Summary: Restraining belts fastened to the frame of automobiles, aircraft, or other vehicles, and strapped around the person occupying the seat in the car or plane, intended to prevent the person from being thrown forward or out of the vehicle in case of sudden deceleration.
Publications234 found, 100 shown here
- Effectiveness of child safety seats vs seat belts in reducing risk for death in children in passenger vehicle crashesMichael R Elliott
Department of Biostatistics, University of Michigan School of Public Health, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 160:617-21. 2006To provide an estimate of benefit, if any, of child restraint systems over seat belts alone for children aged from 2 through 6 years.
- Pattern of seat belt wearing in Nanjing, ChinaV Routley
Monash University Accident Research Centre, Clayton, Victoria, Australia
Inj Prev 13:388-93. 2007..To describe the patterns of seat belt wearing in Nanjing, China for drivers, front seat passengers, and rear occupants of motor vehicles...
- Changes in traffic crash mortality rates attributed to use of alcohol, or lack of a seat belt, air bag, motorcycle helmet, or bicycle helmet, United States, 1982-2001P Cummings
Harborview Injury Prevention and Research Center and the Department of Epidemiology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA
Inj Prev 12:148-54. 2006....
- Alcohol, illicit and non-illicit psychoactive drug use and road traffic injury in Thailand: a case-control studyPatarawan Woratanarat
Department of Orthopaedics, Faculty of Medicine Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok 10400, Thailand
Accid Anal Prev 41:651-7. 2009..With limited resources, the priority for RTI prevention should be given to control of driving under the influence of alcohol...
- Why Turks do not use seat belts? An interview studyOzlem Simşekoğlu
Human Factors and Safety Behavior Group, Department of Psychology, PO Box 9 Siltavuorenpenger 20 D, University of Helsinki, FIN 00014 Helsinki, Finland
Accid Anal Prev 40:470-8. 2008..Safety was the strongest predictor of reported seat belt use in both low and high risk traveling conditions. Findings suggest that seat belt campaigns should mainly emphasize seat belt's safety impact and aim at habit formation...
- Seatbelt use in Qatar in association with severe injuries and death in the prehospital settingMarc David Munk
University of Pittsburgh, Department of Emergency Medicine, 230 McKee Place, Suite 500, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
Prehosp Disaster Med 23:547-52. 2008....
- Costs and benefits to Sweden of Swedish road safety researchRune Elvik
Institute of Transport Economics, Gaustadalleen 21, NO 0349 Oslo, Norway
Accid Anal Prev 41:387-92. 2009....
- The impact of airbags and seat belts on the incidence and severity of maxillofacial injuries in automobile accidents in New York StateJ Mouzakes
Division of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Albany Medical Center Hospital, Albany, NY 12203, USA
Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 127:1189-93. 2001..To evaluate the effect driver-side and passenger-side airbags have had on the incidence and severity of maxillofacial trauma in victims of automobile accidents...
- Prevalence and issues in non-use of safety belts and child restraints in a high-income developing country: lessons for the futurePeter Barss
Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, United Arab Emirates University, Al Ain, United Arab Emirates
Traffic Inj Prev 9:256-63. 2008..We assessed wearing of SBs after 5 years, together with use of safety restraints by rear passengers and children, perceptions about SBs, and use of tinted glass...
- Compliance with seat belt use in Benin City, NigeriaPius Ehiawaguan Iribhogbe
Department of Surgery, College of Medical Sciences, University of Benin, Benin City, Nigeria
Prehosp Disaster Med 23:16-9. 2008..Poor compliance with the use of seat belts is a problem in many developing countries...
- Association of seat belt use with death: a comparison of estimates based on data from police and estimates based on data from trained crash investigatorsP Cummings
Harborview Injury Prevention and Research Center and the Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health and Community Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98104, USA
Inj Prev 8:338-41. 2002Estimates of any protective effect of seat belts could be exaggerated if some crash survivors falsely claimed to police that they were belted in order to avoid a fine...
- Impact of safety belt use on road accident injury and injury type in KuwaitParviz A Koushki
Department of Civil Engineering, Kuwait University, P O Box 5969, Safat 13060, Kuwait
Accid Anal Prev 35:237-41. 2003..The use of seat belts has also affected the nature of the injuries resulting from road traffic accidents...
- Seat belt utilization in Saudi Arabia and its impact on road accident injuriesSalaheddine Bendak
Department of Industrial Engineering, King Saud University, P O Box 800, Riyadh 11421, Saudi Arabia
Accid Anal Prev 37:367-71. 2005Most industrialized countries and many developing countries have passed laws that require the use of seat belts in motor vehicles...
- The use of seat belts in cars with smart seat belt reminders--results of an observational studyMaria Krafft
Folksam Research, Stockholm, Sweden
Traffic Inj Prev 7:125-9. 2006..Recently, smart seat belt reminders (SBR) have been introduced in cars. By increasingly reminding drivers and passengers if they are not using the seat belt, the intention is to increase the belt use to almost 100%...
- Influence of the unbelted rear-seat passenger on driver mortality: "the backseat bullet"James Mayrose
Department of Emergency Medicine, 462 Grider Street, Buffalo, NY 14215, USA
Acad Emerg Med 12:130-4. 2005..This study examined whether unrestrained left rear-seat passengers increase the risk of death of belted drivers involved in serious crashes with at least one fatality...
