logistic models

Summary

Summary: Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.

Top Publications

  1. pmc Performance of common genetic variants in breast-cancer risk models
    Sholom Wacholder
    Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, 6120 Executive Blvd, EPS 5050, MSC 7244, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    N Engl J Med 362:986-93. 2010
  2. ncbi The disease burden associated with overweight and obesity
    A Must
    Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, MA 02111, USA
    JAMA 282:1523-9. 1999
  3. ncbi What's the relative risk? A method of correcting the odds ratio in cohort studies of common outcomes
    J Zhang
    Division of Epidemiology, Statistics and Prevention Research, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892 7510, USA
    JAMA 280:1690-1. 1998
  4. pmc Alternatives for logistic regression in cross-sectional studies: an empirical comparison of models that directly estimate the prevalence ratio
    Aluisio J D Barros
    Programa de Pós Graduação em Epidemiologia, Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Brazil
    BMC Med Res Methodol 3:21. 2003
  5. ncbi Intimate partner violence and women's physical and mental health in the WHO multi-country study on women's health and domestic violence: an observational study
    Mary Ellsberg
    PATH, Washington, DC, USA
    Lancet 371:1165-72. 2008
  6. ncbi Review: a gentle introduction to imputation of missing values
    A Rogier T Donders
    Center for Biostatistics, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    J Clin Epidemiol 59:1087-91. 2006
  7. ncbi Propensity score methods for bias reduction in the comparison of a treatment to a non-randomized control group
    R B D'Agostino
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC 27157 1063, USA
    Stat Med 17:2265-81. 1998
  8. pmc Genome-wide association analysis by lasso penalized logistic regression
    Tong Tong Wu
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA
    Bioinformatics 25:714-21. 2009
  9. ncbi Internal validation of predictive models: efficiency of some procedures for logistic regression analysis
    E W Steyerberg
    Center for Clinical Decision Sciences, Ee 2091, Department of Public Health, Erasmus University, P O Box 1738, 3000 DR, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    J Clin Epidemiol 54:774-81. 2001
  10. ncbi Calculating measures of biological interaction
    Tomas Andersson
    Stockholm Centre for Public Health, Sweden
    Eur J Epidemiol 20:575-9. 2005

Detail Information

Publications392 found, 100 shown here

  1. pmc Performance of common genetic variants in breast-cancer risk models
    Sholom Wacholder
    Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, 6120 Executive Blvd, EPS 5050, MSC 7244, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    N Engl J Med 362:986-93. 2010
    ..Genomewide association studies have identified multiple genetic variants associated with breast cancer. The extent to which these variants add to existing risk-assessment models is unknown...
  2. ncbi The disease burden associated with overweight and obesity
    A Must
    Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, MA 02111, USA
    JAMA 282:1523-9. 1999
    ..Overweight and obesity are increasing dramatically in the United States and most likely contribute substantially to the burden of chronic health conditions...
  3. ncbi What's the relative risk? A method of correcting the odds ratio in cohort studies of common outcomes
    J Zhang
    Division of Epidemiology, Statistics and Prevention Research, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892 7510, USA
    JAMA 280:1690-1. 1998
    ..We propose a simple method to approximate a risk ratio from the adjusted odds ratio and derive an estimate of an association or treatment effect that better represents the true relative risk...
  4. pmc Alternatives for logistic regression in cross-sectional studies: an empirical comparison of models that directly estimate the prevalence ratio
    Aluisio J D Barros
    Programa de Pós Graduação em Epidemiologia, Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Brazil
    BMC Med Res Methodol 3:21. 2003
    ..Also, controlling for confounding is not equivalent for the two measures. In this paper we explore alternatives for modeling data of such studies with techniques that directly estimate the prevalence ratio...
  5. ncbi Intimate partner violence and women's physical and mental health in the WHO multi-country study on women's health and domestic violence: an observational study
    Mary Ellsberg
    PATH, Washington, DC, USA
    Lancet 371:1165-72. 2008
    ..This article summarises findings from ten countries from the WHO multi-country study on women's health and domestic violence against women...
  6. ncbi Review: a gentle introduction to imputation of missing values
    A Rogier T Donders
    Center for Biostatistics, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    J Clin Epidemiol 59:1087-91. 2006
    ..We also explain and illustrate why two frequently used methods to handle missing data, i.e., overall mean imputation and the missing-indicator method, almost always result in biased estimates...
  7. ncbi Propensity score methods for bias reduction in the comparison of a treatment to a non-randomized control group
    R B D'Agostino
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC 27157 1063, USA
    Stat Med 17:2265-81. 1998
    ..In this tutorial we discuss the uses of propensity score methods for bias reduction, give references to the literature and illustrate the uses through applied examples...
  8. pmc Genome-wide association analysis by lasso penalized logistic regression
    Tong Tong Wu
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA
    Bioinformatics 25:714-21. 2009
    ..In ordinary regression, imposition of a lasso penalty makes continuous model selection straightforward. Lasso penalized regression is particularly advantageous when the number of predictors far exceeds the number of observations...
  9. ncbi Internal validation of predictive models: efficiency of some procedures for logistic regression analysis
    E W Steyerberg
    Center for Clinical Decision Sciences, Ee 2091, Department of Public Health, Erasmus University, P O Box 1738, 3000 DR, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    J Clin Epidemiol 54:774-81. 2001
    ..We conclude that split-sample validation is inefficient, and recommend bootstrapping for estimation of internal validity of a predictive logistic regression model...
  10. ncbi Calculating measures of biological interaction
    Tomas Andersson
    Stockholm Centre for Public Health, Sweden
    Eur J Epidemiol 20:575-9. 2005
    ..Finally, we show how this output can be used as input in an Excel sheet that is set up to calculate the measures of biological interaction to be used for the assessment...
  11. pmc The metabolic syndrome: prevalence and associated risk factor findings in the US population from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1988-1994
    Yong Woo Park
    Department of Family Medicine, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
    Arch Intern Med 163:427-36. 2003
    ..The extent to which the metabolic syndrome is associated with demographic and potentially modifiable lifestyle factors in the US population is unknown...
  12. ncbi Use of electronic health records in U.S. hospitals
    Ashish K Jha
    Department of Health Policy and Management, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    N Engl J Med 360:1628-38. 2009
    ..Despite a consensus that the use of health information technology should lead to more efficient, safer, and higher-quality care, there are no reliable estimates of the prevalence of adoption of electronic health records in U.S. hospitals...
