photic stimulation

Summary

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Control of goal-directed and stimulus-driven attention in the brain
    Maurizio Corbetta
    Department of Neurology, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri 63110, USA
    Nat Rev Neurosci 3:201-15. 2002
  2. ncbi Neurophysiological investigation of the basis of the fMRI signal
    N K Logothetis
    Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Tuebingen, Germany
    Nature 412:150-7. 2001
  3. pmc The NimStim set of facial expressions: judgments from untrained research participants
    Nim Tottenham
    Sackler Institute for Developmental Psychobiology, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, NY 10021, USA
    Psychiatry Res 168:242-9. 2009
  4. ncbi Learning the value of information in an uncertain world
    Timothy E J Behrens
    FMRIB Centre, University of Oxford, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford OX3 9DU, UK
    Nat Neurosci 10:1214-21. 2007
  5. ncbi Alpha-band electroencephalographic activity over occipital cortex indexes visuospatial attention bias and predicts visual target detection
    Gregor Thut
    Center for Noninvasive Brain Stimulation, Harvard Medical School, and Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA
    J Neurosci 26:9494-502. 2006
  6. ncbi Functional imaging with cellular resolution reveals precise micro-architecture in visual cortex
    Kenichi Ohki
    Department of Neurobiology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    Nature 433:597-603. 2005
  7. pmc Parvalbumin neurons and gamma rhythms enhance cortical circuit performance
    Vikaas S Sohal
    Department of Bioengineering, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305, USA
    Nature 459:698-702. 2009
  8. pmc Functional specificity of local synaptic connections in neocortical networks
    Ho Ko
    Department of Neuroscience, Physiology and Pharmacology, University College London, 21 University Street, London WC1E 6DE, UK
    Nature 473:87-91. 2011
  9. pmc Highly selective receptive fields in mouse visual cortex
    Cristopher M Niell
    Department of Physiology, W M Keck Foundation Center for Integrative Neuroscience, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California 94143 0444, USA
    J Neurosci 28:7520-36. 2008
  10. ncbi Improved optimization for the robust and accurate linear registration and motion correction of brain images
    Mark Jenkinson
    Oxford Centre for Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the Brain, John Radcliffe Hospital, Headington, United Kingdom
    Neuroimage 17:825-41. 2002

Research Grants

  1. Baboon Model for Genetics of Human Generalized Epilepsy
    Jeff Williams; Fiscal Year: 2007
  2. Circle of Willis variability and migraine
    BRETT LEE CUCCHIARA; Fiscal Year: 2010
  3. BIOSPEC 30/60 3T IN VIVO SPECTROSCOPY/IMAGING SYSTEM
    Bruce Rosen; Fiscal Year: 1993
  4. Neural-Vascular Interactions in the Retina
    Jameel Ahmed; Fiscal Year: 2004
  5. REGULATION OF THE MAMMALIAN CIRCADIAN SYSTEM
    Christopher Colwell; Fiscal Year: 2002
  6. RETINAL CGMP METABOLISM IN SITU BY 180 LABELING
    Nelson Goldberg; Fiscal Year: 1990
  7. Mediating effects of GRP on circadian rhythms
    KAREN GAMBLE; Fiscal Year: 2007
  8. TRANSPLANTATION STUDIES OF THE RAT VISUAL SYSTEM
    Raymond Lund; Fiscal Year: 1991
  9. NEUROGENESIS AND SYNAPTOGENESIS OF RETINAL PHOTORECEPTOR
    PAMELA RAYMOND; Fiscal Year: 1980
  10. VISUAL MECHANISMS IN A REGENERATING GASTROPOD RETINA
    HOWARD GILLARY; Fiscal Year: 1980

Detail Information

Publications273 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Control of goal-directed and stimulus-driven attention in the brain
    Maurizio Corbetta
    Department of Neurology, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri 63110, USA
    Nat Rev Neurosci 3:201-15. 2002
    ..This ventral frontoparietal network works as a 'circuit breaker' for the dorsal system, directing attention to salient events. Both attentional systems interact during normal vision, and both are disrupted in unilateral spatial neglect...
  2. ncbi Neurophysiological investigation of the basis of the fMRI signal
    N K Logothetis
    Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Tuebingen, Germany
    Nature 412:150-7. 2001
    ..These findings suggest that the BOLD contrast mechanism reflects the input and intracortical processing of a given area rather than its spiking output...
  3. pmc The NimStim set of facial expressions: judgments from untrained research participants
    Nim Tottenham
    Sackler Institute for Developmental Psychobiology, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, NY 10021, USA
    Psychiatry Res 168:242-9. 2009
    ..The results lend empirical support for the validity and reliability of this set of facial expressions as determined by accurate identification of expressions and high intra-participant agreement across two testing sessions, respectively...
  4. ncbi Learning the value of information in an uncertain world
    Timothy E J Behrens
    FMRIB Centre, University of Oxford, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford OX3 9DU, UK
    Nat Neurosci 10:1214-21. 2007
    ..Furthermore, variations in this ACC signal across the population predict variations in subject learning rates. Our results provide a formal account of how we weigh our different experiences in guiding our future actions...
  5. ncbi Alpha-band electroencephalographic activity over occipital cortex indexes visuospatial attention bias and predicts visual target detection
    Gregor Thut
    Center for Noninvasive Brain Stimulation, Harvard Medical School, and Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA
    J Neurosci 26:9494-502. 2006
    ..They suggest that the momentary direction of attention, predicting spatial biases in imminent visual processing, can be estimated from a lateralization index of posterior alpha-activity...
  6. ncbi Functional imaging with cellular resolution reveals precise micro-architecture in visual cortex
    Kenichi Ohki
    Department of Neurobiology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    Nature 433:597-603. 2005
    ..These results indicate that cortical maps can be built with single-cell precision...
  7. pmc Parvalbumin neurons and gamma rhythms enhance cortical circuit performance
    Vikaas S Sohal
    Department of Bioengineering, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305, USA
    Nature 459:698-702. 2009
    ....
  8. pmc Functional specificity of local synaptic connections in neocortical networks
    Ho Ko
    Department of Neuroscience, Physiology and Pharmacology, University College London, 21 University Street, London WC1E 6DE, UK
    Nature 473:87-91. 2011
    ..Our results reveal the degree of functional specificity of local synaptic connections in the visual cortex, and point to the existence of fine-scale subnetworks dedicated to processing related sensory information...