- The actual threat posed by unrestrained rear seat car passengersJeremy Broughton
TRL Limited, Crowthorne, Berkshire RG45 6AU, UK
Accid Anal Prev 36:627-9. 2004..The law in respect of the use of seat belts and other restraint systems was less strict in Japan than in Great Britain between 1995 and 1999, so an earlier ..
- The effect of unrestrained rear-seat passengers on driver mortalityJames Mayrose
State University of New York at Buffalo, Department of Emergency Medicine, Buffalo, NY 14215, USA
J Trauma 61:1249-54. 2006..Empirical data used in the study was obtained from four sled tests conducted with various size Hybrid III crash test dummies...
- Epidemiology and consequences of drinking and drivingRalph Hingson
Social and Behavioral Sciences Department, Boston University School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
Alcohol Res Health 27:63-78. 2003..Despite overall marked reductions in alcohol-related traffic deaths since the early 1980s, there has been little reduction since the mid-1990s, and alcohol-related traffic deaths have increased slightly in the past 3 years...
- Rear seat belt use as an indicator of safe road behaviour in a rapidly developing countryShirley McIlvenny
Head of Family and Community Health, Sultan Qaboos University, Al Khod 123, Muscat, Sultanate of Oman
J R Soc Promot Health 124:280-3. 2004..This study examines the use of seat belts in cars entering a university and hospital campus in Oman to determine the degree of seat belt wearing in the ..
- Evidence-based policy on road safety: the effect of the demerit points system on seat belt use and health outcomesFrancesco Zambon
Medical Epidemiologist, Viale della Vittoria 83, Vittorio Veneto, Italy
J Epidemiol Community Health 61:877-81. 2007..To assess the effect of a demerit points system, introduced in Italy in July 2003, on the prevalence of seat belt use (intermediate outcome) and the number of road traffic deaths and injuries (health outcomes)...
- Seating position, seat belt wearing, and the consequences in facial fractures in car occupantsAlexandre Siqueira Franco Fonseca
Division of Plastic Surgery, Hospital das Clinicas, Medical School, Sao Paulo University, Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil
Clinics (Sao Paulo) 62:289-94. 2007....
- [Traffic law compliance in the city of Santa Fe, Argentina]Juan Carlos Beltramino
Hospital de Niños Dr Orlando Alassia, Santa Fe, Provincia de Santa Fe, Argentina
Rev Panam Salud Publica 22:141-5. 2007..In order to reduce the high rate of mortality from traffic accidents, in addition to legislation and public-awareness campaigns, a system for enforcing compliance is needed...
- Maxillofacial injuries in North American vehicle crashesChristopher Brookes
Blackpool Victoria Hospital NHS Trust, Lancashire, UK
Eur J Emerg Med 10:30-4. 2003..The vehicle 'A' pillar as a source of injury is highlighted. Although there is no doubt that airbags save lives, the possible risks of powerful airbag deployment to small stature, out of position, vehicle occupants is discussed...
- Seatbelt use, attitudes, and changes in legislation: an international studyAndrew Steptoe
Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College, London, United Kingdom
Am J Prev Med 23:254-9. 2002The use of seat belts is among the most effective methods of reducing injury in motor vehicle crashes...
- A study on the use of car occupant restraint in SelangorL K Lee
International Medical University, Sesama Centre, Plaza Komanwel, Bukit Jalil, 57000 Kuala Lumpur
Med J Malaysia 57:266-77. 2002..Most of the cars (99.8%) examined had front seat belts but only 44.2% had rear seat belts. Only 0.6% of the cars were found to have child restraints in the cars. 80...
- Association of rear seat safety belt use with death in a traffic crash: a matched cohort studyMotao Zhu
Bureau of Injury Prevention, New York State Department of Health, Albany, New York 12204, USA
Inj Prev 13:183-5. 2007..To estimate the association of rear seat safety belt use with death in a traffic crash...
- Seatbelt use and belief in destiny in a sample of South African Black and White driversKarl Peltzer
Health Behaviour Research Unit, University of the North, Sovenga, South Africa
Psychol Rep 93:732-4. 2003..A nonfatalistic orientation was significantly associated with observed seatbelt use and self-reported seatbelt use. Logistic regression analysis identified a nonfatalistic orientation as independent predictor for observed seatbelt use...
- Mortality of front-seat occupants attributable to unbelted rear-seat passengers in car crashesMasao Ichikawa
Lancet 359:43-4. 2002..If rear seatbelts had been used, almost 80% of deaths of belted front-seat occupants could have been avoided. Rear seatbelt use should be encouraged for the safety of all car occupants...
- Seat-belt use and non-use in adults in SloveniaMarjan Bilban
Department of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, University of Ljubljana, Slovenia
Int J Public Health 52:317-25. 2007To identify population groups at risk of non-use of seat belts in front and rear seats in order to enable more focused planning of preventive actions in Slovenia.
- The danger of premature graduation to seat belts for young childrenF K Winston
Department of Pediatrics, The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia and the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA
Pediatrics 105:1179-83. 2000To determine the risk of significant injury associated with premature graduation of young (2- to 5-year-old) children to seat belts from child restraint systems (CRS).
- The influence of airbag and restraining devices on the patterns of facial trauma in motor vehicle collisionsR X Murphy
Department of Surgery, Lehigh Valley Hospital, Allentown, PA, USA
Plast Reconstr Surg 105:516-20. 2000..In summary, the use of any protective device decreased the incidence of facial fractures and lacerations sustained in motor vehicle collisions (p < 0.001). Airbags provided the best protection of all currently available devices...
