Genomes and Genes
Summary: Dietary practice of completely avoiding meat products in their DIET, consuming vegetables, grains, and nuts. Some who are called lacto-ovo also include milk and egg products.
Publications211 found, 100 shown here
- Effects of a long-term vegetarian diet on biomarkers of antioxidant status and cardiovascular disease riskY T Szeto
Antioxidant Research Team, School of Nursing, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Kowloon, Hong Kong SAR, China
Nutrition 20:863-6. 2004..We compared plasma biomarkers of antioxidant status, oxidative stress, inflammation, and risk for coronary heart disease in long-term vegetarians and age- and sex-matched omnivores...
- Health effects of vegetarian and vegan dietsTimothy J Key
Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Richard Doll Building
Proc Nutr Soc 65:35-41. 2006..Overall, the data suggest that the health of Western vegetarians is good and similar to that of comparable non-vegetarians...
- Type of vegetarian diet, body weight, and prevalence of type 2 diabetesSerena Tonstad
Department of Health Promotion and Education, School of Public Health, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, California, USA
Diabetes Care 32:791-6. 2009..We assessed the prevalence of type 2 diabetes in people following different types of vegetarian diets compared with that in nonvegetarians...
- EPIC-Oxford: lifestyle characteristics and nutrient intakes in a cohort of 33 883 meat-eaters and 31 546 non meat-eaters in the UKGwyneth K Davey
Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Gibson Building, Radcliffe Infirmary, Oxford OX2 6HE, UK
Public Health Nutr 6:259-69. 2003..To describe the lifestyle characteristics and nutrient intakes of the Oxford cohort of the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC)...
- The Oxford Vegetarian Study: an overviewP N Appleby
Imperial Cancer Research Fund, Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Radcliffe Infirmary, Oxford, United Kingdom
Am J Clin Nutr 70:525S-531S. 1999..Thus, the health of vegetarians in this study is generally good and compares favorably with that of the nonvegetarian control subjects. Larger studies are needed to examine rates of specific cancers and other diseases among vegetarians...
- Health benefits of a vegetarian dietT J Key
Imperial Cancer Research Fund, Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Radcliffe Infirmary, UK
Proc Nutr Soc 58:271-5. 1999..The evidence available suggests that widespread adoption of a vegetarian diet could prevent approximately 40,000 deaths from IHD in Britain each year.
- Meats, processed meats, obesity, weight gain and occurrence of diabetes among adults: findings from Adventist Health StudiesArnold Vang
Department of Health Promotion and Education, School of Public Health, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA 92350, USA
Ann Nutr Metab 52:96-104. 2008..To examine the relation between meat intake and diabetes occurrence in adults...
- Effect of vegetarian diet on homocysteine levelsL Bissoli
Cattedra di Geriatria, Universita di Verona, Italy
Ann Nutr Metab 46:73-9. 2002..To compare fasting total plasma homocysteine (tHcy) levels in vegans, lacto-ovovegetarians and control subjects, and to evaluate the relationships between tHcy levels and nutritional variables in vegetarians...
- Effectiveness of a low-fat vegetarian diet in altering serum lipids in healthy premenopausal womenN D Barnard
Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine, Washington DC, USA
Am J Cardiol 85:969-72. 2000..None has examined the cholesterol-lowering effect of a low-fat vegetarian diet, which, in other population groups, leads to marked reductions in serum cholesterol concentrations and, in ..
- Choices for achieving adequate dietary calcium with a vegetarian dietC M Weaver
Department of Foods and Nutrition, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907 1264, USA
Am J Clin Nutr 70:543S-548S. 1999..dietary constituents that decrease calcium retention, such as salt, protein, and caffeine, can be high in the vegetarian diet. Although it is possible to obtain calcium balance from a plant-based diet in a Western lifestyle, it may be ..
- Mortality in British vegetariansPaul N Appleby
Imperial Cancer Research Fund, Cancer Epidemiology Unit, The Radcliffe Infirmary, Oxford, UK
Public Health Nutr 5:29-36. 2002..To compare the mortality of British vegetarians and non-vegetarians...
- Very low n-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid status in Austrian vegetarians and vegansMargit Kornsteiner
Department of Nutritional Sciences, Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria
Ann Nutr Metab 52:37-47. 2008....
- Vegetarian diet and cholesterol and triglycerides levelsSimone Grigoletto De Biase
Catholic University at São Paulo, Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil
Arq Bras Cardiol 88:35-9. 2007..Compare levels of triglyceride (TG), total cholesterol (TC), low density lipoprotein (LDL) and high density lipoprotein (HDL) among vegetarians and omnivores...
- Veganism and its relationship with insulin resistance and intramyocellular lipidL M Goff
Nutrition and Dietetic Research Group, Metabolic Medicine, Investigative Science, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College Hammersmith Hospital Campus, London, UK
Eur J Clin Nutr 59:291-8. 2005..To test the hypothesis that dietary factors in the vegan diet lead to improved insulin sensitivity and lower intramyocellular lipid (IMCL) storage...
- Total homocysteine, vitamin B(12), and total antioxidant status in vegetariansW Herrmann
Department of Clinical Chemistry Central Laboratory, University Hospital of the Saarland, D 66421 Homburg Saar, Germany
Clin Chem 47:1094-101. 2001..We investigated vitamin B(12)-dependent metabolism and oxidative stress in groups with various or no intake of meat or animal products...
- Influence of a five-day vegetarian diet on urinary levels of antibiotics and phthalate metabolites: a pilot study with "Temple Stay" participantsKyunghee Ji
Department of Environmental Health, School of Public Health, Seoul National University, Yeongun, Chongro, Seoul 110 799, Republic of Korea
Environ Res 110:375-82. 2010..During the program, participants followed the daily routines of Buddhist monks and maintained a vegetarian diet. Urinary levels of three antibiotics and their major metabolites, metabolites of four major phthalates, and ..
