intervention studies

Summary

Summary: Epidemiologic investigations designed to test a hypothesized cause-effect relation by modifying the supposed causal factor(s) in the study population.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Evaluation of a website-delivered computer-tailored intervention for increasing physical activity in the general population
    Heleen Spittaels
    Policy Research Centre Sport, Physical Activity and Health, Belgium
    Prev Med 44:209-17. 2007
  2. ncbi Psychosocial benefits of three formats of a standardized behavioral stress management program
    Elizabeth D Kirby
    Williams LifeSkills, Inc, Durham, North Carolina, USA
    Psychosom Med 68:816-23. 2006
  3. ncbi Effectiveness of an online computer-tailored physical activity intervention in a real-life setting
    Heleen Spittaels
    Policy Research Centre Sports, Physical Activity and Health, Belgium
    Health Educ Res 22:385-96. 2007
  4. ncbi What can intervention studies tell us about the relationship between fruit and vegetable consumption and weight management?
    Barbara J Rolls
    The Pennsylvania State University, Department of Nutritional Sciences, 226 Henderson Building, University Park, PA 16802 6501, USA
    Nutr Rev 62:1-17. 2004
  5. ncbi Improving patients' communication with doctors: a systematic review of intervention studies
    Jane Harrington
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioural Sciences, University College London, Wolfson Building, 48 Riding House Street, W1N 8AA, London, UK
    Patient Educ Couns 52:7-16. 2004
  6. pmc Why don't we see more translation of health promotion research to practice? Rethinking the efficacy-to-effectiveness transition
    Russell E Glasgow
    Kaiser Permanente Colorado, USA
    Am J Public Health 93:1261-7. 2003
  7. ncbi Physical activity and psychological well-being in advanced age: a meta-analysis of intervention studies
    Yael Netz
    School of Exercise and Sport Sciences, Zinman College of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Wingate Institute 42902, Netanta, Israel
    Psychol Aging 20:272-84. 2005
  8. ncbi Natural experiments: an underused tool for public health?
    M Petticrew
    MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, 4 Lilybank Gardens, Glasgow G12 8RZ, UK
    Public Health 119:751-7. 2005
  9. ncbi Optimal recall period for caregiver-reported illness in risk factor and intervention studies: a multicountry study
    Benjamin F Arnold
    Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley, 101 Haviland Hall, MC7538, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 177:361-70. 2013
  10. pmc Workplace restructurings in intervention studies - a challenge for design, analysis and interpretation
    Ole Olsen
    National Research Centre for Working Environment, Lersø Parkallé 105, DK 2100 Copenhagen, Denmark
    BMC Med Res Methodol 8:39. 2008

Detail Information

Publications309 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Evaluation of a website-delivered computer-tailored intervention for increasing physical activity in the general population
    Heleen Spittaels
    Policy Research Centre Sport, Physical Activity and Health, Belgium
    Prev Med 44:209-17. 2007
    ..To examine if a website-delivered physical activity intervention, that provides participants with computer-tailored feedback, can improve physical activity in the general population...
  2. ncbi Psychosocial benefits of three formats of a standardized behavioral stress management program
    Elizabeth D Kirby
    Williams LifeSkills, Inc, Durham, North Carolina, USA
    Psychosom Med 68:816-23. 2006
    ....
  3. ncbi Effectiveness of an online computer-tailored physical activity intervention in a real-life setting
    Heleen Spittaels
    Policy Research Centre Sports, Physical Activity and Health, Belgium
    Health Educ Res 22:385-96. 2007
    ..In conclusion, although tailored advice was appreciated more than standard advice, no evidence was found that an online-tailored physical activity intervention program outperformed online standard information...
  4. ncbi What can intervention studies tell us about the relationship between fruit and vegetable consumption and weight management?
    Barbara J Rolls
    The Pennsylvania State University, Department of Nutritional Sciences, 226 Henderson Building, University Park, PA 16802 6501, USA
    Nutr Rev 62:1-17. 2004
    ..This approach may facilitate weight loss because it emphasizes positive messages rather than negative, restrictive messages...
  5. ncbi Improving patients' communication with doctors: a systematic review of intervention studies
    Jane Harrington
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioural Sciences, University College London, Wolfson Building, 48 Riding House Street, W1N 8AA, London, UK
    Patient Educ Couns 52:7-16. 2004
    A systematic review of the literature examined intervention studies designed to increase patients' participation in medical consultations. Twenty-five papers describing twenty studies met the inclusion criteria...
  6. pmc Why don't we see more translation of health promotion research to practice? Rethinking the efficacy-to-effectiveness transition
    Russell E Glasgow
    Kaiser Permanente Colorado, USA
    Am J Public Health 93:1261-7. 2003
    ..Recommendations are offered to help close the gap between efficacy and effectiveness research and to guide evaluation and possible adoption of new programs...
  7. ncbi Physical activity and psychological well-being in advanced age: a meta-analysis of intervention studies
    Yael Netz
    School of Exercise and Sport Sciences, Zinman College of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Wingate Institute 42902, Netanta, Israel
    Psychol Aging 20:272-84. 2005
    ..0.38), and improvements in cardiovascular status, strength, and functional capacity were linked to well-being improvement overall. Social-cognitive theory is used to explain the effect of physical activity on well-being...
  8. ncbi Natural experiments: an underused tool for public health?
    M Petticrew
    MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, 4 Lilybank Gardens, Glasgow G12 8RZ, UK
    Public Health 119:751-7. 2005
    ..This paper discusses some of the benefits and limitations of using this type of evidence, drawing on two ongoing quasi-experimental studies as examples...
  9. ncbi Optimal recall period for caregiver-reported illness in risk factor and intervention studies: a multicountry study
    Benjamin F Arnold
    Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley, 101 Haviland Hall, MC7538, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 177:361-70. 2013
    ..In contrast to the current practice of using 2-day recall periods, this work suggests that studies should measure caregiver-reported illness with a 7-day recall period...
  10. pmc Workplace restructurings in intervention studies - a challenge for design, analysis and interpretation
    Ole Olsen
    National Research Centre for Working Environment, Lersø Parkallé 105, DK 2100 Copenhagen, Denmark
    BMC Med Res Methodol 8:39. 2008
    ..The objective of this paper is to describe the (lack of) stability in units of analysis in occupational health and safety intervention projects directed toward worksites...
  11. ncbi Obesity and the Mediterranean diet: a systematic review of observational and intervention studies
    G Buckland
    Unit of Nutrition, Environment and Cancer, Epidemiological Research Programme, Catalan Institute of Oncology IDIBELL, Barcelona, Spain
    Obes Rev 9:582-93. 2008
    ..These included seven cross-sectional, three cohort and 11 intervention studies. Of these, 13 studies reported that Mediterranean diet adherence was significantly related to less ..
  12. pmc Using Intervention Mapping to develop a programme to prevent sexually transmittable infections, including HIV, among heterosexual migrant men
    Mireille E G Wolfers
    Municipal Public Health Service Rotterdam Area, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    BMC Public Health 7:141. 2007
    ....
  13. pmc Does periodontal treatment improve glycemic control in diabetic patients? A meta-analysis of intervention studies
    S J Janket
    Department of General Dentistry, Boston University, Goldman School of Dental Medicine, 100 East Newton Street, Boston, MA 02118, USA
    J Dent Res 84:1154-9. 2005
    ..We initiated this meta-analysis of 10 intervention studies to quantify the effects of periodontal treatment on HbA1c level among diabetic patients, to explore ..