  13. ncbi Neighborhood environments and physical activity among adults in 11 countries
    James F Sallis
    Active Living Research, Department of Psychology, San Diego State University, San Diego, California 92103, USA
    Am J Prev Med 36:484-90. 2009
    ..Surveys were conducted in 11 countries using the same self-report environmental variables and the International Physical Activity Questionnaire, allowing analyses with pooled data...
  14. ncbi Case-crossover analyses of air pollution exposure data: referent selection strategies and their implications for bias
    Holly Janes
    Department of Biostatistics, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195, USA
    Epidemiology 16:717-26. 2005
    ....
  15. ncbi Prevalence of overweight and obesity in the United States, 1999-2004
    Cynthia L Ogden
    National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Hyattsville, MD 20782, USA
    JAMA 295:1549-55. 2006
    ..The prevalence of overweight in children and adolescents and obesity in adults in the United States has increased over several decades...
  16. ncbi Appropriate assessment of neighborhood effects on individual health: integrating random and fixed effects in multilevel logistic regression
    Klaus Larsen
    Clinical Research Unit, Hvidovre University Hospital, University of Copenhagen, DK 2650 Hvidovre, Denmark
    Am J Epidemiol 161:81-8. 2005
    ....
  17. ncbi Body mass index, serum sex hormones, and breast cancer risk in postmenopausal women
    T J Key
    Cancer Research U K Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Gibson Bldg, Radcliffe Infirmary, Oxford OX2 6HE, UK
    J Natl Cancer Inst 95:1218-26. 2003
    ..Obesity is associated with increased breast cancer risk among postmenopausal women. We examined whether this association could be explained by the relationship of body mass index (BMI) with serum sex hormone concentrations...
  18. ncbi Performance of comorbidity scores to control for confounding in epidemiologic studies using claims data
    S Schneeweiss
    Division of Pharmacoepidemiology and Pharmacoeconomics, Brigham and Women s Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 154:854-64. 2001
    ..7% and 6.2%, respectively) for predicting mortality. Generalizability of results may be limited to an elderly, predominantly White population with equal access to state-funded health care...
  19. ncbi A solution to the problem of separation in logistic regression
    Georg Heinze
    Section of Clinical Biometrics, Department of Medical Computer Sciences, University of Vienna, Spitalgasse 23, A 1090 Vienna, Austria
    Stat Med 21:2409-19. 2002
    ..The clear advantage of the procedure over previous options of analysis is impressively demonstrated by the statistical analysis of two cancer studies...
  20. ncbi Peginterferon alfa-2b plus ribavirin compared with interferon alfa-2b plus ribavirin for initial treatment of chronic hepatitis C: a randomised trial
    M P Manns
    Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Medical School of Hannover, Hannover, Germany
    Lancet 358:958-65. 2001
    ..In this randomised trial, peginterferon alfa-2b plus ribavirin was compared with interferon alfa-2b plus ribavirin...
  21. ncbi Relaxing the rule of ten events per variable in logistic and Cox regression
    Eric Vittinghoff
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of California San Francisco, 185 Berry Street, San Francisco, CA 94107, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 165:710-8. 2007
    ..They conclude that this rule can be relaxed, in particular for sensitivity analyses undertaken to demonstrate adequate control of confounding...
  22. ncbi Predictors of hospital mortality in the global registry of acute coronary events
    Christopher B Granger
    Division of Cardiology, University Medical Center, Durham, NC, USA
    Arch Intern Med 163:2345-53. 2003
    ..Management of acute coronary syndromes (ACS) should be guided by an estimate of patient risk...
  23. pmc The Fatty Liver Index: a simple and accurate predictor of hepatic steatosis in the general population
    Giorgio Bedogni
    Centro Studi Fegato Liver Research Center, Area Science Park, Basovizza, Trieste, and Department of Biochemistry, Biophysics and Macromolecular Chemistry, University of Trieste, Trieste, Italy
    BMC Gastroenterol 6:33. 2006
    ..Fatty liver (FL) is the most frequent liver disease in Western countries. We used data from the Dionysos Nutrition & Liver Study to develop a simple algorithm for the prediction of FL in the general population...
  24. ncbi Trust and sources of health information: the impact of the Internet and its implications for health care providers: findings from the first Health Information National Trends Survey
    Bradford W Hesse
    National Cancer Institute, 6130 Executive Boulevard, MSC 7365, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Arch Intern Med 165:2618-24. 2005
    ..The objective of this study was to provide nationally representative estimates for health-related uses of the Internet, level of trust in health information sources, and preferences for cancer information sources...
  25. ncbi Predictors of new-onset kidney disease in a community-based population
    Caroline S Fox
    National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute s Framingham Heart Study, Framingham, Mass 01702, USA
    JAMA 291:844-50. 2004
    ..Kidney disease is associated with an increased risk for the development of cardiovascular disease and end-stage renal disease; however, risk factors for kidney disease have not been well studied...
  26. ncbi Why patients use alternative medicine: results of a national study
    J A Astin
    Stanford Center for Research in Disease Prevention, Stanford University School of Medicine, Palo Alto, Calif 94304 1583, USA
    JAMA 279:1548-53. 1998
    ..Research both in the United States and abroad suggests that significant numbers of people are involved with various forms of alternative medicine. However, the reasons for such use are, at present, poorly understood...
  27. pmc The association between glucometabolic disturbances, traditional cardiovascular risk factors and self-rated health by age and gender: a cross-sectional analysis within the Malmö Preventive Project
    Margret Leosdottir
    Department of Cardiology, Skane University Hospital, and Heart Health Group Department of Clinical Sciences, Lund University, Malmo, Sweden
    Cardiovasc Diabetol 10:118. 2011
    ..Whether this age-related reduction applies to CVD risk factors, and whether it is limited to established diabetes mellitus (DM) or also applies to pre-diabetic conditions are not well known...
  28. pmc A genome-wide association study of type 2 diabetes in Finns detects multiple susceptibility variants
    Laura J Scott
    Department of Biostatistics and Center for Statistical Genetics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
    Science 316:1341-5. 2007
    ..This brings the number of T2D loci now confidently identified to at least 10...
