body height

Summary

Summary: The distance from the sole to the crown of the head with body standing on a flat surface and fully extended.

Top Publications

  1. pmc Hundreds of variants clustered in genomic loci and biological pathways affect human height
    Hana Lango Allen
    Genetics of Complex Traits, Peninsula College of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Exeter, Exeter EX1 2LU, UK
    Nature 467:832-8. 2010
  2. ncbi A comparison of direct vs. self-report measures for assessing height, weight and body mass index: a systematic review
    S Connor Gorber
    Physical Health Measures Division, Statistics Canada, Ottawa, ON, Canada
    Obes Rev 8:307-26. 2007
  3. ncbi Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 2000 growth charts for the United States: improvements to the 1977 National Center for Health Statistics version
    Cynthia L Ogden
    National Center for Health Statistics, Hyattsville, Maryland National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Pediatrics 109:45-60. 2002
  4. ncbi Validity of self-reported height and weight in 4808 EPIC-Oxford participants
    Elizabeth A Spencer
    Imperial Cancer Research Fund Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Gibson Building, The Radcliffe Infirmary, UK
    Public Health Nutr 5:561-5. 2002
  5. ncbi British 1990 growth reference centiles for weight, height, body mass index and head circumference fitted by maximum penalized likelihood
    T J Cole
    MRC Dunn Nutrition Centre, Cambridge, UK
    Stat Med 17:407-29. 1998
  6. ncbi Indices of abdominal obesity are better discriminators of cardiovascular risk factors than BMI: a meta-analysis
    Crystal Man Ying Lee
    Nutrition and Lifestyle Division, The George Institute for International Health, University of Sydney, PO Box M 201, Missenden Road, Sydney NSW 2050, Australia
    J Clin Epidemiol 61:646-53. 2008
  7. ncbi Waist circumference and waist-to-height ratio are better predictors of cardiovascular disease risk factors in children than body mass index
    S C Savva
    Research and Education Program of Child Health, Cyprus
    Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 24:1453-8. 2000
  8. ncbi Six reasons why the waist-to-height ratio is a rapid and effective global indicator for health risks of obesity and how its use could simplify the international public health message on obesity
    Margaret Ashwell
    Oxford Brookes University, Ashwell Associates, Ashwell Street, Ashwell, UK, Headington Campus, Gipsy Lane, Oxford, UK
    Int J Food Sci Nutr 56:303-7. 2005
  9. ncbi Sympercents: symmetric percentage differences on the 100 log(e) scale simplify the presentation of log transformed data
    T J Cole
    Department of Paediatric Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Institute of Child Health, London WC1N 1EH, UK
    Stat Med 19:3109-25. 2000
  10. pmc Assumption-free estimation of heritability from genome-wide identity-by-descent sharing between full siblings
    Peter M Visscher
    Genetic Epidemiology Group, Queensland Institute of Medical Research, Brisbane, Australia
    PLoS Genet 2:e41. 2006

Research Grants

Detail Information

Publications376 found, 100 shown here

  1. pmc Hundreds of variants clustered in genomic loci and biological pathways affect human height
    Hana Lango Allen
    Genetics of Complex Traits, Peninsula College of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Exeter, Exeter EX1 2LU, UK
    Nature 467:832-8. 2010
    ....
  2. ncbi A comparison of direct vs. self-report measures for assessing height, weight and body mass index: a systematic review
    S Connor Gorber
    Physical Health Measures Division, Statistics Canada, Ottawa, ON, Canada
    Obes Rev 8:307-26. 2007
    ....
  3. ncbi Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 2000 growth charts for the United States: improvements to the 1977 National Center for Health Statistics version
    Cynthia L Ogden
    National Center for Health Statistics, Hyattsville, Maryland National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Pediatrics 109:45-60. 2002
    ..To present a clinical version of the 2000 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) growth charts and to compare them with the previous version, the 1977 National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) growth charts...
  4. ncbi Validity of self-reported height and weight in 4808 EPIC-Oxford participants
    Elizabeth A Spencer
    Imperial Cancer Research Fund Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Gibson Building, The Radcliffe Infirmary, UK
    Public Health Nutr 5:561-5. 2002
    ....
  5. ncbi British 1990 growth reference centiles for weight, height, body mass index and head circumference fitted by maximum penalized likelihood
    T J Cole
    MRC Dunn Nutrition Centre, Cambridge, UK
    Stat Med 17:407-29. 1998
    ..The ability to express anthropometry as SDS greatly simplifies growth assessment...
  6. ncbi Indices of abdominal obesity are better discriminators of cardiovascular risk factors than BMI: a meta-analysis
    Crystal Man Ying Lee
    Nutrition and Lifestyle Division, The George Institute for International Health, University of Sydney, PO Box M 201, Missenden Road, Sydney NSW 2050, Australia
    J Clin Epidemiol 61:646-53. 2008
    ..To determine which simple index of overweight and obesity is the best discriminator of cardiovascular risk factors...
  7. ncbi Waist circumference and waist-to-height ratio are better predictors of cardiovascular disease risk factors in children than body mass index
    S C Savva
    Research and Education Program of Child Health, Cyprus
    Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 24:1453-8. 2000
    ..Waist measurement and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) have been used as proxy measures of visceral adipose tissue, mainly in adults...
  8. ncbi Six reasons why the waist-to-height ratio is a rapid and effective global indicator for health risks of obesity and how its use could simplify the international public health message on obesity
    Margaret Ashwell
    Oxford Brookes University, Ashwell Associates, Ashwell Street, Ashwell, UK, Headington Campus, Gipsy Lane, Oxford, UK
    Int J Food Sci Nutr 56:303-7. 2005
    ..This simple message is: Keep your waist circumference to less than half your height...
  9. ncbi Sympercents: symmetric percentage differences on the 100 log(e) scale simplify the presentation of log transformed data
    T J Cole
    Department of Paediatric Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Institute of Child Health, London WC1N 1EH, UK
    Stat Med 19:3109-25. 2000
    ..The term sympercent or s% is proposed for them. Sympercents should improve the presentation of log transformed data and lead to a wider understanding of the natural log transformation...
  10. pmc Assumption-free estimation of heritability from genome-wide identity-by-descent sharing between full siblings
    Peter M Visscher
    Genetic Epidemiology Group, Queensland Institute of Medical Research, Brisbane, Australia
    PLoS Genet 2:e41. 2006
    ....
  11. pmc Narrowing socioeconomic inequality in child stunting: the Brazilian experience, 1974-2007
    Carlos Augusto Monteiro
    School of Public Health, University of Sao Paulo, Av Dr Arnaldo 715, Sao Paulo, 01246 904, SP, Brazil
    Bull World Health Organ 88:305-11. 2010
    ..To assess trends in the prevalence and social distribution of child stunting in Brazil to evaluate the effect of income and basic service redistribution policies implemented in that country in the recent past...