  14. ncbi A pilot church-based weight loss program for African-American adults using church members as health educators: a comparison of individual and group intervention
    Betty M Kennedy
    Health Behavior Dept, Pennington Biomedical Research Center, 6400 Perkins Road, Baton Rouge, LA 70808, USA
    Ethn Dis 15:373-8. 2005
    ..The purpose of this study was to examine a church-based intervention employing a 6-month pilot weight loss program as a strategy to improve health of African-American adults...
  15. ncbi Increasing outpatient treatment of mild community-acquired pneumonia: systematic review and meta-analysis
    J D Chalmers
    Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK
    Eur Respir J 37:858-64. 2011
    ..patients with community-acquired pneumonia treated in the community, we conducted a systematic review of intervention studies conducted between 1981-2010...
  16. ncbi The California active aging community grant program: translating science into practice to promote physical activity in older adults
    Steven P Hooker
    Prevention Research Center, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC 29208, USA
    Ann Behav Med 29:155-65. 2005
    ..Attempts to study the translation of evidence-based physical activity interventions in community settings are scarce...
  17. ncbi New interventions to increase influenza vaccination rates in health care workers
    Anna Llupià
    Preventive Medicine and Epidemiology Unit, Institut d Investigacions Biomediques August Pi i Sunyer, Hospital Clinic of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
    Am J Infect Control 38:476-81. 2010
    ..The objective of this study was to determine whether an active vaccination campaign promoting communication among HCWs increased influenza vaccination coverage rates and permitted a shorter campaign...
  18. pmc The health impacts of housing improvement: a systematic review of intervention studies from 1887 to 2007
    Hilary Thomson
    MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, 4 Lilybank Gardens, Glasgow, UK, G12 8RZ
    Am J Public Health 99:S681-92. 2009
    ..We conducted a systematic review of the health impacts of housing improvement...
  19. pmc Feasibility, acceptability, and preliminary efficacy of the unity workshop: an internalized stigma reduction intervention for African American women living with HIV
    Deepa Rao
    Department of Global Health, International Training and Education Center for Health, University of Washington, Seattle, USA
    AIDS Patient Care STDS 26:614-20. 2012
    ..prevalence and impact of internalized stigma among African American women living with HIV, but there are no intervention studies investigating stigma reduction strategies in this population...
  20. ncbi Early intervention studies in infants and preschool children with cystic fibrosis: are we ready?
    Stephen Stick
    Princess Margaret Hospital for Children and University of Western Australia, Perth, Western Australia 6005, Australia
    Eur Respir J 42:527-38. 2013
    ..This could be a crucial step to further improve outcomes in CF patients as initiating effective treatment early is considered essential to prevent permanent lung damage. ..
  21. pmc Effect of a community popular opinion leader HIV/STI intervention on stigma in urban, coastal Peru
    Sean D Young
    Department of Family Medicine, University of California at Los Angeles, 10880 Wilshire Blvd, Suite 1800, Los Angeles, CA 90024, USA
    AIDS Behav 15:930-7. 2011
    ..No significant differences were found within movidas. Findings suggest that interventions designed to normalize HIV prevention behaviors and HIV communication can reduce HIV-related stigma and change community norms...
  22. pmc Indoor environmental exposures for children with asthma enrolled in the HEAL study, post-Katrina New Orleans
    L Faye Grimsley
    School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, Tulane University, New Orleans, Louisiana, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 120:1600-6. 2012
    ..Rain and flooding from Hurricane Katrina resulted in widespread growth of mold and bacteria and production of allergens in New Orleans, Louisiana, which may have led to increased exposures and morbidity in children with asthma...
  23. pmc The Head-off Environmental Asthma in Louisiana (HEAL) study--methods and study population
    Patricia C Chulada
    Clinical Research Program, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 120:1592-9. 2012
    ..In the city of New Orleans, Louisiana, and surrounding parishes (NOLA), children with asthma were perilously impacted by Hurricane Katrina as a result of disrupted health care, high home mold and allergen levels, and high stress...
  24. ncbi The short-term impacts of a schooling conditional cash transfer program on the sexual behavior of young women
    Sarah Baird
    Department of Global Health, George Washington University, Washington, DC, USA
    Health Econ 19:55-68. 2010
    ..Overall, these results suggest that CCT programs not only serve as useful tools for improving school attendance but may also reduce sexual activity, teen pregnancy, and early marriage...
  25. ncbi The potential association between fruit intake and body weight--a review
    S Alinia
    Department of Nutrition, National Food Institute, Technical University of Denmark, Søborg, Denmark
    Obes Rev 10:639-47. 2009
    ..Two of the intervention studies showed that fruit intake reduced body weight, five of the prospective observational studies showed that ..
  26. pmc Active Mothers Postpartum: a randomized controlled weight-loss intervention trial
    Truls Østbye
    Department of Community and Family Medicine, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27710, USA
    Am J Prev Med 37:173-80. 2009
    ..Pregnancy may contribute to overweight and obesity...
  27. pmc Family-based treatment of severe pediatric obesity: randomized, controlled trial
    Melissa A Kalarchian
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA
    Pediatrics 124:1060-8. 2009
    ..We evaluated the efficacy of family-based, behavioral weight control in the management of severe pediatric obesity...
  28. ncbi Prevention of coronary heart disease by diet and lifestyle: evidence from prospective cross-cultural, cohort, and intervention studies
    Daan Kromhout
    Division of Public Health Research, National Institute of Public Health and the Environment, Bilthoven, The Netherlands
    Circulation 105:893-8. 2002
  29. ncbi Effects of worksite physical exercise intervention on physical fitness, perceived health status, and work ability among home care workers: five-year follow-up
    T Pohjonen
    Department of Physiology, Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, FIN 01620 Vantaa, Finland
    Prev Med 32:465-75. 2001
    ..The effects and constancy of a worksite physical exercise intervention were examined in relation to the physical fitness, perceived health status, and work ability of female service workers during periods of 1 and 5 years...
  30. ncbi Exploring refinements in targeted behavioral medicine intervention to advance public health
    Abby C King
    Stanford Prevention Research Center, Department of Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
    Ann Behav Med 35:251-60. 2008
    ..Similar to other fields, a targeted behavioral medicine perspective can aid decision-making related to participant-intervention matching...
  31. pmc Ethical complexities of screening for depression and intimate partner violence (IPV) in intervention studies
    Victoria J Palmer
    Primary Care Research Unit, The Department of General Practice, The University of Melbourne, Carlton, Victoria 3056, Australia
    BMC Public Health 11:S3. 2011
    b>Intervention studies for depression and intimate partner violence (IPV) commonly incorporate screening to identify eligible participants...
  32. ncbi Exercise in the prevention of falls in older people: a systematic literature review examining the rationale and the evidence
    N D Carter
    Department of Family Practice, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
    Sports Med 31:427-38. 2001
    ..Further investigation, using trials designed with the current limitations in mind, is necessary to establish the optimum exercise programme to maximise fall prevention in older adults...
  33. pmc HIV/AIDS behavioral interventions in China: a literature review and recommendation for future research
    Yan Hong
    Department of Social and Behavioral Health, School of Rural Public Health, Texas A and M Health Science Center, 1266 TAMU, College Station, TX 77843, USA
    AIDS Behav 13:603-13. 2009
    ..The existing intervention studies document strong evidence of controlling HIV/AIDS epidemic through effective behavioral intervention...
