bone nails

Summary

Summary: Rods of bone, metal, or other material used for fixation of the fragments or ends of fractured bones.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Prophylactic pinning of the contralateral hip in slipped capital femoral epiphysis : evaluation of long-term outcome for the contralateral hip with use of decision analysis
    W Randall Schultz
    Department of Orthopaedics, Dartmouth Hitchcock Medical Center, Lebanon, New Hampshire 03756, USA
    J Bone Joint Surg Am 84:1305-14. 2002
  2. ncbi Ender nail fixation of pediatric femur fractures: a biomechanical analysis
    S S Lee
    Children's Hospital and Health Center and University of California at San Diego, San Diego, California 92123-4293
    J Pediatr Orthop 21:442-5. 2001
  3. ncbi Lateral entry compared with medial and lateral entry pin fixation for completely displaced supracondylar humeral fractures in children. A randomized clinical trial
    Mininder S Kocher
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Children s Hospital Boston, Harvard Medical School, 300 Longwood Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    J Bone Joint Surg Am 89:706-12. 2007
  4. ncbi Femoral lengthening over an intramedullary nail using the external fixator: risk of infection and knee problems in 22 patients with a follow-up of 2 years or more
    Hae Ryong Song
    Korea University Medical Center, Kuro Hospital, Seoul
    Acta Orthop 76:245-52. 2005
  5. ncbi A biomechanical study on flexible intramedullary nails used to treat pediatric femoral fractures
    Jason K Green
    Department of Orthopedic Surgery, SUNY Upstate Medical University, 3214 Institute for Human Performance, 505 Irving Avenue Syracuse, NY 13210, USA
    J Orthop Res 23:1315-20. 2005
  6. ncbi The AO/ASIF proximal femoral nail antirotation (PFNA): a new design for the treatment of unstable proximal femoral fractures
    Praveen Mereddy
    Department of Trauma and Orthopaedics, Wirral University Teaching Hospital, Upton, Wirral, Merseyside CH49 5PE, United Kingdom
    Injury 40:428-32. 2009
  7. pmc Results of the proximal femoral nail anti-rotation (PFNA) in elderly Chinese patients
    Jin Song Pu
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, 37 Guo Xue Xiang, Chengdu, 610041, Sichuan Province, People s Republic of China
    Int Orthop 33:1441-4. 2009
  8. ncbi Trochanteric gamma nail and compression hip screw for trochanteric fractures: a randomized, prospective, comparative study in 210 elderly patients with a new design of the gamma nail
    A Lizaur Utrilla
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Hospital General Elda, Elda, Alicante, Spain
    J Orthop Trauma 19:229-33. 2005
  9. ncbi Pertrochanteric fractures: is there an advantage to an intramedullary nail?: a randomized, prospective study of 206 patients comparing the dynamic hip screw and proximal femoral nail
    Marc Saudan
    Clinique d orthopédie et de chirurgie de l appareil moteur, Hopital Cantonal Universitaire, Geneva, Switzerland
    J Orthop Trauma 16:386-93. 2002
  10. pmc 3066 consecutive Gamma Nails. 12 years experience at a single centre
    Alicja J Bojan
    Department of Orthopaedics, Institute of Clinical Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden
    BMC Musculoskelet Disord 11:133. 2010

Detail Information

Publications284 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Prophylactic pinning of the contralateral hip in slipped capital femoral epiphysis : evaluation of long-term outcome for the contralateral hip with use of decision analysis
    W Randall Schultz
    Department of Orthopaedics, Dartmouth Hitchcock Medical Center, Lebanon, New Hampshire 03756, USA
    J Bone Joint Surg Am 84:1305-14. 2002
    ..This finding has led many authors to recommend prophylactic pinning of the contralateral asymptomatic hip in patients presenting with a unilateral slipped capital femoral epiphysis...
  2. ncbi Ender nail fixation of pediatric femur fractures: a biomechanical analysis
    S S Lee
    Children's Hospital and Health Center and University of California at San Diego, San Diego, California 92123-4293
    J Pediatr Orthop 21:442-5. 2001
    ..These data suggest that length and rotational control of comminuted midshaft femur fractures with two divergent Ender nails may be sufficient for early mobilization...
  3. ncbi Lateral entry compared with medial and lateral entry pin fixation for completely displaced supracondylar humeral fractures in children. A randomized clinical trial
    Mininder S Kocher
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Children s Hospital Boston, Harvard Medical School, 300 Longwood Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    J Bone Joint Surg Am 89:706-12. 2007
    ....
  4. ncbi Femoral lengthening over an intramedullary nail using the external fixator: risk of infection and knee problems in 22 patients with a follow-up of 2 years or more
    Hae Ryong Song
    Korea University Medical Center, Kuro Hospital, Seoul
    Acta Orthop 76:245-52. 2005
    ..The time for femoral lengthening is shortened if external fixation is combined with intramedullary nailing. However, several complications have been reported with this procedure...
  5. ncbi A biomechanical study on flexible intramedullary nails used to treat pediatric femoral fractures
    Jason K Green
    Department of Orthopedic Surgery, SUNY Upstate Medical University, 3214 Institute for Human Performance, 505 Irving Avenue Syracuse, NY 13210, USA
    J Orthop Res 23:1315-20. 2005
    ....
  6. ncbi The AO/ASIF proximal femoral nail antirotation (PFNA): a new design for the treatment of unstable proximal femoral fractures
    Praveen Mereddy
    Department of Trauma and Orthopaedics, Wirral University Teaching Hospital, Upton, Wirral, Merseyside CH49 5PE, United Kingdom
    Injury 40:428-32. 2009
    ..PFNA design compacts the cancellous bone to provide increased stability and has been bio-mechanically proven to retard rotation and varus collapse...
  7. pmc Results of the proximal femoral nail anti-rotation (PFNA) in elderly Chinese patients
    Jin Song Pu
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, 37 Guo Xue Xiang, Chengdu, 610041, Sichuan Province, People s Republic of China
    Int Orthop 33:1441-4. 2009
    ..However, the proximal end of the nail was not matched with the specific anatomy of some short elderly patients. Further modifications of the nail are necessary for the elderly Chinese population...
