sampling studies


Summary: Studies in which a number of subjects are selected from all subjects in a defined population. Conclusions based on sample results may be attributed only to the population sampled.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Review of sampling hard-to-reach and hidden populations for HIV surveillance
    Robert Magnani
    Family Health International, Arlington, VA, USA
    AIDS 19:S67-72. 2005
  2. ncbi Using respondent-driven sampling methodology for HIV biological and behavioral surveillance in international settings: a systematic review
    Mohsen Malekinejad
    School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, CA, USA
    AIDS Behav 12:S105-30. 2008
  3. pmc Variance estimation, design effects, and sample size calculations for respondent-driven sampling
    Matthew J Salganik
    Department of Sociology, 1180 Amsterdam Avenue, New York, NY 10027, USA
    J Urban Health 83:i98-112. 2006
  4. ncbi Implementation challenges to using respondent-driven sampling methodology for HIV biological and behavioral surveillance: field experiences in international settings
    Lisa Grazina Johnston
    School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, Tulane University, New Orleans, LA, USA
    AIDS Behav 12:S131-41. 2008
  5. pmc A venue-based method for sampling hard-to-reach populations
    F B Muhib
    Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, Tufts University, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    Public Health Rep 116:216-22. 2001
  6. pmc Role of sexual transmission of HIV among young noninjection and injection opiate users: a respondent-driven sampling study
    Jian Li
    Department of Epidemiology and Community Health, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA, USA
    Sex Transm Dis 38:1161-6. 2011
  7. ncbi Dental attendance and anxiety among public and private school children in Jordan
    D Quteish Taani
    Department of Preventive Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid
    Int Dent J 52:25-9. 2002
  8. ncbi Street and network sampling in evaluation studies of HIV risk-reduction interventions
    Salaam Semaan
    National Center for HIV, STD, and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Mailstop E 02, 1600 Clifton Rd, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    AIDS Rev 4:213-23. 2002
  9. ncbi Improving public health surveillance using a dual-frame survey of landline and cell phone numbers
    S Sean Hu
    Office of Surveillance, Epidemiology and Laboratory Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2500 Century Parkway, MS E 97, Atlanta, GA 30345, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 173:703-11. 2011
  10. pmc Estimating design effect and calculating sample size for respondent-driven sampling studies of injection drug users in the United States
    Cyprian Wejnert
    Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    AIDS Behav 16:797-806. 2012

Detail Information

Publications210 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Review of sampling hard-to-reach and hidden populations for HIV surveillance
    Robert Magnani
    Family Health International, Arlington, VA, USA
    AIDS 19:S67-72. 2005
    ..However, as its applicability to HIV surveillance in resource-poor settings has yet to be established, further field trials are needed before a firm conclusion can be reached...
  2. ncbi Using respondent-driven sampling methodology for HIV biological and behavioral surveillance in international settings: a systematic review
    Mohsen Malekinejad
    School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, CA, USA
    AIDS Behav 12:S105-30. 2008
    ..This review has shown that RDS is an effective technique, when designed and implemented appropriately, to sample most-at-risk populations for HIV biological and behavioral surveys...
  3. pmc Variance estimation, design effects, and sample size calculations for respondent-driven sampling
    Matthew J Salganik
    Department of Sociology, 1180 Amsterdam Avenue, New York, NY 10027, USA
    J Urban Health 83:i98-112. 2006
    ..In general, we recommend a sample size twice as large as would be needed under simple random sampling...
  4. ncbi Implementation challenges to using respondent-driven sampling methodology for HIV biological and behavioral surveillance: field experiences in international settings
    Lisa Grazina Johnston
    School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, Tulane University, New Orleans, LA, USA
    AIDS Behav 12:S131-41. 2008
    ..As RDS is increasingly used for HIV surveillance, it is important to learn from past practical, theoretical and analytical challenges to maximize the utility of this method...
  5. pmc A venue-based method for sampling hard-to-reach populations
    F B Muhib
    Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, Tufts University, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    Public Health Rep 116:216-22. 2001
    ..The TSS method is reproducible and can be adapted to hard-to-reach populations in other situations, environments, and cultures...
  6. pmc Role of sexual transmission of HIV among young noninjection and injection opiate users: a respondent-driven sampling study
    Jian Li
    Department of Epidemiology and Community Health, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA, USA
    Sex Transm Dis 38:1161-6. 2011
    ..The objective of this study was to examine the role of sexual transmission on HIV infection among injection drug users (IDUs) and noninjection drug users (NIDUs)...
  7. ncbi Dental attendance and anxiety among public and private school children in Jordan
    D Quteish Taani
    Department of Preventive Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid
    Int Dent J 52:25-9. 2002
    ..To evaluate the levels of dental attendance and anxiety among children of public (lower to middle socioeconomic groups) and private schools (higher socioeconomic groups), and to explore the perceived source of dental fear among them...
  8. ncbi Street and network sampling in evaluation studies of HIV risk-reduction interventions
    Salaam Semaan
    National Center for HIV, STD, and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Mailstop E 02, 1600 Clifton Rd, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    AIDS Rev 4:213-23. 2002
    ..Continued efforts are needed to improve the sampling strategies used in evaluation studies of HIV risk-reduction interventions...
  9. ncbi Improving public health surveillance using a dual-frame survey of landline and cell phone numbers
    S Sean Hu
    Office of Surveillance, Epidemiology and Laboratory Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2500 Century Parkway, MS E 97, Atlanta, GA 30345, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 173:703-11. 2011
    ..Use of a dual-frame survey of landline and cell phone numbers assisted the BRFSS efforts in obtaining valid, reliable, and representative data...
  10. pmc Estimating design effect and calculating sample size for respondent-driven sampling studies of injection drug users in the United States
    Cyprian Wejnert
    Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    AIDS Behav 16:797-806. 2012
    ..Researchers faced with limited resources may wish to accept slightly higher standard errors to keep sample size requirements low. Our results highlight dangers of ignoring sampling design in analysis...
  11. pmc Respondent-driven sampling to recruit young adult non-medical users of pharmaceutical opioids: problems and solutions
    Raminta Daniulaityte
    Center for Interventions, Treatment, and Addiction Research, Department of Community Health, Boonshoft School of Medicine, Wright State University, Dayton, OH 45435, United States
    Drug Alcohol Depend 121:23-9. 2012
    ..This study contributes potentially helpful insights into the strengths and limitations of using RDS which may benefit future studies...
