abbreviated injury scale

Summary

Summary: Classification system for assessing impact injury severity developed and published by the American Association for Automotive Medicine. It is the system of choice for coding single injuries and is the foundation for methods assessing multiple injuries or for assessing cumulative effects of more than one injury. These include Maximum AIS (MAIS), Injury Severity Score (ISS), and Probability of Death Score (PODS).

Top Publications

  1. pmc Pedestrian crashes: higher injury severity and mortality rate for light truck vehicles compared with passenger vehicles
    B S Roudsari
    Harborview Injury Prevention and Research Center, Seattle, Washington, USA
    Inj Prev 10:154-8. 2004
  2. ncbi Scoring of anatomic injury after trauma: AIS 98 versus AIS 90--do the changes affect overall severity assessment?
    Nils O Skaga
    Department of Anaesthesiology, Ulleval University Hospital, 0407 Oslo, Norway
    Injury 38:84-90. 2007
  3. ncbi [Motor vehicle accidents with entrapment. A medical and technical investigation of crash mechanism, injury pattern and severity of entrapment of motor vehicle occupants between 1983 and 2003]
    J Westhoff
    Klinik für Unfall, Hand und Wiederherstellungschirurgie, Zentrum Chirurgie, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe Universität, Theodor Stern Kai 7, 60590 Frankfurt am Main
    Chirurg 78:246-53. 2007
  4. ncbi A modification of the injury severity score that both improves accuracy and simplifies scoring
    T Osler
    Department of Surgery, University of Vermont, Burlington 05405, USA
    J Trauma 43:922-5; discussion 925-6. 1997
  5. ncbi Abbreviated Injury Scale: not a reliable basis for summation of injury severity in trauma facilities?
    Kjetil G Ringdal
    Department of Research, Norwegian Air Ambulance Foundation, Drøbak, Norway
    Injury 44:691-9. 2013
  6. ncbi Impact of the version of the abbreviated injury scale on injury severity characterization and quality assessment of trauma care
    Hideo Tohira
    School of Primary, Aboriginal and Rural Health Care, University of Western Australia, Crawley, Western Australia, Australia
    J Trauma 71:56-62. 2011
  7. ncbi A comparison of the abilities of nine scoring algorithms in predicting mortality
    J Wayne Meredith
    Department of Surgery, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, North Carolina 27157, USA
    J Trauma 53:621-8; discussion 628-9. 2002
  8. pmc Development and validation of a complementary map to enhance the existing 1998 to 2008 Abbreviated Injury Scale map
    Cameron S Palmer
    Trauma Service, The Royal Children s Hospital Melbourne, Australia
    Scand J Trauma Resusc Emerg Med 19:29. 2011
  9. ncbi AIS 2005: a contemporary injury scale
    Thomas A Gennarelli
    Department of Neurosurgery, Medical College of Wisconsin, 9200 W, Wisconsin Avenue, Milwaukee, WI 53226, United States
    Injury 37:1083-91. 2006
  10. ncbi Establishing inter-rater reliability scoring in a state trauma system
    Christine Read-Allsopp
    NSW Institute of Trauma and Injury Management, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
    J Trauma Nurs 11:35-9. 2004

Detail Information

Publications229 found, 100 shown here

  1. pmc Pedestrian crashes: higher injury severity and mortality rate for light truck vehicles compared with passenger vehicles
    B S Roudsari
    Harborview Injury Prevention and Research Center, Seattle, Washington, USA
    Inj Prev 10:154-8. 2004
    ..Due to the dynamic nature of the pedestrian crashes biomechanical aspects of collisions can be better evaluated in field studies...
  2. ncbi Scoring of anatomic injury after trauma: AIS 98 versus AIS 90--do the changes affect overall severity assessment?
    Nils O Skaga
    Department of Anaesthesiology, Ulleval University Hospital, 0407 Oslo, Norway
    Injury 38:84-90. 2007
    Although several changes were implemented in the 1998 update of the abbreviated injury scale (AIS 98) versus the previous AIS 90, both are still used worldwide for coding of anatomic injury in trauma...
  3. ncbi [Motor vehicle accidents with entrapment. A medical and technical investigation of crash mechanism, injury pattern and severity of entrapment of motor vehicle occupants between 1983 and 2003]
    J Westhoff
    Klinik für Unfall, Hand und Wiederherstellungschirurgie, Zentrum Chirurgie, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe Universität, Theodor Stern Kai 7, 60590 Frankfurt am Main
    Chirurg 78:246-53. 2007
    ..Crash mechanisms, injury patterns, and severity of injury of entrapped motor vehicle occupants were analysed by the Accident Research Unit's scientific teams between 1983 and 2003...
  4. ncbi A modification of the injury severity score that both improves accuracy and simplifies scoring
    T Osler
    Department of Surgery, University of Vermont, Burlington 05405, USA
    J Trauma 43:922-5; discussion 925-6. 1997
    ..We present here a simple modification of the ISS called the New Injury Severity Score (NISS), which significantly outperforms the venerable but dated ISS as a predictor of mortality...
  5. ncbi Abbreviated Injury Scale: not a reliable basis for summation of injury severity in trauma facilities?
    Kjetil G Ringdal
    Department of Research, Norwegian Air Ambulance Foundation, Drøbak, Norway
    Injury 44:691-9. 2013
    Injury severity is most frequently classified using the Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) as a basis for the Injury Severity Score (ISS) and the New Injury Severity Score (NISS), which are used for assessment of overall injury severity in ..
  6. ncbi Impact of the version of the abbreviated injury scale on injury severity characterization and quality assessment of trauma care
    Hideo Tohira
    School of Primary, Aboriginal and Rural Health Care, University of Western Australia, Crawley, Western Australia, Australia
    J Trauma 71:56-62. 2011
    The Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) was updated in 2008 (AIS 2008). We aimed to investigate the impact of AIS 2008 on the characterization of injury severity and quality assessment of trauma care.
