surgical casts

Summary

Summary: Dressings made of fiberglass, plastic, or bandage impregnated with plaster of paris used for immobilization of various parts of the body in cases of fractures, dislocations, and infected wounds. In comparison with plaster casts, casts made of fiberglass or plastic are lightweight, radiolucent, able to withstand moisture, and less rigid.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Comparing botulinum toxin A with casting for treatment of dynamic equinus in children with cerebral palsy
    Jeffrey D Ackman
    Shriners Hospital for Children, Chicago, USA
    Dev Med Child Neurol 47:620-7. 2005
  2. ncbi Do radiographic indices of distal radius fracture reduction predict outcomes in older adults receiving conservative treatment?
    J L Jaremko
    Department of Radiology and Diagnostic Imaging, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
    Clin Radiol 62:65-72. 2007
  3. ncbi Open Gustilo 1 and 2 midshaft fractures of the radius and ulna in children: is there a role for cast immobilization after wound debridement?
    Yi Jia Lim
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Kandang Kerbau Women s and Children s Hospital, Singapore
    J Pediatr Orthop 27:540-6. 2007
  4. ncbi Acutrak screw fixation versus cast immobilisation for undisplaced scaphoid waist fractures
    L Adolfsson
    Department of Plastic Surgery, Hand Surgery and Burns, University Hospital, , Sweden
    J Hand Surg Br 26:192-5. 2001
  5. ncbi A randomized trial of two irremovable off-loading devices in the management of plantar neuropathic diabetic foot ulcers
    Ira A Katz
    Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism, Department of Medicine, University of Miami, DRI Building, 1450 N W 10th Ave, Room 3054, P O Box 016960 D110, Miami, FL 33101, USA
    Diabetes Care 28:555-9. 2005
  6. ncbi Reducing dynamic foot pressures in high-risk diabetic subjects with foot ulcerations. A comparison of treatments
    L A Lavery
    Department of Orthopaedics, University of Texas Health Science Center, San Antonio 78284, USA
    Diabetes Care 19:818-21. 1996
  7. ncbi Percutaneous screw fixation or cast immobilization for nondisplaced scaphoid fractures
    C D Bond
    Naval Medical Center San Diego, California, USA
    J Bone Joint Surg Am 83:483-8. 2001
  8. ncbi Functional treatment after surgical repair of acute Achilles tendon rupture: wrap vs walking cast
    G M M J Kerkhoffs
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, PO Box 22700, 1105 AZ Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Arch Orthop Trauma Surg 122:102-5. 2002
  9. ncbi Early motion of the ankle after operative treatment of a rupture of the Achilles tendon. A prospective, randomized clinical and radiographic study
    H M Mortensen
    Department of Orthopaedics, Odense University Hospital, Denmark
    J Bone Joint Surg Am 81:983-90. 1999
  10. ncbi Use of a cast compared with a functional ankle brace after operative treatment of an ankle fracture. A prospective, randomized study
    Hannu Lehtonen
    Medical School, University of Tampere, Finland
    J Bone Joint Surg Am 85:205-11. 2003

Research Grants

  1. TRAINING IN ORTHOPAEDIC SCIENCE
    Bruce Beynnon; Fiscal Year: 2007
  2. Intrnational Clubfoot Symposium
    Jose Morcuende; Fiscal Year: 2007
  3. Genetic Mapping of Familial Idiopathic Scoliosis
    Jose Morcuende; Fiscal Year: 2008
  4. PROSPECTIVE STUDY OF ANKLE INJURY RISK FACTORS
    Bruce Beynnon; Fiscal Year: 2002
  5. A TREATMENT FOR EXCESS MOTOR DISABILITY IN THE AGED
    Edward Taub; Fiscal Year: 2007
  6. Biomarkers of Cartilage Metabolism and OA
    Bruce Beynnon; Fiscal Year: 2008
  7. IN VIVO MICROCT SYSTEM
    Matthew Silva; Fiscal Year: 2007
  8. Randomized Controlled Trial of Pediatric CI Therapy
    Edward Taub; Fiscal Year: 2006
  9. Local Angiogenic Therapy for Diabetic Ulcers
    Harold Brem; Fiscal Year: 2006
  10. Botulinum Toxin Effects on Plantar Ulcer Recurrence
    Mary Hastings; Fiscal Year: 2006

Detail Information

Publications209 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Comparing botulinum toxin A with casting for treatment of dynamic equinus in children with cerebral palsy
    Jeffrey D Ackman
    Shriners Hospital for Children, Chicago, USA
    Dev Med Child Neurol 47:620-7. 2005
    ....
  2. ncbi Do radiographic indices of distal radius fracture reduction predict outcomes in older adults receiving conservative treatment?
    J L Jaremko
    Department of Radiology and Diagnostic Imaging, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
    Clin Radiol 62:65-72. 2007
    ..To investigate whether radiographic deformities suggesting inadequate reduction would be associated with adverse clinical outcomes...
  3. ncbi Open Gustilo 1 and 2 midshaft fractures of the radius and ulna in children: is there a role for cast immobilization after wound debridement?
    Yi Jia Lim
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Kandang Kerbau Women s and Children s Hospital, Singapore
    J Pediatr Orthop 27:540-6. 2007
    ..This study compares the outcome of open Gustilo 1 and 2 midshaft forearm fractures treated with cast immobilization versus the outcome of those treated with internal fixation after wound debridement...
  4. ncbi Acutrak screw fixation versus cast immobilisation for undisplaced scaphoid waist fractures
    L Adolfsson
    Department of Plastic Surgery, Hand Surgery and Burns, University Hospital, , Sweden
    J Hand Surg Br 26:192-5. 2001
    ..Acute percutaneous internal fixation of undisplaced scaphoid waist fractures using the Acutrak screw allows early mobilisation without adverse effects on fracture healing...