- Associations between diet and cancer, ischemic heart disease, and all-cause mortality in non-Hispanic white California Seventh-day AdventistsG E Fraser
Center for Health Research and the Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Loma Linda University, CA 92350, USA
Am J Clin Nutr 70:532S-538S. 1999..Thus, among Seventh-day Adventists, vegetarians are healthier than nonvegetarians but this cannot be ascribed only to the absence of meat...
- Considerations in planning vegan diets: infantsA R Mangels
Vegetarian Resource Group, Baltimore, MD, USA
J Am Diet Assoc 101:670-7. 2001..Tofu, dried beans, and meat analogs are introduced as protein sources around 7-8 months. Vegan diets can be planned to be nutritionally adequate and support growth for infants...
- Apparent copper absorption from a vegetarian dietJ R Hunt
US Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Grand Forks Human Nutrition Research Center, Grand Forks, ND, USA
Am J Clin Nutr 74:803-7. 2001..Vegetarian diets often contain more copper than do nonvegetarian diets, but observations of decreased plasma copper associated with vegetarian diets suggest that these diets have lower copper bioavailability than do nonvegetarian diets...
- A randomized clinical trial of a standard versus vegetarian diet for weight loss: the impact of treatment preferenceL E Burke
Department of Health and Community Systems and the Graduate School of Public Health, Department of Epidemiology, University of Pittsburgh School of Nursing, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
Int J Obes (Lond) 32:166-76. 2008..With obesity rampant, methods to achieve sustained weight loss remain elusive...
- Changing from a mixed to self-selected vegetarian diet--influence on blood lipidsF Robinson
Faculty of Education, Community Studies and Leisure, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, UK
J Hum Nutr Diet 15:323-9. 2002To observe any changes in serum concentrations of lipids, when UK meat-eaters switch to a self selected vegetarian diet for 6 months.
- B-vitamin status and concentrations of homocysteine in Austrian omnivores, vegetarians and vegansD Majchrzak
Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria
Ann Nutr Metab 50:485-91. 2006A vegetarian diet is considered to promote health and longevity and reduce the risk of cardiovascular diseases and cancer. However, a vegetarian diet may be deficient in some nutrients...
- The effect of vegetarian diet, plant foods, and phytochemicals on hemostasis and thrombosisSujatha Rajaram
Department of Nutrition, School of Public Health, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA 92350, USA
Am J Clin Nutr 78:552S-558S. 2003..Clearly, much remains to be done in this area of investigation...
- Vitamin B-12 status, particularly holotranscobalamin II and methylmalonic acid concentrations, and hyperhomocysteinemia in vegetariansWolfgang Herrmann
Central Laboratory, Department of Clinical Chemistry, Saarland University Hospital, Homburg, Germany
Am J Clin Nutr 78:131-6. 2003..Vegetarians have a lower intake of vitamin B-12 than do omnivores. Early and reliable diagnosis of vitamin B-12 deficiency is very important...
- The association between high plasma homocysteine levels and lower bone mineral density in Slovak women: the impact of vegetarian dietZora Krivosíková
Department of Clinical and Experimental Pharmacotherapy, Slovak Medical University, Bratislava, Slovakia
Eur J Nutr 49:147-53. 2010A long-term vegetarian diet is generally poor in vitamin B group. The lack of vitamin B(12) together with vitamin B(6) and folate deficiency is closely related to homocysteine metabolism...
- Mortality in British vegetarians: results from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC-Oxford)Timothy J Key
Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
Am J Clin Nutr 89:1613S-1619S. 2009..Few prospective studies have examined the mortality of vegetarians...
- Mortality in vegetarians and nonvegetarians: detailed findings from a collaborative analysis of 5 prospective studiesT J Key
Imperial Cancer Research Fund, Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Oxford, United Kingdom
Am J Clin Nutr 70:516S-524S. 1999..There were no significant differences between vegetarians and nonvegetarians in mortality from cerebrovascular disease, stomach cancer, colorectal cancer, lung cancer, breast cancer, prostate cancer, or all other causes combined...
- Development of a diet quality index with special reference to micronutrient adequacy for adolescent girls consuming a lacto-vegetarian dietShashi A Chiplonkar
Agharkar Research Institute, GG Agarkar Rd, Pune 411004, India
J Am Diet Assoc 110:926-31. 2010..this study was to identify a measure of micronutrient quality of diets in adolescent girls consuming a lacto-vegetarian diet. Data were collected on the nutritional status of 630 schoolgirls (ages 10 to 16 years) from Pune city, India,..
- Diet as primordial prevention in Seventh-Day AdventistsG E Fraser
Loma Linda University, California 92350, USA
Prev Med 29:S18-23. 1999..The power of incorporating health into a system of religious belief is discussed. Possibly others can also implement such a model to their advantage...
- Red meat enhances the colonic formation of the DNA adduct O6-carboxymethyl guanine: implications for colorectal cancer riskMichelle H Lewin
Diet and Cancer Group, Dunn Human Nutrition Unit, Wellcome Trust Medical Research Council Building, Cambridge CB2 2XY, United Kingdom
Cancer Res 66:1859-65. 2006..0001) increase in endogenous formation of NOC with the red meat diet compared with the vegetarian diet as measured by apparent total NOC (ATNC) in feces...
- Anti-inflammatory effects of a low arachidonic acid diet and fish oil in patients with rheumatoid arthritisOlaf Adam
Medizinische Klinik Innenstadt der LMU, Ziemssenstrasse 1, 80336 Munich, Germany
Rheumatol Int 23:27-36. 2003Patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) improve on a vegetarian diet or supplementation with fish oil...
- Long-term ovo-lacto vegetarian diet impairs vitamin B-12 status in pregnant womenCorinna Koebnick
German Institute of Human Nutrition Potsdam Rehbrucke, Nuthetal, Germany
J Nutr 134:3319-26. 2004A well-planned vegetarian diet has been stated to be adequate during pregnancy...
