communication aids for disabled

Summary

Summary: Equipment that provides mentally or physically disabled persons with a means of communication. The aids include display boards, typewriters, cathode ray tubes, computers, and speech synthesizers. The output of such aids includes written words, artificial speech, language signs, Morse code, and pictures.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Efficacy of three head-pointing devices for a mouse emulation task
    Denis Anson
    College Misericordia, Dallas, Pennsylvania 18612, USA
    Assist Technol 14:140-50. 2002
  2. ncbi Cognitive tasks for driving a brain-computer interfacing system: a pilot study
    Eleanor Curran
    Department of Law, University of Keele, ST5 5BG Keele, UK
    IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng 12:48-54. 2004
  3. ncbi Geometric subspace methods and time-delay embedding for EEG artifact removal and classification
    Charles W Anderson
    Department of Computer Science, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523, USA
    IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng 14:142-6. 2006
  4. ncbi Brain interface research for asynchronous control applications
    Jaimie F Borisoff
    Neil Squire Society, Vancouver, BC V5M 3Z3, Canada
    IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng 14:160-4. 2006
  5. ncbi Performances evaluation and optimization of brain computer interface systems in a copy spelling task
    Luigi Bianchi
    Department of Neuroscience, Tor Vergata University, 00133 Rome, Italy
    IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng 15:207-16. 2007
  6. ncbi The non-invasive Berlin Brain-Computer Interface: fast acquisition of effective performance in untrained subjects
    Benjamin Blankertz
    Fraunhofer FIRST IDA, Kekulestr 7, 12 489 Berlin, Germany
    Neuroimage 37:539-50. 2007
  7. ncbi A P300 event-related potential brain-computer interface (BCI): the effects of matrix size and inter stimulus interval on performance
    Eric W Sellers
    Laboratory of Nervous System Disorders, Wadsworth Center, New York State Department of Health, E1001 Empire State Plaza, Albany, NY 12201, USA
    Biol Psychol 73:242-52. 2006
  8. ncbi BCI2000: a general-purpose brain-computer interface (BCI) system
    Gerwin Schalk
    Laboratory of Nervous System Disorders, Wadsworth Center, New York State Department of Health, Albany, NY 12201 0509, USA
    IEEE Trans Biomed Eng 51:1034-43. 2004
  9. ncbi An SSVEP-based BCI using high duty-cycle visual flicker
    Po Lei Lee
    Department of Electrical Engineering, National Central University, Jhongli 32001, Taiwan
    IEEE Trans Biomed Eng 58:3350-9. 2011
  10. ncbi Towards a robust BCI: error potentials and online learning
    Anna Buttfield
    IDIAP Research Institute, CH 1920 Martigny, Switzerland
    IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng 14:164-8. 2006

Research Grants

  1. I-Talk: Eye Controlled, Direct Selection AAC Device
    GREGORY LESHER; Fiscal Year: 2002
  2. TRANSDERMAL DOSIMETRY--A NEW ALCOHOL CONSUMPTION SENSOR
    Michael Phillips; Fiscal Year: 1990
  3. TELEGRAPHICS DEVICE
    JOHN KAUFMANN; Fiscal Year: 1990
  4. CANCER PREVENTION LINE--AN AUTOMATED TELEPHONE SOURCE
    LEONARD BLACKSHEAR; Fiscal Year: 1992
  5. CENTRALIZED COMMUNICATION SERVERS FOR TDD CALLS
    Thomas McLaughlin; Fiscal Year: 2000
  6. CENTRALIZED COMMUNICATION SERVERS FOR TDD CALLS
    Thomas McLaughlin; Fiscal Year: 2002
  7. PORTABLE TDD/SPEECH SURROGATE
    Thomas McLaughlin; Fiscal Year: 1992
  8. EFFECTS OF PRACTICE ON SPEECH OUTPUT FOR CHILDREN
    Kathryn Drager; Fiscal Year: 2006
  9. EEG BASED BRAIN COMPUTER INTERFACE
    JONATHAN WOLPAW; Fiscal Year: 2003
  10. AAC Rehabilitation for Conversation in Dementia
    Melanie Fried Oken; Fiscal Year: 2006

Detail Information

Publications226 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Efficacy of three head-pointing devices for a mouse emulation task
    Denis Anson
    College Misericordia, Dallas, Pennsylvania 18612, USA
    Assist Technol 14:140-50. 2002
    ..The two fastest devices, the HeadMaster Plus and Tracer, both resulted in complaints regarding comfort, whereas the most comfortable device, the Tracker 2000, was preferred by participants although it was slightly slower in performance...
  2. ncbi Cognitive tasks for driving a brain-computer interfacing system: a pilot study
    Eleanor Curran
    Department of Law, University of Keele, ST5 5BG Keele, UK
    IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng 12:48-54. 2004
    ..These findings have implications for establishing appropriate methods to operate BCI systems, particularly for disabled people who may experience difficulty with motor tasks, even motor imagery...
  3. ncbi Geometric subspace methods and time-delay embedding for EEG artifact removal and classification
    Charles W Anderson
    Department of Computer Science, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523, USA
    IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng 14:142-6. 2006
    ..Examples are presented of the filtering of various artifacts and results are shown of classification of EEG from five mental tasks using committees of decision trees...
  4. ncbi Brain interface research for asynchronous control applications
    Jaimie F Borisoff
    Neil Squire Society, Vancouver, BC V5M 3Z3, Canada
    IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng 14:160-4. 2006
    ..This report summarizes our results to date, lessons learned, and current directions, including research into implanted brain interface designs...
  5. ncbi Performances evaluation and optimization of brain computer interface systems in a copy spelling task
    Luigi Bianchi
    Department of Neuroscience, Tor Vergata University, 00133 Rome, Italy
    IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng 15:207-16. 2007
    ....
  6. ncbi The non-invasive Berlin Brain-Computer Interface: fast acquisition of effective performance in untrained subjects
    Benjamin Blankertz
    Fraunhofer FIRST IDA, Kekulestr 7, 12 489 Berlin, Germany
    Neuroimage 37:539-50. 2007
    ....
