scoring of anatomic injury after trauma: AIS 98 versus AIS 90--do the changes affect overall severity assessment?Nils O Skaga
Department of Anaesthesiology, Ulleval University Hospital, 0407 Oslo, Norway
Injury 38:84-90. 2007Although several changes were implemented in the 1998 update of the abbreviated injury scale (AIS 98) versus the previous AIS 90, both are still used worldwide for coding of anatomic injury in trauma...
- [Motor vehicle accidents with entrapment. A medical and technical investigation of crash mechanism, injury pattern and severity of entrapment of motor vehicle occupants between 1983 and 2003]J Westhoff
Klinik für Unfall, Hand und Wiederherstellungschirurgie, Zentrum Chirurgie, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe Universität, Theodor Stern Kai 7, 60590 Frankfurt am Main
Chirurg 78:246-53. 2007..Crash mechanisms, injury patterns, and severity of injury of entrapped motor vehicle occupants were analysed by the Accident Research Unit's scientific teams between 1983 and 2003...
- A modification of the injury severity score that both improves accuracy and simplifies scoringT Osler
Department of Surgery, University of Vermont, Burlington 05405, USA
J Trauma 43:922-5; discussion 925-6. 1997..We present here a simple modification of the ISS called the New Injury Severity Score (NISS), which significantly outperforms the venerable but dated ISS as a predictor of mortality...
- Abbreviated Injury Scale: not a reliable basis for summation of injury severity in trauma facilities?Kjetil G Ringdal
Department of Research, Norwegian Air Ambulance Foundation, Drøbak, Norway
Injury 44:691-9. 2013Injury severity is most frequently classified using the Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) as a basis for the Injury Severity Score (ISS) and the New Injury Severity Score (NISS), which are used for assessment of overall injury severity in ..
- Impact of the version of the abbreviated injury scale on injury severity characterization and quality assessment of trauma careHideo Tohira
School of Primary, Aboriginal and Rural Health Care, University of Western Australia, Crawley, Western Australia, Australia
J Trauma 71:56-62. 2011The Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) was updated in 2008 (AIS 2008). We aimed to investigate the impact of AIS 2008 on the characterization of injury severity and quality assessment of trauma care.
- A comparison of the abilities of nine scoring algorithms in predicting mortalityJ Wayne Meredith
Department of Surgery, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, North Carolina 27157, USA
J Trauma 53:621-8; discussion 628-9. 2002The purpose of this study was to compare the abilities of nine Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS)- and (ICD-9)-based scoring algorithms in predicting mortality.
- Development and validation of a complementary map to enhance the existing 1998 to 2008 Abbreviated Injury Scale mapCameron S Palmer
Trauma Service, The Royal Children s Hospital Melbourne, Australia
Scand J Trauma Resusc Emerg Med 19:29. 2011Many trauma registries have used the Abbreviated Injury Scale 1990 Revision Update 98 (AIS98) to classify injuries...
- AIS 2005: a contemporary injury scaleThomas A Gennarelli
Department of Neurosurgery, Medical College of Wisconsin, 9200 W, Wisconsin Avenue, Milwaukee, WI 53226, United States
Injury 37:1083-91. 2006..Critical to defining outcomes is the need for a universal language that defines individual injuries. The abbreviated injury scale (AIS) is the only dictionary specifically designed as a system to define the severity of injuries ..
- Establishing inter-rater reliability scoring in a state trauma systemChristine Read-Allsopp
NSW Institute of Trauma and Injury Management, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
J Trauma Nurs 11:35-9. 2004..the state of New South Wales, Australia trauma network were instructed in the uses and techniques of the Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) from the Association for the Advancement of Automotive Medicine...
- Which AIS based scoring system is the best predictor of outcome in orthopaedic blunt trauma patients?Paul J Harwood
Academic Department Orthopaedic Trauma Surgery, Leeds University, United Kingdom
J Trauma 60:334-40. 2006b>Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS)-based systems-the Injury Severity Score (ISS), New Injury Severity Score (NISS), and AISmax-are used to assess trauma patients. The merits of each in predicting outcome are controversial.
- Assessment of the effects and limitations of the 1998 to 2008 Abbreviated Injury Scale map using a large population-based datasetCameron S Palmer
Trauma Service, The Royal Children s Hospital Melbourne, Flemington Rd, Parkville 3052, Australia
Scand J Trauma Resusc Emerg Med 19:1. 2011Trauma systems should consistently monitor a given trauma population over a period of time. The Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) and derived scores such as the Injury Severity Score (ISS) are commonly used to quantify injury severities in ..
- Abbreviated injury scale unification: the case for a unified injury system for global useE Garthe
Garthe Associates, Marblehead, Massachusetts, USA
J Trauma 47:309-23. 1999The Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS), developed by the Association for the Advancement of Automotive Medicine is the most widely used anatomic injury severity scale in the world (Association for the Advancement of Automotive Medicine...
