anthropometry

Summary

Summary: The technique that deals with the measurement of the size, weight, and proportions of the human or other primate body.

Top Publications

  1. pmc Six new loci associated with body mass index highlight a neuronal influence on body weight regulation
    Cristen J Willer
    Genetic Investigation of ANthropometric Traits Consortium
    Nat Genet 41:25-34. 2009
  2. ncbi Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 2000 growth charts for the United States: improvements to the 1977 National Center for Health Statistics version
    Cynthia L Ogden
    National Center for Health Statistics, Hyattsville, Maryland National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Pediatrics 109:45-60. 2002
  3. ncbi British 1990 growth reference centiles for weight, height, body mass index and head circumference fitted by maximum penalized likelihood
    T J Cole
    MRC Dunn Nutrition Centre, Cambridge, UK
    Stat Med 17:407-29. 1998
  4. ncbi Health-related quality of life of severely obese children and adolescents
    Jeffrey B Schwimmer
    Division of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition, School of Medicine, University of California, San Diego 92103, USA
    JAMA 289:1813-9. 2003
  5. ncbi Six reasons why the waist-to-height ratio is a rapid and effective global indicator for health risks of obesity and how its use could simplify the international public health message on obesity
    Margaret Ashwell
    Oxford Brookes University, Ashwell Associates, Ashwell Street, Ashwell, UK, Headington Campus, Gipsy Lane, Oxford, UK
    Int J Food Sci Nutr 56:303-7. 2005
  6. ncbi What aspects of body fat are particularly hazardous and how do we measure them?
    M B Snijder
    Institute of Health Sciences, Faculty of Earth and Life Sciences, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Int J Epidemiol 35:83-92. 2006
  7. ncbi The development of waist circumference percentiles in British children aged 5.0-16.9 y
    H D McCarthy
    School of Health and Sports Science, The University of North London, London, UK
    Eur J Clin Nutr 55:902-7. 2001
  8. pmc Comparison of dual-energy x-ray absorptiometric and anthropometric measures of adiposity in relation to adiposity-related biologic factors
    Qi Sun
    Channing Laboratory, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 172:1442-54. 2010
  9. ncbi Why socially deprived populations have a faster resting heart rate: impact of behaviour, life course anthropometry, and biology--the RECORD Cohort Study
    Basile Chaix
    INSERM U707, Paris, France
    Soc Sci Med 73:1543-50. 2011
  10. ncbi Anthropometric measurement error and the assessment of nutritional status
    S J Ulijaszek
    Institute of Biological Anthropology, University of Oxford, UK
    Br J Nutr 82:165-77. 1999

Research Grants

  1. Sex Hormones in Postmenopausal Women in the Diabetes Prevention Program
    Catherine Kim; Fiscal Year: 2012
  2. JACKSON HEART STUDY
    ASOKA S SRINIVASAN; Fiscal Year: 2011
  3. JACKSON HEART STUDY
    HERMAN ALFRED TAYLOR; Fiscal Year: 2009
  4. JACKSON HEART STUDY
    HERMAN ALFRED TAYLOR; Fiscal Year: 2009
  5. JACKSON HEART STUDY
    Asoka Srinivasan; Fiscal Year: 2010
  6. JACKSON HEART STUDY
    ASOKA S SRINIVASAN; Fiscal Year: 2013
  7. JACKSON HEART STUDY
    Herman Taylor; Fiscal Year: 2010
  8. Effects of Gastric Bypass Surgery on Calcium Metabolism and the Skeleton
    ANNE LOUISE SCHAFER; Fiscal Year: 2013
  9. Biopsychosocial Determinants of Adolescent Obesity/Cardiovascular Risk
    Sheila Gahagan; Fiscal Year: 2012
  10. For Hearing Component in the Hispanic Community Health Study (HCHS)
    Lisa Lavange; Fiscal Year: 2009

Detail Information

Publications295 found, 100 shown here

  1. pmc Six new loci associated with body mass index highlight a neuronal influence on body weight regulation
    Cristen J Willer
    Genetic Investigation of ANthropometric Traits Consortium
    Nat Genet 41:25-34. 2009
    ..Several of the likely causal genes are highly expressed or known to act in the central nervous system (CNS), emphasizing, as in rare monogenic forms of obesity, the role of the CNS in predisposition to obesity...
  2. ncbi Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 2000 growth charts for the United States: improvements to the 1977 National Center for Health Statistics version
    Cynthia L Ogden
    National Center for Health Statistics, Hyattsville, Maryland National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Pediatrics 109:45-60. 2002
    ..To present a clinical version of the 2000 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) growth charts and to compare them with the previous version, the 1977 National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) growth charts...
  3. ncbi British 1990 growth reference centiles for weight, height, body mass index and head circumference fitted by maximum penalized likelihood
    T J Cole
    MRC Dunn Nutrition Centre, Cambridge, UK
    Stat Med 17:407-29. 1998
    ..The ability to express anthropometry as SDS greatly simplifies growth assessment.
  4. ncbi Health-related quality of life of severely obese children and adolescents
    Jeffrey B Schwimmer
    Division of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition, School of Medicine, University of California, San Diego 92103, USA
    JAMA 289:1813-9. 2003
    ..One in 7 US children and adolescents is obese, yet little is known about their health-related quality of life (QOL)...
  5. ncbi Six reasons why the waist-to-height ratio is a rapid and effective global indicator for health risks of obesity and how its use could simplify the international public health message on obesity
    Margaret Ashwell
    Oxford Brookes University, Ashwell Associates, Ashwell Street, Ashwell, UK, Headington Campus, Gipsy Lane, Oxford, UK
    Int J Food Sci Nutr 56:303-7. 2005
    ..This simple message is: Keep your waist circumference to less than half your height...
  6. ncbi What aspects of body fat are particularly hazardous and how do we measure them?
    M B Snijder
    Institute of Health Sciences, Faculty of Earth and Life Sciences, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Int J Epidemiol 35:83-92. 2006
  7. ncbi The development of waist circumference percentiles in British children aged 5.0-16.9 y
    H D McCarthy
    School of Health and Sports Science, The University of North London, London, UK
    Eur J Clin Nutr 55:902-7. 2001
    ..To develop waist circumference percentile curves for British children and to compare these curves with those from other countries...
  8. pmc Comparison of dual-energy x-ray absorptiometric and anthropometric measures of adiposity in relation to adiposity-related biologic factors
    Qi Sun
    Channing Laboratory, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 172:1442-54. 2010
    ....
  9. ncbi Why socially deprived populations have a faster resting heart rate: impact of behaviour, life course anthropometry, and biology--the RECORD Cohort Study
    Basile Chaix
    INSERM U707, Paris, France
    Soc Sci Med 73:1543-50. 2011
    ..Future research should further clarify the mechanisms through which socioeconomic disadvantage influences resting heart rate, as a pathway to social disparities in cardiovascular morbidity/mortality...
  10. ncbi Anthropometric measurement error and the assessment of nutritional status
    S J Ulijaszek
    Institute of Biological Anthropology, University of Oxford, UK
    Br J Nutr 82:165-77. 1999
    b>Anthropometry involves the external measurement of morphological traits of human beings...
