chi square distribution


Summary: A distribution in which a variable is distributed like the sum of the squares of any given independent random variable, each of which has a normal distribution with mean of zero and variance of one. The chi-square test is a statistical test based on comparison of a test statistic to a chi-square distribution. The oldest of these tests are used to detect whether two or more population distributions differ from one another.

Top Publications

  1. pmc Score tests for association between traits and haplotypes when linkage phase is ambiguous
    Daniel J Schaid
    Department of Health Sciences Research, Mayo Clinic Foundation, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
    Am J Hum Genet 70:425-34. 2002
  2. ncbi Focal FDG uptake in mediastinal brown fat mimicking malignancy: a potential pitfall resolved on PET/CT
    Mylene T Truong
    Division of Diagnostic Imaging, University of Texas M D Anderson Cancer Center, 1515 Holcombe Blvd, Box 57, Houston, TX 77030, USA
    AJR Am J Roentgenol 183:1127-32. 2004
  3. ncbi The need for treatment and satisfaction with dental appearance among young Finnish adults with and without a history of orthodontic treatment
    H Kerosuo
    Department of Pedodontics and Orthodontics, University of Helsinki, Finland
    J Orofac Orthop 61:330-40. 2000
  4. ncbi What do women in the U.S. know about human papillomavirus and cervical cancer?
    Jasmin A Tiro
    Cancer Prevention Fellowship Program, Division of Cancer Prevention, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, Maryland 20892 7331, USA
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 16:288-94. 2007
  5. pmc Association of socio-economic status with diabetes prevalence and utilization of diabetes care services
    Doreen M Rabi
    Department of Medicine, University of Calgary, Calgary, Canada
    BMC Health Serv Res 6:124. 2006
  6. ncbi Anti-aquaporin-4 antibody is involved in the pathogenesis of NMO: a study on antibody titre
    Toshiyuki Takahashi
    Department of Neurology, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, 1 1 Seiryomachi, Aobaku, Sendai 980 8574, Japan
    Brain 130:1235-43. 2007
  7. pmc Breastfeeding duration and perinatal cigarette smoking in a population-based cohort
    Jihong Liu
    Div of Reproductive Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Am J Public Health 96:309-14. 2006
  8. ncbi Use and expenditure on complementary medicine in England: a population based survey
    K J Thomas
    Medical Centre Research Unit, School of Health and Related Research, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK
    Complement Ther Med 9:2-11. 2001
  9. ncbi Effects of stent design on side branch occlusion after coronary stent placement
    G Y Cho
    Department of Medicine, University of Ulsan, Asan Medical Center, Seoul, Korea
    Catheter Cardiovasc Interv 52:18-23. 2001
  10. ncbi Selection bias due to non-response in a health survey among patients with rheumatoid arthritis
    Ines Rupp
    Department of Social Medicine, Academic Medical Centre, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Eur J Public Health 12:131-5. 2002

Research Grants

Detail Information

Publications294 found, 100 shown here

  1. pmc Score tests for association between traits and haplotypes when linkage phase is ambiguous
    Daniel J Schaid
    Department of Health Sciences Research, Mayo Clinic Foundation, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
    Am J Hum Genet 70:425-34. 2002
    ..Limited simulations are also presented to demonstrate the validity of our methods, as well as to provide guidelines on how our methods could be used...
  2. ncbi Focal FDG uptake in mediastinal brown fat mimicking malignancy: a potential pitfall resolved on PET/CT
    Mylene T Truong
    Division of Diagnostic Imaging, University of Texas M D Anderson Cancer Center, 1515 Holcombe Blvd, Box 57, Houston, TX 77030, USA
    AJR Am J Roentgenol 183:1127-32. 2004
    ..The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence, location, and appearance of hypermetabolic brown fat in the mediastinum...
  3. ncbi The need for treatment and satisfaction with dental appearance among young Finnish adults with and without a history of orthodontic treatment
    H Kerosuo
    Department of Pedodontics and Orthodontics, University of Helsinki, Finland
    J Orofac Orthop 61:330-40. 2000
    ..The high treatment rate in relation to unnoticed treatment need calls for reevaluation of priorities in patient selection...
  4. ncbi What do women in the U.S. know about human papillomavirus and cervical cancer?
    Jasmin A Tiro
    Cancer Prevention Fellowship Program, Division of Cancer Prevention, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, Maryland 20892 7331, USA
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 16:288-94. 2007
    ..Assessment of the public's knowledge in nationally representative samples is a high priority for cervical cancer control...
  5. pmc Association of socio-economic status with diabetes prevalence and utilization of diabetes care services
    Doreen M Rabi
    Department of Medicine, University of Calgary, Calgary, Canada
    BMC Health Serv Res 6:124. 2006
    ..The objective of the present study was to determine whether income is associated with referral to a diabetes centre within a universal health care system...
  6. ncbi Anti-aquaporin-4 antibody is involved in the pathogenesis of NMO: a study on antibody titre
    Toshiyuki Takahashi
    Department of Neurology, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, 1 1 Seiryomachi, Aobaku, Sendai 980 8574, Japan
    Brain 130:1235-43. 2007
  7. pmc Breastfeeding duration and perinatal cigarette smoking in a population-based cohort
    Jihong Liu
    Div of Reproductive Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Am J Public Health 96:309-14. 2006
    ..We examined the association between breastfeeding duration and maternal smoking before, during, and after pregnancy...
  8. ncbi Use and expenditure on complementary medicine in England: a population based survey
    K J Thomas
    Medical Centre Research Unit, School of Health and Related Research, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK
    Complement Ther Med 9:2-11. 2001
    ..Estimates of practitioner visits in the USA and Australia indicate high levels of use and expenditure. No reliable population-based estimates of practitioner use are available for the UK...
  9. ncbi Effects of stent design on side branch occlusion after coronary stent placement
    G Y Cho
    Department of Medicine, University of Ulsan, Asan Medical Center, Seoul, Korea
    Catheter Cardiovasc Interv 52:18-23. 2001
    ..Delayed SBO occurred in 8 SB, being associated with the presence of SB ostial disease and in-stent restenosis. In conclusions, SBO was not associated with the types of stent design, but with the SB lesion morphology...
  10. ncbi Selection bias due to non-response in a health survey among patients with rheumatoid arthritis
    Ines Rupp
    Department of Social Medicine, Academic Medical Centre, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Eur J Public Health 12:131-5. 2002
    ..Non-response may lead to bias in health(care) outcomes...
  11. ncbi Socio-economic status and orthodontic treatment need
    M Tickle
    Manchester Health Authority, UK
    Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 27:413-8. 1999
    ..This study aimed to examine the relationship between socio-economic status and both normatively assessed and self perceived need for orthodontic treatment...
  12. pmc The metabolic syndrome: prevalence and associated risk factor findings in the US population from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1988-1994
    Yong Woo Park
    Department of Family Medicine, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
    Arch Intern Med 163:427-36. 2003
    ..The extent to which the metabolic syndrome is associated with demographic and potentially modifiable lifestyle factors in the US population is unknown...