  12. ncbi Size at birth and early childhood growth in relation to maternal smoking, parity and infant breast-feeding: longitudinal birth cohort study and analysis
    Ken K L Ong
    Department of Paediatrics, University of Cambridge, Addenbrookes Hospital, Cambridge, UK
    Pediatr Res 52:863-7. 2002
    ..The sequence of fetal growth restraint and postnatal catch-up growth may predispose to obesity risk in this contemporary population...
  13. pmc Accuracy and usefulness of BMI measures based on self-reported weight and height: findings from the NHANES & NHIS 2001-2006
    Manfred Stommel
    College of Nursing, Michigan State University, W 149 Owen Graduate Center, East Lansing, MI 48825 1109, USA
    BMC Public Health 9:421. 2009
    ....
  14. ncbi Pooled analysis of prospective cohort studies on height, weight, and breast cancer risk
    P A van den Brandt
    Department of Epidemiology, Maastricht University, The Netherlands
    Am J Epidemiol 152:514-27. 2000
    ..The association between BMI and breast cancer varies by menopausal status. Weight control may reduce the risk among postmenopausal women...
  15. pmc Meta-analysis of genome-wide scans for human adult stature identifies novel Loci and associations with measures of skeletal frame size
    Nicole Soranzo
    Human Genetics Department, Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute, Hinxton, Cambridge, United Kingdom
    PLoS Genet 5:e1000445. 2009
    ..Further statistical tests in larger numbers of individuals will be required to verify if the height loci affect height preferentially through these subcomponents of height...
  16. ncbi A commentary on 'common SNPs explain a large proportion of the heritability for human height' by Yang et al. (2010)
    Peter M Visscher
    Queensland Statistical Genetics Laboratory, Queensland Institute of Medical Research, Brisbane, Australia
    Twin Res Hum Genet 13:517-24. 2010
    ..We also report a number of additional results that show that the estimates of additive genetic variation are not driven by population structure...
  17. ncbi Effect of supplemental zinc on the growth and serum zinc concentrations of prepubertal children: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials
    Kenneth H Brown
    Program in International Nutrition and the Department of Nutrition, University of California, Davis 95616, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 75:1062-71. 2002
    ..Multiple studies have been carried out to assess the effect of zinc supplementation on children's growth. The results of these studies are inconsistent, and the factors responsible for these varied outcomes are unknown...
  18. ncbi Small for gestational age: short stature and beyond
    Paul Saenger
    Department of Pediatrics, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, New York 10467, USA
    Endocr Rev 28:219-51. 2007
    ..Recent data, however, suggest that long-term treatment with GH does not increase the risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus and the metabolic syndrome in young adults born SGA...
  19. pmc Genome-wide association study of body height in African Americans: the Women's Health Initiative SNP Health Association Resource (SHARe)
    Cara L Carty
    Public Health Sciences Division, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA 98109, USA
    Hum Mol Genet 21:711-20. 2012
    ..Specifically, we identify new loci that may reflect population-specific regulation of height and report several known height loci that are important in determining height in African-descent populations...
  20. ncbi Overweight, obesity, and health-related quality of life among adolescents: the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health
    Karen C Swallen
    Demography and Ecology, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin 53705, USA
    Pediatrics 115:340-7. 2005
    ..We investigated the association between obesity and health-related quality of life in a nationally representative sample of adolescents...
  21. ncbi The validity of obesity based on self-reported weight and height: Implications for population studies
    Maria Nyholm
    Skaraborg Institute, Skovde, Sweden
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 15:197-208. 2007
    ..To validate self-reported information on weight and height in an adult population and to find a useful algorithm to assess the prevalence of obesity based on self-reported information...
  22. ncbi Assortative mating by body height and BMI: Finnish twins and their spouses
    Karri Silventoinen
    Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55454 1015, USA
    Am J Hum Biol 15:620-7. 2003
    Assortative mating by body height and weight is well established in various populations, but its causal mechanisms remain poorly understood...
  23. pmc Association of maternal height with child mortality, anthropometric failure, and anemia in India
    S V Subramanian
    Department of Society, Human Development, and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    JAMA 301:1691-701. 2009
    ..Research on intergenerational factors that might also predispose a child to increased health adversity remains limited...
  24. ncbi Anthropometric measurement error and the assessment of nutritional status
    S J Ulijaszek
    Institute of Biological Anthropology, University of Oxford, UK
    Br J Nutr 82:165-77. 1999
    ..Anthropometry is an important tool for nutritional assessment, and the techniques reported here should allow increased precision of measurement, and improved interpretation of anthropometric data...
  25. ncbi International Small for Gestational Age Advisory Board consensus development conference statement: management of short children born small for gestational age, April 24-October 1, 2001
    Peter A Lee
    Pennsylvania State University College of Medicine, Hershey Medical Center, Hershey, Pennsylvania
    Pediatrics 111:1253-61. 2003
    ..To provide pediatric endocrinologists, general pediatricians, neonatologists, and primary care physicians with recommendations for the management of short children born small for gestational age (SGA)...
  26. pmc Height and cancer incidence in the Million Women Study: prospective cohort, and meta-analysis of prospective studies of height and total cancer risk
    Jane Green
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, UK
    Lancet Oncol 12:785-94. 2011
    ....
  27. pmc Growth patterns in early childhood and final attained stature: data from five birth cohorts from low- and middle-income countries
    Aryeh D Stein
    Hubert Department of Global Health, Rollins School of Public Health, 1518 Clifton Rd NE, 748, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Am J Hum Biol 22:353-9. 2010
    ..Growth failure prior to age 12 mo was most strongly associated with adult stature. These consistencies speak to the importance of interventions to address intrauterine growth failure and growth failure in the first 12 mo of life...
  28. ncbi Accuracy of adolescent self-report of height and weight in assessing overweight status: a literature review
    Bettylou Sherry
    Maternal Child Nutrition Branch, Division of Nutrition and Physical Activity, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30341, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 161:1154-61. 2007
    ..To examine the accuracy of self-reported height and weight data to classify adolescent overweight status. Self-reported height and weight are commonly used with minimal consideration of accuracy...
  29. ncbi Genetic and environmental influences on birth weight, birth length, head circumference, and gestational age by use of population-based parent-offspring data
    Astrid Lunde
    Section for Epidemiology and Medical Statistics, Department of Public Health and Primary Health Care, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway
    Am J Epidemiol 165:734-41. 2007
    ..Relative to the proportion of explained variation, fetal genes were most important for birth length and head circumference...
