body weights and measures

Summary

Summary: Measurements of the height, weight, length, area, etc., of the human and animal body or its parts.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Psychosocial and behavioral predictors of inflammation in middle-aged and older adults: the Chicago health, aging, and social relations study
    Thomas W McDade
    Department of Anthropology, Northwestern University, 1810 Hinman Avenue, Evanston, Illinois 60208 1310, USA
    Psychosom Med 68:376-81. 2006
  2. ncbi Abdominal obesity and all-cause and cardiovascular mortality in end-stage renal disease
    Maurizio Postorino
    Nephrology, Dialysis and Transplantation Unit and CNR IBIM Clinical Epidemiology and Pathophysiology of Renal Diseases and Hypertension, Reggio Calabria, Italy
    J Am Coll Cardiol 53:1265-72. 2009
  3. ncbi Detection of QTL affecting harvest traits in a commercial Atlantic salmon population
    R D Houston
    Division of Genetics and Genomics, The Roslin Institute and Royal Dick School of Veterinary Studies, University of Edinburgh, Roslin, Midlothian EH25 9PS, UK
    Anim Genet 40:753-5. 2009
  4. ncbi References of anthropometric indices of central obesity and metabolic syndrome in Jordanian men and women
    Areej Zaal Al-Odat
    Department of Nutrition and Food Technology, University of Jordan, Amman, Jordan
    Diabetes Metab Syndr 6:15-21. 2012
  5. ncbi Evolution of bite force in Darwin's finches: a key role for head width
    A Herrel
    Department of Biology, University of Antwerp, Universiteitsplein 1, Antwerpen, Belgium
    J Evol Biol 18:669-75. 2005
  6. pmc Lifestyle and overweight among Japanese adolescents: the Toyama Birth Cohort Study
    Yingchun Sun
    Department of Welfare Promotion and Epidemiology, Graduate School of Medicine and Pharmaceutical Science for Research, University of Toyama, Toyama, Japan
    J Epidemiol 19:303-10. 2009
  7. ncbi The dimensionality of genetic variation for wing shape in Drosophila melanogaster
    Jason G Mezey
    Department of Biological Science, Florida State University, Tallahassee, Florida 32306 1100, USA
    Evolution 59:1027-38. 2005
  8. ncbi Divergent selection as revealed by P(ST) and QTL-based F(ST) in three-spined stickleback (Gasterosteus aculeatus) populations along a coastal-inland gradient
    Joost A M Raeymaekers
    Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Laboratory of Aquatic Ecology, Ch Deberiotstraat, 32, B 3000 Leuven, Belgium
    Mol Ecol 16:891-905. 2007
  9. ncbi Sagittal abdominal diameter is associated with insulin sensitivity in Chinese hypertensive patients and their siblings
    C M Hwu
    Department of Medicine, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan
    J Hum Hypertens 17:193-8. 2003
  10. ncbi Nutritional vulnerability in Mbyá-Guaraní adolescents and adults from Misiones, Argentina
    María L Zonta
    Centro de Estudios Parasitológicos y de Vectores CEPAVE, UNLP CCT CONICET La Plata, Argentina
    Am J Hum Biol 23:592-600. 2011

Detail Information

Publications233 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Psychosocial and behavioral predictors of inflammation in middle-aged and older adults: the Chicago health, aging, and social relations study
    Thomas W McDade
    Department of Anthropology, Northwestern University, 1810 Hinman Avenue, Evanston, Illinois 60208 1310, USA
    Psychosom Med 68:376-81. 2006
    ..We investigated the contribution of behavioral and psychosocial factors to variation in CRP concentrations in a population-based sample of middle-aged and older adults...
  2. ncbi Abdominal obesity and all-cause and cardiovascular mortality in end-stage renal disease
    Maurizio Postorino
    Nephrology, Dialysis and Transplantation Unit and CNR IBIM Clinical Epidemiology and Pathophysiology of Renal Diseases and Hypertension, Reggio Calabria, Italy
    J Am Coll Cardiol 53:1265-72. 2009
    ..The aim of this study was to investigate the predictive value for all-cause and cardiovascular (CV) death of anthropometric measurements of abdominal obesity in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD)...
  3. ncbi Detection of QTL affecting harvest traits in a commercial Atlantic salmon population
    R D Houston
    Division of Genetics and Genomics, The Roslin Institute and Royal Dick School of Veterinary Studies, University of Edinburgh, Roslin, Midlothian EH25 9PS, UK
    Anim Genet 40:753-5. 2009
    ..In total, 11 of the 29 linkage groups examined showed at least suggestive evidence for a QTL. These data suggest that major loci affecting economically important harvest characteristics are segregating in commercial salmon populations...
  4. ncbi References of anthropometric indices of central obesity and metabolic syndrome in Jordanian men and women
    Areej Zaal Al-Odat
    Department of Nutrition and Food Technology, University of Jordan, Amman, Jordan
    Diabetes Metab Syndr 6:15-21. 2012
    ....
  5. ncbi Evolution of bite force in Darwin's finches: a key role for head width
    A Herrel
    Department of Biology, University of Antwerp, Universiteitsplein 1, Antwerpen, Belgium
    J Evol Biol 18:669-75. 2005
    ..We suggest that head width is functionally relevant and may be a previously unrecognized locus of natural selection in these birds, because of its close relationship to bite force capacity...
  6. pmc Lifestyle and overweight among Japanese adolescents: the Toyama Birth Cohort Study
    Yingchun Sun
    Department of Welfare Promotion and Epidemiology, Graduate School of Medicine and Pharmaceutical Science for Research, University of Toyama, Toyama, Japan
    J Epidemiol 19:303-10. 2009
    ..To investigate the effects of lifestyle factors on overweight among Japanese adolescents...
  7. ncbi The dimensionality of genetic variation for wing shape in Drosophila melanogaster
    Jason G Mezey
    Department of Biological Science, Florida State University, Tallahassee, Florida 32306 1100, USA
    Evolution 59:1027-38. 2005
    ..We discuss the importance of this result for resolving the relative roles of selection and drift processes versus constraints in the evolution of wing shape in Drosophila...
  8. ncbi Divergent selection as revealed by P(ST) and QTL-based F(ST) in three-spined stickleback (Gasterosteus aculeatus) populations along a coastal-inland gradient
    Joost A M Raeymaekers
    Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Laboratory of Aquatic Ecology, Ch Deberiotstraat, 32, B 3000 Leuven, Belgium
    Mol Ecol 16:891-905. 2007
    ..No genetic confirmation was obtained for divergent selection on dorsal spine length, as no outlier F(ST)s were detected at dorsal spine QTL, and no significant correlations with P(ST) were observed...
  9. ncbi Sagittal abdominal diameter is associated with insulin sensitivity in Chinese hypertensive patients and their siblings
    C M Hwu
    Department of Medicine, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan
    J Hum Hypertens 17:193-8. 2003
    ..BMI, however, seems to have better association with insulin sensitivity than SAD and WC in the patients with hypertension...