- Holotranscobalamin as an indicator of dietary vitamin B12 deficiencyZouë Lloyd-Wright
Nutrition Food and Health Research Centre, King s College London, Franklin Wilkins Bldg, 150 Stamford St, Waterloo, London SE1 9NN, United Kingdom
Clin Chem 49:2076-8. 2003
- Long-chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids in plasma in British meat-eating, vegetarian, and vegan menMagdalena S Rosell
Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
Am J Clin Nutr 82:327-34. 2005..Plasma concentrations of long-chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids are lower in vegetarians and in vegans than in omnivores. No data are available on whether these concentrations differ between long- and short-term vegetarians and vegans...
- The impact of vegetarianism on some haematological parametersRima Obeid
Department of Clinical Chemistry, University Hospital of Saarland, Homburg, Germany
Eur J Haematol 69:275-9. 2002Subjects adopting a vegetarian diet are liable to vitamin B12 and iron deficiencies. Co-existing vitamin B12 and iron deficiencies may give an equivocal haematological picture, which may, in turn, delay making an early diagnosis...
- Fasting followed by vegetarian diet in patients with rheumatoid arthritis: a systematic reviewH Muller
Balneology and Rehabilitation Sciences Research Institute FBK, Bad Elster, Germany
Scand J Rheumatol 30:1-10. 2001Clinical experience suggests that fasting followed by vegetarian diet may help patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA)...
- Diet-induced endogenous formation of nitroso compounds in the GI tractGunter G C Kuhnle
MRC Dunn Human Nutrition Unit, Wellcome Trust MRC Building, Hills Road, Cambridge CB2 2XY, UK
Free Radic Biol Med 43:1040-7. 2007..the underlying mechanism of ATNC formation, fecal and ileal samples of volunteers fed a high red meat or a vegetarian diet were analyzed for nitrosyl iron, nitrosothiols, and heme...
- Long-term effects of a change from a mixed diet to a lacto-vegetarian diet on human urinary and faecal mutagenic activityG Johansson
Department of Medical Nutrition, Karolinska Institute, Huddinge Hospital, Sweden
Mutagenesis 13:167-71. 1998This is an investigation of the long-term effects of a shift from a mixed diet to a lacto-vegetarian diet and of a return to a mixed diet on the mutagenic activity in urine and faeces...
- Vegetarian diet affects genes of oxidative metabolism and collagen synthesisHeidrun Karlic
Ludwig Boltzmann Institute for Leukemia Research and Hematology, Hanusch Hospital, Vienna, Austria
Ann Nutr Metab 53:29-32. 2008A vegetarian diet is known to prevent a series of diseases but may influence the balance of carbohydrate and fat metabolism as well as collagen synthesis...
- Interactive effects of exercise, alcohol, and vegetarian diet on coronary artery disease risk factors in 9242 runners: the National Runners' Health StudyP T Williams
Life Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
Am J Clin Nutr 66:1197-206. 1997..Also, vigorous exercise provides important health benefits beyond those obtained by diet...
- Effect of changing to a self-selected vegetarian diet on anthropometric measurements in UK adultsF Phillips
British Nutrition Foundation, Liverpool, UK
J Hum Nutr Diet 17:249-55. 2004..Vegetarians are often a little leaner compared with nonvegetarians and suffer less from obesity and its associated complications than nonvegetarians. Whether this is because of not eating meat specifically is unclear...
- Nutrition, lifestyle and colorectal cancer incidence: a prospective investigation of 10998 vegetarians and non-vegetarians in the United KingdomM A Sanjoaquin
Cancer Research UK, Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford OX2 6HE, UK
Br J Cancer 90:118-21. 2004..Risk increased in association with smoking, alcohol, and white bread consumption, and decreased with frequent consumption of fruit. The relative risk in vegetarians compared with nonvegetarians was 0.85 (95% CI: 0.55-1.32)...
- A prospective study of vegetarianism and isoflavone intake in relation to breast cancer risk in British womenRuth C Travis
Cancer Research UK, Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford OX3 7LF, United Kingdom
Int J Cancer 122:705-10. 2008..However, findings from epidemiological studies are equivocal. We investigated the relationships of a vegetarian diet and isoflavone intake with breast cancer risk in a cohort of 37,643 British women participating in the ..
- Cancer incidence in vegetarians: results from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC-Oxford)Timothy J Key
Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
Am J Clin Nutr 89:1620S-1626S. 2009..Few prospective studies have examined cancer incidence among vegetarians...
- NMR metabolomic analysis of fecal water from subjects on a vegetarian dietJenny Pettersson
Division of Pharmacognosy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Biomedical Centre, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden
Biol Pharm Bull 31:1192-8. 2008A vegetarian diet rich in phytochemicals may prevent colon carcinogenesis by affecting biochemical processes in the colonic mucosa. Compounds passing the digestive system reaching the colon could potentially be detected in fecal water...
- How does the health and well-being of young Australian vegetarian and semi-vegetarian women compare with non-vegetarians?Surinder Baines
School of Health Sciences, Nutrition and Dietetics, Box 38, Hunter Building, University of Newcastle, Callaghan, New South Wales 2308, Australia
Public Health Nutr 10:436-42. 2007..To compare the sociodemographic characteristics, health status and health service use of vegetarians, semi-vegetarians and non-vegetarians...
- Effects of meat consumption and vegetarian diet on risk of wrist fracture over 25 years in a cohort of peri- and postmenopausal womenDonna L Thorpe
Department of Physical Therapy, School of Allied Health Professions, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA 92350, USA
Public Health Nutr 11:564-72. 2008..a diet high in fruits and vegetables may be beneficial to bone health has sparked interest in the potential benefit of a vegetarian diet. However, other studies have raised a question regarding the adequacy of protein in such a diet.
