energy intake

Summary

Summary: Total number of calories taken in daily whether ingested or by parenteral routes.

Top Publications

  1. pmc Dietary sources of energy, solid fats, and added sugars among children and adolescents in the United States
    Jill Reedy
    Risk Factor Monitoring and Methods Branch, Applied Research Program, Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 110:1477-84. 2010
  2. ncbi Patterns and trends in food portion sizes, 1977-1998
    Samara Joy Nielsen
    Department of Nutrition, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27516, USA
    JAMA 289:450-3. 2003
  3. ncbi Effects of fast-food consumption on energy intake and diet quality among children in a national household survey
    Shanthy A Bowman
    US Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Beltsville, Maryland, USA
    Pediatrics 113:112-8. 2004
  4. ncbi Overview of caloric restriction and ageing
    Edward J Masoro
    Barshop Center for Longevity and Aging Studies, University of Texas Health Science Center, 7703 Floyd Curl Drive, San Antonio, TX 78229 3900, USA
    Mech Ageing Dev 126:913-22. 2005
  5. ncbi Resveratrol improves health and survival of mice on a high-calorie diet
    Joseph A Baur
    Department of Pathology, Paul F Glenn Laboratories for the Biological Mechanisms of Aging, Harvard Medical School, 77 Avenue Louis Pasteur, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    Nature 444:337-42. 2006
  6. pmc Effects of soft drink consumption on nutrition and health: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Lenny R Vartanian
    Department of Psychology, Yale University, New Haven, Conn 06520 8205, USA
    Am J Public Health 97:667-75. 2007
  7. ncbi Does social class predict diet quality?
    Nicole Darmon
    INRA, UMR1260, Nutriments Lipidiques et Prévention des Maladies Métaboliques, Marseille, France
    Am J Clin Nutr 87:1107-17. 2008
  8. ncbi Soft drink consumption and risk of developing cardiometabolic risk factors and the metabolic syndrome in middle-aged adults in the community
    Ravi Dhingra
    Framingham Heart Study, 73 Mount Wayte Ave, Suite 2, Framingham, MA 01702 5803, USA
    Circulation 116:480-8. 2007
  9. pmc Comparison of weight-loss diets with different compositions of fat, protein, and carbohydrates
    Frank M Sacks
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, USA
    N Engl J Med 360:859-73. 2009
  10. pmc Beverage consumption, appetite, and energy intake: what did you expect?
    Bridget A Cassady
    Department of Nutrition Science, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907 2059, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 95:587-93. 2012

Detail Information

Publications369 found, 100 shown here

  1. pmc Dietary sources of energy, solid fats, and added sugars among children and adolescents in the United States
    Jill Reedy
    Risk Factor Monitoring and Methods Branch, Applied Research Program, Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 110:1477-84. 2010
    ..The objective of this research was to identify top dietary sources of energy, solid fats, and added sugars among 2- to 18-year-olds in the United States...
  2. ncbi Patterns and trends in food portion sizes, 1977-1998
    Samara Joy Nielsen
    Department of Nutrition, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27516, USA
    JAMA 289:450-3. 2003
    ..While general consensus holds that food portion sizes are increasing, no empirical data have documented actual increases...
  3. ncbi Effects of fast-food consumption on energy intake and diet quality among children in a national household survey
    Shanthy A Bowman
    US Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Beltsville, Maryland, USA
    Pediatrics 113:112-8. 2004
    ..The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that fast-food consumption adversely affects dietary factors linked to obesity risk...
  4. ncbi Overview of caloric restriction and ageing
    Edward J Masoro
    Barshop Center for Longevity and Aging Studies, University of Texas Health Science Center, 7703 Floyd Curl Drive, San Antonio, TX 78229 3900, USA
    Mech Ageing Dev 126:913-22. 2005
    ....
  5. ncbi Resveratrol improves health and survival of mice on a high-calorie diet
    Joseph A Baur
    Department of Pathology, Paul F Glenn Laboratories for the Biological Mechanisms of Aging, Harvard Medical School, 77 Avenue Louis Pasteur, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    Nature 444:337-42. 2006
    ..These data show that improving general health in mammals using small molecules is an attainable goal, and point to new approaches for treating obesity-related disorders and diseases of ageing...
  6. pmc Effects of soft drink consumption on nutrition and health: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Lenny R Vartanian
    Department of Psychology, Yale University, New Haven, Conn 06520 8205, USA
    Am J Public Health 97:667-75. 2007
    ..We found clear associations of soft drink intake with increased energy intake and body weight...
  7. ncbi Does social class predict diet quality?
    Nicole Darmon
    INRA, UMR1260, Nutriments Lipidiques et Prévention des Maladies Métaboliques, Marseille, France
    Am J Clin Nutr 87:1107-17. 2008
    ..Exploring the possible causal relations between SES and diet quality is the purpose of this review...
  8. ncbi Soft drink consumption and risk of developing cardiometabolic risk factors and the metabolic syndrome in middle-aged adults in the community
    Ravi Dhingra
    Framingham Heart Study, 73 Mount Wayte Ave, Suite 2, Framingham, MA 01702 5803, USA
    Circulation 116:480-8. 2007
    ..Consumption of soft drinks has been linked to obesity in children and adolescents, but it is unclear whether it increases metabolic risk in middle-aged individuals...
  9. pmc Comparison of weight-loss diets with different compositions of fat, protein, and carbohydrates
    Frank M Sacks
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, USA
    N Engl J Med 360:859-73. 2009
    ..The possible advantage for weight loss of a diet that emphasizes protein, fat, or carbohydrates has not been established, and there are few studies that extend beyond 1 year...
  10. pmc Beverage consumption, appetite, and energy intake: what did you expect?
    Bridget A Cassady
    Department of Nutrition Science, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907 2059, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 95:587-93. 2012
    ..Beverage consumption is implicated in the overweight/obesity epidemic through the weaker energy compensation response it elicits compared with solid food forms. However, plausible mechanisms are not documented...
  11. pmc Quantification of the effect of energy imbalance on bodyweight
    Kevin D Hall
    National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Lancet 378:826-37. 2011
    ..We show that the bodyweight response to a change of energy intake is slow, with half times of about 1 year...
  12. ncbi Hypothalamic mTOR signaling regulates food intake
    Daniela Cota
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Cincinnati, Genome Research Institute, 2170 East Galbraith Road, Cincinnati, OH 45237, USA
    Science 312:927-30. 2006
    ..Thus, mTOR is a cellular fuel sensor whose hypothalamic activity is directly tied to the regulation of energy intake.
  13. ncbi Breakfast habits, nutritional status, body weight, and academic performance in children and adolescents
    Gail C Rampersaud
    Food Science and Human Nutrition Department, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida, SW 23rd Drive, FETL Building 685, Gainesville, FL 32611 0720, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 105:743-60; quiz 761-2. 2005
    ..We advocate consumption of a healthful breakfast on a daily basis consisting of a variety of foods, especially high-fiber and nutrient-rich whole grains, fruits, and dairy products...
