hiv seroprevalence

Summary

Summary: Studies of the number of cases where human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is present in a specific population at a designated time. The presence in a given individual is determined by the finding of HIV antibodies in the serum (HIV SEROPOSITIVITY).

Top Publications

  1. pmc Estimation of HIV incidence in the United States
    H Irene Hall
    Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Rd NE, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    JAMA 300:520-9. 2008
  2. pmc Assessment of recent HIV-1 infection by a line immunoassay for HIV-1/2 confirmation
    Jorg Schupbach
    University of Zurich, Swiss National Center for Retroviruses, Zurich, Switzerland
    PLoS Med 4:e343. 2007
  3. pmc Socioeconomic status and HIV seroprevalence in Tanzania: a counterintuitive relationship
    Wezi M Msisha
    Europe and Central Asia Human Development Sector, The World Bank, Washington DC, USA
    Int J Epidemiol 37:1297-303. 2008
  4. ncbi The association of intimate partner violence, recreational drug use with HIV seroprevalence among MSM
    Ying Li
    Department of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases, Georgetown University, 2115 Wisconsin Avenue NW, Suite 130, Washington, DC 20007, USA
    AIDS Behav 16:491-8. 2012
  5. ncbi 'Smear-negative' pulmonary tuberculosis in a DOTS programme: poor outcomes in an area of high HIV seroprevalence
    N J Hargreaves
    National Tuberculosis Control Programme, Community Health Sciences Unit, Lilongwe, Malawi
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 5:847-54. 2001
  6. ncbi Comparison of two versus three smears in identifying culture-positive tuberculosis patients in a rural African setting with high HIV prevalence
    A C Crampin
    Karonga Prevention Study, Chilumba, Malawi
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 5:994-9. 2001
  7. ncbi Improving the management of severe acute malnutrition in an area of high HIV prevalence
    Kate Sadler
    Valid International Ltd, Unit 9, Standingford House, 26 Cave Street, Oxford OX4 1BA, UK
    J Trop Pediatr 54:364-9. 2008
  8. pmc Glycerol adjuvant therapy in adults with bacterial meningitis in a high HIV seroprevalence setting in Malawi: a double-blind, randomised controlled trial
    Katherine Mb Ajdukiewicz
    Department of Medicine, College of Medicine, Chichiri, Blantyre, Malawi
    Lancet Infect Dis 11:293-300. 2011
  9. ncbi Accuracy of serological assays for detection of recent infection with HIV and estimation of population incidence: a systematic review
    Rebecca Guy
    Centre for Population Health, Burnet Institute, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
    Lancet Infect Dis 9:747-59. 2009
  10. ncbi Women's barriers to HIV-1 testing and disclosure: challenges for HIV-1 voluntary counselling and testing
    S Maman
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    AIDS Care 13:595-603. 2001

Detail Information

Publications255 found, 100 shown here

  1. pmc Estimation of HIV incidence in the United States
    H Irene Hall
    Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Rd NE, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    JAMA 300:520-9. 2008
    ..Incidence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in the United States has not been directly measured. New assays that differentiate recent vs long-standing HIV infections allow improved estimation of HIV incidence...
  2. pmc Assessment of recent HIV-1 infection by a line immunoassay for HIV-1/2 confirmation
    Jorg Schupbach
    University of Zurich, Swiss National Center for Retroviruses, Zurich, Switzerland
    PLoS Med 4:e343. 2007
    ..We have investigated whether this "recency" information can also be gained from an HIV confirmatory assay...
  3. pmc Socioeconomic status and HIV seroprevalence in Tanzania: a counterintuitive relationship
    Wezi M Msisha
    Europe and Central Asia Human Development Sector, The World Bank, Washington DC, USA
    Int J Epidemiol 37:1297-303. 2008
    To examine the relationship between multiple dimensions of socioeconomic status (SES) and HIV seroprevalence in Tanzania.
  4. ncbi The association of intimate partner violence, recreational drug use with HIV seroprevalence among MSM
    Ying Li
    Department of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases, Georgetown University, 2115 Wisconsin Avenue NW, Suite 130, Washington, DC 20007, USA
    AIDS Behav 16:491-8. 2012
    ..The aim of this study was to investigate the association of IPV with HIV seroprevalence among MSM...
  5. ncbi 'Smear-negative' pulmonary tuberculosis in a DOTS programme: poor outcomes in an area of high HIV seroprevalence
    N J Hargreaves
    National Tuberculosis Control Programme, Community Health Sciences Unit, Lilongwe, Malawi
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 5:847-54. 2001
    ..Lilongwe Central Hospital, Malawi...
  6. ncbi Comparison of two versus three smears in identifying culture-positive tuberculosis patients in a rural African setting with high HIV prevalence
    A C Crampin
    Karonga Prevention Study, Chilumba, Malawi
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 5:994-9. 2001
    ..The potential for improving specificity is important because of the costs of misdiagnosis. In practice, both sensitivity and specificity may be increased due to the time saved by examining two rather than three smears...
  7. ncbi Improving the management of severe acute malnutrition in an area of high HIV prevalence
    Kate Sadler
    Valid International Ltd, Unit 9, Standingford House, 26 Cave Street, Oxford OX4 1BA, UK
    J Trop Pediatr 54:364-9. 2008
    ....
  8. pmc Glycerol adjuvant therapy in adults with bacterial meningitis in a high HIV seroprevalence setting in Malawi: a double-blind, randomised controlled trial
    Katherine Mb Ajdukiewicz
    Department of Medicine, College of Medicine, Chichiri, Blantyre, Malawi
    Lancet Infect Dis 11:293-300. 2011
    ..We aimed to assess the effectiveness of glycerol as an adjuvant therapy for adults with bacterial meningitis in Africa...
  9. ncbi Accuracy of serological assays for detection of recent infection with HIV and estimation of population incidence: a systematic review
    Rebecca Guy
    Centre for Population Health, Burnet Institute, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
    Lancet Infect Dis 9:747-59. 2009
    ..This conclusion is highly qualified by the apparent absence of a standardised approach to assay evaluation. There is an urgent need for an internationally agreed framework for evaluating and comparing these tests...
  10. ncbi Women's barriers to HIV-1 testing and disclosure: challenges for HIV-1 voluntary counselling and testing
    S Maman
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    AIDS Care 13:595-603. 2001
    ..The implications of findings for the promotion of HIV-1 VCT programmes, the implementation of partner notification policies and the development of post-test support services are discussed...
  11. ncbi Treatable factors associated with severe anaemia in adults admitted to medical wards in Blantyre, Malawi, an area of high HIV seroprevalence
    David K Lewis
    Department of Medicine, University of Malawi College of Medicine, Private Bag 360, Chichiri, Blantyre 3, Malawi
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 99:561-7. 2005
    ..In addition to iron supplements, management of severe anaemia should include investigation for tuberculosis, and consideration of antibiotics active against enterobacteria...