- Condoms and seat belts: the parallels and the lessonsJ Richens
Department of Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Royal Free and University College Medical School, The Mortimer Market Centre, London, UK
Lancet 355:400-3. 2000This paper investigates the relation between behavior adaptation and safety benefits of seat belts and whether condom promotion can be undermined by unintended changes in sexual risk perception and behavior...
- Reconsidering the effects of seat belt laws and their enforcement statusT S Dee
School of Economics, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta 30332, USA
Accid Anal Prev 30:1-10. 1998..Belt use among those most likely to be involved in traffic accidents (e.g. males, drinkers of alcohol, the young) has been significantly less responsive to seat belt laws and their enforcement status...
- [Study on the situation of seat belt wearing among drivers and front-seat passengers of vehicles in Nanjing in 2005-2007]Yu Qin
Jiangsu Province Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Nanjing 210009, China
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi 30:459-61. 2009..To find out the situation of seat belt wearing among drivers and passengers in Nanjing after the National Road Traffic Safety Law and its Ordinance had been issued for 3 years, in Jiangsu province...
- Seat belt and child seat use in Lipetskaya Oblast, Russia: frequencies, attitudes, and perceptionsSai Ma
Johns Hopkins International Injury Research Unit, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
Traffic Inj Prev 13:76-81. 2012..This study describes observed seat belt use and knowledge, attitudes, and perceptions of seat belt use in Lipetskaya Oblast, Russia...
- Observed seat belt use in Kumasi Metropolis, GhanaFrancis K Afukaar
Council for Scientific and Industrial Research, Building and Road Research Institute, Kumasi, Ghana
J Prev Interv Community 38:280-9. 2010..The study also suggests the need to develop effective strategies and programs that address low seat belt use in Ghana...
- An observational study of seatbelt use among vehicle occupants in NigeriaAdesola O Sangowawa
Institute of Child Health, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria
Inj Prev 16:85-9. 2010..Several countries, including Nigeria, have laws mandating the use of seatbelts but compliance is not universal. This study was conducted to determine rates of use of seatbelts among vehicle occupants in Ibadan municipality...
- Do seat belts and air bags reduce mortality and injury severity after car accidents?Justin S Cummins
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Multidisciplinary Clinical Research Center, Dartmouth Hitchcock Medical Center, Lebanon, New Hampshire 03756, USA
Am J Orthop (Belle Mead NJ) 40:E26-9. 2011..28-0.39), the seatbelt- only group had a 51% mortality reduction (AOR, 0.49; 99% CI, 0.45-0.52), and the air-bag-only group had a 32% mortality reduction (AOR, 0.68, 99% CI, 0.57-0.80). Injury Severity Scores showed a similar pattern...
- The validity of self-reported seatbelt use: Hispanic and non-Hispanic drivers in El PasoM A Parada
Department of Psychology, University of Texas, El Paso 79968-0553, USA
Accid Anal Prev 33:139-43. 2001..These findings suggest that response bias within low belt use populations may be greater than suggested by state and national data...
- Self-reports of safe driving behaviors in relationship to sex, age, education and income in the US adult driving populationD Shinar
Industrial Engineering and Management, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheva, Israel
Accid Anal Prev 33:111-6. 2001..The results have implications for identifying violation-specific high-risk groups, and stressing different factors for each...
- Reduced fatalities related to rear seat shoulder beltsL S Robertson
Yale University and Nanlee Research, Branford, CT 06405, USA
Inj Prev 5:62-4. 1999..To determine the effect on fatality rates in crashes of installation of shoulder belts in automobile back seats...
- Children in fatal crashes: driver blood alcohol concentration and demographics of child passengers and their driversRobert B Voas
Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, Calverton, MD 20705 3102, USA
Addiction 97:1439-48. 2002....
- Race, Hispanic origin, and socioeconomic status in relation to motor vehicle occupant death rates and risk factors among adultsElisa R Braver
Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, 1005 North Glebe Road, Arlington, VA 22201 4751, USA
Accid Anal Prev 35:295-309. 2003..More effective public health efforts are needed to reduce occupant deaths among persons of lower SES, blacks, and Hispanics, including measures to increase use of seat belts and reduce alcohol-impaired driving.
- An analysis of race and demographic factors among motor vehicle fatalitiesJames Mayrose
Department of Emergency Medicine, State University of New York at Buffalo 14215, USA
J Trauma 52:752-5. 2002..Even more lives could be saved and serious injuries avoided if there was increased seat belt use in the United States...
- Motor vehicle safety: current concepts and challenges for emergency physiciansT D Peterson
Iowa Department of Public Health, Bureau of EMS, Des Moines, USA
Ann Emerg Med 34:384-93. 1999..Emergency physicians have an important role in advocating motor vehicle safety and injury prevention, both in the emergency department and within the community...
- Risky driving habits and motor vehicle driver injuryStephanie Blows
The George Institute for International Health, University of Sydney, P O Box M201, Missenden Road, Sydney, NSW 2050, Australia
Accid Anal Prev 37:619-24. 2005..These results confirm the need for interventions targeting risky driving and suggest that different strategies may be required for different high-risk groups...
- Differences in safety belt use by raceJonathon M Vivoda
The University of Michigan Transportation Research Institute, 2901 Baxter Road, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 2150, USA
Accid Anal Prev 36:1105-9. 2004..Race was assessed visually by trained observers. The study showed that motor vehicle occupants identified as Black had significantly lower safety belt use than those occupants identified as White or Other...
