eyeglasses

Summary

Summary: A pair of ophthalmic lenses in a frame or mounting which is supported by the nose and ears. The purpose is to aid or improve vision. It does not include goggles or nonprescription sun glasses for which EYE PROTECTIVE DEVICES is available.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Refractive errors and visual impairment in 900 adults with intellectual disabilities in the Netherlands
    Jacques van Splunder
    Department of Ophthalmology, University Medical Centre, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Acta Ophthalmol Scand 81:123-9. 2003
  2. ncbi Effect of refractive error correction on health-related quality of life and depression in older nursing home residents
    Cynthia Owsley
    Department of Ophthalmology, School of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 700 S 18th St, Ste 609, Birmingham, AL 35294 0009, USA
    Arch Ophthalmol 125:1471-7. 2007
  3. ncbi Visual disability, visual function, and myopia among rural chinese secondary school children: the Xichang Pediatric Refractive Error Study (X-PRES)--report 1
    Nathan Congdon
    Joint Shantou International Eye Center, Shantou University and Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shantou, Peoples Republic of China
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 49:2888-94. 2008
  4. ncbi Power vectors: an application of Fourier analysis to the description and statistical analysis of refractive error
    L N Thibos
    School of Optometry, Indiana University, Bloomington, USA
    Optom Vis Sci 74:367-75. 1997
  5. ncbi Coloured filters and reading accuracy, comprehension and rate: a placebo-controlled study
    C Mitchell
    School of Psychology, University of KwaZulu Natal, Pietermaritzburg, Private Bag X01, Scottsville, 3209 South Africa
    Percept Mot Skills 106:517-32. 2008
  6. pmc Comparison of refractive errors and factors associated with spectacle use in a rural and urban South Indian population
    Raju Prema
    Vision Research Foundation, Sankara Nethralaya, Chennai, India
    Indian J Ophthalmol 56:139-44. 2008
  7. ncbi Prism intervention helped sustainability of effects and ADL performances in chronic hemispatial neglect: a follow-up study
    Hideki Shiraishi
    Department of Occupational Therapy, Ibaraki Prefectural University of Health Sciences, Inashiki Gun, Ibaraki Prefecture, Japan
    NeuroRehabilitation 27:165-72. 2010
  8. ncbi The association between refractive cutoffs for spectacle provision and visual improvement among school-aged children in South Africa
    Nathan G Congdon
    Chinese University of Hong Kong, Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, Hong Kong Eye Hospital 3 F, 147K Argyle St, Kowloon, Hong Kong SAR
    Br J Ophthalmol 92:13-8. 2008
  9. ncbi Neglect treatment by prism adaptation: what recovers and for how long
    Andrea Serino
    Dipartimento di Psicologia, Universita di Bologna, Bologna, Italy
    Neuropsychol Rehabil 17:657-87. 2007
  10. ncbi Correctable visual impairment in an elderly Chinese population in Taiwan: the Shihpai Eye Study
    Tung Mei Kuang
    Department of Ophthalmology, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 48:1032-7. 2007

Detail Information

Publications282 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Refractive errors and visual impairment in 900 adults with intellectual disabilities in the Netherlands
    Jacques van Splunder
    Department of Ophthalmology, University Medical Centre, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Acta Ophthalmol Scand 81:123-9. 2003
    ..To collect data on refractive errors and visual impairment in adults with an intellectual disability (ID) in the Netherlands...
  2. ncbi Effect of refractive error correction on health-related quality of life and depression in older nursing home residents
    Cynthia Owsley
    Department of Ophthalmology, School of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 700 S 18th St, Ste 609, Birmingham, AL 35294 0009, USA
    Arch Ophthalmol 125:1471-7. 2007
    ..To examine the effect of treating uncorrected refractive error through spectacle correction on vision-targeted health-related quality of life and depressive symptoms in nursing home residents...
  3. ncbi Visual disability, visual function, and myopia among rural chinese secondary school children: the Xichang Pediatric Refractive Error Study (X-PRES)--report 1
    Nathan Congdon
    Joint Shantou International Eye Center, Shantou University and Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shantou, Peoples Republic of China
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 49:2888-94. 2008
    ..To evaluate visual acuity, visual function, and prevalence of refractive error among Chinese secondary-school children in a cross-sectional school-based study...
  4. ncbi Power vectors: an application of Fourier analysis to the description and statistical analysis of refractive error
    L N Thibos
    School of Optometry, Indiana University, Bloomington, USA
    Optom Vis Sci 74:367-75. 1997
    ....
  5. ncbi Coloured filters and reading accuracy, comprehension and rate: a placebo-controlled study
    C Mitchell
    School of Psychology, University of KwaZulu Natal, Pietermaritzburg, Private Bag X01, Scottsville, 3209 South Africa
    Percept Mot Skills 106:517-32. 2008
    ..At posttest the experimental group reported statistically significantly fewer visual discomfort symptoms. The remainder of the results were, however, inconsistent. Some potential explanations are explored...
  6. pmc Comparison of refractive errors and factors associated with spectacle use in a rural and urban South Indian population
    Raju Prema
    Vision Research Foundation, Sankara Nethralaya, Chennai, India
    Indian J Ophthalmol 56:139-44. 2008
    ..To compare the prevalence of refractive errors and factors associated with spectacle use in a rural and urban south Indian population...
  7. ncbi Prism intervention helped sustainability of effects and ADL performances in chronic hemispatial neglect: a follow-up study
    Hideki Shiraishi
    Department of Occupational Therapy, Ibaraki Prefectural University of Health Sciences, Inashiki Gun, Ibaraki Prefecture, Japan
    NeuroRehabilitation 27:165-72. 2010
    ....
  8. ncbi The association between refractive cutoffs for spectacle provision and visual improvement among school-aged children in South Africa
    Nathan G Congdon
    Chinese University of Hong Kong, Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, Hong Kong Eye Hospital 3 F, 147K Argyle St, Kowloon, Hong Kong SAR
    Br J Ophthalmol 92:13-8. 2008
    ..To evaluate different refractive cutoffs for spectacle provision with regards to their impact on visual improvement and spectacle compliance...
  9. ncbi Neglect treatment by prism adaptation: what recovers and for how long
    Andrea Serino
    Dipartimento di Psicologia, Universita di Bologna, Bologna, Italy
    Neuropsychol Rehabil 17:657-87. 2007
    ....