  29. ncbi SNAP-II and SNAPPE-II: Simplified newborn illness severity and mortality risk scores
    D K Richardson
    Joint Program in Neonatology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Children's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    J Pediatr 138:92-100. 2001
    ..01. Goodness of fit (Hosmer-Lemeshow) was 0.90. CONCLUSIONS: SNAP-II and SNAPPE-II are empirically validated illness severity and mortality risk scores for newborn intensive care. They are simple, accurate, and robust across populations...
  30. ncbi Nurse-staffing levels and the quality of care in hospitals
    Jack Needleman
    Department of Health Policy and Management, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Mass 02115, USA
    N Engl J Med 346:1715-22. 2002
    ..It is uncertain whether lower levels of staffing by nurses at hospitals are associated with an increased risk that patients will have complications or die...
  31. pmc The relationship of physical activity and overweight to objectively measured green space accessibility and use
    Emma Coombes
    School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich, Norfolk, NR4 7TJ, United Kingdom
    Soc Sci Med 70:816-22. 2010
    ..The findings suggest that the provision of good access to green spaces in urban areas may help promote population physical activity...
  32. pmc Diagnostic and treatment delay among pulmonary tuberculosis patients in Ethiopia: a cross sectional study
    Solomon Yimer
    Amhara National Regional State Health Bureau, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia
    BMC Infect Dis 5:112. 2005
    ..The objective of this study was to determine the length of delays, and analyze the factors affecting the delay from onset of symptoms of pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) until the commencement of treatment...
  33. ncbi Complement C3 variant and the risk of age-related macular degeneration
    John R W Yates
    Department of Medical Genetics, Cambridge Institute for Medical Research, University of Cambridge, Addenbrooke s Hospital, Cambridge, United Kingdom
    N Engl J Med 357:553-61. 2007
    ..Age-related macular degeneration is the most common cause of blindness in Western populations. Susceptibility is influenced by age and by genetic and environmental factors. Complement activation is implicated in the pathogenesis...
  34. ncbi Weights of placentae from small-for-gestational age infants revisited
    S Heinonen
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University Hospital of Kuopio, Finland
    Placenta 22:399-404. 2001
    ..Future studies should evaluate whether growth restriction could be reversed by therapeutic approaches increasing placental weight...
  35. pmc Socioeconomic differences in cardiometabolic factors: social causation or health-related selection? Evidence from the Whitehall II Cohort Study, 1991-2004
    Marko Elovainio
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, UCL Medical School, University College London, United Kingdom
    Am J Epidemiol 174:779-89. 2011
    ..008). These findings suggest that health-related selection operates at younger ages and that social causation contributes to socioeconomic differences in cardiometabolic health in midlife...
  36. ncbi Risk factors for suicide in China: a national case-control psychological autopsy study
    Michael R Phillips
    Beijing Suicide Research and Prevention Center, Beijing Hui Long Guan Hospital, 100096, Beijing, People s Republic of China
    Lancet 360:1728-36. 2002
    ..Suicide is the fifth most important cause of death in China, but the reasons for the high rate and unique pattern of characteristics of those who kill themselves are unknown...
  37. ncbi The metabolic syndrome as a predictor of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease
    Masahide Hamaguchi
    Department of Gastroenterology, Asahi University, Murakami Memorial Hospital, Gifu, Japan
    Ann Intern Med 143:722-8. 2005
    ..However, no prospective study has examined the role of the metabolic syndrome in the development of this disease...
  38. ncbi Patterns of chronic multimorbidity in the elderly population
    Alessandra Marengoni
    Aging Research Center, Department of Neurobiology, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
    J Am Geriatr Soc 57:225-30. 2009
    ..To describe patterns of comorbidity and multimorbidity in elderly people...
  39. ncbi Hospital volume and surgical mortality in the United States
    John D Birkmeyer
    Veterans Affairs Outcomes Group, Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, White River Junction, VT 05009, USA
    N Engl J Med 346:1128-37. 2002
    ..Although numerous studies suggest that there is an inverse relation between hospital volume of surgical procedures and surgical mortality, the relative importance of hospital volume in various surgical procedures is disputed...
  40. ncbi Multi-institutional randomized phase II trial of gefitinib for previously treated patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (The IDEAL 1 Trial) [corrected]
    Masahiro Fukuoka
    Fourth Department of Internal Medicine, Kinki University School of Medicine, 377 2 Ohnohigashi Osakasayama, Osaka 589, Japan
    J Clin Oncol 21:2237-46. 2003
    ....
  41. ncbi Dynamical analysis of a generic Boolean model for the control of the mammalian cell cycle
    Adrien Fauré
    Institut de Biologie du Developpement de Marseille Luminy, Campus Scientifique de Luminy, CNRS Case 907, 13288 Marseille, France
    Bioinformatics 22:e124-31. 2006
    ..As most available data on regulatory interactions are qualitative, logical modelling offers an interesting framework to delineate the main dynamical properties of the underlying networks...
  42. ncbi Sex ratio of multiple sclerosis in Canada: a longitudinal study
    Sarah Michelle Orton
    Wellcome Trust Centre for Human Genetics and Department of Clinical Neurology, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    Lancet Neurol 5:932-6. 2006
    ..We reasoned that if a sex-specific change in incidence was occurring, the female to male sex ratio would serve as a surrogate of incidence change...
  43. ncbi Symptomatic gastroesophageal reflux as a risk factor for esophageal adenocarcinoma
    J Lagergren
    Department of Medical Epidemiology, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden
    N Engl J Med 340:825-31. 1999
    ..The causes of adenocarcinomas of the esophagus and gastric cardia are poorly understood. We conducted an epidemiologic investigation of the possible association between gastroesophageal reflux and these tumors...
  44. ncbi The rising prevalence of diabetes and impaired glucose tolerance: the Australian Diabetes, Obesity and Lifestyle Study
    David W Dunstan
    International Diabetes Institute, Melbourne, Australia
    Diabetes Care 25:829-34. 2002
    ....
  45. ncbi Nasal CPAP or intubation at birth for very preterm infants
    Colin J Morley
    Neonatal Services, Royal Women s Hospital, Melbourne, Australia
    N Engl J Med 358:700-8. 2008
    ....