  12. ncbi Population-based surveillance for cryptococcosis in an antiretroviral-naive South African province with a high HIV seroprevalence
    Kerrigan M McCarthy
    Mycology Reference Unit, National Institute for Communicable Diseases, National Health Laboratory Service, Division of Virology and Communicable Diseases Surveillance, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg 2000, South Africa
    AIDS 20:2199-206. 2006
    ..To measure the burden of disease and describe the epidemiology of cryptococcosis in Gauteng Province, South Africa...
  13. pmc Prevalence and risk factors for HIV-1 infection in rural Kilimanjaro region of Tanzania: implications for prevention and treatment
    Elia J Mmbaga
    Department of General Practice and Community Medicine, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway
    BMC Public Health 7:58. 2007
    ..The purpose of this study was to investigate the magnitude of HIV-1 infection and identify HIV-1 risk factors that may help to develop preventive strategies in rural Kilimanjaro, Tanzania...
  14. ncbi High HIV incidence in a community with high HIV prevalence in rural South Africa: findings from a prospective population-based study
    Till Barnighausen
    Africa Centre for Health and Population Studies, University of KwaZulu Natal, Mtubatuba, South Africa
    AIDS 22:139-44. 2008
    ..To measure HIV incidence in a rural area of South Africa with high HIV prevalence and to analyze risk factors for acquisition of HIV using a prospective population-based cohort study...
  15. pmc Acceptability of routine HIV counselling and testing, and HIV seroprevalence in Ugandan hospitals
    Rhoda K Wanyenze
    Mulago Mbarara Teaching Hospitals Joint AIDS Program, Kampala, Uganda
    Bull World Health Organ 86:302-9. 2008
    ..All patients in participating units who had not previously tested HIV-positive were offered HIV testing. Family members of patients seen at the hospitals were also offered testing...
  16. ncbi HIV seroprevalence and risk factors among clients of female and male prostitutes
    K W Elifson
    Department of Sociology, Georgia State University, Atlanta 30303, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr Hum Retrovirol 20:195-200. 1999
    ..To document the HIV and STD infection rates among clients of female (CFP) and clients of male prostitutes (CMP) and to identify the risk factors for HIV among CFP and CMP...
  17. ncbi Evaluating two adjustment methods to extrapolate HIV prevalence from pregnant women to the general female population in sub-Saharan Africa
    Massimo Fabiani
    Laboratory of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Viale Regina Elena 299, 00161 Rome, Italy
    AIDS 17:399-405. 2003
    ..To evaluate two methods for estimating HIV prevalence among the general female population of reproductive age by adjusting data observed among antenatal clinic (ANC) attendees...
  18. ncbi [Behaviour and HIV seroprevalence investigation in sex workers of Dirkou, Niger, 2002]
    Z Tohon
    CERMES Centre de recherches médicales et sanitaires, Ministere de la Sante Publique, BP 10887, Niamey Niger
    Bull Soc Pathol Exot 99:49-51. 2006
    ..was conducted in 2002 in Dirkou, a place of concentration of female sex workers (FSW) in Niger The global HIV seroprevalence found was 50% (CI at 95%: 40.6-59.36%)...
  19. ncbi HIV seroprevalence among orphaned and homeless youth: no place like home
    Susan D Hillis
    Division of Reproductive Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    AIDS 26:105-10. 2012
    We evaluated the combined influences of orphaned status and homelessness on HIV seroprevalence and risk among street-involved Ukrainian youth in 2008.
  20. ncbi Women who have sex with other women: HIV seroprevalence in New York State counseling and testing programs
    W J Shotsky
    Division of HIV Prevention, New York State Department of Health AIDS Institute, Albany 12237, USA
    Women Health 24:1-15. 1996
    This report provides HIV seroprevalence data for women who are sexually active with women (WSW) choosing to access services in four of New York State's counseling and testing programs from January 1993 to June 1994...
  21. pmc HIV seroprevalence in a sample of Tanzanian intravenous drug users
    Mark L Williams
    School of Public Health, University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, USA
    AIDS Educ Prev 21:474-83. 2009
    ..The factors associated with increased risk of HIV infection suggest further research is needed on the needle use and sexual networks of IDUs...
  22. ncbi HIV seroprevalence among high-risk groups in Kohgiloyeh and Boyerahmad Province, Southwest of Iran, a behavioral surveillance survey
    Orang Ilami
    Faculty of Medicine, Yasuj University of Medical Sciences, Iran
    AIDS Behav 16:86-90. 2012
    ..Improving of the surveillance in this community through supervision and monitoring of infected people is needed...
  23. pmc Estimation of hospital-based HIV seroprevalence as a nationwide scale by novel method; 2002-2008 in Korea
    Jin Hee Lee
    Division of AIDS, Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Seoul, Korea
    BMC Public Health 10:739. 2010
    ..We estimated how many HIV tests were performed in hospitals and analyzed the nationwide hospital-based HIV seroprevalence in the present study.
  24. ncbi High prevalence of HIV infection among young men who have sex with men in New York City
    B A Koblin
    Wolf Szumness Laboratory of Epidemiology, The New York Blood Center, NY 10021, USA
    AIDS 14:1793-800. 2000
    ..To determine the prevalence of HIV infection and risk behaviors among young men who have sex with men (MSM) aged 15-22 years in New York City...
  25. ncbi HIV seroprevalence, risk behaviors, and cognitive factors among Asian and Pacific Islander American men who have sex with men: a summary and critique of empirical studies and methodological issues
    T Nemoto
    Institute for Health Policy Studies, University of California, San Francisco 94109, USA
    AIDS Educ Prev 10:31-47. 1998
    The goals of this article are to (a) summarize and discuss published empirical studies addressing HIV seroprevalence rates and HIV-related behaviors and cognitive factors among Asian and Pacific Islander American (API) men who have sex ..
  26. pmc Changes in HIV seroprevalence and related behaviors among male injection drug users who do and do not have sex with men: New York City, 1990-1999
    Carey B Maslow
    National Development and Research Institutes, Inc, 71 West 23rd Street, New York, NY 10010, USA
    Am J Public Health 92:382-4. 2002
    ..This study examined HIV prevalence and risk behaviors among male injection drug users (IDUs) who have sex with men and among other male IDUs...
  27. ncbi [HIV seroprevalence among tuberculosis patients in Nkembo Hospital, Libreville, Gabon. Short note]
    D Nkoghe
    Programme National de Lutte contre la Tuberculose, Ministère de la Santé Publique Libreville, Gabon
    Bull Soc Pathol Exot 98:121-2. 2005
    ..The objective of our study is to determine the HIV seroprevalence among our tuberculosis patients...
  28. ncbi [HIV seroprevalence in ophthalmologic patients of Cameroon]
    F Wilhelm
    Universitätsklinik und Poliklinik für Augenheilkunde, Martin Luther Universitat, Halle Saale
    Ophthalmologe 101:941-4. 2004
    ..It is difficult to estimate the exact HIV infection rates in countries such as Cameroon because of diagnostic and statistical problems. The majority of people seek help from traditional healers outside the health system...
