Summary: Devices designed to provide personal protection against injury to individuals exposed to hazards in industry, sports, aviation, or daily activities.
Publications207 found, 100 shown here
- Role of safety-engineered devices in preventing needlestick injuries in 32 French hospitalsF Lamontagne
Department of Infectious Diseases, Tenon University Hospital, Paris, France
Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 28:18-23. 2007..To evaluate safety-engineered devices (SEDs) with respect to their effectiveness in preventing needlestick injuries (NSIs) in healthcare settings and their importance among other preventive measures...
- Association between health information, use of protective devices and occurrence of acute health problems in the Prestige oil spill clean-up in Asturias and Cantabria (Spain): a cross-sectional studyJose Miguel Carrasco
Environmental Epidemiology and Cancer Unit, National Centre for Epidemiology, Carlos III Institute of Health, Madrid, Spain
BMC Public Health 6:1. 2006This paper examines the association between use of protective devices, frequency of acute health problems and health-protection information received by participants engaged in the Prestige oil spill clean-up in Asturias and Cantabria, ..
- Knowledge, attitude and practice on malaria: a study in a tribal belt of Orissa state, India with reference to use of long lasting treated mosquito netsK N Vijayakumar
Vector Control Research Centre ICMR, Medical Complex, Indira Nagar, Pondicherry 605006, India
Acta Trop 112:137-42. 2009..Since, the tribes are habituated to seek treatment from traditional healers; they could be involved in motivating people to use ITNs/LLINs to protect from mosquito bites and malaria...
- Evidence into practice: combining the art and science of injury preventionM Brussoni
Centre for Child and Adolescent Health, University of the West of England, Bristol, UK
Inj Prev 12:373-7. 2006..To bring together scientific evidence of what works in injury prevention with the knowledge and experience of practitioners, using a case study of smoke alarm installation from England...
- Understanding parental motivators and barriers to uptake of child poison safety strategies: a qualitative studyL Gibbs
School of Health and Social Development, Deakin University, Victoria, Australia
Inj Prev 11:373-7. 2005..To develop an understanding of factors acting as barriers and motivators to parental uptake of child poison safety strategies...
- The effect of education and home safety equipment on childhood thermal injury prevention: meta-analysis and meta-regressionD Kendrick
Division of Primary Care, University of Nottingham, UK
Inj Prev 15:197-204. 2009..To evaluate whether home safety education and safety equipment provision increases thermal injury prevention practices or reduces thermal injury rates and whether the effect of interventions differs by social group...
- A randomised trial of hip protector use by frail older women living in their own homesI D Cameron
Rehabilitation Studies Unit, University of Sydney, NSW, Australia
Inj Prev 9:138-41. 2003..To investigate the efficacy and effectiveness of hip protectors in frail community living older women...
- Effects of safety behaviours with pesticide use on occurrence of acute symptoms in male and female tobacco-growing Malaysian farmersRusli Bin Nordi
Department of Public Health and Occupational Medicine, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Japan
Ind Health 40:182-90. 2002..Safety behaviours in pesticide use in male and female tobacco-growing farmers are discussed in the light of these findings...
- Medical surveillance of allergy in laboratory animal handlersJ P Seward
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California, USA
ILAR J 42:47-54. 2001..The emphasis of these medical evaluations should be on counseling and early disease detection. The article gives recommendations for the content of the medical evaluations...
- Controlling exposure to laboratory animal allergensD J Harrison
The Jackson Laboratory, Bar Harbor, Maine, USA
ILAR J 42:17-36. 2001..The author provides a comprehensive review of exposure control options, considerations, and " best practices" relative to laboratory animal allergen in the context of traditional industrial hygiene methods...
- Costs associated with sharps injuries in the Swedish health care setting and potential cost savings from needle-stick prevention devices with needle and syringeAnna H Glenngård
IHE, The Swedish Institute for Health Economics, Lund, Sweden
Scand J Infect Dis 41:296-302. 2009..The cost per reported injury in Sweden seems to be lower than in other EU countries and the US, due to more thorough investigation and treatment procedures in countries with confirmed transmission of pathogens to healthcare workers...
- Effectiveness of personal protective equipment: relevance of dermal and inhalation exposure to chlorpyrifos among pest control operatorsKatinka van der Jagt
Department of Chemical Exposure Assessment, TNO Chemistry, Zeist, The Netherlands
J Occup Environ Hyg 1:355-62. 2004..Although the results should be interpreted cautiously this study suggests a protective effect of the evaluated PPE program...
- [Safety-engineered devices to prevent percutaneous injuries: cost-effectiveness analysis on prevention of high-risk exposure]Lluis Armadans Gil
Servei de Medicina Preventiva, Hospital Universitari Vall d Hebron, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
Gac Sanit 20:374-81. 2006..To assess the efficiency of the replacement of several medical devices by engineered sharp injury (SI) prevention devices (ESIPDs)...
- Effect of barriers on the Clifton suspension bridge, England, on local patterns of suicide: implications for preventionOlive Bennewith
Department of Social Medicine, Canynge Hall, Whiteladies Road, Bristol BS8 2PR, UK
Br J Psychiatry 190:266-7. 2007..This study provides evidence for the effectiveness of barriers on bridges in preventing site-specific suicides and suicides by jumping overall in the surrounding area...
- Pesticide contamination of workers in vineyards in FranceIsabelle Baldi
Laboratoire Santé Travail Environnement, Institut de Santé Publique d Epidémiologie et de Développement, IFR 99, Universite Victor Segalen Bordeaux, France
J Expo Sci Environ Epidemiol 16:115-24. 2006..Types of equipment influenced significantly the daily contamination, whereas personal protective equipment only resulted in a limited decrease of contamination...