- A research agenda for increasing safety belt use in the United StatesJames Hedlund
Highway Safety North, 110 Homestead Road, Ithaca, NY 14850 6216, USA
J Safety Res 35:231-5. 2004....
- An evaluation of the effectiveness of forward facing child restraint systemsKristy B Arbogast
The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, 34th and Civic Center Blvd, 3535 TraumaLink, 10th Floor, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
Accid Anal Prev 36:585-9. 2004..serious injury and hospitalization to children 12-47 months of age as compared with similar age children in seat belts. Data were obtained from a cross-sectional study of children aged 12-47 months in crashes of insured vehicles in ..
- Restraint use among northwest American Indian children traveling in motor vehiclesJodi A Lapidus
Department of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Division of Biostatistics, Center for Healthy Communities, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland 97239, USA
Am J Public Health 95:1982-8. 2005..e., age and weight appropriate) passenger restraint systems...
- Effect of increased rear row occupancy on injury to seat belt restrained children in side impact crashesMatthew R Maltese
The Department of Pediatrics, The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
Annu Proc Assoc Adv Automot Med 49:229-43. 2005..Occupants are at an increased risk of injury if they sit alone on their row as compared to sitting with other occupants. Patterns of injuries distinct to each seat position were delineated...
- Rollover injury: effects of near- and far-seating position, belt use, and number of quarter rollsDavid C Viano
ProBiomechanics, LLC, 265 Warrington Road, Bloomfield Hills, MI 48304, USA
Traffic Inj Prev 8:382-92. 2007..The aim was to improve our understanding of rollover injury mechanisms...
- Passenger seating position and the risk of passenger death in traffic crashes: a matched cohort studyK M Smith
Harborview Injury Prevention and Research Center, Seattle, WA 98104, USA
Inj Prev 12:83-6. 2006..To estimate the association of passenger seating position with the risk of death for passengers in traffic crashes...
- Providing car seat checks with well-child visits at an urban health center: a pilot studyKyran P Quinlan
Department of Pediatrics, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637 1470, USA
Inj Prev 13:352-4. 2007..To evaluate a pilot program of providing child restraint system (CRS) checks by certified technicians with well-child care in an urban health center serving a low-income community...
- Factors associated with front row seating of children in motor vehicle crashesDennis R Durbin
Department of Pediatrics and TraumaLink, The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA
Epidemiology 15:345-9. 2004..However, front row seating among these children remains common. To develop future educational and other interventions to decrease front row seating of young children, it is important to examine factors associated with this behavior...
- Using head-on collisions to compare risk of driver death by frontal air bag generation: a matched-pair cohort studyElisa R Braver
National Study Center for Trauma and Emergency Medical Systems, Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA
Am J Epidemiol 167:546-52. 2008..A borderline significant interaction between vehicle type and air bag generation suggested that sled-certified air bags may have reduced the risk of dying in head-on collisions among drivers of pickup trucks...
- Child passenger injury risk in motor vehicle crashes: a comparison of nighttime and daytime driving by teenage and adult driversIrene G Chen
The Center for Injury Research and Prevention, Department of Pediatrics, The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, and the Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine 19104, USA
J Safety Res 37:299-306. 2006..To examine the association between child passenger injury risk, restraint use, and crash time (day vs. night) for children in crashes of vehicles driven by teenage versus adult drivers...
- Letter to the editors and reply on: "Air bag effectiveness as a function of impact speed" Traffic Injury Prevention, 4:128-135, 2003Maria Segui-Gomez
Traffic Inj Prev 5:90; author reply 90-2. 2004
- Airbag deployment and improperly restrained children: a lethal combinationAlfredo Quinones-Hinojosa
Department of Neurological Surgery, San Francisco Injury Center, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California, USA
J Trauma 59:729-33. 2005..We also reviewed the relevant literature and provide information useful for caregivers and health care professionals in hopes of reducing future injuries...
- Benefits of a low severity frontal crash testKennerly Digges
George Washington University, USA
Annu Proc Assoc Adv Automot Med 51:299-317. 2007..to 36 mm. was conducted. A standard that limits the chest deflection to 34 mm. would reduce serious chest injury by 16% to 24% for the belted population in frontal crashes...
- Effectiveness of high back and backless belt-positioning booster seats in side impact crashesKristy B Arbogast
The Department of Pediatrics, The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, USA
Annu Proc Assoc Adv Automot Med 49:201-213. 2005..reduction in injury risk for children in belt positioning booster seats (BPB) compared to those restrained in seat belts using a sample of crashes of all directions of impact...
- Kinematics of belted fatalities in frontal collisions: A new approach in deep studies of injury mechanismsMats O Lindquist
Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Division of Surgery, Umea University, Saab Automobile, Enginuity Services International, Trollhattan, Sweden
J Trauma 61:1506-16. 2006..The main purpose of this study was to analyze the characteristics of injury mechanisms and injuries in fatal SO and LO car crashes in Sweden...
- Field use patterns and performance of child restraints secured by lower anchors and tethers for children (LATCH)Kristy B Arbogast
Department of Pediatrics, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA
Accid Anal Prev 39:530-5. 2007..This subset of cases demonstrates that consumers are using the LATCH technology, at times with significant misuse and that significant injury still may occur, despite use of LATCH...