  12. ncbi Attitude of health care workers to patients and colleagues infected with human immunodeficiency virus
    A E Sadoh
    Institute of Child Health, University of Benin, Benin City, Nigeria
    SAHARA J 6:17-23. 2009
    ..Education on occupational risks of HIV, provision of a safe working environment with enforcement of universal precautions, as well as provision of post-exposure prophylaxis are suggested as ways to enable HCWs to change their attitudes...
  13. ncbi An empirical comparison of respondent-driven sampling, time location sampling, and snowball sampling for behavioral surveillance in men who have sex with men, Fortaleza, Brazil
    Carl Kendall
    Department of International Health and Development, Center for Global Health Equity, Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, 1440 Canal St, New Orleans, LA, 70112, USA
    AIDS Behav 12:S97-104. 2008
    ..RDS also achieved the sample size faster and at lower cost. For reasons of inclusion and cost-efficiency, RDS is the sampling methodology of choice for HIV surveillance of MSM in Fortaleza...
  14. ncbi Estimating HIV prevalence and risk behaviors among high-risk heterosexual men with multiple sex partners: use of respondent-driven sampling
    Mickey Chopra
    Health Systems Research Unit, Medical Research Council, Cape Town, South Africa
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 51:72-7. 2009
    ..To collect HIV data from high-risk men who have multiple, younger, female sex partners in a periurban township in South Africa...
  15. pmc Respondent-driven sampling as Markov chain Monte Carlo
    Sharad Goel
    Yahoo Research, New York, NY 10018, U S A
    Stat Med 28:2202-29. 2009
    ..We also show that variance is inflated by a common design feature in which the sample members are encouraged to recruit multiple future sample members. The paper concludes with suggestions for implementing and evaluating RDS studies...
  16. pmc Comparing respondent-driven sampling and targeted sampling methods of recruiting injection drug users in San Francisco
    Alex H Kral
    Urban Health Program, RTI International, 114 Sansome Street, Suite 500, San Francisco, CA 94104, USA
    J Urban Health 87:839-50. 2010
  17. ncbi A 3-year panel study of mental disorders among adolescents in Taiwan
    Susan S F Gau
    Institute of Biomedical Sciences, Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan
    Am J Psychiatry 162:1344-50. 2005
    ..This study investigated the prevalence and changing trends of mental disorders and the effects of gender and urbanization among adolescents in Taiwan...
  18. pmc Effectiveness of respondent-driven sampling for recruiting drug users in New York City: findings from a pilot study
    Abu S Abdul-Quader
    Behavioral and Clinical Surveillance Branch, Division of HIV AIDS Prevention Surveillance and Epidemiology, National Center for HIV, STD and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, 30333, USA
    J Urban Health 83:459-76. 2006
    ..The findings indicate that RDS is an effective sampling method for recruiting diversified drug users to participate in HIV-related behavioral surveys...
  19. ncbi Adaptive sampling in research on risk-related behaviors
    Steven K Thompson
    Department of Statistics, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA
    Drug Alcohol Depend 68:S57-67. 2002
  20. ncbi Norms for letter and category fluency: demographic corrections for age, education, and ethnicity
    J A Gladsjo
    University of California, San Diego, USA
    Assessment 6:147-78. 1999
    ..Formulas and tables for converting raw fluency scores to demographically corrected T scores are presented...
  21. pmc Implementation and analysis of respondent driven sampling: lessons learned from the field
    Abu S Abdul-Quader
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    J Urban Health 83:i1-5. 2006
  22. pmc Sampling-based approach to determining outcomes of patients lost to follow-up in antiretroviral therapy scale-up programs in Africa
    Elvin H Geng
    JAMA 300:506-7. 2008
  23. pmc Time-space sampling in minority communities: results with young Latino men who have sex with men
    A Stueve
    Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, Division of Epidemiology, 600 W 168th St, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Am J Public Health 91:922-6. 2001
    ..This study addressed methodological issues influencing the feasibility of time-space sampling in HIV prevention studies targeting hard-to-reach populations of minority young men who have sex with men (MSM)...
  24. pmc Evaluation of respondent-driven sampling
    Nicky McCreesh
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, UK
    Epidemiology 23:138-47. 2012
    ..We evaluated respondent-driven sampling by comparing estimates from a respondent-driven sampling survey with total population data...
  25. ncbi A review of the cluster survey sampling method in humanitarian emergencies
    Shaun K Morris
    Division of Infectious Diseases, The Hospital for Sick Children, The University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Public Health Nurs 25:370-4. 2008
    ..Although subject to certain intrinsic limitations, cluster sampling allows researchers to utilize statistical methods to draw inferences regarding entire populations when data gathering would otherwise be impossible...
  26. ncbi Effectiveness of respondent-driven sampling to recruit high risk heterosexual men who have multiple female sexual partners: differences in HIV prevalence and sexual risk behaviours measured at two time points
    Loraine Townsend
    Health Systems Research Unit, Medical Research Council, Tygerberg, Cape Town, South Africa
    AIDS Behav 14:1330-9. 2010
    ..Further BBSS among this population are needed before more reliable trends can be inferred...
  27. ncbi Sampling studies to estimate the HIV prevalence rate in female commercial sex workers
    Ana Roberta Pati Pascom
    Brazilian Departament of STD, AIDS and Viral Hepatitis, Ministerio da Saude, Brazil
    Braz J Infect Dis 14:385-97. 2010
    ..We investigated sampling methods being used to estimate the HIV prevalence rate among female commercial sex workers...
  28. ncbi Seroprevalence of Helicobacter pylori in patients with colorectal polyps and colorectal carcinoma
    R K Siddheshwar
    Department of Surgery, Regional School of Medicine, North Tyneside General Hospital, Tyne and Wear, North Shields, England
    Am J Gastroenterol 96:84-8. 2001
    ..pylori in patients with colorectal polyps or colorectal carcinoma compared with controls. These results do not support the hypothesis that there is a relationship between H. pylori infection and the development of colorectal neoplasia...
  29. ncbi Risk factors for HIV infection among women in Carletonville, South Africa: migration, demography and sexually transmitted diseases
    K Zuma
    Biostatistics Unit, Medical Research Council, Durban, South Africa
    Int J STD AIDS 14:814-7. 2003
    ..Migration increases the risk of HIV infection. Provision of services to treat sexually transmitted diseases and educational empowerment programmes that will promote safer sex among migrant women are urgently needed...
  30. ncbi The association of race/ethnicity with the receipt of traditional and alternative arthritis-specific health care
    Ted R Mikuls
    Department of Medicine, Section of Rheumatology and Immunology, University of Nebraska Medical Center and the Omaha VA Medical Center, Omaha, Nebraska, USA
    Med Care 41:1233-9. 2003
    ..The role of race/ethnicity in the receipt of arthritis-specific health care has not been well defined...