  29. ncbi Seroprevalence of human immunodeficiency virus infection in pregnancy in a tertiary care hospital
    Pawan M Ukey
    Dept of Microbiology, Govt Medical College, Nagpur 03, India
    Indian J Med Sci 59:382-7. 2005
    ..If we estimate seroprevalence in pregnancy, the effective & timely intervention will reduce the transmission of infection to newborns...
  30. ncbi Convergence of HIV seroprevalence among injecting and non-injecting drug users in New York City
    Don C Des Jarlais
    Beth Israel Medical Center, New York, New York 10038, USA
    AIDS 21:231-5. 2007
    ..As HIV is efficiently transmitted through the sharing of drug-injecting equipment, HIV infection has historically been higher among injecting drug users...
  31. ncbi Temporal trends in HIV Type 1 incidence among inner-city childbearing women in Atlanta: use of the IgG-capture BED-enzyme immunoassay
    Steven Nesheim
    Department of Pediatrics, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, USA
    AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses 21:537-44. 2005
    ..046). Fewer seroconverters in 1995-1998 used crack cocaine than in the earlier time period. A high but declining HIV-1 incidence was found among inner-city pregnant women in Atlanta...
  32. ncbi [Study of HIV seroprevalence in patients with pulmonary tuberculosis in 1999 in Chad]
    C H Tosi
    Programme National de Lutte contre la Tuberculose, ministère de la santé publique du Tchad, Service de Pneumo phtisiologie, l Hôpital, de N djamena et de Moundou, Tchad
    Med Trop (Mars) 62:627-33. 2002
    ..The purpose of this cross-sectional study in two tuberculosis centres (Moundou and Ndjamena) was to evaluate HIV seroprevalence, epidemiological characteristics and risk factors in patients with tuberculosis...
  33. ncbi Multicity HIV seroprevalence in street youth, Ukraine
    C L Robbins
    Epidemic Intelligence Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Int J STD AIDS 21:489-96. 2010
    We conducted the first systematic, community-based, multicity assessment outside the USA of HIV seroprevalence, risk factors and linkage into clinical services among 929 street youth...
  34. ncbi What causes smear-negative pulmonary tuberculosis in Malawi, an area of high HIV seroprevalence?
    N J Hargreaves
    National Tuberculosis Control Programme, Community Health Sciences Unit, Lilongwe, Malawi
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 5:113-22. 2001
    ..In this setting smear-negative pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) is diagnosed using clinical and radiographic criteria for TB, and mycobacterial cultures are not routinely available...
  35. ncbi Cost-effectiveness of voluntary HIV-1 counselling and testing in reducing sexual transmission of HIV-1 in Kenya and Tanzania
    M Sweat
    School of Hygiene and Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Lancet 356:113-21. 2000
    ..Access to HIV-1 voluntary counselling and testing (VCT) is severely limited in less-developed countries. We undertook a multisite trial of HIV-1 VCT to assess its impact, cost, and cost-effectiveness in less-developed country settings...
  36. ncbi National estimate of HIV seroprevalence among tuberculosis patients in India
    P K Dewan
    Office of the World Health Organization Representative to India, New Delhi, India
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 14:247-9. 2010
    ..73) or 95 240 (95%CI 80 730-112 478) were HIV-infected. With these estimates from local data, the national programme can better plan TB-HIV collaborative activities and monitor efforts to detect HIV infection in this large population...
  37. ncbi Risk behaviors and HIV incidence among repeat testers at publicly funded HIV testing sites in San Francisco
    Susan E Fernyak
    San Francisco Department of Public Health, Communicable Disease Prevention Unit, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 31:63-70. 2002
    ..To characterize repeat testers, we 1) estimated the seroincidence of HIV infection, stratified by risk behavior, and examined the association between 2) testing rates and risk level and 3) repeat testing and tester characteristics...
  38. ncbi Do tests devised to detect recent HIV-1 infection provide reliable estimates of incidence in Africa?
    Charlotte Sakarovitch
    INSERM EMI 03 38, Institut de Santé Publique, Epidemiologie, et Développement ISPED, Universite Victor Segalen Bordeaux 2, Bordeaux, France
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 45:115-22. 2007
    ..The authors conclude that none of the 4 methods could currently be used to estimate HIV-1 incidence routinely in Côte d'Ivoire but that further adaptations might enhance their accuracy...
  39. pmc Diagnosis of paediatric HIV infection in a primary health care setting with a clinical algorithm
    C Horwood
    Human Resource Development, KwaZulu Natal Department of Health, South Africa
    Bull World Health Organ 81:858-66. 2003
    ..As AIDS is a leading cause of death in children in southern Africa, diagnosis and management of symptomatic HIV infection was added to the existing IMCI algorithm...
  40. ncbi Epidemiological analysis of the quality of HIV sero-surveillance in the world: how well do we track the epidemic?
    N Walker
    United Nations Joint Programme on HIV AIDS, Geneva, Switzerland
    AIDS 15:1545-54. 2001
    ..The objective of this paper was to analyse the quality of HIV/AIDS sentinel surveillance systems in countries and the resulting quality of the data used to make estimates of HIV/AIDS prevalence and mortality...
  41. ncbi HIV seroprevalence and its associations with the other reproductive tract infections in asymptomatic women in Harare, Zimbabwe
    E M Mbizvo
    Institute of General Practice and Community Medicine, Department of International Health, University of Oslo, Postboks 1130, Blindern 0317, Oslo, Norway
    Int J STD AIDS 12:524-31. 2001
    ..b>HIV seroprevalence was 29.3%...
  42. ncbi Prevalence of HIV infection in patients hospitalized for tuberculosis in Bahia, Brazil
    Eliana Dias Matos
    Octávio Mangabeira Reference Hospital, Salvador, Bahia, Brazil
    Braz J Infect Dis 11:208-11. 2007
    ..9-fold) in the HIV-positive group. These findings justify carrying out HIV testing, as recommended by the Brazilian Ministry of Health, in all TB patients, particularly those requiring hospitalization...
  43. ncbi Identifying undiagnosed human immunodeficiency virus: the yield of routine, voluntary inpatient testing
    Rochelle P Walensky
    Division of Infectious Disease and Partners AIDS Research Center, Department of Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, 50 Staniford St, Ninth Floor, Boston, MA 02114, USA
    Arch Intern Med 162:887-92. 2002
    ....
  44. pmc Prevalence and predictors of HIV testing among a probability sample of homeless women in Los Angeles County
    Brooke Herndon
    General Internal Medicine, Dartmouth Hitchcock Medical Center, Lebanon, NH 03756, USA
    Public Health Rep 118:261-9. 2003
    ..To describe the prevalence and predictors of HIV testing in a probability cluster sample of urban homeless women...
  45. ncbi Risk factors for recent HIV infection in Uganda
    Jonathan Mermin
    Global AIDS Program, National Center for HIV, Viral Hepatitis, STD and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Uganda, Entebbe, Uganda
    JAMA 300:540-9. 2008
    ..Studies of factors associated with acquiring human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) are often based on prevalence data that might not reflect recent infections...