  8. ncbi Trochanteric gamma nail and compression hip screw for trochanteric fractures: a randomized, prospective, comparative study in 210 elderly patients with a new design of the gamma nail
    A Lizaur Utrilla
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Hospital General Elda, Elda, Alicante, Spain
    J Orthop Trauma 19:229-33. 2005
    ..To compare the results between a new intramedullary Gamma nail and a compression hip screw in the treatment of trochanteric fractures...
  9. ncbi Pertrochanteric fractures: is there an advantage to an intramedullary nail?: a randomized, prospective study of 206 patients comparing the dynamic hip screw and proximal femoral nail
    Marc Saudan
    Clinique d orthopédie et de chirurgie de l appareil moteur, Hopital Cantonal Universitaire, Geneva, Switzerland
    J Orthop Trauma 16:386-93. 2002
    ..To compare the results between a sliding compression hip screw and an intramedullary nail in the treatment of pertrochanteric fractures...
  10. pmc 3066 consecutive Gamma Nails. 12 years experience at a single centre
    Alicja J Bojan
    Department of Orthopaedics, Institute of Clinical Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden
    BMC Musculoskelet Disord 11:133. 2010
    ..Through access to a uniquely large patient data base available, which is available for analysis of trochanteric fractures; we have been able to evaluate the performance of the Gamma Nail over a twelve year period...
  11. ncbi The new proximal femoral nail antirotation (PFNA) in daily practice: results of a multicentre clinical study
    R K J Simmermacher
    Department of Surgery, University Medical Center Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Injury 39:932-9. 2008
    ....
  12. ncbi Evolving concepts of stability and intramedullary fixation of intertrochanteric fractures--a review
    Constantine Kokoroghiannis
    5th Orthopaedic Department, KAT Hospital, Nikis 2 Street, Kifissia, Athens 145 61, Greece
    Injury 43:686-93. 2012
    ..The importance of the size of the proximal fracture fragment has not yet been elucidated. Nail fixation is, thus, mandatory in a small percentage of grossly unstable fractures, whose characteristics are still undergoing definition...
  13. ncbi Prospective randomized controlled trial of an intramedullary nail versus dynamic screw and plate for intertrochanteric fractures of the femur
    C I Adams
    The Orthopaedic Trauma Unit, The Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh, Scotland
    J Orthop Trauma 15:394-400. 2001
    ..Routine use of the Gamma nail in this type of fracture cannot be recommended over the current standard treatment of dynamic hip screw and plate...
  14. ncbi Mid-term outcomes after intramedullary fixation of peritrochanteric femoral fractures using the new proximal femoral nail antirotation (PFNA)
    Yake Liu
    Department of Orthopaedics, The Affiliated Hospital of Nantong University, 20 Xisi Road, Nantong City, Jiangsu Province 226001, PR China
    Injury 41:810-7. 2010
    ..The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the mid-term outcomes of the newly developed implants - proximal femoral nail antirotation (PFNA) for the stabilisation of this type of fracture...
  15. ncbi Minimally invasive osteosynthesis in stable trochanteric fractures: a comparative study between Gotfried percutaneous compression plate and Gamma 3 intramedullary nail
    José Ramón Varela-Egocheaga
    Orthopedic Surgery and Trauma Department, Hospital de Cabuenes, Gijon, Spain
    Arch Orthop Trauma Surg 129:1401-7. 2009
    ..Our objective was to compare the results of PCCP (Percutaneous Compression Plate) device and Gamma 3 nail for the treatment of stable trochanteric hip fractures and to demonstrate that PCCP device is a minimally invasive system...
  16. ncbi Outcome of short proximal femoral nail antirotation and dynamic hip screw for fixation of unstable trochanteric fractures. A randomised prospective comparative trial
    Bhavuk Garg
    Department of Orthopaedics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
    Hip Int 21:531-6. 2011
    ..Six patients in DHS group had implant failure while none experienced this in PFNA group. The PFNA group had a better functional outcome than the DHS group...
  17. ncbi A comparison of proximal femoral nail antirotation and dynamic hip screw devices in trochanteric fractures
    J Zou
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, Suzhou, Jiangsu, China
    J Int Med Res 37:1057-64. 2009
    ..There were no significant differences in functional outcome between the PFNA and the DHS groups. In conclusion, the PFNA device is useful in the treatment of trochanteric fractures...
  18. ncbi The proximal femur nail antirotation: an identifiable improvement in the treatment of unstable pertrochanteric fractures?
    Tjibbe J Gardenbroek
    Department of Surgery, St Antonius Hospital, Nieuwegein, The Netherlands
    J Trauma 71:169-74. 2011
    ..We hypothesized that the placement of one femoral head/neck fixation device in the PFNA would improve positioning of the implant in the femoral head compared with the PFN and reduce the number of reoperations in both short and long term...
  19. ncbi Timely fracture-healing requires optimization of axial fixation stability
    Devakara R Epari
    Center for Musculoskeletal Surgery, Charite Universitatsmedizin Berlin, Free and Humboldt University of Berlin, Augustenburger Platz 1, D 13 353 Berlin, Germany
    J Bone Joint Surg Am 89:1575-85. 2007
    ..We hypothesized that axial stiffness would determine the healing outcome...
  20. ncbi The proximal femoral nail antirotation (PFNA) in the treatment of proximal femoral fractures
    Dalibor Kristek
    Surgical Clinic, Osijek University Hospital Center, Osijek, Croatia
    Coll Antropol 34:937-40. 2010
    ..It is easily inserted with few intra- and postoperative complications and allows early weight bearing on the affected limb as well as quicker rehabilitation of patients...