  10. ncbi Nutritional vulnerability in Mbyá-Guaraní adolescents and adults from Misiones, Argentina
    María L Zonta
    Centro de Estudios Parasitológicos y de Vectores CEPAVE, UNLP CCT CONICET La Plata, Argentina
    Am J Hum Biol 23:592-600. 2011
    ..The aim of this study was to evaluate the nutritional status and body composition in Mbyá-Guaraní adolescents and adults from three communities in the Province of Misiones, in northern Argentina...
  11. ncbi Comparison of anthropometric indices in predicting metabolic syndrome components in children
    Mehmet Agirbasli
    Department of Cardiology, Marmara University School of Medicine, Istanbul, Turkey
    Metab Syndr Relat Disord 9:453-9. 2011
    ..In this study, we compared the association of anthropometric indices with metabolic syndrome risk criteria in 9-year-old children...
  12. ncbi Wing beat kinematics of a nectar-feeding bat, Glossophaga soricina, flying at different flight speeds and Strouhal numbers
    Ulla M Lindhe Norberg
    Department of Zoology, Goteborg University, Box 463, SE 405 30 Goteborg, Sweden
    J Exp Biol 209:3887-97. 2006
    ..Only at these speeds do the bats perform the backward flick during the upstroke, which may produce thrust. This may serve as a compensation in some bats and birds to increase aerodynamic performance...
  13. ncbi Comparison of central corneal thickness measurements by rotating Scheimpflug camera, ultrasonic pachymetry, and scanning-slit corneal topography
    Shiro Amano
    Department of Ophthalmology, University of Tokyo School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan
    Ophthalmology 113:937-41. 2006
    ..To compare central corneal thickness measurements and their reproducibility when taken by a rotating Scheimpflug camera, ultrasonic pachymetry, and scanning-slit corneal topography/pachymetry...
  14. ncbi Patellar height measurement in trochlear dysplasia
    A J Barnett
    Department of Orthopaedics, Bristol Royal Infirmary, Bristol BS28HW, UK
    Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc 17:1412-5. 2009
    ..96) and a moderate correlation between IS and CD and IS and BP ratios (0.594 and 0.539, respectively). We propose the PTI as a more clinically relevant measure than the IS, CD and BP ratios...
  15. pmc Association between nucleotide variation in Egfr and wing shape in Drosophila melanogaster
    Arnar Palsson
    Department of Genetics, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina 27695, USA
    Genetics 167:1187-98. 2004
    ..However, these features severely limit the ability of linkage disequilibrium mapping in Drosophila to resolve quantitative effects to single nucleotides...
  16. ncbi Effect of corneal thickness on the agreement between ultrasound and Orbscan II pachymetry
    Hassan Hashemi
    Noor Ophthalmology Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
    J Cataract Refract Surg 33:1694-700. 2007
    ..To study the agreement between ultrasound (US) and Orbscan II (Bausch & Lomb) measurements with different ranges of central thickness in normal corneas...
  17. ncbi Central corneal thickness measurement with Pentacam, Orbscan II, and ultrasound devices before and after laser refractive surgery for myopia
    Hassan Hashemi
    Farabi Eye Hospital, Department of Ophthalmology, School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
    J Cataract Refract Surg 33:1701-7. 2007
    ....
  18. ncbi Does breastfeeding protect against childhood overweight? Hong Kong's 'Children of 1997' birth cohort
    Man Ki Kwok
    Department of Community Medicine and School of Public Health, Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, China
    Int J Epidemiol 39:297-305. 2010
    ....
  19. ncbi Spatial partitioning and asymmetric hybridization among sympatric coastal steelhead trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss irideus), coastal cutthroat trout (O. clarki clarki) and interspecific hybrids
    Carl O Ostberg
    US Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, Western Fisheries Research Center, 6505 North East 65th Street, Seattle, WA 98115, USA
    Mol Ecol 13:2773-88. 2004
    ....
  20. ncbi Validity and repeatability of anterior chamber depth measurements with Pentacam and Orbscan
    Birgit Lackner
    Department of Ophthalmology, Medical University of Vienna, Wahringer Gurtel 18 20, A 1090 Vienna, Austria
    Optom Vis Sci 82:858-61. 2005
    ....
  21. ncbi Agreement among 3 methods to measure corneal thickness: ultrasound pachymetry, Orbscan II, and Visante anterior segment optical coherence tomography
    Emmy Y M Li
    Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China
    Ophthalmology 114:1842-7. 2007
    ..To assess the agreement of central and paracentral corneal thickness measurements between ultrasound pachymetry (USP), Orbscan II, and Visante anterior segment optical coherence tomography (ASOCT)...
  22. ncbi Measures of adiposity and cardiovascular disease risk factors
    Andy Menke
    Department of Epidemiology, Tulane University School of Medicine, New Orleans, LA 70112, USA
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 15:785-95. 2007
    ..To determine which of five measures of adiposity maintains the strongest association with cardiovascular disease risk factors...
  23. ncbi Convergence and the multidimensional niche
    Luke J Harmon
    Department of Biology, Washington University, St Louis, Missouri 63130, USA
    Evolution 59:409-21. 2005
    ..This suggests that the habitat specialist niches into which these anoles have evolved are multidimensional, involving several distinct and independent aspects of morphology...
  24. ncbi Parallel evolution in ecological and reproductive traits to produce cryptic damselfly species across the holarctic
    Robby Stoks
    Department of Biological Sciences, Dartmouth College, Hanover, New Hampshire 03755, USA
    Evolution 59:1976-88. 2005
    ..This concurrent parallel evolution in both stages of a complex life cycle, especially when both stages do not share the same selective environment, may be a very unusual mechanism generating cryptic species...
  25. ncbi Molecular, morphological and behavioural data reveal the presence of a cryptic species in the widely studied Drosophila serrata species complex
    M Schiffer
    Centre for Environmental Stress and Adaptation Research, La Trobe University, Bundoora, Victoria, Australia
    J Evol Biol 17:430-42. 2004
    ..serrata, and may also help to clarify some ambiguities evident in early evolutionary literature on reproductive incompatibility within the D. serrata species complex...
  26. ncbi Swift laboratory thermal evolution of wing shape (but not size) in Drosophila subobscura and its relationship with chromosomal inversion polymorphism
    M Santos
    Grup de Biologia Evolutiva GBE, Departament de Genetica i de Microbiologia, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
    J Evol Biol 17:841-55. 2004
    ..These findings cast strong doubts on the supposed 'unpredictability' of the geographical cline for wing traits in D. subobscura North American colonizing populations...
  27. ncbi Complex growth rate evolution in a latitudinally widespread species
    M Julian Caley
    Australian Institute of Marine Science, PMB 3, Townsville MC, Queensland 4810, Australia
    Evolution 58:862-9. 2004
    ..Indeed, such local adaptation may provide a selective advantage in the evolution of viviparity...