  7. ncbi A P300 event-related potential brain-computer interface (BCI): the effects of matrix size and inter stimulus interval on performance
    Eric W Sellers
    Laboratory of Nervous System Disorders, Wadsworth Center, New York State Department of Health, E1001 Empire State Plaza, Albany, NY 12201, USA
    Biol Psychol 73:242-52. 2006
    ..This work demonstrates that matrix size and ISI are important variables to consider when optimizing a BCI system for individual users and that a P300-BCI can be used for effective communication...
  8. ncbi BCI2000: a general-purpose brain-computer interface (BCI) system
    Gerwin Schalk
    Laboratory of Nervous System Disorders, Wadsworth Center, New York State Department of Health, Albany, NY 12201 0509, USA
    IEEE Trans Biomed Eng 51:1034-43. 2004
    ..It is available with full documentation and free of charge for research or educational purposes and is currently being used in a variety of studies by many research groups...
  9. ncbi An SSVEP-based BCI using high duty-cycle visual flicker
    Po Lei Lee
    Department of Electrical Engineering, National Central University, Jhongli 32001, Taiwan
    IEEE Trans Biomed Eng 58:3350-9. 2011
    ..An 89.5% duty-cycle flicker, reported as a comfortable flicker, was adopted in a phase-tagged SSVEP system. Six subjects were asked to sequentially input a sequence of cursor commands with the 25.08-bits/min ITR...
  10. ncbi Towards a robust BCI: error potentials and online learning
    Anna Buttfield
    IDIAP Research Institute, CH 1920 Martigny, Switzerland
    IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng 14:164-8. 2006
    ..We also discuss the future direction of this research, including the combination of these two currently separate issues to create a potentially very powerful BCI...
  11. ncbi Information transfer rate in a five-classes brain-computer interface
    B Obermaier
    Ludwig Boltzmann Institute of Medical Informatics, Graz University of Technology, Austria
    IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng 9:283-8. 2001
    ..42 to 0.81 bits per trial and reveal that the upper limit of different mental tasks for a BCI system is three. In each subject, different combinations of three tasks resulted in the best performance...
  12. pmc Toward a high-throughput auditory P300-based brain-computer interface
    D S Klobassa
    Wadsworth Center, NYS Dept Health, Albany, NY, USA
    Clin Neurophysiol 120:1252-61. 2009
    ..For those most severely disabled, limitations in eye mobility or visual acuity may necessitate auditory BCI systems. The present study investigates the efficacy of the use of six environmental sounds to operate a 6x6 P300 Speller...
  13. ncbi An SSVEP-based brain-computer interface for the control of functional electrical stimulation
    Henrik Gollee
    Centre for Rehabilitation Engineering, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, G12 8QQ, UK
    IEEE Trans Biomed Eng 57:1847-55. 2010
    ..The results indicate that the system could be used to control FES-based neuroprostheses with a high degree of accuracy and robustness...
  14. pmc The P300-based brain-computer interface (BCI): effects of stimulus rate
    Dennis J McFarland
    Laboratory of Neural Injury and Repair, Wadsworth Center, New York State Dept of Health, Albany, NY 12201 0509, USA
    Clin Neurophysiol 122:731-7. 2011
    ..Stimulus presentation rate (i.e., flash rate) is one of several parameters that could affect the speed and accuracy of performance. We studied performance (i.e., accuracy and characters/min) on copy spelling as a function of flash rate...
  15. ncbi Defining brain-machine interface applications by matching interface performance with device requirements
    Oliver Tonet
    CRIM Lab, Scuola Superiore Sant Anna, Pisa, Italy
    J Neurosci Methods 167:91-104. 2008
    ..Combining smart controllers with BMIs could improve interactivity and boost BMI applications...
  16. ncbi Comparison of feature selection and classification methods for a brain-computer interface driven by non-motor imagery
    Alvaro Fuentes Cabrera
    Center for Sensory Motor Interaction SMI, Department of Health Science and Technology, Aalborg University, Aalborg, Denmark
    Med Biol Eng Comput 48:123-32. 2010
    ..The results are relevant for the choice of the translation algorithm for an on-line BCI system based on non-motor imagery...
  17. ncbi Effect of high-frequency spectral components in computer recognition of dysarthric speech based on a Mel-cepstral stochastic model
    Prasad D Polur
    Department of Biomedical Engineering, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA 23298, USA
    J Rehabil Res Dev 42:363-71. 2005
    ..However, its application as a rehabilitation/control tool to assist dysarthric motor-impaired individuals such as cerebral palsy subjects holds sufficient promise...
  18. ncbi An auditory brain-computer interface (BCI)
    Femke Nijboer
    Institute for Medical Psychology and Behavioral Neurobiology, University of Tubingen, Gartenstrasse 29, 72074 Tubingen, Germany
    J Neurosci Methods 167:43-50. 2008
    ..We conclude that with sufficient training time an auditory BCI may be as efficient as a visual BCI. Mood and motivation play a role in learning to use a BCI...
  19. ncbi A speech-controlled environmental control system for people with severe dysarthria
    Mark S Hawley
    Department of Medical Physics and Clinical Engineering, Barnsley Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, UK
    Med Eng Phys 29:586-93. 2007
    ..7s versus 16.9s, p<0.001). It is concluded that a speech-controlled ECS is a viable alternative to switch-scanning systems for some people with severe dysarthria and would lead, in many cases, to more efficient control of the home...
  20. ncbi A voice-input voice-output communication aid for people with severe speech impairment
    Mark S Hawley
    School of Health and Related Research, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK
    IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng 21:23-31. 2013
    ..These limitations will be addressed in future work...
  21. ncbi The brain computer interface using flash visual evoked potential and independent component analysis
    Po Lei Lee
    Department of Electrical Engineering, National Central University, Taoyuan, Taiwan
    Ann Biomed Eng 34:1641-54. 2006
    ..The mean detection accuracy resulted from averaging 15 epochs was 99.7%. Another experiment was to generate a specified string '0287513694E'. The mean accuracy and information transfer rates were 83% and 23.06 bits/min, respectively...
  22. ncbi Toward self-paced brain-computer communication: navigation through virtual worlds
    Reinhold Scherer
    Laboratory of Brain Computer Interfaces, Institute for Knowledge Discovery, Graz University of Technology, Graz 8010, Austria
    IEEE Trans Biomed Eng 55:675-82. 2008
    ..Eye movements (electrooculogram) and electromyographic artifacts were reduced and detected online. The results of three able-bodied subjects are reported and problems emerging from self-paced control are discussed...