  21. ncbi A laboratory model to evaluate cutout resistance of implants for pertrochanteric fracture fixation
    Mark B Sommers
    Biomechanics Laboratory, Legacy Clinical Research and Technology Center, Portland, OR 97232, USA
    J Orthop Trauma 18:361-8. 2004
    ..To establish a laboratory model of implant cutout, which can evaluate the effect of implant design on cutout resistance in a clinically realistic "worst case" scenario...
  22. ncbi Treatment of trochanteric fractures with proximal femoral nail antirotation or dynamic hip screw systems: a meta-analysis
    C Zeng
    Department of Orthopaedics, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan Province, China
    J Int Med Res 40:839-51. 2012
    ..A meta-analysis to compare the intraoperative and postoperative outcome data for the proximal femoral nail antirotation (PFNA) and dynamic hip screw (DHS) implant systems for the treatment of patients with trochanteric fractures...
  23. ncbi Intramedullary fixation of intertrochanteric hip fractures: a comparison of two implant designs. A prospective randomised clinical trial
    Philip Winnock de Grave
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Traumatology, Ghent University Hospital, Ghent, Belgium
    Acta Orthop Belg 78:192-8. 2012
    ..92). Walking ability was adequately restored in approximately 80% of the patients. Both implants appeared as safe and effective methods of treatment for intertrochanteric hip fractures...
  24. ncbi Elastic stable intramedullary nailing is best for mid-shaft clavicular fractures without comminution: results in 60 patients
    Vinzenz Smekal
    Department of Trauma Surgery and Sports Medicine, Innsbruck Medical University, Anichstrasse 35, A 6020 Innsbruck, Austria
    Injury 42:324-9. 2011
    ..Recent studies, however, also report on higher complication rates and specific problems with the use of this technique. This prospective study compares ESIN with non-operative treatment of displaced mid-shaft clavicular fractures...
  25. pmc Surgical treatment of midclavicular fractures: a prospective comparison of Knowles pinning and plate fixation
    Yih Shiunn Lee
    Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Lin Shin Hospital, No 36, Section 3, Huizhong Rd, Nanton District, Taichung City 408, Taiwan
    Int Orthop 32:541-5. 2008
    ..2). In conclusion, if the surgery of mid-third clavicular fractures is indicated, fixation with a Knowles pin has more advantages than plate fixation...
  26. ncbi The role and efficacy of retrograding nailing for the treatment of diaphyseal and distal femoral fractures: a systematic review of the literature
    G Papadokostakis
    Department of Trauma, St James s University Hospital, Beckett Street, Leeds LS9 7TF, UK
    Injury 36:813-22. 2005
    ..However, in the management of diaphyseal fractures, retrograde intramedullary nailing is associated with high rates of knee pain and lower rates of fracture union...
  27. ncbi Comparative study of trochanteric fracture treated with the proximal femoral nail anti-rotation and the third generation of gamma nail
    Xu Yaozeng
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, 188 Shizi Road, Suzhou, Jiangsu 215006, China
    Injury 41:1234-8. 2010
    ..To compare the results between the proximal femoral nail anti-rotation (PFNA) and the third generation gamma nail (TGN) in the treatment of trochanteric fractures...
  28. pmc Are short femoral nails superior to the sliding hip screw? A meta-analysis of 24 studies involving 3,279 fractures
    Henry Wynn Jones
    Department of Orthopaedics, Bedford Hospital, Kempston Road, MK42 9DJ, Bedford, UK
    Int Orthop 30:69-78. 2006
    ..63; 95% confidence interval 1.11-2.40) were greater with the IMN compared with the SHS. There was no evidence for a reduced failure rate with IMN in unstable trochanteric fractures...
  29. ncbi A comparison of the long gamma nail with the sliding hip screw for the treatment of AO/OTA 31-A2 fractures of the proximal part of the femur: a prospective randomized trial
    Tristan M Barton
    Department of Trauma and Orthopaedics, Frenchay Hospital, Frenchay Park Road, Frenchay, Bristol BS6 1LE, United Kingdom
    J Bone Joint Surg Am 92:792-8. 2010
    ..A prospective, randomized, controlled trial was performed to compare the outcome of treatment of these unstable fractures of the proximal part of the femur with either a sliding hip screw or a long gamma nail...
  30. ncbi Gamma nails revisited: gamma nails versus compression hip screws in the management of intertrochanteric fractures of the hip: a meta-analysis
    Mohit Bhandari
    Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada
    J Orthop Trauma 23:460-4. 2009
    ..The current meta-analysis aimed to explore the effects of time and Gamma Nail design on the risks of femoral shaft fracture after treatment of extracapsular hip fractures...
  31. pmc Implant-related complications in the treatment of unstable intertrochanteric fractures: meta-analysis of dynamic screw-plate versus dynamic screw-intramedullary nail devices
    L Audige
    AO Clinical Investigation and Documentation, AO ASIF Center, 7270 Davos Platz, Clavadelerstrasse, Switzerland
    Int Orthop 27:197-203. 2003
    ..Iatrogenic femoral fractures associated with the use of DSIN devices represent a rare, but persistent, risk. There was a tendency for less frequent cut-out with intramedullary devices compared with DSP devices...
  32. ncbi Femoral lengthening over an intramedullary nail. A matched-case comparison with Ilizarov femoral lengthening
    D Paley
    Maryland Center for Limb Lengthening and Reconstruction, Baltimore 21207, USA
    J Bone Joint Surg Am 79:1464-80. 1997
    ..37). The advantages of lengthening over an intramedullary nail include a decrease in the duration of external fixation, protection against refracture, and earlier rehabilitation...
  33. ncbi Treatment of unstable trochanteric fractures. Randomised comparison of the gamma nail and the proximal femoral nail
    I B Schipper
    Department of Traumatology, University Hospital of Rotterdam, Erasmus Medical Center, Dr Molewaterplein 40, 3015 GD Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    J Bone Joint Surg Br 86:86-94. 2004
    ..Generally, the results of treatment of unstable trochanteric fractures were comparable for the PFN and GN. The pitfalls and complications were similar, and mainly surgeon- or fracture-related, rather than implant-related...