  14. pmc Gastrointestinal regulation of food intake
    David E Cummings
    Division of Metabolism, Endocrinology and Nutrition, Department of Medicine, University of Washington, Veterans Affairs Puget Sound Health Care System, Seattle, Washington 98108, USA
    J Clin Invest 117:13-23. 2007
    ..signals pertaining to body-energy status and, in response to these inputs, coordinates adaptive alterations of energy intake and expenditure...
  15. ncbi Effects of 1 day of inactivity on insulin action in healthy men and women: interaction with energy intake
    Brooke R Stephens
    Energy Metabolism Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, University of Massachusetts Amherst, Amherst, MA 01003, USA
    Metabolism 60:941-9. 2011
    ..Acute changes in low muscle activity (ie, sitting) have not been assessed. In addition, unless energy intake is reduced during sitting to match low expenditure, the concurrent energy surplus may explain lower insulin ..
  16. pmc The contribution of expanding portion sizes to the US obesity epidemic
    Lisa R Young
    Department of Nutrition and Food Studies, New York University, New York City, 10012 1172, USA
    Am J Public Health 92:246-9. 2002
    ....
  17. ncbi Increased food energy supply is more than sufficient to explain the US epidemic of obesity
    Boyd Swinburn
    Deakin University, Melbourne, Australia
    Am J Clin Nutr 90:1453-6. 2009
    ..The major drivers of the obesity epidemic are much debated and have considerable policy importance for the population-wide prevention of obesity...
  18. ncbi The US Department of Agriculture Automated Multiple-Pass Method reduces bias in the collection of energy intakes
    Alanna J Moshfegh
    Beltsville Human Nutrition Research Center, Agricultural Research Service, US Department of Agriculture, Beltsville, MD, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 88:324-32. 2008
    ..Because the data have important program and policy applications, it is essential that the validity of the method be tested...
  19. pmc Oxidative stress, caloric restriction, and aging
    R S Sohal
    Department of Biological Sciences, Southern Methodist University, Dallas, TX 75275, USA
    Science 273:59-63. 1996
    ..iii) Restriction of caloric intake lowers steady-state levels of oxidative stress and damage, retards age-associated changes, and extends the maximum life-span in mammals...
  20. ncbi Ghrelin enhances appetite and increases food intake in humans
    A M Wren
    Endocrine Unit, Imperial College School of Medicine, Hammersmith Hospital, London W12 ONN, United Kingdom
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 86:5992. 2001
    ..Ghrelin is the first circulating hormone demonstrated to stimulate food intake in man. Endogenous ghrelin is a potentially important new regulator of the complex systems controlling food intake and body weight...
  21. pmc Americans do not meet federal dietary recommendations
    Susan M Krebs-Smith
    National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    J Nutr 140:1832-8. 2010
    ..In conclusion, nearly the entire U.S. population consumes a diet that is not on par with recommendations. These findings add another piece to the rather disturbing picture that is emerging of a nation's diet in crisis...
  22. pmc Circadian timing of food intake contributes to weight gain
    Deanna M Arble
    Center for Sleep and Circadian Biology, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois, USA
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 17:2100-2. 2009
    ..A better understanding of the role of the circadian system for weight gain could have important implications for developing new therapeutic strategies for combating the obesity epidemic facing the human population today...
  23. ncbi Development of the Healthy Eating Index-2005
    Patricia M Guenther
    Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion, US Department of Agriculture, 3101 Park Center Drive, Suite 1034, Alexandria, VA 22302, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 108:1896-901. 2008
    ..It has a variety of potential uses, including monitoring the diet quality of the US population and subpopulations, evaluation of interventions, and research...
  24. pmc Trends in energy intake among US children by eating location and food source, 1977-2006
    Jennifer M Poti
    Department of Nutrition, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, NC 27516, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 111:1156-64. 2011
    Little is known about the influence of location of food consumption and preparation upon daily energy intake of children.
  25. ncbi Gut hormone PYY(3-36) physiologically inhibits food intake
    Rachel L Batterham
    Imperial College Faculty of Medicine at Hammersmith Campus, Du Cane Road, London W12 0NN, UK
    Nature 418:650-4. 2002
    ..Thus, postprandial elevation of PYY(3-36) may act through the arcuate nucleus Y2R to inhibit feeding in a gut-hypothalamic pathway...
  26. pmc Reduction in the incidence of type 2 diabetes with lifestyle intervention or metformin
    William C Knowler
    Diabetes Prevention Program Coordinating Center, Biostatistics Center, George Washington University, 6110 Executive Blvd, Suite 750, Rockville, MD 20852, USA
    N Engl J Med 346:393-403. 2002
    ..We hypothesized that modifying these factors with a lifestyle-intervention program or the administration of metformin would prevent or delay the development of diabetes...
  27. pmc A randomized trial of the effects of reducing television viewing and computer use on body mass index in young children
    Leonard H Epstein
    Behavioral Medicine Laboratory, Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, State University of New York at Buffalo, Farber Hall, 3435 Main St, Room G56, Bldg 26, Buffalo, NY 14214 3000, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 162:239-45. 2008
    ..To assess the effects of reducing television viewing and computer use on children's body mass index (BMI) as a risk factor for the development of overweight in young children...
  28. ncbi Beneficial effects of intermittent fasting and caloric restriction on the cardiovascular and cerebrovascular systems
    Mark P Mattson
    Laboratory of Neurosciences, National Institute on Aging Intramural Research Program, Baltimore, MD 21224, USA
    J Nutr Biochem 16:129-37. 2005
    ..A better understanding of the cellular and molecular mechanisms by which IF and CR affect the blood vessels and heart and brain cells will likely lead to novel preventative and therapeutic strategies for extending health span...
  29. pmc Weight loss during oligofructose supplementation is associated with decreased ghrelin and increased peptide YY in overweight and obese adults
    Jill A Parnell
    Faculty of Medicine, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada
    Am J Clin Nutr 89:1751-9. 2009
    Rodent studies show that oligofructose promotes weight loss, stimulates satiety hormone secretion, reduces energy intake, and improves lipid profiles.
  30. ncbi Obesity and the environment: where do we go from here?
    James O Hill
    Center for Human Nutrition, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver, CO 80262, USA
    Science 299:853-5. 2003
    ..we estimate that affecting energy balance by 100 kilocalories per day (by a combination of reductions in energy intake and increases in physical activity) could prevent weight gain in most of the population...
  31. pmc Impact of water intake on energy intake and weight status: a systematic review
    Melissa C Daniels
    Department of Nutrition, School of Public Health at the University of North Carolina in Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA
    Nutr Rev 68:505-21. 2010
    ..literature was performed to compare the effects of drinking water and various beverage alternatives on energy intake and/or weight status...
  32. ncbi Validation of a self-administered food-frequency questionnaire administered in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) Study: comparison of energy, protein, and macronutrient intakes estimated with the doubly labeled water,
    A Kroke
    Departments of Epidemiology, Intervention Studies, and Nutritional Biochemistry and Physiology, German Institute of Human Nutrition, Potsdam Rehbruecke, Germany
    Am J Clin Nutr 70:439-47. 1999
    ..The validation of dietary assessment instruments is critical in the evaluation of diet as a chronic disease risk factor...