  23. ncbi An improved P300-based brain-computer interface
    Hilit Serby
    Electrical Engineering Department, Technion Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa 32000, Israel
    IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng 13:89-98. 2005
    ..8 symbols/min with an accuracy of 56 % in Donchin's work. The presented BCI achieves excellent performance compared to other existing BCIs, and allows a reasonable communication rate, while maintaining a low error rate...
  24. ncbi A brain-computer interface (BCI) for the locked-in: comparison of different EEG classifications for the thought translation device
    Thilo Hinterberger
    Institute of Medical Psychology and Behavioral Neurobiology, Gartenstrasse 29, University of Tubingen, Tubingen, Germany
    Clin Neurophysiol 114:416-25. 2003
    ..This study reports the comparison of different methods of electroencephalographic (EEG) analysis to improve spelling accuracy with the TTD on a data set of 6,650 trials of a severely paralyzed patient...
  25. ncbi The thought-translation device (TTD): neurobehavioral mechanisms and clinical outcome
    Niels Birbaumer
    Institute of Medical Psychology and Behavioral Neurobiology, University of Tubingen, D 72074 Tubingen, Germany
    IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng 11:120-3. 2003
    ..The clinical outcome of 11 paralyzed patients using the TTD and quality of life of severely paralyzed patients is described. First attempts to improve learning of brain regulation with transcranial magnetic stimulation were successful...
  26. ncbi Computer control using human intracortical local field potentials
    Philip R Kennedy
    Neural Signals, Inc, Atlanta, GA 30340, USA
    IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng 12:339-44. 2004
    ..This report focuses on the progress of two subjects toward effective use of their "virtual" neuro-prosthetic devices to meet their assistive technology needs...
  27. ncbi Operation of a P300-based brain-computer interface by individuals with cervical spinal cord injury
    Shiro Ikegami
    Cognitive Functions Section, Department of Rehabilitation for Sensory Functions, Research Institute of National Rehabilitation Center for Persons with Disabilities, Tokorozawa, Saitama 359 8555, Japan
    Clin Neurophysiol 122:991-6. 2011
    ..This study evaluates the efficacy of a P300-based brain-computer interface (BCI) with green/blue flicker matrices for individuals with cervical spinal cord injury (SCI)...
  28. ncbi A general framework for brain-computer interface design
    Steven G Mason
    Neil Squire Foundation, Burnaby, BC V5M 3Z3, Canada
    IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng 11:70-85. 2003
    ..The representational power of the proposed framework was evaluated by applying it to a set of existing BCI technologies. The framework could effectively describe all of the BCI System designs tested...
  29. ncbi Multimodal neuroelectric interface development
    Leonard J Trejo
    NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA 94035, USA
    IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng 11:199-204. 2003
    ....
  30. ncbi Brain-computer interfaces for 1-D and 2-D cursor control: designs using volitional control of the EEG spectrum or steady-state visual evoked potentials
    Leonard J Trejo
    NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA 94035, USA
    IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng 14:225-9. 2006
    ..We have also developed a realistic demonstration of our system for control of a moving map display (http://ti.arc.nasa.gov/)...
  31. ncbi BCI Meeting 2005--workshop on clinical issues and applications
    A Kubler
    Institute of Medical Psychology and Behavioural Neurobiology, University of Tubingen, 72074 Tubingen, Germany
    IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng 14:131-4. 2006
    ..These include potential BCI users, applications, validation, getting BCIs to users, role of government and industry, plasticity, and ethics...
  32. ncbi Enabling frail older people with a communication difficulty to express their views: the use of Talking Mats as an interview tool
    Joan Murphy
    Department of Psychology, University of Stirling, Stirling, UK
    Health Soc Care Community 13:95-107. 2005
    ..The study concludes that Talking Mats is a useful and enjoyable method of allowing frail older people with a communication disability to express views which they have difficulty conveying otherwise...
  33. ncbi Friend: a communication aid for persons with disabilities
    Pradipta Biswas
    Computer Laboratory, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK
    IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng 16:205-9. 2008
    ..The adaptation mechanism is continued during as well as after the end of interactions to make the system personalized to individual user...
  34. ncbi Performance models for automatic evaluation of virtual scanning keyboards
    Samit Bhattacharya
    Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur, Kharagpur 721 302, India
    IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng 16:510-9. 2008
    ..The proposed models address the limitations present in the reported work on similar models. We compared the model predictions with results from user trials and established the validity of the proposed models...
  35. doi Computational modeling of user errors for the design of virtual scanning keyboards
    Samit Bhattacharya
    IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng 16:400-9. 2008
    ..Methods employed in our study, results obtained, the predictive user models, the error measure, and the proposed design method are presented in this paper...
  36. ncbi Application of tilt sensors in human-computer mouse interface for people with disabilities
    Y L Chen
    Department of Electronic Engineering, Hwa Hsia, College of Technology and Commerce, Taipei Hsien, Taiwan, ROC
    IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng 9:289-94. 2001
    ..Operator may puff his cheek to trigger the device to perform single click, double clicks, and drag commands. This system was invented to assist people with disabilities to live an independent professional life...
  37. ncbi Pointing device usage guidelines for people with quadriplegia: a simulation and validation study utilizing an integrated pointing device apparatus
    Hsieh Ching Chen
    Department of Industrial Engineering and Management, Chaoyang University of Technology, Taichung 413, Taiwan
    IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng 17:279-86. 2009
    ..The priority for selecting which body part should control the pointing devices was as follows: unilateral hands, unilateral wrist/hands, and either bilateral body parts or a limb and chin/head/neck in combination...
  38. ncbi A binary spelling interface with random errors
    J Perelmouter
    Institute of Medical Psychology and Behavioral Neurobiology, University of Tubingen, Germany
    IEEE Trans Rehabil Eng 8:227-32. 2000
    ....
  39. ncbi Voluntary brain regulation and communication with electrocorticogram signals
    Thilo Hinterberger
    Institute of Environmental Medicine and Clinical Hygiene, University Medical Center Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany
    Epilepsy Behav 13:300-6. 2008
    ..The high spatial resolution and increased signal-to-noise ratio in ECoG signals, combined with short training periods, may offer an alternative for communication in complete paralysis, locked-in syndrome, and motor restoration...