- Incorporating recent advances to make the TRISS approach universally availablePatrick D Kilgo
Department of Biostatistics, Emory University School of Public Health, GA 30322, USA
J Trauma 60:1002-8; discussion 1008-9. 2006..trauma facilities to compute because it requires 8 to 10 variables and ISS depends on the specialized Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) scale rather than the International Classification of Diseases scale (ICD-9)...
- The current status of road user injuries among the elderly in Germany: a medical and technical accident analysisMartinus Richter
Trauma Department, Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Germany
J Trauma 58:591-5. 2005..The incidence and treatment of injuries involving the elderly road user are of increasing importance for all fields of trauma care to ensure the best possible outcomes...
- Comparison of the Injury Severity Score and ICD-9 diagnosis codes as predictors of outcome in injury: analysis of 44,032 patientsR Rutledge
Department of Surgery, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill 27599 7210, USA
J Trauma 42:477-87; discussion 487-9. 1997..The implications of such a finding would have the potential for significant cost savings in the care of injured patients...
- Double coding and mapping using Abbreviated Injury Scale 1998 and 2005: identifying issues for trauma dataCameron S Palmer
Trauma Service, Royal Children s Hospital Melbourne, Flemington Rd, Parkville 3052, Australia
Injury 41:948-54. 2010The 2005 version of the Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS05) potentially represents a significant change in injury spectrum classification, due to a substantial increase in the codeset size and alterations to the agreed severity of many ..
- The worst injury predicts mortality outcome the best: rethinking the role of multiple injuries in trauma outcome scoringPatrick D Kilgo
Department of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, WistonSalem, North Carolina 27157 1063, USA
J Trauma 55:599-606; discussion 606-7. 2003..prediction approaches used many (New Injury Severity Score [NISS]) or all (ICISS and Trauma Registry Abbreviated Injury Scale Score [TRAIS], which use International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision [ICD-9] and Abbreviated ..
- Base deficit-based predictive modeling of outcome in trauma patients admitted to intensive care units in Dutch trauma centersFrank Kroezen
Department of Surgery, St Elisabeth Hospital, Tilburg, The Netherlands
J Trauma 63:908-13. 2007..We used the base deficit as a measure of physiologic derangement in a Trauma and Injury Severity Score (TRISS)-like model as a predictor for outcome in trauma patients...
- Choosing outcome assessment instruments for trauma registriesBelinda J Gabbe
Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Acad Emerg Med 12:751-8. 2005..The use of previously recommended outcome assessment instruments is discussed, with a focus on the utility of these instruments for use in routine monitoring of trauma outcomes other than mortality through trauma registries...
- Hyperglycemia and outcomes from pediatric traumatic brain injuryAmalia Cochran
Department of Surgery, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, USA
J Trauma 55:1035-8. 2003..The clinical significance of hyperglycemia after pediatric traumatic brain injury is controversial. This study addresses the relationship between hyperglycemia and outcomes after traumatic brain injury in pediatric patients...
- Speeding and maxillofacial injuries: impact of the introduction of penalty points for speeding offencesO T Hussain
National Maxillofacial Unit, St James s Hospital, James s Street, Dublin 8, Ireland
Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg 44:15-9. 2006..Severity was assessed using the Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) and Maximum Abbreviated Injury Severity Scale (MAIS), and bodily injuries by the Injury Severity ..
- Air bag effectiveness as function of impact speedG S Nusholtz
DaimlerChrysler, Auburn Hills, Michigan 48326 USA
Traffic Inj Prev 4:128-35. 2003..of the NASS/CDS data looked at the effectiveness of air bags as a function of velocity for Maximum Abbreviated Injury Scale (MAIS) 3+ injuries...
- Comparison of Maryland hospital discharge and trauma registry dataMelissa Lee McCarthy
Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
J Trauma 58:154-61. 2005..This study aimed to examine the validity of using Maryland hospital discharge data to characterize injuries sustained by trauma patients...
- Management of polytraumatized patients with associated blunt chest trauma: a comparison of two European countriesFrank Hildebrand
Department of Trauma Surgery, Hannover Medical School, Carl Neuberg Strasse 1, 30625 Hannover, Germany
Injury 36:293-302. 2005..Detailed information about advantages and disadvantages of these two systems might allow optimising the management of blunt chest trauma...
- The effect of age on functional outcome in mild traumatic brain injury: 6-month report of a prospective multicenter trialAnne C Mosenthal
Department of Surgery, New Jersey Trauma Center, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey New Jersey, Medical School, Newark, New Jersey, USA
J Trauma 56:1042-8. 2004..We hypothesized that surviving elderly patients would also have decreased functional outcome, and this study examined the functional outcome of patients with isolated TBI at discharge and at 6 months posthospitalization...
- Injury patterns and preventability in prehospital motor vehicle crash fatalities in VictoriaMatt Ryan
Department of Emergency Medicine, Geelong Hospital, Geelong, Victoria, Australia
Emerg Med Australas 16:274-9. 2004..To examine the pattern of anatomical injury in victims of motor vehicle crashes who die prior to reaching hospital. Cases were identified where death was an unexpected outcome...