  28. ncbi Kinematics of cranial ontogeny: heterotopy, heterochrony, and geometric morphometric analysis of growth models
    Christoph Peter Eduard Zollikofer
    Anthropological Institute, University of Zurich, CH 8057 Zurich, Switzerland
    J Exp Zool B Mol Dev Evol 302:322-40. 2004
    ....
  29. ncbi Rapid evolution of muscle fibre number in post-glacial populations of Arctic charr Salvelinus alpinus
    Ian A Johnston
    Gatty Marine Laboratory, School of Biology, University of St Andrews, St Andrews, Fife, KY16 8LB, Scotland, UK
    J Exp Biol 207:4343-60. 2004
    ..The predictions of the optimal fibre size hypothesis and its consequences for the adaptive evolution of muscle architecture in fishes are briefly discussed...
  30. ncbi Evolutionary responses to environmental heterogeneity in central american echinoid larvae: plastic versus constant phenotypes
    Justin S McAlister
    Department of Biology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599, USA
    Evolution 62:1358-72. 2008
    ..The evolution of plasticity may be limited by the timing of reproduction or by egg size in this system...
  31. ncbi Barriers to sympatry between avian sibling species (Paridae: Baeolophus) in local secondary contact
    Carla Cicero
    Museum of Vertebrate Zoology, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 3160, USA
    Evolution 58:1573-87. 2004
    ....
  32. ncbi Constraints on the morphological evolution of marsupial shoulder girdles
    Karen E Sears
    Committee on Evolutionary Biology, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60637, USA
    Evolution 58:2353-70. 2004
    ....
  33. ncbi From micro- to macroevolution through quantitative genetic variation: positive evidence from field crickets
    Mattieu Bégin
    Department of Biology, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, H3A 1B1, Canada
    Evolution 58:2287-304. 2004
    ..Alternative explanations are discussed...
  34. pmc Seasonal sexual segregation in two Thalassarche albatross species: competitive exclusion, reproductive role specialization or foraging niche divergence?
    R A Phillips
    British Antarctic Survey, Natural Environment Research Council, High Cross, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0ET, UK
    Proc Biol Sci 271:1283-91. 2004
    ..Such sexual segregation may also have implications for conservation in relation to sex-specific overlap with commercial fisheries...
  35. ncbi The ever-increasing diversity in mouse lemurs: three new species in north and northwestern Madagascar
    Gillian Olivieri
    Institute of Zoology, University of Veterinary Medicine Hannover, Bunteweg 17, 30559 Hannover, Germany
    Mol Phylogenet Evol 43:309-27. 2007
    ..Elements of both biogeographic models are combined in a new hypothesis that aims to explain the speciation process leading to the present distribution of mouse lemurs in Madagascar...
  36. ncbi Adaptive radiation in African weakly electric fish (Teleostei: Mormyridae: Campylomormyrus): a combined molecular and morphological approach
    P G D Feulner
    Unit of Evolutionary Biology Systematic Zoology, Institute of Biochemistry and Biology, University of Potsdam, Potsdam, Germany
    J Evol Biol 20:403-14. 2007
    ..This finding suggests that the radiation of this speciose genus might have been driven by adaptation to different food sources...
  37. ncbi Ecological and morphological differentiation among cryptic evolutionary lineages in freshwater limpets of the nominal form-group Ancylus fluviatilis (O.F. Müller, 1774)
    Markus Pfenninger
    Abteilung Okologie und Evolution, Zoologisches Institut der J W Goethe Universitat, Bio Campus Siesmayerstrasse, D 60054 Frankfurt Main, Germany
    Mol Ecol 12:2731-45. 2003
    ..In addition, the joint analysis suggests that ecological speciation is probable to explain current patterns...
  38. ncbi The tube feet of sea urchins and sea stars contain functionally different mutable collagenous tissues
    Romana Santos
    Académie Universitaire Wallonie Bruxelles, Universite de Mons Hainaut, Laboratoire de Biologie Marine, 6 Avenue du Champ de Mars, 7000 Mons, Belgium
    J Exp Biol 208:2277-88. 2005
    ....
  39. ncbi Simultaneous measurement of metabolic and acoustic power and the efficiency of sound production in two mole cricket species (Orthoptera: Gryllotalpidae)
    Kenneth N Prestwich
    Department of Biology, College of the Holy Cross, Worcester, MA 01610, USA
    J Exp Biol 208:1495-512. 2005
    ..vicinus has a nearly threefold higher wing stroke rate...
  40. ncbi Heightened condition dependence is not a general feature of male eyespan in stalk-eyed flies (Diptera: Diopsidae)
    S Cotton
    The Galton Laboratory, Department of Biology, University College London, London, UK
    J Evol Biol 17:1310-6. 2004
    ..These results are consistent with handicap theory and Fisher's view of how sexual selection is initiated...
  41. ncbi Occurrence of two types of Hynobius naevius in Northern Kyushu, Japan (Amphibia: Urodela)
    Atsushi Tominaga
    Graduate School of Human and Environmental Studies, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan
    Zoolog Sci 20:1467-76. 2003
    ..From these results, we consider that two evolutionary lineages that first evolved allopatrically in western Honshu and southern Kyushu secondarily contacted and became sympatric in the region of northern Kyushu...
  42. ncbi Does gene flow constrain adaptive divergence or vice versa? A test using ecomorphology and sexual isolation in Timema cristinae walking-sticks
    P Nosil
    Department of Biosciences, Behavioral Ecology Research Group, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, British Columbia V5A 1S6, Canada
    Evolution 58:102-12. 2004
    ..Our findings illustrate how data on mating preferences can help determine the causal associations between trait divergence and levels of gene flow...
  43. ncbi Testing the hindlimb-strength hypothesis: non-aerial locomotion by Chiroptera is not constrained by the dimensions of the femur or tibia
    Daniel K Riskin
    Department of Biomedical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
    J Exp Biol 208:1309-19. 2005
    ....
  44. ncbi Cranial movements during suction feeding in teleost fishes: Are they modified to enhance suction production?
    Alice C Gibb
    Department of Biology, Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff, AZ 86011, USA
    Zoology (Jena) 108:141-53. 2005
    ..We suggest that suction performance may be greatest in such obligate benthic feeders because cranial morphology is highly modified and prey are captured from the substrate...
  45. pmc Does hippocampal size correlate with the degree of caching specialization?
    Jeffrey R Lucas
    Department of Biological Sciences, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA
    Proc Biol Sci 271:2423-9. 2004
    ..Controlling for the continent effect makes the hoarding capacity/hippocampal formation correlation clearly significant in both families. We discuss possible reasons for the continent effect...
  46. pmc Virulence, multiple infections and regulation of symbiotic population in the Wolbachia-Asobara tabida symbiosis
    Laurence Mouton
    Laboratoire de Biométrie et Biologie Evolutive UMR CNRS 5558, Universite Claude Bernard Lyon1, 69622 Villeurbanne Cedex, France
    Genetics 168:181-9. 2004
    ....