  40. ncbi System for assisted mobility using eye movements based on electrooculography
    Rafael Barea
    Electronics Department, University of Alcala, Alcala de Henares, 28871, Spain
    IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng 10:209-18. 2002
    ..Results obtained show that this control technique could be useful in multiple applications, such as mobility and communication aid for handicapped persons...
  41. pmc Neck and face surface electromyography for prosthetic voice control after total laryngectomy
    Cara E Stepp
    Harvard MIT Division of Health Sciences and Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
    IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng 17:146-55. 2009
    ....
  42. ncbi Adaptive software for head-operated computer controls
    Edmund F LoPresti
    University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA
    IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng 12:102-11. 2004
    ..In addition, five current head-control users evaluated the software in a real-world setting. One of these five subjects perceived an improvement in comparison to his current head-control system...
  43. ncbi A low-cost interface for control of computer functions by means of eye movements
    D Borghetti
    Department of Neuroscience, Clinical Neurology, Pisa University School of Medicine, Pisa, Italy
    Comput Biol Med 37:1765-70. 2007
    ..Our results confirm those obtained in previous studies: eye-movement interface can be used to properly control computer functions and to assist communication of movement-impaired patients...
  44. ncbi A parametric feature extraction and classification strategy for brain-computer interfacing
    Dave P Burke
    Department of Electronic and Electrical Engineering, University College Dublin, Dublin 4, Ireland
    IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng 13:12-7. 2005
    ..8+/-4.8% and the ARX method an accuracy of 79.1+/-3.9 % across subjects. The results suggest a role for ARX-based feature extraction in BCIs based on evoked and event-related potentials...
  45. ncbi The camera mouse: visual tracking of body features to provide computer access for people with severe disabilities
    Margrit Betke
    Computer Science Department, Boston University, MA 02215, USA
    IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng 10:1-10. 2002
    ..Twelve people with severe cerebral palsy or traumatic brain injury have tried the system, nine of whom have shown success. They interacted with their environment by spelling out messages and exploring the Internet...
  46. ncbi BCI meeting 2005--workshop on technology: hardware and software
    Febo Cincotti
    Fondazione Santa Lucia, 00179 Rome, Italy
    IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng 14:128-31. 2006
    ..The main conclusion was recognition of the need to focus technical requirements on the users' needs and the need for consistent standards in BCI research...
  47. ncbi The Third International Meeting on Brain-Computer Interface Technology: making a difference
    Theresa M Vaughan
    IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng 14:126-7. 2006
    ..Future work is expected to improve the performance and utility of BCIs, and to focus increasingly on making them a viable, practical, and affordable communication alternative for many thousands of severely disabled people worldwide...
  48. ncbi Brain-controlled interfaces: movement restoration with neural prosthetics
    Andrew B Schwartz
    Department of Neurobiology, Center for the Neural Basis of Cognition, McGowan Institute for Regenerative Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213, USA
    Neuron 52:205-20. 2006
    ....
  49. ncbi Utilizing gamma band to improve mental task based brain-computer interface design
    Ramaswamy Palaniappan
    Department of Computer Science, University of Essex, Colchester, CO4 3SQ, UK
    IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng 14:299-303. 2006
    ....
  50. ncbi A new approach in the BCI research based on fractal dimension as feature and Adaboost as classifier
    Reza Boostani
    Amir Kabir University of Technology, Faculty of Biomedical Engineering, Tehran, Iran
    J Neural Eng 1:212-7. 2004
    ..Fractal dimension as a feature with Adaboost and LDA can be considered as alternative combinations for BCI applications...
  51. ncbi Motor imagery classification by means of source analysis for brain-computer interface applications
    Lei Qin
    Department of Biomedical Engineering, The University of Minnesota, 7 105 BSBE, 312 Church Street, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
    J Neural Eng 1:135-41. 2004
    ..The present promising results suggest that the source analysis approach could manifest a clearer picture on the cortical activity, and thus facilitate the classification of MI tasks from scalp EEGs...
  52. ncbi Selection and parameterization of cortical neurons for neuroprosthetic control
    Remy Wahnoun
    The Harrington Department of Bioengineering and the Center for Neural Interface Design of The Biodesign Institute, Arizona State University, Tempe, 85287 9709, USA
    J Neural Eng 3:162-71. 2006
    ..These improvements can lead to systems demanding lower bandwidth and computational power, and will pave the way for more feasible clinical systems...
  53. ncbi An efficient rhythmic component expression and weighting synthesis strategy for classifying motor imagery EEG in a brain-computer interface
    Tao Wang
    Department of Bioengineering, University of Illinois at Chicago, IL 60607, USA
    J Neural Eng 1:1-7. 2004
    ..The present promising results suggest that the present classification algorithm can be used in initiating a general-purpose mental state recognition based on motor imagery tasks...
  54. ncbi The development of an automated method for analyzing communication rate in augmentative and alternative communication
    Laura E Smith
    Aspire of WNY Inc, Getzuille, New York, USA
    Assist Technol 18:107-21. 2006
    ..In addition, the first AAC communication rate performance estimates taken from the field are presented. Implications for further research and the valid use of automated data logging and analysis are discussed...
  55. ncbi The BCI competition. III: Validating alternative approaches to actual BCI problems
    Benjamin Blankertz
    Fraunhofer FIRST IDA, D 12489 Berlin, Germany
    IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng 14:153-9. 2006
    ..The paper describes the data sets that were provided to the competitors and gives an overview of the results...
  56. ncbi Robust classification of EEG signal for brain-computer interface
    Manoj Thulasidas
    Neural Signal Processing Laboratory, Institute for Info comm Research, Singapore
    IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng 14:24-9. 2006
    ....
  57. ncbi BCI Meeting 2005--workshop on BCI signal processing: feature extraction and translation
    Dennis J McFarland
    Wadsworth Laboratories, New York State Department of Health, Albany, NY 12201, USA
    IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng 14:135-8. 2006
    ..The issues discussed include a taxonomy of methods and applications, time-frequency spatial analysis, optimization schemes, the role of insight in analysis, adaptation, and methods for quantifying BCI feedback...