  7. ncbi A comparison of the abilities of nine scoring algorithms in predicting mortality
    J Wayne Meredith
    Department of Surgery, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, North Carolina 27157, USA
    J Trauma 53:621-8; discussion 628-9. 2002
    The purpose of this study was to compare the abilities of nine Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS)- and (ICD-9)-based scoring algorithms in predicting mortality.
  8. pmc Development and validation of a complementary map to enhance the existing 1998 to 2008 Abbreviated Injury Scale map
    Cameron S Palmer
    Trauma Service, The Royal Children s Hospital Melbourne, Australia
    Scand J Trauma Resusc Emerg Med 19:29. 2011
    Many trauma registries have used the Abbreviated Injury Scale 1990 Revision Update 98 (AIS98) to classify injuries...
  9. ncbi AIS 2005: a contemporary injury scale
    Thomas A Gennarelli
    Department of Neurosurgery, Medical College of Wisconsin, 9200 W, Wisconsin Avenue, Milwaukee, WI 53226, United States
    Injury 37:1083-91. 2006
    ..Critical to defining outcomes is the need for a universal language that defines individual injuries. The abbreviated injury scale (AIS) is the only dictionary specifically designed as a system to define the severity of injuries ..
  10. ncbi Establishing inter-rater reliability scoring in a state trauma system
    Christine Read-Allsopp
    NSW Institute of Trauma and Injury Management, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
    J Trauma Nurs 11:35-9. 2004
    ..the state of New South Wales, Australia trauma network were instructed in the uses and techniques of the Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) from the Association for the Advancement of Automotive Medicine...
  11. ncbi Which AIS based scoring system is the best predictor of outcome in orthopaedic blunt trauma patients?
    Paul J Harwood
    Academic Department Orthopaedic Trauma Surgery, Leeds University, United Kingdom
    J Trauma 60:334-40. 2006
    b>Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS)-based systems-the Injury Severity Score (ISS), New Injury Severity Score (NISS), and AISmax-are used to assess trauma patients. The merits of each in predicting outcome are controversial.
  12. pmc Assessment of the effects and limitations of the 1998 to 2008 Abbreviated Injury Scale map using a large population-based dataset
    Cameron S Palmer
    Trauma Service, The Royal Children s Hospital Melbourne, Flemington Rd, Parkville 3052, Australia
    Scand J Trauma Resusc Emerg Med 19:1. 2011
    Trauma systems should consistently monitor a given trauma population over a period of time. The Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) and derived scores such as the Injury Severity Score (ISS) are commonly used to quantify injury severities in ..
  13. ncbi Abbreviated injury scale unification: the case for a unified injury system for global use
    E Garthe
    Garthe Associates, Marblehead, Massachusetts, USA
    J Trauma 47:309-23. 1999
    The Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS), developed by the Association for the Advancement of Automotive Medicine is the most widely used anatomic injury severity scale in the world (Association for the Advancement of Automotive Medicine...
  14. ncbi Incorporating recent advances to make the TRISS approach universally available
    Patrick D Kilgo
    Department of Biostatistics, Emory University School of Public Health, GA 30322, USA
    J Trauma 60:1002-8; discussion 1008-9. 2006
    ..trauma facilities to compute because it requires 8 to 10 variables and ISS depends on the specialized Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) scale rather than the International Classification of Diseases scale (ICD-9)...
  15. ncbi The current status of road user injuries among the elderly in Germany: a medical and technical accident analysis
    Martinus Richter
    Trauma Department, Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Germany
    J Trauma 58:591-5. 2005
    ..The incidence and treatment of injuries involving the elderly road user are of increasing importance for all fields of trauma care to ensure the best possible outcomes...
  16. ncbi Comparison of the Injury Severity Score and ICD-9 diagnosis codes as predictors of outcome in injury: analysis of 44,032 patients
    R Rutledge
    Department of Surgery, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill 27599 7210, USA
    J Trauma 42:477-87; discussion 487-9. 1997
    ..The implications of such a finding would have the potential for significant cost savings in the care of injured patients...
  17. ncbi Double coding and mapping using Abbreviated Injury Scale 1998 and 2005: identifying issues for trauma data
    Cameron S Palmer
    Trauma Service, Royal Children s Hospital Melbourne, Flemington Rd, Parkville 3052, Australia
    Injury 41:948-54. 2010
    The 2005 version of the Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS05) potentially represents a significant change in injury spectrum classification, due to a substantial increase in the codeset size and alterations to the agreed severity of many ..
  18. ncbi The worst injury predicts mortality outcome the best: rethinking the role of multiple injuries in trauma outcome scoring
    Patrick D Kilgo
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, WistonSalem, North Carolina 27157 1063, USA
    J Trauma 55:599-606; discussion 606-7. 2003
    ..prediction approaches used many (New Injury Severity Score [NISS]) or all (ICISS and Trauma Registry Abbreviated Injury Scale Score [TRAIS], which use International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision [ICD-9] and Abbreviated ..
  19. ncbi Base deficit-based predictive modeling of outcome in trauma patients admitted to intensive care units in Dutch trauma centers
    Frank Kroezen
    Department of Surgery, St Elisabeth Hospital, Tilburg, The Netherlands
    J Trauma 63:908-13. 2007
    ..We used the base deficit as a measure of physiologic derangement in a Trauma and Injury Severity Score (TRISS)-like model as a predictor for outcome in trauma patients...
  20. ncbi Choosing outcome assessment instruments for trauma registries
    Belinda J Gabbe
    Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
    Acad Emerg Med 12:751-8. 2005
    ..The use of previously recommended outcome assessment instruments is discussed, with a focus on the utility of these instruments for use in routine monitoring of trauma outcomes other than mortality through trauma registries...