  46. ncbi HBV, HCV and HIV seroprevalence among blood donors in Istanbul, Turkey: how effective are the changes in the national blood transfusion policies?
    Ali Acar
    Gulhane Military Medical Academy, Haydarpasa Training Hospital Department of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology, 34668 Uskudar Istanbul
    Braz J Infect Dis 14:41-6. 2010
    ..Despite similar transmission routes, the increase in HIV prevalence in contrast to HBV and HCV may be linked to the increase in AIDS cases in Turkey in recent years...
  47. pmc Genital herpes has played a more important role than any other sexually transmitted infection in driving HIV prevalence in Africa
    Laith J Abu-Raddad
    Statistical Center for HIV Aids Research and Prevention, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, Washington, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 3:e2230. 2008
    ..The potential impact of these interventions requires a quantitative assessment of the magnitude of the synergy between HIV and HSV-2 at the population level...
  48. ncbi HIV seroprevalence rate and incidence of adverse skin reactions in adults with pulmonary tuberculosis receiving thiacetazone free anti-tuberculosis treatment in Yaounde, Cameroon
    C Kuaban
    Clinical Epidemiology Unit Yaounde, Faculty of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University of Yaounde 1, Cameroon
    East Afr Med J 74:474-7. 1997
    To determine the HIV seroprevalence in adult patients with pulmonary tuberculosis in Yaounde and to compare the incidence of adverse skin reactions in patients with and without HIV infection receiving thiacetazone-free antituberculosis ..
  49. ncbi HIV seroprevalence among women opting out of prenatal HIV screening in Alberta, Canada: 2002-2004
    Sabrina S Plitt
    Centre for Infectious Disease Prevention and Control, Public Health Agency of Canada, Ottawa, Canada
    Clin Infect Dis 45:1640-3. 2007
    ..We examined demographic characteristics of and HIV seroprevalence among women opting out...
  50. pmc Association of attitudes and beliefs towards antiretroviral therapy with HIV-seroprevalence in the general population of Kisumu, Kenya
    Craig R Cohen
    Departments of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 4:e4573. 2009
    ..We hypothesized that a similar phenomenon may be occurring in sub-Saharan Africa concomitant with the scale-up of HIV treatment...
  51. ncbi Increasing HIV seropositivity among adult tuberculosis patients in Delhi
    S K Sharma
    Department of Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi, India
    Indian J Med Res 117:239-42. 2003
    ..4 per cent (2 of 500 patients). This communication describes a dramatic increase in seropositivity and highlights the importance of continued HIV serosurveillance in patients with TB...
  52. ncbi Sexual risk behaviours and HIV seroprevalence among male sex workers who have sex with men and non-sex workers in Campinas, Brazil
    W Tun
    Population Council, 4301 Connecticut Avenue NW, 280, Washington, DC 20008, USA
    Sex Transm Infect 84:455-7. 2008
    To compare population-based prevalence estimates of sexual risk behaviours and HIV seroprevalence of male sex workers who have sex with men (MSM) and those not engaged in sex work in Campinas, Brazil.
  53. ncbi Cryptococcus gattii infection: characteristics and epidemiology of cases identified in a South African province with high HIV seroprevalence, 2002-2004
    Juliette Morgan
    Mycotic Diseases Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 43:1077-80. 2006
    ..gattii infection with regard to clinical presentation, acquired immunodeficiency syndrome diagnosis, concomitant conditions, or prior opportunistic infections. C. gattii isolates had low MICs to the tested antifungal drugs...
  54. ncbi Community-based rapid HIV testing in homeless and marginally housed adults in San Francisco
    J B Bucher
    University of California, San Francisco UCSF School of Medicine, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA
    HIV Med 8:28-31. 2007
    ..Standard two-step HIV testing is limited by poor return-for-results rates and misses high-risk individuals who do not access conventional testing facilities...
  55. ncbi Seroprevalence of HIV infection among tuberculosis patients in Agra, India--a hospital-based study
    Tahziba Hussain
    HIV AIDS Unit, Central JALMA Institute for Leprosy and Other Mycobacterial Diseases Indian Council of Medical Research, Tajganj, Agra 282001, India
    Tuberculosis (Edinb) 86:54-9. 2006
    ..e. spouse or one of the family members was HIV-infected. The difference in signs and symptoms among the HIV positive and HIV negative TB patients was found to be statistically significant...
  56. ncbi A 16-year study of HIV seroprevalence and HIV-related diseases in a teaching tertiary care hospital in India
    D R Arora
    Department of Microbiology and Voluntary Counselling and Testing Centre VCTC for AIDS, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences PGIMS, Rohtak Haryana, India
    Int J STD AIDS 15:178-82. 2004
    ..Forty-six of these HIV-seropositive patients had already died. In order to cope with this epidemic, new models of care and cost-effective preventive measures are needed...
  57. ncbi HIV seroprevalence in patients with tuberculosis in Allahabad, North India
    Ravi Mehrotra
    Department of Pathology, Moti Lal Nehru Medical College, Allahabad
    Indian J Pathol Microbiol 49:302-6. 2006
    ..HIV infection was most prevalent in young males in the 21-40 year age group, with a history of tuberculosis, either residing, or working in an urban area away from their family. All our cases were of the HIV-1 serotype...
  58. ncbi Seroprevalence of hepatitis B, C and HIV in blood donors in northern Pakistan
    M F Khattak
    Armed Forces Institute of Transfusion, Rawaplindi
    J Pak Med Assoc 52:398-402. 2002
    ..To study the seroprevalence and trends of Hepatitis B, C and HIV sero markers in healthy blood donors of Northern Pakistan...
  59. ncbi Seroprevalence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection among tuberculosis patients in Tamil Nadu
    R Ramachandran
    Tuberculosis Research Centre ICMR, Chennai, India
    Indian J Med Res 118:147-51. 2003
    ..The objective of this study was to re-examine the prevalence of HIV infection among tuberculosis patients in a repeat survey...
  60. pmc Evaluation of bias in HIV seroprevalence estimates from national household surveys
    V Mishra
    Demographic and Health Research Division, Macro International Inc, 11785 Beltsville Drive, Calverton, Maryland 20705, USA
    Sex Transm Infect 84:i63-i70. 2008
    To evaluate HIV seroprevalence estimates from demographic and health surveys (DHS) and AIDS indicator surveys (AIS) for potential bias because of non-response and exclusion of non-household population groups.
  61. ncbi Changing association between schooling levels and HIV-1 infection over 11 years in a rural population cohort in south-west Uganda
    Damien de Walque
    MRC UVRI Uganda Research Unit on AIDS, Uganda Virus Research Institute, Entebbe, Uganda
    Trop Med Int Health 10:993-1001. 2005
    ..More recent studies have found some instances where higher schooling levels are associated with lower HIV prevalence...
  62. pmc HIV seroprevalence among tuberculosis patients in India, 2006-2007
    Neeraj Raizada
    Office of the WHO Representative to India, New Delhi, India
    PLoS ONE 3:e2970. 2008
    ..A community-based HIV prevalence survey was conducted among tuberculosis patients treated by the national tuberculosis control programme to evaluate the HIV prevalence among tuberculosis patients in India...
