epidemiologic methods

Summary

Top Publications

  1. pmc The Spectrum projection package: improvements in estimating incidence by age and sex, mother-to-child transmission, HIV progression in children and double orphans
    J Stover
    Futures Institute, 41A New London Turnpike, Glastonbury, CT 06033, USA
    Sex Transm Infect 86:ii16-21. 2010
  2. pmc Transmission dynamics and control of severe acute respiratory syndrome
    Marc Lipsitch
    Department of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, 677 Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Science 300:1966-70. 2003
  3. pmc Effect of comorbidities and postoperative complications on mortality after hip fracture in elderly people: prospective observational cohort study
    J J W Roche
    Department of Trauma and Orthopaedics, University Hospital Nottingham, Nottingham, NG7 2UH
    BMJ 331:1374. 2005
  4. ncbi A simple model for complex dynamical transitions in epidemics
    D J Earn
    Department of Mathematics and Statistics, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario L8S 4K1, Canada
    Science 287:667-70. 2000
  5. ncbi An elliptic spatial scan statistic
    Martin Kulldorff
    Department of Ambulatory Care and Prevention, Harvard Medical School and Harvard Pilgrim Health Care, 133 Brookline Avenue, 6th Floor, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    Stat Med 25:3929-43. 2006
  6. ncbi The use of fractional polynomials to model continuous risk variables in epidemiology
    P Royston
    Department of Medical Statistics and Evaluation, Imperial College School of Medicine, London, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 28:964-74. 1999
  7. pmc AIDS among older children and adolescents in Southern Africa: projecting the time course and magnitude of the epidemic
    Rashida A Ferrand
    Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London, UK
    AIDS 23:2039-46. 2009
  8. pmc Hormonal contraception and risk of venous thromboembolism: national follow-up study
    Øjvind Lidegaard
    Gynaecological Clinic, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen University, DK 2100 Copenhagen, Denmark
    BMJ 339:b2890. 2009
  9. ncbi The impact of residual and unmeasured confounding in epidemiologic studies: a simulation study
    Zoe Fewell
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom
    Am J Epidemiol 166:646-55. 2007
  10. ncbi ASDAS, a highly discriminatory ASAS-endorsed disease activity score in patients with ankylosing spondylitis
    D van der Heijde
    Department of Rheumatology, Leiden University Medical Center, 2300 RC Leiden, The Netherlands
    Ann Rheum Dis 68:1811-8. 2009

Detail Information

Publications340 found, 100 shown here

  1. pmc The Spectrum projection package: improvements in estimating incidence by age and sex, mother-to-child transmission, HIV progression in children and double orphans
    J Stover
    Futures Institute, 41A New London Turnpike, Glastonbury, CT 06033, USA
    Sex Transm Infect 86:ii16-21. 2010
    ..The UNAIDS Reference Group on Estimates, Models and Projections regularly reviews new data and information needs, and recommends updates to the methodology and assumptions used in Spectrum...
  2. pmc Transmission dynamics and control of severe acute respiratory syndrome
    Marc Lipsitch
    Department of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, 677 Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Science 300:1966-70. 2003
    ..Public-health efforts to reduce transmission are expected to have a substantial impact on reducing the size of the epidemic...
  3. pmc Effect of comorbidities and postoperative complications on mortality after hip fracture in elderly people: prospective observational cohort study
    J J W Roche
    Department of Trauma and Orthopaedics, University Hospital Nottingham, Nottingham, NG7 2UH
    BMJ 331:1374. 2005
    ....
  4. ncbi A simple model for complex dynamical transitions in epidemics
    D J Earn
    Department of Mathematics and Statistics, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario L8S 4K1, Canada
    Science 287:667-70. 2000
    ..Measles is a natural ecological system that exhibits different dynamical transitions at different times and places, yet all of these transitions can be predicted as bifurcations of a single nonlinear model...
  5. ncbi An elliptic spatial scan statistic
    Martin Kulldorff
    Department of Ambulatory Care and Prevention, Harvard Medical School and Harvard Pilgrim Health Care, 133 Brookline Avenue, 6th Floor, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    Stat Med 25:3929-43. 2006
    ..The method is applied to breast cancer mortality data from Northeastern United States and female oral cancer mortality in the United States. Power comparisons are made with the circular scan statistic...
  6. ncbi The use of fractional polynomials to model continuous risk variables in epidemiology
    P Royston
    Department of Medical Statistics and Evaluation, Imperial College School of Medicine, London, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 28:964-74. 1999
    ..The traditional method of analysing continuous or ordinal risk factors by categorization or linear models may be improved...
  7. pmc AIDS among older children and adolescents in Southern Africa: projecting the time course and magnitude of the epidemic
    Rashida A Ferrand
    Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London, UK
    AIDS 23:2039-46. 2009
    ..An AIDS epidemic among older children and adolescents is clinically apparent in Southern Africa. We estimated the likely scale and time course of the epidemic in older survivors of vertical HIV infection...
  8. pmc Hormonal contraception and risk of venous thromboembolism: national follow-up study
    Øjvind Lidegaard
    Gynaecological Clinic, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen University, DK 2100 Copenhagen, Denmark
    BMJ 339:b2890. 2009
    ..To assess the risk of venous thrombosis in current users of different types of hormonal contraception, focusing on regimen, oestrogen dose, type of progestogen, and route of administration...
  9. ncbi The impact of residual and unmeasured confounding in epidemiologic studies: a simulation study
    Zoe Fewell
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom
    Am J Epidemiol 166:646-55. 2007
    ..Patterns are more complex for correlated confounders. With plausible assumptions, effect sizes of the magnitude frequently reported in observational epidemiologic studies can be generated by residual and/or unmeasured confounding alone...
  10. ncbi ASDAS, a highly discriminatory ASAS-endorsed disease activity score in patients with ankylosing spondylitis
    D van der Heijde
    Department of Rheumatology, Leiden University Medical Center, 2300 RC Leiden, The Netherlands
    Ann Rheum Dis 68:1811-8. 2009
    ....
  11. pmc Drug-specific risk of tuberculosis in patients with rheumatoid arthritis treated with anti-TNF therapy: results from the British Society for Rheumatology Biologics Register (BSRBR)
    W G Dixon
    ARC Epidemiology Unit, University of Manchester, Manchester M13 9PT, UK
    Ann Rheum Dis 69:522-8. 2010
    ....