  21. ncbi Hyperglycemia and outcomes from pediatric traumatic brain injury
    Amalia Cochran
    Department of Surgery, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, USA
    J Trauma 55:1035-8. 2003
    ..The clinical significance of hyperglycemia after pediatric traumatic brain injury is controversial. This study addresses the relationship between hyperglycemia and outcomes after traumatic brain injury in pediatric patients...
  22. ncbi Speeding and maxillofacial injuries: impact of the introduction of penalty points for speeding offences
    O T Hussain
    National Maxillofacial Unit, St James s Hospital, James s Street, Dublin 8, Ireland
    Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg 44:15-9. 2006
    ..Severity was assessed using the Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) and Maximum Abbreviated Injury Severity Scale (MAIS), and bodily injuries by the Injury Severity ..
  23. ncbi Air bag effectiveness as function of impact speed
    G S Nusholtz
    DaimlerChrysler, Auburn Hills, Michigan 48326 USA
    Traffic Inj Prev 4:128-35. 2003
    ..of the NASS/CDS data looked at the effectiveness of air bags as a function of velocity for Maximum Abbreviated Injury Scale (MAIS) 3+ injuries...
  24. ncbi Comparison of Maryland hospital discharge and trauma registry data
    Melissa Lee McCarthy
    Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    J Trauma 58:154-61. 2005
    ..This study aimed to examine the validity of using Maryland hospital discharge data to characterize injuries sustained by trauma patients...
  25. ncbi Management of polytraumatized patients with associated blunt chest trauma: a comparison of two European countries
    Frank Hildebrand
    Department of Trauma Surgery, Hannover Medical School, Carl Neuberg Strasse 1, 30625 Hannover, Germany
    Injury 36:293-302. 2005
    ..Detailed information about advantages and disadvantages of these two systems might allow optimising the management of blunt chest trauma...
  26. ncbi The effect of age on functional outcome in mild traumatic brain injury: 6-month report of a prospective multicenter trial
    Anne C Mosenthal
    Department of Surgery, New Jersey Trauma Center, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey New Jersey, Medical School, Newark, New Jersey, USA
    J Trauma 56:1042-8. 2004
    ..We hypothesized that surviving elderly patients would also have decreased functional outcome, and this study examined the functional outcome of patients with isolated TBI at discharge and at 6 months posthospitalization...
  27. ncbi Injury patterns and preventability in prehospital motor vehicle crash fatalities in Victoria
    Matt Ryan
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Geelong Hospital, Geelong, Victoria, Australia
    Emerg Med Australas 16:274-9. 2004
    ..To examine the pattern of anatomical injury in victims of motor vehicle crashes who die prior to reaching hospital. Cases were identified where death was an unexpected outcome...
  28. ncbi Benefits of Australian Design Rule 69 (full frontal crash protection) and airbags in frontal crashes in Australia
    Michael Fitzharris
    Accident Research Centre, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia
    Annu Proc Assoc Adv Automot Med 48:35-53. 2004
    ..The average injury cost savings for drivers of post-ADR69 manufactured vehicles was found to be up to AUD19,000 dollars depending on body region considered. Limitations and implications of these findings are discussed...
  29. ncbi Is seat belt use associated with fewer days of lost work after motor vehicle collisions?
    Jesse Metzger
    Center for Injury Sciences at the University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, USA
    J Trauma 56:1009-14. 2004
    ..The goal of this study is to determine whether seat belt use is associated with fewer lost workdays among occupants involved in MVCs...
  30. ncbi Epidemiological and Trauma Injury and Severity Score (TRISS) analysis of trauma patients at a tertiary care centre in India
    Apul Goel
    Department of Urology, King George s Medical University, Lucknow 226003, Uttar Pradesh, India
    Natl Med J India 17:186-9. 2004
    ..This would allow comparisons and may help propagate the routine use of trauma scales...
  31. ncbi Steering wheel deformity and serious thoracic or abdominal injury among drivers and passengers involved in motor vehicle crashes
    Craig D Newgard
    Center for Policy and Research in Emergency Medicine, Department of Emergency Medicine, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, OR 97201 3098, USA
    Ann Emerg Med 45:43-50. 2005
    ..We assess the relationship between steering wheel deformity and serious thoracic or abdominal injury among drivers and front seat passengers involved in motor vehicle crashes, while adjusting for important crash factors...
  32. ncbi Pediatric material properties: a review of human child and animal surrogates
    Melanie Franklyn
    Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
    Crit Rev Biomed Eng 35:197-342. 2007
    ..This review presents the pediatric data available in the literature and highlights the body regions where further testing is needed...
  33. ncbi Mortality in severely injured elderly trauma patients--when does age become a risk factor?
    Christian A Kuhne
    Department of Trauma Surgery, University Hospital Essen, Essen, Germany
    World J Surg 29:1476-82. 2005
    ..05), but not at age 56 years. However, from age 56 years, mortality increased significantly in patients who sustained multiple trauma-an increase that was independent of trauma severity...
  34. ncbi Kinematics of belted fatalities in frontal collisions: A new approach in deep studies of injury mechanisms
    Mats O Lindquist
    Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Division of Surgery, Umea University, Saab Automobile, Enginuity Services International, Trollhattan, Sweden
    J Trauma 61:1506-16. 2006
    ..The main purpose of this study was to analyze the characteristics of injury mechanisms and injuries in fatal SO and LO car crashes in Sweden...
  35. pmc Are restrained children under 15 years of age in cars as effectively protected as adults?
    E Javouhey
    Epidemiological Research and Surveillance Unit in Transport, Occupation and Environment, French National Institute for Transport and Safety Research, University Claude Bernard Lyon 1, Bron, France
    Arch Dis Child 91:304-8. 2006
    ..To compare the injury distribution between children and adults, injured as restrained car passengers...