  30. pmc Genetic markers of adult obesity risk are associated with greater early infancy weight gain and growth
    Cathy E Elks
    MRC Epidemiology Unit, Addenbrooke s Hospital, Cambridge, United Kingdom
    PLoS Med 7:e1000284. 2010
    ..Exploration of these genotype associations in children may provide insights into the timing of weight changes leading to adult obesity...
  31. ncbi Challenges of accurately measuring and using BMI and other indicators of obesity in children
    John H Himes
    University of Minnesota, School of Public Health, Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, 1300 S 2nd St, Suite 300, Minneapolis, MN 55454, USA
    Pediatrics 124:S3-22. 2009
    ..These alternative measures of fatness remain important for research and perhaps in some specialized screening situations that include a specific focus on risk factors for cardiovascular or diabetic disease...
  32. ncbi Heritability of adult body height: a comparative study of twin cohorts in eight countries
    Karri Silventoinen
    Department of Public Health, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Twin Res 6:399-408. 2003
    A major component of variation in body height is due to genetic differences, but environmental factors have a substantial contributory effect...
  33. pmc Effects of prenatal food and micronutrient supplementation on child growth from birth to 54 months of age: a randomized trial in Bangladesh
    Ashraful Islam Khan
    International Maternal and Child Health, Department of Women s and Children s Health, Uppsala University, Sweden
    Nutr J 10:134. 2011
    ..The hypothesis was that prenatal MMS and early invitation to food supplementation would increase physical growth in the offspring during 0-54 months and a combination of these interventions would further improve these outcomes...
  34. ncbi A study of central fatness using waist-to-height ratios in UK children and adolescents over two decades supports the simple message--'keep your waist circumference to less than half your height'
    H D McCarthy
    Institute for Health Research and Policy, London Metropolitan University, London, UK
    Int J Obes (Lond) 30:988-92. 2006
    ..To examine the influence of age and gender on the waist:height ratio (WHTR) in children and to compare changes over time in WHTR, a measure of central fatness in British children...
  35. ncbi The bias in self-reported obesity from 1976 to 2005: a Canada-US comparison
    Sarah Connor Gorber
    Health Measures Analysis Section, Health Information and Research Division, Statistics Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 18:354-61. 2010
    ....
  36. pmc A critique of the expression of paediatric body composition data
    J C Wells
    Childhood Nutrition Research Centre, Institute of Child Health, 30 Guilford Street, London WC1N 1EH, UK
    Arch Dis Child 85:67-72. 2001
    ..The same approach is appropriate for the classification of childhood obesity...
  37. ncbi Neonatal anthropometric charts: the Italian neonatal study compared with other European studies
    Enrico Bertino
    Dipartimento di Scienze Pediatriche e dell Adolescenza, Universita degli Studi di Torino, Torino, Italy
    J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 51:353-61. 2010
    ....
  38. pmc Early origins of health disparities: burden of infection, health, and socioeconomic status in U.S. children
    Jennifer Beam Dowd
    Hunter College, School of Health Sciences, and CUNY Institute for Demographic Research, 425 E 25th St, New York, NY 10010, USA
    Soc Sci Med 68:699-707. 2009
    ..Differential exposure and/or susceptibility to infections may be one mechanism through which early social factors get embodied and shape later-life health outcomes...
  39. ncbi Comparison of the associations of body mass index and measures of central adiposity and fat mass with coronary heart disease, diabetes, and all-cause mortality: a study using data from 4 UK cohorts
    Amy E Taylor
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
    Am J Clin Nutr 91:547-56. 2010
    ..Measures of regional adiposity have been proposed as alternatives to the measurement of body mass index (BMI) for identifying persons at risk of future disease...
  40. ncbi Accuracy of teen and parental reports of obesity and body mass index
    E Goodman
    Division of Adolescent Young Adult Medicine, Children s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    Pediatrics 106:52-8. 2000
    ....
  41. ncbi Height and site-specific cancer risk: A cohort study of a korean adult population
    Joohon Sung
    Department of Epidemiology, Institute of Health and Environment, Seoul National University, South Korea
    Am J Epidemiol 170:53-64. 2009
    ....
  42. pmc Meta-analysis of Dense Genecentric Association Studies Reveals Common and Uncommon Variants Associated with Height
    Matthew B Lanktree
    Department of Medicine and Biochemistry, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, N6A 5C1, Canada
    Am J Hum Genet 88:6-18. 2011
    ..Overall, we show that dense coverage of genes for uncommon SNPs, coupled with large-scale meta-analysis, can successfully identify additional variants associated with a common complex trait...
  43. ncbi The six-minute walk test in healthy children: reliability and validity
    A M Li
    Dept of Paediatrics, 6th Floor, Clinical Sciences Building, Prince of Wales Hospital, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, Hong Kong
    Eur Respir J 25:1057-60. 2005
    ..94 (0.89-0.96). In addition, Bland and Altman plots demonstrated a high degree of repeatability. In healthy children, the 6-min walk test is a reliable and valid functional test for assessing exercise tolerance and endurance...
  44. ncbi Relation of body mass index and waist-to-height ratio to cardiovascular disease risk factors in children and adolescents: the Bogalusa Heart Study
    David S Freedman
    Divisions of Nutrition and Physical Activity, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 86:33-40. 2007
    ..Several investigators have concluded that the waist-to-height ratio is more strongly associated with cardiovascular disease risk factors than is the body mass index (BMI; in kg/m(2))...
  45. ncbi Dose response association of pregnancy cigarette smoke exposure, childhood stature, overweight and obesity
    Gibby Koshy
    Child and Reproductive Health Group, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, UK
    Eur J Public Health 21:286-91. 2011
    ..The combined dose response effects of pregnancy cigarette smoke exposure on childhood overweight, obesity and short stature have not been reported...
  46. ncbi Short stature is associated with coronary heart disease: a systematic review of the literature and a meta-analysis
    Tuula A Paajanen
    Department of Forensic Medicine, Medical School, University of Tampere and Centre for Laboratory Medicine, Tampere University Hospital, Tampere, Finland
    Eur Heart J 31:1802-9. 2010
    ..The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between short stature and coronary heart disease (CHD) morbidity and mortality...
  47. pmc Validity of self-reported height, weight, and body mass index: findings from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2001-2006
    Ray M Merrill
    Brigham Young University, Department of Health Science, 221 A Richards Bldg, Provo, Utah 84602, USA
    Prev Chronic Dis 6:A121. 2009
    ..Our study extends previous studies that have evaluated the level of bias in self-reported height and weight and corresponding body mass index (BMI). Results are evaluated by age, sex, income, race/ethnicity, and BMI classifications...