  58. ncbi A time-series prediction approach for feature extraction in a brain-computer interface
    Damien Coyle
    Intelligent Systems Engineering Laboratory, School of Computing and Intelligent Systems, Faculty of Engineering, University of Ulster, Derry, Northern Ireland, UK
    IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng 13:461-7. 2005
    ..The approach compares favorably to a well-known adaptive autoregressive (AAR) FEP and also a linear AAR model based prediction approach...
  59. ncbi Adaptive on-line classification for EEG-based brain computer interfaces with AAR parameters and band power estimates
    C Vidaurre
    Department of Electrical Engineering and Electronics, State University of Navarra, Spain
    Biomed Tech (Berl) 50:350-4. 2005
    ..Finally, it was shown that even subjects starting with a low performance were able to control the system in a few hours: and contrary to previous results no differences between AAR and BP estimates were found...
  60. ncbi Different classification techniques considering brain computer interface applications
    Siamak Rezaei
    Computer Science, University of Northern British Columbia, Prince George, BC, Canada
    J Neural Eng 3:139-44. 2006
    ..In addition to classical correct classification accuracy criteria, the mutual information is also used to compare the classification results with other BCI groups...
  61. ncbi An improved asynchronous brain interface: making use of the temporal history of the LF-ASD feature vectors
    Ali Bashashati
    Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, V6T 1Z4, Canada
    J Neural Eng 3:87-94. 2006
    ..The true positive rate percentage increased by up to 15 which corresponds to 50% improvement when the system is operating with false positive rates in the 1-2% range...
  62. ncbi A comparison of optimal MIMO linear and nonlinear models for brain-machine interfaces
    S P Kim
    Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Florida, Gainesville, 32611, USA
    J Neural Eng 3:145-61. 2006
    ..The models were also compared statistically with respect to the Wiener filter as the baseline. Each of the optimization procedures produced improvements over that baseline for either one of the two datasets or both...
  63. ncbi Steady-state visual evoked potential (SSVEP)-based communication: impact of harmonic frequency components
    Gernot R Müller-Putz
    Laboratory of Brain Computer Interfaces, Institute for Computer Graphics and Vision, Graz University of Technology, Inffeldgasse 16a II, 8010 Graz, Austria
    J Neural Eng 2:123-30. 2005
    ..During feedback experiments, the five subjects investigated reached a classification accuracy between 42.5% and 94.4%...
  64. ncbi Improving correct switching rates in a 'hands-free' environmental control system
    Ashley Craig
    Department of Health Sciences, University of Technology, Sydney, PO Box 123, Broadway, NSW 2007, Australia
    J Neural Eng 2:L9-L13. 2005
    ..Additionally, it eliminated the need for a baseline setup for this system. This suggests that fractal dimension is a potentially viable method for analysing brain signals for use in assistive control systems...
  65. ncbi Characterization of four-class motor imagery EEG data for the BCI-competition 2005
    Alois Schlogl
    Institute of Human Computer Interfaces, University of Technology Graz, Krenngasse 37, A 8010 Graz, Austria
    J Neural Eng 2:L14-22. 2005
    ..Our results of the multi-channel analysis indicate SVM as the most successful classifier, whereas kNN performed worst...
  66. ncbi Visual spatial attention control in an independent brain-computer interface
    Simon P Kelly
    Department of Electronic and Electrical Engineering, University College Dublin, Belfield Dublin 4, Ireland
    IEEE Trans Biomed Eng 52:1588-96. 2005
    ..This independent BCI may provide a new method of real-time interaction for those with little or no peripheral control, with the added advantage of requiring only brief training...
  67. ncbi A device for the detection of cognitive brain functions in completely paralyzed or unresponsive patients
    Thilo Hinterberger
    Institute of Medical Psychology and Behavioral Neurobiology, University of Tubingen, Tübingen 72074, Germany
    IEEE Trans Biomed Eng 52:211-20. 2005
    ..Two patients showing the highest responsiveness were selected for TTD training. The DCA integrated in the TTD allows screening of cognitive abilities and direct brain communication in the patients' home...
  68. ncbi Adaptive BCI based on variational Bayesian Kalman filtering: an empirical evaluation
    Peter Sykacek
    Department of Engineering Science, University of Oxford, Parks Road, OX1 3PJ Oxford, UK
    IEEE Trans Biomed Eng 51:719-27. 2004
    ..This is especially true since the proposed algorithm can be applied in real time...
  69. ncbi "Virtual keyboard" controlled by spontaneous EEG activity
    B Obermaier
    Ludwig Boltzmann Institute of Medical Informatics and Neuroinformatics, University of Technology Graz, 8020 Graz, Austria
    IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng 11:422-6. 2003
    ..We report on three able-bodied subjects, operating the VK. The ability in the use of the VK varies between 0.85 and 0.5 letters/min in error-free writing...
  70. ncbi Brain-computer interface technology: a review of the Second International Meeting
    Theresa M Vaughan
    IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng 11:94-109. 2003
    ..The practical use of BCI technology will be determined by the development of appropriate applications and identification of appropriate user groups, and will require careful attention to the needs and desires of individual users...
  71. ncbi A novel accelerometer tilt switch device for switch actuation in the patient with profound disability
    Stephen Perring
    Poole Hospital NHS Trust, Dorset, UK
    Arch Phys Med Rehabil 84:921-3. 2003
    ..We show that the device can operate in a wide range of attitudes. We describe 2 case studies in which the switch was successfully used as a head tilt switch...
  72. ncbi Implementation of a telemonitoring system for the control of an EEG-based brain-computer interface
    Gernot R Müller
    Department of Medical Informatics, Institute of Biomedical Engineering, University of Technology Graz, 8010 Graz, Austria
    IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng 11:54-9. 2003
    ..First experiences with a patient living far away from the developer's lab are reported...
  73. ncbi Machine learning for real-time single-trial EEG-analysis: from brain-computer interfacing to mental state monitoring
    Klaus Robert Muller
    Technical University Berlin, Str des 17 Juni 135, 10623 Berlin, Germany
    J Neurosci Methods 167:82-90. 2008
    ..Also, spelling with the novel BBCI-based Hex-o-Spell text entry system, which gains communication speeds of 6-8 letters per minute, is discussed. Finally the results of a real-time arousal monitoring experiment are presented...