  10. ncbi Correctable visual impairment in an elderly Chinese population in Taiwan: the Shihpai Eye Study
    Tung Mei Kuang
    Department of Ophthalmology, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 48:1032-7. 2007
    ..To investigate the prevalence and risk factors of correctable visual impairment and the quality of life of persons with correctable visual impairment in a metropolitan senior population...
  11. ncbi Visual morbidity due to inaccurate spectacles among school children in rural China: the See Well to Learn Well Project, report 1
    Mingzhi Zhang
    Joint Shantou International Eye Center, Shantou, People s Republic of China
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 50:2011-7. 2009
    ..The prevalence and visual impact of spectacle inaccuracy were studied among rural, secondary-school children, to determine the optimal timing for updating of refraction...
  12. ncbi Uncorrected refractive errors, presbyopia and spectacle coverage: results from a rapid assessment of refractive error survey
    Srinivas Marmamula
    L V Prasad Eye Institute, Banjara Hills, Hyderabad 500 034, India
    Ophthalmic Epidemiol 16:269-74. 2009
    ..To investigate the prevalence of uncorrected refractive errors, presbyopia and spectacle coverage in subjects aged 15-50 years using rapid assessment methodology in the Mahabubnagar district of Andhra Pradesh, India...
  13. ncbi Prism adaptation to a rightward optical deviation rehabilitates left hemispatial neglect
    Y Rossetti
    Service de Reeducation Neurologique, Hopital Henry Gabrielle, Hospices Civils de Lyon, France
    Nature 395:166-9. 1998
    ..The positive effect found for both sensorimotor and more cognitive spatial functions suggests that they share or depend on a common level of space representation linked to multisensory integration...
  14. ncbi A population-based assessment of presbyopia in the state of Andhra Pradesh, south India: the Andhra Pradesh Eye Disease Study
    Praveen K Nirmalan
    International Center for Advancement of Rural Eye Care, L V Prasad Eye Institute, Hyderabad, India
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 47:2324-8. 2006
    ..To determine the prevalence of presbyopia in the state of Andhra Pradesh in south India...
  15. ncbi Choroidal retinoic acid synthesis: a possible mediator between refractive error and compensatory eye growth
    J R Mertz
    Department of Biology, City College, City University of New York, NY 10031, USA
    Exp Eye Res 70:519-27. 2000
    ....
  16. pmc Uncorrected refractive errors and spectacle utilisation rate in Tehran: the unmet need
    A Fotouhi
    Epidemiology and Biostatistics Department, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Iran
    Br J Ophthalmol 90:534-7. 2006
    ..To determine the prevalence of the met and unmet need for spectacles and their associated factors in the population of Tehran...
  17. ncbi Strategies to improve the accuracy of vision measurement by teachers in rural Chinese secondary schoolchildren: Xichang Pediatric Refractive Error Study (X-PRES) report no. 6
    Abhishek Sharma
    Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Science, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
    Arch Ophthalmol 126:1434-40. 2008
    ..To assess and improve the accuracy of lay screeners compared with vision professionals in detecting visual impairment in secondary schoolchildren in rural China...
  18. ncbi Global vision impairment due to uncorrected presbyopia
    Brien A Holden
    International Centre for Eyecare Education, The University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, Australia
    Arch Ophthalmol 126:1731-9. 2008
    ..To evaluate the personal and community burdens of uncorrected presbyopia...
  19. ncbi Prevalence and determinants of spectacle nonwear among rural Chinese secondary schoolchildren: the Xichang Pediatric Refractive Error Study Report 3
    Nathan Congdon
    Joint Shantou International Eye Center of Shantou University and Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
    Arch Ophthalmol 126:1717-23. 2008
    ..To study spectacle wear among rural Chinese children...
  20. ncbi Correction of moderate myopia is associated with improvement in self-reported visual functioning among Mexican school-aged children
    Paul Esteso
    Wilmer Eye Institute, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 48:4949-54. 2007
    ..To quantify the impact on self-reported visual functioning of spectacle provision for school-aged children in Oaxaca, Mexico...
  21. ncbi Correction of refractive error in the adult population of Bangladesh: meeting the unmet need
    Rupert R A Bourne
    Department of Epidemiology and International Eye Health, Institute of Ophthalmology, University College London and Moorfields Eye Hospital, London, United Kingdom
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 45:410-7. 2004
    ..To assess the extent of uncorrected refractive error and associated factors in Bangladesh and to suggest ways in which this need can be met...
  22. ncbi Prevalence of uncorrected refractive errors, presbyopia and spectacle coverage in marine fishing communities in South India: Rapid Assessment of Visual Impairment (RAVI) project
    Srinivas Marmamula
    Allen Foster Community Eye Health Research Centre, L V Prasad Eye Institute, Hyderabad Bausch, India
    Ophthalmic Physiol Opt 32:149-55. 2012
    ..To investigate the prevalence of uncorrected refractive errors, presbyopia and spectacle coverage in subjects aged 40 years or more using a novel Rapid Assessment of Visual Impairment (RAVI) methodology...
  23. ncbi Failure of blue-tinted lenses to change reading scores of dyslexic individuals
    G N Christenson
    Christenson Vision Care, Hudson, Wisconsin 54016, USA
    Optometry 72:627-33. 2001
    ..The hypothesis states that the transient system defect may be an epiphenomenon, which can coincidentally occur in cases of reading disability...
  24. ncbi Need and challenges of refractive correction in urban Chinese school children
    Mingguang He
    Zhongshan Ophthalmic Center, Guangzhou, China
    Optom Vis Sci 82:229-34. 2005
    ....
  25. pmc The influence of refractive error management on the natural history and treatment outcome of accommodative esotropia (an American Ophthalmological Society thesis)
    Bradley Charles Black
    Department of Ophthalmology, Louisiana State University School of Medicine, New Orleans, Louisiana, USA
    Trans Am Ophthalmol Soc 104:303-21. 2006
    ..To evaluate the effect of refractive error management on resolution of accommodative esotropia, deterioration of accommodative esotropia, and the natural history of hypermetropia in accommodative esotropia...
  26. ncbi Treatment of uncorrected refractive error improves vision-specific quality of life
    Anne L Coleman
    Department of Ophthalmology, Jules Stein Eye Institute, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California Los Angeles, 100 Stein Plaza, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
    J Am Geriatr Soc 54:883-90. 2006
    To evaluate the benefit of eyeglasses and magnifiers in elderly patients with uncorrected refractive errors.