  34. pmc A process evaluation of a worksite vitality intervention among ageing hospital workers
    Jorien E Strijk
    Department of Public and Occupational Health, EMGO Institute for Health and Care Research, VU University Medical Center, Van der Boechorststraat 7, 1081 BT Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 8:58. 2011
    ..Further, the differences between intervention locations were evaluated...
  35. pmc Frailty Intervention Trial (FIT)
    Nicola Fairhall
    Rehabilitation Studies Unit, Faculty of Medicine, The University of Sydney, Sydney Australia
    BMC Geriatr 8:27. 2008
    ..We aim to establish the effects of this intervention on frailty, mobility, hospitalisation and institutionalisation in frail older people...
  36. ncbi Nutrition and physical activity in child care: results from an environmental intervention
    Dianne S Ward
    Department of Nutrition, Center for Health Promotion and Disease Prevention, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599, USA
    Am J Prev Med 35:352-6. 2008
    ..Few environmental interventions exist, and none target both diet and physical activity. The Nutrition and Physical Activity Self-Assessment for Child Care (NAP SACC) intervention was developed to fill this research and practice gap...
  37. pmc The effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of opportunistic screening and stepped care interventions for older hazardous alcohol users in primary care (AESOPS) - a randomised control trial protocol
    Simon Coulton
    Centre for Health Service Studies, University of Kent, Canterbury, UK
    BMC Health Serv Res 8:129. 2008
    ....
  38. pmc Implementation of evidence-based asthma interventions in post-Katrina New Orleans: the Head-off Environmental Asthma in Louisiana (HEAL) study
    Herman Mitchell
    Rho Federal Systems Division, Inc, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27517, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 120:1607-12. 2012
    ..In August 2005, Hurricane Katrina created an environmental disaster that led to high levels of mold and other allergens and disrupted health care for children with asthma...
  39. ncbi Effects of one serving of mixed nuts on serum lipids, insulin resistance and inflammatory markers in patients with the metabolic syndrome
    P Casas-Agustench
    Human Nutrition Unit, Hospital Universitari Sant Joan de Reus, IISPV, Rovira i Virgili University, Reus, Spain
    Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis 21:126-35. 2011
    ..Knowledge of the effect of nut consumption on metabolic syndrome (MetS) components is limited. We assessed the effects of nut intake on adiposity, serum lipids, insulin resistance, and inflammatory biomarkers in patients with MetS...
  40. pmc Review of intervention studies promoting physical activity in Hispanic women
    Adriana Perez
    Arizona State University, Phoenix, USA
    West J Nurs Res 32:341-62. 2010
    The objectives of this review are to (a) provide a comprehensive review and evaluation of intervention studies designed to promote physical activity among Hispanic women and (b) provide recommendations for future research involving ..
  41. ncbi 100% adherence study: educational workshops vs. video sessions to improve adherence among ART-naïve patients in Salvador, Brazil
    Marcia Sampaio-Sa
    Federal University of Bahia, Salvador, Bahia, Brazil
    AIDS Behav 12:S54-62. 2008
    ..8% and 61.8% using ITT, respectively. No differences were found in self-reported adherence, viral load or pharmacy records between groups. We found that the educational workshop intervention does not increase adherence to ART...
  42. pmc The NOURISH randomised control trial: positive feeding practices and food preferences in early childhood - a primary prevention program for childhood obesity
    Lynne A Daniels
    School of Public Health, Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia
    BMC Public Health 9:387. 2009
    ....
  43. ncbi Confounding in publications of observational intervention studies
    Rolf H H Groenwold
    Julius Center for Health Sciences and Primary Care, University Medical Center, Universiteitsweg 100, STR 6 118, 3584 GC, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Eur J Epidemiol 22:413-5. 2007
    We conducted a systematic literature search in Medline to assess the proportion of observational intervention studies appreciating confounding bias in peer-reviewed medical literature from 1985 through 2005...
  44. ncbi Measles vaccination improves the equity of health outcomes: evidence from Bangladesh
    David Bishai
    Department of Population and Family Health Sciences, Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21030, USA
    Health Econ 12:415-9. 2003
    ..This paper asks whether measles vaccination can reduce socioeconomic differentials in under five mortality rates (U5MR) in a setting characterized by extreme poverty and high levels of childhood mortality...
  45. ncbi Poor quality of reporting confounding bias in observational intervention studies: a systematic review
    Rolf H H Groenwold
    Julius Center for Health Sciences and Primary Care, University Medical Center Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Ann Epidemiol 18:746-51. 2008
    ..To systematically review observational studies on medical interventions to determine the quality of reporting of confounding...
  46. ncbi Improved preventive care in family practices with outreach facilitation: understanding success and failure
    William Hogg
    Department of Family Medicine, University of Ottawa, 43 Bruyere Street 375 Etage 3JB, Ottawa, Ontario K1N 5C8, Canada
    J Health Serv Res Policy 7:195-201. 2002
    ..To understand why some family practices with a facilitator improved preventive performance more than others. Sustainability of practice improvements one year after the intervention was also explored...
  47. pmc Is provider training effective? Changes in attitudes towards smoking cessation counseling and counseling behaviors of home health care nurses
    Belinda Borrelli
    The Miriam Hospital and Brown Medical School, Providence, RI 02903, USA
    Prev Med 46:358-63. 2008
    ..We prospectively examined whether training home health care nurses is associated with changes in attitudes towards smoking cessation counseling and counseling behaviors...
  48. ncbi Improving prevention in primary care: evaluating the effectiveness of outreach facilitation
    W Hogg
    Department of Family Medicine, University of Ottawa, Canada
    Fam Pract 25:40-8. 2008
    ..There is evidence indicating that outreach facilitation can be effective in improving implementation of preventive care in GPs' offices. In this trial, we test a modified version of an outreach facilitation intervention...
  49. ncbi Outpatient weight management in African-Americans: the Healthy Eating and Lifestyle Program (HELP) study
    Shiriki K Kumanyika
    Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 19104 6021, USA
    Prev Med 41:488-502. 2005
    ..Effective clinical weight management approaches are needed to reach African-Americans...
  50. ncbi Effects of early childhood supplementation with and without stimulation on later development in stunted Jamaican children
    S M Grantham-McGregor
    Tropical Metabolism Research Unit, University of the West Indies, Kingston, Jamaica
    Am J Clin Nutr 66:247-53. 1997
    ..The stunted control group had significantly lower scores than the nonstunted children on most tests. Stunted children's heights and head circumferences on enrollment significantly predicted intelligence quotient at follow-up...
  51. ncbi Telephone interventions for physical activity and dietary behavior change: a systematic review
    Elizabeth G Eakin
    Cancer Prevention Research Centre, School of Population Health, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia
    Am J Prev Med 32:419-34. 2007
    ..For this purpose, telephone counseling interventions have considerable potential...
  52. ncbi Impact of ambulatory, family-focused teamwork intervention on glycemic control in youth with type 1 diabetes
    Lori M B Laffel
    Pediatric and Adolescent Unit, the Behavioral Research and Mental Health Section, Joslin Diabetes Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA
    J Pediatr 142:409-16. 2003
    ..To evaluate an ambulatory, family-focused intervention aimed at optimizing..