  36. pmc The association between age, injury, and survival to hospital among a cohort of injured motorcyclists
    Patricia C Dischinger
    National Study Center for Trauma and EMS, University of Maryland, Baltimore, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Annu Proc Assoc Adv Automot Med 51:97-110. 2007
    ..hospital). Possible biases introduced by studying only those hospitalized are described. Based on the findings, specific injury prevention strategies for older vs. younger riders are proposed...
  37. pmc Major trauma and the injury severity score--where should we set the bar?
    Cameron Palmer
    Trauma Service, Royal Children s Hospital, Melbourne, Australia
    Annu Proc Assoc Adv Automot Med 51:13-29. 2007
    ..Since this threshold was formulated, there have been significant developments in both the Abbreviated Injury Scale underlying the ISS, and trauma management techniques, both in the preventive and acute-care phases of ..
  38. ncbi Prehospital loss of R-to-R interval complexity is associated with mortality in trauma patients
    Andriy I Batchinsky
    US Army Institute of Surgical Research, Fort Sam Houston, Texas 78234 6315, USA
    J Trauma 63:512-8. 2007
    ..To improve our ability to identify physiologic deterioration caused by critical injury, we applied nonlinear analysis to the R-to-R interval (RRI) of the electrocardiogram of prehospital trauma patients...
  39. ncbi Sternal fractures are frequent among polytraumatised patients following high deceleration velocities in a severe vehicle crash
    K Knobloch
    Trauma Department, Medical School Hannover, Germany
    Injury 39:36-43. 2008
    ..Sternal fractures are a rare entity. We hypothesised that a sternal fracture is an indicator of injury severity following traffic accidents...
  40. ncbi Rollover injury: effects of near- and far-seating position, belt use, and number of quarter rolls
    David C Viano
    ProBiomechanics, LLC, 265 Warrington Road, Bloomfield Hills, MI 48304, USA
    Traffic Inj Prev 8:382-92. 2007
    ..The aim was to improve our understanding of rollover injury mechanisms...
  41. ncbi [Tree collisions in road traffic accidents - mechanism and pattern of injury]
    G Matthes
    Ernst Moritz Arndt Universitat Greifswald, Unfall und Wiederherstellungschirurgie, Greifswald
    Zentralbl Chir 132:142-5. 2007
    ..42 % of all deadly injured car accident victims in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern sustained a tree collision. Aim of this study was to analyze tree collisions regarding typical pattern and severity of injury...
  42. ncbi Injury risks between first- and second-generation airbags in frontal motor vehicle collisions
    Paul A MacLennan
    Center for Injury Sciences at the University of Alabama at Birmingham, 1922 7th Avenue South, Birmingham, AL 35294, USA
    Accid Anal Prev 40:1371-4. 2008
    ..It is possible that compared to earlier airbags second-generation airbags provide less injury protection due to their depowered nature...
  43. ncbi The impact of obesity on the outcome of emergency intubation in trauma patients
    Ziad C Sifri
    Department of Surgery, New Jersey Trauma Center, UMDNJ New Jersey Medical School, Newark, New Jersey, USA
    J Trauma 65:396-400. 2008
    ..We therefore hypothesize that obese trauma patients requiring emergency intubation are at increased risk for unsuccessful intubation and airway-related complications...
  44. ncbi Maxillofacial trauma in major trauma patients
    F N Shahim
    Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, Central and Eastern Clinical School, The Alfred Hospital, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
    Aust Dent J 51:225-30. 2006
    ..The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence and the epidemiological pattern of maxillofacial trauma occurring in major trauma patients...
  45. ncbi Different AIS triplets: Different mortality predictions in identical ISS and NISS
    Limor Aharonson-Daniel
    Israel National Center for Trauma and Emergency Medicine Research, Gertner Institute for Epidemiology and Health Policy Research, Tel Hashomer, Israel
    J Trauma 61:711-7. 2006
    ..demonstrated different mortality predictions for identical Injury Severity Scores (ISS) from different Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) triplets...
  46. ncbi Onset and maintenance of psychiatric disorders after serious accidents
    Manuela Kuhn
    Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University of Schleswig Holstein, Campus Luebeck, Ratzeburger Allee 160, 23538, Luebeck, Germany
    Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 256:497-503. 2006
    ..The course of the psychiatric disorders shows that those patients who met criteria for any psychiatric diagnosis shortly after the accident ran a much higher risk for developing new or comorbid psychiatric disorders in the future...
  47. ncbi The Abbreviated Injury Scale and its correlation with preventable traumatic accidental deaths: a study from South Delhi
    R Rautji
    Department of Forensic Medicine, Armed Forces Medical College, Pune, India
    Med Sci Law 46:157-65. 2006
    Anatomic trauma scoring systems are fundamental to trauma research. The Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) and its derivative, the Injury Severity Score (ISS), are the most frequently used scales...
  48. ncbi Severe outcome of children following trauma resulting from road accidents
    Etienne Javouhey
    UMRESTTE, Joint Unit of Inrets, University Claude Bernard Lyon 1, and InVS, Bron, and Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, Edouard Herriot Hospital, Lyon, France
    Eur J Pediatr 165:519-25. 2006
    ..The aim of the study was to determine the risk factors of a severe outcome for children severely injured [killed or with an Injury Severity Score (ISS)>or=16] in a road accident...
  49. ncbi Mountain biking injuries requiring trauma center admission: a 10-year regional trauma system experience
    Peter T W Kim
    Trauma Services, Department of Surgery, University of British Columbia
    J Trauma 60:312-8. 2006
    ..The purpose of this study was to review a population based approach to serious injuries requiring trauma center admission related to mountain biking, identify trends and develop directions for related injury prevention programs...
