Genomes and Genes
chi square distribution
Summary: A distribution in which a variable is distributed like the sum of the squares of any given independent random variable, each of which has a normal distribution with mean of zero and variance of one. The chi-square test is a statistical test based on comparison of a test statistic to a chi-square distribution. The oldest of these tests are used to detect whether two or more population distributions differ from one another.
Publications294 found, 100 shown here
- Score tests for association between traits and haplotypes when linkage phase is ambiguousDaniel J Schaid
Department of Health Sciences Research, Mayo Clinic Foundation, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
Am J Hum Genet 70:425-34. 2002..Limited simulations are also presented to demonstrate the validity of our methods, as well as to provide guidelines on how our methods could be used...
- Focal FDG uptake in mediastinal brown fat mimicking malignancy: a potential pitfall resolved on PET/CTMylene T Truong
Division of Diagnostic Imaging, University of Texas M D Anderson Cancer Center, 1515 Holcombe Blvd, Box 57, Houston, TX 77030, USA
AJR Am J Roentgenol 183:1127-32. 2004..The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence, location, and appearance of hypermetabolic brown fat in the mediastinum...
- The need for treatment and satisfaction with dental appearance among young Finnish adults with and without a history of orthodontic treatmentH Kerosuo
Department of Pedodontics and Orthodontics, University of Helsinki, Finland
J Orofac Orthop 61:330-40. 2000..The high treatment rate in relation to unnoticed treatment need calls for reevaluation of priorities in patient selection...
- What do women in the U.S. know about human papillomavirus and cervical cancer?Jasmin A Tiro
Cancer Prevention Fellowship Program, Division of Cancer Prevention, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, Maryland 20892 7331, USA
Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 16:288-94. 2007..Assessment of the public's knowledge in nationally representative samples is a high priority for cervical cancer control...
- Association of socio-economic status with diabetes prevalence and utilization of diabetes care servicesDoreen M Rabi
Department of Medicine, University of Calgary, Calgary, Canada
BMC Health Serv Res 6:124. 2006..The objective of the present study was to determine whether income is associated with referral to a diabetes centre within a universal health care system...
- Anti-aquaporin-4 antibody is involved in the pathogenesis of NMO: a study on antibody titreToshiyuki Takahashi
Department of Neurology, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, 1 1 Seiryomachi, Aobaku, Sendai 980 8574, Japan
Brain 130:1235-43. 2007....
- Breastfeeding duration and perinatal cigarette smoking in a population-based cohortJihong Liu
Div of Reproductive Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
Am J Public Health 96:309-14. 2006..We examined the association between breastfeeding duration and maternal smoking before, during, and after pregnancy...
- Use and expenditure on complementary medicine in England: a population based surveyK J Thomas
Medical Centre Research Unit, School of Health and Related Research, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK
Complement Ther Med 9:2-11. 2001..Estimates of practitioner visits in the USA and Australia indicate high levels of use and expenditure. No reliable population-based estimates of practitioner use are available for the UK...
- Effects of stent design on side branch occlusion after coronary stent placementG Y Cho
Department of Medicine, University of Ulsan, Asan Medical Center, Seoul, Korea
Catheter Cardiovasc Interv 52:18-23. 2001..Delayed SBO occurred in 8 SB, being associated with the presence of SB ostial disease and in-stent restenosis. In conclusions, SBO was not associated with the types of stent design, but with the SB lesion morphology...
- Selection bias due to non-response in a health survey among patients with rheumatoid arthritisInes Rupp
Department of Social Medicine, Academic Medical Centre, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Eur J Public Health 12:131-5. 2002..Non-response may lead to bias in health(care) outcomes...
- Socio-economic status and orthodontic treatment needM Tickle
Manchester Health Authority, UK
Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 27:413-8. 1999..This study aimed to examine the relationship between socio-economic status and both normatively assessed and self perceived need for orthodontic treatment...
- The metabolic syndrome: prevalence and associated risk factor findings in the US population from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1988-1994Yong Woo Park
Department of Family Medicine, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
Arch Intern Med 163:427-36. 2003..The extent to which the metabolic syndrome is associated with demographic and potentially modifiable lifestyle factors in the US population is unknown...
- Current patterns of irritable bowel syndrome in Taiwan: the Rome II questionnaire on a Chinese populationC L Lu
Division of Gastroenterology, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taiwan
Aliment Pharmacol Ther 18:1159-69. 2003..Irritable bowel syndrome is a common condition seen in Western countries. In Asia, however, it is less known and even less studied...
- Comparison of pHH3, Ki-67, and survivin immunoreactivity in benign and malignant melanocytic lesionsMichel R Nasr
Department of Pathology, State University of New York Upstate Medical University, Syracuse, NY, USA
Am J Dermatopathol 30:117-22. 2008..pHH3 and Ki-67 can be useful adjuncts to histopathology to separate malignant melanoma from benign nevi. pHH3 is especially useful to highlight mitoses and to rapidly assess the mitotic activity in melanocytic lesions...
- Elevated serum Her-2/neu level predicts decreased response to hormone therapy in metastatic breast cancerAllan Lipton
Department of Hematology and Oncology, Penn State Milton S Hershey Medical Center, Hershey, Pennsylvania 17033, USA
J Clin Oncol 20:1467-72. 2002..To determine the effect of elevation of serum HER-2/neu on response to hormone therapy...
- Toward a clinical model of suicidal behavior in psychiatric patientsJ J Mann
Mental Health Clinical Research Center for the Study of Suicidal Behavior, Department of Neuroscience, New York State Psychiatric Institute, New York 10032, USA
Am J Psychiatry 156:181-9. 1999....
- Impaired executive functioning in young adults born very pretermChiara Nosarti
Division of Psychological Medicine and Psychiatry, Section of General Psychiatry, Institute of Psychiatry and Kings College London, London, United Kingdom
J Int Neuropsychol Soc 13:571-81. 2007..The results suggest that, although free from major physical disability, VPT young adults perform worse than controls on tasks involving selective aspects of executive processing, such as mental flexibility and response inhibition...
- Gender difference in delays to diagnosis and health care seeking behaviour in a rural area of NepalM Yamasaki-Nakagawa
Department of Preventive Medicine, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, Japan
Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 5:24-31. 2001..Directly observed treatment for tuberculosis using a short-course regimen (DOTS) was introduced in a rural area of Nepal. All new patients assigned to DOTS from mid-December 1997 to mid-June 1999 were eligible for the study...
- Association of socioeconomic status and receipt of colorectal cancer investigations: a population-based retrospective cohort studySheldon M Singh
Department of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ont
CMAJ 171:461-5. 2004..It is not known if inequities exist for receipt of investigations used to screen for colorectal cancer (CRC). We examined the association between socioeconomic status and receipt of colorectal investigation in Ontario...