- Effects of a vegetarian diet and treatment preference on biochemical and dietary variables in overweight and obese adults: a randomized clinical trialLora E Burke
University of Pittsburgh School of Nursing, Pittsburgh, PA 15261, USA
Am J Clin Nutr 86:588-96. 2007A vegetarian diet may lead to numerous health benefits, including weight loss.
- A vegan diet free of gluten improves the signs and symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis: the effects on arthritis correlate with a reduction in antibodies to food antigensI Hafstrom
Department of Rheumatology, Karolinska Institutet at Huddinge University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden
Rheumatology (Oxford) 40:1175-9. 2001..However, data from controlled clinical trials are sparse. We thus decided to study the clinical effects of a vegan diet free of gluten in RA and to quantify the levels of antibodies to key food antigens not present in the vegan diet...
- Health effects of vegan dietsWinston J Craig
Department of Nutrition and Wellness, Andrews University, Berrien Springs, MI, USA
Am J Clin Nutr 89:1627S-1633S. 2009Recently, vegetarian diets have experienced an increase in popularity. A vegetarian diet is associated with many health benefits because of its higher content of fiber, folic acid, vitamins C and E, potassium, magnesium, and many ..
- No evidence of insulin resistance in normal weight vegetarians. A case control studyMartina Valachovicová
Slovak Medical University, Institute of Preventive and Clinical Medicine, Limbova 12, 83301, Bratislava, Slovak Republic
Eur J Nutr 45:52-4. 2006..Protective food commodities in the prevention of cardiovascular disease, insulin resistance syndrome or diabetes are crucial components of the vegetarian diet.
- Subacute combined degeneration of the spinal cord in vegetarians: vegetarian's myelopathyHirokatsu Takahashi
Department of Neurology, Graduate School of Medicine, Chiba University, Inohana
Intern Med 45:705-6. 2006
- Type 2 diabetes and the vegetarian dietDavid J A Jenkins
Clinical Nutrition and Risk Factor Modification Center, St Michael s Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Am J Clin Nutr 78:610S-616S. 2003..viscous fibers (eg, fibers from oats and barley), soy proteins, and plant sterols, which may be part of the vegetarian diet, reduce serum lipids...
- Benefits and barriers to the consumption of a vegetarian diet in AustraliaEmma Lea
School of Health Sciences, Deakin University, 221 Burwood Highway, Burwood, 3125, Australia
Public Health Nutr 6:505-11. 2003The aim of this study was to examine consumers' perceived benefits and barriers to the consumption of a vegetarian diet.
- Taiwanese vegetarians have higher insulin sensitivity than omnivoresChien Jung Hung
Department of Biochemistry, College of Medicine, Tzu Chi University, Taiwan
Br J Nutr 95:129-35. 2006..Diet and lower BMI were partially responsible for the high insulin sensitivity observed in young Taiwanese vegetarians...
- Vegan diet alleviates fibromyalgia symptomsK Kaartinen
Department of Physiology, University of Kuopio, Finland
Scand J Rheumatol 29:308-13. 2000..003). Urine sodium dropped to 1/3 of the beginning values (p=0.0001) indicating good diet compliance. It can be concluded that vegan diet had beneficial effects on fibromyalgia symptoms at least in the short run...
- [The effect of vegetarian diet on selected biochemical and blood morphology parameters]Rafał Nazarewicz
Zespół Oceny Zywności i Zywienia, Akademia Morska w Gdyni, 81 225 Gdynia
Rocz Panstw Zakl Hig 58:23-7. 2007The objective was to examine whether vegetarian diet influence biochemical parameters of blood and plasma urea in selective vegetarian group...
- Irreversible subacute sclerotic combined degeneration of the spinal cord in a vegan subjectFilippo Brocadello
Clinical Nutrition Unit, Azienda Ospedaliera of Padua, Padua, Italy
Nutrition 23:622-4. 2007..We describe a case of irreversible subacute sclerotic combined degeneration of the spinal cord in a Western vegan subject...
- Fibromyalgia syndrome improved using a mostly raw vegetarian diet: an observational studyM S Donaldson
Hallelujah Acres Foundation, Shelby, NC, USA
BMC Complement Altern Med 1:7. 2001..In this study we tested whether a mostly raw vegetarian diet would significantly improve fibromyalgia symptoms.
- DHA status of vegetariansThomas A B Sanders
Nutritional Sciences Division TABS, King s College London, Franklin Wilkins Building, 150 Stamford Street, London SE19NH, UK
Prostaglandins Leukot Essent Fatty Acids 81:137-41. 2009..Docosahexaenoic acid (22:6n-3; DHA) is absent from vegan diets and present in limited amounts in vegetarian diets...
- Homocysteine and cobalamin status in German vegansAnnika Waldmann
Institute of Food Science, University of Hanover, Wunstorfer Strasse 14, D 30453 Hanover, Germany
Public Health Nutr 7:467-72. 2004..The study aimed to evaluate the homocysteine and cobalamin status of German vegans and determine whether the intake of very small amounts of foods of animal origin can improve this status...
- Plasma homocysteine levels in Taiwanese vegetarians are higher than those of omnivoresChien Jung Hung
Department of Biochemistry, College of Medicine, Tzu Chi University, Hualien, Taiwan
J Nutr 132:152-8. 2002..7% of homocysteine variation. In conclusion, the Buddhist nuns who consumed a lacto-vegetarian diet had mildly elevated fasting plasma homocysteine levels presumably due to lower levels of plasma vitamin B-12.
- Renal function parameters of Thai vegans compared with non-vegansViroj Wiwanitkit
Department of Laboratory Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand
Ren Fail 29:219-20. 2007..Of the studied parameters, it was found that urine protein was significantly different (p < 0.05) in vegans and controls. Vegans had significantly lower urine protein level...
