cross sectional studies

Summary

Summary: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi A more accurate method to estimate glomerular filtration rate from serum creatinine: a new prediction equation. Modification of Diet in Renal Disease Study Group
    A S Levey
    New England Medical Center, Boston, MA 02111, USA
    Ann Intern Med 130:461-70. 1999
  2. ncbi Worldwide trends in childhood overweight and obesity
    Youfa Wang
    Center for Human Nutrition, Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Int J Pediatr Obes 1:11-25. 2006
  3. ncbi Researching health inequalities in adolescents: the development of the Health Behaviour in School-Aged Children (HBSC) family affluence scale
    Candace Currie
    Child and Adolescent Health Research Unit, University of Edinburgh, St Leonard s Land, Holyrood Road, Edinburgh EH8 8AQ, United Kingdom
    Soc Sci Med 66:1429-36. 2008
  4. ncbi Fear of falling: measurement strategy, prevalence, risk factors and consequences among older persons
    Alice C Scheffer
    Department of Geriatrics, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Age Ageing 37:19-24. 2008
  5. pmc Alternatives for logistic regression in cross-sectional studies: an empirical comparison of models that directly estimate the prevalence ratio
    Aluisio J D Barros
    Programa de Pós Graduação em Epidemiologia, Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Brazil
    BMC Med Res Methodol 3:21. 2003
  6. ncbi The disease burden associated with overweight and obesity
    A Must
    Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, MA 02111, USA
    JAMA 282:1523-9. 1999
  7. ncbi Prevalence, expenditures, and complications of multiple chronic conditions in the elderly
    Jennifer L Wolff
    Department of Health Policy and Management, The Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, 624 N Broadway, Room 304, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Arch Intern Med 162:2269-76. 2002
  8. ncbi Prevalence of chronic kidney disease and decreased kidney function in the adult US population: Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
    Josef Coresh
    Department of Epidemiology, Bloomberg School of Public Health, The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Am J Kidney Dis 41:1-12. 2003
  9. ncbi Prevalence and development of psychiatric disorders in childhood and adolescence
    E Jane Costello
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University Medical School, Durham, NC 27710, USA
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 60:837-44. 2003
  10. ncbi Comparison of overweight and obesity prevalence in school-aged youth from 34 countries and their relationships with physical activity and dietary patterns
    I Janssen
    Department of Community Health and Epidemiology, Queen s University, Kingston, Ontario K7L 3N6, Canada
    Obes Rev 6:123-32. 2005

Detail Information

Publications361 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi A more accurate method to estimate glomerular filtration rate from serum creatinine: a new prediction equation. Modification of Diet in Renal Disease Study Group
    A S Levey
    New England Medical Center, Boston, MA 02111, USA
    Ann Intern Med 130:461-70. 1999
    ..Serum creatinine concentration is widely used as an index of renal function, but this concentration is affected by factors other than glomerular filtration rate (GFR)...
  2. ncbi Worldwide trends in childhood overweight and obesity
    Youfa Wang
    Center for Human Nutrition, Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Int J Pediatr Obes 1:11-25. 2006
    ..This paper summarises the available information on recent trends in child overweight and obesity prevalence...
  3. ncbi Researching health inequalities in adolescents: the development of the Health Behaviour in School-Aged Children (HBSC) family affluence scale
    Candace Currie
    Child and Adolescent Health Research Unit, University of Edinburgh, St Leonard s Land, Holyrood Road, Edinburgh EH8 8AQ, United Kingdom
    Soc Sci Med 66:1429-36. 2008
    ..Finally, ongoing FAS validation work is described together with ideas for future development of the measure...
  4. ncbi Fear of falling: measurement strategy, prevalence, risk factors and consequences among older persons
    Alice C Scheffer
    Department of Geriatrics, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Age Ageing 37:19-24. 2008
    ....
  5. pmc Alternatives for logistic regression in cross-sectional studies: an empirical comparison of models that directly estimate the prevalence ratio
    Aluisio J D Barros
    Programa de Pós Graduação em Epidemiologia, Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Brazil
    BMC Med Res Methodol 3:21. 2003
    ..Also, controlling for confounding is not equivalent for the two measures. In this paper we explore alternatives for modeling data of such studies with techniques that directly estimate the prevalence ratio...
  6. ncbi The disease burden associated with overweight and obesity
    A Must
    Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, MA 02111, USA
    JAMA 282:1523-9. 1999
    ..Overweight and obesity are increasing dramatically in the United States and most likely contribute substantially to the burden of chronic health conditions...
  7. ncbi Prevalence, expenditures, and complications of multiple chronic conditions in the elderly
    Jennifer L Wolff
    Department of Health Policy and Management, The Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, 624 N Broadway, Room 304, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Arch Intern Med 162:2269-76. 2002
    ..The prevalence, health care expenditures, and hospitalization experiences are important considerations among elderly populations with multiple chronic conditions...
  8. ncbi Prevalence of chronic kidney disease and decreased kidney function in the adult US population: Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
    Josef Coresh
    Department of Epidemiology, Bloomberg School of Public Health, The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Am J Kidney Dis 41:1-12. 2003
    ....
  9. ncbi Prevalence and development of psychiatric disorders in childhood and adolescence
    E Jane Costello
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University Medical School, Durham, NC 27710, USA
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 60:837-44. 2003
    ..This longitudinal community study assessed the prevalence and development of psychiatric disorders from age 9 through 16 years and examined homotypic and heterotypic continuity...
  10. ncbi Comparison of overweight and obesity prevalence in school-aged youth from 34 countries and their relationships with physical activity and dietary patterns
    I Janssen
    Department of Community Health and Epidemiology, Queen s University, Kingston, Ontario K7L 3N6, Canada
    Obes Rev 6:123-32. 2005
    ..Increasing physical activity participation and decreasing television viewing should be the focus of strategies aimed at preventing and treating overweight and obesity in youth...
  11. pmc Estimating medium- and long-term trends in malaria transmission by using serological markers of malaria exposure
    C J Drakeley
    Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, United Kingdom
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 102:5108-13. 2005
    ..Thus, serological tools allow us to detect variations in malaria transmission over time. Such tools will be invaluable for monitoring trends in malaria endemicity and the effectiveness of malaria control programs...
  12. ncbi The diabetes risk score: a practical tool to predict type 2 diabetes risk
    Jaana Lindström
    Department of Epidemiology and Health Promotion, National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Finland
    Diabetes Care 26:725-31. 2003
    ..Interventions to prevent type 2 diabetes should be directed toward individuals at increased risk for the disease. To identify such individuals without laboratory tests, we developed the Diabetes Risk Score...
  13. ncbi Waist circumference and not body mass index explains obesity-related health risk
    Ian Janssen
    Department of Community Health and Epidemiology, Queen s University, Kingston, Canada
    Am J Clin Nutr 79:379-84. 2004
    ..The addition of waist circumference (WC) to body mass index (BMI; in kg/m(2)) predicts a greater variance in health risk than does BMI alone; however, whether the reverse is true is not known...