  5. ncbi A randomized trial of two irremovable off-loading devices in the management of plantar neuropathic diabetic foot ulcers
    Ira A Katz
    Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism, Department of Medicine, University of Miami, DRI Building, 1450 N W 10th Ave, Room 3054, P O Box 016960 D110, Miami, FL 33101, USA
    Diabetes Care 28:555-9. 2005
    ..The purpose of this study was to compare the effectiveness of a removable cast walker (RCW) rendered irremovable (iTCC) with the total contact cast (TCC) in the treatment of diabetic neuropathic plantar foot ulcers...
  6. ncbi Reducing dynamic foot pressures in high-risk diabetic subjects with foot ulcerations. A comparison of treatments
    L A Lavery
    Department of Orthopaedics, University of Texas Health Science Center, San Antonio 78284, USA
    Diabetes Care 19:818-21. 1996
    ..To compare the effectiveness of total contact casts, commercially available therapeutic shoes, and removable walking casts to reduce mean peak plantar foot pressures at the site of neuropathic ulcerations in diabetic subjects...
  7. ncbi Percutaneous screw fixation or cast immobilization for nondisplaced scaphoid fractures
    C D Bond
    Naval Medical Center San Diego, California, USA
    J Bone Joint Surg Am 83:483-8. 2001
    ..The specific indications for and the risks and benefits of percutaneous screw fixation of such fractures must be determined in larger randomized, prospective studies...
  8. ncbi Functional treatment after surgical repair of acute Achilles tendon rupture: wrap vs walking cast
    G M M J Kerkhoffs
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, PO Box 22700, 1105 AZ Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Arch Orthop Trauma Surg 122:102-5. 2002
    ..Functional treatment with a wrap is preferable to treatment with a walking cast with respect to hospitalization time and return to sports...
  9. ncbi Early motion of the ankle after operative treatment of a rupture of the Achilles tendon. A prospective, randomized clinical and radiographic study
    H M Mortensen
    Department of Orthopaedics, Odense University Hospital, Denmark
    J Bone Joint Surg Am 81:983-90. 1999
    ..However, as far as we know, no controlled studies comparing these regimens with conventional immobilization in a cast have been reported...
  10. ncbi Use of a cast compared with a functional ankle brace after operative treatment of an ankle fracture. A prospective, randomized study
    Hannu Lehtonen
    Medical School, University of Tampere, Finland
    J Bone Joint Surg Am 85:205-11. 2003
    ....
  11. ncbi Total contact casting of the diabetic foot in daily practice: a prospective follow-up study
    Marrigje H Nabuurs-Franssen
    University Hospital Maastricht, Department of Internal Medicine and Endocrinology, P O Box 5800, Maastricht 6200 AZ, Netherlands
    Diabetes Care 28:243-7. 2005
    ..In this prospective data collection study, we assessed outcome and complications of TCC treatment in neuropathic patients with and without peripheral arterial disease (PAD) or (superficial) infection...
  12. ncbi Early weightbearing and ankle mobilization after open repair of acute midsubstance tears of the achilles tendon
    Nicola Maffulli
    Department of Trauma and Orthopaedic Surgery, Keele University School of Medicine, North Staffordshire Hospital, Hartshill, Stoke on Trent, Staffordshire, England
    Am J Sports Med 31:692-700. 2003
    ..To study the effects of early weightbearing and ankle mobilization after acute repair of ruptured Achilles tendon...
  13. ncbi Serial casting in idiopathic toe-walkers and children with spastic cerebral palsy
    B Brouwer
    School of Rehabilitation Therapy, Queen s University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada
    J Pediatr Orthop 20:221-5. 2000
    ..Gait velocity and stride length did not change (p>0.05). Serial casting yielded positive outcomes that may be longer lasting in ITW...
  14. ncbi A systematic review of the effects of casting on equinus in children with cerebral palsy: an evidence report of the AACPDM
    A M Blackmore
    The Centre for Cerebral Palsy, Mount Lawley, Western Australia, Australia
    Dev Med Child Neurol 49:781-90. 2007
    ..Much of the evidence both for and against differences is weak, and results may be explained by methodological limitations. Future research needs to use adequate sample sizes, long-term follow-ups, and broader and more global measures...
  15. ncbi Evaluation of removable and irremovable cast walkers in the healing of diabetic foot wounds: a randomized controlled trial
    David G Armstrong
    Center for Lower Extremity Ambulatory Research, Dr William M Scholl College of Podiatric Medicine at Rosalind Franklin University of Medicine and Science, 3333 Green Bay Rd, North Chicago, IL 60064, USA
    Diabetes Care 28:551-4. 2005
    ..The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a removable cast walker (RCW) and an "instant" total contact cast (iTCC) in healing neuropathic diabetic foot ulcerations...
  16. ncbi Comparison of forefoot ulcer healing using alternative off-loading methods in patients with diabetes mellitus
    James A Birke
    Louisiana State University Heatlh Sciences Center, Diabetes Foot Program, Baton Rouge, USA
    Adv Skin Wound Care 15:210-5. 2002
    ..To compare the healing rate of forefoot ulcers in patients with diabetes treated using a total contact cast with those treated using alternative off-loading methods. DESIGN Retrospective analysis of healing rates of forefoot ulcers...
  17. ncbi Off-loading the diabetic foot wound: a randomized clinical trial
    D G Armstrong
    Audie L Murphy Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Tucson, AZ 85723, USA
    Diabetes Care 24:1019-22. 2001
    ..To compare the effectiveness of total-contact casts (TCCs), removable cast walkers (RCWs), and half-shoes to heal neuropathic foot ulcerations in individuals with diabetes...