- Effects of diet and age on oxidative damage products in healthy subjectsM Krajcovicova-Kudlackova
Slovak Medical University, Bratislava, Slovak Republic
Physiol Res 57:647-51. 2008..pyrimidines), lipids (conjugated dienes of fatty acids) and proteins (carbonyls) in relation to nutrition (vegetarian diet vs...
- Vegetarian diet: panacea for modern lifestyle diseases?M Segasothy
Department of Medicine, Northern Territory Clinical School of Medicine of Flinders University, Alice Springs, Australia
QJM 92:531-44. 1999..Patients eating a vegetarian diet, with comprehensive lifestyle changes, have had reduced frequency, duration and severity of angina as well as ..
- The effect of a vegetarian and different omnivorous diets on urinary risk factors for uric acid stone formationRoswitha Siener
Experimentelle Urologie Klinik und Poliklinik für Urologie, Universitat Bonn, Sigmund Freud Str 25, 53105, Bonn, Germany
Eur J Nutr 42:332-7. 2003..About 10-15% of all urinary stones are composed of uric acid. A high urinary uric acid excretion, a low urine volume and an acidic urinary pH value are suggested to be the most important risk factors for uric acid stone formation...
- Lifestyle-related disease in Crohn's disease: relapse prevention by a semi-vegetarian dietMitsuro Chiba
Division of Gastroenterology, Nakadori General Hospital, 3 15, Misono cho, Minami dori, Akita 010 8577, Japan
World J Gastroenterol 16:2484-95. 2010To investigate whether semi-vegetarian diet (SVD) has a preventive effect against relapse of Crohn's disease (CD) in patients who have achieved remission, who are a high-risk group for relapse.
- The UK Women's Cohort Study: comparison of vegetarians, fish-eaters and meat-eatersJ E Cade
Nutritional Epidemiology Group, University of Leeds, UK
Public Health Nutr 7:871-8. 2004..This paper describes the development of the UK Women's Cohort Study and presents cohort baseline characteristics...
- Young Swedish vegans have different sources of nutrients than young omnivoresChristel L Larsson
Department of Food and Nutrition, Umea University, Sweden
J Am Diet Assoc 105:1438-41. 2005..Instead of animal products, young vegans rely on dietary supplements, legumes, vegetables, fruits, and berries as sources of nutrients...
- [Risk factors and current chemoprevention studies in prostate cancer]Motoki Iwasaki
Epidemiology and Prevention Division, Research Center for Cancer Prevention and Screening, National Cancer Center
Nihon Rinsho 63:321-6. 2005..While, insulin-like growth factor 1 could be a risk factor. Based on these evidences, several chemoprevention trials were launched using 5-alpha reductase inhibitor, selenium, vitamin E and so on...
- Choice of dietary protein of vegetarians and omnivores is reflected in their hair protein 13C and 15N abundanceKlaus J Petzke
German Institute of Human Nutrition Potsdam Rehbruecke DIfE, Arthur Scheunert Allee 114 116, 14558 Nuthetal, Germany
Rapid Commun Mass Spectrom 19:1392-400. 2005..In conclusion, hair 13C and 15N values both reflected the extent of animal protein consumption. Bulk isotopic abundance of hair can be tested for future use in the validation of dietary assessment methods...
- Spastic paraparesis as a manifestation of metabolic vitamin B12 deficiency: a case reportS H Cheng
J Neurol 252:1125-6. 2005
- Folate and cobalamin deficiencies and hyperhomocysteinemia in BangladeshMary V Gamble
Department of Environmental Health Sciences, School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA
Am J Clin Nutr 81:1372-7. 2005..This has been largely attributed to dietary deficiencies in cobalamin associated with vegetarianism among these Indian Asians...
- Food recommendations, tradition and change in a Flemish cookbook: Ons Kookboek, 1920-2000Yves Segers
Interfaculty Centre for Agrarian History, K U Leuven, Belgium
Appetite 45:4-14. 2005..But notwithstanding all innovations, the link with the farming sector remained as the attitude towards a vegetarian or low-meat diet clearly demonstrates...
- Phytanic acid: measurement of plasma concentrations by gas-liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry analysis and associations with diet and other plasma fatty acidsNaomi E Allen
Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Richard Doll Building, Roosevelt Drive, Oxford OX3 7LF, UK
Br J Nutr 99:653-9. 2008..These data show that a diet high in fat from dairy products is associated with increased plasma phytanic acid concentration, which may play a role in cancer development...
- Pork meat increases iron absorption from a 5-day fully controlled diet when compared to a vegetarian diet with similar vitamin C and phytic acid contentMette Bach Kristensen
Department of Human Nutrition, Centre for Advanced Food Studies LMC, The Royal Veterinary and Agricultural University, Frederiksberg, Denmark
Br J Nutr 94:78-83. 2005..whole diet on the fractional absorption of non-haem iron and the total absorption of iron, when compared to a vegetarian diet. A randomised cross-over design with 3 x 5 d whole-diet periods with diets containing Danish-produced meat, ..
- MyPyramid food intake pattern modeling for the Dietary Guidelines Advisory CommitteePatricia Britten
USDA Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion, Alexandria, VA 22302, USA
J Nutr Educ Behav 38:S143-52. 2006..Modeling analyses can help researchers explore the overall effect of specific dietary recommendations on intake patterns...
- The merits and pitfalls of vegetarianismStephen M Panebianco
Explore (NY) 3:55-8. 2007
- Peculiarities of medical students' nutritionLina Skemiene
Department of Environmental and Occupational Medicine, Kaunas University of Medicine, Kaunas, Lithuania
Medicina (Kaunas) 43:145-52. 2007....
- Effect of meal composition and cooking duration on the fate of sulforaphane following consumption of broccoli by healthy human subjectsVanessa Rungapamestry
School of Life Sciences, The Robert Gordon University, St Andrew Street, Aberdeen, AB25 1HG, UK
Br J Nutr 97:644-52. 2007..The main influence on the production of isothiocyanates in vivo is the way in which brassica vegetables are cooked, rather than the effect of the meal matrix...