  14. ncbi Physical activity and clustered cardiovascular risk in children: a cross-sectional study (The European Youth Heart Study)
    Lars Bo Andersen
    Department of Sports Medicine, Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Oslo, Norway
    Lancet 368:299-304. 2006
    ..This study's aim was to assess the associations of objectively measured physical activity with clustering of cardiovascular disease risk factors in children and derive guidelines on the basis of this analysis...
  15. ncbi Concentrations of serum vitamin D and the metabolic syndrome among U.S. adults
    Earl S Ford
    Division of Adult and Community Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 4770 Buford Highway, MS K66, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Diabetes Care 28:1228-30. 2005
  16. pmc Improved diagnostic testing and malaria treatment practices in Zambia
    Davidson H Hamer
    Center for International Health and Development, Boston University School of Public Health, Boston, Mass 02118, USA
    JAMA 297:2227-31. 2007
    ....
  17. ncbi Trends of obesity and underweight in older children and adolescents in the United States, Brazil, China, and Russia
    Youfa Wang
    Carolina Population Center, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill 27516 3997, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 75:971-7. 2002
    ..Few studies have used the same references across countries to examine the trends of over- and underweight in older children and adolescents...
  18. ncbi Association of health literacy with diabetes outcomes
    Dean Schillinger
    University of California, San Francisco, Primary Care Research Center, Department of Medicine, San Francisco General Hospital, San Francisco, CA 94110, USA
    JAMA 288:475-82. 2002
    ..Little is known about the extent to which health literacy affects clinical health outcomes...
  19. ncbi The Composite International Diagnostic Interview. An epidemiologic Instrument suitable for use in conjunction with different diagnostic systems and in different cultures
    L N Robins
    Department of Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 45:1069-77. 1988
    ..If all goes well, the CIDI will allow investigators reliably to assess mental disorders according to the most widely accepted nomenclatures in many different populations and cultures...
  20. ncbi Worldwide time trends in the prevalence of symptoms of asthma, allergic rhinoconjunctivitis, and eczema in childhood: ISAAC Phases One and Three repeat multicountry cross-sectional surveys
    M Innes Asher
    Department of Paediatrics, Faculty of Medical and Health Sciences, University of Auckland, Auckland 1010, New Zealand
    Lancet 368:733-43. 2006
    ..We repeated the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC) at least 5 years after Phase One, to examine changes in the prevalence of symptoms of these disorders...
  21. ncbi Prevalence of overweight among children in Europe
    T Lobstein
    International Obesity Task Force, London, UK
    Obes Rev 4:195-200. 2003
    ..A tendency for a higher prevalence of overweight among children in western and especially southern Europe is shown and some possible reasons for this are discussed...
  22. ncbi Burnout and self-reported patient care in an internal medicine residency program
    Tait D Shanafelt
    University of Washington, Veterans Affairs Northwest Health Services Research and Development Center of Excellence, and Veterans Affairs Puget Sound Health Care System, Seattle, Washington 98108, USA
    Ann Intern Med 136:358-67. 2002
    ..Burnout is a syndrome of depersonalization, emotional exhaustion, and a sense of low personal accomplishment. Little is known about burnout in residents or its relationship to patient care...
  23. pmc TV viewing and physical activity are independently associated with metabolic risk in children: the European Youth Heart Study
    Ulf Ekelund
    Epidemiology Unit, Medical Research Council, Cambridge, United Kingdom
    PLoS Med 3:e488. 2006
    ..TV viewing has been linked to metabolic-risk factors in youth. However, it is unclear whether this association is independent of physical activity (PA) and obesity...
  24. ncbi Derivation and validation of a short-form oral health impact profile
    G D Slade
    Department of Dental Ecology, University of North Carolina 27599-7450, USA
    Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 25:284-90. 1997
    ..05) with both the OHIP-49 and the OHIP-14. While it will be important to replicate these findings in other populations, the findings suggest that the OHIP-14 has good reliability, validity and precision...
  25. ncbi High prevalence of asymptomatic Plasmodium vivax and Plasmodium falciparum infections in native Amazonian populations
    Fabiana P Alves
    Department of Parasitology, University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 66:641-8. 2002
    ..The high prevalence of symptomless malaria may pose new problems for the currently adopted strategy for the control of malaria in the Amazonian region, which is essentially based on the treatment of symptomatic patients...
  26. ncbi Associations between objectively assessed physical activity and indicators of body fatness in 9- to 10-y-old European children: a population-based study from 4 distinct regions in Europe (the European Youth Heart Study)
    Ulf Ekelund
    MRC Epidemiology Unit, Strangeways Research Laboratories, Wort s Causeway, Cambridge CB1 8RN, United Kingdom
    Am J Clin Nutr 80:584-90. 2004
    ..The rising prevalence of obesity in children may be due to a reduction in physical activity (PA)...
  27. ncbi Waist circumference percentiles in nationally representative samples of African-American, European-American, and Mexican-American children and adolescents
    Jose R Fernandez
    Section on Statistical Genetics, Department of Biostatistics, Clinical Nutrition Research Center, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 35294 3360, USA
    J Pediatr 145:439-44. 2004
    ..To describe and provide estimates of the distribution of waist circumference (WC) according to percentiles in African-, European-, and Mexican-American children, and to test for group differences at different percentiles...
  28. pmc Malaria case-management under artemether-lumefantrine treatment policy in Uganda
    Dejan Zurovac
    Malaria Public Health and Epidemiology Group, KEMRI Wellcome Trust Research Programme, Nairobi, Kenya
    Malar J 7:181. 2008
    ..Here the quality of AL case-management is reported from Uganda; approximately one year after AL replaced combination of chloroquine and sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine (CQ+SP) as recommended first line treatment for uncomplicated malaria...
  29. ncbi Estimating the relative risk in cohort studies and clinical trials of common outcomes
    Louise Anne McNutt
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University at Albany, State University of New York, Rensselaer, NY 12144, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 157:940-3. 2003
    ..Hypothetical data are used to illustrate statistical methods with readily accessible computer software...
  30. ncbi Health-related quality of life associated with chronic conditions in eight countries: results from the International Quality of Life Assessment (IQOLA) Project
    Jordi Alonso
    Health Services Research Unit, Institut Municipal d Investigacio Medica IMIM IMAS, Barcelona, Spain
    Qual Life Res 13:283-98. 2004
    ..Few studies and no international comparisons have examined the impact of multiple chronic conditions on populations using a comprehensive health-related quality of life (HRQL) questionnaire...
  31. pmc Diagnostic and treatment delay among pulmonary tuberculosis patients in Ethiopia: a cross sectional study
    Solomon Yimer
    Amhara National Regional State Health Bureau, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia
    BMC Infect Dis 5:112. 2005
    ..The objective of this study was to determine the length of delays, and analyze the factors affecting the delay from onset of symptoms of pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) until the commencement of treatment...