  48. ncbi Accuracy of self-reported height and weight in women: an integrative review of the literature
    Janet L Engstrom
    University of Illinois at Chicago, Deprtment of Maternal Child Nursing, Chicago, IL 60612, USA
    J Midwifery Womens Health 48:338-45. 2003
    ..These findings indicate that direct measurement of height and weight should be performed whenever possible for optimal measurements in clinical practice and clinically oriented research...
  49. pmc Trends in national and state-level obesity in the USA after correction for self-report bias: analysis of health surveys
    Majid Ezzati
    Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, USA
    J R Soc Med 99:250-7. 2006
    ..To quantify population-level bias in self-reported weight and height as a function of age, sex, and the mode of self-report, and to estimate unbiased trends in national and state level obesity in the USA...
  50. pmc Maternal smoking during pregnancy and offspring growth in childhood: 1993 and 2004 Pelotas cohort studies
    Alicia Matijasevich
    Postgraduate Programme in Epidemiology, Federal University of Pelotas, Rua Marechal Deodoro 1160, Pelotas, RS, Brazil
    Arch Dis Child 96:519-25. 2011
    ....
  51. ncbi Early environment and child-to-adult growth trajectories in the 1958 British birth cohort
    Leah Li
    Centre for Paediatric Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Institute of Child Health, London, United Kingdom
    Am J Clin Nutr 80:185-92. 2004
    ..Genetics and environmental conditions early in life are known to influence height. However, evidence is restricted to studies conducted at a specific age, and thus the effect on the entire growth trajectory has been neglected...
  52. ncbi Social position affects bone mass in childhood through opposing actions on height and weight
    Emma M Clark
    Community Based Medicine, University of Bristol, United Kingdom
    J Bone Miner Res 20:2082-9. 2005
    ..9 years. The tendency for social position to increase bone area and bone mass through a positive influence on height was opposed by a negative effect of social position on weight and fat mass...
  53. ncbi A genome-wide association study in 19 633 Japanese subjects identified LHX3-QSOX2 and IGF1 as adult height loci
    Yukinori Okada
    Center for Genomic Medicine, Institute of Physical and Chemical Research, RIKEN, Kanagawa, Japan
    Hum Mol Genet 19:2303-12. 2010
    ..26 cm (95% confidence interval: 1.18-1.34) per 1.0 increase of the normalized Z score for height-increasing alleles, explaining 4.6% of the total variance of adult height...
  54. pmc SITAR--a useful instrument for growth curve analysis
    Tim J Cole
    MRC Centre of Epidemiology for Child Health, UCL Institute of Child Health, London, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 39:1558-66. 2010
    ..Such data can be summarized with individual Preece-Baines (PB) curves, and their five parameters then related to earlier exposures or later outcomes. But it involves fitting many curves...
  55. ncbi Many sequence variants affecting diversity of adult human height
    Daniel F Gudbjartsson
    deCODE Genetics, 101 Reykjavik, Iceland
    Nat Genet 40:609-15. 2008
    ..Association to three previously reported loci are replicated in our analyses, and the strongest association was with SNPs in the ZBTB38 gene...
  56. ncbi Insulin sensitivity and secretion are related to catch-up growth in small-for-gestational-age infants at age 1 year: results from a prospective cohort
    Nestor Soto
    Institute of Maternal and Child Research IDIMI, Faculty of Medicine, University of Chile, Casilla 226 3, Santiago, Chile
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 88:3645-50. 2003
    ..Fasting insulin sensitivity is more related to WCUG and current body mass index, whereas insulin secretion seems to be directly related to LCUG...
  57. ncbi Waist-to-height ratio, a useful index to identify high metabolic risk in overweight children
    Claudio Maffeis
    Department of Mother and Child, Biology Genetics, Pediatric Unit, University of Verona, Verona, Italy
    J Pediatr 152:207-13. 2008
    ..To determine whether using a combination of body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC) or waist-to-height ratio (W/Hr) is clinically helpful in identifying children with high metabolic and cardiovascular risks...
  58. doi Sizing up human height variation
    Peter M Visscher
    Nat Genet 40:489-90. 2008
  59. ncbi An obesity-associated FTO gene variant and increased energy intake in children
    Joanne E Cecil
    Bute Medical School, University of St Andrews, St Andrews, United Kingdom
    N Engl J Med 359:2558-66. 2008
    ..Variation in the fat mass and obesity-associated (FTO) gene has provided the most robust associations with common obesity to date. However, the role of FTO variants in modulating specific components of energy balance is unknown...
  60. ncbi Growth of Belgian and Norwegian children compared to the WHO growth standards: prevalence below -2 and above +2 SD and the effect of breastfeeding
    P B Juliusson
    Section for Pediatrics, Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Bergen, 5021 Bergen, Norway
    Arch Dis Child 96:916-21. 2011
    ..New national growth references have been published in Belgium and Norway. The WHO recommends universal use of their 2006 Child Growth Standards based on data from breastfed children...
  61. ncbi Growth of preterm and full-term children aged 0-4 years: integrating median growth and variability in growth charts
    Inger F A Bocca-Tjeertes
    Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, University Medical Center Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands
    J Pediatr 161:460-465.e1. 2012
    ....
  62. ncbi German height references for children aged 0 to under 18 years compared to WHO and CDC growth charts
    Angelika Schaffrath Rosario
    Robert Koch Institute, Department of Epidemiology and Health Reporting, Berlin, Germany
    Ann Hum Biol 38:121-30. 2011
    ....
  63. ncbi Validity of self-reported weight and height in the French GAZEL cohort
    I Niedhammer
    INSERM Unit 88, Hopital National de Saint Maurice, France
    Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 24:1111-8. 2000
    ....
  64. pmc Socioeconomic differences in childhood growth trajectories: at what age do height inequalities emerge?
    Laura D Howe
    MRC Centre for Causal Analyses in Translational Epidemiology, Oakfield House, Oakfield Grove, Bristol BS8 2BN, UK
    J Epidemiol Community Health 66:143-8. 2012
    ..Socioeconomic differentials in adult height are frequently observed, but the age at which these inequalities emerge and the patterns they follow through childhood are unknown...
  65. ncbi Waist-to-height ratio, a simple and practical index for assessing central fat distribution and metabolic risk in Japanese men and women
    S D Hsieh
    Medical Center of Health Science, Toranomon Hospital, Tokyo, Japan
    Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 27:610-6. 2003
    ....
  66. ncbi Waist-to-height: cutoff matters in predicting metabolic syndrome in Mexican children
    Leticia Elizondo-Montemayor
    Clinical Research Center, School of Medicine, Instituto Tecnologico y de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey, Monterrey, N L Mexico
    Metab Syndr Relat Disord 9:183-90. 2011
    ..The aim was to identify the usefulness of WHtR cutoffs, WC, and BMI as predictors of metabolic syndrome in Mexican children, according to BMI z-scores, and the severity of obesity to cardiometabolic risk factors and metabolic syndrome...
