sentinel surveillance

Summary

Summary: Monitoring of rate of occurrence of specific conditions to assess the stability or change in health levels of a population. It is also the study of disease rates in a specific cohort, geographic area, population subgroup, etc. to estimate trends in larger population. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Using internet searches for influenza surveillance
    Philip M Polgreen
    Department of Internal Medicine, Carver College of Medicine, University of Iowa, Iowa City, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 47:1443-8. 2008
  2. ncbi Quadrivalent human papillomavirus vaccination and trends in genital warts in Australia: analysis of national sentinel surveillance data
    Basil Donovan
    National Centre in HIV Epidemiology and Clinical Research, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, Australia
    Lancet Infect Dis 11:39-44. 2011
  3. pmc A new approach to characterising infectious disease transmission dynamics from sentinel surveillance: application to the Italian 2009-2010 A/H1N1 influenza pandemic
    Ilaria Dorigatti
    MRC Centre for Outbreak Analysis and Modelling, Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Imperial College London, Faculty of Medicine, Norfolk Place, London, UK
    Epidemics 4:9-21. 2012
  4. pmc Short message service sentinel surveillance of influenza-like illness in Madagascar, 2008-2012
    Soatiana Rajatonirina
    Unite d Epidemiologie, Institut Pasteur de Madagascar, Antananarivo, Madagascar
    Bull World Health Organ 90:385-9. 2012
  5. ncbi Estimating the impact of school closure on influenza transmission from Sentinel data
    Simon Cauchemez
    MRC Centre for Outbreak Analysis and Modelling, Department of Infectious Diseases Epidemiology, Imperial College London, Norfolk Place, London W2 1PG, UK
    Nature 452:750-4. 2008
  6. ncbi Virtual surveillance of communicable diseases: a 20-year experience in France
    A Flahault
    Réseau Sentinelles, INSERM UMR S707, Paris, France
    Stat Methods Med Res 15:413-21. 2006
  7. pmc Sentinel surveillance for human enterovirus 71 in Sarawak, Malaysia: lessons from the first 7 years
    Yuwana Podin
    Institute of Health and Community Medicine, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, Jalan Datuk Musa, Kota Samarahan, Sarawak, Malaysia
    BMC Public Health 6:180. 2006
  8. ncbi Component-specific effectiveness of trivalent influenza vaccine as monitored through a sentinel surveillance network in Canada, 2006-2007
    Danuta M Skowronski
    British Columbia Centre for Disease Control, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    J Infect Dis 199:168-79. 2009
  9. pmc Improving influenza surveillance in sub-Saharan Africa
    C Steffen
    Agence de Medecine Preventive, Paris, France
    Bull World Health Organ 90:301-5. 2012
  10. pmc Sentinel surveillance of influenza-like illness in two hospitals in Maracay, Venezuela: 2006-2010
    Guillermo Comach
    Laboratorio Regional de Diagnóstico e Investigación del Dengue y otras Enfermedades Virales, Instituto de Investigaciones Biomedicas de la Universidad de Carabobo, Maracay, Venezuela
    PLoS ONE 7:e44511. 2012

Detail Information

Publications337 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Using internet searches for influenza surveillance
    Philip M Polgreen
    Department of Internal Medicine, Carver College of Medicine, University of Iowa, Iowa City, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 47:1443-8. 2008
    ..001), and similar models predicted an increase in mortality attributable to pneumonia and influenza up to 5 weeks in advance (P < .001). Search-term surveillance may provide an additional tool for disease surveillance...
  2. ncbi Quadrivalent human papillomavirus vaccination and trends in genital warts in Australia: analysis of national sentinel surveillance data
    Basil Donovan
    National Centre in HIV Epidemiology and Clinical Research, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, Australia
    Lancet Infect Dis 11:39-44. 2011
    ..We established a national surveillance network in Australia and aimed to identify trends in diagnoses of genital warts in 2004-09...
  3. pmc A new approach to characterising infectious disease transmission dynamics from sentinel surveillance: application to the Italian 2009-2010 A/H1N1 influenza pandemic
    Ilaria Dorigatti
    MRC Centre for Outbreak Analysis and Modelling, Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Imperial College London, Faculty of Medicine, Norfolk Place, London, UK
    Epidemics 4:9-21. 2012
    ..The multiplying factors are doubled using the Baseline model. Overall, the estimated attack rate was about 16% according to the Baseline model and 30% according to the Susceptibility and Immunity models...
  4. pmc Short message service sentinel surveillance of influenza-like illness in Madagascar, 2008-2012
    Soatiana Rajatonirina
    Unite d Epidemiologie, Institut Pasteur de Madagascar, Antananarivo, Madagascar
    Bull World Health Organ 90:385-9. 2012
    ....
  5. ncbi Estimating the impact of school closure on influenza transmission from Sentinel data
    Simon Cauchemez
    MRC Centre for Outbreak Analysis and Modelling, Department of Infectious Diseases Epidemiology, Imperial College London, Norfolk Place, London W2 1PG, UK
    Nature 452:750-4. 2008
    ..The impact of school closure would be reduced if it proved difficult to maintain low contact rates among children for a prolonged period...
  6. ncbi Virtual surveillance of communicable diseases: a 20-year experience in France
    A Flahault
    Réseau Sentinelles, INSERM UMR S707, Paris, France
    Stat Methods Med Res 15:413-21. 2006
    ..Extension of electronic syndromic surveillance is needed in the world for improving surveillance capacities and real-time response against emerging diseases...
  7. pmc Sentinel surveillance for human enterovirus 71 in Sarawak, Malaysia: lessons from the first 7 years
    Yuwana Podin
    Institute of Health and Community Medicine, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, Jalan Datuk Musa, Kota Samarahan, Sarawak, Malaysia
    BMC Public Health 6:180. 2006
    ..Some of these outbreaks had unusually high numbers of fatalities and this generated much fear and anxiety in the region...
  8. ncbi Component-specific effectiveness of trivalent influenza vaccine as monitored through a sentinel surveillance network in Canada, 2006-2007
    Danuta M Skowronski
    British Columbia Centre for Disease Control, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    J Infect Dis 199:168-79. 2009
    ..We describe a sentinel surveillance approach to link influenza variant detection with component-specific vaccine effectiveness (VE) estimation.
  9. pmc Improving influenza surveillance in sub-Saharan Africa
    C Steffen
    Agence de Medecine Preventive, Paris, France
    Bull World Health Organ 90:301-5. 2012
    ..Little is known about the burden of influenza in sub-Saharan Africa. Routine influenza surveillance is key to getting a better understanding of the impact of acute respiratory infections on sub-Saharan African populations...
  10. pmc Sentinel surveillance of influenza-like illness in two hospitals in Maracay, Venezuela: 2006-2010
    Guillermo Comach
    Laboratorio Regional de Diagnóstico e Investigación del Dengue y otras Enfermedades Virales, Instituto de Investigaciones Biomedicas de la Universidad de Carabobo, Maracay, Venezuela
    PLoS ONE 7:e44511. 2012
    ..The objective of the present study was to examine the epidemiology of influenza-like illness (ILI) in two hospitals in Maracay, Venezuela...
