seat belts

Summary

Summary: Restraining belts fastened to the frame of automobiles, aircraft, or other vehicles, and strapped around the person occupying the seat in the car or plane, intended to prevent the person from being thrown forward or out of the vehicle in case of sudden deceleration.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Effectiveness of child safety seats vs seat belts in reducing risk for death in children in passenger vehicle crashes
    Michael R Elliott
    Department of Biostatistics, University of Michigan School of Public Health, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 160:617-21. 2006
  2. pmc Pattern of seat belt wearing in Nanjing, China
    V Routley
    Monash University Accident Research Centre, Clayton, Victoria, Australia
    Inj Prev 13:388-93. 2007
  3. pmc Changes in traffic crash mortality rates attributed to use of alcohol, or lack of a seat belt, air bag, motorcycle helmet, or bicycle helmet, United States, 1982-2001
    P Cummings
    Harborview Injury Prevention and Research Center and the Department of Epidemiology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA
    Inj Prev 12:148-54. 2006
  4. ncbi Alcohol, illicit and non-illicit psychoactive drug use and road traffic injury in Thailand: a case-control study
    Patarawan Woratanarat
    Department of Orthopaedics, Faculty of Medicine Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok 10400, Thailand
    Accid Anal Prev 41:651-7. 2009
  5. ncbi Why Turks do not use seat belts? An interview study
    Ozlem Simşekoğlu
    Human Factors and Safety Behavior Group, Department of Psychology, PO Box 9 Siltavuorenpenger 20 D, University of Helsinki, FIN 00014 Helsinki, Finland
    Accid Anal Prev 40:470-8. 2008
  6. ncbi Seatbelt use in Qatar in association with severe injuries and death in the prehospital setting
    Marc David Munk
    University of Pittsburgh, Department of Emergency Medicine, 230 McKee Place, Suite 500, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Prehosp Disaster Med 23:547-52. 2008
  7. ncbi Costs and benefits to Sweden of Swedish road safety research
    Rune Elvik
    Institute of Transport Economics, Gaustadalleen 21, NO 0349 Oslo, Norway
    Accid Anal Prev 41:387-92. 2009
  8. ncbi The impact of airbags and seat belts on the incidence and severity of maxillofacial injuries in automobile accidents in New York State
    J Mouzakes
    Division of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Albany Medical Center Hospital, Albany, NY 12203, USA
    Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 127:1189-93. 2001
  9. ncbi Prevalence and issues in non-use of safety belts and child restraints in a high-income developing country: lessons for the future
    Peter Barss
    Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, United Arab Emirates University, Al Ain, United Arab Emirates
    Traffic Inj Prev 9:256-63. 2008
  10. ncbi Compliance with seat belt use in Benin City, Nigeria
    Pius Ehiawaguan Iribhogbe
    Department of Surgery, College of Medical Sciences, University of Benin, Benin City, Nigeria
    Prehosp Disaster Med 23:16-9. 2008

Detail Information

Publications234 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Effectiveness of child safety seats vs seat belts in reducing risk for death in children in passenger vehicle crashes
    Michael R Elliott
    Department of Biostatistics, University of Michigan School of Public Health, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 160:617-21. 2006
    To provide an estimate of benefit, if any, of child restraint systems over seat belts alone for children aged from 2 through 6 years.
  2. pmc Pattern of seat belt wearing in Nanjing, China
    V Routley
    Monash University Accident Research Centre, Clayton, Victoria, Australia
    Inj Prev 13:388-93. 2007
    ..To describe the patterns of seat belt wearing in Nanjing, China for drivers, front seat passengers, and rear occupants of motor vehicles...
  3. pmc Changes in traffic crash mortality rates attributed to use of alcohol, or lack of a seat belt, air bag, motorcycle helmet, or bicycle helmet, United States, 1982-2001
    P Cummings
    Harborview Injury Prevention and Research Center and the Department of Epidemiology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA
    Inj Prev 12:148-54. 2006
    ....
  4. ncbi Alcohol, illicit and non-illicit psychoactive drug use and road traffic injury in Thailand: a case-control study
    Patarawan Woratanarat
    Department of Orthopaedics, Faculty of Medicine Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok 10400, Thailand
    Accid Anal Prev 41:651-7. 2009
    ..With limited resources, the priority for RTI prevention should be given to control of driving under the influence of alcohol...
  5. ncbi Why Turks do not use seat belts? An interview study
    Ozlem Simşekoğlu
    Human Factors and Safety Behavior Group, Department of Psychology, PO Box 9 Siltavuorenpenger 20 D, University of Helsinki, FIN 00014 Helsinki, Finland
    Accid Anal Prev 40:470-8. 2008
    ..Safety was the strongest predictor of reported seat belt use in both low and high risk traveling conditions. Findings suggest that seat belt campaigns should mainly emphasize seat belt's safety impact and aim at habit formation...
  6. ncbi Seatbelt use in Qatar in association with severe injuries and death in the prehospital setting
    Marc David Munk
    University of Pittsburgh, Department of Emergency Medicine, 230 McKee Place, Suite 500, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Prehosp Disaster Med 23:547-52. 2008
    ....
  7. ncbi Costs and benefits to Sweden of Swedish road safety research
    Rune Elvik
    Institute of Transport Economics, Gaustadalleen 21, NO 0349 Oslo, Norway
    Accid Anal Prev 41:387-92. 2009
    ....
  8. ncbi The impact of airbags and seat belts on the incidence and severity of maxillofacial injuries in automobile accidents in New York State
    J Mouzakes
    Division of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Albany Medical Center Hospital, Albany, NY 12203, USA
    Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 127:1189-93. 2001
    ..To evaluate the effect driver-side and passenger-side airbags have had on the incidence and severity of maxillofacial trauma in victims of automobile accidents...
  9. ncbi Prevalence and issues in non-use of safety belts and child restraints in a high-income developing country: lessons for the future
    Peter Barss
    Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, United Arab Emirates University, Al Ain, United Arab Emirates
    Traffic Inj Prev 9:256-63. 2008
    ..We assessed wearing of SBs after 5 years, together with use of safety restraints by rear passengers and children, perceptions about SBs, and use of tinted glass...