- Validity and reliability of observational methods for studying medication administration errorsB Dean
Pharmacy Unit, Hammersmith Hospitals NHS Trust, London, England
Am J Health Syst Pharm 58:54-9. 2001..Observer reliability was high. Concerns about the validity and reliability of observational methods for identifying MAEs may be unfounded...
- Bcl-2 is a prognostic marker in breast cancer independently of the Nottingham Prognostic IndexGrace M Callagy
Cancer Genomics Program, Department of Oncology, Hutchison Medical Research Council Research Centre, University of Cambridge, United Kingdom
Clin Cancer Res 12:2468-75. 2006..We validated the results in an independent series...
- Prevalence of HBV, HCV, HIV-1, 2 and HTLV-I/II infections among blood donors in a teaching hospital in the Central region of Saudi ArabiaMalak M El-Hazmi
Department of Pathology Microbiology, College of Medicine, King Khalid University Hospital, King Saud University, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Saudi Med J 25:26-33. 2004....
- Uninvestigated dyspepsia and its related factors in an Iranian communityMosayeb Barzkar
Research Center for Gastroenterology and Liver Diseases, Shahid Beheshti University, MC, Tehran, Iran
Saudi Med J 30:397-402. 2009..To determine the prevalence and determinants of uninvestigated dyspepsia in the Iranian population...
- The most prevalent Mycobacterium tuberculosis superfamilies among Iranian and Afghan TB casesAli Akbar Velayati
National Research Institute of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease NRITLD, Darabad, Tehran, Iran
Scand J Infect Dis 38:463-8. 2006..3% for Iranians. The study highlighted the epidemic potential of specific genotypes (EAI, CAS, T clades) among tuberculosis cases in the Tehran territory. We also confirmed that the impact of transmission through immigration is low...
- Mild cognitive impairment subtypes and vascular dementia in community-dwelling elderly people: a 3-year follow-up studyMariella Zanetti
Department of Internal Medicine, Geriatric Unit, Ospedale Maggiore Istituto di Ricovero e Cura a Carattere Scientifico, University of Milan, Milan, Italy
J Am Geriatr Soc 54:580-6. 2006..To investigate whether mild cognitive impairment (MCI) with multiple impaired cognitive domains (mcd-MCI) is a prodromal manifestation of vascular dementia (VaD)...
- New bacterial species associated with chronic periodontitisP S Kumar
Department of Periodontology, School of Public Health, College of Medicine and Public Health, The Ohio State University, Columbus 43218, USA
J Dent Res 82:338-44. 2003..Species or phylotypes more prevalent in periodontal health included two uncultivated phylotypes, clone W090 from the Deferribacteres phylum and clone BU063 from the Bacteroidetes, and named species Atopobium rimae and Atopobium parvulum...
- Dental aesthetics, self-awareness, and oral health-related quality of life in young adultsUlrich Klages
Departments of Orthodontics, University of Mainz, Germany
Eur J Orthod 26:507-14. 2004..The findings of the study suggest that minor differences in dental aesthetics may have a significant effect on perceived OHRQoL. This effect was more significant in subjects with high self-consciousness...
- Use of alternative therapies in older outpatients in the United States and Japan: prevalence, reporting patterns, and perceived effectivenessJ H Flaherty
Geriatric Research, Education and Clinical Center, Saint Louis VA Medical Center, Missouri, USA
J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 56:M650-5. 2001..The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence, patterns of reporting, and perceived effectiveness of alternative medical therapies (ATs) among older white American, African American, and Japanese outpatients...
- Is high consumption of fatty fish during pregnancy a risk factor for fetal growth retardation? A study of 44,824 Danish pregnant womenTh I Halldorsson
Maternal Nutrition Group, Department of Epidemiology Research, Statens Serum Institut, Copenhagen, Denmark
Am J Epidemiol 166:687-96. 2007..These results indicate that consumption of fatty fish, a known route of exposure to persistent organic pollutants, could be associated with reduced fetal growth...
- Periodontal status of orthodontic patients and the relationship between dental aesthetic index and community periodontal index of treatment needC O Onyeaso
Department of Preventive Dentistry, College of Medicine University College Hospital, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria
Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 124:714-20. 2003..05). Although many patients were yet to attain the WHO goal of no more than 1 sextant affected by bleeding or calculus at the age of 15, over one third had satisfactory periodontal health...
- Breastfeeding patterns and exposure to suboptimal breastfeeding among children in developing countries: review and analysis of nationally representative surveysJeremy A Lauer
Department of Health System Financing, Expenditure and Resource Allocation, World Health Organization, 1211 Geneva 27, Switzerland
BMC Med 2:26. 2004..We describe patterns in 'exclusive breastfeeding' and 'any breastfeeding' rates and quantify exposure to suboptimal breastfeeding among children aged two years or younger in developing countries...
- The value of the aesthetic component of the Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need in the assessment of subjective orthodontic treatment needIzabela Grzywacz
Department of Orthodontics, Pomeranian Academy of Medicine, Szczecin, Poland
Eur J Orthod 25:57-63. 2003..g. 1-2 'no need', 3-4 'slight need') or the 'borderline need' category was moved two grades lower. The AC would then help to identify patients interested in treatment who would potentially be co-operative...
- Opposing effects of emphysema, hay fever, and select genetic variants on lung cancer riskMatthew B Schabath
Department of Epidemiology, The University of Texas M D Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX 77030, USA
Am J Epidemiol 161:412-22. 2005..19, 0.66) protective genotypes as compared with none (OR = 0.69, 95% CI: 0.30, 1.59). The biologic role of respiratory disease in lung cancer is unclear. Further study may yield new insights for identification of susceptible subgroups...
- The prevalence, symptom characteristics, and impact of irritable bowel syndrome in an asian urban communityKok Ann Gwee
Department of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore
Am J Gastroenterol 99:924-31. 2004..To study the epidemiology, symptom characteristics and impact of IBS in an urban Asian population...
- The association between physical function and lifestyle activity and exercise in the health, aging and body composition studyJennifer S Brach
Department of Physical Therapy, School of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvannia 15260, USA
J Am Geriatr Soc 52:502-9. 2004..To determine whether older adults who exercise demonstrate higher levels of physical function than those who do not exercise but are physically active throughout the day...
- Are there differences in oral health and oral health behavior between individuals with high and low dental fear?Annemarie A Schuller
TNO, Prevention and Health, Division of Child Health, Leiden, The Netherlands
Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 31:116-21. 2003....
- The long-term natural history of gastroesophageal reflux diseaseStephen J Sontag
Hines Veterans Affairs Hospital, Hines, IL 60141, USA
J Clin Gastroenterol 40:398-404. 2006..We report on the 20-year follow-up of 2,306 patients with at least two endoscopic examinations who were taking no antisecretory medication before baseline endoscopy and whose long-term treatment was determined by reflux symptoms...