  32. ncbi International experiences with the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale--a review of validation data and clinical results
    C Herrmann
    Department of Psychosomatics and Psychotherapy, University of Gottingen, Germany
    J Psychosom Res 42:17-41. 1997
    ..It is sensitive to changes both during the course of diseases and in response to psychotherapeutic and psychopharmacological intervention. Finally, HADS scores predict psychosocial and possibly also physical outcome...
  33. ncbi Obesity in South Africa: the South African demographic and health survey
    Thandi Puoane
    Chronic Diseases of Lifestyle Unit of the Medical Research Council, Burden Tygerberg, South Africa
    Obes Res 10:1038-48. 2002
    ..To ascertain the anthropometric profile and determinants of obesity in South Africans who participated in the Demographic and Health Survey in 1998...
  34. ncbi The age-dependent relation of blood pressure to cognitive function and dementia
    Chengxuan Qiu
    Aging Research Centre, Division of Geriatric Epidemiology and Medicine, Department of Neurotec, Karolinska Institute and Stockholm Gerontology Research Centre, Stockholm, Sweden
    Lancet Neurol 4:487-99. 2005
    ....
  35. pmc Translation of artemether-lumefantrine treatment policy into paediatric clinical practice: an early experience from Kenya
    D Zurovac
    Malaria Public Health and Epidemiology Group, KEMRI Wellcome Trust Research Programme, Nairobi, Kenya
    Trop Med Int Health 13:99-107. 2008
    ..To describe the quality of outpatient paediatric malaria case-management approximately 4-6 months after artemether-lumefantrine (AL) replaced sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine (SP) as the nationally recommended first-line therapy in Kenya...
  36. pmc Household ownership and use of insecticide treated nets among target groups after implementation of a national voucher programme in the United Republic of Tanzania: plausibility study using three annual cross sectional household surveys
    Kara Hanson
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London WC1E 7HT
    BMJ 339:b2434. 2009
    ..To evaluate the impact of the Tanzania National Voucher Scheme on the coverage and equitable distribution of insecticide treated nets, used to prevent malaria, to pregnant women and their infants...
  37. ncbi Overweight, obesity, and health-related quality of life among adolescents: the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health
    Karen C Swallen
    Demography and Ecology, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin 53705, USA
    Pediatrics 115:340-7. 2005
    ..We investigated the association between obesity and health-related quality of life in a nationally representative sample of adolescents...
  38. ncbi Hypertension prevalence and care in an urban and rural area of Tanzania
    R Edwards
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, School of Health Sciences, The Medical School, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, UK
    J Hypertens 18:145-52. 2000
    ..To describe the prevalence, detection, treatment and control of hypertension in an urban and rural area of Tanzania...
  39. ncbi Associations of TV viewing and physical activity with the metabolic syndrome in Australian adults
    D W Dunstan
    International Diabetes Institute, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
    Diabetologia 48:2254-61. 2005
    ..We analysed a sample of Australian adults to determine the strength of associations of TV viewing and participation in physical activity with the metabolic syndrome...
  40. ncbi The positive and negative affect schedule (PANAS): construct validity, measurement properties and normative data in a large non-clinical sample
    John R Crawford
    Department of Psychology, King s College, University of Aberdeen, UK
    Br J Clin Psychol 43:245-65. 2004
    ..To evaluate the reliability and validity of the PANAS (Watson, Clark, & Tellegen, 1988b) and provide normative data...
  41. ncbi Rapid diagnostic tests for malaria at sites of varying transmission intensity in Uganda
    Heidi Hopkins
    University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California, USA
    J Infect Dis 197:510-8. 2008
    ..In Africa, fever is often treated presumptively as malaria, resulting in misdiagnosis and the overuse of antimalarial drugs. Rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) for malaria may allow improved fever management...
  42. ncbi Stress and depression among medical students: a cross-sectional study
    Marie Dahlin
    Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Section Psychiatry, St Göran, Stockholm, Sweden
    Med Educ 39:594-604. 2005
    ..To assess the exposure to different stressors and the prevalence of depression among medical students at different levels of education, taking gender differences into account...
  43. ncbi Prevalence and determinants of fertility intentions of HIV-infected women and men receiving antiretroviral therapy in South Africa
    Landon Myer
    Infectious Diseases Epidemiology Unit, School of Public Health and Family Medicine, University of Cape Town, South Africa
    AIDS Patient Care STDS 21:278-85. 2007
    ..These findings also suggest that fertility desires may change through time and thus require ongoing attention as part of long-term care...
  44. ncbi Using serum creatinine to estimate glomerular filtration rate: accuracy in good health and in chronic kidney disease
    Andrew D Rule
    Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota 55905, USA
    Ann Intern Med 141:929-37. 2004
    ..However, healthy persons were not included in the development of the MDRD equation...
  45. ncbi Features of the metabolic syndrome are associated with objectively measured physical activity and fitness in Danish children: the European Youth Heart Study (EYHS)
    Søren Brage
    Institute of Sport and Health Biomechanics, University of Southern Denmark, Odense
    Diabetes Care 27:2141-8. 2004
    ..The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between the metabolic syndrome and objectively measured physical activity and whether fitness modified this relationship...
  46. ncbi The Self-Administered Comorbidity Questionnaire: a new method to assess comorbidity for clinical and health services research
    Oliver Sangha
    University of Munich, Germany
    Arthritis Rheum 49:156-63. 2003
    ....
  47. ncbi Prevalence of kidney damage in Australian adults: The AusDiab kidney study
    Steven J Chadban
    Department of Nephrology, Monash Medical Centre, USA
    J Am Soc Nephrol 14:S131-8. 2003
    ..Identifying and targeting this section of the population may provide a means to reduce the burden of ESRD...
  48. pmc Use pattern of maternal health services and determinants of skilled care during delivery in Southern Tanzania: implications for achievement of MDG-5 targets
    Rose Nm Mpembeni
    School of Public Health and Social Sciences, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences, P O Box 65015, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
    BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 7:29. 2007
    ..For this reason, the proportion of births attended by skilled health personnel is one of the indicators used to monitor progress towards the achievement of the MDG-5 of improving maternal health...
  49. ncbi Overweight and obesity as determinants of cardiovascular risk: the Framingham experience
    Peter W F Wilson
    Boston University School of Medicine, 715 Albany St, Evans 204, Boston, MA 02118, USA
    Arch Intern Med 162:1867-72. 2002
    ..To our knowledge, no single investigation concerning the long-term effects of overweight status on the risk for hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, diabetes mellitus, and cardiovascular sequelae has been reported...
  50. ncbi Associations of hip and thigh circumferences independent of waist circumference with the incidence of type 2 diabetes: the Hoorn Study
    Marieke B Snijder
    Institute for Research in Extramural Medicine, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, Netherlands
    Am J Clin Nutr 77:1192-7. 2003
    ..However, smaller hip or thigh circumference may also explain the predictive value of the WHR or WTR for type 2 diabetes...