  74. ncbi Development of EOG-based communication system controlled by eight-directional eye movements
    Kenji Yamagishi
    Dept of Biocybern, Niigata Univ, Japan
    Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc 1:2574-7. 2006
    ..As experimental results using a projected screen keyboard, processing speed was improved to 12.1 letters/min. while the accuracy was 90.4%..
  75. ncbi The development of brain-machine interface neuroprosthetic devices
    Parag G Patil
    Department of Neurosurgery and Biomedical Engineering, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 0338, USA
    Neurotherapeutics 5:137-46. 2008
    ..Now is a critical time in brain-machine interface development because most ongoing studies are science-based and noncommercial, allowing new approaches to be included in commercial schemes under development...
  76. ncbi Feature selection for the classification of movements from single movement-related potentials
    Elad Yom-Tov
    Technion Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa 32000, Israel
    IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng 10:170-7. 2002
    ..With the addition of a simple coding scheme, this method can be applied to multiple limb classification and a 63% classification accuracy rate can be reached when attempting to distinguish between three limbs...
  77. ncbi Brain-machine interface: restoring neurological function through bioengineering
    Jeffrey G Ojemann
    Department of Neurological Surgery, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, Washington, USA
    Clin Neurosurg 54:134-6. 2007
  78. ncbi An asynchronously controlled EEG-based virtual keyboard: improvement of the spelling rate
    Reinhold Scherer
    Institute of Human Computer Interfaces, Graz University of Technology, 8010 Graz, Austria
    IEEE Trans Biomed Eng 51:979-84. 2004
    ..Of the first results of three able-bodied subjects operating the VK, two were successful, showing an improvement of the spelling rate sigma, the number of correctly spelled letters/min, up to sigma = 3.38 (average sigma = 1.99)...
  79. ncbi Brain-computer interface design for asynchronous control applications: improvements to the LF-ASD asynchronous brain switch
    Jaimie F Borisoff
    Neil Squire Foundation, Burnaby, BC V5M 3Z3, Canada
    IEEE Trans Biomed Eng 51:985-92. 2004
    ..The results also confirm previous findings that spinal cord-injured subjects can operate ABS designs to the same ability as able-bodied subjects...
  80. ncbi Brain-computer communication and slow cortical potentials
    Thilo Hinterberger
    Institute of Medical Psychology and Behavioral Neurobiology, University of Tubingen, 72076 Tubingen, Germany
    IEEE Trans Biomed Eng 51:1011-8. 2004
    ..A new method for control of eye movement is presented. Sequential effects of trial-to-trial interaction may also cause difficulties for the user. Finally, psychophysiological factors determining SCP communication are discussed...
  81. ncbi Text generation from Taiwanese Sign Language using a PST-based language model for augmentative communication
    Chung Hsien Wu
    Department of Computer Science and Information Engineering, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan, ROC
    IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng 12:441-54. 2004
    ..Evaluation results show that the literacy aptitude test and subjective satisfactory level are significantly improved...
  82. ncbi Phase synchronization for the recognition of mental tasks in a brain-computer interface
    Elly Gysels
    Swiss Center for Electronics and Microtechnology, Neuchatel, CH 2007 Switzerland
    IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng 12:406-15. 2004
    ..The results demonstrate that phase synchronization provides relevant information for the classification of spontaneous EEG during mental tasks...
  83. ncbi [Communication based on the P300 component of event-related potentials: a proposal for a matrix with images]
    A D Santana-Vargas
    Facultad de Psicologia, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Mexico DF, Mexico
    Rev Neurol 43:653-8. 2006
    ..AIM. To obtain a P300 component elicited by intensifications of images arranged in a matrix in an oddball paradigm in two selection modes: assigned and free...
  84. ncbi A review of classification algorithms for EEG-based brain-computer interfaces
    F Lotte
    IRISA INRIA Rennes, Campus Universitaire de Beaulieu, Avenue du General Leclerc, 35042 Rennes Cedex, France
    J Neural Eng 4:R1-R13. 2007
    ..Based on the literature, we compare them in terms of performance and provide guidelines to choose the suitable classification algorithm(s) for a specific BCI...
  85. ncbi Mouse manipulation through single-switch scanning
    Susie Blackstien-Adler
    Bloorview MacMillan Children s Centre, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Assist Technol 16:28-42. 2004
    ..Hybrid Quadrant scanning improved access time but at the cost of fewer correct selections. These results demonstrated the importance of testing and comparing alternate single-switch scanning strategies...
  86. ncbi A survey of signal processing algorithms in brain-computer interfaces based on electrical brain signals
    Ali Bashashati
    Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, The University of British Columbia, 2356 Main Mall, Vancouver, V6T 1Z4, Canada
    J Neural Eng 4:R32-57. 2007
    ..key research questions are addressed: (1) what are the key signal processing components of a BCI, (2) what signal processing algorithms have been used in BCIs and (3) which signal processing techniques have received more attention?..
  87. ncbi Conversion of EEG activity into cursor movement by a brain-computer interface (BCI)
    Georg E Fabiani
    Binuscan, MC 98013 Monaco, Principality of Monaco
    IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng 12:331-8. 2004
    ..The 1-D linear method did not do so. These offline results suggest that the 1-D nonlinear or the 2-D linear cursor function will improve online operation of the BCI system...
  88. ncbi The effect of the communication output method on augmented interaction
    D Jeffery Higginbotham
    Department of Communicative Disorders and Sciences, University at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY 14214, USA
    Augment Altern Commun 23:140-53. 2007
    ..The role of communication co-construction in augmented interaction and the implications of the Interaction Model for future communication device design are discussed...
  89. ncbi Continuous EEG classification during motor imagery--simulation of an asynchronous BCI
    George Townsend
    Department of Computer Science, Algoma University, Sault Ste Marie, ON P6A 2G4, Canada
    IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng 12:258-65. 2004
    ..EEG data recorded during right/left motor imagery is used to simulate an asynchronous BCI. To optimize the classification results, a refractory period and a dwell time are introduced...
  90. ncbi Mortality and time to death in very low birth weight infants: California, 1987 and 1993
    J B Gould
    School of Public Health, University of California Berkeley, Berkeley, California 94720, USA
    Pediatrics 105:E37. 2000
    ..The possibility that these advances may also prolong the time to death and increase pain and suffering has been of concern, but there have been no population-based evaluations of this issue...