- Quality of life and functional status in patients with cancer of the oral cavity and oropharynx: pretreatment values of a prospective studyPepijn A Borggreven
Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, VU University Medical Center, 1007 MB, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol 264:651-7. 2007..Knowledge of pretreatment HRQOL and functional status levels is useful for better understanding the impact of treatment on these outcomes over time...
- Quality of life in advanced oropharyngeal carcinoma after chemoradiation versus surgery and radiationSarah E Mowry
Division of Head and Neck Surgery, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, California, USA
Laryngoscope 116:1589-93. 2006....
- Differential induction in telomerase activity among bladder cancer patients and controls on gamma-radiationJinliang Xing
Department of Epidemiology, The University of Texas M D Anderson Cancer Center, Unit 1304, 1155 Pressler Boulevard, Houston, TX 77030, USA
Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 16:606-9. 2007..Our findings provide the first evidence linking the mutagen-induced telomerase activity in peripheral blood lymphocytes to the risk of bladder cancer, which warrants further investigation in large-sized studies and other cancer types...
- The presence of Down syndrome is not a risk factor in complete atrioventricular septal defect repairRuediger Lange
Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, German Heart Center, Clinic at the Technical University, Munich, Germany
J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 134:304-10. 2007..The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the impact of Down syndrome on morphologic features, surgical management, and perioperative and long-term mortality in patients with complete atrioventricular septal defect...
- Disconnect between incidence of nonperforated and perforated appendicitis: implications for pathophysiology and managementEdward H Livingston
Department of Surgery, Divisions of Gastrointestinal and Endocrine Surgery, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, 5323 Harry Hines Boulevard, Dallas, TX 75390, USA
Ann Surg 245:886-92. 2007..These innovations should influence the number of appendectomies performed in the United States. We analyzed nationwide hospital discharge data to study the secular trends in appendicitis and appendectomy rates...
- Polymorphisms at codons 129 and 219 of the prion protein gene (PRNP) are not associated with sporadic Alzheimer's disease in the Korean populationB H Jeong
Ilsong Institute of Life Science, Hallym University, Gwanyang dong, Dongan Gu, Anyang, Kyounggi Do, South Korea
Eur J Neurol 14:621-6. 2007..These results indicate that these PRNP polymorphisms have no direct influence on the susceptibility to sporadic AD in the Korean population...
- Do people experience cognitive biases while searching for information?Annie Y S Lau
Centre for Health Informatics, University of New South Wales, UNSW Sydney NSW 2052, Australia
J Am Med Inform Assoc 14:599-608. 2007..To test whether individuals experience cognitive biases whilst searching using information retrieval systems. Biases investigated are anchoring, order, exposure and reinforcement...
- FcRL3 and multiple sclerosis pathogenesis: role in autoimmunity?Alfonso Martinez
Department of Immunology, Hospital Clinico San Carlos, Madrid, Spain
J Neuroimmunol 189:132-6. 2007..We aimed at testing for the first time whether this gene was involved in multiple sclerosis (MS) pathogenesis...
- Magnetic resonance evaluation of the associations of thoracic and abdominal aortic plaques with the presence and extent of coronary artery stenosisKazuhiro Ashida
National Defense Medical College, Saitama, Japan
J Cardiovasc Magn Reson 9:855-61. 2007..Thus, the total plaque extent in the aortas was found to be more closely associated with the presence and extent of coronary stenosis than the thoracic or abdominal aortic plaque extent...
- Polymorphisms in the KDR and POSTN genes: association with breast cancer susceptibility and prognosisAsta Forsti
Division of Molecular Genetic Epidemiology, German Cancer Research Center DKFZ, 69120, Heidelberg, Germany
Breast Cancer Res Treat 101:83-93. 2007..Although a major effect of the SNPs in the KDR and the POSTN genes on breast cancer susceptibility and prognosis was excluded, the effect of the POSTN C-33G SNP on prognosis needs further characterization...
- Risk factors for local tumor recurrence after segmental transarterial chemoembolization for hepatocellular carcinoma: the importance of tumor located in the segmental border zoneYun Ku Cho
Department of Radiology, Seoul Veterans Hospital, Gangdong gu, Seoul, Korea
Korean J Radiol 7:267-74. 2006..We wanted to evaluate whether tumors located in a segmental border zone are predisposed to local recurrence after performing segmental transarterial chemoembolization for hepatocellular carcinoma...
- The impact of prophylactic antibiotics on postoperative infection complication in elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy: a prospective randomized studyWen Tsan Chang
Department of Surgery, Chung Ho Memorial Hospital, Kaohsiung Medical University, Taiwan
Am J Surg 191:721-5. 2006..The aim of this prospective randomized study was to investigate the necessity and impact of prophylactic antibiotics on postoperative infection complications in elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy...
- Persecutory delusions and catastrophic worry in psychosis: developing the understanding of delusion distress and persistenceHelen Startup
Department of Psychology, Institute of Psychiatry, P O Box 77, King s College London, Denmark Hill, London SE5 8AF, UK
Behav Res Ther 45:523-37. 2007..If future research replicates these findings, worry reduction interventions for individuals with persecutory delusions may be warranted...
- Help-seeking in the Norwegian Police ServiceAnne Marie Berg
Department of Behavioural Sciences in Medicine, University of Oslo, Norway
J Occup Health 48:145-53. 2006..However, they contacted a psychologist or psychiatrist rarely, even when reporting serious suicidal ideation...
- Treatment strategy to optimize radiofrequency ablation for liver malignanciesMin Hua Chen
Department of Ultrasound, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China
J Vasc Interv Radiol 17:671-83. 2006..The purposes of this study were to investigate a treatment strategy to increase liver tumor necrosis and minimize complications with ultrasound-guided percutaneous radiofrequency (RF) ablation and to evaluate its therapeutic efficacy...
- Training in laparoscopic appendectomyKarl J Sweeney
Department of Surgery, Adelaide and Meath Hospital, Dublin, Ireland
World J Surg 30:358-63. 2006..The aim of the present study was to evaluate the outcome of LA performed by inexperienced surgeons in a training environment...
- The merits of testing Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium in the analysis of unmatched case-control data: a cautionary noteGuang Yong Zou
Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Schulich School of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada
Ann Hum Genet 70:923-33. 2006..Examples from previous reports are used to illustrate the methodology...
- Laparoscopic-assisted versus open ileocolic resection for Crohn's disease: a randomized trialStefan Maartense
Department of Surgery, Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Ann Surg 243:143-9; discussion 150-3. 2006..The aim of the study was to compare laparoscopic-assisted and open ileocolic resection for primary Crohn's disease in a randomized controlled trial...