  33. ncbi Consuming fructose-sweetened beverages increases body adiposity in mice
    Hella Jürgens
    Department of Pharmacology, German Institute of Human Nutrition, Potsdam Rehbruecke, Arthur Scheunert Allee 114 116, 14558 Nuthetal, Germany
    Obes Res 13:1146-56. 2005
    ..To determine if and how fructose might promote obesity in an animal model, we measured body composition, energy intake, energy expenditure, substrate oxidation, and several endocrine parameters related to energy homeostasis in ..
  34. pmc Fast-food and full-service restaurant consumption among children and adolescents: effect on energy, beverage, and nutrient intake
    Lisa M Powell
    Health Policy and Administration, School of Public Health and Institute for Health Research and Policy, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL 60608, USA
    JAMA Pediatr 167:14-20. 2013
    To examine the effect of fast-food and full-service restaurant consumption on total energy intake, dietary indicators, and beverage consumption.
  35. pmc Fructose: pure, white, and deadly? Fructose, by any other name, is a health hazard
    George A Bray
    Pennington Biomedical Research Centre, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, Louisiana 70808, USA
    J Diabetes Sci Technol 4:1003-7. 2010
    ..These concerns are related to higher energy intake, risk of obesity, risk of diabetes, risk of cardiovascular disease, risk of gout in men, and risk of metabolic ..
  36. pmc Four-year weight losses in the Look AHEAD study: factors associated with long-term success
    Thomas A Wadden
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 19:1987-98. 2011
    ..e., ≥ 5%) in overweight/obese participants with type 2 diabetes and maintain this loss in more than 45% of patients at 4 years...
  37. ncbi Fast food consumption and breakfast skipping: predictors of weight gain from adolescence to adulthood in a nationally representative sample
    Heather M Niemeier
    Weight Control and Diabetes Research Center, The Miriam Hospital Brown Medical School, Providence, Rhode Island 02903, USA
    J Adolesc Health 39:842-9. 2006
    ..To investigate whether fast food consumption and breakfast skipping are associated with weight gain during the transition from adolescence to adulthood...
  38. ncbi Early versus late parenteral nutrition in critically ill adults
    Michael P Casaer
    Department of Intensive Care Medicine, University Hospitals of the Catholic University of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium
    N Engl J Med 365:506-17. 2011
    ..Controversy exists about the timing of the initiation of parenteral nutrition in critically ill adults in whom caloric targets cannot be met by enteral nutrition alone...
  39. pmc Childhood obesity and adult morbidities
    Frank M Biro
    University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Division of Adolescent Medicine, Cincinnati Children s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH 45229 3039, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 91:1499S-1505S. 2010
    ..changing environment that minimizes opportunities for energy expenditure and maximizes opportunities for energy intake. The consequences of childhood and adolescent obesity include earlier puberty and menarche in girls, type 2 ..
  40. ncbi Effects of television viewing reduction on energy intake and expenditure in overweight and obese adults: a randomized controlled trial
    Jennifer J Otten
    Department of Nutrition, University of Vermont, Burlington, USA
    Arch Intern Med 169:2109-15. 2009
    ..This trial examines the effects of TV reduction on energy intake (EI), energy expenditure (EE), energy balance, body mass index (BMI), (calculated as weight in kilograms ..
  41. ncbi Limited and excess dietary protein during gestation affects growth and compositional traits in gilts and impairs offspring fetal growth
    C Rehfeldt
    Leibniz Institute for Farm Animal Biology, 18196 Dummerstorf, Germany
    J Anim Sci 89:329-41. 2011
    ....
  42. ncbi Sedentary behavior and dietary intake in children, adolescents, and adults. A systematic review
    Natalie Pearson
    School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition Research, Deakin University, Victoria, Australia
    Am J Prev Med 41:178-88. 2011
    ..This may allow for better interpretation of the diversity of findings concerning sedentary behavior and weight status...
  43. ncbi Dietary protein, weight loss, and weight maintenance
    M S Westerterp-Plantenga
    Department of Human Biology, NUTRIM, Faculty of Health, Medicine, and Life Sciences, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Annu Rev Nutr 29:21-41. 2009
    ..e., sustaining satiety and energy expenditure and sparing fat-free mass, resulting in energy inefficiency. However, the long-term relationship between net protein synthesis and sparing fat-free mass remains to be elucidated...
  44. ncbi Environmental factors that increase the food intake and consumption volume of unknowing consumers
    Brian Wansink
    Department of Marketing and Nutritional Science, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Champaign, Illinois 61820, USA
    Annu Rev Nutr 24:455-79. 2004
    ..For health professionals, this review underscores how small structural changes in personal environments can reduce the unknowing overconsumption of food...
  45. pmc Protein intake and incident frailty in the Women's Health Initiative observational study
    Jeannette M Beasley
    Clinical Coordinating Center, Women s Health Initiative, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, Washington 98101, USA
    J Am Geriatr Soc 58:1063-71. 2010
    ..To evaluate the association between protein intake and incident frailty...
  46. ncbi Energy intake is associated with endotoxemia in apparently healthy men
    Jacques Amar
    INSERM 558, Toulouse, France
    Am J Clin Nutr 87:1219-23. 2008
    ..The bridge between food intake and weight is not fully understood. Recently, the role of gut microbiota and bacterial lipopolysacharides (LPS) in weight has been noted...
  47. ncbi Estimating under-reporting of energy intake in dietary surveys using an individualised method
    Kirsten L Rennie
    Unilever Corporate Research, Colworth Park, Sharnbrook, Bedford MK44 1LQ, UK
    Br J Nutr 97:1169-76. 2007
    Under-reporting (UR) of energy intake (EI) by self-reported dietary methods is well-documented but the methods used to estimate UR in population-based studies commonly assume a sedentary lifestyle...
  48. ncbi Diet, nutrition and the prevention of excess weight gain and obesity
    B A Swinburn
    Physical Activity and Nutrition Research Unit, School of Health Sciences, Deakin University, Melbourne, Australia
    Public Health Nutr 7:123-46. 2004
    ..To review the evidence on the diet and nutrition causes of obesity and to recommend strategies to reduce obesity prevalence...
  49. ncbi National estimates of dietary fructose intake increased from 1977 to 2004 in the United States
    Bernadette P Marriott
    Abt Associates Inc, Durham, NC 27703, USA
    J Nutr 139:1228S-1235S. 2009
    ..Although comparison of estimates of fructose intakes between data from the 1977-1978 NFCS and the NHANES 1999-2004 showed an increase, this increase was dwarfed by greater increases in total daily energy and carbohydrate intakes...
  50. ncbi Portion size of food affects energy intake in normal-weight and overweight men and women
    Barbara J Rolls
    Department of Nutritional Sciences, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802 6501, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 76:1207-13. 2002
    Large portions of food may contribute to excess energy intake and greater obesity. However, data on the effects of portion size on food intake in adults are limited.
  51. ncbi Measurement of dietary intake in children
    M B Livingstone
    Northern Ireland Centre for Diet and Health, University of Ulster, Coleraine, Co Londonderry, UK
    Proc Nutr Soc 59:279-93. 2000
    ..Ten validation studies of energy intake data have demonstrated that mis-reporting, usually in the direction of under-reporting, is likely...