  47. ncbi Effect of gender, age and anthropometric variables on plantar fascia thickness at different locations in asymptomatic subjects
    Javier Pascual Huerta
    Department of Podiatry, Universidad Europea de Madrid, Spain
    Eur J Radiol 62:449-53. 2007
    ..The study was aimed to investigate plantar fascia thickness at different locations in healthy asymptomatic subjects and its relationship to the following variables: weight, height, sex and age...
  48. ncbi Some trends in the somatic development of children and adolescents under iodine-deficiency: materials from the Saratov region
    Elena Z Godina
    Institute and Museum of Anthropology, Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia
    J Physiol Anthropol Appl Human Sci 24:313-9. 2005
    ..42). In Balakovo and Saratov, the corresponding figures are identical: 13 years 2 months (13.17). Secular changes in Khvalynsk and Saratov children are discussed as compared to the literature...
  49. ncbi Developmental variability during early embryonic development of zebra fish, Danio rerio
    Ingo Irmler
    Department of Biology II, University of Munich LMU, D 82152 Planegg Martinsried, Germany
    J Exp Zool B Mol Dev Evol 302:446-57. 2004
    ..We suggest that internal constraints determine the patterns of variability during early embryonic development of zebra fish...
  50. pmc Performance capacity, fighting tactics and the evolution of life-stage male morphs in the green anole lizard (Anolis carolinensis)
    Simon P Lailvaux
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, 310 Dinwiddie Hall, Tulane University, New Orleans, LA 70118, USA
    Proc Biol Sci 271:2501-8. 2004
    ..Our findings imply that one may not be able to predict male fighting success (and hence potential mating success) by examining aspects of male 'quality' at only one life stage...
  51. ncbi The effects of intense wing molt on diving in alcids and potential influences on the evolution of molt patterns
    Eli S Bridge
    University of Minnesota Department of Ecology, Evolution, and Behavior, 100 Ecology Building, 1987 Upper Buford Circle, Saint Paul, MN 55108, USA
    J Exp Biol 207:3003-14. 2004
    ..These negative effects on diving may explain why primary and secondary molts were offset in the birds I studied such that the period during which all of the flight feathers are effectively missing is minimized...
  52. ncbi Predator-driven phenotypic diversification in Gambusia affinis
    R Brian Langerhans
    Department of Wildlife and Fisheries Sciences, Texas A and M University, College Station, Texas 77843 2258, USA
    Evolution 58:2305-18. 2004
    ....
  53. ncbi Gender and spatial patterns in metal concentrations in brown anoles (Anolis sagrei) in southern Florida, USA
    Joanna Burger
    Division of Life Sciences, Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences Institute, 604 Allison Road, Piscataway, New Jersey 08854 8082, USA
    Environ Toxicol Chem 23:712-8. 2004
    ..This is the first study that examines concentrations of metals in lizards in the United States, and suggests that nonnative lizards may be useful in toxicological studies...
  54. ncbi Heterochronic developmental shift caused by thyroid hormone in larval sand dollars and its implications for phenotypic plasticity and the evolution of nonfeeding development
    Andreas Heyland
    University of Florida, Department of Zoology, Box 118525, Gainesville, Florida 32611, USA
    Evolution 58:524-38. 2004
    ..Mounting evidence on the effects of thyroid hormones in echinoderm development suggests life-history models need to incorporate metamorphic hormone effects and the evolution of metamorphic hormone production...
  55. ncbi Externally measured condition versus internal organ mass in the caecilian Gegeneophis ramaswamii (Amphibia: Gymnophiona: Caeciliidae)
    G John Measey
    Department of Zoology, The Natural History Museum, London, UK
    Zoolog Sci 22:445-52. 2005
    ..However, its utility in helping to differentiate between ontogenic classes may be of immediate use...
  56. ncbi Evolutionary ecology of egg size and number in a seed beetle: genetic trade-off differs between environments
    Mary Ellen Czesak
    Department of Entomology, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky 40546 0091, USA
    Evolution 57:1121-32. 2003
    ..floridum seeds. On A. greggii seeds, the evolution of egg size and traits linked to reproductive effort (such as female body mass) are not independent from each other as commonly assumed in life-history theory...
  57. pmc Sex-biased maternal investment in voles: importance of environmental conditions
    Esa Koskela
    Department of Biological and Environmental Science, PO Box 35, FIN 40014, University of Jyvaskyla, Finland
    Proc Biol Sci 271:1385-91. 2004
    ..Although the adaptiveness of variation in mammalian sex ratios is still questionable, our study indicates that mothers in good condition bias their investment towards male offspring, but only when environmental conditions are favourable...
  58. ncbi Growth and development of Argulus coregoni (Crustacea: Branchiura) on salmonid and cyprinid hosts
    A Pasternak
    Institute of Oceanology, Russian Academy of Sciences, 36 Nakhimovskii Prospekt, Moscow 117997, Russia
    Dis Aquat Organ 58:203-7. 2004
    ..mykiss. The potential of A. coregoni to complete its life cycle on cyprinids could have important ecological consequences, creating an infection reservoir when the main salmonid hosts are rare or temporarily missing...
  59. pmc Why do multiple traits determine mating success? Differential use in female choice and male competition in a water boatman
    Ulrika Candolin
    Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences, University of Helsinki, PO Box 65, FIN 00014 Helsinki, Finland
    Proc Biol Sci 272:47-52. 2005
    ....
  60. ncbi Central corneal thickness: congenital cataracts and aphakia
    Kelly W Muir
    Duke University Eye Center, Durham, North Carolina 27710, USA
    Am J Ophthalmol 144:502-6. 2007
    ..To evaluate central corneal thickness (CCT) in normal children (controls) and in those with cataracts, pseudophakia, and aphakia...
  61. pmc Anterior chamber width measurement by high-speed optical coherence tomography
    Jason A Goldsmith
    Cole Eye Institute, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, Ohio, USA
    Ophthalmology 112:238-44. 2005
    ..To measure anterior chamber (AC) width and other dimensions relevant to the sizing of phakic intraocular lenses (IOLs) with a high-speed optical coherence tomography (OCT) system...
  62. ncbi Intra-observer and inter-observer reliability and reproducibility of slit-lamp-adapted optical coherence tomography for evaluation of anterior chamber depth and central corneal thickness
    Shlomit F Sandler
    Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, USA
    Ophthalmic Surg Lasers Imaging 39:299-303. 2008
    ....
  63. ncbi Comparison of central corneal thickness measurements with a new optical device and a standard ultrasonic pachymeter
    Gabor Nemeth
    Department of Ophthalmology, Medical and Health Science Center, University of Debrecen, Debrecen, Hungary
    J Cataract Refract Surg 32:460-3. 2006
    ..To compare central corneal thickness (CCT) values obtained with ultrasonic pachymetry and a new optical method using partial coherence interferometry (PCI)...