  27. ncbi Automatic eyeglasses removal from face images
    Chenyu Wu
    Robotics Institute, Carnegie Mellon University, 5000 Forbes Avenue, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    IEEE Trans Pattern Anal Mach Intell 26:322-36. 2004
    In this paper, we present an intelligent image editing and face synthesis system that automatically removes eyeglasses from an input frontal face image...
  28. ncbi Correctable visual impairment in an older population: the blue mountains eye study
    Suriya Foran
    Department of Ophthalmology, University of Sydney Center for Vision Research, Westmead Hospital and the Westmead Millennium and Save Sight Institutes, Sydney, Australia
    Am J Ophthalmol 134:712-9. 2002
    ..To describe temporal changes in the characteristics of older persons with visual impairment in their better eye correctable by refraction...
  29. ncbi A long-lasting improvement of somatosensory function after prism adaptation, a case study
    H C Dijkerman
    Helmholtz Institute, Utrecht University, Heidelberglaan 2, 3584 CS Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Neuropsychologia 42:1697-702. 2004
    ..The current findings suggest that prism adaptation can have a non-spatial effect on neglect-related supra-modal deficits...
  30. ncbi Glasses removal from facial image using recursive error compensation
    Jeong Seon Park
    Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Korea University, Anam Dong, Seongbuk Ku, Seoul 136 701, Korea
    IEEE Trans Pattern Anal Mach Intell 27:805-11. 2005
    ..The experimental results show that the proposed method provides an effective solution to the problem of glasses occlusion and we believe that this method can also be used to enhance the performance of face recognition systems...
  31. ncbi Factors associated with base-in prism treatment outcomes for convergence insufficiency in symptomatic presbyopes
    Yi Pang
    Illinois College of Optometry, Chicago, Illinois 60616, USA
    Clin Exp Optom 95:192-7. 2012
    ..We further determined the factors that predicted CI treatment outcomes...
  32. pmc Refractive error blindness
    R Dandona
    International Centre for Advancement of Rural Eye Care, L V Prasad Eye Institute, Banjara Hills, Hyderabad 500 034, India
    Bull World Health Organ 79:237-43. 2001
    ..Long-term success in reducing refractive error blindness worldwide will require attention to these issues within the context of comprehensive approaches to reduce all causes of avoidable blindness...
  33. ncbi The association between nonstrabismic anisometropia, amblyopia, and subnormal binocularity
    D R Weakley
    Department of Ophthalmology, The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas, Dallas, Texas
    Ophthalmology 108:163-71. 2001
    ....
  34. ncbi The effect of under and over refractive correction on visual performance and spectacle lens acceptance
    D A Atchison
    Centre for Eye Research, School of Optometry, Queensland University of Technology, Australia
    Ophthalmic Physiol Opt 21:255-61. 2001
    ..In conclusion, the questionnaire findings support the need for both accurate monocular and binocular refractions. Subjects differed in their criteria for judging lens acceptability...
  35. ncbi Investigation of the causes of non-tolerance to optometric prescriptions for spectacles
    Catherine E Freeman
    Eyesite Optometrists, 142 Friar Street, Reading, Berkshire, UK
    Ophthalmic Physiol Opt 30:1-11. 2010
    ..To study non-tolerance to spectacle prescriptions in a busy community optometric practice, with several practitioners...
  36. ncbi Fifteen-year outcome of surgery for the near angle in patients with accommodative esotropia and a high accommodative convergence to accommodation ratio
    B J Kushner
    Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI, USA
    Arch Ophthalmol 119:1150-3. 2001
    ....
  37. ncbi Revisions to tolerances in cylinder axis and in progressive addition lens power in ANSI Z80.1-2005
    William L Brown
    Division of Optometry, Department of Ophthalmology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota 55905, USA
    Optometry 77:343-9. 2006
    ..The recently approved ANSI Z80.1-2005 changes tolerances for cylinder axis for all ophthalmic lenses and for distance power for progressive addition lenses (PALs)...
  38. ncbi Two strategies for correcting refractive errors in school students in Tanzania: randomised comparison, with implications for screening programmes
    S Wedner
    International Centre for Eye Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Br J Ophthalmol 92:19-24. 2008
    ..To compare whether free spectacles or only a prescription for spectacles influences wearing rates among Tanzanian students with un/undercorrected refractive error (RE)...
  39. ncbi Generalization of prism adaptation for wheelchair driving task in patients with unilateral spatial neglect
    Satoru Watanabe
    Department of Rehabilitation, Kitasato Institute Medical Center Hospital, Kitasato University, Saitama, Japan
    Arch Phys Med Rehabil 91:443-7. 2010
    ....
  40. ncbi Prescribing spectacles: reasons for failure of spectacle lens acceptance
    Patricia Hrynchak
    School of Optometry, University of Waterloo, Canada
    Ophthalmic Physiol Opt 26:111-5. 2006
    ..8%), transcription errors (1.6%) and other (4.5%). The frequency of failure to adapt to spectacle prescriptions is quite low and the most common reason for this failure is inaccuracy in the measurement of the refractive error...
  41. ncbi Strabismus surgery for elimination of bifocals in accommodative esotropia
    Gregg T Lueder
    Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences and Pediatrics, St Louis Children s Hospital, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Am J Ophthalmol 142:632-5. 2006
    ..This study reports the outcomes of strabismus surgery to eliminate bifocals in patients with accommodative esotropia with a high accommodative convergence to accommodation (AC:A) ratio...
  42. ncbi Prevalence and risk factors of undercorrected refractive errors among Singaporean Malay adults: the Singapore Malay Eye Study
    Mohamad Rosman
    Singapore National Eye Center, Singapore
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 50:3621-8. 2009
    ..To describe the prevalence and the risk factors of undercorrected refractive error in an adult urban Malay population...
  43. ncbi Medial rectus pulley posterior fixation is as effective as scleral posterior fixation for acquired esotropia with a high AC/A ratio
    Robert A Clark
    Jules Stein Eye Institute and Department of Ophthalmology, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California Los Angeles, USA
    Am J Ophthalmol 137:1026-33. 2004
    ....
  44. ncbi Refractive error in Nigerian adults: prevalence, type, and spectacle coverage
    Christian Ezelum
    Ministry of Health, Awka, Anambra State, Nigeria
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 52:5449-56. 2011
    ..To provide data on prevalence and types of refractive error and the spectacle-wearing rate among adults in Nigeria and the degree to which the need for distance correction could be met by off-the-shelf spectacles...