  13. ncbi Current patterns of irritable bowel syndrome in Taiwan: the Rome II questionnaire on a Chinese population
    C L Lu
    Division of Gastroenterology, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taiwan
    Aliment Pharmacol Ther 18:1159-69. 2003
    ..Irritable bowel syndrome is a common condition seen in Western countries. In Asia, however, it is less known and even less studied...
  14. ncbi Comparison of pHH3, Ki-67, and survivin immunoreactivity in benign and malignant melanocytic lesions
    Michel R Nasr
    Department of Pathology, State University of New York Upstate Medical University, Syracuse, NY, USA
    Am J Dermatopathol 30:117-22. 2008
    ..pHH3 and Ki-67 can be useful adjuncts to histopathology to separate malignant melanoma from benign nevi. pHH3 is especially useful to highlight mitoses and to rapidly assess the mitotic activity in melanocytic lesions...
  15. ncbi Elevated serum Her-2/neu level predicts decreased response to hormone therapy in metastatic breast cancer
    Allan Lipton
    Department of Hematology and Oncology, Penn State Milton S Hershey Medical Center, Hershey, Pennsylvania 17033, USA
    J Clin Oncol 20:1467-72. 2002
    ..To determine the effect of elevation of serum HER-2/neu on response to hormone therapy...
  16. ncbi Toward a clinical model of suicidal behavior in psychiatric patients
    J J Mann
    Mental Health Clinical Research Center for the Study of Suicidal Behavior, Department of Neuroscience, New York State Psychiatric Institute, New York 10032, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 156:181-9. 1999
  17. ncbi Impaired executive functioning in young adults born very preterm
    Chiara Nosarti
    Division of Psychological Medicine and Psychiatry, Section of General Psychiatry, Institute of Psychiatry and Kings College London, London, United Kingdom
    J Int Neuropsychol Soc 13:571-81. 2007
    ..The results suggest that, although free from major physical disability, VPT young adults perform worse than controls on tasks involving selective aspects of executive processing, such as mental flexibility and response inhibition...
  18. ncbi Gender difference in delays to diagnosis and health care seeking behaviour in a rural area of Nepal
    M Yamasaki-Nakagawa
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, Japan
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 5:24-31. 2001
    ..Directly observed treatment for tuberculosis using a short-course regimen (DOTS) was introduced in a rural area of Nepal. All new patients assigned to DOTS from mid-December 1997 to mid-June 1999 were eligible for the study...
  19. pmc Association of socioeconomic status and receipt of colorectal cancer investigations: a population-based retrospective cohort study
    Sheldon M Singh
    Department of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ont
    CMAJ 171:461-5. 2004
    ..It is not known if inequities exist for receipt of investigations used to screen for colorectal cancer (CRC). We examined the association between socioeconomic status and receipt of colorectal investigation in Ontario...
  20. ncbi Validity and reliability of observational methods for studying medication administration errors
    B Dean
    Pharmacy Unit, Hammersmith Hospitals NHS Trust, London, England
    Am J Health Syst Pharm 58:54-9. 2001
    ..Observer reliability was high. Concerns about the validity and reliability of observational methods for identifying MAEs may be unfounded...
  21. ncbi Bcl-2 is a prognostic marker in breast cancer independently of the Nottingham Prognostic Index
    Grace M Callagy
    Cancer Genomics Program, Department of Oncology, Hutchison Medical Research Council Research Centre, University of Cambridge, United Kingdom
    Clin Cancer Res 12:2468-75. 2006
    ..We validated the results in an independent series...
  22. ncbi Prevalence of HBV, HCV, HIV-1, 2 and HTLV-I/II infections among blood donors in a teaching hospital in the Central region of Saudi Arabia
    Malak M El-Hazmi
    Department of Pathology Microbiology, College of Medicine, King Khalid University Hospital, King Saud University, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
    Saudi Med J 25:26-33. 2004
  23. ncbi Uninvestigated dyspepsia and its related factors in an Iranian community
    Mosayeb Barzkar
    Research Center for Gastroenterology and Liver Diseases, Shahid Beheshti University, MC, Tehran, Iran
    Saudi Med J 30:397-402. 2009
    ..To determine the prevalence and determinants of uninvestigated dyspepsia in the Iranian population...
  24. ncbi The most prevalent Mycobacterium tuberculosis superfamilies among Iranian and Afghan TB cases
    Ali Akbar Velayati
    National Research Institute of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease NRITLD, Darabad, Tehran, Iran
    Scand J Infect Dis 38:463-8. 2006
    ..3% for Iranians. The study highlighted the epidemic potential of specific genotypes (EAI, CAS, T clades) among tuberculosis cases in the Tehran territory. We also confirmed that the impact of transmission through immigration is low...
  25. ncbi Mild cognitive impairment subtypes and vascular dementia in community-dwelling elderly people: a 3-year follow-up study
    Mariella Zanetti
    Department of Internal Medicine, Geriatric Unit, Ospedale Maggiore Istituto di Ricovero e Cura a Carattere Scientifico, University of Milan, Milan, Italy
    J Am Geriatr Soc 54:580-6. 2006
    ..To investigate whether mild cognitive impairment (MCI) with multiple impaired cognitive domains (mcd-MCI) is a prodromal manifestation of vascular dementia (VaD)...
  26. ncbi New bacterial species associated with chronic periodontitis
    P S Kumar
    Department of Periodontology, School of Public Health, College of Medicine and Public Health, The Ohio State University, Columbus 43218, USA
    J Dent Res 82:338-44. 2003
    ..Species or phylotypes more prevalent in periodontal health included two uncultivated phylotypes, clone W090 from the Deferribacteres phylum and clone BU063 from the Bacteroidetes, and named species Atopobium rimae and Atopobium parvulum...
  27. ncbi Dental aesthetics, self-awareness, and oral health-related quality of life in young adults
    Ulrich Klages
    Departments of Orthodontics, University of Mainz, Germany
    Eur J Orthod 26:507-14. 2004
    ..The findings of the study suggest that minor differences in dental aesthetics may have a significant effect on perceived OHRQoL. This effect was more significant in subjects with high self-consciousness...
  28. ncbi Use of alternative therapies in older outpatients in the United States and Japan: prevalence, reporting patterns, and perceived effectiveness
    J H Flaherty
    Geriatric Research, Education and Clinical Center, Saint Louis VA Medical Center, Missouri, USA
    J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 56:M650-5. 2001
    ..The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence, patterns of reporting, and perceived effectiveness of alternative medical therapies (ATs) among older white American, African American, and Japanese outpatients...
  29. ncbi Is high consumption of fatty fish during pregnancy a risk factor for fetal growth retardation? A study of 44,824 Danish pregnant women
    Th I Halldorsson
    Maternal Nutrition Group, Department of Epidemiology Research, Statens Serum Institut, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Am J Epidemiol 166:687-96. 2007
    ..These results indicate that consumption of fatty fish, a known route of exposure to persistent organic pollutants, could be associated with reduced fetal growth...