  18. ncbi Pathogenesis of foot ulcers and the need for offloading
    H M Rathur
    Department of Medicine, Manchester Royal Infirmary, Oxford Road, Manchester, UK
    Horm Metab Res 37:61-8. 2005
    ..Thus, repetitive stresses on the insensate foot appear to play a major role in maintaining ulcer chronicity. It is hoped that research activity in foot disease will ultimately result in fewer ulcers and less amputation in diabetes...
  19. ncbi Botulinum toxin as an adjunct to serial casting treatment in children with cerebral palsy
    Robert M Kay
    Childrens Orthopaedic Center, MS 69 Children s Hospital Los Angeles, 4650 Sunset Boulevard, Los Angeles, CA 90027, USA
    J Bone Joint Surg Am 86:2377-84. 2004
    ..The purpose of the present study was to determine whether botulinum toxin A injection increases the efficacy of serial casting...
  20. ncbi Early dynamic motion versus postoperative immobilization in patients with extensor indicis proprius transfer to restore thumb extension: a prospective randomized study
    G Germann
    Department of Hand, Plastic, and Reconstructive Surgery, Burn Center, BG Trauma Center Ludwigshafen, Germany
    J Hand Surg Am 26:1111-5. 2001
    ..Patients with early dynamic motion recovered their hand function more rapidly than immobilized patients, shortening total rehabilitation time and making dynamic motion treatment highly cost-effective...
  21. ncbi Effect of serial casting in spastic cerebral palsy
    Shweta Jain
    Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, SMS Hospital, SMS Medical College, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India
    Indian J Pediatr 75:997-1002. 2008
    ..Cast application in spastic equinus is a well established procedure in CP but cast application in patients of CP with bilateral involvement of hip, knee and ankle is not document...
  22. ncbi Assessment protocol for serial casting after botulinum toxin a injections to treat equinus gait
    Barbara Kelly
    School of Physiotherapy, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
    Pediatr Phys Ther 20:233-41. 2008
    ..The purpose of this study was to investigate feasibility of an assessment protocol for a trial of post-Botox casting to treat equinus gait in cerebral palsy...
  23. ncbi A randomized study of combined botulinum toxin type A and casting in the ambulant child with cerebral palsy using objective outcome measures
    K Desloovere
    Gait Analysis Laboratory, University Hospital Leuven, Belgium
    Eur J Neurol 8:75-87. 2001
    ..Slightly more pronounced benefits, mainly in the proximal joints, were seen for the children who were casted after injections as compared to the children who were casted before injections...
  24. ncbi A randomized clinical trial comparing immediate active motion with immobilization after tendon transfer for claw deformity
    Santosh Rath
    LEPRA Funded Leprosy Reconstructive Surgery Unit, HOINA, Muniguda, Orissa, India
    J Hand Surg Am 34:488-94, 494.e1-5. 2009
    ..In this study, we further tested this hypothesis in a randomized clinical trial comparing the effectiveness of the IAMP with that of conventional immobilization...
  25. ncbi Reflex excitability and isometric force production in cerebral palsy: the effect of serial casting
    B Brouwer
    School of Rehabilitation Therapy, Queen s University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada
    Dev Med Child Neurol 40:168-75. 1998
    ..001). The gains were still evident at follow-up although generally to a lesser extent...
  26. ncbi An off-the-shelf instant contact casting device for the management of diabetic foot ulcers: a randomized prospective trial versus traditional fiberglass cast
    Alberto Piaggesi
    Section of Diabetes and Metabolic Diseases, Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, University of Pisa and Azienda Ospedaliera Pisana, Pisa, Italy
    Diabetes Care 30:586-90. 2007
    ..This study was designed to test the safety, effectiveness, and costs of off-loading with a novel, off-the-shelf irremovable device in the management of diabetic foot ulceration (DFU)...
  27. ncbi An analysis of iatrogenic complications from the total contact cast
    Gregory P Guyton
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Union Memorial Hospital, 3333 North Calvert Street 400, Baltimore, MD 21218, USA
    Foot Ankle Int 26:903-7. 2005
    ....
  28. ncbi Nonremovable, windowed, fiberglass cast boot in the treatment of diabetic plantar ulcers: efficacy, safety, and compliance
    Georges Ha Van
    Department of Diabetology and Metabolism, Pitié Salpêtrière Teaching Hospital, Paris, France
    Diabetes Care 26:2848-52. 2003
    ..To compare the efficacy, safety, and compliance of a nonremovable fiberglass cast boot and off-loading shoes in the treatment of diabetic plantar ulcers...
  29. ncbi Dynamised cast management of Achilles tendon ruptures
    C P Roberts
    Addenbrooke's Hospital, Box 37, Clinic 1, Hills Road, CB2 2QQ, Cambridge, UK
    Injury 32:423-6. 2001
    ..Non-operative management, in this way, is well tolerated by patients and is of low cost...
  30. ncbi Nonwindowed nonremovable fiberglass off-loading cast versus removable pneumatic cast (AircastXP Diabetic Walker) in the treatment of neuropathic noninfected plantar ulcers: a randomized prospective trial
    Carlo Caravaggi
    Ospedale di Abbiategrasso, Department of Diabetic Foot Pathology, Pz Mussi 1, Abbiategrasso Milano 20080, Italy
    Diabetes Care 30:2577-8. 2007
  31. ncbi Modified Essex-Lopresti / Westheus reduction for displaced intra-articular fractures of the calcaneus. Description of surgical technique and early outcomes
    Anand Pillai
    Wishaw General Hospital, Lanarkshire, United Kingdom
    Acta Orthop Belg 73:83-7. 2007
    ....
  32. ncbi Minimally angulated pediatric wrist fractures: is immobilization without manipulation enough?