  50. ncbi Road traffic injuries in India: a review of the literature
    Nitin Garg
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Scand J Public Health 34:100-9. 2006
    ..In spite of such developments, there are limited data in the literature addressing the problem of road traffic injuries. This article is an attempt to estimate the magnitude of the problem through published literature...
  51. pmc A population-based comparison of CIREN and NASS cases using similarity scoring
    Joel D Stitzel
    Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Medical Center Blvd, Winston Salem, NC 27157, USA
    Annu Proc Assoc Adv Automot Med 51:395-417. 2007
    ..Weighted NASS data and CIREN data were obtained for the years 2001-2005. NASS cases with Maximum AIS 3 resulted in a subset of 1,869 NASS cases, and 2,819 CIREN cases...
  52. ncbi [Fatal complications in traffic accident injury]
    Y Zhang
    Department of Orthopedics, 304th Hospital of People's Liberation Army, Beijing 100037
    Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi 36:172-5. 1998
    ..CONCLUSION: The occurrence of fatal complications is related to the location and severity of injury in traffic accident injury. A regularity is present in the occurrence of fatal complications with time progress...
  53. pmc Requirements for the crash protection of older vehicle passengers
    Andrew Morris
    Vehicle Safety Research Centre, Loughborough University, UK
    Annu Proc Assoc Adv Automot Med 47:165-80. 2003
    ....
  54. ncbi Crash scene photography in motor vehicle crashes without air bag deployment
    Craig D Newgard
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Harbor UCLA Medical Center, Torrance, CA, USA
    Acad Emerg Med 9:924-9. 2002
    ..To determine whether vehicle characteristics, measured using crash scene photography, are associated with anatomic patterns of injury and severity of injury sustained in motor vehicle crashes (MVCs) without air bag deployment...
  55. pmc Child and adult pedestrian impact: the influence of vehicle type on injury severity
    Basem Y Henary
    Center for Applied Biomechanics, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA, USA
    Annu Proc Assoc Adv Automot Med 47:105-26. 2003
    ..Outcome measures were Injury Severity Score, Maximum Abbreviated Injury Score, Abbreviated Injury Scale, Pedestrian Mortality, Functional Capacity Index and Life Years Lost to Injury...
  56. pmc Increased depth of subcutaneous fat is protective against abdominal injuries in motor vehicle collisions
    Stewart C Wang
    Departments of Surgery and Radiology, Program for Injury Research and Education, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
    Annu Proc Assoc Adv Automot Med 47:545-59. 2003
    ..Our findings suggest that increased subcutaneous fat may be protective against injuries by cushioning the abdominal region against injurious forces in motor vehicle collisions...
  57. pmc Pediatric motor vehicle related injuries in the Navajo Nation: the impact of the 1988 child occupant restraint laws
    K J Phelan
    Divisions of Health Policy and Clinical Effectiveness and General and Community Pediatrics, Children s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio 45229 3039, USA
    Inj Prev 8:216-20. 2002
    ..Navajo motor vehicle mortality is the highest among the 12 Indian Health Service (IHS) administrative areas. In July 1988, the Navajo Nation enacted a primary enforcement safety belt use and a child restraint law...
  58. ncbi Head and neck injuries in fatal motorcycle collisions as determined by detailed autopsy
    Vira Kasantikul
    Silpakorn University, Nakorn Pathom, Thailand
    Traffic Inj Prev 4:255-62. 2003
    ..Injuries were coded using the 1990 revision of the Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS 90) and an Injury Severity Score (ISS) was determined for each case...
  59. pmc Summary of BRP preliminary findings
    Susan A Ferguson
    Annu Proc Assoc Adv Automot Med 47:101-2. 2003
  60. ncbi Reliability of police-reported information for determining crash and injury severity
    Charles M Farmer
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, Arlington, Virginia 22201, USA
    Traffic Inj Prev 4:38-44. 2003
    ..more precise measures of crash and injury severity: change in velocity (delta-V) for crash severity and Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) scores for injury severity...
  61. ncbi [Evaluation of multitraumatized patients admitted to a trauma center]
    Morten Schultz Larsen
    Ortopaedkirurgisk afdeling O, UlykkesAnalyseGruppen, Odense Universitetshospital, DK 5000 Odense C
    Ugeskr Laeger 164:5130-4. 2002
    ..This study describes the survival possibility in a population of Danish multitraumatized patients. The analysis is related to international standards and to development over time as well...
  62. pmc Changes in injury patterns in frontal crashes: injuries to drivers of vehicles model year 1993-1997 vs. Drivers of vehicles 1998-2002 - an analysis of NASS/CDC data
    Maria Segui-Gomez
    John Hopkins University
    Annu Proc Assoc Adv Automot Med 47:84. 2003
  63. ncbi The clinical value of procalcitonin and neopterin in predicting sepsis and organ failure after major trauma
    Thorsten Hensler
    Biochemical and Experimental Division and dagger Trauma Surgery Division, 2nd Department of Surgery, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany
    Shock 20:420-6. 2003
    ..77; P < 0.001). These findings demonstrate that high plasma concentrations of PCT in the early posttraumatic phase are an independent predictor of MOF but not of sepsis...
  64. pmc Comparison of frontal crash protection for front seat occupants in pre-1998 and 1998 and newer model vehicles
    Lawrence Schneider
    University of Michigan Transportation Research Institute, USA
    Annu Proc Assoc Adv Automot Med 47:81-3. 2003
  65. ncbi Road traffic accident mortality in Singapore
    Evelyn Wong
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Singapore General Hospital, Singapore, Singapore
    J Emerg Med 22:139-46. 2002
    ..Suggestions for future prevention and intervention include stricter enforcement of speed limits, more severe penalties for drunk driving, helmet use among pedal cyclists, and the introduction of pre-hospital advanced airway management...