  10. ncbi Compliance with seat belt use in Benin City, Nigeria
    Pius Ehiawaguan Iribhogbe
    Department of Surgery, College of Medical Sciences, University of Benin, Benin City, Nigeria
    Prehosp Disaster Med 23:16-9. 2008
    ..Poor compliance with the use of seat belts is a problem in many developing countries...
  11. pmc Association of seat belt use with death: a comparison of estimates based on data from police and estimates based on data from trained crash investigators
    P Cummings
    Harborview Injury Prevention and Research Center and the Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health and Community Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98104, USA
    Inj Prev 8:338-41. 2002
    Estimates of any protective effect of seat belts could be exaggerated if some crash survivors falsely claimed to police that they were belted in order to avoid a fine...
  12. ncbi Impact of safety belt use on road accident injury and injury type in Kuwait
    Parviz A Koushki
    Department of Civil Engineering, Kuwait University, P O Box 5969, Safat 13060, Kuwait
    Accid Anal Prev 35:237-41. 2003
    ..The use of seat belts has also affected the nature of the injuries resulting from road traffic accidents...
  13. ncbi Seat belt utilization in Saudi Arabia and its impact on road accident injuries
    Salaheddine Bendak
    Department of Industrial Engineering, King Saud University, P O Box 800, Riyadh 11421, Saudi Arabia
    Accid Anal Prev 37:367-71. 2005
    Most industrialized countries and many developing countries have passed laws that require the use of seat belts in motor vehicles...
  14. ncbi The use of seat belts in cars with smart seat belt reminders--results of an observational study
    Maria Krafft
    Folksam Research, Stockholm, Sweden
    Traffic Inj Prev 7:125-9. 2006
    ..Recently, smart seat belt reminders (SBR) have been introduced in cars. By increasingly reminding drivers and passengers if they are not using the seat belt, the intention is to increase the belt use to almost 100%...
  15. ncbi Influence of the unbelted rear-seat passenger on driver mortality: "the backseat bullet"
    James Mayrose
    Department of Emergency Medicine, 462 Grider Street, Buffalo, NY 14215, USA
    Acad Emerg Med 12:130-4. 2005
    ..This study examined whether unrestrained left rear-seat passengers increase the risk of death of belted drivers involved in serious crashes with at least one fatality...
  16. ncbi The actual threat posed by unrestrained rear seat car passengers
    Jeremy Broughton
    TRL Limited, Crowthorne, Berkshire RG45 6AU, UK
    Accid Anal Prev 36:627-9. 2004
    ..The law in respect of the use of seat belts and other restraint systems was less strict in Japan than in Great Britain between 1995 and 1999, so an earlier ..
  17. ncbi The effect of unrestrained rear-seat passengers on driver mortality
    James Mayrose
    State University of New York at Buffalo, Department of Emergency Medicine, Buffalo, NY 14215, USA
    J Trauma 61:1249-54. 2006
    ..Empirical data used in the study was obtained from four sled tests conducted with various size Hybrid III crash test dummies...
  18. ncbi Epidemiology and consequences of drinking and driving
    Ralph Hingson
    Social and Behavioral Sciences Department, Boston University School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    Alcohol Res Health 27:63-78. 2003
    ..Despite overall marked reductions in alcohol-related traffic deaths since the early 1980s, there has been little reduction since the mid-1990s, and alcohol-related traffic deaths have increased slightly in the past 3 years...
  19. ncbi Rear seat belt use as an indicator of safe road behaviour in a rapidly developing country
    Shirley McIlvenny
    Head of Family and Community Health, Sultan Qaboos University, Al Khod 123, Muscat, Sultanate of Oman
    J R Soc Promot Health 124:280-3. 2004
    ..This study examines the use of seat belts in cars entering a university and hospital campus in Oman to determine the degree of seat belt wearing in the ..
  20. pmc Evidence-based policy on road safety: the effect of the demerit points system on seat belt use and health outcomes
    Francesco Zambon
    Medical Epidemiologist, Viale della Vittoria 83, Vittorio Veneto, Italy
    J Epidemiol Community Health 61:877-81. 2007
    ..To assess the effect of a demerit points system, introduced in Italy in July 2003, on the prevalence of seat belt use (intermediate outcome) and the number of road traffic deaths and injuries (health outcomes)...
  21. ncbi Seating position, seat belt wearing, and the consequences in facial fractures in car occupants
    Alexandre Siqueira Franco Fonseca
    Division of Plastic Surgery, Hospital das Clinicas, Medical School, Sao Paulo University, Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil
    Clinics (Sao Paulo) 62:289-94. 2007
    ....
  22. ncbi [Traffic law compliance in the city of Santa Fe, Argentina]
    Juan Carlos Beltramino
    Hospital de Niños Dr Orlando Alassia, Santa Fe, Provincia de Santa Fe, Argentina
    Rev Panam Salud Publica 22:141-5. 2007
    ..In order to reduce the high rate of mortality from traffic accidents, in addition to legislation and public-awareness campaigns, a system for enforcing compliance is needed...
  23. ncbi Maxillofacial injuries in North American vehicle crashes
    Christopher Brookes
    Blackpool Victoria Hospital NHS Trust, Lancashire, UK
    Eur J Emerg Med 10:30-4. 2003
    ..The vehicle 'A' pillar as a source of injury is highlighted. Although there is no doubt that airbags save lives, the possible risks of powerful airbag deployment to small stature, out of position, vehicle occupants is discussed...
  24. ncbi Seatbelt use, attitudes, and changes in legislation: an international study
    Andrew Steptoe
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College, London, United Kingdom
    Am J Prev Med 23:254-9. 2002
    The use of seat belts is among the most effective methods of reducing injury in motor vehicle crashes...