  11. ncbi Abdominal adiposity and coronary heart disease in women
    K M Rexrode
    Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Mass 02215, USA
    JAMA 280:1843-8. 1998
    ..Obesity is a well-established risk factor for coronary heart disease (CHD), but whether regional fat distribution contributes independently to risk remains unclear...
  12. ncbi An assessment of maturity from anthropometric measurements
    Robert L Mirwald
    College of Kinesiology, University of Saskatchewan, 105 Gymnasium Place, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan S7N 5C2, Canada
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 34:689-94. 2002
    ..A noninvasive, practical method predicting years from peak height velocity (a maturity offset value) by using anthropometric variables is developed in one sample and cross-validated in two different samples...
  13. ncbi Body composition of a young, multiethnic, male population
    K J Ellis
    US Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Children s Nutrition Research Center, Houston, TX 77030 2600, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 66:1323-31. 1997
    ..We conclude that reference values of total body composition for young healthy males need to be ethnic specific...
  14. ncbi Neonatal anthropometry: the thin-fat Indian baby. The Pune Maternal Nutrition Study
    C S Yajnik
    King Edward Memorial Hospital, Rasta Peth, Pune, India
    Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 27:173-80. 2003
    ..To examine body size and fat measurements of babies born in rural India and compare them with white Caucasian babies born in an industrialised country...
  15. ncbi Urban-rural differentials in child malnutrition: trends and socioeconomic correlates in sub-Saharan Africa
    Jean Christophe Fotso
    African Population and Health Research Center, 00100 GPO, Nairobi, Kenya
    Health Place 13:205-23. 2007
    ..These urban-rural gaps are abolished in almost all countries when SES is controlled. These results suggest that policies and programs contributing to the attainment of the MDGs should pay particular attention to the urban poor...
  16. pmc Relationships of low serum vitamin D3 with anthropometry and markers of the metabolic syndrome and diabetes in overweight and obesity
    Anne Thea McGill
    University of Auckland Human Nutrition Unit, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand
    Nutr J 7:4. 2008
    ..In the current study, serum vitamin D3 was inversely related to weight, BMI and markers of TIIDM (large waist, raised HbA1c) but not to adipose mass nor to MetSyn per se...
  17. ncbi Genetic and environmental influences on birth weight, birth length, head circumference, and gestational age by use of population-based parent-offspring data
    Astrid Lunde
    Section for Epidemiology and Medical Statistics, Department of Public Health and Primary Health Care, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway
    Am J Epidemiol 165:734-41. 2007
    ..Relative to the proportion of explained variation, fetal genes were most important for birth length and head circumference...
  18. ncbi Measurement and standardization protocols for anthropometry used in the construction of a new international growth reference
    Mercedes de Onis
    Department of Nutrition, World Health Organization, 20 Avenue Appia, 1211 Geneva 27, Switzerland
    Food Nutr Bull 25:S27-36. 2004
    ..Rigorous anthropometry and data collection protocols were used in the WHO Multicentre Growth Reference Study to ensure high data ..
  19. ncbi Central obesity and breast cancer risk: a systematic review
    M Harvie
    University Departments of Medical Oncology, South Manchester University Hospitals, Manchester, UK
    Obes Rev 4:157-73. 2003
    ..Amongst pre-menopausal women, central (not general) obesity may be specifically associated with an increased risk of breast cancer...
  20. ncbi Waist circumference, waist-hip ratio and body mass index and their correlation with cardiovascular disease risk factors in Australian adults
    M Dalton
    International Diabetes Institute, Melbourne, Caulfield, Victoria, Australia
    J Intern Med 254:555-63. 2003
    ..To compare body mass index (BMI), waist circumference and waist-hip ratio (WHR) as indices of obesity and assess the respective associations with type 2 diabetes, hypertension and dyslipidaemia...
  21. ncbi Obstructive sleep apnea is independently associated with insulin resistance
    Mary S M Ip
    Department of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Queen Mary Hospital, Pokfulam, Hong Kong S A R, PR China
    Am J Respir Crit Care Med 165:670-6. 2002
    ..Our findings suggest that OSA is independently associated with insulin resistance, and its role in the atherogenic potential of sleep disordered breathing is worthy of further exploration...
  22. ncbi Overweight and obesity in Australia: the 1999-2000 Australian Diabetes, Obesity and Lifestyle Study (AusDiab)
    Adrian J Cameron
    Department of Epidemiology, International Diabetes Institute, 250 Kooyong Road, Caulfield, VIC 3162
    Med J Aust 178:427-32. 2003
    ..To measure the prevalence of obesity in Australian adults and to examine the associations of obesity with socioeconomic and lifestyle factors...
  23. ncbi Validation of bioelectrical impedance analysis in adolescents across different ethnic groups
    Dalia Haroun
    Childhood Nutrition Research Centre, UCL Institute of Child Health, London, UK
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 18:1252-9. 2010
    ..We found significant variability in BC between ethnic groups that was not reflected by BMI. Manufacturers' equations are unsuitable for predicting BC in multi-ethnic populations, and our new equations are recommended...
  24. ncbi Cutoff values for normal anthropometric variables in asian Indian adults
    Chamukuttan Snehalatha
    Diabetes Research Centre, M V Hospital for Diabetes and World Health Organization Collaborating Centre for Research, Education and Training in Diabetes, Royapuram, Chennai, India
    Diabetes Care 26:1380-4. 2003
    ..Therefore, this analysis was performed to find out the normal cutoff values for BMI and upper-body adiposity (waist circumference [WC] or waist-to-hip ratio [WHR]) by computing their risk associations with diabetes...
  25. ncbi Elevated body fat percentage and cardiovascular risks at low body mass index levels among Singaporean Chinese, Malays and Indians
    M Deurenberg-Yap
    Research and Information Management, Health Promotion Board, Singapore
    Obes Rev 3:209-15. 2002
    ....
  26. ncbi The prediction of visceral fat by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry in the elderly: a comparison with computed tomography and anthropometry
    M B Snijder
    Institute for Research in Extramural Medicine, Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 26:984-93. 2002
    ..The aim of the present study is to investigate whether the dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) method, possibly combined with anthropometry, offers a good alternative to CT for the prediction of visceral fat in the elderly.
  27. ncbi Body-composition assessment via air-displacement plethysmography in adults and children: a review
    David A Fields
    Department of Internal Medicine, The Center for Human Nutrition, Washington University, St Louis, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 75:453-67. 2002
    ..Wide intersubject variations between methods are partly attributed to technical precision and biological error but to a large extent remain unexplained. On the basis of this review, future research goals are suggested...
  28. ncbi Changes in body weight and body fat distribution as risk factors for clinical diabetes in US men
    Pauline Koh-Banerjee
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 159:1150-9. 2004
    ..5 cm. Our findings underscore the critical importance of maintaining weight and waist to reduce the risk of diabetes...
  29. ncbi Personal best marathon time and longest training run, not anthropometry, predict performance in recreational 24-hour ultrarunners
    Beat Knechtle
    Gesundheitszentrum St Gallen, St Gallen, Switzerland
    J Strength Cond Res 25:2212-8. 2011
    ....
  30. ncbi Waist-to-height ratio, a useful index to identify high metabolic risk in overweight children
    Claudio Maffeis
    Department of Mother and Child, Biology Genetics, Pediatric Unit, University of Verona, Verona, Italy
    J Pediatr 152:207-13. 2008
    ..To determine whether using a combination of body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC) or waist-to-height ratio (W/Hr) is clinically helpful in identifying children with high metabolic and cardiovascular risks...