- Do protective devices prevent needlestick injuries among health care workers?R Orenstein
Division of Hospital Epidemiology, Medical College of Virginia, Richmond, USA
Am J Infect Control 23:344-51. 1995To determine the effectiveness and direct of two protective devices-a shielded 3 ml safety syringe (Safety-Lok; Becton Dickinson and Co., Becton Dickinson Division, Franklin Lakes, N.J...
- Hip protectors decrease hip fracture risk in elderly nursing home residents: a Bayesian meta-analysisAnna M Sawka
Division of Endocrinology and Department of Medicine, University Health Network, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
J Clin Epidemiol 60:336-44. 2007....
- Strategies to prevent falls and fractures in hospitals and care homes and effect of cognitive impairment: systematic review and meta-analysesDavid Oliver
University of Reading Institute of Health Sciences, Reading RG1 5AG
BMJ 334:82. 2007..To evaluate the evidence for strategies to prevent falls or fractures in residents in care homes and hospital inpatients and to investigate the effect of dementia and cognitive impairment...
- Hip protectors in aged-care facilities: a randomized trial of use by individual higher-risk residentsI D Cameron
Rehabilitation Studies Unit, Department of Medicine, University of Sydney, PO Box 6, Ryde, NSW 1680, Australia
Age Ageing 30:477-81. 2001..There was limited adherence with their use, resulting in a large number of falls occurring without hip protectors in place. All hip fractures in the intervention group occurred when hip protectors were not being used...
- Factors affecting anatomical region of injury, severity, and mortality for road trauma in a high-income developing country: lessons for preventionHani O Eid
Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, UAE University, Al Ain, United Arab Emirates
Injury 40:703-7. 2009..To study the factors affecting anatomical region of injury, severity, and mortality among road users in United Arab Emirates so as to improve preventive measures...
- A review of sharps injuries and preventative strategiesJ C Trim
Department of Clinical Microbiology and Infection Control, University Hospital Birmingham NHS Trust, Edgbaston, UK
J Hosp Infect 53:237-42. 2003..More recently, preventative strategies have focused on needle protective devices, which may reduce the rate of sharps injuries...
- Impact of insecticide-treated materials on filaria transmission by the various species of vector mosquito in AfricaE M Pedersen
Danish Bilharziasis Laboratory, Jaegersborg Alle 1 D, DK 2920 Charlottenlund, Denmark
Ann Trop Med Parasitol 96:S91-5. 2002..Thus a modest reduction in the numbers of mosquitoes biting humans, attributable to the use of the insecticide-treated nets, strongly suppressed the risk of W. bancrofti transmission...
- Markets, voucher subsidies and free nets combine to achieve high bed net coverage in rural TanzaniaRashid A Khatib
Ifakara Health Research and Development Centre, P O Box 78373, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
Malar J 7:98. 2008..Contributions of these multiple insecticide-treated net delivery strategies existing at the same time and place to coverage in a poor rural community were assessed...
- Effect on hip fractures of increased use of hip protectors in nursing homes: cluster randomised controlled trialGabriele Meyer
Unit of Health Sciences and Education, University of Hamburg, Martin Luther King Platz 6, D 20146 Hamburg, Germany
BMJ 326:76. 2003..To assess the effects of an intervention programme designed to increase use of hip protectors in elderly people in nursing homes...
- Prevention of hip fractures by external hip protectors: a randomized controlled trialNatasja M van Schoor
Institute for Research in Extramural Medicine, Department of Sociology and Social Gerontology, Vrije Universiteit Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
JAMA 289:1957-62. 2003..Several randomized controlled trials have been performed to examine the effectiveness of external hip protectors in reducing the incidence of hip fractures, but the results are controversial...
- Costs and cost-effectiveness of vector control in Eritrea using insecticide-treated bed netsJoshua O Yukich
Swiss Tropical Institute, P, O, Box, 4002 Basel, Switzerland
Malar J 8:51. 2009..Implementation costs and cost-effectiveness are important elements to consider when planning ITN programmes, but so far little information on these aspects is available from national programmes...
- Pesticide sprayers' knowledge, attitude and practice of pesticide use on agricultural farms of EthiopiaY Mekonnen
Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Addis Ababa University, PO Box 1176 Ethiopia
Occup Med (Lond) 52:311-5. 2002..working was considered to be very important by 93% of them, while only 7% suggested the use of personal protective devices (PPD)...
- Risk of hip fractures in soft protected, hard protected, and unprotected fallsH Bentzen
Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Oslo, Norway
Inj Prev 14:306-10. 2008..To compare hip fracture risk in soft and hard protected falls with the risk in unprotected falls and to compare the incidence of hip fractures in nursing homes providing soft and hard hip protectors...
- Hip protectors: recommendations for conducting clinical trials--an international consensus statement (part II)I D Cameron
Rehabilitation Studies Unit, University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Osteoporos Int 21:1-10. 2010..This is due partly to differences in the design and analysis. The aim of this report is to develop recommendations for subsequent clinical research...
- Acceptance of hip protectors for hip fracture prevention in nursing homesM Hubacher
Swiss Council for Accident Prevention bfu, CP, Bern
Osteoporos Int 12:794-9. 2001..Calculation by a forecasting model showed that those senior citizens who were initially prepared to wear the protector tended to be those who were physically restricted...
- Randomised controlled trial of hip protectors for the prevention of second hip fracturesYvonne F Birks
Department of Health Sciences Research, Seebhom Rowntree Building, University of York, York YO10 5DD, UK
Age Ageing 32:442-4. 2003..to assess whether the use of Safehip hip protectors would prevent second hip fractures among men and women living in the community...
- Acceptance and compliance with external hip protectors: a systematic review of the literatureN M van Schoor
Institute for Research in Extramural Medicine EMGO Institute, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Osteoporos Int 13:917-24. 2002..Furthermore, methods to improve the compliance should be developed, and their effectiveness tested...
- Equity and coverage of insecticide-treated bed nets in an area of intense transmission of Plasmodium falciparum in TanzaniaJubilate Bernard
London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
Malar J 8:65. 2009..Tanzania has been a leader in social marketing but it is still not clear if this can result in high and equitable levels of coverage...