- Child passenger safety in the school-age populationJennifer P Yakupcin
Emergency Department, The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, 34th and Civic Center Boulevard, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
Pediatr Emerg Care 21:286-90. 2005
- The field performance of frontal air bags: a review of the literatureRichard Kent
Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia 22902, USA
Traffic Inj Prev 6:1-23. 2005..Finally, some special topics, including risk homeostasis and the performance of face bags, are discussed...
- Are restrained children under 15 years of age in cars as effectively protected as adults?E Javouhey
Epidemiological Research and Surveillance Unit in Transport, Occupation and Environment, French National Institute for Transport and Safety Research, University Claude Bernard Lyon 1, Bron, France
Arch Dis Child 91:304-8. 2006..To compare the injury distribution between children and adults, injured as restrained car passengers...
- A risky treat: exploring parental perceptions of the barriers to seating their children in the rear seats of passenger vehiclesAlexia Lennon
Centre for Accident Research and Road Safety, Queensland University of Technology, Carseldine, Queensland, Australia
Inj Prev 13:105-9. 2007..However, little is known about the factors that affect parents' decisions about seating positions...
- Occupant injury in longitudinal barrier collisions: effects of restraintsDouglas J Gabauer
Virginia Tech Wake Forest, Center for Injury Biomechanics Blacksburg, VA 24061, USA
Biomed Sci Instrum 43:1-6. 2007..Current full-scale test procedures for these devices do not consider the effect of occupant restraints such as seat belts and airbags...
- A maternity hospital-based infant car-restraint loan scheme: public health and economic evaluation of an intervention for the reduction of road traffic injuriesSimeon Kedikoglou
Department of Hygiene and Epidemiology, Athens University Medical School, Athens 115027, Greece
Scand J Public Health 33:42-9. 2005..The results of an infant car-restraint loan scheme and evaluate its cost-effectiveness are presented...
- The current status of road user injuries among the elderly in Germany: a medical and technical accident analysisMartinus Richter
Trauma Department, Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Germany
J Trauma 58:591-5. 2005..The incidence and treatment of injuries involving the elderly road user are of increasing importance for all fields of trauma care to ensure the best possible outcomes...
- A pilot survey of child restraint and seating position in cars in Florence Health Authority areaC Lorini
Public Health Department, University of Florence, Italy
Ann Ig 19:161-6. 2007..In spite of the introduction of New Italian road traffic law, in the study area the modality of children's transport in cars was frequently not correct, which constitutes a risk for the health of this specific target group...
- Spine and spinal cord injury in motor vehicle crashes: a function of change in velocity and energy dissipation on impact with respect to the direction of crashJoyce A Smith
New Jersey Crash Injury Research Engineering Network Center, New Jersey Medical School, Newark, NJ 07107, USA
J Trauma 59:117-31. 2005..Comparison of 214 patients with SF or SCI with 938 patients who did not have SF or SCI...
- Teen drivers and the risk of injury to child passengers in motor vehicle crashesI G Chen
Department of Pediatrics, Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, USA
Inj Prev 11:12-7. 2005..The second aim was to explore whether there was an excess injury risk to child passengers in teen crashes compared to those in adult crashes by examining the contributing factors...
- Kid in the middle: a discussion of effectiveness of center rear-seat restraint systemsJeya Padmanaban
JP Research Inc, Mountain View, California, USA
Annu Proc Assoc Adv Automot Med 50:221-36. 2006..Review of NASS/CDS cases on seriously injured belted children shows belt misuse and injury patterns that might be mitigated by booster seats or proper use of adult belts...
- Risk factors for motor vehicle collision-related eye injuriesGerald McGwin
Department of Epidemiology and International Health, School of Public Health, University of Alabama at Birmingham, USA
Arch Ophthalmol 123:89-95. 2005..To evaluate the association between specific occupant, collision, and vehicle characteristics and the risk of motor vehicle collision (MVC)-related eye injury...
- Infants and children passengers in automobilesJ Kelley Avery
Risk Management Committee, State Volunteer Mutual Insurance Company, Brentwood, TN, USA
Tenn Med 97:538-9. 2004
- Statistical adjustment for misclassification of seat belt and alcohol use in the analysis of motor vehicle accident dataHaifeng Guo
Minneapolis Medical Research Foundation, 914 South 8th Street, Suite S 206, Minneapolis, MN 55404, USA
Accid Anal Prev 39:117-24. 2007The use of seat belts and alcohol is often mis-reported in police motor vehicle accident reports for a number of reasons. To avoid penalties, occupants often over report seat belt use and under report alcohol use...
- Children in crashes: mechanisms of injury and restraint systemsP C Lapner
Department of Surgery, University of Ottawa, Ont
Can J Surg 44:445-9. 2001..Children under the age of 12 years should not be front-seat passengers until the sensitivity of air bags has been improved. Three-point pediatric seat belts should be available for family automobiles to reduce childhood trauma in MVCs.
- Traffic-related injury prevention interventions for low-income countriesSamuel N Forjuoh
Texas A and M University System, Health Science Center, College of Medicine, Scott and White Memorial Hospital, Temple, TX, USA
Inj Control Saf Promot 10:109-18. 2003..It behooves LIC governments, however, to ensure that only standard, approved safety devices like helmets are imported into their countries. Additionally, LICs may need to improvise and innovate in the traffic safety technology transfer...