  63. pmc The silent HIV epidemic among pregnant women within rural Northern Tanzania
    Khadija I Yahya-Malima
    Centre for International Health, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway
    BMC Public Health 6:109. 2006
    ..To address this void in rural Manyara and Singida within Northern Tanzania, we conducted antenatal clinic-based sentinel surveillance...
  64. ncbi Trends and measurement of HIV prevalence in northern Malawi
    Amelia C Crampin
    Karonga Prevention Study, Chilumba, Malawi
    AIDS 17:1817-25. 2003
    ..Most data on HIV prevalence in Malawi come from antenatal clinic (ANC) surveillance and are, therefore, subject to bias...
  65. ncbi [Substance use, risk situations, and HIV seroprevalence among individuals seeking free HIV testing in Porto Alegre, Brazil]
    Flavio Pechansky
    Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Centro de Pesquisa em Alcool e Drogas, Brazil
    Rev Panam Salud Publica 18:249-55. 2005
    To describe substance use, HIV seroprevalence, and risk of exposure to HIV infection in individuals seeking HIV testing in two screening centers (a municipal one and a state one) in the city of Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.
  66. pmc Elevated HIV seroprevalence and risk behavior among Ugandan TB suspects: implications for HIV testing and prevention
    P Srikantiah
    Division of HIV AIDS, San Francisco General Hospital, University of California, San Francisco 94110, USA
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 11:168-74. 2007
    ..Opportunities to diagnose HIV may be missed by limiting HIV testing to only persons diagnosed with TB. Among TB suspects in Uganda, we determined HIV prevalence, risk behaviors, and willingness to refer family for VCT...
  67. pmc HIV seroprevalence among homeless and marginally housed adults in San Francisco
    Marjorie J Robertson
    Department of Epidemiology, University of California, San Francisco, USA
    Am J Public Health 94:1207-17. 2004
    We report HIV seroprevalence and risk factors for urban indigent adults.
  68. pmc Squaring the circle: AIDS, poverty, and human development
    Peter Piot
    Joint United Nations Programme on HIV AIDS UNAIDS
    PLoS Med 4:1571-5. 2007
  69. ncbi Potential cost-effectiveness of maternal and infant antiretroviral interventions to prevent mother-to-child transmission during breast-feeding
    Courtney C Maclean
    Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, NC, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 38:570-7. 2005
    ..One-third of maternal-to-child HIV transmission occurs during breast-feeding (BF). Several trials are currently evaluating the efficacy of postpartum antiretrovirals to reduce BF transmission...
  70. ncbi Occupational exposure of interns to blood in an area of high HIV seroprevalence
    A S Karstaedt
    Department of Medicine, Chris Hani Baragwanath Hospital and University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg
    S Afr Med J 91:57-61. 2001
    ..Strict compliance with universal precautions will not prevent the majority of exposures. Priorities should be the introduction of safer techniques and equipment, skills training and methods of reporting blood exposures...
  71. ncbi HIV risk perception and prevalence in a program for prevention of mother-to-child HIV transmission: comparison of women who accept voluntary counseling and testing and those tested anonymously
    Harriet Mpairwe
    Uganda Virus Research Institute and Entebbe General Hospital, Entebbe, Uganda
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 39:354-8. 2005
    ..To determine whether data from voluntary counseling and testing (VCT)/prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) programs can be used for HIV surveillance...
  72. pmc Response rates for providing a blood specimen for HIV testing in a population-based survey of young adults in Zimbabwe
    A D McNaghten
    Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, National Center for HIV AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, USA
    BMC Public Health 7:145. 2007
    ..To determine differences among persons who provided blood specimens for HIV testing compared with those who did not among those interviewed for the population-based Zimbabwe Young Adult Survey (YAS)...
  73. pmc Impact of highly active antiretroviral treatment on HIV seroincidence among men who have sex with men: San Francisco
    Mitchell H Katz
    San Francisco Department of Public Health, 101 Grove Street, Room 308, San Francisco, CA 94102, USA
    Am J Public Health 92:388-94. 2002
    ..This study assessed the countervailing effects on HIV incidence of highly active antiretroviral treatment (HAART) among San Francisco men who have sex with men (MSM)...
  74. ncbi The development of HIV/AIDS surveillance in China
    Xinhua Sun
    People s Republic of China Ministry of Health Department of Disease Control, Beijing, China
    AIDS 21:S33-8. 2007
    ..The Chinese experience illustrates how surveillance systems need to be dynamic in order to monitor trends in HIV over time...
  75. pmc Characteristics of HIV seroprevalence of visitors to public health centers under the national HIV surveillance system in Korea: cross sectional study
    Mee Kyung Kee
    Division of AIDS, Center for Immunology and Pathology, Korea National Institute of Health, Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Seoul, Republic of Korea
    BMC Public Health 9:123. 2009
    ..We investigated HIV seroprevalence status and its characteristics of visitors to Public Health Centers (PHCs), which conducted both mandatory ..
  76. ncbi Monitoring of HIV-1 infection prevalence and trends in the general population using pregnant women as a sentinel population: 9 years experience from the Kagera region of Tanzania
    G Kwesigabo
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Muhimbili University College of Health Sciences, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 23:410-7. 2000
    ..The benefits of using this group outweigh its limitations that are brought about by possible selection bias. Continued surveillance of the epidemic based on antenatal care patients as a sentinel population is therefore recommended...
  77. ncbi High HIV incidence and prevalence among young women in rural South Africa: developing a cohort for intervention trials
    D Wilkinson
    Centre for Epidemiological Research in South Africa, Medical Research Council, Hlabisa
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 23:405-9. 2000
    ..To measure prevalence and model incidence of HIV infection...
  78. ncbi HIV-1 incidence estimates using IgG-capture BED-enzyme immunoassay from surveillance sites of injection drug users in three cities of China
    Yan Jiang
    National AIDS Reference Laboratory, National Center for AIDS STD Control and Prevention, Beijing, China
    AIDS 21:S47-51. 2007
    ..To detect recent infection in injection drug users (IDU) using the HIV-1 subtypes B, E, and D IgG-capture enzyme immunoassay (BED-CEIA) and estimate HIV-1 incidence in the IDU population in three cities of China...
  79. pmc A global analysis of trends in the quality of HIV sero-surveillance
    J M Garcia-Calleja
    World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
    Sex Transm Infect 80:i25-30. 2004
    ..To examine the quality of HIV sero-surveillance systems in countries by 2002, as well as trends between 1995 and 2002...
  80. ncbi Tuberculosis, HIV seroprevalence and intravenous drug abuse in prisoners
    F A Drobniewski
    HPA National Mycobacterium Reference Unit, Dept of Microbiology and Infection, King s College Hospital Dulwich, East Dulwich Grove, London SE22 8QF, UK
    Eur Respir J 26:298-304. 2005
    ..Prisons are major drivers of the tuberculosis and HIV epidemics. Novel strategies are needed to reduce the spread of blood borne diseases, particularly in intravenous drug users...