- Genetic polymorphisms associated with inflammatory bowel disease do not confer risk for primary sclerosing cholangitisTom H Karlsen
Medical Department, Rikshospitalet Radiumhospitalet Medical Center, Oslo, Norway
Am J Gastroenterol 102:115-21. 2007..The pathogenetic link between PSC and IBD is unknown. We aimed to assess whether genetic risk factors in PSC can be identified on the basis of known IBD susceptibility genes and the shared PSC-IBD phenotype...
- [Opinion and knowledge of the population of a Brazilian city about organ donation and transplantation]Julio Cezar Uili Coelho
Serviço de Cirurgia do Aparelho Digestivo e Transplante Hepático, Hospital de Clinicas, Universidade Federal do Parana
Rev Assoc Med Bras 53:421-5. 2007..To determine the opinion and knowledge of the population of Curitiba about organ donation and transplantation...
- Mandibular condyle lesions in children with juvenile idiopathic arthritisSossani Sidiropoulou-Chatzigianni
Department of Orthodontics, School of Dentistry, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece
Cleft Palate Craniofac J 45:57-62. 2008....
- Utilization of the lower inflection point of the pressure-volume curve results in protective conventional ventilation comparable to high frequency oscillatory ventilation in an animal model of acute respiratory distress syndromeFelipe S Rossi
Experimental Research Unit LIM 30, Department of Pediatrics, Medical School, Sao Paulo University, Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil
Clinics (Sao Paulo) 63:237-44. 2008....
- Prevalence of coronary heart disease in patients with aortic aneurysm and/or peripheral artery diseaseKenichi Hirose
Department of Cardiology, Tokyo Medical University, Tokyo, Japan
Am J Cardiol 103:1215-20. 2009..Thus, cardiac evaluation was particularly important in patients with combined AA and PAD...
- PDCD1 genes may protect against extraocular manifestations in Chinese Han patients with Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada syndromeQianli Meng
Zhongshan Ophthalmic Center, Sun Yat Sen University, Uveitis Study Center of Sun Yat sen University and International Uveitis Study Laboratory of Guangdong Province, State Key Laboratory of Ophthalmology of Sun Yat sen University, Guangzhou, P R China
Mol Vis 15:386-92. 2009..To analyze the potential association of programmed cell death 1 (PDCD1) with Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada (VKH) syndrome in a Chinese Han population...
- An assessment of technology-based service encounters & network security on the e-health care systems of medical centers in TaiwanHsin Hsin Chang
Dept of Business Administration, National Cheng Kung University, 1 University Rd, Tainan City 701, Taiwan
BMC Health Serv Res 8:87. 2008..The electronic medical record system and the online appointment system are the core features in employing e-health care systems in the technology-based service encounters...
- [Survey on medicine use by elderly retirees in Belo Horizonte, Southeastern Brazil]Andreia Queiroz Ribeiro
Departamento de Farmacia Social, Faculdade de Farmacia, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brasil
Rev Saude Publica 42:724-32. 2008..To describe self-reported use of medicines by Brazilian elderly retirees focusing on gender differences...
- Significance of age in the survival of diabetic patients after kidney transplantationGema Fernandez-Fresnedo
Nephrology Service, Hospital Universitario Marques de Valdecilla, Santander, Spain
Int Urol Nephrol 33:173-7. 2002..Our study was done to determine whether the age of Type II diabetic patients constituted an additional risk factor...
- Prevalence, risk factors and evaluation of a screening strategy for chronic hepatitis C and B virus infections in healthy company employeesV Sypsa
Department of Hygiene and Epidemiology, Athens University Medical School, Greece
Eur J Epidemiol 17:721-8. 2001..Under the light of recent treatment advances, targeted questionnaire-based screening of asymptomatic people may prove to be a cost-effective way to face hepatitis C...
- The theory of reasoned action in describing tooth brushing, dental caries and diabetes adherence among diabetic patientsAnna Maija H Syrjälä
Department of Periodontology, Institute of Dentistry, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
J Clin Periodontol 29:427-32. 2002..The aim here was to analyze the variables of Ajzen and Fishbein's theory of reasoned action to explain the reported frequency of tooth brushing, dental caries, HbA1c level and diabetes adherence...
- Prevalence of hepatitis C virus infection and risk factors of drug using prisoners in Guilan provinceZ Mohtasham Amiri
Department of Community Medicine, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Islamic Republic of Iran
East Mediterr Health J 13:250-6. 2007..4%) were HCV antibody positive (88.9% of intravenous drug abusers). HCV-positive status was significantly associated with intravenous drug use, having skin tattoos and number of times in prison...
- Henoch-Schönlein Purpura in adults: outcome and prognostic factorsEvangeline Pillebout
INSERM U426, Faculte de Medecine X Bichat, Université Paris 07, Paris, France
J Am Soc Nephrol 13:1271-8. 2002..Identification of clinical and histologic prognostic factors may permit the design of appropriate therapeutic prospective studies...
- B-type natriuretic peptide and weaning from mechanical ventilationArmand Mekontso-Dessap
Assistance Publique Hopitaux de Paris, Universite Paris XII, Medical Intensive Care Unit, Centre Hospitalo Universitaire Henri Mondor, 51, avenue du Mal de Lattre de Tassigny, 94010 Creteil Cedex, France
Intensive Care Med 32:1529-36. 2006..Cardiac function and volume status could play a critical role in the setting of weaning failure. B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) is a powerful marker of cardiac dysfunction. We assessed the value of BNP during the weaning process...
- Incidence and etiology of thrombocytosis in an adult Turkish populationTimucin Aydogan
Department of Internal Medicine, Fatih University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey
Platelets 17:328-31. 2006..Secondary thrombocytosis is a common finding and mostly secondary to infection. Primary thrombocytosis has a higher risk for thromboembolic events than does secondary thrombocytosis...
- Predictive factors of clinical outcome in older surgical patientsMario Bo
Section of Geriatrics, Department of Medical and Surgical Disciplines, Azienda Ospedaliera San Giovanni Battista Molinette, c so Bramante 88, Turin 10126, Italy
Arch Gerontol Geriatr 44:215-24. 2007..Low hemoglobin levels and, only in ES patients, higher CIRS 1 score were associated with prolonged hospitalization. Prognostic indicators specific to older people have limited value in mortality models in elderly surgical patients...
- Factors affecting symptomatic vs asymptomatic vein graft stenoses in lower extremity bypass graftsGregory J Landry
Department of Surgery, Division of Vascular Surgery, Oregon Health and Science University, 3181 SW Sam Jackson Park Rd, Mail Code OP11, Portland, OR 97239 3098, USA
Arch Surg 142:848-53; discussion 853-4. 2007..To determine differences in patients undergoing lower extremity vein graft revisions presenting with and without recurrence of preoperative symptoms...