  45. pmc Comparison of patient satisfaction with services of vision centers in rural areas of Andhra Pradesh, India
    Vilas Kovai
    International Centre for Advancement of Rural Eye Care LV Prasad Eye Institute, Hyderabad, India Vision Cooperative Research Centre Pty Ltd, Sydney, Australia
    Indian J Ophthalmol 58:407-13. 2010
    ..To compare the satisfaction of patients with the services of Vision Center services (primary eye care) in large village (s) and small village (s) in rural settings in Andhra Pradesh state, India...
  46. pmc Myopia: attempts to arrest progression
    S M Saw
    Department of Community, Occupational and Family Medicine, National University of Singapore, 16 Medical Drive, Singapore 117597, Republic of Singapore
    Br J Ophthalmol 86:1306-11. 2002
    ....
  47. ncbi Prism adaptation to optical deviation alleviates pathologic pain
    M Sumitani
    Department of Acute Critical Medicine, Osaka University, Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka, Japan
    Neurology 68:128-33. 2007
    ..Conversely, in the present study we investigated whether a change in visual experience can modify perception of pathologic pain...
  48. ncbi Self-optimised vision correction with adaptive spectacle lenses in developing countries
    M G Douali
    Department of Atomic and Laser Physics, University of Oxford, Clarendon Laboratory, Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3PU, UK
    Ophthalmic Physiol Opt 24:234-41. 2004
    ....
  49. ncbi Associations of presbyopia with vision-targeted health-related quality of life
    Peter J McDonnell
    Department of Ophthalmology, University of California, Irvine, USA
    Arch Ophthalmol 121:1577-81. 2003
    ..To evaluate the associations of presbyopia and its correction, particularly monovision optical correction, with vision-targeted health-related quality of life...
  50. ncbi Prism adaptation and spatial attention: a study of visual search in normals and patients with unilateral neglect
    Adam P Morris
    Cognitive Neuroscience Laboratory, Department of Psychology, University of Melbourne, Australia
    Cortex 40:703-21. 2004
    ..Taken together, these findings suggest that the perceptual aftereffects in normals and amelioration of unilateral neglect following prism adaptation are not mediated by an adaptive redistribution of spatial attention...
  51. ncbi Prism adaptation improves chronic visual and haptic neglect: a single case study
    Robert D McIntosh
    Department of Psychology, University of Durham, UK
    Cortex 38:309-20. 2002
    ..Moreover, the improvement observed on the haptic task supports the belief that this procedure can influence higher levels of spatial representation...
  52. pmc A randomized, clinical trial evaluating ready-made and custom spectacles delivered via a school-based screening program in China
    Yangfa Zeng
    State Key Laboratory of Ophthalmology, Zhongshan Ophthalmic Center, Sun Yat Sen University, Guangzhou, China
    Ophthalmology 116:1839-45. 2009
    ..We sought to evaluate visual performance and satisfaction with ready-made spectacles (RMS) in Chinese school-aged children with uncorrected refractive error...
  53. ncbi Effectiveness of prism adaptation in neglect rehabilitation: a controlled trial study
    Andrea Serino
    Dipartimento di Psicologia, Universita degli Studi di Bologna, Italy
    Stroke 40:1392-8. 2009
    ..This study was conducted to investigate the effectiveness on neglect recovery of a 2-week treatment based on prism adaptation (PA) in comparison to an analogous visuomotor training performed without prisms, ie, neutral pointing (NP)...
  54. ncbi Refractive error in children in a rural population in India
    Rakhi Dandona
    International Centre for Advancement of Rural Eye Care, L V Prasad Eye Institute, Hyderabad, India
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 43:615-22. 2002
    ..To assess the prevalence of refractive error and related visual impairment in school-aged children in the rural population of the Mahabubnagar district in the southern Indian state of Andhra Pradesh...
  55. ncbi Prism adaptation to rightward optical deviation improves postural imbalance in left-hemiparetic patients
    C Tilikete
    Service de neuro ophtalmologie, Hopital Neurologique, Hospices Civils de Lyon, Lyon 69394, France
    Curr Biol 11:524-8. 2001
    ..This also supports the theory that predominant postural imbalance in patients with right-brain damage may be partly related to a distortion of an internal postural map...
  56. ncbi Atropine and bifocals can slow the progression of myopia in children
    L A Syniuta
    Department of Ophthalmology, Jules Stein Eye Institute, U.CLA. School of Medicine, Los Angeles, California 90095, USA
    Binocul Vis Strabismus Q 16:203-8. 2001
    ..While a larger and better controlled study is desirable, atropine appears to be a viable method to retard myopic progression...
  57. pmc Weaning children with accommodative esotropia out of spectacles: a pilot study
    K A Hutcheson
    Department of Ophthalmology, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Br J Ophthalmol 87:4-7. 2003
    ..Many children with accommodative esotropia must continue spectacle use throughout life. This study was undertaken to determine which factors are predictive of successfully weaning children with accommodative esotropia out of spectacles...
  58. ncbi Cataract extraction with multifocal intraocular lens implantation: a multinational clinical trial evaluating clinical, functional, and quality-of-life outcomes
    J C Javitt
    Wilmer Ophthalmological Institute, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Ophthalmology 107:2040-8. 2000
    ....
  59. ncbi Stereopsis and long-term stability of alignment in esotropia
    Eileen E Birch
    Retina Foundation of the Southwest, 9900 N Central Expressway, Suite 400, Dallas, TX 75231, USA
    J AAPOS 8:146-50. 2004
    ..The purpose of the present study was to extend this approach by evaluating whether the presence of stereopsis developing immediately after surgical alignment or optical correction plays a role in maintenance of long-term alignment...
  60. ncbi Improving vision to prevent falls in frail older people: a randomized trial
    Robert G Cumming
    School of Public Health, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia
    J Am Geriatr Soc 55:175-81. 2007
    ..To determine the efficacy of vision and eye examinations, with subsequent treatment of vision problems, for preventing falls and fractures in frail older people...
  61. ncbi Visual impairment in Australia: distance visual acuity, near vision, and visual field findings of the Melbourne Visual Impairment Project
    H R Taylor
    University of Melbourne, Department of Ophthalmology, Royal Victorian Eye and Ear Hospital, Victoria, Australia
    Am J Ophthalmol 123:328-37. 1997
    ..To describe the age-specific and gender-specific rates of blindness and visual impairment in urban adults aged 40 years and older...