  81. ncbi Steep increase in HIV prevalence among tuberculosis patients in Ho Chi Minh City
    Hoang T Quy
    Pham Ngoc Thach Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases Centre, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
    AIDS 16:931-2. 2002
    ..HIV prevalence increased steeply from 0.5% in 1995 to 4% in 2000, with a doubling time of approximately 21 months. This study highlights the need to intensify HIV/AIDS prevention and control in Vietnam...
  82. ncbi Persistently high HIV seroprevalence among adult tuberculosis patients at a tertiary care centre in Delhi
    P Piramanayagam
    Department of Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi 110 029, India
    Indian J Med Res 125:163-7. 2007
    This study was designed to estimate HIV seroprevalence among tuberculosis patients presenting to tertiary care centre in Delhi.
  83. ncbi How well do antenatal clinic (ANC) attendees represent the general population? A comparison of HIV prevalence from ANC sentinel surveillance sites with a population-based survey of women aged 15-49 in Cambodia
    Vonthanak Saphonn
    National Center for HIV AIDS, Dermatology and STD, Phnom Penh, Cambodia
    Int J Epidemiol 31:449-55. 2002
    ..Serum-based HIV ELISA testing was done for both ANC attendees and household females. The HIV prevalence for ANC attendees and household females were compared by age group and urban versus rural location...
  84. ncbi A rural HIV epidemic in Zimbabwe? Findings from a population-based survey
    S Gregson
    Biomedical Research and Training Institute, Harare, Zimbabwe
    Int J STD AIDS 12:189-96. 2001
    ..b>HIV seroprevalence was 23...
  85. ncbi Trends in HIV seroprevalence and needle sharing among Puerto Rican drug injectors in Puerto Rico and New York: 1992-1999
    S Deren
    National Development and Research Institutes, New York, New York 10048, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 26:164-9. 2001
    This study assessed trends in HIV seroprevalence and needle-sharing behaviors among Puerto Rican injection drug users (IDUs) in Puerto Rico and New York...
  86. ncbi HIV seroprevalence surveys in Nigerien pregnant women: a comparison between 2002 and 2006
    Z Tohon
    CERMES Le Réseau International des Instituts Pasteur, Niamey, Niger
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 101:1101-5. 2007
    ..In 2002 and 2006, surveys were conducted in Niger to assess the HIV seroprevalence in pregnant women and to evaluate the trend of the HIV epidemic. The overall seroprevalence was 0...
  87. ncbi HIV seroprevalence in street youth, St. Petersburg, Russia
    Dmitry M Kissin
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30341, USA
    AIDS 21:2333-40. 2007
    ..The purpose of this study was to assess HIV seroprevalence among street youth in St Petersburg and to describe social, sexual, and behavioral characteristics ..
  88. ncbi Geographic and temporal stability of HIV seroprevalence among pregnant women in Bujumbura, Burundi
    D C Sokal
    Family Health International, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina 27709
    AIDS 7:1481-4. 1993
    OBJECTIVE: To establish whether HIV seroprevalence in Bujumbura is stable or continuing to increase. METHODS: HIV seroprevalence data among pregnant women from 1986 were compared with comparable data from 1991-1992...
  89. pmc Regional differences in HIV prevalence among drug users in China: potential for future spread of HIV?
    Mirjam Kretzschmar
    School of Public Health, University of Bielefeld, Bielefeld, Germany
    BMC Infect Dis 8:108. 2008
    ..To assess whether these goals were fulfilled among drug users in China we provide an analysis of risk factors for HIV infection and of regional differences in HIV prevalence...
  90. ncbi [Risk of HIV-1 or 2 infection associated with transfusion in Benin]
    A Zohoun
    Laboratoire de Microbiologie, CNHU, 04 BP 156, Cotonou, Benin
    Bull Soc Pathol Exot 97:261-4. 2004
    ..To evaluate the residual risk of transmission of HIV 1/2 infection through transfusion of seronegative blood...
  91. pmc Epidemiology of HIV/AIDS among non-Hispanic black women in the United States
    Suzanne K Whitmore
    Division of HIV AIDS Prevention Surveillance and Epidemiology, National Center for HIV, STD and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    J Natl Med Assoc 97:19S-24S. 2005
    ..HIV/AIDS has emerged as a persistent health threat to black women in the United States. For the past decade, HIV disease has been among the top 10 leading causes of death for this population...
  92. ncbi Crack users, sexual behavior and risk of HIV infection
    Renata Cruz Soares de Azevedo
    Department of Medical Psychology and Psychiatry, School of Medical Sciences, Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Campinas, SP, Brazil
    Rev Bras Psiquiatr 29:26-30. 2007
    ..To compare a sample of injecting cocaine users and crack users, assessing sexual behavior, risk for infection by HIV and its seroprevalence...
  93. ncbi New York City injection drug users' memories of syringe-sharing patterns and changes during the peak of the HIV/AIDS epidemic
    Russell Rockwell
    National Development and Research Institutes Inc, New York, New York 10010, USA
    AIDS Behav 10:691-8. 2006
    ..IDUs remember when they first became aware of AIDS and began to adjust their behaviors and social assumptions...
  94. pmc Costs and consequences of the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's recommendations for opt-out HIV testing
    David R Holtgrave
    Department of Health, Behavior and Society, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America
    PLoS Med 4:e194. 2007
    ..In this paper, I estimate the costs and public health impact of opt-out HIV testing relative to testing accompanied by client-centered counseling, and relative to a more targeted counseling and testing strategy...
  95. ncbi Declining seroprevalence of HIV infection among paediatric inpatients
    S R Daga
    Cama and Albless Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
    Trop Doct 37:233-5. 2007
    ..We believe that paediatric inpatients reflect the extent of MTCT in the community...
  96. ncbi HIV risk in Karachi and Lahore, Pakistan: an emerging epidemic in injecting and commercial sex networks
    Asma Bokhari
    National AIDS Control Programme, Ministry of Health, Government of Pakistan, Pakistan
    Int J STD AIDS 18:486-92. 2007
    ..The HIV epidemic has entered IDU and male and female commercial sex networks in Karachi and Lahore. Targeted intervention services must be scaled up and risk group surveillance intensified...
  97. ncbi Nine-year trends in HIV-1 prevalence among visa applicants in Urban Ethiopia
    Belete Tegbaru
    National Referral Laboratory for AIDS, Ethiopian Health and Nutrition Research Institute, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    Ethiop Med J 42:41-7. 2004
    ..Visa applicants can be used as a sentinel population for monitoring trends in HIV-1 prevalence in the country, although additional socio-demographic information would be useful for better interpretation of such data...
  98. ncbi Risk factors for HIV infection in injection drug users and evidence for onward transmission of HIV to their sexual partners in Chennai, India
    Samiran Panda
    SAHAI Trust, Chennai, India
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 39:9-15. 2005
    ..Determining HIV prevalence in injection drug users (IDUs) and their regular sex partners in Chennai, India...