  25. ncbi A study on the use of car occupant restraint in Selangor
    L K Lee
    International Medical University, Sesama Centre, Plaza Komanwel, Bukit Jalil, 57000 Kuala Lumpur
    Med J Malaysia 57:266-77. 2002
    ..Most of the cars (99.8%) examined had front seat belts but only 44.2% had rear seat belts. Only 0.6% of the cars were found to have child restraints in the cars. 80...
  26. pmc Association of rear seat safety belt use with death in a traffic crash: a matched cohort study
    Motao Zhu
    Bureau of Injury Prevention, New York State Department of Health, Albany, New York 12204, USA
    Inj Prev 13:183-5. 2007
    ..To estimate the association of rear seat safety belt use with death in a traffic crash...
  27. ncbi Seatbelt use and belief in destiny in a sample of South African Black and White drivers
    Karl Peltzer
    Health Behaviour Research Unit, University of the North, Sovenga, South Africa
    Psychol Rep 93:732-4. 2003
    ..A nonfatalistic orientation was significantly associated with observed seatbelt use and self-reported seatbelt use. Logistic regression analysis identified a nonfatalistic orientation as independent predictor for observed seatbelt use...
  28. ncbi Mortality of front-seat occupants attributable to unbelted rear-seat passengers in car crashes
    Masao Ichikawa
    Lancet 359:43-4. 2002
    ..If rear seatbelts had been used, almost 80% of deaths of belted front-seat occupants could have been avoided. Rear seatbelt use should be encouraged for the safety of all car occupants...
  29. ncbi Seat-belt use and non-use in adults in Slovenia
    Marjan Bilban
    Department of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, University of Ljubljana, Slovenia
    Int J Public Health 52:317-25. 2007
    To identify population groups at risk of non-use of seat belts in front and rear seats in order to enable more focused planning of preventive actions in Slovenia.
  30. ncbi The danger of premature graduation to seat belts for young children
    F K Winston
    Department of Pediatrics, The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia and the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA
    Pediatrics 105:1179-83. 2000
    To determine the risk of significant injury associated with premature graduation of young (2- to 5-year-old) children to seat belts from child restraint systems (CRS).
  31. ncbi The influence of airbag and restraining devices on the patterns of facial trauma in motor vehicle collisions
    R X Murphy
    Department of Surgery, Lehigh Valley Hospital, Allentown, PA, USA
    Plast Reconstr Surg 105:516-20. 2000
    ..In summary, the use of any protective device decreased the incidence of facial fractures and lacerations sustained in motor vehicle collisions (p < 0.001). Airbags provided the best protection of all currently available devices...
  32. ncbi Condoms and seat belts: the parallels and the lessons
    J Richens
    Department of Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Royal Free and University College Medical School, The Mortimer Market Centre, London, UK
    Lancet 355:400-3. 2000
    This paper investigates the relation between behavior adaptation and safety benefits of seat belts and whether condom promotion can be undermined by unintended changes in sexual risk perception and behavior...
  33. ncbi Reconsidering the effects of seat belt laws and their enforcement status
    T S Dee
    School of Economics, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta 30332, USA
    Accid Anal Prev 30:1-10. 1998
    ..Belt use among those most likely to be involved in traffic accidents (e.g. males, drinkers of alcohol, the young) has been significantly less responsive to seat belt laws and their enforcement status...
  34. ncbi [Study on the situation of seat belt wearing among drivers and front-seat passengers of vehicles in Nanjing in 2005-2007]
    Yu Qin
    Jiangsu Province Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Nanjing 210009, China
    Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi 30:459-61. 2009
    ..To find out the situation of seat belt wearing among drivers and passengers in Nanjing after the National Road Traffic Safety Law and its Ordinance had been issued for 3 years, in Jiangsu province...
  35. ncbi Seat belt and child seat use in Lipetskaya Oblast, Russia: frequencies, attitudes, and perceptions
    Sai Ma
    Johns Hopkins International Injury Research Unit, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    Traffic Inj Prev 13:76-81. 2012
    ..This study describes observed seat belt use and knowledge, attitudes, and perceptions of seat belt use in Lipetskaya Oblast, Russia...
  36. ncbi Observed seat belt use in Kumasi Metropolis, Ghana
    Francis K Afukaar
    Council for Scientific and Industrial Research, Building and Road Research Institute, Kumasi, Ghana
    J Prev Interv Community 38:280-9. 2010
    ..The study also suggests the need to develop effective strategies and programs that address low seat belt use in Ghana...
  37. ncbi An observational study of seatbelt use among vehicle occupants in Nigeria
    Adesola O Sangowawa
    Institute of Child Health, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria
    Inj Prev 16:85-9. 2010
    ..Several countries, including Nigeria, have laws mandating the use of seatbelts but compliance is not universal. This study was conducted to determine rates of use of seatbelts among vehicle occupants in Ibadan municipality...
  38. ncbi Do seat belts and air bags reduce mortality and injury severity after car accidents?
    Justin S Cummins
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Multidisciplinary Clinical Research Center, Dartmouth Hitchcock Medical Center, Lebanon, New Hampshire 03756, USA
    Am J Orthop (Belle Mead NJ) 40:E26-9. 2011
    ..28-0.39), the seatbelt- only group had a 51% mortality reduction (AOR, 0.49; 99% CI, 0.45-0.52), and the air-bag-only group had a 32% mortality reduction (AOR, 0.68, 99% CI, 0.57-0.80). Injury Severity Scores showed a similar pattern...
  39. ncbi The validity of self-reported seatbelt use: Hispanic and non-Hispanic drivers in El Paso
    M A Parada
    Department of Psychology, University of Texas, El Paso 79968-0553, USA
    Accid Anal Prev 33:139-43. 2001
    ..These findings suggest that response bias within low belt use populations may be greater than suggested by state and national data...
  40. ncbi Self-reports of safe driving behaviors in relationship to sex, age, education and income in the US adult driving population
    D Shinar
    Industrial Engineering and Management, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheva, Israel
    Accid Anal Prev 33:111-6. 2001
    ..The results have implications for identifying violation-specific high-risk groups, and stressing different factors for each...