  52. ncbi Relationship between stress, eating behavior, and obesity
    Susan J Torres
    Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition, School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Deakin University, Burwood, Victoria, Australia
    Nutrition 23:887-94. 2007
    ....
  53. ncbi Role of sleep timing in caloric intake and BMI
    Kelly G Baron
    Department of Neurology, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois, USA
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 19:1374-81. 2011
    ..Future studies should investigate the biological and social mechanisms linking timing of sleep and feeding in order to develop novel time-based interventions for weight management...
  54. ncbi Increasing consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages among US adults: 1988-1994 to 1999-2004
    Sara N Bleich
    Department of Health Policy and Management, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 89:372-81. 2009
    ..Consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) has been linked to obesity and type 2 diabetes...
  55. ncbi Markers of the validity of reported energy intake
    M Barbara E Livingstone
    School of Biomedical Sciences, University of Ulster at Coleraine, Northern Ireland, UK
    J Nutr 133:895S-920S. 2003
    b>Energy intake (EI) is the foundation of the diet, because all other nutrients must be provided within the quantity of food needed to fulfill the energy requirement...
  56. pmc Energy intake and leukocyte telomere length in young adults
    Jeremy D Kark
    Hebrew University Hadassah School of Public Health and Community Medicine, Ein Kerem, Jerusalem, Israel
    Am J Clin Nutr 95:479-87. 2012
    ..Dietary energy restriction in mammals, particularly at a young age, extends the life span. Leukocyte telomere length (LTL) is thought to be a bioindicator of aging in humans. High n-6 (omega-6) PUFA intake may accelerate LTL attrition...
  57. pmc Food reinforcement, energy intake, and macronutrient choice
    Leonard H Epstein
    Department of Pediatrics, University at Buffalo School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Buffalo, NY 14214 3000, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 94:12-8. 2011
    Food is a powerful reinforcer that motivates people to eat. The relative reinforcing value of food (RRV(food)) is associated with obesity and energy intake and interacts with impulsivity to predict energy intake.
  58. ncbi Association between eating patterns and obesity in a free-living US adult population
    Yunsheng Ma
    Division of Preventive and Behavioral Medicine, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA 01655, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 158:85-92. 2003
    ..Odds ratios were adjusted for other obesity risk factors including age, sex, physical activity, and total energy intake. Results indicate that a greater number of eating episodes each day was associated with a lower risk of ..
  59. pmc Energy density, portion size, and eating occasions: contributions to increased energy intake in the United States, 1977-2006
    Kiyah J Duffey
    Department of Nutrition, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, NC, USA
    PLoS Med 8:e1001050. 2011
    ..Our objective was to examine the relative contribution of energy density (ED), portion size (PS), and the number of eating/drinking occasions (EOs) to changes in daily TE...
  60. ncbi A controlled high-fat diet induces an obese syndrome in rats
    Stephen C Woods
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Cincinnati School of Medicine, OH 45267, USA
    J Nutr 133:1081-7. 2003
    ..Other rats ate ad libitum the HF diet in amounts matched to the energy intake of the LF rats. When compared over 10 wk of free feeding, HF rats weighed 10% more (P < 0...
  61. pmc Beneficial effects of a higher-protein breakfast on the appetitive, hormonal, and neural signals controlling energy intake regulation in overweight/obese, "breakfast-skipping," late-adolescent girls
    Heather J Leidy
    Department of Nutrition and Exercise Physiology, School of Medicine, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65201, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 97:677-88. 2013
    ..Breakfast skipping is a common dietary habit practiced among adolescents and is strongly associated with obesity...
  62. ncbi Effect of dairy consumption on weight and body composition in adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled clinical trials
    A S Abargouei
    Food Security Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
    Int J Obes (Lond) 36:1485-93. 2012
    ..Although several observational and experimental studies have investigated the effect of dairy consumption on weight and body composition, results are inconsistent...
  63. ncbi The relationship of breakfast skipping and type of breakfast consumption with nutrient intake and weight status in children and adolescents: the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1999-2006
    Priya R Deshmukh-Taskar
    US Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Children s Nutrition Research Center, Department of Pediatrics, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030 2600, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 110:869-78. 2010
    ..National data comparing nutrient intakes and anthropometric measures in children/adolescents in the United States who skip breakfast or consume different types of breakfasts are limited...
  64. ncbi Polymorphisms of the FTO gene are associated with variation in energy intake, but not energy expenditure
    John R Speakman
    Division of Obesity and Metabolic Health, Rowett Research Institute, Aberdeen, Scotland, UK
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 16:1961-5. 2008
    ..variation in their energy expenditure (basal metabolic rate (BMR) and maximal oxygen consumption VO(2)max) and energy intake. There was no significant association between the FTO genotype and BMR or VO(2)max...
  65. ncbi Intake of added sugars and selected nutrients in the United States, National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2003-2006
    Bernadette P Marriott
    Abt Associates Inc, Durham, NC 27703, USA Bernadette
    Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr 50:228-58. 2010
    ..With over 80% of the population at risk for select nutrient inadequacy, guidance may need to focus on targeted healthful diet communication to reach the highest risk demographic groups for specific life stage nutrient inadequacies...
  66. ncbi Statistical methods for estimating usual intake of nutrients and foods: a review of the theory
    Kevin W Dodd
    National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD 20892
    J Am Diet Assoc 106:1640-50. 2006
    ..These differences can result in estimated usual intake distributions that differ from one another. We also demonstrate the need for an improved method for estimating usual intake distributions for episodically consumed foods...
  67. pmc Adolescent dairy product consumption and risk of type 2 diabetes in middle-aged women
    Vasanti S Malik
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 94:854-61. 2011
    ..Type 2 diabetes (T2D) prevention has generally focused on the identification of risk factors in adulthood. Dairy product consumption in adults has been associated with a lower risk of T2D...
  68. ncbi Parental use of restrictive feeding practices and child BMI z-score. A 3-year prospective cohort study
    Karen Campbell
    Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition Research, Deakin University, Burwood, Vic, Australia
    Appetite 55:84-8. 2010
    ..These findings support a reconsideration of the notion that restriction is likely to result in increased child weight...
  69. ncbi Relation between changes in intakes of dietary fiber and grain products and changes in weight and development of obesity among middle-aged women
    Simin Liu
    Division of Preventive Medicine and the Channing Laboratory, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 78:920-7. 2003
    ..Although increased consumption of dietary fiber and grain products is widely recommended to maintain healthy body weight, little is known about the relation of whole grains to body weight and long-term weight changes...
  70. ncbi Shifts in patterns and consumption of beverages between 1965 and 2002
    Kiyah J Duffey
    Department of Nutrition, University of North Carolina, 123 W Franklin St, Chapel Hill, NC 27516 3997, USA
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 15:2739-47. 2007
    ..Our objective was to examine trends and patterns of beverage consumption among U.S. adults...
  71. ncbi Weight loss with a low-carbohydrate, Mediterranean, or low-fat diet
    Iris Shai
    S Daniel Abraham Center for Health and Nutrition, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheva, Israel
    N Engl J Med 359:229-41. 2008
    ..Trials comparing the effectiveness and safety of weight-loss diets are frequently limited by short follow-up times and high dropout rates...