  31. ncbi Global review of health care surveys using lot quality assurance sampling (LQAS), 1984-2004
    Susan E Robertson
    Department of Immunization, Vaccines and Biologicals, World Health Organization, 1211 Geneva 27, Switzerland
    Soc Sci Med 63:1648-60. 2006
    ..Such data provide insight into understanding relationships between various investments in social, human, and physical capital, and into the effectiveness of different public health strategies in achieving particular behavioral outcomes...
  32. pmc Assessment of respondent driven sampling for recruiting female sex workers in two Vietnamese cities: reaching the unseen sex worker
    Lisa Grazina Johnston
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, USA
    J Urban Health 83:i16-28. 2006
    ..g., more visible types of FSWs) then this analysis indicates that a significant proportion of the FSW population at risk for HIV may not be receiving optimal HIV information and services...
  33. ncbi Tooth loss and associated risk indicators in an adult urban population from south Brazil
    Cristiano Susin
    Department of Periodontology, Temple University School of Dentistry, Philadelphia, PA 19140, USA
    Acta Odontol Scand 63:85-93. 2005
    ..A reduction in the population's tooth loss may be achieved by the implementation of community programs for the prevention and treatment of dental caries and periodontal diseases...
  34. pmc Does sampling using random digit dialling really cost more than sampling from telephone directories: debunking the myths
    Baohui Yang
    Centre for Epidemiology and Research, Population Health Division, New South Wales Department of Health, North Sydney, New South Wales, 2059, Australia
    BMC Med Res Methodol 6:6. 2006
    ..LA-RDD sampling has a better coverage of households than EWP sampling but is considered to be more expensive due to interviewers dialling more out-of-scope numbers...
  35. ncbi The effectiveness of respondent driven sampling for recruiting males who have sex with males in Dhaka, Bangladesh
    Lisa Grazina Johnston
    Family Health International, Dhaka, Bangladesh
    AIDS Behav 12:294-304. 2008
  36. pmc Respondent-driven sampling of injection drug users in two U.S.-Mexico border cities: recruitment dynamics and impact on estimates of HIV and syphilis prevalence
    Simon D W Frost
    Department of Pathology and Antiviral Research Center, University of California, San Diego, CA 92103, USA
    J Urban Health 83:i83-97. 2006
    ..Although the frequency of HIV was low, syphilis prevalence was high, particularly in Tijuana. RDS-corrected estimates of syphilis prevalence were sensitive to model assumptions, suggesting that further validation of RDS is necessary...
  37. pmc Sampling and coverage issues of telephone surveys used for collecting health information in Australia: results from a face-to-face survey from 1999 to 2008
    Eleonora Dal Grande
    Population Research and Outcome Studies, Department of Health, South Australia, Australia
    BMC Med Res Methodol 10:77. 2010
    ..To examine the trend of "mobile only" households, and households that have a mobile phone or landline telephone listed in the telephone directory, and to describe these groups by various socio-demographic and health indicators...
  38. pmc An analysis of respondent driven sampling with Injection Drug Users (IDU) in Albania and the Russian Federation
    Ame Stormer
    Evaluation, Surveillance and Research Division, Family Health International, Arlington, VA 22201, USA
    J Urban Health 83:i73-82. 2006
    ..Petersburg. RDS proved to be an effective means of surveying these hard-to-reach populations...
  39. ncbi Sampling over time: developing a cost effective and precise exposure assessment program
    Rakesh Shukla
    Division of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Department of Environmental Health, University of Cincinnati, OH, USA
    J Environ Monit 7:603-7. 2005
  40. pmc Evaluating respondent-driven sampling in a major metropolitan area: Comparing injection drug users in the 2005 Seattle area national HIV behavioral surveillance system survey with participants in the RAVEN and Kiwi studies
    Richard D Burt
    Public Health Seattle and King County, Seattle, WA, USA
    Ann Epidemiol 20:159-67. 2010
    ..To empirically evaluate respondent-driven sampling (RDS) recruitment methods, which have been proposed as an advantageous means of surveying hidden populations...
  41. ncbi Illicit use of opioids: is OxyContin a "gateway drug"?
    Lauretta E Grau
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06520 8034, USA
    Am J Addict 16:166-73. 2007
    ..OxyContin users could only be distinguished from heroin users (cf non-heroin opioid users). Polyopioid use within the first year of initiation was associated with quicker progression to heroin and injection drug use...
  42. ncbi Lifetime cumulative adversity, mental health and the risk of becoming a smoker
    Donald A Lloyd
    Department of Sociology and Center for Demography and Population Health, Florida State University, Tallahassee 32306 2240, USA
    Health (London) 10:95-112. 2006
    ..The significant independent effect of early stress exposure implies that youths who are at greater risk for eventual heavy smoking may be identified at ages considerably younger than peak initiation age...
  43. ncbi Risk factors for nocturia in Taiwanese women aged 20-59 years
    Ching Hung Hsieh
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Taipei Medical University Wan Fang Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan
    Taiwan J Obstet Gynecol 46:166-70. 2007
    ..To assess the risk factors for nocturia among Taiwanese women aged 20-59 years...
  44. pmc Application of respondent driven sampling to collect baseline data on FSWs and MSM for HIV risk reduction interventions in two urban centres in Papua New Guinea
    William Yeka
    Papua New Guinea Institute of Medical Research, Goroka, Papua New Guinea
    J Urban Health 83:i60-72. 2006
    ..Although there were a few problems these were easily remedied and we would recommend RDS for other similar studies in PNG and other developing countries...
  45. ncbi Evaluation of non-response bias in mental health determinants and outcomes in a large sample of pre-adolescents
    Andrea F de Winter
    Department of Psychiatry and Graduate School of Behavioral and Cognitive Neurosciences, University of Groningen, The Netherlands
    Eur J Epidemiol 20:173-81. 2005
    ..We conclude that TRAILS provides a solid basis to improve our understanding of the development of mental health during adolescence...
  46. ncbi Sampling design for the World Health Survey in Brazil
    Mauricio Teixeira Leite de Vasconcellos
    Escola Nacional de Ciências Estatísticas, Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
    Cad Saude Publica 21:89-99. 2005
    ..To reduce bias in regional estimates, a household weighting calibration procedure was used to reduce sample bias in relation to income, sex, and age group...