  31. ncbi Prevalence of the metabolic syndrome in American adolescents: findings from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
    Sarah D de Ferranti
    Department of Cardiology, Children s Hospital, Boston, Mass 02115, USA
    Circulation 110:2494-7. 2004
    ..Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is defined by the Third Report of the Adult Treatment Panel (ATP III) using criteria easily applied by clinicians and researchers. There is no standard pediatric definition...
  32. pmc 25-hydroxyvitamin D and risk of myocardial infarction in men: a prospective study
    Edward Giovannucci
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, 665 Huntington Ave, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Arch Intern Med 168:1174-80. 2008
    ..Vitamin D deficiency may be involved in the development of atherosclerosis and coronary heart disease in humans...
  33. ncbi Similarities and differences in anthropometry and training between recreational male 100-km ultra-marathoners and marathoners
    Christoph Alexander Rüst
    Institute of General Practice and for Health Services Research, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
    J Sports Sci 30:1249-57. 2012
    ..We investigated similarities and differences in anthropometry and training characteristics between 166 100-km ultra-marathoners and 126 marathoners in recreational male ..
  34. ncbi Crossvalidation of anthropometry against magnetic resonance imaging for the assessment of visceral and subcutaneous adipose tissue in children
    P Brambilla
    Department of Pediatrics, Scientific Institute H San Raffaele, Milan, Italy
    Int J Obes (Lond) 30:23-30. 2006
    The study of the relationship between anthropometry and visceral adipose tissue (VAT) is of great interest because VAT is associated with many risk factors for noncommunicable diseases and anthropometry is easy to perform in clinical ..
  35. ncbi The effects of sex, ethnicity, and sexual orientation on self-measured digit ratio (2D:4D)
    John T Manning
    Department of Psychology, University of Central Lancashire, Preston, PR1 2HE, UK
    Arch Sex Behav 36:223-33. 2007
    ..In comparison, our self-reported measures gave higher mean 2D:4D, lower effect sizes, and, in some instances, different patterns of effect size. The implications of our findings for future research into 2D:4D are discussed...
  36. pmc H.U.B city steps: methods and early findings from a community-based participatory research trial to reduce blood pressure among African Americans
    Jamie M Zoellner
    Department of Human Nutrition, Foods and Exercise, Virginia Tech, 1981 Kraft Drive 0913, Blacksburg, VA 24061, USA
    Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 8:59. 2011
    ..This behavioral study describes the conceptual frameworks, methods, and early findings related to the reach, adoption, implementation, and effectiveness on primary blood pressure outcomes...
  37. pmc The natural history of insulin secretory dysfunction and insulin resistance in the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes mellitus
    C Weyer
    Clinical Diabetes and Nutrition Section, National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Phoenix, Arizona 85016, USA
    J Clin Invest 104:787-94. 1999
    ..Thus, defects in insulin secretion and insulin action occur early in the pathogenesis of diabetes. Intervention to prevent diabetes should target both abnormalities...
  38. ncbi Anthropometry as a tool for measuring malnutrition: impact of the new WHO growth standards and reference
    M B Duggan
    Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, Mbarara, Uganda College of Medicine, Blantyre, Malawi
    Ann Trop Paediatr 30:1-17. 2010
    b>Anthropometry is a useful tool, both for monitoring growth and for nutritional assessment...
  39. ncbi Waist to stature ratio is more strongly associated with cardiovascular risk factors than other simple anthropometric indices
    Sai Yin Ho
    Department of Community Medicine, Clinical Biochemistry Unit, University of Hong Kong Medical Centre, Pokfulam, Hong Kong
    Ann Epidemiol 13:683-91. 2003
    ..To determine which is the best anthropometric index among body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), waist to hip ratio (WHR) and waist to stature ratio (WSR) in relation to cardiovascular risk factors...
  40. ncbi Stabilometric parameters are affected by anthropometry and foot placement
    Lorenzo Chiari
    Biomedical Engineering Unit, Department of Electronics, Computer Science and Systems, University of Bologna, Viale Risorgimento, 2, Italy
    Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon) 17:666-77. 2002
    To recognize and quantify the influence of biomechanical factors, namely anthropometry and foot placement, on the more common measures of stabilometric performance, including new-generation stochastic parameters.
  41. ncbi Anthropometry and body composition profile of girls with nonsurgically treated adolescent idiopathic scoliosis
    Carlos Barrios
    Department of Surgery, Valencia University Medical School, Valencia, Spain
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 36:1470-7. 2011
    ..Cross-sectional study with level III of evidence...
  42. ncbi Thyroid hormone status within the physiological range affects bone mass and density in healthy men at the age of peak bone mass
    Greet Roef
    Department of Endocrinology, Ghent University Hospital, De Pintelaan 185, 9000 Ghent, Belgium
    Eur J Endocrinol 164:1027-34. 2011
    ..Apart from gonadal steroids and somatotropic hormones, thyroid hormones are known to affect bone maturation and homeostasis and are additional candidate determinants of adult bone mass...
  43. ncbi The effects of age, physical activity level, and body anthropometry on calcaneal speed of sound value in men
    Kok Yong Chin
    Pharmacology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Jalan Raja Muda Abdul Aziz, 50300, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
    Arch Osteoporos 7:135-45. 2012
    The influences of age, physical activity, and body anthropometry on calcaneal speed of sound are different among young adults, middle-aged, and elderly men.
  44. ncbi Obesity and the white blood cell count: changes with sustained weight loss
    John B Dixon
    Australian Centre for Obesity Research and Education, Monash Medical School, The Alfred Hospital, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
    Obes Surg 16:251-7. 2006
    ..The authors explored the relationship between the WBC and degree of obesity, basic anthropometry, and clinical and biochemical markers of the metabolic syndrome at baseline, and with weight loss following ..
  45. ncbi Computed tomography-based validation of abdominal adiposity measurements from ultrasonography, dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry and anthropometry
    Anna M I Gradmark
    Genetic Epidemiology and Clinical Research Group, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Division of Medicine, Umea University Hospital, Umeå 90 187, Sweden
    Br J Nutr 104:582-8. 2010
    ..validity of three abdominal obesity assessment methods (dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA), ultrasound and anthropometry) against the gold-standard method of computed tomography (CT) in twenty-nine non-diseased middle-aged men (BMI ..
  46. ncbi A face only an investor could love: CEOs' facial structure predicts their firms' financial performance
    Elaine M Wong
    Department of Communication, University of Wisconsin Milwaukee, Milwaukee, WI 53201, USA
    Psychol Sci 22:1478-83. 2011
    ....
  47. ncbi Cross-sectional geometry of weight-bearing tibia in female athletes subjected to different exercise loadings
    R Nikander
    Bone Research Group, UKK Institute for Health Promotion Research, Kaupinpuistonkatu 1, 33501, Tampere, Finland
    Osteoporos Int 21:1687-94. 2010
    ....
  48. ncbi Growth pattern and growth prediction of body height in children with mucopolysaccharidosis type II
    Agnieszka Rozdzynska
    Anthropology Laboratory, The Children s Memorial Health Institute, Warsaw, Poland
    Acta Paediatr 100:456-60. 2011
    ..Our goal was to evaluate the level, degree and direction of deviation in the ontogenesis of patients with mucopolysaccharidosis type II (MPS II) in comparison with the healthy population...