  72. pmc Food price and diet and health outcomes: 20 years of the CARDIA Study
    Kiyah J Duffey
    Department of Nutrition, Carolina Population Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 27516 3997, USA
    Arch Intern Med 170:420-6. 2010
    ..Despite surging interest in taxation as a policy to address poor food choice, US research directly examining the association of food prices with individual intake is scarce...
  73. ncbi Using intake biomarkers to evaluate the extent of dietary misreporting in a large sample of adults: the OPEN study
    Amy F Subar
    Applied Research Program, Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 158:1-13. 2003
    ..On average, men underreported energy intake compared with total energy expenditure by 12-14% on 24HRs and 31-36% on FFQs and underreported protein intake ..
  74. ncbi Is sugar-sweetened beverage consumption associated with increased fatness in children?
    Laura Johnson
    MRC Human Nutrition Research, Cambridge, United Kingdom
    Nutrition 23:557-63. 2007
    ..We assessed whether sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption increases fatness in British children...
  75. ncbi Human distribution and release of a putative new gut hormone, peptide YY
    T E Adrian
    Gastroenterology 89:1070-7. 1985
    ..The known potent biologic actions of PYY, its high concentrations in gut endocrine cells, and its release into the circulation after a normal meal suggest that this peptide may function physiologically as a circulating gut hormone...
  76. ncbi A new proposed guidance system for beverage consumption in the United States
    Barry M Popkin
    Carolina Population Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27516 3997, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 83:529-42. 2006
    ..The Panel recommends that the consumption of beverages with no or few calories should take precedence over the consumption of beverages with more calories...
  77. ncbi Dietary reference intakes for energy, carbohydrate, fiber, fat, fatty acids, cholesterol, protein and amino acids
    Paula Trumbo
    Food and Nutrition Board, Institute of Medicine, The National Academies, Washington, DC 20001, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 102:1621-30. 2002
  78. ncbi Bad popcorn in big buckets: portion size can influence intake as much as taste
    Brian Wansink
    Department of Applied Economics and Management, Cornell University, Ithica, New York, USA
    J Nutr Educ Behav 37:242-5. 2005
    ..It is often believed that people overeat the foods they like. We investigated whether environmental cues such as packaging and container size are so powerful that they can increase our intake of foods that are less palatable...
  79. ncbi Effect of glycemic carbohydrates on short-term satiety and food intake
    G Harvey Anderson
    Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Toronto, Fitzgerald Building, 150 College Street, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5S 3E2
    Nutr Rev 61:S17-26. 2003
    ..Many other preabsorptive and postabsorptive signals for satiety exist and may be the determining factors. Further studies are needed to delineate the role of glycemic carbohydrates and their mechanisms of action in determining satiety...
  80. pmc Nonnutritive sweetener consumption in humans: effects on appetite and food intake and their putative mechanisms
    Richard D Mattes
    Department of Foods and Nutrition, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 89:1-14. 2009
    ..There are long-standing and recent concerns that inclusion of NNS in the diet promotes energy intake and contributes to obesity...
  81. ncbi Individual and environmental influences on adolescent eating behaviors
    Mary Story
    University of Minnesota, Minneapolis 55454, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 102:S40-51. 2002
    ....
  82. ncbi Dietary fiber and weight regulation
    N C Howarth
    Jean Mayer USDA Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging at Tufts University, Boston, MA 02111, USA
    Nutr Rev 59:129-39. 2001
    ..This review summarizes published studies on the effects of dietary fiber on hunger, satiety, energy intake, and body composition in healthy individuals...
  83. ncbi Effects of a low-glycemic load diet on resting energy expenditure and heart disease risk factors during weight loss
    Mark A Pereira
    Department of Medicine, Children s Hospital, Boston, Mass 02115, USA
    JAMA 292:2482-90. 2004
    Weight loss elicits physiological adaptations relating to energy intake and expenditure that antagonize ongoing weight loss.
  84. ncbi Secular trends in dietary intake in the United States
    Ronette R Briefel
    Mathematica Policy Research, Inc, 600 Maryland Ave, S W, Suite 550, Washington, D C 20024 2512, USA
    Annu Rev Nutr 24:401-31. 2004
    ..During the 30-year period, mean energy intake increased among adults, and changed little among children age 1-19, except for an increase among adolescent ..
  85. ncbi The Diet Quality Index-International (DQI-I) provides an effective tool for cross-national comparison of diet quality as illustrated by China and the United States
    Soowon Kim
    Department of Nutrition and Carolina Population Center, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27516, USA
    J Nutr 133:3476-84. 2003
    ..Furthermore, the dietary problem areas identified by the DQI-I may be useful in guiding the development of programs to improve public health...
  86. ncbi Eating slowly led to decreases in energy intake within meals in healthy women
    Ana M Andrade
    Department of Nutrition and Food Sciences, University of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI 02881, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 108:1186-91. 2008
    ..Satiation was examined as the main outcome, using the objective measure of energy intake during ad libitum meals...
  87. ncbi Characterizing whole diets of young children from developed countries and the association between diet and health: a systematic review
    Lisa G Smithers
    Discipline of Public Health, University of Adelaide, Australia
    Nutr Rev 69:449-67. 2011
    ..Few studies have characterized the diets of children under 5 years of age and linked diet with health. Given the limited evidence, research establishing the predictive validity of whole-of-diet methods in childhood is needed...
  88. ncbi Dietary risk factors for development of childhood obesity
    Luis A Moreno
    University School of Health Sciences, and Department of Pediatrics, University of Zaragoza, C Domingo Miral s n, 50009 Zaragoza, Spain
    Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care 10:336-41. 2007
    ..We review the most up-to-date information in order to clarify the evidence-based dietary aspects influencing obesity development in children and adolescents...
  89. ncbi Limits to sustained energy intake. XIII. Recent progress and future perspectives
    John R Speakman
    Institute of Biological and Environmental Sciences, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, AB24 2TZ, UK
    J Exp Biol 214:230-41. 2011
    ..The 'peripheral limitation' hypothesis suggests that the maximal sustained energy intake reflects the summed demands of individual tissues, which have their own intrinsic limitations on capacity...
  90. pmc Dietary patterns, insulin resistance, and incidence of type 2 diabetes in the Whitehall II Study
    Sarah A McNaughton
    School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Deakin University, Melbourne, Australia
    Diabetes Care 31:1343-8. 2008
    ..The aim of this study was to identify a dietary pattern associated with insulin resistance and investigate whether this pattern was prospectively associated with type 2 diabetes...
  91. ncbi Adipose tissue transcriptome reflects variations between subjects with continued weight loss and subjects regaining weight 6 mo after caloric restriction independent of energy intake
    Adriana Márquez-Quiñones
    Institut National de Sante et de Recherche Medicale INSERM, U858, Obesity Research Laboratory, Institut de Medecine Moleculaire de Rangueil, Toulouse, France
    Am J Clin Nutr 92:975-84. 2010
    ..The mechanisms underlying body weight evolution after diet-induced weight loss are poorly understood...
  92. ncbi Are child eating patterns being transformed globally?
    Linda S Adair
    Carolina Population Center, University of North Carolina, 123 W Franklin Street, Chapel Hill, NC 27516 3997, USA
    Obes Res 13:1281-99. 2005
    ..To examine the extent to which child dietary patterns and trends are changing globally...