  46. ncbi Expansion of the prognostic assessment of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: the updated BODE index and the ADO index
    Milo A Puhan
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Lancet 374:704-11. 2009
    ..We assessed the calibration of the BODE index, updated it to improve its calibration, and developed and validated a simplified index for use in primary-care settings...
  47. ncbi Low levels of leisure-time physical activity and cardiorespiratory fitness predict development of the metabolic syndrome
    David E Laaksonen
    Department of Physiology, University of Kuopio, Kuopio, Finland Research Institute of Public Health, University of Kuopio, Kuopio, Finland
    Diabetes Care 25:1612-8. 2002
    ..We studied the associations of LTPA and cardiorespiratory fitness with development of the metabolic syndrome (World Health Organization [WHO] and the National Cholesterol Education Program [NCEP] definitions)...
  48. ncbi Comparison of the Elixhauser and Charlson/Deyo methods of comorbidity measurement in administrative data
    Danielle A Southern
    Department of Community Health Sciences and The Centre for Health and Policy Studies, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada
    Med Care 42:355-60. 2004
    ..However, a new method defined by Elixhauser et al. has been introduced recently and could be superior, although it has not been validated widely...
  49. ncbi Mental health survey of the adult population in Iran
    A A Noorbala
    Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
    Br J Psychiatry 184:70-3. 2004
    ..No national data on the prevalence of mental disorders are available in Iran. Such information may be a prerequisite for efficient national mental health intervention...
  50. ncbi Maternal effects for preterm birth: a genetic epidemiologic study of 630,000 families
    Anna C Svensson
    Division of Public Health Epidemiology, Department of Public Health Sciences, Karolinska Institutet, Norrbacka, Fifth Floor, SE 171 76 Stockholm, Sweden
    Am J Epidemiol 170:1365-72. 2009
    ..The increased odds ratio between offspring of sisters was independent of maternal risk factors for preterm birth, suggesting that the relative importance of maternal effects is not explained by these well-known risk factors...
  51. ncbi Prevalence of kidney damage in Australian adults: The AusDiab kidney study
    Steven J Chadban
    Department of Nephrology, Monash Medical Centre, USA
    J Am Soc Nephrol 14:S131-8. 2003
    ..Identifying and targeting this section of the population may provide a means to reduce the burden of ESRD...
  52. ncbi Bayesian inference of epistatic interactions in case-control studies
    Yu Zhang
    Department of Statistics, The Pennsylvania State University, Thomas Building 422A, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802, USA
    Nat Genet 39:1167-73. 2007
    ....
  53. ncbi The diagnostic odds ratio: a single indicator of test performance
    Afina S Glas
    Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Amsterdam, Academic Medical Center, Post Office Box 22700, 100 DE Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    J Clin Epidemiol 56:1129-35. 2003
    ..it facilitates formal meta-analysis of studies on diagnostic test performance, and it is derived from logistic models, which allow for the inclusion of additional variables to correct for heterogeneity...
  54. ncbi Adiponectin and breast cancer risk
    Christos Mantzoros
    Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Department of Internal Medicine, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 89:1102-7. 2004
    ..Future studies are needed to prove causality and provide further insights into both the mechanisms underlying the actions of this hormone and its potential role in breast cancer...
  55. pmc Early loss of HIV-infected patients on potent antiretroviral therapy programmes in lower-income countries
    Martin W G Brinkhof
    Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine, Bern, Switzerland
    Bull World Health Organ 86:559-67. 2008
    ..To analyse the early loss of patients to antiretroviral therapy (ART) programmes in resource-limited settings...
  56. ncbi Community-onset bacteremia due to extended-spectrum beta-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli: risk factors and prognosis
    Jesús Rodríguez-Baño
    Seccion de Enfermedades Infecciosas, Hospital Universitario Virgen Macarena, Seville, Spain
    Clin Infect Dis 50:40-8. 2010
    ..We investigated the prevalence and risk factors for COBSI due to ESBLEC, and described their clinical features and the impact of COBSI caused by ESBLEC on 14-day mortality...
  57. pmc European citizens' use of E-health services: a study of seven countries
    Hege K Andreassen
    Norwegian Centre for Telemedicine, University Hospital of Northern Norway, Tromsø, Norway
    BMC Public Health 7:53. 2007
    ..European citizens are increasingly being offered Internet health services. This study investigated patterns of health-related Internet use, its consequences, and citizens' expectations about their doctors' provision of e-health services...
  58. ncbi Validation and updating of predictive logistic regression models: a study on sample size and shrinkage
    Ewout W Steyerberg
    Center for Clinical Decision Sciences, Department of Public Health, Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Stat Med 23:2567-86. 2004
    ..Parsimonious updating methods were found preferable to more extensive model revisions, which should only be attempted with relatively large validation samples in combination with shrinkage...
  59. ncbi A comparison of the ability of different propensity score models to balance measured variables between treated and untreated subjects: a Monte Carlo study
    Peter C Austin
    Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences, Toronto, Ont, Canada
    Stat Med 26:734-53. 2007
    ..Finally, the mean squared error for estimating a null treatment effect was lower when either of the first two propensity scores was used compared to when either of the last two propensity score models was used...
  60. ncbi Dietary patterns and the risk of coronary heart disease in women
    T T Fung
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA
    Arch Intern Med 161:1857-62. 2001
    ..Although substantial information on individual nutrients or foods and risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) is available, little is known about the role of overall eating pattern...
  61. pmc Psychological distress and multimorbidity in primary care
    Martin Fortin
    Department of Family Medicine, Sherbrooke University, Quebec, Canada
    Ann Fam Med 4:417-22. 2006
    ....
  62. ncbi Prognostic modelling with logistic regression analysis: a comparison of selection and estimation methods in small data sets
    E W Steyerberg
    Center for Clinical Decision Sciences, Department of Public Health, Erasmus University, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Stat Med 19:1059-79. 2000
    ..We therefore recommend shrinkage methods in full models including prespecified predictors and incorporation of external information, when prognostic models are constructed in small data sets...
  63. ncbi Predicting preschooler obesity at birth: the role of maternal obesity in early pregnancy
    Robert C Whitaker
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati Children s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio, USA
    Pediatrics 114:e29-36. 2004
    ..The objective of this study was to determine whether children whose mothers were obese in early pregnancy were more likely to be obese at 2 to 4 years of age...