  53. ncbi Social support in diabetes: a systematic review of controlled intervention studies
    Henk A van Dam
    Maastricht University, Department of General Practice, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Patient Educ Couns 59:1-12. 2005
    ..More well-designed research testing the effects of specific social support interventions on patient self-care, lifestyle adaptations, and outcomes of diabetes care, is warranted...
  54. pmc Comparative effectiveness of asthma interventions within a practice based research network
    Hazel Tapp
    Department of Family Medicine, Carolinas HealthCare System, 2001 Vail Avenue, Charlotte, NC 28207, USA
    BMC Health Serv Res 11:188. 2011
    ....
  55. ncbi An evaluation of an Internet-delivered eating disorder prevention program for adolescents and their parents
    Jennifer Bruning Brown
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University, 401 Quarry Road, Stanford, California 94305 5722, USA
    J Adolesc Health 35:290-6. 2004
    ..To evaluate the effectiveness of Student Bodies, an Internet-delivered eating disorder prevention program for adolescents, and a supplemental program for their parents...
  56. ncbi The effect of a primary care exercise intervention for rural women
    Bonnie J Sherman
    The Women s Health Unit, Evans Department of Medicine, and the Women s Health Interdisciplinary Research Center, Boston University Medical Center, Boston, MA 02118, USA
    Prev Med 44:198-201. 2007
    ..Rural women have limited exercise opportunities and significant barriers to engaging in physical activity. This study assessed the effect of a brief primary care based walking intervention in rural women...
  57. pmc Enhancing return-to-work in cancer patients, development of an intervention and design of a randomised controlled trial
    Sietske J Tamminga
    Coronel Institute of Occupational Health, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    BMC Cancer 10:345. 2010
    ..The feasibility of the intervention and direct and indirect costs will be determined. Outcomes will be assessed by a questionnaire at baseline and at 6, 12, 18, and 24 months after baseline...
  58. ncbi Impact of health education on knowledge and attitudes of Saudi paramedical students toward HIV/AIDS
    Yagob Y Al-Mazrou
    Preventive Medicine Department and the parasitic and Infectious Diseases, Ministry of Health, Riyadh 11176, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia yalmazrou hotmail com
    Saudi Med J 26:1788-95. 2005
    ..To assess the impact of health education on the knowledge and attitudes of paramedical students in Saudi Arabia toward HIV/AIDS...
  59. ncbi Nursing intervention studies: a descriptive analysis of issues important to clinicians
    Sarah Jo Brown
    Practice Research Integrations, P O Box 125, Norwich, VT 05055, USA
    Res Nurs Health 25:317-27. 2002
    ..Recommendations have been made in the research literature regarding how to conduct and report intervention studies so as to produce knowledge regarding these questions...
  60. pmc A community based participatory approach to improving health in a Hispanic population
    Michael F Dulin
    Department of Family Medicine, Carolinas HealthCare System, 2001 Vail Avenue, Charlotte, NC 28207 USA
    Implement Sci 6:38. 2011
    ....
  61. ncbi A systematic review of school-based smoking prevention trials with long-term follow-up
    Sarah E Wiehe
    Child Health Services Research, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN, USA
    J Adolesc Health 36:162-9. 2005
    ..The purpose of this study was to conduct a systematic review of rigorously evaluated interventions for school-based smoking prevention with long-term follow-up data...
  62. ncbi Analyzing weight loss intervention studies with missing data: which methods should be used?
    Marijka J Batterham
    National Institute of Applied Statistics Research Australia, University of Wollongong, New South Wales, Australia
    Nutrition 29:1024-9. 2013
    ..The aim of this study was to identify methods in the literature and to compare the effects of methods of analysis using simulated data sets...
  63. ncbi Research findings from nonpharmaceutical intervention studies for pandemic influenza and current gaps in the research
    Allison E Aiello
    Center for Social Epidemiology and Population Health, Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Michigan, 1415 Washington Heights, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
    Am J Infect Control 38:251-8. 2010
    ..Large-scale intervention studies conducted over multiple influenza epidemics, as well as smaller studies in controlled laboratory settings, ..
  64. ncbi Is there a need for a minimum data set for nutritional intervention studies in older persons?
    John E Morley
    J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 59:722-3. 2004
  65. ncbi The behavioral determinants of exercise: implications for physical activity interventions
    N E Sherwood
    Division of Epidemiology, University of Minnesota, School of Public Health, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55454 1015, USA
    Annu Rev Nutr 20:21-44. 2000
    ....
  66. ncbi Lifestyle intervention can prevent weight gain during menopause: results from a 5-year randomized clinical trial
    Laurey R Simkin-Silverman
    Department of Epidemiology, Graduate School of Public Health, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15261, USA
    Ann Behav Med 26:212-20. 2003
    ..The efficacy of a dietary and physical activity lifestyle intervention to prevent weight gain and elevations in cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors from the peri- to postmenopause is unknown...
  67. ncbi A systematic review of pre-surgical exercise intervention studies with cancer patients
    Favil Singh
    Edith Cowan University Health and Wellness Institute, Edith Cowan University, 270 Joondalup Drive, Joondalup, Perth, Western Australia 6027, Australia
    Surg Oncol 22:92-104. 2013
    ....
  68. ncbi A systematic review of smoking cessation intervention studies in China
    Sun S Kim
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA, USA
    Nicotine Tob Res 14:891-9. 2012
    ..This paper summarizes findings of studies in order to compare the effect of pharmacotherapy, counseling, and Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) approaches on the abstinence rate...
  69. ncbi Exercise-training intervention studies in competitive swimming
    Stian Thoresen Aspenes
    K G Jebsen Center of Exercise in Medicine and Department of Circulation and Medical Imaging, Faculty of Medicine, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway
    Sports Med 42:527-43. 2012
    ..From a structured literature search we found 17 controlled intervention studies that covered strength or resistance training, assisted sprint swimming, arms-only training, leg-kick ..
  70. ncbi Focus groups as an intervention for low-income African American smokers to promote participation in subsequent intervention studies
    Monica S Webb
    Department of Psychology, Center for Health and Behavior, Syracuse University, 430 Huntington Hall, Syracuse, NY 13244 2340, USA
    Res Nurs Health 31:141-51. 2008
    ..One-session focus groups among low-income African American smokers appear to facilitate cognitive changes and participation in RCTs...
  71. ncbi The role of choice in health education intervention trials: a review and case study
    Mary R Janevic
    Department of Health Behavior and Health Education, School of Public Health, University of Michigan, 1420 Washington Heights, 48109 2029, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
    Soc Sci Med 56:1581-94. 2003
    ..Several predictors of format preference were also identified, with important implications for targeting disease-management education to this population...
  72. pmc Lack of uniform diagnostic criteria for cervical radiculopathy in conservative intervention studies: a systematic review
    Erik J Thoomes
    Research Group Diagnostics, University of Applied Sciences, Breda, The Netherlands
    Eur Spine J 21:1459-70. 2012
    Cervical radiculopathy (CR) is a common diagnosis. It is unclear if intervention studies use uniform definitions and criteria for patient selection...
  73. ncbi A pilot study evaluating a telephone-based exercise intervention for pregnant and postpartum women
    Beth A Lewis
    University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
    J Midwifery Womens Health 56:127-31. 2011
    ..Unfortunately, pregnant and postpartum women are significantly less active than nonpregnant women. The purpose of this pilot study was to evaluate a telephone-based exercise intervention designed for pregnant and postpartum women...