    Khalid Al-Ansari
    Division of Emergency Medicine, Hospital for Sick Children, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    CJEM 9:9-15. 2007
    ..Emergency department (ED) manipulation of complete minimally angulated distal radius fractures in children may not be necessary, due to the excellent remodeling potential of these fractures...
  33. ncbi Seven-year outcome following Colles' type distal radial fracture. A comparison of two treatment methods
    C F Young
    Department of Orthopaedics, Sunderland Royal Hospital, Kayll Road, Sunderland, UK
    J Hand Surg Br 28:422-6. 2003
    ..We conclude that, in the long term, external fixation of distal radius fractures does not confer an improved outcome when compared to plaster immobilization...
  34. ncbi An outcomes assessment of intra-articular calcaneal fractures, using patient and physician's assessment profiles
    J G Kennedy
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Cork University Hospital, Wilton, Cork, Ireland
    Injury 34:932-6. 2003
    ..This study has found that the conservative treatment of calcaneal fractures can produce satisfactory outcomes with lower morbidity than surgically treated fractures...
  35. ncbi Forearm and humeral fractures
    Linda Altizer
    Orthop Nurs 22:266-73. 2003
    ..It is always wise to x-ray the entire upper extremity in most upper-limb injuries. Whatever the injury is, the patient will be incapacitated for several months by loosing the use of his or her upper extremity...
  36. ncbi Conservative treatment of isolated fractures of the medial malleolus
    D Herscovici
    Orthopaedic Trauma Service, Florida Orthopaedic Institute, Temple Terrace, Florida 33637, USA
    J Bone Joint Surg Br 89:89-93. 2007
    ..Operation should be reserved for bi- or trimalleolar fractures, open fractures, injuries which compromise the skin or those involving the plafond or for patients who develop painful nonunion...
  37. ncbi Long-term comparative results in patients with congenital clubfoot treated with two different protocols
    E Ippolito
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Rome, Italy
    J Bone Joint Surg Am 85:1286-94. 2003
    ....
  38. ncbi Correction of neglected idiopathic club foot by the Ponseti method
    A F Lourenco
    Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology Federal University of São Paulo, Rua Napoleao de Barros, 715 04024 002 São Paulo, Brazil
    J Bone Joint Surg Br 89:378-81. 2007
    ..We conclude that the Ponseti method is a safe, effective and low-cost treatment for neglected idiopathic club foot presenting after walking age...
  39. ncbi Early functional treatment versus early immobilization in tension of the musculotendinous unit after Achilles rupture repair: a prospective, randomized, clinical study
    Jarmo Kangas
    Department of Surgery, Oulu University Hospital, Finland
    J Trauma 54:1171-80; discussion 1180-1. 2003
    ....
  40. ncbi Remodeling capacity and functional outcome of palmarly versus dorsally displaced pediatric radius fractures in the distal one-third
    Robert Zimmermann
    Department of Trauma Surgery and Sports Medicine, University of Innsbruck, Anichstrasse 35, 6020 Innsbruck, Austria
    Arch Orthop Trauma Surg 124:42-8. 2004
    ..The purpose of this retrospective study was to compare the remodeling capacity and functional outcome of palmarly and dorsally displaced pediatric radius fractures in the distal one-third...
  41. ncbi Uncomplicated Mason type-II and III fractures of the radial head and neck in adults. A long-term follow-up study
    Pär Herbertsson
    Department of Orthopaedics, University Hospital MAS, SE 205 02 Malmo, Sweden
    J Bone Joint Surg Am 86:569-74. 2004
    ..The purpose of this study was to evaluate the incidence and the long-term results of closed uncomplicated Mason type-II and III fractures in a defined population of adults...
  42. ncbi Three cast techniques for the treatment of extra-articular metacarpal fractures. Comparison of short-term outcomes and final fracture alignments
    Jeff Tavassoli
    Bone and Joint Sports Medicine Institute, Charette Health Sciences Center, 620 John Paul Jones Circle, Portsmouth, VA 23708, USA
    J Bone Joint Surg Am 87:2196-201. 2005
    ....
  43. ncbi Results of manipulation of idiopathic clubfoot deformity in Malawi by orthopaedic clinical officers using the Ponseti method: a realistic alternative for the developing world?
    Alistair J Tindall
    Beit Trust CURE International Hospital, Blantyre, Malawi
    J Pediatr Orthop 25:627-9. 2005
    ..This shows that the Ponseti method is suitable for use by nonmedical personnel in the developing world to achieve a plantigrade foot...
  44. ncbi Palmar plating for AO/ASIF C3.2 fractures of the distal radius with arthroscopically assisted reduction
    Masayuki Kamano
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Saiseikai Nakatsu Hospital, Osaka City, 530 0012, Osaka, Japan
    Hand Surg 10:71-6. 2005
    ..Grade 1 arthritic changes were found in 10 patients even though with no step-off on radiographs. In the current study, this combined treatment was challenging and useful for AO/ASIF C3.2 fractures...
  45. ncbi Ultrasound assessment of early clubfoot treatment: a comparison of the Ponseti method and a modified Copenhagen method
    Ylva Aurell
    Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Halmstad County Hospital, Halmstad, and Department of Orthopaedics, Lund University Hospital, Lund, Sweden
    J Pediatr Orthop B 14:347-57. 2005
    ..Anatomical correction of the displacement in these joints can be achieved without extensive interventional procedures. Ultrasound may be a valuable tool to assess the effects of different treatment protocols quantitatively...
  46. ncbi Rehabilitation of distal radius fractures: a biomechanical guide
    David J Slutsky
    Hand Clin 21:455-68. 2005
    ....