  11. pmc Effectiveness of AS03 adjuvanted pandemic H1N1 vaccine: case-control evaluation based on sentinel surveillance system in Canada, autumn 2009
    Danuta M Skowronski
    British Columbia Centre for Disease Control, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    BMJ 342:c7297. 2011
    ..To assess the effectiveness of the pandemic influenza A/H1N1 vaccine used in Canada during autumn 2009...
  12. ncbi [HIV prevalence among populations at risk, using sentinel surveillance data from 1995 to 2009 in China]
    Lan Wang
    National Center for AIDS STD Control and Prevention, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing 102206, China
    Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi 32:20-4. 2011
    ..to provide information for evaluation on strategies regarding comprehensive HIV prevention and effectiveness of intervention, in China...
  13. pmc Web queries as a source for syndromic surveillance
    Anette Hulth
    Department of Epidemiology, Swedish Institute for Infectious Disease Control, Solna, Sweden
    PLoS ONE 4:e4378. 2009
    ..and the intensity of the yearly influenza outbreaks that would be as good as the existing laboratory and sentinel surveillance. We calculated the occurrence of various queries related to influenza from search logs submitted to a ..
  14. pmc Influenza-like illness sentinel surveillance in Peru
    V Alberto Laguna-Torres
    US Naval Medical Research Center Detachment, Lima, Peru
    PLoS ONE 4:e6118. 2009
    ....
  15. ncbi Sentinel surveillance of sexually transmitted infections/HIV and risk behaviors in vulnerable populations in 5 Central American countries
    Ramon J Soto
    World Vision International, Regional Office for Latin America and the Carribean, San Jose, Costa Rica
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 46:101-11. 2007
    ..0, 95% confidence interval: 2.9 to 7.9). For these vulnerable populations, prevention must incorporate acceptable and effective sexual health services, including improved condom access and promotion...
  16. pmc The distribution of new HIV infections by mode of exposure in Morocco
    Ghina R Mumtaz
    Infectious Disease Epidemiology Group, Weill Cornell Medical College Qatar, Cornell University, Qatar Foundation, Education City, Doha, Qatar
    Sex Transm Infect 89:iii49-56. 2013
    ..Building on a wealth of new empirical data, the objective of this study was to estimate the distribution of new HIV infections in Morocco by mode of exposure using the modes of transmission (MoT) mathematical model...
  17. pmc Sentinel surveillance for enterovirus 71, Taiwan, 1998
    T N Wu
    Disease Surveillance and Quarantine Service, Ministry of Health, Taiwan, Republic of China
    Emerg Infect Dis 5:458-60. 1999
    ..The most recent outbreak occurred in Taiwan during April-July 1998. This hand, foot, and mouth disease epidemic was detected by a sentinel surveillance system in April at the beginning of the outbreak, and the public was alerted.
  18. pmc Sentinel surveillance of influenza-like-illness in two cities of the tropical country of Ecuador: 2006-2010
    Richard W Douce
    Hospital Vozandes, Quito, Ecuador
    PLoS ONE 6:e22206. 2011
    ....
  19. ncbi Influenza viruses in Thailand: 7 years of sentinel surveillance data, 2004-2010
    Malinee Chittaganpitch
    National Institute of Health, Ministry of Public Health, Nonthaburi, Thailand
    Influenza Other Respir Viruses 6:276-83. 2012
    ..In 2004, the Thai National Institute of Health, in collaboration with the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, established influenza sentinel surveillance throughout Thailand.
  20. pmc Dead bird clusters as an early warning system for West Nile virus activity
    Farzad Mostashari
    New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, New York 10013, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 9:641-6. 2003
    ..This adaptation of the scan statistic could also be useful in other infectious disease surveillance systems, including those for bioterrorism...
  21. ncbi Study designs for timely estimation of influenza vaccine effectiveness using European sentinel practitioner networks
    Marta Valenciano
    EpiConcept, Paris, France
    Vaccine 28:7381-8. 2010
    ..Results from practitioner-based studies complement other pieces of evidence (e.g. immunogenicity studies, vaccine efficacy, surveillance data) to assess the effect of influenza vaccination in the population...
  22. ncbi Estimating vaccine effectiveness against laboratory-confirmed influenza using a sentinel physician network: results from the 2005-2006 season of dual A and B vaccine mismatch in Canada
    D M Skowronski
    Epidemiology Services, BC Centre for Disease Control, Canada
    Vaccine 25:2842-51. 2007
    ....
  23. ncbi Travel-associated dengue infections in the United States, 1996 to 2005
    Hamish P Mohammed
    Dengue Branch, Division of Vector Borne Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, San Juan, PR, USA
    J Travel Med 17:8-14. 2010
    ..As the incidence of dengue increases globally, US travelers to endemic areas may be at an increased risk of travel-associated dengue...
  24. ncbi Annual incidence rate of infectious diseases estimated from sentinel surveillance data in Japan
    Shuji Hashimoto
    Department of Hygiene, Fujita Health University School of Medicine, 1 98, Toyoake, Aichi, Japan
    J Epidemiol 13:136-41. 2003
    The estimation of incidence rates of infectious diseases based on the sentinel surveillance data is rather rare. We attempted to estimate these in 2000 in Japan by the surveillance data, and to evaluate their biases.
  25. pmc Optimizing use of multistream influenza sentinel surveillance data
    Eric H Y Lau
    University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, People s Republic of China
    Emerg Infect Dis 14:1154-7. 2008
    We applied time-series methods to multivariate sentinel surveillance data recorded in Hong Kong during 1998-2007...
  26. pmc HIV surveillance in MENA: recent developments and results
    Ivana Bozicevic
    World Health Organization Collaborating Centre for HIV Surveillance, University of Zagreb School of Medicine, Zagreb, Croatia
    Sex Transm Infect 89:iii11-16. 2013
    ....
  27. ncbi Laboratory diagnosis and surveillance of human respiratory viruses by PCR in Victoria, Australia, 2002-2003
    Julian Druce
    Virology Department, Victorian Infectious Diseases Reference Laboratory, 10 Wreckyn Street, North Melbourne 3051, Victoria, Australia
    J Med Virol 75:122-9. 2005
    ..Infection with more than one respiratory virus occurred in a small number of patients; picornaviruses were most commonly implicated in these dual infections...
  28. pmc Sentinel surveillance for zoonotic parasites in companion animals in indigenous communities of Saskatchewan
    Janna M Schurer
    Department of Veterinary Microbiology, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 87:495-8. 2012
    ..canis, Diphyllobothrium, and taeniid eggs in dog feces were, respectively, 11.8%, 4.9%, and 1.2% in our study compared with 0-0.2% in urban dogs. Giardia cysts present in 21% of samples were identified as zoonotic genotype Assemblage A...