  47. ncbi Respondent-driven sampling in the recruitment of illicit stimulant drug users in a rural setting: findings and technical issues
    Jichuan Wang
    Center for Interventions, Treatment and Addictions Research Wright State University, Boonshoft School of Medicine, 3640 Colonel Glenn Highway, 110 Med Sci, Dayton, OH 45435, USA
    Addict Behav 32:924-37. 2007
    ..Some limitations of RDS are also discussed...
  48. ncbi Longitudinal study of earthquake-related PTSD in a randomly selected community sample in north China
    X Wang
    Institute of Mental Health, Beijing Medical University, China
    Am J Psychiatry 157:1260-6. 2000
    ..The effects of diagnostic criteria on the frequency of detected PTSD were also examined...
  49. pmc Respondent-driven sampling in a study of drug users in New York City: notes from the field
    Courtney McKnight
    The Baron Edmond de Rothschild Chemical Dependency Institute, Beth Israel Medical Center, New York, NY, USA
    J Urban Health 83:i54-9. 2006
    ..RDS was efficient with respect to time and economics (we did not have to hire an outreach worker) and effective in recruiting a diverse sample of drug users...
  50. ncbi Critical issues and further questions about respondent-driven sampling: comment on Ramirez-Valles, et al. (2005)
    Robert Heimer
    Yale School of Public Health, Yale University, 60 College Street, PO Box 208034, New Haven, Connecticut, USA
    AIDS Behav 9:403-8; discussion 409-13. 2005
    ..Unconvinced that either is the case, the author suggests a method to test if RDS is indeed the gold-standard recruitment strategy for obtaining inclusive and representative samples of hidden populations...
  51. ncbi Cautionary comments on an ethnographic tale gone wrong
    Lawrence J Ouellet
    University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA
    Int J Drug Policy 19:238-40; discussion 246-7. 2008
  52. ncbi "They got their program, and I got mine": a cautionary tale concerning the ethical implications of using respondent-driven sampling to study injection drug users
    Greg Scott
    Department of Sociology, DePaul University, 990 W Fullerton Ave, Ste 1100, Chicago, IL 60614, United States
    Int J Drug Policy 19:42-51. 2008
    ..Ethnographic inquiry illustrates how the design and implementation of RDS invites if not promotes manifold violations of federal guidelines governing human research subject protections...
  53. pmc Notes on a cautionary (tall) tale about respondent-driven sampling: a critique of Scott's ethnography
    Robert S Broadhead
    University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269, USA
    Int J Drug Policy 19:235-7; discussion 246-7. 2008
  54. pmc Methods to recruit hard-to-reach groups: comparing two chain referral sampling methods of recruiting injecting drug users across nine studies in Russia and Estonia
    Lucy Platt
    Centre for Research on Drugs and Health Behaviour, Department of Public Health and Policy, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    J Urban Health 83:i39-53. 2006
  55. doi Clarifying the ethnographer's role in Chicago's HIV behavioural surveillance-injecting drug users cycle, 2005: response to Scott
    Nikhil G Prachand
    STD HIV AIDS Division, Surveillance, Epidemiology and Research Section, Chicago Department of Public Health, Chicago, IL, USA
    Int J Drug Policy 19:244-5; discussion 246-7. 2008
  56. ncbi Reaching and engaging hard-to-reach populations with a high proportion of nonassociative members
    Sue Thompson
    PEALS Research Centre, Newcastle University, United Kingdom
    Qual Health Res 17:1292-303. 2007
    ..They consider previously unreported problems with using membership lists and discuss strategies for finding population members not in contact with others in the population or membership organizations or professionals...
  57. ncbi Respondent-driven sampling to recruit MDMA users: a methodological assessment
    Jichuan Wang
    Center for Interventions, Treatment and Addictions Research, Wright State University School of Medicine, 3640 Colonel Glenn Highway, Dayton, OH 45435, USA
    Drug Alcohol Depend 78:147-57. 2005
    ..RDS has the potential to be widely employed in studies of illicit drug-using populations...
  58. ncbi Psychological reactions in Icelandic earthquake survivors
    Iris Bödvarsdóttir
    Centre for Child Health Services, Reykjavik, Iceland Institute of Psychology, Aarhus University, Denmark
    Scand J Psychol 45:3-13. 2004
    ..When degree of traumatization and emotional coping were added to the model, another 30% of the variance could be explained...
  59. ncbi Social inequality and alcohol consumption-abuse in Bahia, Brazil-- interactions of gender, ethnicity and social class
    Naomar Almeida-Filho
    Instituto de Saude, Coletiva at the Federal University of Bahia, Bahia, Brazil
    Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 40:214-22. 2005
    ..This paper reports findings on Alcohol Consumption-Abuse (ACAb) in Bahia, Brazil, a research setting characterized by racial/ethnic and socioeconomic diversity...
  60. pmc Recruiting injection drug users: a three-site comparison of results and experiences with respondent-driven and targeted sampling procedures
    William T Robinson
    HIV AIDS Program, Louisana Office of Public Health, 1010 Common St 11th floor, New Orleans, LA 70112, USA
    J Urban Health 83:i29-38. 2006
    ..The targeted method required more staff time per-recruited respondent and had a lower proportion of screened respondents who were eligible than RDS, while RDS respondents were offered higher incentives for participation...
  61. ncbi Perspectives of elderly people receiving home help on health, care and quality of life
    Y Hellström
    Department of Science and Health, Blekinge Institute of Technology, SE 371 79 Karlskrona, Sweden
    Health Soc Care Community 9:61-71. 2001
    ..Multiple linear regression analysis showed the number of complaints, restricted ability to be alone, living alone and age to have a significant relationship on low quality of life...
  62. ncbi From networks to populations: the development and application of respondent-driven sampling among IDUs and Latino gay men
    Jesus Ramirez-Valles
    Community Health Sciences, University of Illinois Chicago, School of Public Health, Chicago, IL 60612 4394, USA
    AIDS Behav 9:387-402. 2005
    ..Recruitment differences were observed across cities, but the samples were comparable. RDS showed broader population coverage than TLS, especially among individuals at high risk for HIV...
  63. ncbi Avoidance of dental visits: the predictive validity of three dental anxiety scales
    O Haugejorden
    Department of Odontology Community Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Bergen, Norway
    Acta Odontol Scand 58:255-9. 2000
  64. ncbi Predicting sampling saturation of mtDNA haplotypes: an application to an enlarged Portuguese database
    Luisa Pereira
    IPATIMUP Instituto de Patologia e Imunologia Molecular da Universidade do Porto, R Dr Roberto Frias s n, 4200 465 Porto, Portugal
    Int J Legal Med 118:132-6. 2004
    ..Consequently, we can infer that currently used sample sizes are still rather inadequate for both anthropological and forensic purposes...