  66. ncbi A fate worse than death? Long-term outcome of trauma patients admitted to the surgical intensive care unit
    David H Livingston
    Division of Trauma, Department of Surgery, UMDNJ New Jersey Medical School, Newark, New Jersey 07103 2406, USA
    J Trauma 67:341-8; discussion 348-9. 2009
    ..Because the reintegration of patients into the society to lead an active and a productive life is the ultimate goal of trauma center care, we questioned whether our "success" may condemn these patients to a fate worse than death?..
  67. ncbi What constitutes a Young and Burgess lateral compression-I (OTA 61-B2) pelvic ring disruption? A description of computed tomography-based fracture anatomy and associated injuries
    Kelly A Lefaivre
    Department of Orthopaedics Surgery, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX, USA
    J Orthop Trauma 23:16-21. 2009
    ....
  68. ncbi Timing of femur fracture fixation: effect on outcome in patients with thoracic and head injuries
    Susan I Brundage
    Department of Surgery, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas 77030, USA
    J Trauma 52:299-307. 2002
    ..Optimal timing of femur fracture fixation remains controversial. This study examines the association between the timing of femur fracture fixation and outcome in patients with concomitant chest and head injuries...
  69. ncbi [Herniation of the middle lobe of the right lung due to a coarsely dislocated sternum fracture]
    M Zeuner
    Berufsgenossenschaftliche Unfallklinik, Frankfurt am Main, Friedberger Landstr 430, 60389, Frankfurt am Main, Deutschland
    Unfallchirurg 113:330-4. 2010
    In cases of multiple trauma in patients with an injury severity score (ISS) > or =16 chest injuries, abbreviated injury scale (AIS) > or =3, are also sustained in 57.2% of all patients...
  70. ncbi Pelvic fractures in pediatric and adult trauma patients: are they different injuries?
    Demetrios Demetriades
    Department of Surgery, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, USA
    J Trauma 54:1146-51; discussion 1151. 2003
    ....
  71. ncbi The impact of hypoxia and hyperventilation on outcome after paramedic rapid sequence intubation of severely head-injured patients
    Daniel P Davis
    Department of Emergency Medicine, University of California, San Diego, California 92103 8676, USA
    J Trauma 57:1-8; discussion 8-10. 2004
    ..An increase in mortality has been documented in association with paramedic rapid sequence intubation (RSI) of severely head-injured patients. This analysis explores the impact of hypoxia and hyperventilation on outcome...
  72. ncbi Should patients with isolated hip fractures be included in trauma registries?
    Eric Bergeron
    Choc trauma Montérégie, Hopital Charles LeMoyne, Greenfield Park, Canada
    J Trauma 58:793-7. 2005
    ..Patients with isolated hip fractures are frequently excluded from trauma registries. The goal of this study was to show that patients with these injuries have higher resource use and poorer outcomes than the rest of the trauma population...
  73. ncbi Abnormal coagulation tests are associated with progression of traumatic intracranial hemorrhage
    Christopher B Allard
    Department of Surgery and or Critical Care Medicine, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Trauma 67:959-67. 2009
    ..ICH commonly increases in size and coagulopathy has been implicated in such progression. We investigated the association between coagulopathy diagnosed by routine laboratory tests and ICH progression...
  74. ncbi Resuscitation before stabilization of femoral fractures limits acute respiratory distress syndrome in patients with multiple traumatic injuries despite low use of damage control orthopedics
    Robert V O'Toole
    Department of Orthopaedics, R Adams Cowley Shock Trauma Center, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21201, USA
    J Trauma 67:1013-21. 2009
    ..Damage control orthopedics (DCO) with primary external fixation usually is reserved for those rare patients who do not respond to resuscitation. Our hypothesis was that this approach yields a low rate of ARDS...
  75. ncbi Out-of-hospital endotracheal intubation and outcome after traumatic brain injury
    Henry E Wang
    Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Ann Emerg Med 44:439-50. 2004
    ..This study compares the effects of out-of-hospital endotracheal intubation versus emergency department (ED) endotracheal intubation on mortality and neurologic and functional outcome after severe traumatic brain injury...
  76. ncbi Mortality impact of hypothermia after cavitary explorations in trauma
    Kenji Inaba
    Division of Trauma Surgery and Surgical Critical Care, USC LAC Medical Center, University of Southern California, 1200 North State Street, IPT, C5L100, Los Angeles, CA 90033, USA
    World J Surg 33:864-9. 2009
    ..We hypothesized that for trauma patients undergoing laparotomy or thoracotomy, early postoperative hypothermia is a predictor of mortality...
  77. pmc Does optimal timing for spine fracture fixation exist?
    M A Croce
    Department of Surgery, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, Tennessee 38163, USA
    Ann Surg 233:851-8. 2001
    ..To evaluate the effect of timing of spine fracture fixation on outcome in multiply injured patients...
  78. ncbi Early versus late onset of multiple organ failure is associated with differing patterns of plasma cytokine biomarker expression and outcome after severe trauma
    Bernd Maier
    Department of Trauma, Hand and Reconstruction Surgery, Medical School of the Johann Wolfgang Goethe University, Frankfurt Main, Germany
    Shock 28:668-674. 2007
    ..in cranial computed tomography and/or multiple injuries (MT) to the body (at least two regions had Abbreviated Injury Scale score of 3 or higher). The incidence of MOF was evaluated using the modified Goris-MOF score...
  79. ncbi Impact of intramedullary instrumentation versus damage control for femoral fractures on immunoinflammatory parameters: prospective randomized analysis by the EPOFF Study Group
    Hans Cristoph Pape
    Department of Orthopaedics and Trauma Surgery, Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Germany
    J Trauma 55:7-13. 2003
    ..In this study in clinically stable patients with multiple injuries, the effects induced by different types of primary fracture stabilization on the systemic release of proinflammatory cytokines were evaluated...