- Risk factors for diagnostic subgroups of painful temporomandibular disorders (TMD)G J Huang
Department of Orthodontics, Box 357446, University of Washington, Seattle 98195 7446, USA
J Dent Res 81:284-8. 2002..1), clenching (OR = 3.3), third molar removal (OR = 4.0), somatization (OR = 5.1), and female gender (OR = 4.7). No significant associations were found for the small-arthralgia-only group...
- Pyrexia in head-injured patients admitted to intensive careNino Stocchetti
Terapia Intensiva Neuroscienze, Ospedale Maggiore, Policlinico IRCCS, Via S Sforza, 3520 122 Milan, Italy
Intensive Care Med 28:1555-62. 2002....
- Short-term and long-term mortality in very elderly patients admitted to an intensive care unitS E de Rooij
Department of Internal Medicine, Academic Medical Center, 22700, 1100 DE, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Intensive Care Med 32:1039-44. 2006..To report short-term and long-term mortality of very elderly ICU patients and to determine independent risk factors for short-term and long-term mortality..
- The severity of alcohol withdrawal is not age dependentT Wetterling
Department of Psychiatry, , , Germany
Alcohol Alcohol 36:75-8. 2001..Daily alcohol intake and frequency of drinking were higher in younger alcoholics, but even when adjustment was made for this, severity of AWS was equal in both age groups. A relationship between severity of AWS and age was not detected...
- Determinants of complications in pancreaticoduodenectomyB Topal
Department of Abdominal Surgery, University Hospital Gasthuisberg, Herestraat 49, 3000 Leuven, Belgium
Eur J Surg Oncol 33:488-92. 2007..This retrospective study examined, using reproducible classification systems, the type and severity of complications as well as the factors to predict them...
- Risk factors associated with default among new pulmonary TB patients and social support in six Russian regionsW M Jakubowiak
WHO TB Control Programme in the Russian Federation, Office of the Special Representative of the WHO Director General in Russia, 28, Ostozhenka St, 119034 Moscow, Russia
Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 11:46-53. 2007..Tuberculosis (TB) services in six Russian regions in which social support programmes for TB patients were implemented...
- Plasma fluorescent oxidation products: independent predictors of coronary heart disease in menTianying Wu
Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
Am J Epidemiol 166:544-51. 2007..The authors found that plasma fluorescent oxidation products significantly and independently predicted coronary heart disease incidence among men without previous cardiovascular events...
- Primary health care emergency services in Abha district of southwestern Saudi ArabiaA A Mahfouz
Department of Family and Community Medicine, College of Medicine, King Khalid University, Abha, Saudi Arabia
East Mediterr Health J 13:103-12. 2007..Many patients (43.7%) used the centres for emergency services, the most common being trauma, burns and orthopaedics (47.8%). Most patients were satisfied overall with emergency services (82.2%)...
- Complications after peripheral vascular interventions in octogenariansPetra Dick
Department of Angiology, Medical University Vienna, Austria
J Endovasc Ther 15:383-9. 2008..To investigate the incidence of complications after peripheral vascular interventions in patients aged 80 years and older compared to patients below the age of 80...
- Impact of bile duct injury after laparoscopic cholecystectomy on quality of life: a longitudinal study after multidisciplinary treatmentP R de Reuver
Department of Surgery, Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Endoscopy 40:637-43. 2008..The aim of the present study was to compare quality of life (QoL) between patients with BDI and those without after laparoscopic cholecystectomy. A longitudinal assessment was performed and risk factors for poor QoL were determined...
- Bile acids and total bilirubin detection in saliva of patients submitted to gastric surgery and in particular to subtotal Billroth II resectionEugenio De Corso
Institute of Otorhinolaryngology, Catholic University of Medicine and Surgery, Catholic University of the Sacred Heart, Policlinico A Gemelli No 1, 00168 Rome, Italy
Ann Surg 245:880-5. 2007..The aim of our study was to detect bile acids and total bilirubin in saliva of gastrectomized patients, to confirm objectively presence of biliary laryngopharyngeal reflux and its relationship with laryngeal mucosa damage...
- Different cut-off points of decreased heart rate variability for different groups of cardiac patientsG Milicevic
Cardiovascular Laboratory, Krapinske Toplice Hospital, Gajeva 2, HR 49217 Krapinske Toplice, Croatia
J Cardiovasc Risk 8:93-102. 2001..Criteria for normal, moderately changed and pathologic values of HRV lack for routine clinical work with different groups of cardiac patients...
- Can the need for future surgery for acute traumatic anterior shoulder dislocation be predicted?Raymond A Sachs
Southern California Permanente Medical Group, San Diego, CA, USA
J Bone Joint Surg Am 89:1665-74. 2007..This natural history study was performed to examine the validity of this concept and to determine whether it is possible to predict the need for future surgery at the time of the index injury and examination...
- Prevalence and determinants of cognitive impairment in chronic heart failure patientsStephanie Debette
Department of Cardiology, University Hospital of Lille, Lille, France
Congest Heart Fail 13:205-8. 2007..The severity of cognitive impairment parallels that of CHF. The question of whether this cognitive impairment decreases adherence to treatment and contributes to a worse outcome in CHF patients should be explored...
- Prevalence of cervical spine injuries in patients with facial traumaW Hackl
Department of Trauma Surgery, University of Innsbruck, Austria
Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 92:370-6. 2001..The typical patient with concomitant neck and facial trauma is male, 40 years old, and usually involved in a traffic accident...
- Feeding practices of severely ill intensive care unit patients: an evaluation of energy sources and clinical outcomesMary E Hise
The University of Kansas Medical Center, Department of Dietetics and Nutrition, Kansas City, KS 66160 7250, USA
J Am Diet Assoc 107:458-65. 2007..The primary objective of this study was to assess energy intake in severely ill ICU patients and to evaluate the relationship of energy intake with clinical outcomes...
- Does dental care improve the oral health of older adults?D Locker
Community Dental Health Services Research Unit, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Toronto, Canada
Community Dent Health 18:7-15. 2001..To assess the relationship between self-perceived change in oral health status and the provision of dental treatment in an older adult population...
- Extended resections of liver metastases from colorectal cancerS Jonas
Department of General, Visceral and Transplantation Surgery, Charite Campus Virchow Klinikum, University Medicine, Augustenburger Platz 1, 13353, Berlin, Germany
World J Surg 31:511-21. 2007..Indications for resection of liver metastases from colorectal cancer and surgical strategies are still under debate...
- Prognosis of patients who develop acute renal failure during the first 24 hours of cardiogenic shock after myocardial infarctionMaria Koreny
Cardiovascular Intensive Care Unit, Department of Cardiology, University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria
Am J Med 112:115-9. 2002..Acute renal failure has important prognostic implications in critically ill patients, but the effects of acute renal failure on in-hospital mortality in the subset of patients with cardiogenic shock are not known...