  41. pmc Reduced fatalities related to rear seat shoulder belts
    L S Robertson
    Yale University and Nanlee Research, Branford, CT 06405, USA
    Inj Prev 5:62-4. 1999
    ..To determine the effect on fatality rates in crashes of installation of shoulder belts in automobile back seats...
  42. ncbi Children in fatal crashes: driver blood alcohol concentration and demographics of child passengers and their drivers
    Robert B Voas
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, Calverton, MD 20705 3102, USA
    Addiction 97:1439-48. 2002
    ....
  43. ncbi Race, Hispanic origin, and socioeconomic status in relation to motor vehicle occupant death rates and risk factors among adults
    Elisa R Braver
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, 1005 North Glebe Road, Arlington, VA 22201 4751, USA
    Accid Anal Prev 35:295-309. 2003
    ..More effective public health efforts are needed to reduce occupant deaths among persons of lower SES, blacks, and Hispanics, including measures to increase use of seat belts and reduce alcohol-impaired driving.
  44. ncbi An analysis of race and demographic factors among motor vehicle fatalities
    James Mayrose
    Department of Emergency Medicine, State University of New York at Buffalo 14215, USA
    J Trauma 52:752-5. 2002
    ..Even more lives could be saved and serious injuries avoided if there was increased seat belt use in the United States...
  45. ncbi Motor vehicle safety: current concepts and challenges for emergency physicians
    T D Peterson
    Iowa Department of Public Health, Bureau of EMS, Des Moines, USA
    Ann Emerg Med 34:384-93. 1999
    ..Emergency physicians have an important role in advocating motor vehicle safety and injury prevention, both in the emergency department and within the community...
  46. ncbi Risky driving habits and motor vehicle driver injury
    Stephanie Blows
    The George Institute for International Health, University of Sydney, P O Box M201, Missenden Road, Sydney, NSW 2050, Australia
    Accid Anal Prev 37:619-24. 2005
    ..These results confirm the need for interventions targeting risky driving and suggest that different strategies may be required for different high-risk groups...
  47. ncbi Differences in safety belt use by race
    Jonathon M Vivoda
    The University of Michigan Transportation Research Institute, 2901 Baxter Road, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 2150, USA
    Accid Anal Prev 36:1105-9. 2004
    ..Race was assessed visually by trained observers. The study showed that motor vehicle occupants identified as Black had significantly lower safety belt use than those occupants identified as White or Other...
  48. ncbi A research agenda for increasing safety belt use in the United States
    James Hedlund
    Highway Safety North, 110 Homestead Road, Ithaca, NY 14850 6216, USA
    J Safety Res 35:231-5. 2004
    ....
  49. ncbi An evaluation of the effectiveness of forward facing child restraint systems
    Kristy B Arbogast
    The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, 34th and Civic Center Blvd, 3535 TraumaLink, 10th Floor, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Accid Anal Prev 36:585-9. 2004
    ..serious injury and hospitalization to children 12-47 months of age as compared with similar age children in seat belts. Data were obtained from a cross-sectional study of children aged 12-47 months in crashes of insured vehicles in ..
  50. pmc Restraint use among northwest American Indian children traveling in motor vehicles
    Jodi A Lapidus
    Department of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Division of Biostatistics, Center for Healthy Communities, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland 97239, USA
    Am J Public Health 95:1982-8. 2005
    ..e., age and weight appropriate) passenger restraint systems...
  51. pmc Effect of increased rear row occupancy on injury to seat belt restrained children in side impact crashes
    Matthew R Maltese
    The Department of Pediatrics, The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
    Annu Proc Assoc Adv Automot Med 49:229-43. 2005
    ..Occupants are at an increased risk of injury if they sit alone on their row as compared to sitting with other occupants. Patterns of injuries distinct to each seat position were delineated...
  52. ncbi Rollover injury: effects of near- and far-seating position, belt use, and number of quarter rolls
    David C Viano
    ProBiomechanics, LLC, 265 Warrington Road, Bloomfield Hills, MI 48304, USA
    Traffic Inj Prev 8:382-92. 2007
    ..The aim was to improve our understanding of rollover injury mechanisms...
  53. pmc Passenger seating position and the risk of passenger death in traffic crashes: a matched cohort study
    K M Smith
    Harborview Injury Prevention and Research Center, Seattle, WA 98104, USA
    Inj Prev 12:83-6. 2006
    ..To estimate the association of passenger seating position with the risk of death for passengers in traffic crashes...
  54. pmc Providing car seat checks with well-child visits at an urban health center: a pilot study
    Kyran P Quinlan
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637 1470, USA
    Inj Prev 13:352-4. 2007
    ..To evaluate a pilot program of providing child restraint system (CRS) checks by certified technicians with well-child care in an urban health center serving a low-income community...
  55. ncbi Factors associated with front row seating of children in motor vehicle crashes
    Dennis R Durbin
    Department of Pediatrics and TraumaLink, The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA
    Epidemiology 15:345-9. 2004
    ..However, front row seating among these children remains common. To develop future educational and other interventions to decrease front row seating of young children, it is important to examine factors associated with this behavior...
  56. ncbi Using head-on collisions to compare risk of driver death by frontal air bag generation: a matched-pair cohort study
    Elisa R Braver
    National Study Center for Trauma and Emergency Medical Systems, Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 167:546-52. 2008
    ..A borderline significant interaction between vehicle type and air bag generation suggested that sled-certified air bags may have reduced the risk of dying in head-on collisions among drivers of pickup trucks...
  57. ncbi Child passenger injury risk in motor vehicle crashes: a comparison of nighttime and daytime driving by teenage and adult drivers
    Irene G Chen
    The Center for Injury Research and Prevention, Department of Pediatrics, The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, and the Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine 19104, USA
    J Safety Res 37:299-306. 2006
    ..To examine the association between child passenger injury risk, restraint use, and crash time (day vs. night) for children in crashes of vehicles driven by teenage versus adult drivers...