  30. ncbi Periodontal status of orthodontic patients and the relationship between dental aesthetic index and community periodontal index of treatment need
    C O Onyeaso
    Department of Preventive Dentistry, College of Medicine University College Hospital, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria
    Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 124:714-20. 2003
    ..05). Although many patients were yet to attain the WHO goal of no more than 1 sextant affected by bleeding or calculus at the age of 15, over one third had satisfactory periodontal health...
  31. pmc Breastfeeding patterns and exposure to suboptimal breastfeeding among children in developing countries: review and analysis of nationally representative surveys
    Jeremy A Lauer
    Department of Health System Financing, Expenditure and Resource Allocation, World Health Organization, 1211 Geneva 27, Switzerland
    BMC Med 2:26. 2004
    ..We describe patterns in 'exclusive breastfeeding' and 'any breastfeeding' rates and quantify exposure to suboptimal breastfeeding among children aged two years or younger in developing countries...
  32. ncbi The value of the aesthetic component of the Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need in the assessment of subjective orthodontic treatment need
    Izabela Grzywacz
    Department of Orthodontics, Pomeranian Academy of Medicine, Szczecin, Poland
    Eur J Orthod 25:57-63. 2003
    ..g. 1-2 'no need', 3-4 'slight need') or the 'borderline need' category was moved two grades lower. The AC would then help to identify patients interested in treatment who would potentially be co-operative...
  33. ncbi Opposing effects of emphysema, hay fever, and select genetic variants on lung cancer risk
    Matthew B Schabath
    Department of Epidemiology, The University of Texas M D Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX 77030, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 161:412-22. 2005
    ..19, 0.66) protective genotypes as compared with none (OR = 0.69, 95% CI: 0.30, 1.59). The biologic role of respiratory disease in lung cancer is unclear. Further study may yield new insights for identification of susceptible subgroups...
  34. ncbi The prevalence, symptom characteristics, and impact of irritable bowel syndrome in an asian urban community
    Kok Ann Gwee
    Department of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore
    Am J Gastroenterol 99:924-31. 2004
    ..To study the epidemiology, symptom characteristics and impact of IBS in an urban Asian population...
  35. ncbi The association between physical function and lifestyle activity and exercise in the health, aging and body composition study
    Jennifer S Brach
    Department of Physical Therapy, School of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvannia 15260, USA
    J Am Geriatr Soc 52:502-9. 2004
    ..To determine whether older adults who exercise demonstrate higher levels of physical function than those who do not exercise but are physically active throughout the day...
  36. ncbi Are there differences in oral health and oral health behavior between individuals with high and low dental fear?
    Annemarie A Schuller
    TNO, Prevention and Health, Division of Child Health, Leiden, The Netherlands
    Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 31:116-21. 2003
  37. ncbi The long-term natural history of gastroesophageal reflux disease
    Stephen J Sontag
    Hines Veterans Affairs Hospital, Hines, IL 60141, USA
    J Clin Gastroenterol 40:398-404. 2006
    ..We report on the 20-year follow-up of 2,306 patients with at least two endoscopic examinations who were taking no antisecretory medication before baseline endoscopy and whose long-term treatment was determined by reflux symptoms...
  38. pmc Quality of life and functional status in patients with cancer of the oral cavity and oropharynx: pretreatment values of a prospective study
    Pepijn A Borggreven
    Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, VU University Medical Center, 1007 MB, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol 264:651-7. 2007
    ..Knowledge of pretreatment HRQOL and functional status levels is useful for better understanding the impact of treatment on these outcomes over time...
  39. ncbi Quality of life in advanced oropharyngeal carcinoma after chemoradiation versus surgery and radiation
    Sarah E Mowry
    Division of Head and Neck Surgery, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, California, USA
    Laryngoscope 116:1589-93. 2006
  40. ncbi Differential induction in telomerase activity among bladder cancer patients and controls on gamma-radiation
    Jinliang Xing
    Department of Epidemiology, The University of Texas M D Anderson Cancer Center, Unit 1304, 1155 Pressler Boulevard, Houston, TX 77030, USA
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 16:606-9. 2007
    ..Our findings provide the first evidence linking the mutagen-induced telomerase activity in peripheral blood lymphocytes to the risk of bladder cancer, which warrants further investigation in large-sized studies and other cancer types...
  41. ncbi The presence of Down syndrome is not a risk factor in complete atrioventricular septal defect repair
    Ruediger Lange
    Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, German Heart Center, Clinic at the Technical University, Munich, Germany
    J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 134:304-10. 2007
    ..The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the impact of Down syndrome on morphologic features, surgical management, and perioperative and long-term mortality in patients with complete atrioventricular septal defect...
  42. pmc Disconnect between incidence of nonperforated and perforated appendicitis: implications for pathophysiology and management
    Edward H Livingston
    Department of Surgery, Divisions of Gastrointestinal and Endocrine Surgery, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, 5323 Harry Hines Boulevard, Dallas, TX 75390, USA
    Ann Surg 245:886-92. 2007
    ..These innovations should influence the number of appendectomies performed in the United States. We analyzed nationwide hospital discharge data to study the secular trends in appendicitis and appendectomy rates...
  43. ncbi Polymorphisms at codons 129 and 219 of the prion protein gene (PRNP) are not associated with sporadic Alzheimer's disease in the Korean population
    B H Jeong
    Ilsong Institute of Life Science, Hallym University, Gwanyang dong, Dongan Gu, Anyang, Kyounggi Do, South Korea
    Eur J Neurol 14:621-6. 2007
    ..These results indicate that these PRNP polymorphisms have no direct influence on the susceptibility to sporadic AD in the Korean population...
  44. pmc Do people experience cognitive biases while searching for information?
    Annie Y S Lau
    Centre for Health Informatics, University of New South Wales, UNSW Sydney NSW 2052, Australia
    J Am Med Inform Assoc 14:599-608. 2007
    ..To test whether individuals experience cognitive biases whilst searching using information retrieval systems. Biases investigated are anchoring, order, exposure and reinforcement...
  45. ncbi FcRL3 and multiple sclerosis pathogenesis: role in autoimmunity?
    Alfonso Martinez
    Department of Immunology, Hospital Clinico San Carlos, Madrid, Spain
    J Neuroimmunol 189:132-6. 2007
    ..We aimed at testing for the first time whether this gene was involved in multiple sclerosis (MS) pathogenesis...
  46. ncbi Magnetic resonance evaluation of the associations of thoracic and abdominal aortic plaques with the presence and extent of coronary artery stenosis
    Kazuhiro Ashida
    National Defense Medical College, Saitama, Japan
    J Cardiovasc Magn Reson 9:855-61. 2007
    ..Thus, the total plaque extent in the aortas was found to be more closely associated with the presence and extent of coronary stenosis than the thoracic or abdominal aortic plaque extent...
  47. ncbi Polymorphisms in the KDR and POSTN genes: association with breast cancer susceptibility and prognosis
    Asta Forsti
    Division of Molecular Genetic Epidemiology, German Cancer Research Center DKFZ, 69120, Heidelberg, Germany
    Breast Cancer Res Treat 101:83-93. 2007
    ..Although a major effect of the SNPs in the KDR and the POSTN genes on breast cancer susceptibility and prognosis was excluded, the effect of the POSTN C-33G SNP on prognosis needs further characterization...