- Methodological bias in cluster randomised trialsSeokyung Hahn
Medical Research Collaborating Center, Seoul National University College of Medicine, 2nd Floor Cancer Research Institute Building, 28 Yongon Dong, Chongno Gu, Seoul 110 744, Korea
BMC Med Res Methodol 5:10. 2005..Cluster randomised trials can be susceptible to a range of methodological problems. These problems are not commonly recognised by many researchers. In this paper we discuss the issues that can lead to bias in cluster trials...
- [The effects of wearing protective devices among residents and volunteers participating in the cleanup of the Hebei Spirit oil spill]Seung Min Lee
Citizen s Institute for Environmental Studies, Korean Federation for Environmental Movement, Korea
J Prev Med Public Health 42:89-95. 2009To assess the protective effects of wearing protective devices among the residents and volunteers who participated in the cleanup of the Hebei Spirit oil spill.
- Effect of education and safety equipment on poisoning-prevention practices and poisoning: systematic review, meta-analysis and meta-regressionD Kendrick
Professor D Kendrick, Division of Primary Care, Floor 13, Tower Building, University Park, Nottingham NG7 2RD, UK
Arch Dis Child 93:599-608. 2008..To assess (a) the effect of home safety education and the provision of safety equipment on poison-prevention practices and poisoning rates, and (b) whether the effect of interventions differs by social group...
- Putting public health evidence into practice: increasing the prevalence of working smoke alarms in disadvantaged inner city housingH Roberts
Child Health Research and Policy Unit, City University, London, UK
J Epidemiol Community Health 58:280-5. 2004..Qualitative work, which accompanied the trial explored barriers and levers to the use of this public health intervention...
- Personal protective equipment and risk for avian influenza (H7N3)Oliver Morgan
Health Protection Agency, East of England Regional Epidemiology Unit, Institute of Public Health, University Forvie Site, Robinson Way, Cambridge, UK
Emerg Infect Dis 15:59-62. 2009..Rigorous use of PPE by persons managing avian influenza outbreaks may reduce exposure to potentially hazardous infected poultry materials...
- Preventing childhood falls at home: meta-analysis and meta-regressionDenise Kendrick
Division of Primary Care, School of Nursing, University of Nottingham, Hucknall Primary Care Trust, Hucknall Health Centre, Nottingham, England, UK
Am J Prev Med 35:370-379. 2008..Despite social inequalities in childhood injury rates, there is a lack of evidence examining the effect of fall-prevention practices by social group...
- Acceptability and compliance with hip protectors in community-dwelling women at high risk of hip fractureS Patel
Osteoporosis Unit, Department of Rheumatology, St George s Hospital, London, SW17 0QT, UK
Rheumatology (Oxford) 42:769-72. 2003..To determine acceptability and compliance with hip protectors in women at high risk of hip fracture who are living independently in the community...
- Musculoskeletal rehabilitation in osteoporosis: a reviewMichael Pfeifer
Institute of Clinical Osteology, Clinic DER FURSTENHOF, Bad Pyrmont, Germany
J Bone Miner Res 19:1208-14. 2004..Further studies are needed to evaluate the effect of combined bone- and fall-directed strategies in patients with osteoporosis and an increased propensity to falls...
- Hip protectors and prevention of hip fractures in older personsGerold Holzer
Osteoporosis Center and Orthopaedic Rehabilitation, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Medical University of Vienna, Austria
Geriatrics 62:15-20. 2007..The design and wearing comfort of hip protectors are also important factors in adherence. Hip protectors with a more patient-friendly design are now available, and new studies should help clarify relevant issues...
- Minimizing the use of restrictive devices in dementia patients at risk for fallingElizabeth Capezuti
John A Hartford Foundation Institute for Geriatric Nursing, Division of Nursing, Steinhardt School of Education, New York University, 246 Greene Street, 6th Floor, New York, NY 10003 6677, USA
Nurs Clin North Am 39:625-47. 2004..New institutional models of care discouraging routine use of restrictive devices also will foster innovative solutions to clinical problems associated with dementia...
- Cost-effectiveness of hip protectors in institutional dwelling elderlyLisa Waldegger
Clinical Epidemiology Program, Ottawa Health Research Institute, Ottawa Hospital, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
Osteoporos Int 14:243-50. 2003..To assess the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of hip protectors in the prevention of hip fracture in an elderly population living in institutions...
- External hip protectors and risk of hip fractureTatjana Bulat
JAMA 290:883; author reply 884-5. 2003
- Who buys insecticide-treated nets? Implications for increasing coverage in NigeriaObinna Onwujekwe
Gates Malaria Partnership, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, UK
Health Policy Plan 18:279-89. 2003..To investigate the determinants of purchase of insecticide-treated nets (ITNs) and explore the policy implications of the findings for ITN programmes...
- Effectiveness of hip protectors for preventing hip fractures in elderly people: systematic reviewMartyn J Parker
Orthopaedic Department, Peterborough and Stamford Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Peterborough District Hospital, Peterborough PE3 6DA
BMJ 332:571-4. 2006..To present the updated results of systematic review of the current evidence for the effectiveness of hip protectors from reports of completed randomised trials, and to explore the evolution of that evidence...
- Inequalities in purchase of mosquito nets and willingness to pay for insecticide-treated nets in Nigeria: challenges for malaria control interventionsObinna Onwujekwe
Gates Malaria Partnership, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London UK
Malar J 3:6. 2004..To explore the equity implications of insecticide-treated nets (ITN) distribution programmes that are based on user charges...
- How equitable is bed net ownership and utilisation in Tanzania? A practical application of the principles of horizontal and vertical equityFred Matovu
Faculty of Economics and Management, Makerere University, PO Box, 7062 Kampala, Uganda
Malar J 8:109. 2009..The objective of this paper is to measure the extent and causes of inequalities in the ownership and utilisation of bed nets across socioeconomic groups (SEGs) and age groups in Tanga District, north-eastern Tanzania...