  64. ncbi Corneal pachymetry in normal and keratoconic eyes: Orbscan II versus ultrasound
    D Gherghel
    Department of Ophthalmology, Heartlands and Solihull NHS Trust, Birmingham, United Kingdom
    J Cataract Refract Surg 30:1272-7. 2004
    ..To compare corneal thickness measurements using Orbscan II (OII) and ultrasonic (US) pachymetry in normal and in keratoconic eyes...
  65. ncbi Craniofacial variability and modularity in macaques and mice
    Benedikt Hallgrimsson
    Department of Cell Biology and Anatomy and the Joint Injury and Arthritis Research Group, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta T2N 4N1, Canada
    J Exp Zool B Mol Dev Evol 302:207-25. 2004
    ..We discuss the implications of these results for the study of evolutionary developmental biology of primates and outline a research strategy for integrating mouse genomics and developmental biology into this emerging field...
  66. ncbi Modularity and integration in the hominoid scapula
    Nathan Young
    Harvard University, Department of Anthropology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138, USA
    J Exp Zool B Mol Dev Evol 302:226-40. 2004
    ..Larger sample sizes with greater taxonomic/functional breadth, and finer scale analyses of patterns of correlation are needed to test these hypotheses further...
  67. ncbi Ontogeny of limb mass distribution in infant baboons (Papio cynocephalus)
    David A Raichlen
    Department of Anthropology, Harvard University, 11 Divinity Ave, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    J Hum Evol 49:452-67. 2005
    ..These results suggest that functional demands placed on the limbs during ontogeny have a strong impact on the development of limb mass distribution patterns...
  68. ncbi Hominins do not share a common postnatal facial ontogenetic shape trajectory
    S N Cobb
    Hull York Medical School, The University of Hull, Cottingham Road, Hull, United Kingdom, HU6 7RX
    J Exp Zool B Mol Dev Evol 302:302-21. 2004
    ..However, sampling experiments indicate that the small sample size of available specimens of A. africanus does not permit any conclusions to be drawn regarding comparative shape ontogeny of the face...
  69. ncbi Cranial evolution in sakis (Pithecia, Platyrrhini). II: Evolutionary processes and morphological integration
    G Marroig
    Departamento de Biologia Celular e Genetica, Instituto de Biologia, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Brasil
    J Evol Biol 17:144-55. 2004
    ..Perhaps this is also an indication that morphological evolution in sakis was mostly neutral...
  70. ncbi Hind limb proportions and kinematics: are small primates different from other small mammals?
    Manuela Schmidt
    Institut fur Spezielle Zoologie und Evolutionsbiologie, Friedrich Schiller Universitat Jena, Erbertstrasse 1, D 07743 Jena, Germany
    J Exp Biol 208:3367-83. 2005
    ..Typical members of those phylogenetic groups are traditionally used in comparison with typical primates, and therefore the ;uniqueness' of primate locomotor characteristics is often overrated...
  71. ncbi Morphological disparity as a biodiversity metric in lower bathyal and abyssal gastropod assemblages
    Craig R McClain
    Department of Biology, University of Massachusetts, 100 Morrissey Boulevard, Boston, Massachusetts 02125, USA
    Evolution 58:338-48. 2004
    ..The lower bathyal fauna contains a fairly equable mix of species abundances, trophic modes, and shell types. The abyssal group is numerically dominated by species that are deposit feeders with compact unsculptured shells...
  72. ncbi Influence of environmental conditions on the expression of the sexual dispersal phenotype in a lower termite: implications for the evolution of workers in termites
    Judith Korb
    Biology I, University of Regensburg, 93040 Regensburg, Germany
    Evol Dev 6:342-52. 2004
    ..Compared with social Hymenoptera, the mechanisms involved in caste polyphenism in termites differed considerably, which demands more differentiated discussions about social insects caste polyphenism...
  73. ncbi Description and behavioural biology of two Ufens species (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae), egg parasitoids of Homalodisca species (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae) in southern California
    A K Al-Wahaibi
    Department of Entomology, University of California, Riverside, CA 92521, USA
    Bull Entomol Res 95:275-88. 2005
    ..principalis males. By contrast, fights among U. principalis males involved more individuals and lasted longer than corresponding fights between U. ceratus males...
  74. ncbi Testing alternative mechanisms of evolutionary divergence in an African rain forest passerine bird
    T B Smith
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095 1496, USA
    J Evol Biol 18:257-68. 2005
    ....
  75. ncbi Morphological and ITS1, 5.8S, and partial ITS2 ribosomal DNA sequence distinctions between two species Platygyra (Cnidaria: Scleractinia) from Hong Kong [corrected]
    Katherine Lam
    The Swire Institute of Marine Science, The University of Hong Kong, Cape d Aguilar Road, Shek O, Hong Kong
    Mar Biotechnol (NY) 5:555-67. 2003
    ..147% for P. sinensis and 0.469 +/- 0.364% for P. pini), indicating that this marker of ITS1, 5.8S, and ITS2 contains substantially high levels of inherent diversity and is useful in resolving the problematic taxonomy of Platygyra...
  76. ncbi The social parasite wasp Polistes atrimandibularis does not form host races
    D Fanelli
    Dipartimento di Biologia Animale e Genetica, Universita di Firenze, Italy
    J Evol Biol 18:1362-7. 2005
    ..Traits that may help P. atrimandibularis infiltrate multiple species may include its nonaggressive usurpation tactics and its ability to acquire host cuticular hydrocarbon recognition labels...
  77. ncbi Genetic and phenotypic parameters for conformation and yield traits in three Swiss dairy cattle breeds
    Y de Haas
    Statistical Animal Genetics Group, Institute of Animal Sciences, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich, Switzerland
    J Anim Breed Genet 124:12-9. 2007
    ..Results indicate that conformation traits generally can be used as predictors for various purposes in dairy cattle breeding, but may require specific adaptation for each breed...
  78. ncbi Conservation and divergence of the genetic structure of larval foraging behaviour in two species of the Drosophila simulans clade
    Raul Godoy-Herrera
    Programa de Genética Humana, Instituto de Ciencias Biomedicas, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Chile, Independencia 1027, Casilla 70061, Santiago 7, Chile
    Heredity (Edinb) 92:14-9. 2004
    ....
  79. ncbi Correlation of fat distribution in whole body MRI with generally used anthropometric data
    Burkhard Ludescher
    Section on Experimental Radiology, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, University Hospital Tuebingen, Tuebingen, Germany
    Invest Radiol 44:712-9. 2009
    ..Aim of this study was to compare the whole body fat distribution, and the volume of different adipose tissue compartments respectively, with anthropometric data...
  80. ncbi Birth weight, abdominal obesity and the risk of lower urinary tract symptoms in a population based study of Swedish men
    Brett A Laven
    Section of Urology, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, USA
    J Urol 179:1891-5; discussion 1895-6. 2008
    ..Results of obesity and lower urinary tract symptoms studies are conflicting, and low birth weight and lower urinary tract symptoms relationships have not been investigated...