  47. ncbi Immobilisation of forearm fractures in children: extended versus flexed elbow
    C Bochang
    Department of Paediatric Orthopaedic Surgery, Shanghai Children s Medical Center, 1678 Dongfang Road, Shanghai 200127, China
    J Bone Joint Surg Br 87:994-6. 2005
    ..6%) immobilised with the elbow flexed. Immobilisation of unstable forearm fractures with the elbow extended appears to be a safe and effective method of maintaining reduction...
  48. ncbi Closed treatment of displaced diaphyseal both-bone forearm fractures in older children and adolescents
    Lewis E Zionts
    Women s and Children s Hospital, Los Angeles County, California 90033, USA
    J Pediatr Orthop 25:507-12. 2005
    ..Closed reduction and casting of displaced both-bone diaphyseal forearm fractures, despite the residual angulation, results in satisfactory functional outcome and should remain a viable treatment option in the management of this injury...
  49. ncbi Unstable extra-articular fractures of the distal radius: a prospective, randomised study of immobilisation in a cast versus supplementary percutaneous pinning
    T Azzopardi
    Wishaw General Hospital, Netherton Street, Wishaw, Scotland
    J Bone Joint Surg Br 87:837-40. 2005
    ..This does not correlate with an improved functional outcome in a low-demand, elderly population...
  50. ncbi Early results of a new method of treatment for idiopathic congenital vertical talus
    Matthew B Dobbs
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine, One Children s Place, Suite 4S20, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    J Bone Joint Surg Am 88:1192-200. 2006
    ....
  51. ncbi Buckle fractures of the distal radius are safely treated in a soft bandage: a randomized prospective trial of bandage versus plaster cast
    Simon West
    Royal Gwent Hospital, Newport, South Wales, UK
    J Pediatr Orthop 25:322-5. 2005
    ..Results were highly positive for treatment in bandage, with no reported adverse effects and a highly desirable result for the patient. The authors would suggest a change in treatment policy for such fractures...
  52. ncbi Changing paradigm for the treatment of clubfeet
    Shawne Faulks
    Texas Scottish Rite Hospital for Children, Dallas, Texas, USA
    Orthop Nurs 24:25-30; quiz 31-2. 2005
    ..A clear understanding of both treatment methods is important for the orthopaedic nurse to allow quality nursing care and help assure a successful outcome for young patients...
  53. ncbi Syndesmosis fixation: a comparison of three and four cortices of screw fixation without hardware removal
    Joel A Moore
    The Orthopaedic and Neurosurgical Center of the Cascades, 2200 NE Neff Road, Suite 200, Bend, Oregon 97701, USA
    Foot Ankle Int 27:567-72. 2006
    ..5-mm fully threaded cortical screws through either three or four cortices would have similar strength and rate of mechanical failure and that retention of screws after fracture healing would not result in adverse clinical symptoms...
  54. ncbi Above and below-the-elbow plaster casts for distal forearm fractures in children. A randomized controlled trial
    Eric R Bohm
    University of Manitoba Joint Replacement Group, Concordia General Hospital, 1095 Concordia Avenue, Winnipeg, MB R2K 3S8, Canada
    J Bone Joint Surg Am 88:1-8. 2006
    ....
  55. ncbi Dorsolateral dislocation of the proximal interphalangeal joint: closed reduction and early active motion or static splinting; a retrospective study
    R Arora
    Department of Trauma Surgery, University of Innsbruck, Anichstrasse 35, 6020 Innsbruck, Austria
    Arch Orthop Trauma Surg 124:486-8. 2004
    ..The patients were assigned randomly. The inclusion criteria were: adult patients over the age of 18 with isolated, acute, closed dorsolateral dislocation of the PIP joint...
  56. ncbi Acute nondisplaced fractures of the scaphoid
    Mohit Bhandari
    Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, McMaster University, 1200 Main Street West, Room 2C9, Hamilton, Ontario L8N 3Z5, Canada
    J Orthop Trauma 18:253-5. 2004
    ..Investigators have advocated internal fixation of these fractures; however, whether surgery improves clinically relevant patient outcomes compared with casting remains unknown...
  57. pmc How many clinic visits does it take to treat distal radial fractures?
    S Kumar
    Brighton and Sussex University Hospital, Brighton, Sussex, UK
    Int Orthop 32:91-6. 2008
    ....
  58. ncbi A randomized, controlled trial of distal radius fractures with metaphyseal displacement but without joint incongruity: closed reduction and casting versus closed reduction, spanning external fixation, and optional percutaneous K-wires
    Hans J Kreder
    University of Toronto, Division of Orthopaedics, Sunnybrook and Women s College Health Sciences Centre, Toronto Ontario, Canada
    J Orthop Trauma 20:115-21. 2006
    ..To compare closed reduction and casting with closed reduction and external fixation with optional K-wire fixation for distal radius fractures with metaphyseal displacement but without joint incongruity...
  59. ncbi Operative compared with nonoperative treatment of displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures: a prospective, randomized, controlled multicenter trial
    Richard Buckley
    Calfary General Hospital, Calgary, Alberta, Canada
    J Bone Joint Surg Am 84:1733-44. 2002
    ....
  60. ncbi Delayed treatment of persistent radial nerve paralysis associated with fractures of the middle third of humerus: review and evaluation of the long-term results of 52 cases
    M Verga
    Department of Plastic Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery, University of Turin, Italy
    J Hand Surg Eur Vol 32:529-33. 2007
    ....
  61. ncbi Fractures of the lateral humeral condyle: role of the cartilage hinge in fracture stability
    B David Horn
    St Christopher s Hospital For Children, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
    J Pediatr Orthop 22:8-11. 2002
    ..One of these fractures displaced, confirming the hypothesis that the stability of lateral humeral condyle fractures is related to the integrity of the cartilage hinge...