  51. ncbi Health-related quality of life of overweight and obese children
    Joanne Williams
    Centre for Community Child Health, Royal Children s Hospital and Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, Melbourne, Australia
    JAMA 293:70-6. 2005
    ..The negative effects of childhood overweight and obesity on quality of life (QOL) have been shown in clinical samples but not yet in population-based community samples...
  52. pmc Community knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) on malaria in Swaziland: a country earmarked for malaria elimination
    Khumbulani W Hlongwana
    Malaria Research Lead Programme, South African Medical Research Council, Overport, Durban, South Africa
    Malar J 8:29. 2009
    ....
  53. pmc Plasmodium infection and its risk factors in eastern Uganda
    Rachel L Pullan
    Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Malar J 9:2. 2010
    ..This report presents results from a total population survey of malaria infection and intervention coverage in a rural area of eastern Uganda, with a specific focus on how risk factors differ between demographic groups in this population...
  54. ncbi Relationship of physical activity and television watching with body weight and level of fatness among children: results from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
    R E Andersen
    Division of Geriatric Medicine and Gerontology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21224, USA
    JAMA 279:938-42. 1998
    ..Physical inactivity contributes to weight gain in adults, but whether this relationship is true for children of different ethnic groups is not well established...
  55. ncbi The metabolic syndrome and chronic kidney disease in U.S. adults
    Jing Chen
    Tulane University Schools of Medicine and Public Health and Tropical Medicine, New Orleans, Louisiana 70112, USA
    Ann Intern Med 140:167-74. 2004
    ..The metabolic syndrome is a common risk factor for cardiovascular disease...
  56. ncbi Hypertension in South African adults: results from the Demographic and Health Survey, 1998
    K Steyn
    Chronic Diseases of Lifestyle Unit, Medical Research Council MRC, Tygerberg, South Africa
    J Hypertens 19:1717-25. 2001
    ..To determine the prevalence and treatment status of hypertension in South Africa...
  57. ncbi Using data on social contacts to estimate age-specific transmission parameters for respiratory-spread infectious agents
    Jacco Wallinga
    National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, Bilthoven, The Netherlands
    Am J Epidemiol 164:936-44. 2006
    ..These findings have important implications for controlling future outbreaks of novel respiratory-spread infectious agents...
  58. pmc Health-related quality of life is related to COPD disease severity
    Elisabeth Stahl
    Department of Respiratory Medicine and Allergology, University Hospital, SE 221 85 Lund, Sweden
    Health Qual Life Outcomes 3:56. 2005
    ..The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between health-related quality of life (HRQL) and disease severity using lung function measures...
  59. ncbi Physical activity patterns in a diverse population of women
    B Sternfeld
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Division of Research, Kaiser Permanente Medical Care Program, 3505 Broadway, Oakland, California, 94611, USA
    Prev Med 28:313-23. 1999
    ..Demographic and psychosocial correlates of activity in domains other than recreational activity have not been well characterized and may be particularly relevant for health promotion efforts aimed at women...
  60. ncbi Potentially inappropriate medication use among elderly home care patients in Europe
    Daniela Fialova
    Department of Geriatrics and Gerontology, 1st Medical Faculty, Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic
    JAMA 293:1348-58. 2005
    ..In contrast, in Europe little information is available about potentially inappropriate medication use and is based on small studies with uncertain generalizability...
  61. pmc Screening for depression in primary care with two verbally asked questions: cross sectional study
    Bruce Arroll
    Department of General Practice and Primary Health Care, Faculty of Medical and Health Sciences, University of Auckland, PB 92019, Auckland, New Zealand
    BMJ 327:1144-6. 2003
    ..To determine the diagnostic accuracy of two verbally asked questions for screening for depression...
  62. ncbi Physical inactivity: prevalence and associated variables in Brazilian adults
    Pedro Curi Hallal
    Post Graduate Program in Epidemiology, Federal University of Pelotas, RS, Brazil
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 35:1894-900. 2003
    ..To measure the prevalence of physical inactivity, and variables associated with it, in an adult southern Brazilian population...
  63. ncbi Obstructive sleep apnea is independently associated with insulin resistance
    Mary S M Ip
    Department of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Queen Mary Hospital, Pokfulam, Hong Kong S A R, PR China
    Am J Respir Crit Care Med 165:670-6. 2002
    ..Our findings suggest that OSA is independently associated with insulin resistance, and its role in the atherogenic potential of sleep disordered breathing is worthy of further exploration...
  64. ncbi The prevalence of vitamin D inadequacy amongst women with osteoporosis: an international epidemiological investigation
    P Lips
    Vrije Universiteit Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, and Nottingham City Hospital, David Evans Medical Research Centre, UK
    J Intern Med 260:245-54. 2006
    ..A high prevalence of inadequacy has been reported in many studies but the prevalence of inadequacy amongst women with osteoporosis in different regions of the world has not been well characterized...
  65. ncbi HbA(1c) as a screening tool for detection of Type 2 diabetes: a systematic review
    C M Bennett
    Department of Public Health, School of Population Health, The University of Melbourne, Australia
    Diabet Med 24:333-43. 2007
    ..To assess the validity of glycated haemoglobin A(1c) (HbA(1c)) as a screening tool for early detection of Type 2 diabetes...
  66. pmc Methods for establishing a surveillance system for cardiovascular diseases in Indian industrial populations
    K S Reddy
    Department of Cardiology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi 110029, India
    Bull World Health Organ 84:461-9. 2006
    ..To establish a surveillance network for cardiovascular diseases (CVD) risk factors in industrial settings and estimate the risk factor burden using standardized tools...
  67. ncbi Prevalence of a metabolic syndrome phenotype in adolescents: findings from the third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1988-1994
    Stephen Cook
    Strong Children s Research Center, Department of Pediatrics, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, NY 14642, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 157:821-7. 2003
    ..In adults the metabolic syndrome imposes a substantial risk for type 2 diabetes mellitus and premature coronary heart disease. Even so, no national estimate is currently available of the prevalence of this syndrome in adolescents...
  68. ncbi Socioeconomic factors, material inequalities, and perceived control in self-rated health: cross-sectional data from seven post-communist countries
    M Bobak
    International Centre for Health and Society, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, UK
    Soc Sci Med 51:1343-50. 2000
    ..Perceived control appeared statistically to mediate some of the effects of material deprivation. The non-significant effects of both ecological measures of inequality were eliminated by controlling for individuals' characteristics...
  69. pmc Objective measurement of levels and patterns of physical activity
    Chris J Riddoch
    Sport and Exercise Science, School for Health, University of Bath, Bath, UK
    Arch Dis Child 92:963-9. 2007
    ..To measure the levels and patterns of physical activity, using accelerometers, of 11-year-old children participating in the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC)...