- Combating malaria. Battling over bed netsLeslie Roberts
Science 318:556-9. 2007
- Variation of malaria transmission and morbidity with altitude in Tanzania and with introduction of alphacypermethrin treated netsCaroline A Maxwell
London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London WC1E 7HT, UK
Malar J 2:28. 2003..It has been argued that vector control should not be attempted in areas of intense transmission...
- Randomized controlled trial of hip protectors among women living in the communityYvonne F Birks
Primary Care Hip Protector Trial Group, York Trials Unit, Department of Health Sciences, York University, Area 4, Seebhom Rowntree Building, YO10 5DD, UK
Osteoporos Int 15:701-6. 2004..To assess whether hip protectors used among women living in the community in the United Kingdom and at high risk of hip fracture, lead to a reduction in hip fracture...
- Visibility aids for pedestrians and cyclists: a systematic review of randomised controlled trialsIrene Kwan
Cochrane Injuries Group, Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of Health and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
Accid Anal Prev 36:305-12. 2004..However, the impact of visibility aids on pedestrian and cyclist safety is unknown and needs to be determined...
- Cost-effectiveness of hip protectors in frail institutionalized elderlyNatasja M van Schoor
Institute for Research in Extramural Medicine EMGO Institute, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Osteoporos Int 15:964-9. 2004..The use of hip protectors was not associated with lower costs. In addition, the average costs of a hip fracture and subsequent rehabilitation in the first year after the fracture were estimated at Euro 8100 in institutionalized elderly...
- Weapons of mass destruction events with contaminated casualties: effective planning for health care facilitiesA G Macintyre
Department of Emergency Medicine, George Washington University Medical Center, Washington, DC, USA
JAMA 283:242-9. 2000..These and other areas require further investigation to improve response strategies...
- Hip fracture prevention trial using hip protectors in Japanese nursing homesA Harada
Department of Orthopedic Surgery, National Chubu Hospital, Gengo 36 3, Morioka, Obu, Aichi 474 8511, Japan
Osteoporos Int 12:215-21. 2001..8% vs 2.0%) and the annual hip fracture rate per fall in wearers was lower than that in non-wearers (0.8% vs 8.2%). It was thus concluded that the hip protector is a beneficial device for the prevention of hip fractures...
- The influence of personal protection, environmental hygiene and exposure to pesticides on the health of immigrant farm workers in a desert countryJ Gomes
Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, UAE University, Al Ain, United Arab Emirates
Int Arch Occup Environ Health 72:40-5. 1999..This study investigates the use of personal protection equipment and the practice of safety and hygiene procedures in the handling of pesticides in agriculture...
- Comparison of force attenuation properties of four different hip protectors under simulated falling conditions in the elderly: an in vitro biomechanical studyP Kannus
Accident and Trauma Research Center and Tampere Research Center of Sports Medicine, UKK Institute for Health Promotion Research, Finland
Bone 25:229-35. 1999..However, the true efficacy of any protector in the prevention of hip fractures can only be evaluated in randomized clinical trials...
- Preventing injuries in children: cluster randomised controlled trial in primary careD Kendrick
Division of General Practice, University of Nottingham, Queen s Medical Centre, Nottingham NG7 2UH
BMJ 318:980-3. 1999....
- Use of personal protective equipment in Canadian pediatric emergency departmentsSarah M Reid
Department of Pediatrics, University of Ottawa, and Clinical Research Unit of Ottawa, Children s Hospital of Eastern Ontario Research Institute, Ottawa, ON
CJEM 13:71-8. 2011..This study examined the knowledge, self-reported behaviours, and barriers to compliance with infection control practices and the use of PPE in Canadian pediatric EDs...
- A qualitative study on the acceptability and preference of three types of long-lasting insecticide-treated bed nets in Solomon Islands: implications for malaria eliminationJo An Atkinson
Pacific Malaria Initiative Support Centre, School of Population Health SPH, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia
Malar J 8:119. 2009..Compliance with these interventions is dependent on their acceptability and on the socio-cultural context of the local population. These factors need to be investigated locally prior to programme implementation...
- Economic modeling on cost-effectiveness of hip protectors in institutionalized older people based on contentious interpretation of original effectiveness dataDavid Oliver
J Am Geriatr Soc 53:2241-2. 2005
- External hip protectors and risk of hip fractureLisa A Honkanen
JAMA 290:883-4; author reply 884-5. 2003
- A method for evaluating health care workers' personal protective equipment techniqueElizabeth L Beam
College of Nursing, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE 68198 5330, USA
Am J Infect Control 39:415-20. 2011..The literature is limited regarding studies of HCWs' use of PPE in patient care tasks...
- External hip protectors and risk of hip fracturePeter Cummings
JAMA 290:884; author reply 884-5. 2003
- The prevalence and reliability of visibility aid and other risk factor data for uninjured cyclists and pedestrians in Edmonton, Alberta, CanadaBrent E Hagel
Alberta Centre for Injury Control and Research, Department of Public Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Alberta, Alberta, Canada
Accid Anal Prev 39:284-9. 2007..Further work is required before an overall visibility rating can be used in place of component scores...
- External hip protectors are effective for the elderly with higher-than-average risk factors for hip fracturesT Koike
Department of Rheumatosurgery, Osaka City University Medical School, Osaka, Japan
Osteoporos Int 20:1613-20. 2009..375; 95%CI, 0.14-0.98; p = 0.05) and body-mass index (BMI) < or = 19.0 (n = 206; HR, 0.37; 95%CI, 0.14-0.95; p = 0.04) by a Cox proportional hazards regression model...