  93. ncbi Association of fruit and vegetable intake with cardiovascular risk factors in urban south Indians
    Ganesan Radhika
    Madras Diabetes Research Foundation and Dr Mohan s Diabetes Specialities Centre, 4 Conran Smith Road, Gopalapuram, Chennai, India
    Br J Nutr 99:398-405. 2008
    ..revealed that after adjusting for potential confounders such as age, sex, smoking, alcohol, BMI and total energy intake, the highest quartile of fruit and vegetable intake (g/d) showed a significant inverse association with ..
  94. ncbi Effects of food form on appetite and energy intake in lean and obese young adults
    D M Mourao
    Department of Foods and Nutrition, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907 2059, USA
    Int J Obes (Lond) 31:1688-95. 2007
    To investigate the independent effect of food form on appetite and energy intake in lean and obese adults using high carbohydrate, fat or protein food stimuli.
  95. pmc Evaluating the impact of menu labeling on food choices and intake
    Christina A Roberto
    Department of Psychology, Yale University, Box 208205, New Haven, CT 06520, USA
    Am J Public Health 100:312-8. 2010
    ..We assessed the impact of restaurant menu calorie labels on food choices and intake...
  96. ncbi Acutely reduced locomotor activity is a major contributor to Western diet-induced obesity in mice
    Mikael Bjursell
    AstraZeneca R and D Molndal, Molndal, Sweden
    Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab 294:E251-60. 2008
    ..The acute reduction in locomotor activity was observed after only 3-5 h on WD. The energy intake and energy absorption were increased during the first 24 h, lower after 72 h, and normalized between 7 and 14 ..
  97. pmc Fruit, vegetables, and antioxidants in childhood and risk of adult cancer: the Boyd Orr cohort
    M Maynard
    MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, London, UK
    J Epidemiol Community Health 57:218-25. 2003
    ..To examine associations between food and nutrient intake, measured in childhood, and adult cancer in a cohort with over 60 years follow up...
  98. ncbi Effect of a high-protein, high-monounsaturated fat weight loss diet on glycemic control and lipid levels in type 2 diabetes
    Barbara Parker
    CSIRO Health Sciences and Nutrition, Adelaide, Australia
    Diabetes Care 25:425-30. 2002
    ..To determine the effect of a high-protein (HP) weight loss diet compared with a lower-protein (LP) diet on fat and lean tissue and fasting and postprandial glucose and insulin concentrations...
  99. ncbi Low caloric intake is associated with nosocomial bloodstream infections in patients in the medical intensive care unit
    Lewis Rubinson
    Johns Hopkins University, Department of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Crit Care Med 32:350-7. 2004
    ..To determine whether caloric intake is associated with risk of nosocomial bloodstream infection in critically ill medical patients...
  100. ncbi Long-term effects of 2 energy-restricted diets differing in glycemic load on dietary adherence, body composition, and metabolism in CALERIE: a 1-y randomized controlled trial
    Sai Krupa Das
    Jean Mayer US Department of Agriculture Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging at Tufts University, Boston, MA
    Am J Clin Nutr 85:1023-30. 2007
    ..There remains no consensus about the optimal dietary composition for sustained weight loss...
  101. pmc Patterns of beverage use across the lifecycle
    Barry M Popkin
    Department of Nutrition, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27516 3997, United States
    Physiol Behav 100:4-9. 2010
    ....

Research Grants71

  1. Role of SCD1 and Dietary Methionine Restriction on Energy Homeostasis
    ERIC PAUL PLAISANCE; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..The Specific Aims of the study will be to 1) determine when the increase in energy intake/expenditure occurs relative to when MR alters hypothalamic and peripheral SCD1 expression and 2) determine ..
  2. Mechanisms of action of ghrelin in muscle and adipose tissue in cancer-related ca
    Jose M Garcia; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Ghrelin, a novel hormone released primarily by the stomach stimulates GH secretion, increases energy intake and decreases energy expenditure. More recently it has been postulated to have anti-inflammatory actions...
  3. Central Action of Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor in Male and Female Rats
    Haifei Shi; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..BDNF system is a direct downstream element of leptin-POMC signaling, the decreased body weight, decreased energy intake, and increased energy expenditure induced by BDNF would be regulated differentially between genders...
  4. Thyroid Hormone Action
    THOMAS STERLING SCANLAN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..observed chronically administered, low-dose T1AM induced reduction in body weight results from a decrease in energy intake and not an increase in energy expenditure...
  5. Hypothalamic SIRT1 and Energy Balance
    Eduardo A Nillni; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..nutrient related inputs;it delivers hormonal and behavioral responses with the ultimate purpose of regulating energy intake and consumption...
  6. Imaging Strategies to Measure Brown Fat and Its Activity
    C Ronald Kahn; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Enabling Technologies, and Specific Challenge Topic: 06-DK-102* Obesity results from an imbalance between energy intake and energy expenditure...
  7. Skeletal Muscle Mitochondrial Adaptations to a Two-Year Caloric Restiction
    STEVEN RICHARD SMITH; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..This protocol aims to test the hypothesis that reducing energy intake in non-overweight people will make mitochondria more efficient at producing ATP, thereby reducing oxidative ..
  8. Systemic Factors that Maintain a Young Liver Phenotype
    Roy G Smith; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..During CR, the animal must compensate for reduced energy intake by modifying metabolism in peripheral tissues...
  9. Weight management for improved pregnancy outcomes
    Victor J Stevens; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..in a weight maintenance program designed to help them eat a nutritionally balanced diet and to also control energy intake to minimize weight gain during their pregnancy...
  10. Sex Differences in the Cannabioid Regulation of Energy Homeostasis
    Edward J Wagner; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..estrogen receptor m(ER), ER[unreadable], ER[unreadable] and/or GPR30 diminish cannabinoid-induced changes in energy intake and expenditure, as well the presynaptic inhibition of glutamatergic input onto POMC neurons...
  11. Sleep Disordered Breathing and Growth in Children: A Longitudinal Cohort Study
    Karen Bonuck; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..associations are mediated by or are independent of factors such as: early growth patterns, feeding habits, energy intake, T&A surgery, and;family demographics...
  12. DIETARY PATTERNS AND RISK OF CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE
    Frank B Hu; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..In particular, we will evaluate the inter-relationships among diet quality, total energy intake (measured by doubly-labeled water [DLW]), physical activity (measured by accelerometers), sleep duration, and ..
  13. Exploring the Impact of Negative Energy Balance in Men with Prostate Cancer
    Wendy Demark-Wahnefried; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..wait-list control arms, and also monitor changes in body composition, energy intake and PA;these changes will be studied in relation to the following endpoints: a) changes in select circulating ..
  14. The Significance of Leptin Signals to Neonatal Somatotropes and Gonadotropes
    Gwen V Childs; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: Leptin is a hormone produced by fat that plays a key role in regulating energy intake and expenditure...
  15. Molecular Control of Brown Adipose Cell Fate and Energy Metabolism
    Shingo Kajimura; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Obesity develops when energy intake chronically exceeds total energy expenditure...