  67. doi WHO Child Growth Standards in action
    Stef van Buuren
    Netherlands Organization for Applied Scientific Research TNO, Quality of Life, PO Box 2215, 2301 CE Leiden, The Netherlands
    Arch Dis Child 93:549-51. 2008
  68. pmc Distinct variants at LIN28B influence growth in height from birth to adulthood
    Elisabeth Widen
    Institute for Molecular Medicine Finland, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    Am J Hum Genet 86:773-82. 2010
    ..These findings imply a critical role for LIN28B in the regulation of human growth...
  69. ncbi The association between components of adult height and Type II diabetes and insulin resistance: British Women's Heart and Health Study
    D A Lawlor
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, UK
    Diabetologia 45:1097-106. 2002
    ..The aim of this study was to investigate the associations between components of adult height (leg length, trunk length, ratio of leg to trunk length) and Type II (non-insulin-dependent) diabetes mellitus and insulin resistance...
  70. pmc How universal are human mate choices? Size does not matter when Hadza foragers are choosing a mate
    Rebecca Sear
    Department of Social Policy, London School of Economics, Houghton Street, London WC2A 2AE, UK
    Biol Lett 5:606-9. 2009
    ..Overall we conclude that, in contrast to post-industrial societies, mating appears to be random with respect to size in the Hadza...
  71. ncbi Maternal smoking during pregnancy in relation to child overweight: follow-up to age 8 years
    Aimin Chen
    Epidemiology Branch, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709, USA
    Int J Epidemiol 35:121-30. 2006
    ..The size of this relation, however, is unclear, as is the age at which it becomes detectable...
  72. pmc Rise in childhood obesity with persistently high rates of undernutrition among urban school-aged Indo-Asian children
    T H Jafar
    Clinical Epidemiology Unit, Department of Community Health Sciences and Medicine, Aga Khan University, Stadium Road, Karachi, Pakistan
    Arch Dis Child 93:373-8. 2008
    ..Evidence for the transition in nutrition in Indo-Asian developing countries is lacking. We conducted these analyses to determine the trends in nutritional status of school-aged children in urban Pakistan...
  73. ncbi Relation of BMI to fat and fat-free mass among children and adolescents
    D S Freedman
    Division of Nutrition and Physical Activity, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention K 26, Atlanta, GA 30341 3717, USA
    Int J Obes (Lond) 29:1-8. 2005
    ..We examined the relation of BMI to levels of fat mass and fat-free mass among healthy 5- to 18-y-olds...
  74. ncbi Adult height and the risks of cardiovascular disease and major causes of death in the Asia-Pacific region: 21,000 deaths in 510,000 men and women
    Crystal Man Ying Lee
    The George Institute for International Health, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia
    Int J Epidemiol 38:1060-71. 2009
    ..We sought to determine the sex- and region-specific associations between height and cardiovascular outcomes, and deaths due to cancer, respiratory and injury in populations from the Asia-Pacific region...
  75. ncbi Validity of self-reported height and weight in women of reproductive age
    Larissa R Brunner Huber
    Department of Health Behavior and Administration, College of Health and Human Services, UNC Charlotte, 9201 University City Blvd, Charlotte, NC 28223 0001, USA
    Matern Child Health J 11:137-44. 2007
    ....
  76. ncbi Body size and breast cancer risk: findings from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer And Nutrition (EPIC)
    Petra H Lahmann
    Department of Epidemiology, German Institute of Human Nutrition, Potsdam Rehbrucke, Germany
    Int J Cancer 111:762-71. 2004
    ..Among premenopausal women, weight and BMI showed nonsignificant inverse associations with breast cancer...
  77. ncbi Low nutrient intake and early growth for later insulin resistance in adolescents born preterm
    Atul Singhal
    The MRC Childhood Nutrition Research Centre, Institute of Child Health, London, UK
    Lancet 361:1089-97. 2003
    ....
  78. ncbi Italian cross-sectional growth charts for height, weight and BMI (2 to 20 yr)
    E Cacciari
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy
    J Endocrinol Invest 29:581-93. 2006
    ..SIEDP-2006 references intend to supply pediatricians with a tool that avoids the use of charts that are outdated or that refer to other populations, and thus should be suitable for adequately monitoring the growth of their patients...
  79. ncbi Influences on childhood height: comparing two generations in the 1958 British birth cohort
    Leah Li
    Centre for Paediatric Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Institute of Child Health, 30 Guilford Street, London WC1N 1EH, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 33:1320-8. 2004
    ..Genetics and early environment are known to influence height, but evidence is sparse on changes in these influences over time...
  80. ncbi Factors associated with errors in self-reports of stature, weight, and body mass index in Minnesota adolescents
    John H Himes
    Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55454 1015, USA
    Ann Epidemiol 15:272-8. 2005
    ..Because self-reports are based on self perceptions, personal characteristics of youth may be related to errors in reporting...
  81. ncbi Adult height and cause-specific mortality: a large prospective study of South Korean men
    Yun Mi Song
    Department of Family Medicine, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea
    Am J Epidemiol 158:479-85. 2003
    ..The lack of an association between height and coronary heart disease suggests that additional factors are required for short stature to translate into increased coronary heart disease risk...
  82. ncbi Underreporting of BMI in adults and its effect on obesity prevalence estimations in the period 1998 to 2001
    Tommy L S Visscher
    Centre for Prevention and Health Services Research, National Institute of Public Health and the Environment, Bilthoven, The Netherlands
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 14:2054-63. 2006
    ..To identify the determinants of underreporting BMI and to evaluate the possibilities of using self-reported data for valid obesity prevalence rate estimations...
  83. ncbi Construction of the World Health Organization child growth standards: selection of methods for attained growth curves
    E Borghi
    Department of Nutrition, WHO, Geneva, Switzerland
    Stat Med 25:247-65. 2006
    ..Methods based on distributions with poor performance will be eliminated and the remaining methods fully tested and compared...
  84. ncbi Prenatal food supplementation fortified with multiple micronutrients increases birth length: a randomized controlled trial in rural Burkina Faso
    Lieven Huybregts
    Department of Food Safety and Food Quality, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium
    Am J Clin Nutr 90:1593-600. 2009
    ..Prenatal multiple micronutrient (MMN) or balanced energy and protein supplementation has a limited effect on birth size of the offspring...
  85. pmc Association of maternal stature with offspring mortality, underweight, and stunting in low- to middle-income countries
    Emre Ozaltin
    Department of Global Health and Population, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    JAMA 303:1507-16. 2010
    ..Although maternal stature has been associated with offspring mortality and health, the extent to which this association is universal across developing countries is unclear...