  9. pmc Highly selective receptive fields in mouse visual cortex
    Cristopher M Niell
    Department of Physiology, W M Keck Foundation Center for Integrative Neuroscience, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California 94143 0444, USA
    J Neurosci 28:7520-36. 2008
    ..This quantitative description of receptive field properties should facilitate the use of mouse visual cortex as a system to address longstanding questions of visual neuroscience and cortical processing...
  10. ncbi Improved optimization for the robust and accurate linear registration and motion correction of brain images
    Mark Jenkinson
    Oxford Centre for Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the Brain, John Radcliffe Hospital, Headington, United Kingdom
    Neuroimage 17:825-41. 2002
    ..These motion correction experiments also investigate how the results are affected by different cost functions and interpolation methods...
  11. pmc Spatio-temporal correlations and visual signalling in a complete neuronal population
    Jonathan W Pillow
    Gatsby Computational Neuroscience Unit, UCL, 17 Queen Square, London WC1N 3AR, UK
    Nature 454:995-9. 2008
    ..This model-based approach reveals the role of correlated activity in the retinal coding of visual stimuli, and provides a general framework for understanding the importance of correlated activity in populations of neurons...
  12. ncbi Entrainment of neuronal oscillations as a mechanism of attentional selection
    Peter Lakatos
    Cognitive Neuroscience and Schizophrenia Program, Nathan Kline Institute, Orangeburg, NY 10962, USA
    Science 320:110-3. 2008
    ..These instrumental functions of low-frequency oscillations support a conceptual framework that integrates numerous earlier findings...
  13. pmc Normalization as a canonical neural computation
    Matteo Carandini
    UCL Institute of Ophtalmology, University College London, 11 43 Bath Street, London EC1V 9EL, UK ac uk
    Nat Rev Neurosci 13:51-62. 2012
    ..Its presence in such a diversity of neural systems in multiple species, from invertebrates to mammals, suggests that it serves as a canonical neural computation...
  14. ncbi Temporal prediction errors in a passive learning task activate human striatum
    Samuel M McClure
    Human Neuroimaging Lab, Center for Theoretical Neuroscience, Division of Neuroscience, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030, USA
    Neuron 38:339-46. 2003
    ....
  15. pmc Decoding reveals the contents of visual working memory in early visual areas
    Stephenie A Harrison
    Psychology Department and Vanderbilt Vision Research Center, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee 37240, USA
    Nature 458:632-5. 2009
    ..Our results demonstrate that early visual areas can retain specific information about visual features held in working memory, over periods of many seconds when no physical stimulus is present...
  16. pmc Parvalbumin-expressing interneurons linearly transform cortical responses to visual stimuli
    Bassam V Atallah
    Computational Neurosciences Graduate Program, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093 0634, USA
    Neuron 73:159-70. 2012
    ..These results indicate that PV cells are ideally suited to modulate cortical gain and establish a causal relationship between a select neuron type and specific computations performed by the cortex during sensory processing...
  17. ncbi Comparing dynamic causal models
    W D Penny
    Wellcome Department of Imaging Neuroscience, University College London, London, UK
    Neuroimage 22:1157-72. 2004
    ..The combined use of Bayes factors and DCM thus allows one to evaluate competing scientific theories about the architecture of large-scale neural networks and the neuronal interactions that mediate perception and cognition...
  18. ncbi Discrete coding of reward probability and uncertainty by dopamine neurons
    Christopher D Fiorillo
    Institute of Physiology, University of Fribourg, CH 1700 Fribourg, Switzerland
    Science 299:1898-902. 2003
    ..The coding of uncertainty suggests a possible role for dopamine signals in attention-based learning and risk-taking behavior...
  19. pmc Identifying natural images from human brain activity
    Kendrick N Kay
    Department of Psychology, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720, USA
    Nature 452:352-5. 2008
    ..Our results suggest that it may soon be possible to reconstruct a picture of a person's visual experience from measurements of brain activity alone...
  20. ncbi Recalibration of audiovisual simultaneity
    Waka Fujisaki
    NTT Communication Science Laboratories, NTT Corporation, 3 1 Morinosato Wakamiya, Atsugi, Kanagawa 243 0198, Japan
    Nat Neurosci 7:773-8. 2004
    ..Our findings suggest that the brain attempts to adjust subjective simultaneity across different modalities by detecting and reducing time lags between inputs that likely arise from the same physical events...
  21. pmc Broad inhibition sharpens orientation selectivity by expanding input dynamic range in mouse simple cells
    Bao Hua Liu
    Zilkha Neurogenetic Institute, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90033, USA
    Neuron 71:542-54. 2011
    ....
  22. ncbi A common network of functional areas for attention and eye movements
    M Corbetta
    Department of Neurology, McDonnell Center for Higher Brain Functions, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri 63110, USA
    Neuron 21:761-73. 1998
    ..This anatomical overlap is consistent with the hypothesis that attentional and oculomotor processes are tightly integrated at the neural level...
  23. ncbi Action observation and acquired motor skills: an FMRI study with expert dancers
    B Calvo-Merino
    Institute of Movement Neuroscience, University College London and Department of Basic Psychology, Faculty of Psychology, Universidad Complutense, Madrid, Spain
    Cereb Cortex 15:1243-9. 2005
    ..Our results show that this 'mirror system' integrates observed actions of others with an individual's personal motor repertoire, and suggest that the human brain understands actions by motor simulation...
  24. ncbi On the role of prestimulus alpha rhythms over occipito-parietal areas in visual input regulation: correlation or causation?
    Vincenzo Romei
    Centre for Cognitive Neuroimaging, Department of Psychology, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G12 8QB, UK
    J Neurosci 30:8692-7. 2010
    ..This shows that the posterior alpha rhythm is actively involved in shaping forthcoming perception and, hence, constitutes a substrate rather than a mere correlate of visual input regulation...
  25. ncbi Adaptation to natural facial categories
    Michael A Webster
    Department of Psychology, University of Nevada, Reno, Nevada 89557, USA
    Nature 428:557-61. 2004
    ....
  26. ncbi Ultrafast optogenetic control
    Lisa A Gunaydin
    Department of Bioengineering, Stanford University, Stanford, California, USA
    Nat Neurosci 13:387-92. 2010
    ....
  27. ncbi Action video game modifies visual selective attention
    C Shawn Green
    Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Center for Visual Science, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York 14627, USA
    Nature 423:534-7. 2003
    ..In a fifth experiment, non-players trained on an action video game show marked improvement from their pre-training abilities, thereby establishing the role of playing in this effect...