  12. ncbi Age-period-cohort models for the Lexis diagram
    B Carstensen
    Steno Diabetes Center, Niels Steensens Vej 2, DK 2820 Gentofte, Denmark
    Stat Med 26:3018-45. 2007
    ..A set of recommendations for the practitioner is given and a package for R that implements the recommendations is introduced...
  13. pmc Effects of etanercept versus sulfasalazine in early axial spondyloarthritis on active inflammatory lesions as detected by whole-body MRI (ESTHER): a 48-week randomised controlled trial
    I H Song
    Campus Benjamin Franklin, Med Clinic I, Rheumatology, Hindenburgdamm 30, 12200 Berlin, Germany
    Ann Rheum Dis 70:590-6. 2011
    ..To evaluate the potential of etanercept versus sulfasalazine to reduce active inflammatory lesions on whole-body MRI in active axial spondyloarthritis with a symptom duration of less than 5 years...
  14. pmc FRAX and the assessment of fracture probability in men and women from the UK
    J A Kanis
    WHO Collaborating Centre for Metabolic Bone Diseases, University of Sheffield Medical School, Beech Hill Road, Sheffield S10 2RX, UK
    Osteoporos Int 19:385-97. 2008
    ..A fracture risk assessment tool (FRAX) is developed based on the use of clinical risk factors with or without bone mineral density tests applied to the UK...
  15. pmc Interim modelling analysis to validate reported increases in condom use and assess HIV infections averted among female sex workers and clients in southern India following a targeted HIV prevention programme
    Michael Pickles
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Imperial College, St Mary s Campus, London, UK
    Sex Transm Infect 86:i33-43. 2010
    ....
  16. ncbi The detection of gene-environment interaction for continuous traits: should we deal with measurement error by bigger studies or better measurement?
    M Y Wong
    Department of Mathematics, The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Hong Kong
    Int J Epidemiol 32:51-7. 2003
    ..We have previously described power calculations for such studies, and this paper describes the extension of those calculations to take account of measurement error...
  17. ncbi Epidemiology of Leishmania donovani infection in high-transmission foci in Nepal
    Suman Rijal
    BP Koirala Institute of Health Sciences, Ghopa, Dharan, Nepal
    Trop Med Int Health 15:21-8. 2010
    ..We report data on prevalence rates of Leishmania donovani infection in ten communities in East Nepal...
  18. ncbi Cluster-randomized, crossover trial of the efficacy of plain soap and water versus alcohol-based rub for surgical hand preparation in a rural hospital in Kenya
    P M Nthumba
    Africa Inland Church Kijabe Hospital, Kijabe, Kenya
    Br J Surg 97:1621-8. 2010
    ..The aim of this cluster-randomized, crossover trial was to compare the efficacy of plain soap and water with an alcohol-based handrub for surgical hand preparation and prevention of surgical-site infection (SSI) in a Kenyan rural hospital...
  19. pmc Management of visceral leishmaniasis in rural primary health care services in Bihar, India
    E Hasker
    Epidemiology and Disease Control Unit, Department of Public Health, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, Belgium
    Trop Med Int Health 15:55-62. 2010
    ..Several recent studies have signaled underreporting of VL cases in the region. Information on treatment outcomes is scanty. Our aim was to document VL case management by the primary health care services in India...
  20. pmc Proof of impact and pipeline planning: directions and challenges for social audit in the health sector
    Neil Andersson
    Centro de Investigacion de Enfermedades Tropicales, Universidad Autonoma de Guerrero, Calle Pino, El Roble, Acapulco, Mexico
    BMC Health Serv Res 11:S16. 2011
    ....
  21. ncbi Evaluation of several ultrasonography scoring systems for synovitis and comparison to clinical examination: results from a prospective multicentre study of rheumatoid arthritis
    Maxime Dougados
    Medicine Faculty, Rheumatology B Department, Descartes University UPRES EA 4058 APHP, Cochin Hospital, 27 rue du Faubourg Saint Jacques, 75014 Paris, France
    Ann Rheum Dis 69:828-33. 2010
    ..To evaluate different global ultrasonographic (US) synovitis scoring systems as potential outcome measures of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) according to the Outcome Measures in Rheumatoid Arthritis Clinical Trials (OMERACT) filter...
  22. ncbi High agreement of self-report and physician-diagnosed somatic conditions yields limited bias in examining mental-physical comorbidity
    Harald Baumeister
    Department of Rehabilitation Psychology and Psychotherapy, Institute of Psychology, University of Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany
    J Clin Epidemiol 63:558-65. 2010
    ..To quantify the misclassification bias of self-reported somatic diseases and its impact on the estimation of comorbidity with mental disorders...
  23. ncbi Disease mapping and spatial regression with count data
    Jon Wakefield
    Departments of Statistics and Biostatistics, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195 7232, USA
    Biostatistics 8:158-83. 2007
    ....
  24. ncbi Is it time to abandon the food frequency questionnaire?
    Alan R Kristal
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 14:2826-8. 2005
  25. pmc Risk of venous thromboembolism from use of oral contraceptives containing different progestogens and oestrogen doses: Danish cohort study, 2001-9
    Øjvind Lidegaard
    Gynaecological Clinic 4232, Rigshospitalet, University of Copenhagen, Denmark
    BMJ 343:d6423. 2011
    ..To assess the risk of venous thromboembolism from use of combined oral contraceptives according to progestogen type and oestrogen dose...
  26. ncbi The metabolic syndrome and associated lifestyle factors among South Korean adults
    Hye Soon Park
    Department of Family Medicine, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
    Int J Epidemiol 33:328-36. 2004
    ..Although South Koreans have a low prevalence of obesity, little information is available about the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome and its associated risk factors...
  27. ncbi Epidemiological inference for partially observed epidemics: the example of the 2001 foot and mouth epidemic in Great Britain
    Irina Chis Ster
    MRC Centre for Outbreak Analysis and Modelling, Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Imperial College London, UK
    Epidemics 1:21-34. 2009
    ..However, for the parameter estimated obtained, preliminary simulation results indicate that had contiguous culling not been applied in 2001, the epidemic might have been substantially larger...
  28. ncbi Lung function impairment, COPD hospitalisations and subsequent mortality
    Judith Garcia-Aymerich
    Centre for Research in Environmental Epidemiology CREAL, Barcelona, Spain
    Thorax 66:585-90. 2011
    ..A study was undertaken to examine the associations between lung function impairment and COPD hospitalisation, and COPD hospitalisation and mortality...