  49. ncbi Comparison of different anthropometric measures as predictors of diabetes incidence in a Chinese population
    Zhaoxia Jia
    Department of Epidemiology and Health Statistics, School of Public Health and Family Medicine, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100069, China
    Diabetes Res Clin Pract 92:265-71. 2011
    ..We aimed to explore an optimal anthropometric indicator and optimal cut-off points for incident diabetes in Chinese adults...
  50. pmc A lack of sexual dimorphism in width-to-height ratio in white European faces using 2D photographs, 3D scans, and anthropometry
    Robin S S Kramer
    School of Psychology, Bangor University, Bangor, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 7:e42705. 2012
    ..in three White European samples using three different methods of measurement: 2D photographs, 3D scans, and anthropometry. By measuring the same individuals with multiple methods, we demonstrated high agreement across all measures...
  51. ncbi Aging, body composition, and lifestyle: the Fels Longitudinal Study
    S S Guo
    Division of Human Biology, Department of Community Health, Wright State University School of Medicine, Yellow Springs, OH 45387 1695, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 70:405-11. 1999
    ..Changes in body composition in men and women occur with age, but these changes are affected by numerous covariate factors...
  52. ncbi Optimal waist circumference cutoffs for abdominal obesity in Chinese
    Yuqian Bao
    Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Shanghai JiaoTong University Affiliated Sixth People s Hospital, Shanghai Diabetes Institute, Shanghai Clinical Center of Diabetes, Shanghai, China
    Atherosclerosis 201:378-84. 2008
    ..To determine the appropriate cutoffs for visceral fat area (VFA) measured by magnetic resonance imaging linking to risk of the metabolic syndrome (MetS) and the corresponding waist circumference in Chinese...
  53. pmc A randomised control trial of low glycaemic index carbohydrate diet versus no dietary intervention in the prevention of recurrence of macrosomia
    Jennifer Walsh
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University College Dublin National Maternity Hospital, Dublin, Ireland
    BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 10:16. 2010
    ..Fetal macrosomia recurs in a second pregnancy in one third of women, and maternal weight influences this recurrence risk 3...
  54. ncbi Socio-economic disparities of childhood Body Mass Index in a newly developed population: evidence from Hong Kong's 'Children of 1997' birth cohort
    C Mary Schooling
    Department of Community Medicine and School of Public Health, Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, PR China
    Arch Dis Child 95:437-43. 2010
    ..The authors examined whether childhood BMI was associated with family or neighbourhood socio-economic characteristics in a recently and rapidly developed Chinese population...
  55. ncbi Craniofacial anthropometric norms of Malays
    W C Ngeow
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur 50603, Malaysia
    Singapore Med J 50:525-8. 2009
    ..This study was undertaken to establish the craniofacial anthropometric norms of young adult Malaysian Malays...
  56. ncbi Malnutrition and intestinal parasitic infections in school children of Gondar, North West Ethiopia
    Netsanet Worku
    Department of Nutrition, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Gondar, P O Box 196, Gondar, Ethiopia
    Ethiop Med J 47:9-16. 2009
    ..In developing countries, malnutrition is a considerable health problem with prevalence ranges of 4-46%, with 1-10% severely malnourished...
  57. pmc Prognostic significance of the complex "Visceral Adiposity Index" vs. simple anthropometric measures: Tehran lipid and glucose study
    Bozorgmanesh Mohammadreza
    Prevention of Metabolic Disorders Research Center, Research institute for endocrine sciences RIES, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
    Cardiovasc Diabetol 11:20. 2012
    ..We compared the predictive abilities of the VAI with those of simple anthropometric measures i.e. BMI, waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) or waist-to-hip ratio (WHpR)...
  58. ncbi Rheumatoid cachexia, central obesity and malnutrition in patients with low-active rheumatoid arthritis: feasibility of anthropometry, Mini Nutritional Assessment and body composition techniques
    Ann Charlotte Elkan
    Department of Rheumatology, R92, Karolinska Institute, Karolinska University Hospital Huddinge, 141 86, Stockholm, Sweden
    Eur J Nutr 48:315-22. 2009
    ..The objectives of this study were to evaluate body composition and nutritional status in patients with RA and the feasibility of bioelectrical impedance (BIA) to detect rheumatoid cachexia...
  59. ncbi Prediction of hypertension, diabetes, dyslipidaemia or albuminuria using simple anthropometric indexes in Hong Kong Chinese
    G T Ko
    Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Prince of Wales Hospital, Shatin, Hong Kong
    Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 23:1136-42. 1999
    ..In this analysis, we aimed to assess which anthropometric cutoff values are best at predicting the likelihood of diabetes, hypertension, dyslipidaemia and albuminuria in Hong Kong Chinese...
  60. ncbi Laboratory and field measurements of body composition
    N G Norgan
    Department of Human Sciences, Loughborough University, UK
    Public Health Nutr 8:1108-22. 2005
    ....
  61. ncbi Sagittal abdominal diameter compared with other anthropometric measurements in relation to cardiovascular risk
    M Ohrvall
    Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences Geriatrics, Uppsala University, Sweden
    Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 24:497-501. 2000
    ..Abdominal adiposity has been described as an independent risk factor for coronary heart disease. Sagittal abdominal diameter has been found to be closely related to the amount of visceral adipose tissue...
  62. ncbi The University of New Hampshire's Young Adult Health Risk Screening Initiative
    Joanne D Burke
    Department of Molecular, Cellular, and Biomedical Sciences, University of New Hampshire, 129 Main Street, Durham, NH 03824, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 109:1751-8. 2009
    ..Results have led to an enhanced understanding of the nutrition practices and health status of this population and will serve to inform university programs and policies...
  63. ncbi Refined grain consumption and the metabolic syndrome in urban Asian Indians (Chennai Urban Rural Epidemiology Study 57)
    Ganesan Radhika
    Madras Diabetes Research Foundation, WHO Collaborating Centre for Non Communicable diseases, Gopalapuram, Chennai 600 086, India
    Metabolism 58:675-81. 2009
    ..83; 95% confidence interval, 4.72-12.99). Higher intake of refined grains was associated with insulin resistance and the metabolic syndrome in this population of Asian Indians who habitually consume high-carbohydrate diets...
  64. pmc Centile charts for birthweight for gestational age for Scottish singleton births
    Sandra Bonellie
    School of Accountancy, Economics and Statistics, Napier University, 10 Colinton Road, Edinburgh, EH10 5DT, UK
    BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 8:5. 2008
    ..The charts currently used in Scotland are based on data from the 1970s and require updating given changes in birthweight and in the measurement of gestational age since then...
  65. ncbi Childhood circumstances and anthropometry: the Boyd Orr cohort
    Elise Whitley
    Department of Social Medicine, Bristol BS8 2PR, UK
    Ann Hum Biol 35:518-34. 2008
    ....
  66. ncbi Associations between objectively assessed physical activity and indicators of body fatness in 9- to 10-y-old European children: a population-based study from 4 distinct regions in Europe (the European Youth Heart Study)
    Ulf Ekelund
    MRC Epidemiology Unit, Strangeways Research Laboratories, Wort s Causeway, Cambridge CB1 8RN, United Kingdom
    Am J Clin Nutr 80:584-90. 2004
    ..The rising prevalence of obesity in children may be due to a reduction in physical activity (PA)...