- Benefits of Australian Design Rule 69 (full frontal crash protection) and airbags in frontal crashes in AustraliaMichael Fitzharris
Accident Research Centre, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia
Annu Proc Assoc Adv Automot Med 48:35-53. 2004..The average injury cost savings for drivers of post-ADR69 manufactured vehicles was found to be up to AUD19,000 dollars depending on body region considered. Limitations and implications of these findings are discussed...
- Is seat belt use associated with fewer days of lost work after motor vehicle collisions?Jesse Metzger
Center for Injury Sciences at the University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, USA
J Trauma 56:1009-14. 2004..The goal of this study is to determine whether seat belt use is associated with fewer lost workdays among occupants involved in MVCs...
- Epidemiological and Trauma Injury and Severity Score (TRISS) analysis of trauma patients at a tertiary care centre in IndiaApul Goel
Department of Urology, King George s Medical University, Lucknow 226003, Uttar Pradesh, India
Natl Med J India 17:186-9. 2004..This would allow comparisons and may help propagate the routine use of trauma scales...
- Steering wheel deformity and serious thoracic or abdominal injury among drivers and passengers involved in motor vehicle crashesCraig D Newgard
Center for Policy and Research in Emergency Medicine, Department of Emergency Medicine, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, OR 97201 3098, USA
Ann Emerg Med 45:43-50. 2005..We assess the relationship between steering wheel deformity and serious thoracic or abdominal injury among drivers and front seat passengers involved in motor vehicle crashes, while adjusting for important crash factors...
- Pediatric material properties: a review of human child and animal surrogatesMelanie Franklyn
Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Crit Rev Biomed Eng 35:197-342. 2007..This review presents the pediatric data available in the literature and highlights the body regions where further testing is needed...
- Mortality in severely injured elderly trauma patients--when does age become a risk factor?Christian A Kuhne
Department of Trauma Surgery, University Hospital Essen, Essen, Germany
World J Surg 29:1476-82. 2005..05), but not at age 56 years. However, from age 56 years, mortality increased significantly in patients who sustained multiple trauma-an increase that was independent of trauma severity...
- Kinematics of belted fatalities in frontal collisions: A new approach in deep studies of injury mechanismsMats O Lindquist
Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Division of Surgery, Umea University, Saab Automobile, Enginuity Services International, Trollhattan, Sweden
J Trauma 61:1506-16. 2006..The main purpose of this study was to analyze the characteristics of injury mechanisms and injuries in fatal SO and LO car crashes in Sweden...
- Are restrained children under 15 years of age in cars as effectively protected as adults?E Javouhey
Epidemiological Research and Surveillance Unit in Transport, Occupation and Environment, French National Institute for Transport and Safety Research, University Claude Bernard Lyon 1, Bron, France
Arch Dis Child 91:304-8. 2006..To compare the injury distribution between children and adults, injured as restrained car passengers...
- The association between age, injury, and survival to hospital among a cohort of injured motorcyclistsPatricia C Dischinger
National Study Center for Trauma and EMS, University of Maryland, Baltimore, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
Annu Proc Assoc Adv Automot Med 51:97-110. 2007..hospital). Possible biases introduced by studying only those hospitalized are described. Based on the findings, specific injury prevention strategies for older vs. younger riders are proposed...
- Major trauma and the injury severity score--where should we set the bar?Cameron Palmer
Trauma Service, Royal Children s Hospital, Melbourne, Australia
Annu Proc Assoc Adv Automot Med 51:13-29. 2007..Since this threshold was formulated, there have been significant developments in both the Abbreviated Injury Scale underlying the ISS, and trauma management techniques, both in the preventive and acute-care phases of ..
- Prehospital loss of R-to-R interval complexity is associated with mortality in trauma patientsAndriy I Batchinsky
US Army Institute of Surgical Research, Fort Sam Houston, Texas 78234 6315, USA
J Trauma 63:512-8. 2007..To improve our ability to identify physiologic deterioration caused by critical injury, we applied nonlinear analysis to the R-to-R interval (RRI) of the electrocardiogram of prehospital trauma patients...
- Sternal fractures are frequent among polytraumatised patients following high deceleration velocities in a severe vehicle crashK Knobloch
Trauma Department, Medical School Hannover, Germany
Injury 39:36-43. 2008..Sternal fractures are a rare entity. We hypothesised that a sternal fracture is an indicator of injury severity following traffic accidents...
- Rollover injury: effects of near- and far-seating position, belt use, and number of quarter rollsDavid C Viano
ProBiomechanics, LLC, 265 Warrington Road, Bloomfield Hills, MI 48304, USA
Traffic Inj Prev 8:382-92. 2007..The aim was to improve our understanding of rollover injury mechanisms...
- [Tree collisions in road traffic accidents - mechanism and pattern of injury]G Matthes
Ernst Moritz Arndt Universitat Greifswald, Unfall und Wiederherstellungschirurgie, Greifswald
Zentralbl Chir 132:142-5. 2007..42 % of all deadly injured car accident victims in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern sustained a tree collision. Aim of this study was to analyze tree collisions regarding typical pattern and severity of injury...