  29. pmc Sentinel surveillance of sexually transmitted infections in South Africa: a review
    L F Johnson
    Centre for Actuarial Research, 10 University Avenue, University of Cape Town, Private Bag, Rondebosch 7701, South Africa
    Sex Transm Infect 81:287-93. 2005
    ..To examine how STI prevalence varies between populations and to identify the limitations of the existing data...
  30. ncbi Influenza viruses in Nigeria, 2009-2010: results from the first 17 months of a national influenza sentinel surveillance system
    Ibrahim T Dalhatu
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Nigeria, Maina Court, Central Business District, Federal Capital Territory, Abuja, Nigeria
    J Infect Dis 206:S121-8. 2012
    ..Influenza surveillance data from tropical, sub-Saharan African countries are limited. To better understand the epidemiology of influenza, Nigeria initiated influenza surveillance in 2008...
  31. ncbi Sentinel surveillance for influenza-like illness, severe acute respiratory illness, and laboratory-confirmed influenza in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo, 2009-2011
    Jean Jacques Muyembe Tamfum
    National Reference Laboratory for Influenza, Institut National de Recherche Biomédicale, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo
    J Infect Dis 206:S36-40. 2012
    Little is known about influenza in central Africa. We conducted sentinel surveillance for influenza-like illness, severe acute respiratory illness, and laboratory-confirmed influenza at 5 sites in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo, ..
  32. pmc Low usage of government healthcare facilities for acute respiratory infections in guatemala: implications for influenza surveillance
    Kim A Lindblade
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CDC, Atlanta GA, 30333 USA
    BMC Public Health 11:885. 2011
    b>Sentinel surveillance for severe acute respiratory infections in hospitals and influenza-like illness in ambulatory clinics is recommended to assist in global pandemic influenza preparedness...
  33. pmc Effectiveness of seasonal influenza vaccine against pandemic (H1N1) 2009 virus, Australia, 2010
    James E Fielding
    Victorian Infectious Diseases Reference Laboratory, North Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
    Emerg Infect Dis 17:1181-7. 2011
    ..Patients seen for influenza-like illness by general practitioners in a sentinel surveillance network during 2010 were tested for influenza; vaccination status was recorded...
  34. pmc Identifying the impact of social determinants of health on disease rates using correlation analysis of area-based summary information
    Ruiguang Song
    Center for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for HIV AIDS, Viral Herpatitis, STD, and TB Prevention, Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Public Health Rep 126:70-80. 2011
    ....
  35. pmc Collection of social determinant of health measures in U.S. national surveillance systems for HIV, viral hepatitis, STDs, and TB
    Victoria M Beltran
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for HIV AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention, Office of the Director, Office of Health Equity, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Public Health Rep 126:41-53. 2011
    ..We also conducted an environmental literature scan to determine the status of knowledge of SDH as underlying causes of disease and to inform the recommended core set of SDH variables...
  36. ncbi Sentinel surveillance for patients with acute hepatitis in Egypt, 2001-04
    M Talaat
    US Naval Medical Research Unit, no 3, Cairo, Egypt
    East Mediterr Health J 16:134-40. 2010
    Viral hepatitis is a major problem in Egypt. To define the epidemiology of the disease, sentinel surveillance was established in 5 hospitals in diverse areas of the country in 2001...
  37. pmc Nationwide sentinel surveillance of bloodstream Candida infections in 40 tertiary care hospitals in Spain
    R Cisterna
    Basurto Hospital, Clinical Microbiology and Infection Control Department, Bilbao, Spain
    J Clin Microbiol 48:4200-6. 2010
    ..This is the largest multicenter candidemia study conducted to date and shows the substantial morbidity and mortality of candidemia in Spain...
  38. ncbi Seasonality in human salmonellosis: assessment of human activities and chicken contamination as driving factors
    André Ravel
    Laboratory for Foodborne Zoonoses, Public Health Agency of Canada, Saint Hyacinthe, QC, Canada
    Foodborne Pathog Dis 7:785-94. 2010
    ..Attending a barbeque or gardening during the hotter months of the year should be further assessed for their risk...
  39. pmc The spread of pandemic H1N1 2009 by age and region and the comparison among monitoring tools
    Joon Hyung Kim
    Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Seoul, Korea
    J Korean Med Sci 25:1109-12. 2010
    ..Now it is time for the government and the academic world to review this outbreak, efficacy of vaccination, and further preparation and response for the next pandemic...
  40. pmc Adverse drug event trigger tool: a practical methodology for measuring medication related harm
    J D Rozich
    Luther Midelfort, Mayo Health System, Eau Claire, WI 54703, USA
    Qual Saf Health Care 12:194-200. 2003
    ..The adapted technique appears to increase the rate of ADE detection approximately 50-fold over traditional reporting methodologies...
  41. pmc Influenza activity in Europe during eight seasons (1999-2007): an evaluation of the indicators used to measure activity and an assessment of the timing, length and course of peak activity (spread) across Europe
    John Paget
    Netherlands Institute for Health Services Research NIVEL, PO Box 1568, 3500BN, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    BMC Infect Dis 7:141. 2007
    ..1) are the sentinel clinical reports a good measure of influenza activity? 2) how long is a typical influenza season in Europe? 3) is there a west-east and/or south-north course of peak activity ('spread') of influenza in Europe?..
  42. pmc Estimating the number of people at risk for and living with HIV in China in 2005: methods and results
    F Lu
    National Centre for AIDS STD Control and Prevention, China Centre for Disease Control and Prevention, No 27 Nanwei Road, Beijing, China 100050
    Sex Transm Infect 82:iii87-91. 2006
    ..No new estimates of HIV infection have been available for China since 2003. However, since then, data availability has increased dramatically...
  43. ncbi Estimating trends in the burden of malaria at country level
    Richard E Cibulskis
    Global Malaria Program, World Health Organization, 20 Avenue Appia, Geneva, Switzerland
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 77:133-7. 2007
    ..In the future, sentinel surveillance from public and private health facilities, selected according to risk stratification, combined with ..
  44. ncbi Secular trends in hospital-acquired Clostridium difficile disease in the United States, 1987-2001
    Lennox K Archibald
    Division of Healthcare Quality Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    J Infect Dis 189:1585-9. 2004
    ..CDAD predominated in general hospitals versus other facility types, and rates were significantly higher during winter versus nonwinter months (P<.01). Thus, prevention efforts should be targeted to high-risk groups in these settings...
  45. pmc Internet-based monitoring of influenza-like illness (ILI) in the general population of the Netherlands during the 2003-2004 influenza season
    Richard L Marquet
    NIVEL Netherlands Institute for Health Services Research, The Netherlands, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    BMC Public Health 6:242. 2006
    ..The aim of the present study was to validate the representativeness of the GIS population and to compare the GIS data with the official ILI data obtained by Dutch GPs participating in the Dutch Sentinel Practice Network...