  28. ncbi Bayesian integration in sensorimotor learning
    Konrad P Kording
    Sobell Department of Motor Neuroscience, Institute of Neurology, University College London, Queen Square, London WC1N 3BG, UK
    Nature 427:244-7. 2004
    ..The central nervous system therefore employs probabilistic models during sensorimotor learning...
  29. ncbi Distributed neural representation of expected value
    Brian Knutson
    Department of Psychology, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305, USA
    J Neurosci 25:4806-12. 2005
    ....
  30. pmc Decoding the visual and subjective contents of the human brain
    Yukiyasu Kamitani
    ATR Computational Neuroscience Laboratories, 2 2 2 Hikaridai, Keihanna Science City, Kyoto 619 0288, Japan
    Nat Neurosci 8:679-85. 2005
    ..Our approach provides a framework for the readout of fine-tuned representations in the human brain and their subjective contents...
  31. ncbi An optical neural interface: in vivo control of rodent motor cortex with integrated fiberoptic and optogenetic technology
    Alexander M Aravanis
    Department of Bioengineering, Stanford University Medical Center, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
    J Neural Eng 4:S143-56. 2007
    ....
  32. ncbi Increased activity in human visual cortex during directed attention in the absence of visual stimulation
    S Kastner
    Laboratory of Brain and Cognition, National Institute of Mental Health, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892, USA
    Neuron 22:751-61. 1999
    ..The increased activity in visual cortex in the absence of visual stimulation may reflect a top-down bias of neural signals in favor of the attended location, which derives from a fronto-parietal network...
  33. ncbi Dynamic brain sources of visual evoked responses
    S Makeig
    Computational Neurobiology Laboratory and, The Howard Hughes Medical Institute, The Salk Institute, 10010 North Torrey Pines Road, San Diego, CA 92037, USA
    Science 295:690-4. 2002
    ..Scalp topographies of these components were consistent with their generation in compact cortical domains...
  34. pmc The primate amygdala represents the positive and negative value of visual stimuli during learning
    Joseph J Paton
    Center for Neurobiology and Behavior, Columbia University, 1051 Riverside Drive, Unit 87, New York, New York 10032, USA
    Nature 439:865-70. 2006
    ..Behavioural and physiological responses to visual stimuli may therefore be based in part on the plastic representation of value provided by the amygdala...
  35. ncbi Seeing or doing? Influence of visual and motor familiarity in action observation
    Beatriz Calvo-Merino
    Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience and Department of Psychology, University College London, 17 Queen Square, WC1N 3AR London, United Kingdom
    Curr Biol 16:1905-10. 2006
    ..We understand actions not only by visual recognition, but also motorically. In addition, we confirm that the cerebellum is part of the action observation network...
  36. ncbi The architecture of cognitive control in the human prefrontal cortex
    Etienne Koechlin
    Institut National de la Sante et de Recherche Medicale, Universite Pierre et Marie Curie, 9, quai St Bernard, 75005 Paris, France
    Science 302:1181-5. 2003
    ..The results support an unified modular model of cognitive control that describes the overall functional organization of the human lateral PFC and has basic methodological and theoretical implications...
  37. ncbi Action anticipation and motor resonance in elite basketball players
    Salvatore M Aglioti
    Dipartimento di Psicologia, Sapienza Universita di Roma, Via dei Marsi 78, 1 00185, Roma, Italy
    Nat Neurosci 11:1109-16. 2008
    ....
  38. ncbi Structure and function of visual area MT
    Richard T Born
    Department of Neurobiology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115 5701, USA
    Annu Rev Neurosci 28:157-89. 2005
    ..Here we attempt a synthetic overview of the rich literature on MT with the goal of answering the question, What does MT do?..
  39. pmc Local GABA circuit control of experience-dependent plasticity in developing visual cortex
    T K Hensch
    Laboratory for Neuronal Circuit Development, Brain Science Institute RIKEN, 2 1 Hirosawa, Wako Shi, Saitama 351 0198, Japan
    Science 282:1504-8. 1998
    ..Specific networks of inhibitory interneurons intrinsic to visual cortex may detect perturbations in sensory input to drive experience-dependent plasticity during development...
  40. pmc Spatial and temporal scales of neuronal correlation in primary visual cortex
    Matthew A Smith
    Center for the Neural Basis of Cognition, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213, USA
    J Neurosci 28:12591-603. 2008
    ..These properties and the circuit mechanism they imply provide new constraints on the functional role that correlation may play in visual processing...
  41. ncbi Evidence from functional magnetic resonance imaging of crossmodal binding in the human heteromodal cortex
    G A Calvert
    Oxford Centre for Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the Brain FMRIB, University of Oxford, UK
    Curr Biol 10:649-57. 2000
    ..Although spatially concordant multisensory inputs can produce a dramatic, often multiplicative, increase in cellular activity, spatially disparate cues tend to induce a profound response depression...
  42. pmc Toward enhanced P300 speller performance
    D J Krusienski
    University of North Florida, Division of Engineering, 4567 St Johns Bluff Road, South Jacksonville, FL 32224 2645, USA
    J Neurosci Methods 167:15-21. 2008
    ....
  43. ncbi Neural basis of a perceptual decision in the parietal cortex (area LIP) of the rhesus monkey
    M N Shadlen
    Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Department of Physiology and Biophysics, and Regional Primate Research Center, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 7290, USA
    J Neurophysiol 86:1916-36. 2001
    ..The time course of the neural response suggests that LIP accumulates sensory signals relevant to the selection of a target for an eye movement...
  44. ncbi Response of neurons in the lateral intraparietal area during a combined visual discrimination reaction time task
    Jamie D Roitman
    Program in Neurobiology and Behavior, Department of Physiology and Biophysics, and Regional Primate Research Center, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 7290, USA
    J Neurosci 22:9475-89. 2002
    ..A threshold level of LIP activity appears to mark the completion of the decision process and to govern the tradeoff between accuracy and speed of perception...
  45. pmc Spatial attention decorrelates intrinsic activity fluctuations in macaque area V4
    Jude F Mitchell
    Systems Neurobiology Lab, The Salk Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037 1099, USA
    Neuron 63:879-88. 2009
    ..This attention-dependent reduction of ongoing cortical activity improves the signal-to-noise ratio of pooled neural signals substantially more than attention-dependent increases in firing rate...
  46. ncbi Modulation of oscillatory neuronal synchronization by selective visual attention
    P Fries
    Laboratory of Neuropsychology, National Institute of Mental Health, National Institutes of Health, Building 49, Room 1B80, 9000 Rockville Pike, Bethesda, MD 20892 4415, USA
    Science 291:1560-3. 2001
    ..Because postsynaptic integration times are short, these localized changes in synchronization may serve to amplify behaviorally relevant signals in the cortex...