  29. ncbi Empirical evidence of correlated biases in dietary assessment instruments and its implications
    V Kipnis
    Biometry Research Group, Division of Cancer Prevention, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD 20892 7354, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 153:394-403. 2001
    ..3 times larger study than would be estimated by the standard approach. The implications of the results for the ability of FFQ-based epidemiologic studies to detect important diet-disease associations are discussed...
  30. ncbi Predictors of treatment response and drug continuation in 842 patients with ankylosing spondylitis treated with anti-tumour necrosis factor: results from 8 years' surveillance in the Danish nationwide DANBIO registry
    Bente Glintborg
    Department of Rheumatology, Gentofte University Hospital, Hellerup, Denmark
    Ann Rheum Dis 69:2002-8. 2010
    ....
  31. ncbi Multi-state models in epidemiology
    D Commenges
    Universite de Bordeaux 2, France
    Lifetime Data Anal 5:315-27. 1999
    ..Different inference approaches, including penalized likelihood, are considered. Finally three examples of application in epidemiology are presented and some references to other works are given...
  32. pmc Sickness absence as a risk factor for job termination, unemployment, and disability pension among temporary and permanent employees
    M Virtanen
    Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Department of Psychology, Helsinki, Finland
    Occup Environ Med 63:212-7. 2006
    ..This study examined sickness absence as a risk factor for job termination, unemployment, and disability pension among temporary and permanent workers...
  33. ncbi Delirium in elderly individuals with hip fracture: causes, incidence, prevalence, and risk factors
    Maria Elizabet Furlaneto
    Geriatric Orthopedic Group, Institute of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Hospital das Clinicas, São Paulo University Medical School São Paulo SP, Brazil
    Clinics (Sao Paulo) 61:35-40. 2006
    ..To determine the incidence, prevalence, risk factors, and causes of delirium in elderly individuals with hip fractures, as well as the impact of delirium on mortality and length of hospital stay...
  34. ncbi Prevalence and trends of metabolic syndrome in Korea: Korean National Health and Nutrition Survey 1998-2001
    H S Park
    Department of Family Medicine, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
    Diabetes Obes Metab 9:50-8. 2007
    ..Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a major international health problem. Limited information is available about the prevalence of MetS in Asia, especially in Korea...
  35. pmc Task based exposure assessment in ergonomic epidemiology: a study of upper arm elevation in the jobs of machinists, car mechanics, and house painters
    S W Svendsen
    Department of Occupational Medicine, University Hospital of Aarhus, Noerrebrogade 44, Building 02C, DK 8000 Aarhus C, Denmark
    Occup Environ Med 62:18-27. 2005
    ..To explore the precision of task based estimates of upper arm elevation in three occupational groups, compared to direct measurements of job exposure...
  36. ncbi Geographic life environments and coronary heart disease: a literature review, theoretical contributions, methodological updates, and a research agenda
    Basile Chaix
    INSERM, U707, 75012 Paris, France
    Annu Rev Public Health 30:81-105. 2009
    ....
  37. pmc Gender differences in management and outcome in non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndrome
    Joakim Alfredsson
    Department of Medicine and Care, Division of Cardiology, Linkoping University Hospital, SE 581 85 Linkoping, Sweden
    Heart 93:1357-62. 2007
    ..To study gender differences in management and outcome in patients with non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndrome...
  38. pmc Variation of daily warm season mortality as a function of micro-urban heat islands
    A Smargiassi
    Institut National de Santé Publique du Québec Direction de Santé Publique de Montréal, Montreal, Québec H2L 1M3, Canada
    J Epidemiol Community Health 63:659-64. 2009
    ..This study explored whether people located in micro-urban heat islands are at higher risk of mortality during hot summer days...
  39. pmc Networks and epidemic models
    Matt J Keeling
    Department of Biological Sciences and Mathematics, University of Warwick, Institute Gibbet Hill Road, Coventry CV4 7AL, UK
    J R Soc Interface 2:295-307. 2005
    ..Finally, we look to the future to suggest how the two fields of network theory and epidemiological modelling can deliver an improved understanding of disease dynamics and better public health through effective disease control...
  40. ncbi Predictors of response to methotrexate in early DMARD naive rheumatoid arthritis: results from the initial open-label phase of the SWEFOT trial
    Saedis Saevarsdottir
    Rheumatology Unit, Department of Medicine, Karolinska University Hospital, 17176 Stockholm, Sweden
    Ann Rheum Dis 70:469-75. 2011
    ..To identify predictors of response to methotrexate (MTX) in early rheumatoid arthritis (RA)...
  41. ncbi Appropriateness and execution challenges of three formal size estimation methods for high-risk populations in India
    Selvaraj Vadivoo
    National Institute of Epidemiology, Chennai, India
    AIDS 22:S137-48. 2008
    ..To describe formal, external to programme methods for size estimation of high-risk populations and compare execution challenges and validity of results...
  42. ncbi Improved HIV-1 incidence estimates using the BED capture enzyme immunoassay
    John W Hargrove
    ZVITAMBO Project, Harare, Zimbabwe
    AIDS 22:511-8. 2008
    ..To validate the BED capture enzyme immunoassay for HIV-1 subtype C and to derive adjustments facilitating estimation of HIV-1 incidence from cross-sectional surveys...
  43. ncbi Body mass index as a predictor of fracture risk: a meta-analysis
    C de Laet
    Scientific Institute of Public Health, Brussels, Belgium
    Osteoporos Int 16:1330-8. 2005
    ..The significance of BMI as a risk factor varies according to the level of BMI. Its validation on an international basis permits the use of this risk factor in case-finding strategies...
  44. pmc Risk of cancer after low doses of ionising radiation: retrospective cohort study in 15 countries
    E Cardis
    International Agency for Research on Cancer, Lyons, France
    BMJ 331:77. 2005
    ..To provide direct estimates of risk of cancer after protracted low doses of ionising radiation and to strengthen the scientific basis of radiation protection standards for environmental, occupational, and medical diagnostic exposures...
  45. ncbi Meta-analysis: the effect of age on immunological response to hepatitis B vaccine in end-stage renal disease
    F Fabrizi
    Center for Liver and Kidney Diseases and Transplantation, Cedars Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA, USA
    Aliment Pharmacol Ther 20:1053-62. 2004
    ..Age-associated changes in immune status may contribute to decreased vaccine efficacy in older individuals although contradictory results have been reported in individuals with normal kidney function...