  81. pmc Dual energy X-Ray absorptiometry body composition reference values from NHANES
    Thomas L Kelly
    Hologic, Inc, Bedford, Massachusetts, USA
    PLoS ONE 4:e7038. 2009
    ....
  82. ncbi Repeatability of feed efficiency, carcass ultrasound, feeding behavior, and blood metabolic variables in finishing heifers divergently selected for residual feed intake
    A K Kelly
    School of Agriculture, Food Science and Veterinary Medicine, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4, Ireland
    J Anim Sci 88:3214-25. 2010
    ..001) were obtained for feeding behavior traits between the yearling and finishing phases. We conclude that RFI and feeding behavior are repeatable traits and that some plasma analytes may be potential indicators of RFI in beef cattle...
  83. ncbi Do high-altitude natives have enhanced exercise performance at altitude?
    Tom D Brutsaert
    Department of Anthropology, State University of New York at Albany, Albany, NY 12222, USA
    Appl Physiol Nutr Metab 33:582-92. 2008
    ..At the metabolic level, a few studies suggest differences in lactate production/removal and (or) lactate buffering capacity, but more work is needed in this area...
  84. ncbi Body size at birth and same-sex marriage in young adulthood
    Morten Frisch
    Department of Epidemiology Research, Statens Serum Institut, 2300, Copenhagen S, Denmark
    Arch Sex Behav 39:117-23. 2010
    ..Novel findings of smaller average body measures at birth in same-sex marrying men need replication. Factors affecting intrauterine growth may somehow influence sexual and partner-related choices in adulthood...
  85. ncbi Exploring the association between overweight and dental caries among US children
    Mark D Macek
    Baltimore College of Dental Surgery Dental School, University of Maryland, USA
    Pediatr Dent 28:375-80. 2006
    ..The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between age-specific body mass index (BMI-for-age) and dental caries among US children...
  86. ncbi Heritability estimates of obesity measures in siblings with and without hypertension
    Z Pausova
    Centre de Recherche, Centre Hospitalier de l Universite de Montreal, Canada
    Hypertension 38:41-7. 2001
    ..This, in turn, suggests that a genetic link exists between obesity and hypertension in these families...
  87. ncbi Drinking flavored or plain milk is positively associated with nutrient intake and is not associated with adverse effects on weight status in US children and adolescents
    Mary M Murphy
    ENVIRON International Corp, Arlington, VA 22203, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 108:631-9. 2008
    ..The purposes of this study were to compare nutrient intakes and body measures among children and adolescents drinking flavored milk (with or without plain milk), exclusively plain milk, and no milk...
  88. ncbi The frequency and extent of mammillary body atrophy associated with surgical removal of a colloid cyst
    C E Denby
    School of Psychological Sciences, Manchester, England
    AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 30:736-43. 2009
    ..Additional volume estimates in structures connected to the mammillary bodies sought to determine the specificity of any atrophy...
  89. pmc Genetic influences on the difference in variability of height, weight and body mass index between Caucasian and East Asian adolescent twins
    Y M Hur
    Department of Psychology, Chonnam National University, Gwangju, South Korea
    Int J Obes (Lond) 32:1455-67. 2008
    ..Secondly, we intended to estimate the extent to which genetic and environmental factors contribute to differences in variability of height, weight and BMI between Caucasians and East Asians...
  90. ncbi The role of kinaesthetic feedback in goal-directed movements
    L Angyan
    Institute of Human Movement Sciences, Medical School, University of Pecs, Pecs, Hungary
    Acta Physiol Hung 90:17-26. 2003
    ..It is concluded that the practice of goal-directed movement, learned under visual guidance, does not make the kinaesthetic feedback able to compensate the lack of visual input...
  91. ncbi Morphological differences of elite Croatian track-and-field athletes
    Vlatko Vucetic
    Faculty of Kinesiology, University of Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia
    Coll Antropol 32:863-8. 2008
    ..The mesomorphic component is a dominant characteristic of somatotype of the runners in all events, whereas the ectomorphic component is the least marked...
  92. ncbi Effect of creatine on swimming velocity, body composition and hydrodynamic variables
    A J Silva
    Department of Sport CIFOP, University of Trás os Montes e Alto Douro UTAD, Vila Real, Portugal
    J Sports Med Phys Fitness 47:58-64. 2007
    ..To investigate the effect of oral CS on swimming velocity, body composition and hydrodynamic variables during the period of final preparation of competitive junior female swimmers...
  93. ncbi Do sexual maturation stages affect flexibility in adolescent boys aged 14 years?
    N O Kanbur
    Section of Adolescent Medicine, Adolescent Division, Pediatrics Department, Faculty of Medicine, Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey
    J Sports Med Phys Fitness 45:53-7. 2005
    ..The aim of the present study was to investigate whether the flexibility is actually related to sexual maturation stages in adolescent boys...
  94. ncbi Hematology and serum biochemistry comparison in wild and captive Central American river turtles (Dermatemys mawii) in Tabasco, Mexico
    Judith Rangel-Mendoza
    Departamento de Aprovechamiento y Manejo de Recursos Acuáticos, El Colegio de la Frontera Sur, Villahermosa, CP 86280 Tabasco, Mexico
    Res Vet Sci 87:313-8. 2009
    ..was detected in 100% of the wild individuals, but not in captive individuals. Its incidence was greater during the rainy season. This is the first health assessment and hematology study of this critically endangered species...
  95. ncbi Effects of chorion type on genetic and environmental influences on height, weight, and body mass index in South Korean young twins
    Yoon Mi Hur
    Department of Psychology, Chonnam National University, Gwangju, South Korea
    Twin Res Hum Genet 11:63-9. 2008
    ....
  96. ncbi Body weight, early growth and antler size influence antler bone mineral composition of Iberian red deer (Cervus elaphus hispanicus)
    T Landete-Castillejos
    Departamento de Ciencia y Tecnología Agroforestal, ETSIA, Universidad de Castilla La Mancha UCLM, 02071 Albacete, Spain
    Bone 40:230-5. 2007
    ..Assessing bone composition may emerge as a new useful tool to obtain information regarding bone biology and its bearer in other species including ours...
  97. ncbi Crowding effect on adult growth, pre-patent period and egg shedding of Fasciola hepatica
    M A Valero
    Departamento de Parasitologia, Facultad de Farmacia, Universidad de Valencia, Av Vicent Andres Estelles s n, 46100 Burjassot Valencia, Spain
    Parasitology 133:453-63. 2006
    ..This quantification may be of great interest in epidemiological studies and in experimental research on the in vivo actions of different anthelminthic drugs and vaccines, pathology, immunology and resistance studies...