  91. ncbi Extravascular lung water after pneumonectomy and one-lung ventilation in sheep
    Vsevolod V Kuzkov
    Department of Anesthesiology, Institute of Clinical Medicine, University of Tromsø, Tromsø, Norway
    Crit Care Med 35:1550-9. 2007
    ....
  92. ncbi Structure-activity relationship of chemical penetration enhancers in transdermal drug delivery
    N Kanikkannan
    College of Pharmacy, Florida A and M University, Tallahassee, FL 32307, USA
    Curr Med Chem 7:593-608. 2000
    ..Our review also discusses the various factors to be considered in the selection of an appropriate penetration enhancer for the development of transdermal delivery systems...
  93. ncbi Causality of parenchymal and vascular changes in rats with experimental thiamine deficiency encephalopathy
    Q Chen
    Department of Neuropathology, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Japan
    Pathol Int 47:748-56. 1997
    ....
  94. ncbi Exenatide added to insulin therapy: a retrospective review of clinical practice over two years in an academic endocrinology outpatient setting
    Nancy M Yoon
    Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, School of Medicine, Indiana University, Indianapolis, Indiana 46202, USA
    Clin Ther 31:1511-23. 2009
    ..Limited published data exist on the off-label use of exenatide in conjunction with insulin in the treatment of T2DM...
  95. pmc Ginger DNA transposons in eukaryotes and their evolutionary relationships with long terminal repeat retrotransposons
    Weidong Bao
    Genetic Information Research Institute, Mountain View, CA, USA
    Mob DNA 1:3. 2010
    ..In this paper we analyze a diverse superfamily of eukaryotic cut and paste DNA transposons coding for INT-like transposase and discuss their evolutionary relationship to LTR retrotransposons...
  96. ncbi Changes in brain lipid composition in thiamine deficient rats
    M Okazaki
    Department of Pharmacology, School of Medicine, Showa University, Tokyo, Japan
    Jpn J Pharmacol 54:171-8. 1990
    ..It is conceivable that these changes in brain lipid composition provided some clues for the histological and morphological changes of the brain as manifested by the myelin degradation in acute thiamine deficiency...
  97. ncbi Analysis of guidelines for basal-bolus insulin dosing: basal insulin, correction factor, and carbohydrate-to-insulin ratio
    Paul C Davidson
    Atlanta Diabetes Associates, Atlanta, Georgia 30309, USA
    Endocr Pract 14:1095-101. 2008
    ..To analyze and compare the underlying mathematical models for basal-bolus insulin-dosing guidelines in patients with type 1 diabetes in a retrospective controlled study...
  98. ncbi A new method for the measurement of cerebral blood volume and total circulating blood volume using near infrared spatially resolved spectroscopy and indocyanine green: application and validation in neonates
    Terence S Leung
    Department of Medical Physics and Bioengineering, University College London, Shropshire House, 11 20 Capper Street, London WC1E 6JA, UK
    Pediatr Res 55:134-41. 2004
    ..61 +/- 34.34 mL/kg and limits of agreement (2 SD) were -68.07 mL/kg and 69.30 mL/kg. The agreement is limited and the TDD technique needs further validation and development for use in a clinical environment...
  99. ncbi Hemodynamic monitoring by double-indicator dilution technique in patients after orthotopic heart transplantation
    O Goedje
    Department of Cardiac Surgery, University Ulm, Ulm, Germany
    Chest 118:775-81. 2000
    ....
  100. ncbi Field investigations on the survival of Escherichia coli and presence of other enteric micro-organisms in biosolids-amended agricultural soil
    N L Lang
    Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Imperial College London, South Kensington Campus, London, UK
    J Appl Microbiol 103:1868-82. 2007
    ..To measure the survival of enteric micro-organisms in agricultural soil amended with conventional and enhanced treated biosolids in relation to environmental and edaphic conditions...
  101. ncbi Alteration of skin hydration and its barrier function by vehicle and permeation enhancers: a study using TGA, FTIR, TEWL and drug permeation as markers
    D K Shah
    Department of Pharmaceutics, National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research NIPER, Mohali, Punjab, India
    Methods Find Exp Clin Pharmacol 30:499-512. 2008
    ..It was found that both PG and EtOH affect the permeation of solute and TEWL by dehydration. The experiments also proved that the initial TEWL value has a strong potential as a predictive tool for the permeation of the solute...

Research Grants44

  1. I-Talk: Eye Controlled, Direct Selection AAC Device
    GREGORY LESHER; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..abstract_text> ..
  2. TRANSDERMAL DOSIMETRY--A NEW ALCOHOL CONSUMPTION SENSOR
    Michael Phillips; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ....
  3. TELEGRAPHICS DEVICE
    JOHN KAUFMANN; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..Initial problems to be addressed for these prototype units are to refine the voice/data multiplexing scheme, to develop the write-on display screen and to couple this user interface with the voice/data multiplexer...
  4. CANCER PREVENTION LINE--AN AUTOMATED TELEPHONE SOURCE
    LEONARD BLACKSHEAR; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ....
  5. CENTRALIZED COMMUNICATION SERVERS FOR TDD CALLS
    Thomas McLaughlin; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..The goal of the proposed R&D is to make TDD access and services readily achievable by creating an infrastructure of communication servers and the technology should find acceptance. ..
  6. CENTRALIZED COMMUNICATION SERVERS FOR TDD CALLS
    Thomas McLaughlin; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Pieces of the proposed technology are already installed in pilot sites at federal agencies and other organizations. ..
  7. PORTABLE TDD/SPEECH SURROGATE
    Thomas McLaughlin; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..Research into the form factor and functioning of the proposed keyboard will be performed, and hearing or speech impaired persons will be trained in its use. The time needed to achieve satisfactory data input speed will be documented...
  8. EFFECTS OF PRACTICE ON SPEECH OUTPUT FOR CHILDREN
    Kathryn Drager; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The dependent measures will include intelligibility of single words and comprehension of commands. ..
  9. EEG BASED BRAIN COMPUTER INTERFACE
    JONATHAN WOLPAW; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..If successful, this work is likely to improve performance and versatility of EEG-based communication and interface systems. ..