  46. ncbi Declining HIV prevalence and risk behaviours in Zambia: evidence from surveillance and population-based surveys
    K Fylkesnes
    Institute of Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tromsø, Norway
    AIDS 15:907-16. 2001
    ..To examine trends in HIV prevalence and behaviours in Zambia during the 1990s...
  47. ncbi Working towards a simple case definition for influenza surveillance
    Karin Thursky
    Victorian Infectious Diseases Reference Laboratory, Victorian Infectious Diseases Service, Royal Melbourne Hospital, Grattan Street, Parkville, VIC 3052, Australia
    J Clin Virol 27:170-9. 2003
    ..A single definition of influenza-like illness (ILI) has been recommended by the Australian Influenza Pandemic planning committee for influenza surveillance systems throughout Australia...
  48. ncbi Sentinel surveillance of influenza and other respiratory viruses, Brazil, 2000-2010
    Felipe Teixeira de Mello Freitas
    Ministerio da Saude, Secretaria de Vigilância em Saúde, Coordenação Geral de Doenças Transmissíveis, Brasilia, DF, Brazil
    Braz J Infect Dis 17:62-8. 2013
    ..83 and -0.78 respectively). These data are important to guide public health control measures as the best time for influenza vaccination and use of antivirals...
  49. ncbi Results from the first 30 months of national sentinel surveillance for influenza in Tanzania, 2008-2010
    V M Mmbaga
    Preventive Services, Ministry of Health and Social Welfare, Tanzania, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
    J Infect Dis 206:S80-6. 2012
    ..of influenza virus infection in Tanzania, the Tanzanian Ministry of Health and Social Welfare created a sentinel surveillance system for influenza...
  50. pmc West Nile virus emergence and persistence in Los Angeles, California, 2003-2008
    Jennifer L Kwan
    School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, CA, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 83:400-12. 2010
    ..Los Angeles experienced major epidemics in 2004 and 2008, providing a unique opportunity to investigate specific patterns of enzootic amplification preceding epidemics...
  51. ncbi Challenges of establishing routine influenza sentinel surveillance in Ethiopia, 2008-2010
    Workenesh Ayele
    Ethiopian Health and Nutrition Research Institute, National Influenza Laboratory, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    J Infect Dis 206:S41-5. 2012
    ..Low awareness of influenza by healthcare workers, misperceptions regarding case definitions, and insufficient human resources at sites could have potentially led to many missed cases, resulting in suboptimal surveillance...
  52. ncbi Sentinel surveillance for influenza in Senegal, 1996-2009
    Mbayame Ndiaye Niang
    Medical Virology Unit, Institut Pasteur de Dakar, Dakar, Senegal
    J Infect Dis 206:S129-35. 2012
    ..In this study we present results from 14 years of influenza surveillance in Senegal, one of the few tropical countries in Africa from which longitudinal data are available...
  53. ncbi Same-sex behavior and high rates of HIV among men attending sexually transmitted infection clinics in Pune, India (1993-2002)
    Amita Gupta
    Division of Infectious Disease, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, 600 North Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 43:483-90. 2006
    ..To determine HIV/sexually transmitted infection (STI) prevalence, trends, and risk behaviors of men who have sex with men (MSM) and compare these with those of non-MSM attending STI clinics in Pune, India over a 10-year period...
  54. ncbi Use of Internet search data to monitor impact of rotavirus vaccination in the United States
    Rishi Desai
    Division of Viral Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 54:e115-8. 2012
    ..88; P < .001), capturing the reduction observed during postvaccine years (2008-2010). IQS analysis could become an inexpensive and reliable supplement for monitoring the impact of rotavirus vaccination in the United States...
  55. pmc The KIzSS network, a sentinel surveillance system for infectious diseases in day care centers: study protocol
    Remko Enserink
    Center for Infectious Disease Control Epidemiology and Surveillance Unit, National Institute for Public Health and the Environment RIVM, Bilthoven, The Netherlands
    BMC Infect Dis 12:259. 2012
    ..This paper describes the purpose, design and potential of our national multi-center, day care-based sentinel surveillance network for infectious diseases (the KIzSS network)...
  56. ncbi Evaluation of sentinel surveillance system for monitoring hand, foot and mouth disease in Hong Kong
    M Edmond
    Surveillance and Epidemiology Branch, Centre for Health Protection, Department of Health, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, 147C Argyle Street, Kowloon, Hong Kong, China
    Public Health 125:777-83. 2011
    A sentinel surveillance system (SSS) was set up in Hong Kong to monitor hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) trends. This evaluation assessed the performance of the SSS from 2001 to 2009, and aimed to identify areas for improvement.
  57. ncbi Risk factors for HIV seroconversion in men who have sex with men in Victoria, Australia: results from a sentinel surveillance system
    Rebecca J Guy
    National Centre in HIV Epidemiology and Clinical Research, 45 Beach Street, Coggee, NSW 2031, Australia
    Sex Health 8:319-29. 2011
    ..We determined predictors of HIV positivity and seroconversion among MSM in Victoria, Australia...
  58. ncbi [Syndromic surveillance of Influenza-like illness in primary care: a complement to the sentinel surveillance network for periods of increased incidence of Influenza]
    J Arranz Izquierdo
    Unidad de Sistemas de Información, Gerencia de Atención Primaria, Mallorca, Espana
    Aten Primaria 44:258-64. 2012
    ....
  59. ncbi Use of released pigs as sentinels for Mycobacterium bovis
    Graham Nugent
    Landcare Research, P O Box 69, Lincoln 8152, New Zealand
    J Wildl Dis 38:665-77. 2002
    ..This trial indicates use of resident and/or released free-ranging pigs is a feasible alternative to direct prevalence surveys of possums for detecting TB presence...
  60. pmc Role of sentinel surveillance of candidemia: trends in species distribution and antifungal susceptibility
    M A Pfaller
    Department of Pathology, College of Medicine, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA
    J Clin Microbiol 40:3551-7. 2002
  61. ncbi Catalyzing HIV prevention in Asia: from individual to population level impact
    Daniel Low-Beer
    The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, TB and Malaria, Chemin de Blandonnet 8, Vernier, Geneva, Switzerland
    AIDS 24:S12-9. 2010
    ..This review assesses the coverage of individual services and the additional components required to catalyze population level impact in Asia...
  62. ncbi Prevalence of transmitted drug resistance associated mutations and HIV-1 subtypes in new HIV-1 diagnoses, U.S.-2006
    William H Wheeler
    Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, National Center for HIV, Viral Hepatitis, STD and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    AIDS 24:1203-12. 2010
    ..To determine the distribution of HIV-1 subtypes and the prevalence of transmitted drug resistance-associated mutations (TDRM) among persons newly diagnosed with HIV-1 infection in the United States...
  63. ncbi Estimates of influenza vaccine effectiveness for 2007-2008 from Canada's sentinel surveillance system: cross-protection against major and minor variants
    Naveed Z Janjua
    British Columbia Centre for Disease Control, Canada
    J Infect Dis 205:1858-68. 2012
    To estimate influenza vaccine effectiveness (VE) for the 2007-2008 season and assess the sentinel surveillance system in Canada for monitoring virus evolution and impact on VE.