  67. ncbi Incidence of hypertension by alcohol consumption: is it modified by race?
    André Avelino Steffens
    Division of Cardiology, Hospital de Clinicas de Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil
    J Hypertens 24:1489-92. 2006
    ..To investigate the influence of race, binge drinking and alcohol addiction on the association between consumption of alcoholic beverages and incidence of hypertension...
  68. ncbi Optimal anthropometric factor cutoffs for hyperglycemia, hypertension and dyslipidemia for the Taiwanese population
    Chin Hsiao Tseng
    National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan
    Atherosclerosis 210:585-9. 2010
    ..Optimal cutoffs for obesity indices are rarely studied in Asians. We evaluated these cutoffs for diabetes, hypertension, dyslipidemia and any risk factor for the Taiwanese general population...
  69. ncbi Neck circumference as a simple screening measure for identifying overweight and obese patients
    L Ben-Noun
    Department of Family Medicine, Faculty for Health Sciences, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Israel
    Obes Res 9:470-7. 2001
    ..There are numerous methods of assessing overweight and obesity. We undertook an observational study to test a method of identifying overweight or obese patients solely by measuring the circumference of the neck...
  70. pmc High prevalence of vitamin D insufficiency and its association with BMI-for-age among primary school children in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
    Geok L Khor
    Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, School of Pharmacy and Health Sciences, International Medical University, Bukit Jalil, 57000 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
    BMC Public Health 11:95. 2011
    ..Data on the micronutrient status of children in Malaysia is limited. The aim of this study was to determine the anthropometric and micronutrient status of primary school children in the capital city of Kuala Lumpur...
  71. ncbi Incidence and risk factors for the metabolic syndrome in an urban South European population
    Ana Cristina Santos
    Department of Hygiene and Epidemiology, University of Porto Medical School, Institute of Public Health of University of Porto, 4200 319 Porto, Portugal
    Prev Med 50:99-105. 2010
    ..To estimate the incidence of the metabolic syndrome in a Portuguese sample and to evaluate its specific risk factors...
  72. ncbi Correlation between body mass index and body composition in elite athletes
    R P Garrido-Chamorro
    Department of Clinical Medicine University Miguel Hernández, Alicante, Spain
    J Sports Med Phys Fitness 49:278-84. 2009
    ..The aim of this study was to determine the correlation between BMI and fat, muscle and bone percentages...
  73. ncbi Measurement of percentage of body fat in 411 children and adolescents: a comparison of dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry with a four-compartment model
    Aviva B Sopher
    Institute of Human Nutrition, Columbia University, New York, New York, USA
    Pediatrics 113:1285-90. 2004
    ....
  74. pmc Parental weight estimation of their child's weight is more accurate than other weight estimation methods for determining children's weight in an emergency department?
    David Krieser
    Joseph Epstein Centre for Emergency Medicine Research, Western Health, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
    Emerg Med J 24:756-9. 2007
    ..To compare the various paediatric weight estimation methods (Advanced Pediatric Life Support, Broselow Tape, Argall, and Best Guess) and parental estimate to measured weight...
  75. ncbi The influence of gender and somatotype on single-leg upright standing postural stability in children
    Alex J Y Lee
    Department of Physical Education, National Hsinchu University of Education, Hsinchu, Taiwan
    J Appl Biomech 23:173-9. 2007
    ..The explanation for somatotype differences might be due to the significantly lower body height and higher portion of muscular profile in the mesomorphic children...
  76. ncbi Influence of obesity on accurate and rapid arm movement performed from a standing posture
    F Berrigan
    Groupe de Recherche en Analyse du Mouvement et Ergonomie GRAME, Quebec, Canada
    Int J Obes (Lond) 30:1750-7. 2006
    ..This study sought to examine if obesity imposes an additional balance control constraint limiting the speed and accuracy with which an upper limb goal-directed movement performed from an upright standing position can be executed...
  77. ncbi Thin-plate spline analysis of allometry and sexual dimorphism in the human craniofacial complex
    Antonio Rosas
    Department of Paleobiology, Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales, 28006 Madrid, Spain
    Am J Phys Anthropol 117:236-45. 2002
    ..The sex-specific TPS deformation patterns are hypothesized to be associated with sexual differences in body composition and energetic requirements...
  78. ncbi Background considerations to facial aesthetics
    R J Edler
    Orthodontic Department, Norman Rowe Maxillofacial Unit, Queen Mary's University Hospital, Roehampton Lane, London SW15 5PN, UK
    J Orthod 28:159-68. 2001
    ..The discussion focuses on the concept of "averageness", as well as supplementary hypotheses. Finally, the origins and validity of contemporary clinical guidelines are addressed...
  79. ncbi Interindividual variation in abdominal subcutaneous and visceral adipose tissue: influence of measurement site
    SoJung Lee
    School of Physical and Health Education, Queen s University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada K7L 3N6
    J Appl Physiol 97:948-54. 2004
    ..However, the ability to predict SAT and VAT mass by using single images obtained at the L4-L5, L4-L5 +5 cm, or L3-L4 levels is comparable...
  80. pmc Interethnic differences in the accuracy of anthropometric indicators of obesity in screening for high risk of coronary heart disease
    V M Herrera
    Department of Population Health Sciences, University of Wisconsin, 610 Walnut Street, Madison, WI 53726 2397, USA
    Int J Obes (Lond) 33:568-76. 2009
    ..Cut points for defining obesity have been derived from mortality data among Whites from Europe and the United States and their accuracy to screen for high risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) in other ethnic groups has been questioned...
  81. pmc Weight estimation in resuscitation: is the current formula still valid?
    Mark Luscombe
    The Royal Hallamshire Hospital, Sheffield, South Yorkshire, UK
    Arch Dis Child 92:412-5. 2007
    ..If a significant difference was found, the data would be used to derive a more accurate formula...
  82. ncbi The Netherlands Twin Register biobank: a resource for genetic epidemiological studies
    Gonneke Willemsen
    Department of Biological Psychology, VU University Amsterdam, Amsterdam, Netherlands
    Twin Res Hum Genet 13:231-45. 2010
    ..It offers opportunities for DNA-based and gene expression studies as well as for future metabolomic and proteomic projects...
  83. ncbi Prediction of body fat in 12-y-old African American and white children: evaluation of methods
    George A Bray
    Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70808, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 76:980-90. 2002
    ..The prevalence of obesity is increasing in children. Validation of methods of predicting fatness in African American and white children could help to identify children at high risk...
  84. ncbi Which anthropometric measurements is most closely related to elevated blood pressure?
    Bektas Murat Yalcin
    Ondokuz Mayis University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Family Medicine, Kurupelit Samsun, Turkey
    Fam Pract 22:541-7. 2005
    ..But there is no common opinion about which effectiveness of the anthropometric measurement tools indicating general or android obesity are most important to follow up in patients with elevated blood pressures...
  85. ncbi Smoking during pregnancy and components of stature in offspring
    Sam Leary
    Unit of Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology, Department of Community Based Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol BS8 1TQ, UK
    Am J Hum Biol 18:502-12. 2006
    ..Smoking at any time in pregnancy reduces offspring height and its components, and in particular leg length and leg-to-trunk ratio at age 7.5...