- Injury risks between first- and second-generation airbags in frontal motor vehicle collisionsPaul A MacLennan
Center for Injury Sciences at the University of Alabama at Birmingham, 1922 7th Avenue South, Birmingham, AL 35294, USA
Accid Anal Prev 40:1371-4. 2008..It is possible that compared to earlier airbags second-generation airbags provide less injury protection due to their depowered nature...
- The impact of obesity on the outcome of emergency intubation in trauma patientsZiad C Sifri
Department of Surgery, New Jersey Trauma Center, UMDNJ New Jersey Medical School, Newark, New Jersey, USA
J Trauma 65:396-400. 2008..We therefore hypothesize that obese trauma patients requiring emergency intubation are at increased risk for unsuccessful intubation and airway-related complications...
- Maxillofacial trauma in major trauma patientsF N Shahim
Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, Central and Eastern Clinical School, The Alfred Hospital, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Aust Dent J 51:225-30. 2006..The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence and the epidemiological pattern of maxillofacial trauma occurring in major trauma patients...
- Different AIS triplets: Different mortality predictions in identical ISS and NISSLimor Aharonson-Daniel
Israel National Center for Trauma and Emergency Medicine Research, Gertner Institute for Epidemiology and Health Policy Research, Tel Hashomer, Israel
J Trauma 61:711-7. 2006..demonstrated different mortality predictions for identical Injury Severity Scores (ISS) from different Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) triplets...
- Onset and maintenance of psychiatric disorders after serious accidentsManuela Kuhn
Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University of Schleswig Holstein, Campus Luebeck, Ratzeburger Allee 160, 23538, Luebeck, Germany
Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 256:497-503. 2006..The course of the psychiatric disorders shows that those patients who met criteria for any psychiatric diagnosis shortly after the accident ran a much higher risk for developing new or comorbid psychiatric disorders in the future...
- The Abbreviated Injury Scale and its correlation with preventable traumatic accidental deaths: a study from South DelhiR Rautji
Department of Forensic Medicine, Armed Forces Medical College, Pune, India
Med Sci Law 46:157-65. 2006Anatomic trauma scoring systems are fundamental to trauma research. The Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) and its derivative, the Injury Severity Score (ISS), are the most frequently used scales...
- Severe outcome of children following trauma resulting from road accidentsEtienne Javouhey
UMRESTTE, Joint Unit of Inrets, University Claude Bernard Lyon 1, and InVS, Bron, and Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, Edouard Herriot Hospital, Lyon, France
Eur J Pediatr 165:519-25. 2006..The aim of the study was to determine the risk factors of a severe outcome for children severely injured [killed or with an Injury Severity Score (ISS)>or=16] in a road accident...
- Mountain biking injuries requiring trauma center admission: a 10-year regional trauma system experiencePeter T W Kim
Trauma Services, Department of Surgery, University of British Columbia
J Trauma 60:312-8. 2006..The purpose of this study was to review a population based approach to serious injuries requiring trauma center admission related to mountain biking, identify trends and develop directions for related injury prevention programs...
- Road traffic injuries in India: a review of the literatureNitin Garg
Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
Scand J Public Health 34:100-9. 2006..In spite of such developments, there are limited data in the literature addressing the problem of road traffic injuries. This article is an attempt to estimate the magnitude of the problem through published literature...
- A population-based comparison of CIREN and NASS cases using similarity scoringJoel D Stitzel
Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Medical Center Blvd, Winston Salem, NC 27157, USA
Annu Proc Assoc Adv Automot Med 51:395-417. 2007..Weighted NASS data and CIREN data were obtained for the years 2001-2005. NASS cases with Maximum AIS 3 resulted in a subset of 1,869 NASS cases, and 2,819 CIREN cases...
- [Fatal complications in traffic accident injury]Y Zhang
Department of Orthopedics, 304th Hospital of People's Liberation Army, Beijing 100037
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi 36:172-5. 1998..CONCLUSION: The occurrence of fatal complications is related to the location and severity of injury in traffic accident injury. A regularity is present in the occurrence of fatal complications with time progress...
- Requirements for the crash protection of older vehicle passengersAndrew Morris
Vehicle Safety Research Centre, Loughborough University, UK
Annu Proc Assoc Adv Automot Med 47:165-80. 2003....
- Crash scene photography in motor vehicle crashes without air bag deploymentCraig D Newgard
Department of Emergency Medicine, Harbor UCLA Medical Center, Torrance, CA, USA
Acad Emerg Med 9:924-9. 2002..To determine whether vehicle characteristics, measured using crash scene photography, are associated with anatomic patterns of injury and severity of injury sustained in motor vehicle crashes (MVCs) without air bag deployment...
- Child and adult pedestrian impact: the influence of vehicle type on injury severityBasem Y Henary
Center for Applied Biomechanics, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA, USA
Annu Proc Assoc Adv Automot Med 47:105-26. 2003..Outcome measures were Injury Severity Score, Maximum Abbreviated Injury Score, Abbreviated Injury Scale, Pedestrian Mortality, Functional Capacity Index and Life Years Lost to Injury...