  70. pmc Frequency and nature of problems associated with sickness certification tasks: a cross-sectional questionnaire study of 5455 physicians
    Anna Löfgren
    Section of Personal Injury Prevention, Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
    Scand J Prim Health Care 25:178-85. 2007
    ..To study the frequency and nature of problems associated with physicians' sickness certification practices...
  71. ncbi Independent associations of physical activity and cardiorespiratory fitness with metabolic risk factors in children: the European youth heart study
    U Ekelund
    MRC Epidemiology Unit, Elsie Widdowson Laboratory, Fulbourn Road, Cambridge, CB1 9NL, UK
    Diabetologia 50:1832-40. 2007
    ....
  72. ncbi Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and type 2 diabetes
    K S Krabbe
    The Centre of Inflammation and Metabolism, Department of Infectious Diseases, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Diabetologia 50:431-8. 2007
    ..These disorders are associated with type 2 diabetes, and animal models suggest that BDNF plays a role in insulin resistance. We therefore explored whether BDNF plays a role in human glucose metabolism...
  73. ncbi Small differences in thyroid function may be important for body mass index and the occurrence of obesity in the population
    Nils Knudsen
    Endocrine Unit, Medical Clinic I, Bispebjerg Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 90:4019-24. 2005
    ..Few data have been presented regarding an association between variations in thyroid function seen in the general population and body weight...
  74. pmc What does self rated health measure? Results from the British Whitehall II and French Gazel cohort studies
    Archana Singh-Manoux
    INSERM, U687, HNSM, 14 rue du Val d Osne, 94415 Saint Maurice Cedex, France
    J Epidemiol Community Health 60:364-72. 2006
    ..To investigate the determinants of self rated health (SRH) in men and women in the British Whitehall II study and the French Gazel cohort study...
  75. ncbi Cardiovascular risk factors and confounders among nondrinking and moderate-drinking U.S. adults
    Timothy S Naimi
    Emerging Investigations and Analytic Methods Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30341, USA
    Am J Prev Med 28:369-73. 2005
    ..Although most observational studies control for major cardiac risk factors, CVD is independently associated with other factors that could explain the CVD benefits ascribed to moderate drinking...
  76. ncbi Independent and opposite associations of waist and hip circumferences with diabetes, hypertension and dyslipidemia: the AusDiab Study
    M B Snijder
    International Diabetes Institute, Caulfield, Victoria, Australia
    Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 28:402-9. 2004
    ..In addition, as previous studies were performed in older persons, we investigated whether these associations were present across adult age groups...
  77. ncbi Fat-free mass index and fat mass index percentiles in Caucasians aged 18-98 y
    Y Schutz
    Institute of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland
    Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 26:953-60. 2002
    ....
  78. ncbi Informed decision making in outpatient practice: time to get back to basics
    C H Braddock
    Department of Medicine, VA Puget Sound Health Care System, Seattle 98108, USA
    JAMA 282:2313-20. 1999
    ..However, little is known about the extent to which physicians foster patient involvement in decision making, particularly in routine office practice...
  79. ncbi Calibration of serum creatinine in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (NHANES) 1988-1994, 1999-2004
    Elizabeth Selvin
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA
    Am J Kidney Dis 50:918-26. 2007
    ....
  80. pmc Patterns and correlates of physical activity among US women 40 years and older
    R C Brownson
    Department of Community Health and Prevention Research Center, School of Public Health, Saint Louis University, MO 63108 3342, USA
    Am J Public Health 90:264-70. 2000
    ..This study describes the patterns of physical activity among minority women by using a variety of definitions and determines sociodemographic and behavioral correlates of physical activity in this population...
  81. ncbi Prevalence and trends of overweight among preschool children in developing countries
    M de Onis
    Department of Nutrition for Health and Development, The World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
    Am J Clin Nutr 72:1032-9. 2000
    ..Obesity during childhood is a matter of growing concern. Several reports show increasing rates of obesity in developed countries, whereas the extent of the problem in developing countries remains unknown...
  82. ncbi Comparison of the minimally important difference for two health state utility measures: EQ-5D and SF-6D
    Stephen J Walters
    Health Economics and Decision Science, School of Health and Related Research, University of Sheffield, UK
    Qual Life Res 14:1523-32. 2005
    ..Empirical work is required to determine what the smallest change is in utility scores that can be regarded as important and whether this change in utility value is constant across measures and conditions...
  83. pmc Is there an association between shift work and having a metabolic syndrome? Results from a population based study of 27,485 people
    B Karlsson
    Occupational Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, University of Umea, Sweden
    Occup Environ Med 58:747-52. 2001
    ..Shift work has been associated with an increased risk of CVD. Risk factors and causal pathways for this association are only partly known...
  84. ncbi The Colorado thyroid disease prevalence study
    G J Canaris
    Department of Medicine, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha 68198 3331, USA
    Arch Intern Med 160:526-34. 2000
    ..Systemic effects of abnormal thyroid function have not been fully delineated, particularly in cases of mild thyroid failure. Also, the relationship between traditional hypothyroid symptoms and biochemical thyroid function is unclear...
  85. pmc Intake of sugar-sweetened beverages and weight gain: a systematic review
    Vasanti S Malik
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 84:274-88. 2006
    ..Although more research is needed, sufficient evidence exists for public health strategies to discourage consumption of sugary drinks as part of a healthy lifestyle...
  86. ncbi Surprisingly high prevalence of anxiety and depression in chronic breathing disorders
    Mark E Kunik
    Houston Center for Quality of Care and Utilization Studies, MEDVAMC 152, 2002 Holcombe, Houston, TX 77030, USA
    Chest 127:1205-11. 2005
    ..The objectives of this study were to assess the prevalence, screening, and recognition of depression and anxiety in persons with chronic breathing disorders, including COPD...
  87. ncbi Prevalence and correlates of fear of falling, and associated avoidance of activity in the general population of community-living older people
    G A R Zijlstra
    Maastricht University, Faculty of Health, Medicine and Life Sciences, Department of Health Care Studies, 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Age Ageing 36:304-9. 2007
    ..Little is known about the prevalence rates and correlates of fear of falling and avoidance of activity due to fear of falling in the general population of community-living older people...
  88. ncbi At what age does low back pain become a common problem? A study of 29,424 individuals aged 12-41 years
    C Leboeuf-Yde
    Nordic Institute for Chiropractic and Clinical Biomechanics, Odense University, Denmark
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 23:228-34. 1998
    ..A cross-sectional study was performed in a Danish population of individuals 12-41 years of age...
  89. pmc Health information on the Internet: accessibility, quality, and readability in English and Spanish
    G K Berland
    RAND Health, Santa Monica, CA, USA
    JAMA 285:2612-21. 2001
    ..Despite the substantial amount of health-related information available on the Internet, little is known about the accessibility, quality, and reading grade level of that health information...