  86. ncbi Index of central obesity - A novel parameter
    Rakesh M Parikh
    Department of Endocrinology, Seth GS Medical College and KEM Hospital, DEXA Room, 9th Floor, New Building, Parel, Mumbai 400 012, India
    Med Hypotheses 68:1272-5. 2007
    ..557 vs 0.645). ICO has a potential to be a better parameter of central obesity. It may obviate the need for numerous WC cutoffs and may even be applicable to children where existing parameters are not useful...
  87. ncbi Association of body size and muscle strength with incidence of coronary heart disease and cerebrovascular diseases: a population-based cohort study of one million Swedish men
    Karri Silventoinen
    Department of Public Health, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Int J Epidemiol 38:110-8. 2009
    ..Muscle strength and body size may be associated with coronary heart disease (CHD) and stroke risk. However, perhaps because of a low number of cases, existing evidence is inconsistent...
  88. pmc A new growth chart for preterm babies: Babson and Benda's chart updated with recent data and a new format
    Tanis R Fenton
    Department of Community Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Calgary, 3330 Hospital Drive NW, Calgary, Alberta, T2N 4N1, Canada
    BMC Pediatr 3:13. 2003
    ..The purpose of this study was to develop an updated growth chart beginning at 22 weeks based on a meta-analysis of published reference studies...
  89. ncbi Worldwide timing of growth faltering: implications for nutritional interventions
    R Shrimpton
    Nutrition Unit, UNICEF, New York, New York, USA
    Pediatrics 107:E75. 2001
    ..CONCLUSIONS: These findings highlight the need for prenatal and early life interventions to prevent growth failure...
  90. ncbi Estimating abdominal adipose tissue with DXA and anthropometry
    Alison M Hill
    ATN Centre for Metabolic Fitness, Nutritional Physiology Research Centre, University of South Australia, Adelaide, South Australia 5005, Australia
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 15:504-10. 2007
    ..an anatomically defined region of interest (ROI) from DXA assessment of body composition that when combined with anthropometry can be used to accurately predict intra-abdominal adipose tissue (IAAT) in overweight/obese individuals.
  91. ncbi Digit ratio (2D:4D) and physical fitness in males and females: Evidence for effects of prenatal androgens on sexually selected traits
    Johannes Hönekopp
    Department of Psychology, Technische Universitat Chemnitz, Germany
    Horm Behav 49:545-9. 2006
    ..Thus, 2D:4D in males may be a negative correlate of frequent exercise which then relates to achievement in sports and athletics...
  92. pmc Estimates of excess deaths associated with body mass index and other anthropometric variables
    Katherine M Flegal
    National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Hyattsville, MD 20782, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 89:1213-9. 2009
    ..Estimates of excess mortality associated with body mass index (BMI; in kg/m(2)) have been calculated for the US population...
  93. ncbi Decrease in serum adiponectin level due to obesity and visceral fat accumulation in children
    Kohtaro Asayama
    Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, University of Occupational and Environmental Health, Iseigaoka, Kitakyushu, Japan
    Obes Res 11:1072-9. 2003
    ..To determine whether serum adiponectin is decreased in obesity and is restored toward normal level after treatment in children...
  94. ncbi The use of BMI and waist circumference as surrogates of body fat differs by ethnicity
    Scott A Lear
    Simon Fraser University, School of Kinesiology, 515 West Hastings Street, Vancouver, BC, Canada V6B 5K3
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 15:2817-24. 2007
    ..To compare the prediction of percentage body fat using BMI and visceral adipose tissue (VAT) using waist circumference (WC) in individuals of Chinese, European, and South Asian origin...
  95. ncbi Overweight and obesity in children with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder
    K Holtkamp
    Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Technical University of Aachen, Germany
    Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 28:685-9. 2004
    ..The aim of our study was to assess if the prevalence of overweight and obesity is lower in a population of boys with ADHD in comparison with the German healthy male reference population of the same age...
  96. ncbi Fetal origins of adult disease: strength of effects and biological basis
    D J P Barker
    Medical Research Council Environmental Epidemiology Unit, Southampton SO16 6YD, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 31:1235-9. 2002
    ....
  97. ncbi Parental obesity, lifestyle factors and obesity in preschool children: results of the Toyama Birth Cohort study
    Michikazu Sekine
    Department of Welfare Promotion and Epidemiology, Toyama Medical and Pharmaceutical University, Faculty of Medicine, Toyama, Japan
    J Epidemiol 12:33-9. 2002
    ..Eating and exercising habits were not significantly associated with obesity. These results indicate that parental obesity and short sleeping hours are possible risk factors for obesity in preschool children...
  98. ncbi Comparison of anthropometric characteristics in predicting the incidence of type 2 diabetes in the EPIC-Potsdam study
    Matthias B Schulze
    Department of Epidemiology, German Institute of Human Nutrition Potsdam Rehbruecke, Nuthetal
    Diabetes Care 29:1921-3. 2006
  99. ncbi Vascular dysfunction and reduced circulating endothelial progenitor cells in young healthy UK South Asian men
    Cliona Murphy
    Cardiovascular Division, Kings College London, London, UK
    Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol 27:936-42. 2007
    ....
  100. ncbi Food variety and dietary diversity scores in children: are they good indicators of dietary adequacy?
    N P Steyn
    Chronic Diseases of Lifestyle Unit, Medical Research Council, PO Box 19070, Tygerberg 7505, South Africa
    Public Health Nutr 9:644-50. 2006
    ..To assess whether a food variety score (FVS) and/or a dietary diversity score (DDS) are good indicators of nutrient adequacy of the diet of South African children...

Research Grants66

  1. Sex Hormones in Postmenopausal Women in the Diabetes Prevention Program
    Catherine Kim; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..or impaired glucose tolerance, 45% of whom were non-white, and the DPP also obtained multiple measures of anthropometry, insulin secretion, insulin sensitivity, and fasting and postchallenge glucose...
  2. JACKSON HEART STUDY
    ASOKA S SRINIVASAN; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..5,302 participants completed exams that included demographics, psychosocial inventories, medical history, anthropometry, resting and ambulatory blood pressure, phlebotomy and 24-hour urine collection, ECG, echocardiography, and ..
  3. JACKSON HEART STUDY
    HERMAN ALFRED TAYLOR; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..5,302 participants completed exams that included demographics, psychosocial inventories, medical history, anthropometry, resting and ambulatory blood pressure, phlebotomy and 24-hour urine collection, ECG, echocardiography, and ..
  4. JACKSON HEART STUDY
    HERMAN ALFRED TAYLOR; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..5,302 participants completed exams that included demographics, psychosocial inventories, medical history, anthropometry, resting and ambulatory blood pressure, phlebotomy and 24-hour urine collection, ECG, echocardiography, and ..
  5. JACKSON HEART STUDY
    Asoka Srinivasan; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..5,302 participants completed exams that included demographics, psychosocial inventories, medical history, anthropometry, resting and ambulatory blood pressure, phlebotomy and 24-hour urine collection, ECG, echocardiography, and ..
  6. JACKSON HEART STUDY
    ASOKA S SRINIVASAN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..5,302 participants completed exams that included demographics, psychosocial inventories, medical history, anthropometry, resting and ambulatory blood pressure, phlebotomy and 24-hour urine collection, ECG, echocardiography, and ..