  47. pmc Causal role of the prefrontal cortex in top-down modulation of visual processing and working memory
    Theodore P Zanto
    Department of Neurology, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California, USA
    Nat Neurosci 14:656-61. 2011
    ..These results suggest that top-down modulation mediated by the prefrontal cortex is a causal link between early attentional processes and subsequent memory performance...
  48. ncbi A mechanism for impaired fear recognition after amygdala damage
    Ralph Adolphs
    Department of Neurology, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa 52242, USA
    Nature 433:68-72. 2005
    ..This finding provides a mechanism to explain the amygdala's role in fear recognition, and points to new approaches for the possible rehabilitation of patients with defective emotion perception...
  49. pmc Driving fast-spiking cells induces gamma rhythm and controls sensory responses
    Jessica A Cardin
    McGovern Institute for Brain Research and Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, MIT, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139, USA
    Nature 459:663-7. 2009
    ..Our data directly support the fast-spiking-gamma hypothesis and provide the first causal evidence that distinct network activity states can be induced in vivo by cell-type-specific activation...
  50. pmc Synaptic and network mechanisms of sparse and reliable visual cortical activity during nonclassical receptive field stimulation
    Bilal Haider
    Department of Neurobiology, Yale University School of Medicine, 333 Cedar Street, New Haven, CT 06510, USA
    Neuron 65:107-21. 2010
    ..Our experimental observations were replicated with a simple computational model, suggesting that network interactions among neuronal subtypes ultimately sharpen recurrent excitation, producing specific and reliable visual responses...
  51. ncbi Distant influences of amygdala lesion on visual cortical activation during emotional face processing
    Patrik Vuilleumier
    Laboratory for Neurology and Imaging of Cognition, Department of Neurology and Neurosciences, Centre Medical Universitaire, University of Geneva, 1211 Geneva 4, Switzerland
    Nat Neurosci 7:1271-8. 2004
    ..Our data show that combining the fMRI and lesion approaches can help reveal the source of functional modulatory influences between distant but interconnected brain regions...
  52. pmc Discrete fixed-resolution representations in visual working memory
    Weiwei Zhang
    Department of Psychology, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa 52242, USA
    Nature 453:233-5. 2008
    ..Memory resolution varied over a narrow range that cannot be explained in terms of a general resource pool but can be well explained by a small set of discrete, fixed-resolution representations...
  53. pmc In vivo light-induced activation of neural circuitry in transgenic mice expressing channelrhodopsin-2
    Benjamin R Arenkiel
    Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA
    Neuron 54:205-18. 2007
    ....
  54. pmc Modulation of visual responses by behavioral state in mouse visual cortex
    Cristopher M Niell
    W M Keck Foundation Center for Integrative Neuroscience, Department of Physiology, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94143 0444, USA
    Neuron 65:472-9. 2010
    ..Interestingly, some narrow-spiking cells were spontaneously active during running but suppressed by visual stimuli. These results demonstrate powerful cell-type-specific modulation of visual processing by behavioral state in awake mice...
  55. ncbi Distributed and overlapping cerebral representations of number, size, and luminance during comparative judgments
    Philippe Pinel
    INSERM Unit 562, Service Hospitalier Frederic Joliot, CEA DRM DSV, 4 Place du General Leclerc, 91401 Orsay Cedex, France
    Neuron 41:983-93. 2004
    ....
  56. pmc Basal forebrain activation enhances cortical coding of natural scenes
    Michael Goard
    Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Division of Neurobiology, Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, Helen Wills Neuroscience Institute, University of California, Berkeley, California, USA
    Nat Neurosci 12:1444-9. 2009
    ..Thus, the basal forebrain neuromodulatory circuit, which is known to be activated during aroused and attentive states, acts through both local and distributed mechanisms to improve sensory coding...
  57. pmc Diverse visual features encoded in mouse lateral geniculate nucleus
    Denise M Piscopo
    Institute of Neuroscience and Department of Biology, University of Oregon, Eugene, Oregon 97403, USA
    J Neurosci 33:4642-56. 2013
    ..These findings should therefore have a significant impact on our understanding of the computations performed in mouse visual cortex...
  58. ncbi Transient induced gamma-band response in EEG as a manifestation of miniature saccades
    Shlomit Yuval-Greenberg
    Department of Psychology, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem 91905, Israel
    Neuron 58:429-41. 2008
    ..Thus, whereas neuronal gamma-band oscillations were shown conclusively with other methods, the broadband transient iGBR recorded by scalp EEG reflects properties of miniature saccade dynamics rather than neuronal oscillations...
  59. pmc High-efficiency channelrhodopsins for fast neuronal stimulation at low light levels
    Andre Berndt
    Experimental Biophysics, Humboldt Universitat zu Berlin, D 10115 Berlin, Germany
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:7595-600. 2011
    ....
  60. ncbi Do we know what the early visual system does?
    Matteo Carandini
    Smith Kettlewell Eye Research Institute, San Francisco, California 94115, USA
    J Neurosci 25:10577-97. 2005
    ..They would be an invaluable guide for understanding the underlying biophysical and anatomical mechanisms and relating neural responses to visual perception...
  61. ncbi Visual objects in context
    Moshe Bar
    Martinos Center at Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, 149 Thirteenth Street, Charlestown, Massachusetts 02129, USA
    Nat Rev Neurosci 5:617-29. 2004
  62. ncbi Cortical sources of the early components of the visual evoked potential
    Francesco Di Russo
    Department of Neurosciences, UCSD, La Jolla, California 92093 0608, USA
    Hum Brain Mapp 15:95-111. 2002
    ..These findings clarify the anatomical origin of these VEP components, which have been studied extensively in relation to visual-perceptual processes...
  63. ncbi Neural measures reveal individual differences in controlling access to working memory
    Edward K Vogel
    Department of Psychology, University of Oregon, Eugene, Oregon 97403 1227, USA
    Nature 438:500-3. 2005
    ..Indeed, this ancillary allocation of memory capacity to irrelevant objects may be a primary source of putative differences in overall storage capacity...
  64. pmc Broadly tuned response properties of diverse inhibitory neuron subtypes in mouse visual cortex
    Aaron M Kerlin
    Department of Neurobiology, Harvard Medical School, Goldenson 243, 220 Longwood Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Neuron 67:858-71. 2010
    ..These results suggest that the sensory responses of layer 2/3 GABAergic neurons reflect the pooled activity of the surrounding population--a principle that may generalize across species and sensory modalities...