  65. ncbi Random digit dialling and Electronic White Pages samples compared: demographic profiles and health estimates
    D H Wilson
    Centre for Population Studies in Epidemiology, Department of Human Services, South Australia
    Aust N Z J Public Health 23:627-33. 1999
    ..In particular, to establish if White Pages telephone listings provide a relatively unbiased sampling frame for population health surveys...
  66. pmc A comparison of cluster and systematic sampling methods for measuring crude mortality
    Angela M C Rose
    Epicentre, Paris, France
    Bull World Health Organ 84:290-6. 2006
    ..To compare the results of two different survey sampling techniques (cluster and systematic) used to measure retrospective mortality on the same population at about the same time...
  67. ncbi Major depression and stages of smoking. A longitudinal investigation
    N Breslau
    Department of Psychiatry, Henry Ford Health Sciences Center, Detroit, Mich, USA
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 55:161-6. 1998
    ..Epidemiologic studies have reported an association between major depression and smoking. This prospective study examines the role of depression in smoking progression and cessation, and the role of smoking in first-onset major depression...
  68. ncbi Cross cultural adaptation and validation of the Arabic version of the Childhood Health Assessment Questionnaire for measuring functional status in children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis
    Y M El Miedany
    Rheumatology and Rehabilitation Department, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt
    Clin Exp Rheumatol 21:387-93. 2003
  69. ncbi Relationship between service effectiveness and satisfaction among persons receiving Medicaid mental health services
    B M Rohland
    Department of Health Services Research and Management at Texas Tech University Health Science Center, Lubbock, Texas 79424, USA
    Psychiatr Serv 51:248-50. 2000
    ..A relationship between service satisfaction and current life satisfaction was observed for persons with schizophrenia, affective disorder and adjustment disorder, but not for persons with anxiety disorder...
  70. pmc Longitudinal variance components models for systolic blood pressure, fitted using Gibbs sampling
    Katrina J Scurrah
    Institute of Genetics and Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Leicester, 22 28 Princess Road, Leicester, LE1 6TP, United Kingdom
    BMC Genet 4:S25. 2003
    ..The first-stage analysis provided evidence for general genetic effects on both the baseline and slope of blood pressure, and the linkage analysis found evidence of several genes, again for both baseline and slope...
  71. ncbi Lay constructions of a family history of heart disease: potential for misunderstandings in the clinical encounter?
    K Hunt
    MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, G12 8RZ, Glasgow, UK
    Lancet 357:1168-71. 2001
    ..However, there has been no systematic investigation of which factors affect whether people regard themselves as having a family history of CHDor not...
  72. pmc Using lot quality assurance sampling to improve immunization coverage in Bangladesh
    Y Tawfik
    Academy for Educational Development, Support for Analysis and Research in Africa SARA Project, 1875 Connecticut Avenue, North West, Washington, DC 20009, USA
    Bull World Health Organ 79:501-5. 2001
    ..To determine areas of low vaccination coverage in five cities in Bangladesh (Chittagong, Dhaka, Khulna, Rajshahi, and Syedpur)...
  73. pmc Evaluation of immunization coverage by lot quality assurance sampling compared with 30-cluster sampling in a primary health centre in India
    J Singh
    National Institute of Communicable Diseases NICD, Delhi, India
    Bull World Health Organ 74:269-74. 1996
    ..However, if LQAS had been applied by local staff in an area with overall high coverage and population subunits with heterogeneous coverage, the method would have been less costly and should have produced useful results...
  74. ncbi Is circulating phospholipase A2 removed by large-pore continuous venovenous hemodiafiltration in septic acute renal failure?
    Yoshiaki Terao
    Intensive Care Unit, Nagasaki Rosai Hospital, Sasebo, Nagasaki, Japan
    Ren Fail 26:127-33. 2004
    ..Because PLA2 clearance with LP-CVVHDF is estimated as <1% of total body PLA2 clearance, LP-CVVHDF could not be a clinically efficient therapy to remove the circulating PLA2...
  75. ncbi Influence of weight and sleep apnea status on immunologic and structural features of the uvula
    Frederic Series
    Unité de Recherche en Pneumologie, Centre de Recherce de l Hopital Laval, Institut Universitaire de Cardiologie et de Pneumologie de l Universite Laval, Quebec, Quebec, Canada
    Am J Respir Crit Care Med 170:1114-9. 2004
  76. ncbi Terminalia arjuna reverses impaired endothelial function in chronic smokers
    Anil Bharani
    Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Mahatma Gandhi Memorial Medical College and Maharaja Yashwant Rao Hospital, Indore
    Indian Heart J 56:123-8. 2004
    ..The present study was aimed to determine whether Terminalia arjuna, an Indian medicinal plant with potent antioxidant constituents, would improve endothelial dysfunction in smokers...
  77. ncbi Diagnostic conscious pain mapping using laparoscopy under local anaesthetic and sedation in general surgical patients
    M G Tytherleigh
    Department of General Surgery and Anaesthetics, Wexham Park Hospital, Slough, UK
    Surgeon 2:157-60. 2004
    ..We present our initial experience of using laparoscopy under local anaesthetic and sedation in the diagnosis of chronic abdominal pain...
  78. ncbi Plasma peptide YY and ghrelin levels in infants and children with Prader-Willi syndrome
    Merlin G Butler
    Section of Medical Genetics and Molecular Medicine, Children s Mercy Hospitals Kansas City, MO 64108, USA
    J Pediatr Endocrinol Metab 17:1177-84. 2004
  79. ncbi Efficacy of concomitant use of PUVA and methotrexate in disease clearance time in plaque type psoriasis
    T Shehzad
    Department of Dermatology, Naval Hospital PNS Shifa, Karachi
    J Pak Med Assoc 54:453-5. 2004
    ..To document the efficacy of concomitant use of PUVA and methotrexate in disease clearance time in plaque type psoriasis...
  80. ncbi Prolactin and growth hormone responses to hypoglycemia in patients with rheumatoid arthritis and ankylosing spondylitis
    Jozef Rovensky
    National Institute of Rheumatic Diseases, Nabr I Krasku 4, 921 23 Piestany, Slovakia
    J Rheumatol 31:2418-21. 2004
    ..Their upregulated secretion may play a role in the pathogenesis of chronic inflammatory diseases. We evaluated PRL and GH responses to secretion stimulus in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and ankylosing spondylitis (AS)...