  98. ncbi The risk of adverse reactions from percutaneous prick-puncture allergen skin testing, venipuncture, and body measurements: data from the second National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1976-80 (NHANES II)
    P C Turkeltaub
    Laboratory of Allergenic Products, Food and Drug Administration, Bethesda, MD
    J Allergy Clin Immunol 84:886-90. 1989
    ..87%; 95% CI, 0.633% to 1.107%). The risk of prick-puncture AST with eight extracts licensed by the Food and Drug Administration is low and similar to other routine medical procedures...
  99. ncbi Linkage of genes to total lean body mass in normal women
    Gregory Livshits
    Tel Aviv University, Israel
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 92:3171-6. 2007
    ..Total lean body mass (LEAN-tot) is one of the three major components of body weight. Its deterioration is a risk factor for frailty. Despite this, there are few studies examining the contribution of genetic factors...
  100. ncbi Body size and shape and glycemic control among Maya women in rural Yucatán
    Penelope A McLorg
    Department of Anthropology, Southern Illinois University, Carbondale, Illinois 62901 4502, USA
    Am J Hum Biol 15:746-57. 2003
    ..Findings support the value of glycated blood proteins and of less common anthropometric measures, such as calf circumference, in population research on morphological relations with glycemia...
  101. ncbi Comparative analysis of the effects of physical exercise
    L Angyan
    Institute of Human Movement Sciences, Medical School, University of Pecs, Pecs, Hungary
    Acta Physiol Hung 92:19-26. 2005
    ..The present results show that the effects of regular physical exercise on motor performances and cardio respiratory functions differentiate better between the athlete and non-athlete subjects than the changes in body measures...

Research Grants69

  1. Imaging Strategies to Measure Brown Fat and Its Activity
    C Ronald Kahn; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Our research will develop the tools to measure the amount and activity of brown fat. This is the first step toward developing new ways to stimulate brown fat to help obese people lose weight and improve their overall health. ..
  2. Neurohumoral control of veins in hypertension
    Gregory D Fink; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This project tests the idea that altered structure or function of veins also may cause hypertension, and that it may be possible to treat hypertension using drugs that affect veins. ..
  3. Sex and the endocrine regulation of fuel metabolism
    Daniel Bessesen; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..In this GnRH suppression study, metabolism will be assessed via stable isotope measures of glycerol, FFA and glucose turnover and whole-body respiratory gas exchange measures. ..
  4. Melanopsin-based form vision in photoreceptor disease
    MICHAEL SANDBERG; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  5. Categorization and prefrontal cortex: ERP studies
    Cyma Van Petten; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  6. Reading Enhancement for Patients with Visual Field Loss
    MICHAEL SANDBERG; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  7. Visceral Adiposity: Genetic and Environmental Influences
    STEFAN CZERWINSKI; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  8. Health Literacy and Oral Health Knowledge
    MARK MACEK; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..It is anticipated that these results will ultimately improve oral health and eliminate disparities in the United States. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  9. Translational Study of Hostility, Atherothrombosis & CAD
    Daichi Shimbo; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Data from this translational research program will allow Dr. Shimbo to establish an empirical foundation from which to apply these data to the development of effective preventive interventions for hostile patients. ..
  10. Genetic Environmental Relationship Between Bone Obesity and Leptin in Mice
    James M Cheverud; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This project will identify novel genes and physiological pathways affecting osteoporosis and examine how genetic and environmentally-based obesity affects bone mass, morphology and biomechanical function. ..
  11. Metabolic Effects of Differential Organ Growth Rates
    Dympna Gallagher; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The proposed studies will provide new insights into growth-related changes in REE and between-individual REE differences, notably those observed between race groups. ..
  12. Gene-Specific Responses to Exercise in Discordant Twins
    Paul Williams; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..DNA samples will be shared with other institutions to cross-validate gene associations identified from training studies or other designs. ..
  13. Standard Database for CT Lung Images
    Samuel Armato; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The ideas resented in this proposal are expected to stimulate the efforts of the Consortium toward that goal. ..
  14. BONE GROWTH, PERIOSTEAL MIGRATION AND MUSCLE FUNCTION
    Susan Herring; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  15. An Integrative Approach to Osteoarthritis and Obesity
    Timothy Griffin; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  16. Hippocampal neurogenesis and memory
    VLADIMIR PRAVOSUDOV; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Memory is an important aspect of mental health and the proposed research will provide new insights into better understanding of human memory disorders. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  17. Inflammation and Ovarian Cancer
    Clareann Bunker; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..In particular, NSAID use may prove to be a potentially important chemopreventative for this often-fatal disease. ..
  18. Integrating the Metabolic and Genetic Faces of Obesity
    Gerald Reaven; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..We believe that this work will add substantially to the current gap in knowledge regarding the link between obesity and insulin-resistance, and ultimately aid in the development of novel therapeutic targets. ..
  19. Relation of Alignment and Other Risk Factors to Knee OA
    DAVID TOBIN FELSON; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  20. A Mouse Model for Complex Human Diseases
    James Cheverud; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Backcrossing with SM/J will be used to narrow the QTL interval for strain loss and to produce a new strain, carrying the unusual phenotypes of SM/J without requiring enforced heterozygosity at the agouti locus. ..
  21. GENETIC VARIATION IN MURINE LONG BONE GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT
    James M Cheverud; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The outcome of these experiments will be a better understanding of the genetic, molecular, and cellular processes responsible for variation in limb growth with consequences for our understanding of pathologies of growth. ..
  22. Feasibility and Pilot Efficacy of Flash-heated Breastmilk to Reduce Pediatric HIV
    Caroline Chantry; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  23. Retinal Image Quality in Retinal-diseased Eyes
    Mahnaz Shahidi; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  24. Role of the Archipelago gene in Drosophila tracheal morphogenesis
    Kenneth H Moberg; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Thus, we hypothesize that ago plays an important role in the homeostatic mechanisms that restrain tracheal branching. Our goal in Specific Aim 3 is to define this role and elucidate its molecular basis. ..
  25. Comparison of Aerobic and Resistance Exercise in Older Breast Cancer Survivors
    Kerri Winters Stone; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..S. "baby boom"population ages. Even so, studies of older women comprise only a small proportion of research, especially exercise research, on improving the lives of cancer survivors. ..
  26. Genetic Analysis of Osteoporosis Risk Factors
    STEFAN CZERWINSKI; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Furthermore, these findings will have the potential to lead to new developments in the assessment of risk, prevention, and treatment of osteoporosis. ..
  27. Vascular and Inflammatory Predictors of MCI Risk and Progression
    ROSEBUD ROBERTS; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The K01 award will culminate in an R01 application that will pave the way for the candidate to become an independent investigator in MCI and AD research. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  28. Antenatal and preschool iron and zinc use and cognition
    Parul Christian; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  29. Biological Risk Underlying Education Health Differences
    Eileen Crimmins; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..4) Examine changes over time in the patterning of biological risk by education. ..
  30. Gene Expression in Barrett's Esophagus
    Hashem El Serag; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..We present preliminary data on microarray and RT-PCRanalyses on 5 patients with BE that suggest an overactive Wnt pathway: we have also assembled the essential components of a successful study using microarrays. ..