  62. ncbi Medial condyle fractures of the humerus in children
    Arabella I Leet
    Orthopedic Hospital, Los Angeles, California, USA
    J Pediatr Orthop 22:2-7. 2002
    ..Management of this rare fracture must include adequate stabilization of the fracture and immobilization until there is radiographic evidence of healing...
  63. ncbi Supracondylar extension fracture of the humerus in children. Manipulative reduction, immobilisation and fixation using a U-shaped plaster slab with the elbow in full extension
    R S Chen
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Baonan District People's Hospital, Shenzhen, People's Republic of China
    J Bone Joint Surg Br 83:883-7. 2001
    ..The results were statistically significant with regard to the incidence of cubitus varus and the elbow score (p < 0.01) suggesting that the new method is reliable and gives a satisfactory outcome...
  64. ncbi [Orthopedic treatment of fifth metacarpal neck fractures: prospective study]
    A Trabelsi
    , CHU Gaston Doumergue, rue Hoche, , France
    Chir Main 20:226-30. 2001
    ..There were 19 excellent and one bad results. In conclusion, ambulatory non surgical treatment by reduction and local immobilisation of the fractures of the fifth metacarpal provide a good final result with a low cost...
  65. ncbi Flexor tendon injuries in pediatric patients
    Yrjänä Nietosvaara
    Children s Hospital, Helsinki University Hospital, Helsinki, Finland
    J Hand Surg Am 32:1549-57. 2007
    ..The purpose of this research was to study the incidence and outcome of flexor tendon injuries in pediatric patients...
  66. ncbi Chip fractures of the first metatarsal head. Primary fragment excision versus immobilization: a report of four cases
    P F McKinney
    Oregon Podiatry Clinic and Department of Exercise and Movement Science, University of Oregon, Eugene, USA
    J Foot Ankle Surg 40:50-3. 2001
    ..All four patients ultimately had successful retums to full activity with a more immediate return to exercise for the two patients with excised fracture fragments (6-week difference)...
  67. ncbi Open fractures of the forearm in children
    B Greenbaum
    Women and Children's Hospital, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Southern California, Los Angeles 90033, USA
    J Orthop Trauma 15:111-8. 2001
    ..08), and to minimize the incidence of angular deformity greater than 10 degrees (p = 0.16), these findings did not reach statistical significance...
  68. ncbi Pediatric floating elbow
    D Ring
    Department of Orthopaedics, Harvard Medical School, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts 02115
    J Pediatr Orthop 21:456-9. 2001
    ..Percutaneous Kirschner wire fixation of both the humeral and forearm fractures in pediatric floating elbow injuries allows noncircumferential immobilization, thereby reducing the risk of compartment syndrome...
  69. ncbi Long-term outcome of nonsurgically treated distal radius fractures
    Zoltan Földhazy
    Karolinska Institute, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Karolinska University Hospital, Huddinge, Sweden
    J Hand Surg Am 32:1374-84. 2007
    ..To study the long-term outcome after nonsurgically treated distal radius fractures including recovery of grip strength, mobility, and radiographic parameters...
  70. pmc A prospective multi-center cohort study of acute non-displaced fractures of the scaphoid: operative versus non-operative treatment [NCT00205985]
    Boris M Pfeiffer
    AO Clinical Investigation and Documentation, Clavadelerstrasse 8, CH 7270 Davos Platz, Switzerland
    BMC Musculoskelet Disord 7:41. 2006
    ..The aim of this study is to compare time to return to previous activity level comparing surgical versus non-surgical treatment of non-displaced acute scaphoid fractures...
  71. ncbi Results of manipulation of idiopathic clubfoot deformity in Malawi by orthopaedic clinical officers using the Ponseti method: a realistic alternative for the developing world?
    Arif Gul
    J Pediatr Orthop 27:971; author reply 971-2. 2007
  72. ncbi Methods of cast immobilization for nondisplaced scaphoid fractures and the evaluation of fracture union
    M Agarwal
    J Bone Joint Surg Am 84:319-20. 2002
  73. ncbi Management of completely displaced metaphyseal fractures of the distal radius in children. A prospective, randomised controlled trial
    G J McLauchlan
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Royal Hospital for Sick Children, Edinburgh, Scotland, UK
    J Bone Joint Surg Br 84:413-7. 2002
    ....
  74. ncbi Ponseti versus traditional methods of casting for idiopathic clubfoot
    John E Herzenberg
    Maryland Center for Limb Lengthening and Reconstruction, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    J Pediatr Orthop 22:517-21. 2002
    ..Foot abduction splints are crucial to avoid recurrence. Longer follow-up will determine whether the authors can continue to match Ponseti's reported outcomes...
  75. ncbi Haematoma block in reduction of distal radial fractures
    S O Ogunlade
    Department of Surgery, University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria
    West Afr J Med 21:282-5. 2002
    ..We recommend the use of Haematoma block for patients of 15 years and above with displaced distal radial fracture in the Accident and Emergency Department...
  76. ncbi Physeal fractures of the distal radius and ulna: long-term prognosis
    Giuseppe Cannata
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Rome Tor Vergata and IRCCS Santa Lucia Institute, Italy
    J Orthop Trauma 17:172-9; discussion 179-80. 2003
    ..Reliable radiographic prognostic criteria to predict physeal disturbance at trauma are also lacking. The aim of this study is to investigate both issues...
  77. ncbi Clinical impact of MRI in acute wrist fractures
    Martin G Mack
    Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Universitätsklinikum Frankfurt Main, Theodor Stern Kai 7, 60590 Frankfurt Main, Germany
    Eur Radiol 13:612-7. 2003
    ..Accurate diagnosis by MRI examination within the first days following trauma may reduce economic costs due to shortened immobilization time in cases with a suspected fracture but plain radiographs...