  81. ncbi Pepsin and carbonic anhydrase isoenzyme III as diagnostic markers for laryngopharyngeal reflux disease
    Nikki Johnston
    Center for Voice and Swallowing Disorders, Department of Otolaryngology, Wake Forest University Health Sciences, Medical Center Boulevard, Winston Salem, NC 27157 1034, U S A
    Laryngoscope 114:2129-34. 2004
    ..The objective was to investigate the potential use of pepsin and carbonic anhydrase isoenzyme III (CA-III) as diagnostic markers for laryngopharyngeal reflux disease...
  82. ncbi Endoscopic hemostasis using fibrin adhesive to treat hemorrhage in the upper digestive system
    Hiroyasu Suga
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Tokyo Women s Medical University, Daini Hospital, Tokyo, Japan
    Surg Today 34:902-6. 2004
    ..We compared the therapeutic results and advantages of using a local injection of fibrin adhesive for endoscopic hemostasis, which we have found more effective than other hemostatic methods...
  83. ncbi High levels of cord serum eosinophil cationic protein predict the risk of atopy
    Emin Mete
    Department of Pediatrics, Fatih University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey
    J Asthma 41:679-82. 2004
    ..Some laboratory studies also revealed that serum IgE, eosinophil cationic protein (ECP) and cord IgE were higher among infants with maternal history of atopy...
  84. ncbi Lack of relation between serum parathyroid hormone levels and erythrocyte osmotic fragility in pediatric patients on peritoneal dialysis
    Celalettin Kosan
    Department of Pediatric Nephrology, Medical Faculty of Ataturk University, Erzurum, Turkey
    Ren Fail 26:683-7. 2004
    ..We conclude that erythrocyte osmotic fragility was normal in pediatric patients on peritoneal dialysis and excess parathyroid hormone levels do not affect erythrocyte osmotic fragility and do not cause anemia...
  85. ncbi Pre-operative Tc-99m-sestamibi scanning and intra-operative nuclear mapping: are they accurate in localizing parathyroid adenomas?
    J Gogas
    2nd Department of Propedeutic Surgery, 1st Department of Internal Medicine, Departments of Nuclear Medicine and Pathology, Athens University Medical School Laiko General Hospital, 17 Ag Thomas Str 115 27 Athens, Greece
    Acta Chir Belg 103:626-30. 2003
    ..Presentation of the results of Tc-99m-sestamibi imaging in the pre-operative localization of parathyroid adenomas and the intra-operative localization of those lesions using a gamma detector (prospective study)...
  86. ncbi The significance of plasma cells in the endometrium
    M K Heatley
    Department of Histopathology, St James University Hospital, Leeds, UK
    J Obstet Gynaecol 25:711-2. 2005
  87. ncbi Jejunoileal bypass reversal: effect on renal function, metabolic parameters and stone formation
    Nivedita Bhatta Dhar
    Glickman Urological Institute, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, Ohio 44195, USA
    J Urol 174:1844-6; discussion 1846. 2005
    ..We evaluated the results of JIB reversal on renal function, the urinary stone milieu and the clinical development of recurrent calculi in affected patients...
  88. ncbi Association between nonalcoholic hepatic steatosis and hepatic cytochrome P-450 3A activity
    Dhanashri Kolwankar
    Division of Clinical Pharmacology, Department of Medicine, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Indiana 46202, USA
    Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol 5:388-93. 2007
    ..There is significant interindividual variability in CYP3A expression. However, human studies that systematically examined the relationship between hepatic steatosis and hepatic CYP3A activity are lacking...
  89. ncbi Effect of zinc gluconate on propionibacterium acnes resistance to erythromycin in patients with inflammatory acne: in vitro and in vivo study
    Brigitte Dreno
    Department of Dermatology, CHU Nantes, 44035 Nantes Cedex 01, France
    Eur J Dermatol 15:152-5. 2005
    ..Thus, association of zinc salts via a systemic route and topical erythromycin treatment seems an interesting option in the light of an increasing number of patients carrying erythromycin resistant Propionibacterium acnes strains...
  90. ncbi Regression of liver fibrosis after biliary drainage in patients with choledocholith: a preliminary report
    Yuan Gao
    Department of Surgery, First Affiliated Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Hangzhou 310003, China
    Hepatobiliary Pancreat Dis Int 4:104-7. 2005
    ..Biliary drainage is an effective treatment for choledocholith. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of biliary drainage on liver fibrosis due to choledocholith...
  91. ncbi Splenocaval versus mesocaval shunt with artificial vascular graft for the treatment of Budd-Chiari syndrome
    Xiao Wei Dang
    Deparment of General Surgery, First Affiliated Hospital, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450052, China
    Hepatobiliary Pancreat Dis Int 4:68-70. 2005
    ..Splenocaval shunt is usually applied to treat intrahepatic portal hypertension, but we used this method to treat patients with B-CS successfully...
  92. ncbi Limitations of dermoscopy in the recognition of melanoma
    Hans Skvara
    Department of Dermatology, Division of General Dermatology, University of Vienna Medical School, Vienna, Austria
    Arch Dermatol 141:155-60. 2005
    ..To compare dermoscopic features of melanocytic nevi with those of early melanomas that were not excised initially because of their uncharacteristic clinical and dermoscopic appearance...
  93. ncbi Three-phase sequential combined treatment with lamivudine and interferon in young patients with chronic hepatitis B
    A Marrone
    Internal Medicine and Hepatology, Second University of Naples, Naples, Italy
    J Viral Hepat 12:186-91. 2005
    ..Lamivudine/IFN combination did not prevent the emergence of YMDD lamivudine resistance. New schedules of antiviral treatments must be evaluated in this population at risk of disease progression...
  94. ncbi Most obstructive sleep apnoea patients exhibit vigilance and attention deficits on an extended battery of tests
    S Mazza
    Sleep and Respiratory Unit, University Hosptial, France
    Eur Respir J 25:75-80. 2005
    ..A single test of vigilance is not sufficient and could underestimate impaired vigilance and attention in some patients...
  95. ncbi Flow patterns in the aortic root and the aorta studied with time-resolved, 3-dimensional, phase-contrast magnetic resonance imaging: implications for aortic valve-sparing surgery
    John Peder Escobar Kvitting
    Department of Clinical Physiology, Linkoping University Hospital, Linkoping, Sweden
    J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 127:1602-7. 2004
    ..Surgical approaches to valve sparing differ with regard to preservation of the native sinuses of Valsalva. The role of the sinuses and the importance of maintaining them remain controversial...