  64. pmc Sentinel chicken seroconversions track tangential transmission of West Nile virus to humans in the greater Los Angeles area of California
    Jennifer L Kwan
    Center for Vectorborne Diseases, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, California 95616, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 83:1137-45. 2010
    ..In urban Los Angeles, sentinel chicken seroconversions could be used as an outcome measure in decision support for emergency intervention...
  65. pmc A new sentinel surveillance system for severe influenza in England shows a shift in age distribution of hospitalised cases in the post-pandemic period
    Shelly Bolotin
    Health Protection Agency, London, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 7:e30279. 2012
    ..This article presents the results of the first season of operation of USISS in 2010/11...
  66. ncbi Epidemiology of seasonal influenza: use of surveillance data and statistical models to estimate the burden of disease
    William W Thompson
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    J Infect Dis 194:S82-91. 2006
    ..Further improvements in national influenza surveillance systems will be needed to collect and analyze data in a timely manner during the next pandemic...
  67. ncbi A new antigenic variant of human influenza A (H3N2) virus isolated from airport and community surveillance in Taiwan in early 2009
    Ji Rong Yang
    National Influenza Center, Centers for Disease Control, No 161, Kun Yang Street, Taipei 115, Taiwan, ROC
    Virus Res 151:33-8. 2010
    ....
  68. pmc U.S. Government engagement in support of global disease surveillance
    Rebecca L Katz
    U S Department of State, Washington, DC, USA
    BMC Public Health 10:S13. 2010
    ..This paper aims to describe the agencies and offices working directly on global disease surveillance capacity building in order to clarify the United States Government interagency efforts in this space...
  69. ncbi Role of corvids in epidemiology of west Nile virus in southern California
    William K Reisen
    Center for Vectorborne Diseases, Department of Pathology, Microbiology, and Immunology, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA
    J Med Entomol 43:356-67. 2006
    ..In contrast the uniform dispersion by territorial western scrub-jays resulted in a high, but evenly distributed, incidence of human disease in Kern County...
  70. ncbi High school athletic departments as sentinel surveillance sites for community-associated methicillin-resistant staphylococcal infections
    Beth Barr
    Texas Department of State Health Services, 1100 W 49th, Austin, TX 78756, USA
    Tex Med 102:56-61. 2006
    ....
  71. pmc Genotype analysis of Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates from a sentinel surveillance population
    Lauren S Cowan
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 8:1294-302. 2002
    ..These fingerprint sets contain up to 251 patterns and 414 isolates; together, they contain 21% of isolates in this copy number range. These sets of fingerprints may represent endemic strains distributed across the United States...
  72. ncbi Low-pathogenic notifiable avian influenza serosurveillance and the risk of infection in poultry - a critical review of the European Union active surveillance programme (2005-2007)
    J L Gonzales
    Department of Virology, Central Veterinary Institute of Wageningen UR, Lelystad, The Netherlands
    Influenza Other Respir Viruses 4:91-9. 2010
    ..To date, there is the need to evaluate the surveillance activity in order to optimize the programme's surveillance design...
  73. ncbi A review of the dynamics and severity of the pandemic A(H1N1) influenza virus on Réunion island, 2009
    E D'Ortenzio
    Regional office Cire Réunion Mayotte of the French Institute for Public Health Surveillance Institut de veille sanitaire, InVS, Reunion, France
    Clin Microbiol Infect 16:309-16. 2010
    ....
  74. pmc Empirical evidence for the effect of airline travel on inter-regional influenza spread in the United States
    John S Brownstein
    Children s Hospital Informatics Program at the Harvard MIT Division of Health Sciences and Technology, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    PLoS Med 3:e401. 2006
    ..Here, we assess, with empirical data, the role of airline volume on the yearly inter-regional spread of influenza in the United States...
  75. pmc Laboratory-based surveillance and molecular epidemiology of influenza virus in Taiwan
    Shin Ru Shih
    Chang Gung Memorial Hospital and Chang Gung University, Taipei, Taiwan
    J Clin Microbiol 43:1651-61. 2005
    ..No clear seasonality of influenza reports in Taiwan occurred in contrast to other more continental regions...
  76. pmc Trends of HIV-1 seroincidence among HIV-1 sentinel surveillance groups in Cambodia, 1999-2002
    Vonthanak Saphonn
    National Center for HIV AIDS, Dermatology and STDs, Phnom Penh, Cambodia and the Department of Epidemiology, University of California School of Public Health, Los Angeles, CA 90095 1772, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 39:587-92. 2005
    This study reports trends in HIV-1 incidence in Cambodia among different target groups in the HIV-1 Sentinel Surveillance Program in 1999, 2000, and 2002, using the newly developed IgG capture BED-enzyme (HIV subtypes B, E and D) ..
  77. ncbi Bird species potentially involved in introduction, amplification, and spread of West Nile virus in a Mediterranean wetland, the Camargue (Southern France)
    E Jourdain
    Station Biologique de la Tour du Valat, Arles, France
    Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis 7:15-33. 2007
    ..The obtained lists of bird species potentially involved in the introduction, amplification and spread of WNV should prove useful to determine target species on which further studies on WNV ecology in birds could be focused...
  78. ncbi Identifying West Nile virus risk areas: the Dynamic Continuous-Area Space-Time system
    Constandinos N Theophilides
    Center for Advanced Research of Spatial Information, Hunter College, City University of New York, New York, NY 10021, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 157:843-54. 2003
    ....
  79. pmc Sentinel surveillance system for early outbreak detection in Madagascar
    Laurence Randrianasolo
    Unite d Epidemiologie, Institut Pasteur de Madagascar, Antananarivo, République de Madagascar
    BMC Public Health 10:31. 2010
    ..We describe the challenges and steps involved in developing a sentinel surveillance system and the well-timed information it provides for improving public health decision-making.
  80. pmc Molecular epidemiology of tuberculosis in a sentinel surveillance population
    Barbara A Ellis
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 8:1197-209. 2002
    ..The study included all incident, culture-positive TB patients from seven sentinel surveillance sites in the United States from 1996 to 2000. M...
  81. pmc Second-generation HIV surveillance: better data for decision-making
    Thomas Rehle
    Bull World Health Organ 82:121-7. 2004
    ..The implementation of such systems, including a better use of the data generated by the system, will ensure that national programmes are in the best possible position to respond to the challenges of the epidemic...
  82. ncbi Imported Falciparum malaria in Europe: sentinel surveillance data from the European network on surveillance of imported infectious diseases
    T Jelinek
    Department of Infectious Diseases and Tropical Medicine, University of Munich, 80802 Munich, Germany
    Clin Infect Dis 34:572-6. 2002
    ..b>Sentinel surveillance of data collected prospectively since 1999 has begun within TropNetEurop, a European network focusing on ..