- Cranio-maxillofacial trauma: a 10 year review of 9,543 cases with 21,067 injuriesRobert Gassner
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University of Innsbruck, Austria
J Craniomaxillofac Surg 31:51-61. 2003..The goal of this study was to assess the effect of the five main causes of accidents resulting in facial injury on the severity of cranio-maxillofacial trauma...
- Increasing incidences of inflammatory bowel disease and decreasing surgery rates in Copenhagen City and County, 2003-2005: a population-based study from the Danish Crohn colitis databaseIda Vind
Department of Gastroenterology, Hvidovre Hospital, University of Copenhagen, Denmark
Am J Gastroenterol 101:1274-82. 2006..Since Denmark provides excellent conditions for epidemiological research, we aimed to describe contemporary IBD incidence rates and patient characteristics in Copenhagen County and City...
- Risk-factor analysis of high school basketball-player ankle injuries: a prospective controlled cohort study evaluating postural sway, ankle strength, and flexibilityHsing Kuo Wang
School and Graduate Institute of Physical Therapy, College of Medicine, National Taiwan University, Taipei 100, Taiwan
Arch Phys Med Rehabil 87:821-5. 2006..To analyze risk factors, including postural sway, ankle strength, and flexibility, for the prediction of ankle injuries in men's high school basketball players...
- Lack of an association between serum level of transforming growth factor beta -1 and stomach cancer risk in the JACC studyHiroshi Yatsuya
Department of Public Health Health Information Dynamics, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Aichi 466 8550, Japan
Asian Pac J Cancer Prev 6:170-6. 2005..In conclusion, serum TGFbeta1 levels were not associated with increased risks of subsequent stomach cancer.gene A52C polymorphism related to the metabolism of long-chain fatty acids and oxidized LDL in the etiology of colorectal cancer...
- Environmental hazards in Nepal: altitude illness, environmental exposures, injuries, and bites in travelers and expatriatesAndrea K Boggild
Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathobiology, University of Toronto, ON, Canada
J Travel Med 14:361-8. 2007..Adventure travel necessarily places travelers at risk of environmental hazards. We assessed the burden of "environmental" hazards among a cohort of travelers and expatriates presenting to a large travel clinic in Nepal...
- Post-stroke dementia is associated with alpha(1)-antichymotrypsin polymorphismAleksandra Klimkowicz
Department of Neurology, Collegium Medicum, Jagiellonian University, 31 503 Cracow, Botaniczna 3, Poland
J Neurol Sci 234:31-6. 2005..The aim of our study was to determine ACT signal peptide polymorphism (A/T) as a possible risk factor for post-stroke dementia (PSD)...
- Predictors of short-term outcome of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis in Turkish cirrhotic patientsAli Riza Soylu
J Gastroenterol Hepatol 20:657-60. 2005
- Predictors of invasive breast cancer in patients with an initial diagnosis of ductal carcinoma in situ: a guide to selective use of sentinel lymph node biopsy in management of ductal carcinoma in situTina W F Yen
Department of Surgical Oncology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX 77030, USA
J Am Coll Surg 200:516-26. 2005..The purpose of our study was to determine when the risk of finding invasive disease on final pathology in patients with an initial diagnosis of DCIS was sufficiently high to justify use of SLNB...
- Predictors of a positive baseline bone scan in breast cancerY Y Ho
Department of Diagnostic Imaging, The National University Hospital of Singapore, 5 Lower Kent Ridge Road, Singapore 119074
Australas Radiol 49:21-6. 2005..The findings are particularly valuable in times of worldwide resource scarcity and evolving surgical practice...
- Gastric surgery as a long-term risk factor for malignant lesions of the larynxRossella Cianci
Department of Internal Medicine and Gastroenterology, Catholic University of Medicine and Surgery, Rome, Italy
Arch Surg 138:751-4; discussion 755. 2003..Duodenogastroesophageal reflux is common after total or partial gastrectomy. No data are available on the effect of duodenal reflux on the larynx...
- SOUTH AFRICAN ADOLESCENT HEALTH PROMOTION PROJECTJOHN BARTON JEMMOTT; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- THE GENERALIZABILITY OF HIV RISK REDUCTION STRATEGIESJOHN JEMMOTT; Fiscal Year: 2003..The results of this project will contribute to the scientific knowledge regarding the generalizability of HIV risk-reduction interventions found to be effective with young inner-city adolescents. ..
- HIV/STD PREVENTION INTERVENTIONS FOR BLACK ADOLESCENTSJOHN JEMMOTT; Fiscal Year: 2003..The results of this project will contribute to the development of effective HIV/STD risk-reduction programs for inner-city Black ..
- SOUTH AFRICAN MEN HEALTH PROMOTION PROJECTJOHN BARTON JEMMOTT; Fiscal Year: 2010..Moreover, it will contribute to scientific knowledge about the kinds of men with whom it is most efficacious and the factors that account for its efficacy. ..
- Statistical Methods for Analysis of Array CGH DataRebecca Betensky; Fiscal Year: 2007..Sound statistical methods are required for efficient and valid analyses of these important data. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Development of the Partner Violence Perpetration Among *Jay Silverman; Fiscal Year: 2006..This comparison will be vital to determining whether the risk and protective factors identified are relevant to present interventions for men who batter their female partners. ..
- Bulimic Syndromes: Secular & Longitudinal TrendsPamela Keel; Fiscal Year: 2005....
- Effects of N-acetylcystein on Muscle Fatigue in ESRDKIRSTEN JOHANSEN; Fiscal Year: 2007..To determine whether patients with ESRD generate excessive oxidative stress in response to exercise and whether muscle fatigue can be ameliorated by short-term treatment with N-acetylcysteine. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- SDB, metabolic syndrome, and vascular functionF Nieto; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- Presurgery Hypnosis in Breast Cancer: Benefits AnalysisGuy Montgomery; Fiscal Year: 2006..Mediators and moderators (e.g., hypnotizability) of hypnosis effects will be determined, as well as long-term side benefits of the intervention. ..
- Type 2 Diabetes Primary Prevention for At Risk GirlsThomas Robinson; Fiscal Year: 2005..We will also perform baseline and prospective risk factor/targeting studies and process studies, to better understand the relevance of the results and the intervention. ..
- Meta-Analysis of Interventions to Increase Exercise/Physical AcivityVicki Conn; Fiscal Year: 2009..The compelling importance and broad scope of this work make funding necessary to achieve these important aims. ..
- SCHOOL BASED SMOKING CESSATION PROGRAM FOR ADOLESCENTSRobert Klesges; Fiscal Year: 2001....
- HOME HYGIENE INTERVENTIONElaine Larson; Fiscal Year: 2002..Logistic regression, Liang-Zeger regression, and Chi Square analyses will be used to test differences in rates of transmission of symptoms and changes in quantity, types and resistance patterns of microbial flora of the hands. ..