  96. ncbi Impact of splenectomy on the early outcome after oesophagectomy for squamous cell carcinoma of the oesophagus
    I D Kyriazanos
    Second Department of Surgery, Shimane Medical University, Izumo, 693 8501, Japan
    Eur J Surg Oncol 28:113-9. 2002
    ..The aim of the present study was to report the early outcome of patients who underwent oesophagectomy and simultaneous splenectomy due to oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC)...
  97. ncbi Botulinum-a toxin detrusor injection as a novel approach in the treatment of bladder spasticity in children with neurogenic bladder
    H Schulte-Baukloh
    Department of Urology, St Hedwig Hospital, Grosse Hamburger Strasse 5 11, 10115 Berlin, Germany
    Eur Urol 44:139-43. 2003
    ..Surgery, such as bladder augmentation, is often necessary in such cases. To obviate surgery in these high-risk children, we investigated the use of detrusor injection of botulinum-A toxin (Botox)...
  98. ncbi Endovascular stent implantation in patients with stenotic aortoarteriopathies: early and medium-term results
    Ernest S Siwik
    Rainbow Babies and Children s Hospital, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio, USA
    Catheter Cardiovasc Interv 59:380-6. 2003
    ..Gradient reduction persists or is amenable to redilation. Importantly, however, uncomplicated stent implantation does not preclude aneurysm formation and may be more common than in traditional patient groups...
  99. ncbi Acute haemodynamic effects of oestrogen administration in male patients with chronic heart failure
    Stamatis Adamopoulos
    Second Department of Cardiology, Onassis Cardiac Surgery Centre, 356 Syngrou Avenue, 176 74 Athens, Greece
    Eur J Heart Fail 4:719-26. 2002
    ..Although there are many studies concerning the effects of long-term oestrogen administration on systemic haemodynamics in postmenopausal women, the effects of oestrogen in patients with chronic heart failure are not defined...
  100. ncbi Evaluation of left ventricular enlargement in the lateral position of the chest using the Hoffman and Rigler sign
    V Freeman
    Cadiac Unit, Department of Medicine, Tygerberg Hospital and University of Stellenbosch, Stellenbosch, South Africa
    Cardiovasc J S Afr 14:134-7. 2003
    ..To evaluate left ventricular enlargement in the lateral projection of the chest using the Hoffman and Rigler sign...
  101. ncbi Autoantibodies to RNA-polymerases in Italian patients with systemic sclerosis
    A Bardoni
    Department of Biochemistry A Castellani, IRCCS Policlinico San Matteo, University of Pavia, Pavia, Italy
    Clin Exp Rheumatol 21:301-6. 2003
    ..To assess the frequency and clinical correlates of the systemic sclerosis-related autoantibodies to RNA polymerases in Italian patients...

Research Grants63

  1. Vervet Monkey: Modeling Effects of Diet-Induced Obesity on Reproduction
    Alex Joel Polotsky; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..To test the hypothesis that obesity decreases pituitary sensitivity to GnRH, frequent blood sampling studies will be performed for a detailed evaluation of LH pulsatility and response to GnRH...
  2. Epidemiology of Suicidal Behavior in Racially/Ethnically Diverse Older Americans
    AMY LYNN BYERS; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..abstract_text> ..
  3. Interventions to decrease HIV infectiousness in Uganda
    Connie L Celum; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..5) Determine the incremental costs of HBCT and additional components in HBCT-plus for facilitated HIV care and counseling, and estimate the cost-benefit of community viral load reduction. ..
  4. Study of Attitudes and Factors Affecting Infant Care
    Michael J Corwin; Fiscal Year: 2013
  5. Cell phone RDD sampling to reach young adults for tobacco control surveillance
    Cristine D Delnevo; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The proposed research on cell phone sampling will improve the quality and scientific power of data collected on tobacco use behavior among young adults and helps to inform tobacco control programs and policies. ..
  6. Social relationships, economic shocks, sleep and wellbeing among older adults
  7. Alcohol and Energy Drink Use, Expectancies and Sexual Risk Taking
    Kathleen E Miller; Fiscal Year: 2013
  8. Substance Use in Early Adolescence: Risks From Parental SUDS, Parental Separatio
    MARY C WALDRON; Fiscal Year: 2012
  9. Assessing Risk Perceptions of Flavored Small Cigars/Cigarillos Among Young Adults
    Kymberle L Sterling; Fiscal Year: 2013
  10. Cambodia Trauma Survivors: Prevalence &Consequences
    Grant Marshall; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The proposed research seeks to provide information needed to improve mental health services offered to this refugee group. The results of this study should also be applicable to other current and future refugees. ..
  11. Identifying Effective Treatment Strategies for Older Adults with Diabetes
    Deborah J Wexler; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The ultimate goal will be to improve guidelines and overall effectiveness of care for this important, prevalent, and expanding population. ..
  12. Social-Structural Stressors, Resilience and Sexual Risk Behaviors Among Black Men
    INGRID ALISA BOWLEG; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The proposed study is highly responsive to the National HIV/AIDS Strategy's stated goals of reducing HIV incidence in Black men and women. ..
  13. Epidemiology of drugs and HIV sex risk among Latino migrants
    Patricia J Kissinger; Fiscal Year: 2010
  14. Longitudinal Study of Religion and Cancer-Related Behaviors in Black Americans
    Cheryl L Holt; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This could significantly improve effectiveness of programs delivered in faith-based settings, which could have an impact on cancer disparities. ..
  15. NLSY Kinship Links: Reliable and Valid Sibling Identification
    Joseph L Rodgers; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..We document the value of these files to dozens, and potentially hundreds, of research teams who conduct family research using the NLSY datasets. ..
  16. Developmental Patterns of Internalizing and Externalizing Problems in Young Adole
    Hazel M Prelow; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Understanding factors that differentiate between those who develop emotional and behavioral problems and those who do not could lead to effective interventions for this population. ..
  17. Outcome Dependent Sampling Studies of Longitudinal Data: Design and Analysis
    ..These designs will permit efficient parameter estimation at reduced study costs. ..
  18. GENORM: Collection of Genotypic Data for the NIH Toolbox Norming Sample
    Richard Gershon; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..abstract_text> ..
    JAMES STRAIN; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..This study may increase physicians' awareness of psychiatric disorders in the hospitalized elderly, and potentially induce insurors to assume the cost of early psychiatric intervention in the medically ill...
  20. Neighborhood SES and Emotional Distress in Old Age
    CAROL ANESHENSEL; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..We hypothesize that the most negative health effects of living in areas of socioeconomic disadvantage will be among those who consistently live in such areas over time, and those who live in areas that deteriorate over time. ..