  83. ncbi Overview of infectious disease surveillance system in Japan, 1999-2005
    Kiyosu Taniguchi
    Infectious Disease Surveillance Center, National Institute of Infectious Diseases, Shinjuku ku, Tokyo 162 8640, Japan
    J Epidemiol 17:S3-13. 2007
    ..This paper is an attempt to illustrate the potential impact of the new surveillance system through a description of the existing surveillance system and data before and after the revision...
  84. ncbi Factors associated with HIV virologic failure among patients on HAART for one year at three sentinel surveillance sites in China
    Xia Wang
    State Key Laboratory for Infectious Disease Prevention and Control, and National Center for AIDS STD Control and Prevention, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, China
    Curr HIV Res 9:103-11. 2011
    ..Emerging HIV drug resistance (HIVDR) poses a growing threat to the long-term success and durability of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART)...
  85. ncbi Acute respiratory infection and influenza-like illness viral etiologies in Brazilian adults
    Nancy Bellei
    Medicine Department, Infectious Diseases Unit, Clinical Virology Laboratory, Sao Paulo Federal University, Sao Paulo, Brazil
    J Med Virol 80:1824-7. 2008
    ..These findings highlight the implications of other viruses in ILI etiology and suggest that during the influenza season, this clinical overlap must be considered in the diagnosis and clinical management of patients...
  86. pmc Evaluation of a school-based influenza surveillance system
    D D Lenaway
    Boulder County Health Department, CO, USA
    Public Health Rep 110:333-7. 1995
    ..the epidemic curves from the school-based system with those of a preexisting communicable disease sentinel surveillance system...
  87. ncbi FluCAN 2009: initial results from sentinel surveillance for adult influenza and pneumonia in eight Australian hospitals
    Paul M Kelly
    National Centre for Epidemiology and Population Health, Australian National University, Canberra, ACT, Australia
    Med J Aust 194:169-74. 2011
    ..To describe the epidemiology of adult patients hospitalised with influenza or pneumonia during a pandemic season in a sentinel network in Australia...
  88. pmc Measuring trends in prevalence and incidence of HIV infection in countries with generalised epidemics
    P D Ghys
    Joint United Nations Programme on AIDS UNAIDS, Avenue Appia 20, Geneva CH 1211, Switzerland
    Sex Transm Infect 82:i52-6. 2006
    ..Review of recent data and practice to derive guidance on questions relating to the measurement and analysis of trends in HIV prevalence and incidence...
  89. ncbi Arboviral diseases and malaria in Australia, 2007/08: annual report of the National Arbovirus and Malaria Advisory Committee
    Gerard J Fitzsimmons
    Office of Health Protection, Australian Government Department of Health and Ageing, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory
    Commun Dis Intell Q Rep 33:155-69. 2009
    ..This annual report presents information on diseases transmitted by mosquitoes in Australia and notified to NNDSS...
  90. ncbi Health monitoring in sentinel practice networks: the contribution of primary care
    D M Fleming
    Birmingham Research Unit, The Royal College of General Practitioners, Birmingham, UK
    Eur J Public Health 13:80-4. 2003
    ..As part of that programme we considered how primary care might contribute relevant data...
  91. ncbi Sentinel monitoring of general community health during the 1998 World Football Cup
    T Hanslik
    , , 27, rue Chaligny, 75571 Paris Cedex 12, France
    Rev Epidemiol Sante Publique 49:135-45. 2001
    ....
  92. ncbi Evaluation of a sentinel surveillance system for influenza, 1995-2000, Kyoto City, Japan
    Hayato Fujii
    Community Medicine Section, Health and Welfare Bureau, Kyoto 604 8571, Japan
    Jpn J Infect Dis 55:23-6. 2002
    We compared a municipal sentinel surveillance system for influenza with the Microbial Isolation Surveillance System (MISS) in Kyoto City, Japan...
  93. ncbi Spectrum of disease and relation to place of exposure among ill returned travelers
    David O Freedman
    Division of Geographic Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, USA
    N Engl J Med 354:119-30. 2006
    ..Approximately 8 percent of travelers to the developing world require medical care during or after travel. Current understanding of morbidity profiles among ill returned travelers is based on limited data from the 1980s...
  94. ncbi Absence of influenza A(H1N1) during seasonal and pandemic seasons in a sentinel nursing home surveillance network in the Netherlands
    Remko Enserink
    Epidemiology and Surveillance Unit, National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, Bilthoven, The Netherlands
    J Am Geriatr Soc 59:2301-5. 2011
    ..To describe the epidemiological, virological, and institutional characteristics of influenza-like illness (ILI) in nursing homes (NHs)...
  95. pmc Changing disparities in invasive pneumococcal disease by socioeconomic status and race/ ethnicity in Connecticut, 1998-2008
    Kristen Soto
    Connecticut Department of Public Health, Emerging Infections Program, Hartford, CT 06134 0308, USA
    Public Health Rep 126:81-8. 2011
    ....
  96. ncbi Chlamydia at an inner metropolitan sexual health service in Sydney, NSW: Australian Collaboration for Chlamydia Enhanced Sentinel Surveillance (ACCESS) Project
    Neil Franklin
    National Centre in HIV Epidemiology and Clinical Research, The University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW 2010, Australia
    Sex Health 7:478-83. 2010
    ..The Australian Collaboration for Chlamydia Enhanced Sentinel Surveillance (ACCESS) Project was established to monitor chlamydia testing rates and positivity rates at a national ..
  97. pmc Early warning system for West Nile virus risk areas, California, USA
    Ryan M Carney
    California Department of Public Health, Richmond, California, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 17:1445-54. 2011
    ..Although prediction rates declined in subsequent years, results indicate DYCAST was a timely and effective early warning system during the severe 2005 epidemic...
  98. ncbi Establishing a linked sentinel surveillance system for blood-borne viruses and sexually transmissible infections: methods, system attributes and early findings
    Jane L Goller
    Burnet Institute, Melbourne, VIC 3001, Australia
    Sex Health 7:425-33. 2010
    To describe the attributes and key findings from implementation of a new blood-borne virus (BBV) and sexually transmissible infection (STI) sentinel surveillance system based on routine testing at clinical sites in Victoria, Australia.
  99. ncbi Utility of Prevention of Parent-to-Child Transmission (PPTCT). Programme data for HIV surveillance in general population
    Rajesh Kumar
    Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, School of Public Health, Chandigarh, India
    Indian J Med Res 132:256-9. 2010
    HIV sentinel surveillance (HSS) among antenatal clinic (ANC) attendees is used to monitor HIV trends in general population...
  100. ncbi Sentinel surveillance for pharyngeal chlamydia and gonorrhea among men who have sex with men--San Francisco, 2010
    Jason Park
    Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA
    Sex Transm Dis 39:482-4. 2012
    ..We examined pharyngeal CT and GC among MSM screened in San Francisco in 2010...
  101. ncbi Hepatitis C testing in sexual health services in England, 2002-7: results from sentinel surveillance
    Emily Tweed
    Health Protection Agency Centre for Infections, 61 Colindale Avenue, London NW9 5EQ, UK
    Sex Transm Infect 86:126-30. 2010
    To describe testing for hepatitis C virus (HCV) in sexual health services in England between 2002 and 2007, using data from a sentinel surveillance study of hepatitis testing.