  34. ncbi Femoral bioabsorbable cross-pin fixation in anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction
    Jin Hwan Ahn
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea
    Arthroscopy 23:1093-9. 2007
    ....
  35. ncbi Comparison of titanium elastic nails with traction and a spica cast to treat femoral fractures in children
    John M Flynn
    Division of Orthopaedics, Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, 34th and Civic Center Boulevard, Philadelphia, PA 19104 4399, USA
    J Bone Joint Surg Am 86:770-7. 2004
    ..This prospective cohort study was designed to evaluate these two methods of treatment, with a specific focus on the first year after injury, the period when the treatment method should have the greatest impact...
  36. ncbi Evaluation of severely displaced radial neck fractures in children treated with elastic stable intramedullary nailing
    Daniela Klitscher
    Department of Traumatology, University Medical Center Mainz, Mainz, Germany
    J Pediatr Orthop 29:698-703. 2009
    ..We performed a retrospective case study of 28 consecutive severely displaced radial neck fractures (Judet types III and IV) in children treated with elastic stable intramedullary nailing using the Metaizeau technique...
  37. ncbi The comparison of femoral curves and curves of contemporary intramedullary nails
    Ahmet Harma
    Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Turgut Ozal Medical Center, Inonu University Medical Faculty, P K 213, 44100, Malatya, Turkey
    Surg Radiol Anat 27:502-6. 2005
    ..The aim of this study was to evaluate both the cortical and the medullary anterior bowing of the femur, and to compare these measurements with current intramedullary nails to assess the adequacy of their design...
  38. ncbi First results with the trochanter fixation nail (TFN): a report on 120 cases
    A Lenich
    Department of Trauma Surgery, Klinikum Augsburg, Stenglinstr 2, 86156 Augsburg, Germany
    Arch Orthop Trauma Surg 126:706-12. 2006
    ..We had three (2.5%) hospital deaths in our patient group. We conclude that TFN is a safe and reliable technique. Compared with techniques like PFN and Gamma-nail, clinical results are excellent with less complications...
  39. ncbi The treatment of reverse obliquity intertrochanteric fractures with the intramedullary hip nail
    Si Yong Park
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
    J Trauma 65:852-7. 2008
    ..3 from A3.1 and A3.2...
  40. ncbi Reconstruction of segmental bone defects due to chronic osteomyelitis with use of an external fixator and an intramedullary nail
    Mehmet Kocaoglu
    Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Istanbul Medical School, Istanbul University, Capa, 34390, Istanbul, Turkey
    J Bone Joint Surg Am 88:2137-45. 2006
    ....
  41. ncbi [Stabilisation of unstable trochanteric femoral fractures. Dynamic hip screw (DHS) with trochanteric stabilisation plate vs. proximal femur nail (PFN)]
    S Nuber
    Klinik fur Unfall und Wiederherstellungschirurgie, Klinikum Augsburg
    Unfallchirurg 106:39-47. 2003
    ..Unstable pertrochanteric and per-/subtrochanteric femoral comminuted fractures can be treated just as well with PFN as with DHS and TSP. Our study results,however, lead us to recommend treatment with PFN...
  42. pmc Reconstruction plate versus minimal invasive retrograde titanium elastic nail fixation for displaced midclavicular fractures
    Jamal E H Assobhi
    Faculty of Medicine for Girls, Al Zahraa University Hospital, Al Azhar University, 5 Al Emam Al Sha rawy str, Assefarat District, Nasr City, Cairo, Egypt
    J Orthop Traumatol 12:185-92. 2011
    ..Plating and intramedullary fixation have become the accepted methods of fixation. The purpose of this study was to see if one method of fixation of clavicle fractures has a lower complication rate and higher union rate than the other...
  43. ncbi No clinical benefits using a new design of pins for external fixation: a randomized study in 50 patients operated on by the hemicallotasis technique
    Annette W-Dahl
    Department of Orthopedics, Lund University Hospital, Lund, Sweden
    Arch Orthop Trauma Surg 128:661-7. 2008
    ....
  44. ncbi Less invasive stabilization system (LISS) versus proximal femoral nail anti-rotation (PFNA) in treating proximal femoral fractures: a prospective randomized study
    Fang Zhou
    Orthopedic Department Trauma Division, Peking University Third Hospital, Beijing, China
    J Orthop Trauma 26:155-62. 2012
    ....
  45. ncbi Pin tract infection with external fixation of pediatric fractures
    Johannes Schalamon
    Department of Pediatric Surgery, Medical University of Graz, Graz 8036, Austria
    J Pediatr Surg 42:1584-7. 2007
    ..This study aimed to evaluate the incidence and severity of pin tract infections in a series of pediatric trauma patients...
  46. ncbi Titanium elastic nails for pediatric femur fractures: a multicenter study of early results with analysis of complications
    J M Flynn
    Division of Orthopaedics, The Children s Hospitals of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104 4399, USA
    J Pediatr Orthop 21:4-8. 2001
    ..As indications, implantation technique, and aftercare are refined, TENs may prove to be the ideal implant to stabilize many pediatric femur fractures, avoiding the prolonged immobilization and complications of traction and spica casting...
  47. ncbi The treatment of unstable, extracapsular hip fractures with the AO/ASIF proximal femoral nail (PFN)--our first 60 cases
    H Banan
    Department of Orthopaedics, Oldchurch Hospital, Waterloo Road, Romford, Essex, UK
    Injury 33:401-5. 2002
    ..We also believe that the use of the PFN for unstable trochanteric fractures is very encouraging. A large, randomised controlled trial against the DHS would be helpful to clarify the relative risks and benefits...
  48. ncbi Efficacy of titanium dioxide photocatalyst for inhibition of bacterial colonization on percutaneous implants
    Yoshinobu Oka
    Department of Orthopaedics, Graduate School of Medical Science, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, Kyoto 602 8566, Japan
    J Biomed Mater Res B Appl Biomater 86:530-40. 2008
    ..Clinically, the incidence of percutaneous implant infection such as pin tract infection in external fixation could be reduced using the titanium photocatalyst...