  86. ncbi Identification of 15 loci influencing height in a Korean population
    Jae Jung Kim
    Asan Institute for Life Sciences, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
    J Hum Genet 55:27-31. 2010
    ..This study validates previous reports of loci associated with human height and identified novel candidate regions involved in human growth and development...
  87. ncbi Height, wealth, and health: an overview with new data from three longitudinal studies
    G David Batty
    Medical Research Council Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, Glasgow, UK
    Econ Hum Biol 7:137-52. 2009
    ....
  88. pmc Reference ranges for spirometry across all ages: a new approach
    Sanja Stanojevic
    Portex Respiratory Physiology Unit, UCL Institute of Child Health, 30 Guilford Street, London, WC1N 1EH UK
    Am J Respir Crit Care Med 177:253-60. 2008
    ....
  89. ncbi Childhood body composition in relation to body mass index
    L M Maynard
    Division of Human Biology, Department of Community Health, Wright State University School of Medicine, Kettering, Ohio 45420 4014, USA
    Pediatrics 107:344-50. 2001
    ....
  90. ncbi Bias, precision and heritability of self-reported and clinically measured height in Australian twins
    Stuart Macgregor
    Genetic Epidemiology, Queensland Institute of Medical Research, Herston Road, Brisbane, Australia
    Hum Genet 120:571-80. 2006
    ..Moderate reduction in error (through the use of accurate clinical or multiple self-report measures) increased the effective sample size by 22%; elimination of measurement error led to increases in effective sample size of 41%...
  91. pmc Reduced birthweight in short or primiparous mothers: physiological or pathological?
    X Zhang
    Department of Pediatrics, McGill University, Faculty of Medicine, Montreal, QC, Canada
    BJOG 117:1248-54. 2010
    ..Maternal height and parity are among the characteristics widely assumed to be physiological. Our objective was to test that assumption by using an association with perinatal mortality as evidence of a pathological effect...
  92. ncbi Influence of maternal stature, pregnancy age, and infant birth weight on growth during childhood in Yucatan, Mexico: a test of the intergenerational effects hypothesis
    Maria Inês Varela-Silva
    Loughborough University, Department of Human Sciences, Loughborough, Leicestershire LE11 3TU, United Kingdom
    Am J Hum Biol 21:657-63. 2009
    ..Mother's age at pregnancy is not a predictor of overweight or stunting. Our findings conform the IIH and with similar studies of populations undergoing nutritional/epidemiological transitions from traditional to globalized lifestyles...
  93. ncbi Final height in short children born small for gestational age treated with growth hormone
    Jovanna Dahlgren
    Goteborg Pediatric Growth Research Center, Institute for the Health of Women and Children, The Sahlgrenska Academy at Goteborg University, 416 85 Goteborg, Sweden
    Pediatr Res 57:216-22. 2005
    ..The younger, shorter, and lighter the child at the start of GH treatment, the better the response. Moreover, most of these SGA individuals treated with GH reach their target height...
  94. pmc Waist circumference, waist-hip ratio and waist-height ratio percentiles and central obesity among Pakistani children aged five to twelve years
    Muhammad Umair Mushtaq
    Ubeera Memorial Research Society, Allama Iqbal Medical College, Lahore, Pakistan
    BMC Pediatr 11:105. 2011
    ..The study was aimed to provide age- and gender-specific WC, WHR and WHtR smoothed percentiles, and to explore prevalence and correlates of central obesity, among Pakistani children aged five to twelve years...
  95. ncbi Associations between body height, body composition and cholesterol levels in middle-aged men. the coronary risk factor study in southern Sweden (CRISS)
    K M Henriksson
    Department of Community Medicine, Malmo University Hospital, Lund University, Sweden
    Eur J Epidemiol 17:521-6. 2001
    Short body height is associated with increased risk for coronary heart disease; however, mechanisms are not fully explained...
  96. ncbi Determinants of variation in adult body height
    Karri Silventoinen
    Department of Public Health, University of Helsinki, Finland
    J Biosoc Sci 35:263-85. 2003
    Final body height is achieved as the result of a combination of genetic and environmental factors. The aim of this article is to review past studies on body height that have followed different scientific traditions...
  97. ncbi Recall of early menstrual history and menarcheal body size: after 30 years, how well do women remember?
    A Must
    Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, School of Medicine, Tufts University, Boston, MA 02111, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 155:672-9. 2002
    ..The failure to identify certain menstrual characteristics as exposures for subsequent disease may reflect limitations in the accuracy and precision of the recalled measures...
  98. pmc Puberty and pubertal growth in healthy Turkish girls: no evidence for secular trend
    Ruveyde Bundak
    Istanbul University, Istanbul Faculty of Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Pediatric Endocrinology Unit, Istanbul, Turkey
    J Clin Res Pediatr Endocrinol 1:8-14. 2008
    ..Assessment of pubertal stages should be related to updated and reliable referance data from the same background population...
  99. ncbi Childhood socioeconomic circumstances and adult height and leg length in central and eastern Europe
    E Webb
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, 1 19 Torrington Place, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    J Epidemiol Community Health 62:351-7. 2008
    ..This study will determine whether similar associations are observable in settings with different social histories, and will assess whether adult leg length is more strongly associated than adult height...
  100. ncbi Is leg length a biomarker of childhood conditions in older Chinese women? The Guangzhou Biobank Cohort Study
    C M Schooling
    Department of Community Medicine, School of Public Health, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, China
    J Epidemiol Community Health 62:160-6. 2008
    ..It was hypothesised that in transitioning populations better childhood conditions may bring forward puberty and thus decrease leg length, counteracting the overall positive effect of a favourable childhood environment on leg growth...
  101. ncbi Effectiveness of ready-to-use therapeutic food compared to a corn/soy-blend-based pre-mix for the treatment of childhood moderate acute malnutrition in Niger
    Fabienne Nackers
    Epicentre, Paris, France
    J Trop Pediatr 56:407-13. 2010
    ..This might have important implications on the efficacy and the quality of SFPs...

Research Grants79

  1. MINORITY PREDOCTORAL FELLOWSHIP PROGRAM
    James Brindle; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..be used to test and verify a variety of scaling methods to include anthropometric parameters (total body mass, body height, lean body mass, body surface area, and body mass index), tissue volumes (active marrow and spongiosa), and ..
  2. Safety-Sensing Independence-Enhancing Wheelchair
    William Kennedy; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Assistive Mode, we will add redundant sensors to improve the SIW's ability to avoid obstacles at both head and body height. In One-Click mode, those needing the most assistance can travel to destinations, with a single click of an ..