  74. ncbi The Inner-City Asthma Intervention tool kit: best practices and lessons learned
    Adrienne Segoris Love
    Alliance of Community Health Plans Foundation, Washington, DC 20006, USA
    Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol 97:S36-9. 2006
    ....
  75. ncbi From research to reality: from the National Cooperative Inner-City Asthma Study to the inner-city asthma implementation
    Seymour G Williams
    Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol 97:S4-5. 2006
    ..4. Sustainability beyond external funding is attainable if local funding is sought and outcome measures that are considered important to the community are measured and reported...
  76. ncbi Nutrigenomics in human intervention studies: current status, lessons learned and future perspectives
    Jonas Wittwer
    DSM Nutritional Products Ltd, Department of Human Nutrition and Health, Basel, Switzerland
    Mol Nutr Food Res 55:341-58. 2011
    ..and food sciences in which transcriptome-, proteome- and metabolome-analyses have been applied in human intervention studies, including nutrigenetics aspects and discusses the advantages and limitations of the methodologies...
  77. ncbi A review of intervention studies that seek to increase colorectal cancer screening among African-Americans
    Barbara D Powe
    Underserved Populations Research, Behavioral Research Center, American Cancer Society, 250 Williams Street, Atlanta, GA 30303, USA
    Am J Health Promot 25:92-9. 2010
    The purpose of this paper is to critically review intervention studies that aimed to increase African-Americans' participation in colorectal cancer (CRC) screening.
  78. ncbi Searching for high-quality articles about intervention studies in occupational health--what is really missed when using only the Medline database?
    Laetitia Rollin
    Service de Médecine du Travail, Rouen University Hospital, 1 rue de Germont, Rouen, France
    Scand J Work Environ Health 36:484-7. 2010
    ..Our study aimed to discover to what extent the physician who limits his/her search to Medline misses studies of high quality...
  79. ncbi Dutch obesity intervention in teenagers: effectiveness of a school-based program on body composition and behavior
    Amika S Singh
    Department of Public Health, VU University Medical Center, EMGO Institute, Van der Boechorststraat 7, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 163:309-17. 2009
    ....
  80. ncbi Mediators of physical activity behavior change among women with young children
    Yvette D Miller
    School of Human Movement Studies, University of Queensland, St Lucia, Australia
    Am J Prev Med 23:98-103. 2002
    ..This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of two strategies for promoting increased PA among mothers of preschool-aged children, and to explore the mediators of any resulting change in PA behavior...
  81. ncbi Using intervention mapping to adapt an effective HIV, sexually transmitted disease, and pregnancy prevention program for high-risk minority youth
    Susan R Tortolero
    Center for Health Promotion and Prevention Research, School of Public Health, University of Texas Health Science Center, Houston, Texas, USA
    Health Promot Pract 6:286-98. 2005
    ..IM is a detailed process that provides planners with a systematic method for decision making in each phase of developing or adapting an intervention to influence changes in behavior and environmental conditions...
  82. ncbi A systematic review of school-based intervention studies for the prevention or reduction of excess weight among Chinese children and adolescents
    M Li
    The George Institute for International Health, University of Sydney, NSW, Australia
    Obes Rev 9:548-59. 2008
    The aim of this paper was to conduct a systematic review of intervention studies in China aimed at the prevention or control of excess weight gain among children and adolescents...
  83. ncbi A home-based, transtheoretical change model designed strength training intervention to increase exercise to prevent osteoporosis in Iranian women aged 40-65 years: a randomized controlled trial
    Kambiz Karimzadeh Shirazi
    Department of Health Education, School of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Al Ahmad hamran Cross, PO Box 14115 111, Tehran, Iran
    Health Educ Res 22:305-17. 2007
    ..These results support the applicability of the TTM for a PA intervention and indicate that this training program is very effective in improving balance and lower body strength in older women...
  84. pmc Home and allergic characteristics of children with asthma in seven U.S. urban communities and design of an environmental intervention: the Inner-City Asthma Study
    Ellen F Crain
    Department of Pediatrics Emergency Medicine, Albert Einstein College of Medicine Jacobi Medical Center, Bronx, New York, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 110:939-45. 2002
    ....
  85. pmc Evidence-based public health: moving beyond randomized trials
    Cesar G Victora
    Post Graduate Program in Epidemiology, Federal University of Pelotas, Pelotas, Brazil
    Am J Public Health 94:400-5. 2004
    ..There is an urgent need to develop evaluation standards and protocols for use in circumstances where RCTs are not appropriate...
  86. ncbi The role of postpartum weight retention in obesity among women: a review of the evidence
    Stacy A Gore
    University of Alabama at Birmingham, USA
    Ann Behav Med 26:149-59. 2003
    ..Particular attention to the needs of minority mothers is warranted given the likelihood of greater weight retention in this group...
  87. pmc Defining childhood severe falciparum malaria for intervention studies
    Philip Bejon
    Kenya Medical Research Institute KEMRI Wellcome Trust Collaborative Research Programme, Centre for Geographic Medicine Research Coast, Kilifi, Kenya
    PLoS Med 4:e251. 2007
    ....
  88. pmc Criteria for evaluating evidence on public health interventions
    L Rychetnik
    Effective Healthcare Australia, School of Population Health and Health Services Research, University of Sydney, Australia
    J Epidemiol Community Health 56:119-27. 2002
    ..Study design alone is an inadequate marker of evidence quality in public health intervention evaluation...
  89. ncbi Cardiorespiratory and all-cause mortality after restrictions on sulphur content of fuel in Hong Kong: an intervention study
    Anthony Johnson Hedley
    Department of Community Medicine, University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong
    Lancet 360:1646-52. 2002
    ..5% by weight. This intervention led to an immediate fall in ambient sulphur dioxide (SO2). We assessed the effect of this intervention on mortality over the next 5 years...
  90. ncbi Anthocyanin/polyphenolic-rich fruit juice reduces oxidative cell damage in an intervention study with patients on hemodialysis
    Thomas M Spormann
    Department of Chemistry, Division of Food Chemistry and Toxicology, University of Kaiserslautern, Erwin Schroedinger Strasse 52, 67663 Kaiserslautern, Germany
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 17:3372-80. 2008
    ..This provides promising perspectives into the prevention of chronic diseases such as cancer and cardiovascular disease in population subgroups exposed to enhanced oxidative stress like hemodialysis patients...
  91. ncbi Evaluating non-randomised intervention studies
    J J Deeks
    Centre for Statistics in Medicine, Institute of Health Sciences, Oxford, UK
    Health Technol Assess 7:iii-x, 1-173. 2003
    To consider methods and related evidence for evaluating bias in non-randomised intervention studies.
  92. ncbi Psychological interventions and the immune system: a meta-analytic review and critique
    G E Miller
    Department of Psychology, Washington University, St Louis, Missouri 63130, USA
    Health Psychol 20:47-63. 2001
    ..This literature has important conceptual and methodological issues that need to be resolved before any definitive conclusions can be reached...
  93. ncbi Collaborative care for depression in UK primary care: a randomized controlled trial
    D A Richards
    Department of Health Sciences, University of York, UK
    Psychol Med 38:279-87. 2008
    ..The effect in the UK is unknown, as is whether cluster- or patient-randomization would be the most appropriate design for a Phase III clinical trial...