  49. ncbi Cutting-out of the lag screw after internal fixation with the Asiatic gamma nail
    S Kawaguchi
    Nikko Memorial Hospital, Muroran, Japan
    Injury 29:47-53. 1998
    ..The ¿cut-out index' (the multiplication value of the depth and the anteroposterior deviation of the lag screw in the femoral head) is an excellent measure of the risk of the lag screw cutting-out...
  50. ncbi Titanium elastic nailing of fractures of the femur in children. Predictors of complications and poor outcome
    L A Moroz
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104 4399, USA
    J Bone Joint Surg Br 88:1361-6. 2006
    ..003). A poor outcome was five times more likely in children who weighed more than 49 kg...
  51. pmc Prospective randomised study comparing screw versus helical blade in the treatment of low-energy trochanteric fractures
    Richard Stern
    Division of Orthopaedics and Trauma Surgery, University Hospitals of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland
    Int Orthop 35:1855-61. 2011
    ....
  52. ncbi Surgical management of hip fractures: an evidence-based review of the literature. II: intertrochanteric fractures
    Kevin Kaplan
    Kerlan Jobe Orthopaedic Clinic, Los Angeles, CA, USA
    J Am Acad Orthop Surg 16:665-73. 2008
    ..Although unstable fractures may theoretically benefit from load-sharing intramedullary implants, this result has not been demonstrated in the current evidence-based literature...
  53. ncbi Femoral fracture fixation in developing countries: an evaluation of the Surgical Implant Generation Network (SIGN) intramedullary nail
    Patrick Sekimpi
    Department of Orthopaedics, Mulago Hospital, P O Box 7051, Kampala, Uganda
    J Bone Joint Surg Am 93:1811-8. 2011
    ..We performed a retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data on femoral shaft fractures treated with the SIGN intramedullary nailing system...
  54. ncbi Radiographic and clinical comparisons of distal tibia shaft fractures (4 to 11 cm proximal to the plafond): plating versus intramedullary nailing
    Heather A Vallier
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Metro Health Medical Center, Cleveland, OH 44109, USA
    J Orthop Trauma 22:307-11. 2008
    ..The purposes of this study were to review distal tibia shaft fractures treated with a plate or a nail and to assess the clinical and radiographic results, complication rates, and the need for secondary procedures...
  55. ncbi Mismatch of current intramedullary nails with the anterior bow of the femur
    Kenneth A Egol
    Trauma Service, Department of Orthopaedics, NYU Hospital for Joint Diseases, New York, NY, USA
    J Orthop Trauma 18:410-5. 2004
    ..In this study, the curvature of 948 femurs (474 matched pairs) was determined and compared with current intramedullary nails. The correlation of femoral curvature to age, gender, femoral size, and race was also evaluated...
  56. ncbi Initial fixation strength of two bioabsorbable pins for the fixation of hamstring grafts compared to interference screw fixation: single cycle and cyclic loading
    Thore Zantop
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Christian Albrechts University Kiel, Kiel, Germany
    Am J Sports Med 32:641-9. 2004
    ..During the early postoperative period, the fixation of a hamstring graft to the bone tunnel is the primary factor in limiting rehabilitation...
  57. pmc Clinical outcomes of midclavicular fractures treated with titanium elastic nails
    Yun Feng Chen
    The Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Shanghai Sixth People s Hospital, Jiaotong University, 600 Yishan RD, Shanghai, China
    Can J Surg 53:379-84. 2010
    ..Our aim was to evaluate the clinical outcomes of midclavicular fractures treated with titanium elastic nails...
  58. ncbi Angular stability potentially permits fewer locking screws compared with conventional locking in intramedullary nailed distal tibia fractures: a biomechanical study
    Boyko Gueorguiev
    AO Research Institute Davos, AO Foundation, Davos, Switzerland
    J Orthop Trauma 25:340-6. 2011
    ..To compare mechanical stability of angle-stable locking construct with four screws with conventional five screw locking in intramedullary nailed distal tibia fractures under cyclic loading...
  59. ncbi Malrotation after locked intramedullary tibial nailing: three case reports and review of the literature
    Kevin M Kahn
    Department of Orthopaedics and Rehabilitation, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland 97201, USA
    J Trauma 53:549-52. 2002
    ..Malrotation after interlocked tibial nailing is rarely documented...
  60. pmc Proximal femoral nail - an analysis of 100 cases of proximal femoral fractures with an average follow up of 1 year
    W M Gadegone
    Department of Orthopaedic and Traumatology, Chandrapur Multispeciality Hospital, Mul Road, Chandrapur 442401, India
    Int Orthop 31:403-8. 2007
    ..Osteosynthesis with the PFN offers the advantages of high rotational stability of the head-neck fragment, an unreamed implantation technique and the possibility of static or dynamic distal locking...
  61. ncbi Surgical treatment of nonarticular distal tibia fractures
    Asheesh Bedi
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Michigan Medical Center, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
    J Am Acad Orthop Surg 14:406-16. 2006
    ..Careful preoperative planning with consideration for fracture pattern and soft-tissue condition helps guide implant selection and minimize postoperative complications...
  62. ncbi Treatment of anterior cruciate ligament injuries with special reference to surgical technique and rehabilitation: an assessment of randomized controlled trials
    Daniel Andersson
    Department of Orthopaedics, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Molndal, Sweden
    Arthroscopy 25:653-85. 2009
    ..A secondary aim was to clarify relative strengths and weaknesses of the selected studies, resolve literature conflicts, and finally, evaluate the need for further studies...
  63. ncbi Pin track induced fractures around computer-assisted TKA
    J Beldame
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Traumatology, Hospital Center, 177, rue de Versailles, 78150 Le Chesnay, France
    Orthop Traumatol Surg Res 96:249-55. 2010
    ..Navigation tracker pins rigidly fixed to bone is a prerequisite for computer-assisted total knee arthroplasty. The first cases of fracture on navigation tracker pin sites have recently been reported...