- Risks for Opioid Use and Abuse in Contrasting Chronic Pain PopulationsMark Sullivan; Fiscal Year: 2009....
- Caregiver-based Intervention for Persistent DeliriumEdward Marcantonio; Fiscal Year: 2007..If promising, our findings will serve as pilot data for a definitive trial to test this novel strategy to improve the health of a vulnerable population of elders and their caregivers. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Stress Response and Smoking Cessation in Depressed YouthUma Rao; Fiscal Year: 2007..Results of the proposed study might lead to treatment for both depression and nicotine dependence in adolescent patients. ..
- Neuronal Risk Markers for Nicotine Dependence in YouthUma Rao; Fiscal Year: 2010..abstract_text> ..
- Geriatric Depression Outcomes: Prognostic FactorsWarren Taylor; Fiscal Year: 2007..Discussion: These findings will better describe the role of neural connectivity and striatofrontal dysfunction in geriatric depression. ..
- Fluoxetine and Divalproex:Treatment Correlates in Intermittent Explosive DisorderEMIL COCCARO; Fiscal Year: 2007..Duration of treatment will be twelve weeks. ..
- SPORT: Sports to Prevent Obesity Randomized TrialThomas Robinson; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Meningioma: Risk Factors and Quality of LifeMelissa L Bondy; Fiscal Year: 2010..This study represents the first concentrated effort to examine environmental and genetic risk factors for meningiomas. ..
- FDG PET Study of Laboratory Induced AggressionAntonia New; Fiscal Year: 2007..abstract_text> ..
- Genetic Epidemiology of Glioma International ConsortiumMelissa L Bondy; Fiscal Year: 2010..This information has translational significance for brain tumor patients and their families, and will enable us to develop appropriate genetic screening and counseling approaches to reduce the incidence and mortality of this disease. ..
- PS06-003, Opt-out HIV Testing in Emergency Dept settingsJason Haukoos; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Quality of Life in Partners of Survivors of Prostate CancerJanet Harden; Fiscal Year: 2007..Findings can be used as the basis for the design and implementation of future couple-focused interventions for prostate cancer patients. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Group-Based Contingency Management/Outpatient TreatmentNancy Petry; Fiscal Year: 2008..We will evaluate the cost-effectiveness of group-based CM by assessing receipt of psychosocial and medical services and criminal justice system involvement throughout the treatment and follow-up periods. ..
- Air Pollution and Central Nervous System DiseaseLilian Calderon Garciduenas; Fiscal Year: 2008..The Award will give me the opportunity to build new skills in 4 areas: Molecular Biology, DNA Damage, Developmental / Neurodegenerative Neuropathology, and to gain experience in grantsmanship. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- 3D CT Cephalometrics and Family History in Sleep ApneaReyes Enciso; Fiscal Year: 2008..The 5th year's focus will be on report and grant writing. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- A Daily Process Examination of Alcohol Use and PTSD in Female College StudentsDebra Kaysen; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Predictors of Nephropathy in Type 2 DiabetesJulie Lin; Fiscal Year: 2008..D., Ph.D., a leading investigator in the field of nutritional epidemiology. This project proposal will provide the foundation for the candidate's future career as an independent and successful clinical scientist in renal research. ..
- Disease Detection and Prevalence Estimation through Informative Group TestingCHRISTOPHER BILDER; Fiscal Year: 2009..The public health community will benefit from these new methods through quicker and less costly disease detection and understanding which factors are associated with multiple diseases. ..
- Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for Pathological GamblingJon Grant; Fiscal Year: 2008..This award would provide me with the necessary background for further studies in the treatment of pathological gambling and the training for an independent patient-oriented research career. ..
- Sexuality, HIV/Drug in 3 Groups of Asian/Gay/Bi Men/MSMFrank Wong; Fiscal Year: 2007..S. experience/situationm) odeland methodologicadl esign,thethree (3) SpecificAimswillbe examinedby seven(7) researchquestionsagainsta selectedset of variables. ..
- A PILOT INVESTIGATION OF ETHNIC DISPARITIES IN PATIENT-INITIATED PREMATURE TREATMSWANN ADAMS; Fiscal Year: 2008..PHS 398/2590 (Rev. 09/04, Reissued 4/2006) Page Continuation Format Page [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- STATISTICAL METHODS FOR ANALYSIS OF FAILURE TIME DATARebecca Betensky; Fiscal Year: 2009..The methods may lead to faster discovery of cancer genes and effective treatments and to better understanding of disease progression through more efficient use of resources. ..
- Mechanisms for Relations of Domestic Violence to Poor Maternal and Infant HealthJay Silverman; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- CHD Incidence: Depression & Inflammation RiskKarina Davidson; Fiscal Year: 2006..We propose to assay plasma samples for CRP, IL-6 and ICAM-1 and then to statistically model the associations among depression, inflammation and CHD incidence. ..
- Nonmedical Prescription Drug Use among College StudentsSEAN MCCABE; Fiscal Year: 2005..Findings from this research will have important implications for the understanding of the epidemiology, prevention and treatment of prescription drug abuse. ..
- Club Drug Use in Young, Low Income WomenZ Wu; Fiscal Year: 2002..These study methods and findings will be used to design a randomized controlled trial of these prevention strategies in our family I planning population of 27,000 patient visits annually. ..
- Teaching Nonverbal Children with Autism Useful SpeechSally Rogers; Fiscal Year: 2003..4) Finally, a short-term pilot study using random assignment of matched participants and single subject design will be conducted to examine efficacy of each approach. ..
- Catheter Dwell Time and Risk of Bloodstream Infections in Hospitalized NeonatesAaron M Milstone; Fiscal Year: 2011..This project will help to develop evidence-based strategies to prevent bloodstream infections among vulnerable infants hospitalized in the neonatal intensive care unit. ..
- TRIAL TO REDUCE DELIRIUM IN AGED POST ACUTE PATIENTSEdward Marcantonio; Fiscal Year: 2004..If the DAP is successful in reducing delirium and improving functional recovery, our findings will serve as a model of a targeted approach to improve the care of elders in the post-acute setting. ..
- DIETARY INTERVENTION--WOMEN HIGH RISK FOR BREAST CANCERZora Djuric; Fiscal Year: 2002..The use of biomarkers will allow to evaluate the cancer-protective effects of dietary modulation over a relatively short period of time. ..
- Social Anhedonia and Schizophrenia PronenessJACK BLANCHARD; Fiscal Year: 2005....
- CAMBODIAN REFUGEES: PROBLEM ALCOHOL USE AND COMORBIDITYGrant Marshall; Fiscal Year: 2004..More specifically, the study will investigate if alcohol use partially mediates the relationship between traumatic experiences and PTSD, depression and anxiety disorders. ..