  48. pmc Risk factors for local tumor recurrence after segmental transarterial chemoembolization for hepatocellular carcinoma: the importance of tumor located in the segmental border zone
    Yun Ku Cho
    Department of Radiology, Seoul Veterans Hospital, Gangdong gu, Seoul, Korea
    Korean J Radiol 7:267-74. 2006
    ..We wanted to evaluate whether tumors located in a segmental border zone are predisposed to local recurrence after performing segmental transarterial chemoembolization for hepatocellular carcinoma...
  49. ncbi The impact of prophylactic antibiotics on postoperative infection complication in elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy: a prospective randomized study
    Wen Tsan Chang
    Department of Surgery, Chung Ho Memorial Hospital, Kaohsiung Medical University, Taiwan
    Am J Surg 191:721-5. 2006
    ..The aim of this prospective randomized study was to investigate the necessity and impact of prophylactic antibiotics on postoperative infection complications in elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy...
  50. ncbi Persecutory delusions and catastrophic worry in psychosis: developing the understanding of delusion distress and persistence
    Helen Startup
    Department of Psychology, Institute of Psychiatry, P O Box 77, King s College London, Denmark Hill, London SE5 8AF, UK
    Behav Res Ther 45:523-37. 2007
    ..If future research replicates these findings, worry reduction interventions for individuals with persecutory delusions may be warranted...
  51. ncbi Help-seeking in the Norwegian Police Service
    Anne Marie Berg
    Department of Behavioural Sciences in Medicine, University of Oslo, Norway
    J Occup Health 48:145-53. 2006
    ..However, they contacted a psychologist or psychiatrist rarely, even when reporting serious suicidal ideation...
  52. ncbi Treatment strategy to optimize radiofrequency ablation for liver malignancies
    Min Hua Chen
    Department of Ultrasound, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China
    J Vasc Interv Radiol 17:671-83. 2006
    ..The purposes of this study were to investigate a treatment strategy to increase liver tumor necrosis and minimize complications with ultrasound-guided percutaneous radiofrequency (RF) ablation and to evaluate its therapeutic efficacy...
  53. ncbi Training in laparoscopic appendectomy
    Karl J Sweeney
    Department of Surgery, Adelaide and Meath Hospital, Dublin, Ireland
    World J Surg 30:358-63. 2006
    ..The aim of the present study was to evaluate the outcome of LA performed by inexperienced surgeons in a training environment...
  54. ncbi The merits of testing Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium in the analysis of unmatched case-control data: a cautionary note
    Guang Yong Zou
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Schulich School of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada
    Ann Hum Genet 70:923-33. 2006
    ..Examples from previous reports are used to illustrate the methodology...
  55. pmc Laparoscopic-assisted versus open ileocolic resection for Crohn's disease: a randomized trial
    Stefan Maartense
    Department of Surgery, Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Ann Surg 243:143-9; discussion 150-3. 2006
    ..The aim of the study was to compare laparoscopic-assisted and open ileocolic resection for primary Crohn's disease in a randomized controlled trial...
  56. ncbi Genetic polymorphisms associated with inflammatory bowel disease do not confer risk for primary sclerosing cholangitis
    Tom H Karlsen
    Medical Department, Rikshospitalet Radiumhospitalet Medical Center, Oslo, Norway
    Am J Gastroenterol 102:115-21. 2007
    ..The pathogenetic link between PSC and IBD is unknown. We aimed to assess whether genetic risk factors in PSC can be identified on the basis of known IBD susceptibility genes and the shared PSC-IBD phenotype...
  57. ncbi [Opinion and knowledge of the population of a Brazilian city about organ donation and transplantation]
    Julio Cezar Uili Coelho
    Serviço de Cirurgia do Aparelho Digestivo e Transplante Hepático, Hospital de Clinicas, Universidade Federal do Parana
    Rev Assoc Med Bras 53:421-5. 2007
    ..To determine the opinion and knowledge of the population of Curitiba about organ donation and transplantation...
  58. ncbi Mandibular condyle lesions in children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis
    Sossani Sidiropoulou-Chatzigianni
    Department of Orthodontics, School of Dentistry, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece
    Cleft Palate Craniofac J 45:57-62. 2008
  59. pmc Utilization of the lower inflection point of the pressure-volume curve results in protective conventional ventilation comparable to high frequency oscillatory ventilation in an animal model of acute respiratory distress syndrome
    Felipe S Rossi
    Experimental Research Unit LIM 30, Department of Pediatrics, Medical School, Sao Paulo University, Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil
    Clinics (Sao Paulo) 63:237-44. 2008
  60. ncbi Prevalence of coronary heart disease in patients with aortic aneurysm and/or peripheral artery disease
    Kenichi Hirose
    Department of Cardiology, Tokyo Medical University, Tokyo, Japan
    Am J Cardiol 103:1215-20. 2009
    ..Thus, cardiac evaluation was particularly important in patients with combined AA and PAD...
  61. pmc PDCD1 genes may protect against extraocular manifestations in Chinese Han patients with Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada syndrome
    Qianli Meng
    Zhongshan Ophthalmic Center, Sun Yat Sen University, Uveitis Study Center of Sun Yat sen University and International Uveitis Study Laboratory of Guangdong Province, State Key Laboratory of Ophthalmology of Sun Yat sen University, Guangzhou, P R China
    Mol Vis 15:386-92. 2009
    ..To analyze the potential association of programmed cell death 1 (PDCD1) with Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada (VKH) syndrome in a Chinese Han population...
  62. pmc An assessment of technology-based service encounters & network security on the e-health care systems of medical centers in Taiwan
    Hsin Hsin Chang
    Dept of Business Administration, National Cheng Kung University, 1 University Rd, Tainan City 701, Taiwan
    BMC Health Serv Res 8:87. 2008
    ..The electronic medical record system and the online appointment system are the core features in employing e-health care systems in the technology-based service encounters...
  63. ncbi [Survey on medicine use by elderly retirees in Belo Horizonte, Southeastern Brazil]
    Andreia Queiroz Ribeiro
    Departamento de Farmacia Social, Faculdade de Farmacia, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brasil
    Rev Saude Publica 42:724-32. 2008
    ..To describe self-reported use of medicines by Brazilian elderly retirees focusing on gender differences...
  64. ncbi Significance of age in the survival of diabetic patients after kidney transplantation
    Gema Fernandez-Fresnedo
    Nephrology Service, Hospital Universitario Marques de Valdecilla, Santander, Spain
    Int Urol Nephrol 33:173-7. 2002
    ..Our study was done to determine whether the age of Type II diabetic patients constituted an additional risk factor...
  65. ncbi Prevalence, risk factors and evaluation of a screening strategy for chronic hepatitis C and B virus infections in healthy company employees
    V Sypsa
    Department of Hygiene and Epidemiology, Athens University Medical School, Greece
    Eur J Epidemiol 17:721-8. 2001
    ..Under the light of recent treatment advances, targeted questionnaire-based screening of asymptomatic people may prove to be a cost-effective way to face hepatitis C...