  64. ncbi Displaced pediatric supracondylar humerus fractures: biomechanical analysis of percutaneous pinning techniques
    Steven S Lee
    Children s Hospital and Health Center, San Diego, California 92123, USA
    J Pediatr Orthop 22:440-3. 2002
    ....
  65. ncbi Retrograde intramedullary nailing in distal femoral fractures--results in a series of 46 consecutive operations
    Lauri Handolin
    Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Helsinki University Central Hospital, Topeliuksenkatu 5, Helsinki 00260, Finland
    Injury 35:517-22. 2004
    ..No deep, but three superficial infections were observed. In conclusion, our results suggest that DFN is a reliable alternative in distal femoral fracture treatment with a low complication rate...
  66. ncbi Quality of life after a subtrochanteric fracture: a prospective cohort study on 87 elderly patients
    Wilhelmina Ekström
    Karolinska Institutet, Department of Molecular Medicine and Surgery, Section of Orthopaedics and Sports Medicine, Karolinska University Hospital Solna, Sweden
    Injury 40:371-6. 2009
    ..In contrast to the field of research on patients with the more common femoral neck and trochanteric fractures, few studies have evaluated the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in patients with subtrochanteric fractures...
  67. ncbi Low incidence of ulnar nerve injury with crossed pin placement for pediatric supracondylar humerus fractures using a mini-open technique
    Daniel W Green
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Hospital for Special Surgery, New York, NY 10021, USA
    J Orthop Trauma 19:158-63. 2005
    ..The purpose of this study was to determine the risk of iatrogenic ulnar nerve injury in a consecutive series of supracondylar fractures treated using a standardized technique of crossed pin placement...
  68. pmc More intramedullary nails and arthroplasties for treatment of hip fractures in Sweden
    Cecilia Rogmark
    Department of Orthopaedics, Lund University, Skane University Hospital, Malmo, Sweden
    Acta Orthop 81:588-92. 2010
    ..We describe the changes in Sweden over the period 1998–2007 and the regional differences in treatment. Patients and methods Data on 144,607 patients were drawn from the National Patient Register...
  69. ncbi Modified tibial nails for treating distal tibia fractures
    John T Gorczyca
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, New York 14642, USA
    J Orthop Trauma 16:18-22. 2002
    ..To determine the biomechanical consequences of cutting one centimeter off the tip of a tibial nail when treating distal tibia fractures with intramedullary nails...
  70. ncbi Biomechanical analysis of antegrade and retrograde flexible intramedullary nail fixation of pediatric femoral fractures using a synthetic bone model
    Kevin B Fricka
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Children s Hospital, San Diego, California, USA
    J Pediatr Orthop 24:167-71. 2004
    ..However, there appeared to be a biomechanical trend of greater resistance to shortening for antegrade nails...
  71. pmc Cost-effectiveness of replacing skeletal traction by interlocked intramedullary nailing for femoral shaft fractures in a provincial trauma hospital in Cambodia
    Richard A Gosselin
    School of Public Health, University of California at Berkeley, Berkeley, CA, USA
    Int Orthop 33:1445-8. 2009
    ..At an average cost per patient of $1,107 in the traction group and $888 in the nail group (p < 0.01), and with better clinical outcomes in the nail group, internal fixation is more cost-effective than conservative treatment...
  72. ncbi Intramedullary nailing of the lower extremity: biomechanics and biology
    Matthew R Bong
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Carolinas Medical Center, Charlotte, NC, USA
    J Am Acad Orthop Surg 15:97-106. 2007
    ....
  73. ncbi The treatment of intertrochanteric fractures: results using an intramedullary nail with integrated cephalocervical screws and linear compression
    Andreas H Ruecker
    Department of Trauma, Hand, and Reconstructive Surgery, Hamburg University Hospital, Hamburg, Germany
    J Orthop Trauma 23:22-30. 2009
    ..The aim of this study was to describe the results using this device for the treatment of stable and unstable intertrochanteric fractures...
  74. ncbi Treatment of reverse oblique and transverse intertrochanteric fractures with use of an intramedullary nail or a 95 degrees screw-plate: a prospective, randomized study
    Christophe Sadowski
    Orthopaedic Service, University Hospital of Geneva, Switzerland
    J Bone Joint Surg Am 84:372-81. 2002
    ..The purpose of this study was to compare the results of intramedullary fixation with those of plate fixation for these intertrochanteric fractures in elderly patients...
  75. ncbi Hidden blood loss after surgery for hip fracture
    N B Foss
    Hvidovre University Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark
    J Bone Joint Surg Br 88:1053-9. 2006
    ..We conclude that total blood loss after surgery for hip fracture is much greater than that observed intra-operatively. Frequent post-operative measurements of haemoglobin are necessary to avoid anaemia...
  76. ncbi A systematic review of medial and lateral entry pinning versus lateral entry pinning for supracondylar fractures of the humerus
    Carmen Alisa Brauer
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, British Columbia s Children s Hospital, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
    J Pediatr Orthop 27:181-6. 2007
    ....
  77. ncbi The use of the long gamma nail in proximal femoral fractures
    K Sehat
    Department of Orthopaedics, Frenchay Hospital, North Bristol NHS Trust, Bristol BS16 1LE, UK
    Injury 36:1350-4. 2005
    ..Malpositioning of the implant should be avoided, as this was the leading cause of failure. Surgeon experience is an important factor but training of surgeons does not adversely affect outcome...
  78. ncbi [Intra- and perioperative complications in the stabilization of per- and subtrochanteric femoral fractures by means of PFN]
    W Werner-Tutschku
    Unfallchirurgische Abteilung, AKH Wels, Germany
    Unfallchirurg 105:881-5. 2002
    ..The "Z-effect" seen in 5 cases (7,1%) and the "cut-out" of the sliding-hip-screw in 6 cases (8,6%) were the most frequent complications. The main reason was a bad primary reposition in varus with a CCD-Angle less than 125 degrees...