- Increased depth of subcutaneous fat is protective against abdominal injuries in motor vehicle collisionsStewart C Wang
Departments of Surgery and Radiology, Program for Injury Research and Education, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
Annu Proc Assoc Adv Automot Med 47:545-59. 2003..Our findings suggest that increased subcutaneous fat may be protective against injuries by cushioning the abdominal region against injurious forces in motor vehicle collisions...
- Pediatric motor vehicle related injuries in the Navajo Nation: the impact of the 1988 child occupant restraint lawsK J Phelan
Divisions of Health Policy and Clinical Effectiveness and General and Community Pediatrics, Children s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio 45229 3039, USA
Inj Prev 8:216-20. 2002..Navajo motor vehicle mortality is the highest among the 12 Indian Health Service (IHS) administrative areas. In July 1988, the Navajo Nation enacted a primary enforcement safety belt use and a child restraint law...
- Head and neck injuries in fatal motorcycle collisions as determined by detailed autopsyVira Kasantikul
Silpakorn University, Nakorn Pathom, Thailand
Traffic Inj Prev 4:255-62. 2003..Injuries were coded using the 1990 revision of the Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS 90) and an Injury Severity Score (ISS) was determined for each case...
- Summary of BRP preliminary findingsSusan A Ferguson
Annu Proc Assoc Adv Automot Med 47:101-2. 2003
- Reliability of police-reported information for determining crash and injury severityCharles M Farmer
Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, Arlington, Virginia 22201, USA
Traffic Inj Prev 4:38-44. 2003..more precise measures of crash and injury severity: change in velocity (delta-V) for crash severity and Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) scores for injury severity...
- [Evaluation of multitraumatized patients admitted to a trauma center]Morten Schultz Larsen
Ortopaedkirurgisk afdeling O, UlykkesAnalyseGruppen, Odense Universitetshospital, DK 5000 Odense C
Ugeskr Laeger 164:5130-4. 2002..This study describes the survival possibility in a population of Danish multitraumatized patients. The analysis is related to international standards and to development over time as well...
- Changes in injury patterns in frontal crashes: injuries to drivers of vehicles model year 1993-1997 vs. Drivers of vehicles 1998-2002 - an analysis of NASS/CDC dataMaria Segui-Gomez
John Hopkins University
Annu Proc Assoc Adv Automot Med 47:84. 2003
- The clinical value of procalcitonin and neopterin in predicting sepsis and organ failure after major traumaThorsten Hensler
Biochemical and Experimental Division and dagger Trauma Surgery Division, 2nd Department of Surgery, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany
Shock 20:420-6. 2003..77; P < 0.001). These findings demonstrate that high plasma concentrations of PCT in the early posttraumatic phase are an independent predictor of MOF but not of sepsis...
- Comparison of frontal crash protection for front seat occupants in pre-1998 and 1998 and newer model vehiclesLawrence Schneider
University of Michigan Transportation Research Institute, USA
Annu Proc Assoc Adv Automot Med 47:81-3. 2003
- Road traffic accident mortality in SingaporeEvelyn Wong
Department of Emergency Medicine, Singapore General Hospital, Singapore, Singapore
J Emerg Med 22:139-46. 2002..Suggestions for future prevention and intervention include stricter enforcement of speed limits, more severe penalties for drunk driving, helmet use among pedal cyclists, and the introduction of pre-hospital advanced airway management...
- A fate worse than death? Long-term outcome of trauma patients admitted to the surgical intensive care unitDavid H Livingston
Division of Trauma, Department of Surgery, UMDNJ New Jersey Medical School, Newark, New Jersey 07103 2406, USA
J Trauma 67:341-8; discussion 348-9. 2009..Because the reintegration of patients into the society to lead an active and a productive life is the ultimate goal of trauma center care, we questioned whether our "success" may condemn these patients to a fate worse than death?..
- What constitutes a Young and Burgess lateral compression-I (OTA 61-B2) pelvic ring disruption? A description of computed tomography-based fracture anatomy and associated injuriesKelly A Lefaivre
Department of Orthopaedics Surgery, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX, USA
J Orthop Trauma 23:16-21. 2009....
- Timing of femur fracture fixation: effect on outcome in patients with thoracic and head injuriesSusan I Brundage
Department of Surgery, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas 77030, USA
J Trauma 52:299-307. 2002..Optimal timing of femur fracture fixation remains controversial. This study examines the association between the timing of femur fracture fixation and outcome in patients with concomitant chest and head injuries...
- [Herniation of the middle lobe of the right lung due to a coarsely dislocated sternum fracture]M Zeuner
Berufsgenossenschaftliche Unfallklinik, Frankfurt am Main, Friedberger Landstr 430, 60389, Frankfurt am Main, Deutschland
Unfallchirurg 113:330-4. 2010In cases of multiple trauma in patients with an injury severity score (ISS) > or =16 chest injuries, abbreviated injury scale (AIS) > or =3, are also sustained in 57.2% of all patients...