- Total cardiovascular risk profile of Taiwanese vegetariansC W Chen
Section of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Buddhist Dalin Tzu Chi General Hospital, Chia Yi, Taiwan 2 2College of Medicine, Tzu Chi University, Hualien, Taiwan
Eur J Clin Nutr 62:138-44. 2008..population, there are geographic differences of vegetarian diets and the health benefits of the Taiwanese vegetarian diet have not been studied extensively...
- The effect of four different types of diet on the bioavailability of loracarbefA T Bapujee
Department of Pharmaceutical Medicine, Faculty of Pharmacy, Majeedia Hospital, Jamia Hamdard, Hamdard University, Hamdard Nagar, New Delhi, India
Eur J Drug Metab Pharmacokinet 32:205-11. 2007..The lowest decrease in Cmax was produced by the high-fat vegetarian diet, while the maximum was produced by the low-fat non-vegetarian diet...
- A comparison of some of the cardiovascular risk factors in vegetarian and omnivorous Turkish femalesE Karabudak
Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Health Sciences Faculty, Baskent University, Ankara, Turkey
J Hum Nutr Diet 21:13-22. 2008..Homocysteine levels may be influenced by dietary habits. The aim of the present study was to determine the effects of a vegetarian diet on some of the cardiovascular risk factors in Turkish females.
- The elimination of meat from the diet selectively decreases pancreatic elastase secretionJaroslaw Walkowiak
Department of Gastroenterology and Metabolism, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poznan, Poland
Br J Nutr 98:154-8. 2007Since the vegetarian diet lacks the substrate for pancreatic elastase-1 as an enzyme, a decreased secretion of this enzyme could be expected...
- Fatty acid composition of habitual omnivore and vegetarian dietsNeil Mann
Department of Food Science, Lipid Research Group, School of Applied Science, RMIT University, Melbourne 3001, Australia
Lipids 41:637-46. 2006..Thus, accurate dietary and plasma FA analyses suggest that regular moderate consumption of meat and fish maintains a plasma FA profile possibly more conducive to good health...
- Evaluating the environmental impact of various dietary patterns combined with different food production systemsL Baroni
Department of Neurorehabilitation, Villa Salus Hospital, Mestre Venice, Italy
Eur J Clin Nutr 61:279-86. 2007..The Assessment phase has been conducted using Ecoindicator 99, a damage-oriented method, which analyses the impact according to three large damage categories, each of them subsuming various impact categories...
- Causes of vitamin B12 and folate deficiencyLindsay H Allen
USDA, ARS Western Human Nutrition Research Center, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA
Food Nutr Bull 29:S20-34; discussion S35-7. 2008..Other situations in which the risk of folate deficiency increases include lactation and alcoholism...
- German vegan study: diet, life-style factors, and cardiovascular risk profileA Waldmann
Institute of Food Science, Centre Applied Chemistry, University of Hannover, Germany
Ann Nutr Metab 49:366-72. 2005..Evaluation of cardiovascular risk profile in 154 German vegans...
- Nutritional characteristics of middle-aged Japanese vegetariansKeiko Nakamoto
Laboratory of Clinical Nutrition and Medicine, Kagawa Nutrition University, Japan
J Atheroscler Thromb 15:122-9. 2008Despite the possible overall health benefits of a vegetarian diet, research about the nutritional characteristics of Japanese vegetarians is small...
- The relative impact of a vegetable-rich diet on key markers of health in a cohort of Australian adolescentsRoss Grant
School of Medical Sciences, University of NSW, and Australasian Research Institute, Sydney Adventist Hospital, Sydney, Australia 2076
Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 17:107-15. 2008..Effective strategies for reducing childhood obesity are urgently required. A vegetarian diet has been shown to be an effective prophylactic to many lifestyle diseases in the adult population and may ..
- Weight gain over 5 years in 21,966 meat-eating, fish-eating, vegetarian, and vegan men and women in EPIC-OxfordM Rosell
Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
Int J Obes (Lond) 30:1389-96. 2006..Cross-sectional studies have shown that vegetarians and vegans are leaner than omnivores. Longitudinal data on weight gain in these groups are sparse...
- Total zinc absorption in young women, but not fractional zinc absorption, differs between vegetarian and meat-based diets with equal phytic acid contentMette Bach Kristensen
Department of Human Nutrition, Center for Advanced Food Studies LMC, The Royal Veterinary and Agricultural University, Rolighedsvej 30, DK 1958 Frederiksberg C, Denmark
Br J Nutr 95:963-7. 2006..The objective of the present study was to determine the fractional and total absorption of Zn from a vegetarian diet in comparison with meat diets with equal concentrations of phytic acid...
- The effect of meat consumption on body odor attractivenessJan Havlicek
Department of Anthropology, Faculty of Humanities, Charles University, Husnikova 2075, 158 00 Prague 13, Czech Republic
Chem Senses 31:747-52. 2006..This suggests that red meat consumption has a negative impact on perceived body odor hedonicity...
- Susceptibility of human metabolic phenotypes to dietary modulationCinzia Stella
Biomolecular Medicine, Division of Surgery, Oncology, Reproductive Biology and Anaesthetics SORA, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College London, and MRC Dunn Human Nutrition Unit, Addenbrookes Hospital, Cambridge, United Kingdom
J Proteome Res 5:2780-8. 2006..of orthogonal projection to latent structure discriminant analysis (O-PLS-DA) allowed the low-meat diet and vegetarian diet signatures to be characterized, and p-hydroxyphenylacetate (a microbial mammalian cometabolite) was higher in ..
- Dietary patterns and breast cancer risk in the shanghai breast cancer studyXiaohui Cui
Department of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 16:1443-8. 2007..1-3.3; P(trend) = 0.03). Our findings indicate that a western diet increases breast cancer risk in postmenopausal Chinese women. They also suggest the value of quantifying aggregate risk for common combinations of foods...