  62. ncbi The child self-refraction study results from urban Chinese children in Guangzhou
    Mingguang He
    State Key Laboratory of Ophthalmology, Zhongshan Ophthalmic Center, Sun Yat Sen University, Guangzhou, PRC
    Ophthalmology 118:1162-9. 2011
    ..To compare visual and refractive outcomes between self-refracting spectacles (Adaptive Eyecare, Ltd, Oxford, UK), noncycloplegic autorefraction, and cycloplegic subjective refraction...
  63. ncbi Barriers to spectacle use in Tanzanian secondary school students
    Nita Odedra
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, United Kingdom
    Ophthalmic Epidemiol 15:410-7. 2008
    ..Barriers to spectacle use were investigated using questionnaires and focus group discussions...
  64. ncbi A comparison of a monofocal Acrysoft IOL using the "blended monovision" formula with the multifocal array IOL for glasses independence after cataract surgery
    Ming Chen
    University of Hawaii School of Medicine, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA
    Ann Ophthalmol (Skokie) 39:237-40. 2007
    ..The monofocal Acrysoft IOL using the mini monovision (blended vision) formula is a good alternative for providing post-cataract surgery glasses independence...
  65. ncbi Attitudes of students, parents, and teachers toward glasses use in rural China
    Liping Li
    Faculty of Medicine, Shantou University, Shantou, China
    Arch Ophthalmol 128:759-65. 2010
    ..To use focus groups to understand barriers to glasses use among children in rural China...
  66. ncbi Developmental visual system anomalies and the limits of emmetropization
    E L Smith
    College of Optometry, University of Houston, TX 77204 6052, USA
    Ophthalmic Physiol Opt 19:90-102. 1999
    ....
  67. ncbi The possible effect of undercorrection on myopic progression in children
    Daniel Adler
    Department of Optometry, Hadassah College of Technology, Jerusalem, Israel
    Clin Exp Optom 89:315-21. 2006
    ..The aim of the present study was to again determine the effect of undercorrection on the progression of myopia in a random population of children who are known to be very susceptible to myopia...
  68. ncbi Undercorrection of myopia enhances rather than inhibits myopia progression
    Kahmeng Chung
    Department of Optometry, National University of Malaysia, 50300, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
    Vision Res 42:2555-9. 2002
    ..01). Contrary to animal studies, myopic defocus speeds up myopia development in already myopic humans. Myopia could be caused by a failure to detect the direction of defocus rather than by a mechanism exhibiting a zero-point error...
  69. pmc Treatment options for myopia
    Jane Gwiazda
    Department of Vision Science, The New England College of Optometry, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    Optom Vis Sci 86:624-8. 2009
    ..Some therapies may be more effective in subsets of myopic children. This review of treatment options for myopia will emphasize recent results from well-designed clinical studies and will suggest possible future therapies...
  70. ncbi Factors associated with spectacle-wear compliance in school-aged Mexican children
    Aaron M Castanon Holguin
    Helen Keller International Mexico, Chihuahua, Mexico
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 47:925-8. 2006
    ..To study the prevalence and determinants of compliance with spectacle wear among school-age children in Oaxaca, Mexico, who were provided spectacles free of charge...
  71. ncbi Prism adaptation in the rehabilitation of patients with visuo-spatial cognitive disorders
    Laure Pisella
    INSERM, U 534, Espace et Action, Bron, France
    Curr Opin Neurol 19:534-42. 2006
    ..The clinical outcome of prism adaptation highlights the need for a theoretical reconsideration of some previous stances to neurological rehabilitation...
  72. pmc Uncorrected refractive error
    C A McCarty
    Br J Ophthalmol 90:521-2. 2006
  73. ncbi European multicenter study of the AcrySof ReSTOR apodized diffractive intraocular lens
    Thomas Kohnen
    Department of Ophthalmology, Johann Wolfgang Goethe University, Frankfurt am Main, Germany
    Ophthalmology 113:584.e1. 2006
    ..To report the safety and effectiveness of the AcrySof ReSTOR apodized diffractive intraocular lens (IOL), model MA60D3, when implanted into the capsular bag...
  74. ncbi The Quality of Life Impact of Refractive Correction (QIRC) Questionnaire: development and validation
    Konrad Pesudovs
    Department of Optometry, University of Bradford, Bradford, West Yorkshire, United Kingdom
    Optom Vis Sci 81:769-77. 2004
    ..The purpose of the study was to develop a questionnaire that could quantify the quality of life (QOL) of people with refractive correction by spectacles, contact lenses, and refractive surgery in the prepresbyopic age group...
  75. ncbi Multifocal spectacles increase variability in toe clearance and risk of tripping in the elderly
    Louise Johnson
    Vision and Mobility Research Laboratory, Department of Optometry, School of Health Studies, University of Bradford, Bradford, West Yorkshire, UK
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 48:1466-71. 2007
    ..The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of wearing multifocal compared with single-distance vision spectacles on minimum toe clearance and risk of tripping during step negotiation in the elderly...
  76. ncbi Effectiveness of multifocal intraocular lenses to correct presbyopia after cataract surgery: a randomized controlled trial
    Marjan D Nijkamp
    Eye Research Institute Maastricht, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Ophthalmology 111:1832-9. 2004
    ..Sociodemographics, eagerness for spectacle independence (ESI), and neuroticism were tested as predictors of satisfaction...
  77. ncbi Costs of refractive correction of distance vision impairment in the United States, 1999-2002
    Susan Vitale
    Division of Epidemiology and Clinical Research, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20814 9301, USA
    Ophthalmology 113:2163-70. 2006
    ..We estimated the direct costs of providing eyeglasses to all Americans (age> or =12) who need refractive correction to achieve good distance vision.
  78. ncbi Criteria for prescribing optometric interventions: literature review and practitioner survey
    Claire I O'Leary
    Cole Martin Tregaskis Optometrists, 23 Shenfield Road, Brentwood, Essex CM15 8AG, UK
    Ophthalmic Physiol Opt 23:429-39. 2003
    ..However most would correct a presbyopic error of +1.50 D or above, or an astigmatic error of -1.50 DC or above, even in the absence of symptoms. These results were compared with previously published guidelines...
  79. ncbi The effect of variably tinted spectacle lenses on visual performance in cataract subjects
    Srilata Naidu
    New York University School of Medicine, New York, USA
    Eye Contact Lens 29:17-20. 2003
    ..The aim of this study was to quantify the effects of spectacle lens tint on the visual performance of 25 subjects with cataracts...