  10. AAC Rehabilitation for Conversation in Dementia
    Melanie Fried Oken; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  11. AUGMENTED LANGUAGE INTERVENTION FOR TODDLERS
    MARYANN ROMSKI; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Findings will advance knowledge about the role of augmented language systems early in life and facilitate the children's adaptive behavior, educational placement, and long-term integration into society. ..
  12. Symptom Management, Patient-Caregiver Communication, and Outcomes in ICU
    MARY HAPP; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  13. Ventilator Weaning:Processes of Care and Communication
    MARY HAPP; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....
  14. Improving Communication with NonSpeaking ICU Patients
    MARY HAPP; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Statistical analysis will involve hierarchical generalized linear modeling (HGLM) by outcome groups and planned group comparisons using linear contrasts within the context of the HGLM. ..
  15. IMPROVING THE MATCH OF PERSON AND MOBILITY TECHNOLOGY
    Marcia Scherer; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Upon validation, these products can be distributed privately through existing publishers of interactive instruction and assessments and promoted by relevant professional organizations. ..
  16. BRAIN-COMPUTER INTERFACES FOR COMMUNICATION AND CONTROL
    THERESA VAUGHAN; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..This meeting should greatly encourage and facilitate continued BCI research and development. ..
  17. Using the Internet to Improve Patient's Self-Management of Chronic Illness
    Deborah Miller; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The utilization analysis will allow us to identify the incremental benefit of the comprehensive system compared to the secure system and to determine where there greatest savings in overall cost of care is gained. ..
  18. ACOUSTIC CORRELATES OF PHONETIC PERCEPTION
    James Hillenbrand; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..A software simulation will be developed for use in testing the validity of the theory. ..
  19. Smart Wheelchair Component System
    Edmund Lopresti; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  20. COMPARATIVE SPEECH PERCEPTION
    JOAN SINNOTT; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..As far as health-relatedness of the overall project, "monkey-model" data may contribute to the verification of currently proposed models of human infant speech perception development. ..
  21. Telemedical Diagnosis of Retinopathy of Prematurity
    Michael Chiang; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Columbia University has a strong existing framework in medical information systems, telemedicine, and public health, which will be leveraged to complete this training and research program successfully. ..
  22. ERP & Behavioral Predictors of Language Intervention
    Paul Yoder; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Multiple regression, multivariate permutation tests, and growth curve analyses will be used to test the research questions. Five years of funding are requested. ..
  23. Hybrid EEG Sensor Array for Brain/Computer Interfaces
    Eric Sellers; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..QUASAR's unique sensing technology allows the development of a simple-to-install, comfortable device for long- term wear. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  24. fMRI Predictor Model for Stroke Locomotor Rehabilitation
    Bruce Dobkin; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The study is a step toward using fMRI as a tool to develop theory- and evidencebased practices that lessen disabilities after stroke. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  25. BCI2000: SOFTWARE FOR BRAIN-COMPUTER INTERFACE RESEARCH
    Gerwin Schalk; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..This project will greatly facilitate this development by improving and maintaining general-purpose BCI software and continuing to provide it to BCI research groups throughout the world. ..
  26. Improving Match of Person/Assistive Cognitive Technology
    Marcia Scherer; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  27. EFFECTS OF AAC STRATEGIES ON DYSARTHRIC SPEECH
    KATHERINE HUSTAD; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Outcomes of these studies will provide critical clinical information as well as important theoretical information that will begin to quantify contributors to speech intelligibility in dysarthria. ..
  28. Navigation Assistant for a Wheeled Walker
    Edmund Lopresti; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Phase II activities will include refining the prototype, implementing software for analyzing the activity level of the user, and testing the system extensively with potential users. ..
  29. SIGNAL PROCESSING STRATEGIES FOR COCHLEAR PROSTHESIS
    PHILIPOS LOIZOU; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Most importantly, it will open new avenues for the development of future signal processing strategies for cochlear prosthesis. ..
  30. Smart Power Assistance Module for Manual Wheelchairs
    Edmund Lopresti; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Extensive outside evaluation of the SPAM will be provided throughout the course of the project by clinicians active in wheelchair seating and mobility. ..
  31. PERCEPTION OF VISIBLE AND BIMODAL SPEECH
    DOMINIC MASSARO; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  32. MOTOR CORTEX REORGANIZATION
    John Donoghue; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..These results may also provide a basis for new regiments that promote beneficial reorganization or cortex after damage by showing how activity and specific mechanisms participate in restructuring cortical organization. ..
  33. Cortical Processing of Movement Perception
    ANDREW SCHWARTZ; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..This will help build a schematic of the overall process used in visuomotor behavior. ..
  34. EARLY COMMUNICATION INTERVENTION IN AUTISTIC CHILDREN
    Paul Yoder; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Assessments of communication, vocabulary, and motor imitation will occur at the pre-treatment, port-treatment, and 6 month follow-up periods. Examiners and coders will be blind to treatment assignment. ..
  35. Channel-Independent Automatic Speech Recognition
    David Levin; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The proposal's second aim is to test the following hypothesis: the word error rate of a typical ASR system will be reduced by incorporation of the new channel normalization technology in its front end. ..
  36. PHYSIOLOGICAL CONSTRAINTS IN THE MODELING OF PROSODY
    Helen Hanson; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The synthesizer will also have the capability of demonstrating to clinicians or students the consequences of deviant control of respiration and of laryngeal state. ..
  37. Speech Production in Phonological Impairment
    Benjamin Munson; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  38. Third International BCI Meeting
    THERESA VAUGHAN; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  39. Non-Enzymatic Cell Lysis/Protein Digestion Proteomics
    Franco Basile; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Advantages anticipated from these studies include the ability to perform high throughput sample preparation for proteomic measurements and its direct effect on the rapid diagnosis of microbial related diseases. ..
  40. Cognitive Orthosis with Interactive Task and Planning
    Edmund Lopresti; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..e., astronauts). Evaluation of the Solo system will be conducted through focus groups and usability tests with clinicians, and clinical trials with individuals who have cognitive impairments. ..
  41. Optimizing speech coding strategies for noise and music
    PHILIPOS LOIZOU; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  42. First Author - A Writing Process Software Tool
    Janet Sturm; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Specifically, the feasibility of this writing software tool will be demonstrated through measurement of 1) tool leamability, 2) tool ease and efficiency of use, and 3) and effect of the tool on writing quantity and quality. ..