  65. ncbi Prototype-referenced shape encoding revealed by high-level aftereffects
    D A Leopold
    , , Germany
    Nat Neurosci 4:89-94. 2001
    ..The results suggest that the encoding of faces and other complex patterns draws upon contrastive neural mechanisms that reference the central tendency of the stimulus category...
  66. ncbi The neural substrate of human empathy: effects of perspective-taking and cognitive appraisal
    Claus Lamm
    INSERM Unit 280, France
    J Cogn Neurosci 19:42-58. 2007
    ....
  67. pmc Natural selective attention: orienting and emotion
    Margaret M Bradley
    Center for the Study of Emotion and Attention, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32611, USA
    Psychophysiology 46:1-11. 2009
    ..Taken together, it is suggested that orienting is mediated by activation of fundamental motivational systems that have evolved to support survival...
  68. pmc Population receptive field estimates in human visual cortex
    Serge O Dumoulin
    Psychology, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
    Neuroimage 39:647-60. 2008
    ..The pRF method is non-invasive and can be applied to a wide range of conditions when it is useful to link fMRI signals in the visual pathways to neuronal receptive fields...
  69. ncbi Prefrontal cortical function and anxiety: controlling attention to threat-related stimuli
    Sonia Bishop
    Medical Research Council Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, 15 Chaucer Road, Cambridge CB2 2EF, UK
    Nat Neurosci 7:184-8. 2004
    ..Our results suggest distinct roles for rostral ACC and lateral PFC in governing the processing of task-irrelevant, threat-related stimuli, and indicate reduced recruitment of this circuitry in anxiety...
  70. pmc The pupil as a measure of emotional arousal and autonomic activation
    Margaret M Bradley
    Center for the Study of Emotion and Attention, Box 112766, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA
    Psychophysiology 45:602-7. 2008
    ..Taken together, the data provide strong support for the hypothesis that the pupil's response during affective picture viewing reflects emotional arousal associated with increased sympathetic activity...
  71. ncbi Tuning curves for approximate numerosity in the human intraparietal sulcus
    Manuela Piazza
    Unité INSERM 562 Cognitive Neuroimaging, CEA DSV, 91401 Orsay Cedex, France
    Neuron 44:547-55. 2004
    ..Anatomically, the intraparietal site coding for number in humans is compatible with that observed in macaque monkeys. Our results therefore suggest an evolutionary basis for human elementary arithmetic...
  72. ncbi Prestimulus oscillations predict visual perception performance between and within subjects
    Simon Hanslmayr
    Department of Experimental Psychology, Regensburg University, 93040 Regensburg, Germany
    Neuroimage 37:1465-73. 2007
    ..We conclude that alpha, beta and gamma oscillations indicate the attentional state of a subject and thus are able to predict perception performance on a single trial basis...
  73. ncbi Stimulus dependence of neuronal correlation in primary visual cortex of the macaque
    Adam Kohn
    Center for Neural Science, New York University, New York, New York 10003, USA
    J Neurosci 25:3661-73. 2005
    ....
  74. pmc The interactive account of ventral occipitotemporal contributions to reading
    Cathy J Price
    Wellcome Trust Centre for Neuro imaging, University College London, London WC1N 3BG, UK
    Trends Cogn Sci 15:246-53. 2011
    ..We discuss how the Interactive Account explains left vOT responses during normal reading and developmental dyslexia; and how it accounts for the behavioural consequences of left vOT damage...
  75. ncbi Cerebral mechanisms of word masking and unconscious repetition priming
    S Dehaene
    Unité INSERM 334, IFR 49, Service Hospitalier Frederic Joliot, CEA DSV, 4 Place du General Leclerc, 91401 Orsay Cedex, France
    Nat Neurosci 4:752-8. 2001
    ..In comparison to an unmasked situation, however, the activation evoked by masked words was drastically reduced and was undetectable in prefrontal and parietal areas, correlating with participants' inability to report the masked words...
  76. pmc A FLEX switch targets Channelrhodopsin-2 to multiple cell types for imaging and long-range circuit mapping
    Deniz Atasoy
    Janelia Farm Research Campus, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Ashburn, Virginia 20147, USA
    J Neurosci 28:7025-30. 2008
  77. ncbi Action plans used in action observation
    J Randall Flanagan
    Department of Psychology and Centre for Neuroscience Studies, Queen s University, Kingston, Ontario K7L 3N6, Canada
    Nature 424:769-71. 2003
    ..These results indicate that during action observation subjects implement eye motor programs directed by motor representations of manual actions and thus provide strong evidence for the direct matching hypothesis...
  78. ncbi Lateral prefrontal cortex and self-control in intertemporal choice
    Bernd Figner
    Center for Decision Sciences, Columbia University, New York, New York, USA
    Nat Neurosci 13:538-9. 2010
    ..rTMS did not change choices involving only delayed rewards or valuation judgments of immediate and delayed rewards, providing causal evidence for a neural lateral-prefrontal cortex-based self-control mechanism in intertemporal choice...
  79. pmc Two-year-olds with autism orient to non-social contingencies rather than biological motion
    Ami Klin
    Yale Child Study Center, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut 06519 1124, USA
    Nature 459:257-61. 2009
    ..This observation has far-reaching implications for understanding the altered neurodevelopmental trajectory of brain specialization in autism...
  80. ncbi Widespread reward-system activation in obese women in response to pictures of high-calorie foods
    Luke E Stoeckel
    Department of Psychology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294 1170, USA
    Neuroimage 41:636-47. 2008
    ..In summary, compared to normal-weight controls, obese women exhibited greater activation in response to pictures of high-calorie foods in a large number of regions hypothesized to mediate motivational effects of food cues...
  81. ncbi Congruent embodied representations for visually presented actions and linguistic phrases describing actions
    Lisa Aziz-Zadeh
    Dipartimento di Neuroscienze, Universita di Parma, Via Volturno, 39 E, I 43100 Parma, Italy
    Curr Biol 16:1818-23. 2006
    ..These results suggest a key role of mirror neuron areas in the re-enactment of sensory-motor representations during conceptual processing of actions invoked by linguistic stimuli...
  82. ncbi Human EEG responses to 1-100 Hz flicker: resonance phenomena in visual cortex and their potential correlation to cognitive phenomena
    C S Herrmann
    Max-Planck Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, Postfach 500 355, 04303 Leipzig, Germany
    Exp Brain Res 137:346-53. 2001
    ..This could be a potential neural basis for gamma oscillations in binding experiments. The pattern of results resembles that of multiunit activity and local field potentials in cat visual cortex...