- TRIGGERS OF VENTRICULAR ARRHYTHMIAS (TOVA) STUDYChristine Albert; Fiscal Year: 2002..Characterization of triggering of ICD discharge will provide insights valuable for prevention of sudden death due to primary arrhythmias in the general population. ..
- ATHEROSCLEROSIS AND RISK OF AGE-RELATED MACULOPATHYKAREN CRUICKSHANKS; Fiscal Year: 2002....
- WEIGHT LOSS IN OBESE BREAST CANCER SURVIVORSZora Djuric; Fiscal Year: 2002..This study should be useful to determine certain psychosocial are associated with extent of weight loss, and in turn whether weight loss is associated with changes in selected markers of breast cancer risk. ..
- Decision Making in End-Stage Heart FailurePaul Hauptman; Fiscal Year: 2006..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- ALCOHOL USE AND ABUSE FOLLOWING TRAUMATIC INJURYGrant Marshall; Fiscal Year: 2006..4) To determine whether the antecedents and consequences of alcohol misuse and psychological distress--as well as the pattern of relations between the two constructs-differ as a function of ethnicity and gender. ..
- AFTERCARE FOR COCAINE PATIENTS--EFFECTIVENESS AND COSTSJames McKay; Fiscal Year: 2001..However, it is expected that MIN aftercare will be cost-effective for low problem severity ("good prognosis") patients, whereas IND aftercare will be cost-effective for high problem severity ("poor prognosis") patients. ..
- MENTAL HEALTH CONSEQUENCES OF VIOLENT VICTIMIZATIONGrant Marshall; Fiscal Year: 2006..4) To assess the temporal relationship between symptoms of PTSD and depression following exposure to mass fire trauma. This analysis would model the dynamic interplay of depression and PTSD symptoms overtime. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- MOLECULAR EPIDEMIOLOGY OF GLIOMASMelissa Bondy; Fiscal Year: 2004..no abstract available ..
- INNOVATIVE OBESITY PREVENTION FOR AFRICAN-AMERICAN GIRLSThomas Robinson; Fiscal Year: 2006..4. To conduct analyses to evaluate potential moderators and mediators of intervention effects on primary and secondary outcomes. ..
- Cognitive Processes, PTSD, and Alcohol UseDebra Kaysen; Fiscal Year: 2006..Aim 4: Evaluate alcohol consumption, PTSD-specific alcohol expectancies, and PTSD severity 3 months post-trauma as predictors of alcohol use disorders 6 months post-trauma. ..
- Emergence:Co-occurring Depression/Externalizing ProblemsAnn Vander Stoep; Fiscal Year: 2005....
- MODIFIABLE RISK FACTORS FOR SUDDEN DEATH IN MEN/WOMENChristine Albert; Fiscal Year: 2002..At the end of the proposed research program, Dr. Albert will have attained advanced epidemiologic skills which can then be applied to independent research in her chosen subspecialty of electrophysiology. ..
- Geriatric Resources for Assessment and Care of EldersSteven Counsell; Fiscal Year: 2005....
- Primary Care Colorectal Ca Screening Surveillance SystemRichard Hoffman; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- Markers of Risk for Nicotine Dependence in YoungstersUma Rao; Fiscal Year: 2006..Even if only a small subgroup of youngsters at risk for ND can be identified by such means, because of the many direct as well as indirect negative consequences associated with ND, this will be of great public health importance. ..
- Simulation Training for Ultrasound Guided Central Venous Catheter InsertionLEIGH EVANS; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Prolonged Smoking Cessation Using Prescription Step CareRobert Klesges; Fiscal Year: 2008..It is predicted that long-term cessation rates will be significantly higher in the step care conditions, with the highest cessation rate in the combined behavioral/pharmacologic step care group. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Weight Gain Prevention in Hypertensive SmokersRobert Klesges; Fiscal Year: 2008..Exploratory endpoints include changes in blood pressure and hypertensive status in both groups (e.g., movement from high normal to hypertensive by JNC VI criteria), as well as changes in blood pressure medication status and salt intake. ..
- Ethnic Dance & Screen Time Reduction to Prevent Weight Gain in Latina GirlsThomas N Robinson; Fiscal Year: 2010..However, effective prevention programs are lacking. We propose to develop and test a promising and potentially generalizable public health program for Latina girls...
- Primary Care Provider and Preventive Oral HealthCharlotte Lewis; Fiscal Year: 2005..In addition, this career development award is expected to provide to Dr. Lewis the didactic and experiential training necessary to become an independent clinical investigator focusing on pediatric and dental health services research. ..
- A pilot study for oral health case management of children with orofacial cleftsCharlotte Lewis; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Genetics and Pediatric Nonsyndromic Hearing LossMargaret Kenna; Fiscal Year: 2005..This information will be used to evaluate the effectiveness of genetic counseling associated with gene testing for deafness. ..
- A Mood Management Intervention for Pregnant SmokersPaul Cinciripini; Fiscal Year: 2007..We will also evaluate the extent of smoking reduction (cigarettes smoked/cotinine) among women who fail to quit, as a function of treatment, depression history, and current depression. ..
- Definition and Development of the Phenotype of AutismSally Rogers; Fiscal Year: 2006....
- Oral Contraceptive Use along the US-Mexico BorderJOSEPH POTTER; Fiscal Year: 2009..Additionally, it will add substantially to the slim literature on the increasingly important area of Hispanic fertility and contraceptive practice. ..
- Stopping URIs and FLU in the Family: the Stuffy TrialElaine Larson; Fiscal Year: 2008....
- Presurgery Hypnosis--Benefits Analysis in Breast CancerGuy Montgomery; Fiscal Year: 2003..The possible mediational role of these factors in hypnosis effects will be examined will classic statistical approaches. ..
- Metabolic Polymorphisms and Survival from Brain TumorsMelissa Bondy; Fiscal Year: 2004..Thus, patients who can tolerate higher doses of chemotherapy can be treated more efficiently, suffering from less side effects and potentially may have a better outcome. ..
- NEURAL RECORDINGS AND REACTION TIME MODELSRoger Ratcliff; Fiscal Year: 2003..abstract_text> ..
- The Fertility Transition in Brazil: 1960-2000JOSEPH POTTER; Fiscal Year: 2004..abstract_text> ..
- Staff Hand Hygiene and Nosocomial Infections in NeonatesElaine Larson; Fiscal Year: 2003....
- Training Therapists to Administer Contingency ManagementNancy Petry; Fiscal Year: 2007..Both short-term and long-term efficacy, as well as cost-effectiveness, will be evaluated when CM is administered by community-based therapists. ..
- Pharmacogenetics, Emotional Reactivity & SmokingPaul Cinciripini; Fiscal Year: 2009..Ultimately this knowledge may be applied to the development of more effective smoking cessation treatments, especially in the area of pharmacogenetics. ..