  94. ncbi Weight loss in breast cancer patient management
    Rowan T Chlebowski
    Harbor University of California Los Angeles Research and Education Institute, Torrance, CA 90502, USA
    J Clin Oncol 20:1128-43. 2002
    ..To systematically review and summarize evidence relevant to obesity and breast cancer clinical outcome, potential hormonal mediating mechanisms, and the current status of weight loss interventions for chronic disease management...
  95. pmc The ProActive trial protocol - a randomised controlled trial of the efficacy of a family-based, domiciliary intervention programme to increase physical activity among individuals at high risk of diabetes [ISRCTN61323766]
    Kate Williams
    General Practice and Primary Care Research Unit, Department of Public Health and Primary Care, Institute of Public Health, Forvie Site, Robinson Way, Cambridge CB2 2SR, UK
    BMC Public Health 4:48. 2004
    ..While previous evaluations of interventions to increase physical activity have involved communities or individuals with established disease, less attention has been given to interventions for individuals at risk of disease...
  96. ncbi Integrating prevention in residential and community care settings: a multidimensional program evaluation
    Christopher G Mitchell
    Jane Adams College of Social Work, University of Illinois at Chicago, 60607, USA
    AIDS Educ Prev 17:89-101. 2005
    ..The article concludes with a discussion of the challenges and opportunities associated with integrating prevention into care...
  97. pmc ProsCan for men: randomised controlled trial of a decision support intervention for men with localised prostate cancer
    Suzanne K Chambers
    Viertel Centre for Research in Cancer Control, Cancer Council Queensland, Brisbane, Australia
    BMC Cancer 8:207. 2008
    ..This paper presents the design of a randomised controlled trial of a decision support/psychosocial intervention for men newly diagnosed with localised prostate cancer...
  98. ncbi The NHF-NRG In Balance-project: the application of Intervention Mapping in the development, implementation and evaluation of weight gain prevention at the worksite
    L Kwak
    Department of Human Biology, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Obes Rev 8:347-61. 2007
    ..A quasi-experimental pre-test-multiple post-test control group design was applied in 12 worksites (>500 employees)...
  99. ncbi Guiding the design and selection of interventions to influence the implementation of evidence-based practice: an experimental simulation of a complex intervention trial
    Debbie Bonetti
    Dental Health Services Research Unit, University of Dundee, Scotland, UK
    Soc Sci Med 60:2135-47. 2005
    ....
  100. ncbi A strategy for optimizing and evaluating behavioral interventions
    Linda M Collins
    The Methodology Center, Department of Human Development and Family Studies, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park 16802, USA
    Ann Behav Med 30:65-73. 2005
    ..Although the optimization of behavioral interventions offers the potential of both public health and research benefits, currently there is no widely agreed-upon principled procedure for accomplishing this...
  101. ncbi Prevention of weight gain in young adults through a seminar-based intervention program
    M F Hivert
    Department of Medicine, Division of Endocrinology, Faculte de Medecine et des Sciences de la Sante, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Sherbrooke, Quebec, Canada
    Int J Obes (Lond) 31:1262-9. 2007
    ..Adoption of healthy lifestyles during the first years of college or university could prevent the onset of weight gain associated with this period of acquired independence and eventually decrease the incidence of obesity...

Research Grants75

  1. Sex Hormones in Postmenopausal Women in the Diabetes Prevention Program
    Catherine Kim; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Previous observational studies have been limited by single measures of ESH, and intervention studies are limited by examination of exogenous hormone only, lack of significant glucose changes, lack of ..
  2. Maternal One Carbon Metabolism and Low Birth Weight Infant
    Satish C Kalhan; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Indirect evidence from intervention studies of micronutrient or protein/energy supplement suggests that no single nutrient is itself responsible for ..
  3. Abdominal Symptom Phenotypes: Pathways to New Biomarkers
    Robert Shulman; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..partnerships with industry and resources necessary to collect preliminary data for larger mechanistic and intervention studies. PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: Functional gastrointestinal disorders, in particular functional abdominal pain (..
  4. National surveillance of emerging MDR in pediatric Enterobacteriaceae infections
    Danielle M Zerr; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This data will fill a critical gap in the pediatric literature, and provide the foundation for design of intervention studies to reduce the spread of this resistance, and guide changes in treatment to reduce the morbidity and ..
  5. Silencing cardiac-specific microRNAs to prevent pathological remodeling in conges
    MATTHEW SWAN LAWRENCE; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..In addition, we will comprehensively characterize miR-208-relevant pathophysiology in a monkey model of congestive heart failure to allow critical pre-clinical efficacy studies to be completed in phase II. ..
  6. Lycopene Chemoprevention of Lung Cancer in Ferret
    Xiang Dong Wang; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..diets high in fruits and vegetables containing carotenoids (but at much lower concentrations than in the intervention studies) are associated with a decreased risk for lung cancer, and the conflicting results of lycopene effects on ..
  7. A new experimental model of knee joint trauma
    TAMMY L HAUTDONAHUE; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..in the tissues of the knee during traumatic injury and establish preliminary data for future clinical intervention studies, the current study will establish and characterize a new, in vivo animal model of traumatic joint injury...
  8. Development of an HIV Risk Reduction Intervention Protocol for Adolescent Africn-
    GWENDOLYN D CHILDS; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The Southern United States has been underrepresented in HIV risk reduction intervention studies. With a growing HIV epidemic in the Southern part of the United States, it is imperative to develop HIV ..
  9. VitaminA and Sickle Cell Disease:Improving Suboptimal Status with Supplementation
    KELLY ANN DOUGHERTY; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Translational Research (MTR) thesis work and to prepare her for future R01 submissions to conduct nutrition intervention studies in children with SCD...
  10. Mechanisms Regulating Clathrin-Mediated Endocytosis
    Sandra L Schmid; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..CCPs as a source of information for modeling, avoiding the notorious distortions associated with molecular intervention studies. To accomplish this we will produce cell models, imaging protocols and data analysis tools that will raise ..
  11. Molecular Mechanisms of Albumin Trafficking in Podocytes
    Judith T Blaine; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..In addition, identification of the pathways necessary for albumin uptake may allow for future intervention studies that limit albumin uptake by podocytes in heavy albuminuria, thereby decreasing podocyte death and slowing ..
  12. Evaluation of the entero-insular (incretin) axis in cystic fibrosis
    ANDREA BRIDGET KELLY; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..We propose cross sectional and 6-month intervention studies to test these hypotheses...
  13. Diabetes Prevention Program for Young Adults with increased risk for Type 2 Diabe
    Eun Seok Cha; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..To attain this goal, a two-phased project is proposed including mixed methods formative and pilot intervention studies. In the formative study, surveys and focus group interviews will be used to assess educational and ..
  14. Epidemiology of lens aging in older women
    JASON LEIGH SANDERS; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..it as a benchmark in unraveling the aging process, potentially as a novel intermediate marker for human intervention studies. PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: With this research we aim to determine the association of lens transparency to ..
  15. Older Mothers and Adult Daughters: High Blood Pressure Self Management Behaviors
    Celeste Shawler; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The findings from this study will be used to support a program of theory-based nursing intervention studies designed to increase blood pressure self management behaviors of mother-daughter dyads when the older woman ..
  16. Community-based Participatory Research: A Tool to Advance Cookstove Interventions
    MAGGIE LYNN CLARK; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..However, there are few randomized intervention trials, and previous stove intervention studies have been plagued by low improved stove adoption and sustained use, severely limiting interpretations of ..