  31. COMPUTER AIDED DIAGNOSIS IN CT OF THE THORAX
    Samuel Armato; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  32. Biological Basis of Personality & Individual Differences
    Turhan Canli; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Each speaker will host one such special-interest table over the course of the conference. Twenty travel stipends will be available for adequate students to attend the conference. ..
  33. The effect of stress on memory and the brain
    VLADIMIR PRAVOSUDOV; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..This study will add to our knowledge of the effects of stress on mental health and will help us to understand the evolution and adaptive significance of stress responses. ..
  34. CLINICAL RESEARCH TRAINING PROGRAM
    David Felson; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Fourth, we will integrate residents in training into the CREST program to develop an interest in clinical research at an early stage of training. ..
  35. Genetic Polymorphisms Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia
    ROSEBUD ROBERTS; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..This community-based cohort study should provide insights that should improve our understanding of the genetic control of hormonal mechanisms in the pathogenesis of BPH. ..
  36. Preparation and Distribution of the NUJLSOA
    Eileen Crimmins; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..In order to acquire use of the data, researchers must agree to use the data only for research purposes and not to use data to describe or identify individuals. ..
  37. MRI Derived Organ & Tissue Mass Changes With Weight Loss
    Dympna Gallagher; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The proposed studies promise to answer important body composition related questions regarding the composition of weight loss at the organ/tissue level. ..
  38. Ophthalmic Antibiotic Resistance Study
    Kirk Wilhelmus; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  39. PROSPECTIVE STUDY OF HEALTH IN RUNNERS AND WALKERS
    Paul Williams; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..1%). Additionally, a detectable reduction in breast cancer risk as small as 1.5% per mile run in women is calculated, which is below the 1.7% reduction in risk estimated from other published data. ..
  40. OBSERVATIONAL STUDIES VS RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIALS
    Arthur Hartz; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..The number of clinically rich electronic data bases is rapidly increasing. This study could help inform the appropriate use of these databases for evaluating medical therapy. ..
  41. REMEDIATION OF EMPHYSEMA--MECHANISMS, CHARACTERISTICS
    Donald Massaro; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ....
  42. EXPERIMENTAL EMPHYSEMA--STUDIES ON REMEDIATION
    Donald Massaro; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ....
  43. BIOLOGICAL EXPLANATIONS OF SES DIFFERENCES IN HEALTH
    Eileen Crimmins; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ....
  44. MECHANISMS OF SKELETAL RECONSTITUTION AFTER LACTATION
    Scott Miller; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  45. EPIDEMIOLOGY OF CORONARY CALCIFICATION IN THE ELDERLY
    Anne Newman; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  46. BIOSTATISTICAL METHODS FOR HUMAN BRAIN MAPPING
    Nicholas Lange; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  47. Quan11tification of Glaucomatous Optic Neuropathy
    Christopher Girkin; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ....
  48. Education and Health Across the Life course in Guatemala
    ARYEH STEIN; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Members of the research team have a successful history of collaboration, in some cases over decades, in conducting and analyzing field studies and other research. ..
  49. Early life antecedents of adult chronic disease
    Karen Remsberg; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Completion of this project will yield important new information regarding early detection of subclinical disease in those at risk for cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes. ..
  50. MECHANICAL ENVIRONMENT IN MANDIBULAR DISTRACTION
    Susan Herring; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ....
  51. Bioactivity and Vitamins in Flash-heated Breastmilk
    Caroline Chantry; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Information from these analyses will be used in linear programming to predict how the described changes in nutrient content of milk due to heating would affect the overall dietary needs of the child and the associated costs. ..
  52. Experimental COPD: remediation, mitigation
    DONALD JOHN MASSARO; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..There is not treatment that slows the relentless progression of the disease or that reverses it. In this application, we use an animal model to investigate methods to slow progression and reverse the disease. ..
  53. The 8th International Symposium on In-Vivo Body Composition Studies
    Dympna Gallagher; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  54. GENETICS OF AGED RELATED CATARACTS IN SALISBURY MARYLAND
    Nathan Congdon; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  55. Improving Self-Monitoring in Weight Loss with Technology
    Lora E Burke; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Subjects will complete assessments at baseline, 6, 12, 18, and 24 months. This innovative study will provide information on the efficacy of combining technological advances with proven behavioral strategies. ..
  56. EID - Effects of avian migration & anthropogenic change on the distribution & tra
    Thomas Smith; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Finally, we will share our results with public health organizations and the scientific community in a timely fashion in order to maximize the public good. ..
  57. Maternal Pesticide Exposure and Pregnancy Outcomes
    Russ Hauser; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Since the etiology of infertility and early pregnancy loss remains largely unexplained, the identification of potential environmental risk factors will have large public health significance. ..
  58. Genetic and Morphologic Basis of Bat Wing Development
    KAREN SEARS; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..In addition, understanding the normal roles of genes that also play a role in abnormal developmental events such as cancer (i.e., Ihh and BMP) will provide a knowledge base for additional healthcare-related biomedical research. ..
  59. THE FRAMINGHAM OSTEOARTHRITIS STUDY
    David Felson; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  60. Exploring Growth Energy Expenditure in Normal-Weight and Overweight Children
    ZiMian Wang; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  61. Inequality, social capital and health in Boliva
    William Leonard; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  62. THE SLEEP HEART HEALTH STUDY
    Anne Newman; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Accomplishing these goals will provide important information concerning the public health impact of SDB. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  63. Noninvsive Imaging of Chorio-retinal Oxygen Tension
    Mahnaz Shahidi; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  64. Obesity subtypes, adiponectin and incident stroke among postmenopausal women
    Rachel Wildman; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Therefore, this application could have a significant impact on stroke prevention as it relates to appropriate treatment indications for obesity. ..
  65. Estrogen Bioactivation and Risk of Ovarian Cancer
    Thomas Sellers; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..It is innovative, plausible, and important to evaluate similar associations with epithelial ovarian cancer. The results could have profound implications for our understanding of the disease. ..
  66. Modifying obesogenic homes: Impact on weight maintenance
    Amy Gorin; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This home environmental approach, if successful, has potential applications to the maintenance of other important health behaviors. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  67. Long-term changes in weight and adipokines and the associations with genetic vari
    Lora E Burke; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The proposed study and mentoring strategies will be placed in the context of an area of NINR emphasis - promoting health and preventing disease as it addresses a highly prevalent chronic disorder - overweight and obesity. ..
  68. Role of home environment in weight loss maintenance
    Amy Gorin; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The data collected in the ancillary study will provide new information about the reach of behavioral weight loss treatment and about the role of the home environment in weight loss. ..
  69. Long-Term Exercise Maintenance via Internet Support
    Paul Williams; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..We estimate that we will be able to detect differences in exercise cessation rates between the intervention and control group of 0.45% in runners and walkers separately (alpha=0.05, 80% statistical power). ..