  83. ncbi Differential activation of the dorsal striatum by high-calorie visual food stimuli in obese individuals
    Yvonne Rothemund
    Center for Internal Medicine and Dermatology, Department of Psychosomatic Medicine, Charite University Medicine, Charite Platz 1, 10117 Berlin, Germany
    Neuroimage 37:410-21. 2007
    ..Some of the observed activations (dorsal striatum, orbitofrontal cortex) are likely to be dopamine-mediated...
  84. ncbi Mechanisms of selective inhibition in visual spatial attention are indexed by alpha-band EEG synchronization
    Tonia A Rihs
    Functional Brain Mapping Laboratory, Department of Neurology, University Hospital Geneva, 24, Rue Micheli du Crest, CH 1211 Geneva 14, Switzerland
    Eur J Neurosci 25:603-10. 2007
    ..This indicates that alpha-synchronization is an important component of selective attention, serving active suppression of unattended positions during visual spatial orienting...
  85. ncbi Channelrhodopsin-2-assisted circuit mapping of long-range callosal projections
    Leopoldo Petreanu
    Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Janelia Farm Research Campus, 19700 Helix Drive, Ashburn, Virginia 20147, USA
    Nat Neurosci 10:663-8. 2007
    ..In both hemispheres the L2/3-to-L5 projection is stronger than the L2/3-to-L2/3 projection. Our results suggest that laminar specificity may be identical for local and long-range cortical projections...
  86. pmc Resting GABA concentration predicts peak gamma frequency and fMRI amplitude in response to visual stimulation in humans
    Suresh D Muthukumaraswamy
    Cardiff University Brain Research Imaging Centre, School of Psychology and CUBRIC and Schools of Chemistry and Biosciences, Cardiff University, Cardiff, United Kingdom
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:8356-61. 2009
    ....
  87. ncbi Both of us disgusted in My insula: the common neural basis of seeing and feeling disgust
    Bruno Wicker
    Institut de Neurosciences Physiologiques et Cognitives, CNRS, Chemin Joseph Aiguier, 13402 cedex 20, Marseille, France
    Neuron 40:655-64. 2003
    ..This finding provides a unifying mechanism for understanding the behaviors of others...
  88. ncbi Neurophysiological predictor of SMR-based BCI performance
    Benjamin Blankertz
    Machine Learning Laboratory, Berlin Institute of Technology, Germany
    Neuroimage 51:1303-9. 2010
    ....
  89. pmc Variance as a signature of neural computations during decision making
    Anne K Churchland
    Department of Physiology and Biophysics, University of Washington Medical School, National Primate Research Center, Seattle, WA 98195 7290, USA
    Neuron 69:818-31. 2011
    ..These analyses help to differentiate among several alternative decision-making models...
  90. ncbi Neural representation of task difficulty and decision making during perceptual categorization: a timing diagram
    Marios G Philiastides
    Laboratory for Intelligent Imaging and Neural Computing, Department of Biomedical Engineering, Columbia University, New York, New York 10027, USA
    J Neurosci 26:8965-75. 2006
    ..We use these results to develop a timing diagram for perceptual decision making and relate the component activities to parameters of a diffusion model for decision making...
  91. ncbi Lesions of the human amygdala impair enhanced perception of emotionally salient events
    A K Anderson
    Department of Psychology, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut 06520, USA
    Nature 411:305-9. 2001
    ..Our results reveal a neural substrate for affective influences on perception, indicating that similar neural mechanisms may underlie the affective modulation of both recollective and perceptual experience...
  92. ncbi Effect of subjective perspective taking during simulation of action: a PET investigation of agency
    P Ruby
    INSERM Unit 280, 151 Cours Albert Thomas, 69424 Lyon Cedex 3, France
    Nat Neurosci 4:546-50. 2001
    ..We suggest that the right inferior parietal, precuneus and somatosensory cortex are specifically involved in distinguishing self-produced actions from those generated by others...
  93. ncbi Neural correlates of the automatic processing of threat facial signals
    Adam K Anderson
    Department of Psychology, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305, USA
    J Neurosci 23:5627-33. 2003
    ..Amygdala processing is thus specific to fear only during attended processing, when cortical processing is undiminished, and more broadly tuned to threat during unattended processing, when cortical processing is diminished...
  94. ncbi The selective processing of briefly presented affective pictures: an ERP analysis
    Harald T Schupp
    Department of Psychology, University of Greifswald, Greifswald, Germany
    Psychophysiology 41:441-9. 2004
    ..These data suggest that a quick glimpse of emotionally relevant stimuli appears sufficient to tune the brain for selective perceptual processing...
  95. ncbi The fusiform face area subserves face perception, not generic within-category identification
    Kalanit Grill-Spector
    Department of Psychology, Jordan Hall, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305, USA
    Nat Neurosci 7:555-62. 2004
    ..These results indicate that the FFA is involved in both detection and identification of faces, but that it has little involvement in within-category identification of non-face objects (including objects of expertise)...
  96. ncbi Language-specific tuning of visual cortex? Functional properties of the Visual Word Form Area
    Laurent Cohen
    Institut de Neurologie, Hopital de la Salpetriere, AP HP, Paris, France
    Brain 125:1054-69. 2002
    ..Moreover, activations in the precuneus and the left thalamus were observed when subjects were reading RVF versus left visual field (LVF) words, and are likely to reflect the attentional component of the RVF advantage...
  97. ncbi Nature and interaction of signals from the receptive field center and surround in macaque V1 neurons
    James R Cavanaugh
    Center for Neural Science, New York University, New York City, New York 10003, USA
    J Neurophysiol 88:2530-46. 2002
    ..Input to the suppressive surround may come in part from feedback signals from higher areas...
  98. pmc A cortical region consisting entirely of face-selective cells
    Doris Y Tsao
    Department of Neurobiology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Science 311:670-4. 2006
    ..Almost all (97%) of the visually responsive neurons in this region were strongly face selective, indicating that a dedicated cortical area exists to support face processing in the macaque...
  99. ncbi Reward timing in the primary visual cortex
    Marshall G Shuler
    Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Picower Institute for Learning and Memory, Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
    Science 311:1606-9. 2006
    ..These findings challenge the traditional interpretation of activity in the primary visual cortex...
  100. ncbi Interocular rivalry revealed in the human cortical blind-spot representation
    F Tong
    Department of Psychology, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08544, USA
    Nature 411:195-9. 2001
    ..Our findings provide the first physiological evidence, to our knowledge, that interocular competition mediates binocular rivalry, and indicate that V1 may be important in the selection and expression of conscious visual information...