- Increased use of hip protectors in nursing homes: economic analysis of a cluster randomized, controlled trialGabriele Meyer
Unit of Health Sciences and Education, University of Hamburg, Hamburg, Germany
J Am Geriatr Soc 53:2153-8. 2005..To assess the cost-efficacy of an intervention program aimed at reducing hip fractures...
- A cost-benefit analysis of external hip protectors in the nursing home settingLisa A Honkanen
Division of Geriatrics and Gerontology, Joan and Sanford Weill Medical College, Cornell University, New York, New York 10021, USA
J Am Geriatr Soc 53:190-7. 2005..To estimate potential cost savings generated by a program of hip protectors in the nursing home from a Medicare perspective...
- The use of personal protective equipment for control of influenza among critical care clinicians: A survey studyElizabeth L Daugherty
Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA
Crit Care Med 37:1210-6. 2009..Although effective PPE use may significantly reduce healthcare-associated influenza transmission, PPE adherence among ICU HCWs for preventing nosocomial influenza infection has not been evaluated...
- The cost effectiveness of occupational health interventions: prevention of silicosisSupriya Lahiri
Department of Economics, University of Massachusetts Lowell, Lowell, Massachusetts 01854, USA
Am J Ind Med 48:503-14. 2005..In this paper, we present an analysis of the cost effectiveness of alternative means of preventing silicosis...
- Hospital response to chemical terrorism: personal protective equipment, training, and operations planningPanos G Georgopoulos
Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences Institute EOHSI, UMDNJ RW Johnson Medical School and Rutgers University, 170 Frelinghuysen Road, Piscataway, NJ 08854, USA
Am J Ind Med 46:432-45. 2004..The ERP must address OSHA, EPA, and JCAHO requirements...
- The effects of washing and duration of use of long-lasting insecticidal nets (PermaNets) on insecticidal effectivenessS Msangi
Tropical Pesticides Research Institute, Arusha, Tanzania
Acta Trop 107:43-7. 2008..PermaNets caused short-lived irritation and sneezing but appear to be well accepted by the community in which the study was conducted...
- Looking inside the 2003 CDC dental infection control guidelinesJennifer A Harte
U S Air Force Dental Investigation Service, Great Lakes, Ill 60088, USA
J Calif Dent Assoc 32:919-30. 2004..It is not intended to be a comprehensive review. Readers can access the complete document (Figure 1) by visiting www.cdc.gov/oralhealth/ infectioncontrol...
- Evaluation of a safety resheathable winged steel needle for prevention of percutaneous injuries associated with intravascular-access procedures among healthcare workersMeryl H Mendelson
Department of Medicine and Infection Control, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, Mount Sinai Medical Center, New York, New York 10029, USA
Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 24:105-12. 2003..To compare the percutaneous injury rate associated with a standard versus a safety resheathable winged steel (butterfly) needle...
- Risk perceptions, barriers, and motivators to tractor ROPS retrofitting in the New York state farm communityJ A Sorensen
New York Center for Agricultural Medicine and Health, Bassett Research Institute, Bassett Healthcare, Cooperstown, New York 13326, USA
J Agric Saf Health 12:215-26. 2006..Frequent motivators to retrofitting are concerns about safety, although the authors conclude that a more thorough analysis of these "general safety concerns" in qualitative interviews is important...
- Evaluation of Safe Kids Week 2004: age 4 to 9? It's booster seat time!A Howard
Population Health Sciences, Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Inj Prev 12:316-9. 2006..To assess the effectiveness of a national one week media campaign promoting booster seat use...
- Hanging on a lineMarty Sharp
Ultra Safe Inc, Phoenix, AZ, USA
Occup Health Saf 75:106, 108-9. 2006
- Rollover protection on New York tractors and farmers' readiness for changeJ J May
New York Center for Agricultural Medicine and Health, Bassett Research Institute, Bassett Healthcare, Cooperstown, New York 13326, USA
J Agric Saf Health 12:199-213. 2006..003) due primarily to the higher proportion of crop farmers in the earliest stage of change. The goal of retrofitting all New York farm tractors with ROPS appears nearly as daunting as it did a decade ago...
- Hip protectors efficacy and barriers to adoption to prevent fall-related injuries in older adults: findings and recommendations from an international workgroupJonathan Howland
Social and Behavioral Sciences Department, Boston University School of Public Health, 715 Albany Street, Boston, MA 02116, USA
J Safety Res 37:421-4. 2006..Plans are already underway for a second international conference in Europe to follow-up these recommendations and develop strategies for implementation...
- Quantifying the relationship between vehicle interior geometry and child restraint systemsC P Sherwood
Center for Applied Biomechanics, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia, USA
Annu Proc Assoc Adv Automot Med 50:381-96. 2006..Upper tethers are critical in the prevention of head contact, while head contact is likely when the upper tether is not used...
- The influence of anchor devices on the performance of retractable type fall arresters protecting against falls from a heightKrzysztof Baszczyński
Department of Personal Protective Equipment, Central Institute for Labour Protection National Research Institute, Lodz, Poland
Int J Occup Saf Ergon 12:307-18. 2006..External and internal factors contributing to intermittent performance have been determined and guidelines for safer use of these devices have been developed...
- Preventing injuriesStephen Krcmar
Rehab Manag 19:22, 24, 26 passim. 2006
- Residual injuries after recent safety improvementsJ Augenstein
William Lehman Injury Research Center, Miami, FL, USA
Annu Proc Assoc Adv Automot Med 50:353-62. 2006..A reduction in chest injuries to belted elderly occupants during low severity frontal crashes offers a prime opportunity for further improvement of safety systems. Younger occupants could also benefit from improved chest protection...
- Are hip protectors correctly positioned in use?R J Minns
RMPD, Newcastle General Hospital, Westgate Rd, Newcastle U Tyne, UK
Age Ageing 36:140-4. 2007..A 'zone' of GT position and movement has been established relative to the anterior superior iliac crest, and designers of garments should ensure that this zone is within the area of protection provided by their hip protector pad design...