  80. pmc Patient-reported benefit of ReSTOR multi-focal intraocular lenses after cataract surgery: results of principal component analysis on clinical trial data
    Gilles Berdeaux
    Alcon France, Rueil Malmaison, France
    Health Qual Life Outcomes 6:10. 2008
    ..This analysis attempted to discuss the patient-reported benefit of ReSTOR using a full but organised representation of data...
  81. ncbi Population-based study of spectacles use in southern India
    Rakhi Dandona
    International Centre for Advancement of Rural Eye Care, L V Prasad Eye Institute, Hyderabad, India
    Indian J Ophthalmol 50:145-55. 2002
    ....
  82. pmc Distance stereoacuity in prism-induced convergence stress
    Philip W Laird
    Mayo Medical School, Rochester, Minnesota
    J AAPOS 12:370-4. 2008
    ....
  83. ncbi The quality of life associated with presbyopia
    Betsy P Luo
    Center for Value Based Medicine, Flourtown, Pennsylvania 19031, USA
    Am J Ophthalmol 145:618-622. 2008
    ..To determine the health-related quality of life associated with the presbyopia...
  84. ncbi Socioeconomic aspects of laser in situ keratomileusis, eyeglasses, and contact lenses in mild to moderate myopia
    G Berdeaux
    Alcon France, Rueil Malmaison, France
    J Cataract Refract Surg 28:1914-23. 2002
    To compare the societal costs and consequences of 3 strategies to correct mild to moderate myopia: laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK), eyeglasses, and contact lenses (CLs).
  85. ncbi [Comparison between dissociated and associated heterophoria]
    M Kromeier
    Abteilung Neuroophthalmologie und Schielbehandlung, Universitäts Augenklinik Freiburg, Killianstrasse 5, 79106 Freiburg
    Ophthalmologe 99:549-54. 2002
    ..Both dissociated and associated heterophoria have been used as indications for prismatic correction. It has been controversially discussed to what extent dissociated and associated heterophoria are comparable...
  86. ncbi Multifocal glasses impair edge-contrast sensitivity and depth perception and increase the risk of falls in older people
    Stephen R Lord
    Prince of Wales Medical Research Institute, Randwick, University of New South Wales, Australia
    J Am Geriatr Soc 50:1760-6. 2002
    ....
  87. doi Use of single-vision eyeglasses improves stepping precision and safety when elderly habitual multifocal wearers negotiate a raised surface
    Louise Johnson
    J Am Geriatr Soc 56:178-80. 2008
  88. ncbi Older people contact more obstacles when wearing multifocal glasses and performing a secondary visual task
    Jasmine C Menant
    Prince of Wales Medical Research Institute, University of New South Wales, New South Wales, Australia
    J Am Geriatr Soc 57:1833-8. 2009
    ..To determine whether wearing multifocal glasses affects obstacle avoidance and eye and head movements during walking with and without a secondary visual task in older people...
  89. ncbi The effect of conventional CR39 and Fresnel prisms on high and low contrast acuity
    D Cheng
    School of Optometry, University of Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
    Ophthalmic Physiol Opt 21:312-6. 2001
    ..7 for 30 prism dioptres. These ratios applied for both high and low contrast acuity, and therefore were independent of the level of contrast used...
  90. ncbi Low uptake of eye services in rural India: a challenge for programs of blindness prevention
    A E Fletcher
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, England
    Arch Ophthalmol 117:1393-9. 1999
    ..To investigate service uptake in a rural Indian population served by outreach eye camps and to identify barriers to uptake...
  91. pmc Preventing falls in older multifocal glasses wearers by providing single-lens distance glasses: the protocol for the VISIBLE randomised controlled trial
    Mark J Haran
    Department of Aged Care and Rehabilitation, Royal North Shore Hospital, NSW, Australia
    BMC Geriatr 9:10. 2009
    ..We will also measure the effect of the intervention on health status, lifestyle activities and fear of falling, as well as the extent of adherence to the program...
  92. ncbi Accuracy, repeatability, and clinical application of spherocylindrical automated refraction using time-based wavefront aberrometry measurements
    Steven A Nissman
    Department of Ophthalmology, Center for Sight, Georgetown University Hospital, Washington, DC 20007, USA
    Ophthalmology 113:577.e1-2. 2006
    To evaluate the clinical utility of spherocylindrical automated refraction (AR) based on time-based wavefront technology compared with subjective manifest refraction (MR) for the purpose of prescribing eyeglasses.
  93. ncbi Laser in situ keratomileusis in patients with diabetes
    Ioannis Halkiadakis
    Gimbel Eye Centre, Calgary, Alberta, Canada
    J Cataract Refract Surg 31:1895-8. 2005
    ..To study the outcomes of laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) in patients with well-controlled diabetes mellitus...
  94. ncbi Geometric customization of optical and transition zone parameters for treatment of compound myopic astigmatism with the NIDEK EC-5000 excimer laser
    Damien Gatinel
    AP HP Bichat Claude Bernard Hospital Paris, France
    J Refract Surg 23:924-30. 2007
    ..To compare the refractive outcome of two ablation zone designs using LASIK for the correction of compound myopic astigmatism...
  95. ncbi [Focusing strength and a subjective method for determining refraction]
    N M Sergienko
    Vestn Oftalmol 121:33-6. 2005
    ..By taking in account the correction, the distribution in the study group was as follows: emmetropia (73.0%), myopia (12.8%), astigmatism (12.8%), and hypermetropia (1.4%)...
  96. ncbi Patterns of spectacle use in young Australian school children: findings from a population-based study
    Dana Robaei
    Department of Ophthalmology, Centre for Vision Research, Westmead Hospital, and the Westmead Millennium Institute, Sydney
    J AAPOS 9:579-83. 2005
    ..To describe the patterns of spectacle use in a population-based sample of Australian Year 1 school children (mostly aged 6 years)...
  97. pmc The prevalence of refractive errors among schoolchildren in Dezful, Iran
    Akbar Fotouhi
    Epidemiology and Biostatistics Department, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
    Br J Ophthalmol 91:287-92. 2007
    ..To determine the prevalence of refractive errors among schoolchildren in urban and rural areas of Dezful County, Iran...
  98. ncbi [Evaluation of the visual disorders of the children]
    Francoise Lavenant
    Pôle tête et cou, Clinique Ophtalmologique, CHU de Nantes, Hotel Dieu, Nantes Cedex
    Rev Prat 57:2003-8. 2007
    ..Most of these visual manifestations are diagnosed with an attentive easy examination of the children...