  80. ncbi Posttraumatic cerebral infarction: incidence, outcome, and risk factors
    Isaac Tawil
    Division of Trauma Critical Care, Department of Surgery, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA
    J Trauma 64:849-53. 2008
    ..We suspected that recent advances in imaging modalities and treatment might affect incidence and outcome. We sought to define the incidence and mortality impact of PTCI. We also identified risk factors associated with PTCI...
  81. ncbi Concordance of end-tidal carbon dioxide and arterial carbon dioxide in severe traumatic brain injury
    Sung Woo Lee
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Medical School, Korea University, Seoul, Korea
    J Trauma 67:526-30. 2009
    ..The aim of this study is to examine the concordance between Paco2 and Petco2 among adults presenting to the emergency department with severe traumatic brain injury and to elucidate the patient groups who had discordance...
  82. ncbi Stapled versus sutured gastrointestinal anastomoses in the trauma patient: a multicenter trial
    S I Brundage
    Department of Surgery, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas 77030, USA
    J Trauma 51:1054-61. 2001
    ..The objective of this multi-institutional study was to determine whether the incidence of postoperative complications differs between stapled and sutured anastomoses following the emergent repair of traumatic bowel injuries...
  83. ncbi High-level falls: type and severity of injuries and survival outcome according to age
    Demetrios Demetriades
    Division of Trauma and Surgical Intensive Care Unit, Department of Surgery, University of Southern California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90033, USA
    J Trauma 58:342-5. 2005
    ..There is little work published on this subject. Our objective was to evaluate the effect of age on the incidence and severity of specific organ injuries and survival outcome after high-level falls...
  84. ncbi Relative bradycardia in patients with traumatic hypotension
    D Demetriades
    Department of Surgery, University of Southern California, Los Angeles 90033, USA
    J Trauma 45:534-9. 1998
    ..Relative bradycardia is defined as a systolic pressure < or = 90 mm Hg and a pulse rate < or = 90 beats per minute...
  85. ncbi Effects of child age and body size on serious injury from passenger air-bag presence in motor vehicle crashes
    Craig D Newgard
    Center for Policy and Research in Emergency Medicine, Department of Emergency Medicine, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, Oregon 97239 3098, USA
    Pediatrics 115:1579-85. 2005
    ..However, the age or body size required to allow a child to be seated safely in front of a passenger air bag is unknown...
  86. ncbi Prehospital intubation in severe thoracic trauma without respiratory insufficiency: a matched-pair analysis based on the Trauma Registry of the German Trauma Society
    Steffen Ruchholtz
    Department of Trauma Surgery, Institute for Medical Informatics, Biometrics and Epidemiology, University Hospital of Essen, Essen, Germany
    J Trauma 52:879-86. 2002
    ..On the basis of the data of a multicenter study, the impact of prehospital intubation and ventilation in the therapy of severe thoracic trauma without manifest respiratory insufficiency was analyzed...
  87. ncbi Broken bones and orthopedist groans: can an acute care surgeon fix both?
    Frederick W Endorf
    Division of Trauma, Surgical Critical Care, and Burns, Department of Surgery, Loyola University Medical Center and the Loyola University Burn and Shock Trauma Institute, Maywood, Illinois, USA
    J Trauma 64:673-8; discussion 679-80. 2008
    ..This study characterizes OI sustained by trauma patients (TPs) to analyze the feasibility of this concept...
  88. ncbi Sternal fractures occur most often in old cars to seat-belted drivers without any airbag often with concomitant spinal injuries: clinical findings and technical collision variables among 42,055 crash victims
    Karsten Knobloch
    Trauma Department, Medical School Hannover, Hannover, Germany
    Ann Thorac Surg 82:444-50. 2006
    ..The incidence and treatment of sternal fractures caused by traffic accidents is of increasing importance to ensure best possible outcomes...
  89. ncbi The prognostic importance of trauma scoring systems in pediatric patients
    Adnan Narci
    Department of Pediatric Surgery, School of Medicine, Afyon Kocatepe University, Cocuk Cerrahisi AD, 03200, Afyon, Turkey
    Pediatr Surg Int 25:25-30. 2009
    ..Traumas are among important causes of morbidity and mortality in the pediatric group. Our aim was to evaluate the predicting effects of general trauma scores on mortality and morbidity rates...
  90. ncbi The Injury Distress Index: development and validation
    David E Victorson
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL, USA
    Arch Phys Med Rehabil 89:1893-902. 2008
    ..To develop and validate a new measurement tool designed to assess self-reported distress responses after traumatic physical injury...
  91. ncbi Risk adjustment for injured patients using administrative data
    David E Clark
    Department of Surgery, Maine Medical Center, Portland, Maine, USA
    J Trauma 57:130-40; discussion 140. 2004
    ..Risk adjustment methods are needed for population-based studies of injured patients...
  92. ncbi Children war casualties during the 1991-1995 wars in Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina
    J Terzic
    Department of Physiology, Split University School of Medicine, Soltanska 2, 21000 Split, Croatia
    Croat Med J 42:156-60. 2001
    ..To analyze clinical course of war-related injuries in children treated at the Split University Hospital during the wars in Croatia (1991-1995) and Bosnia and Herzegovina (1992-1995)...
  93. ncbi A note on the disjointed nature of the injury severity score
    Patrick D Kilgo
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, North Carolina, USA
    J Trauma 57:479-85; discussion 486-7. 2004
    ..The ISS is the sum of the squares of a patient's three worst Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) severities (1-6) from three specified body regions...