- Certified vs. non-certified anchoragesTracey K Riepenhoff
LJB Inc, Lima, Ohio, USA
Occup Health Saf 76:92, 94-6. 2007
- [Modern foreign car safety systems and their forensic-medical significance]S A Iakunin
Sud Med Ekspert 50:42-8. 2007..The most common active and passive security systems are described in the article; their principles of operation and influence on the trauma character are estimated...
- The biomechanics of hip protectorsN J Mills
School of Metallurgy and Materials, University of Birmingham
Proc Inst Mech Eng H 210:259-66. 1996..The protection mechanisms are load transfer to the muscles of the thigh and energy absorption in the protector. Hip protectors could absorb more energy safely if they were thicker, or if the shell design was modified...
- Preventing needlestick injuriesGuido R Zanni
National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, USA
Consult Pharm 22:400-2, 404-6, 409. 2007..Policy, practice, and training need to address new devices engineered to prevent sharps injuries, sharps disposal containers, and prophylaxis after percutaneous injury...
- Concept of a platform-based impact isolation system for protection of wheelchair occupants from injuries in vehicle crashesDmitry V Balandin
Nizhny Novgorod State University, Department of Computational Mathematics and Cybernetics, 23 Gagarin Avenue, Nizhny Novgorod 603950, Russia
Med Eng Phys 30:258-67. 2008..The simulation shows a noticeable reduction in the injury risk due to the platform and an even greater reduction of injury with pre-acting control...
- Effect of roof strength in injury mitigation during pole impactKeith Friedman
Friedman Research Corporation, Goleta, CA, USA
Biomed Sci Instrum 43:69-74. 2007..The peak deformation was reduced by approximately 75% and peak velocity was reduced by approximately 50%. Such a reduction in the deformation of the roof structure helps to maintain a safe occupant survival space...
- [Results of crush-tests and their forensic-medical significance]S A Iakunin
Sud Med Ekspert 50:40-3. 2007
- Influence of age and proximity warning devices on collision avoidance in simulated drivingArthur F Kramer
Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, Beckman Institute, University of Illinois, 405 N Mathews Ave, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
Hum Factors 49:935-49. 2007..We conducted a set of experiments to examine the utility of several different uni- and multimodal collision avoidance systems (CASs) on driving performance of young and older adult drivers in a high-fidelity simulator...
- Back-up detection devices: what do we all need to know? Dangerous blind zonesBonnie Lovette
Trauma Services, Children s Hospital and Research Center, 747 52nd Street, Oakland, CA 94609, USA
J Pediatr Health Care 21:123-8. 2007
- Antilock brakes and the risk of driver injury in a crash: a case-control studyPeter Cummings
Harborview Injury Prevention and Research Center and the Department of Epidemiology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA
Accid Anal Prev 39:995-1000. 2007..06 (95% confidence interval, 0.95-1.17), compared with a vehicle without antilock brakes. If this estimated association is causal, antilock brakes do not prevent crash-related driver injuries...
- Field use patterns and performance of child restraints secured by lower anchors and tethers for children (LATCH)Kristy B Arbogast
Department of Pediatrics, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA
Accid Anal Prev 39:530-5. 2007..This subset of cases demonstrates that consumers are using the LATCH technology, at times with significant misuse and that significant injury still may occur, despite use of LATCH...
- Misuse study of latch attachment: a series of frontal sled testsRajiv Menon
The Center for Injury Research and Prevention, The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA, USA
Annu Proc Assoc Adv Automot Med 51:129-54. 2007..The effective reduction was 37% in the HIC values, 6% in the chest G's, 30% in the head excursion, 22 % in the knee excursion and finally 37 % reduction in the Nij values...
- Risk factors associated with pelvic fractures sustained in motor vehicle collisions involving newer vehiclesDeborah M Stein
Program in Trauma, R Adams Cowley Shock Trauma Center, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21201, USA
J Trauma 61:21-30; discussion 30-1. 2006..We utilized the Crash Injury Research Engineering Network (CIREN) database to identify these risk factors in newer vehicles...
- Alarming trends in the improper use of motor vehicle restraints in children: implications for public policy and the development of race-based strategies for improving complianceShawn J Rangel
Division of Pediatric and Thoracic Surgery, Department of Surgery, Cincinnati Children s Hospital Medical Center, University of Cincinnati Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH 45229, USA
J Pediatr Surg 43:200-7. 2008..The purpose of this study was to characterize patterns of restraint use among children hospitalized after motor vehicle collision and to examine the effects of race and socioeconomic status on compliance...
- Identification of vehicle components associated with severe thoracic injury in motor vehicle crashes: a CIREN and NASS analysisR Nirula
Division of Trauma Burns Critical Care, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, 5323 Harry Hines Boulevard, Dallas, TX 75390, USA
Accid Anal Prev 40:137-41. 2008..We sought to determine which vehicle contact points were associated with an increased risk of severe thoracic injury in MVC to focus subsequent design modifications necessary to reduce thoracic injury...
- A pilot study to measure the compressive and tensile forces required to use retractable intramuscular safety syringesDonna Haiduven
College of Public Health, Department of Global Health, University of South Florida, 13201 Bruce B Downs Boulevard, Tampa, FL 33612, USA
Am J Infect Control 34:661-8. 2006..The objective was to determine the forces required to operate retractable safety syringes to evaluate potential adverse occupational health and patient safety issues...
- RESPIRATORY AND THERMAL PHYSIOLOGY OF FACE MASKSARTHUR DUBOIS; Fiscal Year: 1990Respiratory protective devices (face masks) are required to protect to wearer from particles and vapors in the ambient air when other means of air purification are unavailable...
- NURSING ASSESSMENT OF PRESSURE SORE RISKNancy Bergstrom; Fiscal Year: 1990..Preventing PS is undoubtedly less costly than treatment, but prevention is also expensive. Protective devices such as special beds may cost $85/day or more...