  58. ncbi Letter to the editors and reply on: "Air bag effectiveness as a function of impact speed" Traffic Injury Prevention, 4:128-135, 2003
    Maria Segui-Gomez
    Traffic Inj Prev 5:90; author reply 90-2. 2004
  59. ncbi Airbag deployment and improperly restrained children: a lethal combination
    Alfredo Quinones-Hinojosa
    Department of Neurological Surgery, San Francisco Injury Center, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California, USA
    J Trauma 59:729-33. 2005
    ..We also reviewed the relevant literature and provide information useful for caregivers and health care professionals in hopes of reducing future injuries...
  60. pmc Benefits of a low severity frontal crash test
    Kennerly Digges
    George Washington University, USA
    Annu Proc Assoc Adv Automot Med 51:299-317. 2007
    ..to 36 mm. was conducted. A standard that limits the chest deflection to 34 mm. would reduce serious chest injury by 16% to 24% for the belted population in frontal crashes...
  61. pmc Effectiveness of high back and backless belt-positioning booster seats in side impact crashes
    Kristy B Arbogast
    The Department of Pediatrics, The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, USA
    Annu Proc Assoc Adv Automot Med 49:201-213. 2005
    ..reduction in injury risk for children in belt positioning booster seats (BPB) compared to those restrained in seat belts using a sample of crashes of all directions of impact...
  62. ncbi Kinematics of belted fatalities in frontal collisions: A new approach in deep studies of injury mechanisms
    Mats O Lindquist
    Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Division of Surgery, Umea University, Saab Automobile, Enginuity Services International, Trollhattan, Sweden
    J Trauma 61:1506-16. 2006
    ..The main purpose of this study was to analyze the characteristics of injury mechanisms and injuries in fatal SO and LO car crashes in Sweden...
  63. ncbi Field use patterns and performance of child restraints secured by lower anchors and tethers for children (LATCH)
    Kristy B Arbogast
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    Accid Anal Prev 39:530-5. 2007
    ..This subset of cases demonstrates that consumers are using the LATCH technology, at times with significant misuse and that significant injury still may occur, despite use of LATCH...
  64. ncbi Child passenger safety in the school-age population
    Jennifer P Yakupcin
    Emergency Department, The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, 34th and Civic Center Boulevard, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Pediatr Emerg Care 21:286-90. 2005
  65. ncbi The field performance of frontal air bags: a review of the literature
    Richard Kent
    Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia 22902, USA
    Traffic Inj Prev 6:1-23. 2005
    ..Finally, some special topics, including risk homeostasis and the performance of face bags, are discussed...
  66. pmc Are restrained children under 15 years of age in cars as effectively protected as adults?
    E Javouhey
    Epidemiological Research and Surveillance Unit in Transport, Occupation and Environment, French National Institute for Transport and Safety Research, University Claude Bernard Lyon 1, Bron, France
    Arch Dis Child 91:304-8. 2006
    ..To compare the injury distribution between children and adults, injured as restrained car passengers...
  67. pmc A risky treat: exploring parental perceptions of the barriers to seating their children in the rear seats of passenger vehicles
    Alexia Lennon
    Centre for Accident Research and Road Safety, Queensland University of Technology, Carseldine, Queensland, Australia
    Inj Prev 13:105-9. 2007
    ..However, little is known about the factors that affect parents' decisions about seating positions...
  68. ncbi Occupant injury in longitudinal barrier collisions: effects of restraints
    Douglas J Gabauer
    Virginia Tech Wake Forest, Center for Injury Biomechanics Blacksburg, VA 24061, USA
    Biomed Sci Instrum 43:1-6. 2007
    ..Current full-scale test procedures for these devices do not consider the effect of occupant restraints such as seat belts and airbags...
  69. ncbi A maternity hospital-based infant car-restraint loan scheme: public health and economic evaluation of an intervention for the reduction of road traffic injuries
    Simeon Kedikoglou
    Department of Hygiene and Epidemiology, Athens University Medical School, Athens 115027, Greece
    Scand J Public Health 33:42-9. 2005
    ..The results of an infant car-restraint loan scheme and evaluate its cost-effectiveness are presented...
  70. ncbi The current status of road user injuries among the elderly in Germany: a medical and technical accident analysis
    Martinus Richter
    Trauma Department, Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Germany
    J Trauma 58:591-5. 2005
    ..The incidence and treatment of injuries involving the elderly road user are of increasing importance for all fields of trauma care to ensure the best possible outcomes...
  71. ncbi A pilot survey of child restraint and seating position in cars in Florence Health Authority area
    C Lorini
    Public Health Department, University of Florence, Italy
    Ann Ig 19:161-6. 2007
    ..In spite of the introduction of New Italian road traffic law, in the study area the modality of children's transport in cars was frequently not correct, which constitutes a risk for the health of this specific target group...
  72. ncbi Spine and spinal cord injury in motor vehicle crashes: a function of change in velocity and energy dissipation on impact with respect to the direction of crash
    Joyce A Smith
    New Jersey Crash Injury Research Engineering Network Center, New Jersey Medical School, Newark, NJ 07107, USA
    J Trauma 59:117-31. 2005
    ..Comparison of 214 patients with SF or SCI with 938 patients who did not have SF or SCI...
  73. pmc Teen drivers and the risk of injury to child passengers in motor vehicle crashes
    I G Chen
    Department of Pediatrics, Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, USA
    Inj Prev 11:12-7. 2005
    ..The second aim was to explore whether there was an excess injury risk to child passengers in teen crashes compared to those in adult crashes by examining the contributing factors...
  74. pmc Kid in the middle: a discussion of effectiveness of center rear-seat restraint systems
    Jeya Padmanaban
    JP Research Inc, Mountain View, California, USA
    Annu Proc Assoc Adv Automot Med 50:221-36. 2006
    ..Review of NASS/CDS cases on seriously injured belted children shows belt misuse and injury patterns that might be mitigated by booster seats or proper use of adult belts...
  75. ncbi Risk factors for motor vehicle collision-related eye injuries
    Gerald McGwin
    Department of Epidemiology and International Health, School of Public Health, University of Alabama at Birmingham, USA
    Arch Ophthalmol 123:89-95. 2005
    ..To evaluate the association between specific occupant, collision, and vehicle characteristics and the risk of motor vehicle collision (MVC)-related eye injury...