  90. ncbi Young people's sexual health in South Africa: HIV prevalence and sexual behaviors from a nationally representative household survey
    Audrey E Pettifor
    Reproductive Health Research Unit, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
    AIDS 19:1525-34. 2005
    ..To determine the prevalence of HIV infection, HIV risk factors, and exposure to national HIV prevention programs, and to identify factors associated with HIV infection among South African youth, aged 15-24 years...
  91. pmc Cross sectional, community based study of care of newborn infants in Nepal
    David Osrin
    International Perinatal Care Unit, Institute of Child Health, University College London, London WC1N 1EH
    BMJ 325:1063. 2002
    ..To determine home based newborn care practices in rural Nepal in order to inform strategies to improve neonatal outcome...
  92. ncbi Explaining sex differences in chronic musculoskeletal pain in a general population
    Hanneke A H Wijnhoven
    National Institute of Public Health and the Environment, Center for Prevention and Health Services Research PZO, pb 101, PO Box 1, 3720 BA Bilthoven, The Netherlands
    Pain 124:158-66. 2006
    ..Future research towards sex-specific identification of risk factors for CMP is warranted. Eventually this may lead to sex-specific prevention and management of CMP...
  93. ncbi A strong dose-response relation between serum concentrations of persistent organic pollutants and diabetes: results from the National Health and Examination Survey 1999-2002
    Duk Hee Lee
    Department of Preventive Medicine, School of Medicine, Kyungpook University, 101 Dongin dong, Jung Gu, Daegu, Korea 700 422
    Diabetes Care 29:1638-44. 2006
    ..Low-level exposure to some persistent organic pollutants (POPs) has recently become a focus because of their possible link with the risk of diabetes...
  94. ncbi Causes and consequences of comorbidity: a review
    R Gijsen
    National Institute of Public Health and the Environment, P O Box 1, 3720 BA, Bilthoven, The Netherlands
    J Clin Epidemiol 54:661-74. 2001
    ..Health care workers need to take comorbid diseases into account in monitoring and treating patients. Future studies on consequences of comorbidity should investigate specific disease combinations...
  95. pmc Public perceptions, anxiety, and behaviour change in relation to the swine flu outbreak: cross sectional telephone survey
    G James Rubin
    King s College London, Institute of Psychiatry, Department of Psychological Medicine, Weston Education Centre, London SE5 9RJ
    BMJ 339:b2651. 2009
    ..To assess whether perceptions of the swine flu outbreak predicted changes in behaviour among members of the public in England, Scotland, and Wales...
  96. ncbi Television viewing and low participation in vigorous recreation are independently associated with obesity and markers of cardiovascular disease risk: EPIC-Norfolk population-based study
    R W Jakes
    Department of Public Health and Primary Care, Institute of Public Health, University Forvie Site, Cambridge, UK
    Eur J Clin Nutr 57:1089-96. 2003
    ..This study describes the associations between sedentary behaviour (television viewing) and participation in vigorous recreational activity with obesity and with biomarkers of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk profile...
  97. ncbi Relationship of functional health literacy to patients' knowledge of their chronic disease. A study of patients with hypertension and diabetes
    M V Williams
    Division of General Medicine, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Arch Intern Med 158:166-72. 1998
    ..Inadequate functional health literacy is common, but its impact on patients with chronic diseases is not well described...
  98. pmc Screening strategies for chronic kidney disease in the general population: follow-up of cross sectional health survey
    Stein I Hallan
    Department of Cancer Research and Molecular Biology, Faculty of Medicine, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, 7006 Trondheim, Norway
    BMJ 333:1047. 2006
    ..To find an effective screening strategy for detecting patients with chronic kidney disease and to describe the natural course of the disease...
  99. ncbi Decreased quality of life associated with obesity in school-aged children
    Samuel L Friedlander
    Department of Pediatrics, Rainbow Babies and Children s Hospital, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Cleveland, Ohio, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 157:1206-11. 2003
    ..Design, Setting, and..
  100. ncbi Prevalence and risk factors for microalbuminuria in a referred cohort of type II diabetic patients: a global perspective
    H H Parving
    Steno Diabetes Center, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Kidney Int 69:2057-63. 2006
    ..Early detection, monitoring of vascular complications, and more aggressive multifactorial treatment aiming at renal and vascular protection are urgently needed...
  101. ncbi Television time and continuous metabolic risk in physically active adults
    Genevieve N Healy
    School of Population Health, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 40:639-45. 2008
    ..Among Australian adults who met the public health guideline for the minimum health-enhancing levels of physical activity, we examined the dose-response associations of television-viewing time with continuous metabolic risk variables...

Research Grants77

  1. THE AGRICULTURAL HEALTH STUDY - FIELD STATIONS
    Charles Lynch; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..In yet another study, results suggest that maternal occupational exposure to agricultural chemicals may increase the risk of giving birth to a child with limb defects. ..
  2. NIEHS SUPPORT OF THE AHS COHORT STUDY AT NCI
    Charles Knott; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..In yet another study, results suggest that maternal occupational exposure to agricultural chemicals may increase the risk of giving birth to a child with limb defects. ..
  3. Retinoid and Carotenoid Depletion in Patients at High-Risk for Liver Cancer
    Peter H Gann; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Before we can properly design prevention trials with the right intervention, the right target population and the right endpoints, we need preliminary studies for guidance, such as we have proposed. ..
  4. Latin American Center for Malaria Research and Control
    SOCRATES HERRERA VALENCIA; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..RELEVANCE: Identify the relationship between environmental factors, parasite characteristics, household conditions and the malaria prevalence related to the epidemiology and clinical findings. ..
  5. The Role of Circadian Periodicity in Human Cardiovascular Disease and Diabetes
    John P Forman; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Our project may help provide a framework for innovative approaches in cardiovascular disease and diabetes treatment and prevention. ..
  6. Masked Hypertension in Chronic Kidney Disease
    Rajiv Agarwal; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The evaluation of target organ damage, ESRD, and cardiovascular events among those with masked hypertension may unmask its malignant characteristics and improve our ability to treat this condition more effectively. ..
  7. Mediators of Atherosclerosis in South Asians Living in America
    Alka M Kanaya; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..centers to identify risk factors linked to subclinical atherosclerosis and incident cardiovascular disease. These will provide targets for future therapies to prevent or cure the leading cause of death worldwide, cardiovascular disease. ..
  8. Mediators &prognostic value of muscle mass &function in chronic kidney disease
    Francis Perry Wilson; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Controls will be matched based upon age, race, gender eGFR, and baseline muscle mass but be selected from the lowest quintile. The primary analysis will use mixed-effects models clustered at the matched-pair level. ..
  9. A dataset for the study of the social determinants of health.
    Peter A Muennig; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This dataset will greatly advance scientific understanding of the social causation of disease and health disparities. ..
  10. Metabolic Syndrome and Periodontitis
    ELIZABETH A KAYE; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This proposed epidemiologic study is a timely and cost-effective means to better understand the relationship between periodontal disease and the metabolic syndrome. ..