  94. ncbi Ranking of trauma center performance: the bare essentials
    Avery B Nathens
    St Michael s Hospital, Division of Trauma and the Department of Surgery, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
    J Trauma 65:628-35. 2008
    ..We set out to identify the patient and injury-related factors that most affect case-mix across centers and thus are most likely to alter assessments of hospital performance...
  95. ncbi The design and implementation of chinese maxillofacial trauma registry, analysis and injury severity score system
    Shi Zhaohui
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Rescue and Treatment Center of Maxillofacial Trauma, College of Stomatology, The Fourth Military Medical University, Xi an, China
    J Trauma 64:1024-33. 2008
    ....
  96. ncbi Damage control surgery for severe thoracic and abdominal injuries
    Huang Xian-kai
    Deptartment of Trauma Surgery, Research Institute of Surgery, Daping Hospital, Third Military Medical University, Chongqing 400042, China
    Chin J Traumatol 10:279-83. 2007
    ..To investigate the application of damage control surgery in treatment of patients with severe thoracic and abdominal injuries...
  97. pmc Penetrating thoracoabdominal injuries in Quebec: implications for surgical training and maintenance of competence
    Eric Bergeron
    Traumatology Department, Hopital Charles LeMoyne, Greenfield Park, Montreal, Quebec
    Can J Surg 48:284-8. 2005
    ..The purpose of this study was to review the incidence and treatment of penetrating thoracoabdominal injuries in the 4 tertiary trauma centres in Quebec...
  98. ncbi Neurogenic hypotension in patients with severe head injuries
    R M Chesnut
    Department of Neurosurgery, Oregon Health Sciences University, Portland, 97201 3098, USA
    J Trauma 44:958-63; discussion 963-4. 1998
    ..To examine the occurrence of hypotensive episodes in patients with severe traumatic brain injuries that are not of hypovolemic origin and to investigate possible neurogenic or iatrogenic causes of such episodes...
  99. ncbi Effects of 2 patterns of prehospital care on the outcome of patients with severe head injury
    S Di Bartolomeo
    Friuli Venezia Giulia Regional Helicopter Medical Service, Udine, Italy
    Arch Surg 136:1293-300. 2001
    ....
  100. ncbi Prone ventilation in trauma or surgical patients with acute lung injury and adult respiratory distress syndrome: is it beneficial?
    James W Davis
    Department of Surgery, University of California San Francisco, Fresno 93702, USA
    J Trauma 62:1201-6. 2007
    ..To compare the effectiveness of supine versus prone kinetic therapy in mechanically ventilated trauma and surgical patients with acute lung injury (ALI) and adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)...
  101. ncbi Management of maxillofacial injuries with severe oronasal hemorrhage: a multicenter perspective
    Thomas H Cogbill
    Department of Surgery, Gundersen Lutheran Medical Center, LaCrosse, Wisconsin, USA
    J Trauma 65:994-9. 2008
    ..This study was formulated to develop effective algorithms for managing these challenging injuries...

Research Grants20

  1. Prospective Validation and Cost Analysis of the National Guidelines for Field Tri
    Craig D Newgard; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Outcome Measures: The primary outcome will be "serious" injury (maximum Abbreviated Injury Scale score 3)...
  2. HEAD INJURY OUTCOME
    Sureyya Dikmen; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..will be investigated include head injury severity, severity of other system injuries (as assessed by the Abbreviated Injury Scale) and pre-existing conditions...
  3. Hypertonic Modulation of Inflammation following Injury
    Eileen M Bulger; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The results of these studies will provide valuable information to determine the ultimate therapeutic use of the resuscitation strategy. ..
  4. Developing Metrics for Measuring Hospital Response Capability for Mass Casualty I
    Melissa McCarthy; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..This conference grant is viewed as a first step in the development of a method to measure hospital response capability for MCIs in a reliable and valid way. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  5. Evaluating Hospital Outcomes for Injured Patients
    David Clark; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  6. The Effect of Hypertonic Resuscitation for Blunt Trauma
    Eileen Bulger; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  7. Effect of Out-of-Hospital Endotracheal Intubation Errors
    Henry Wang; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..These analyses are innovative in the fields of EMS, patient safety and health services research and will help to justify system-wide efforts to reduce errors in this complex procedure. ..
  8. Extended work schedules and health outcomes in the US
    Gerald McGwin; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Analyses will be adjusted for a number of possible confounders and effect modifier obtained from MEPS and NHIS including socio-demographic factors, family descriptors and lifestyle factors. ..
  9. TRAUMA-RELATED ERYTHROPOIETIC SUPPRESSION
    David Livingston; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Understanding the mechanisms behind post-trauma anemia will allow therapeutic interventions improving endogenous erythropoiesis to be targeted. ..
  10. 'Costs & Effectiveness of Trauma Care in the Elderly'
    Ellen Mackenzie; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  11. Improving Trauma Outcomes:A Patient Centered Approach
    Ellen Mackenzie; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable]..
  12. OUTCOMES FOLLOWING LIMB RECONSTRUCTION VS AMPUTATION
    Ellen Mackenzie; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..In addition, they propose to extend analysis of the 2-year data to address several important clinical and methodological issues. ..
  13. Epidemiology of Traumatic Brain Injury
    Jeffrey Bazarian; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  14. Polysomal RNA Antitumor Immunity
    John Chi; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Results from these experiments will help characterize the potential use of dendritic cells transfected with polysomal RNA in creating antigen specific tumor vaccines for brain tumors. ..
  15. STUDY OF FUNCTIONAL OUTCOME AFTER TRAUMA IN ADOLESCENTS
    Troy Holbrook; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The true efficacy of trauma care systems in this country can only be demonstrated by addressing whether these systems return trauma victims to active functional roles in society. ..
  16. Detecting Axonal Damage After Mild Traumatic Brain Injury
    Jeffrey Bazarian; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....