- Promoting lifestyle modification for cancer preventionSally Mackey
Women s Health Initiative, Stanford Prevention Research Center, Stanford University, CA, USA
J Am Diet Assoc 104:1568-9. 2004
- Popular diets: correlation to health, nutrition, and obesityE T Kennedy
USDA/ARS Beltsville Human Nutrition Research Center, USA
J Am Diet Assoc 101:411-20. 2001..The lowest energy intakes were observed for those on a vegetarian diet. The diet quality as measured by HEI was highest for the high carbohydrate groups and lowest for the low ..
- Lessons from dietary studies in Adventists and questions for the futureWalter Willett
Harvard School of Public Health and the Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA
Am J Clin Nutr 78:539S-543S. 2003..Resolution of these issues is needed to provide optimal guidance regarding healthy diets, and the newly funded Adventist Health Study will contribute importantly in this effort...
- The status of plasma homocysteine and related B-vitamins in healthy young vegetarians and nonvegetariansYi Chia Huang
School of Nutrition, Chung Shan Medical University, Taichung 402, Taiwan
Eur J Nutr 42:84-90. 2003..Exclusion of animal products and having only plant protein in vegetarian diets may affect the status of certain B-vitamins, and further cause the elevation of plasma homocysteine concentration...
- [Therapy of hyperhomocysteinemia with vitamin B12]M Krajcovicova-Kudlackova
Ceska Slov Farm 51:310-2. 2002..The results show a high effect of vitamin B12 treatment in homocysteine value reduction of subjects on alternative nutrition...
- Effect of creatine supplementation and a lacto-ovo-vegetarian diet on muscle creatine concentrationJudith M Lukaszuk
Department of Nutrition Dietetics and Hospitality Administration at Northern Illinois University, DeKalb, IL 60115, USA
Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab 12:336-48. 2002..of this investigation was to examine the effects of preceding oral creatine monohydrate with a lacto-ovo-vegetarian diet on muscle creatine concentration...
- Plant-Based Dietry Intervention in Type 2 DiabetesNeal Barnard; Fiscal Year: 2004..However, no study to date has examined the effect of a low-fat, vegetarian diet as an intervention for diabetes in a substantial number of participants, and most studies using plant-based (..
- The Production of Uremic Solutes by Colon MicrobesTimothy W Meyer; Fiscal Year: 2010..solutes indoxyl sulfate (indican) and p-cresol sulfate is much reduced in subjects consuming a vegetarian diet. The proposed studies will exploit this finding by using recently developed PhyloChip microarray technology ..
- Nutritional Biochemistry of beta-Carotene DioxygenaseA Andersson; Fiscal Year: 2005..This pathway is especially crucial for persons on a vegetarian diet lacking preformed vitamin A...
- EFFECTS OF LIFESTYLE CHANGES ON CORONARY HEART DISEASEDean Ornish; Fiscal Year: 1992..Lifestyle changes include a low-fat vegetarian diet, smoking cessation, moderate exercise, and stress management training. Lipid-lowering drugs are not used...
- MENSTRUAL CYCLICITY AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY--ROLE OF DIETAnn Snyder; Fiscal Year: 1991..As a large percentage of these amenorrheic athletes are vegetarians, and consumption of a vegetarian diet has been shown to alter menstrual cyclicity, the purpose of this investigation is to determine if consumption ..
- Long-term changes in weight and adipokines and the associations with genetic variLora E Burke; Fiscal Year: 2010..The proposed study and mentoring strategies will be placed in the context of an area of NINR emphasis - promoting health and preventing disease as it addresses a highly prevalent chronic disorder - overweight and obesity. ..
- Improving Self-Monitoring in Weight Loss with TechnologyLora E Burke; Fiscal Year: 2010..Subjects will complete assessments at baseline, 6, 12, 18, and 24 months. This innovative study will provide information on the efficacy of combining technological advances with proven behavioral strategies. ..
- TREATMENT PREFERENCE AND VEGETARIAN DIET IN WEIGHT LOSSLora Burke; Fiscal Year: 2005..Additionally, the study will provide information on the role of treatment preference, its effect on behavioral and clinical outcomes, and participants' characteristics by treatment preference. ..
- DNA Damage: Fruit & Vegetable Effects in a Feeding TrialJohanna Lampe; Fiscal Year: 2005..The existing intervention provides an ideal design in which to evaluate the relationships between biotransformation enzyme systems and DNA damage in humans. ..
- UGT Polymorphisms and Hormonally-Mediated Biomarkers in Premenopausal WomenJohanna Lampe; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- GLUTATHIONE TRANSFERASES IN HUMANS: DIETARY INFLUENCESJohanna Lampe; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- Breast and Bone Density: Impact of Colonic EnvironmentJohanna Lampe; Fiscal Year: 2006..If equol-producer phenotype can predict differences in cumulative estrogen exposure / metabolism, it may serve as an early marker of breast cancer risk. ..
- Glucuronidation in Humans--Genotypes and PhenotypesJohanna Lampe; Fiscal Year: 2004..The randomized cross-over design will allow us to test efficiently for diet effects within individuals, as well as for gene-by-diet and sex-by-diet interactions. ..
- Human Gut Microflora Profiling for Population StudiesJohanna Lampe; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- Serum IGFs--Effects of a Soy Intervention in HumansJohanna Lampe; Fiscal Year: 2002..It provides an ideal design to evaluate the effects of isoflavones on the IGF system and to explore relationships between IGFs and colonic epithelial cell proliferation in humans. ..
- HOST GENES AND COLONIC BACTERIA--PROBING FOR INHERITANCEJohanna Lampe; Fiscal Year: 2002..If we can establish that the equol-producer phenotype is an inherited trait, we can then work to identify the associated genotype and determine more effectively whether this is a biomarker of breast cancer risk. ..