  66. ncbi The theory of reasoned action in describing tooth brushing, dental caries and diabetes adherence among diabetic patients
    Anna Maija H Syrjälä
    Department of Periodontology, Institute of Dentistry, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
    J Clin Periodontol 29:427-32. 2002
    ..The aim here was to analyze the variables of Ajzen and Fishbein's theory of reasoned action to explain the reported frequency of tooth brushing, dental caries, HbA1c level and diabetes adherence...
  67. ncbi Prevalence of hepatitis C virus infection and risk factors of drug using prisoners in Guilan province
    Z Mohtasham Amiri
    Department of Community Medicine, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Islamic Republic of Iran
    East Mediterr Health J 13:250-6. 2007
    ..4%) were HCV antibody positive (88.9% of intravenous drug abusers). HCV-positive status was significantly associated with intravenous drug use, having skin tattoos and number of times in prison...
  68. ncbi Henoch-Schönlein Purpura in adults: outcome and prognostic factors
    Evangeline Pillebout
    INSERM U426, Faculte de Medecine X Bichat, Université Paris 07, Paris, France
    J Am Soc Nephrol 13:1271-8. 2002
    ..Identification of clinical and histologic prognostic factors may permit the design of appropriate therapeutic prospective studies...
  69. ncbi B-type natriuretic peptide and weaning from mechanical ventilation
    Armand Mekontso-Dessap
    Assistance Publique Hopitaux de Paris, Universite Paris XII, Medical Intensive Care Unit, Centre Hospitalo Universitaire Henri Mondor, 51, avenue du Mal de Lattre de Tassigny, 94010 Creteil Cedex, France
    Intensive Care Med 32:1529-36. 2006
    ..Cardiac function and volume status could play a critical role in the setting of weaning failure. B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) is a powerful marker of cardiac dysfunction. We assessed the value of BNP during the weaning process...
  70. ncbi Incidence and etiology of thrombocytosis in an adult Turkish population
    Timucin Aydogan
    Department of Internal Medicine, Fatih University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey
    Platelets 17:328-31. 2006
    ..Secondary thrombocytosis is a common finding and mostly secondary to infection. Primary thrombocytosis has a higher risk for thromboembolic events than does secondary thrombocytosis...
  71. ncbi Predictive factors of clinical outcome in older surgical patients
    Mario Bo
    Section of Geriatrics, Department of Medical and Surgical Disciplines, Azienda Ospedaliera San Giovanni Battista Molinette, c so Bramante 88, Turin 10126, Italy
    Arch Gerontol Geriatr 44:215-24. 2007
    ..Low hemoglobin levels and, only in ES patients, higher CIRS 1 score were associated with prolonged hospitalization. Prognostic indicators specific to older people have limited value in mortality models in elderly surgical patients...
  72. ncbi Factors affecting symptomatic vs asymptomatic vein graft stenoses in lower extremity bypass grafts
    Gregory J Landry
    Department of Surgery, Division of Vascular Surgery, Oregon Health and Science University, 3181 SW Sam Jackson Park Rd, Mail Code OP11, Portland, OR 97239 3098, USA
    Arch Surg 142:848-53; discussion 853-4. 2007
    ..To determine differences in patients undergoing lower extremity vein graft revisions presenting with and without recurrence of preoperative symptoms...
  73. ncbi Risk factors for diagnostic subgroups of painful temporomandibular disorders (TMD)
    G J Huang
    Department of Orthodontics, Box 357446, University of Washington, Seattle 98195 7446, USA
    J Dent Res 81:284-8. 2002
    ..1), clenching (OR = 3.3), third molar removal (OR = 4.0), somatization (OR = 5.1), and female gender (OR = 4.7). No significant associations were found for the small-arthralgia-only group...
  74. ncbi Pyrexia in head-injured patients admitted to intensive care
    Nino Stocchetti
    Terapia Intensiva Neuroscienze, Ospedale Maggiore, Policlinico IRCCS, Via S Sforza, 3520 122 Milan, Italy
    Intensive Care Med 28:1555-62. 2002
  75. ncbi Short-term and long-term mortality in very elderly patients admitted to an intensive care unit
    S E de Rooij
    Department of Internal Medicine, Academic Medical Center, 22700, 1100 DE, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Intensive Care Med 32:1039-44. 2006
    ..To report short-term and long-term mortality of very elderly ICU patients and to determine independent risk factors for short-term and long-term mortality..
  76. ncbi The severity of alcohol withdrawal is not age dependent
    T Wetterling
    Department of Psychiatry, , , Germany
    Alcohol Alcohol 36:75-8. 2001
    ..Daily alcohol intake and frequency of drinking were higher in younger alcoholics, but even when adjustment was made for this, severity of AWS was equal in both age groups. A relationship between severity of AWS and age was not detected...
  77. ncbi Determinants of complications in pancreaticoduodenectomy
    B Topal
    Department of Abdominal Surgery, University Hospital Gasthuisberg, Herestraat 49, 3000 Leuven, Belgium
    Eur J Surg Oncol 33:488-92. 2007
    ..This retrospective study examined, using reproducible classification systems, the type and severity of complications as well as the factors to predict them...
  78. ncbi Risk factors associated with default among new pulmonary TB patients and social support in six Russian regions
    W M Jakubowiak
    WHO TB Control Programme in the Russian Federation, Office of the Special Representative of the WHO Director General in Russia, 28, Ostozhenka St, 119034 Moscow, Russia
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 11:46-53. 2007
    ..Tuberculosis (TB) services in six Russian regions in which social support programmes for TB patients were implemented...
  79. ncbi Plasma fluorescent oxidation products: independent predictors of coronary heart disease in men
    Tianying Wu
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 166:544-51. 2007
    ..The authors found that plasma fluorescent oxidation products significantly and independently predicted coronary heart disease incidence among men without previous cardiovascular events...
  80. ncbi Primary health care emergency services in Abha district of southwestern Saudi Arabia
    A A Mahfouz
    Department of Family and Community Medicine, College of Medicine, King Khalid University, Abha, Saudi Arabia
    East Mediterr Health J 13:103-12. 2007
    ..Many patients (43.7%) used the centres for emergency services, the most common being trauma, burns and orthopaedics (47.8%). Most patients were satisfied overall with emergency services (82.2%)...
  81. ncbi Complications after peripheral vascular interventions in octogenarians
    Petra Dick
    Department of Angiology, Medical University Vienna, Austria
    J Endovasc Ther 15:383-9. 2008
    ..To investigate the incidence of complications after peripheral vascular interventions in patients aged 80 years and older compared to patients below the age of 80...
  82. ncbi Impact of bile duct injury after laparoscopic cholecystectomy on quality of life: a longitudinal study after multidisciplinary treatment
    P R de Reuver
    Department of Surgery, Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Endoscopy 40:637-43. 2008
    ..The aim of the present study was to compare quality of life (QoL) between patients with BDI and those without after laparoscopic cholecystectomy. A longitudinal assessment was performed and risk factors for poor QoL were determined...