- The effects of mandatory seatbelt laws on seatbelt use, motor vehicle fatalities, and crash-related injuries among youthsChristopher S Carpenter
Economics Public Policy, The Paul Merage School of Business, 443 SB UC Irvine, Irvine, CA 92697 3125, United States
J Health Econ 27:642-62. 2008..Our results suggest that if all states had primary enforcement seatbelt laws then regular youth seatbelt use would be nearly universal and youth fatalities would fall by about 120 per year...
- Experimental injury study of children seated behind collapsing front seats in rear impactsKenneth J Saczalski
Environmental Research and Safety Technologists, Inc, Newport Beach, CA, USA
Biomed Sci Instrum 39:259-65. 2003..Several actual accident cases were compared with the preliminary polynomial fit. This study provides a test efficient, multi-variable, method to compare the injury biomechanical data with actual accident cases...
- Deaths among drivers and right-front passengers in frontal collisions: redesigned air bags relative to first-generation air bagsElisa R Braver
Charles McC Mathias National Study Center for Trauma and Emergency Medical Systems, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21201, USA
Traffic Inj Prev 9:48-58. 2008..Concern has been expressed that depowering air bags could compromise the protection of adult occupants. This study aimed to determine the effects of changes in air bag designs on risk of death among front-seat occupants...
- Characteristics of pregnant women in motor vehicle crashesH B Weiss
University of Pittsburgh, Center for Injury Research and Control, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
Inj Prev 8:207-10. 2002..Motor vehicle crashes are the leading cause of hospitalized trauma during pregnancy. Maternal injury puts the fetus at great risk, yet little is known about the incidence, risks, and characteristics of pregnant women in crashes...
- Re: "Using head-on collisions to compare risk of driver death by frontal air bag generation: a matched-pair cohort study"Carin M Olson
Am J Epidemiol 167:885-6; author reply 886-7. 2008
- Childhood crash injury patterns associated with restraint misuse: implications for field triageEileen M Bulger
Department of Surgery, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA
Prehosp Disaster Med 23:9-15. 2008....
- Child passenger safety: potential impact of the Washington State booster seat law on childcare centersB A Chang
Harborview Injury Prevention and Research Center, University of Washington Department of Pediatrics, Seattle 98104 2499, USA
Inj Prev 8:284-8. 2002..To examine factors associated with compliance and with perceived readiness for the new Washington State booster seat law, and to identify perceived barriers to compliance among licensed childcare centers...
- Motor-vehicle occupant injury: strategies for increasing use of child safety seats, increasing use of safety belts, and reducing alcohol-impaired drivingC A Evans
National Institute for Dental and Craniofacial Research, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, USA
MMWR Recomm Rep 50:1-14. 2001..This report provides additional information regarding these recommendations, briefly describes how the reviews were conducted, and provides information to help apply the interventions locally...
- Are booster seats needed: comparing occupant outcomes ages 4-7 versus 8-13Ted Miller
Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, Calverton, Maryland
Annu Proc Assoc Adv Automot Med 46:249-59. 2002..This paper provides the first extensive examination of national crash data for children in seat belts. Using regression and other models, we found no evidence that crash-involved children ages 4-7 in lap-shoulder ..
- An overview of requirements for the crash protection of older driversAndrew Morris
Vehicle Safety Research Centre, Loughborough University, UK
Annu Proc Assoc Adv Automot Med 46:141-56. 2002..Furthermore, as older drivers are likely to become a more significant problem in the years ahead, it is now necessary to examine some vehicle design factors that affect the safety of the older driver in a crash...
- Barriers to booster seat use and strategies to increase their useEdith M Simpson
Division of General Pediatrics, Children s Hospital of Philadelphia and University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA
Pediatrics 110:729-36. 2002Children who have outgrown child safety seats and been placed in adult seat belts are at increased risk for injury. Pediatricians and other advocates have been called on to encourage booster seat use in these children...
- Challenges in motor vehicle safetyPatricia F Waller
Transportation Research Institute, University of Michigan, 1779 Crawford Dairy Road, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 17516, USA
Annu Rev Public Health 23:93-113. 2002..The achievements in motor vehicle safety provide a model for other injury control efforts...
- A population-based comparison of CIREN and NASS cases using similarity scoringJoel D Stitzel
Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Medical Center Blvd, Winston Salem, NC 27157, USA
Annu Proc Assoc Adv Automot Med 51:395-417. 2007..Weighted NASS data and CIREN data were obtained for the years 2001-2005. NASS cases with Maximum AIS 3 resulted in a subset of 1,869 NASS cases, and 2,819 CIREN cases...
- The cushion effectSaman Arbabi
Department of Surgery, University of Michigan Health System, Ann Arbor, USA
J Trauma 54:1090-3. 2003..Human body characteristics such as height and weight may play an important role. We hypothesized that body mass index (BMI) will influence crash injury patterns...
- Increases in booster seat use among children of low income families and variation with ageR Apsler
Rhode Island Hospital Injury Prevention Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA
Inj Prev 9:322-5. 2003..To increase booster seat use among low income parents...
- Examining child restraint use and barriers to their use: lessons from a pilot studyJ C Simpson
Injury Prevention Research Unit, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
Inj Prev 9:326-31. 2003..To determine the suitability of four research methods to measure the rate of child restraint device (CRD) use and incorrect use in New Zealand and obtain data on barriers to CRD use...
- Passenger seating position and the risk of passenger death or injury in traffic crashesKathleen M Smith
Department of Emergency Medicine, Mary Bridge Children s Hospital, 315 Martin Luther King Jr Way, Tacoma, WA 98405 0987, USA
Accid Anal Prev 36:257-60. 2004..To estimate the association of passenger seat position with the risk of death and serious injury for passengers in traffic crashes...