  64. ncbi Physical activity patterns in a diverse population of women
    B Sternfeld
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Division of Research, Kaiser Permanente Medical Care Program, 3505 Broadway, Oakland, California, 94611, USA
    Prev Med 28:313-23. 1999
    ..Demographic and psychosocial correlates of activity in domains other than recreational activity have not been well characterized and may be particularly relevant for health promotion efforts aimed at women...
  65. ncbi Estimating interaction on an additive scale between continuous determinants in a logistic regression model
    Mirjam J Knol
    Julius Center for Health Sciences and Primary Care, University Medical Center Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Int J Epidemiol 36:1111-8. 2007
    ..The objective of the present study was to provide the methods to estimate interaction between continuous determinants and to illustrate these methods with a clinical example...
  66. ncbi A nomogram for predicting the likelihood of additional nodal metastases in breast cancer patients with a positive sentinel node biopsy
    Kimberly J Van Zee
    Departments of Surgery, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York, USA
    Ann Surg Oncol 10:1140-51. 2003
    ..Accurate estimates of the likelihood of additional disease in the axilla could assist greatly in decision-making regarding further treatment...
  67. pmc SNP selection in genome-wide and candidate gene studies via penalized logistic regression
    Kristin L Ayers
    Institute of Human Genetics, Central Parkway, Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom
    Genet Epidemiol 34:879-91. 2010
    ....
  68. ncbi A 7 minute neurocognitive screening battery highly sensitive to Alzheimer's disease
    P R Solomon
    Department of Psychology, Williams College, Williamstown, Mass 01267, USA
    Arch Neurol 55:349-55. 1998
    ....
  69. ncbi Microalbuminuria is common, also in a nondiabetic, nonhypertensive population, and an independent indicator of cardiovascular risk factors and cardiovascular morbidity
    H L Hillege
    Department of Clinical Pharmacology, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands
    J Intern Med 249:519-26. 2001
    ..These findings suggest that urinary albumin measurements may be useful in early risk profiling and prevention of cardiovascular disease in the population at large...
  70. ncbi Increased risk of common infections in patients with type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus
    L M A J Muller
    Julius Center for Health Sciences and Primary Care, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Clin Infect Dis 41:281-8. 2005
    ..We intended to determine the relative risks of common infections in patients with type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM1 and DM2, respectively)...
  71. ncbi A large outbreak of Clostridium difficile-associated disease with an unexpected proportion of deaths and colectomies at a teaching hospital following increased fluoroquinolone use
    Carlene A Muto
    Division of Hospital Epidemiology and Infection Control, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Presbyterian Campus, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213, USA
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 26:273-80. 2005
    ..difficile infections; of these, 26 resulted in colectomy and 18 resulted in death. We conducted an investigation of a large C. difficile outbreak in our hospital to identify risk factors and characterize the outbreak...
  72. pmc Neighborhood greenness and 2-year changes in body mass index of children and youth
    Janice F Bell
    Department of Health Services, School of Public Health and Community Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 7230, USA
    Am J Prev Med 35:547-53. 2008
    ..The current study tests whether greenness and residential density are independently associated with 2-year changes in the BMI of children and youth...
  73. ncbi Socioeconomic factors, material inequalities, and perceived control in self-rated health: cross-sectional data from seven post-communist countries
    M Bobak
    International Centre for Health and Society, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, UK
    Soc Sci Med 51:1343-50. 2000
    ..Perceived control appeared statistically to mediate some of the effects of material deprivation. The non-significant effects of both ecological measures of inequality were eliminated by controlling for individuals' characteristics...
  74. pmc Risk factors for syphilis and prevalence of HIV, hepatitis B and C among men who have sex with men in Beijing, China: implications for HIV prevention
    Yuhua Ruan
    Epidemiology and Biostatistics Branch, Division of Virology and Immunology, State Key Laboratory for Infectious Disease Prevention and Control, NCAIDS, Chinese CDC, Beijing 100050, People s Republic of China
    AIDS Behav 13:663-70. 2009
    ..Syphilis is now epidemic among Beijing's MSM. Prevention efforts are urgent as HIV prevalence is already near 5%. Education, condom promotion, STD control, and alcohol-related intervention are needed urgently...
  75. ncbi Utilization of maternal health care services in Southern India
    K Navaneetham
    Asian MetaCentre for Population and Sustainable Development Analysis, Institute for Asian Research, National University of Singapore, AS7 Shaw Foundation Building, 117570, Singapore
    Soc Sci Med 55:1849-69. 2002
    ..The findings of this study provide insights for planning and implementing appropriate maternal health service delivery programs in order to improve the health and well-being of both mother and child...
  76. ncbi Toxoplasma gondii infection in the United States: seroprevalence and risk factors
    J L Jones
    Division of Parasitic Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341 3724, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 154:357-65. 2001
    ..gondii. Most women of childbearing age in the United States are susceptible to acute infection and should be educated about ways to minimize exposure to T. gondii...
  77. ncbi Researching domestic violence against women: methodological and ethical considerations
    M Ellsberg
    Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Umea University, Umea, Sweden
    Stud Fam Plann 32:1-16. 2001
    ..The results indicate that prevalence estimates for violence are highly sensitive to methodological factors, and that underreporting is a significant threat to validity...
  78. ncbi Race-ethnicity-specific waist circumference cutoffs for identifying cardiovascular disease risk factors
    Shankuan Zhu
    Injury Research Center and Department of Family and Community Medicine, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI 53226, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 81:409-15. 2005
    ..However, WC cutoffs for other race-ethnicity groups remain unknown...
  79. ncbi Pre-pregnancy body mass index, gestational weight gain, and other maternal characteristics in relation to infant birth weight
    Ihunnaya O Frederick
    Department of Health Services, University of Washington School of Public Health and Community Medicine, Seattle, WA, USA
    Matern Child Health J 12:557-67. 2008
    ..We evaluated the relationship among pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI), gestational weight gain, and infant birth weight, in a prospective cohort study...
  80. ncbi Ambient air pollution and preterm birth in the environment and pregnancy outcomes study at the University of California, Los Angeles
    Beate Ritz
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 166:1045-52. 2007
    ..These results confirm the importance of reducing exposure misclassification when evaluating the effect of traffic-related pollutants that vary spatially...