  17. Self-Management, Biobehavioral and Informatics Core
    Nancy E Reame; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..to address the biobehavioral outcomes of informatics-based self-management interventions and to design intervention studies that optimize the use of information technology to systematically gather relevant biological and ..
  18. COPE/Healthy Lifestyles for Teens: A School-Based RCT
    Bernadette M Melnyk; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..their related health disparities and adverse health outcomes, there has been a paucity of theory- based intervention studies conducted with adolescents in high schools to improve their healthy lifestyle behaviors as well as their ..
  19. Subjective Well-Being Over The Life Course
    STEPHEN JONATHAN MACHIN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..But many intervention studies only tell us the short-run effects. Long-term models can be used to simulate longer-term effects...
  20. Yoga and Cardiovascular Disease Risk in Older Women
    KAREN KIM E INNES; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..3) strengthen her skills in clinical intervention research and gain needed experience in behavioral intervention studies involving mind-body therapies...
  21. Recruiting Rural Parents/Infants to Health Research Projects: Atopic Dermatitis
    Steven R Feldman; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..design to increase the participation of minority and rural community residents in health research and intervention studies, this study will use a systematic qualitative research design...
  22. STUDY OF OSTEOPOROTIC FRACTURES
    Kristine Yaffe; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..and psychosocial markers of "successful" or "optimal" aging is needed to direct the design of future intervention studies aimed at targeting high risk individuals early on in the aging process and to inform public health ..
  23. 4 of 4: Study of Osteoporotic Fractures (SOF)
    Teresa A Hillier; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..and psychosocial markers of "successful" or "optimal" aging is needed to direct the design of future intervention studies aimed at targeting high risk individuals early on in the aging process and to inform public health ..
  24. HPV Knowledge Awareness and Vaccine Acceptability among Inner City Black Males
    SHERRIE LEE WALLINGTON; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..the development of strategies for other adolescents of all racial and ethnic groups, as well as for family intervention studies targeting the family unit as a whole...
  25. STUDY OF OSTEOPOROTIC FRACTURES
    Kristine Ensrud; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..and psychosocial markers of "successful" or "optimal" aging is needed to direct the design of future intervention studies aimed at targeting high risk individuals early on in the aging process and to inform public health ..
  26. Vitamin D and Osteoporosis Prevention in Elderly African Americans
    John F Aloia; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Most intervention studies have excluded African Americans because of the erroneous belief that osteoporosis is not a major health ..
  27. Physical Activity and Diet in the Prevention of Obesity in Men and Women
    Howard D Sesso; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..of its primary prevention across all ages;however, prevention efforts generally focus upon community-based intervention studies in pediatric settings or clinical intervention studies among already overweight or obese adults...
  28. Glaucoma and Visual Function
    ANJALI MARUTI BHORADE; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..b>Intervention studies, which may include rehabilitative programs, improved home lighting, or changes in clinical management, ..
  29. Using Health Information Technology to Support Population-Based Clinical Practice
    Per H Gesteland; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..4. Design, execution, and evaluation of health information technology intervention studies in clinical settings...
  30. Predictors of Health Care Utilization and Costs Attributable to Hip Fractures
    John T Schousboe; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..variables that independently predict health care use and costs will lay the foundation for future intervention studies and policy planning to modify these factors such that the overall societal cost burden of hip fractures can ..
  31. Extra-nasal Colonization and Epidemiology of Community-Associated MRSA
    KYLE JEANNE POPOVICH; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..She is working in a well-funded, nurturing environment that has produced major epidemiologic and intervention studies of healthcare-associated infections...
  32. Development of Mental Health Treatment for Obstetric Fistula Patients
    Melissa H Watt; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..However, to date no intervention studies have evaluated empirically-supported therapies to assist in psychological healing among fistula patients...
  33. Hippocampal Synaptic Structure
    Philip W Landfield; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Chronic intervention studies are proposed that could have direct translational relevance and lead directly to novel preventative and ..
  34. Consequences of Prolonged Febrile Seizures in Childhood
    Shlomo Shinnar; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..to examine the consequences of these prolonged seizures and provide the information necessary to design intervention studies to prevent brain damage and the subsequent development of a disabling, difficult to treat form of epilepsy...
  35. The Role of Galectin-3 in Cardiac Remodeling and Heart Failure
    JENNIFER EN SIAN HO; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..expertise in advanced noninvasive cardiac and vascular imaging;(3) to become facile with patient-oriented intervention studies in cardiovascular physiology;and (4) to establish an independent clinical research career...
  36. Resilience to Mobility Impairment: Neural Correlates and Protective Factors
    Caterina Rosano; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Results from this research project may shed light on the mechanisms underlying physical disability and may help us prepare prevention and intervention studies.
  37. Psychoeducation for BMT caregivers: Biobehavioral markers and outcome
    Mark L Laudenslager; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..However many intervention studies have used convenience samples, failed to randomize treatments, did not include control groups for ..
  38. Impact of Sudden Parental Death on Children and Families
    David A Brent; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..mental and physical health and developmental outcomes, thus framing targets for future prevention and intervention studies.Project Narrative: The loss of a parent is widely recognized to be among the most stressful events that a ..
  39. Effects of Bolus Accommodation on Swallowing Effort in Healthy Elderly Individual
    Lisa A Lagorio; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Results from this study will provide comprehensive data on effects of healthy aging on ability to generate sufficient swallowing effort and will serve as a guide to future intervention studies.
  40. PKD, INNOVATIVE IMAGING TO ASSESS PROGRESSION (PCC)
    Vicente E Torres; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..end-ppints;as well as 2) identify potential modifiable risk factors associating with TKV and LCV for intervention studies. TKV ultimately may be used as a surrogate marker of disease progression in clinical trials...
  41. Apoptosis and defective repair in COPD
    Peter M Henson; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Accordingly, lovastatin will be examined in pilot intervention studies with COPD patients for its ability to reverse the defects in apoptotic cell clearance, enhance suppression ..
  42. Chronic Kidney Disease in Disadvantaged Populations
    Yoshio N Hall; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..technology, (5) training in advanced statistical and epidemiologic methods;and (6) designing pilot intervention studies. To achieve these goals, Dr. Hall has assembled a mentoring team comprised of a primary mentor, Dr...
  43. Partnerships Between Medicaid, Tumor Registries &Cancer Control Researchers
    Deborah Schrag; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..in New York and California to evaluate quality and effectiveness of cancer care, identify priorities for intervention studies and pilot test feedback systems. Candidate Qualifications: Dr...
  44. ACTION PAC: Adolescents Committed to Improvement of Nutrition &Physical Activity
    ALBERTA SUM YU KONG; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The collective impact of these research outcomes will advance the field of school-based obesity intervention studies and take a significant step towards identifying sustainable prevention and treatment approaches for ..
  45. Molecular effects of mind-body intervention on GC sensitivity and immune function
    JEFFREY MILUSH; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..UCSF Osher Center for Integrative Medicine, and co-Principal Investigator on the two NCCAM-funded mind-body intervention studies;Dr...
  46. Parent Focused Obesity Intervention for Low-Income African American Preschoolers
    Heather Janisse; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..childhood obesity and the need to focus on minority children who are at greatest risk, few prevention or intervention studies have targeted this population...