  16. Weight gain, type 2 diabetes, and factors that affect neuroendocrine function
    EDWARD ANTONIO RUIZ-NARVAEZ; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..HPA) axis, plays a key role in the homeostasis of body weight through regulation of energy intake and expenditure...
  17. Regulation of glucose homeostasis by C/EBPB
    Jacob E Friedman; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..revealed a remarkable array of metabolic regulatory functions for C/EBPb, including significant effects on energy intake, gluconeogenesis, and triglyceride metabolism...
  18. Sugar-sweetened beverage taxes, beverage purchasing patterns, and weight
    Jamie F Chriqui; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..SSB consumption has been associated with higher energy intake, reduced vitamin and nutrient intake, reductions in consumption of healthier beverages such as milk, and ..
  19. SH2-B regulation of body weight and energy homeostasis
    Liangyou Rui; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..3. Determine whether SH2-B differentially regulates leptin sensitivity in the LEPRb-neurons governing energy intake versus energy expenditure.
  20. BMP7 and the regulation of central and peripheral energy balance
    Kristy Townsend; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Body weight regulation is maintained through a balance of energy intake versus energy expenditure, and targeting appetite or metabolic pathways via obesity therapeutics is a current ..
  21. Effects of chronic sleep restriction on energy homeostasis in healthy adults
    ANDREA MARIE SPAETH; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..intake exceeding energy expenditure;therefore, potential pathways producing weight gain include increased energy intake without a compensatory increase in energy expenditure or reduced energy expenditure without a compensatory ..
  22. MOLECULAR GENETICS OF THERMOGENESIS
    MARTIN ELLIOT YOUNG; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): A positive energy balance that occurs when energy intake exceeds energy expenditure is an essential physiological condition for the development obesity...
  23. Do Genotype Patterns Predict Weight Loss Success for Low Carb vs. Low Fat Diets?
    Christopher D Gardner; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..which will be assessed monthly, primary data collection will occur at 0, 3, 6, and 12 months and include energy intake (3-day unannounced 24-hour recalls, NDS-R), appetite/satiety/hunger, energy expenditure (resting energy ..
  24. Validity of Diet and Activity Measures in Men
    Meir Stampfer; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Additional analyses will indicate the optimal approaches to adjust nutrient intakes for total energy intake, which is critical for the interpretation of epidemiologic findings...
  25. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor induced weight loss: neural mechanisms
    Chuanfeng Wang; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The fundamental problem in obesity is a disordered regulation of energy intake (EI) and/or energy expenditure (EE), which is largely controlled by the brain...
  26. Patterns of Infusion of Anorexigenic Substances that Reduce Obesity
    ROGER REIDELBERGER; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Changes in fat content produce corresponding changes in leptin signaling to the brain to affect energy intake and expenditure in order to regulate energy reserves...
  27. Central neural function of Urocortin 3 in regulating energy balance
    Chien Li; Fiscal Year: 2013
    Regulation of food intake and energy expenditure is crucial in maintaining a stable body weight. Excessive energy intake leads to obesity, which is a leading risk factor in many diseases including diabetes and hypertensin...
  28. PERINATAL METABOLIC AND HORMONAL EFFECTS
    Sherin U Devaskar; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This pro-survival postnatal adaptation targeted at enhancing energy intake and conserving its expenditure consists of an increase in the hypothalamic insulin receptor, leptin receptor ..
  29. Immune determinants of adaptive thermogenesis
    Ajay Chawla; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Fundamentally, there are two major ways of combating obesity: to decrease energy intake or to increase energy expenditure...
  30. Energy Balance-Related Hormones &Prostate Cancer Incidence &Progression
    Edward Giovannucci; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Pattern 3: Younger men with an inherent metabolic phenotype related to SNS activity that disassociates high energy intake from weight gain and which is associated with chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome prostatitis are ..
  31. Remote food photography for the real-time measurement of children's food intake
    Corby K Martin; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..are the consequence of a positive energy balance, which occurs when more energy is ingested than expended, and energy intake is an important predictor of weight gain...
  32. Role of Human Intestinal Microbiota on Success of Surgical Weight Loss Procedures
    BRUCE EDWARD RITTMANN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Obesity arises as a consequence of alterations in how the body regulates energy intake, expenditure, and storage...
  33. SIPsmartER: A nutrition literacy approach to reducing sugar-sweetened beverages
    Jamie Zoellner; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..provided by applicant): Despite the substantial impact sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB) have on total energy intake and the fact that consumption has doubled in the US over the past 25 years;there are no known efficacy trials ..
  34. Transcriptional role of TLE3 in brown adipose tissue development and metabolism
    Claudio J Villanueva; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Obesity results from the imbalance between energy intake and energy expenditure, where excess energy is stored in adipocytes as triglycerides...
  35. The Role of Maternal Nutrition in the Teratogenesis of Alcohol in Humans
    Robert Colin Carter; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..study of heavy drinking pregnant women and abstainers/light-drinkers, focusing on 3 nutritional domains: 1) energy intake and gestational weight gain;2) iron status;3) methyl donor status (folate, vitamin B12, choline)...
  36. Regulation of energy homeostasis and adiposity by a Golgi-associated PARP enzyme
    Nai Wen Chi; Fiscal Year: 2013
    Project Summary Many veterans suffer from obesity, an illness that results from a cumulative excess of energy intake over energy expenditure...
  37. Marital Discord, Fast Food, Obesity, and Inflammation
    Janice K Kiecolt-Glaser; Fiscal Year: 2012
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Diet clearly impacts inflammation;about one-third of the total energy intake in the US population comes from fast food consumption that is typically high in saturated fat, and recent demonstrations ..
  38. Influence of physical activity and weight loss on brain plasticity
    Kirk I Erickson; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..cardiorespiratory fitness using a graded exercise test, accelerometry measured physical activity, and energy intake. In addition to the subjects collected in the parent study we will collect a group of no-contact control (CON) ..
  39. Leptin in Human Energy and Neuroendocrine Homeostasis
    Rudolph L Leibel; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..expenditure ingestive behavior, autonomic nervous system activity, regional neuronal activity related to energy intake by fMRI, chemical analysis of CSF for neuropeptides/neurotransmitters and metabolites, functional ..
  40. Fast Food, Depression, Obesity, and Inflammation in Breast Cancer Survivors
    Janice K Kiecolt-Glaser; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Diet also impacts inflammation;about one-third of the total energy intake in the United States population comes from fast food consumption that is typically high in saturated fat, and ..
  41. Integrative Mechanisms of Adipose Tissue Dysfunction In obesity
    ROSARIO G SCALIA; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..by applicant): Even after accounting for lack of physical activity and genetic susceptibility, excessive food energy intake remains, probably, the most common cause of overweight and obesity in western countries...
  42. CHILDHOOD METABOLIC MARKERS OF ADULT MORBIDITY IN BLACKS
    Silva Arslanian; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..This hyperinsulinemia further augments tissue fat trapping. With time, in the presence of excess energy intake and/or diminished physical activity, insulin resistance intensifies and [unreadable]-cell "lipotoxicity" ..
  43. Pathways Linking Reduced Sleep Duration and Quality to Obesity Risk
    Esra Tasali; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..or of impaired quality, to alterations in specific central nervous system and peripheral pathways regulating energy intake. Normal young adults will be studied under 3 controlled laboratory conditions: 5 days (i.e...