  99. ncbi The Adolescent and Child Health Initiative to Encourage Vision Empowerment (ACHIEVE) study design and baseline data
    Jeffrey J Walline
    The Ohio State University College of Optometry, 338 West Tenth Avenue, Columbus, OH 43210 1240, USA
    Optom Vis Sci 83:37-45. 2006
    ..The purpose of this study was to describe the baseline characteristics of subjects and methods for a multicenter, randomized clinical trial to compare the effects of contact lens wear and spectacle wear on children's self-perception...
  100. ncbi Clinical predictors of the optimal spectacle correction for comfort performing desktop tasks
    Christopher T Leffler
    Department of Ophthalmology, Virginia Commonwealth University, Medical College of Virginia Campus, Richmond VA 23298 0438, USA
    Clin Exp Optom 91:530-7. 2008
    ..The best strategy for spectacle correction of presbyopia for near tasks has not been determined...
  101. ncbi Low frequency temporal modulation of light promotes a myopic shift in refractive compensation to all spectacle lenses
    Sheila G Crewther
    School of Psychological Science, La Trobe University, Plenty Rd, Bundoora, Melbourne, VIC 3086, Australia
    Exp Eye Res 83:322-8. 2006
    ..This is a hitherto unreported strong interaction between lens wear and low frequency temporally modulated light, with the refractive compensation mechanism being overridden by a generalized myopic shift...

Research Grants59

  1. EYE GROWTH DURING INFANCY
    Scott Lambert; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..In addition, by understanding the mechanisms retarding ocular growth, it may be possible to modulate the excessive ocular growth which occurs in certain pathological conditions such as retinopathy of prematurity. ..
  2. Development Of An Eye Drop To Treat Presbyopia
    William H Garner; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..leading to progressive loss of near vision after age of 40 presents with limited treatment options including eyeglasses, contact lenses, or Lasik surgery...
  3. Myopia: the role of cone opsin mutations &glasses that control axial elongation
    Jay Neitz; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..In a pilot study, children wore special eyeglasses containing one experimental and one control lens for three months...
  4. First Person Vision for Objective Evaluation of Caregiving Quality
    JUDITH T MATTHEWS; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Equipped with tiny sensors and worn on eyeglasses or clothing, FPV devices capture video and sound within the user's field of view...
  5. Electro-optic adaptive eyeglass for correction of presbyopia
    Guoqiang Li; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Some users need three different eyeglasses for reading, computer, and driving. Progressive lenses cause some distortion...
  6. BIOMIMETIC DIRECTIONAL MICROPHONE FOR HEARING AIDS
    RONALD MILES; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..through wires, which is cosmetically unacceptable or the microphones must be incorporated into the frames of eyeglasses. A much more desirable and practical approach is to incorporate an array (possibly composed of only two ..
  7. VARIABLE SPECTRUM LIGHT FIELD FOR THE TREATMENT OF SAD
    Neil Goldman; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..This will be accomplished by development of embedded fiber optic controlled eyeglasses, providing a light delivery system that adjusts the retinal coverage to maximize visual acuity...
  8. Field Expansion Prism Glasses for Homonymous Hemianopsia
    Karen Keeney; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..These prism components will be incorporated into a pair of eyeglasses, effectively doubling the expansion of the current design...
  9. Trends in Use of Eye Care Services for Children
    Michael Ganz; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..examined); (2) to estimate utilization and expenditure patterns and sources of payment for eye care, including eyeglasses, and contact lenses by child, family, and insurance coverage for children (trends over time will also be ..
  10. VIDEO DISPLAY FOR THE VISUALLY IMPAIRED
    NOA RENSING; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..relay optics embedded in a spectacle lens, or alternatively through a small periscope system mounted on the eyeglasses. A miniature video camera will be mounted on the eyeglasses conjugate with the display image...
  11. CONTACT LENSES AND MYOPIA (CLAMP) STUDY
    JEFFREY WALLINE; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The CLAMP Study is the ideal scope and size of study to train Dr. Walline to become an independent investigator and has the potential to change the standard of care for young children who become nearsighted. ..
  12. Planning a Clinical Trial on Low Vision Rehabilitation
    Cynthia Owsley; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  13. Clinical Vision Research Unit at UAB
    Cynthia Owsley; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Furthermore, UAB has already established many community relations and research infrastructure contacts with these subpopulations that will immediately facilitate our research efforts. ..
  14. Development and Maintenance of Binocular Vision (EY005236)
    EILEEN ELIZABETH BIRCH; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  15. mRNA expression by RPE cells in myopia
    Richard Stone; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..We believe this program will lead to improved understanding of the etiology of refractive errors and ultimately to effective approaches to arrest myopia in children. ..
  16. Short-term Training Students-Health Professional Schools
    KENNETH CIUFFREDA; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Trainees will consist of optometry students who have just completed either their first or second professional years, and have done well academically (3.5 gpa or better). All will have an undergraduate degree, generally in the sciences. ..
  17. OPTICAL AND RETINAL LIMITS TO HUMAN VISUAL PERFORMANCE
    Larry N Thibos; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Project 6. Develop a new concept of wavefront tomography to characterize the 3-dimensional structure of the eye's optical system from a series of wavefront measurements along multiple lines-of-sight. ..
  18. Multi-Resolution Corneal Topography (MRCT)
    EDWIN SARVER; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..research grant ..
  19. Convergence Insuffiency Treatment Trial
    Mitchell Scheiman; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  20. Molecular Characterization of Chick Retina during Refractive Development
    RICHARD ALAN STONE; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  21. Scanning Ocular Aberration Measurement (SAM) System
    EDWIN SARVER; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..In addition, the ability to measure these aberrations dynamically while the eye is changing focus from a distant to a near object will be provided. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  22. MYOPIA AND OCULAR GROWTH--NEURAL MECHANISMS
    Richard Stone; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..We hope that our studies will continue to lead to improved understanding of ocular growth and ultimately towards rational approaches to prevent refractive errors in children. ..
  23. OMEGA-3 FATTY ACIDS IN NORMAL VISUAL DEVELOPMENT
    Eileen Birch; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..By relating long-term outcomes to visual cortical function during infancy, we will directly evaluate the predictive of early visual tests for long-term cognitive outcomes. ..