  46. ncbi Limitations of the odds ratio in gauging the performance of a diagnostic, prognostic, or screening marker
    Margaret Sullivan Pepe
    Division of Public Health Sciences, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 159:882-90. 2004
    ..In addition, the serious pitfalls of using more traditional methods based on parameters in logistic regression models are illustrated...
  47. ncbi Methods for estimating prevalence ratios in cross-sectional studies
    Leticia M S Coutinho
    Departamento de Medicina Preventiva, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, SP, Brasil
    Rev Saude Publica 42:992-8. 2008
    ..To empirically compare the Cox, log-binomial, Poisson and logistic regressions to obtain estimates of prevalence ratios (PR) in cross-sectional studies...
  48. ncbi The performance of different propensity score methods for estimating marginal odds ratios
    Peter C Austin
    Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Stat Med 26:3078-94. 2007
    ..8 to 59.2 per cent. For both methods, relative bias was proportional to the true odds ratio. Finally, matching on the propensity score tended to result in estimators with the lowest MSE...
  49. pmc Defining and detecting malaria epidemics in the highlands of western Kenya
    Simon I Hay
    Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
    Emerg Infect Dis 8:555-62. 2002
    ..The performance of these methods is discussed and comments made about their appropriateness for the highlands of western Kenya...
  50. pmc Risk of hip fracture after bisphosphonate discontinuation: implications for a drug holiday
    J R Curtis
    Center for Education and Research on Therapeutics of Musculoskeletal Disorders, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA
    Osteoporos Int 19:1613-20. 2008
    ....
  51. ncbi Statistical analysis of correlated data using generalized estimating equations: an orientation
    James A Hanley
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Faculty of Medicine, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Am J Epidemiol 157:364-75. 2003
    ....
  52. ncbi Case-control studies: basic concepts
    Jan P Vandenbroucke
    Department of Clinical Epidemiology, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands
    Int J Epidemiol 41:1480-9. 2012
    ..Our focus is on case-control studies of disease incidence ('incident case-control studies'); we will not consider the situation of case-control studies of prevalent disease, which are published much less frequently...
  53. pmc Association of methotrexate and tumour necrosis factor antagonists with risk of infectious outcomes including opportunistic infections in the CORRONA registry
    J D Greenberg
    New York University Hospital for Joint Diseases, New York, USA
    Ann Rheum Dis 69:380-6. 2010
    ..To examine the association of methotrexate (MTX) and tumour necrosis factor (TNF) antagonists with the risk of infectious outcomes including opportunistic infections in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA)...
  54. ncbi Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis in Taiwan - a population-based study
    Chih Cheng Lai
    Department of Intensive Care Medicine, Chi Mei Medical Center, Liouying, Tainan, Taiwan
    Respir Med 106:1566-74. 2012
    ..This study took advantage of a large population-based database of the Taiwan National Health Insurance (NHI) to investigate the epidemiology of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) in Taiwan...
  55. ncbi Prospective preoperative mediastinal lymph node staging by integrated positron emission tomography-computerised tomography in patients with non-small-cell lung cancer
    Christian Perigaud
    Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, CHU Nantes, l institut du thorax, Nantes, France
    Eur J Cardiothorac Surg 36:731-6. 2009
    ..This study aims to evaluate prospectively the accuracy of preoperative integrated 18-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose positron emission tomography-computerised tomography ((18)FDG PET-CT) for mediastinal lymph node staging...
  56. pmc Prevalence of metabolic syndrome and related factors in Taiwanese high-tech industry workers
    Tzung Yi Tsai
    Department of Research, Buddhist Dalin Tzu Chi General Hospital, Taiwan
    Clinics (Sao Paulo) 66:1531-5. 2011
    ..This study aimed to explore the prevalence of metabolic syndrome and its correlates among Taiwanese high-tech industry workers...
  57. ncbi Time from HIV seroconversion to death: a collaborative analysis of eight studies in six low and middle-income countries before highly active antiretroviral therapy
    Jim Todd
    MRC UVRI Uganda Research Unit on AIDS, Entebbe, Uganda
    AIDS 21:S55-63. 2007
    ..To estimate survival patterns after HIV infection in adults in low and middle-income countries...
  58. pmc Predictors of in-hospital mortality among older patients
    Thiago J A Silva
    Geriatric Service, Hospital das Clinicas, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo SP, Brazil
    Clinics (Sao Paulo) 64:613-8. 2009
    ..The objective of this study was to determine predictors of in-hospital mortality among older patients admitted to a geriatric care unit...
  59. ncbi Estimation of the multiple testing burden for genomewide association studies of nearly all common variants
    Itsik Pe'er
    Department of Computer Science, Columbia University, New York, New York, USA
    Genet Epidemiol 32:381-5. 2008
    ..We further identify the sensitivity of the testing burden to the required significance level, with implications to staged design of association studies...
  60. ncbi Gender differences in survival following hospitalisation for COPD
    Anne V Gonzalez
    Respiratory Epidemiology and Clinical Research Unit, Montreal Chest Institute, McGill University Health Centre, Montreal, Canada
    Thorax 66:38-42. 2011
    ..Gender differences in survival and rate of rehospitalisation were investigated in a large cohort of elderly patients with chronic airflow obstruction hospitalised for COPD...
  61. pmc Health, wealth, and air pollution: advancing theory and methods
    Marie S O'Neill
    Environmental Epidemiology Program, Department of Environmental Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 111:1861-70. 2003
    ....
  62. pmc The magnitude of the global problem of diarrhoeal disease: a ten-year update
    C Bern
    Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, Centers for Disease Control, Atlanta, GA 30333
    Bull World Health Organ 70:705-14. 1992
    ....
  63. ncbi Gender perspective on risk factors, coronary lesions and long-term outcome in young patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction
    Sofia Sederholm Lawesson
    Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Linkoping University Hospital, SE 581 85 Linkoping, Sweden
    Heart 96:453-9. 2010
    ..However, ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) differs from non-ST-elevation ACS in many aspects. We elucidated sex differences in risk factors, angiographic findings and outcome in consecutive STEMI patients below 46 years of age...
  64. pmc Follow-up study of chrysotile textile workers: cohort mortality and exposure-response
    Misty J Hein
    Industrywide Studies Branch, Division of Surveillance, Hazard Evaluations and Field Studies, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Cincinnati, Ohio 45226, USA
    Occup Environ Med 64:616-25. 2007
    ..This report provides an update of the mortality experience of a cohort of South Carolina asbestos textile workers...