- Pelvic fractures in pediatric and adult trauma patients: are they different injuries?Demetrios Demetriades
Department of Surgery, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, USA
J Trauma 54:1146-51; discussion 1151. 2003....
- The impact of hypoxia and hyperventilation on outcome after paramedic rapid sequence intubation of severely head-injured patientsDaniel P Davis
Department of Emergency Medicine, University of California, San Diego, California 92103 8676, USA
J Trauma 57:1-8; discussion 8-10. 2004..An increase in mortality has been documented in association with paramedic rapid sequence intubation (RSI) of severely head-injured patients. This analysis explores the impact of hypoxia and hyperventilation on outcome...
- Should patients with isolated hip fractures be included in trauma registries?Eric Bergeron
Choc trauma Montérégie, Hopital Charles LeMoyne, Greenfield Park, Canada
J Trauma 58:793-7. 2005..Patients with isolated hip fractures are frequently excluded from trauma registries. The goal of this study was to show that patients with these injuries have higher resource use and poorer outcomes than the rest of the trauma population...
- Abnormal coagulation tests are associated with progression of traumatic intracranial hemorrhageChristopher B Allard
Department of Surgery and or Critical Care Medicine, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
J Trauma 67:959-67. 2009..ICH commonly increases in size and coagulopathy has been implicated in such progression. We investigated the association between coagulopathy diagnosed by routine laboratory tests and ICH progression...
- Resuscitation before stabilization of femoral fractures limits acute respiratory distress syndrome in patients with multiple traumatic injuries despite low use of damage control orthopedicsRobert V O'Toole
Department of Orthopaedics, R Adams Cowley Shock Trauma Center, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21201, USA
J Trauma 67:1013-21. 2009..Damage control orthopedics (DCO) with primary external fixation usually is reserved for those rare patients who do not respond to resuscitation. Our hypothesis was that this approach yields a low rate of ARDS...
- Out-of-hospital endotracheal intubation and outcome after traumatic brain injuryHenry E Wang
Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
Ann Emerg Med 44:439-50. 2004..This study compares the effects of out-of-hospital endotracheal intubation versus emergency department (ED) endotracheal intubation on mortality and neurologic and functional outcome after severe traumatic brain injury...
- Mortality impact of hypothermia after cavitary explorations in traumaKenji Inaba
Division of Trauma Surgery and Surgical Critical Care, USC LAC Medical Center, University of Southern California, 1200 North State Street, IPT, C5L100, Los Angeles, CA 90033, USA
World J Surg 33:864-9. 2009..We hypothesized that for trauma patients undergoing laparotomy or thoracotomy, early postoperative hypothermia is a predictor of mortality...
- Does optimal timing for spine fracture fixation exist?M A Croce
Department of Surgery, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, Tennessee 38163, USA
Ann Surg 233:851-8. 2001..To evaluate the effect of timing of spine fracture fixation on outcome in multiply injured patients...
- Early versus late onset of multiple organ failure is associated with differing patterns of plasma cytokine biomarker expression and outcome after severe traumaBernd Maier
Department of Trauma, Hand and Reconstruction Surgery, Medical School of the Johann Wolfgang Goethe University, Frankfurt Main, Germany
Shock 28:668-674. 2007..in cranial computed tomography and/or multiple injuries (MT) to the body (at least two regions had Abbreviated Injury Scale score of 3 or higher). The incidence of MOF was evaluated using the modified Goris-MOF score...
- Impact of intramedullary instrumentation versus damage control for femoral fractures on immunoinflammatory parameters: prospective randomized analysis by the EPOFF Study GroupHans Cristoph Pape
Department of Orthopaedics and Trauma Surgery, Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Germany
J Trauma 55:7-13. 2003..In this study in clinically stable patients with multiple injuries, the effects induced by different types of primary fracture stabilization on the systemic release of proinflammatory cytokines were evaluated...
- Posttraumatic cerebral infarction: incidence, outcome, and risk factorsIsaac Tawil
Division of Trauma Critical Care, Department of Surgery, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA
J Trauma 64:849-53. 2008..We suspected that recent advances in imaging modalities and treatment might affect incidence and outcome. We sought to define the incidence and mortality impact of PTCI. We also identified risk factors associated with PTCI...
- Concordance of end-tidal carbon dioxide and arterial carbon dioxide in severe traumatic brain injurySung Woo Lee
Department of Emergency Medicine, Medical School, Korea University, Seoul, Korea
J Trauma 67:526-30. 2009..The aim of this study is to examine the concordance between Paco2 and Petco2 among adults presenting to the emergency department with severe traumatic brain injury and to elucidate the patient groups who had discordance...
- Stapled versus sutured gastrointestinal anastomoses in the trauma patient: a multicenter trialS I Brundage
Department of Surgery, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas 77030, USA
J Trauma 51:1054-61. 2001..The objective of this multi-institutional study was to determine whether the incidence of postoperative complications differs between stapled and sutured anastomoses following the emergent repair of traumatic bowel injuries...