- Real time hearing protector insertion loss studySteven Guffey; Fiscal Year: 2007..exposures will continue to be high and protection of hearing will depend mostly on how effectively hearing protective devices (HPD) are used...
- New Nanostructured Sensing Arrays for Hydride DetectionDEBRA J DEININGER; Fiscal Year: 2010..The proposed project will develop advanced sensors that can be used in personal protective devices to warn users about the presence of these highly toxic gases.
- EFFECTIVENESS OF COMPUTER-BASED HEARING TEST & TRAININGOi Saeng Hong; Fiscal Year: 2002..Consistent use of hearing protective devices (HPDs) reduces noise exposure and subsequent NIHL. Unfortunately, workers are not consistently wearing HPDs...
- New Nanostructured Sensor Arrays for Hydride DetectionDEBRA DEININGER; Fiscal Year: 2006..The proposed project will develop advanced sensors that can be used in personal protective devices to warn users about the presence of these highly toxic gases. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]
- Lowering the drinking age: The New Zealand exampleRobert Voas; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- Drivers with Alcohol Use Disorders: At high risk for crashes?Robert B Voas; Fiscal Year: 2010..It will determine the prevalence of drivers with alcohol use disorders in traffic crashes and provide information to policymakers concerned with treatment and prevention programs. ..
- Campuses selling alcohol--Profit of Problem?Robert Voas; Fiscal Year: 2001....
- Six Programs for the Future of Alcohol SafetyRobert Voas; Fiscal Year: 2007..Voas to become involved in a broader range of programs than if he otherwise were limited by taking on the full management of individual R01 projects. For this effort we are requesting 5 years of support for 75% of Dr. Voas' time. ..
- ENVIRONMENTAL PREVENTION OF COLLEGE ALCOHOL PROBLEMSRobert Voas; Fiscal Year: 2003..abstract_text> ..
- ENHANCING ALCOHOL INTERLOCK EFFECTS ON 1ST DUI OFFENDERSRobert Voas; Fiscal Year: 2004..This research builds on experience gained in a 5-year RO1-funded program in Alberta, Canada. ..
- Campuses selling alcohol--Profit of Problem?Robert Voas; Fiscal Year: 2005....
- EVALUATION OF EFFORTS TO REDUCE BORDER BINGE DRINKINGRobert Voas; Fiscal Year: 2002..El Paso/Juarez, a border town with a similar border-binge drinking problem will, serve as a comparison site. ..
- PATTERNS AND PREDICTORS IN THE ALCOHOL INTERLOCK RECORDPaul Marques; Fiscal Year: 2002..The findings will have substantial practical relevance for public policy. ..
- Alcohol Interlock and Biomarker Prediction of DUI RiskPaul Marques; Fiscal Year: 2007..In addition to scientific communication through usual channels, this project will create risk profile guidelines to aid motor vehicle authorities and the courts for using indicator evidence proactively. ..
- Homicide During Robbery: A Case-Control StudyStephen Marshall; Fiscal Year: 2004..The results of this study will assist in targeting prevention resources to specific high-risk workplaces and neighborhoods. ..
- Epidemiology of Jump-landing Movements and ACL InjuryStephen Marshall; Fiscal Year: 2009..Unlike some of the anatomical and hormonal risk factors discussed in the literature, neuromuscular risk factors are readily modifiable and are amenable to intervention. ..
- Exposure to Blood Among Home Health Care NursesJack Leiss; Fiscal Year: 2006..Collaborating agency directors and home health care nurses, focus groups, and a pilot study will be used to design and test recruitment strategies that will ensure high response rates. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Brief Child Safety Interventions in Emergency DepartmentAndrea Gielen; Fiscal Year: 2004..With the ever growing access to computers in medical care settings, the Safety in Seconds program should be readily adaptable to other pediatric emergency department settings that serve vulnerable populations. ..
- The Johns Hopkins Injury Control Research CenterAndrea Gielen; Fiscal Year: 2008..Application Not Provided ..
- Evaluating Child Safety Product Dissemination and Educa*Andrea Gielen; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract not provided ..
- Health Literacy and Child Prevention InjuryAndrea Gielen; Fiscal Year: 2006..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Research Grants to Prevent Unintentional InjuriesJonathan Howland; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] Outcome Measures: Acute and residual driving impairment will be assessed using a driving simulator and[unreadable] an objective measure of sustained attention/reaction time, the Psychomotor Vioilance Test (PVT).[unreadable]..
- Quantification of the environmental UVA exposureMichael Kimlin; Fiscal Year: 2008..abstract_text> ..
- Effectiveness of patient lift equipmentHester Lipscomb; Fiscal Year: 2008..The proposed work addresses several NIOSH priority areas including health care workers, back injuries, and intervention effectiveness research. ..
- Evidence-Based Medicine in the Skilled Nursing FacilityCathleen Colon Emeric; Fiscal Year: 2008..Common geriatric syndromes conditions (UTI, fever, osteoporosis, falls, and pneumonia) will be targeted, and both an academic and a community-based Veterans Administration Nursing Home Care Unit will be used. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Refinement and Enhancement of Agricultural Safety Curricula for Children (REACCH)Deborah Reed; Fiscal Year: 2009..Children's injury rates may be reduced through their participation in tested community-based, developmentally appropriate interventions that are grounded in local values. ..
- Prevention of Neck Injuries in Older Adults During Rear Motor Vehicle CollsionsPAUL IVANCIC; Fiscal Year: 2009..The proposed project will provide important research-based data that may form the basis for future safety standards and help to decrease the frequency and severity of neck injuries in older adults, thus benefiting society. ..
- OUTCOMES FOLLOWING LIMB RECONSTRUCTION VS AMPUTATIONEllen Mackenzie; Fiscal Year: 2003..In addition, they propose to extend analysis of the 2-year data to address several important clinical and methodological issues. ..