  101. ncbi Fast saccades toward faces: face detection in just 100 ms
    Sébastien M Crouzet
    Centre de Recherche Cerveau and Cognition, UMR, CNRS, Universite Toulouse, Toulouse, France
    J Vis 10:16.1-17. 2010
    ..Such results impose very serious constraints on the sorts of processing model that can be invoked and demonstrate that face-selective behavioral responses can be generated extremely rapidly...

Research Grants71

  1. Baboon Model for Genetics of Human Generalized Epilepsy
    Jeff Williams; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Epilepsy is easily studied in the baboon because these animals are highly susceptible to photic stimulation to provoke neuronal discharges and seizures that are sensitive markers of their epileptic syndrome...
  2. Circle of Willis variability and migraine
    BRETT LEE CUCCHIARA; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Regional CBF will be measured both at rest and during a photic stimulation challenge...
  3. BIOSPEC 30/60 3T IN VIVO SPECTROSCOPY/IMAGING SYSTEM
    Bruce Rosen; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..alzheimer's and Huntington's Diseases, atheroma, cancer and ischemia) resulting in unique physiological (photic stimulation changes in blood volume to the occipital gray matter) and pathology (elevated lactate in Huntington's ..
  4. Neural-Vascular Interactions in the Retina
    Jameel Ahmed; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..tracking method, will be used to make blood flow measurements in rats during normal conditions and during photic stimulation of the retina...
  5. REGULATION OF THE MAMMALIAN CIRCADIAN SYSTEM
    Christopher Colwell; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..SCN and the glutamate receptors play a critical role in mediating the response of the circadian system to photic stimulation. One of the primary goals of this proposal is to explore the possibility that glutamatergic retinal input to ..
  6. RETINAL CGMP METABOLISM IN SITU BY 180 LABELING
    Nelson Goldberg; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..synthesis, tightly coupled to cGMP hydrolysis, correspond in magnitude with the intensity and frequency of photic stimulation, the amplitude and polarity of the photoreceptor electrical response, and the amount of rhodopsin ..
  7. Mediating effects of GRP on circadian rhythms
    KAREN GAMBLE; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..During photic stimulation, retinal terminals synapse onto neurons in the ventral SCN that contain gastrin releasing peptide (GRP)...
  8. TRANSPLANTATION STUDIES OF THE RAT VISUAL SYSTEM
    Raymond Lund; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..The first will examine the substrates of host pupillary reflex driven by photic stimulation of a retinal transplant; the second will correlate physiological responsiveness of the host brain to ..
  9. NEUROGENESIS AND SYNAPTOGENESIS OF RETINAL PHOTORECEPTOR
    PAMELA RAYMOND; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..In the rat retina, for example, it is the rods that are most affected by damaging levels of photic stimulation. It is again the rods, and not the cones, which degenerate in patients with retinitis pigmentosa and in the ..
  10. VISUAL MECHANISMS IN A REGENERATING GASTROPOD RETINA
    HOWARD GILLARY; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..Electrophysiological recording and stimulating techniques, combined with methods for photic stimulation, will be used to examine extracellular potentials from the retina and optic nerve, and intracellular ..
  11. Efficacy of Interventions to Reduce Anxiety
    Kate Taylor; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..students experiencing pathological academic worry: a) worry exposure, b) expressive writing, c) pulsed audio-photic stimulation, and d) wait-list control...
  12. Contextual cueing and implicit learning
    Yuhong Jiang; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Understanding its cognitive and neural mechanisms is the first step toward understanding this ability in normal adults as well as in those whose explicit learning and memory mechanisms are impaired. ..
  13. Circadian Rhythms: Photic Sensitivity and Behavior
    Roberto Refinetti; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  14. Information transfer through ganglion cells
    Barry Lee; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..abstract_text> ..
  15. Intrinsic Anatomy of the Circadian Rhythm System
    LAWRENCE MORIN; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The results will provide the anatomical framework necessary for interpretation of future physiological and molecular experiments. ..
  16. Brain, Behavior and Biological Rhythms
    LAWRENCE MORIN; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The overall goal of the project is to further elucidate the contribution of the visual system to the regulation of circadian rhythm response to light with particular emphasis on phase control. ..
  17. Learning Categories Many Ways at a Time
    Kenneth Kurtz; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  18. CRCNS: Computational Models of Multisensory Processing
    M Alex Meredith; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  19. Cross Modal integration and Plasticity in SIV Cortex
    M Meredith; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..abstract_text> ..
  20. VISUAL ORGANIZATION--BEYOND LOCAL MECHANISMS
    Preeti Verghese; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Motion processing is critical for mobility in a structured environment. Thus, there results may assist in the design of devices and training procedures that enhanced mobility in individuals suffering from low vision. ..
  21. BOLD fMRI in MR research to map learning histories
    MICHAEL SCHLUND; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  22. Effectiveness Trial of Attention Shaping for Schizophrenia
    Steven M Silverstein; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  23. Reward-Motivated Learning in Adolescent Cannabis Users
    Leslie Jacobsen; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  24. Neurobiology of Circadian Dysrhythmias
    WILLIAM SCHWARTZ; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ....
  25. MORPHOLOGICAL DEFICITS IN SPECIFIC LANGUAGE IMPAIRMENT
    Laurence Leonard; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Such a finding could lead to a uniform theory of how language impairment might develop and persist among children acquiring English. ..
  26. fMRI studies of motivation and executive function
    DANIEL KRAWCZYK; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..I will also include a modified task that will allow for superior modeling of the task periods. Overall, this research will clarify the functional organization of working memory and motivation. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  27. Optical modeling of visual corrections
    Pete Kollbaum; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..These models will have general applicability to other diseased conditions in which visual performance is degraded due to increased optical aberrations. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  28. Health and Health Services Use in the HRS/AHEAD
    FREDRIC WOLINSKY; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Linear and non-linear regression and random effects models will also be used where appropriate. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  29. LANGUAGE, MODALITY AND THE BRAIN
    Karen Emmorey; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..abstract_text> ..
  30. Understanding Emerging Patterns of Non-Daily Smoking: Field and Lab Assessments
    Saul Shiffman; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  31. Neurobiological Foundations of reading (dis)ability
    Kenneth R Pugh; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  32. Perceptual Processes Evidence and Configurality
    James Townsend; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Work toward these goals will involve theoretical, methodological, and empirical efforts. ..
  33. COMPUTATION AND PSYCHOPHYSICS OF MOTION AND STEREOPSIS
    Ning Qian; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..They will provide deeper insights into the fundamental mechanisms of visual processing that in the long term, may help build neuromorphic systems to aid people with impaired vision. ..