  7. JACKSON HEART STUDY
    Herman Taylor; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..5,302 participants completed exams that included demographics, psychosocial inventories, medical history, anthropometry, resting and ambulatory blood pressure, phlebotomy and 24-hour urine collection, ECG, echocardiography, and ..
  8. Effects of Gastric Bypass Surgery on Calcium Metabolism and the Skeleton
    ANNE LOUISE SCHAFER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Finally, she will assess body composition changes by anthropometry, DXA, and QCT, and changes in fat-secreted hormones, and she will evaluate the relationship between changes in ..
  9. Biopsychosocial Determinants of Adolescent Obesity/Cardiovascular Risk
    Sheila Gahagan; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..In addition, we will measure anthropometry, fat and muscle mass (DXA), fasting glucose, insulin (HOMA IR), lipids, leptin, ghrelin, adiponectin, orexin, ..
  10. For Hearing Component in the Hispanic Community Health Study (HCHS)
    Lisa Lavange; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Procedures for each enrolled subject include measurement of blood pressure, anthropometry, physical activity, spirometry, sleep studies, ECG, dental examination, hearing examination, and cognitive ..
  11. Adiposity and Outcomes of Clinically Localized Prostate Cancer
    Vincent L Freeman; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Adiposity will be quantified by anthropometry and dual energy x-ray absorptiometry at diagnosis and one year after surgery...
  12. Changes in Adipokines and Adiposity during Puberty and Young Adulthood
    NICOLE LENORE MIHALOPOULOS; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..unique because it followed children every 4 months for four years (1991-1995) to assess changes in lipids and anthropometry during puberty. In study 2B, 220 obese children and adolescents (8-18yo) recruited from Dr...
  13. Genome-wide Association Study: Fetal Hemoglobin Phenotypes in Sickle Cell Disease
    Betty Pace; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Tertiary outcomes will include sub-maximal indices of cardiorespiratory fitness, anthropometry, and specific mechanistic markers associated with glycolysis, aerobic metabolism, [unreadable]-oxidation, and ..
  14. Health and Retirement Survey for India
    David Bloom; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..retirement, and pension;income and consumption;housing and assets;survival expectations;and biomeasures (anthropometry, functional assessment, and biomarkers)...
  15. Insulin Sensitivity using Aerobic Interval Conditioning (ISAIC)
    Conrad P Earnest; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Tertiary outcomes will include sub-maximal indices of cardiorespiratory fitness, anthropometry, and specific mechanistic markers associated with glycolysis, aerobic metabolism, [unreadable]-oxidation, and ..
  16. International Epidemiologic Databases to Evaluate AIDS-Southern Africa (IeDEA-SA)
    Matthias Egger; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Trends in exposure to antenatal and postnatal ARVs, pregnancy outcomes including prematurity and anthropometry, feeding practices and growth over 18 months will be examined in sub- cohorts of pregnant women and infants...
  17. Epidemiology of Bone Loss in African Men
    Joseph M Zmuda; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..An extensive database of clinical and epidemiologic factors including anthropometry and body composition, medical conditions, lifestyle characteristics, dietary intake, and use of medications, ..
  18. Randomized Controlled Study of Adenotonsillectomy for Childhood Sleep Apnea
    SUSAN S REDLINE; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..7 months later, we will obtain standardized overnight polysomnography, morning and evening blood pressures, anthropometry, a fasting blood sample, and perform a comprehensive assessment of neurocognitive and behavioral functions...
  19. Multi-vitamins, HAART and HIV/AIDS in Uganda
    Wafaie W Fawzi; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..We will perform nutritional assessments (anthropometry and dietary intake) at enrollment and several follow-up points, and laboratory measurements (CD4 cell counts ..
  20. Early life anthropometry, IGF pathway polymorphisms, and colorectal cancer risk
    Esther Wei; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..long-term consequences of body size on adult chronic disease by studying the association between early-life anthropometry, birthweight, body size in childhood and young adulthood, and the risk of colorectal neoplasia...
  21. Exercise Effects on Serum Biomarkers of Angiogenesis
    CATHERINE ROSE DUGGAN; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..These women are well characterized in terms of self-reported diet and physical activity, anthropometry, body composition, and blood biomarkers, including sex hormones, insulin, C-reactive protein, and others...
  22. Long term Impact and Intervention for Diarrhea in Brazil
    Richard L Guerrant; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..It will collect long-term follow up data (anthropometry and cognitive development) on these populations and will then conduct a genome wide association study (GWAS) ..
  23. Healthy Child Weight Through Improved Parent Practices and Environmental Change
    DIANNE STANTON WARD; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The primary outcome, %BF in children, will be assessed using anthropometry and a validated prediction equation (Denzenberg, 1999)...
  24. Lifestyle Interventions in Overweight and Obese Pregnant Women
    Xavier Pi-Sunyer; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The measurements will be anthropometry, whole body MRI, EchoMRI, and whole body plethysmography (BodPod)...
  25. The interaction of diet, air pollution, and cardiovascular disease in NHANES.
    Terry Gordon; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Information on blood biomarkers, anthropometry, and dietary intake was obtained at study baseline and all subjects were followed up to 20 years until death ..
  26. Emergence of Cardiometabolic Risk Across the Lifecycle in China
    Penny Gordon-Larsen; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..We capitalize on a vast array of longitudinal anthropometry, blood pressure and detailed behavioral, socioeconomic and environmental information as well as newly ..
  27. MOLECULAR MECHANISMS AND MODULATION OF GLIAL ACTIVATION
    Linda Van Eldik; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..b>Anthropometry and body composition measurements will be repeated after 1 y to determine body weight and fat change in the ..
  28. Environmental Changes and Health Outcomes across 25 Years: Four US Cities
    Penny Gordon-Larsen; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Young Adults (CARDIA) study provides a wide age range, high quality longitudinal, biological, behavioral and anthropometry and biomarker data of CARDIA, geographic diversity, and different patterns and pace of change across the four ..
  29. Increasing Animal Foods in Diets of HIV-Infected Kenyan Women and Their Children
    Judith A Ernst; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Methodologies (BIA and anthropometry) will be validated with isotope dilution (2H2O) in a sub-sample of the enrolled drug nave HIV-infected Kenyan ..
  30. A photographic method for human body composition assessment
    HELEN OLIVIA AFFUSO; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Existing methods beyond height, weight, and very simple anthropometry are still not the norm in large-scale epidemiologic studies and clinical studies...
  31. Are Overweight Children with T1DM at Increased Risk of Cardiovascular Disease?
    Ingrid M Libman; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..the Pediatric Clinical Translational Research Center (PCTRC) for 24 hours to undergo questionnaire, body anthropometry, blood pressure, fasting blood tests, whole body DEXA, carotid ultrasonography and in the groups with diabetes,..
  32. The Global Network and Preconception Maternal Nutrition
    Nancy F Krebs; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Baseline parental, fetal (ultrasound), birth weight, early neonatal (7 d) and infant anthropometry (3 and 6 mo...
  33. Longitudinal Associations of Neighborhood Environment with Obesity and Health
    Susan H Babey; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..LA FANS collected self-report data on physical health and the social environment, as well as anthropometry and biomarkers, added in the second wave...