  79. ncbi Lateral-entry pin fixation in the management of supracondylar fractures in children
    David L Skaggs
    Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, Childrens Hospital Los Angeles, Mailstop 69, 4650 Sunset Boulevard, Los Angeles, CA 90027, USA
    J Bone Joint Surg Am 86:702-7. 2004
    ..Previous clinical studies have suggested that lateral pins provide sufficient fixation of unstable supracondylar fractures. However, these studies were retrospective and subject to patient-selection bias...
  80. ncbi Intramedullary nailing of clavicular midshaft fractures with the titanium elastic nail: problems and complications
    Arno Frigg
    Department of Trauma Surgery, Davos Hospital, Davos Platz, Switzerland
    Am J Sports Med 37:352-9. 2009
    ..Intramedullary nailing of clavicular midshaft fractures using the titanium elastic nail has been described as a technically easy, minimally invasive operation with few complications and an early return to competitive sports...
  81. ncbi Prophylaxis and treatment of implant-related infections by antibiotic-coated implants: a review
    Gerhard Schmidmaier
    Centrum für Muskuloskeletale Chirurgie, Charite Universitatsmedizin Berlin, Germany
    Injury 37:S105-12. 2006
    ..So far, the results suggest that a local application of gentamicin from PDLLA-coated implants might support systemic antibiotic prophylaxis in preventing implant-associated osteomyelitis...
  82. ncbi Helical blade versus sliding hip screw for treatment of unstable intertrochanteric hip fractures: a biomechanical evaluation
    Eric Strauss
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, NYU Hospital for Joint Diseases, 301 East 17th Street, New York, NY 10003, USA
    Injury 37:984-9. 2006
    ..To compare the fixation stability in the femoral head with sliding hip screw versus helical blade designs for unstable, intertrochanteric hip fractures...
  83. pmc Injuries in developing countries--how can we help? The role of orthopaedic surgeons
    Lewis G Zirkle
    Surgical Implant Generation Network, 451 Hills St, Suite B, Richland, WA 99354, USA
    Clin Orthop Relat Res 466:2443-50. 2008
    ..This database demonstrates the capability of these surgeons. It also demonstrates that the SIGN intramedullary nail is safe for use in the developing world as it has been successful in treating 36,000 trauma patients...
  84. ncbi Factors affecting rates of infection and nonunion in intramedullary nailing
    M H A Malik
    Royal Preston Hospital, Preston, England, UK
    J Bone Joint Surg Br 86:556-60. 2004
    ..We have compared our findings with previously published data from large teaching hospital units...
  85. ncbi Unstable trochanteric femoral fractures: extramedullary or intramedullary fixation. Review of literature
    I B Schipper
    Department of Surgery, University Medical Center, Dr Molewaterplein 40, 3015 GD, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Injury 35:142-51. 2004
    ..For unstable fractures intramedullary implants are (biomechanically) superior. The review shows that clinical advantages of both treatment methods are suggested and advocated, but still remain to be demonstrated on evidence base...
  86. ncbi How comparable is so-called standard fracture fixation with an identical implant? A prospective experience with the antegrade femoral nail in South Africa and Europe
    Thomas Gross
    Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery, University Hospital Basel, Realpstrasse 54, CH 4057 Basel, Switzerland
    Injury 41:388-95. 2010
    ..This is the first investigation comparing the treatment and outcome of femoral shaft fractures stabilised with an identical implant between trauma centres in 2 continents (Europe, EU and South Africa, SA)...
  87. ncbi A prospective comparison of 3 hamstring ACL fixation devices--Rigidfix, BioScrew, and Intrafix--randomized into 4 groups with 2 years of follow-up
    Arsi Harilainen
    ORTON Orthopaedic Hospital, Invalid Foundation, Helsinki, Finland
    Am J Sports Med 37:699-706. 2009
    ..New devices for graft fixation in anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction are released to clinical use without clinical follow-up data...
  88. ncbi Mismatch between PFNa and medullary canal causing difficulty in nailing of the pertrochanteric fractures
    Jin Ho Hwang
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Korea University School of Medicine, Guro Hospital, 80 Guro 2 dong, Guro Gu, Seoul 152 703, South Korea
    Arch Orthop Trauma Surg 128:1443-6. 2008
    ..We describe the complications related with the mismatch and the technical pitfalls and some technical tips to avoid this problem are also described...
  89. ncbi Treatment of displaced supracondylar humeral fractures among children: crossed versus lateral pinning
    Mohammed M Zamzam
    Department of Orthopaedics, King Khalid University Hospital, King Saud University, PO Box 7805, Riyadh 11472, Saudi Arabia
    Injury 40:625-30. 2009
    ..Every effort should be made to avoid iatrogenic ulnar nerve injury while inserting the medial pin...
  90. ncbi Nerve injuries associated with pediatric supracondylar humeral fractures: a meta-analysis
    Jessica C Babal
    Division of Pediatric Orthopaedic Surgery, Cincinnati Children s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH, USA
    J Pediatr Orthop 30:253-63. 2010
    ....
  91. ncbi Results of the long Gamma nail for complex proximal femoral fractures
    H Pervez
    Department of Orthopaedics, Peterborough District Hospital, Peterborough, PE3 6DA, United Kingdom
    Injury 32:704-7. 2001
    ..Overall the number of fracture healing complications compares favourably to contemporary implants and improvements in the design and strength of the nail may further improve results...
  92. ncbi The treatment of subtrochanteric nonunions with the long gamma nail: twenty-six patients with a minimum 2-year follow-up
    Antonio Barquet
    University Clinic of Traumatology and Orthopaedics, Montevideo, Uruguay
    J Orthop Trauma 18:346-53. 2004
    ..To assess the efficacy of the long Gamma nail in the treatment of subtrochanteric nonunions...