- Hormone Status Postmenopause: Colonic Bacterial EffectsJohanna Lampe; Fiscal Year: 2003..The results of this study will provide novel data regarding the relationship of the equol-producer phenotype, a marker of colonic nticrofloral environment, to lifetime estrogen exposure. ..
- Breast Cancer, Benign Breast Disease, and Isoflavone Metabolism in Chinese WomenJohanna Lampe; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Mammalian Lactoferrin Receptors: Structure and FunctionBo Lonnerdal; Fiscal Year: 2007..Overall, our understanding of the physiological significance of Lf and its receptor will be increased. ..
- Gene-Specific Responses to Exercise in Discordant TwinsPaul Williams; Fiscal Year: 2007..DNA samples will be shared with other institutions to cross-validate gene associations identified from training studies or other designs. ..
- B12 Nutrition in the AgedSally Stabler; Fiscal Year: 2007..abstract_text> ..
- CHD Lifestyle Modification for Latinas with DiabetesDeborah Toobert; Fiscal Year: 2009..The program results, materials, and lessons learned will be disseminated via multiple avenues. ..
- Evaluating Errors in Reported Use of Dietary SupplementsSuzanne Murphy; Fiscal Year: 2007..abstract_text> ..
- Enhancing Support for Women w/Type 2 Diabetes: Follow-UpDeborah Toobert; Fiscal Year: 2007..abstract_text> ..
- SUBTLE DISTURBANCES OF COBALAMIN STATUSRalph Carmel; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Chemopreventive Actions of Equol EnantiomersKenneth Setchell; Fiscal Year: 2007..These studies are relevant to humans given the ammended health claim for soy and cancer risk-reduction currently being reviewed by the FDA. ..
- CANCER EPIDEMIOLOGY IN ADVENTISTS--A LOW RISK GROUPGary Fraser; Fiscal Year: 2008..PERFORMANCE SITE ========================================Section End=========================================== ..
- Methods for Improved Diet & Exercise MeasurementDeborah Toobert; Fiscal Year: 2008..This tool could be used for health research and clinical practice applications to serve the broad NIH goal of understanding control of obesity and health enhancement. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Dietary Macronutrients and Weight LossFrank Sacks; Fiscal Year: 2008..The results will be straightforwardly applicable to public health and clinical guidelines for obesity, and will increase our understanding of the biology of obesity and weight loss. ..
- ENHANCING SUPPORT FOR WOMEN AT RISK FOR HEART DISEASEDeborah Toobert; Fiscal Year: 2004..g., serum lipids, hypertension, weight, vascular reactivity), HbA1c and quality of life (e.g., depression, functioning). ..
- KINETICS OF HUMAN POSTPRANDIAL LIPOPROTEIN METABOLISMFrank Sacks; Fiscal Year: 2001..These studies will increase our understanding of the metabolic pathways that are activated or suppressed postprandially, and could lead to treatments for reducing the development of atherosclerosis. ..
- Hormones During Weight Loss in Breast Cancer SurvivorsCheryl Rock; Fiscal Year: 2004....
- Apo A2, C1 and C2 and Diet in human apoB MetabolismFrank Sacks; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- 24,25-DIHYDROXYVITAMIN D: MARKER OF SALT SENSITIVITYConnie Weaver; Fiscal Year: 2001..Furthermore, they should provide an explanation for the paradox that blacks can build higher bone density, have a lower rate of bone turnover, and excrete less urinary calcium on the same sodium loads compared to whites. ..
- Resistant E.coli in Humans and PoultryJames Johnson; Fiscal Year: 2005..Does the research address a current and compelling problem of antimicrobial resistance that is of high public health importance and for which research is needed? [yes]. ..
- Nutritional Influences on Aresenic ToxicityMary Gamble; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- Calcium, Dairy, and Body Fat in AdolescentsConnie Weaver; Fiscal Year: 2006..This study will evaluate calcium/dairy as a modulator of energy balance, important to the management of body fat in children. ..
- CALCIUM METABOLISM IN ASIAN GIRLS AND POSTMENOPAUSAL WOMENConnie Weaver; Fiscal Year: 2006..Optimizing calcium retention during periods of rapid growth is a key nutritional strategy to build peak bone mass and reduce lifelong risk of osteoporosis. ..
- VLDL and LDL Particle Types as CHD Risk FactorsFrank Sacks; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- Long-Term Exercise Maintenance via Internet SupportPaul Williams; Fiscal Year: 2006..We estimate that we will be able to detect differences in exercise cessation rates between the intervention and control group of 0.45% in runners and walkers separately (alpha=0.05, 80% statistical power). ..
- Parenting To Prevent Problem BehaviorsJohn Pierce; Fiscal Year: 2005....
- PROSPECTIVE STUDY OF HEALTH IN RUNNERS AND WALKERSPaul Williams; Fiscal Year: 2002..1%). Additionally, a detectable reduction in breast cancer risk as small as 1.5% per mile run in women is calculated, which is below the 1.7% reduction in risk estimated from other published data. ..
- HEALTHY WEIGHT MANAGEMENT FOR BREAST CANCER SURVIVORSCheryl Rock; Fiscal Year: 2003..abstract_text> ..
- Soy Isoflavone Metabolite Equol--Formation and FateKenneth Setchell; Fiscal Year: 2008..abstract_text> ..
- INSULIN, IGF-1 & CANCERS OF BREAST, ENDOMETRIUM & OVARYRudolf Kaaks; Fiscal Year: 2001..All studies are based on the same underlying population, obtained by combining three prospective cohort studies that are currently ongoing in New York, Umea (Sweden) and Milan (Italy). ..
- Lifestyle, insulin, IGF-I and colorectal cancerRudolf Kaaks; Fiscal Year: 2005..This study seeks to increase understanding of etiologic mechanisms relating over nutrition to colon cancer development, which will eventually allow the in formulation of more precise nutritional guidelines for efficient prevention. ..