  65. pmc Early warnings of the potential for malaria transmission in rural Africa using the hydrology, entomology and malaria transmission simulator (HYDREMATS)
    Teresa K Yamana
    Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
    Malar J 9:323. 2010
    ..The Hydrology, Entomology and Malaria Simulator (HYDREMATS) is a mechanistic model that relates rainfall to malaria transmission, and could be used to provide early warnings of malaria epidemics...
  66. ncbi Retinal vein occlusion and the risk of acute myocardial infarction (correction of infraction): a 3-year follow-up study
    C C Hu
    College of Medicine, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan
    Br J Ophthalmol 93:717-20. 2009
    ..Using a nationwide population-based dataset, this study investigated the relationship between retinal vein occlusion (RVO) and subsequent acute myocardial infarction (AMI)...
  67. pmc Ageing, menopause, and ischaemic heart disease mortality in England, Wales, and the United States: modelling study of national mortality data
    Dhananjay Vaidya
    Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA
    BMJ 343:d5170. 2011
    ..To use changes in heart disease mortality rates with age to investigate the plausibility of attributing women's lower heart disease mortality than men to the protective effects of premenopausal sex hormones...
  68. pmc Treatment effects in the presence of unmeasured confounding: dealing with observations in the tails of the propensity score distribution--a simulation study
    TIL STURMER
    Division of Pharmacoepidemiology and Pharmacoeconomics, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 172:843-54. 2010
    ..Increasing validity based on PS trimming may be a unique advantage of PS's over conventional outcome models...
  69. ncbi Alcohol use and mortality in older men and women
    Kieran A McCaul
    Western Australian Centre for Health and Ageing, University of Western Australia, 35 Stirling Highway, Crawley, Western Australia 6009, Australia
    Addiction 105:1391-400. 2010
    ..To compare the effect of alcohol intake on 10-year mortality for men and women over the age of 65 years...
  70. pmc Influence of preoperative serum N-terminal pro-brain type natriuretic peptide on the postoperative outcome and survival rates of coronary artery bypass patients
    Thomas Schachner
    Innsbruck Medical University, Innsbruck, Austria
    Clinics (Sao Paulo) 65:1239-45. 2010
    ..The N-terminal fragment of pro-brain type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) is an established biomarker for cardiac failure...
  71. ncbi Mortality in small geographical areas and proximity to air polluting industries in the Basque Country (Spain)
    K Cambra
    Directorate of Public Health, Department of Health, Basque Government, C Donostia San Sebastian 1, 01010, Vitoria Gasteiz, Spain
    Occup Environ Med 68:140-7. 2011
    ..To study the association between proximity to air polluting industrial facilities and mortality in the Basque Country (Spain) in the 1996-2003 period...
  72. ncbi Using time-use data to parameterize models for the spread of close-contact infectious diseases
    Emilio Zagheni
    Department of Demography, University of California, Berkeley, 2232 Piedmont Avenue, Berkeley, CA 94720 2120, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 168:1082-90. 2008
    ..The availability of time-use data for a large number of countries and their potential to supplement contact surveys make the methods developed extremely valuable and suitable for implementation in several different contexts...
  73. ncbi Mendelian randomization: using genes as instruments for making causal inferences in epidemiology
    Debbie A Lawlor
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, U K
    Stat Med 27:1133-63. 2008
    ..This paper outlines Mendelian randomization, draws parallels with IV methods, provides examples of implementation of the approach and discusses limitations of the approach and some methods for dealing with these...
  74. ncbi Complications and features after joint surgery in rheumatoid arthritis patients treated with tumour necrosis factor-alpha blockers: perioperative interruption of tumour necrosis factor-alpha blockers decreases complications?
    Kosei Kawakami
    Institute of Rheumatology, Tokyo Women s Medical University, Tokyo, Japan
    Rheumatology (Oxford) 49:341-7. 2010
    ..The aim of this study was to identify complications that can be attributed to the use of TNF-alpha blocker therapy...
  75. pmc Combining cognitive screening tests for the evaluation of mild cognitive impairment in the elderly
    Rodolfo B Ladeira
    Laboratory of Neuroscience LIM 27, Institute of Psychiatry, Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil
    Clinics (Sao Paulo) 64:967-73. 2009
    ..To determine the accuracy of the Mini-Mental State Examination combined with the Verbal Fluency Test and Clock Drawing Test for the identification of patients with mild cognitive impairment and Alzheimer's disease (AD)...
  76. pmc Early treatment with, and time receiving, first disease-modifying antirheumatic drug predicts long-term function in patients with inflammatory polyarthritis
    Tracey M Farragher
    ARC Epidemiology Unit, The University of Manchester, Oxford Road, Manchester, UK
    Ann Rheum Dis 69:689-95. 2010
    ....
  77. ncbi A clinical rating scale for progressive supranuclear palsy
    Lawrence I Golbe
    Neurology, Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, Brunswick, NJ 08840, USA
    Brain 130:1552-65. 2007
    ..We conclude that the PSPRS is a practical measure that is sensitive to disease progression and could be useful as a dependent variable in observational or interventional trials and as an indicator of prognosis in clinical practice...
  78. pmc Mortality in relation to smoking: 50 years' observations on male British doctors
    Richard Doll
    Clinical Trial Service Unit and Epidemiological Studies Unit CTSU, Radcliffe Infirmary, Oxford OX2 6HE
    BMJ 328:1519. 2004
    ..To compare the hazards of cigarette smoking in men who formed their habits at different periods, and the extent of the reduction in risk when cigarette smoking is stopped at different ages...
  79. ncbi A randomised, multicentre, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of etanercept in adults with refractory heel enthesitis in spondyloarthritis: the HEEL trial
    Maxime Dougados
    Paris Descartes University, and APHP, Rheumatology B Department, Cochin Hospital, Paris, France
    Ann Rheum Dis 69:1430-5. 2010
    ..The objective of this study was to investigate the efficacy of etanercept in refractory heel enthesitis related to SpA...
  80. ncbi The natural history of HIV-1 subtype E infection in young men in Thailand with up to 14 years of follow-up
    Ram Rangsin
    Department of Military and Community Medicine, Phramongkutklao College of Medicine, 315 Ratchavithi Road, Ratchathewee, Bangkok 10400, Thailand
    AIDS 21:S39-46. 2007
    ..We evaluated the progression to AIDS and death among 228 men who seroconverted within a 6-month window when in the Royal Thai Army between 1991 and 1995...