  3. Maternal overnutrition and offspring fat mass, metabolic and vascular function.
    Debbie Lawlor; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  4. TESTING THE VALIDITY OF ADULT ATTENTION DEFICIT DISORDER
    Stephen Faraone; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Thus, if founded, we expect that the proposed work will lead to a program of research that can both clarify the nosological complexities of adult ADHD and clarify the nature of genes that are risk factors for the disorder. ..
  5. 2/5-The Psychiatric GWAS Consortium: Integrated & Coordinated GWAS Meta-Analyses
    Stephen Faraone; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Finally, the PGC proposes to abide as fully as possible with the NIH's GWAS data sharing policies and we provide a detailed data sharing plan and timetable. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  6. IMMUNE MECHANISMS OF MIDDLE EAR DISEASE
    David Skoner; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The primary hypothesis is that cytokine genotype is predictive of illness expression and of OM incidence during a documented RSV infection in young children. ..
  7. Searching for ADHD Susceptibility Genes
    Stephen V Faraone; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..That, in turn, should facilitate the search for newer, more effective treatments for the disorder. ..
  8. Functional Outcomes in Pediatric Liver Transplantation
    Estella Alonso; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  9. Inflammatory response to sleep apnea in obese subjects
    JULIO ALONSO CHIRINOS MEDINA; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..We propose that this study design will provide the best way to separate the independent effects of obesity and OSA on cardiovascular risk. ..
  10. The Role of IGF2 in Fetal Growth Restriction
    Pinchas Cohen; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  11. Analysis of an ADHD Whole Genome Association Scan
    Stephen Faraone; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..All genotype data generated by the GAIN whole genome association scan will be made available to the scientific community by GAIN as soon as the genotypes are completed. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  12. AN ECOGENETIC STUDY OF ADHD
    Stephen Faraone; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Furthermore, no studies have used an ecogenetic approach to sharpen the accuracy of risk prediction. ..
  13. IGF-I: A Nutrition-Regulated Target in Prostate Cancer
    Pinchas Cohen; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ....
  14. Validating Novel Familial Phenotypes of Drug Abuse
    Stephen Faraone; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..State of the art statistical techniques will be employed. ..
  15. IRON STATUS IN WOMEN OF REPRODUCTIVE AGE
    Usha Ramakrishnan; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The investigators state that in summary, the project is expected to provide information that can be used to examine policy options and develop guidelines to ensure adequate but safe iron status for women of reproductive age. ..
  16. Effects of Adrenal and Gonadal HR in Young Women with AN
    Catherine M Gordon; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Specific Aim 2: To determine whether combined therapy with adrenal and gonadal steroid replacement changes bone structure to increase strength compared to placebo, as assessed through cross-sectional geometric analysis of DXA data. ..
  17. Adiponectin in Human Milk and Infant Serum in Relation to Early Adiposity
    Jessica Woo; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  18. Genomic and Non-Genomic Effects of IGFBP-3 on Apoptosis
    Pinchas Cohen; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..If successful our findings may validate novel targets for clinical therapy development for use in men with CaP. ..
  19. International Multi-Center ADHD Genetics Project
    Stephen Faraone; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  20. IGF AXIS IN ASTHMA
    Pinchas Cohen; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..We believe that these studies may help us understand the dis-regulated growth of asthmatic airway smooth muscle and allow us to optimize our therapeutic approaches to this disease. ..
  21. Education and Health Across the Life course in Guatemala
    ARYEH STEIN; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Members of the research team have a successful history of collaboration, in some cases over decades, in conducting and analyzing field studies and other research. ..
  22. Oxidative Stress and the Pathogenesis of Sarcopenia and Disability in Older Women
    Richard Semba; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..AGEs are a potentially modifiable risk factor, as circulating AGEs can be lowered by dietary modification and by pharmacological intervention. ..
  23. Treatment of Breast Cancer with IGFBP1
    Douglas Yee; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Our long-term goal is to prove that the IGFs are key targets for the treatment of breast cancer. By optimizing IGF neutralization strategies, we will be prepared to move this anti-IGF strategy into the clinic. ..
  24. Causal Models of Segregation and Health
    Brian Finch; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  25. BEYOND RACE--EXPLAINING INEQUALITY MANIFESTED AS OBESITY
    Barry Popkin; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..This work will provide important insights in the relative importance of genetic and environmental determinants of overweight and activity. ..
  26. Nutritional and Hormonal Determinants of Peak Bone Mass
    Madhusmita Misra; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The effects of estrogen in weight recovered vs. non-weight recovered AN will also be studied. ..
  27. Exploring Growth Energy Expenditure in Normal-Weight and Overweight Children
    ZiMian Wang; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  28. Role of Leptin in the Neuroendocrine Response to Fasting
    Christos S Mantzoros; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..abstract_text> ..
  29. Race & Breast Cancer Estrogen Receptor Status: Impact of Class and Missing Data
    Nancy Krieger; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  30. Childhood Precursors for Adulthood Metabolic Syndrome
    Shumei S Sun; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..abstract_text> ..
  31. Prevention of Neck Injuries in Older Adults During Rear Motor Vehicle Collsions
    PAUL IVANCIC; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The proposed project will provide important research-based data that may form the basis for future safety standards and help to decrease the frequency and severity of neck injuries in older adults, thus benefiting society. ..
  32. Racial Discrimination and Risk of Chronic Disease
    Nancy Krieger; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  33. EFFECTS OF CHANGING SEDENTARY BEHAVIOR IN OBESE CHILDREN
    Leonard Epstein; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Developing a better understanding of why obese youth increase physical activity or decrease energy intake when sedentary behaviors are reduced is important for the treatment of pediatric obesity. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  34. Feasibility and Pilot Efficacy of Flash-heated Breastmilk to Reduce Pediatric HIV
    Caroline Chantry; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  35. Healthy Environments Partnership: Lean & Green in Motown
    Amy Schulz; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  36. Progressive scoliosis deformity in intervertebral disc
    Ian Stokes; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..These approaches may include improvements in brace design, new possibilities for muscle rehabilitation, and surgical procedures aimed at early, minimally invasive modification of spinal growth. ..
  37. Under the Skin: Understanding the Role of Stress and Immune Function in Health Di
    JENNIFER DOWD; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..We will test whether these immune and infection markers are related to psychosocial and economic stressors and whether they mediate the relationship between SES and health outcomes including mortality. ..
  38. Longitudinal Cardiac Outcomes and Body Composition
    Shumei Sun; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This investigation will relate direct measures of body composition to adult cardiac structure and hemodynamic parameters. ..