- Pediatric restraint use is associated with reduced transports by emergency medical services providers after motor vehicle crashesA Chantal Caviness
Pediatric Emergency Medicine, Baylor Injury Center, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030 2399, USA
Prehosp Emerg Care 7:448-52. 2003..To determine the association between pediatric restraint use during motor vehicle crashes and patient transports by emergency medical services (EMS) providers...
- Effects and costs of requiring child-restraint systems for young children traveling on commercial airplanesThomas B Newman
Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of California, San Francisco, School of Medicine, 94143, USA
Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 157:969-74. 2003..The US Federal Aviation Administration is planning a new regulation requiring children younger than 2 years to ride in approved child-restraint seats on airplanes...
- How future trends in societal aging, air bag availability, seat belt use, and fleet composition will affect serious injury risk and occurrence in the United StatesRichard Kent
Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia 22902, USA
Traffic Inj Prev 4:24-32. 2003..After 2012, however, air bag availability and seat belt use will plateau, while societal aging will continue...
- Misuse of child restraint systems in crash situations - danger and possible consequencesPhilippe Lesire
Laboratoire d Accidentologie, de Biomécanique et d Etudes du Comportement Humain PSA Peugeot Citroen Renault, France
Annu Proc Assoc Adv Automot Med 51:207-22. 2007..This work provides material for educational and training purposes to help parents understand that child restraints need to be correctly fitted in order to provide the level of protection they are designed for...
- Parent driver characteristics associated with sub-optimal restraint of child passengersFlaura K Winston
Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA
Traffic Inj Prev 7:373-80. 2006..To identify parent driver demographic and socioeconomic characteristics associated with the use of sub-optimal restraints for child passengers under nine years...
- Development of Experimental and Computational Models for Traumatic Aortic RuptureKurosh Darvish; Fiscal Year: 2009..mechanism of TAR is essential for a) evaluation of the effect of the existing injury mitigation devices such as seat belts and airbags on TAR, b) optimization of the injury mitigation systems with regard to loading conditions with ..
- Development of Guidelines and Assessment Tools for Truck Ingress/EgressMatthew Reed; Fiscal Year: 2009..The guidelines and assessment methods will be disseminated through publications, standards organizations, and a dedicated website. ..
- ALCOHOL & CRASH FATALITIES: ETHNIC GROUPS AT RISKEduardo Romano; Fiscal Year: 2003..The results from the project will be useful to policymakers and program managers and will inform the design and delivery of traffic safety interventions tailored to minority populations. ..
- Brief Intervention to Reduce Alcohol Use in ED patientsWilliam Fernandez; Fiscal Year: 2004..e. routine care). ..
- Extended work schedules and health outcomes in the USGerald McGwin; Fiscal Year: 2002..Analyses will be adjusted for a number of possible confounders and effect modifier obtained from MEPS and NHIS including socio-demographic factors, family descriptors and lifestyle factors. ..
- Intervention to Increase Safety Belt Use in ED PatientsWilliam Fernandez; Fiscal Year: 2005..e. the "teachable moment"). ..
- Biomechanical Investigation of Pediatric AccidentsGina Bertocci; Fiscal Year: 2003..The long term goal is to develop a clinical tool that predicts the likelihood of pediatric fracture for a given accident scenario aiding clinicians in determining between intentional and unintentional injury. ..
- ENHANCING ALCOHOL INTERLOCK EFFECTS ON 1ST DUI OFFENDERSRobert Voas; Fiscal Year: 2004..This research builds on experience gained in a 5-year RO1-funded program in Alberta, Canada. ..
- Six Programs for the Future of Alcohol SafetyRobert Voas; Fiscal Year: 2007..Voas to become involved in a broader range of programs than if he otherwise were limited by taking on the full management of individual R01 projects. For this effort we are requesting 5 years of support for 75% of Dr. Voas' time. ..
- Drivers with Alcohol Use Disorders: At high risk for crashes?Robert B Voas; Fiscal Year: 2010..It will determine the prevalence of drivers with alcohol use disorders in traffic crashes and provide information to policymakers concerned with treatment and prevention programs. ..
- Model-Based Methods for the Analyses of Weighted DataMichael Elliott; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- Feasibility Study of Soccer InjuriesMelissa Schiff; Fiscal Year: 2007..Findings from this research will be used to for the development of a large, prospective cohort study to evaluate potentially modifiable risk factors for injury among female youth soccer players. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Lowering the drinking age: The New Zealand exampleRobert Voas; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- Campuses selling alcohol--Profit of Problem?Robert Voas; Fiscal Year: 2005....
- EVALUATION OF EFFORTS TO REDUCE BORDER BINGE DRINKINGRobert Voas; Fiscal Year: 2002..El Paso/Juarez, a border town with a similar border-binge drinking problem will, serve as a comparison site. ..
- UNDERSTANDING OCCUPATIONAL INJURY AND ILLNESS TRENDSTed Miller; Fiscal Year: 2002..We also will pilot test use of an input-output model to assess the impact of occupational injury/illness on the economy. ..
- ENVIRONMENTAL PREVENTION OF COLLEGE ALCOHOL PROBLEMSRobert Voas; Fiscal Year: 2003..abstract_text> ..
- Campuses selling alcohol--Profit of Problem?Robert Voas; Fiscal Year: 2001....