  99. ncbi HIV infection and risk behaviour of commercial sex workers and intravenous drug users in Slovakia
    D Stanekova
    NRC HIV AIDS, SMU, Bratislava
    Cent Eur J Public Health 12:197-200. 2004
    ..Aim of the study was to determine risk behaviour and HIV prevalence among commercial sex workers (CSWs) and intravenous drug users (IDUs) in streets of Bratislava and B. Bystrica, SR...
  100. ncbi HIV sentinel surveillance among women seeking elective pregnancy termination, San Francisco
    Eleanor A Drey
    Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences, San Francisco General Hospital, University of California San Francisco, CA 94102, USA
    Sex Transm Dis 32:590-2. 2005
    ..The objective of this study was to measure HIV prevalence, HIV incidence, and risk factors for infection among women seeking elective pregnancy termination in San Francisco...
  101. ncbi Complementary factors contributing to the rapid spread of HIV-I in sub-Saharan Africa: a review
    M Nyindo
    Tumaini University, Kilimanjaro Christian Medical College, P O Box 2240, Moshi, Tanzania
    East Afr Med J 82:40-6. 2005
    ..To examine and establish complementary factors that contribute to the alarmingly high prevalence of HIV-1 in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) in order to create awareness and suggest possible measures to avert the spread of the pandemic...

Research Grants62

  1. Phase I Study to Evaluate Safety and Toxicity of EGCG in HIV-1-Infected Subjects
    Christina L Nance; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..The impact of the current level of HIV seroprevalence is enormous in terms of mortality, resource depletion, and human suffering...
  2. Cornell Clinical Trials Unit
    Roy M Gulick; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..CRSs are located in different parts of New York City, in or close to the neighborhoods with the highest HIV seroprevalence rates: Cornell Uptown is located close to East Harlem (2...
  3. Cornell Clinical Trials Unit
    Roy M Gulick; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..CRSs are located in different parts of New York City, in or close to the neighborhoods with the highest HIV seroprevalence rates: Cornell Uptown is located close to East Harlem (2...
  4. The PFT Intervention: Linking triply-diagnosed inpatients to community care
    Michael B Blank; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..2008) found in excess of 10% HIV seroprevalence in two inpatient psychiatric units in Philadelphia, the Wright 4 Unit at Presbyterian Hospital and the 4 ..
  5. Texas National HIV Behavioral Surveillance
    Jonathan Poe; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Voluntary and anonymous HIV testing will also be conducted on consenting participants to estimate HIV seroprevalence of each high risk group...
  6. NATIONAL HIV BEHAVIORAL SURVEILLANCE SYSTEM
    Tom Jaenicke; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..We will provide voluntary HIV counseling and testing to NHBS participants in all three cycles to assess HIV seroprevalence. We will conduct evaluations of the NHBS system including sampling strategies, and data collection methods ..
  7. MICRONUTRIENTS AND ENTERIC INFECTION IN AFRICAN CHILDREN
    MICHAEL BENNISH; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..This study will also allow us to determine risk factors for persistent diarrhea, and to develop algorithms for the management of infectious diarrhea in a region where HIV infection is common. ..
  8. MICRONUTRIENTS AND ENTERIC INFECTION IN AFRICAN CHILDREN
    Sherwood Gorbach; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..This study will also allow us to determine risk factors for persistent diarrhea, and to develop algorithms for the management of infectious diarrhea in a region where HIV infection is common. ..
  9. Johns Hopkins University-Guangxi, China Clinical Trials Unit
    JAY B JACKSON; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The Heng County clinical research site was shown to have an HIV seroprevalence rate of 25% and seroincidence rate of 3...
  10. Methamphetamine and AIDS in a Non-Human Primate Model
    Anil Kumar; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..It has been established that HIV seroprevalence is higher among methamphetamine users and methamphetamine is known to contribute to HIV-associated dementia (..
  11. HIV, Risk Behaviors, and Stigma in High Risk Tanzanian Men
    Michael W Ross; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..has established the existence of significant indigenous MSM networks, characterized by apparently high HIV seroprevalence rates and high stigma...
  12. Enhance Prevention in Couples (EPIC)
    Wafaa M El-Sadr; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Lesotho, a small country in Southern Africa, has been severely affected with an estimated HIV seroprevalence of 23% among adults, the third highest rate in the world...
  13. NATIONAL HIV BEHAVIORAL SURVEILLANCE SYSTEM
    Kathleen A Brady; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Voluntary testing for HIV infection will be conducted in order to assess HIV seroprevalence and incidence...
  14. VUKA Family Program: Supporting Perinatally HIV-infected Youth in South Africa
    Mary McKernan McKay; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..at 4 publicly financed pediatric HIV clinics in KwaZulu Natal, a SA province with one of the highest HIV seroprevalence rates...
  15. HIV Screening in the Emergency Department Setting
    Michael S Lyons; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..and fully funded clinical researcher;2) to evaluate HIV screening in an urban ED in a city with low HIV seroprevalence (<1%) by comparing a targeted HIV screening strategy (testing offered to those perceived to be at-risk) ..
  16. Understanding Delayed Access to HIV Prevention Services among Black MSM
    Ronald D Stall; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..In a recent large-scale HIV seroprevalence survey, prevalence rates were highest among AA MSM (28%), compared to 16% among MSM of all other ethnicities...
  17. RCT of a Brazilian HIV Prevention Intervention for the SMI
    Milton L Wainberg; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..A recent study has documented an HIV seroprevalence among SMI in Brazil five times higher than the general population and several studies have documented sexual ..
  18. HIV RISK REDUCTION FOR INCARCERATED WOMEN
    TED BRASFIELD; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..Reported HIV seroprevalence rates among incarcerated women across the country vary from a low of 3...
  19. HIV & STD Risks in Tele Aviv Commercial Sex Works
    Jonathan Zenilman; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..HIV could be easily introduced and disseminated into the Tel Aviv population, but with the current low HIV seroprevalence aggressive interventions could be highly effective...
  20. HIGH RISK COHORTS IN KENYA; PROSTITUTES AND TRUCKDRIVERS
    Joan Kreiss; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..Despite behavioral change, HIV seroprevalence rates among heterosexual populations continue to rise, particularly in subsaharan African and southeast Asia...
  21. JHU-MCAIDS HPTN TRIAL SITE-CHINA
    JAY JACKSON; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..According to HIV seroprevalence surveys conducted in 1999 by the NCAIDS, there are currently an estimated 400,000 HIV-infected people in ..
  22. Cross-Border HIV Prevention Project: China and Vietnam
    Theodore Hammett; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..It will be evaluated through repeat cross-sectional behavioral surveys and measurement of cross-sectional HIV seroprevalence, with a "capture-recapture" component allowing analysis of longitudinal behavior change and estimation of ..
  23. STDS, FERTILITY, MARRIAGE AND DEMOGRAPHIC PROJECTION
    Ronald Gray; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Demographic projections of the impact of the HIV epidemic are largely based on antenatal HIV seroprevalence estimates and fail to account for the fertility inhibiting effects of HIV. In collaboration with the U.S...