  83. pmc Bile acids and total bilirubin detection in saliva of patients submitted to gastric surgery and in particular to subtotal Billroth II resection
    Eugenio De Corso
    Institute of Otorhinolaryngology, Catholic University of Medicine and Surgery, Catholic University of the Sacred Heart, Policlinico A Gemelli No 1, 00168 Rome, Italy
    Ann Surg 245:880-5. 2007
    ..The aim of our study was to detect bile acids and total bilirubin in saliva of gastrectomized patients, to confirm objectively presence of biliary laryngopharyngeal reflux and its relationship with laryngeal mucosa damage...
  84. ncbi Different cut-off points of decreased heart rate variability for different groups of cardiac patients
    G Milicevic
    Cardiovascular Laboratory, Krapinske Toplice Hospital, Gajeva 2, HR 49217 Krapinske Toplice, Croatia
    J Cardiovasc Risk 8:93-102. 2001
    ..Criteria for normal, moderately changed and pathologic values of HRV lack for routine clinical work with different groups of cardiac patients...
  85. ncbi Can the need for future surgery for acute traumatic anterior shoulder dislocation be predicted?
    Raymond A Sachs
    Southern California Permanente Medical Group, San Diego, CA, USA
    J Bone Joint Surg Am 89:1665-74. 2007
    ..This natural history study was performed to examine the validity of this concept and to determine whether it is possible to predict the need for future surgery at the time of the index injury and examination...
  86. ncbi Prevalence and determinants of cognitive impairment in chronic heart failure patients
    Stephanie Debette
    Department of Cardiology, University Hospital of Lille, Lille, France
    Congest Heart Fail 13:205-8. 2007
    ..The severity of cognitive impairment parallels that of CHF. The question of whether this cognitive impairment decreases adherence to treatment and contributes to a worse outcome in CHF patients should be explored...
  87. ncbi Prevalence of cervical spine injuries in patients with facial trauma
    W Hackl
    Department of Trauma Surgery, University of Innsbruck, Austria
    Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 92:370-6. 2001
    ..The typical patient with concomitant neck and facial trauma is male, 40 years old, and usually involved in a traffic accident...
  88. ncbi Feeding practices of severely ill intensive care unit patients: an evaluation of energy sources and clinical outcomes
    Mary E Hise
    The University of Kansas Medical Center, Department of Dietetics and Nutrition, Kansas City, KS 66160 7250, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 107:458-65. 2007
    ..The primary objective of this study was to assess energy intake in severely ill ICU patients and to evaluate the relationship of energy intake with clinical outcomes...
  89. ncbi Does dental care improve the oral health of older adults?
    D Locker
    Community Dental Health Services Research Unit, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Toronto, Canada
    Community Dent Health 18:7-15. 2001
    ..To assess the relationship between self-perceived change in oral health status and the provision of dental treatment in an older adult population...
  90. ncbi Extended resections of liver metastases from colorectal cancer
    S Jonas
    Department of General, Visceral and Transplantation Surgery, Charite Campus Virchow Klinikum, University Medicine, Augustenburger Platz 1, 13353, Berlin, Germany
    World J Surg 31:511-21. 2007
    ..Indications for resection of liver metastases from colorectal cancer and surgical strategies are still under debate...
  91. ncbi Prognosis of patients who develop acute renal failure during the first 24 hours of cardiogenic shock after myocardial infarction
    Maria Koreny
    Cardiovascular Intensive Care Unit, Department of Cardiology, University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria
    Am J Med 112:115-9. 2002
    ..Acute renal failure has important prognostic implications in critically ill patients, but the effects of acute renal failure on in-hospital mortality in the subset of patients with cardiogenic shock are not known...
  92. ncbi Cranio-maxillofacial trauma: a 10 year review of 9,543 cases with 21,067 injuries
    Robert Gassner
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University of Innsbruck, Austria
    J Craniomaxillofac Surg 31:51-61. 2003
    ..The goal of this study was to assess the effect of the five main causes of accidents resulting in facial injury on the severity of cranio-maxillofacial trauma...
  93. ncbi Increasing incidences of inflammatory bowel disease and decreasing surgery rates in Copenhagen City and County, 2003-2005: a population-based study from the Danish Crohn colitis database
    Ida Vind
    Department of Gastroenterology, Hvidovre Hospital, University of Copenhagen, Denmark
    Am J Gastroenterol 101:1274-82. 2006
    ..Since Denmark provides excellent conditions for epidemiological research, we aimed to describe contemporary IBD incidence rates and patient characteristics in Copenhagen County and City...
  94. ncbi Risk-factor analysis of high school basketball-player ankle injuries: a prospective controlled cohort study evaluating postural sway, ankle strength, and flexibility
    Hsing Kuo Wang
    School and Graduate Institute of Physical Therapy, College of Medicine, National Taiwan University, Taipei 100, Taiwan
    Arch Phys Med Rehabil 87:821-5. 2006
    ..To analyze risk factors, including postural sway, ankle strength, and flexibility, for the prediction of ankle injuries in men's high school basketball players...
  95. ncbi Lack of an association between serum level of transforming growth factor beta -1 and stomach cancer risk in the JACC study
    Hiroshi Yatsuya
    Department of Public Health Health Information Dynamics, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Aichi 466 8550, Japan
    Asian Pac J Cancer Prev 6:170-6. 2005
    ..In conclusion, serum TGFbeta1 levels were not associated with increased risks of subsequent stomach cancer.gene A52C polymorphism related to the metabolism of long-chain fatty acids and oxidized LDL in the etiology of colorectal cancer...
  96. ncbi Environmental hazards in Nepal: altitude illness, environmental exposures, injuries, and bites in travelers and expatriates
    Andrea K Boggild
    Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathobiology, University of Toronto, ON, Canada
    J Travel Med 14:361-8. 2007
    ..Adventure travel necessarily places travelers at risk of environmental hazards. We assessed the burden of "environmental" hazards among a cohort of travelers and expatriates presenting to a large travel clinic in Nepal...
  97. ncbi Post-stroke dementia is associated with alpha(1)-antichymotrypsin polymorphism
    Aleksandra Klimkowicz
    Department of Neurology, Collegium Medicum, Jagiellonian University, 31 503 Cracow, Botaniczna 3, Poland
    J Neurol Sci 234:31-6. 2005
    ..The aim of our study was to determine ACT signal peptide polymorphism (A/T) as a possible risk factor for post-stroke dementia (PSD)...
  98. ncbi Predictors of short-term outcome of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis in Turkish cirrhotic patients
    Ali Riza Soylu
    J Gastroenterol Hepatol 20:657-60. 2005
  99. ncbi Predictors of invasive breast cancer in patients with an initial diagnosis of ductal carcinoma in situ: a guide to selective use of sentinel lymph node biopsy in management of ductal carcinoma in situ
    Tina W F Yen
    Department of Surgical Oncology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX 77030, USA
    J Am Coll Surg 200:516-26. 2005
    ..The purpose of our study was to determine when the risk of finding invasive disease on final pathology in patients with an initial diagnosis of DCIS was sufficiently high to justify use of SLNB...
  100. ncbi Predictors of a positive baseline bone scan in breast cancer
    Y Y Ho
    Department of Diagnostic Imaging, The National University Hospital of Singapore, 5 Lower Kent Ridge Road, Singapore 119074
    Australas Radiol 49:21-6. 2005
    ..The findings are particularly valuable in times of worldwide resource scarcity and evolving surgical practice...