- MEDICALLY TREATED AND FATAL SUICIDE ACTS: NUMBER & COSTTed Miller; Fiscal Year: 2002..We expect the model to suggest the estimated annual US suicide death toll is 5%-7% above reported levels. (5) To modify an existing injury cost model to more accurately cost suicide acts and apply the model to national data. ..
- Combining Data from the NHIS and BRFSSMichael Elliott; Fiscal Year: 2004..This approach is particularly promising because, in contrast to other proposed techniques, it can be applied using existing publicly available data. ..
- INJURY AND ILLNESS SURVEILLANCE IN MIGRANT FARMWORKERSSharon Cooper; Fiscal Year: 2001..abstract_text> ..
- Evaluating Child Safety Product Dissemination and Educa*Andrea Gielen; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract not provided ..
- RISK FACTORS FOR FATAL CHILD ABUSE AND NEGLECTPATRICIA SCHNITZER; Fiscal Year: 2002..abstract_text> ..
- Health Literacy and Child Prevention InjuryAndrea Gielen; Fiscal Year: 2006..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Homocysteine/Hypertension & Vascular Lesion FormationPeter Lin; Fiscal Year: 2008..abstract_text> ..
- The Johns Hopkins Injury Control Research CenterAndrea Gielen; Fiscal Year: 2008..Application Not Provided ..
- Refinement and Enhancement of Agricultural Safety Curricula for Children (REACCH)Deborah Reed; Fiscal Year: 2009..Children's injury rates may be reduced through their participation in tested community-based, developmentally appropriate interventions that are grounded in local values. ..
- Evaluation of Farm Safety 4 Just Kids Day CampsDeborah Reed; Fiscal Year: 2003..The findings also will contribute to the national research agenda in farm child safety knowledge, attitudes, behavior, and injury rates. ..
- The Epidemiology of Alcohol Use at Tailgate PartiesE Geller; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- OUTCOMES FOLLOWING LIMB RECONSTRUCTION VS AMPUTATIONEllen Mackenzie; Fiscal Year: 2003..In addition, they propose to extend analysis of the 2-year data to address several important clinical and methodological issues. ..
- Environmental Factors Affecting College Party DrinkingE Geller; Fiscal Year: 2004..abstract_text> ..
- Energy Absorbing Transit Safe Wheelchair CasterLINDA VANROOSMALEN; Fiscal Year: 2004..Upon successful completion of Phase I, FrogLegs will pursue Phase II STTR funding to further develop the transit safe caster-fork assembly for daily use on a variety of wheelchairs. ..
- 'Costs & Effectiveness of Trauma Care in the Elderly'Ellen Mackenzie; Fiscal Year: 2004....
- Brief Child Safety Interventions in Emergency DepartmentAndrea Gielen; Fiscal Year: 2004..With the ever growing access to computers in medical care settings, the Safety in Seconds program should be readily adaptable to other pediatric emergency department settings that serve vulnerable populations. ..
- Hypertonic Modulation of Inflammation following InjuryEileen M Bulger; Fiscal Year: 2010..The results of these studies will provide valuable information to determine the ultimate therapeutic use of the resuscitation strategy. ..
- An Incentive Approach to Reduce Alcohol Abuse At PartiesE Geller; Fiscal Year: 2003..05 can change social norms with regard to party drinking and lead to long-term maintenance of lowered intoxication at fraternity parties. ..
- Sustained Work Indicators of Older FarmersDeborah Reed; Fiscal Year: 2005..Findings from the study will be used to design occupational counseling appropriate to age, gender, and race, as well as health and safety programs for aging farmers. ..
- Improving Trauma Outcomes:A Patient Centered ApproachEllen Mackenzie; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable]..
- Innovative Approaches to Anger ManagementE Geller; Fiscal Year: 2002..By providing drivers withy a means to communicate with other drivers they gain perceived control over their driving environment. This could reduce their own frustration and anger emotions as well as those of the message recipient...
- Effects of the Minimum Drinking Age on Mortality, Nonfatal Injury, and CrimeChristopher Carpenter; Fiscal Year: 2009..In so doing, this project will have the potential to reduce alcohol related harms experienced by youths. ..
- STUDY OF FUNCTIONAL OUTCOME AFTER TRAUMA IN ADOLESCENTSTroy Holbrook; Fiscal Year: 2002..The true efficacy of trauma care systems in this country can only be demonstrated by addressing whether these systems return trauma victims to active functional roles in society. ..
- Obesity-Related Variables and Motor Vehicle InjuryShankuan Zhu; Fiscal Year: 2009....
- BIOENGINEERING ANALYSIS OF SIDE IMPACT INJURIES TO OLDER DRIVERSFrank Pintar; Fiscal Year: 2007..This multifaceted design will duplicate side impacts in a controlled laboratory environment for in-position and out-of-position occupants for young and old age groups. ..
- Public Health Model to Promote Safe Elderly DrivingSherrilene Classen; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- User adjustable support surfaces for wheelchair comfortDouglas Hobson; Fiscal Year: 2004..In sub-task 4, these results will be compiled and submitted for an STTR phase II work continuation. All of these sub-tasks will assist in meeting the overall goal ..
- The Effect of Hypertonic Resuscitation for Blunt TraumaEileen Bulger; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- DEVELOPMENT OF AUTO-DOCKING WHEELCHAIR SECUREMENTDouglas Hobson; Fiscal Year: 2003..PROPOSED COMMERCIAL APPLICATION: Not available ..