  81. ncbi National cohort study of reproductive risk factors for rheumatoid arthritis in Denmark: a role for hyperemesis, gestational hypertension and pre-eclampsia?
    K T Jørgensen
    Department of Epidemiology Research, Statens Serum Institut, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Ann Rheum Dis 69:358-63. 2010
    ..A study was undertaken to address the possible impact of live births, pregnancy losses and pregnancy complications on the subsequent risk of RA in a nationwide cohort study...
  82. ncbi A proposed method to adjust for selection bias in cohort studies
    Anna Torner
    Department of Epidemiology, Swedish Institute for Infectious Disease Control, Tomtebodavägen 19A, 171 82 Solna, Sweden
    Am J Epidemiol 171:602-8. 2010
    ..The novel method may have advantages compared with an interval-based method, especially in cohort studies with small numbers of events...
  83. pmc Using epidemiologic methods to test hypotheses regarding causal influences on child and adolescent mental disorders
    Benjamin B Lahey
    Department of Health Studies, University of Chicago, IL 60637, USA
    J Child Psychol Psychiatry 50:53-62. 2009
    ..b>Epidemiologic methods are increasingly being used to move developmental psychopathology from studies that catalogue correlates ..
  84. ncbi Implications of and perspectives on HIV surveillance using a serological method to measure recent HIV infections in newly diagnosed individuals: results from a pilot study in Berlin, Germany, in 2005-2007
    J Bätzing-Feigenbaum
    Department for Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Robert Koch Institute, HIV AIDS and STI Unit, Berlin, Germany
    HIV Med 10:209-18. 2009
    ..This cross-sectional study was designed to pilot the analysis of clinical data, knowledge about and attitudes towards HIV/AIDS, and prevention and risk behaviour in persons recently infected with HIV...
  85. pmc On the wrong side of the tracts? Evaluating the accuracy of geocoding in public health research
    N Krieger
    Department of Health and Social Behavior, Harvard School of Public Health, 677 Huntington Ave, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Am J Public Health 91:1114-6. 2001
    ..This study sought to determine the accuracy of geocoding for public health databases...
  86. ncbi Case definitions for acute coronary heart disease in epidemiology and clinical research studies: a statement from the AHA Council on Epidemiology and Prevention; AHA Statistics Committee; World Heart Federation Council on Epidemiology and Prevention; the
    Russell V Luepker
    Circulation 108:2543-9. 2003
  87. pmc Intermittent preventive treatment for malaria in infants: a decision-support tool for sub-Saharan Africa
    Ilona Carneiro
    Faculty of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, England
    Bull World Health Organ 88:807-14. 2010
    ..To develop a decision-support tool to help policy-makers in sub-Saharan Africa assess whether intermittent preventive treatment in infants (IPTi) would be effective for local malaria control...
  88. ncbi Breteau Index threshold levels indicating risk for dengue transmission in areas with low Aedes infestation
    L Sanchez
    Tropical Medicine Institute Pedro Kouri, Havana City, Cuba
    Trop Med Int Health 15:173-5. 2010
    ..8% sensitivity and 73.3% specificity during the first month of the Havana 2001 dengue outbreak. This result corroborates the external validity of this threshold, at least in situations with low infestations levels...
  89. pmc Metabolic syndrome and risk of cancer mortality in men
    Jason R Jaggers
    Department of Exercise Science, Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC 29208, United States
    Eur J Cancer 45:1831-8. 2009
    ..Little research has focused on pre-cancer risk factors that may affect the outcome of treatment. The purpose of this study was to examine the association between MetS and all-cancer mortality in men...
  90. pmc Using the whole cohort in the analysis of case-cohort data
    Norman E Breslow
    Department of Biostatistics, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 7232, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 169:1398-405. 2009
    ..Epidemiologists are encouraged to consider use of these methods to enhance the accuracy of results reported from case-cohort analyses...
  91. ncbi Evolution of epidemiologic methods and concepts in selected textbooks of the 20th century
    Fang F Zhang
    Department of Epidemiology, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, USA
    Soz Praventivmed 49:97-104. 2004
    ..It is likely that new methodological tools, able to assess the complexity of the causes of human health, will be proposed in future generations of textbooks...
  92. pmc An overview of methods for monitoring social disparities in cancer with an example using trends in lung cancer incidence by area-socioeconomic position and race-ethnicity, 1992-2004
    Sam Harper
    Department of Epidemiology, Biostatistics, and Occupational Health, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Am J Epidemiol 167:889-99. 2008
    ..A suite of indicators is needed to provide a clear picture of health disparity change...
  93. ncbi Clinical and ultrasonographic predictors of joint replacement for knee osteoarthritis: results from a large, 3-year, prospective EULAR study
    P G Conaghan
    Paris Descartes University, Medicine Faculty, UPRES EA 4058 and APHP, Rheumatology B Department, Cochin Hospital, 27 rue du Faubourg St Jacques, Paris, France
    Ann Rheum Dis 69:644-7. 2010
    ..To determine clinical and ultrasonographic predictors of joint replacement surgery across Europe in primary osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee...
  94. ncbi Travelling waves and spatial hierarchies in measles epidemics
    B T Grenfell
    Zoology Department, University of Cambridge, Downing Street, Cambridge CB2 3EJ, UK
    Nature 414:716-23. 2001
    ..Thus, the spatial hierarchy of host population structure is a prerequisite for these infection waves...
  95. doi Mathematical models of infectious disease transmission
    Nicholas C Grassly
    Medical Research Council Centre for Outbreak Analysis and Modelling, Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Imperial College London, London W2 1PG, UK
    Nat Rev Microbiol 6:477-87. 2008
  96. ncbi Exposure variability: concepts and applications in occupational epidemiology
    Dana Loomis
    Departments of Epidemiology and Environmental Sciences and Engineering, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599, USA
    Am J Ind Med 45:113-22. 2004
    ..Standard approaches to assessing exposures for epidemiologic studies tend to concentrate resources on obtaining detailed data for each study participant at the expense of characterizing within-person variability...
  97. pmc Models for short term malaria prediction in Sri Lanka
    Olivier J T Briët
    International Water Management Institute, P, O, Box 2075, Colombo, Sri Lanka
    Malar J 7:76. 2008
    ....
  98. pmc Respondent-driven sampling as Markov chain Monte Carlo
    Sharad Goel
    Yahoo Research, New York, NY 10018, U S A
    Stat Med 28:2202-29. 2009
    ..We also show that variance is inflated by a common design feature in which the sample members are encouraged to recruit multiple future sample members. The paper concludes with suggestions for implementing and evaluating RDS studies...