Research Grants72

  1. Mind-Body E-Portal: A Practice-to-Research Platform for Consumer-Driven Wellness
    Joel B Bennett; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..has the potential to address two Institute of Medicine (2005) recommendations for CAM, to develop (1) a sentinel surveillance system composed of sites that collect data on patterns of CAM and (2) practice-based CAM research networks...
  2. Organ Transplant Infection Detection and Prevention Program
    Fernanda P Silveira; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..One of the aims of CDC is to perform a program of sentinel surveillance in solid organ and stem cell transplant recipients and to evaluate the impact of new infection programs...
  3. REGIONAL VENTRICULAR STRAIN METRICS TO PREDICT NEW-ONSET HEART FAILURE COURSE
    Michael K Pasque; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..We will statistically optimize the micro-regional makeup of our sentinel surveillance region and compare our results to the predictive capabilities of the current standard, echocardiographic ..
  4. Bioterrorism and Influenza Surveillance Network
    Jonathan Temte; Fiscal Year: 2003
    The Wisconsin Bioterrorism and Influenza Sentinel Surveillance Network [BISSEN] Background: The ability to conduct sentinel surveillance for infections resulting from bioterrorism and other emerging infections is becoming an essential ..
  5. ANTIMALARIAL RESISTANCE IN THAILAND
    Steven Meshnick; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..test the following three hypotheses: (1) resistance to artemisinin compounds will emerge in Indochina; a sentinel surveillance system established in this area will allow its early detection and control; (2) low- levels of artemisinin ..
  6. Central Nervous System Infections in Peru
    Joseph Zunt; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Research Center Detachment (NMRCD) in Peru, which provides the unique opportunity to leverage addition of sentinel surveillance for acute meningoencephalitis...
  7. Development of research capacity for AIDS and TB in Samara Oblast, Russia
    Yanina Balabanova; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Further research would include the development of: (a) sentinel surveillance of HIV epidemic; (b) clade and drug resistance analysis of HIV strains region-wide; (c) baseline analysis, ..
  8. PREVALENCE OF HIV-1 INFECTION IN COLLEGE STUDENTS
    Karen Kotloff; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..b>Sentinel surveillance on college campuses is another approach to monitoring seroprevalence in sexually active young adults...
  9. BioSense Initiative to Improve Early Outbreak Detection
    Howard Burkom; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..link in the process of automated outbreak[unreadable] detection to complement and backup the traditional sentinel surveillance system...
  10. Evaluation Methods for Community Level HIV Interventions
    Maureen Miller; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Aim 3: The feasibility of transferring and adapting the methodology and technology for ongoing sentinel surveillance in this community as an academic/public health collaborative effort will be assessed...
  11. Noise, Solvents, and Hearing Loss
    Peter Rabinowitz; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..A nested case control study will match cases of hearing loss identified in the cohort with controls by age at hire, year of hire, sex, and gender, to further explore these relationships. ..
  12. ECOLOGY AND GENETICS OF VENEZUELAN EQUINE ENCEPHALITIS
    Scott Weaver; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..This information will be invaluable in targeting prevention and control resources, especially for obtaining maximum benefit in developing countries with limited resources. ..
  13. ARBOVIRUS PERSISTENCE IN SEASONAL WETLANDS
    William Reisen; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Virus ecology at wetlands in the Coachella Valley of southeastern California with consistent enzootic activity will be compared with wetlands in the southern San Joaquin Valley where virus activity currently is intermittent. ..
  14. HOST COMPETENCE FACTORS AFFECT ARBOVIRUS TRANSMISSION
    William Reisen; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Studies will assess how alternating sequential infections between vertebrate and vector species that are part of the natural transmission cycle may alter virus genetics and fitness. ..
  15. CLINICAL NEUROSCIENCE TRAINING PROGRAM
    TIMOTHY PEDLEY; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The program flexibly accommodates MDs with academic interests but little past research experience as well as MD-PhDs who wish to continue their research or re-orient the focus of their laboratory interest. ..
  16. Improving Syndromic Surveillance by Data Integration
    Alexander Ozonoff; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  17. Response to Multivitamins/Minerals During Cancer Therapy
    Jean Brown; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  18. Mechanism of Endotoxin's Effect On Allergy Risk
    Keoki Williams; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..It is the hoped that understanding the mechanism of endotoxin's effect will establish new targets for the prevention of allergies. ..
  19. Weight Management Skills--African American Outpatients
    Shiriki Kumanyika; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Group 0. Secondary analyses will compare the respective treatment and control groups on diet, physical activity, and clinical CVD risk factor changes and will assess predictors of outcomes and cost-effectiveness. ..
  20. A Pilot Study of School-Based HIV Intervention in China
    Hongjie Liu; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This study addresses significant public health issues related to drug use and HIV infection among youths in rural China. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  21. TS PROPHYLAXIS AND DRUG-RESISTANT MALARIA IN MALAWI
    CHRISTOPHER PLOWE; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  22. Epidemiology of Arboviral Encephalomyelitis in Houston
    Kristy Murray; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Her time will be directed toward completion of the specific aims of this proposal and her PhD. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  23. Community-based VCT for HIV in Rural Migrants in China
    Na He; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  24. SaTScan: Spatial Scan Statistic Surveillance Software
    Martin Kulldorff; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..In this project, we propose to further develop and maintain the SaTScan software to fulfill many of these needs. ..
  25. Reducing Transmission of Influenza by Face Masks
    ARNOLD MONTO; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Such a reduction could have a major public health impact during a pandemic. In the second year, the study can be expanded or modified based on findings in the first. ..
  26. Signal Detection for Prescription Opioid Outbreaks
    Stephen Butler; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..This system should be perceived by stakeholders as highly valuable. Thus, we believe this product has enormous commercial viability and public health importance. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  27. Knee OA: Setting Priorities for Care, Policy, Research
    Elena Losina; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This study will provide guidance to clinicians and policy makers on efforts to reduce pain and disability, and to improve quality of life for people with knee osteoarthritis. ..
  28. Randomized, controlled trial of daily trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole or weekly chl
    CHRISTOPHER PLOWE; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  29. Data Evaluation for Early Disease Outbreak Detection
    Kenneth Kleinman; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  30. New Nosocomial Interventions to Decrease Antimicrobial Resistance Transmission
    Anthony Harris; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  31. International Mobility of HIV
    Hong Ha M Truong; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  32. Pain Assessment Interview and Clinical Advisory System
    Stephen Butler; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Thus, we believe this product has enormous commercial viability and public health importance. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  33. Hospital-Acquired Infections in the Elderly
    Keith Kaye; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The risk factor identified for SSI and MDRB and the impact of SSI and MDRB on health outcomes will be used to design and implement future preventive interventions. ..