- High-level falls: type and severity of injuries and survival outcome according to ageDemetrios Demetriades
Division of Trauma and Surgical Intensive Care Unit, Department of Surgery, University of Southern California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90033, USA
J Trauma 58:342-5. 2005..There is little work published on this subject. Our objective was to evaluate the effect of age on the incidence and severity of specific organ injuries and survival outcome after high-level falls...
- Relative bradycardia in patients with traumatic hypotensionD Demetriades
Department of Surgery, University of Southern California, Los Angeles 90033, USA
J Trauma 45:534-9. 1998..Relative bradycardia is defined as a systolic pressure < or = 90 mm Hg and a pulse rate < or = 90 beats per minute...
- Effects of child age and body size on serious injury from passenger air-bag presence in motor vehicle crashesCraig D Newgard
Center for Policy and Research in Emergency Medicine, Department of Emergency Medicine, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, Oregon 97239 3098, USA
Pediatrics 115:1579-85. 2005..However, the age or body size required to allow a child to be seated safely in front of a passenger air bag is unknown...
- Prehospital intubation in severe thoracic trauma without respiratory insufficiency: a matched-pair analysis based on the Trauma Registry of the German Trauma SocietySteffen Ruchholtz
Department of Trauma Surgery, Institute for Medical Informatics, Biometrics and Epidemiology, University Hospital of Essen, Essen, Germany
J Trauma 52:879-86. 2002..On the basis of the data of a multicenter study, the impact of prehospital intubation and ventilation in the therapy of severe thoracic trauma without manifest respiratory insufficiency was analyzed...
- Broken bones and orthopedist groans: can an acute care surgeon fix both?Frederick W Endorf
Division of Trauma, Surgical Critical Care, and Burns, Department of Surgery, Loyola University Medical Center and the Loyola University Burn and Shock Trauma Institute, Maywood, Illinois, USA
J Trauma 64:673-8; discussion 679-80. 2008..This study characterizes OI sustained by trauma patients (TPs) to analyze the feasibility of this concept...
- Sternal fractures occur most often in old cars to seat-belted drivers without any airbag often with concomitant spinal injuries: clinical findings and technical collision variables among 42,055 crash victimsKarsten Knobloch
Trauma Department, Medical School Hannover, Hannover, Germany
Ann Thorac Surg 82:444-50. 2006..The incidence and treatment of sternal fractures caused by traffic accidents is of increasing importance to ensure best possible outcomes...
- The prognostic importance of trauma scoring systems in pediatric patientsAdnan Narci
Department of Pediatric Surgery, School of Medicine, Afyon Kocatepe University, Cocuk Cerrahisi AD, 03200, Afyon, Turkey
Pediatr Surg Int 25:25-30. 2009..Traumas are among important causes of morbidity and mortality in the pediatric group. Our aim was to evaluate the predicting effects of general trauma scores on mortality and morbidity rates...
- The Injury Distress Index: development and validationDavid E Victorson
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL, USA
Arch Phys Med Rehabil 89:1893-902. 2008..To develop and validate a new measurement tool designed to assess self-reported distress responses after traumatic physical injury...
- Risk adjustment for injured patients using administrative dataDavid E Clark
Department of Surgery, Maine Medical Center, Portland, Maine, USA
J Trauma 57:130-40; discussion 140. 2004..Risk adjustment methods are needed for population-based studies of injured patients...
- Children war casualties during the 1991-1995 wars in Croatia and Bosnia and HerzegovinaJ Terzic
Department of Physiology, Split University School of Medicine, Soltanska 2, 21000 Split, Croatia
Croat Med J 42:156-60. 2001..To analyze clinical course of war-related injuries in children treated at the Split University Hospital during the wars in Croatia (1991-1995) and Bosnia and Herzegovina (1992-1995)...
- A note on the disjointed nature of the injury severity scorePatrick D Kilgo
Department of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, North Carolina, USA
J Trauma 57:479-85; discussion 486-7. 2004..The ISS is the sum of the squares of a patient's three worst Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) severities (1-6) from three specified body regions...
- Ranking of trauma center performance: the bare essentialsAvery B Nathens
St Michael s Hospital, Division of Trauma and the Department of Surgery, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
J Trauma 65:628-35. 2008..We set out to identify the patient and injury-related factors that most affect case-mix across centers and thus are most likely to alter assessments of hospital performance...
- The design and implementation of chinese maxillofacial trauma registry, analysis and injury severity score systemShi Zhaohui
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Rescue and Treatment Center of Maxillofacial Trauma, College of Stomatology, The Fourth Military Medical University, Xi an, China
J Trauma 64:1024-33. 2008....
- Damage control surgery for severe thoracic and abdominal injuriesHuang Xian-kai
Deptartment of Trauma Surgery, Research Institute of Surgery, Daping Hospital, Third Military Medical University, Chongqing 400042, China
Chin J Traumatol 10:279-83. 2007..To investigate the application of damage control surgery in treatment of patients with severe thoracic and abdominal injuries...