  47. The Problem With Male Sexual/Repro Health:Qualitative/Quantitative Study, Uganda
    Maria J Wawer; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..motivators of male SRH service acceptance/use in an African setting, and will inform the design of future intervention studies of community and clinic-based strategies to improve male uptake of services such as condoms, MC, family ..
  48. Evaluation and treatment of enthesitis-related arthritis
    PAMELA FITCH WEISS; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..knowledge that she obtained during her MSCE training and thesis work and will prepare her to conduct intervention studies in children with all forms of JIA...
  49. Methods for Early Detection of Kidney Disease in Patients with HIV
    Andy I Choi; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..methods for comparing measurement techniques and diagnostic tests, and (6) designing and implementing pilot intervention studies. To achieve these training goals, Dr. Choi has assembled a mentoring team comprised of a primary mentor, Dr...
  50. Increasing Colorectal Cancer Screening among African American
    Richard C Palmer; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..goal is to establish himself as an interdisciplinary research scientist able to lead observational and intervention studies aimed at understanding and addressing cancer health disparities...
  51. Obesity Prevention Tailored for Health II
    KIM DANIEL REYNOLDS; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..the predictors of diet and physical activity in children, and knowledge gleaned from prior tailored print intervention studies. Intervention components will be developed over a 9-month period and will receive targeted testing during ..
  52. MINNESOTA OBESITY CENTER
    Allen S Levine; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..4) Epidemiology and Intervention Core is to make high quality services for epidemiological and behavioral intervention studies available, 5) Metabolic Studies Core Laboratory will provide access to established and state-of-the-art ..
  53. Enhancing Tobacco Use Treatment for African American Light Smokers
    Lisa Sanderson Cox; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..team proposes to conduct collaborative research building upon a strong foundation of smoking cessation intervention studies among urban African American smokers...
  54. Impact of HIV, Antiretroviral Therapy and TB Genotype on Survival in MDR TB
    NEEL RAJNIKANT GANDHI; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Identifying and understanding these potential complications will inform future intervention studies of MDR TB/HIV co-infection...
  55. Longitudinal Study of Maternal HIV on their Late Adolescent/Early Adult Children
    Debra A Murphy; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..conference presentations (4 international, 5 domestic);and provided data that supported two funded intervention studies for young children with HIV+ mothers, as well as a current STTR submission from a science-to-marketing ..
  56. Statewide Implementation of Health Homes for SMI:Building Research Infrastructure
    Gail L Daumit; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Our research team is highly qualified with expertise in health policy, intervention studies to improve overall health in SMI, implementation science and analysis of Medicaid data...
  57. Barbershop-Based HIV/STD Risk Reduction for African American Young Men
    Loretta Sweet Jemmott; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..the HIV/AIDS cases worldwide are tied to sexual relations between men and women, few sexual risk-reduction intervention studies have targeted men and fewer still have targeted men 18 to 24 years of age...
  58. Impact of Fructose on Metabolism, Energy Homeostasis and MR biomarkers in NAFLD
    Brian J Soher; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..by which to induce and/or amplify changes in quantitative MR-based biomarkers and "target" for dietary intervention studies for the treatment of NAFLD...
  59. Developing Interactive Technologies to Improve Research and Health Behavior
    KEVIN G contact VOLPP; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..will provide a state-of-the-art platform on which to build, test, and deploy large-scale behavioral intervention studies and advance the science at the intersection of behavioral economics and health...
  60. The Atrial Fibrillation - Factor Identification to Risk Modification Study in HD
    WOLFGANG CHRISTOPH WINKELMAYER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..patients at the highest near-term risk of incident atrial fibrillation, we are then in the position to test intervention studies to reducethe risk of imminent atrial fibrillation and thus avoid longer term sequelae of this arrhythmia in ..
  61. ICU Discharge: A Critical Juncture for Survivors of Acute Respiratory Failure
    SYDNEY BROWN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The ultimate goal is to improve outcomes in this vulnerable group of patients and surrogates with future intervention studies targeting bed allocation decisions and communication between the health care team and patients and ..
  62. Serum IGFs--Effects of a Soy Intervention in Humans
    Johanna Lampe; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..This suggests that it may be beneficial to modify levels of circulating IGFs. Intervention studies in humans have shown that it is possible to alter levels of circulating IGFs; several classes of drugs and ..
  63. "Strength training, Self-efficacy, and Function in Blacks with Prostate Cancer."
    Bernard Hurley; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..PCa) than any other racial or ethnic group throughout the world, yet are underrepresented in exercise intervention studies. Androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) is the most commonly used hormone treatment for prostate cancer...
  64. HIV PREVENTION TRIAL UNIT (HPTU)
    Irving Hoffman; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Petersburg, Russia. MCW will contribute expertise in community-based behavioral intervention studies to the EPTU, particularly in Russia...
  65. HIV and Perinatal Depression in Brazil
    JUDITH KAREN BASS; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..uses perinatal depression (PD) in HIV-infected mothers in southern Brazil as an initial paradigm for intervention studies of the interaction of HIV and MDD...
  66. RESILIENCE & QUALITY OF LIFE IN ADOLESCENTS WITH CANCER
    Joan Haase; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..In addition, systematically planned psychosocial intervention studies with AWC are rare, even though such interventions, tested over the last 2 decades in adults with cancer, ..
  67. Treatment of Psychotic Disorders in Youth
    Linmarie Sikich; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..gained in the course of this career development program will increase my ability to use the results of intervention studies to make inferences about the pathophysiology of pediatric psychotic disorders...
  68. ISOFLAVONE-RICH PASTA--CLINICAL AND COMMERCIAL POTENTIAL
    RICHARDUS ROSS; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..These Phase 2 studies will enhance the likelihood of success for long-term prospective dietary intervention studies which are now urgently required...
  69. PEDIATRIC ANXIETY DISORDERS IN PRIMARY CARE
    FRANCES WREN; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Clinical Scientist Career Development Award will prepare the candidate to independently design and conduct intervention studies for pediatric internalizing disorders in the primary care setting...
  70. MATH INTERVENTION FOR CHILDREN WITH LEUKEMIA
    Ida Moore; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..evidence of academic difficulties in children successfully treated for ALL, there are no reports of intervention studies. The primary aim of this study is to determine if a math intervention can prevent a significant decline in ..
  71. Vitamin D & Calcium Regulation Biomarkers in Colon Cancer Risk Reduction
    Roberd Bostick; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Of dietary factors tested in intervention studies of adenomatous polyp recurrence, calcium has most consistently reduced risk...
  72. Cardiac Autonomic Regulation Enhancement Through Exercise (CARE-E) Trial
    EVA SERBER; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..7,8 However, to date, there have been few intervention studies that have examined the effect of exercise on parasympathetic activity and regulation, and none specifically ..
  73. Dietary flavanols and angiotensin converting enzyme
    Cesar Fraga; Fiscal Year: 2007
    Recent dietary epidemiological and intervention studies in humans and animals indicate that cocoa and other foods and beverages that are rich in flavanols as tea and wine, can benefit cardiovascular function, inclusive regulating blood ..
  74. INTERVENTION FOR SIBLINGS, EXPERIENCE ENHANCEMENT (ISEE)
    Phoebe Williams; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..mood and behavior problems, outcomes shown in the literature to be sensitive to change in pediatric intervention studies. Also, documented are factors in the family and the care giving environment (family cohesion, impact of ..