  34. Prenatal Cocaine Exposure: Studies of Brain Function
    Linda Mayes; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..C. Mayes). [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  35. Mapping Abnormal Neurodevelopment in Schizophrenia
    Deanna Barch; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] ..
  36. MODELING IN COGNITION
    James Townsend; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..They will participate in and present their research in weekly seminars, attend colloquia, submit their research to professional journals, and present the research at meetings. ..
  37. PERCEPTUAL BASES OF VISUAL CONCEPTS
    Edward A Wasserman; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Our results should also advance our understanding of how the visual system develops and how to promote its regeneration after disease or injury. ..
  38. FUNCTIONAL METABOLIC ACTIVITY IN GLIA IN VIVO
    Gerald Dienel; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  39. Sleep and Sleep Disorders in Children
    Dennis Molfese; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This is an important first step in minimizing potential negative risks of sleep restriction on cognitive development during the childhood years. ..
  40. HYPOTHALAMIC RECONSTRUCTION USING NEURAL PRECURSOR CELLS
    WILLIAM SCHWARTZ; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....
  41. RETRIEVAL PRACTICE IN LEARNING AND MEMORY
    Harold Pashler; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Experimental and computational studies are outlined to determine the possible benefits of fading and explore their possible implications for neural-computational bases of learning. ..
  42. AGING AND PILOT TIME-SHARING PERFORMANCE
    PAMELA TSANG; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Other practical implications include the design of age-independent diagnostic tests for time-sharing decrements, and the specification of training or skill maintenance requirements. ..
  43. Stress, Development, and Psychopathology
    Jerrold Meyer; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The proceedings of the Symposium will be published as a single article, jointly authored by all speakers, in Neurotoxicology and Teratology, a journal sponsored by the Neurobehavioral Teratology Society. ..
  44. Adverse Outcomes of Dual Use of Health Systems Among Older Male Veterans
    FREDRIC WOLINSKY; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  45. Mapping spatial working memory and attention in cortex
    Donald Hagler; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..This project is an investigation into the neurobiological basis for memory of and attention to spatial location. ..
  46. GRAMMATICAL MORPHOLOGY IN SPECIFIC LANGUAGE IMPAIRMENT
    Laurence Leonard; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  47. Neural Systems Underlying Sign Language Production
    Karen Emmorey; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..abstract_text> ..
  48. Tobacco Smoking, Nicotine and Negative Affect Relief
    Kenneth Perkins; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..In sum, this research will help address the fundamental question of why cigarette smoking is reinforcing. ..
  49. Real-time Examination of Childhood Language Impairment
    Richard Schwartz; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The data should yield evidence that will elucidate the nature of SLI and suggest new approaches to assessment and intervention for this disorder. ..
  50. THE ECONOMICS OF POLYDRUG ABUSE
    RICHARD MEISCH; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..The overall aim is to determine what combinations of drugs are taken when the cost of each drug is varied. The results will demonstrate a systematic and quantitative strategy for the analysis of polydrug abuse. ..
  51. Disorders of Syntactic Comprehension
    DAVID NORMAN CAPLAN; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..The results could have important consequences for howwe think of these disorders and the neural organization that supports these functions. ..
  52. Neural and Behavioral Mechanisms of Distractor Exclusion
    Edward Awh; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..By enhancing our understanding of top-down selection in visuospatial and response-mapping paradigms, the proposed research will contribute towards the ultimate goal of creating a unified model of executive processing...
  53. Emotional Mechanisms /Blood-Injection-Injury Phobia
    Olubunmi Olatunji; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..This research will provide an important contribution to the understanding of the emotions that mediate BII phobia, thus potentially providing a foundation for incorporating effective treatment strategies. ..
  54. Brain Lactate and Photic Stimulation in Panic Disorder
    RICHARD MADDOCK; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..This study aims to reject one of these two models. The brain lactate response to photic stimulation will be studied with 1H-MRS in 16 patients with panic disorder and 16 matched normal volunteers...
  55. Sensory Processing Deficits in Cannabis Use
    PATRICK SKOSNIK; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Taken together, this data may serve to elucidate whether the known cognitive dysfunction observed in cannabis use is in part related to disturbances in early sensory information processing and/or neural synchronization. ..
  56. MR Analysis of Persistent CNS Damage in Human MDMA Users
    Ronald Cowan; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  57. WITHIN-SPECIES VARIATIONS IN VISUAL CAPACITY
    GERALD JACOBS; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  58. Optical imaging of epilepsy in rat and human neocortex
    THEODORE SCHWARTZ; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..These experiments will set the groundwork for implementing optical recordings in general clinical practice as a novel technique for mapping and predicting human seizures. ..
  59. Spatial & Temporal Interactions in Brightness Perception
    Barbara Blakeslee; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  60. Identify abnormal neurocognitive circuits in temporal lobe epilepsy
    Joseph Tracy; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  61. Chronobiology of alcohol: animal models
    ALAN ROSENWASSER; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The results of these studies will contribute substantially to understanding both the causes and the consequences of sleep and circadian rhythm disruptions occurring in human alcoholics. ..
  62. Contextual Influences on Visual Attention and Perception
    Barry Giesbrecht; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The intention of both studies is that by rigorously investigating the interaction between sources of visual context and selective attention, a better understanding of conscious behavior will be achieved. ..
  63. Probing neural feature selectivity with natural stimuli
    Tatyana Sharpee; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  64. COGNITIVE & NEUROBIOL MECHANISMS IN READING DISABILITY
    Kenneth Pugh; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  65. INDIVIDUAL VARIATION IN NICOTINE SENSITIVITY IN HUMANS
    Kenneth Perkins; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..e., in nicotine-naive individuals). Results will provide directions for future research on vulnerability to tobacco dependence and for targeted efforts to prevent smoking onset. ..
  66. Cancer Narratives for Low-Literacy Adult Learners
    COLLEEN CRANGLE; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Phase I locates its evaluation activities within Project Read, a library-based adult learning service in California. ..
  67. RESULT OF MODALITY CONVERGENCE IN THE BRAIN
    Barry Stein; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  68. Development and Evaluation of a Virtual Aphasia Clinici*
    Cynthia Thompson; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..If successful, this work will result in new directions for the management of speech and language disorders that incorporate and take advantage of advances in computer technology. ..
  69. NEURAL RECORDINGS AND REACTION TIME MODELS
    Roger Ratcliff; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  70. INTERMODAL TEMPORAL INFORMATION PROCESSING IN INFANTS
    DAVID LEWKOWICZ; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..