  11. The Effect of Behavioral and Physiological Factors on Obesity Risk in Children
    Karen B Dorsey; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..abstract_text> ..
  12. Role of the Sex Hormones and Insulin/IGF-Axes in Endometrial Cancer Recurrence
    Howard D Strickler; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The study will be conducted in a large, prospective cohort study of endometrial cancer (GOG-0210). ..
  13. Factors Associated with Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia Guideline Adherence
    Hiroko Kiyoshi-Teo; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..As patient safety is a critically important topic for any country, I hope to contribute to the international healthcare communities through research, education, publication, and service. ..
  14. Estrogen signaling in portopulmonary hypertension
    Steven M Kawut; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Finally, downregulation of CEPs by fulvestrant would identify ERalpha blockade as another approach. If these hypotheses are incorrect, we could use the genetic and biomarker data to examine alternative hypotheses. ..
  15. HIV, HCV and Liver Disease Among Injection Drug Users in Chennai, India
    Shruti H Mehta; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..to inform interventions to reduce the morbidity and mortality associated with drug use, HIV and hepatitis C. ..
  16. The Role of Uncultivated Bacteria in Bacterial Vaginosis
    DAVID NEAL FREDRICKS; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..If biofilms are shown to be important in BV, this would open many new avenues for treatment and prevention based on disruption of biofilm formation and cell signaling. ..
  17. Regulation of Brain Signaling After Bariatric Surgery
    Jonathan Q Purnell; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..abstract_text> ..
  18. Visceral Adipose Tissue as Mediator amid Lifestyle Factors &Cardiometabolic Risk
    KRISTEN GILL HAIRSTON; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  19. Pilot studies of the molecular epidemiology of drug-resistant malaria in Myanmar
    Christopher V Plowe; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This work is expected to contribute to the development of robust surveillance tools that can be used to track and contain artemisinin resistance in Southeast Asia and elsewhere. ..
  20. The molecular basis for a broad range of phenotypes related to hTAS2R38
    Sarah V Lipchock; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..abstract_text> ..
  21. Rates and determinants of decreased bone health among HIV-infected patients
    Roger Bedimo; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Finally, survival models will be constructed from CCR data to explore the association of osteoporotic fractures with all- cause mortality, AIDS and non-AIDS-related mortality. ..
  22. Genetic Analysis of Age Related Hearing Impairment
    Rick A Friedman; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This improved knowledge base can be anticipated to constitute fertile ground for developing new evidence-based preventive and therapeutic approaches to treating ARHI. ..
  23. Impaired Sleep, Insulin Action, and Overweight in Youth
    Tamara S Hannon; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  24. Empirical eating disorder classification and validation using prospective studies
    Nadia Micali; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  25. Treatment decision making in older adults newly diagnosed with multiple myeloma
    Joseph D Tariman; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Due to the limited studies in older adults with cancer, these specific aspects of decision-making have not been previously explored. ..
  26. Comparative Effectiveness of Biologics for Psoriasis
    Joel M Gelfand; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Ultimately, this line of research will lead to more rationale treatment decisions and improved patient care for the >7 million Americans who suffer from psoriasis. ..
  27. Predicting naturally acquired humoral immunity against malaria
    PHILIP LOUIS FELGNER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..falciparum infection. This will provide a unique opportunity to examine prospectively the relationship between genetic polymorphisms, leukocyte transcription profiles and P. falciparum-specific antibody responses. ..
  28. Role of PNPLA3 in Fatty Liver Disease
    HELEN HASKELL HOBBS; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Our ultimate goal is to develop new approaches and strategies to diagnose, prevent and treat NAFLD. ..
  29. Longitudinal study of membrane lipids: pre-clinical Alzheimer's biomarkers
    Michelle M Mielke; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  30. IMMUNOBIOLOGY OF AGING
    CHARLES GARRISON FATHMAN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..We will develop an open-access data repository that will enable free sharing of high throughput analyte data and appropriately de-identified phenotypic data on a web-based platform using high quality open source and statistical tools. ..
  31. Air Pollution and Children's Cognitive and Health Outcomes
    Ashlesha Datar; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Our findings will provide important evidence regarding whether reductions in air pollution are linked to children's health and cognitive outcomes, and consequently whether we can expect future efforts to control pollution to do so. ..
  32. Leukocyte TelomerE Dynamics, Gender, Menopause, Insulin Resistance and Survival
    Abraham Aviv; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..In a subset of the elderly, we will evaluate by flow FISH telomere signal intensities in CD8+ and CD4+ cells. Findings will refine our understanding of human telomere biology and its connections with aging and lifespan. ..
  33. Serology as a measure of exposure and duration of infection in malaria trials
    WENDY PRUDHOMME O'MEARA; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  34. Comparative effectiveness of catheter ablation vs medical therapy for atrial fibr
    James Freeman; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  35. Impact of Distinct Eco-epidemiology on Malaria Drug Resistance in Ghana
    Anita Ghansah; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  36. Application of MR Spectroscopy Techniques to Animal Models of Obstetric Complicat
    APRIL ELIZABETH RONCA; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  37. Genetic Epidemiology of COPD
    James D Crapo; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Finally, SNPs in the identified COPD genes from Aim 2 will be tested for association with these COPD subtypes...
  38. Exploring Culture, Community, Communication, and F&V Intake in Black Kentuckians
    LINDSAY J DELLA; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..This study will be the first translation of ACA to a public health intervention development context. ..
  39. Unintentional Prescription Opioid Poisoning Deaths in Connecticut and Rhode Islan
    Traci C Green; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ....
  40. Antibody Biomarkers for Early Detection of Tuberculosis
    D Mitchell Magee; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The successful completion of this program will provide new and improved strategies for detecting TB rapidly and sensitively, in formats that can be applied in all settings globally. ..
  41. Pathways from Food Insecurity to Health and Treatment Outcomes in Women with HIV
    SHERI DAWN WEISER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The ultimate goal of this work is to develop sustainable solutions to tackle the intersecting challenges of food insecurity and HIV/AIDS morbidity and mortality among women in the U.S. ..
  42. Anti-CCP Antibodies, TNF-Antagonists, and Cardiac Function in Rheumatoid Arthriti
    Cesare Russo; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  43. Diabetes and Persistent Organic Pollutants
    MARY ELLEN TURYK; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..exposures to POPs, such as dioxins, PCBs, and DDE, have been associated with type 2 diabetes in several cross sectional studies and PCBs were associated with diabetes in one prospective study...
  44. PS07-003, Minority HIV/AIDS Research Initiative (MARI)
    Emma J Brown; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ....
  45. Neurodevelopmental Correlates of Psychopathology Following Infant Maltreatment
    BRITTANY ROLLINS HOWELL; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Sanchez and Bachevalier with child development researchers is absolutely unique, making this the ideal arena for me to jumpstart my long-term career goals. ..