  81. pmc Alcohol and cause-specific mortality in Russia: a retrospective case-control study of 48,557 adult deaths
    David Zaridze
    Department of Epidemiology and Prevention, N N Blokhin Russian Cancer Research Centre, Moscow, Russia
    Lancet 373:2201-14. 2009
    ..Our case-control study investigated the effects of alcohol consumption on male and female cause-specific mortality...
  82. pmc The relation between neighborhood built environment and walking activity among older adults
    Corey L Nagel
    School of Nursing, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, OR, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 168:461-8. 2008
    ..These findings suggest that built environment may not play a significant role in whether older adults walk, but, among those who do walk, it is associated with increased levels of activity...
  83. ncbi Television viewing behaviour and associations with food habits in different countries
    Carine A Vereecken
    Department of Public Health, Ghent University, UH, Block A, 2nd Floor, De Pintelaan 185, B 9000 Ghent, Belgium
    Public Health Nutr 9:244-50. 2006
    ..The purpose of the present study was to describe sociodemographic differences in TV viewing and to examine associations of TV viewing with the consumption of sweets, soft drinks, fruit and vegetables in different countries...
  84. pmc Constructing inverse probability weights for marginal structural models
    Stephen R Cole
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 168:656-64. 2008
    ..However, as with all methods, diagnostics and sensitivity analyses are essential for proper use...
  85. ncbi No associations between serum concentrations of 25-hydroxyvitamin D and parathyroid hormone and depression among US adults
    Guixiang Zhao
    Division of Adult and Community Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Br J Nutr 104:1696-702. 2010
    ..However, these findings need to be further confirmed in future studies...
  86. ncbi The impact of HIV-associated neuropsychological impairment on everyday functioning
    Robert K Heaton
    Department of Psychiatry, University of California at San Diego, and VA San Diego Health Care System, La Jolla, 92093 0603, USA
    J Int Neuropsychol Soc 10:317-31. 2004
    ..Finally, there is a need for additional research investigating the apparently independent effect of depression on level of everyday functioning in HIV infected persons...
  87. ncbi Psychosocial and environmental factors associated with physical activity among city dwellers in regional Queensland
    Mitch Duncan
    School of Health and Human Performance, Central Queensland University, Rockhampton, QLD 4700, Australia
    Prev Med 40:363-72. 2005
    ..Even fewer have examined walking behaviors...
  88. ncbi Hypovitaminosis D prevalence and determinants among African American and white women of reproductive age: third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1988-1994
    Shanna Nesby-O'Dell
    Division of Nutrition and Physical Activity, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta 30341 3717, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 76:187-92. 2002
    ..African American women are at higher risk of vitamin D deficiency than are white women, but few studies have examined determinants of hypovitaminosis D in this population...
  89. ncbi Patterns of consent in epidemiologic research: evidence from over 25,000 responders
    Kate M Dunn
    Primary Care Sciences Research Centre, Keele University, Keele, Staffordshire, United Kingdom
    Am J Epidemiol 159:1087-94. 2004
    ..Although consent is high among responders, the additive effect of nonresponse and nonconsent can substantially reduce sample size and should be taken into account in epidemiologic study planning...
  90. ncbi Drop-out analysis of community-based health insurance membership at Nouna, Burkina Faso
    Hengjin Dong
    Department of Tropical Hygiene and Public Health, University of Heidelberg, INF 324, D 69120 Heidelberg, Germany
    Health Policy 92:174-9. 2009
    ..This study aims to identify the reasons why enrolled people decide not to renew their membership in following years...
  91. ncbi Comparing adherence and persistence across 6 chronic medication classes
    Jason Yeaw
    IMS Health, 311 Arsenal St, Watertown, MA 02472, USA
    J Manag Care Pharm 15:728-40. 2009
    ..The National Quality Forum recently endorsed the proportion of days covered (PDC)-a measure of medication adherence-as an indicator of quality in drug therapy management...
  92. ncbi Social class and self-rated health: can the gradient be explained by differences in life style or work environment?
    V Borg
    Department of Psychology and Sociology, National Institute of Occupational Health, Copenhagen O, Denmark
    Soc Sci Med 51:1019-30. 2000
    ..Approximately two thirds of the social gradient with regard to worsening of SRH could be explained by the work environment and life style factors. The largest contribution came from the work environment factors...
  93. ncbi A population-based study of juvenile disc degeneration and its association with overweight and obesity, low back pain, and diminished functional status
    Dino Samartzis
    Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, SAR, China
    J Bone Joint Surg Am 93:662-70. 2011
    ..Consequently, the purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence, determinants, and clinical relevance associated with juvenile disc degeneration of the lumbar spine in individuals without spinal deformities...
  94. ncbi European system for cardiac operative risk evaluation (EuroSCORE)
    S A Nashef
    Papworth Hospital, Cambridge, UK
    Eur J Cardiothorac Surg 16:9-13. 1999
    ..To construct a scoring system for the prediction of early mortality in cardiac surgical patients in Europe on the basis of objective risk factors...
  95. pmc Adherence to anti-tuberculosis treatment among pulmonary tuberculosis patients: a qualitative and quantitative study
    Weiguo Xu
    Jiangsu Provincial Center for Disease Prevention and Control, Nanjing, PR China
    BMC Health Serv Res 9:169. 2009
    ..Efforts to improve treatment outcomes require better understanding of adherence as a complex behavioral issue and of the particular barriers to and facilitators of patient adherence...
  96. ncbi Serum C-peptide, insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-I, IGF-binding proteins, and colorectal cancer risk in women
    R Kaaks
    International Agency for Research on Cancer, Lyon, France
    J Natl Cancer Inst 92:1592-600. 2000
    ..To test this hypothesis, we conducted a case-control study nested within a cohort of 14 275 women in New York...
  97. pmc Exploring associations between physical activity and perceived and objective measures of the built environment
    Aileen P McGinn
    Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY 10461, USA
    J Urban Health 84:162-84. 2007
    ....
  98. ncbi Bacteremia among children admitted to a rural hospital in Kenya
    James A Berkley
    Centre for Geographic Medicine Research Coast, Kilifi, Kenya
    N Engl J Med 352:39-47. 2005
    ..We studied every acute pediatric admission to a rural district hospital in Kenya to examine the prevalence, incidence, types, and outcome of community-acquired bacteremia...