  44. GENERAL CLINICAL RESEARCH CENTER
    William B Applegate; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..low birth weight also constitute a high-risk population, preventing hyperglycemia without compromising their energy intake, may reduce their risk of an adverse outcome...
  45. Obesity Genes, Energy Regulation in Response to Weight-Loss Diets
    Lu Qi; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..We will also assess the genetic effects on the markers regulating energy intake and energy expenditure, including: 1) psychiatric measures for food craving, fullness, and hunger;2) energy ..
  46. Insulin and CNS Contol of Body Weight and Food Intake
    Stephen C Woods; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..e., energy intake), as well as the efficiency with which the ingested food is utilized (energy expenditure) or stored...
  47. Role of the transcriptional coregulator, TRIP Br2, in adipocyte metabolism
    Chong Wee Liew; Fiscal Year: 2011
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Obesity develops when energy intake exceeds energy expenditure, leading to an accumulation of adipose tissue. The pandemic of excess adipose tissue is of increasing importance throughout the world...
  48. Does SIRT1 regulate mammalian health and longevity?
    Joseph A Baur; Fiscal Year: 2011
    Since the 1930s it has been known that a severe reduction in energy intake (caloric restriction, CR) delays the onset of most age-related diseases and extends both mean and maximum lifespan in mammals...
  49. Correction of obesity by optogenetic manipulation of striatal neurons
    ELIZABETH KATHERINE SCHWARTZ; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..We hypothesize that optogenetic activation of D2 expressing NAc medium spiny neurons will cause decreased energy intake and decreased food reward, leading to reversal of obesity in a high-fat diet induced model of obesity...
  50. De novo lipogenesis in the pathogenesis of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease
    Jean Marc Schwarz; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The steatotic individuals whose habitual intake of fructose and other simple sugars exceeds 15% of total energy intake will then be randomized to consume one of two low-fat diets that differ only in CHO type to determine whether ..
  51. Energy Homeostasis: GABAergic and Non-GABAergic POMC Neurons
    Young Hwan Jo; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Obesity results from prolonged positive energy balance (i.e. energy intake exceeding energy expenditure)...
  52. Child Temperament and Diet: Predictors of Weight Gain
    John Worobey; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..persistent overfeeding or low physical activity might seem to explain excessive early weight gain, studies of energy intake and expenditure in infancy have reported conflicting results...
  53. Microbial Regulation of Host Nutrient Metabolism
    John F Rawls; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The identification of new therapeutic strategies for regulating energy intake, absorption, and storage is therefore an important goal...
  54. Role of the transcriptional coregulator, TRIP Br2, in adipocyte metabolism
    Chong Wee Liew; Fiscal Year: 2013
    PROJECT SUMMARY Obesity develops when energy intake exceeds energy expenditure, leading to an accumulation of adipose tissue. The pandemic of excess adipose tissue is of increasing importance throughout the world...
  55. Alternate day fasting for weight loss, weight maintenance, and cardio-protection
    KRISTA AMY VARADY; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..on the "fast day" and ad libitum fed on the "feed day";(2) CR, 25% restriction everyday;or 3) control, 100% energy intake every day...
  56. Neuronal Responses to Effective Weight Loss Maintenance Strategies
    Jason R Tregellas; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..hormone responses as well as long-term adiposity signals such as leptin both potentially promoting increased energy intake. While these signals may directly impact energy balance regulation, there is increasing evidence that these ..
  57. Integrated system for phenotyping energy balance and metabolism in animal models
    Daniel Pomp; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..balance by supporting high quality and high throughput phenotyping of energy balance components, including energy intake, food preference, metabolic rate, home cage activity, voluntary exercise, and serial measurements of body fat, ..
  58. Validation of a Digital Diet Method for Use with Preschool Children
    THERESA ANN NICKLAS; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..5x higher than the national rate. Energy Intake (EI) is an important predictor of weight gain and accurate methods to measure children's EI are greatly ..
  59. Control Systems Engineering for Optimizing a Prenatal Weight Gain Intervention
    Danielle Symons Downs; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..collected on each participant to a dynamical model that considers how changes in GWG responds to changes in energy intake, PA, and planned/self-regulatory behaviors...
  60. Wearable eButton for Evaluation of Energy Balance with Environmental Context and
    Mingui Sun; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..related diseases, both the research and clinical communities require an accurate tool to measure people's energy intake and expenditure in real life...
  61. The role of mu opoid receptors in diet-induced obesity
    Maria J Barnes; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..provided by applicant): Obesity is the most common nutritional disorder in North America;it develops when energy intake is greater than energy expenditure...
  62. Leptin and Insulin Responses in Hypothalamic NPY Neurons
    CHRISTOPHER JAVADI; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..body weight is normally maintained within a narrow range by neural and hormonal circuits which act to balance energy intake and expenditure...
  63. HYPOTHALAMIC CONTROL OF FEEDING AND METABOLISM
    ROGER CONE; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..in basal metabolic rate, and even decreased energy requirements for work, that act to offset the decreased energy intake. Thus, pharmaceuticals that simply decrease food intake for alter metabolic rate are ineffective weight loss ..
  64. EPIDEMIOLOGY OF PHYSICAL ACTIVITY AND OVARIAN FUNCTION
    Barbara Sternfeld; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..physical training, either independently or in conjunction with factors such as weight, body composition and/or energy intake, is associated with various disruptions in ovarian function, including oligo/amenorrhea, shortened luteal ..
  65. Leptin Production and Action in Adipocytes
    Yiying Zhang; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..role in signaling the status of peripheral fat stores to the central nervous system, and in regulating energy intake and expenditure are well documented...
  66. Sleep deprivation and energy balance
    Virend K Somers; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..no definitive experimental studies in humans showing whether sleep deprivation indeed contributes to increased energy intake and/or reduced energy expenditure...
  67. HEALTHY WEIGHT MANAGEMENT FOR BREAST CANCER SURVIVORS
    Cheryl Rock; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Post-diagnosis weight gain is positively associated with energy intake and inversely related to physical activity level, suggest that behavioral strategies to reduce energy intake ..
  68. Reducing Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Consumption in Overweight Adolescents
    David S Ludwig; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..among children since the 1960s, i parallel with the pediatric obesity epidemic, and now accounts for >10%of energy intake amon adolescents...
  69. Caloric Restriction and Aging in Humans
    John Holloszy; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..aims of Phase 1 of this study are: 1) To determine the feasibility of achieving prolonged 20% restriction of energy intake or prolonged 20% increase of energy expenditure by exercise, in overweight, 50-60 yr old women and men and ..
  70. Regulation of long term feeding and triglyceride storage using Drosophila
    Pankaj Kapahi; Fiscal Year: 2006
    We propose to study the genetic basis of obesity using Drosophila. Obesity results from a greater energy intake than energy expenditure. Hence, the modification of eating behavior seems essential to avert the obesity crisis...
  71. Energy Intake in Obese Binge Eating Disorder Individuals
    Nancy Raymond; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..certain aspects of the eating behavior of individuals with BED have been studied, important questions about energy intake patterns, nutrient composition and food selection remain unanswered...