  93. ncbi A single dose zoledronic acid enhances pin fixation in high tibial osteotomy using the hemicallotasis technique. A double-blind placebo controlled randomized study in 46 patients
    Anna Kajsa Harding
    Department of Orthopedics, Clinical Sciences Lund University and Lund University Hospital, SE 221 85 Lund, Sweden
    Bone 46:649-54. 2010
    ..In this prospective, randomized study of high tibial osteotomy using the hemicallotasis (HCO) technique, we evaluate whether treatment by one single infusion of zoledronic acid can enhance the pin fixation...
  94. pmc A meta-analysis of the Gamma nail and dynamic hip screw in treating peritrochanteric fractures
    Ming Liu
    Department of Orthopedics, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, 610041, Sichuan Province, People s Republic of China
    Int Orthop 34:323-8. 2010
    ..64, 95% CI: 0.91-2.95) and walking independently after rehabilitation (RR: 0.89, 95% CI: 0.60-1.33). It seemed that there were no obvious advantages of the Gamma nail over the DHS in treating peritrochanteric fractures...
  95. ncbi Treatment of extracapsular hip fractures with the proximal femoral nail (PFN): long term results in 45 patients
    Minos Tyllianakis
    University Hospital of Patras, Greece
    Acta Orthop Belg 70:444-54. 2004
    ..Technical or mechanical complications seem to be related with the type of fracture, the operative technique and the time of weight bearing rather than the PFN system itself...
  96. ncbi Influence of extensive muscle injury on fracture healing in rat tibia
    Stein Erik Utvag
    Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Institute of Clinical Medicine, University Hospital of Tromsoe, Oslo, Norway
    J Orthop Trauma 17:430-5. 2003
    ..We hypothesized that a severe crush injury of leg muscles might not be as deleterious to fracture healing as total loss of a large muscle segment...
  97. pmc Intertrochanteric osteotomy with a short intramedullary locking nail
    B Barden
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Essen, Germany
    Int Orthop 23:337-40. 1999
    ..The patients were allowed full weight bearing 2 weeks postoperatively. After a mean follow-up of 25.6 (13-42) months 29 osteotomies were healed. Two patients were lost to follow-up. No femoral shaft fractures or thigh pain occurred...
  98. ncbi Extending the indications of intramedullary nailing with the Expert Tibial Nail
    S Kuhn
    Department of Trauma Surgery, University Hospital of the Johannes Gutenberg University of Mainz, Germany
    Acta Chir Orthop Traumatol Cech 75:77-87. 2008
    ..The results of our prospective case series demonstrate favorable results and extended indications, compared to standard tibial nails...
  99. ncbi A pilot clinical evaluation comparing the Mitek bone-tendon-bone cross pin and bioabsorbable screw in anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction fixation, a randomized double blind controlled trial
    Paul Marks
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Holland Orthopaedic and Arthritic Centre, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Knee 15:168-73. 2008
    ..To compare the clinical efficacy of ACL reconstruction using the Mitek bone-tendon-bone cross pin (RIGIDfix) to the Linvatec Bioscrew (control device)...
  100. ncbi A comparison of hydroxyapatite-coated, titanium-coated, and uncoated tapered external-fixation pins. An in vivo study in sheep
    A Moroni
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Bologna University, Rizzoli Orthopaedic Institute, Italy
    J Bone Joint Surg Am 80:547-54. 1998
    ..042 for Group A compared with Group C). However, at 10,000 times magnification, direct bone-pin contact was found only in Group B...
  101. ncbi Titanium elastic nails for pediatric femur fractures: lessons from the learning curve
    John M Flynn
    Division of Orthopedics, Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, USA
    Am J Orthop (Belle Mead NJ) 31:71-4. 2002
    ..Very proximal fractures may be more challenging; unstable fractures and fractures in larger, older children are best managed with a short period of adjunctive immobilization...

Research Grants14

  1. TRANSDUCTION OF CHRONIC NERVE INJURY BY SCHWANN CELLS
    Ranjan Gupta; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Successful completion of these studies will provide a greater understanding of the pathogenesis of CNI so that more effective treatment modalities may be developed. ..
  2. SURFACE INFLUENCES ON CELL SIGNALING AND PROLIFERATION
    David Grainger; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  3. Cleveland Clinic Orthopaedic Research Training Grant
    JOSEPH IANNOTTI; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  4. Conference Support: The 13th International Drug Delivery Symposium
    David Grainger; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Support is requested both for selected speaker participation costs and 3 junior scientist poster travel awards. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  5. AVS Biomaterials Interface Division Technical Program Support
    David Grainger; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..A number of relevant leading scientists and engineers from companies working in these technology areas are also recruited to participate using the new "Commercial Challenge" podium opportunity. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  6. Molecular Comparison of Macrophage Foreign Body Response
    David Grainger; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  7. Biomechanically Based Shoulder Rehabilitation Strategies
    PAULA LUDEWIG; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  8. Polysomal RNA Antitumor Immunity
    John Chi; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Results from these experiments will help characterize the potential use of dendritic cells transfected with polysomal RNA in creating antigen specific tumor vaccines for brain tumors. ..
  9. Effect of Bracing and Strengthening Exercises on Posterior Tibial Tendon Dysfunct
    Jeff Houck; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..g. infection) there is a clear benefit to the individual and society. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  10. Osteolysis and Implant Wear: Biological, Biomedical Engineering, and Surgical Pri
    Stuart Goodman; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  11. Molecular Mechanisms of Skeletal Repair
    Thomas Einhorn; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Successful establishment and implementation of this program will greatly enhance the coordinated activities of this team of investigators and lead to important new results and directions for skeletal healing research. ..
  12. Infusion of Particles at Implant interfeces
    Stuart Goodman; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  13. Subacromial space reductions in rotator cuff disease: Effects on soft tissue
    PAULA LUDEWIG; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Improving cost effective treatment is relevant to public health. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  14. Hip Fracture Evaluation Alternatives of Total Hip vs Hemi-arthroplasty (HEALTH)
    Thomas Einhorn; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Potential Impact: This trial will not only change current orthopaedic practice, but will set a benchmark for the conduct of future orthopaedic trials. ..