  101. ncbi Gastric surgery as a long-term risk factor for malignant lesions of the larynx
    Rossella Cianci
    Department of Internal Medicine and Gastroenterology, Catholic University of Medicine and Surgery, Rome, Italy
    Arch Surg 138:751-4; discussion 755. 2003
    ..Duodenogastroesophageal reflux is common after total or partial gastrectomy. No data are available on the effect of duodenal reflux on the larynx...

Research Grants80

    JOHN BARTON JEMMOTT; Fiscal Year: 2010
    JOHN JEMMOTT; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The results of this project will contribute to the scientific knowledge regarding the generalizability of HIV risk-reduction interventions found to be effective with young inner-city adolescents. ..
    JOHN JEMMOTT; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The results of this project will contribute to the development of effective HIV/STD risk-reduction programs for inner-city Black ..
    JOHN BARTON JEMMOTT; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Moreover, it will contribute to scientific knowledge about the kinds of men with whom it is most efficacious and the factors that account for its efficacy. ..
  5. Statistical Methods for Analysis of Array CGH Data
    Rebecca Betensky; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Sound statistical methods are required for efficient and valid analyses of these important data. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  6. Development of the Partner Violence Perpetration Among *
    Jay Silverman; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..This comparison will be vital to determining whether the risk and protective factors identified are relevant to present interventions for men who batter their female partners. ..
  7. Bulimic Syndromes: Secular & Longitudinal Trends
    Pamela Keel; Fiscal Year: 2005
  8. Effects of N-acetylcystein on Muscle Fatigue in ESRD
    KIRSTEN JOHANSEN; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..To determine whether patients with ESRD generate excessive oxidative stress in response to exercise and whether muscle fatigue can be ameliorated by short-term treatment with N-acetylcysteine. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  9. SDB, metabolic syndrome, and vascular function
    F Nieto; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  10. Presurgery Hypnosis in Breast Cancer: Benefits Analysis
    Guy Montgomery; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Mediators and moderators (e.g., hypnotizability) of hypnosis effects will be determined, as well as long-term side benefits of the intervention. ..
  11. Type 2 Diabetes Primary Prevention for At Risk Girls
    Thomas Robinson; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..We will also perform baseline and prospective risk factor/targeting studies and process studies, to better understand the relevance of the results and the intervention. ..
  12. Meta-Analysis of Interventions to Increase Exercise/Physical Acivity
    Vicki Conn; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The compelling importance and broad scope of this work make funding necessary to achieve these important aims. ..
    Robert Klesges; Fiscal Year: 2001
    Elaine Larson; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Logistic regression, Liang-Zeger regression, and Chi Square analyses will be used to test differences in rates of transmission of symptoms and changes in quantity, types and resistance patterns of microbial flora of the hands. ..
  15. Risks for Opioid Use and Abuse in Contrasting Chronic Pain Populations
    Mark Sullivan; Fiscal Year: 2009
  16. Caregiver-based Intervention for Persistent Delirium
    Edward Marcantonio; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..If promising, our findings will serve as pilot data for a definitive trial to test this novel strategy to improve the health of a vulnerable population of elders and their caregivers. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  17. Stress Response and Smoking Cessation in Depressed Youth
    Uma Rao; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Results of the proposed study might lead to treatment for both depression and nicotine dependence in adolescent patients. ..
  18. Neuronal Risk Markers for Nicotine Dependence in Youth
    Uma Rao; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..abstract_text> ..
  19. Geriatric Depression Outcomes: Prognostic Factors
    Warren Taylor; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Discussion: These findings will better describe the role of neural connectivity and striatofrontal dysfunction in geriatric depression. ..
  20. Fluoxetine and Divalproex:Treatment Correlates in Intermittent Explosive Disorder
    EMIL COCCARO; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Duration of treatment will be twelve weeks. ..
  21. SPORT: Sports to Prevent Obesity Randomized Trial
    Thomas Robinson; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  22. Meningioma: Risk Factors and Quality of Life
    Melissa L Bondy; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This study represents the first concentrated effort to examine environmental and genetic risk factors for meningiomas. ..
  23. FDG PET Study of Laboratory Induced Aggression
    Antonia New; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  24. Genetic Epidemiology of Glioma International Consortium
    Melissa L Bondy; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This information has translational significance for brain tumor patients and their families, and will enable us to develop appropriate genetic screening and counseling approaches to reduce the incidence and mortality of this disease. ..
  25. PS06-003, Opt-out HIV Testing in Emergency Dept settings
    Jason Haukoos; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  26. Quality of Life in Partners of Survivors of Prostate Cancer
    Janet Harden; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Findings can be used as the basis for the design and implementation of future couple-focused interventions for prostate cancer patients. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  27. Group-Based Contingency Management/Outpatient Treatment
    Nancy Petry; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..We will evaluate the cost-effectiveness of group-based CM by assessing receipt of psychosocial and medical services and criminal justice system involvement throughout the treatment and follow-up periods. ..
  28. Air Pollution and Central Nervous System Disease
    Lilian Calderon Garciduenas; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The Award will give me the opportunity to build new skills in 4 areas: Molecular Biology, DNA Damage, Developmental / Neurodegenerative Neuropathology, and to gain experience in grantsmanship. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  29. 3D CT Cephalometrics and Family History in Sleep Apnea
    Reyes Enciso; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The 5th year's focus will be on report and grant writing. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  30. A Daily Process Examination of Alcohol Use and PTSD in Female College Students
    Debra Kaysen; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  31. Predictors of Nephropathy in Type 2 Diabetes
    Julie Lin; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..D., Ph.D., a leading investigator in the field of nutritional epidemiology. This project proposal will provide the foundation for the candidate's future career as an independent and successful clinical scientist in renal research. ..
  32. Disease Detection and Prevalence Estimation through Informative Group Testing
    CHRISTOPHER BILDER; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The public health community will benefit from these new methods through quicker and less costly disease detection and understanding which factors are associated with multiple diseases. ..
  33. Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for Pathological Gambling
    Jon Grant; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..This award would provide me with the necessary background for further studies in the treatment of pathological gambling and the training for an independent patient-oriented research career. ..
  34. Sexuality, HIV/Drug in 3 Groups of Asian/Gay/Bi Men/MSM
    Frank Wong; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..S. experience/situationm) odeland methodologicadl esign,thethree (3) SpecificAimswillbe examinedby seven(7) researchquestionsagainsta selectedset of variables. ..
    SWANN ADAMS; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..PHS 398/2590 (Rev. 09/04, Reissued 4/2006) Page Continuation Format Page [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
    Rebecca Betensky; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The methods may lead to faster discovery of cancer genes and effective treatments and to better understanding of disease progression through more efficient use of resources. ..
  37. Mechanisms for Relations of Domestic Violence to Poor Maternal and Infant Health
    Jay Silverman; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  38. CHD Incidence: Depression & Inflammation Risk
    Karina Davidson; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..We propose to assay plasma samples for CRP, IL-6 and ICAM-1 and then to statistically model the associations among depression, inflammation and CHD incidence. ..