- Noise, Solvents, and Hearing LossPeter Rabinowitz; Fiscal Year: 2004..A nested case control study will match cases of hearing loss identified in the cohort with controls by age at hire, year of hire, sex, and gender, to further explore these relationships. ..
- RANDOMIZED SANCTIONS TO REDUCE DRUNK DRIVING RECIDIVISMSandra Lapham; Fiscal Year: 2004..Finally, the process will be evaluated to monitor the interventions and to enable replication of the protocol in other jurisdictions. ..
- WORK AND HEALTH DISPARITIES AMONG RURAL WOMENHester Lipscomb; Fiscal Year: 2004..Education will also be targeted to medical providers in this geographic area on work exposures and conditions, exposure response, prevention, basic epidemiology, and ergonomics. ..
- Developing and Evaluating New Approaches to Youth Agricultural Injury PreventionJohn Wilkins; Fiscal Year: 2009..5. Relying on the PEM data, quantify the risk of CAI among participating youth. ..
- Evaluation of Farm Safety 4 Just Kids Day CampsDeborah Reed; Fiscal Year: 2003..The findings also will contribute to the national research agenda in farm child safety knowledge, attitudes, behavior, and injury rates. ..
- Erythema and deep tissue injury detectorStephen Sprigle; Fiscal Year: 2004..A significant focus is on enhanced detection in people with darkly pigmented since, in whom visual inspection is problematic. ..
- Long Term Recovery Among Convicted Drunk DriversSandra Lapham; Fiscal Year: 2008....
- Research Grants to Prevent Unintentional InjuriesCorinne Peek Asa; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable]..
- 3rd International Scientific Conference on Occupational and Environmental HealthMatthew Keifer; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- NIOSH SURVEILLANCE RESEARCH METHODOLOGYDavid Parker; Fiscal Year: 2001..Data analysis will consist of three parts: (1) Descriptive statistics; (2) Timeliness; and (3) Computation of incidence rates by industry. ..
- High School Sports Injury Surveillance-Incidence/exposurR Comstock; Fiscal Year: 2005..This directly addresses the CDC's mission to promote physical activity and prevent injuries and both directly and indirectly addresses several Healthy People 2010 injury prevention objectives. ..
- RISK FACTORS FOR FATAL CHILD ABUSE AND NEGLECTPATRICIA SCHNITZER; Fiscal Year: 2002..abstract_text> ..
- Telephone advice to problem drinkers: feasibility studyCarolyn DiGuiseppi; Fiscal Year: 2002..Increased access to brief interventions is likely to reduce both problem drinking and associated injuries. ..
- Tailored Web Program to Reduce At-Risk College DrinkingC Raymond Bingham; Fiscal Year: 2009..If effective, the proposed intervention could be inexpensively modified to deliver effective interventions to large numbers of university students, members of other populations, and to target other health risk behaviors. ..
- Retrograde Dystrophic Influence of IFN-gamma on NeuronsPamela Lein; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- Certified Safe Farm Evaluating Health Insurance ClaimsKelley Donham; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- Family Functioning of Adults Maltreated as ChildrenDavid DiLillo; Fiscal Year: 2007..abstract_text> ..
- Hangover, Congeners, Sleep and Occupational PerformanceJonathan Howland; Fiscal Year: 2004..Our occupational model will be merchant ship navigation by maritime academy cadets. Performance will be measured using computer-based interactive ship training simulators. ..
- A Technology-Enhanced Nursing Intervention for Hospice CaregiversGeorge Demiris; Fiscal Year: 2009....
- Gene-Environment Factors in Childhood Brain TumorsBeth Mueller; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Smoking During Pregnancy and Breast CancerBeth Mueller; Fiscal Year: 2003....
- SPASTICITY AND STRENGTH AS INDICATORS FOR RHIZOTOMYJack Engsberg; Fiscal Year: 2001..It will also compare the efficacy of 3 modes of treatment for CP: SDR with intensive PT, intensive PT without SDR, and standard intervention. ..
- Flavocoxid: A Medical Food Therapy for OsteoarthritisSarah Morgan; Fiscal Year: 2004..This innovative compound has commercial potential with its expected efficacy comparable to or exceeding the currently marketed COX inhibitors but with fewer side effects and at a significantly lower cost. ..
- Exploring Gene-Environment Factors in Child Brain TumorsBeth Mueller; Fiscal Year: 2004..abstract_text> ..
- IMPROVING GAIT AND FUNCTION IN CP BY STRENGTHENING THE ANKLEJack Engsberg; Fiscal Year: 2009..It will reduce, postpone, or eliminate other procedures that are more debilitating and costly. The present investigation will prepare the PIs to conduct a randomized clinical trial to test their hypotheses. ..
- Ankle Strengthening to Improve Gait and Function in CPJack Engsberg; Fiscal Year: 2004..In the second component, both the pre- and post-intervention measures, and the weekly monitoring of spasticity and tightness, will determine if potential changes could be a concern for the future clinical trial. ..
- COMPARISON OF RECTIFIED AND UNRECTIFIED AMPUTEE SOCKETSJack Engsberg; Fiscal Year: 2004....
- Use of Water Quality Surveillance Data in Epidemiologic*Beth Mueller; Fiscal Year: 2003..These methods may also be applicable to environmental databases with other types of exposures, or for examining other exposures (like pesticides) within drinking water surveillance databases. ..
- Case-Control Study of Head Injury in Relation to Ski He*Beth Mueller; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract not provided ..
- DEVELOPMENT OF AUTO-DOCKING WHEELCHAIR SECUREMENTDouglas Hobson; Fiscal Year: 2003..PROPOSED COMMERCIAL APPLICATION: Not available ..
- User adjustable support surfaces for wheelchair comfortDouglas Hobson; Fiscal Year: 2004..In sub-task 4, these results will be compiled and submitted for an STTR phase II work continuation. All of these sub-tasks will assist in meeting the overall goal ..