  78. ncbi Reduction versus remodeling in pediatric distal forearm fractures: a preliminary cost analysis
    Twee T Do
    Department of Pediatric Orthopaedics, Children s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio, USA
    J Pediatr Orthop B 12:109-15. 2003
    ..None of our patients had significant clinical deformities or residual functional deficits...
  79. ncbi The results of external fixation of the radius in the treatment of comminuted intraarticular fractures of the distal end
    M Bishay
    Bath and Wessex Orthopaedic Research Unit, Wolfson Centre, Royal United Hospital NHS Trust, UK
    J Hand Surg Br 19:378-83. 1994
    ..This method has proved in our experience to be reliable in maintaining the position as well as allowing early functional recovery...
  80. ncbi [Treatment of childhood unstable radius distal methaphysis fractures with closed reduction and percutaneous Kirschner wires]
    Hasan Hilmi Muratli
    Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology 3 Ortopedi ve Travmatoloji Kliniği, Ankara Numune Training and Research Hospital, Turkey
    Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc 36:52-7. 2002
    ..We evaluated the results of treatment with closed reduction and percutaneous Kirschner wires in childhood unstable radius distal methaphysis fractures...
  81. ncbi [Simultaneous ipsilateral humerus and forearm fractures in children]
    Cemil Kayali
    Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology 2 Ortopedi ve Travmatoloji Kliniği, SSK Tepecik Training Hospital, 35380 Izmir, Turkey
    Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc 36:117-23. 2002
    ..To evaluate the results of treatment with early reduction and internal fixation for simultaneous ipsilateral distal humerus and forearm fractures in children...
  82. ncbi [Initial management of congenital varus equinus clubfoot by Ponseti's method]
    F Chotel
    Service Chirurgie Pédiatrique, Hopital Debrousse, 29, rue Soeur Bouvier, 69322 Lyon cedex 05, France
    Rev Chir Orthop Reparatrice Appar Mot 88:710-7. 2002
    ..After the cast, derotation braces are worn at night but rehabilitation exercises are not required. We emphasize the quality of the clinical reduction achieved as well as the smaller number of patients who require surgery at walking age...
  83. ncbi Fractures of the distal radius and scaphoid
    J Oskam
    Department of Surgery, Academic Hospital, University of Groningen, The Netherlands
    J Hand Surg Br 21:772-4. 1996
    ..Because complications occurred at the distal radius we have changed our conservative treatment policy from a below elbow cast including the thumb to a dorsal splint for 6 weeks...
  84. ncbi Supracondylar extension fracture of the humerus in children
    M Altchek
    J Bone Joint Surg Br 84:932; author reply 932. 2002
  85. pmc Subjective and objective outcome in congenital clubfoot; a comparative study of 204 children
    David Chesney
    Dept of Orthopaedic Surgery, Queen Margaret Hospital, Dunfermline, UK
    BMC Musculoskelet Disord 8:53. 2007
    ..The purpose of this study was to compare subjective and objective outcome following management of clubfoot, and evaluate sex differences in outcome...
  86. ncbi [Long term results of the surgical treatment of bicondylar fractures of the distal humerus extremity in adults]
    R Elhage
    , , CHRU Lille, Avenue Oscar Lambret, 59037 Lille, France
    Chir Main 20:144-54. 2001
    ..The poor reduction, origin of arthrosis, of loss of bony substance and of calcifications worsen the functional prognosis. Last but not least, a good result can be obtained in the most of the cases however the types of fractures...
  87. ncbi Using skin surface temperature to differentiate between complex regional pain syndrome type 1 patients after a fracture and control patients with various complaints after a fracture
    Sjoerd P Niehof
    Department of Pain Treatment, Erasmus MC, University Medical Center, CA Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Anesth Analg 106:270-7, table of contents. 2008
    ..In this study, we assessed the validity of skin surface temperature recordings, based on various calculation methods applied to the thermographic data, to diagnose acute complex regional pain syndrome type 1 (CRPS1) fracture patients...
  88. pmc Acute Achilles tendon rupture: minimally invasive surgery versus non operative treatment, with immediate full weight bearing. Design of a randomized controlled trial
    Roderik Metz
    Department of Surgery, University Medical Centre Utrecht, The Netherlands
    BMC Musculoskelet Disord 8:108. 2007
    ..The study is designed to evaluate the effectiveness of conservative treatment in reducing complications when treating acute Achilles tendon rupture...
  89. ncbi Synostosis of the ring-small finger metacarpal in Apert acrosyndactyly hands: incidence and treatment
    K D Dao
    Division of Hand and Microvascular Surgery, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Naval Medical Center San Diego, San Diego, California 92134 5000, U S A
    J Pediatr Orthop 21:502-7. 2001
    ..In patients with Apert syndrome, resection of abnormal interconnections between the ring-small metacarpals is highly recommended to improve hand prehension based on the high incidence of a synostosis in this region...
  90. ncbi Use of a protease-modulating matrix dressing on a non-healing tendo-Achilles surgical wound
    T Noble
    Orthopaedic Outpatients, University Hospital of North Tees, Stockton on Tees, UK
    J Wound Care 15:368-71. 2006
  91. ncbi Effect of patient age on the radiographic outcomes of distal radius fractures subject to nonoperative treatment
    Eric C Makhni
    Department of Orthopedic Surgery and the Department of Emergency Medicine, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    J Hand Surg Am 33:1301-8. 2008
    ..Our study assessed the radiographic outcomes of nonsurgically treated distal radius fractures of patients who were 18 to 44 years old (group 1), 45 to 64 years old (group 2), and 65 years old or older (group 3)...