  76. ncbi Infants and children passengers in automobiles
    J Kelley Avery
    Risk Management Committee, State Volunteer Mutual Insurance Company, Brentwood, TN, USA
    Tenn Med 97:538-9. 2004
  77. ncbi Statistical adjustment for misclassification of seat belt and alcohol use in the analysis of motor vehicle accident data
    Haifeng Guo
    Minneapolis Medical Research Foundation, 914 South 8th Street, Suite S 206, Minneapolis, MN 55404, USA
    Accid Anal Prev 39:117-24. 2007
    The use of seat belts and alcohol is often mis-reported in police motor vehicle accident reports for a number of reasons. To avoid penalties, occupants often over report seat belt use and under report alcohol use...
  78. pmc Children in crashes: mechanisms of injury and restraint systems
    P C Lapner
    Department of Surgery, University of Ottawa, Ont
    Can J Surg 44:445-9. 2001
    ..Children under the age of 12 years should not be front-seat passengers until the sensitivity of air bags has been improved. Three-point pediatric seat belts should be available for family automobiles to reduce childhood trauma in MVCs.
  79. ncbi Traffic-related injury prevention interventions for low-income countries
    Samuel N Forjuoh
    Texas A and M University System, Health Science Center, College of Medicine, Scott and White Memorial Hospital, Temple, TX, USA
    Inj Control Saf Promot 10:109-18. 2003
    ..It behooves LIC governments, however, to ensure that only standard, approved safety devices like helmets are imported into their countries. Additionally, LICs may need to improvise and innovate in the traffic safety technology transfer...
  80. ncbi The effects of mandatory seatbelt laws on seatbelt use, motor vehicle fatalities, and crash-related injuries among youths
    Christopher S Carpenter
    Economics Public Policy, The Paul Merage School of Business, 443 SB UC Irvine, Irvine, CA 92697 3125, United States
    J Health Econ 27:642-62. 2008
    ..Our results suggest that if all states had primary enforcement seatbelt laws then regular youth seatbelt use would be nearly universal and youth fatalities would fall by about 120 per year...
  81. ncbi Experimental injury study of children seated behind collapsing front seats in rear impacts
    Kenneth J Saczalski
    Environmental Research and Safety Technologists, Inc, Newport Beach, CA, USA
    Biomed Sci Instrum 39:259-65. 2003
    ..Several actual accident cases were compared with the preliminary polynomial fit. This study provides a test efficient, multi-variable, method to compare the injury biomechanical data with actual accident cases...
  82. ncbi Deaths among drivers and right-front passengers in frontal collisions: redesigned air bags relative to first-generation air bags
    Elisa R Braver
    Charles McC Mathias National Study Center for Trauma and Emergency Medical Systems, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21201, USA
    Traffic Inj Prev 9:48-58. 2008
    ..Concern has been expressed that depowering air bags could compromise the protection of adult occupants. This study aimed to determine the effects of changes in air bag designs on risk of death among front-seat occupants...
  83. pmc Characteristics of pregnant women in motor vehicle crashes
    H B Weiss
    University of Pittsburgh, Center for Injury Research and Control, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Inj Prev 8:207-10. 2002
    ..Motor vehicle crashes are the leading cause of hospitalized trauma during pregnancy. Maternal injury puts the fetus at great risk, yet little is known about the incidence, risks, and characteristics of pregnant women in crashes...
  84. doi Re: "Using head-on collisions to compare risk of driver death by frontal air bag generation: a matched-pair cohort study"
    Carin M Olson
    Am J Epidemiol 167:885-6; author reply 886-7. 2008
  85. ncbi Childhood crash injury patterns associated with restraint misuse: implications for field triage
    Eileen M Bulger
    Department of Surgery, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA
    Prehosp Disaster Med 23:9-15. 2008
    ....
  86. pmc Child passenger safety: potential impact of the Washington State booster seat law on childcare centers
    B A Chang
    Harborview Injury Prevention and Research Center, University of Washington Department of Pediatrics, Seattle 98104 2499, USA
    Inj Prev 8:284-8. 2002
    ..To examine factors associated with compliance and with perceived readiness for the new Washington State booster seat law, and to identify perceived barriers to compliance among licensed childcare centers...
  87. ncbi Motor-vehicle occupant injury: strategies for increasing use of child safety seats, increasing use of safety belts, and reducing alcohol-impaired driving
    C A Evans
    National Institute for Dental and Craniofacial Research, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, USA
    MMWR Recomm Rep 50:1-14. 2001
    ..This report provides additional information regarding these recommendations, briefly describes how the reviews were conducted, and provides information to help apply the interventions locally...
  88. ncbi Are booster seats needed: comparing occupant outcomes ages 4-7 versus 8-13
    Ted Miller
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, Calverton, Maryland
    Annu Proc Assoc Adv Automot Med 46:249-59. 2002
    ..This paper provides the first extensive examination of national crash data for children in seat belts. Using regression and other models, we found no evidence that crash-involved children ages 4-7 in lap-shoulder ..
  89. ncbi An overview of requirements for the crash protection of older drivers
    Andrew Morris
    Vehicle Safety Research Centre, Loughborough University, UK
    Annu Proc Assoc Adv Automot Med 46:141-56. 2002
    ..Furthermore, as older drivers are likely to become a more significant problem in the years ahead, it is now necessary to examine some vehicle design factors that affect the safety of the older driver in a crash...
  90. ncbi Barriers to booster seat use and strategies to increase their use
    Edith M Simpson
    Division of General Pediatrics, Children s Hospital of Philadelphia and University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA
    Pediatrics 110:729-36. 2002
    Children who have outgrown child safety seats and been placed in adult seat belts are at increased risk for injury. Pediatricians and other advocates have been called on to encourage booster seat use in these children...