  99. ncbi Childhood and adulthood risk factors for socio-economic differentials in psychological distress: evidence from the 1958 British birth cohort
    C Power
    Department of Paediatric Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Institute of Child Health, 30 Guilford Street, London WC1N 1EH, UK
    Soc Sci Med 55:1989-2004. 2002
    ..Gradients in psychological distress reflect the cumulative effect of multiple adversities experienced from childhood...
  100. ncbi Screening for serious mental illness in the general population
    Ronald C Kessler
    Department of Health Care Policy, Harvard Medical School, 180 Longwood Ave, Suite 215, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 60:184-9. 2003
    ..Public Law 102-321 established a block grant for adults with "serious mental illness" (SMI) and required the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) to develop a method to estimate the prevalence of SMI...
  101. ncbi Improved survival rates with increased neurodevelopmental disability for extremely low birth weight infants in the 1990s
    Deanne Wilson-Costello
    Department of Pediatrics, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio, USA
    Pediatrics 115:997-1003. 2005
    ....

Research Grants63

  1. MEASUREMENT ERRORS IN ENVIRONMENTAL EPIDEMIOLOGY
    DONNA L SPIEGELMAN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..method for adjustment for measurement error in multivariate regression models, including Cox models and logistic models, to accommodate the study designs and data structures encountered in environmental epidemiology...
  2. Intermittent Naltrexone among Polysubstance Users
    Glenn Milo Santos; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Sexual behaviors will be assessed via monthly surveys (Exploratory Aims). GEE logistic models will be used compare the proportions of MSM taking medication during periods of meth craving and binge ..
  3. Antibiotic Spectrum Scoring to Measure Hospital-Level Antibiotic De-escalation
    Karl J Madaras-Kelly; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The proposed research has significant potential to improve health by providing a basis for understanding relationships influencing antibiotic de- escalation practices. ..
  4. Longitudinal Studies of Primary Biliary Cirrhosis
    MARLYN MAYO; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..In addition, the correlation between each of the putative surrogate markers will be analyzed. The results of this analysis will then be used to design future clinical trials in the field of PBC. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  5. Integrating Quantitative Imaging and Biophysical Models to Predict Tumor Growth
    Thomas E Yankeelov; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  6. The Behavioral Economics of Relapse
    Warren K Bickel; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..We will also compare theoretically derived logistic models composed of DD, dependence, impulsivity, and negative affect measures as predictors of relapse and/or success ..
  7. Improved Methods for Assessing Immune Correlates in HIV-1 Vaccine Trials
    Youyi Fong; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Second, three models for the shape of the concentration-response curves are compared: four-parameter logistic model, five-parameter logistic model, and a semi-parametric model. ..
  8. PREDICTIVE MODELING OF SLIPS AND FALLS
    Rakie Cham; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..Foot forces and heel dynamics will be measured during the trials. The logistic models will be used not to only predict slips and falls potential but also to compare the ability of different slip ..
  9. New model for describing and projecting adult mortality
    John Bongaarts; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Data Bank for females and males ages 25-109 in 14 populations and demonstrated that 2 variants of the logistic models fit well for the period 1950-2000...
  10. GENETIC EPIDEMIOLOGY OF SEX HORMONES AND LIPOPROTEINS
    Dennis Sprecher; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..risk factors; 2) the risk of developing CHD at an individual level in the adolescent population using fitted logistic models; 3) the nature of family resemblance for such risk estimates; and 4) the relative contributions of genetics ..
  11. BRAIN ISCHEMIA AND AORTIC ATHEROMATA IN A POPULATION
    GEORGE PETTY; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..The multiple logistic models of the case-control study analyses will be repeated with and without controlling for generalized ..
  12. Mammography Visits to Improve Colon Cancer Screening
    Ruth Carlos; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  13. ESOPHAGEAL MOTILITY AND AIRWAY DEFENSES AMONG INFANTS
    SUDARSHAN JADCHERLA; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..These studies will establish improved basal and protective esophageal motor function with development, and identify mechanisms of feeding failure and airway safety in infants. ..
  14. Reducing Clinical Inertia in Diabetes Care
    PATRICK O CONNOR; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Hierarchical logistic models (MLwiN) that accommodate nested data will be used to formally test study hypotheses...
  15. HEALTH EXPENSE-RISK ASSESSMENT USING ADMINISTRATIVE DATA
    Richard Meenan; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..abstract_text> ..
  16. ASSESSMENT OF CORONARY CARE UNIT USE IN DIFFERENT HOSPIT
    HARRY SELKER; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..and has mushroomed in its use in health services, epidemiologic, and medical research, methods for assessing logistic models' performance are still not well-developed...
  17. Mixed Effects Models--Discrete Data with Non-Compliance
    Thomas Tenhave; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..non-compliance in psychiatric randomized trials to modeling clustered discrete responses with mixed effects logistic models. By non-ignorable non-compliance, we mean non-adherence to randomized treatment assignments that is ..
  18. Model Selection Methods for Categorical Regression
    STEVEN HENLEY; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..abstract_text> ..
  19. ROBUST LINKAGE METHODS FOR HUMAN PEDIGREE DATA
    Katrina Goddard; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..At the end of the project period, a comprehensive set of tools for model-free affected relative pair analysis will be available. ..
  20. Patient-Based Strategy to Reduce Errors in Diabetes Care
    PATRICK O CONNOR; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Because patients are nested within physicians, hierarchical logistic models (MLwiN) will be used to test all hypotheses...
  21. PROCESSES PREDICTIVE OF CABG COMPLICATIONS
    MAUREEN O BRIEN; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..Final logistic models that include statistically significant process scores will be reported...
  22. MODEL FREE TIME CURVES FOR LONGITUDINAL DATA ANALYSIS
    P Wilson; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ....
  23. Ethnic differences in peripheral arterial disease
    Michael Criqui; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..This is the first attempt to see if these newer risk markers can explain ethnic differences in PAD. Thus, this application is highly innovative and addresses original hypotheses. ..
  24. STATISTICAL MODELING FOR GENETIC EPIDEMIOLOGY
    George Bonney; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..and extensions of the regressive models to be worked out include parsimonious covariate adjustment; multiple logistic models for qualitative traits with more than two categories; association of genotypes of mates; ascertainment ..