  24. HETEROSEXUAL HIV TRANSMISSION
    Kenneth Mayer; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..are to study the heterosexual transmission of HIV in the Greater Providence area in order to: 1) estimate HIV seroprevalence and the incidence of seroconversion among heterosexual men and women whose only known risk factor is sexual ..
  25. Directly Observed Therapy(DOT) for TB and HIV in Kenya
    Timothy Flanigan; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..2.) Infrastructure in Kenya for TB DOT already exists. 3.) HIV seroprevalence in TB cases in Kenya is 60%. 4...
  26. METHAMPHETAMINE DEPENDENCE AND THE RISK OF HIV INFECTION
    Gantt Galloway; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..This confluence of sexual and injection drug use (IDU) risk factors has led to high HIV seroprevalence in MA using populations...
  27. Combining HIV and Alcohol Interventions in STD Clinics
    Lance Weinhardt; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..e., abuse and dependence), particularly those in inner-city communities with elevated HIV seroprevalence rates, are at heightened risk for infection with HIV and other STDs and benefit less from HIV-risk reduction ..
  28. SIMULATION OF IV DRUG INTERVENTIONS ON HIV INFECT/AIDS
    Philip Cooley; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..Trials Coordinating Center project, we propose to revise these parameters and make short-term forecasts of HIV seroprevalence and AIDS incidence...
  29. HIV Risk-reduction with Drug-using Youth
    Daniel Pilowsky; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..prevalence of HIV infection among illicit drug users has shown that crack smokers have an unexpectedly high HIV seroprevalence. Interventions aimed at reducing sexual risk behavior among young adult crack smokers and other non-..
  30. DRUG ABUSE ASPECTS OF THE ACQUIRED-MINORITY IVDA
    Lawrence Brown; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..The second component is a HIV seroprevalence study of the sex partners of intravenous drug abusers assessing for those risk factors in the IVDA and their ..
  31. HIV, DRUGS, SEXUAL RISK IN DUMSM--A COMMUNITY STUDY
    E MICHAEL GORMAN; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..In light of current HIV seroprevalence statistics regarding MSM, and in particular IDU MSM, we propose to conduct a two city (Seattle, Washington ..
  32. Social/Sexual Networks & HIV Risk: Men of Color
    Kyung Hee Choi; Fiscal Year: 2010
    African American and Latino men who have sex with men (MSM) have reported some of the highest rates of HIV seroprevalence in the U.S. By contrast, Asian and Pacific Islander (API) MSM have reported much lower rates of HIV infection...
  33. SAN FRANCISCO HIV VACCINE CLINICAL TRAILS UNIT
    Susan Buchbinder; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..These high seroincidence rates are likely the joint result of high HIV seroprevalence in the MSM community (estimated at 30%), and identification f participants with substantial risk behavior...
  34. SOCIAL COGNITIVE THEORY AND AIDS PREVENTION
    ANN O LEARY; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..the Rutgers-Newark campus and on a control campus; quantitation of condom sales on campus and locally; and HIV seroprevalence and STD incidence...
  35. The Effects of HAART on Cancer Incidence in AIDS Cases
    Susan Scheer; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Given the respective strengths of the AIDS and cancer registries, we are uniquely situated to perform these investigations. ..
  36. VOUCHER-BASED INCENTIVES IN A PREVENTION SETTING
    CATHY REBACK; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Homeless, gay and bisexual male substance abusers (HGMSA) suffer 80% HIV seroprevalence, engage in the sex trades and resist treatment for substance abuse...
  37. Reducing Methamphetamine Use and HIV Sex-risk Behaviors in Out-of-Treatment MSM
    CATHY REBACK; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  38. LOCAL CONTEXT, SOCIAL-CONTROL ACTION, AND HIV RISK
    Samuel Friedman; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ....
  39. Staying Safe: Long-Term Injection Drug Users Who Have Avoided HIV & Hepatitis C
    Samuel Friedman; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  40. Telephone Intervention /Depressed Older Adults /HIV/AIDS
    Timothy Heckman; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  41. Maternal and Infant Health and HAART Outcomes in the Mashi PMTCT Study, Botswana
    Shahin Lockman; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Botswana, a southern African nation, has one of the world's highest HIV-1 infection rates;in 2005, HIV seroprevalence among pregnant women was 33.4% [2]...
  42. NETWORK RISKS AMONG INJECTING DRUG USERS
    Alan Neaigus; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  43. Best Practices in Adolescent HIV VCT
    Beatrice Krauss; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Changes in technology, e.g., rapid-result testing of finger-stick blood samples, adds to the importance of the current study. ..
  44. ORGAN CULTURE TO STUDY HIV TRANSMISSION
    Phalguni Gupta; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....
  45. HIV RISK REDUCTION FOR WOMEN WITH SEVERE MENTAL ILLNESS
    Pamela Collins; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..3) become knowledgeable in research design and complete pilot work for a randomized clinical trial testing the HIV preventative intervention developed by the applicant. ..
  46. HIV Transmission in Russia Through Liquid Drug Injection
    Robert Heimer; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  47. DIRECTLY OBSERVED ANTI RETROVIRAL THERAPY AMONG ACTIVE D
    Frederick Altice; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Secondary measures of interest include quality of life measures, health care utilization and entry into drug treatment. ..
  48. Chronic Hepatitis Intervention Project for Drug Users
    William Zule; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..We believe the innovation of the proposed study lies in its personalized motivational intervention tailored to each IDUs unique combination of HIV, HCV, and HBV test results. ..
  49. Epidemiology of Hep E Virus Infections in Bangladesh
    Kenrad Nelson; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  50. IMPROVING HEALTH OUTCOMES IN UNPARTNERED CARDIAC ELDERS
    Sally Rankin; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Social support and self-efficacy are mediating variable sand will be measured by the MOS Social Support Scale and the Jenkins Self-Efficacy Expectation scales for Walking and General Activity. ..
  51. HIV IN SEMEN FROM INFECTED SUBJECTS FROM INDIA
    Phalguni Gupta; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Semen and blood plasma and mononuclear cells samples collected through our collaborative study in India will be used in this project. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  52. MOTHERS LIVING WITH HIV AND THEIR ADOLESCENT CHILDREN
    MARY ROTHERAM BORUS; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  53. Estimation Models for HIV/AIDS in China
    Sten Vermund; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..We intend to use the findings to help the China CDC establishing a better estimation model for HIV/AIDS. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  54. The Medical Consequences of Different Types of Heroin
    Daniel Ciccarone; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..e., soft tissue infection, HIV and heroin related overdose. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  55. Medication Reconciliation: A Team Approach
    Jeffrey Greenwald; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  56. Viral and Placental Determinants of HIV-1 Subtype C Mother-to-Child Transmission
    Jesse Kwiek; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The results of this project will provide a comprehensive description of the HIV-1 C envelope genes and the placental environment conducive to HIV-1 subtype C MTCT. ..
  57. Alcohol in Mexican-Origin Groups: US and Mexican Surveys
    Marjorie Robertson; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Results will inform provision of culturally appropriate health services and prevention program planning. ..