  91. ncbi Challenges in motor vehicle safety
    Patricia F Waller
    Transportation Research Institute, University of Michigan, 1779 Crawford Dairy Road, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 17516, USA
    Annu Rev Public Health 23:93-113. 2002
    ..The achievements in motor vehicle safety provide a model for other injury control efforts...
  92. pmc A population-based comparison of CIREN and NASS cases using similarity scoring
    Joel D Stitzel
    Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Medical Center Blvd, Winston Salem, NC 27157, USA
    Annu Proc Assoc Adv Automot Med 51:395-417. 2007
    ..Weighted NASS data and CIREN data were obtained for the years 2001-2005. NASS cases with Maximum AIS 3 resulted in a subset of 1,869 NASS cases, and 2,819 CIREN cases...
  93. ncbi The cushion effect
    Saman Arbabi
    Department of Surgery, University of Michigan Health System, Ann Arbor, USA
    J Trauma 54:1090-3. 2003
    ..Human body characteristics such as height and weight may play an important role. We hypothesized that body mass index (BMI) will influence crash injury patterns...
  94. pmc Increases in booster seat use among children of low income families and variation with age
    R Apsler
    Rhode Island Hospital Injury Prevention Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA
    Inj Prev 9:322-5. 2003
    ..To increase booster seat use among low income parents...
  95. pmc Examining child restraint use and barriers to their use: lessons from a pilot study
    J C Simpson
    Injury Prevention Research Unit, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Inj Prev 9:326-31. 2003
    ..To determine the suitability of four research methods to measure the rate of child restraint device (CRD) use and incorrect use in New Zealand and obtain data on barriers to CRD use...
  96. ncbi Passenger seating position and the risk of passenger death or injury in traffic crashes
    Kathleen M Smith
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Mary Bridge Children s Hospital, 315 Martin Luther King Jr Way, Tacoma, WA 98405 0987, USA
    Accid Anal Prev 36:257-60. 2004
    ..To estimate the association of passenger seat position with the risk of death and serious injury for passengers in traffic crashes...
  97. ncbi Pediatric restraint use is associated with reduced transports by emergency medical services providers after motor vehicle crashes
    A Chantal Caviness
    Pediatric Emergency Medicine, Baylor Injury Center, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030 2399, USA
    Prehosp Emerg Care 7:448-52. 2003
    ..To determine the association between pediatric restraint use during motor vehicle crashes and patient transports by emergency medical services (EMS) providers...
  98. ncbi Effects and costs of requiring child-restraint systems for young children traveling on commercial airplanes
    Thomas B Newman
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of California, San Francisco, School of Medicine, 94143, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 157:969-74. 2003
    ..The US Federal Aviation Administration is planning a new regulation requiring children younger than 2 years to ride in approved child-restraint seats on airplanes...
  99. ncbi How future trends in societal aging, air bag availability, seat belt use, and fleet composition will affect serious injury risk and occurrence in the United States
    Richard Kent
    Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia 22902, USA
    Traffic Inj Prev 4:24-32. 2003
    ..After 2012, however, air bag availability and seat belt use will plateau, while societal aging will continue...
  100. pmc Misuse of child restraint systems in crash situations - danger and possible consequences
    Philippe Lesire
    Laboratoire d Accidentologie, de Biomécanique et d Etudes du Comportement Humain PSA Peugeot Citroen Renault, France
    Annu Proc Assoc Adv Automot Med 51:207-22. 2007
    ..This work provides material for educational and training purposes to help parents understand that child restraints need to be correctly fitted in order to provide the level of protection they are designed for...
  101. ncbi Parent driver characteristics associated with sub-optimal restraint of child passengers
    Flaura K Winston
    Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA
    Traffic Inj Prev 7:373-80. 2006
    ..To identify parent driver demographic and socioeconomic characteristics associated with the use of sub-optimal restraints for child passengers under nine years...

Research Grants51

  1. Development of Experimental and Computational Models for Traumatic Aortic Rupture
    Kurosh Darvish; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..mechanism of TAR is essential for a) evaluation of the effect of the existing injury mitigation devices such as seat belts and airbags on TAR, b) optimization of the injury mitigation systems with regard to loading conditions with ..
  2. Development of Guidelines and Assessment Tools for Truck Ingress/Egress
    Matthew Reed; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The guidelines and assessment methods will be disseminated through publications, standards organizations, and a dedicated website. ..
  3. ALCOHOL & CRASH FATALITIES: ETHNIC GROUPS AT RISK
    Eduardo Romano; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The results from the project will be useful to policymakers and program managers and will inform the design and delivery of traffic safety interventions tailored to minority populations. ..
  4. Brief Intervention to Reduce Alcohol Use in ED patients
    William Fernandez; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..e. routine care). ..
  5. Extended work schedules and health outcomes in the US
    Gerald McGwin; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Analyses will be adjusted for a number of possible confounders and effect modifier obtained from MEPS and NHIS including socio-demographic factors, family descriptors and lifestyle factors. ..
  6. Intervention to Increase Safety Belt Use in ED Patients
    William Fernandez; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..e. the "teachable moment"). ..
  7. Biomechanical Investigation of Pediatric Accidents
    Gina Bertocci; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The long term goal is to develop a clinical tool that predicts the likelihood of pediatric fracture for a given accident scenario aiding clinicians in determining between intentional and unintentional injury. ..
  8. ENHANCING ALCOHOL INTERLOCK EFFECTS ON 1ST DUI OFFENDERS
    Robert Voas; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..This research builds on experience gained in a 5-year RO1-funded program in Alberta, Canada. ..
  9. Six Programs for the Future of Alcohol Safety
    Robert Voas; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Voas to become involved in a broader range of programs than if he otherwise were limited by taking on the full management of individual R01 projects. For this effort we are requesting 5 years of support for 75% of Dr. Voas' time. ..
  10. Drivers with Alcohol Use Disorders: At high risk for crashes?
    Robert B Voas; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..It will determine the prevalence of drivers with alcohol use disorders in traffic crashes and provide information to policymakers concerned with treatment and prevention programs. ..