  99. ncbi What can prevalence studies tell us about female sexual difficulty and dysfunction?
    Richard D Hayes
    Department of Psychiatry, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia
    J Sex Med 3:589-95. 2006
    ..Many recent studies have investigated the prevalence of female sexual difficulty/dysfunction...
  100. pmc New cut-off values for ferritin and soluble transferrin receptor for the assessment of iron deficiency in children in a high infection pressure area
    K S Phiri
    Malawi Liverpool Wellcome Trust Clinical Research Programme, College of Medicine, Blantyre, Malawi
    J Clin Pathol 62:1103-6. 2009
    ..However, assessment of the iron status has proven to be difficult, especially in children living in areas with high infection pressure (including malaria)...
  101. pmc Effect modification by community characteristics on the short-term effects of ozone exposure and mortality in 98 US communities
    Michelle L Bell
    School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06511
    Am J Epidemiol 167:986-97. 2008
    ..These differences may relate to underlying health status, differences in exposure, or other factors. Results show that some segments of the population may face higher health burdens of ozone pollution...

Research Grants62

  1. Iodine Nutrition and Thyroid Disease During Pregnancy and Lactation
    ANGELA MEI TIN LEUNG; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..abstract_text> ..
  2. Risk of Leukemia after Protracted Exposures to Low Doses of Ionizing Radiation
    LYDIA BOGDANIVNA ZABLOTSKA; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  3. Effect of circadian gene variants on sleep, obesity, and metabolic phenotypes
    Anne Marie Chang; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Furthermore, I expect to have obtained extensive training and experience in the design and execution of genetic analyses of sleep, obesity, and cardio-metabolic outcome measures in large and diverse populations. (End of Abstract) ..
  4. Chronic Conditions and Mutuality of Care in Late Life Marriage
    JOAN E MONIN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Further, the combination of training and research will serve as a spring board for the candidate's independent research career to elucidate how interpersonal relationships influence health among older adults. ..
  5. Training in Molecular and Mechanistic Toxicology
    Edson X Albuquerque; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The Aquatic Toxicology Track provides training in pathobiology, immunotoxicology and molecular mechanisms of toxicity of heavy metals, dioxin and other pollutants. ..
  6. Exposure to antibiotics during infancy and subsequent risk of Crohn's disease: a
    Michael D Kappelman; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The goal of this and subsequent research is to identify potentially modifiable risk factors in susceptible individuals. This could lead to strategies for disease prevention. ..
  7. Oral Contraceptives in the Etiopathogenesis of Crohn's Disease
    Hamed Khalili; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  8. CWRU NEPHROLOGY TRAINING GRANT
    John R Sedor; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Prevalence of CKD in the United States in 1999-2004 is higher than it was in 1988-1994. Trainees supported by this program will develop into independent investigators focused on reducing kidney disease burden in theU.S...
  9. Bone Quality and Mechanical Competence In Chronic Kidney Disease
    Thomas L Nickolas; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: This study is highly relevant to public health, as fracture risk and its associated morbidity and mortality are exceedingly high in CKD patients and CKD and osteoporosis are highly coprevalent. ..
  10. CLINICAL RESEARCH TRAINING IN KIDNEY DISEASE
    Harold I Feldman; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Pathway Two is for PhD-trained scientists who desire advanced epidemiology training focusing on applying epidemiologic methods to kidney disease...
  11. Improving Anxiety Management and Rehabilitation Outcomes in Critical Care
    Jennifer Stevenson; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  12. Neuro-vascular Disease as a Cause of Impaired Mobility
    Joshua Zebadiah Willey; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  13. Feelings/Body Investigators:Interoceptive Exposure for Children w/Abdominal Pain
    Nancy L Zucker; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The success of our early intervention for FAP in young children will also have broad implications for the treatment and prevention of mental illness and chronic abdominal pain. ..
  14. Clinical Research Career Development Program
    BRUCE ALLAN CHABNER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Based upon the notable track record of publications and academic progress of past trainees, and the strong and growing pool of exceptional candidates for slots on the K-12 grant, we request five slots for the renewal of this grant. ..
  15. Methylation and Related Anogenital HPV Cancers
    Dorothy Wiley; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..abstract_text> ..
  16. Emergency Department Best Practices to Reduce Healthcare Associated Infections
    Jeremiah D Schuur; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..abstract_text> ..
  17. Early Stress and Suicidal Behavior
    QUETZAL ATHENA CLASS; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Findings from the current project will provide information to improve prevention programs and increase our understanding of the etiology of suicidal behavior. ..
  18. Pediatric Quality Improvement Methods, Research and Evaluation Conference, Advanc
    Lawrence C Kleinman; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The ultimate goal of the conference is to further develop the science and common language of pediatric QI research in support of improved child health and health care. ..
  19. PERSISTENT HPV IN WOMEN AT RISK FOR CERVIX CANCER
    Robert D Burk; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Overall the data will provide important information on phenotypic-genetic relationships. ..
  20. Mentored Patient-Oriented Research in Digestive Diseases
    Andrew T Chan; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  21. Research Training in Gene-Environment Interaction in China
    Jiang He; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This program takes the "train the trainer" approach, and graduates from this program will play a leadership role in building research and training capacity in gene-environment interaction in chronic diseases in China. ..
  22. Variant Nucleotide Receptor Function in Airway Disorders
    Loren C Denlinger; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..S. population with an increasing prevalance and morbidity. ..
  23. Training in Social Epidemiology Methods in Research on Homeless Mental Health
    MITSUAKI ANDREW TOMITA; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Knowledge gained from understanding the interaction between the social environment and individual determinants can be harnessed to enhance the effectiveness of fostering individual recovery and promote a more productive life. ..
  24. Cell Biology of Virus Entry, Replication and Pathogenesis
    Andrew D Robertson; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  25. Arsenic and the Risk of Neural Tube Defects in China
    Analee J Etheredge; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This study will investigate these causes in a population that has both a very high rate of NTDs, and exposure to arsenic, a suspected chemical cause of NTDs. ..
  26. Dynamic Ecological Simulation Model of Tsetse Transmitted Trypanosomosis in Kenya
    Joseph P Messina; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This study will enhance the scientific understanding of climate change and human impacts on ecological systems, and how these changes influence disease ecology. ..