  92. ncbi The efficacy of serial casting after botulinum toxin type A injection in improving equinovarus deformity in patients with chronic stroke
    Evren Yasar
    Gulhane Military Medical Academy, Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, GMMA TAF Rehabilitation Center, Ankara, Turkey
    Brain Inj 24:736-9. 2010
    ..The present study aimed to determine if serial casting after BTX-A injection could help to limit the development of calf contracture in chronic hemiplegic patients...
  93. ncbi Nonarticular proximal tibia fractures: treatment options and decision making
    C M Bono
    Department of Orthopaedics, New Jersey Medical School, Newark, NJ 07107, USA
    J Am Acad Orthop Surg 9:176-86. 2001
    ..Use of an algorithm that takes into account the severity of soft-tissue injury, the length of the fracture fragment, and the degree of fracture stability allows effective decision making among current treatment techniques...
  94. ncbi Operative treatment for separation of distal tibiofibular syndesmosis
    Xiao Dong Bai
    Department of Orthopaedics, General Hospital of Chinese People Armed Police Forces, Beijing 100039, China
    Chin J Traumatol 9:175-80. 2006
    ..To study the influence of separation of distal tibiofibular syndesmosis on ankle joint and to compare various operative methods so as to find suitable stabilization for separated distal tibiofibular syndesmosis...
  95. ncbi [Partial rupture of the quadriceps tendon in a 6-year-old boy]
    S B Sesia
    Kinderchirurgische Klinik, Universitäts Kinderspital beider Basel UKBB, Postfach, 4005, Basel, Switzerland
    Unfallchirurg 110:907-10. 2007
    ..Arthroscopy is helpful for diagnosing concomitant intra-articular knee lesions and permits evacuation of the hemarthrosis...
  96. ncbi Intraobserver reliability of static measures in the normally developing infant foot and clubfoot
    Yael Gelfer
    Centre for Biomedical Engineering, University of Surrey, Guildford, UK
    J Pediatr Orthop B 18:214-9. 2009
    ..These results suggest that ankle dorsiflexion, calf circumference and foot length are reliable measures in infants and can be used for study conclusions and clinical decisions...
  97. ncbi A 9-year-old boy with paresthesias in his hands and weak handgrips following a dirt bike crash
    Mary C Kamienski
    Center for Lifelong Learning, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersy, School of Nursing, Newark, NJ, USA
    J Emerg Nurs 33:242-4. 2007
  98. ncbi Temporary scaphotrapezoidal joint fixation for adolescent Kienböck's disease
    Yoshiyuki Ando
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Osaka Saiseikai Nakatsu Hospital, Osaka, Japan
    J Hand Surg Am 34:14-9. 2009
    ..The purpose of our study was to investigate the clinical and radiographic outcomes of temporary scaphotrapezoidal (ST) joint fixation for adolescent Kienböck's disease...
  99. ncbi Staff opinions on casting material brands: a prospective study
    T Cresswell
    Department of Orthopaedics, Sheffield Children s Hospital, Western Bank, Sheffield, United Kingdom
    Injury 39:1467-73. 2008
    ..To determine staff opinions on the application of a sample of seven commercially available casting materials...
  100. ncbi Ankle dislocation without fracture: an on-field perspective
    Emily A Kiefer
    Osceola High School, Kissimmee, FL, USA
    Clin J Sport Med 16:269-70. 2006
  101. ncbi Distal radius fractures
    Frank A Liporace
    Department of Orthopaedics, UMDNJ New Jersey Medical School, Newark, NJ 17103, USA
    J Orthop Trauma 23:739-48. 2009
    ..When operative intervention is indicated, considerations include the characteristics of the fracture and the experience of the surgeon with the treatment modalities...

Research Grants15

  1. TRAINING IN ORTHOPAEDIC SCIENCE
    Bruce Beynnon; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Thus, one of our primary goals in developing this grant application is to do our part in improving, if not correcting, this problem. ..
  2. Intrnational Clubfoot Symposium
    Jose Morcuende; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  3. Genetic Mapping of Familial Idiopathic Scoliosis
    Jose Morcuende; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  4. PROSPECTIVE STUDY OF ANKLE INJURY RISK FACTORS
    Bruce Beynnon; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..abstract_text> ..
  5. A TREATMENT FOR EXCESS MOTOR DISABILITY IN THE AGED
    Edward Taub; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  6. Biomarkers of Cartilage Metabolism and OA
    Bruce Beynnon; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  7. IN VIVO MICROCT SYSTEM
    Matthew Silva; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  8. Randomized Controlled Trial of Pediatric CI Therapy
    Edward Taub; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  9. Local Angiogenic Therapy for Diabetic Ulcers
    Harold Brem; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Support from this proposal will allow the applicant to use knowledge from the fields of gene therapy, angiogenesis and wound healing to develop a safe angiogenic gene therapy for diabetic foot ulcers. ..
  10. Botulinum Toxin Effects on Plantar Ulcer Recurrence
    Mary Hastings; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ....
  11. VISUALIZING DIABETIC FEET TO OPTIMIZE ORTHOTIC FITTING
    Michael Mueller; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Experimental testing will help to keep computational models realistic and valid while three dimensional computational modeling will enhance the scientific basis of orthotic design and testing. ..
  12. BIOPHYSICAL DETERMINANTS OF DIABETIC FOOT ULCER HEALING
    Charles Saltzman; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Three-dimensional rate of ulcer healing will be measured with stereophotography and computerized image analysis techniques. ..
  13. Local Angiogenic Gene Therapy/VEGF/Treat Diabetic Ulcers
    Harold Brem; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..In addition, we will analyze the wound fluid in order to determine the temporal expression of VEGF in a diabetic ulcer. ..
  14. ACHILLES TENDON LENGTHENING ON PATIENTS WITH DIABETES
    Michael Mueller; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  15. Stimulating Bone Formation using constrained Tibial Vibration
    Matthew Silva; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..