  11. Model-Based Methods for the Analyses of Weighted Data
    Michael Elliott; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  12. Feasibility Study of Soccer Injuries
    Melissa Schiff; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Findings from this research will be used to for the development of a large, prospective cohort study to evaluate potentially modifiable risk factors for injury among female youth soccer players. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  13. Lowering the drinking age: The New Zealand example
    Robert Voas; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  14. Campuses selling alcohol--Profit of Problem?
    Robert Voas; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  15. EVALUATION OF EFFORTS TO REDUCE BORDER BINGE DRINKING
    Robert Voas; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..El Paso/Juarez, a border town with a similar border-binge drinking problem will, serve as a comparison site. ..
  16. UNDERSTANDING OCCUPATIONAL INJURY AND ILLNESS TRENDS
    Ted Miller; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..We also will pilot test use of an input-output model to assess the impact of occupational injury/illness on the economy. ..
  17. ENVIRONMENTAL PREVENTION OF COLLEGE ALCOHOL PROBLEMS
    Robert Voas; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  18. Campuses selling alcohol--Profit of Problem?
    Robert Voas; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ....
  19. MEDICALLY TREATED AND FATAL SUICIDE ACTS: NUMBER & COST
    Ted Miller; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..We expect the model to suggest the estimated annual US suicide death toll is 5%-7% above reported levels. (5) To modify an existing injury cost model to more accurately cost suicide acts and apply the model to national data. ..
  20. Combining Data from the NHIS and BRFSS
    Michael Elliott; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..This approach is particularly promising because, in contrast to other proposed techniques, it can be applied using existing publicly available data. ..
  21. INJURY AND ILLNESS SURVEILLANCE IN MIGRANT FARMWORKERS
    Sharon Cooper; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..abstract_text> ..
  22. Evaluating Child Safety Product Dissemination and Educa*
    Andrea Gielen; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract not provided ..
  23. RISK FACTORS FOR FATAL CHILD ABUSE AND NEGLECT
    PATRICIA SCHNITZER; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..abstract_text> ..
  24. Health Literacy and Child Prevention Injury
    Andrea Gielen; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  25. Homocysteine/Hypertension & Vascular Lesion Formation
    Peter Lin; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  26. The Johns Hopkins Injury Control Research Center
    Andrea Gielen; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Application Not Provided ..
  27. Refinement and Enhancement of Agricultural Safety Curricula for Children (REACCH)
    Deborah Reed; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Children's injury rates may be reduced through their participation in tested community-based, developmentally appropriate interventions that are grounded in local values. ..
  28. Evaluation of Farm Safety 4 Just Kids Day Camps
    Deborah Reed; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The findings also will contribute to the national research agenda in farm child safety knowledge, attitudes, behavior, and injury rates. ..
  29. The Epidemiology of Alcohol Use at Tailgate Parties
    E Geller; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  30. OUTCOMES FOLLOWING LIMB RECONSTRUCTION VS AMPUTATION
    Ellen Mackenzie; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..In addition, they propose to extend analysis of the 2-year data to address several important clinical and methodological issues. ..
  31. Environmental Factors Affecting College Party Drinking
    E Geller; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  32. Energy Absorbing Transit Safe Wheelchair Caster
    LINDA VANROOSMALEN; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Upon successful completion of Phase I, FrogLegs will pursue Phase II STTR funding to further develop the transit safe caster-fork assembly for daily use on a variety of wheelchairs. ..
  33. 'Costs & Effectiveness of Trauma Care in the Elderly'
    Ellen Mackenzie; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  34. Brief Child Safety Interventions in Emergency Department
    Andrea Gielen; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..With the ever growing access to computers in medical care settings, the Safety in Seconds program should be readily adaptable to other pediatric emergency department settings that serve vulnerable populations. ..
  35. Hypertonic Modulation of Inflammation following Injury
    Eileen M Bulger; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The results of these studies will provide valuable information to determine the ultimate therapeutic use of the resuscitation strategy. ..
  36. An Incentive Approach to Reduce Alcohol Abuse At Parties
    E Geller; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..05 can change social norms with regard to party drinking and lead to long-term maintenance of lowered intoxication at fraternity parties. ..
  37. Sustained Work Indicators of Older Farmers
    Deborah Reed; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Findings from the study will be used to design occupational counseling appropriate to age, gender, and race, as well as health and safety programs for aging farmers. ..
  38. Improving Trauma Outcomes:A Patient Centered Approach
    Ellen Mackenzie; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable]..
  39. Innovative Approaches to Anger Management
    E Geller; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..By providing drivers withy a means to communicate with other drivers they gain perceived control over their driving environment. This could reduce their own frustration and anger emotions as well as those of the message recipient...
  40. Effects of the Minimum Drinking Age on Mortality, Nonfatal Injury, and Crime
    Christopher Carpenter; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..In so doing, this project will have the potential to reduce alcohol related harms experienced by youths. ..
  41. STUDY OF FUNCTIONAL OUTCOME AFTER TRAUMA IN ADOLESCENTS
    Troy Holbrook; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The true efficacy of trauma care systems in this country can only be demonstrated by addressing whether these systems return trauma victims to active functional roles in society. ..
  42. Obesity-Related Variables and Motor Vehicle Injury
    Shankuan Zhu; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  43. BIOENGINEERING ANALYSIS OF SIDE IMPACT INJURIES TO OLDER DRIVERS
    Frank Pintar; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This multifaceted design will duplicate side impacts in a controlled laboratory environment for in-position and out-of-position occupants for young and old age groups. ..
  44. Public Health Model to Promote Safe Elderly Driving
    Sherrilene Classen; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  45. User adjustable support surfaces for wheelchair comfort
    Douglas Hobson; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..In sub-task 4, these results will be compiled and submitted for an STTR phase II work continuation. All of these sub-tasks will assist in meeting the overall goal ..
  46. The Effect of Hypertonic Resuscitation for Blunt Trauma
    Eileen Bulger; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  47. DEVELOPMENT OF AUTO-DOCKING WHEELCHAIR SECUREMENT
    Douglas Hobson; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..PROPOSED COMMERCIAL APPLICATION: Not available ..