  25. Osteoporosis in Women with Rheumatoid Arthritis
    Daniel Solomon; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..This epidemiologic data will inform future trials of osteoporosis treatments among patients with RA. As well, the study cohort will comprise one of the largest RA registries with an explicit plan to examine osteoporosis. ..
  26. Why is Cardiac Risk Increased in Rheumatiod Arthritis
    Daniel Solomon; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..ability to control for known cardiovascular risk factors, the extensive medication information allowing for us to explore key hypotheses regarding corticosteroid exposure, and the attempt to simultaneously control for disease severity ..
  27. Randomized Controlled Testing of Osteoporosis Education
    Daniel Solomon; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..A multi-disciplinary Training Advisory Board will review the applicants progress regularly to ensure that the proposed training goals are met. ..
  28. Pain Medication Use & Risk Factors for Opioid Dependence
    Daniel Solomon; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Our goal is to use the results of the proposed research to inform a future intervention to improve opioid prescribing within this large pharmacy benefits program. ..
  29. HOW MUCH DOES SHE REALLY DRINK? AN HMO INTERVENTION
    GABRIEL ESCOBAR; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  30. Sepsis and Critical Illness in Babies > 34 Weeks Gestation
    GABRIEL ESCOBAR; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  31. Interest of IKr-related Abnormalities of ECGs to Improve Drug-safety Evaluation
    Jean Philippe Couderc; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  32. Genomic Predictors of Arteriosclerosis in Hypertensives
    Sharon Kardia; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..End of Abstract) ..
  33. Socio-Ecological Variables/Cancer Screening Behaviors?
    Ninez Ponce; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  34. Gene Polymorphism & Treatment-Symptoms in Lung Cancer
    Cielito Reyes Gibby; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  35. Practice-Based Trial of Blood Pressure Control in African Americans
    GBENGA GODWIN OGEDEGBE; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  36. Neighborhood effects on Quality of Life in Breast Cancer
    Mario Schootman; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..g., individual and neighborhoods simultaneously) using a multi-pronged approach to improve QoL, as recently recommended by the Institute of Medicine. ..
  37. Spatial, Temporal, Social Disparities in Breast Cancer
    Mario Schootman; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  38. MULTI-SITE RCT FOR BP CONTROL IN HTN AFRICAN AMERICANS
    GBENGA GODWIN OGEDEGBE; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Thus, maximizing the likelihood that the intervention will be translated into practice, at each of the participating Community Health Center. ..
  39. Role of Race in Criminal Justice Referrals to Treatment
    NANCY NICOSIA; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  40. INSOMNIA AND DRUG RELAPSE RISK
    Michael Stein; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Our research team is highly experienced in drug research, sleep disorders, and clinical trials in substance abusing populations. ..
  41. A BRIEF ALCOHOL INTERVENTION FOR INCARCERATED WOMEN
    Michael Stein; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..If effective, this brief alcohol intervention can be readily integrated into existing programs for incarcerated women who will soon be reintegrating into the community. ..
  42. A Family-Genetic Study of Pathological Gambling
    Donald Black; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..abstract_text> ..
  43. Space-Time Clustering of Testicular Cancer Using Residential Histories
    Geoffrey Jacquez; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  44. PHARMACOTHERAPY OF HIGH-RISK BIPOLAR DISORDER
    Maria Oquendo; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..3) Lithium treatment will be superior to valproate in decreasing aggression. ..
  45. RIBOZYMES AND RNA GENE THERAPIES FOR LIVER DISEASES
    Andrea Branch; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Northern analysis of RNAs extracted from serum samples of patients will establish the size distribution of HCV RNAs containing the terminal sequence. These studies will lead to new treatments for liver diseases. ..
  46. MODEL TRANSITION SENSITIVITY ANALYSIS
    Geoffrey Jacquez; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The technologic and scientific innovations from this project will revolutionize our ability to formulate sound decisions regarding the analysis, control and surveillance of infectious diseases. ..
  47. SCLERODERMA LUNG STUDY
    Maureen Mayes; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  48. A TRIAL TO REDUCE HEPATITIS C AMONG INJECTION DRUG USERS
    Michael Stein; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  49. INDUCED ABORTION AND BREAST CANCER RISK
    De Kun Li; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ....
  50. EPIDEMIOLOGIC AND BIOLOGIC PREDICTORS OF IVF SUCCESS
    Daniel Cramer; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  51. STARS: STUDENTS TALKING ABOUT REAL SOLUTIONS
    Gina Wingood; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The proposed study will examine the cost-effectiveness of the telephone relapse prevention condition relative to the group relapse prevention condition. ..
  52. MAINTAINING HIV RISK REDUCTION AMONG NEEDLE EXCHANGERS
    Michael Stein; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Our results will have policy implications for needle exchange programs where many IDUs have initiated HIV risk reduction. ..
  53. Evidence-Based Medicine in the Skilled Nursing Facility
    Cathleen Colon Emeric; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Common geriatric syndromes conditions (UTI, fever, osteoporosis, falls, and pneumonia) will be targeted, and both an academic and a community-based Veterans Administration Nursing Home Care Unit will be used. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  54. Epidemiology of Syphilis among IDUs in Tijuana, Mexico
    Melanie Rusch; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  55. Tryptophan Metabolism, Genes, and Major Depression
    David Steffens; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Results from this study will help inform future treatment studies using genetics and metabolomic technology. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  56. Alcohol and HIV Risk Reduction in South Africa
    Seth Kalichman; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Results of the proposed research will provide critical information about the role of alcohol in HIV transmission risks and will offer urgently needed strategies for improving HIV prevention interventions in South Africa. ..
  57. PHARMACOGENETICS OF ASTHMA MONOTHERAPY
    John Lima; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The results of this pharmacogenetic study may facilitate the optimal selection of monotherapy in asthma. ..
  58. Cancer Caregiving and the Stress Process
    Nancy Schoenberg; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  59. ECONOMIC IMPACT OF INJURY/ILLNESS IN CAREER ROOFERS
    Laura Welch; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..5) Assess and describe the impact of work-related conditions and aging on the ability of roofers to remain employed in their trade. ..
  60. VIOLENCE AND SPONTANEOUS ABORTION IN INNER CITY WOMEN
    Deborah Nelson; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....