  24. Subjective Refraction by Meridional Power Matching
    EDWIN SARVER; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Technological Innovation: Providing an accurate, low-cost, low-maintenance refractor that can be easily transported and used in hostile environments. PROPOSED COMMERCIAL APPLICATION: NOT AVAILABLE ..
  25. EMMETROPIZATION AND DEVELOPMENT OF MYOPIA IN CHILDREN
    Jane Gwiazda; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  26. AMD AND RISK FACTORS IN A HISPANIC POPULATION
    Sheila West; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Such data will advance our understanding of the magnitude of AMD in this ethnic group, and the way in which risk factors relate to AMD in different populations. ..
  27. Optical modeling of visual corrections
    Pete Kollbaum; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..These models will have general applicability to other diseased conditions in which visual performance is degraded due to increased optical aberrations. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  28. ENGINEERING APPROACHES TO LOW VISION REHABILITATION
    Eli Peli; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Carel Hoyng, Radboud U. Nijmegen, Holland (implant bifocal intraocular lenses), Mr. Verezen, Ergra Low Vision, Holland (fit patients with double bifocal teledioptric system and train in use). ..
  29. Neural dynamics of perception with and without awareness
    Aaron Schurger; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..I have designed and begun to carry out a set of behavioral and fMRI experiments designed to test this hypothesis. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  30. Latino Eye Health: A Communication Strategy for Diabetes
    Sheila West; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Improvements in eye care seeking behaviors should help in avoiding visual loss from diabetic retinopathy and macula edema, the leading causes of visual loss in the working age Latino population. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  31. Perceptual encoding and imagery in prosopagnosia
    Jason Barton; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..From our prior work, we hypothesize that covert or unconscious recognition is the residual product of a partially damaged face network in the brain. We propose a functional imaging experiment to test this hypothesis. ..
  32. Who drives safely? Visual/cognitive predictors in Elders
    Sheila West; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..This study will provide critical data on the interactive role of vision, visual attention, and cognition in changing older persons driving behaviors, and the resulting effect on driver errors and risk of crashes. ..
  33. Yearly Mass Treatment C. Trachomatis: When Can We Stop?
    Sheila West; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  34. Epidemiology of Interstitial Cystitis/Painful Bladder Syndrome
    Sandra Berry; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  35. High Resolution and High Contrast Near-IR Imaging of the Human Fundus
    Nathan Doble; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Under this proposal, new imaging technology will be developed to fight debilitating eye disease resulting in earlier disease detection, faster drug clinical trials, and better medical understanding. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  36. Impact of adolescent pregnancy on nutritional status
    Joanne Katz; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Measures of nutritional status at birth include weight, length, head, chest and mid upper arm circumference. Growth of these infants through 6 months of age will also be examined, as will hemoglobin and serum retinol at 3 months of age. ..
  37. New Approaches to Subjective Refraction
    Thomas Raasch; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..This includes evaluating this approach to astigmatic determination in trial lens refraction, and in combination with portable optometers. ..
  38. Building Bridges to Enhance Quality of Life
    RONALD HAYS; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..It will also foster international collaboration among QOL researchers and clinicians. ..
  39. Automated Microchannel Bovine Culture Parameter Studies
    Kathryn Haubert; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..sequential), medium replenishment (by flow), gas atmosphere, embryo-to-volume ratio, and medium supplementation in the micro channel system compared to the standard micro-drop. ..
  40. Establishment and Durability of Reinforcing Stimuli
    ISER DELEON; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..g., self-injury) in the target population, can be used effectively in this manner following exposure to the value enhancement procedures. ..
  41. ENGAGEMENT OF PERSONS WITH DEMENTIA
    Jiska Cohen Mansfield; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..In that way, it presents an exciting prospect for improving the quality of life in demented persons, thereby reducing their caregivers' burden. ..
  42. Vestibulocerebellar function in channelopathy mutants
    John Stahl; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Thus, the insights into normal cerebellar function generated by this study should also advance our understanding of mechanisms of heritable neurological disease. ..
  43. Cataract: Health Disparity for Older African-Americans
    Sheila West; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..These data will advance the goal of reducing health disparity in visual disability from cataract among older African Americans. ..
  44. Measurement & Use of Utilities in Ovarian Cancer CEA
    Deborah Dobrez; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  45. Central Scotomas in AMD and Cortical Remapping
    Janet Sunness; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  46. COGNITIVE AND PHYSICAL BASIS OF DISABLEMENT
    Steven Albert; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..g., mild disabled) than others. This finding would suggest that disability may be reduced through remediation of motor and cognitive/process skills, as well as by efforts to reduce impairment. ..
  47. Using light to increase visual and perceptual cues and decrease falls risk
    MARIANA FIGUEIRO; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  48. INTERVENTIONS FOR VISUAL LOSS IN NURSING HOME RESIDENTS
    Sheila West; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..This trial will answer timely questions of the impact on the functional status of the most frail elderly of modest, potentially sustainable inputs into improving the appropriate utilization of eye care services. ..
  49. PATHOGENESIS OF RETINOPATHY OF PREMATURITY
    Jonathan Holmes; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....
  50. TREATMENT OF AGITATION IN THE NURSING HOME
    Jiska Cohen Mansfield; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..PHS 398 (Rev. 05/01) Page 2 Principal Investigator/Program Director (Last, first, middle): Cohen-Mansfield, Jiska ..
  51. PATHOGENESIS OF GLAUCOMATOUS OPTIC NERVE DAMAGE
    Harry Quigley; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Candidate molecules for genetic susceptibility to glaucoma are likely to be identified. ..
  52. OUTCOME MEASURES FOR CLINICAL TRIALS IN STRABISMUS
    Jonathan Holmes; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Ultimately this research will result in better quality of life for patients with strabismus. ..
  53. DEPRESSION AND END OF LIFE CARE IN ALS
    Steven Albert; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..This information will be critical for understanding the experience of patients with terminal disease as they and their families face end-of-life care decisions. ..
  54. CAREGIVING: ADVANCED-STAGE ORGAN SYSTEM FAILURE PATIENTS
    Sandra Berry; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  55. Preschool Vision Screening in Primary Care Settings
    Alex Kemper; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ....
  56. CONVERGENCE INSUFFICIENCY TREATMENT TRIAL
    Susan Cotter; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  57. TRIAL OF ANTIBIOTICS TO REDUCE RECURRENT TRICHIASIS
    Sheila West; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  58. Translational Research on NCR Interventions for Behavior Disorders
    ISER DELEON; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..This project will determine the extent to these side effects occur as a first step towards determining how they can be avoided. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..