- Penetrating thoracoabdominal injuries in Quebec: implications for surgical training and maintenance of competenceEric Bergeron
Traumatology Department, Hopital Charles LeMoyne, Greenfield Park, Montreal, Quebec
Can J Surg 48:284-8. 2005..The purpose of this study was to review the incidence and treatment of penetrating thoracoabdominal injuries in the 4 tertiary trauma centres in Quebec...
- Neurogenic hypotension in patients with severe head injuriesR M Chesnut
Department of Neurosurgery, Oregon Health Sciences University, Portland, 97201 3098, USA
J Trauma 44:958-63; discussion 963-4. 1998..To examine the occurrence of hypotensive episodes in patients with severe traumatic brain injuries that are not of hypovolemic origin and to investigate possible neurogenic or iatrogenic causes of such episodes...
- Effects of 2 patterns of prehospital care on the outcome of patients with severe head injuryS Di Bartolomeo
Friuli Venezia Giulia Regional Helicopter Medical Service, Udine, Italy
Arch Surg 136:1293-300. 2001....
- Prone ventilation in trauma or surgical patients with acute lung injury and adult respiratory distress syndrome: is it beneficial?James W Davis
Department of Surgery, University of California San Francisco, Fresno 93702, USA
J Trauma 62:1201-6. 2007..To compare the effectiveness of supine versus prone kinetic therapy in mechanically ventilated trauma and surgical patients with acute lung injury (ALI) and adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)...
- Management of maxillofacial injuries with severe oronasal hemorrhage: a multicenter perspectiveThomas H Cogbill
Department of Surgery, Gundersen Lutheran Medical Center, LaCrosse, Wisconsin, USA
J Trauma 65:994-9. 2008..This study was formulated to develop effective algorithms for managing these challenging injuries...
- Prospective Validation and Cost Analysis of the National Guidelines for Field TriCraig D Newgard; Fiscal Year: 2011..Outcome Measures: The primary outcome will be "serious" injury (maximum Abbreviated Injury Scale score 3)...
- HEAD INJURY OUTCOMESureyya Dikmen; Fiscal Year: 1993..will be investigated include head injury severity, severity of other system injuries (as assessed by the Abbreviated Injury Scale) and pre-existing conditions...
- Hypertonic Modulation of Inflammation following InjuryEileen M Bulger; Fiscal Year: 2010..The results of these studies will provide valuable information to determine the ultimate therapeutic use of the resuscitation strategy. ..
- Developing Metrics for Measuring Hospital Response Capability for Mass Casualty IMelissa McCarthy; Fiscal Year: 2008..This conference grant is viewed as a first step in the development of a method to measure hospital response capability for MCIs in a reliable and valid way. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Evaluating Hospital Outcomes for Injured PatientsDavid Clark; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- The Effect of Hypertonic Resuscitation for Blunt TraumaEileen Bulger; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- Effect of Out-of-Hospital Endotracheal Intubation ErrorsHenry Wang; Fiscal Year: 2008..These analyses are innovative in the fields of EMS, patient safety and health services research and will help to justify system-wide efforts to reduce errors in this complex procedure. ..
- Extended work schedules and health outcomes in the USGerald McGwin; Fiscal Year: 2002..Analyses will be adjusted for a number of possible confounders and effect modifier obtained from MEPS and NHIS including socio-demographic factors, family descriptors and lifestyle factors. ..
- TRAUMA-RELATED ERYTHROPOIETIC SUPPRESSIONDavid Livingston; Fiscal Year: 2003..Understanding the mechanisms behind post-trauma anemia will allow therapeutic interventions improving endogenous erythropoiesis to be targeted. ..
- 'Costs & Effectiveness of Trauma Care in the Elderly'Ellen Mackenzie; Fiscal Year: 2004....
- Improving Trauma Outcomes:A Patient Centered ApproachEllen Mackenzie; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable]..
- OUTCOMES FOLLOWING LIMB RECONSTRUCTION VS AMPUTATIONEllen Mackenzie; Fiscal Year: 2003..In addition, they propose to extend analysis of the 2-year data to address several important clinical and methodological issues. ..
- Epidemiology of Traumatic Brain InjuryJeffrey Bazarian; Fiscal Year: 2005....
- Polysomal RNA Antitumor ImmunityJohn Chi; Fiscal Year: 2005..Results from these experiments will help characterize the potential use of dendritic cells transfected with polysomal RNA in creating antigen specific tumor vaccines for brain tumors. ..
- STUDY OF FUNCTIONAL OUTCOME AFTER TRAUMA IN ADOLESCENTSTroy Holbrook; Fiscal Year: 2002..The true efficacy of trauma care systems in this country can only be demonstrated by addressing whether these systems return trauma victims to active functional roles in society. ..
- Detecting Axonal Damage After Mild Traumatic Brain InjuryJeffrey Bazarian; Fiscal Year: 2009....