  39. Nonmedical Prescription Drug Use among College Students
    SEAN MCCABE; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Findings from this research will have important implications for the understanding of the epidemiology, prevention and treatment of prescription drug abuse. ..
  40. Club Drug Use in Young, Low Income Women
    Z Wu; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..These study methods and findings will be used to design a randomized controlled trial of these prevention strategies in our family I planning population of 27,000 patient visits annually. ..
  41. Teaching Nonverbal Children with Autism Useful Speech
    Sally Rogers; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..4) Finally, a short-term pilot study using random assignment of matched participants and single subject design will be conducted to examine efficacy of each approach. ..
  42. Catheter Dwell Time and Risk of Bloodstream Infections in Hospitalized Neonates
    Aaron M Milstone; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..This project will help to develop evidence-based strategies to prevent bloodstream infections among vulnerable infants hospitalized in the neonatal intensive care unit. ..
    Edward Marcantonio; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..If the DAP is successful in reducing delirium and improving functional recovery, our findings will serve as a model of a targeted approach to improve the care of elders in the post-acute setting. ..
    Zora Djuric; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The use of biomarkers will allow to evaluate the cancer-protective effects of dietary modulation over a relatively short period of time. ..
  45. Social Anhedonia and Schizophrenia Proneness
    JACK BLANCHARD; Fiscal Year: 2005
    Grant Marshall; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..More specifically, the study will investigate if alcohol use partially mediates the relationship between traumatic experiences and PTSD, depression and anxiety disorders. ..
    Christine Albert; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Characterization of triggering of ICD discharge will provide insights valuable for prevention of sudden death due to primary arrhythmias in the general population. ..
    KAREN CRUICKSHANKS; Fiscal Year: 2002
    Zora Djuric; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..This study should be useful to determine certain psychosocial are associated with extent of weight loss, and in turn whether weight loss is associated with changes in selected markers of breast cancer risk. ..
  50. Decision Making in End-Stage Heart Failure
    Paul Hauptman; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
    Grant Marshall; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..4) To determine whether the antecedents and consequences of alcohol misuse and psychological distress--as well as the pattern of relations between the two constructs-differ as a function of ethnicity and gender. ..
    James McKay; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..However, it is expected that MIN aftercare will be cost-effective for low problem severity ("good prognosis") patients, whereas IND aftercare will be cost-effective for high problem severity ("poor prognosis") patients. ..
    Grant Marshall; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..4) To assess the temporal relationship between symptoms of PTSD and depression following exposure to mass fire trauma. This analysis would model the dynamic interplay of depression and PTSD symptoms overtime. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
    Melissa Bondy; Fiscal Year: 2004 abstract available ..
    Thomas Robinson; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..4. To conduct analyses to evaluate potential moderators and mediators of intervention effects on primary and secondary outcomes. ..
  56. Cognitive Processes, PTSD, and Alcohol Use
    Debra Kaysen; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Aim 4: Evaluate alcohol consumption, PTSD-specific alcohol expectancies, and PTSD severity 3 months post-trauma as predictors of alcohol use disorders 6 months post-trauma. ..
  57. Emergence:Co-occurring Depression/Externalizing Problems
    Ann Vander Stoep; Fiscal Year: 2005
    Christine Albert; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..At the end of the proposed research program, Dr. Albert will have attained advanced epidemiologic skills which can then be applied to independent research in her chosen subspecialty of electrophysiology. ..
  59. Geriatric Resources for Assessment and Care of Elders
    Steven Counsell; Fiscal Year: 2005
  60. Primary Care Colorectal Ca Screening Surveillance System
    Richard Hoffman; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  61. Markers of Risk for Nicotine Dependence in Youngsters
    Uma Rao; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Even if only a small subgroup of youngsters at risk for ND can be identified by such means, because of the many direct as well as indirect negative consequences associated with ND, this will be of great public health importance. ..
  62. Simulation Training for Ultrasound Guided Central Venous Catheter Insertion
    LEIGH EVANS; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  63. Prolonged Smoking Cessation Using Prescription Step Care
    Robert Klesges; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..It is predicted that long-term cessation rates will be significantly higher in the step care conditions, with the highest cessation rate in the combined behavioral/pharmacologic step care group. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  64. Weight Gain Prevention in Hypertensive Smokers
    Robert Klesges; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Exploratory endpoints include changes in blood pressure and hypertensive status in both groups (e.g., movement from high normal to hypertensive by JNC VI criteria), as well as changes in blood pressure medication status and salt intake. ..
  65. Ethnic Dance & Screen Time Reduction to Prevent Weight Gain in Latina Girls
    Thomas N Robinson; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..However, effective prevention programs are lacking. We propose to develop and test a promising and potentially generalizable public health program for Latina girls...
  66. Primary Care Provider and Preventive Oral Health
    Charlotte Lewis; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..In addition, this career development award is expected to provide to Dr. Lewis the didactic and experiential training necessary to become an independent clinical investigator focusing on pediatric and dental health services research. ..
  67. A pilot study for oral health case management of children with orofacial clefts
    Charlotte Lewis; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  68. Genetics and Pediatric Nonsyndromic Hearing Loss
    Margaret Kenna; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..This information will be used to evaluate the effectiveness of genetic counseling associated with gene testing for deafness. ..
  69. A Mood Management Intervention for Pregnant Smokers
    Paul Cinciripini; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..We will also evaluate the extent of smoking reduction (cigarettes smoked/cotinine) among women who fail to quit, as a function of treatment, depression history, and current depression. ..
  70. Definition and Development of the Phenotype of Autism
    Sally Rogers; Fiscal Year: 2006
  71. Oral Contraceptive Use along the US-Mexico Border
    JOSEPH POTTER; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Additionally, it will add substantially to the slim literature on the increasingly important area of Hispanic fertility and contraceptive practice. ..
  72. Stopping URIs and FLU in the Family: the Stuffy Trial
    Elaine Larson; Fiscal Year: 2008
  73. Presurgery Hypnosis--Benefits Analysis in Breast Cancer
    Guy Montgomery; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The possible mediational role of these factors in hypnosis effects will be examined will classic statistical approaches. ..
  74. Metabolic Polymorphisms and Survival from Brain Tumors
    Melissa Bondy; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Thus, patients who can tolerate higher doses of chemotherapy can be treated more efficiently, suffering from less side effects and potentially may have a better outcome. ..
    Roger Ratcliff; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  76. The Fertility Transition in Brazil: 1960-2000
    JOSEPH POTTER; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  77. Staff Hand Hygiene and Nosocomial Infections in Neonates
    Elaine Larson; Fiscal Year: 2003
  78. Training Therapists to Administer Contingency Management
    Nancy Petry; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Both short-term and long-term efficacy, as well as cost-effectiveness, will be evaluated when CM is administered by community-based therapists. ..
  79. Pharmacogenetics, Emotional Reactivity & Smoking
    Paul Cinciripini; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Ultimately this knowledge may be applied to the development of more effective smoking cessation treatments, especially in the area of pharmacogenetics. ..