  21. Exposure to Indoor Air Pollutants and Birth Outcomes
    Amna Siddiqui; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Since use of wood is prevalent and risk of LBW is high, this study will explain a large proportion of LBW. Results will have significant implications of preventing this outcome. ..
  22. Mental Health Effects of the Khmer Rouge Trials in Cambodia
    JEFFREY H SONIS; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Since individually-oriented treatments, such as medications, may be inadequate to meet public mental health needs in societies exposed to war or terrorism, tribunals may be useful and cost-effective mental health interventions. ..
    ANDRE NAHMIAS; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..One or more of these possible approaches - vaccines, chemoprophylaxis, or barrier methods - will be studied during the course of this program...
  24. Extended Work Schedules and Workplace Injury in Nurses
    Alison Trinkoff; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Identifying organizational variables related to nurse's health that, if modified, could reduce the likelihood of worker injury is key to maximizing the quality of health care while maintaining a healthy workforce. ..
  25. Genetic Epidemiology of Causal Variants Across the Life Course
    Kari E North; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Genomic assays will be conducted as needed to further characterize the reported associations. ..
    TONI RICHARDS; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..Methods will include multivariate logistic regressions. The analyses will also include study of item nonresponse and estimation of the direction of biases introduced by underreporting of drug use and abortions...
  27. Fluctuations in Self-Control Capacity
    ERIN KATHLEEN DAVISSON; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..proposed work makes use of self-report measures of state self-control in the context of diary and experience sampling studies to glean a more accurate representation of the variation people experience in their capacity to exhibit self-..
    GWENDOLYN ZAHNER; Fiscal Year: 2001
    Pamela Clark; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Finally, it will provide tools for communities and policy-makers to use to perform continuous monitoring of the retail environment. ..
    Camille Wortman; Fiscal Year: 1993
    JONG MIN; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..abstract_text> ..
    Gerald Nestadt; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..The importance of the design is that these measures will be unhindered by the bias of the clinic and that of the questionnaire...
    Randolph Nesse; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..We anticipate that this effort to make the data available to other researchers in a form that they can use will result in significant, and likely unforeseen, advances in our understanding of bereavement. ..
  34. College Attendance and Heavy Drinking in Young Adulthood
    Mallie Paschall; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Findings of this study will help to inform prevention strategies targeting college students and other young adults at high risk for alcohol-related problems. ..
  35. Periodontal Therapy: Effects on Glycemic Control in Community Health Centers
    George Taylor; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
    William Barnett; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..In sum, the study will establish a new baseline of information on families of retarded children...
  37. Teens and Exposure to HIV Risk on the Web
    Ralph DiClemente; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Given the controversy surrounding teens' exposure to sexual content on the Web, there is a compelling need to examine the impact of these exposures on teens' sexual health. ..
    KATHERINE FORREST; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..The results of the study will have implications for understanding and influencing condom use by Hispanic males and other male populations, and will increase understanding of health- protective behaviors...
  39. Oral Health Disparities: Actions Taken About Pain
    Joseph Riley; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This information has important health policy implications for reducing the race and ethnic disparities in oral health through interventions that facilitate access to care and utilization of appropriate services. ..
    CLAIRE ANDREWS; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..The chronological relationship of key outcomes in the population served by the FNS to appropriate socioeconomic and environmental factors since 1925 will be shown in a graphical format...
  41. Clusters of Drug Involvement in Chile
    James Anthony; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The proposed work will enhance the U.S. RO1 project and will strengthen the epidemiology research capacities of the University of Chile research team. ..
    Kay Weiler; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..The investigator or an assistant will be assigned to each hospital to obtain informed consent for the research. ..
    Hector Bird; Fiscal Year: 1990
    Mary Tinetti; Fiscal Year: 2002
  45. Children of HIV-Infected Adults
    Mark Schuster; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..g., decision-making processes related to disclosure of parental HIV to children and guardianship planning). We will compare the parent and child perspectives on the impact of HIV on families and, in particular, on children. ..
    Lillian Gelberg; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..We will bridge the gap between research and prevention by using the Theory of Planned Behavior to understand protective behaviors used by homeless adults to avoid exposure to infectious diseases. ..
    Cheryl Cherpitel; Fiscal Year: 2003
  48. Screening for STDs using home sampling in Estonia
    Anneli Uuskula; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This information will allow us to identify STD infected individuals, and to develop selective screening criteria to be used in general population studies and screening programs in Estonia. ..
    LOIS VERBRUGGE; Fiscal Year: 1980
    Mark Rosenzweig; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The results of the project will provide quantitative evidence on the relative importance of economic growth, technological change and increased investments in human resource programs in affecting demographic change. ..
  51. Valid Inference for Respondent Driven Sampling of Hidden Networked Populations
    MARK STEPHEN HANDCOCK; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The purpose of this grant is to improve these kinds of estimates as current estimation practices are known to be problematic. ..
    Naomi Breslau; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..4) identifying a new population of physically disabled children and their families for an investigation of specific mechanisms in the genesis of psychiatric disorder in children at risk because of physical disease...
    Frances Hayes; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..defect induced in the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal (HPG) axis by insulin resistance using frequent blood sampling studies as well as GnRH and hCG testing after endogenous gonadotropin blockade with a GnRH antagonist; and iii) ..
    Sandra Wilson; Fiscal Year: 1999
    Richard Jones; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..abstract_text> ..
    Scott Menard; Fiscal Year: 2004
    Joseph Catania; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..By measuring absolute levels of risk and by identifying the determinants of risk for HIV transmission within this population, our ability to design effective AIDS prevention campaigns for older Americans will be qualitatively improved...
    Eleanor Stoller; Fiscal Year: 1991
  59. Alcohol and Homeless Youth: A Longitudinal Comparison
    Paul Toro; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..For example, supporting a social learning perspective, we have found that family relations, school problems, and deviant peers all have roles in the development of alcohol use/abuse. ..
    Martin Shapiro; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..The data will be made available for public use, and the project's investigators will respond rapidly to policy-related requests for data and additional studies. ..
  61. Gender & Symptom Differences in Acute Coronary Syndromes
    HOLLI DEVON; Fiscal Year: 2004
  62. Pilot Study for a National Survey of Migration in China
    DONALD TREIMAN; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
    Rochelle Hanson; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..Finally, since tracking information is gathered on respondents, the requested RAPID grant funds constitute seed money for a potential longer term follow-up (one or two years)...