  34. HIV Pathogenesis, prevention and treatment in the Andes
    Jorge Sanchez; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  35. ENDOMETRIAL CANCER AND POSTMENOPAUSAL HORMONE THERAPY
    Noel Weiss; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..The proposed study has the potential to obtain information that can guide their choice of hormonal regimen so as to minimize the likelihood of endometrial cancer as an adverse effect of this otherwise useful therapy. ..
  36. IGF-I LEVELS, IGF-I GENOTYPE, AND PROSTATE CANCER
    Noel Weiss; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..abstract_text> ..
  37. Screening for Addiction Risk in Chronic Opioid Therapy
    Stephen Butler; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Substantial Phase III support has been committed by Endo Pharmaceuticals. The resulting measure should be reliable, valid, and easy to use in practice settings. ..
  38. Study design importance in analyzing emerging pathogens
    Anthony Harris; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The second aim will be done by combining epidemiological relatedness and molecular relatedness through pulse-field gel electrophoresis of ESBL cultures to quantify the importance of patient to patient transmission. ..
  39. Computerized ASI Follow-up and Outcome System
    Stephen Butler; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Client acceptance will be evaluated along with correspondence between the IVR and traditional ASI administration. Phase II will evaluate the system's validity, capacity to produce acceptable response rates, and cost-effectiveness. ..
  40. A Chinese Adaptation of the ASI-Multimedia Version
    Stephen Butler; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The final product will be marketed as part of our extensive suite of substance abuse-related, multimedia tools. ..
  41. MULTIMEDIA SMOKING CESSATION FOR ALCOHOLIC CLIENTS
    Stephen Butler; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..If a computerized, affordable smoking cessation program can be shown, in field trials, to have demonstrable efficacy, the commercial potential can be extraordinary. ..
  42. A Spanish Adaptation of the ASI-Multimedia Version
    Stephen Butler; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Due to its reliability and low cost, we believe the ASI-MV could become the "Gold Standard" addictions assessment. Under such a circumstance, a Spanish adaptation would enjoy widespread use and profitability. ..
  43. LINKING OCCUPATIONAL INJURY AND ILLNESS DATA BASES
    Kenneth Rosenman; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..We have assembled an interdisciplinary team consisting of an occupational health physician, epidemiologists, a biostatistician and a computer programmer. We have arranged access to all nine data systems. ..
  44. REMOTE SENSING AND GIS FOR SCHISTOSOMIASIS CONTROL
    Robert Spear; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Subsequently, efforts will be made to make the classification more precise by supplementing these data with ecological and landscape data and to evaluate alternative remotely sensed data for their ability to predict risk areas. ..
  45. CYSTEINE PROTEINASES AS LEISHMANIAL VIRULENCE FACTORS
    LAURENCE BUXBAUM; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..D. and Ph.D. degrees, with thesis research in the GPI anchor of African trypanosomes. He has completed his clinical training in Internal Medicine and a clinical year of Infectious Diseases at the University of Pennsylvania. ..
  46. Risks for HIV and STIs among Moscow Sex Workers
    Chris Beyrer; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  47. Peer Intervention as Pedagogic Paradigm in Kinshasa SPH
    Frieda Behets; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Main outcome measures will be self reported sexual risk behaviors and STI/HIV incidence. The work will inform HIV prevention policy and strengthen research and training at KSPH ..
  48. Internet Monitoring Of Prescription Drug Abuse
    Stephen Butler; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Phase II will see development of a full prototype of PRISM and demonstration of its reliability and internal and external validity. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  49. HEPATITIS C IN IDUS--EPIDEMIOLOGY AND PREVENTION
    Hanne Thiede; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..The study will also increase awareness of the magnitude of the problem of HCV by measuring incident infections and investigating whether IDUs represent an important source of HCV transmission to other segments of the population. ..
  50. TS PROPHYLAXIS AND DRUG-RESISTANT MALARIA IN MALAWI
    CHRISTOPHER PLOWE; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....
  51. Randomized trial of HIV / STD prevention in Zimbabwean youth
    Frances Cowan; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The most valid method will then be used in the final outcomes survey for the parent trial. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  52. ASI-MV.net: A Prescription Medication Monitoring Tool
    Stephen Butler; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Phase II will fully develop the ASI-MV.net website and establish its reliability and validity. The ASI-MV.net will be an innovative solution to problems collecting product-specific addictions data in real time. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  53. FETAL ALCOHOL SYNDROME: GENETIC STUDIES IN ZEBRAFISH
    MICHAEL CARVAN; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..abstract_text> ..
  54. Resistant E.coli in Humans and Poultry
    James Johnson; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Does the research address a current and compelling problem of antimicrobial resistance that is of high public health importance and for which research is needed? [yes]. ..
  55. Use of Complementary and Alternative Medical (CAM) Providers by Cancer Patients
    Paula Diehr; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This study will increase the understanding of the role CAM should play in providing supportive care for cancer patients. ..
  56. Optimizing strategies for universal HIV testing
    Rochelle P Walensky; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The scientific basis for early detection of HIV infection and aggressive linkage to care has been successfully laid. The challenge now is to identify effective, affordable, and cost-effective implementation mechanisms. ..
  57. Pixel-accurate oncologic therapy using a scanning fiber endoscope
    Eric J Seibel; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..abstract_text> ..
  58. International Society Environmental Epidemiology 2003
    Irva Hertz Picciotto; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..ISEE provides a variety of forums for discussion, critical reviews, collaborations and education issues for environmental exposures and their human health effects. ..
  59. Image-guided catheter biopsy of peripheral lung cancer
    Eric Seibel; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  60. Genotypic and Phenotypic Analysis of West Nile virus, Yucatan Peninsula of Mexico
    Bradley Blitvich; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..This information will help determine why there has not been an epidemic of WNV in the YP, and will identify risk factors associated with WNV disease. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  61. Transplant Associated Infection Surveillance Network
    Peter Pappas; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Finally, the establishment of a bank will be invaluable in the development and validation of newer diagnostic assays. ..
  62. CatheterScope for Intraluminal Image of Early.Neoplasia
    Eric Seibel; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  63. Prenatal Ultrasound And Birth Defects
    DOROTHY WALLER; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Estimates of sensitivity and specificity will be calculated for each of 38 different categories of malformations. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  64. Molecular approaches for understanding TB dynamics
    Theodore Cohen; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..It is our hope that better analytic techniques will allow for more accurate assessments of treatment and prevention. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  65. Mental Health Services in NY after WTC Disaster
    Joseph Boscarino; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  66. Early Childhood Development and PCB Exposures in Slovak*
    Irva Hertz Picciotto; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Other unique features include the evaluation of hearing loss at birth, the measurement of hydroxy and methylsulfone metabolites of PCBs, and a population which includes about 1/3 Gypsies. ..
  67. Prevalence, risk factors and consequences of complex M. Tuberculosis infections
    Theodore Cohen; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The overall goal of this study is to learn more about the natural history of TB and to use this knowledge to improve the health of individuals and their communities. ..