  27. Multidisciplinary Research Training in Pulmonary Medicine
    David B Jacoby; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..These scientists will be prepared to address the public health issues raised by the increasing burden of asthma, chronic bronchitis, emphysema, acute respiratory distress syndrome, and other lung diseases. ..
  28. Social and structural context of HIV/STI risk among FSWs
    Kate Shannon; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  29. Stress Exposure and Immune Outcomes in Children
    THOMAS G O'CONNOR; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Findings from the study will provide a much-needed empirical foundation for developmental and clinical models of the interplay between stress and health in children. ..
  30. Johns Hopkins Pediatric Obesity Research and Training Center
    Youfa Wang; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The Center will build upon a solid research and training base with ongoing NIH funded projects directly related to childhood obesity and systems analysis. ..
  31. Clinical and Genetic Predictors of Unstable Warfarin Response
    BRIAN FINKELMAN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  32. History of Epidemiology: Evolution and Contribution to Medicine and Public Health
    Alfredo Morabia; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..a limited practical impact? Why was there an acceleration in the development and practical application of epidemiologic methods after circa 1900, and even more so after 1945? Why have cancer and heart disease issues been most useful ..
  33. Clinical Prediction rule for Pelvic Fracture Hemorrage
    C Blackmore; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  34. Cardiovascular Consequences of Thyroid Dysfunction
    Elizabeth Pearce; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Pearce's career as an independent academic clinical investigator with a focus on thyroid disease and epidemiology. ..
  35. PREVENTION OF PNEUMOCOCCAL DISEASE IN HIV INFECTION
    MARY MCELLISTREM; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..All patients who exhibit a greater that 3-fold transient rise in HIV-1 RNA levels 2 and 4 weeks postimmunization will be evaluated by Fisher's Exact and McNemar's Tests. ..
  36. Genetic Modifiers of Alpha 1-Antitrypsin Deficiency
    Edwin Silverman; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  37. Obesity and the Environment: The Transition to Adulthood
    Penny Gordon Larsen; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  38. Ugandan Capacitiy Building Program in Malaria Research
    Thomas Egwang; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  39. Randomized trial of sinus CT for acute sinusitis
    Yoshimi Anzai; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..For both groups of patients, the candidate will ascertain antibiotic use (Aim 1), clinical outcome (Aim 2), as well as societal costs (Aim 3). ..
  40. T Cell Cytokines and Renal Allograft Survival
    Kevin Mange; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....
  41. MONITORING HUMAN EXPOSURE TO AFLATOXINS IN THE GAMBIA
    John Groopman; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ....
  42. ENERGY-NUTRITION OF URBAN WOMEN IN A DEVELOPING COUNTRY
    G Spurr; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..The results will provide much needed information on how energy expenditures of third-world urban women related to their nutritional intakes, and will have important implications for policy makers...
  43. Food Safety: Discovering Novel Causes of Foodborne Illn*
    John Besser; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Microbiological and epidemiological methods developed as part of this project will be designed so that they can be readily transferred to public health and clinical laboratories. ..
  44. NEW ENGLAND ORAL DISEASE EPIDEMIOLOGY TRAINING PROGRAM
    Chester Douglass; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..of Health and the Harvard Pilgrim Health Plan. We have successfully trained masters and doctoral students in interdisciplinary research and our trainees routinely progress to become funded researchers. ..
  45. Quantifying Effects of Malnutrition on Cystic Fibrosis
    HuiChuan Lai; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The candidate will benefit from working with the multidisciplinary CF research team at the Madison CF center as well as from participation in the active and vigorous research community at UW-Madison. ..
  46. Public Health Model to Promote Safe Elderly Driving
    Sherrilene Classen; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  47. Risks for HIV and STIs among Moscow Sex Workers
    Chris Beyrer; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  48. THE GENOMIC DISTRIBUTION OF HUMAN VARIATION
    Mark Seielstad; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ....
  49. Stochastic models for radiation carcinogenesis: tempora*
    Suresh Moolgavkar; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The main goals of these analyses are to explore the effects of various age- and time-related factors and of protraction of exposure on the risk of radiation carcinogenesis. ..
  50. Autism--Development, Genetic Epidemiology and Treatment
    RICHARD TODD; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ....
  51. THE EPIDEMIOLOGY OF NEWLY DIAGNOSED PSYCHOTIC DISORDERS
    Evelyn Bromet; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..As we enter the new era of molecular epidemiology, it is our hope that our sample, which is the only current epidemiological sample in North America, will prove to be a rich resource on which to build future studies. ..
  52. Social Inequalities in Periodontal Diseases
    Luisa Borrell; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  53. Research Training on Service Systems for Persons w/AIDS
    Oscar Grusky; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The program has close ties to the Center for HiV Identification, Prevention, and Treatment Services, an NIMH-sponsored prevention research center. ..
  54. Risk Burden of Lipoprotein Metabolic Gene Haplotypes
    Jeffrey Anderson; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..We believe this thorough, novel approach will lead to a major advance in genetic CHD risk assessment, enabling the vision of gene-based medicine for CHD to be realized. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  55. Role of non-tuberculous mycobacteria in lung disease
    Jason Stout; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Our findings will also assist clinicians in predicting which patients with NTM isolated from the respiratory tract will have NTM pulmonary disease. ..
  56. Fertility Intentions and Outcomes in West Africa
    Jennifer Johnson Hanks; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..4) Create, translate and pretest a survey instrument to evaluate the hypotheses, and (5) Pilot an integrated life course research technique. ..
  57. Haplotype blocks across CETP and associations with CHD
    John Carlquist; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  58. Prognostic Value of Quantitative ECG-gated FDG PET.
    Cesar Santana; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..These quantitative parameters of myocardial perfusion and metabolism together with the incremental value of global and regional function should provide a more complete assessment of myocardial viability and thus better prognostic power. ..
  59. GIS and Breast Cancer Screening in Saint Louis
    Mario Schootman; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  60. CLINICAL RESEARCH TRAINING PROGRAM
    Frederic Coe; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Up to six students pursuing the M.S. degree can be accommodated each year. ..
  61. HEALTH RESEARCH TRAINING PROGRAM
    Genevieve Ames; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  62. Epidemiology of cardiovascular disease in diabetes
    Donald Bowden; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Evidence for linkage to QTLs influencing CAC and IMT will be pursued in those chromosomal regions showing suggestive evidence for linkage and then performing further analyses to detect associations with these "saturation" markers. ..