  46. The relationship between pets and multiple child health indicators
    ANNE M GADOMSKI; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This study will also produce an intervention prototype for primary care providers to use to guide parents in a discussion of the risks and benefits of routine dog ownership for their children. ..
  47. Early-Stage Chronic Kidney Disease in HIV-infected Individuals
    Gregory M Lucas; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..In a sample of HIV-infected and HIV- negative research participants, we propose to study clinical markers and contributing factors in the progression of kidney disease, and the association between kidney disease and heart disease. ..
  48. The molecular basis of the epidemic blaKPC gene Klebsiella
    BARRY NEAL KREISWIRTH; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..These data can inform current and future control strategies and in the development of rapid diagnostics. ..
  49. Impact of Fascioliasis among Children in the Peruvian Highlands
    MIGUEL MAURICIO CABADA; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..But most importantly, will stress the need for early diagnosis and treatment of fascioliasis to avoid long term complications in children. ..
  50. Identify Driving Risk Factors in T1DM and their Reduction via Behav Intervention
    DANIEL JOSEPH COX; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..This study is intended to assist in identifying these high risk T1DM drivers and then to successfully rehabilitate them so that their risk of future driving mishaps is no greater than that of the general public. ..
  51. Identifying community-based solutions that improve insecticide-treated net (ITN)
    Kacey C Ernst; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..We will use a mixed methods approach to identify simple solutions that will improve ownership and compliance with ITN use in western Kenya. ..
  52. Oxidative Stress in Sleep Apnea and Cardiac Disease
    Reena Mehra; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The proposal will provide a key training opportunity to foster my development as an independent clinical epidemiologist with commitment to patient-based research in sleep medicine and cardiopulmonary disease. ..
  53. Vitamin D, cerebrovascular risk, and neurocognitive decline: ARIC Brain MRI Study
    Erin D Michos; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  54. Behavioral Economic Analysis of Medical Marijuana Use in HIV+ Patients
    Mark K Greenwald; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..These findings will be disseminated to patients, providers and society to promote public health and informed policy debate. ..
  55. Disclosure of HIV Status to Partners of IDU in Hunan, China
    Kristopher Fennie; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ....
  56. ASSESSING LONG TERM OUTCOMES OF LIVING DONATION
    Bertram L Kasiske; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..In summary, it is critical to capitalize on the short term investment in ALTOLD with uninterrupted long-term follow up that will minimize participant dropout and maximize the knowledge we will gain from this valuable cohort. ..
  57. Race, pathomolecular signature and colorectal cancer survival
    Kristin Wallace; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Ultimately, my goal is draw on the techniques in molecular and genetic epidemiology to reduce the disparities in incidence and survival between AAs and EAs in South Carolina and beyond. ..
  58. Neurobehavioral Assessment/High-Risk Behavior Among HIV-Positive Adolescents
    MPHELEKEDZENI CAROLINE MULAUDZI; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..This information will enhance earlier detection and intervention for this overlooked population, which will improve outcomes for adolescents with HIV in resource-limited settings. ..
  59. Preventing HIV Infection Among MSM in Southern India
    David D Celentano; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The intervention involves the establishment of Men's Wellness Centers that offer comprehensive, integrated services. ..
  60. Texas National HIV Behavioral Surveillance
    Jonathan Poe; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The Texas NHBS will also conduct evaluations of the local NHBS system, the quality, efficiency, and usefulness of its sampling systems and data collection methods to ensure the system is meeting the project goals. ..
  61. Mineral Metabolism and Cardiovascular Risk among Older Adults
    Bryan Kestenbaum; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..that connect mineral metabolism disturbances with pathologic CV findings have been corroborated by cross sectional studies in humans correlating serum markers of mineral metabolism with CV risk markers...
  62. Standardization of the Hispanic Stress Inventory 2
    Richard C Cervantes; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..abstract_text> ..
  63. Clinical Epidemiology of Mycoplasma genitalium
    Patricia Totten; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Studies of its association with salpingitis and pregnancy morbidity are essential. Future studies should also address whether, similar to gonorrhea and chlamydial infection, it facilitates transmission of HIV infection. ..
  64. Access to Care of Medicare and Medicaid Enrollees
    Marlene Niefeld; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..If care is inappropriate or ineffective, then expanded benefits or increased payments for current services may be more important. ..
  65. PROTEASE INHIBITOR-INDUCED HYPERLIPIDEMIA IN AIDS
    Virgil Brown; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..These are specific agents that are effective in reducing triglyceride as well as improving insulin resistance. ..
  66. Nurses' Health Study: Short Sleep Duration and Risk of Hypertension
    JAMES GANGWISCH; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Previous cross sectional studies on the relationship between sleep duration and the prevalence of hypertension have shown mixed results...
  67. A LONGITUDINAL STUDY OF MUSKULOSKELETAL DISORDERS
    Laura Punnett; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..Additional observations will be made regarding specific ergonomic features of selected jobs at four occasions during the year corresponding to seasonal changes in garment styles under construction...
  68. Exploring the effect of a low-fat diet and/or exercise on change in inflammatory
    Deborah Young; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..These results can help determine what the optimal lifestyle changes are necessary to reduce inflammation, with the ultimate goal of reducing risk for coronary heart disease. ..
  69. Challenges to Farmworkers' Health at the US-Mexico Border
    Cecilia Rosales; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This study will identify aspects of border residence that affect health and that can be addressed through educational and policy- related programs. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  70. ONSET OF ACQUIRED IMMUNITY TO MALARIA IN NONIMMUNES
    Kevin Baird; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ....
  71. Khat Chewing: Its Association with HIV Status and CD4 T Cells
    Della Berhanu; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  72. Particulate Matter Exposure and Childhood Asthma Prevalence
    SHARON ROSENBERG; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..A better understanding of the relationship between exposure to particulate matter and childhood asthma will directly inform preventive measures that may impact this disease. ..
  73. Reducing Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Consumption in Overweight Adolescents
    David S Ludwig; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..These results should have immediat public health application, and aid in the design of future, comprehensive obesity prevention interventions. ..
  74. The Role of Dentists in Addressing Childhood Obesity
    Alice Curran; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..If dentists have the resources and skills, they may be able to become partners with primary care to support prevention and intervention efforts that will be required to successfully address obesity in the United States. ..
  75. DIVERGENCE OF BLOOD PRESSURE BY RACE IN ADOLESCENT GIRLS
    Stephen Daniels; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ....
  76. Effects of periodontitis on onset and severity of IR, T2DM and organ damage
    Keiko Watanabe; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..this interrelationship between periodontitis, T2DM and obesity are based on epidemiological studies or cross sectional studies. Several prospective studies using human subjects demonstrated that treatment of periodontitis leads to ..
  77. THE EFFECT OF SMOKING CESSATION ON PLASMA MICRONUTRIENTS
    James Shikany; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..If smoking cessation is associated with increased plasma micronutrients as hypothesized, this would provide further justification for encouraging smokers to quit. ..