  34. University of Guam/Cancer Research Center of Hawaii Partnership (1 of 2)
    David C Ward; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..We will collect data on betel nut use, presence of oral precancerous lesions, diet, demographics, anthropometry, medical history, and physical activity...
  35. University of Guam/Cancer Research Center of Hawaii Partnership (2 of 2)
    Robert A Underwood; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..We will collect data on betel nut use, presence of oral precancerous lesions, diet, demographics, anthropometry, medical history, and physical activity...
  36. MICRONUTRIENTS AND ENTERIC INFECTION IN AFRICAN CHILDREN
    MICHAEL BENNISH; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..b>Anthropometry will be measured regularly, and bioimpedance will be performed to determine body composition...
  37. Dietary Influence on Mortality from Air Pollution Exposure in the NIH-AARP Cohort
    GEORGE DOUGLAS THURSTON; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..As a central part of the NIH-AARP Diet and Health Study, detailed food and nutrient intakes and anthropometry were assessed with a validated food frequency questionnaire and self-measurements, respectively...
  38. Self-Regulation as a Biological Mechanism for Excess Weight Gain in Toddlers
    Alison L Miller; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..to collect measures of salivary cortisol and alpha amylase, self-regulation, eating behavior, diet, and anthropometry from 250 low-income children longitudinally at ages 21, 27, and 33 months...
  39. The CYGNET Study: Enviromental and Genetic Determinants of Maturation of Girls
    Lawrence H Kushi; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Exposures of interest are assessed through clinical exam (e.g., anthropometry), interviews and questionnaires (e.g...
  40. Improving High School Breakfast Environments
    Marilyn S Nanney; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..A team of investigators with expertise in successful implementation of multi- school trials, school-level interventions, and state of the art youth diet and anthropometry measures propose the following aims.
  41. Sustained Skeletal Benefits of Adolescent Exercise
    Tamara A Scerpella; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Diet, gymnastics and other physical activity, anthropometry and Tanner self-stage will be assessed semi-annually;muscle strength will be measured annually to coincide ..
  42. Eating Behaviors Among Weight-Discordant Siblings
    Tanja V E Kral; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..behavior genetics, 3) assessment of child body composition using dual energy x-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) and anthropometry, and 4) child development and biostatistics...
  43. Modifiable risk factors in stroke incidence and mortality among women
    Sophia Wang; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..assessment of women's health risks associated with long-term history of physical activity, longitudinal anthropometry data on body fat distribution, and detailed MHT use...
  44. iDATA/MEASURE
    Terisa Davis; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..three studies include food frequency questionnaires, diet records, 24-hour dietary recalls, accelerometers, anthropometry, demographics resting metabolic rate, physical activity questionnaires, physical activity 24-hour recalls, and ..
  45. ALTERATIONS IN BODY COMPOSITION AND GROWTH AT PUBERTY
    Alan Rogol; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..in growth, 4 compartment of body composition (BC), regional distribution of body fat (RDBF; via MRI, anthropometry), and bone mineralization (BM; via DEXA) in boys and girls are driven by alterations in GH and gonadal and ..
  46. Development of a Stand-Biased School Desk to Reduce Childhood Obesity
    Eric Wilke; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..features of stand-biased workstations for primary and secondary students with respect to comfort, posture, anthropometry based adjustability and calorie expenditure...
  47. FAT AND FAT FREE BODY COMPOSITION IN OLDER MEN AND WOMEN
    Scott Going; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..of body composition can be developed for these age groups for such methods as densitometry, hydrometry, anthropometry, and total body electrical impedance...
  48. Insulin Resistance and Adenomas of the Colorectum
    RALPH DAGOSTINO; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..risk factors for atherosclerosis (diet, physical activity, tobacco use, family history) as well as anthropometry and, most importantly, oral glucose tolerance testing and frequently-sampled intravenous glucose tolerance ..
  49. Insulin Resistance and Adenomas of the Colorectum
    Theodore Levin; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..risk factors for atherosclerosis (diet, physical activity, tobacco use, family history) as well as anthropometry and, most importantly, oral glucose tolerance testing and frequently- sampled intravenous glucose tolerance ..
  50. Insulin Resistance and Adenomas of the Colorectum
    Steven Haffner; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..risk factors for atherosclerosis (diet, physical activity, tobacco use, family history) as well as anthropometry and, most importantly, oral glucose tolerance testing and frequently-sampled intravenous glucose tolerance ..
  51. Insulin Resistance and Adenomas of the Colorectum
    Tim Byers; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..risk factors for atherosclerosis (diet, physical activity, tobacco use, family history) as well as anthropometry and, most importantly, oral glucose tolerance testing and frequently-sampled intravenous glucose tolerance ..
  52. Insulin Resistance and Adenomas of the Colorectum
    Mohammed Saad; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..risk factors for atherosclerosis (diet, physical activity, tobacco use, family history) as well as anthropometry and, most importantly, oral glucose tolerance testing and frequently-sampled intravenous glucose tolerance ..
  53. EPIDEMIOLOGY OF FRACTURES IN PERSONS OF AGE 45 AND OLDER
    Stephen Sidney; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..fracture history, functional status, current health status, lower extremity neuropathy, vision and hearing, anthropometry, reproductive history, physical activity, cigarette smoking, selected aspects of diet, selected aspects of the ..
  54. DIET AND CANCER IN CHINA
    Colin Campbell; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..65 original counties) will provide information not obtained in 1983 (blood pressure, lung function, childhood anthropometry, socioeconomic characteristics)...
  55. Dietary Protein Requirements in Hemodialysis Patients
    Joel Kopple; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..fasting and feeding, plasma amino acids, dialysate amino acids, peptides and proteins, and body composition (anthropometry, dual x-ray photon absorptiometry (DXA))...
  56. ENERGY-NUTRITION OF URBAN WOMEN IN A DEVELOPING COUNTRY
    G Spurr; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..and basal metabolic rate; nutritional intake will be determined by recall and nutritional status by anthropometry)...
  57. 3-D Imaging Technique for Applications in Anthropome
    PEISEN HUANG; Fiscal Year: 2002
    b>Anthropometry, as the science of measuring the human body, has numerous applications in biomedical research and clinical practices...
  58. COMMUNITY AND COHORT SURVEILLANCE PROGRAM
    Christie Ballantyne; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..of these risk factors; sitting, supine and standing blood pressures to track the development of hypertension; anthropometry; fasting blood glucose and insulin level as predictors of diabetes; ECG findings; heart rate variability; ..
  59. Medical College of Georgia FitKid Project
    Paule Barbeau; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Harvard Step Test; blood pressure, the total cholesterol to high density lipoprotein cholesterol ratio; anthropometry (height, weight, waist circumference); psychosocial variables related to sport and PA; and free-living PA and ..
  60. CHILD HEALTH EFFECTS OF RAPID SOCIO-DEMOGRAPHIC CHANGE
    Barry Popkin; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..each study covers the key years of childhood; and all include detailed measures of socioeconomic status, anthropometry, and many intermediate health-related behaviors measured on large, representative samples of children and ..
  61. Scalable and Deformable 3D Hand Model for use with Computer Aided Engineering Des
    David Wagner; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..of the hand will be modeled using rigid body structures to mathematically replicate laboratory recorded hand anthropometry, joint centers, and kinematics...