  39. Statistical Genetics Methods Workshop
    Hermine Maes; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..This workshop will provide that training and identify promising areas for future didactic and collaborative meetings. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  40. Phase II study of cholic acid for hepatic steatosis in *
    Abhimanyu Garg; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The effectiveness of cholic acid in reducing hepatic steatosis in humans remains unknown. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  41. Predictors of Nephropathy in Type 2 Diabetes
    Julie Lin; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..D., Ph.D., a leading investigator in the field of nutritional epidemiology. This project proposal will provide the foundation for the candidate's future career as an independent and successful clinical scientist in renal research. ..
  42. The impact of the built environment on the risk of breast cancer
    THERESA KEEGAN; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  43. Early Determinants of Adult Health
    Ezra Susser; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  44. Uridine Supplementation for HIV lipoatrophy
    Grace McComsey; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..On-study subjects will continue to be followed per study protocol for a total of 12 months. The last 6 months of the grant will be dedicated to processing of samples and analysis of all data. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  45. STUDY OF OSTEOPOROTIC FRACTURES
    Teresa Hillier; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  46. POVERTY, INEQUALITY AND HEALTH IN ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
    Angus Deaton; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..We also propose theoretical and empirical work on the effects of differences in life-expectancy on saving, both within and across countries. ..
  47. PREVENTION OF CIGARETTE SMOKING IN ADHD YOUTH
    Joseph Biederman; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Since there are estimated to be 3.5 million children with ADHD and 20% have been shown to be smokers, targeting this group could potentially impact 700,000 children and adolescents. ..
  48. MOHAWK CULTURE, BEHAVIOR, TOXICANT EXPOSURE AND HEALTH
    LAWRENCE SCHELL; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  49. Iron and the Breast-fed Infant
    Ekhard Ziegler; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..We expect to find that infants re-excrete iron into the feces when their iron stores are full, but retain most of the absorbed iron when iron stores are low. ..
  50. Impact of Poverty, LBW, and Obesity Across the Lifespan
    Patricia Reagan; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  51. CHILD HEALTH EFFECTS OF RAPID SOCIO-DEMOGRAPHIC CHANGE
    Barry Popkin; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Finally, we will compare results across countries to determine whether there is a consistent pattern or structure of relationships across countries at different levels of development. ..
  52. INSULIN, IGF-1 & CANCERS OF BREAST, ENDOMETRIUM & OVARY
    Rudolf Kaaks; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..All studies are based on the same underlying population, obtained by combining three prospective cohort studies that are currently ongoing in New York, Umea (Sweden) and Milan (Italy). ..
  53. STABILITY OF MUSCULAR LOADING OF THE LUMBAR SPINE
    Ian Stokes; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..In addition, the specific roles of individual muscles will be better elucidated, which will be helpful in guiding therapy for people with low back dysfunction. ..
  54. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS OF BODY COMPOSITION RISK FACTORS
    Shumei Sun; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The application points out that the models to be developed are not limited to these data, but can be used in the analyses and interpretation of other longitudinal data sets. ..
  55. Older Peers and Adolescent Behavior
    DANIEL REES; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Additional analyses examine positive behaviors. ..
  56. Bioactivity and Vitamins in Flash-heated Breastmilk
    Caroline Chantry; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Information from these analyses will be used in linear programming to predict how the described changes in nutrient content of milk due to heating would affect the overall dietary needs of the child and the associated costs. ..
  57. Creation of a mouse model of isolated GH deficiency
    Roberto Salvatori; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  58. Consequences of lifetime isolated Growth Hormone deficiency
    Roberto Salvatori; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  59. Phytoestrogens, alcohol, and endometrial cancer risk
    ELISA BANDERA; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This award will provide the support and training the Candidate needs to develop an independent career in the nutritional epidemiology of cancer. ..
  60. Biomarkers in the progression of nephropathy in type 2DM
    Julie Lin; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Data on how these modifiable biomarkers are related to kidney function decline could have an important and beneficial impact on treatment and monitoring of nephropathy in type 2 diabetes in the near future. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  61. Adult Outcome of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
    Joseph Biederman; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..For these reasons, we expect the proposed work to clarify the course and outcome of ADHD. ..
  62. An Interdisciplinary Strategy for Obesity (RMI)
    Barry Popkin; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..We will apply the knowledge gained from our interdisciplinary research to achieve our long-term goal of developing novel treatment and prevention interventions for obesity. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  63. Collaborative Pediatric Bipolar Disorder Conference
    Joseph Biederman; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..While the proposed conference does not intend to solve all outstanding problems associated with pediatric bipolar disorder, it will provide a forum to begin formulating a solution. ..
  64. BUILDING BETTER BONES IN CHILDREN
    Babette Zemel; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  65. CONSEQUENCES AND CORRELATES OF WEIGHT FLUCTUATIONS
    Alison Field; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Conversely, if only unintentional weight loss is associated with increased risk, then the current recommendations for overweight people to lose weight or at least not gain weight would be appropriate. ..
  66. Diet, Activity, Obesity & The Built Environment Dynamics
    Barry Popkin; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..A central issue is determining modifiable environment factors that may reduce ethnic and socioeconomic differentials in health status. ..
  67. Weight Control and Weight Change Among Adolescent
    Alison Field; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  68. Young Adult Environmental and Physical Activity Dynamics
    Barry Popkin; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..No study heretofore has had large-scale groupings and in-depth environmental measures over time to examine these issues in a dynamic manner. ..
  69. Weight cycling and mortality in women
    Alison Field; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ....
  70. Treatment of Depressed Adolescents with Physical Illness
    Eva Szigethy; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  71. Weight Maintenance among Youth and Middle-Aged Women
    Alison Field; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  72. BONE DENSITY AND FOREARM FRACTURES IN INJURED CHILDREN
    Heidi Kalkwarf; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Understanding the determinants of this measurement will inform strategies to promote healthy bone and decrease fracture risk in childhood. ..
  73. Lipoproteins, HIV, and Antiretroviral Therapy in SMART
    Daniel Duprez; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..This proposal will produce additional information that will enhance their disease-free survival rate. (End of Abstract) [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  74. Vitamins, Breast Milk HIV Shedding and Child Health
    Eduardo Villamor; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  75. MECHANISMS OF LIPODYSTROPHY IN HIV INFECTED PATIENTS
    Abhimanyu Garg; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Additionally, the study may prove effectiveness and reduced toxicity of alternative antiretroviral regimens without a PI. ..
  76. Classes and Stages of Adolescent Alcohol Involvement
    John Donovan; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Establishing the stages of adolescent alcohol involvement and the risk factors for transitions among these stages should facilitate the design of more effective prevention and intervention efforts in this population. ..
  77. Filipino Early Childhood Development--Longitudinal Anal*
    JERE BEHRMAN; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..3) To strengthen the analytical capacity of OPS through collaborative analytical research that integrates health, nutrition, demographic and economic concerns, in addition to collaborative data collection. ..